Newspaper Page Text
From the Home Journal.
LATIN AND GREEK.
TO THE EDITORS OF THE HOME JOURNAL.
Ihe October number of tlio IVettmintttr Reriiv,
ri-vive tho question uf tlio Si-hool Claims of tlic
I'eait Lt-Miruagea, in an nrticlc which presents the
li nelly of a classical scholar nml a lover of the
Ancient titi'mlurp aymy tlio general study ot
I. itin Anil Greek in schools, Tlip article Is written
with candour and ability. Tho reviewer admits
thnt persons who nro defined to a literary career, I
iiium, ai a m-iuer oi course, learn iaun ami itrecK;
hut he protests against their occupying tlio chief
pin Hi the programme of an ordinary school. 1
bci to recommend this nblo nml candid nrticlo to
l ne pemil of all who arc Interested in education.
J.euif ftjo ttio conviction lorced itselt upon in J
in i ii I igainst my will, for 1 nut inordinately fond
ol' cbusicul stiulies, and would gladly devote mv
t.i them thnt tho greatest part of the time,
ni ii; 'j- nnd labour spent in our schools upon the
acquisition tif Latin arid Urcck, is worse than
wailed. Therefore, I welcome tho H'ofin'iuttr'i
convincing article, nnd feel confident thnt it w ill
nit do uiiinlluontial npon the opinions even ol
'At UasI as often as once a month, I inn informed
by sono nrticlo, tectum, rmmphlct or bo k, that
tli word Education is derived from tlio Lntin
J-ilvcere, which signilies to educe or lend out. No
such thinj;, Messrs. Pedagogues. It is derived
friiin thnt totally different word, Erlttcart, which
iivmns to nourish, to foster j in short, to do for a
c'lild whnt its nurse dues. Please correct, in fu-
K. :..l....i. i.. i.- i'l. .......
niiv ci, mum u ,ifui in i mull wiu ..inks. nil"
I ks it hannilv in his well known sentence. AVhc.V
obiMrut, tilucat HtitrU. institiit wnynyw, which
m.iv be interpreted. Tho niidwile etiucit (or. nc-l
cording to the authors referred to, kiucates!) the
mino nourishes, tnc sciioolmnster regulates. 1 no
sjhonl master is n boy-tiiuier.
.It would be absurd to allude to so obvious nn
error, if it hud not given rie to many hundred
incomprehensible, and. therefore, delusive pages,
about " drawing ou; tho mind," "iiientnl discip
line," nnd so forth if it hud not continued many
te.ichorn in a misapprehension of the naturo of
tltxii Iri.k. It seems to Inn flint limit in whnt the
mind wants, nml tho food of the mind is knowl-1
edge. The mind in a growth, nnd craves nutriment,
Discipline is for tho morale. Discipline is required
to reader pupils courageous, persevering, consider
ate, polite, sincere nnd self-possessed. In nn ideiil
systca of education, tho tinning process and that
i V nourishing the mind by knowledge, would pro
ceed simultaneously. Tho school lesson would
fie 1 the mind ; tho thorough ami patient nequisi
tivii of it would strengthen or discipline the moral
f .'roe: the recitation would be n lesson in sincerity
oNl L'riceful behaviour.
unl it I'v accounted the best
. , , 'i
Certainly thnt school
, in which there opera-1,
wns nro Host inimuueiy nnu mosi ui iioriiiij
Viended. hy have one class of studies tor
.'iplino only, nnd another class ol sluuics tor
i.jiir.nimnnt only, when iheio are muuics
once inform tho mind and devcl. pe chivractcr
which both impart usel.il knowledgo and present
u,ctnl dilfi.ultie;! Iho reviewer has an apt
nstrutiou upon this point. "A incrchaut, lie say...
, bind, to discharge Ins business
tlic other, to preserve his health by
no'iiiy exercise, jiiit, 11 111s nusuics nscii 0-411111;
"oulit, on one Mud, to
il . 1 . ' - , and, 011
h'mi to walk ten or twelve miles a dav, is ho to be
told that this walking cannot be counted as oxer-
0U0. and that ho must walk other ten or twelve
1111 tnr tlin :ikn nf nveri-isn. nni tor thnt. alone
we declare our
posed enso d
r.voe oil uiiu noiu liiu im in -iiiui i iini-mi, unvi uii
the other the educational, nnd build high and broad
botuecii lliem a partition wall."
( I havo stated my belief that the labour spent
lit our schools upon tho attempt to ncnuiro the
ca neai inngiing-js, is ttorsc man wasicu. i nsi,
bocnuso only tho rudiments of classical learning
can be acquired in our schools. Give a graduate
of Yale or Harvard n Greek nuthor whom ho has
iiiver rend, nnd ask hiui to translate a page or two
,!'-liaud. C'au he do it? Try him. Ask him
vn-i.o you n a short essay in Latin, or translate
chapter of Irv'.ng into Latin. Cnnhodjitf Try
h';u. If ho is a candid man, nnd has learned Lat
in and Grcu!: enough to know how little he knows
of them, ho will fiunkly confess his inability. lie
will confess, that ho hai spent ton years iu trying
tw accomplish something, una lias imt acoiupntiiuu
1'crlinpa he h
1 ,a)t0 ",."!"'.4:",0 a,1 li,r." : .BU,ne
inability to see wherein this sup-
ilcra from the theory which would
, s.do the part.cuh.rly useful, and on
, . . .. ,, ,, i , , j. 1
But be has boon umcinlufil. Perhaps lie has.
i. . . r . 1 . ., 1 .
