Newspaper Page Text
From Dickens' Household Words.
AMONG THE SHALLOWS.
We trust there may I n found nr Ftar-ebnmber
matter in it, but' we have it belief that iu6ti'-c'n"V
Sometimes runs aground unions; tlio Shillings. In
pite of their lineage, descended ns they nil are'
Irom Robert Shallow, csu'iire, in the county u(
Uloster, justiec of peace und eornm nv, nnd cost
'Morum-y, and ratnlnruin. und ircnllcuiau born,
hn wrote himself nrini'oro.
hn;i transportation was A ready punishment
for nil ofl'eivieie, thero wns cdd-hiiudcd justice
administered at quarter sessions, ami in other high
judicial places. There used to in a power given
4y the law to transport nov one for larceny w ho
v..ii . .... i j . m n.i
had been onco convicted ot a felony, The power
ene that required much tact and delicacy In
k I.-...H'..... .....i .i.t.. .i ... ii
,utii,,iii, nun iii.jiuiug nnu p'ijimits laci nnu
elclioncy in the Immllmg, it was nnturnl to entrust
to tho keeping id' tho Shallow family, just as it
might bo natural for any man dealing extensively
in glass and china to engage an elephant or bull
ns sUop-wal!.er. Suoli aniinali would promptly
call attention to the delicacy of tho wares.
So far ai tlia. last mattnr is concerned, wo will
take the p:irt uf elephant, nud show some of the
delicacies of the law. In the lirst place, it is well
Rnown Mat truo Nmllow honorary or stipendi-,
ry muboterrihfei 'tis in his blood: rogues
an4 particularly vngihrnds who nro tho worst
kind of rogues must tr Mo when ho clears his
t;irVt. lie known Hint what is worth doing is 1
.mi Linn . ..II l. .1 .... l:l. I...I. ........ .
T.y.. ,;U.-,.-i ,,,..-..,, ,.
of punishment; seven veais transportation is the
bwcit figure at which he can be said to do husi
bom will? any doi e. of pleasure, and ir a prisoner
to rude, or should call Verges a pig, or fail in ;
just admiration of the court, his worship is rendv
to say nn.nher seven, make the term fou i teen, aiol !
eloso the bargain. Thus Colonel JcU, informed :
tho public in his report for eighteen hundred and
that Puring the last ten rears thero hdmcr
; h,,n nn ..r ,..r .i...' . . .!..
pers'nt 8":itenced to ft longer permd than two
years' imprisonment, and less than four hundred
an I fifty to twu years and nhove ono year ; where
ns tlio number sentenced to periods of oen years'
and ten years' transportation has varied from
thrcj thousand nine hundred and twenty-one to
two thousand two hundred and twenty-six." Fur
thermore wo may add, that by tho tables of crim
inal offenders for tho year last clorc I, it appears
hat only threo persons were sentenced to impris
onment for period exceeding two tears, nnd less
than six hundred were imprisoned for two years
or between one nml two. Hut thero wcro two or
three thousand transported for from scen to ten
years, and of those eight hundred and lorty-soveu
woro so sentenced for simple nets of larceny. So
we sco wnai sort ot fcmciicing tlio Miallowa iiheu ,
to relish, and tho great sweep lately inado upon
the transportation system must, it is to be feared,
leave them ns disconsolate as an nldemian niter a j
waiter h is ruu ofJ' with his unliutohcd calipash
Now, lot us look under the surfa-e, nnd nvcer-
tain if wn can how justice is justiliej in these her
ways. We take up an "Abstract Heturn of Per-!
Hons tried for Larceny nt Courts of (quarter Pes-j
siuns for tho Counties of Hcrks, liorset, Somerset,
rijuthampton (including the Isle of Wight), Sus-I
and Wiltshire, in the year eighteca hundred
nnd forty-nine." Here wo read that in the county
of Herkshiro four persons, for thefts to the nmouiil
S : -i ..' . . ... . .... ..! .
oi eigiiiceii uiio at-pencc, receneu imiisporiaiicu
to the amount of eight-and-twcutT years; that in
l)orsethiro thirteen persons, lor" thefts to the
amount of sixty-one shillings and sixpence, receiv
ed transportation to the uinuunt of ono hundred
nd twelvo years; that in Wiltshire, seventeen
persons, for thefts to tho value of four pounds und
ninepenco, received transportation to tho amount
of one hundred and thirty-two years ; and ngnin
iu Sussex eight porsous, for thefts to the aggregate
amount of fourteen shillings nnd sixpence, received
transportation tj the amount of sixty-two years,
or tho very great judicial bargain ol four years
and 11 vo nionths of convict life for tho small sum
cf ouo shilling. Taking four dozen cases out of
this report, and reckoning them up, we find that
twelve pounds nine sh.llings and a pennyworth ol
larceny got in exchange threo hundred and scv-entv-six
years of transportation.
. But we are still denims in ccneralitie?. It is
possible for a shilling to bo stolen in a way that is
more absolutely wicked than eonie other theft of
ire- - i . r... , i . - , , ...... . ...
unj puunus. i iiu ruuiJLTa ui ine iwuow s muo can
not bo punished too eavcrely. l'onn wo come,
theroloro, to special cases ; and, not to be partial,
will quit tho south, and travel li'irt'i to Yorkshire
for them, after we havo turned a few moro abstract
facts out of tho Abstract lleport now in our hands.
In Donut, G. H. received tuu years' transportation
for b shilling, X. C. ten years. In Wiltshire, W.
