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GOVERNOR YOUNG TO THE MORMONS.
A laic St. I,ou'i. Republican publishes nn address
of Bilgham Voun to hi Mormon subjects, from
which we extract '.lie following:
I know what Iho rclinifi of the generality of the
Teoi.lo are. (it this time they think nil th Indians
i i tho muuuiain arc coming to kill Clf tin Latter
Hat S tints. I have nn inure fear of tlrnt, Ihan I
havo of the sun ceasing to give light upon tlir c trtli.
1 h tvo studied the Indian character niflicientlv to
know whit tlio Indians re i,i war; I hnc 1'n'cn
with them m iro or lcs from my youth upward,
where they have often Inv! wars among themselves.
Let every in m, worn m itnd child that can handle n
butcher-knife he g od for oao Indian, an 1 vou nre
I nm aware that, the people) want to nk me a
t.uius.uid nnd mm ouestioiis. whether they have
rtonc U or not, touching Ihv Indian difii:ultio ;
have trie! to answer them nil, in inv own mind, hy
saying ii trill W illi! (M Vie Ivril Will.
How many time have. I been nko 1 ' the past
Will, what 1 intend to do with Walker. I nay, hi
fim ii.'jii", I h ive not mail,) war oil the
Indian', n,r n:! I eal nlatir? to il l if. My pdiry
i io give iiki.i prctvnt and 10 kind to litem. 1
11 lo'in ' Walkers eioniv. I have soul
him a ifrc-it Iii lo of tohaevi to Mnoke w hen be is
londy i;i tho m ntntaiiis. He is n-,w at war with
only Inonds he Ins upon thin earth, and I want
him to have some tuba.vo to smolse.
v.ie u, . m pursue, nut mi.-Ii a course with the
In Inns, mi l wlmn I am di Inte l by e.ristini; eircuni-
..,. .. , .,, ,. i no .-spirit ot i no Lord to cluing'
course, I will do it, and not till then.
'', 'Her, do you think
M 111 1. 1 Kill Kllll :
You that want to kill him, I w ill
II to that e:ovt. A M.-iMf
n...n 1...I.1 ... I I. . . .
i. .... "1-1, 1,1 l IIC1I CO II l-O S.l 1 i , 111
U lll.crs ue.vi. Dili t irv want 11 t ...
I u:i to g j with tliein. I c nil I n dot ,( il.,., . ,.,.!.
il I nouit
in this territory who would follow theso Indians,
id eoutiiiao them, nnd lone the cattle to 1 e drove
of by the emigrants, and the grain ti perish, and
thus sulije -t the whole community to the ravages of
fanino and its conscient evils. I havoI.een
1caic I. and teae I by men who will come to me
riih siv; uu-u true nio iweniv-nve, iiiiy, or n
"Imndre 1 men, nnd I will go mid fetch v.oi Wnl-
in ii it w ant n is nean. jut 1 WISH
Jiirr. to do nil the Devil wants him to do, so far ns
he I. ird will sillier him and tho Devil, to chastise
this people for their go 1 1.
I say to to the Indians, ns I have oficn snid to
tho mob, gv your length. You say you arc going
to kill us all ntT. You nt j ni are "going to oblit
erate Ihi Latter Day Saints, nnd wipe them from
ike e irth. Why don't you d i it, you poor miserable
carsesf The mob only had power to drive them to
their dutv, nnd to remember tho Lord their (ind,
nn I I'l ii is an inc in iians can do.
Worl lly-miinlei ; they want to get rich in earthly
julimtiiuie, ia are apt to forget their (bid, the pit
from whndi they were dug, and tho rock from which
they wcro hewn, evr.-y man turning to hisown way.
Seemingly tho Lord is chastening us until wo turn
and do Lis will. X lint are you willing to do?
Uould you ho willing to build a fort nnd all go in
U to live? 1 l"ll you, you would havo n hell
y nir own, an I Uev.U enough to carry it on. Do
iu siippoio vou win ever sco tun time you would
ti ) uiai, .inn nvo ni pei, c with each oilier, nnd have
the spirit of tho Lord euou
;h to look each other
tho l ice, and ray with
a heart full of kindness.
"dood morning. Mary," or " How do you do, Mn-
"rta? ou will be whipped until you havo the
Spirit of tha Lird Jesus Christ snflicientlv to love
your krethren and sisters, freely, men, women and
chil.lren'. Cntil you can live n't pence with your
selves, nod with every family nround vou; until
you can trcnt every child ns though it wcro the
tender offspring of your own body; every man
your brother, nud every woman as your sister; and
until tho young persons treat tho old with respect
due tu their parent, and nil lenrn to shake hands
with n warm heart, and a friendly grip, nnd
God bless you frura morning till evening; uut'l
each person can say " I lovo you nil ; I have
"evil in my heart to an individual ; I can then scud
"my children to school with yours, and correct
"your children when they do wrong, as though
"they were my own, nnd I urn willing you should
"corroct mine, and let us live together until we nre
"a holy nnd snnvlilied society."
Now is tho timo for nction. Look to nil your
jrutrt nnd ty'ltibUs of every description; see'that
veryining is secured against toe trusts t,t winter,
80 thnt nothing waste. Our II
ildrcu n gilt and
not plcmcd when ho gives his children n gilt and
tncy no not iiiKO
use of it. Our
r ' ; n v i , "l b"1 ,mk?
iced and serve nil in uescret, the eoiniii! year, and
...i n t. -..i
... ... . .... , , '
until anther harvest, and it we d..,, t take can,
It, who will be to hla.iic? Our l ather will not
at our hunger, it ho doos at our sins, foliics, m-lcct
and I wastefulness.
W all in your torts, your cities, or your towns,
you have been instructed from the proper source,
7,.; ;X ,,..; T r .... I" i i V . ,
rt -T. ; '.. - "" J
cannot do it I. ir on. I Ins is i lie htmii.i.i m. n
. .. . ,........,
tho total of tho instructions you havo received
mate !iour-f ,u, jur or mmvi, and live lit peace
mong yourselves Let no man because lie
Clothed with a lit Io brief authontv, presume thnt
ho caa oppress his neighbor with impunity.
as you wtuil. bo tlono unto ; ami il you do ,t not,
trnuhlo fill bo on your track before you arc nwaro
. . . .
i.et every individual look tor tlio salr dy of
V.iolo so flir ns in his power, and ho will U snfo
: . "
....... .. ......... ... ". too iouiH,iiiiM
lor, uy mo uirccuun tn uio limigniy , and il
ii not o,,r missions hero, wo nro not lit lor any
l?',!"'""'. , ... .