But the operations of iiour.sbiug tho ..nnd with
Jir.u, have uot been suiiultunouus. k,wulahje
ns not oiuaineu. li no rcceci upon iiik iiieouu
condition, ho will be lost in wonder nt hiu igno
rance: nnd every hour of his early experience
life wi'l remind him of it. To sonic btudento,
nra aware, the acquisition of C'.en tho rudiments
rf a language is instructive, nnd n few teachers
pbicess such a vast knowledge of their subject,
that tl.cy can make them so to many. But how
fire such pupils and such teachers nre ono must
havo spent u life in school to know 1 I can fancy
a toaciior o skilful as to make tho multinli-
eaiio t table a means of nourishing the mind,
well as ot trvinir the patience ; and 1 have known
fifty touchers so destituto of skill, that their pupils
derived not a particlo of nutriment from lessons
r tioni.niy, or irgil, or History. It was
c iting saw-dust bread, which give the tcetli plenty
tado: but tho stomach finds nothing in it. it
.. ,i i " i,
uhsi nut t.,r tun ihnnl-li irnrv. where tlio hui
m..,I.,i. .. l-o-.se nt their own tree will, and
tlio men! il f.,od they linvo appetite for, nnd which
. - ...
tliorclorj, mod tor them, i am annul many
Is. innrc nr.v rr.mn Inr Ilieill. 1 I
our yuiin it gentlemen wouiu get a very snort uuoiv
nnou of iti.curYoN ; '. e. niiiid nourishment.
my own part, I have tho hardihood to avow, thnt
i -tj -nine I a ; ,t do.il in jre valualilo and interesting
Howbj.l;;e ii'i:n reading The Pirates Own Book,
tii".:i I did iVui.. my first two years nt Latin Grani
i.:v. Over mri.iy a clus-ical rocitalion room might
I iu written us an appropriate motto, "Sawuist
T!ii.n, C ii.t i lor what L itin nnd Greek displace.
Au c Incite 1 man, nt present, requires for
nru'iier transaction of Lis business, as well in
Hie tuil 0'i.j
Frcn 'h, Germ
1 .. . , 0 ,. ,... . "
with i.eopl.1 Ui whom thoso language are native.
Wo 1,'ive mt iutimato lelaf.ons wilh ccuntries
,Vs, ' the- a-B svikeu- ar d thero n-e books
;'iu i;, i l rd,
r i l but cam c re viv ithout a knowledge of
I,-' 'mi o wl -Id, thev nra written Mm tl
.iJ(ru:.Soi. wlKhtl.ev nro writ ten J h t
II IZl'tMl Uli'l llilUillii HI lit'' w 1 1 u it; 1 1 1, inviiinii:o
bo obtained by translations; but tho world of
, .. . ... . t i
laannnd Irdicli literatures must riMiin n almost
t tlmuA u- in ili, nut re.-nl trench
1:....... -..1 1 . ,...
Ill IIU Ullllllill , o. IIU'il lAilimr,
! thoroughly 'learned, permanent
v . 1 :.i l ... - .
ny'""K . ''" .." .
German. Those luiiguaes can be learned,
ihev nre, when thoroughly learned.
sliniiieful iirnorauco among tlio "educated"
I.I 1:.. t.. .1... 1 . .. I !
re pec ing w e wor.u wo . . .... .00 e.
mhftbit. the history of w.iwh we are the . wu
from on, Li we ,niVl,t in a generation
tw't toknow a few things; college-bred
dyiitie wiSW gradually cease to be svnonymouH
terms, Yv ho knows T
Tho practical dituVultio in the wnv of such
sweep are great, and they can ba fully understood
by teachers only. Frenchmen, as a general
cannot t;ach American bo-,. Germans do better,
but not well. Tho modern languages, to be taught
with tiio utiu st uni 'ieni'y
must lie taught
li.ierica teacher'', who have bten over the ground
and know wi.ere 1110 snoe piueiies. j earners
.. . . . .i . .1.:. ... .......,. . .1.. c.
. ,1 ", .i' ,i,
K nrert the natural cicncrs ai they
and noutUh the mind of youth. " Teachers
.V tlo Wailiiliildtf f!rlnr, "are
victims of the system whieu it U their doom
cariy on. Nor "in it surprisins that they c.itiniato
too highly f!ml alvite thfylnutr. 8' exi client
fcnowlode of every kiud. that in general It U
bt U)n does nut posses Uiat ho is likely
dcujiis. Wiib what lie does posst.., the
is nulls the othi-r war. ronimoii
.,. ,..i.i.. 1.
.em must work lit way aiu.dsf nil the c naery,
nnd fconi isntlorialisiii. and cant uf unr education.
I.i.rht Is hreskinir in Them will be a time,
uf patching, ami mending, and putting
, uin iuty old boiiles, preliminary to ifie inevitable
'''"it1!' 'hooli will'be made to
on, though it be with thoir face turned, not eagerly
forward to the futnre, but rcgrotfnily backward to
the post. Come the ultimate solution how nml
when it may, we fool assured thnt our prevailing
system of classical instruction is doomed, nnd can
not, in Its uiueli be upheld."
From the Home Journal.
CAVES OF THE DEEP.
BY G. BENTON NEWCOMB.
flitr- in tho cares of the ditrk-hlue ocean,
bcno., ,l0 Wl,l wave's motlou,
j... . .-
silent y rest
On tho calm breast
Of the Brent sen-mother, in her soft arms prost,
Budics of cold men,
Bodies of old men,
Bodies of young nnd fair.
And tho trailing weed that tho soa doth breed,
Winds their limbs, nnd, with clinging greed,
Twineth in golden hnir.
Poep In tho soul of tho dnrk-bluo ocean,
Stilled is Life's unceasing motion.
Beneath the deep
Tho dreamless sleep,
Thoir eyes nre stony, they do not weep.
For tho things thnt seem
Aro a weary drcnui,
They wnit for tho ileal bolow j
And the ehnngcless song of the toiling throng
, , j. , I 1
1 Reaches them not, for they havo long
i Forgotten tho world of woo.
Deep in the soul of the dark-blue ocean
Roeoivo thou mo to thine arms, oh seal
j For I fly from earth, I fly to thee,
Slumber souls in blest unmotion.
And oh! that I
In the deep might lie,
Vnd hide from the dny iny weary cyo,
For the aching sight
Abhors tho light,
And tho sun-heat burns my brain.
O Eternal Sleep 1 again.
From the New York Tribune.
JOURNEY IN OHIO.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Friday, Nov. 18, 1853.
