Newspaper Page Text
MAHIl'S n. HOniXSOX, Editor.
A'o i.vo.v Hni zt.Arr.uoi.Dr.Mi:'
kSX rEAHSO', I'ublltlitnff A get.!.
VOL. 0. XO. 22.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1854.
WIIOLi: NO. 432.
TRfi IHI-UHCCI BUGLE,
rtnt.tsntD KVURt MTl'RDAr, ATSAt.tU.oniO.
TKHMH. $1.60 per annum, fajroMa In slTanra.
taT-Vtaocral..nallr Ki.il n.inihtr. to Mice who uro not atib
Sertbra, but win. ars to br li.ttrt.tril tn Hi 'tl.tininntlnri
of antl-flarrrr trot. tfth thvhopo ttmt I her will alt lnri.lM-rtlM
a.l.a.rlrca. or use lli.-ir tiifluauca to vaunU lla circulation amour
' ftaV'Coniniunli'atlotH Intr-ndd for tnarrllnn, to hs a.hlroiatit to
Mtaiii n. Kumsaos, Bailor. All others to Ass lc.iia.is, rub
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Onatqaara (IS llnaa ) thra waaiia,
M Karh a-Httional luarrlloll,
" Sit fuintlia,
M Otia roor, .
Two aqltaraa U months, . t
41 a.. l,n
Ci.TW Win otfa rar, with priTllng of changing
Half fotutnn, clianalna; monthly,
J-rnnl not r vrwllnir olizht Untfl rlll bt inaartal on. vr,
fit t-Vs ,ii months, ft.
1. HUDSON, fat-ma.
Tho following is a part of an article from the An
Hi Slavery Standard, most righteously excoriating
sonis "fugitivo republicans" for becoming selfrhly
traitorous to their principles. The class to which
tho remark, are applicable, we are sorry to say, is
rri e , i. i 1 1 . i .
largo one. They li.ul It desirable to a.lvocato
moir own iiucrncs on uio uruauvsi princii'iun ui
freedom, in tho old world, but ignore thein iu Amcr-'
ica. Or nt least rcfuso all npplicntiun of thorn to
other classes than their own.
Referring to somo remarks for which wo do not
find room to-day tho Standard sny.n
Wo havo been led to these rcfloutioiis) by tho Re-
nort of tho Uamiuet civen the other thw. to iohn
Mitchell, the Irih Patriot. Wo are not tlisposcd
in question me insii l utrioiisni m iiini guiuieiiinii.
Without entering into the consideration ot the char-
actcr of the Movement with which ho was connect-
ed, and admitting that ho had proved his sincerity
by his suffering there, we claim that we hnvo a
right to c.xainino his Dcmocrnlio Idea, by
tho test wtiich is furnishrd by our iie.nocratic Idea,
Wo need not go far for tho low hstone. By whom
was this Banquet spread? Tho man chosen to
lirciido over it must be a fair s nnplu of their itiul-
ity. And who was he? The District Attorney of
tho Tinted Suites, C'iiafi.ks OToxoh, one of the
tiiujln.! ..f ll.n iVidtl.t II Inn I ' i, .tt.S.l V.,f m,n , A
wuioiv v. ...wv.T.. .. w ............ ... .., ...
the ehii.fet i.f tho llnndrei I Slave-ciit. tiers
man who looks unon tho .'resident -that mndo him
n Al ..li.i.mist no. I I. 'I'm'tn-. WfinaK lin Wolllll
- - - , -
not, siiiit. mo giTusoi iiicrey on t:t;ij man v iiu
breathed an opinion nsainst Slavery, howutor duel);
may liavo ocou ins peiuiencr, nun uimviur ium.!o
his recantation. W hen such a man sits ut the head
of the board, wo may easily im igino tho character
of those that surround it. This tool of our lit-pt.li-lican
tyranny, who holds his oliico only by virtue
of his readiiii'. s to snize uud send back to their des
pots tho John Mitchell that mnv have escaped
. 1 . . 1 1 1.1:.
from them, coul 1 speak of the "l iiioii which bound
together those of tho Old World, who seek nnd
ati-ire for Liberty, and nurse! vex of the New World,
1... ... I.I......I ;.. . I... ,,:... I' :. " A,,.l:.
who aro blessed iu tho enjoyment of it !" And
Air. Mitchell, in his reply to the toast v.lueii wel
comed him "to Freedom in Aiwrica," m.i.:t care
fully remembered to forget that there was any such
thing as Slavery here. What a wet blanket would
not tho faintest alloion to the fact that there were
fugitives from tyranny, .. rhaps within th'j sound
of his voice, certainly within I ha circuit of the
city, whom the Clninnnn and almost every man ut
tho feist wero ready to return to it on demand,
have boon to tlio coiihim u.a i.f the h .or! Bat no
such skeL'tuu was uni-nerc I by his hand nt that
So it wai with tho speech of Mr. Meagher. Tt
was a carefully prepared and eloquent perloriminoo.
Had there been iiolhiug to convict him of inconsist
ency, it would havo been an unanswerable, as well
as it felicitous, elf., t ut oratory. But, coming from
a man wdio has been two or threo years iu tho coun
try, who has been through tho Southern States,
tnl discoursed of Liberty alongside of the auclioii
blocks of Noiy Orleans, wo must be permitted to
regard it ns no better than a l'.lietoric.il Flourish.
We havo much compassion for men who havo tin
doriroiie nersonnl hardshii.s. iiiinrisoniuent nnd ex
ile for tho sake of Mens, but our compassion can-!
net bo mingled with respect ns long ns they toutly
accept Ideas worse thnn llie worst of thoso against
which they robellod, as tho price of sympathy for
themselves. o tliniK tueso exiles trom European
despotisms have great cmi-.o of complaint, nnd of
contempt against thoto Americans who, while vo-
cifoTous Dcuioerals nt home, aro tho most stinle
of tuft-hunters nnd of toad-eaters abroad. But we
do not sco much to choose between them and tho for-
-eign Dcnioernts u l. i humUo themselves before the
inoro despieablo despoti: m of our Shivco.'raev, in
tho vain uud dospenuo hopo of conciliating ita as -
sistauce. Wo did not expect nnvthing better ol
theso gentlemen. Iheir nini was a limited one
nd regarded only their own deiiveraneo and llioir
r "x.. " n::; " : 1 I,
n,,,. v, v., . .v. ........ .v. ,., n.,.,...a .........
as it could bo by their speech, is mndo none the less
by this fact. What Mr. Mitchell complains that
Secretary Marey is doin for him. l.e U virtually
doinirto three and n half millions of impressed
mn. mu.d Imfore liml
We nro rallicr surprised to und Hint these gen-1
tlcmen do not seem tu lone profiled by tho cxi.eii
enec of their predecessor, M. Kossuth, nnd lcal!y
appear to expect that this American pcoplo will,
sometime nr other, do something for the oppressed
Nationalities of Kurope ! Mr. Mitchell hopes that
America may prove to be tho fulcrum of tho lever
which is to movo Iho Old World I Poor man! He
will soon find that princes' favors are more tn bo
reliod upon than those of Slavehohling Democrats.
