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BIOGRAPHY A DROP OF
A DROP OF WATER PERSONIFIED.
BY C. DEVOL, H, D.
I nm older than Methuselah. I was before A bra-
linm or Ailain. My Maker joined certain ttronnr-
tion of oxygen nnd hydrogen, nnd I was. I had
tho honor to bo associated with others like myself,
making tlio mighty deep upon which tho Ktcrnnl
Spirit moved. 1 have been pure nnd dclilcd, unit
nnd fresh, it great inniiv times. 1 hnve not nlwavs
had my own way. My tendency is ninny to no
downward, Hut whenever I got into certain tem
peratures, I nm so rarihod that I nscend to the
clouds, nnd then I nm driven by tho winds. I have
i-i i j it p it. ,
nfyi?iiiru nnu. IICSCCUUOU. in nil IM1US. I BIO
sometimes liquid, then caseous, nnd then iiolid. I
have a strong nihility tor caloric s nnd when this
leaves me, 1 nm instantly crystaliaod. I transmit
the light ns well ns glass. I glitter in the dinmond
nnu minnow, l ueauttly tlio dowy lawn nt open
ing day. I convey tho frairrnnco of flowers. 1
give tnsto nnd sounds. I heave tho soil in Winter,
and fertnlizo it in Summer. 1 holp to bridge tho
river, i Help to lorin ice-cream. 1 help to cxtin
gnish firo ; no firomnn is bolder. I go further than
the chief engineer, into the midst of tho fire. 1
hare several times fallen into -lvliia's fiery crnter,
and lieen decomposed. And lately tho chemist hns
iouna oui mni no can sever my elements, witn elec
tricity nnd gnlvnnism. My elements lovo each
other so, that they soon get together ngnin. Com
bustion nlways restores me ; so that lire sepcrntos
ami comoines : Kins and makes nlivo, I have been
higher than Ciiimborajio, Cotonaxi, or tho Minima
lob. Mountains, and descended from their loftiest
summits. 1 have Ues euded into the earth deeper
man me grave, or any cavern or nrtiticiui punctures
If 1 could, I would teach the geologist some im
portant lesson on rocks which lie below any he ev
er saw, or heard of. I have spent several Summers
in the regions of perpetual snow. 1 sometimes go
to tho tropics to spend tho Winter. In my crystal-
mo form 1 am a gicnt favorite during tho reign of
tho i'og-stur. 1 help tlio doctors to suliduo tho in
flumnlions, reduce hernia and arrest hemorrhages.
I helped to float Noah's Ark. 1 remember Noah
and his sons threo young A Jams Shorn, Hani
nnd Japhcth, and the dove. 1 do not w ish toltoast
oi loyuny io my .minor, inn nl Ins command 1 has
tened out of the path ofliis people nt tho Ited Sen,
and fell back again upon their uursuers. 1 hclned
to float iron to show thnt prayer was nnswered.
When Klijah prayed, 1 had to leave tho Meditern-
nonn, nnd go to J m leu, for good people thcro had
need of mo. And then ngiun, during threo years
uun oia 11111111110, t ni.s uuuer n uirine injunction.
I was in Jacob's Well when Jesus held n conver
sation with tlio Samaritan woman, A. 1. 27. She
cnrriod mo off in her water-pot, but I mndo my
iij'r an umiu ui oriji in sustaining i ctcr ami Je
sus when tliey walked on the sea. Tho samp year
Jesus rebuked mo when I endangered his disciples
during a storm on Galilee. I helped to choke the
licrii of Swine from (iadaraj the Giulnrcncs had
no right to keep swine, yet they were rfl'cndrd. 1
hnvo traveled in oriental caverns, in the camel's
reservoir and the llcdnunian s leather jug.
1.1.,;, 1 . . . . . 1 r.i 1 1 1 1
neadnml M I T,, ' 1 1 !i
hat cier was in ; m .re to be dreaded than the:
iTu l- ,1 1 Wi . TCr, "r CT,,0 "
am always glad b) bo uimited out of smji . n plurc,
vuu Hii iiu-iii iii iiiv iiiMorv iiiiiuoies me ns t re-
can know me. 1 wish this statement to be undcr-i
stood as a confession. I am ashamed to havo it
known that I havo been in such a placo. 1 may be!
..v.. .. " ". : . V v I.
nuowcu to say it is only ly compulsion thnt 1 have!
been so disgraced. I hone tho Maine Law will be1
eu ae ted and enforced to protect mo. I havo no ob-
llhili.iii In l.n ..... I nn - I ..i.l.
decent man, or oven cuttle.