"And so you aro stepping westward," Words-
-.i. ...ii. ... . .... .. 1.1,..
nuilll K.II9 111 II riiuhLV nkiiiiitii uiiiu o in v in ..,
, , twk ni5 clcn;g wttlUt he salutation nlwnys
,, . "i,..i ;, ,l .ii,n.
. W(J uU WBstward, inoro or less, somo to honor
nnJ v;euui . nations to emniic : but most of us w est-
. . . Hpllin Mlll! s0 step wcstwnrd, leaving
' tl0 glowing orient of life and promise behind us,
, M)rJhe(l iu ,10 n,)Pllt;,iP, nllj jji ,hc long rays
: uur w(,BU.rn ,ullf ,.tn ,llilllcr failltcri nlla wc nrc
- l0 .vmr, llx& inu eUewheio their fetling."
., . rnilr,,n,Milc dllv5 nilt ,wcm, U U ttl
0 tl)0 ,00 rL,JUS, ()1 ni(,ll(y) ,0 nrtolA
.,. V ..... .. 1.1..1. ,i,.,, ni
into o! a
in the bottc
tense ot great Humanitarian
, . . .....,... . l,.,ll.. 1.
lu'1v ,,,,, ,, ivicIldg. nnd that must
; 1 . J . . . '. ... . ...
' ! bo a high motive thnt will sustain us in tbe sneri
ur fl ()f (iiv(J me fth h . whi(:h ,() taVe
, . , ,d M , di gencr0U(1(
,, ;,,,,,. fri,n(i9 j,, Cleveland. Givo mo an Inn,
where I may sit nlono nnd nrm myself with duty;
where 1 may havo a savage icuso ol what is uciore
mo, nnd may no moro expect sympathy or consid
eration than tho most hardy traveler in unknown
regions. This sight of a genial fireside, only makes
uie hoircsick. Tlio sweet prattlo of childhood,
w arm, kindly utterances ol the family lire too much
fr a weak heart a thousand miles from its treas
ures ; and so when I bade ndieu to Carrie, I snid,
"I shnll bo less a baby when I havo no fireside
"pino for tho absent."
As I descended the break-neck hill thnt lets you
out of Cleveland, it struck me that thero will be
terrible catastrophe here otic day, nnd then people
will bo shocked and horrified, will protest and re
monstrate, pay damages nnd build up an cinbauk-
. 'incut; nut inuo, nine win carry a woary wcigni
j , '. ... , . ' . ,? .. ,
lie strives 10 ueai me :icniin iniii win mcru ou unr
go j t , , d reprettini!
l.e , , ,,.--,,, ,,.,, : Su nv:riina. ,h rnn.i ,
, . . . , .;., i,i: i,;n ,;..
upon one sine iu a precipice oi iroiii uiirty iu uuji
feet. This rond is covered at each departure of
train with innumerable vehicles nnd a restive horse
might cause nt any dny some terrible disaster.
the loot uf this hill the wln.lt) way is literally lined
whh a network of iron rails, over which locomo
tives aro thundering in all directions, lhcro is
barrier, no spuco to protect horses and carriages
from coming into collision at any moment. 1 found
the otliccrs and employees upon the road obliging
and gentlemanly, but 1 could not forbear to express
..ioi ( anger ns possum-, ior mo snse oi cxui j i
cry . . ,n . . '.
eat ! their dexterity III escaping It.
my sense of danger which traveler, incurred bv
want of proper precaution at this junction. They
seenicd to admit the fact, but tho truth is our West-:
em friends do need a little of our honest Yankee
caution. They nre fi nd of going as near to n point
. :ii . r . i. i. . i- i.!i
cir dexterity in escaping it. They liko a jaunty
dashing contempt of hazard, which by no means
suits my ideas of comfort and security. Such
whips lliey use, such backing and filing of horsos.
such rakish kind of tackling and vehicles I never
i saw before Women drive about with entire conli
! deuce, managing a horse w ith perfect skill. I
la handsomo woman driving an elegant span
horses iu a manner to distnuco a Jehu, looking
queenly and beautiful that it certainly was very
tober. I, ' who am so fond of a horse,
can by no moans compete with tho women
nerc in carriage urimig.
I (1s(rve must of the rullrimd t'ontrinnicH in
Wont linvo 11 Htnrrn linn ntiiiondcd to tlin riinrl. ivhii-h
,. nt a moderato too, a shilling, nnd thus travelers
i.i...lit..tiiil 1,'ntti 1 ma mmnviirwott null f vlrkt tn nu
1 , . . . , , , . , .
in tack-li ivrH. I bad taken a carriage to go to
... depot in Cleveland, and said nothing about pay
I"! ;.v . rl tl,OTt'f,jru thc W a r",t";f;h:
,, ' to charge his own price, provided be was a faithful
U i but 1:0 J'"rfd l,P' to ,,f0 nn "Passive
lliru,Pi )jc,.tlll0 distance to which he must
f.mi .;i i i ,.. .1 i I
Ger- . A.J, 3 l i .1 n ? h I . I r
. to go, nnd he tossed it down in tho m dd o of
i ! ,.,.' , ... ... ,,. ,r ,,.;
nml : V .' . . ' s
midst of a labyrinth of railtrneks,
bewildering nnd at the risk of being left, if
rl-iifltnrrwl 111111 irtl ..An, A In
IiaIii. Ii.j. ni-iniT "II. wilh a sliniuii to treat n. Imlv
took myselt una trunk unuer ins own
and deposited both of us safely, but with so
Ull. 1 , .,, 1 1J . .