J.t P. ".t,v"y,''uno ''-Y''. "'I '
pevco. A fU,etus, hko ft vessel be-almetl on the
ocean, i now spread over I tali. I lie Intl.ans are
nmet Iho public miiid iu cahn. I hero is no po
litical strife. No desolating sickness is raging
our midst. 1 hj thc-oc !,,,, A g,,d
....j. ... .... ... ,,.-.,co .,.. ,,,ctny is
...... . , . ..,...., ui.,. iiiu iiiiiii
oi i.nowieiigo a'lti acn
edge and action toereon, many nations have
Ml,,, , ,i,.r (,e ,-n;! tc JmI-
m,t.u l.o.iirim, take care id your ,rmn,
re, ut hem i.il.n Is or foinesalo place.'
itr Uji $
"''""" I t.iLjii itsorfoiuesaiopiaee.
aud behave your.ulvrs, f,r you mny be cubed I., part
wuh t'leai. u as David, kir." 1 arm m , I il,,.
1a n. i -it i
.... ...... . .... ..... .. ,.,. , , KI1UW Iml uen
is, ilj wi.-o while you ha.e tho opportunity of ex
ercising jour w isiioin.
Think not lu.tarso n few ElJcrs have been thrust
out train Prussia, China, Aj., nnd have returned
nuke their lejiorts, that tho work of (i .d Ion tdop-
IiaJ or his kingdom come to an end. This is but
icginiiing of what is to I.e. Ail ears nre to be
m uo to t.ng.e nut many thrones will ho upset, ni.d
moifNii-, ioviiiiiii'iii--cii i.ciore uiai nay
L jek to y nir ear len sec l.-i, th at t unlit to bo sown
haul iu your wood before Iho kitiiyous nro full
mow; s.iy yjur prayers night and morning from
pure hearts ; seek direction from Ihe heavens iu
things; he diligent in business, nnd never say,
havo nothing to do," while the labor of one hundred
ineii and women nro wanted in the Vullcy, and
one can bo had a moment.
Look nfier tho widow nud futherlivs nnd see thnt
they nre provided for in well ns yourselves, not for
getting the families of those w hose heads uro gone
on missions. Remember tho eyo of (jod is upon
you continually, nnd if Hi servants should not
you d, wrong, He wiil, and he may whisper in their
cars nlwn you do not know it.
A wail will soon be called for around Great Salt
Lake City, which will bo entrusted to tho Bishops
of their several wards to execute. Let them give
au example to the S tints throughout the Territory,
by their prompt and cnorgotio movements ; nnd
all their wards, and every individual thereof
airn-n and act accordingly.
"'Lit all Siiuts whs have. Just arrived In our midst
stop their grumbling and fault finding. Wo have
done and aro doin ujt we can for you. Wa have
fcion you prnvwion until it appears some think
they are to be fed always, J,te i;tatit fur uat ,,,
vilhout flia rccomptu.: or reirard ; ami if they do
iluy'a work nol we did not moan so! ifthev
spout 'a day on our premises, and get ment and
brs-t ltboy ar abung; us a great favor, letting uxrrk
ulone, only to slaiid ip ho gardeq and sucklt
hoe qr pado. We wili nucli to go on to .California.
Work on hnlf ns you had to wgrk iu foreigu lauds,
aud you shall hair good iva-m ; but do nut suppose
that you have tunic hero ft it our t eiofit, unless Vou j
1 8li;ill lionrlit lis hy ymir labors, nml then no will do
you good nil the nay long ; tor we have nothing but
whul we workcil for.
Our Father in tho heavens Mesa all tho Saints, in
tlio nnmo of Jesus: amen.
jgrant equal to nbont .C-i, or -Is. Cd. n day ennb
tlio : ling the directors to put on not more than ten or
iiie:Kratoors!nvo wcio lying pio.es cf iharcoiil; the
! j!eiow and by tho side of it wns n sink for reeeiv
rthrmvn j,,, dirty water, end the hole which carried it
wns ft cMm.t ji,,,, tliH ,vl.ro orio or ,. ,)t,lur
KMIH1 rooms: mid tl.r-n our progress was stopped
A Correspondent of the London Alhcntrum, writ
ing; fr mi Naples, (jives the following Recount of the
re cut cxcitvntioii ni Kcrciilaiiciini:
Months have now elapsed sinto I called your at
tention to the fnt that government hnd rcooin
niemrd the excavations of lli'ri'iiltinn'iini. on
flerful it is, iinleed. that, niter the discovery there
of ruch miracle of nrls n now enrich tho Mueso
liorbonitti, these excavations should have heen no
long rnsvnieil ; nnd e(iially wonderful is it that
in being renewed the work should he ilono on no
. , , , . 1,. t-
parsimonious, so wretched a scale. One halt nfi
sitouui lie none on six
Ilcrculanii.um may be considered ns lvinir under
the modern citv 4' llexiim, and ns therefore lost to
the world, for the present nt least j the other hnll
lies miner vineyards.
The portion which has hitherto been excavated
is but a minute portion, a mere corner of this lat
ter, this n' cessilde half. To the restoration to the
Ih.ht of w hal may intlin nce so much the taste nnd
hear so much on the comforts nnd conveniences ol
I . .i;,... . 1.... 1 1.
r.i.1,-n.l i,, .I..,-,,,. .Jimi r.no fi.,....i n -nn-n
twenty men. Still the smnllest instalment of what
is din) to the world is better than nothin". Ilcfore,
however, 1 speak of w h it has been done during
this vear. I shall give a hasty glance nt the past,
'Naples, that nil the ,;'i, l-,rninr .'d nrt nnd
ant:iiiitv, vlin h have pn iluced siu h n l.nppy rev
ulution in the t -.-.ie of entire lluroi e, nnd so'much
were found during I he last century in Ilerciihiniruiii.
