Newspaper Page Text
M tltlXS It. !tOBI.SO., Editor.
aw v.xio.v ii7 Tit si.Aii:uoi.or.nn:
ANN PEAKSOX, FiiMUtilDf Aftcnt.
VOL. 0. X(). 21.
SAJ.lttt, COLUMMAXA COUNTY, OHIO, SA'RT.PAY. JAN UAH-Y 7, IS") 1.
WHOLE NO. 43l.
THE A S T l-S L A V Ii R X DI G IE,
. riBI.I'lirDEVXKr SATl HOAV, ATSAI.sVl.OIIIO.
? "" -wwy irum;iui Mm ip- ll.nl ,lio; III rlil.T ...1,-rilr
Onmnulnli-stlonB Intrmtod furlnwr-in, to I fcllr"iHMl lo
lin K. Ilmos,, KJimr. All olhari lu Ass I'sissus. I'uh
TfrtMS OF ADVEllTISIXO.
One &ius f 1ft HnM ) Hire el:,
" Kuril S.HItlonftl Inicrllan.
Sll nuiiitlm, ....
" Otis yisir, . .
T squirr el lltnnth', . .
, " tin rfsr, .
Ok fourth mlunin nm jmt, ullh prltlli-sa uf rhaiiihin
'If cJimii, rtinntilni montlilr,
, l-lr.li n.il n-'fislltw Hahi
wlliiil tidlil llnoi will Iw inserted 0110 jrnr,
nr t3,flo, in imniih, j.
i. III DSOX, Pbiitck
THE AMISTAD CASE-SPEECH OF MR
In continuation of his remarks, ,n part of which
WO published last week, Mr, biddings said :
I no desire tho attention nf thu eoiiiinltteo for
em ...J. l.e f.ili,,r "i,h , . I, a tl.,,V,,
' . .. ii , . ,.
nv -pew inem hers 1 tho Mouse w ;l0 may md he la-
m u.oaigumeu.t, uSeu ... couuouuon w.u.
In 1817, tho (Joycvnnient of Spain, hy its trealy
(tipulations w ill, tho (lover, ilnent of Ureal llritain,
pledged itself, its power, and iiillueneo, for the al
olition of the slave trado. Hy that treaty Spain
Uot only pledged herself to aholisl, tho slave trade
in her dominions nnd throughout her colonial de
pendencies, hut nIio declared that all persons im
ported from Africa should ho free on vntcriii her
We, sir', ol1 this nation, stood under somewhat dif-I
ferent oircumstanees. From tho very foundation
of tho Government, the nonular sei.i'iment of thei
country was iu opposition to the coiitiuuikiicc of the!
In 1 S I . wo hound ourselves Lv solemn treaty
with Ureal Ur'tain, to uso our power and inllueiiee
..... ......I i:...:.. ..r .1.:. .....cr i , ,
ii mo luiiii vi u'liciiiioii in lii in inline, anil hy Mll-
e'pieiit Ire Hies we rati lied and repeated our pledge
to carry out lliis uiidertakinrj, uud for many years
wo have maintained a naval force upon the African
sjo.1,1, at nn expense of from two to three million
dollars annually, to carry out the design of riddiiic;
mankind from this diiaeodil trallic.
ly our legislation we havo declared it piracy,
nil wo han ihe man that prove-, soreere.n.t to his
-duties to his fellow -men ns to bo found enuaaed in
tht haled coninioreo. Fiance ha.staken upon liersell
imilar atipululions, and the whole ciiii.td world
filood pledged for tho maintenance of the ri,;hls of
I ..!....: . .1.!- ... I. ! 1.1
iiuinmnuj ii iiiisi mis ir.iuo ni men, which even
-jenurson lermuu an cxicrnotc irainu in liuiiiaii
-1 . 1. ,1
t'uder tl,e.'Ocircui:da!,ee., in l.T.O nomo Spanish
'slave dealers who were puilty of this piracy, pro
Jilhite I hy the laws ol' Spain'as well an Ly 'treaty
tipulations, imported into iliivana a c.iriro of Al -
1..1.1 1... .. .1 ..." 1
ric-nr. .tun iiuiu ici me fnv uiai uaics 1 ecoine
matorial. This cargo of Africans were landed 1,1
Havana on tho l'Jtli of June, and pi iced in
the burrucMo.iH of that city. On the i.M of the
amo month, lluiz ohtaine.l from the (iovern r (icn
erul a permit tocarry theso juilimi. , or le-al slaves,
from Havana to I'rincipe, n hi. h lies 0,1 the south
sido nf tho I dand of Cuba, nn.l, on ihe i it'i, Mou
tei obtained a liko permit to carry forty-nine jmli
noft, or loal slaves to tho t line port. Ail that the
slave dyalor l.n J to do was to pay a slipnl.ited duly
lo tho tjiovenunent, and to ta!:j his permit; ami
this committee w ill see that it was a ) e.iuit to e.ir
ry lawful .irc. nud not imported Al'iieaiiH, who
wore tree l.v tho laws of Spain. It had no allusion
to tiiem ; nnd 1 would respectfully call tl.e ntteii-
li 11, of the 1
,0 chairman of Iho C.imiiiillco on Foreign I
All'iirs, w ho aro pjoin to report a bill, to these
fa 'Is. It will be bonus in mind that Moute. and
Ktiii purchased these Africans, knowing them to
have been imiurtcd iu violation of the Spanish
treaty and of Spanish laws, and therefore J',;
U11 tho 12Htti of June, having been just nixleen
day, in tho harraeoons of Havana, they were ship
ped ou board tho Aiuisia 1, and 011 the lst of duly,
while sailing alan;; tho custom coast of Cuba,
they took pos,es.sion of tho vessel, and n-
sorted their riht to freedom. The capta'n nnd
cook, who opposed them, were slain ; nnd the oth
' er sailors wore sent ashore in 11 small boat. Mou
ld was retained 011 board, and directed to Kiiide
tho vessel to Africa; but, not uii lei siandiui! the com
pass, they directed their course to the north during
tho nilit and iu cloudy wu.i'hor, until they finally
camo lo anehor near M mtanli point, at the eastern
end of Loii I iland. Xow, I desire the attention
-of the chairman of this committee, who is "join:; to
report tho bill wo havo heard about, to know that
' ou the 2'Jth of August, lS.'.'.l, Ihcoe mine men, lluin
and .Montci. lilod in tho district court of tho State
of Connecticut their denial, d for theso slaves; that
on the lllth of September these Africans filed their
answers to this claim, ileiivinj; that they ever had
boon si ives to Monte, ami Uuii, or to uny other
poraoii j they declared that they had been imported
into Cuba in violation of Spanish laws ami treaties,
. and were entitle 1 to their freedom.
And here I call tho attention of the committee
moro particularly to thu fact, Unit at this period,
when mesa ,1 tor Atneau.i wcro Htraiiuors 111 a
strange land, destitute ol friends, ignorant of our :
language, the l o.verunient ot tlic.-o I tilled States I
sent directions to its district attorney for the State1
of Connecticut to li lo a claim lo tlieir bodies in the !
