Newspaper Page Text
GERRIT SMITH'S SECOND SPEECH.
During tlio discussion pf tho resolutions in com
mendation of the conduct of Opt. Ingrnlmm, at
Mnyrna, in the house of Representatives yes
Gcrhl .Smith, of New York, row and
Perhaps, Mr. Speaker, I should not have pro
mimed to rise, had I been duly influenced by what;
the gentleman from Alabama has just now told us !
in ins uiaractoristica ol a statesman, ror, in that I
gentleman s esteem, the heart does not enter into
the composition of a statenmn. With him, the
is a creature all head, and no heart. I
W ltli mo, on tho contrary, the heart is of morel
account than the head mid tlmt, too, in all the;
possiiue circunistancu ot lite, including even the
province of statesman-hip. A higher authority
than the gentleman from Alubunn miikes more ol
tno heart than id the head. His command. a
woll upon the statesman as upon every other per-:
eon, is, My son, givo mo thine heart." The i
first, and the head afterw ards. The facul-l
ties of man drive on but to niiseheif and ruin, un-i
loss the henrt bo tirst given to the right and tliel
I find, that gontle nen of Alabama agree In their'
Another gentleman from I
defltiitinn of Untcsinnn.
mat otate. .vir. J hums, when reviewing m
jicech, a fortnight ago, kindly informed me that 1
am but a scntamentalist, and not a statesman. To
use almost precisely his words! Though I had
attained some notoriety in the country as a sen-j
ramentaiist. I nnl never risen to the durniry ol a
statesman. " 1 beg that gentleman to be patient I
with me, I may vet become the dignilied, heartless,
frigid, conventional sort of hoinjr, that makes up
he accepted nnd current idea of a statesman.
They s.iy that Congress is a capital place for
finking a statesman of one, who is willing to
come under the process. They say so, for the
reason that Congress is a capital place for getting
Hd ofall sentiment, and sympathy, nnd conscience
ii-.jw i (.ilium p iv wi.n i am ivrv oini'iuuun in.
hive realized, in my own person, tile popular
of a -statesman. Nevertheless. I beg the gentle-
man In be patient with me. When I shall have i
been in Congress a few weeks longer, 1 may so
far have lost my heart, and killed mv soul, as to be
a candid ite for the honors of a statesman. And ;
then tho honorable gentleman will no doubt, be
Willing to take me by his own right hand, and in-j
stall tue int i that dignity which he and other stales-
man so self-eoniplaeently enjoy.
But to come to tho resolutions. I like them cx-
an.l!nli nnA f .l,,...i.i n .1. . .
v.vui.iij , ...... r-..,.,.,.. ..'j..,. i, h-ti iii.Tiii ii.-
ainauimuusiy. i line mem oxceciiiniy and espec-,
inllv because they avoid nil questions of nationality
and oili.eusliili: und leave the justification of Cm. I.
In''ralmm to rest on the naked V-rouad of humanitr.
I was much pleased to find the distinguished pen-
tletiun from Virginia and South Carolina, Mr.
Bayly and Mr. Orr, defending tho resolutions in
this fight. Delighted was I, when I heard the
gentkinun fiom Soulli Carolina Mr. Orrj dot lure,
in such iiupri'sioned language, that humanity is, of
itself, ample justification for Captain Ingrahim's
C.U.L Incraham. nm.rdii.ir fo the indication
Vlll'l .ui;iUi.lll. Ill . OIUIJ.U IV IIIV IllllOICtlllOII
of the resolutions, and according to these gentle-!
interpretation and defence 'of the resolutions,
obevel tho simple law of hum .uiiiy that law.
against which, to 11,0 H.ble laugunt... "there is no
law." Not only is it paramount law, but against
there can be no law. Cant. lugmhain recounted
no Uw fr kidnapping and oppre8Binc his fellow
It.. ii;,..-...i .wi. . r... ,
ul rights ; nud ho would not acknowledge ns law
M-I.nl M.a T..- ll.A .1 ..ili.n ,.C :......... .1 .'
fore, without pausing t'o enquire "into' any enact-
ments ot lurkcy or Austria, tio generously nnd
nobly surremlered liunselft'i coninmnda of the law
of humanity, and delivered Kosita.
Capt. Ingraham s.uv 111 Ivosr.ta o wnn a kid-1
rapped and oppressed man-am , therefore he
to set him frrc. The manhood of
was all tho warrant that Captnin Ingaiham
Jioeilcd to demand tho liberty of riostz.i. Lantain
r . . ... " . . . . , I .
Ingraham s sympathies are uot bounded by St.le
They nre not coutruiled
question of nationality and citizenship ; but w here
ho sees his brother kidnapped or outraged, thilhor
d.s he let his sympathies go out effectively for
the deliverance of such brother.
I was glad sir, to hear the gentleman from IVnn-:
sylvania, Mr. Chandler, in tho course of his
speech quote the maxim "JlinUnt qui rito
dat, (ho gives twice who gives quick.) to incite us
to the prompt passago of the resolution. Well
Captain Ingraham deserve tho benefit of this
and happy quotation, for ho acted bravely
and beautifully under tho inspiration, if not of
auothcr Latin uiaxim : "Xilhuntaiti a mteUietntm,"
(nothing that concerns man is foreign to ruel Yes,
Captain Ingraham honored this sublime maxim,
which was coined by a slave ; for Terence, its high
fouled author, was a Roman slave.