I mil i"iy re. tly the excavations havo been
conducted by burrowing rather than mining; thus
tumbling the iintiipiary to nhMrnct what was inte
resting or valuable in art, but leaving tho city ns
far removed from ordinary observation as it' had
been for eighteen centuries. It was nt length re
solved, in lfl.7, to lilt tho cover nnd expose the
city to light n suggestion for which we nre indebt
ed to Cavalier llnnuoei. who for many vears has
been . I r..i.. ..r !, c .i.. i. :.. ...I....
f the Two Kieili... o,,'.l ,.h.. i.'..-u ... .i,
world I y the many imvmrtnut discoveries which he
The revolution or IS iA-'O was, of course, n death,
blow to all proceedings connected w ith mere taste
for the line arts, nnd (ho excavations of Jlercuhi
mourn nnd I'onipeii were suspended. The objects
of interest w hich had been tliscohcred in them and
depodttd in the Muse,, liorhoiiieo wcro voted na
tional property, nnd. if nnrlv reni-eieiihiiii.ns cm,
i . i ..: t" .. ;. ' .
iififinicii on, were ill danger ot changing
hands. Everything, however, has tn.w returned
to tho n-lminiMratioii of the roval house, nnd nnr
of the fu st conseipicnces is, tlio renewal of the
work both at I'onipeii nnd nt Hercuhinrciim. To
direct the latter, lionucci has in n more particular
maimer I et n destine 1 ; and though such a paltry
ms Uen devoted to no important nil object.
we vet hope that the little that can bo done "will
have tho i llect of stimulating to n greater effort.
'Ihe new excavations commenced in January
t, have already brought to light a part of the
tun arsenal, near ine port ot llerculan.cum, so ha
muli in the times of Augustus nnd Titus. Form!
oily the sen washed tho walls; it has now receded
full half n mile, so that tho bnro mention of the
port of Hcriaihinneum is enough tnuwnken a smile
of incredulity on tho fiieo of one w ho is mine
'polluted w ith the changes that havo taken place
on ino coast oi tno .Mediterranean. On visiting
this spot a few tiny since, 1 found myself in n
scries of small rooms or iiparlinents, with kitchens
....!.. i ...I.: .1. i. . t i... ...
uiiticiicu, Ytiitcu nun just ucen laid open; appar
ently they hnd been quarter for mariners. The
entrunco was over a roof, which is on a level w ith
the present surface of tho ground ; i.nd, descend
ing a fcrf steps on the left, we found four or five
tuner steps, itt tno tioitom ui w nu ll wns nn en
trance to probably a cellar, over whoso nof we
Hero there was found so much ?nlt Water surg.
ing up Hint ino woi'K had been lor tho moment
suspended ; our direction, therefore, lay straight
forward, into the small room of which I have
spoken. Ihe roof is vnulted, nnd very lofty:
w hilst the partition walls aro very low, showiiic
.i. . i.:.i 1 1 . .. , . .. c
rudely nrrai.ged with n view to the convenience ol
1 niiuilicrs. I il,n lir.i ,v,!l r. t,:..i. .. .. .
iiiiiioueiargeiii.il or s paco nail nccn hinti v
-kitchen, still exist the stove and grates, precisely
I nrt r m., :....:..
r"L" ..-......, ... m;cii
i'" " in "nimi J.c.l. ..ill lliu Stole HIV
fragments of pottery, which n slovenly cook inicht
!m0 thrown there an hour before, "to put them
out or the way ;" w hil-t tho bones of the poor
i( nif,lt- I
,i the instruments of his trade,
In the same place. nl.o, wcro found bones nnd
Jtcin-.it Ii tho
l"(niinutclragments iron plates; indiciiung,
tno opinion ot (.avalier iloiitieci, that in tho nv fill
' .i i . . .
uiouteiii in uits city s ticstiuction st.mo nicii were
surprised nml overwhelmed on this very spot
;ul fuw remain could bo preserved, so utterly
destroyed were they by time.' nnd ro mingled anil
j moulded ni will, tho lino nsh, wleli had not
; lPPn ..crlmps, carefully enough removed. All
j Uull. that 1 could well distinguish, were portions
j 0f ribs and skull bones. Yet what a melancholy
interest have these, especially ns connected with
li(,t01.y It is said of Pliny tho elder, who, at the
tim0 ft t!ie eruption of Vcmvins in 711. was iidmi
. rat ot tl.n Koinnn tteet in tho .Meiiiterranean, that
jo went ui a "libunuca' Iruiu Mi
locuuni to snve'
: conio "chissiari
I nu nephew, writing from Tacitus, says, that all
; tho cToits of his imclo were useless :n consequence
of tho raging of the volcano, and .hat ho was
Lbliged to turn tho prow ot his vessel to Stabla
,,- Cnstclhimnre, whero ho tlietl, the victim of his
I ov0 of natural science. From the kitchen on
' which I havo so long dwelt, wo passed through
room and entered unother kitchen. Oii the
i mark id tlio xmoko wi
1VI1M fl-eill lint. I. II... iiIi.va
snuill roonis : mid tl.r-n our progress wuh stopped
,y u monntain of indurnled a.h. In this t Ley
. .... . . . , , V A
were i:iiiii.ig linn itirrowing n passage, und
, .scovcrie in th s t .rect on 1 shall o.. I..
1 1 hope, in somo future article.
01 ornament these rooms appear to bo nlmost
entirely destitute; indeed, the only trace of any
thing 1 1' tho hind was nn entrance pasfaro null.
whereon I discovered f.iint traces of perpendicular
I painted lines. I must not oioit to say that some
! silver and hronr.o coins, of the times t'f Augustus
,,nd Tiiu. havo been fooud here, im also a
I coin w ith I'uriio elmraclers. It was dotihticss one
oi too eieir.cuis oi inu commerct, wlut li wns car
iried nu between this const of Italy nud the oppo
site African Carthuginian coast.
As fresh niatttors of interest turn up, I shall
I forward it, but tho works po on slow ly, of course.
A NEW ROMAN CATHOLIC PRAYER.