United Slides district court, in order that they !
should bo delivered over to the Cuban authorities, !
to he garroted for assorting their liberty. ThoF.x-jTho
eentive influence was put forth in favor of oppros-i
(ion nud the slave trade, instead of Freedom. The
district attorney obeyed his instructions, and luiit
tho wholo iiillueneo of his learning and talents to
the cause of the slave trade. Tho whole easo wus:
litigated. Tho proofs wero taken, nnd tho case I
fully hoard nud delihorntcly eonsidored, nndj
iho docreo wus ontered doelarinz thut thev
been imported into Cuba in violation of tliti laws!
aua ircuties or Spain ; that they wero not, and nov-1
or had been, slaves, but freemen: and Instead of!
ieiug given over tu slavery, they were ordered to
lie set at liberty.
Au apponl was taken from this decision to tho
circuit court of tho I'ulted States, nud the circuit
reaffirmed the docreo of the district court. An ap
peal was thou taken to tho Uni tod Slates Supreme
Court, sitting in this Capitol, and the easo was ar
gued iu this highest judicial lrili.iii.il of tho nation
by tho Attorney (ienural of the l'nitc.1 States, and,
upon full delihoration, tho docreo of the courts bo
low wan reaffirmed in all respects.
. Iwill now dhow to this committee under what
oircumstanees wo are called upon to make nu appro
priation of funds collected from the freomen of the
North. Sir tho .whole pnwor nnd iuflucneo of the
.Government hoi contended for this olaim before
the judicial brauch of Government ; they havo ful
' y investigated, considered, nud passed upon it.-r-And
it now pomes up to us by way of nppoal from
tiio deeision nf tho Supremo' Court. . Tho gentle
man from Virginia seeks to overturn, overlhrovv,
od re vers tho decisions of till Iho courts of tlio
United States. Then, sir, it was brought to this
House j and I enmo now to another point which is
' souiowhat important, In 1 think, we passed
ui wdlnory appropriation hill for the civil nnd
inference which the iiullior draws from Lis own
misrepresentation. I leave it to every lntin lo f ay
whether the misrepresentation wns intended or not.
records of tho district court of Connecticut
show that this claim of llu'ns and Montci was filed
on tho I'.ltli of August, lfu'.' ; that the answers of
'he Africans were tiled on tho l'.llh of September,
loil'J j and that about the 1st of January, If -111, the
ship uud cargo were libeled by Lieutenant (iidney.
Now, sir, oven if tho author made this error thro'
ignornuco or inattention, ho has written himself
liadldown unworthy of conlideuco ; yet the President
diplomatic expenses of (lovornmniit we sent it
to thn Sonn'o mid they inserted in it nn nmcmlincnt
ninLiiii nn it s, 1 1 .... . C w j , . .
! "f,.usi mo ireimcs nild InWS III tlo,r iovomincill
sgs.msi me rights ..r iimn nml lows f (i,l. It
cnnio before this body on tlint amendment ; ft was
argued hco by that venerated friend of hi coun
try nml nf inunkinil from Massachusetts, Mr. An
ams, who yet lingered upon tho confines of time.
Ilo wo palo and trembling with the weight o fi ur
KCorc yearn. His voi. 0 was feeble, nn.l he had
censed to mincle in tho debates of this body. 1
acquainted with this oauso in nil its details;
'V"1 il Wl" '"""'U'lit "P lor discussion in the
Commit tco of tho V hole, ho rose tn address; the
,,"lm',lll"-'o "I""1 I"'" proposed appropriation, t.en
; ne men came Horn nil parts or tho hall ami erowd
; ed near hiin, and around him, to catch the lust nc
j cents of that Tcneraldo and dyinj: statesman ; and
l Story in the fact tilat those V-cent" f dcmiin ia
ition were against the AlVieaii slave ir.,1,. ,i
j."R,!,n" ,","' v lio paiticipato in it -ayninst this
" l iini, and against the recommendation ,f tl,.. Iw
: I'l' in. ii was ins iu-r, Ins ilyilix speech, fr ho
1 llfll'll UI,l,lA il. thin l...,l ..f. I . ' I 1 . ..
I ; -i"""' ,M """j 'ni'TwuriM. jmi, Kir, ol
-etiiocrat, nn,l lKs not five ineinl.ets who had
, . , i ,1"'''"7't of the
jn0 ,,,:.. ,, r . ' f ;" " '' , ' . "
"in0iovoiic was raised in Tavor of it. 1 w ill not
i P,".",".",.l"' "'hnnoiis. .o, nr, my friend fieni
I does not regard l,i,,.,.l,ln I,:'; Z.I
! i il.o, l.n .r...i I i I ! V " OO - -
; " . e Ami yet sir, here alter ll.e
, ',;.;;'""'"' ',v r,"
p "' 'pre impo, te. when two-thirds of the seats
ol lliis lleuuA . v.t lllln.l I... .11
r od lie e hef re and ' ' .1 11 i"" ""T
Huvcevcr part c.pated 111 the exuiii.natioi, of this
cairn It .sw ured upon us. And w hy so?
Iiniuiiifiseil mi n" .' v ,"l,clu:vr(1 "
..... ...... . .., , ,..-ii u .oiooess irom my
I, lend, tho chairman of the Con.niittee on l oreip,
Affairs ; nnd it in this': that
wnci, no ur;;es tins
' '"ii",' "'"'i" "i'0 """', of ,,rn,.v "tipulations, he
';c "", k""' " the treiity. the section,
,U1" ",0 , u" vl"e" m ,,l"'c" ""r b-iUUty.
Mr.HAILV, of Virginia. I shall he very apt to
Mr. fHI'MN'flS. A former Committee nn For-
lth Allans said that it was in the eighth, ninth, or
tenth nrtidi they do not know exactly which ofi
lrc.lt V ol' IT'.'-i. The courts said it" was not i
either ol lln iii. Xow, what I ask of my friend is,
to tell us the speoilii: clause on which he Lives the
ri):ht of these spanish slave dealers to tho money
of my cn,ti.ue,,ts.
W hy, hir, if the I'resideut and Semite hud made
a thousand treaties that we should nav the .Spanish
. slave dealers f..r nil the losses th.-y may Mistain in
liuisuiiic their oci uialicii, is tl.eie 11 inen.her of
this I ody ko hint to his own duly, to his sill'-rcM.ect,
as to voln a dollar of the people's nioney for rUeli
purpose? Why, sir, tho President uud Sci 111.0 may
t I ... . 1 ..... '
mane sucu iriniics as tney please ; II they call car-
i v 1:10111 out, ml rie-i.i ;
wo cannuL interline,
-. .,1 .1 f 1 .. ..
it Kiev call 01, us. ine llenreKenlutives ot in
pie, to pav money for their treaties, thev must mini
us tuch u treaty ns does not kIu ck the conscience
of civ ilucd man. Mo would not he particular in
re-'aid to Mihiects or policy : hut wc would make
...1 .V .. . .. ., ,.
no a nii.ori.-.tioi. 10 maiiiiaiu n piracy. 11 111c -cn-
ale should reml us such a treaty, lint, fortunuie-
ly, they haie miide no treaty voiiiiuiuinj; us lo thu
support of this Spanish slae trade.
Sir. Chairman, 1 have no lime lo read extracts.