..vk.vM i w urBU lo I iTOttlllgO VICIV UUJf UV III! V
I was once in the contro of a tremendous iceberg
in the Arctic Sea. I floated along in this conncc-1
tion until Sir John Franklin's shin enmo in our!
wy, nnu was nroKen nnu sun, i am not mnrk ;
iii i vijiiiini uic.
nnu ll.J li'-utnlk , UUl t UOII1U SU Ulll. 1
witnessed that eliip-wrcck, and this is tho only ac
count Uio world will have of it till the judgment.
I An.A V.....U .:i ll r II T. ,
vm.iiv uu uiuui uuiii mi my icuows meiieu away, i
and left me free again to roll among tlio waves. I
prclercj tho under current through tho gulf
streams and trade-winds, ns I did not wish to be
ncatou too suddenly after being so long in the North.
I crossed the Equator and Torrid Zono, nnd nt
length doubled Cupe Horn and came along tho base
louoica v-upe Horn ami came along tho base
iidcs nround the ( aliforman gold diggins.U.f
outli of the Columbia River. J hero 1 came
oi tno i
to the mouth ol the Columbia River. 1 hero 1 came
nsuoru one nignt ; soon alter sunrise next morning
1 evaporated and went to the clouds. A west wind
ri,n tlm P.... .11. . I 1.. . ... .1 I - c .i .
....... . .....nv, M.MUglll IIU , UJU OHSU OI IIIO
t inn on lo il,n l.n of ll... ;
nocny .uuuntnins on th
scended nud found mvi
, ...... ..... .
no west side, i hen I dc-,
yself in tho fissuio of the j
sshl'O that no one else ever
rocks; through this passage
saw or will seo, I was squeezed along by capillary ,
sat many miles. heu 1 had gamed
looked oastwtird to tho basin of llie'oria
tho summit, 1
lississioni. Then ll,.t..-.. - : 1
trlided'nY nWt..n-Vi. V - i - 7. i -" l
fafrm"liv to a little spring.
,,,o.;'. .;. 1 ' , .1 vuv u' inu iiitc.
eh that 'i '. " ' C0"Jl"":t":u Vf nmn'
suet,, that no 1 white man ever saw, mado tho great!
Wissoun. Unward I moved ti n coalition was ,
formed with the Mississmn . " ben I m,t nio 1 .
. :in r,, , , ,1 1 - -ft--
T't 1. i 1 l'a""01, WlR'" 1 0,'se"0ll."o Buck-
eyes and lloos.ers woro quilo commercial ns well
as agricultural j so 1 helped them ns well as 1
could to float their craft. Ono day a gentleman's
wuitcr threw a bucket ovorboard and brought 1110
on board of a steamboat : it aniicirs that tlm o-nn-
icumu nnu dcoii eating an orange, and had soiled
Jl fit, nAfd mn I 1. ..1 ..... I ... 1. I.!. 1 1.. ,t.
.... , huijiuu vi Hsu uih nanus, uau .
uicu i was uirown into tno boiler ; ana it was so
hot there tint I agreed with some othors that wo
would break juilj so nt it wo went, and pushed
with might awl ninino till tho cngineorwas glad to
lot us out thrvugh tho safety-valve. Othors seeing
bow the game worked took a similar course ; but
mi tho nrisoti.
ers pushed mightily against the sides of the boiler;
ii cxpioueu ana unci tho air and strewed the shoro
with broken machinery and baggngo, and passen
gers with broken heaJs and severed limbs. Among
then was tho engineer, summarily and justly
1 had escaped, bo it remembeid. I had nothing
to do with that explosion. 1 have been accessory
in several explosions, v. hero maiming and slaugh
ter would inako g'-ip fir Editors; but Jurors
eecui to make light of such mutters! Emigrnnts
are tho principal victims 1 1 havo spurred every
iron horso in Eur.ipo nnd America and caused not
a few of them to ki.'k up their houls nud snort fire,
nnd dash away upon the Wrong track, or abend of
timo, or through a drawbridge, or in collision with
another, when, liko the Kilkenny cats, they have
ciiten each other up, except their tails.
But I have done some good deeds ; i have lmlped
to run cagines in Bible houses, nnd for Tract and
Missionary Societies, nnd then helped to carry the
Bibles, the Tracts and Missionaries to the heathen.
1 once stood on Oueen Victor! i'm face hut ulm will
ed me off with her handkerchief, and I soon fell in
to uio nanus ol tlio laundress.