The following article, which wo copy from
recent number uf the New York Daily Tribune,
will shov.' our readers how tho Koiiuin Catholic
Church, get it praying done, n id how thoso who
pray get pniu tor it:
J no authorities of tho Ib.ninn Caihnlio Church
havo Jiit issued the following, designed to organ
ize a "l rayor Association lor the conversion
all w ho nro out of the coin. minion ot iho Cliur.
in the United .Stales ;"
By a Rescript, dated Sept. 5, IS5.1, our Holy
Fathor. Pin IX., nt the instance of the National
Council of llaliunore, sanctions, by tho grant
Indulgences, tho institution of n Society whose
members snail ospocuilly pray lor II. o conversion
of till who nro out of the communion of the Church
in the I mlcd Mat en.
Almighty nnd Etornul God, who eavest all. and
wilt bine none to perish, have rcgaid to those
souls who nro led astray by tho deceits of the
devil, that, rejecting all errors, the heart of those
who err nrivie converted, and mny return to the
unity of Thy truth, through Christ uur'Loid.
Thoso who cannot recite the above prayer, tuny
OMium uie same iiiutn-nrc i.y saying uitiiy lu i,s
stead the Our Fiithor, lliiil Mary, nnd Glory ho tlio
lather, three tunes, with tlio snnic Intention
1. A l'lennry Indulgence on receiving the Ens-
tor cnmiminion to nil the members who shall daily
recite, in any language, the nlmvo prayer.
'2. A Plenary Indulgence in the hour of tlenth,
on condition of receiving tho Holy Km hnrist, nfter
eoni'essinir their sins with sorrow : or. if they enn-;
not receive it, on their invoking the naino of Jesus
w ith their lips, or nt lcatt ill their hearts,
3. An Indulgence of a hundred (lays every
time tho members rocito tho above prayer.
ST. ANDREW'S SOCIETY.
At the Annunt Iinner of the N. Y. St. Andrew's
Society, the other evening, tho President paid a
beautiful tribute to William Thorn, tho author of
tho "Mitherloss llairn," the pnorluvcnary weaver,
one of whose children perished in tlio cold, when
I HIT IHHir lillll 1 1 V Sim UOIII IICII1TII IO lOUL'.U III till Ulll
, ' i.fi.n. i..i,t t. . ...,.,..1
r. :i.. . n.. i ... : .... -..
that' witlnnn few weeksnfterthepoeni wns publish-
ed, tlienuthor, w ns redeemed from rags nnd wrotcli-j
. 1 1 ! . - ... : . r. 1
ediicss, nnd riding about in a cnrriago as ono of
tlio "lions of London,"
When a' ilhet hairuics are hushed to their hame,
J Hy aunty, or cousin, or feck grand-damo,
j Whn stands last nil' lnnely, nn' snirly forfairt
'Tis tho puir donic laddie -tho mithcrlvss bairn I
The mitherless bnirnic creeps to his lone bed,
Nunc covers hiscntild back, or haps his bare head;
His wee hackit hcelies nre hard as tho iiirn,
And lithlc tho lair o' tho mithcrless Lnirii I
I Anealh his rauld brow, sicenn dreams hevcr there,
hands that wont kindly to kamo his dark hair!
ftut iniiriiin' brings clutches a' reckless an' stern,
That lute nn the looks o' the initherless bairn !
The sister wha sang o'er his softly rock'd bed,
Now rests in tho mools where their mainmic is laid:
While the father toils sairhis wee bannock to earn,
An' kces nn the wrung o' his mithcrless bniru.
Her spirit that passed in yon hour of his birth,
Still wutches bin lonelorn wanderings on earlh,
Recording in henven the blessings they earn,
Wha uouthilic denl wi' the mithcrlovs bairn.
Oh 1 peak him na harshly he trembles tho while,
Ho bonds to your ditbling, blesses your smiln ;
In their dark hour u' anguish, the heartless shntl
That liod deals the blow for the mitherlcsb bairn 1
ARTESIAN WELLS AT BRYAN, OHIO.
The Item, a new paper just started nt Hrynn,
has the follow ing notice ol tho Artesian wells, in
N.iTCK.M. Foi ntains or Brv.is. It is not. per
haps, generally known that within tho illago of
tiry an, urc to bo loiiiul some ot the most bcniitilul,
anil we might sav, most useful, natural curiosities
in this country. c refer to the numerous l ount-
aius in nud around the town. Wo do not know,
indeed, of nny other loenlity in tho world, where
the inhabitants nro supplied with Mich nn abund
ance ot good water, ns nro tlio people ot liryiin.
Hero we nre not Pestered with puniji-liaudlcs, or
compelled to wind up by windhis a hundred feet
of heavy chain, in order to get n cool draught to
ipiench our thirst ; nor do wo drink Irom "mud
holes, ns is reported of somo portions of tho west,
hut nil wo have to do is to put our pitchers under
the spout, and in n twinkling, wo havo the purest
and best water that ever flowed from tho depths
of tho earth.
It is supposed by somo thnt thcro is an under
ground hike, nt the depth of sumo forty or fifty
feet, of considerable extent, as water has been
found, when l.orcd for, for several miles around.
This is ulsj apparent from tho fact thnt every new
well that is bornd. effects the strength of otlicr in
its immediate vicinity, until its ntrcnui is elevated,
by means of a stock, to an ciiinl height. The
amount of wntcr discharged by theso fountains,
however, is not proportionate or cquiil they vnry
considerably, in dih'crcnt parts el the town, the
strongest ones being generality cast of Main street.
The water can be raised in proportion to tho
strength ol the stream forced up. thcro nro fev
eral that fill a two inch niigiir hole, nt tho height!
it nii.lil full' nlm.i. llm.Biirl'-.,ii ni' tl.. r.,rtl. ....!
others issue n somewhat smaller stream, n't the
i. :..!. , r .....i... ... i.r. c... t c n..
i larger ones, fieoiientlv throw up fmall fish, nnd
we urc told that there nra very strong fountain
about a mile, east of this place, in which fish of
blackish color, of the length of thrco inches, have
The work of procuring wnler is simple nnd easy.