K., convicted on two charges ono for Kcalinp
prupcrty worth two hilling', and tho other for
property worth three received sevon years for the
two shillings, nnd ten for the three ; so that for
five shillings he had seventeen years if tho public
how wo will tako a speual noto or two, nnd ol
ecrve what kind of larcenies they nro which have
brought down these thunderbolts from tho Joves
enthroned at yunrter Sessions, At tho Spring
Sessions for tho Kast Hiding of Yorkshire last
year, Gjorgo Ingram was transported for ten
years; he hail stolen five pigeons. At tho Mid
summer Sessions of tho same Hiding, William
Ciudora was transported for ten years ; finding a
dead sheep, ho had taken half ol it. At tho Nor
folk Quarter Sosi ions for March eighteen hundred
and fifty-three, William Flood was transported for
ton years; ho bad stolen a faggot. At tho same
Sessions Jn rues Whip was transported for ten years,
s a man w ho had received a coat, knowing it to
be stole.i, upon the solo evidence of the thiol
himself, who was the means of bringing him to
At tho Liverpool Borough Sessions, James Mac
Govnn effected a groat bargain tho wares of iust-
n:o wc.-o in this caso in fact given nwny liko su
much bankrupt stock ; bo obtained ten years'
transportation, for the tc.:u of thrcc-pence-lialf-fcniiy.
At the Norfolk Ouarter Peaslons. last Midmim-
ssr, John Laudimore fur three successive thefts
of corn from the samo owner, received threo suc
cessive sentences, ami was transported accordingly
for the term if thirty ycar. At tho Leicester
Borough Sessions laft June, William Uarret got
ion years for tenpnncc. On tho part of tho just
ices, if wo regard them as tho shop-keepers of law
this must bo considered very rcckic: s n inline;.
Then, too, it i. not fair trading. Tho very same
county . minimi i.eports, nut t which wo can
fdck forty-eight persons who had stolen, in all,
ess than thirteen pounds, and was therefore trans
ported for three hundred and soveuty-six years,
being on au average seven or eight years per man,
supply us also with tho cases of another set of
forty-eight prisoners who had stolen thirty times
aa much, iu nil moro than four hundred pounds,
and whoso aggregate punishment was tho mere
irifio of imprisonment for sixteen years, two
months and threo days, being an avcrngo of four or
five months per man. All depends on tho temper,
f-r tho stomal h, or tho greater or less degree ol
shallowness iu tho particular cousin Shallow who
may, iu each ease, be the prevailing dignitary.
Wo will not conli.io ourselves to gcneral'ilfes iu
making theso comparisons. Let ua take, here
again, some sample cases from the lu-du I ready to
our baud. At the LWsot Quarter Sessions ono
November, a man, for a robbery of eighty pounds,
w sealencod to six months' iinprijoniuent. At
the same Sessions, for tho samo ou'enco at Midsum
mer, another man was sentenced to bo transported
for fourteen years. ' J, P. war then sentenced U
ail weeks' imprisonment fir stealing ton pounds ;
but, at I'jO epiphany Sessions, K. A., who stole
ion pounds, waj imprisoned for two years. At
tho Michaelmas .Sessions, H. Y., for stealing prop
erty worth threepence was sentenced to imprison
ment for ono day, and M. U., an old man of seventy,
for a theft of the same magnitude, was sentenced
o imprisonment fur one year with hard lubour.
At the .Somerset h'piphany fcetsions, eighteen
liuuiired to 1 forly-nino, W, II., for a ihreo-hulf
penny thell was imprisoned fir six inoullis; and,
t the Miuhaolmao Ai journed Seniioiis, it. C. re
coiyei precisely tho same puuishuu.it for a robbery
tif thirty-seven pounds.
At the Epiphany Sessions for Hampshire, eigbt
Isii beudrod and iorty-iiiue, T. W. received, fui
irntT-thre pennds, eix mouths' tuiprisomnent.
: ment thus evident are not to to ni-coiitrd for by
theory within tho reach of ordinary logic.
' They hiive little, nnd generally nothing, to do w ith
pro ions convictions or the merits of tlio cases.
; VVo w ill show Ibis by 0110 or two other samples
... , , , , . ,
A) 'J fl"",c! " ,n' f f , J, .i rT i'
r".""" f" '' f " 'P ' . 1 h
rtn.nly I ccn once before convicted. Hot at the
c' r i .
n' P,v" "r ,,1Me ""leu two faW.i. and to ha,o
'r " ""."c Ma f 'nMcted yet was only in p i.-m-
c" lr i.rnonir.s : an i ni inn i-asi .vein """"
fillv o.ons Thomas Longford who "tola three
faggots and had been twice before convicted,
tnuml guilty ot a serious loirglary. 1,., v., u. ana
I'. had been convicted previously for felonies. L.
had been convicted before of burglary and suB'cred
eighteen months imprisonment; had also been
convicte I of felony on ono other occasion, six
limes again ns a reputed thief. 1. had been twice
before found guilty of felony, nnd several times
summarily convicted. P. hud been twice convicted
of felony,' nnd unco transported for ten years; nlso
seven limes Mimmnrily convicted. Punishments
I were distributed among them, varying from twelve
months' imprisonment to twelve years trnnsporta
ex, I lb n ; but not one of them had such ft bargain ns
' that allowed to the two boys who got between them
thirtv-Cvc years of transportation for ft highway
i , .... i- ... i
when J. 0. pot seven years transportation fur n
shilling. AYe coulil continuo nlmott indefinitely
these chronicles of tho Shnllow fnnilly. Wo stop
because they are becoming tedious. It is right,
however, before wo torn to oilier nod more sensible
tonics, to noint out that tlio incouiiliticn of titt nli-
which wo havo only to Hip our lianas into tne
At the Sussex Sessions, Midsummer eighteen
hundred and forty-nine, S. 11. was convicted upon
three sexernl charges for slcaliin property to the
vulno of nl out eight pounds. Ilo was sentenced
to three days imprisonment ; upon a fourth ease,
fi r rohherv to the valuo of three rounds, being.