.1. i JH'llt, UUL'lltrUlU II
"u , , took ., -self and trunk under bis own'
,c , ,j , - (h fc nnJ
.It t : UurrJud wordi of gratltude, for the train was
or ' Fcu .,"""n.', . Anfd l,erf0 ,m0 7' ".7
nml ook out' V' !lo A-?i uf''( t t'
j ... .. . ' i"
j know how rich nnd generous, nnd siinplo-hearted,
I i the humanity which they are chrushing to
Beaching this place in the midst of a heavy
of rain, I am surprised at tho obligingness I
, .i ..1 1: . 1 .1 .1
by vn" c" uumtr;,1"" """''(? uu '
IIVIlHirv IttJI II UUIIIM f l""HH a
ease all through my experience in
en of all grade are invariably ready tn
. !f .
com- -. xf
1 ing. 1'
..,,,, took mv trunk List night, nnu carnod it some
must- ,.'.. .. , . 1 . 1.1 ... ..
ces, lxcnnsc, ( dare suy, I looked aiixiuut uh
men will 111 the midst nt tho uin 01 a now
I am proud of our people, so delieato and consid
erate are they to women, so disinterested also,
tin the best of ever thing, unit I shall not
surprised any dny, if they cull u vica voce to
polls, only Imciiu'so wo have a hankering for
But 1 mu ashamed of tho little appreci
ation, the too evident want of good-breeding in
sex, who tukx the lct seat in ear and stages,
tl.e best sent in churches mid leetiire-roonis' and
, .... 11. u LM-si pi-in 111 tituir in. huh iv -iiitvroi
1 k, , ' , .
new h is stated tbut 'Sir. Arthur' new novel of
Iron Rule," is to bo followed by sequel to be
nioie ' litlo I "The Tape Measure."
LIST OF RELICS IN ROME.
Iu the Church of Snnta Croeois, ft finger of St.
Thomas the Apostlei that same finger with which
ho touched the blessed rib of our Saviour Jesus
Christ. Sonic hnir of our Saviour Jesus Christ.
A greater part of tho holy veil, nnd some hnir of
the Hlessed Virgin. Some ashes nnd conl combined
together, in the form of a loaf, with tho fat of 8t.
Lawreuco the mnrtyr. A vinl of the blood of our
Saviour. Another' vinl full of milk of tho Hlessed
Virgin, from the plnce where Chrfst was bnptited.
Tho stone where the nngel stood when he announc
ed the grout mystery of tho incarnntion of tho Hles
sed Virgin. A piece of the stono on w hich our Sa
viour sat w hen ho lorgave tho sins ot .Mnry Mag
dalene. A bieco of the stono on which our Lord
wrote tho commandments given to Moses on Mount
Sinai. Somo ot the ninnnn with whieu uou tea
tho Jews of the desert. One of the coins with which
tho treachery of Judns was paid for by tho Jews.
In the Church of St. Cocilo of Trnstevcre: some
milk of tho Hlessed Virein Marv. In tho Church
of Saints Cos ma and Damiano s it vial of milk of
tho Blessed Virgin Mary. Somo remnant of the
house ot Mnry Magdnlcnc. Some also ot tno propn
et Zacharias. In tho Church of St. rrosscdo:
Some of the shift of tho Blessed Virgin Mary.
Some of Moses' rod. Some of tho earth on which
our Saviour Jesus Christ trod during his passion,
Some of the cano and snoniro with which our Sa
viour tfesus Chrint was given to drink. Some of
the towel with which which Christ wipca ins uis
cinlos' feet. Somo of tho linen in which tho infant
Jesus was wramied nfter his birth. Some of the
garments of our Saviour Josus Christ. One of the
stones with which Stephen was stoned. The col
umn to w hich our Saviour Jesus Christ was tied to
bo scourged. In tho Church of St. Mary in Tra
pontinn thero is an imago of our Saviour Jesus
Christ w ho spoke to the holy apostles Potor and
Paul while they were scourged. Some Milk of the
Mossed Virein. In tho Church of St. Mary in
Trastevcro there is ft stone on which the angel knelt
during the m,irtyrdnm of St. Peter on the Jnniculus.
In tho Church of St. Jnmes, Scossnrnvalli, there is
a stone on which Abraham bound Isaac to sacrifice
him. In the Church of St.John in Lnternno, the head
of St.Ziichnrias, confessor nnd fnthor of St.John the
Baptist. The hondot St. Panerazio, martyr, which
bled profusely for threo days nnd threo nights,
whilo this holv cliurch wns a rrey to flames. A
cup in which St. John tho Apostlu and Kvangclist
drunk poison, by order of the Kmpcror Domitiun,
without being injured; and his ministers having
shortly nfter tasted it died immediately. A gar
ment ot sant St. John, which, oeing put on inosc
who died from poison, immediately brought them
to life. Somo of the towel with which our Saviour
Jesus Christ wiped his blessed hands after the last
supper. Some of tho sheet w ith which the Saviour
Jesus Christ wiped his apostles' feet. A purple
robo with w hich our Saviour Jesus Christ wns dos
picubly dressed in Pilate's palace, which still bears
somo spots of blood. Tho veil of tlio Besscd Vir
gin, with which she could scnrceiy inuo tne nnKca-
while on the cross, still spot
ted with blood. Somo blond nnd wnter which
ness of her only son,
ted with blood. So
drot.ped from our Saviour's side while hanging dead
on tho cross, Tho altar which St. John tho Bnp
at tist used in tho desert. Some of the rods of Mosos
It is curious to see tho circulation of a grcnt city
commence in tho morning tho great city that had
roared itsclt to sleep. 1 rue, thero was a iconic
pulse all night: tho cars beat to nnd fro; a car
riage now and then gavo a flutter, but after all
there had been a quiet hour. About half a million
of tho people had been lying on n "dead level," for
four or live hours, somo on pillows of down, and,
somo on curb stones ; some beneath silken count
erpanes, and some beneath the great blue quilt
heaven. Queer figures thoy make in tho minds eye
to be sure 4lA,U00 folks, moro or less, lying
their backs Ivinir in tiers and rows, five or six
miles long lying threo or four deep. In the collar
that's "the primative formation; then first floor;
second, third, and so nn to the garret. Three
hundred thousand pooptn snoring what a concert!
Two hundred thousand pcoplo dreaming.