The President says thai this claim has been report -
0.1 on ny liotli Houses ol i'olisrCHi. .mr. I desire
In call tho attention of tho committee nnd of the
country to thu fact, that w hen this claim came Lo
I'cio the Sen it., they 1,1a le merely a verhnl report;
hut so far as my know Icde extends they never put
pen 1 1 pi.per in rojriinl to it, and I cimnet he mista
ken on this point. When n provincial juilp) once
.la.nsultcd Lord Manslicld in regard to his duly, he
1 ..: ..1 .. 1 , . 1 1 . , 1 . .. ..
nn iiiniM-ii 111 w ay s 10 ,ei. u,nr nm opinion was,
hut to he careful never to tissien )w.,i.v fi r it
So it was with the Senate. Thev
said that l?o0,-
(mo oujrht to bo allowed to
pay these Spanish pi
rates; bin they dared not
nt pen to paper to a;
si-'ii reasons w ny it bliouhl l.e done. I hey were
loo winy for that. I usk my friend from Virginia
Mr. Havi.vJ to bo n little more gallant than they
were, and to asii, to us Iho reaions on which he
wishes us to n. t. In this House n written report
was made; nud here I ask the attention of gentle
men Iron, ti e the Slate of Pennsylvania, and from
the city of Philadelphia in particular. I speak in
no uiikindiiess. If J entertain ill w ill tuwimlsnny
human Loin; ou earth, tiod forgive me ! l ot th"
truth is line to all men. nml wo ni-o booiiil lo sneak
it. I say, then, that on the very fust page of iiii
report, iu the the second paragraph, there is n most
palpahle, i hioua min epi c-cntatioi,. I will not .go
further, and sny that it w as intentional nnd dclib-!
. . . .
crate iiiisi epresenlaiion of facts that it wus a pre
meditated falsehood. 1 leave every every man who
reads tho report to pars his own judgment upon it.
For my own part, I can regard it in no other light.
I say then, sir, that tho report drawn up by Iho
el, airman of tho Committee uu Foreign Annus, in
ItU I, asserts that theso men were seized upon the
custom roast of Conneticut, on tho i!litl day of
August, 1S10, instead of l!;l!. I will refer to the
thirteenth page of tho report, to show tho inten
tion of that statement, where lie admits that they
wero landed in Havana- ou tho 12th of June, 1 .o'j";
and then says that they v.ero jLiirlun mouths in
Cuba, when tho records of tlio courts show you that
they were only sixteen days iu Cuba,
i ins misrepresentation, as i unuersian.i, was pu.
forth to show that tho court could not determine
w hether iiie.io Alneaiis had heen long resident in
Cuba, or had been rccuntlv imported. That is the
would havo us influenced by such a report, nn.l he
gravely relers to it ns an authority to control lion
"It is plain bevnnd controversy, if we examine
tho evidence, that these negroes never wcro Iho
lawful slaves of Unix or Monter., or of nny other
Spanish siilijects. Tucy nro natives or fttnea, nnd
wero kidnapped there, nnd w ere unlawfully trans
ported to Culm, in violation of the laws anil treat
ies of Spain, nnd (ho most solemn edicts and dec
larations of that (ioverninent, ily theso laws, nnd
treaties, and edicts, the African slave trado is ut
terly abolished the dealing in that trado is deemed
a heinous crime; nnd tho negroes thereby intro
duced into tho dominions of Spain aro doctored to
bo free, iiuiz und Montci are proved to havo mnde
the pretended purchase nf these negroes, w it It a full
know ledge of nil Iho ciruuuistances. And to co
gent and irresistuble is the ov idenco in this respect,
that tlio Pistrict Attorney has admitted in open
court, upon tho record, that these negroes wero na
tive Africans, and reeontly imported into Cuba, ns
alleged in thoir answers to the libels in tho cuse,"
1 oall tho attention of the Committee on Foreign
Relations to tho fact, that, tho law officer of the (jov
ernment stood forth in tho court In Connecticut und
acknowledged that these men were newly Import
ed from Africa. I wnnt him, before he asks me to
vote to psy this claim, to falsify that declaration,
1 ,v";' l" "ddiess mysell to W his.und not to Pom
the ."crats, when 1 say ml a Whin mirth of Mmm inul
r thnt tin? ilitriot attorney of the f lolcjof
tieut ilid not know hi own duties, that ne
oMiirrueni inn not Know in own nutles, mat ne
ilnl not imiiertniMl the fai-tn ot the en'e, inn
show that the .supreme Court of the I into I States
did not nml-rstand iti duties,
A reference in made in thi report toafai I w liii-li
I eiumot pas nntiotieed. and it Is! Ihat the rVrmlt
passed resolutions in 1HI that wkcrn n hip In driv
en !y stress of weather, or other iinavo'nial le acu
lent, into tho port of a friendly nation, she carries
wiiii hit i ne leiaiions w lin n suhMsteil nmler tlie
mw in itii: lonoriouom irom w nn n Hie kuiIci! i or,
as was intended, the relations of masler atvl slaves:
may 1 e carried l y a slave rhip into (
New York, or New London mid tin
ml llte since
Mc.ie-r (nan nave tlie rit'lit to whip his slaves, to
( list them nverhoard. or slo ot them, as ther would
iiiiderthnlav.sol ftS.,Mj,.a!i,li:ilaio.i fr..m whi. h
sun suiieu. ihi, was dene hy a vote of the fsennte,
ami it is quoted as evidence of the law of nalions.
Ulnlel would speak respectfully of that Ihijv, it
becomes me to sneak i f them with nerfect i lain,
ness an 1 petfi
, these resolutions of ly ;0, whieli are fpiot- j
e of the law of nations, were mnmi-'
4 to in li r. The American slave, fhip Kn-:
e was driven from rtrcss. of weather, into
' ! tl VH
lVrt llamiitoii. in the l-laml of Item,, a
or llermuda : when
lion of llritisli laws,
And the slave deal -
ed upon our Kxceii -
. she nriivcd, under the operation of llritisli laws,
",u ."u":' ,VP,r? '"""o liee.
cm interested in tho carco cull
live to demand of the llritih (
saiion. Jiiat t.ovei nmei.t referred to the law of
V "' ' " M"l! wittnn t.ie .,r,fr
I0H .ion ui n iiienuty nation Ijccomes suli)ecl to icr
laws. And smh & tho case a. rojrnnln our own
" !' """ other eivilixed nation
. the word. Our i,,rt..i;.i.:.. , . .i..i..i
. J .,,-. mi,
" '7 " "nit m w gulfi,
1 '0 . (.stance of a marine lcace into the
ocean. When a shin comes wilhil, a marine lern-ne
f our shore, our revenue officer. I,.mr,l l,nr in ,!,.,
li-l'rir of their duties, our health officers inves-1
tip,t0 t,c condition of her "hills of health," our!
niitis comiuct her into port, and receive tlieir com-
pcnsatioii lor Iho same, nnd whatever questions
arise as to nets committed on iKiard tho vessel, are
decided necurdiiiK to the laws which rcguiatV the
port at which she arrives.