i : I . .
proved ngninst him, he wn
months' imprisonment. Hut
110 was eiiiciiceu bia
at the samo Sessions
J. I". wns sentenced for a theft of four shillings to
one week's imprisonment, and, upon the proving
of a second enso nirainst him a theft of one
pound, tweho and niiiepcnco was transported for
At the Norwich Assises last July, .lohn Brown,
who had been previously convicted of fulony, was
indicted w ith threo other persons on three gepnrato
charges Tor stealing wheat, tl.o property ol ine
same prosecutor, lie was found guilty on each
jn.ifc.tmont and imprisoned Tor eighteen months.
, , ,,0 xr, Quarter Sessions last June,
,,,n t,.,miniu.0i .f,.0 ,ntioncd, who had never
,Pv. f,P0 convicted, was indicted with three
ot,crs for the snmo offence in precisely tho same
wn . , irl)nsi.ortcil lor thirty years,
had only ft tcntcucc of twelve month's impris
At tho Norwich City Sessions lat July, Thomas
Cuddun, for stealing o'no pig, was imprisoned for
twelve months ; whonnt tlio same Sessions, six
months before, .Samuel Brighton, w ho stolo seven
pigs, had only been imprisoned nino months,
though he had previously been convicted of house
breaking mid there had been recorded ugaiubt hiui
sentence of death.
Two Ixiys, sixteen years old, were sentenced nt
tho last York Simmer Assir.es to transportation,
one for fifteen and the other f.-r twenty years, in
punishment lor n tlielt ot six shillings nml siX'
pence from tho person. A month afterwards, at
tho Lhorpoool Assizes, L., 1)., 1$., 1'. nnd K. were
rootery oi nix aim sixpence.
It is not our matter that is now exhausted, but
our patience. Wo uiust quit tho Shallops.
When we havo found out how to paint lilies roses,
wo shall havo learnt how to comment upon facts
Of all tho funny things that live
In woodland marsh, or bog,
That creep tho ground, or By the air,
The funniest is the frog,
The frog tho scicntillcest
Of nature's bandy work
Tho frog that neither walks nor runs,
But goes it with a jerk.
With pants and coat of bottle green ;
And yellow, fancy vest,
Ilo plunges into mud and mire
All in his Sunday best ;
When he sits down, ho's standing up,
As Paddy O'Kiun once said :
And for convenience sako ho woart
His eyes on the top of bis head.
You see him sitting on log,
Abovo tho "vasty deep,"
You feel inclined to say, old chap
"Ju st look before you leap 1"
You ruise your cano to hit him ou
His ugly looking mug ;
But cro you get it half way up,
A down he goes, Imrthug !
He keeps about hjs nativo pond,
And ne'er goes ou a spree,
Nor gets "huw came you so," for a
Cold water chap is ho ;
For early oaros ho ne'er gets drunk,
Hu's not tho silly fool ;
But w hen they come, ho gives ft jump,
And drowns 'em in the pool,
LORD BYRON'S OPINION OF THE TURKS.
Iu nil money transactions with tho Moslems. I
ever found the strictest honor, the highest disinter-1
cstcilncss. In transacting business with tliciu,
thero nro none of those dirty speculations, under
the name of interest, diC'crence of exchange, com
mission, ic, uniformly found on apply ins to n
Greek consul to cash bills, even on tho first nouses
in Peru. In tho capital and nt court, the citizens
nml courtiers are formed in the samo school with
tliia.0 of Curistiuuily ; but there does not exist a
more honorable, friendly, nnd high-spirited char
acter llinu tho true Turkish provincial Aga, or
Moslem country gentleman. 'J he lower orders arc
in ns tolorublo discipline us tho rubble, in countries
with greater pretensions of civilization. A Mos
lem in walking tho streets of our country towns
would be looio incommoded in Kngluud than a
Frank in a similar situation in Turkey.
The Ottomans, w ith nil their defects, aro not ft
people to bo despised. Kquul at least to the Span
iards, they are superior to the Portugese. If it bo
difficult to say what they aro, we can at least sny
what they aie not; they are not treacherous, they
are not cowardly, they do not burn heretics, they
nro not assassins, nor has an enemy advanced to
their capital. 1 hey aro Inithful to their Sultan
till be becomes unfit to govern, nnd devout to their
God without an Inquisition. Were they driven
from St. Sophia to-morrow, and the French or
Hussions enthroned iu their stead, it would become
a question w hether Europe would gain by tho cx-
chungo. Kiighind would certainly bo the loser.
W nil regard to that ignorance ot which tlicy ure
so gciieiiilly, and sometimes justly accused, i.
may ho uoubteu, always excepting r ranee nnd
Kngland. in what useful points of knowledge they
aro excelled by other nations. Is it in tho com
mon urts of lile ? In their manufactures? In a
Turkish rabre inferior to a Toledo f or is a Turk
worse clothed and lodged, or fed and taught, than
a Spaniard? Aro their Pacha worso educated
than a Grandee? or mi Fll'eudi than a Knight of
St. Jugo? 1 think not.
LINES BY AN OLD FOGY.