Ho will find ns M. Kossuth did, that the governing
'influence of this country aro as bitterly hostilo to
popular movements iu hurope ns Nicholas or Na
poleon. Thoy havo tho instinct which makes all
tyrants kindred. Tho European patriots will as
soon find aid and comfort from Pius, or Francis Jo
seph a from our Slavehohling Oligarchy. Mr.
Marey was tho organ by which ihat Power spoke.
And though Mr. Mitchell nnd Mr. Meagher may
-apeak and print, nnd eat and drink, destruction to
.the Saxon, they will never bo permitted to do any
4hing that will compromise tlio pence of tho coun
try and oudunger tho transit of cotton. They will
lenrn by experience, if they will not believo it, on
our assurance, that a Dcspniis.ii is a Despotism still
for all it calls itself a Republic. They may be
made the occasion of airing uniforms nud of imbi
bing turtlo soup and champagne ; but for any sub
stantial aid, they nmv as well turn tn the Popo or
the Ciur at once. Wo trust that they will loam,
from what thoy have before thciu, that tho Cuuso
f Liborty, liko tho Cuuso of Tyranny, is ono and
indivisible, the world over, and that it is of no use
to look for holp against a despot with a sceptre, to
one with a ont-o '-nine-tails in his hand. Such a
tope i as vain as tho compliances it induces are
ise and unworthy of consistent lovers of human
freedom. t. q.
The Virginia Senate has passod a resolution to
tuiring the Attorney-General to represent the in
lerosts of Virginia boforo tho Supremo Court of
Jiew York, in appoal taken from the decision by
which Jonathan Leinnion wo deprived of his
Uto, and, if neoossary, prosooulo tho appeal to
the United States Supreme Court.
AN ANOLOGICAL ARGUMENT.
;A rcintirkatilo luiuadcme tlio kidnappers arc red or
p.,10 colored ants, and tho slaves of a ji t Hack!
llaving chosen tho proper season, the red nuts send
?t.(iul to ascertuiii tho exact position in which a
j clony of negroes mny be found. The scouts re
perfect I Ur nl,d report. Shortly afterwards the army ol
j red ants marches fourth, hended by a vanguard
which is perpetually charging. Hnvingdiscovored
I tho settlement, tho attack commences, a desperate
Jeoidlict cn-nos, iu which the red ants aro invariably
; the conqueror. Each of the invaders (hen comes
j fl th earn ing in its mouth tho ;.ixi of a worker
'11 ...... - I. !...!!.. . 1 1 -1
,rrUl j iiuf.w rii'.R nro kiiimiv irciiiutt anu w lion
tho'ii,.... ...n.,.o .i. . ,.;...:. .1...:... .i.
ht-y" can supply a better argument, or "l'uley's
Natural Theology" a sounder deduction, when 1
I affirm that the slavery of "Mack" to "l'nle," is an
: .. . I . r . .....
It is in ttio heart of every abolitionist to help tlie
helpless. As tho advocates of slavery nro utterly
destitute of all argument to justify their practices,
wo cannot do less than give tlicm tlia Ijencflt of tlie
following, after tho fashion of Bishop Butler, which
is copied by tlie Pittsburgh I -) .nl. li from a Welch
pulillcation. Beside being tlio most conclusive
nnological argument wo hnvo over seen, it may le
also termed a "Bible Argument," iu as much as
Solomon expressly directs "Go to tlio nnt thou
sluggard, consider licr ways and bo wise" Wo
linpo our ductors of divinity will not bo above com-
plying witli tlio injunction, wben they have such
jevidenco at tlio following, that their pro-slavery
investigations among ant lulls, will be ao richly
Sir. Mrs. Bcccher Stowo having put to shams and
silence (it is hoped) the defenders of shivery who
have attempted to wrest Scripture to their purpose,
anil having in hor "Ay to Uncle Tom' Cabin"
met and fronted the be.it of the American liivints
who have preached, written mid spoken on tlio sub
ject, I hnvo thought that slave owners of tlio South
ern states will he pin. I ot a new lino ot argument
founded on tlio lUiunm or NsTVRt. lor this
help in their extteniity I expect a "consideration,"
" l.',!',,orIi,l' '"""J "7" 1 'T ! "e"
0,,1,y. I hnvo lately taken up fur the amusement
, lmlly ;, louri,-,,10 tlll(y'r KsTosioi.o&r, and
wunt i nnu rceoracu ot me red ana tjlacli aim 1
proceed to unfold, if not to tho ninrvelloiis
ct'c to tho ndinirinir curs, of your renders.
considered the ninttcr well, and their course of pro
ceeding is this. I pive you tho tub'tnne of the
narrntivo as furnished by Ilubcr, ntiihcnticated by
Kit by oi.d Spencc, and continued by later writers.
Tlio species of nnt to which reference is made,
has tho propensity to kidnap tho workers of other
i0f the conununitv, thus usiiiir thein as slaves. By
;spo.'ics, and compel them to labour lor tho beuelit
Lmniiv wiTh .l.e re,it.. n.,er,.v ..,..,!
:1 TI .1 . .Z. 1 .. . ' "...
A H- KllV IIUI, VAV.OIIIU IIIC I'llSH.I,."..,
collect looil, leiMI tlio (imr, in tact they conduct
tliemselves ontirelv as if fullillintr thuir orieii.nl
... " o
This is llnbcr's account of the proceeding it is
t'rktly and literal; true and the jihenomcnon was
witnessed by ono of the authors before mentioned
in coinpnny with that learned Entomologist, tho
latu M. Lntieilie, in the Hois de Boulogne, near
1'aris, in 1 h 1 7 . Now, I oucslion if "Butler's Ann-
institution, nnv, a ureal law, of Nature, that sub
mission and ol.cdienco nro a nositivc dutv. and that
so longns tho difference of color exists, it is utterly
useless for negroes, w hether men or ants, to resist
tho ordiuuncc. As I believe your paper is read on
the other side of tho Atlantic, I think I have given
Mi s. Stuivc II "bone to pi. U," Ulid I shall bo gi ld
to know whnt sho can nmkoof It. Let her "go to
the ants, consider and bo wise."