To i hani'e this rule of international law. the Sen
ate ot tho I luted Nati
lates passed resolutions which
iltercnt. That hody ntte.npted
I the law to which 1 have re-
held the law to he dilferci
to modify, to repeal
Icrred. 1 ho resolutions werehroucht up and now
iVo' line wiml rote n,,e tr.y vr the ulhrr. They
lod.'cd the imcstion. they dared not take nnv no-
i!"""" ' understand me as entertain-
',T want ol respect lor those men who lied.-
J ','."l'"'e "' el, w hile 1 honor the mcn-a. someiof
W V "iu,,k to Cionorul Scott, wh.lo they despised '
!nim "I"' ."I1"" ""' I"""""" wliu-li he htocl. 1
-1l"-';lk ." " "s matter of history, to po upon the
fl'''"ri' ol thu natu 11, to Lo known throughout the
n!'!sl- hreadlli ol Iho land, that men intrusted
ll.h ',l10 ',,';l'"Ht. "f tl10 Utn-s.-J not show
Mii.tv liu.nl .In re.) -.......: In.-. I'. . ..m -. .... 1.. -.1
' .VT""'; in-. Willi the exception of mm u,a,i
.m. ) uus,
m isiiu.u 111 1 1111 i. see
i'i01- honest nnd bold even in their deviltry! tin
iPoniieiiiaii sioou up und voted tor tho resolution.
rCM.iliitiun was passed ; and it was there de-
tern, ne, Hint ll.n l,. ..t ulU. ....U.I
: ...... .... ..... ... ,i...i.in ,,,n ,i in:iii,-,i,
""u'diil into sliiveholdni(f shupo. Hut
'" t'li"''l! tho next day tho sun rose in tl.e
,,llst '" ''lC west; nnd when the next storm
wept rur coast, every Swecoiih nnd French and
11''""'' vessel liuikinp; our ports, wns suhjectcd to
j".ei.n.ii, uou our uiwn i-ro cu.orceu 011
hoard of them. So it was with our vessels which
were dtiven into Ihe ports of other nations. They
aro treated in tho same manner; und 01,0 would
suppose that those foreign nations never heard of
our Senate's having repelled and modified tho law
..( nations. Vet litis report is lascd upon eiich n
ic-,, lotion as that.
1 have hurried over llio rtihjcet much moro rap
idly than I intended to do, and have not alluded to
iminy pi ir.ts to which I whhed to direct the atten
tion ol tho committee. Should I think it best to
w-rito out my remarks, I will supply those omis
sions. I will only snv nt this timo. in conclusion.
tlml the part of tho President's message in which
"oi i in-., in 110111U iu lilt .iiiiisiai, Itltl.ll, is icucuiu-
ted for the southern section of the country, and tint
part rtdatiiij: to tho Kosr.ta affair was doubtless in
tended for the advocates of freedom. The ques
tion of slavery has beeonio tho great ovcrshadow
iiii;, overpoweriiie;, and ubsorhiiis issue which now
nines uiu ieonic inrouenoui tlio leiiirtli and
bieadth of this land. Tho only question before
the American nation is, hall the power of this
j'hiverniiieiil 1,0 prostituted lo the luainteiuuico of
""-; " im-ie, ur roiiii uioy oe nppro-
fjnulcil to tho uiiiii.tenunco of tho rights of human
a-i l M in. - ..I i 1.1 . i .... .
iitosu .iriciius, wiuic stiiungon ooaru me in,,K
tad, breathing the pure air of heaven, felt ns Jef
ferson felt when ho declared Ihat "all men were
created free and equal." They felt as our fathers
felt when they assorted, in the face of tho civilized
w orld, that, men nro endowed by their Creator
with inalienable rights of life, liberty, nnd happi
ness." To condemn then, is to condemn W ashing
ton, nrren, and every patriot ol Ihe 1. evolution.
T., o. .,,,1. il,.,.,. ; i". ....n.n .... ,i... .. . ri
nn, "' ....... i " ':'':.. J. T i
history every patriut w ho has heretoforo strug
, , . , , .
let ,r,e ngain repeat to my friend from Nr vv ,
Vor!; I Mr. I'kanI that bis colleague. I Mr. Smith I
mane no aiiiisions, tnni i was aniu lo discover, to
any political partie i, but 1 do allude to them ; and
let uio lav, thut every lueniter here is nrrave.l upon
the side ol lreedom or ojipression. I heso Alrieaiis,
when they felt the immortal spirit of freedom stir
ring within them, raised their aims in tho stinio
spirit that animated our fathers of the l'evolution ;
and tiny tai in k for liberty, and liud Lo thanked
they sue. ceded in obtaining ill Tl.cy saw on yon
der continent (heir beloved hemes, their country,
their kindl ed, and their friends, from w hom they
had been ruthlessly lorn hy Spanish pirates. Who
will voto for compensation to theso Spanish slavo
leulers, to pay them for their loss
speculation in liiimiiiii flesh, from the hur l earnings
northern freemen T Following the instincts to
w hich 1 havo alluded, theso Africans took posses
sion ul the ship. It w as a liivvlul prize. J hey
were at war with the pirates who held them iu
siibiectimi. And they luaiiituiuod thofO rights :
vvhen they eniue into possession ol tno snip. io,eror
vessel cnp.lircu ny inn ivinerienos in uiu i.uu .-i
i , i . .i : .. i ... .....
with KiiL-laiid was moro inoriillv or properly ob
tained than tho Aiuislud. They had a peii'uct right
to demand of Iiuiz and Muntcj (hat they should
takii them back to Africa. These men with tho en
tire understanding and knowlcdgo that they were
imported slaves, theroby hecaino piirti.upators in
the guilt of the original importers; and tho carrying
of Iho Africans to Principe was as great a crime a
tlio taking them originally from Africa. They
wero as guilty as those who brought them into this
country, uud'descrvcd at the hands of civilized
men the gallows us much us ever pirates deserved
that punishment. If wo, ns a nation, hold that
men nro iruiltv of niracv who deal in huinaii flesh,
and when they shall bo arrested iu that guilt, that
tllCV fire lll.lif fnl Innnnn numicititinn and WOrtllV
of death at the yard-an of our mon-of'-war, shall
.i .1 .. . 1. .... ... i : .....a ..I
nu iuui iiia-a ru.e in iuib case, ami ins.uau ui
awurding tho gallows to lluiz and Montci pt'J
them for Uieir crimes f
Oontleineii. L'ive vour votes frankly : nnd if Ihe
chairman of the Committee nu Foreign Affairs
reports a hill, lot the yeas and nay go upon t!ic
record; let northern gentlemen Moordlheir name
unveiled to the scrutiny of their c.iisthuents, nod I
to Ihe rcrutiny of (lie country. Sir, I thank the
)r"iilleman from A iryinia Mr. Havi.v for the !nli-',
matioit ho lias it'immi us, that lie w ill prcsant a hill
Mread trihnnal wl.Sch awaits . in the future,
:ni :i ...... -n i
niistoitinies in nlavr dnn!!fiK
l.el'ore the i-wifi. v. nml low who
of ivtli n hill, mid who against it.
Hot, sir, I loave llii' Fidi'ei t ! the decision of
that Rical tril nnal hi f ne wl.iidi w e all treinl.lc
t mean the people. Thev will take care of tin
issue and decide it for themselves. l or Bixteci.
years I have w itncsM-.l in tliee ll.ills, the 1 1 art
of this !.... 1., iF,.n lil.crir nml shuerv : and let
me sav that it stainU more iiroinmeiit ami more
p.owerliil to-d iv here, and tlirou;thoiif the country.
than at nnv former i.eriod. Most heartily do'i
thank the Vin.iih ut f r i l;n in" this is-ne of in -
t n. , i I'.-I . i !,., .. .!... ,)....!.., ,
so IO-- 1111-
iicntlv heloio the nation l.eloiu the l pie.