I'm thankful that the inn and moon
Aro both hung up so high,
That no presumptuous hand can stretch
And pull them from the sky i
If they were not, I have no doubt
But some reforming ass
Would recommend to take them down
And lljfht tie world with gas.
THE GOLDEN CALF.
BY THE REV. JOHN PIERPONT.
Ist evening tho Rev. John Picrpont dolivcrcd
ft Poem Lecture us nbove at tho Taliemacle, before
n crowded house. After some songs by tho UuU.li
inons, he spoke to tho following effect :
Notwithstanding the commandment against idol
ntrv, tho Israelites called for gods on their priests,
who, subservient, (as it may Ins they still arc,) melt
ed the golden oH'erings, nnd from tho furnace,
"My friends restrain your laugh,
Comes out a god a little golden cnlfl"
This calf, liko Jupiter, has often chnnged his
"Whatc'ro his form nnd pressure, or his mold,
Tho real God is latent in the gold."
lie is tery powerful ; prison-bars molt before
him. Ilo has traveled Irom r.gypt nnu rccoiveu
homage in every land, nnd iu ninny various forms,
for of theso
"ho has n range ;
He even thrives he almost lives on'Changt."
What is the mnn of wealth honored for? Learn
inghumanity? No llo knows no such words!
his talk is of dividends nnd tho like ;
" ho is nioro than half
An incarnation of the golden calf."
You may appeal to him for the widow, Jh.e ni
phan, his fellow-man toiling under ft seJrohin
sun, whoso ncsn tne
" cowhide scores
Till pitying bloodhounds come and lick his sore;"
"Knock nt his henrf, or where his heart should bo;
Your knock is vain a hard, metallic ring,
Is nil the sound that from his breast you bring."
The Moslem nnd the Hebrew cry, "There la no
"God but ono ;"
"There is no God but cno wo nlso hold
Ono only God but then, that God is Gold."
Our railways, life, rich in genius, beauty, and af
fection is sacrificed ; but
"Friends murmur not, suppress your pitying sighs,
Tho golden calf demands a sacrifice."
Tho npostlo snys life Is vapor; therefore rapor is
ino; inerciore ino sieam-cngino tuu giv uiurv iu
a day than it destroys in a years
"Such is the logic of tho goldcu god,
And road-conductors give th' approving nod."
Fire consumes a vessel nt sea ; erect ou the near
est shore ft cenotaph to the lost, and
"Cut deep their names, that future times be told.
Who there lie victims to tho calf of gold ;
Victims, of old, camo from tho stall and pen,
Wo crown his altars with our noblest men."
He has other sacriticcs; when buyer and seller
both lie to save or gain a ccut :
"Not lifo is there the sacrillco, but truth."
Wliilo the calf stands by, and
"Liko Jove Olympin, gives a gracious nod,
And only snys il.csu people know their god."
Parents racrilico a daughter: sho is forced to
"Perpetual faith to one whose only claim
To munhood is his father's noto or name;"
and whose beard stands hiui instead of brains.
"Could sho but frado iu beards, entirely free,
And get a real goat for that goatee,
Happy thrico happy, would tho victim be.' "
So a young man is sacrificed to a girl,
"Whoso purso is deep, tho' shallow is her brain.1'
He has, how over, this consolation: ho may sny
"So that she a solid gold, my bolter half
Is all the bettor that ehe.s but a ealf."
Moloch, a hollow brazeu image, was filled with
tire, and children placed iu his red-hot anna ; but
the calf receives saci-iliccs as cruel. A boautilul
girl, who loves a worthy youth, is destined by her
mother to wot a debauched, but wealthy old uinn.
she is to be clasped to
"Tho breast that now glows, and con only glow,
n an tires, uto .vioiocu a aiuuied irom below,
Liko tho "Star uf Fmpire," the calf "Westward
"tukes Uis way.r ,
"Amid Nevada's snowa he chews the cud,
Or tools bis hoofs in Fcuthor-river'a mud."
Thither men toil,
"Begging tho blatant beast to bear thoir prnyers,
Ami shako tnem oil eouio oi nis shiny hairs. '
Even Israel worshipped this ealf with feasting,
dancing nod pluy ; but he is now (inure foolishly)
worsnippeu wuu Hunger, iiursi nnu ton.
The discontinuance of human sncrilicca to Jug
gernaut has been purchased ; yet, on the Isthmus
of I'm ion, around Cape Horn, and ovur llio plains,
the calf receives quite as many victims. Shall this
mad idolatry continue? The All-wiso and Good
calls ou men to break the chum which binds them
to it :
"All other sovereigns in thy heart dethrono,
And nerving man, servo tho True God alone I"
Several passago wero received with hearty ap
plause und loud laughter.
JlijrTho ensuing dialogue will remind our read'
crs of the culilnquy which unco found ft place in
this part uf our Magazine, embracing au inquiry
ns tu who was the lather of Sheui, Ham, and Ja-
pliet, and n familiar illustration uf a "Mr. Smith
and his threo sons, John, Jiinics, nnd Joseph:
" Last Sunday I was endeavoring to explain to
ono of my Sabbath-School scholars, a boy of six
or soven years of ngc, the manner in which the
sinner, being clothed with the righteousness of
Christ, became accepted by Uou.
' Now Tim,' said I, ' what color is that wool ?'
' White, sir,' he replied.
' But look through these green spectacles, and
what color docs it appear?'
But is tho wool rcnlly greon, or does it only
seem so because you are looking through a green
It is white, and only looks greon from the spec
tacles,' ' Very well, now. Just so with God and man.
Are not nil men sinners?