' Pass these resolutions, Mr. Speaker pass them
promptly and unanimously. By doing so we shall
onor humanity and honor ourselves ; by doing so
-re shall rebuke our Government for havinir taken
three years ag.i, the diabolical position, timt they
who rescue their kidnapped, and oppressed, and
ouu-agu, uucruBne'i ureiuern, meru, ut me nanns;
tf thisOovernmout, tines and imprisonment, l'nss
these resolutions, aud you will cheer the hearts
of those who havo rescued such poor brethroo, and
of other whe are determined to rescue them when-1
ever they can get the opportunity to do so. I'ass
those resolution ; and these future rescuers of the
roost wronged of all men will rejuico in knoviing.'of
diat upon tho principle of the.o resolutions, nud
upon the principle by which some on this tloor havo!
advocivled thorn, they are entitled, not to sillier
Tho Frou Deinrcrntiu Stato Committee havo ro
coiniuended tho Freo Deniocruts of tho several
towns to tuko measures to have a lecture, or a ser-
ios of lecture, in their several localities durinirthe'
winter. This is un excellent idea, and we hope
tho friends of froedom will act efficiently in aeeor-:
dance with this suggestion of tlio Column tee. Now
is the time to reason camly and coolly with thel
upon the great principles of freedom,
which are the fundamental principles of our gov-
eminent. Oct un lectures, nnd invito in tho women
and children, and call in the men of all parties'
from the highways aud byewavs hid all to come
in, and hear our priori olos esofuinej, without hav-1
ins their uiiuda maiuificod bv llm bouu of a r.end-!
ing election contest. Iu this way the pooplo will
beooma acquainted with tho true principles of Free
and we shall gain large accessions from
crumbling elemenU of Hie old parties. Button
... ... ... . .
. ?.VM tm a.uro witu picture bocauso
i i .l"'"1"- " - c . , -
:Ut. '!1,t1' lu 800 "VlV ,f U,u!, J""
mcu are coming at myiu iu.ooiimi.il ttio.rare
ever to attorn, their object, hey ii.ii.t do something
besides making a Knt du.t W t.rj.ve tU,lwn.
Haying learned that the best for Ai.t.-Mavery
agitation is not hen the minds of tlio poplo are
"prejudiced by the heats of a pending election con
tent, they will, if they can bo persuaded to try the
plan which the Cvoimrmirealtn so earnestly com
mends, soon attain to a knowledgo ot the tact that
tho best uicaiu for such agitation is to bo sought
associations wholly disconnected from party politics,
and that tho boat Auti-Sluvery lecturers, other
things being equal, are not those who aro either
known or suspected to bo ofiico-scHkcr. If the
luting Abolitionists of the old Buy Stuto want
giuite the Coinmonweulth effectually, we commend
.them tu the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society
unagoucy admiarbly aliiptel to the purpose.
41 We hold our slaves, because there are two
ces which were pluutcd hero before the present
government was founded. We hold them because
we we not willing to ainulgiimute, any moro than
the people of New York, with the negroes.
w ant to keep our Teutonio blood pure, to bo worthy
dosoendeuu of our great ruce. J'lenton't reply
Her r it Smith.
' The means employed are not at all in harmony
fr'rtk the end desired. Facts show that Slavery
the very poorest instrument in the world for
preservation of the purity of the Teutonio or any
other blood. Wherever the institutions exists,
rtiere will be found, on the "human face divine,"
as many shades as there were iu Joseph's coat.
Albany tire: Journal.
Delivered a very successful course of Lectures
last week in Pittsburgh. Tho paper notice them,
favorably. The Dispatch lavs:
n, . , - n . '
1 ill visit of Miss Lucy Stone to our citv en n not I -..i.u,.
fail to have a happy effect in drawing attention to;
tho disadvantages under which tho physically
weaker sex labor, in competing for bread, wealth
and station with their brethren and it has gratified
us much to see her lectures so well attended in a
community not in tho habit of encouraging public
speakers, especially when a charge is made for ad
statesman mission to the hall's they occupy.
Truo, hundreds hate been attracted by the
novelty of a speech from a woman, whilo a natural
curiosity, and the Initio ot the worn in, have materi
ally aided in this result ! but, so that tho result is
attained, and Lucy Stone has hud tho opportunity
advocating woman's rights and illustrating her
duties, so several thousand who have heretofore
heard of this movement only through the missrep
heart resentntions of its ornonent. in ram little what
motive brought them there, believing that many
who went to scoff, came away disposed to investi-
irate the subject full I v. and to aid in iruarantccinir
to woman nt least somo of tho rights of which she
nns so long ucen deprived.
No man who has a daughter that may be left an
orphan a wifo, who may some day be a widow no
one who had a mother should join in the witless
sneers ot brainless lops, against the ettorts now
making by w hole-souled noble women (not paste-
oonru sira wiiiiieooim -mains i iu secure mr me
cx which all should honor, at least such rights as
will render them independent, enable them to earn
their prcrd without a sacrifice ol healtn, and pre-
n a r. ......... I...!.... I'..-.,.,.! ... .. I... , , l.nu itf
v U,:"S v " "
but legalized prostitution marriage without love.
The Trainee Family. The wife of Charles
Trainer has been emancipated, and the family ro-
cently had a public reunion in tho City of New
i t j 1 it T
idc,,;Urk'. 11,0 u,ct""S oJJresscd b, Bey. Dr.
Pennington nnd lr. Lvwis Tap) an.
Mr. Tappan pave a history of the case, from the
time the telegraphic dispatch was received from
Cincinnati to tho decision of Juden llurculo. He
narrated the hesitation and fear of Judges on thej
bench to administer simple justice: judgment thai I
might have been arrived at in half an hour, was I
sought for through the various Courts, in this city,!
for more than three weeks, and all the justice Hieu
R"1 n undecided decision. lie told, in ,
r, ot the shameless el-
1 imnln and earnest manner.