There urc seldom nny stones met with to obstruct
the course of tho auger, and but cue or two days
are rcriuiicd usually to sink a well, of five or tix
inlinches lit circuinli ranco tho hcceisary depth of
I fortv-two b et. The auger piuocs through n loose
... . . .... T
sand until it strikes what is called the "hard-pan,"
a bed of Folid blue clay, of from two or three feet
in thickness, and of such a nature thnt it requires
a drill to penetrnlo it. Immediately below this
"hard-pan." lies the water imbed, led, it is suppos
ed, in ipi'i' li'iintl, ns fer eonie days, nml iu some
iiihtaiues weeks, large quantities of line while sand
aro ejected by the water ; but tho stream finally
becomes entirely j lire and clear, nnd no sand is
l u Fca',
season r.or stnto of tlio wenthcr has effect
uiien these li ing fi.untaiiir tho drouth nor the
flood cannot change their curri'iits ihey uro ever
it. c ( aire tncir source is inexhaustible, nnd there
fore ll.ey c:t!iiiotfnil. The past summer wns ex
tremely dry, iu this section of tho State, nnd in
ninny places it was very difficult to get water nt
nil, tut the people of liryan had their usual siip-ijly-
We do not doubt but that this good nud
w fiolcniino water ha something to do with tho
health ot our town. Vt bilo somo other places in
the w est have suffered tho past summer with ague,
fever, and other discuses, the pcoplo hero wcro
entirely exempt from such iitllictions.
THE ROBIN RED-BREASTS.
Two robin red-brensts built their nests
Within a hollow tree ;
The lion sat rjuiotly nt home,
The cock sang niorily,
And nil the little young ones said,
"Wee, wee, wee, wee, wee, weo."
One day tho sun was warm and bright,
Aud shining in tho sky
Cock-robin said, "My littlo doars,
"1'is timo you Ion tn to fly;"
And all tho littlo young ones said,
I II try, 1 11 try, I'll try."
I know a child, nnd who she ia
I'll tell you hy nnd by,
When luauinin says, "Do this," or "that,"
Sho snys, "What for?" and -why!"
Shu'd bo a belter child hy fur,
If sho would say, "I'll try." Child's Pujier,
Kim, Wohus Ita tiikm. Because they full
pleasantly on tha car of nil tu w hom they uro ad
dressed, nud it is therefore one of tho ways of pro
moting human happiness.
Bcciuho they leave an iinprccsioii in your furor,
and thus prepare the wny for your greater influence
over others for good.
. Because kind words powerfully contribute
soothe and tpiiet your own spirit when rulHcd by
the uukiiidiiess of others.
Becauso they show tho difference between you
and (he rude, malicious, or revengeful, and are
suited to show them their wrong.
Because they aro suited to stir up tho kind affec
tions of your ow n hoart. Thcro 1 sweet music in
such a voice rightly to effect the soul.
Becauso they are so uncommon, use then, that
there may be inure of such bright stars in our dark
Bccnmo they aid In carrying out tho divine In
junction, "he courteous," "bu kiudly affectionate
nir tu another.''
Bocnuso you cannot conceive of any truly bonovo
lent being who would not use them.
Ileenusc yon linve heard such words from your
v. I i I ... i I. r - i . ...
(bal, and hope to hoar audi forever. American
Frif.nds arc not scnttorcd so plentifully along tho
rond-sido of life, that a man enn fling them oft like
worn-out clothes, Some find that out young ; but
all tin J it nut beforo they go to their graves, if thoy
live to grow old. Irvimj, Jr.
NEW ENGLAND MINISTERS.
Henry Ward llcecher, nt tho Into celebration of
Forefathers' lay in Now York, In reply to a toast
complimentary to the New Knghind Clergy, (wo
givo hut an extract,) said:
" In enrly times tho ministerial function wns dif
ferent from what it is now. it is now our business
to preach on tho Sabbath, nnd to lecture during tho
week, and, if we make calls, to make calls of cour
ti.sr 1 hut what 1 should tlo. if I were led hack to
the days of the colonics, 1 am nt a loss to know. I
..1 i" I I. !...! ... .1 : ....1. . MM A..tim
SIIOUI'l lie lis llim.il o..ai.-u w inn. mij iiij ....i..:-,,
as somo of the clergymen of that day would lie
standing in my position to-ni(ht. How much the
people valued their minister, in their new country
in .Massachusetts nnd Connecticut you can im-
ntfinc, when it is known thnt they could not cot
along without two ministers to each church. In
the lirst six'churi hes of Connecticut there wcro ten
preachers. Kaeh church if possible had a teacher
ami n pastor. The teacher was a professor of tho-
nun ii IS iiiisiui'sn nan in iimotru nun.:. nir
otlicr was tho revival minister, a wo understand
the term. The doctor put tho powder down, and
the other man touched it off. In those grand old
times, besides his Sabbath sermons and week-day
lectures, the business ol the minister wns to go
from house to house anil lecture the inmates. Now,
however, that business is entirely transferred to
women. It wis expected, too, that ho would od
drois himself so thoroughly to every individual,
that each would stand in fear of Jod and tho min
ister. However, let it not bo supposed, becniiso
clergymen were earnest and devout religion! min
isters, that they were men devoid of humor. The
man is not half of a man w ho has not a strcnk of
that in him.
"I recollect even so late ns in my day, thnt tho
old sort of ministers of Connecticut could cmck n
joke, nntl smoko tobacco in nn accomplished man
ner, i recollect mat when they used to meet nt my
father's house, pipes nnd tobacco were set out and
other creature comforts in proportion, which were
never seen thcrent nny other time. In tlumetlmes
it is to he supposed that l'rov ideiice winked nt these
things, for certainly they did not know any bolter.
1 recollect, too, tho explosions of human thunder,
called laughter, which could bo heard ill tho room
filled with smoke, nnd where it is suppposcd the
ministers were; nnd il nnv ol you had been listen
ing, as I wns, you would have said that every mo
ther's son of them wns a dutchman. When the
services were all over for which they had met, they
wcro neiustomed, not unlrcqumitly, not only to run
each other with their joke, but w ith their horse.