' Yes, sir.'
' And doesn't God hate sin ?'
' Yes, sir.'
1 Well, now, if God loiks at ui through the per
icciioiin oi uriur, now win wo appear f
"Good Murnino." Everybody says "good morn
nig in ivew i om mi ajur amner. i he higher
the circle a man moves iu, the Inter ho dinos, and
the longer ho says "aood inorninir."
This salutation is a sort of sliding scale of peo-
n t;i-tna jm'smiou f mo lunvr II TUnH, U1Q Illgn-
or he stands. The man who says "cnod evenimr"
to you at exactly one minute past twelve, City Hall
tune, is down to 0 xcro. Depend upon it, ho
works for a living; hooos it dow n town, mornings,
nnd carries his dinner iu o small tin pail with a
young tin pail inverted upon tho top of it. The
sun reports himself not moro regularly at the uio-
.... .., .,,u ., n ,,ioil,u
There's another that bids you "cood momino.1
nnd nil the bells, littlo nnd big, havo tolled, struck,
nnd rung two o'clock. Ho's "well to do." nnd well
fed and dines nt half past steps gently into the
omnibus fare six coots and is set down some
where, to walk gonily a fow steps, and in n chair
with nims nnd cushions, mcditatingly ministers to
"the inner man."
Thero conies ono nt six full past, who snys "good
"morning" still. Ik't up tu 12 on the scuie
tho very boiling point of respectability.
And there, on tho eurb-stono side of the walk,
stoals n poor devil, ho for tho matter of dining is
not on the scale ut all. Ho tiw dines ; ho could
say "good morning" nil day long, were thero any
such thing in his Almanac, or nny "inquiry" for
beggars' wishes. Tho thermometer doesn't go up
into his circle; the tube isn't long enough ; wator
vaporizes before it gets thero, as at seven P. M., he
siuuue at ono oi tne Turk Utiles, hut iu hand for a
copper, and murmurs as you acowl at him, an
humble deprecatory "ooou uoaiiiNu." Tribune.
What a Waste I It is computed by an English
writer of distinguished ability that the hits, ring
people of Great Britain. rnliiivA uf tlm I. ;....
and middle classes, expend uo leu than XM.OOO.OUO
or J'J60,0tK),(KM, every year on alcoholio liquors
MAJOR DOWNING ON WOMAN'S RIGHTS.
Maj. Powning has beon to the Woman'e Rights
Convention, nnd thus talks on the suhjocti
"Jerry, where do you guess I've been to-day f
You can't guess If you try n week. I've been 'to
the Woman's Itights Convention, I have, upon my
honor, in the Urondwny Tabernacle, thie Tory day.
There wasn't notion' tlicre to hurt nobody, and I
shouldn't be afraid, to go again. I guess there
was a thousand women folks there nnd three or
four thousand men; but the men didn't seem to be
a mite afraid, and ono bald-headed mnn, I beliove
they said his name was Garrison, made bold to
tako a sent upon the stage, right alongside the
head wnmnn folks. I trembled for him when I
first saw him there; but they never touched him,
nnd he sot there the w hole tune, looking aa meek
as n lamb nnd bold ns a lion.
"An old lady from Philindclphia, Mrs. Mott,
wns Checnnan or President, nnd she wns rnly ft
smart old lady. She did the business man fashion,
nnd n good deal bettor than I've seen a great many
do it. One woman read a speech, something about
progress, but it was too lamed for me ; I didn't
seem to get hold of it much, though I suppose it
was nil right, Tho gestures could be better.
" Hut when Miss Lucy Stone got up and mado
the prettiest little stump speech you over heard,
everybody waked right up. She looked pretty,
nnd 'she spoke pretty ; nml she is pretty; that is,
ns far off ns I sot; don't know now she'd look
eloso tu. I didn't believe in Bloomer dresses
before, but I nlinost do now. They beenmo tho
little short, straight, round Miss very much, tho'
I nin't euro they'd bo quite the thing tor Sally Star.
Miss Lucy speaks ns glib as a lawyer, and ane
proved ns plain as the rulo of three, that the wom
en folks bail already made good doctors, nnd good
merchants, nnd therefore could do anything else,
only give 'cm a chance. Sho had ft cunning little
way ol making gestures with one hand, and clap
ping t'other behind her, nnd stepping about tho
stage in her cunning little Itloomcr, that came down
nbout half way from tho knee to the nnkle, nnd
looked ns independent ns if sho were ft littlo Presi
dent of the L'nitod States. For a nice, dainty
stump speoch, Miss Lucy is the man ; nnd if she
wns up for Congress, I tell ye, Jerry, I wouldn't
ask if it was the Hard Shell or Soft Sholl ticket,
by jings, l a Tote tor her,"
Tne Water Rah. We give the following ex
tract of a letter as tho toxt i
" At ft meering of the Farmers' Club last sum
mer you stated that a person in Now Jorsey had
so arranged n wntering ram (where there wns no
nnturnl tall of wnter) Mnt it threw water ft con
sidcrnble distance on Ins mnn, nnd referred to it
as showing how nn artificial stream could be made
whero no natural tall existed.
That wo Imvo scon dono in scvcrul instances.
Tako nny placo that is naturally wet, and lav down
under draws until you accumuhto wator cnouch
at tho outlet, which is easily done, to drive ft wnter
ram, nnd you can send one-eighth of the stream
any distance you plcaso through lead pipes, rising
iwen.iy icci lo cvjry looi inn.