THAT KIDNAPING CASE.
Tho trial of Mrs. U. Boyd, Frank Rust and Jno.
Gilbert for kidnapping tho mulatto girl Henrietta
Wood, iu t.'iiiciuiinli, has resulted in their ucjiiillalf
llio particulars ot this lieuuisu and attruciuus act
are still fresh in tho minds of tho public how the
gii 1 was persuaded nnd induced to enter tlio vehicle
iu that city; tho manner in which it lcftiind crossed
over to tins side of tlio river; and how alter it hud
arrived a short distance back of Covington, it was
stuped ly u licnd in human shape, who represented
himself us a sheriff, and Henrietta forced from
thenco into a buggy uud taken into tho interior ol
this State. How lliings wcro worked to bring the
ovidenco in on tho trial so much nt variance with
tlio examination, we are not advised. 11 was mudo
to appear that Henrietta was iu reality a slave, and
as such was sold by her former owner, a Mr. ore,
, to Frank Bust ono of the parties innilieuted, for the
I very small sum of j-'IOO. Now it is very evident
that thero is a screw loose somo w hoi u. It is
j hardly likely that a man owning a slave worth at
; leust Sl.000 in this Suite, would sell her, because
she happened to bo in Cincinnati, icven hundred
doltan bciieatn her valuation.
Itnppears that Bust boarded with Mrs. Boyd, nnd
it in altogether likely that ill consideration of tl e
rum,!7 tt ,mu JUS-. "?. "".U.L01 uy 11 .
uiureauiu ot'KicHici io ussist 111 ii o nouuciiou. 11
! i. .i,i ,ift tl, t,. h.. i.wli..i,e,.i. , o.m-hc.l
um ,l0 defendants tried oil the first count nly-i
whJ Wll. .,, f tl.i. ,.., it L,
.. ,.r .i."i ...t ...,i I r
..i ..'..'..i. i. ' ....
11. u uio. u.iee., .u u. ..i ituu.il ouct. 11 i..su.i us lit..
'l l.n eni.iit ii.uli.r wlilch thev n-nrn
tried, t'i.arges.thcm with iraudulcntly and violently
seizing tho person of Henrietta Wood, it frco mu-!
hit to, nud keeping her in restraint and confinement,
with tho intent to transport her out of tho Stato,
under the pretence that L was a slave. Now we
liave Ollly 10 Sliy in Conclusion, tllllt 11 SUCH IS 10 b0
7"";" , ", ' r ,
cling lasi io ineir ticur uuugm iiveuuiii, uim
snener on.y ... sucn pmccs as may .oi any mo-
ineni oo ...ron asuuuer jpaiwn? ourguiars
and highway kidl.appers.-Ac.c eu;.
EMIGRANTS TO LIBERIA.
Eighty emigrants stnrled in the Exprcs Train
on lliursduy uioi-unig, lust (Ucccmlicr r, 13iu,i
for Savannah, Gu., where they w ill embark for tho
ltepulilic ot J.ilieria, in Allien, on tho loin Hint,
l'hcso emigrants consisted of three families ur com
panies liU truui Maury Co., Tcim., liberated by
iho lion. Wm. K. Kennedy; Vi from Williamson
County, liberated by the will ot tho Into Kov. Thoin
us Douglass, and 'M from Davidson County, libera
ted by Col. Montgomery Bell. Thoy woro nil un
der tlie ouro of Mr. Samuel 11. Armstrong, of Mau
ry County; who kindly left his family uud business
on this errand of benevolence, tu see tlicm safely
delivered to the caro of tho American Colonization
Society at Savunnah.
Theso emigrants, the largest compamy that ev
er emigrated troui Tennessee, wore well luriiishcd
with mechanical tools uud agricultural implements,
und un abundant supply ot comfortable clothing
and other necescarios of lifo. Judge Kennedy
gavu each of his family a liberal ullomiiue of mo
ney for their use on their arrival iu Liberia, aud
Col. Bell, in addition to this, paid ull the expenses
of his from Nashvillo to Liberia. Their agus va
ried from 6tJ to 1 year. ' .
Vory appropriate religious service were held in
tho basement of the First Presbyterian Church for
tho benefit ot tuch ot tuem as were in tn any, on
tho Sabbath previous to their depnrturei and agaio,
for others, en WodncsdaV flight. On both the ut.
ensions the importance of cultivating moral and in
dustrious habits wits urged upon them. Tiny were
a coinpnny of fine-looking men, women and chil
dren, a considerable number of them being mem-
I hers of different churches, and w ill constitute, it Is
brhi'vrd, a valuable addition to the moral worth
and industry of tlio young Ilopiiblio of Lilorin.
The expense of transporting thec emigrant!
frnui Nashville to Savannah, nt fN 01! n piece, ex
cluding those of four years of ngc ami uutlcr, was
live hundred and sisty-hino dollars anil twenty-live
Xho free rolo.ed population of Tcnres'ce, fit the
Census tf Is M, wns 0,1:71
The condition of these
pcoplo having been brought before our Legislature
in memorials from Nashville and other parts of the
St.,l.. n kill ,. ...,...i...i i .u. u .
State, a bill was introduced in tho Senate, appro-to
priating $10,000 a year for five years for
transportation of such of them as may bo willing
to remove to Liberia. This bill having teen refer-
red to the Committeo on Ways and Means, a bill
was reported in lieu of it, prohibiting owner from
emancipating their slaves, unless provision is made
for their transportation, or they shall l.o hired out
to rniso tho fund ncee-wary for this ohieot. It Is
hoped that tho bills may be so combined as to make
an nporiipn iiiou lor tno iicneut ot Iiioso mat are
now fr.io, and pr ivido a proposed above for the
traiisportation of iIkmo that inay heroaftcr be freed.
SLAVES IN THE SOUTH.
Mr. Trenton, of Ky. replying to Gcrrit Smith in
"Wo hold slaves because wo aro not willing to
amalgamate, any more than the people of New V rk
witii me negroes. v e want to keep our lotitomo
blood pure to bo worthy deeendants of our great
riw n n w in li.ni.t uttii 11 1. 1 j.oii tt.
. v ..... v w , - wii. s..s a "nil. inv
it U.nl shall point the
nances ol tho Aliniehlv nrostraiir-e bcvoiidntirenm.
piehunsion. Let us wait, nnd Uud iu his good time
. . . r . . .
mil uccomplisli tlio oljct.