, 1 - - ,
j v. inrmMr;uu, m im iutln w lTl,"c
'cured to do their duty; how men, wealthy and in
fluential, escorted the bold woman to and from her
; homo of shame to the Court House; how other
I n,,,n attended by bullies end rowdies constituted
themselves her body-guard: how, by her ni t nnd
plausibilities, a largo portion of the community
j 'denied her and not the parents the injured party,
! A" ,,li8 1:c tu'a. ""d nearnnd often the friends
I of the poor man came of defeat in their laudnblc
i !n'J.' rl ,'."w' n,V r (TK,"ff. " vn,n l"T JuslK'
the lather ot Ins child; how eminent counsel tw ist-
and distorted the laws for her gold; how judges!
.....1 n A.. .I...!- J...... I. . I.I... :
1 . .... i . ., ,, , .. -
'" ,I,C,C JI:' ,'. ,lic U',.K'.1'. ol K'l.g . ounty j
; V " remiisilioiw.l .ludgo Jarculo, i
."r 't? "IT1'""1'0 " 'e vnriiog in question he,
,or0. h""' 1,11,1 '.''U 0,n"lT r,1,r"(;'J '' ' !
. ' "ul "l"c e rrowss uuii anou.cr o.uccr nm ,
! ?",..,1,e lr.r.erf nnd relived to give them up, and
,. " arr" 1,19 " " "le M "' unnger, ino j uuge re-1
1 plied, "1 am i.ot Judge ef the County of Kings
' e "nJ ""'' '.' citien of the
; , .i . , f , , Vi i v i
I ." " -7 'V "y'V'i
"' ""Z ' "" W?S. . !
: " . . ' : " i'.m
you shall have new paper; goto the High Sheriff
,.l)Urfi nnA Mvre nrf niui ,, i10!iring the opin-i
jon of lLi, j,K0 she wll0 ,in( mi)jcnchingl y brn-j
Ved the eve of the world, and dared to trample be-
e:ltl, Ik r' feet a parent's right to his child, turned '
1 1. .1.. ...n : 1 n-i . i
nvr nice 10 1110 nuuiii vervsiiume. ii.u sieaser;
. .... . ,i..:i .11 .1,. . : .1 I
k - . k. M. 1., -
tmJ cnila h j f
cu,0 fur ,)Cr 0TCr hcr ',,,,,,,
.-what, will you tell me that wl
the J ml no said'-
1 hen my child goes
into a neighbor n noose mol im there ilotmneil lv
bribes of swcct-meaU and tovs. that I cannot clnim
her and take her home?" As Lord Mansfield im
eloqucnt I mortalizcd himself by his grand decision, that
"every slave who sets his foot on British scil is
free,'' so did Judge Burculo immortalize his memo
does ry by his evon-handed decision in the "Jane Train
apposite er cai-e." Mr. Tappan then told of tho liberation
j of the child and of iier joyful caresses of her fnih-
er, when she had been removed from the society of
tho woman w ho claimed hcr.
!s; which regarding every
i.i-iuv. fiirie n lnve. seize
' nnon and iinnrixi.u bini 1.11 ni i.-inn. If be run-
not prove his free birth ho is told as u sluve if he
can, ho is sold to pay the jail fees, fur a limited,
111110, 11 is irue, out loo often lor a long enough pe-
! riud t.) insure his transportation to a sugar oiinta-;
tion far in the interior, where his complaints arc
1 never heard, und ho dies a bundiimii.
Tlio Ajiulm liinii, a spirited paper published at
Blairswllo, Tu., gives un account of the tcuiire of
1 a lad from thut ton 11, who lately fell into thu bandc
the tuan-i-tcalcrs, although ho had never voluu-
larily cmcred a fuuihcin ttatc. It sins:
...v letter was received lust week by Mr. Archi-,
baldCuleiuaii, of this vicinity, from Coiiuglon, Ky.,
signed by Stephen Shorter, a colored boy, well
known tu our ciuseus, who was born and raised
luwn, und who hud been with Mr, C. several
years. From tho statements iu the lcttur, it up-
peurs thut Stephen bud gone to Ciiicinnuli on u
Uout; and wishing to return home had got un
boald a stcuiuboal bound for l'ittsbunth secreted
himself, we uuderstund probably being without!
money, and anxious to get home. After the boat
I got underway, he was found by the cleik, who
told af the "adoptiou" 0j
, and of the child's prefer-,
C.iionm bi.lrf "riinniiify i.n ll-o riwr " orvlMit-l
ing the South, run great risk of being kidnapped,'
or sold into slavery under tho inhuinun laws of!
some ot the Southern states;
one of African descent ns
turcuteuea to nog uuu u no aid not confess bo was
a fugitive slave. By theto threats of violenco
conlession was finally forced from Stephen that he:
I had escaped from slavery; and ho was taken back
tu Covington (opposite Cincinnati) nnd placed in
' prison tu awnit the claim of his owner! He then
uiudo a statement of tho facts of his cure to the
jailor, who seems to have written the letter sinned
j Itf Stephen as the budy of tho w riting is n diflcrent(
' baud from the signature, ond a reply is directed
I be sent to the juilor's address, lie suited that
I he were not identified within a specified time, and
I jail fees to the amount of $00 puid ha would
I sold fur thu fees."
-Mr. Coleman consulted with several of our citi-
zons, ami a stauient of the fact of Stephen having
been born and raised in this vicinity,' was sent tt
assurance, that tho amount!
oration would be raised. -Some1
Blairsville, now in Cincinnati!
bl)tnbril al,n ruic(
h j .,, ; h ,
n0ccJlj8ul . for ui ,iljC
f teBiJenU of j
acquainted with Stephcu. and who could identify
him, were ulso writleu to, with a request to engage
the services of a lawyer, if necessary, to procure!
ins iiueratien. Bouieilung will prolmhly be tieard
from them relative to the matter in a few days.
AN OMEN FOR FREEDOM.
At midnight there wns a voice heard in our city.
It was tho last uight of the year. Simultaneously
the tolling of the bell on the steeplo aud tho
bell of our pastor's house, rung out their diverse
tone. The uue tolled last year's death the other
tolled three chattels have been born as mon.