Vt liter rains can bo iot nt nny spring or stream
wuero there is ft fall, nnd will give constant
stream nt tho house on tho hill, a milo from the
spring and a hundred feet nbove. X. Y. Tribune,
God gave tho Wren a pleasant place
Within the darkling wood,
Whoro he might sit and sing to Him
Who fills the solitude.
God gave the little Yiolot
In chosen spots to dwell,
Whence its faint breathings might go up
And please its makor well.
God gave the Moon a lofty place,
Yet made her mild and sweet,
As she, o'er troubled earth and sea,
Wanders with still, white feet.
Thanks! that a bird should teach usprnise,
A flower should toach us prayer,
That we should learn from mortal skies
To hallow mortal care.
Tub OrsTiR Trade or Baltimore. According to
tho Baltimore American, the product of the oyster
i rime oi ino uuy isecuiti to or greater man tne pro
duct of all tho wheat and corn raised in the State uf
Maryland. Tho whole shores of the Chosapoake
liny nnd its tributaries aro adapted to the growth
of tho oystor, and as but ono year is required for
their full growth, an immense profit accrues to
those engng.'.i in tho buisncss a profit which is
estimated t.t somo three hundred to six hundred
per cent. . There uro 250 vessels engaged in the
buisncss, which avcrago about t)00 bushels to the
cargo, nnd requiro nino or ton days for tho trip.
These vessels, making in the aggregato 6,000 trips
during the eight months in tho year in which they
aro engaged, give a total of 4,800,000 bushels per
year sold in tho Baltimore market. The oysters
bring nn nverngo price of fifty cents per bushel,
which gives a grand total of $2,400,000 per year
paid for oysters by the dealers n tho city. Some
of tho houses send by tho Baltimore and Ohio and
.Susquehanna, Railroads, to say nuthiug of tho
othor niodos of transportation, from eight to twolve
tons of" canned" oysters per day. The shells are
carried (for manure) to ull parts of Virginia and
North Carolina. In tho "shocking" of oyster the
shells will increase about one-fourth, which would
give ft totnl of nbout 0,000,000 bushel of shells,
which sell for two cents per bushel, making a ro
turn of $120,000 per year for the shellsnlono.
Tin Higher Law. The first articlo of the
Constitution of the Sandwich Islund read as
" It is our fixed decreo thnt no law shall bo
enacted which is at variance with the word of
tho Lord Jehovah, or at variance with the gen
eral spirit of his word. All the laws of the
island shall bo in accordance with the general
spirit of God's law."
Freedom a Condition or Heai.tu. What men
and women need for health is varied employments,
varied amuscmonts, attractive industry, pleasant
society, the gratification of their talents, tustos and
desire. They demand full and free exercise for
tlioir whole natures. Nothing short of tin ia
worthy of humanity. Now we are all slaves
slaves of perverted habits ; slave of custom and
fashion, which aro to society what habit is to the in
dividual; slaves of a public opinion, which is ready
to crush tho smallest exerciso of the sovereignty of
.1 I l I l , . i . i
me inuiviuuai; slaves ui creeus nnu law wiuen
tho world has lungoutirrown which may have been
necessary garments once for our protection, but
w liich are now fetters to hiuder our progress; slaves
of "time-honored institution," well enough, por
hups, in tlioir day, but dead now, and demand iue
to be buried. Compared with these slaveries of
the soul, all external bonds and outward forms of
slavery, such as Russian Cxnrism, or Austrian I in
pcriulisra, or Spanish Fanaticism, or neero slavery,
are of less account. A long a a man wishes to
ciihIuvo, repress, or control any other human boin
with bis beliefs, moralities, tastes, customs, or al
luctious, no nas no rignt to coiniiiiiin ot any slavory
in tho world. I renounco und I denounce them all.
Thero can bo no truo health for the iudividual, or
for society, until we have the substance of freedom,
as we have the shadow ; until every individual is as
i..-i e ...i .i . ,
iiiuujimuciii ui cvury uiuer ns mis nation Is, ' aua
of nirht ouicht to bo, independent of other nations
hound to them only by tho bonds of mutual in-
, . 1 ...i iV...,..-..- ...i ,
iuru.ii miu uuruvuun. jmjicrw aMnrojjuioyy.
"The Anglo-Saxon race." say a writer in the
Putnam, " ha accented the primal curse a a bless
ing, una uoiuuu worn, ana would nut nave tlianked
Adam fur abstaininn from the apple. It would
have dammed up the four river of Paradise, sub
stituted cotton lorjlg leave among tho antndoluviun
populations, and cuiuinondod mau'a first disobedi
ence a ft wise measuro of political economy."
Lord Palmerstnn ha resigned, owing to hi op
position to tho Reform Bill, which is to be presented
at the next session of Parliament.
SALE.1I, OHIO. DEALEIt IN
OFFERS the largest and most varied assortmco
of Goods in his line, to be found in this part of the
State; which the publio are respectfully solicited
His Stock comprise In part, the
Uittoriral Work of Jonephue, IMlin, Rohtriton,
Gibbon, Hume, Macautey, WiUiard, JIiL
dreth, etc., dc.
'Too numerous to mention," embracing all the
principal Poet from Shakespeare, to Alexander
THE SCIENTIFIC WORKS
of Ure, UumboJI, I.urll, Jlitcheock, St. Juhn, Broel-
I - - L - - t IT.. 1 . 7 I
ALL THE PRINCIPAL
Itlcdlcal Works, now la uc.
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN GREAT
A Splendid assortment of FANCY OIFT BOOKS
and ALBUMS, for the Hollidays.