Ihaid"; him for t.res..tiii tin opi.ortiinily for
The re nil of tl.e ajtiiaiieii of ti es,. M,l,j
'alwavi l.een Xn dr'ne men to take tlu 'r
witli'referenee to slavery i hut no ,u"- to n
raleolntn.l .. .1,. n I ! ..,.. Ii
( i ha.
to slai il lolth
for our action. I .el him living it l.uforn us i let it
l e disciis.scd here j and let lis decide, the iii ti -li, ',
w hether we w ill male up tlm losses of these .pan-;
ish pirates, l.et each meinlur determine the ipics.!
tion to himself, ns he feds willinjr, to answer to liic
M-,l now let roe say. a, was so l eant.niHy ex -
pn-.-ed veslcrdnv. that n future that i av. whet: we
must each and every on,. If,,, Hand helore ,l,a.
,, iii-u oor neis w in i ;u ill il' eu ueiorc ail HiniiRi.ei,
theie can then l.e no shrii.kin hchind the Admin-
istrali,,,,. Those fugitive sl.ne enacttrents. passed
in vi.,l,i f I2...I-: ..til I.M-... ,-, ,,
r, ,;t,: i" . ..i " " i ... ,.'
trampling under our fo,a tho h,v8 of tiur "Creator.
in favor of pyinjr there Spnni'h pirtitnn for
niisf otiiiies in nlavp d"n!!fiU l.et that lei u
From the Examiner December 6.
THE PARAMOUNT QUESTION.
,,d al.n.ad ; hut eternal vi-ilance is the only word
of safety for the friends of the I niu, and tho people
um fcoth. l, the final settlcimnt of this
oucstion in our own national eounsrls nn.l or. - an -
morn miiiignnnt spun ot tin to towards the 1
There is no iiitelliifent man of any iarl or section
if the t'uitcd Slates, who il,,cs not know nod feel
that the ipie.stion of slavery is the itl question ,!'
this repuhlic more iinportaiit in its lirarinjis upon
the destiny of the American people than nil other I
, I c I . ' " . I -
1 oliticians 11, av er
y I'caco pen--
hut there is no
peace for tho slave!
counsel silence and sulunis-ion. in the face of isiecs-
..i..:.-n,i , ,1 1 f Mrtrs (.lilt
aunt nh. I.;,;...,. ...:... .). :..-i:i...: ,. 1 .
izations, de; end tho commercial prosperity of tlio
Cited State" the t.eriiuineiicv of the L'niuu and
all the hopes and destinies of 111a ikind that ate
staked upon tho success of free rov riuuent.
To ca-sutil ohservers, tho odilii nuainst slavery
,, . . ..V .
sec-etly. politically nud eomn.er.'ially its impl.' cahle
wouni seein overw lalinlli).'. Urcat liritain IS openly.
ami imlelutigulilu loc. Her commercial interests,
which ramify every chaunel of cuunuercA) which
effect every payment of money in tho world, from
n.l nl' A,....,...,b. ul.O.l.
niu iie-ueiuiion ui 1011113 i,r c;utj i.i- 01) me w urs 01
Knrnpe, to tho pun huso of peltry in tho snows of
tho Kooky Mountains which enter into nnd mix
up with tho wholo moiieUiry nflairs of Ihe world, ns
nvv.reii uilli llifi i,,ih.'iiiuiiI ,il niiidiilmn llin.n n.ii
oxygen with Iho universal atmosphere these nre
all aniosonistic to slavery. They arc so for irood
cause, if slavery and the nrosneritv it foaters nnd
, T ------ ,-- -- -- -- - -
n,i,,tta ,..,; i,n in,, a..,.t--n ..r n..,..A .;tiii
- ... y. .....
he traiisferred Iron, a monarchy to a republie, and
its palace removed neruns tho Atluntic from London I
New Vork. i
hurnpe.in p-ivernnients are all deadly inimical to
implacably hostilo to the institutions of this country
that of slavery especially as Iho foundation ol
the whole fabric. I o destroy slavery w hich they
know well to Le the taliuiin of our nin.ihg pros-
pcrilyas well as the balance wheel of coiii-ei vatism
in the I'nioii is the dearest object of their he.ii-ts.
Our government is n living reproach to their rotten, I
tyrannical system; it is far too brilliant and !
welt o. talilinhed to bo super, iiiously ignored ma
Iho 1 harisai.-al religionist:, of Ihe ilav. of cu: ,
own nnd of foreign countries now, ns at ui! former '
periods, arc all deadly hostile to slavery. The fin-;
iiieis,,, , reunions uini isocxinsi ureaincis is uu
levelled against slavery nml nil the confcJ
gang of the followers of Circe, who delight iu
le.lii v ,.! i'...i. , ...t; ..i : ....
,r0H;tM i,lt0 l.ir sorvi, , tn swell the the throng
,,,,., ,,e clamor. The slavehohlinz Stales
nl with a circle of lire; nad who nmoii"M
us does not understand and feel the necessity of
presenting to our foes n front, devoted, fierce ami
courageous: nnd, 1-ketho Pvrrlue phalanx, not only
unpeiictraioA, rut irresisl.bleY 1 lie stake we fight
for is our peace and our properly, our lintels and
nur liearth-stonei, our wives and ihiiit'h e,s.
Thero never wn-, At any period of tho general
set against slavery, a greater necessity for vigi-
tico and urion, for .'ortitinlo and detertnination,
an now. A II that talent, money, ingenuity and
t.l f tfi .1.. 1.. i. ,..t. .... ..1 . ' I
subtlety etui do to overthrow slavery, is actively
ncnet e.l nf tl,u ,,. l.. A.,i!.l I.....
, . . J ..iii-n.i u ij o,.s
l''lmn."cu I'Ttacttes, but not its pnrpore, r.eal or nm-
I'gnity. Jhe plan is now to lull tho South into a
falso security, bv rireachiior n cessnilon nl' dm
. .- I " -
slav ery agitation. Open force has been tried through
political organization, ami ha failed: the liullalo
piatiorniists, with tlio an liurens and v ceds, led
tho assault in lhllS, and wero overwhelmed with
leteat and ill
nice. I'heir confederated allies.
Seward, llrci Iv, Abby Kelly and Fred. ILjiiglass,
with their motley legions, could not change ihe
lonunoo tlio day, either then or in lboi It he -
eanio evident, irom cxpeniurnt, that open w.u hire
would not do. A quiei period of deceitful amncity
a uioru rigid, siinite, uotive system ot prnpagainl
ism became necessary to bo resorted to before
uuother political demonstration should bo made,
with any hope of success. Their leaders accord
ingly, recanted wilh apparent penitence, nu even
made bold to get upon platforms with Southern
Put he is indeed a shallow observer, if not a
hopeless fool, who believes thaf'tho slavery agita
tion" is uudeil. The embattled ledcim of Hell.
driven out of Heaven l.y tho pure archangels into
lakes of eternal fire, were not actuated with a fiere-
-.1 ,.i- 1 1 . i . I I o.; ..!..... I .1.