"Receive these men iu thu name of God, and
speed them on until they roach that land where,
Americans ulouo are free." Thus read
tho letter then put in bis bauds. Ihoy were re-
oeived. The Sabbath morning saw them silting
the houso of prayer, among a iittlo baud who were
their brethren. For tho tirst time in nil their life
iney icit no m'i .o ui uc-muuuoii, saw uo sigu
A good new year to up. A glad new year
them, seemed iudicnled by tho token of their ad
vent to the .lurry platform, whore the resolutions
sympathy for suffering bonduien aro salted down
with well becoming action. The oppressor may
take notice if he w ill, that his slaves are here. He
may take warning too, that it s best to stay rway.
For uo earthly power can take a slave from Svr'i-
cuse. II 'ttlrytni.
PREJUDICE AGAINST COLOR REBUKED.
The New York Mimical World and Timet, in an
nrtielo upon the "Intolerance of colored,persont, In
New York," thus allude to the yulgar practice of
excluding them from cars, omnibusses, and other
rAviiiuniK mviu iiuui Luis, viiiiiiuueevB) ..i.u v.iir
ti. :. n ,-..;,j
all(i -iven.nndwetrust that.from such a source,
K.ceC(1 (l Mp f ,ha
. . ! . - . I
colored mail (but personal, kindly treatment of the
nine) is the greater injustice and wrong of the two.
Were wo in bondage at all cvonls, a kind master
who regarded us ns one of the human family vvcro
proforulilc to civil freedom among pcoplo who ro-
gnrd us as quadrupeds, and our proximity a dis-
era(.e t0 them however tidy and cleanly we are,
it w ill not be without effect.
" Kven molalities, who are so white, and every
way so decent as hardly to be distinguished from
white persons, are not admitted if they are observed.
Coloured boys, at most, may ride on the top. On
the other hand, the most filthy and unclean Irish
labourer, covered with mud and mortar, and reek
ing with spirituous ond bodily exhalations, can take
his seat on velvet cushion by tho sido ol silk and
"A short time sinco a relativo of ours, living in
t'.io country, sent to us a most decent, anil tidy, and
respectable mulatto woman, with ono of tho small
children of the family ; this faithful and favourite
domestic being commissioned to make purchases in
tho city to a largo amount for the coining winter,
and also to attend at the sittings of the little child
in the studio of painter, who was taking the pretty
dear's portrait. Wo livo nnito up-town j three
miles from the City Hull ami Mimical World office.
Every dny II (a somewhat stout person), during
the week that she remained with us, wes obliged to
walk the distance with the small child down to the
region of shops and of "Stewart" (besides all the
trudging to be done down town), and then walk
back again, because, forsooth, she was a (very
handsome withal) mulatto, and not admitted to car
and omnibus! Occasionally, in the evening, when
completely exhausted, doubling her veil she would
succeed, by tho help of the little white cherub face
at the side of her, to gain admittance to a car or
omnibus unchallenged. At other times, when she
stood at the corner of a street and beckoned, the
driver would pass her unheeded by, or the conduct
or would seem not to notico her.
" Now, shnmo on such intolerant and outrageous
prejudice and persecution of tho coloured race at
the North ! Kvcn the slaveholder would cry shame
up'-n us, for he has more humanity alioiit him in
this respect than we. It is a great question, wheth-
tumn: .v mui inn. vi mijr niiu lii'tiuijr v. q mv.
ana respectuijic in appearance and circumstances
hn continually force m.on ns thn tmlnful rnn...I
ousness of our inferiority who wound our pride
, . .... . . .'
and Humiliate us, i.y treating us as Inferior animals,
rather than ns human beings.
This exclusion of coloured persons from our
public vehicles, is a thing that now almost ns nearly
concerns the comfort and convenience of white
people ns of coloured. And tho moro the tido of
homo residence Uows upward, and away from tho
business and errand part iif tho city, the moro im
portant will it become. Public opi'uion ought for
cibly to put down this disgraceful exclusivencss in
. uw.. ...... u..-p,...i.v. in ciunncuci. m
,,ui,li0 vehicles, and compel omnibus and car com
men's panics to have it understood, that every decently
irrespective of colour, shall have
admittance to their vehicles. At the very worst,
n,any of our omnihusscs cannot be nearer jirst-cou-it
,;, t0 the pig.Mye than they are. from tobacco
juice, rotten hay, nud indiscriminate filth gener
..,.n .. II.. 0
nit I . .! Iinvn Int. ilnfn niA M l.il TtMt.tt.-til iliurrrtlnitirv I
r,f u fa'ir skin, or the lavebolilei- subiection of tho
PORTRAIT THE AUTHOR OF "UNCLE
T1, .,. ., ,, ,.,... ..uiu:,:
it 11 1 c . , , . .... ,
"""'ot Ueechnr Stowo, executed by Mr. Fisher, at
1,18 rc,),u'"' . Mr. I'urdy. According to the pie
d.Jterminod lr0' ,,,e il8llllRu'"'U writer is quite a good-look-hoxta
,nS W'!V ll'U'' "ll.v ubout forty-five years of
line. Sho is dresseil 111 a luirh-iiecluwl ll.i. U ilrn.
" , ,. , .. .-
A Milelidid cilt frame encloses the nortrnit. and an-
0t'10r frame of Toliheil mahogany, about four feet
hiBn nnd. ,l'.rce ref ide. Ttc glues front,
protect it frum iniurv
ine cost or tho portrait and frame was five hun
dred and sixty dollars, and the manairer of the
National incurred the expense in consequence of
tne grew success ot "i nelo loin s Cabin ' at his
place of amusement.-,. At the bottom of the por-
. : r I. .l. i. 11. .: ; 1
iraii-iiuuiu ibiiiu :
" MRS. HARRIET BEECIIER STOWE,
Al TIIORCS' or
M'XCLE TOM'S CABIN.'