They hold slaves in tlio south, because they aro
nut willing to am tlgauiatu 1 Do they? Then
whcio du ull tho nuilattoes, quadroons, octoroons,
ic, of southern stiilcu, come from, if whito pen
tlcnieu nrc so anxious to keep their Teutonic blood
pure? Two young Virginians, with seven-eights ol
white bluod in their veins, iccently applied lor their
freedom, under a stulute of Va.. which declares
that octoroons cannot be held as si tves. Their np.
plication was refused, and the public journals sus
tained tho reiusal, alleging that liinu-tciiths of the
slaves in Virginia would soon havo tho prescribed
amount of "Teutonic blood," nnd that the execution
....", .. ,. ,..v.. uuiili men oooni ui.-.i
frmwlnm ir,.nl.l .l..rni,r tl. .!. ...i..i Vl.rl,. ri
ot tho law, under which the j'ouug men ootiht their
I tho State Southern irentlemen. certninlv. have al
I ...ll.nl l'tl...lT ..ni., I.I.....I ' Vl,.. ,1,.
"'ft-- ."'v.. v'ru. A
put a considerable preniiun upon it, when it is in
tho market, and the'r own children nrc sold to tho
highest bidder 1 But thii estimate of the value oft
moir uioou is not However, tlie aostiuct raluo, re
ferred to by Mr. 1'iojtoii j it is nu cstinuito basod
upon the principles and experience of trade. The
sous nnd daughters of "puro Tcutonio lathers,"
and colored inothors, bring more money, in tho
Southern uiarUel, than negroes ; and tho Teutons"
who cell their children, know this, and ta'xe advan
tage of it.
Mr. l'rcston snys that Southerners " will keep
their slaves till Uod t-liall point out the timo when
they are entitled to their freedom." Tho invisible
Uod docs not, now, nmazo tho foes of freedom with
visible portents. Ho docs not lend slaves out of tho
I .i m I t.f I if ,n.ln tm I . n,ii.,i..,il..,iu mnni.u lt.,t l.a l...
shown us, in Special revolution, and 'in the laws of
I.; ii,o ti.o i .1... n,...n,i .....
havo agreed about tho hour when tho power of the
former uud the bo idnge of the hitter should cease.
Tho truo Dumnerat believes that God's appointed
timo for giving to a man tlio title of his freedom is
now, always now, till there is no more slavery iu the
world. The despot never concedes anything to lib
erty until he is compelled to do so.
Mr. l'rostou pretends to havo entire confidence in
God, s I'rovidchco, and tries to mako us believe that
ho is willing to obey the Divine decrees when they
are made manifest. At the same time, he denounces
.mi. aim ..-iiai. ic 11-. in. w uu i.-acu o.mci in i
l li........:... ..i i.:..i i:
iciu. iiu sustain mn which .nanus ruivos ui
colored men if they do not ic.ivo their native
State, lie goes in for crushing out every spark of .
tlio Divino mind in slaves, so that their highest de-
sires and power may bo animal. L'vory precaution
tlintean bo taken by intelligent, organized, haughty, I
armed "leutons to prevent i-iioianl, uucomhiucd, .
; submissive, unarmed negroes troin making any iiinii-:
i il'esti.tion of numbness, had been tnken by -Mr-
j l'rcston and his compatriots; und tliey nro not likely
iiiu.ui.m u. r...n im ..... iuui
, Il0or nojoct men nut vniuaoio
i stock nro entitled !
to meir irccuom. n c ociciio mai .nr. ircsI(,n is
willing to wait a long tune for tho accomplishment;
of the froedom ot American slaves.
Southern centlomen who mako such speeches ns !
maioi air. rrosioii can oniy ooi.iui, iroin cunuiu
honest men, crodit for hollow hypocrisy. Muia
From the N. Y. Independant.
BARBARISM IN VIRGINIA.
The Old Dominion has always been half a century
. i ...j ... ,;,. I', I..l I. . ,.l,.,l l I,.,
1 bcl ",d .the t",,0.- ur a ?deroblo period in her
rly li'rtory. fie education cltl.e peoplo at large
" ,e a ' .V. lc.r !n,"."l' tlio crown oinecrs ol
' Virginia. v uiio tno l urimu settlors ot Aeiy r.ng-
land wero taxing thcinseli
tuxini; incinseiics in wncnt aud in ine -
...... i, ..r.i...i-. (.,. r..- ti.o ,.c o
"" l '. o -"I ' ,
j ' " rthI " le sJ
u kuoviledgo tor the poo.le. Said
I ?fw.- 2 1! h 1-!!!'7,ot (' '! !
'! ' oll(!"ur . nml proili less, l.ut thank God,,
, ! ;-
, ,. 7 .. . . I u,r,l . , I tl,..,,, niul
cop us I
libels against tho best government. God kc
j JYonl bolll "
K j , , fc g Xonfonfur.
. . , , , ullJor cf
,1i...e,.t: and no reader !,.iht expound t .0 cate-
chism or tho Scriptures; or that thoro was a statute
in those words: "All servants, not being Christ
inns, imported into this country by shipping, shall
! be slaves; to which it was added, et""ersaiioiM
' ' i
Damron.U. 192 31
But that was in tho amo ago in w hich our own
tending -a coiivonucio, uuu .or icaciiiuK vuiiuitu ;
Irein the Bible which sho kept Hid under nor cneitei i
and as wo would not allege our grandmother s
great.grent gtau.liiiothcr (ot
y ! had her tect niiidc last inmo sioci.8 aim
pelted with rotten eggs in the pillory for at ,
wrongs iis"i""v iiu-e.iv v.'";" h
(whom may Heaven bmss with along and prosper-
ous reign!) so noithor would wo trump up tho 1
berous edict of the 17lh century against the pre;.-;
cut (anio ot V irginin. .
But unhappily; while old Englat.d hn mtido im-j
inense progress iu both civil and religious liberty.
and Now Lngland has developed those to tho utmost, 1
"Old Dt.mii.ion" has in wine points remained
stationary :in her anoient barbariHiu. Iho recent
uisiis urinB uj vuu -u,,.. uii..o .
Vi..nin f.l Mr. M.iririirot ll.iilfrli.fc. tnF tni.iiliinir
' ' r, i - - - p
colored children to reud ; hor daughter having es
caped arrest for the sauieoriino by flight. The Nor
folk JS'eut sketches the proooedinL-n, form which it,
appear that Mrs, V, oonducted her own defence,
without much regard to the procedcuts of tho
OOUrt' ... .