Two hundred thousand pcoplo iu red night-caps;
one hundred thousand in white, and here and there
one trimmed with laco. Fifty thousand curls twist
ed up in papers, giving their owners an appearance
of having made a pillow of cigar-lighters. Twenty
tl.m. ....... I ..st.la I. m. tln s.fsi.L-n or flmii-u
or tossed unon tables. How irei.llv Time touches
voui.l' iconic: thev never crow eruv at all! Ten
thousand peo dew eepiug.iindnJw and then, ono
, , ' . J 'i .n . .,..!.. - j.. ' . t
his ear; hearing is "coining to" then, his tongue
moves uneasily ; taste is returning. Last, bis eyes
I ... - ., ., .1 . ! ,i i
tho open, one nuer no oinoi ipen nun close, men
"I" 'V",1 tlie m"n uko-uwuko " over-
wukol..r nil day. i horo nnuther, sound usleop
.1. -I.... . .1.,,.... i,. i.; -I.,..,.. ,t, ;
...i .'i... .?. :: i.ii.,i.,. mn.
though going to bed-should we say "retire"
these luhncd times? -is a solemn piece of business,
whether pcoplo think of it or not. But tho getting
the waking up, is funny enough for a farce.-
It' . a process, a peeies ot griuliuilisin. Ilcr0-S
...i... i...- tn..i '.tibn .,..' i:.r
..! i,o l.e,, ,,. in tvnlfn f first ii'.n l,n lc.lo,..h
, .. i i.,..,i. i .. .i... .... ...
II11U H l.'Oi; l'll.illll M jhhiii li.u.t MU tltlll
thrust out then a foot : the muscles arc wiikimr
Next, tho rattle of the early Loing wagon, strikes
this minute, and this, ho shakes hiinsell'liku a huge
Newfoundland, springs up "percussion," nnd
thing in done; the lcllow hasn't a sleepy
Snowy quilts that havo just risen nnd fallen
long ' tlic b"eum beneath, begin to grow unoasy.
Tho sweet sleepers aro waking, so we'll draw
ciirtuins nnd leave them tu their toilet, Bundles
of rags in dark, damp corners toss nnd tumble;
there's something ulivo underneath Out it coiucs,
more rags. Misery makes no toilet, and thero
no curtains tu draw.
THANKSGIVING IN THE OLDEN TIME.
Tho following aucer paracrnph aliout an
tlio . timn TlmiiltKiMvinif we take t'rum a Hiu tor v ui'
! t in nur 1 himnaliirn. nuhliMluwl m mm
arc It was a singular Btate oi things when bo great
rl l..o,.....l a -I in, i.l? mrii-mif ..r.,t 1.1 I A ilitfti.Ai1 n,i
., '",,. n . "
the count of a delic.e.icy d molasses; but so it was,
in cording to the Bov, Mr. Powers : "Liuly in
-,,k"''ct.1 tw-H so !pp?ned 1.
Thanksgiving was passed beluro tho intelligence
of it arrived there ; but soon alter, a Dr. White
no- ui, to visit hi friends at Newbury, nnd brought
not hv the tiovomor wn passed,
mvli.n.l Tliiiv.ilnif lm.11 l.!a
with hiui a proclamation. This proclamation
rend publicly on tho Sabbath by Mr. Powers,
hy linn it was proposed that tuoy slioutu kocp
Thanksgiving, notwithstanding the time specified
and lie proposed
y. I pun this amenihor arose
gravely proposed that it might be deferred longer
'for, said he, 'there is not a drop of molasses
thc town, and wo know how important it is to
molmises to keep Thanksgiving. My boy
gone to No. 4, and will bo back probably" by
beginningof next week and they will bring molasses;
audit hud hotter bo put off till next week Thursday.'
It was unanimously agreed to ; nut tne molasses,
not coming, it was deferred another woek ;
finally, Thanksgiving kept without molasses.
which is enough to provoke a smile, will, neverthe
less, show us the simplicity and destitution of
Cr.nr.XT for Crockery Waiie. Tho best cement
we have ever found for mending broken crockory
ware is mado of pure white lead ground
moistened with copal varnish to tho thickness
honey. Put a small quantity on the edge
press them together firmly nnd secure them.
thc dish remain tlire or four week to become
oughly dry. Farmer is Arttiun,
t'tiVfi' Bir"A new w houl-barrow ha been invented.
is very wonderful it has notbvun thought of before
The wheel is placed uudur the center, so that
ot the load rest upon tho hand. A man
wheel twice tho usual weight. . .
The Oregon Spectator estimate tho population
the Territory at hu.uu" ,
The Capitol extension, at Washington," is
gressing rapidly. ric hundred men are now
NOTHING IS LOST.
BY JOHN CRITCHLEY PRINCE.
Nointno Is lost i tho drop of dew
Which trembles on the loaf or flower
Is but exhaled, to full anew
In summer' thunder shower t
rcrolmneo to shine within the b)W
That fronts sun at fail of day i
Terchance to sparkle in the flow
Of fountains far awaw.
Nought lost, for oven the tiniest teed
By wild birds borne, or brceics blown,
Finds something suitod to its need
Wherein 'tis sown and grown ;
Perchance finds sustenance and soil
In some remote nnd desert place,
Or mid tho crowded home of toil
Sheds usefulness and grace.
The little drift of common dust,
By the March winds disturbed and tossed,
Though scattered by the fitful gust,
Is changed, but never lost ;
It yet may bear some sturdy stem,
Some proud oak battling with the blast,
Or crown with verdurous diadem
Somo ruin of tho past.
The furnace, quenced, the flame put out,
Still cling to earth, or soar In air,
Transformed, diffused, and blown about,
To burn again clsewhese )
Happily, to make tho beacon-blaze,
Which gleams athwart the briny waste,
Or light tho cocinl lamp whose ray
Illumes tho home of taste.
The touching tones of minstrel art,
Tho breathings of the mournful flute,
Which we heard with listening heart,
Are not extinct whep mute ;
The language of some household song,
The perfume of some cherished flower,
Though gone from outward sense, belong
To memory's after hour.
So with our words, or harsh, or kind,
Uttered, they ate not all forgot,
They leave their Influence on the mind,
Post on, but perish not ;
As they are spoken, so they fall
Upon the spirit spoken to,
Scorch it like drops of burning gall,
Or sooth like honey-dew.
So with our dcods, for good or ill,
They have thoir power, scarce understood i
Then let us use our better will
To make them rife with good: .