Tainted frcm life by Aljimson Fi.mils,
For A. II. Pi-Rtr,
NEW 1 Olti:.
Mr. rislur s portrait of Mrs. Stowe than with any
other attempt of the kind which ho has teen. Ev-
cry feature - exactly copied, and the ccueral ex-
pression is pleaxunt, life-like nnd natural. On the
ia ii uauuiiouio picture and
whole, to his eve, it
a"'"'' . .
A full-length portrait of little Cordelia Howard,
tho wonderful " F.va" of " Uncle Tom's Cabin,"
should be pliu ed by the side of tho portrait of Mrs.
Stowe. If it were not for the acting of this little
child tho drama would loose ono of its principal
attractions. A'. )'. ie. 1 W.
A ,c,,rr accompanies the picture from Mr. C. E.
s!"w'?: . "J "t"ut ho is better satisfied with
FREEMAN VS. ELLINGTON.
Many inquiries have been made in regard to tho
: suit of Freeman against Islington for damngos for
'false imprisonment, Ac. The following statement
furnhed us will in fur 111 the reader of the past bc
uear tion nnd present condition of the ease:
lnthiscaso Lllington p
lihVutiuii of thu urict and
that Freeman was arrested and imprisoned by vir
tue of 11 w arrant Issued by Comnussioiior Sullivan.
upon his, Islington's ufliUuvit, in a proceeding un-
J der the Fugitive Slave Law, without alleging, in
the pleas, that Freeman was .his slave, or a fugi-
lnthiscaso Ellington pleaded two pleas in ius-
liiipi isoiiinent, alleging
tivo irum ins service, i pon an issuo raised by
people, a I demurrer, the Judge f tho Marion Circuit Court
held, that the jurisdiction of the Commissioner
i under the Fugitive Slave Law, was speciul nnd
limited, and that Kllingtnn arrested Frecmni
; his peril. If he proved Freeman to bo a fugi
from his service, it ought to bo alleged and
' justification would he completo; but if it turned
out that freeman was not his slave, Ellington was'a
to, tresspasser, and tho proceedings bofnre the Coni
Iuocraoy, if j missioner afforded no justification lo him. Thede
the niurrer was sustained.
bej Tho issues to be tried in the caso now are 1st.
I Ellinirtuii denies tho arrest and imprisonment: 2d.
' ulh-gus that Freeman was ut the time of the im-
prisonmeut his tlavo and a fugitive from his ser
.'".f0.1"1 j vices.
The defendant applied for a change of venue
which w as granted, nnd the action now stands for
trial nt tho next torm ot the Hendricks Circuit
Court at Danville.
j Tho inquiry lias also been made w hether any
effort would be made by the public to aid Free-
' man. v e are nuopy 10 say mat we are inlormed
that the public will be .appealed loin a few days
in bis behalf. We hopo it will not be in vain.
Liabilities have been inclined by which, if aid
not soon extended, Freeman's property must be
sacrificed. Indiana Free Democrat,
A NEW TALE OF SLAVE CATCHING.
In another column is advertised a tale bv Georire
i.ippurd, forthcoming in the Sumlay Mercum,
:n..... ,.e .1 I...... . i .. .
j illustration of the heroic business of slave-hunting
as pursued in tho Quaker City. Our only infor
oppressed uiatinu of the character of the work is the follow-
ing sketch by the Mercury, a tho characters that
in appear in it:
Itev. Roan B.owliard, whose Gospel is s Cross
No, three pronged fork. Firtt Flogging in the
oi , nuvy. aeruna Jhe uuliows. Hard Hie f ugi-
live Slavo Ijiw. .Elijah Curwiii, an old Quaker,
ami actor of the real Gospel Liberty and Love
lleujuiuin, his son, a gay Quaker, who "goes round
town ;" Blair Malcom, a yallant Southron,, whu de
fends the Fugitive Slave Law, (until the poisoned
oup is brought to his own lips); Eleanor, a white
woman, who is beautiful, keens an artificial flowor
store, nnd has a fatal tecret ; Ilcll-BlrJ, the kidnaiv
.,..r L.irlT ...wl I. ... . Illn. I.. 1,1.1 .l!-
Commissioner ; Grnw, the slan' owner, who'coincs'
search of his slaves, and Oraw's poor brother,!
who is a great Reformer, until he "has nigger of
his own to sell ; and last, though not least, Rufus
Dirk, the United States Deputy Marshal, who com
mits a crime for which language has scarcely a fit
The two great scenes of the story are Firti, the
Fioht at Paoli, between the farmer und kidnappers.
Second, The lisrrLX in Baltimore, the yirite. a real
lire while troman I On the whole, the story illus
trates the morality and beauty of " Slave Catchinit."
and pictures the " Fugitive Slave Law" in colors
not to lie mistaken.
$I)C 3Vntt-51aucri) Dug It.
Salem, Ohio, Jnniinry 91, 1834.
It is time that Ohio, with her boasted enlighten
ment, had done with that relic of aavagoism, legal
murder. A yery large portion of the community,
are in favor of its abolition. And all that is need
ed to carry the measure in our State Legislature,
is a vigorous and united effort for the purpose.
Let our Legislators know what is the estimate in
which this bloody rite is held, and they will at
omo releive our state from tho odium of its prac
tice. It Is a measure that can be carried far easier
than the Maine Law, for nobody's appetite or
business will be damaged therohy. It can be car
ried without a thousandth part of the effort that
is needful to carry tho stato for frocdom, even to
make it repudiate the slave catching statute the
odious law of 1850. It is not sustained by enm
mnA not cheriMhed bv thn nntronncrn of the
Federal Government, and has not thousands of
unprincipled political demagogues to intrigue for,
and advocate its continuance. True it has hitherto
successfully entrenched itself in the orthodox
church which has clothed it with a divine authority
but the church itself is no longer impregnable, by
virtue of its cluims of divinity. It has been seen
and is known that it has often thrown this sanction
of divinity over the foulest of crimes. Tho claim
is no bar to the most searching investigation.