THE LIFE OF IlorrF.R. KAIMATITE OF
A Lady's Voyage Hound the World, and an end
less yarioty of other Miscellaneous Books.
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adnptcd to eve
ry nco and of all sues nnd price, iaustv
BOOKS, Wholesale and Retail.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS REGION
Wholesale and Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Pass Books.
Fifty doion Slates. Writing Pnptr of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and Materials;
Materials for Flowers.
VOLD AND STEEL PENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prin
ters' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fancy
Articles, ic, 4c.
In addition to which, is a largo Stock of WALL
AND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will be
sold cheap for CASH.
October 23, 1853.
The Sugar C'reok Water Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Mnssillon undor the
chargo of Dr. Frense, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on pure Hydropathic
principles. We give no drugs. They nro only
hindrances to tho radical cure of disease. The suc
cess w hich has thus far ntteuded our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of bumnnity, ennblos us to spenk
confidently of tho virtue of jr to1 irafer, a pro
per diet, io,
Torms $5 in ordinary cases, payable wockly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropathic
Institute and Editor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing tho Wnter Cure movements of the
country, says of us:
" Dr. Fries, a most thorough and energetic phy
sician, has a Wator Cure at Sugar Creek Falls, O.
Hi terms are very moderate, but there are few
Slacos we could rocouinioud with greater confl
once." Addross, Dr. S. Frease, Deardoff's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O. .
JOHNSON & HORNER'S
Large nnd Commodious New Store,
IS now open for the accommodation of the Public,
with ft large and well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilts,
Brocha, Silk, Thibet, and Bay State Shawls, Em
broidery, Ribbons, Boots and Shoes, A lareo stock
of Quin Shoes, sold at Massachusetts prices, Dress
trimmings in grent variety, new style ot Lnce
Veils, nnd Ladies' Gum Boots, something new.
Ours is the onlv store in town that hns a rood
light. We have been at great expense to put f
Sky-Light in our store, so thnt our customers will
uot havo to buy their goods in tho Dark. Wo are
determined to keep up with the time ; Heady J'uy
and Small Profits.
P. S. Good expressly for Friends, foes, nnd nil
the rest of mankind, who want Cheap Goods M'e
wish to inform tho Publio that we have the largest
stock of Dress Silks in town; in fai t we wish it to
bo understood that our storo is the Silk Store of the
iluce. And wo are not too modest to toll what we
mve to soli,
JOHNSON & HORNER.
Oct. 11, 1853.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IK SALESl'.l
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!!
A GREAT excitement prevailed in this town, a
fow days since, in consequence of an arrival of a
train ot tars, loaded with Aow Uoods, for tho
NEW CLOTHING STORE.
Wo therefore think it expedient to call the atten
tion of the citixons ol Salem anu vicinity to our
immense Stock of Goods.
Among our now Stock of Clothing are the fol
Over Coats or every description, sort and sue.
Cloth Frock, Dress and .Sack Coats.
Tweed. Cassinetto, and Velvet Sack Coats.
Black, Fancy, Silk, Satin, Cloth Cussimero nnd
Velvet V est.
Fancy. Black, Cassimore and Doe-Skin Pants.
do do Satinett, Tweed and Beverteen Pant.
Undcr-Shirts and Drawers of every discretion.
Hosiery, Gloves Cravats, Stocks, Handkerchiefs
Striped sod Fancy Shirt of all kinds; White
shirts, Collars, o., ate.
Also. Hats, Caps, Carpet Baca and Trunks.
A large assortment of Boy Clothing, of every
We will offer our Goods as cheap and cheaper
than any establishment in tne western Uounlry;
we tool conndont that uy lair treatment to custom
crs, you will give us a share of your patronage.
JOHN FRIDAY Co.,
Ea.it Room of Juhmnn if' Ilorntr'i New Uuildiny.
Salem. Oct, 28, 1853.
The Wonderful tad Thrilling Narrative
SOLOMON NORTIIUP, '
TUB KIDNAPPED NEW-YORKER, WHO WA
TWELVE YEA It 9 A SLAVE!
in the distant South, and finally rescued, in i
providential manner. The Book corroborates th
adage, thut " Truth is straneer than fiction." Jt
ha received the unbounded recommendation of
the free pro,
17,000 copies have been sold In four month !
1,000 agont wanted, to soil the abovo, in all
parts of the United btate and Canada, to whom
the most liberal term are eivon. From 1100 ti
$1,000 a year, can be realized by active and ros-
The above make one handsome 12mo. vol . i,l
330 page 7 enirravinirs. and is sold for I fin
Copies aent by wail, (post-paid,) on reoeipt of
w for lurtlier particular apply to the pub-
Derby A Miller, Auburn, N. T.
Daaar, 0ow Mvlssiwx, Bnflkte.
THE Subscribera are just receiving their Fall
DKT GOODS, (ROCERIES, QlEL'SSWiaE, ll , it.
Also a large assortment of Boots and Shoe.
Which they offer at their usually cheap rate, for" .
Cash or Merchantable Produce.
it-Don't fi.rirnt tho place. American Ilouee,'
Corner of Main and Ellsworth Stroots, Salem, O.
TOMI.INSON, STRATTON A C.
September 8th, 1H53.
Voixhx 10, roa 1854.
Tut Tenth Volume of this noptilnr Journal wilt
commence on tho 1st of January, 1854. We make
our annual appeal to the Farmer, the Mehanio,,ant
the Ikimcstio tj i role, to lend us a generous assistance1
in snnplviiig the Industrial (.'lassos with a cheap .
and reliable paper,
Devoted lo agriculture, Domtilie ind Rural affairs,'
Contaiximo of all times valuable hints for the FttrnC
the Shnp, nnd the Firetilf, nnd seeking the elerak'
tion of Labor in nil its legitlmnto interest; oppoe'
ine quackery and humbug in all their form, and)
filling tho noblo station of a truo
HOttE PAPEIt OF THE WEST.