"The jury on Friday found the defendant guilty i
I snd flnivi her one dollar. ' The jndga, in passing
for murdering hcrown daughter, age 1 1J yc n s,
the'Ibv benling and .rrowning her in a tub. Tho mother
Va intoxicated Mrs. M.irgatct Doiii;las was!
"tried in Norfolk, Vn.,on Friday, for teaching ne-ro.
'..children to read and write."
:.........! ., ..- r ' c. .
entoree, according to the statute, w ill condemn
her to imprisonment for not less than six months,
It is a crime, then, in the Stnto of Virginia, Id
teach a certain class of the inhabitants of tlio State
to Ri ad; and this, too, tho class who from their
position iu the sn.-ial scale have tho greatest need
of instruction. Tho penally f..r this crime is im
prisonment fir not loss than su months, and a fine
ft the discretion of tho court. Auw does any man
in bin sober senses believe that this-is n crime
.W'lHlBt ft, n Kioto
al.iiooxchangepaperwo End, under tlio lic.id!ft,a
news itcmi, tuo two lollowint' in Ju.xta-poi-;
iret Simmons has been arrested at China-
What will bo d. no with Margaret Simmons, re
main i to uoseen: perhaps sent totlie insunotissyiuiii.
i.iii.oar.-aret L-ougiasj n sentenec.i to not n; man
six months' Imprisonment. Can any man rl.C"-
these two Margarets iu the same po.it on before tho,
ww 1 mo 0 .0 mti dored lo r ovtn clnld lus I
crime against society and tho State. 1 ho other
teaches poor, ignorant children to read, and write
Is this also a crimo Rgilinst society mid tho State?
u-i., r n ...1... ..r.. .1....
Wlmtsortof society, what sort of it Stnto is HoH,
whero such nn act is a. -counted a crime to be punish-
0.1 with nnpris .nnioTit? ti hat sort ol a Mate is that
n t eti, ' it a S. 0 fou lo umn free, ,
f.. .i.'.: :. ... 'n ... . . ." L1!'?.. 1 Z
, i , " . . ... ,
tho tvraanv and l.arLansiii ot 11:1st oc-s iii joi uu-i
Ui.T tlio lorim ot n popular government ' o" uriti
'hike oil t'scany imprisons tin subject who read
" " ori 01 " in ineir own noir c ami niso 1111-
ten iir'i nt 1 mi 11 1 101 p own lii u- p fttiti niso 1111-
- - r
who distribnlo Bibles witl.iu hi t territory. A Mr-
iiiia com t ini'i'isou the citieus of tho State for
te i, hiii;' i...i..ns to read, in their nrivatn houses
..on r.:.i.,;. uiiciii ... ,ii.
Jaii..ier.Nato sliouto tliey attempt tho same ?
"in wu ... u iii'iiiK.i.i in ut nu no noi in u euuer in
. .i-.';uii. ... in . iiiin.i, imi u aoii u. mien iii 1111.1
civilization, against liberty, n; illicit liLinanity,
against both man anJ God, aro pcrpctratod in tlie
name of law.
Wo cc.iso to wonder that a stntcsman of Virginin
could ho ist that in tins district there was no news-
paper, and that ho desires none. Yet ono would'
tiiiii mat oven .nr. i iso woum i.iiimi lor tno i mi
Dominion. How can Virginia hold up hor bend in
And how bnig shall those States be asked to hold
. . , . . ,. -i r t.-. .
ncr 'mrnarisia in ineir iciiowsnin : 1 lie nee states
,".'t 'lu;1,lf u!vcs overy way to educate all classes
OftllO people. Blld SO to lU'tllltatn OUT free lllHtltll-
, - . . . ,
,nl"'- fm "cnco to teacli
b,!r m??t J'-'ifaJu'l inlinbitttnts to read ; keeps on
" iKnorant noruc uangorotis to tno pui.nc
welfare, and then demands that wo givo up priuci
pie tor such a I nion.
We commend the Stato of Virginia to the im
mediate attention of the Southern Aid Society. A
Stato of ampin territory and of vust material re
sources, settlod under the highest auspices ot royal
favor, and long-time blessed with an hpiscopal j
eftaWishmont, w Inch after mora than two centuries
is sun io a great cxicm missionary grouuti, uepeil
dent upon aid from abrond for tho support of its
rural churches, and which makes it a penal ofiense
to touch tho most ignorant und degraded of its in
habitants to read ami write, has surely a largo claim
upon tho sympathies and aid of those who have
. ' .- . .... t.. . .....
undertaken to evangnlizo the South without
ence to its local and pcculiur institutions.
From the Evening Chronicle:
REFUGEES IN CANADA.
tues can only set there they enn laKO caro ol thein
free ?cvcs excellently well, with few exceptions. So
far ns I could learn, they are accumulating property
faster than tho colored people residing in tlio Statu
f .u,v y,,,., A few families sutler from want
t,-re, just as in this or any other c uimunity, on
r!"10 Underground Itailrond. They were, with
Scarcely an in.lividual exception, doing well and
"0,,t ",u"y """rtfolt thanks to their good friends in
Svra(1 , wi,.0 ;idness .h cy can never f iirgct .
la,or 1 iliil. But InM inirly ex. ellod i.o in accuinti-
r.,;.,!. .i.u world's lmois. He uu a fine lookiitL'
. . v f.uiilv. I micht name others, once
tiiu host advantage 1 could among tno destitute.
.p105. just arriving nro generally most needy. I
think tho liberal and well-timed donation forwarded
b fl.;clui, hero and iu Piiltnoj villo nnd Willis on,
I. . nnblud ino to relievo somo cases of real sutTering.
M and heartfelt aro the thanks scut you iu re
tur-' ln COnul.isinn I will say, though they may
8uror tome , ClumU for tho first year, yet thoii
the !uffori11K, w;n not cmpnro at all with what they
ondure ror tlie Bnm0 tim0 j klavory. and after tho
Knowing many of your readers to bo interested 1
in our people in Canada, as well as in this country, I
I hnvo thought proper to say o word about them.
have just returned from" a short viit there and'
I must say that I found those who havo left this
country on ncount of slavery and its wicked laws, I
iloing much better than 1 lind expected lrom sundry
reports troin that "land ot tho nee." 11 tho iiijji-
. .. .. . . . . n
,v,., .nnt of sickness or other misfortune, l'uvertv.
mi,lir such circumstances, is no dishonor. Some
are poor frnm bad economy, which should not be
Hurprisiug among tho peop'lo brought up in slavery,
economy, and of course do not teach it to their i
r Biavo lioiners tiicmscives nro snuiy uicKiiig in
Had my brethoren in Canada only to contend 1
with jioccrt;, it w.
i-ith iiarrrtn. it would ho of liitlo liionicnt hut thorl
illlv0 i ,'ut n-ttli too much of American nrciudico.