And very little investigation serves to reveal the
shallowness of this pretence in regard to capital
piiuishmcnt as well as slavery. And besides, the
ology is not immovable. It has changed its ground
to meet the advancing light in Astronomy, Oeol
ogv, and other sciences. So too it has changed in
regard to government Kings in this country have
no place by divine right, of orthodoxy, ns once they
had. So too in regard to humanity and morals.
Very many of the members of tho orthodox church
nnd ministry are yielding to more humane impul
ses, and theology and biblical interpretation is
becoming modified accordingly. Very many of
the members of churches would give their names
to petitions for the abolition of capital punishment,
if the measure was started, and a general effort
made to secure the objoct. -
It is time tho work was done. Only last week
one poor wretch, protesting his innocence, was
sentenced to be hung at Akron. Whether he was
guilty or not we cannot say, but certain wo are
that if so, his death can bo no atonement to the
injured for tho wrong. And the whole history of
criminal experience has proved that it would prove
no preventive against the repetition of the crime
It is a false idea so generally prevalent, that
man has a right to inflict upon his fellow, arbitrary
punishment for crime. Man is too much the victim
cf ignoranco, passion, prejudice and malice, to be
entrusted with such fearful responsibility. Human
nature as the voice of God, robots against the as
sumption, and repudiates the claim. - Individuals
or governments may restrain men who in lawless
ness will jeopardize our liberty, our property, or
But we do not propose to state our creed or make
an argument. AU we desired or designed to do,
was to invite our readers in their respective locali
ties, to make an effort on this subject, without
delay. Such an effort made with wisdom and vig
or, would be repaid with success. Lot some one
in each town and noighWhood, copy tho brief
form of petition which wo publish herewith,
prepare another if you do not like this form, and
circulate it thoroughly through your neighborhood.
Getting tho signatures of legal voters on one paper
aud those of adult females on another. By
doing an array of names might within the next
four weeks be sent to Columbus, which would fa
vorably forward, if it did not perfect the work.
Such a petition is now in circulation in this village
drawn up and started by ono of our most res
pected citizens. Let others do likewise, and thus
noiselessly and efficiently tho people will speak
those who aro clothed with authority, to remove
this bloody reproach from our statute book.
Tho following is the form of a memorial in cir
culation iu this place. It commcuds itself for
distinctness nnd its brovity.
TO GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE
STATE OF OHIO.
The memorial of tho undersigned, citizens of
represents that your memorialists
regarding the doath penalty as barbarous and in
human, and as unnecessary for tho protection of
human lifo, rospcctfully ask that you so far ameud
the criminal code of this stato, as tu abolish capital
punishment, as a penally for crime.
OCEAN PENNY POSTAGE.
year ut Zanesville,
The speeches on this subject on our last page,
are worthy of attention. The people should niovo
by discussions public meetings and petitiuus,
they secure this important measure. The preseut
rate of ocean latter transportation, is enormously
unjust, and most cruel, when we remember that
the great mass of emigrants from whom this money
is extorted, nrojxwr; so poor, that with many
them it amounts to a prohibition of intercourse
between thousands of those who fur purposes
business and friendship, most need such commu
nications. If our government cannot transport these letters
for a less rate let her throw open the doors
private competition, aDd speedily it will come down
tu the lowest fraction. The government will keep
up the price as well as the monopoly, until
people demand a change. It seems to suit their
good pleasure to tax the poor, and then pay
the amount with addition in the shape of a bonus
to George Law, and other steam ship monopolists
Lot the people demand that this embargo upon
knowledge upon the free communication
thought aud intelligence, shall be removed.
knowledge have free course, then shall liberty
humanity be magnified. Lot the fraternal bands
between all lands be strong as possible. Thus
will the good of all lands be diffused, and the evils
of all, lu the end mitigated.
Tux EuiTORiiL Convention, aooording to
counts, was anything but a temperance gathoring.
Feasting and drinking, seem to have been the prin
cipal achievements. They ure to be repeated next
8 rur to do
On Tuesday evening lash a most agreeable enter.
tainment was given in the Town Hull in this place.
Mrs. Cornwell, Mrs. J. S. Orilfing, Miss Almira
White, Miss F.mma Oriffing, Miss Elixabeth Hi so,
Miss Cordelia Watson and Miss Mary Harriet I tea
ton, C. Thorn, and A. Watson, gave an instrumental
and vocal Concort for the benefit of the poor of our
village. Mr. Cornwell by the call of the audience
also gave a song. The whole affuir was every way
worthy of tho object to which tho funds wero con
secrated. The musio was varied in character, was selected
with tnste and judgment and without exception,
was admirably executed. A better compliment
could not have been paid the performance of the
evening, than was tendered by the qu-.ct and wrapt
attention with which the musio was roccived, by
the donsoly packed audience; especially, by those
who were compelled to stand during the whole eve
ning in the extreme parts of the hall. We repeat
only the opinion we have heard repeatedly expres
sed, that our citixens have rarely before been in
vited to a more agreeable and excellent musical
We are most happy to add, that tho pecuniary
results more than equalled the anticipations of
those who benevolently originated and so success
fully executed their project.