Like circles on a lake they go,
King within ring, and never stay ;
Oh, that our doeds wore fashionod so
That they might blose alway I
Then since theso lesser things ne'er die,
But work beyond our poor control,
Say, shall that suppliant for the sky
The greater human soul f
Ah, nol it still will spurn the past,
And search the future for its rost
Oh, joy ! if it bo found at last
Among the pure and blest 1
No fuct can be plainer that this : It is impossible
to judge correctly of the genius or intolleotual ability
of tho future man by the indications of childhooJ.
some ot tho most eminent mon of all ages wore re
marnauio oniy lor uu.ncs, .n ino.r youi.ii. pir jsaac
Uil'IMIU IIIIIIIIWJUWU WW IIIHUIiUUtO IUIIII BlUUVi
! and. ronl'.0.d. ver7 'ow tji ohool until the ago of
itwolv- "bcn Sa.,nucl V7"'8' ' V? "ublin whool.
j '"'"""J- P"l "" iuenara urins ey
I Sheridan, he Pronounced the bov nn "incorrnrili o
i . .. - ,. . , - . ..
ounce. a lie uioiuer oi oiienuau lui
i. dunce." The mother of Shoriduu fully ooneurrod
in Jn ' TOrd;Vt'. do""" tho most stupid of
I bor sons. Goldsmith was dull in In youth, and
Mmkespear, Gibbon, Davy and Drydon do not np
ui,, Penr ,j1,nve Mh'b,td ,m thclr ehildhood even tho
eommou c onient. of future success.
hon Bcrzellus, the eminent Swedish chemist,
'eft sccool for the univority. tho words, "Indifleront
: in bwhavior nnd of doubtful hope," wore scored
,o . , . , . . . .
un. "S1"""' 1,,s nft,ne ' n,,J tt,.'?r e "tere4 tho un,v?p-
MJ .'? eeiped being turned buck.
ono of his first visits to tho laboratory, when nine
teen years 01a, he was taunted with tho inquiry
whether ho "understood the difference between a
laboratory and a kitchen." Walter Scott had the
credit of having "the thickest skull in the school."
though Dr. Blair told the teacher that many bright
rays 01 iuiuro gonius mione through that same
Milton and Swift wcro justly celebrated for stu
pidity in childhood. The great Isaao Barrow' fa-
incr useu o say inai, 11 11 nieasea uoa to take trom
hiin any of hi children, he hoped it might be Isaao,
as the least promising. Clavius, the great mathe
matician of his age, was so stupid in his boyhood,
that his teacher could make nothing ot hiin till they
tried him in geometry. Carraci, tho colebrated
painter, was so inapt iu his youth, that his mastors
advised hiin to restrict hi ambition to thc grinding
"Ono of the most popular authoresses of the pre
sent day," say an English writor. "could not road
when she was soven. Her mother was rather un
comfortable about it, but said, as everybody did
loam, with opportunity, she supposed her child
would do so at last. By eighteen, tho apparently
slow genius pnid the heavy but inevitable dobts of
her father from the profits of her first work, and be
fore thirty, hod published thirty volume." l)r. Sentt
the commentator, could not compose a theme when
twelve years old; and even at a later ago, Dr Adam
Clark, after incredible effort, failed to commit to
memory a poem ot a tew stanzas only. At nine
year of age, one who afterward became ft Chief
justice in tin country, was, during a whole winter,
uuiiuiu 10 uoiuiintio memory me 111110 poem zound
in one of our school-books.
Laliour.and patience are the wonder-workers of
man tho wand by whose maeio touch he changes
dross into gold, deformity into beauty, the desert
into a garden, and the ignorant child into the veuor
ublo sago. Let no youth be given up a an incor
rigible dolt, a victim only to be laid upon the altar
ot stupidity, until labour and pntionco have strug
gled with hiui long onongh to ascertain whother he
is a "nalurul fool, or whethor hi mind is merely
enclosed in a harder shell than common, requiring
only a little outward aid to escape into vigorous and
symmetrical life. Journal of Education,
ployed The Railway or Live. We were journeying
upon the railway, crashing past the hamlets and
fields, following the terriblo iron horse in his mad
And presently arriving at ft tunnel scooped
through the hollow rock, wo plunged into darkness,
stunned with roaring echoes, and enveloped
Thus on, until we emerged, and then I gazed
orouiid 1110, to discover if the face of my fellow
passenger wore not whito with fear.
But no one scorned shaken, and tho converso
went on quietly a ever.
Then marvelling, I said to ono beside mo:
" Were you not afraid when we passed through
the darkness aud amid the roar!"'
But he laughed, and answered 1 "Tho conductor
take care ot us I there is no more danger in the
dark tunnel than on the open road." - -
Then said secretly in my'own bosom, " How,
1 -.1. ... .I.: m" , : . .
niuu nivvo iuiiu iu 1111 rauroaa conductor, mall
distrust my Heavenly Father? The Almighty
Conductor I He, who iuideth us safely through the
darkness and the roaring echoe of adversity into
the broad light of day."
The Woutlcrfol ind Thrilling Rirrtllte
TRt KIDKArrilD N JW-TOSKls:, WHO WAS
TWELVE V E A It I A SLAVE!
the distant South, and finally rescued, in a
providential manner. The Book corroborates the
adage, that " Truth Is strnngar'than fiction." It
has received the unbounded recommendations ot
the free press.
U.tHHJ copies have neon sold in tour months!
1,000 agents wanted, to toll the above, in all
parts of the United States and Canada, to whom
the most liberal terms are given. From $500 tc
$1,000 it year, can be realized by active and res
The above makes one handsome 12mo, vol., of
336 pages 7 engravings, and is sold for $1,00.
Copies sent by mail, (post-paid,) on reocipt ol
For further particular apply to the pub
lishers, Derby 1 Milliu, Auburn, N. Y.
Derby, Ortok & Millioam, Buffalo.
SALEM UNION SCHOOL.