.and that ill us worse lonn. iho great iniijoritv
f them, however, aro doing much by their iiprieht
course to lessen nr do awuy with this prejudice.
Thore Is a class of persons in Canada as well as
in tho United Stales, who esteem a man according
to his moral worth. Now as wo cannut change our
color, wo mtiH1, make up our minds to endure the
eapri'.'O of tuch as best we can, iu this country or
attended several religious meotings while thero,
and it all'ords mo great pleasure to report to thn
I i ''it.inco Uomuiitteo nnd to other triemls in this
.i" i .. .i..,i I .....,.,.,.. r, ...i
'" J ' : . 7' . " j
thev had personnlv aided tliiriiis their passnso on
" ""' irivino-. " l.uu n-i'ininj; iu wr
relation of things said und done whilo with us,
Btroniflv reinindcd of what the Savior says, in !
I.. .i-i j .. c .l . ... .
.iiattnew, oi Kinuncss iiono io ono oi ino least
of these, my brethren." Somo I found who seem
ed to know little of Christ w hen among us,
aro now livhig members of his Church having
sought him iu their timo of need and found him
ever truo to all his promises.
It is said that somo ol tho best common median
,ll(J f,,i,iV08i j
saw some of thein. One is a blacksmith from my
native State by tho linmo of Lindtay, who is re-.
luuitive, now iu prosperous circuinstan.tes.
-j wuulJ ay t0 tu0 killJ ,-ioi..U of this city, that
j distributed tho contents of that box of clothing to
rst year they will take caro ot themselves,
TWIPtll.l 111 I. A Wl' l 111V. I1H mil ItWnV HOII n VC ll'S
J. W. LOGUEN
J. W. LOGUEN Syracuse, Dec. 20, 1853.
To Prevent Chilblains-Dissolve a piooo of alum
the sixo of a common m irblo in a teocunful of boil-
ing water, bathe the affected part night and loorn
ini7. and allow the solution to do dry of itnelf : con-
tinue the batliing for about ln days. Covering
the parts with pnwdored chalk is also desirable.
MASSACRE AT BLOUNT'S FORT.
BY J. R. GIDDINGS.
harmless : thev penetrated tho earth of which the
...n. - ..,,., ,s,.,l ,..! ...,.r then, lu.rrl.ol with.
rr.i.r i..r.,rv s.,.a t... h,...ra th...
, . :9 fcnc r ,.0,nv F0Iittide, as-
a"d know tho impulses ot his generous nnturc, and
c'" readily account for the failuro of his expedi
1 ,i(in. Hu marched to tho vicinity of the Fort, made
'ho necessary recognisance and returned, making
report that "the fortification was not accessible by
lithe bitter cup of servitude, one who I
person tho visiblu marks of tho throng,
I ... ...ll .,.. ...I...I, n,.r.nnn o t..... 'I ., k l..t. Il.i.n,
On tho west side of tho Atppnl.ieliict-ln Rixcr.
somo forty milos below tho line of Georgia, are
vet found tho ruins tf what was once called
Blount's I'ort." lis ramparts are now c lvcrctl
with ath.n.sc growth of underbrush and small trees.
Vou may vet trace out its bastions, curtain, nud
iiinirazino. At tins tunc tlio country adjacent pre-
snts i l.e niii.oamoer? i.f an unbroken wilderness,
.( j ( it ;j cl, f ,1C llwit ,.rlR, ,,,.
lores which ever disrnnd tho American atins.
The fort had originally been elected by civilized
troopj, and, when abandoned by us oeeupnnts nt
tho close of tho war, in IS 15, it was taken posses-
sion of by tho refugees from Gcor;;in. But little
i jet known of that persecuted pc pic ; the'r his-
I tv can orly be found in the national archives nt
Wadiington. They In l been held ns slave in the!
State referred to ; but during the Revolution they
cilu (lt ,10 .,ir!t ot iI)Crty, nt that timo so prcva-!
1,,,,, .i,,,,,,,,!. ,, . ,,r ,i t'..i f,., ,,.!
7,, v . . .f; J 0
Vil,, ,ort Tc;ri( llie, ,mj o(Tctually clmUd,
or ro,Uttl, nll attempt t" re-enslave them. They
. , themselves, to tho instinctive lore ot
i,,p.tv ..i.:,.!. : lut..d in every human heart
1 "oe"). wnaii is piaiiitu 111 every iiuuinii mart.
M,,!.t of tlii-m lincl (jc-ii born amidst perils, r
in t0 fltr , n1j ta(li;lt fr,jm tln.-ir childln.
Imto tlio M.r.roswr ot their race. Most of those
1 T'7 Tl'f ' '" Tf1' .'"Rl Tr'
:i'!ulu' wl",se bul;k!, lm.a Vco" "'?rc'1 ' tl,e. a"' "
tuo savage overseer. Had passe-i to mat spirit- aim
,. i.. .1 ' .,i..l:.... .1...:..- :u I,....r.l
slavery is not known. Some few of that clus yd
I V 1 II ti 1 1 v .1 J :VII 111 II Y ir.linUIKI I'.VViW Miiiiin, nvn-
1 ... . i..,.. ..... ...... i ,.iro n.t.u-
I ' 1 M . 1 1 1 M I x. I ' I i IT II Hit-" K'JMm 111 IIOV 3'' II l.'ii-o " 1 J
in '!. V,,.. . tl,o., i .,-,.r.if loot l.eei,
actually held in servitude.
hers wcro t c
L i. i . .1...... .... . i..n..if : :..
llluJ uccurdiug to the laws ol slave Stales, were lia
, j t ,uVcr the same outraires to which their an
j ocstors had IjCCIl SUIijectCd
ills, that if tho parents be robLed of their liberty,
deprived of the rights with which their Creator has
endowed them, the perpetrators of these wrongs be-1
comes entitled to repeat them upon the children ol
their former victims. Thero wero nlsn some few
parents nnd grandchildren, ns well a middle-aged
pciMiiu, who sought protection within tho walls oi
il, Kort aimitist thn viirihmt sh.vc.entcbers w hone-
tioiis, but who dare. not venture within tho power
of thoso whom they sought to otialavc.