Salem has very few inhabitants who may be said
to be destitute of the actual necessities of lifo, if
there are any such; this fact is the greater reason
why their wants should be promptly and liberally
supplied. The fund secured on Tuesday night will
For tho present, the Nebraska question is the
queition that should engage the attention of all the
opponents of slavory domination. On it they
should concentrate their efforts. The people should
speak till Congress should hear their voice. It
should be so imperative that northern representa
tives should be compelled to regard it. The indif
ference and apathy of the mass of the people,
to questions of the highest importance, is the
greatest obstacle to the success of our principles
generally. The only way in which they can be
aroused, is in cases of special danger and encroach
ment. Such cases should always be improved to
tho utmost, not only for the sake of the special
emergency, but also for the sako of tho more gen
eral interests of freedom. The present is one of
Our people are not awaro of the perfidy which
slavery contemplates in this case. If so they cer
tainly are not aware of the cxtendod, luting and
most calamitous influences this perfidy will work
to the causo of freedom. They are not aware of
the tremendous power that is alroady enlisted to
secure this purpose. A power which as in the
past, can hardly fail to be successful.
The Indian title to Nebraska, is already in pro
cess of extinguishment. The residents of the ter
ritory need and demand a government. This gov
ernment they are plainly told by the President of
the Scnato, and others, they shall not have, except
on such conditions as shall doniicil slavery on that
free territory. The inhabitants, sucli as are there,
are opposed to this measure, and have been tricked
out of a representative tfho would truly cxpresss
their views. No measures will be left untried to
fix the curse of slavery on this free soil. They
will be bold, aud their boldness will be aided by
the most insiduous treachery. Shamelessly these
plotters now avow their determination to repudiate
thoir own most solemn engagements. Engage
ments which have boon reoognised by every suc
cessive Cougres for one third of a century, and
unblushingly they pretend to justify this course
by what they call argument,
The effect of their success will le, to invigorate
and perpetuate slavery in Missouri, where, com'
pared with some other states, it has now but a fee
ble hold. It will chock the tide of emigrating
freemen, which is now ready to pour into that ter
ritory. It will curso its virgin soil with the bar
renness of Virginia and tho Corolinas. It will
curse its inhabitants with ignorance, and bind them
all to an institution which will compel them to
war upon their own best interests ns a state to
become the enemies of the highest peace and pros
perity of the nation, and to stand in antagonism
to the cause of liberty and justice, tho world over.
It will strike a final blow at the power of the north
to keep up even tho semblance of au equilibrium
between the freo and the slave states in the senate.
It will bring far more real and lasting power to
slavory, than the infamous fugitive enactmoiit
1850, and it is not a whit behind it in tho infa
mousness of its character, or the indignity it offers
to the citixons of the non slaveholding states.
We have said that we feared it would bi cousu
mated. And so we have reason to fear and even
to expect. The administration, tliero is reason
bolieve is fur it. Whether President Pierce li
avowed himself in its favor, we cannot say.
known subserviency, in nil things to slavery,
makes it certain that he is to be relied on fur any
tiling that may be demanded at his band for its
interests. The next highest officer of the Govern
ment, the presidcut of the Senate, is the leader
the measure. For months past he has been pre
paring the way, and intriguing for its success.-
Mr. Douglass, one of the most popular leaders
the dominant party and lie a senator from
northern state, is put forward to present the bill,
with the shallow and unprincipled sophistry which
is to reconcile the democracy to its passage.
In view of the enormous evils which this meas
ure threatens in view of the perfidy with which
it is sougtit to be accomplished in view of the
powerful combination which threatens its success,
it behooves the people of the north as one man,
unite in its condemnation and to speak without
delay. Why not get up meotings embracing men
of all parties, pass resolutions, and send on strong
and well signed remonstrances against the outrag
eous proposition. It would groatly strengthen and
eucourago tho friends of freedom iu Congress.
The Tribune's Washington correspondent lias the
following in regard to this measure i
Douglas's Nebraska bill promises soon to open
anow several of the "bleeding wounds" so happily
healed by the doctors of 1H50. Some of the Softs,
not in the secret, supposed it to be a plan to tost
their sincerity end orthodoxy, but the better opin
ion is, that it is an Administration scheme to out
Herod the Adamantines. In this view of the case
some of the latter propose to bring in a bill repeal
ing the Missouri restriction altogether. The bill
is much fairer on its face in several particulars,
thau a careful examination proves it to be. The
first section, for instance, provides that none of the
rights of property or porsou now pertaining to the
Indians of that territory shall be impaired. Many
of the Indians there hold slaves as property as
learn from good authority, and heuce this provis
ion. Undoubtedly many of the good people of the
North regard this bill with horror and alarm, and
w-ill hold up their hands in astonishment when
they learn that it has becomo a law. But what
to hinder it passage ? Has not the slave power
present oomplote control of Congress t The North
is disheartened 0r demoralired. The few men
lbs Rensts and in the House who will resist this
attempt to break down the old landmarks of Free
dom have an overwhelming force to contend with ;
and they are but too feebly sustained oy tueir
friends and constituents at home. No remon
strance, no petitions, and no public mooting on the
subject of Slavery, and its encroachments are now
heard of anywhere. And whilo all shades of the
pro-Slavery force aro united on the main object,
the opponents of Slavery extension are scattered
into a multitude of factions, l'erhaps this move
ment of the "Little Giant" may be the last ounce
that is to break the camel's back j for the question
is yet to be solved how much the north will bear.
Neverthcles, I believe with you that "although
Anti-Slavery is weak in political circles "it was
never stronger with tho musses of the poople;"
but its friends are unorganized, Uisunited and un
practical in thoir operations. It may be that they
will be willing to profit by tho lessons of the past
and so preserve the ordinance of 17!?7, now Pjt tho
first time assailed. B.
In a Iittlo article published last week, relativo to
the Judges of tho Federal Court, Judge McLean;
was set down as anti-slavery. Heaven help as If
he Is anti-slavery. What must pro-slavery bet
Judge McLean is as infamously pro-slavery a
Judge Orior, Chief Justice Taney, or any other
member of that Court. He is as reliable for tho
slaveholders, nnd as unscrupulous in serving them.