"1 have mentioned thnt that wns not altogether
their fault, for it is said that minister's sons wcro
ai customed to ride tho horses of clergymen visiting
their father's houses. Tho horses wcro not of n
fioor breed, cither, nnd tho horses getting into bad
nihil under the tutelago of tho boys, would keep
up the habits with their masters on their hack.
It was doiihtlc the boys' fault, nnd not tho clergy
meu'r. I recollect once thnt Dr. liackus, of Dctli
leliem, on returning from my father's houso to his
home wns attempted to be passed by a man. The
doctor had no idea of being beaten, and if ho was,
ho meant that tho man should do it well. The man
filially saw that it was impossible to overtake him,
and hallooed at tho top of hi voico, 'Dr. liackus,
you run as if the devil wa after you.' Tho doctor
looking around over hi shoulder at the man, said
in reply, '1 believe ho is.'
"It has been a maxim, that ministers' and dea
cons children aro wnrso than any othors. The
(.reeks expressed a similar opinion. 1 was inform
ed by my llrcck teacher who, 1 may say, earned
his money for tho services rendered that it is
said in Greece, that ministers' children aro tho
devil'sgrandchildren. I tlon't boliovo a word of it.
I know w ho in y grandfather was. nnd I am bound
to say, that ministers' children nro the best sort of
children that is, if they aro tho children of good
ministers. I have in my hand n letter that was
sent to mo somo timo sinco, nnd which contains
somo fncts hearing upon this matter. In Connecti
cut, ot IMi children over ultecn venrnof ngo, ol'207
d; wins, only tamo I nut badly I suppose
because they were nut much in the habit of attend
ing public dinners.
"In Massachusetts, out of 4,1.1 families of minis
ters and deacons, thoro were 1,5'JM children over 13
years and only M ever hocaino dissipated. Here
wa luivo io out ot ,a,,o children, nud soma of my
friends, w ho nro used tn figures, say, that this is
just 2 1-2 per cent, in tho whole number. Now
gentleman, 1 will nsk you, il nny gra.icr who wai
breeding eattlo would not bo glad to loso only 2 1-2
percent, of his stock? I will nsk any buisnoss man,
if ho would not he glad o1" times if his losses wcro
not greater than 2 1-2 per cent? I iindcrtako to
sav, that no Luis ness tins ever been so sale a one as
that of raising deacons, nnd ministers' childicn in
New Kiiglund. Thcro is but one thing more that
w ish to mention before I close, und it is, that w hile
ministers nro generally exceedingly talktitivo, min
isters children arc both modest und taciturn. It is
on that account that I am unable to extend my ro-
murks any lunucr ut tins timo.
Btiy-Wo are accustomed to thing of Adam nnd
Eve as having been, beforo tho fall, in a very
happy condition ; but ono thing they missed, thoy
wcro never children.
"No roving childhood, nn exploring youth,
Led them nlong till wonder chilled to truth ;
Fiill-formnd at once their subject-world they trod,
Andga.cd upon the Wonders of their God.
Tho following from nn oxehnngo may bo amus
"Adam never played narblcs. Ho never played
"hokey." llo never drove o tandem of boys with
string, no never skated on a pond, or played
"Imll," or rodo down hill on a hand sleigh. And
l.ve, sho never made a playhouse ; sho never took
tea with another little girl from tho little ten-tnblo
set out with tho toy tea things; sho hover rolled
hoop, or jumped a ropo, or pciecd a haby-quiltor
tires a doll. They novor played "blind man's
buff," or "pussy wants a comer,'"' or "burly burly,"
or any of the games with which childhood disports
itself. How blank their ngo must havo been, where
in no memories ot oarly youth came swelling up in
their hearts, no visions of childhood floatinir buck
from the long past, on mother's voice chanting
lullaby tn the oar of fancy in tho still hours of the
night, no lather s words ol kindness sneaking from
tho church-yard whero ho sleeps. Adam and Evo,
and they nhmo of all tho countless millions of mon
and wouicd that have ever lived, bud no childhood.
CoRi't'i.rxi'K A Crime, Mr. Bruce, in his Classic
and Historic Portraits, speaks of tho danger of be
coming ton tut in spuria i
"Tho ancient Spartans paid ns much attention
tho rearing of men, ns the eattlo breeders in mod
ern J-.ngliind do to tho breeding of eattlo. They
took charge nf tho firmness nnd looseness of men's
flesh, nnd regulated tho degree of fatness to which
it wns lawful, iu a free State, for any citizen tu ex
tend his body. Thoso who dared to grow too fat
tou soft for military exorcise and tho service of Spar-
ii.. , i.. .:...!.'!
u, sviu ,.,. ...V u.jii-,i, iu uiiu iaritcuiur in
stance, that of Nauelis, the son of Polybu. the of
fender was brought before tho Ephori, nnd a moot
ing ot the whole people ot Sparta, at which Ins un
lawful fatness was publicly exposod, and he was
threatened with perpetual banishment if lie did
r. .. .. .
not uriug ins uuuy w mini mo regular npurtan com
pass, and givo up his culpable mode of living
which was declared to be more worthy of an lour
an than a son of Lueedcuion."
On Own Imstitutions." The St. Louis Ittnub
lican, in untieing the proposed lecturoa of Miss
Lucjr ouiiiu iii unit city, says ;
"In this community, a lady oominit to advocata
tha elovution of her sex and thoir rights, will al
ways bo treutod with rospoct and consideration,
suo avoids mat question Which lias so much Inter-
lered with the propriety ol lectures iq Uw east,
II titViidV tu enr own imtitulion."
ALF..Tf, OHIO. DEALEIl IM
OFFKUS the largest nnd most vnried assortmcn
of floods in hi lino, to be found in this pnrt of the
State; which tho publio ar respectfully solioittoil
His Stock comprises in part, tho
Iliiioriral Worlrn of Jufphut, Ilotlin, ftotrttrfsvH,
Oiooon, Jlume, .varnuuy, nimuru,
ilrelh, Ac, tfr.
'Too numerous to mention," cmbraeing nil tha
nrincinal Poets from SShnkcspcnro, to Alexander
TIIE SCIENTIFIC W'OHKI
of Vrt. Itumbnll, Lell, IliLhrock, SI. Mn, Brock-
!... A f JL !:- .'i.ua
ALL THE PRINCIPAL
Mrdlrnl Work), now la uac.
nirtLES AND TF.5TAMKNTS, IN (iUF.At
A Splendid assortment of FANCY 01 FT BOOKS
nnd ALBUMS, for tho Hollidnys.