"on u cn. uu, man iin. in,e iiooin it. on is aim uieir
synipaiuisers ngaiiist slavery and tne Minn, And,
like tho l'evil, hnviii ' tried forco nn.l failed, they
now resort to subtlety nnd fraud. They express a
wish that agitation may ccaso. Seward counsels
quiet (Jreely counsels peace the w hole free soil
array invokes the South to nniucity. Those fel
lows who derulod tho lialiinioro iilallorm spd
upon it nnd spurned its principles yet voted the
democratic ticket 111 1S. they ruiso their voice i
favor of abstaining from further political ngita-
ireo soil priueiiilts, which they csic.nu "of more
valtio" than anything but told and Iho spoils of
office. In tho meantime however, tlio fountains;
and chniinols of public tipinion nro poisoned against
slavery nnd iho slaveholder. A million of conies
"Inele loin's Cabin" meet with g.ec.ly pur
chasers. The fiction is dramatis ed and represented
tho theatres of New Vork, for months in succes
sion, to paekod audiences, with greater profit to
manngors thu the honk itielf was to its authoress
aud publishers. The foul lie elicits patronage to an
extent unprecedented in the history of the drama,
This wholesale libel on the South, nnl malifiuiot
"lander npon her people hn bt en phj ed one htm-1
There should lie no pi:o e or t, e allow ed the in-
sidions enemy. 'C, ml, il ,.,it." slioiihl l e the .shih-
holeth and tlie w atch word. This idiould l,c ti e
answer to every f. ce eail l'iiiai al n.-pii nut to i iiijc
ilred and thirty niu'hts in succession to uiidiir.iiiislie(
crowds and unahiilcd enthu -tasni. I'rcuchers, pi
riodicats a:id pup rs, too, of everv rado ami poti
e:r n of merit er demerit, dei-laim and pnUisi.
very ealiiinuy w hich malic e. fal" hood or l'reii?
an rnircst acaitot hlavcrv mid slaveholder.
The ohject of this system of slamh r and assanli
sappaicnt; and when, l.y this eotivc of iv ii' ii.
me honinocTii o? win .Minn raan i " niinco ami nx-
'e l u,.on the i nhiei f. n ho is it s i dull n lo t to st.
m il the next Hon will he a revival ol poiiturl n;i-
taiioii. .iieainmic, our enemies cin'm
honors and eiiiolinuenis of the retail,'!.
There is ,;;t one r' .r.i lv for t!.c e;
shlc.,1 a';:li:;st t ie i, ,l,
use hi th, she will des
inn t eosii-. 'i iih tl,
mid if (!: S ,-nli flit e
no the inevilal'le late tint
ir -istuni c of a In r iie, pat
riotic :id e ir!e . I ai.il, Ian
io note! er. ;':i :, il.-
cllc' i an I in:
for tin ir c ,en!
li tiell of li.i
-i iiy at tl.e .i rth. who are v. nl, us
y's s.ike, the hoiuli ran e, t.iiol the
e.e!r ei veviimriit. lli:a power
ooiit'i l e ru cxeri
I as 1 1 "i ,-n..;, out." re.iMr and
tree son ifet nt.u-siaverv litmltri'in.
mid hunter alter piuoluinent. Amnesty pardon
peace honld only he pr: nle.i to those w ho hove
fully. os'idy and "l.on-.vtily roiiuuvceil their -iiiful
wns mid peifoinied works laei t for reeii:ai.ce.
Alf other yic-tions sink into iniiiiJieaio e hi f rn
this, and the share nho.it tic t . parte, w l,i,h I
mn.Kf y.su, , a a.ways rcany to put ert,, to sluel.l a
patrnnmre. ill -liens
' ImnM he 4,1 .,
power Iron, tearless censure, i
I at and contemned. There can he
no t,,r...o where ,..;, array il.em
,.f rii,i ,,,..t "
Ives on the mJu
-0 ......i , .iin,.,.
THE PARAMOUNT QUESTION. From the New York Evening Post.
COST OF FREE AND SLAVE LABOR-
JAMAICA AND CUBA.
HAVANA, December 8, 1853.
1M...1UH, nun, viilii uiii.;r ni.i.i.1 11111.T11 ia-9, 11 u 0110
iiu.iuguia inoucrn iiiiproveuieius, - tlio oilier not:,
havinK theiii, and ho has been eima-cd this year in '
yin dowu thiss nines tdirht or ton inches :,
diaiueter. so as to brinV, he whole of his eaiVe ii . e t
omy of manufacturing tho sugar upon the estate
with tho modern improvements, in one or two
crops. Thcio is no manufacture known to niein
w he h eoiitiuous labor is so requisite as in iheuiaiiu
eruel, faeture of sugar, nor nuy cultivation where it is
I I . . . : . ,
I -''h;ir ,my inquiries a. to the co. tarn prohtof
the production ol siiirar in this island, etinhle mo to
,i...ur, n .a.ropponi,,, ,y ,r neei. nicasto tneoin -
. ... , ... ,
I"" " ,,u' "' -""'"" """r'
,,; ,,.,!, ....!.:.. i ,i 1,
in ...iiiiaieti. lo-ioie, iiowc er, loiicri.. iiron uiu
. . ..: .'...!. .'. i , ' ' ...... . '..'.. .
,'" "'ocuianoiei, ,.
I have i gathered, as to the
.1 , . . . . 1 , 1 , .
nui.ncr tl.e si aves .n thu island are worked, topetl, -
other mattcra c.iiinocted with the
lucs.om. Iii .Lis ,., 1.1,. i,,i.,id ..c
'-!", .-.Kivuted: nre annually taken into
,sil ,Ti A , . ' P"ra ?"K."r "I
T "'1 " 7."or "f : ";.",' n,
told u,c U.t the estate had heene-Uhlishcd thirty-
;.,. eultivali o,r Ivvei tv veiirs more which
i So priding
l0f sumir ttf.it lic'arly 1 II ho nee-re e c 0 I ee
,..l...7 1,.' L .....V..' ' .. .... r
Huar liluiitntiuii!- whilst u 1 ar-o isirlion of these
Icitee i,i. .,..' i.... ,....',...,. ..rc.i,: :. ..
U ,,.,.1. .l ,.i... ,,i ',. ,i....
as such, nnd canes planted on them, which cao.-s
the exeell, nee of thcclinmto, w ill umlinuetu rutioom
i. 11 ... . .... . .
'I. n'n 10 uiu c.Airaoruinary icriiuiy 01 mo son, ana
hero isoK-oin laritivcTvMi
nnd small est ites on which eycentu steam mill
.1 , ...... . . ....
1U1cy.Junn.uouu.oi the 'Cruder
tlio manufacture ofsu-'iir. the
leir profits amount to
ahout twenty-live per i
tire outlay, whilst on t
nossesuiiiL' vm-uni t
cent, per annum, on the cn-
tlienow- and larger estates,
nOSSeSilllli l-neliiii tinns nnnl I .. t ,..u..l.: A-..
the profits amount! niiDually, to ahout forty-five
. . I . . .
percent. J met 11 cenlleuia
tuonrietorof two estates nea
Z ? Z Z . ;?f , f
ii;ui..,. r.,... 1. .... .1 :i .1... !
u, the estate where he has vacuuiii nan, nnd nil the
......... . , .... .t ... , ,,ii; I, IIUIV UI 1114 I..IIIC llO.-,
P . ,'. .
.ne vs.iitv n ociv no mis vacuuiii onus, aim nil in e ;
icr am.liances. e.o.-il I., rv , , ,1... .,..,n-... I
I in extent, for the luanufac-
he be! i eves tleil nulu il liuln n
turc of his smrar: and he believes that notwithslun- i
';iiig the larj0 outlay requisite lulay down theglass
nines, vet he will sine thec.isf ol" il.e.n be !.! ......n.
more requisite th in in that of the s,i Mr eane, nnd 1
tho tubian planter nvails hiunelfol the power ho i
pesesnes over his slaves, to work them uighleun, or
even twenty hours out of the twenty four. In the'
crop time, say from Pei-cmbcr until tho following
.June or July, Iho poor wretches nre worked seven
days in each week, for, upon an average, eie-hteen
hours each day. As a necessary ouiim ouence, thi
ll, cs of the slaves are saoriliccd by overw
what cares the Cubinn planter, the slave dealer from
Africa will supply his demand for fresh victims.