He has degraded Ohio to a mean vassal of the slavo
oligarchy enforced upon hcr citizens the blood
hound requisition of the slavo catching ennctmont,
ruined our citizens by costs and fines, Inflicted
as penalties for the excrciso of tho commonest acts
of humanity. In short, neither morality, honesty,
justice or regard to State rights or national honor
have any power to restrain him when au opportun
ity presents for him to serve tho cause of slavery.
To call such a man an anti-slavery man is an out
rage upon truth and language.
Opposition to tux Nebraska Plot. Col. Benton
will oppose Mr. Douglass' Nebraska bill. So also,
it is said, will Senator Houston, on the ground of
its violation of Indian treaties. He says this bill
violates all the treaties that have been made with
The Trnune says some of the Southern members
think tho bill not sufficiently explicit, and to make
tho matter sure, propose to repeal the Missouri
Compromise at once.
BUT ONE HOPE LEFT.
Well docs the Washington correspondent of the
Forest City Democrat say, " there is but ono hopo
left," for socurity against the Nebraska conspiracy,
and what think you is that, good reader. It is the
atoused activity of the people. Shall that hope
fail to the cause of tho pcoplo and the cause of
freedom ? Let every man answer for himself. Let
him answor with words and deeds. Let him answer
with an energy that shall be unwearied with effort
and undaunted by difficulty.
Hero is what tiiis correspondent says we may
expect from the Government. Aud he is not mis
taken. He says :
" Thoso low, cunning, but most fearfully corrupt
and slimy sycophants to tho slave pow or, Douglass,
tho husband of a wealthy negro traders daughter,
and thus the owner of a largo plantation of slavos,
and Cass, that Michigan toady and tool of slavery,
in their vilo jockeying and huckstering for tho
Presidency each striving to out vie the other in
the dirty scrub raco of servility have concocted
this infernal scheme, w hich, if not nipped in the
hud by the people, will consign to tho desolation
and temporal damnation of slavery, that vast and
beautiful region, where now all is free, and over
which, since 1H21, no American had ever dreamed
that a solitary doubt could even bo raised, that it
would remain forever freo, and the homo of justico
and enlightened liberty.
irum you, Messrs. Editors, onc2 throvyh you, thi
people of the iturdy old Western lieterre, that no re
liuuce can bo placed o.i Congress. This accursed
scheme is an Administration measure. The Gov
ernment has many millions of money in the Treas
ury, and there are doughfaces enough in market,
waiting to bo bought, to carry any measure of
iniquity through Congress, which the Administra
tion hiiB the courage tu set on foot.
There is but one hopo left, and that is in the
Our advice, from hero is, that the people tuko this
mattor into their own hands, and iu such way as in
their wisdom may seem sufficient to accomplish the
end, nnd that they make known their views nnd
purposes concerning it. It seems fitting that the
men of tho Western Reserve behind no peoplo
on tho globe iu moderation, intelligence, firmness
unu uecision, suouiu set ino unu rouing ncre. mo
Reserve should feci but an honest pride to see the
storn old farmers, mechanics and artizans of that
Gibraltar of freedom, aided by nil the great talent
und professional wealth w hich has been there, bap
tisod into the spirit of Liberty, in council upon tin
momentous quesliou; at this Jungorous crisis which
the tools of Slavery are about to prccipiiuto upon
us. The result of such deliberations would en
courage the hearts aud strengthen the faith of
every man in Congross who is not prepared to sell
himself, soul and body to the Slave power and it
would be an example to the friends of liborty
throughout tho free States.
Let it bo remembered no time
A CHILD'S ANTI-SLAVERY STORY BOOK.
The Executive Committee of the Pennsylvania
Anti-Slavery Society, offers a premium of $25,00,
for the best Anti-Slavery Story.suitable for children.
A capital idea, such is just the thing to be useful,
Tho committee advertise as follows:
PREMIUM FOR A CHILD'S STORY.
The want of Anti-Slavery literature for children
has long been deeply felt by Abolitionists, esnecial-
ly by those who are parents. Stories and juvenile
1 P08"18. mwrouglit with sound auti-slayery onnct-
... . ...U..U.U vu lhudi;, n iiioir IUIIUDHCS
upon the minds and hearts of children is almost
irresistible. With the hope of inciting some abo
litionist, who possesses a talent for this kind of
writing, to do something toward supplying this de
ficiency, tho Kxocutive Committe of the I'ennsylva
nia Anti-Slavery Socioty offers a premium of twenty-five
dollars for a good anti-slavery story, suitable
tor children, and of such length that the book,
illustrated with wood cuts, shall be worth from
twelve to twenty-five cents a copy. Manuscripts
may be sent to the Committee at any time previous
to the 1st of May, 1854, when a selection of the
best will be made, and the premium awarded. The
Committee trusts that those who have the power of
serviug the Anti-Slavery cause, in this way, will
not neglect tlio gift that is in them.
JAMES MOTT, Chairman.
Will the United States Federal Government
sanction I'olyoamt f The condition of woman, of
course, is degraded, and must beeomo more so con
tinually the effect of polygamy must ere long be-,
come apparent in the manners of the men at De-.
sert. The question has often been asked, "Will,
the federal government allow an individual stato.
to tolerate and legalise polygamy T" This question
will hardly present a new issue in the United
States: for in half of the Union not only is poly,
gamy a fixed foot in the institutions of tiie country,
but the raising of womon for sale is a thriving
branch of buisness. We think the general govern
ment will settle certain questions of morals which
lie nearer the Capitol, before the constitutional arm
is prolonged so far as to reach the Great Salt Lake
city and disturb the " holy family" of Brigham
Young, and his " omnibus full of wives."
However America probably is the only.oouotry
of Christendom whero Morniouism oould get fairly
on its legs and essay a walk. Wettminwter AV
vieu, ; . -