TIIE LIFE OF IIorrFll. XAHRATirE OF
A Lady's Voyngo Hound tho World, and an and,
less variety of other Miscellaneous Books.
EOOKS FOB LITTLE FOLKS, adapted (o v
rv nio nnd of all sixes and prices. MUSIC
BOOKS, Wholosalo nnd Bctail.
OF EYEBY KIND USED IN THIS RKUIOH
Wholesale and Retail.
Blank Books. Memorandums and Pnss Books.
Fifty dozen Slntcs. Writing Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and Materials;
Materials for Flowers.
UOLI) AM) STEEL FENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prin
ters' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fanoy
Articles, &c, Ac.
In addition to which, i a largo Stock of WALL
AND WINDOW PAPEK. All of which will be
sold cheap for CA SII.
Octobor 28, 1853.
The Sugar Creek Wnler Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Mnssillon under the
hnrcu of Dr. Frease. i supplied w ith puro soft
spring water, nnd conducted on pure Hydropathic
Iiritll ipies. lie gl'u no iril,t". lie nm ,mj
lindrnnees to the radical cure of disease. Tho suo-
eess which has thus nir nttenticti our enoris io alle
viate the suffering of humanity, enables lis to speak
confidently of tho virtues of jinre vl witter, a pro
per diet, &o.
Terms J3 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Hydropathis
Institute, nnd Editor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing tho W uter Cure movements of the
country, snys of us:
" Dr. Frio, n most thorough and energetic phy
sician. has a Water Curo nt Sugar Creek Falls, 6
Hi term nre very motlerato, but there aro few
places wo could recommend witu greater coun
Adtlross, Dr. S. Frease, Doardoff'i Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O.
JOHNSON & HORNER'S
Large and Commodious New Store,
IS now open for the accommodation of the Public,
with a largo and well selected assortment oi
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilts,
Broeha. silk, 1 Inbet, and Jiav Mate Ninwls, J.m
broidery, Ribbons, Boots nntl Shoes, a largo stock
of (mm Shoes, sold nt .Massachusetts prices, Dros
Trimmings in great variety, new s'.vle of Lnce
Veils, nnd Ladies' Gum Boots, something new,
Ours is tho only storo in tow n that lias a good
light. Wo havo been at great cxpenso to put
Sky-Light in our store, so that our customers wi!l
not have to buy their goods iu the Dark. We nro
determined to keep up with the times; Vcatly l'my
ami Small I'rofiln.
P. S. Good cxprossly for Friend, foes, nnd
the rost of mankind, who want (. heap liootls i
wish to inform the rublie that wo have the Inrgest
stock of Dross Silks in town ; in fact wo wish it
bo understood that our storo is the Bilk Store of the
place. And wo are not too modest tu toll w hat
have tu sell.
JOIIXSOX & HORNER,
Oct. It. 1833.
CHEAT EXCITEMENT IX SALEMU
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!!
A GREAT oxcitcnicnt prevailed iu this town,
few days since, in consoipicnco of an arrival of
train ol Cars, loaded with Now Goods, for tho
NEW CLOTHING STORE
Wo therefore think it expedient to call the attcn
tion of tho citizens of Salem and vicinity to our
immense stock ot (looti.
Among our now Stuck of Clothing nro the fol
Over Coats of oyory description, sort and site.
Cloth Frock, Dress nud Sack Coats.
Twcod, Cussinetto, and Velvet Suck Coals.
Black, Fancy, Silk, Satin, Cloth Cassiiucro and
Fancy, Black, Cassimoro and Pne-Skin Pants,
do do Sutinctt, Tweed and Buvortoen Pants.
Undor-Shirts and Drawors of every inscription.
Hosiery, Gloves Cravats, Stocks, ilandkorchiefs
Striped snd Fancy Shirts of all kinds; White
Shirts, Collars, &e &c.
Also, Hut, Cups, Carpet Bugs and Trunks.
A largo assortment ot Boys Clothing, of every
We will offer our Goods as choap and cheaper
than any establishment in tho Western Country;
wo fool confident that by fair treatment to custom
ers, you will give us a share of your patronage,
JOHN FRIDAY A Co..
Eat Hoim of Juhiuon Jlorner't AVic liuilding,
Salem. Oct. 28. 1Xo3.
The Wonderful and Thrilling Narrative
Tni KlDNAI'1'ED NEW-YORKER, WHO WAS
TWELVE YEAH 8 A SLAVE!
in the distant South, and finally rescued, in
providential manner. The Book corroborates the
adago, that " Truth is stranger than fiction."
has received the unbounded recommendations
the froe press.
17,0(10 copies havo beon sold in four months I
l.issj ugents wanted, to sell the above, in all
parts of the United States and Canada, to whom
tho most liborul terms are given. From $ il MJ
$1,000 ayoar, can bo realized by aotivo aud res
Tho above makes one handsome 12mo, vol.,
330 pagos 7 engravings, and is sold fur $1,00.
Copies sent by mail, (post-paid,) on reeoipt of
For further Particulars nnnlv tu tho pub
Derdit & Miller, Auburn, N. Y.
1BV, OhTOM k Ml'MK, BufbJo.
THE Subscribers are just receiving thoir Fall
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, qCEESSWiRE, Ic, k
Also a Intgo assortment of Boots and Shoos.
Which liter offer nt their nsunlly cheap rate, fof
Cash or Merchantable Produce
ay-Don't forget the place, American lluas;
Comer of Main nntl Ellsworth Streets, Salstn, O.
T0ML1NS0X, STltATTON 4 Uo.
September Hth, 153.
Voit s-a 10, ma 1854.