Thoso fugitives had planted tlieir gardens, nnd
some of them had fl jeks roaming in the wilderness:
all wero enjoying the fruits of tlieir labor, and con-
gratulating themselves upon Lenig sale Horn tlie
attacks of those who enolavo mankind. But tin
spirit of oppression is inexorable. The slavehold
ers finding they could not themselves obtain pus
session ot their intended victims, called on the
President of the L'nitcdStntcs for assistance to perpe
trate the crime of custavini; tlieir fellow men. That
functionary had been reared amid southern institu-
tions. He entertained no doubt of the richt of one
mau to "'n ti.....i,..n i ni doubt tltat if
a man held in servitude should attempt to escape,
ho would bo worthy of death. In short, he fullv
sympathiscil with thoso
lie immediately direetc
who Bought his official aiJ.
ly directed tho Sccretnrt of ar to
issuo orders to the Commander of tho "Southern
Military District of tho United States" to send a
dctvtehment of troops t j destroy "Blount's Fort,"
and to "mite tliott icio occupied it and return them
to their masters."
General Jackson, nt that timo Commander of the
Southern Military District, directed Lieut.-Colonol
Clinch to perform tho barbarous tn-k. I was at
0,10 f'1110 personally acquainted with that officer.
Orders were then issued to Conimodoro Puttcrson,
directing him to curry out the directions of the Sco
rctury of ol War. Ho at that time coiiimunded the
American flotilla lying in "Mobile Bay," nud in
stantly issued an order to Lieut. Looinis to ascend
tho Appclachicola River with two gun-bouts, "to
seize tho people in Blount's Fort, deliver them to
their owners, und destroy tho Fort."
On tho morning of tho 17th Sept., A. P. 110, n
spectator might have seen several individuals stand
ing upon tho walls cf that fortress watching with
intense interest the approach of two small vessels
tt wore slowly ascending tho river, under full-
spicnu em ....-, ijr mo . iu oi nKut. no.ii.iern
breeze. J hey were in sight nt curly dawn, but a
was ten o'clock when thoy furled their sails and
vast anchor opposito tho Fort, and somo four or five
ji" i""i no... ...
A boat was lowered, ami soon a midshipman and
twelve men wore observed making for I he shore.
They were met nt tho water's edge by somo hall
dozen of tho principal nieu iu the Fult, nud tlioii
Tho young oliieer told them ho was sent to make
demand of the Fort, nud that its inmates wcro to
bo given up to tho "slaveholders, then on board the
gun-boat, who claimed them as lugitivo slaves 1 -i
The demand was instantly rejected, nnd the mid-)
siupuinii nnu ins men ruttiructi to tuo gun-noats
nod ii.r,.rtiind l.ient. I.noniia of tho answer ho hud
As thocolored men entered the Fort they related
to their companions tho demand that had been
made. Great was tho consternation manifested by
tho females, and oven n portion of the sterner sej
nm mngu HI nil uiu .iininicii, ii iiu nun u.iina
who bore on his
as well as
.... i ..c i... . .. i.:. i.i... ii..
ttio oru.tu ui mo iiius.ur, u.hiii u.a Bimui.ii.-r. iie
saw his friends fnultered, and ho spoko cheerfully
from tho cannon shot of tho enemy that there
wore not mou enough cn board tho vcsvels to storm
their Fort, nud finully closed with tho emphatic dec
laration ; "Give me liberty or ijiit me death !" This
saying was repeated by many agonized fathers and
mothers on that bloody day.
A cannonade was soon commenced upon tho Fort,
-phey then commenced throwing bombs. 'J
ju gC theso shells bad moro cllcct. Thei
shelter from llieso fatal messairrs. Mothers (rath
ored thoir little ones around them nnd prcs-ed thuir
babes more closely to their bosoms, ns one explo
sion niter another warned thein of their imminent
danger. By thoso explosions souim wcro occasion
ally wounded and a few killed, until, at length, tho
thrioks of tho wounded and groans of the dying
were hoard iu various parts of the fortress.
Do you ask why these motbors and children were
ihus butchorod iu cold bio id? I answor, they woro
slain for adhering to tho doctrino that "ull men are
endowed by thoir Creator with the inalienalkritIU
to enjoy lije and liberty." Holding to Ihls doctrine
of llaucook and of Julforsou, the power of the ua-
Vlila EaeeuUTs doou mania of tba M Saaftoa 13th Conffraaa.
ill at Ulwvad thai tbia raiwrl waa auicuaaud bj Um buiuattr
of KM. Cllucta. Ua araa npata oqs of Uia br aveat auS aa.l ao-
argatwwncs.ramiMaam.-o. ala poawaaj a. ln.iomiu.tsa pari
fwvjM, and rout.1 probahlr haia aiMoj-a! dia 1nr Io ot,aVn
had t.a alTtsl In do ao.
anet.t without iniurinir any person in tho Fort.
t' '" I"
immediate irceneo ,.f a holy God. making th.ir
ion was arrayed against thm, and oUf annj tin'
loyeJ to deprive Ihrin of life. , ,
The bombardment was continued sornt hour
with but littto cflocl, si far ns thn assailants eouht
lisrnvrr. They manifested no disposition tj ur
render. The day was passing Away., Littit. Lootn
is called ft rt un'.-il of t fi cer and put to tbcm th
duestion. r'frt fmilicr thi'l It dnntt An undof
offi cr stigccstcd the propriety rf firii-fc "hot shot at
I iho mngnzine." 11m proposition was agreed to."
no iiirnnces wero neiuco. win .-u .rU,iir.H
and the cannonade was required.
The f rrtirsnts
'.f the Tort felt releivcd by the change. U.ey coolrt
10!,r ti e I'.eo? hiitnnui g st r.nd f f the esnnon balls.
t'j which thev had l ecoril acciis'-.n-el in tl.s early
, part of the tiny, find some tmi-k' tbcioseI-s merry
at me siit-poseu i.iiit 01 ineir
knew not that the sho was heated, and were thn.
foro unconscious irthednn-cr wliicu ttireatenta
Tiie run was rapidly csr ending in thoT. ost.-
all pines and spiuco llirew tneir snuuowseTtr
irtihcntion. 1 l:C roar t f the rannon, th llth-
j,,,, ,.f ,p .i,, ,,,
ie gronr.s ot tlio wounded, u.
.1.7 1. ... .... 1 7 : n iA
' rl! "rrl 0 B"1'
1 ,jIc; , in ord,r ,,'at they might bury the dead, and
' fll,0 t0 tho wi!,Krr.css lor safety. '
. . , . .J. 1 ...
. "."'ari'inn pnen.niem.n prcsen.ru ..so.,
. (, . , ... iicsvv .mlmnkmon
- m,,...i iii'fi i.io ...