This School, which commenced its first session
Aug. 8th, 1853, is now in successful operation, with
fifty foreign nnd two hundred and fifty distrct schol
ars in attendance ft number which has more than
justified tho moat (anguine expectation of its J
Messrs, McCInin and Markham will be contin
ued as Superintendents; the former of the Commer
cial and High School Departments, the latter of the
Mr. Frcdor. Dolmestch, who spent many years
as instructor in some of the best schools In Germany
and who is well known hero a an ablo linrpiitl and
experienced teacher, it now engaged to enter the
mgii school department, at the commencement ot
the next term, nnd take charge of Classes in the
Latin, Greek, French and German Languages,
Arrangements have been mado by which Stu
dents oan, during each term, avail themselves of the
advantages of a carefully preparod bene of Lec
tures on Anatomy and Physiology, illustrated bv
an excellent French Manikin and Skeleton; and al
so of a full course of Lessons in Pennmanslnp. by
an accomplished Ponraan, on moderato forms.
Those who wish to qualify themselves for teach
ing, have an opportunity of attending a well-conducted
Normal Class, nnd receiving a regulnr
course of instruction on modes of teaching, organ
izing anu conducting schools, ac.
That Compositions and Declamations mny re
ceive due attention, Literary classes aro lormed tn
the School, and a well-organized Literary society
permanently connected therewith, A Debating
Society is also In successlul operation.
A Committee recently appointed by the Board
for that purpose, have mado arrangements by
which Students can be furnished with good board
at $1,&0 per week. Those who wish to board them
selves can obtain room.
Tho School is furnished with n set of irood Phil
osophical, Chomical and Astronomical Apparatus,
and ft well-selected Cabinet of Minerals; also, with
Outline Mnps, Anatomical Plates, &c, 4o.
These advantages, added to thoso of a pleasant,
healthy and accessible location, tho influence of a
moral and intelligent community, nnd the efficient
lnbors of a corps of ablo nnd experienced teachers,
enable the lioara to tiirnish nit who become Stu
dents in the School, with fnoilities for advancement,
oqunl to thoso to be had at any school, whether
public or private, in this partof tho State.
In addition to the above Languages, the Course
of instruction embraces Orthography. Heading, in
cluding, Mandcvill's Roading on Oratory, Mental
and Written Arithmetic, Geography, English Gram
mar, including Analysis, Natural Philosophy,
Chemistry, Botanv, Astronomy, Geology, Anatomy
and Physiology, History, Mental and Moral Phil
osophy, Logic, Book-Keeping by Single and Dou
ble Entry, Algebra, Geoniotry, Application of Al
gebra to Geoniotry, Plane nnd Spherical Trigon
ometry, surveying, Construction ot .trigonometri
cal Tables, Conic Sections, Spherical Projections,
Desoriptivo Goomctry, Mathematical Philosophy,
and Mathematical Astronomy.
N. B. Lessons in Pen nnd Pencil Drawing,
Sketching, and Painting in Water Colors, and also
on the Piano, can bo had of competent! nstructors,
in our village, on rcasoiiablo terms.
TUITION PEH QUARTER OF ELEVEN WEEKS.
ReadingPcnmanship, Arithmetic, English
Grammar, Geography, and Mayhow'
The element of Algebra, Geometry, Histo
ry, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, As
tronomy, Goology, Anatomy, Physiolo
gy, &e., " " 4,00
The Latin and Greek Language, the Higher
Branches of Mathematics, with thoir ap
plication to Natural Philosophy, Astrono
my, ic, 5,00
The French and Gorman Languages, each, $2,50
The Winter Term will commence Nov. 7th, 1853
and continue 17 weeks; the Spring Term, March
20th, 1854, and continue 12 weeks.
Foreign Scholar will not be admitted for less
than half a quarter, and each one will be expected
to pay the tuition for this time in advance, bhould
a Scholar be prevented by sickness, from attending
a halt quartor, an oquiuihie proportion ot this
will oe retunuod.
Though scholars can enter (he School at any
time, they will find it greatly to their advantage
commonco with tho term.
Wo insort a few of tho regulation which have
been adopted for tho government of High School
13. II: Foreign scholar may. if thev wish
study during the intervals between rccitutions,
their respective boarding houses, unless in conse
quence of non-compliance with the Regulations
the scnooi, tney nre tortndden to do so by either
the Principal or the Board. District scholar may
under a like restriction, do the same, if the Princi
pal and thuir Pareuts or Guardian consent there
18. H: Scholar who are Boarding in the
or vicinity for the purpose of uttendinir School
in 1 ., , .,
win mo requireu 10 couuuot lueinseive a thoy
would De expectoa 10 in a wen regulated tamily,
and in a quiet, peaceable and orderly community,
To meet the increasing demand for such an
ns will qualify student for performing
duties of the Counting Room with accuracy
dispatch, this Department ha been connected
the School. In it the various branches of Book-
Keeping by Single and Double Entry, Mercantile
Computations, &c., will be taught; a well-arranged
Series of Lectures on Commercial Law delivered
by a Member of the Bar; and and a full Course
Lesson in Penmanship given by an able Instruc
In addition to going through the text
(Puffs Book-Keeping, Studont will bo required
to perform Black-board and Manuscript Exercises
daily. Eleven week are considered amplo time
uomploto the course of instruction, in tine Dopart-
Mr. McClain is ft graduate of one of the
-t !..! 1..I1 T .1 - .ir ... ,1
voiiiiuercini wouego in mo m est ib wen aequain
ted with the Scionceof Accounts, and i an experi
enced teacher of Book-Keeping; we have no doubt.
therefore, that hi course of instruction ie as thor
ough as that given in liny Meroantilo Establish
mem in tne state. -
Tuition for the Course, $20,00
Student can enter this Department at any .
wnou ine ocnoui is in cession.
By Order oftht Board,
JOHN HARRIS, Cltrk.
Vot 10, roa 1854.
Tin Tenth Volume of this) jjopnlnr Journal will
commence on the tat of January, 1854. W e make'
our annual appeal to the arnter, the icnnnic,.nin
the Domestio Circle, to lew as ft generous assistance'
in supplying the Industrie Class with ft cheap
and reliablo paper,
Devoted to agriculture, Dometta ind Kuril Main,
CoNTAiNixa at all times valunblt Wnts for the Farm
tho Shop, and tho Firetiite, nnd mvkint; the eleva
tion of Labor in all it legitimnte interest; oppos
ing quackery and humbug in all their forms, and
filling the noble station of a true
HOME PAPEK or THE VfEST.