Tin. Tenth Volume nf this popular Journal will
commence on tho 1st of .tnnmiry, 1P54. Wa maka
our annunl appeal to the Farmer, tho Meehntlt,,a!ti
the I'omestic l ircie, to icuti us a generous nssmnuon
in supplying the Industrial Classes with a rjllcsaj
nnd reliable, paper,
DcTolttl to Agriculture, Domcitie and Rural Af.ilri
Coxtainino at all times valuable hints for tho Farm,
the fc'W, and tho Fiimide, nnd seeking the el?V
tioti of linoR in all its legitimate interest; oppoaf
ing quackery nml humbug iu nil their forms, and1
Idling the noble stntion ot n truo
HOME FAITH OF TllE t7ESTt
The Editors have long been familiar with tha
neculinr condition of Western Acricultnre. and by
extensive travel and observation keep themselveff
llilorincu oi mo wnuis nnu progress ui we country
J n f. Unto l ti.tivatoh I published on tna 1st
nnd l.ltli of every month 10 large octnvo pages
with title page and index at the end nf the year
making n volume of 30 pages suitable for binding
Jerks. Nnglo subscriptions 1 a year, tour
copies for $3. Nino copies for $0; and same pries)
(oi) cents each) for nny larger number. All sub
scriptions tu be paid in advance, nnd to cuinmeno
with tho your. 1'crson sending tiuhs, may nay
them directed to different e dices if they choosaj
and those having sent a smaller number, may after
wards Increase to nino, or more, nt tho Club rata.
To nny person sending us n Club of Nina subscri
bers nnd ?' i, wo will send, post paid, a complsU
Volume for any previous year, in paper cover.
Address, BATEIIAM IIAKKIS,
PROSPECTUS FOR 1H54.
TIIE SATURDa7EVENING TOST
I'nrivnlcd Array of Talent.
Tho proprietors of tho POST, In again coming!
befuro the public, would return thanks fur tha gen
erous patronage which has placed them far iu ad'
vanco of every other Literary Weekly in America.
And, as tun only stiitaoto return tor sucn tree ana
hearty support, their arrangement for 1M54 hava
been made will, a degreo of liberality probably urn
ciitaled in tho history of American newspaper lit'
crntiirc. They hnvo engaged ns contributors for
tho ensuing year the follow dug brilliant array of
talent and genius: Mrs. Sol Tit worth Emersssj
Bfnnett Mus. Dsmso.n Grace G run wood am
In the first pnper of January next, wa design
commencing an Original Xuvulot, w ritten oxprejily
for our columns, entitled
THE nnWE OF THE h'lL DEKXESS.
IIT KHERSON BENNETT.
Author of " Viola," " Clara Moroland." "Tha Ff
god Will." etc. ,
this Novelet, by the popular author of " CLsxa
Moroland," we design following by auothar oall4
THE STEP-MOTH EH.
OT MRS. MARY A. MSMSON,
Author of ' Home Pictures," "Gertrude Russell,"
We have nlso tho promise of n number of SkoUh
es by Grace Greenwood, w hose brilliant nnd versa
tile pen w ill bo almost exclusively employed upoa
tho Post and her own " Littlo Pilgrim."
Mr. Suuthworth, whose fncinating work ara
now being rapidly republished iu England, also,
will maintain her old mid pleasant connection with
the Post. Tho next story from her gifted pen sil
nririiint, Tlio Avongrrt
OH, THE FATAL YOW.
lir KVMA P. E. X. SolTllllORTn,
Author nf "The Curse of Clifton," "Tho Lost Heir
ess," " Tho Deserted Wife," etc.
And last not least wo aro authorized to an
nounce a series of articles from ono w ho has rapid
ly risen very high in popular favor. They will ba
NEW SERIES OF SKETCHES.
BY FANNY rtRN,
Author of " Fern Leaves," etc.
Wo expect to bo nhln tu cummenco the Sketches
by Fanny Fern, ns well as tho series by Grace
Greenwood in tho early numbers of the coming
Engravings, Foreign Correspondence, Agricul
tural articles, the news, Congressional Reports, tha
Markets, etc., also shall be regularly given.
JsaST CHEAP POSTAGE. Tho postago on tha
Post to any pnrt of tho United Slates, when paid
quarterly in advance, is only tt emits a year.
Ttuxs. Tho terms of the Post aro Two Dullara
per annum, payable in advance
4 copies, $5 per an.
8 " nnd ono to tho getter up of a club 10 "
13 ii i ii ii m ii 5 i
cq ii ii ii ii ii ' ii 2q
Tho money for Clubs always must bo sent in ad
vance. Subscriptions may be scut at our risk.
Wliou tho sum is largo, a draft should be proaursd
if possible, the cost of w hich may bo deducted from
the amount. Address, aliratt jiml-tmul,
DEACON it PETERSON,
Au. CO South Third Street, Philadelphia,
B. Any person being desirous of rceeiyiot;
iv of tho 1 Ust n a sample, can he accommo
dated by nutinying the puplishcrs by letter, (post
paid.) 3 w.
JUNLEY it CARPENTER'S FRENIUI
IS now completed, and ready for reception. Wa
llace gono to considerable expense in Suing up, to
operate with udvnntiign, und with rofcreuco to tha
comfort and convenience of those who mny favor
us with a call ; in short, wo are permanently lo
cated Our rooms are in tho
AMERICAN IIOl'SE, SALEM, 0. '
Call and lee us. You will find our recoption reort
neat and comfortable.
Can be surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. Wa war
rant our work. Likenesses of nil ages, taken lira
like, or no cuarok! I Our prices range from 49
cents, to 20 dollars. Past experience, and proseni
advantages, enable us tn take Good Likeneteet, at
very ret, tunable Unlet. Being, also, posted In all 1
the recent improvements of the art, our time and'
entire uttentioii shall be to render full satisfaction
Sick or dcuoased persons taken at thoir rooms.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR. "
N. B. Porsons wishing Pictures taken on Gal
vanized Plutos, can do so without extra charge, i
Bar Rooms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until
June 31st, 1853.
MERCHANT TAILOB, : -
Korth Side Miiit-St., One Door Wat of th4 BaUur
Jiook-Store, Salem, Ohio. - ' 1 1
Coats, Vests, Plmts, 4o., Miulo to Order and War-
fty, ftivA Kiitiiduction.v ' ' ' '
-V " ' ' - -
Tha Tailoring Business in all hla Branches, ai
rled an asharetofclra.