.rise from he earth, too next iimtaut the dreadful
.explosion overwhelmed tbcm and the next found
, f r-cU.iln,5, ', n eo,0rninoiil
"I.'l" " '"r uu '-'"V ..uo"1 VI . " k" ""
.. 1... 1....I n,,.l,.r,.l .1..,, .,,,1 il.or.onon i.( lla
; norlIl vho ,.1tiinea sxi.h uuuticr.iblu crimes.!
Mnnv were crujl:?J ) V tlis Ailllr.ff earth nd tt
liinnv wrro cittirclv liuneil in the ruiniv
, " cr liorri'ily mangled t.y tho fragments of
,"""".r " u '"" s
,:...i... j .i, ...... ,.r , ,..! , , , ,i,.a
were in thn mac-irni. Ltmbs were torn from the
bodies to whii h they had been attached. Mothsrs
and biil.es Inv besido each other, wrapped in thai
sleep which knows no waking.
The sun had set, and tlie twilight of evcninff
was closing nronnd them, when somo sixty sailors,
. under the off cer rcennd in ci mmnr.d, landed, and,
without opposition, entered thn Tort. The vetrrno
! sailors accustomed to blond nnd cni r.nge, were hor
ror-ftricken ns thrv viewed the scene before them
They were accompanied, however, by si me twenty
si ivchoWers, nil nr..xioiis lor tlieir picy
liaid little nttcntion to the dead mid dvins,
lers upon their limbs, hurried them from the Fort,
and instantly commenced their return towards the
frontier of .:eorc,ia. Somo fifteen persons in the
I'ort survived the terrible c::p!oMi n, and they now
sleep in servile graves, or mean and weep ui boo.
The officer in commai.d of the rnr,y. with his
men returned to the boats as soon as the slavehold
ers were fairly in possesion of their victims. The
sailors appeared gloomy and thoughtful as they re
turned to their vessels. Tlie anchors n ore weighed,
the sails unfurled, nnd both vessels hurried from
the sceno of butchery ns rapidly as they were able.
After the officers retired to their cabins, the rough,
featured sailor gathered b.cToro the mast, and loud
and bitter wcro Iho curses they r.tlcied against sl
rcrr nnd A.ri.mrt thosn aftienrs of fTtrpriimcnt aha
had then constrained them to murder women and
helpless children, merely for the love of liberty.
But the dead remained unbuiicd; and the next
day tho. vultures wero feeding upon the carcass .
of young men and yoiung women, whoso hearU oa
tho previous morning had beaten high with expec
tation. Their bones have been blenching in the
sun for thirty-seven years, and may yet be seen
scattered among tho ruins of that ancient fortifica
tion. Twenty-two years elapsed and a representative
in Congress, from ono of the free State, reported
a bill giving to the porpotra'.ors of those murders a
gratuity of live thousand dollars from the public
treasury, as a token of the gratitude which the poo
plo of this nation felt for the soldierly nnd gallant
manner in which the crime was committed toward
them. The bill passed both houses of Congress,
wns approved by tho President, and now stands up
on our statute book among tho law enacted at the
3d Session of tho o'.h Congress.
The facts nro all found seuttercd amene the vari
ous public documents w hich reposo in the alcoves
of our National Library. But no historian has
been willing to collect nnd publish them, in cons
.iicnco of I lie deep disgrace which they reflect up.
on the American aims, and upin those who thcu
controlled tho government.
sfl.at la tbsnun.ls!roir.. Ull? rrporloJ hj tl.aoflcarlc.ccaBBaa.4
VUe KiecuU.a dor. of Ilia 13th C'o.igre.
W'ltAT rROIIlCtTMV 1IAX DON'S IX MxiKS. -Ttl
Maino Banner estimates the rfnrc nnnuol saving
to Iho State frimits prohibitory litni r law, at a
million nnd n half of dollors. Tho indinrei savins'
of time ntherwhe lost, property destroyed, criminal
prosecution. Ac. is much moio; not less than three
millions in all. Bu tides this, the paper mit:
.'riulcrtlic tipcrntion of ll.e Mniv.e Law-, we have
few crimes, our jails aro ahu .st lenantles, our
.nor larnis arc .r fine, orunKcn rowuyism isscarco
y to bo met with, even tho hovels of our former
frunkards havo almost disappeared throughout the
State, or been so rent vali d as to
.1 as to te coinlortnlile
ami neat, and thousands! of children aro neatly clad
and sent to school, where once tney wannerco auoui
nearly nnked. While thousands of husband and
fathers, w ives and mothers, daily give thank to
God for tho blessings of tho Maine Law."
"NoTntNJ XllV CNbER TIIE SfS;" AtthoBgh
this saying is scarcely true in nn age rf progress 1
liko the prciont, the ago of sleain and of telegraphs,
yet it is strange how many things se'er tn bo com
ing anew which were wholly or partially known to
tho nnciouts. Colt's Itovolvcr, for example, is cried
up ns ono of the greatest inventions of the dny, yet
1110 liriglllUl null oi ll rri'iiin i ini.c iivvil Biiicfcru
out noar twoccnturics ago. Pcpys's Diary is rather
a scarce book in this country, but it is familiar to
tho antiquaries if Lowland. In tho the 2ti(h page
i.f tho 1st volunio of the Inst London edition, w
find tho author, who was Secretary tn the Admiralty;
iu Iho reign of Charles Second und Jumes Scctua,
staling tho following circumstance:
" 1062, Julv Sd. Dined with tho officer of lb
Ordnance, where Sir W. Compton, Mr. O'Nenle,
and other gteat persons were. After dinner, waa
brought to Sir W. Compton a rpm to discharge ttrttt
iiiim.il tlieleslof all dnires that ever I tatc, and very
ne -t ieeitl le, nmf not a lauMc. for it is wuih approved
of, nnd many thereof tr.v!c."
We have no doubt th .t specimens of this gun are
nreserved iu the Tower r,f London, but is it not
strange that so olTuotive a firearm, so much approved
of, and of which so many were then made, should
have since disappeared, instead of being more
liii'hlv improved, ns it is at tho present day, under
.. -.... i' i i a
tno Ba.Ul 01 iiun i.iifcl;iii'.-Vl , , . ,
BCy A characteristic anecdote of Hogg haa re
cently bcon told. Being at dinner at a ducal table
the ducheas said to him, "Were you ever here bo.
fore. Mr. Hoggt" To which the poet, with hie
usual candor, replied; "No, ma' Leddy, I bar)
been at the ytt (the gat w V bewbl that I was dri
ving into tiORlaod t but I
neier wws inside tb