Tin Editor have long beon familiar with the'
peculiar condition of Western Agriculture, and by
extensive travel nnd observation keep themsclvaa'
informed of the want and progress of the country
Tns Ohio Cultivator i published on the lit
and 15th of every month lb large octavo pages.
with titlo page and index at tho end of the yri
making ft volume of 3 SO pages suitable for blntlifigi
TiaMs. Single subscriptions $1 a ibar. Four
eopie for $3. Nino copies for fG and same price
(00 cent each) for any Inrgcr number. All sub-
scription to be paid in advnncfe, and to common)
with the year. Pwon ending Club, may have
them directed to different offices if they choose i
and those having sent a smaller number, may after
wards increase to nine, or more, at the Club rates.
To nny persou sending us a Club of Nino subscri
bers anu o, we will senu, post paid, a complete
Volume for any previous yenr, in paper cover.
Address, BATEIIAM 4 HARRIS.
PROSPECTUS FOR 1854.
THE SATURDAYEVENING POST
I'urivolrtl Array or Talent.
The proprietor of tho POST, in ncnin combe
before the public, would return thanks for the gen
erous patronngo w hich hns placed them far in ad
vance ol overy other Literal y vt cckly in America.
And, as the only suitable return for such frco and
hearty support, their arrangements for IKS 4 have
been mado with a dezreo uf liberality probably un-
oqunlcd in the history of American newspaper lit
erature. They have engaged a contributor for
the ensuing yenr the following brilliant array ot
talent and genius: Mrs. SutrunosTii KnEnsea
Bennett Mrs. Denison Grace Greenwood ax a
In the first paper of January next, we design
commencing nn Original Novelot, written ox prosily
for our columns, entitled
TUE BRIDE OF THE WILDERNESS,
DT EMEKJON BENNETT.
Author of " Violo," " Clr Moroland," "The Tag
ged Will." etc
11ns INovelct. by tho popular author or " Clara.
Moroland," wo design following by another called
BY MRS. MARY A. DENISUX,
Author of Home Picture," " Gertrude Russell,"
We havo also tho promise of n number of Sketch
es by Grace Greenwood, w hose brilliant nnd versa
tile pen will be nlinost exclusively employed upoa
tho Post nnd her own " Littlo Pilgrim.
Mrs. Southworth, whose faeinuting work are
now being rapidly republished iu Eiiglsnd, alse
will maintain her old and pleasant connection witk
the Post. The next story from her gifted poo wil
Mirinm, Tltc Avenger
OR, THE FATAL VOW.
BY EMMA D. E. N. SOtTniVORTO,
Author of "The Curse of Clifton," "Tho Lost Heir
ess," " l ho Deserted vt no, etc.
And last not least wo are authorized to a-
nounco a series of articles from ono who hns rapid
ly risen very high iu popular favor. They will b
NEW SERIES OF SKETCHES.
BY FANNY YERN,
Author of " Fern Leaves," etc.
We expect to be able to commence the Sketch
by Fanny Fern, as well a the eerie by Grace
Greenwood in the early numbers of th coming
r.ngravincs, roreign Correspondence, Agricul
tural articles, the news, Congressional Reports, the-
.Markets, etc., nlso shall ho regularly given.
Ddr CHEAP POSTAGE. The postngo on the
Post to nny part of tho United Status, w hen paid
quarterly in advnncc, is only 26 cents n year.
Ierms. 1 lie terms ol tlio t'ost are 1 wo itollar
per annum, payable in advance.
4 copies, ..... $5 per aa.
8 " and ono to the getter up of a club 10 "
; II ! ! 11 II J II
C) ii ii ii ii ii ii 20 11
The money for Clubs always must be sent In ad
vance, subscriptions may be sent nt our risk.
Whon the sum is largo, a draft should be procured
if possible, the cost of which may be doducted from
the amount. Address, alwayt pott-paid.
DEACON & PETERSON,
No. 60 South Third Street, Philadelphia,
N. B. Any porson being desirous of rcceivinc
n copy of the Post ns a sample, enn be accommo
dated by notifiying tho puplishor by lotter, (post
MANLEK CARPENTER'S FBElU'l
IS now comploted, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expense in fitting up, to
operate with advantage, and with reference to th
comfort and convcuiouce of those who may favor
us with a call ; iu short, we ftre permftnently lo
cated Our rooms nre in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0.
Call nnd see us. You will find our reception room,
ncut and comfortable.
Can be surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages, taken uri
like, or no charge! 1 Our prices runge from 40
cents, to 20 dollar. Past experience, and present
advantages, enablo us to tako Good Likeneeiee, eat.
very reasonable Rates, lloing, also, posted in all,
the recent improvements of the art, our time and:
ontire attontiun shall bo tu render full satisfaction.,
sick or doceused persons taken at their room..
Our motto, ia EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Persons wishing Pioturo taken on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without oxtra charge. ,
Sy Rooms open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until 0
P. M. June .11 st, 1853.
JAMES BARNABY.. . . V.
North Side Main-St., One Door West of th SaU.
Jiook-btore, Salem, Ohio,.
CoaU, Vests, Pants, Ao., Made to Ordor and Wa.
runted to Give Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Busincwi in all bis Branches, ar-
rhsd en nt hrUt,