It is more prohtublu lor him tubny tn,zul, or "new
negroes," nnd supply his demand of tl.o Puitish
market for cheap sugar," than lo restrict his
ttltivatioii. Puriitg the year, almost nasi, sad
havock has been niado luiiuiievt them by cholera
It, anil want of rain, iu many districts, w ill causo the
eominir eron to bo a "shortone "' uiilesi. iinleed. ihe
i(J cargoes of slavos that nvo shortly expected arrive
in time to iiiiri.ul'acluie every cnt.e that is brou-l.t
to the mill. "We shall have," said a planter in niv
present e recently, "a short crop this year, but nex"l
i . ' . . . .
crop will bo a good ouo, nml weshalliiavo plenty of
.. . ' .7. .., . ,v . .'. .
new negroes ,o lasu it on. jh respects tlio com
of sugar, an extensive planter unhesitatiio'lv told
lino, that the price obtnii.e.l foi-bia rum nod ,,.is, e
o,m.:.1 it.n ,.,.,;..n , ..e ....n: : c.
'n- niv in v s uni ,ii , in i , ui nil. , iniiiiuiiiviillii.il
and shipping the sugar," which c.u.-equeiitly, costs
him imiiiiu.?. Tin? l!ir.r,.i,,n ui'.,., r,!.
thing, the dillcrcnco between free nad
slavo labor consists in the stimulant to the tl -reman,
being the hope of reward or payment for his labor,
whilst tho flavo is compelled to work under the
fear of the lash. So pr.rkiiblo is sugar cultivation
I'.eie, that planters never make uny inquiry as to
tho cost id n now piece of iiuu hinery, but simply
inqiiiro if any adv anlngo or pr. fit 11,11 l.e derived
.from its use. If that is shown to lo likely, the
machinery is ordered, no mailer what iniiv he the
inst. 1 know Ihul olio proprietor of nn estate, an
American gentleman, near Matauras, has caused
an experienced sugar reliner, from Philadelphia, to
come out to manufacture aud improve the present
crop. J he sugar reliner is lo receive high w.i,
and to have a free pas.u..,. to and from Philudol-
phin. lie has recently arrived in this island, and
proceeded to tho csta'te. Of the cultivation and1!:"111
niauufiH-ture of sii'-ar in .Liiii-iieii. vmi Ltnuur nolle ,
M.llicieiit to enable you to arrive nt a on cot con-
,. . . . " 7 - J"" " a
lusion, alter perusing the foregoing statements, ;
r tlio truth ol which 1 plcdce inv reputation nslo!
tor the truth ol w Inch 1 idetleo inv renulntioi. nslot
i . . .. : . . ' . .
the comparative cost of tree und slave lal.nr. To I
me, 1 confess, it appeared that whilst the free man, .
at ono shilling nnd six pence sterling per day, the
highest rate of wages paid in Jamaica, does not cost j
so much for tlio day's labor as does the I'uh-I
uu slave; yot the free mail and who can blame
lave ; y
Liu,? will not toil so iicer-.atitlv ,n tin, r.l.ivo i
loreed tod.l.tilO tro it adi-aof.i 'n nl slai-e over fi-i.n In.
tired, rests himself, or if the description of labor
docs not suit his tnstes nnd tho negro Ims his j
ln tea as have other men ho discontinues it alto-1
cethor nnd pvocerds to his "van, T.ie. e." or "nnnin-!
kin Patch." bv means of which he is ii-.deneudcnt of'
the uivctsiiv it laboring upon the sugar estate,
ciiio:.., in inn, i.-i ei uei nu. i iiiijusiinaiiic, niiuu
:..i ,..-,!. ..i vi... .i.... i.
in un, rint oi iuii iiou niau. ii i. at, nu u, run ne
said ot (ho Al. nan slavo trade which J.Dgiand in
directly oiicoiiruges, iirotendinc, ton, iluitsho would
fain put an end lo it ? The new C.ipUiin-tienoral,
tho Marquis de PezucU, who arrived on Saturday
lust, is reported to be nn nnti-shnorv mail s but we
shall see. That tha slavo'trade in this is-lttnd. has
Ihenu nvnirH.ori hv tlm niiflir.ritiiu L !-; a enivd,!.
of proof, denied though it may be, and it would be
. ar wcie in thi j h nl or last we,;!;, Ilia Arus steam
eMilcm s,i;i and the Ve. lal' fri -a'.e : ti e latler c-ntered a
'he ("river to, 1; her c'.cpavtui e. JuJo Clayton,
tl.e ne .v I'uite I Na'i.u I'on-ul, has entered upon
ml a just punishment to Spain It, at her few re ihKiH
e poscsions in these sea, f houl.l 1)0 forcltdb eti
J l,v some "ci-.iiized power." And yet LhjrlAi'd
and I ra, ice desires Ihe t nited Steles to Miter Int
i treaty to i-uro to Spain the i:iiiiitorriptel p .t
ess!o,i,f Coi n, lint the trick did not take, iht
lait wua hot tkillul'.y land ; it did cot liiv lt
A moil? the last acts of Captain Gelttri'.i tnnoi(
wis the sending A 'message to thceurate of the tow
' ! iju i'iahueoii I'm ''lidjinu l!ie cxhil i'.ion of Ilia flatt
of the l.'nilcd States upon the anniversary of th
, fi .lival dm of that town, and that tho Fuanish flag
sheiild picooniicinic i verllioso t f allother nation
The oil er ii'.-wsp,i, i-vm will, d u.hiless, supply tho
American ohliu with Imi acc.iun!, of ttio laiidina
, I ihe new Captaii. licnerul, and therlt.'rt. lillail
i ot tr.iii'.!" you with any. Tho atiteeede'nl nf
tii t.rr.il l i ' la tell well in'his favor. He has boon
'aplain tloi.' ra! ol l',.i to llico, is leprescliteil to b
fl troi L' niit'-slnverv tuie, and honest nnd trnijr,ht
forward in his , ul.iic a. ts. Ileis also rcprdrVu'Al
, 1 i, a t.i'i l ie 1 In:
Two l'.ritish vccl
tl:"o iv.-.r 1 1,!' ht oeiee, am! all will nnvi Oo'iiillesi
po on well. Yl.e three failuis cliai'Sd with Htvilt
heh-ned to li e .1 is; er b'hm r, have had their Iririlj.
ui'.d avait ihe iM'!('iineiit to he pas'cd upon tlibm!
theiraeouilal is o. iil'elenlly relied upon. f
V' uri resjieetfiillv.
From the "Progressive Age."
'.' V, t r .1 ."i ti-v .
" . "K ,,1?,.'a,"c cf:';.'' r"rt,lcr outl'-, Jl
""5 then hut profligate, redieulous waste of lndig
to ??". " this class and its abettors to refuse II.
"l0,V''''""t l.e annihilated? Mho -.and sulky nnd ot
even while the " thirty-.,;,:." u.e Lug well
,, f w, , . , u
I hae iust read in vmir paper, or tin
death i f lloi.e II. SI iter w ilh emotion uot to L
told. The name anil 11:0 i!o,nj, ol -Hie iisrii-mou-ster
has hmn Lcen familiar to ino. Had tho truflio
in human Icings hen n uionoMdy with him, phi
lanthropy would rejoice that his race hasVomo to
its terminus : it coiild nut do otherwise, when eon-
i ..: . :.. ,, .., .,..,. ,lti,,H II i
lein piai llllf cain niic.ik in inu s . ... . w.