TiiR Editors havo long been fnmilinr with th'
ncculinr condition of Western Agriculture, nnd by
extensive trnvel nnd observation keep thcmiMvosi'
informed of tho wants and progress ol the country".'
at large. , .
Tin Ohio Cultivator Is published on the lt'
anil 15th of every month 10 largo octavo pagos,'
with title pngo and index at tno enu ot tne year,
making a volumo of 380 pnges sultnblo for binding.
Terms. Single subscriptions SI ft yenr. Four
ionics for $.1. Nino copies for $0) and lame price
(60J cents each) for any larger number. All sub
scription to be paid in advance, nnd to commence
with tho year. Persons sending Clubs, may havo
them directed to different offices if they choose;
and those having sent ft smaller number, may after
wards increaso to nine, or more, at tho Club rates. .
To any person Bonding us ft Club of Nino subscri
bers and $0, we will send, post paid, a complete
V olume for any previous yenr, in paper cover.
Address, - BATEIIAM I1ARBIS,
PROSPECTUS FOR 1804.
THE SATURDAYEVENING POST
Unrivaled Array of Talcot.
The proprietor of the POST, in again eoiniug
before the public, would return thanks for the gon
erous pntronnge which has placed them far in ad
vanco of every other Literary Weekly in America.
And, as tho only suitable roturn for such free and
hearty support, their arrangement for 1H54 have
been made with a degree of liberality probably un
equaled in tho history of American newspaper lit
erature; They have engaged as contributor for
the ensuing year the following brilliant array of
talent and genius: Mns. Soithwortii EncRsen
Bennett Mrs. Denison Graci Greenwood and-'
Iu the first paper of January next, we design
commencing an Original Novelet, written expressly -
for our columns, ontitled
THE BRIDE OF THE WILDERNESS.
DY EMERSON DENNETT.
Author of " Viulo," " Clara .Moreland," "Tho For
god Will," etc.
This Novelet, by tho popular author of " Clare,
Moretund," we design following by another enlled
BV MRS. MARY A. DENISON,
Author of " Home Pictures," "Gortrude RusU,"
Wo have also tho promise of n number of Sketch
es by Graco Greenwood, whose brilliant nnd versa
tile pen will be almost exclusively employed upon
the Post and her own " Littlo Pilgrim.''
Mrs. Southworth, whose facinnting works are
now being rapidly republished in England, also
will mnintuin her old nnd pleasant connection wun
the Post. The next story from bor gifted pen will
Miriam, The Avenger 1
OR, THE FATAL VOW.
BT EMMA D. B N. BOVTnWORTB,
Author of "Tho Curse of Clifton," "The Lost Heir
ess," " The Deserted Wife," etc.
And last not least we are authorized to an
nounce a series of articles from one who has rapid
ly rison very high in popular favor. They will be
NEW SERIES OF SKETCHES.
BY FANNY TEllX,
Author of " Fern Leaves," etc.
Wo expect to bo nblo to commence tho Sketches
hy Fanny Fern, as well as tho scries by Grace
Greenwood in tho early number of tho comiug
Jc?.r- . . ....
i-ngravings, toroigu correspondence, Agrieui-
tural articles, the news, Congressional Reports, the
Markets, etc., nlso shall be regularly given.
teir CHEAP POSTAGE. Tho postage on th
Post to any part of tho United Statos, when paid
quarterly 111 advance, ia only EG cents a year.
Terms. the term ot the rost aro iwo uonars
per unnum, pnyable in advance,
4 copies, ..... $.5 per nn.
8 ." and ono to the gottor up of a club 10 "
.7 14 .1 .1 .( M II OQ
Tho money for Club always must be sent in ad
nnce. Subscription may be sent at our risk. -
Whon the sum is large, a draft should bo proaurcd
t possiblo, tho cost ol which may be deducted trom
tho amount. Address, always ixwMwhW,
DEACON & PETERSON,
Ko. CG South Third Street, Philadelphia,
N. B. Any person being desirous of receiving
a copy of the Post n a sample, enn bo accommo
dated by notifiying the puplishor by letter, (post
paid.) aw, .
nAMEY fc CARPENTER'S rELJMM
DAOUERREAN GALLERY! '
IS now coniplotcd, nnd ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expense in fitting up, to
oporate with advantage, and with reforonco to the
comfort and convenience of thoso who may favor
us wiih ft call; in short, wo are permanently lo
cated Our rooms are in tho
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call and see us. You will find our reception room
neat and comfortable.
Can be surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is ft powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages, taken ni t-
lire, or no ciiaroc 1 1 Our price range trom 40
cents, to 20 dollar. Past experience, and preaent
. 11 r-i ' .
advantage, enaoie u to laico uooa isincnestu, ar
very reatonuble Hates. Being, also, posted in all'
the recent improvements of the art, our time ana
entire attention ahull be to render full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased persons taken at their room.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Persons wishing Pictures tukon on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without extra charge.
tor Room open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until fV
Korth Side Main-St., One Door Wat of th Salem
Book-Store, Salem, Ohio,
Coats, Vests, Punts, to., Mado to Order and War- -ranted
to dive Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Business in all hi Branchei, car
ried on as heretofore. '
GOODS AT SEW YORK PRICES I II CLEVELiNB
& WIIITN V, '
WiioLkSALi Dealer in Yankee Notions, .
Fanny Dry Goods, all kinds of Tailor' Trimming
Jewelry, Pocket Cutlory, Gorman Silver and Platei
Ware. : ...
41 BANK STREET, CLEVELAND, ; , ,
AT TUB DION OF THE LIVE YANKEE.
From threo to fivo ton of Flax per week, wanted,
to be manufactured into Flax Cotton. - - - -BROOKE
41 Batik St., Cleveland.
Aegust 20th, J853.