' ."'..i ' .. i ... i. .n.l
lor, IIIIC, UV ol,I up liuiliail nunvi, uui im nisi
BIllr'ko a moment to inouiio why "cooU
' . . i, .1 ,.i ..i V.., Il ir s?
'Sociei III nillii'iii'iv niii'iiiu nu. nuiv m p., vw
.,i;lf,1 f j ...vas a man of intrllij-onco,
handsome a ldiess, iiliconimon Lusincss tnct ;
niinon Lusincss Uvet ; '
er of a popular church:
r lendom' ask oreouceiit
wealthy, and a m.'ii'.l
l"t more could "upper
,.r .. (.. r.....s 11... .... ..
"I, 11 I... 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 .1 11 1 e 1 1 1 iu nn 1 11111 . jiui iiiuiu
,,, ,1()W c.luM 1 ; ,,Ii r,. ,10W roM Mnr.
1 1 . - 1 ,., ".H..t..i.. . .,.:..
.v... '. : '. t " .
'"?XXJl Z .. ZLlS
sr"' nr;n-v' ,l',",," ri"1 "r maS '-"'
' J-.'! mny r.ot L.ve.ne if,.etc,f-contam.
'!':," d " t, c I"rit r ''"'"V ? M ""'"t
nre tho ndtanced in life, wfiose l,lV Is hot
'n,ore V r k('rl"l,-f' n,,tJ ,'I1- "
"(-t only require sustrnriue, hot are a oindrnnce ill
,'i,,, - niulhers mnnutll lahor. Illith theso clastv
are iiicnnihrnnres, nnd thoii'-'i they do not hrihtf
" 1 . . ' " " . , ' ' c,c"
n. hut cloan. riilil.iiu-f A vol nnrl hnt wnulft
,UT "I". ",uPVPr V,,"l"m" ''"' "Wecl Hvin8
"1UK" nnsotuieiy nccessnry 10 sen n tn.7ffT, or
"J t.ii.iu.ii 1 , , 11, 111,: v,ir von.-l Hie. I11V..-V '
vrl...i .1... .1 :., . ii it c i. m.1..
.,n....nii n., ii,A in...A K . .ih
he asked further, how could they pet on Ih Louisi
ana, Alabama, Mississippi and our new torritorjr
possessed positively and prospeolivelv f
1 11111 nuiiiu iiicv .10 niinuiu . 11. t. 1 Ml
it is n very simple propocition that without ft
r '' "J l"n cr,ad exactly n ultnn
t Mh: Lfmind tho ..Her, among tN
. 1 ,, jit -1 1 j i-f . 1 . .in
UMior teiidom" nl Mitrv nml nnrl ifririhlsi fbH
ill. S. s a cozy iilaco in its bosom? Iho wbols
t ' I , . , , .
II S n t.ln.ui in II. I.,...,m ,
i: . , e . . . r . . . . ., .
""'ll't. hcs.dcc belli- too painful, is too lonthsoWt
t0 awcU u',t'n' AxM OintT.
From the Pittsburgh Visitor.
1V( find this week, nniongst otir exchalip'cr, th
H'c7 Mrmait, piibli,hcl nt lirccnsboroUf;h,
North Carolina, hy "Frances M. llulnpass, J.hipri
etress," To us, w ho are but a very iudifl'erent kind
of Chiistiun, its piety is most rclreshing, nml as
we havo sadly ucglcctcd the spiritual Welfare of
our readers, w o conclude, as somo n'.tonement, 14
givo the,,, tho benefit of a few extracts.
Iu tho first column the elttrrrt soyst
THE WEEKLY MESSAGE.
Vt'o reioico to sav that the third volume of tM
pupor has coimnciiii d with bright prospects. Ip-
winds of six hundred subscribers, wc think, hav
been added to our list this year, "und still tht-jf
Thankful for Ihe favors of tho past, wo are look
ing to Uiu, who "has all hearts in his hands;" aud
who says "accordant to your faith so be it unto
you," (or its iuei easing prosperity. Ill) raised it
up tor lus glory, has carried .1 on lor lus glurv, ana
w ill doubtless continue it for the same. Let u
ttl"1 "il "H fl " U' 'I'l.genee and earnest prayer
'"'J iinwavenng raith call down greater blessing,
'"" ''ulc i"-"'11"" "t tor good. For without the
'dessings of our 1'u.thcr, 'we nothing g.s.d cau do
lotf Cioiilii nu ti A Ain I'lin oati ill, nil llmii'ii I irta
lmt a "
1'n si siren, rlhei
ate wc cau uu nil limits Ihroiqjli
. , -
lu tin second cue she midst
PRAY FOR US.
"r roller ' hetivcn. Anollicr, "JUf
'"cih all tl.in-s well, nnd an exorcism 9a
Ili'otl.ers mid Sisters : Feeling our helplessness,
mid knowing that w ithout divine assistance all ef
forts aro vain, and thut "our kind Father is able
ami w illing to do exceedingly abundantly obove nil
we can nsk or think" wo sincerely ask un interest
iu your pruvcrs, that w e may bo enabled to conduct
this paper just nee. .-riling to His will, atid Ihat bii
rich blessing nuiy acconipnuy it wherever it Roes;
and lunku it an iioli iiii.ent ol great good, and bless
the truths w hich it contains tu Iho salvation of nil
ny thousands of souls. Let us nsk much, knowing
that our Fathei delights in p uriitg out great bleu
sings, mid is only hindered from doing many migh
ty works in our midst hy our unbelief, nnd contin
ually saying to us "According to jour faith." i
Tiio third pago is taken up wilh a couiuiunica
lion beaded, "Let your light so shine before men.
lllat ! ''' "ia-v .-Vl.',:r. K"t(l 'cl . nnd S'0"'
And oil the ncxl f.ifc is.llic lollow mg advertwe
-FIVE CENTS REWARD.
Left inv Oflice. Thursday morning lust, Slophoa
U.-beru, an nppier tice boy. 1 hereby forwarn all
persons bom harboring or trading with him, under
the penalty of iho law. i ,
Tiio ahovo reward and no thanks will be civen
lor his delivery to n.e. x raxcib Uturasai
,...... v i' ti.,A e..n k-.-j. ,
wii.i.-iu(r,iu .1. 11,-iiu, .
Pan nvvay frein the subscriber, in fee. Inst, a
Negro hoy, named J-ilias, litdongins to AUNKU
COl.TU.-U.V of liand.dph Co., N.' C.'
This boy is n bright Mullato, a little under 0 fbtl
hi -h. a round full liic.n. l-n som frenVls. hit
Inco. well lent in e 1. ...so nf hi ih. ,,!,. ;.fi.,..j
his Inct is not Hat like most negroes. Ho maybe
lurhiue sonicwucio 111 tills CGlllllY O
or he may bar
ruu clear ou.
Any person who will lake the said hot uo. and
safely placo him in Jail, so I get him; or bring tot,
said boy tn n,c, or to tha Printer of tho Message in
tirct uboro, N. C. The above Heward will be given;
Randolph Co., N. C, July 1st, IS53. tf. 84. ,
It must be very nice to have the ol'eerlrtiri
rairinesj of a paper attended to in l.eavwi;