I have been a thousand timet shed in bitter tears;
and as often stood upon tho cold brow of death,
when no sympathizing friond would bottle me up
or wipe too away. Ood has a record of tears.
I stood in tho eye of the blessed Jesus when ho
was touched with the feeling of the infirmities of
the Lazarus family. Again when he surveyed the
I was one of those gTeat drops of sweat which
fioou on me unpen il brow of the suffering Son of
uoa. wnen ne xneit la Uetlwemane and agnized
fjr tlio world's rcdeuipf ion. "
Papm rHO Wood. A patent hns been granted
jn France, for new modo of making paper from
wood. The inventor uses no chemical agents what
ever ; mechanical action sullices to reduce the fibres
into a pulp, from which excellent paper can be
jpadoj that Is, according to his statement.
Joi BiNTou declares that the central pari of the
Jlocky Mountains has territory enough to make a
mountain stake of the sis of oil the S wins esnt.na
Ti 1 aim wiiii-
uUU drawback. o its avalanches, Racier, and
From Graham's Magazine.
THE VOICE OF AUTUMN.
BY WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT.
There conies, from yonder height,
A soft repining sound,
Wliero forest leaves are bright
And fall, like flakes of light,
To tho ground.
It Is the autumn breese,
Thnt, lightly floating on,
Just skims tho weedy leas,
Just stirs the glowing trees,
And is gone.
lie moans ly sedgy brook,
And visits with a sigh,
Tho Inst pnlo flowers that look,
From out their sunny nook,
At the sky.
O'er shouting children flics
That light October wind,
And kissing cheeks and eyes,
lie leaves their merry cries
And wanders on to innko
Thnt soft nnensy sound
By distant wood nnd lake,
Wliero distant fountains break
From the ground.
No hower where mnidens dwell
C'nn win a moment's stay j
Nor fair untrodden dell ;
lie sweeps tho Upland swell,
Mourn'st thou thy homeless state?
Oil soft, repining wind 1
That early scck'st and Into
Tho rest, it is thy fato
Not to find.
Not on tho mountain's breast.
Not on tho ocean's shore,
In nil the Kast and West:
Tho wind that stops to rest
Is no nioro.
But valleys, woods, nnd springs,
No wonder thou shouldst grieve
For nil tho glorious things
Thou timeliest with thy wings
And must Icavo.
OCEAN PENNY POSTAGE.
Orent Britain to establish tho systom over nearly
,.....1 ! f J , . .. y
l outage. A gentleman who frequently takes charge
thoso nppculs, told mo that tho names are often J
blotted by tears shed on them before the ink dried,
thirds of the hands present were raised. A mem-
sil-ium! 1,v r.illMin .., ..r n;...:.. :.
The following are reports of speeches mndo week
ii..r..r.. i.iU v... v . ..b ..:,.. :.. r. - ..r it.- .-.i.. .
...w. ...... ... ivm.iij, iiuiii ui me ai'ijuu- ;
ion -f 0,-ean Penny Postage. The first i. by I
-L, .. ......
copy from the I nbune.
to o "zrs .-.tk
uillcrent countries to reduce or retain their inland
rates as they please. This greatly facilitates the
project, ns thus, wo hnvo not to wait for tho action
i:n- . ; : '. r . . 'Tl
of slow moving (iovernnicnts; all that is required
is the cordial co-operation of tho I'nitcd States and
nil.MU AFUA'Ull SUrillCO OI 1110 glOllC
scheme tho rate to any town in Groat Britain would
be i cents; that is, American inland, 3 cents;
ocean, 2 cents ; English inland, 2 cents. To Franco
it would be 10 cants: to tlio (Jermnn l'oit.d l.'ninn
coins, curing the last two years more public I
ucttii nnu in r.ugiami in lavor ot ,
s measure than of nny other, demanding the nc
n of Parliament, 'j'liero havo been lario dem-
onstrations in tho principal cities of (ircat Britain
and Ireland, nnd tho principal Chambors of t'om-
mm trciami, ana tlio nrincini
incrco havo iiiomorialued rurlinment. Hundreds
ot petitions hnve been presented, not only from tho
British Isles but from tho colonies. From nlinnst
every emigrnnt ship to Australia, tin farewell
prayer hau been to Parliament for tho Ocean Penny :
Postage. A gentleman who frequently fakes charge
blotted by tears shed on them before the ink dried
in many instances agricultural laborers have walk
cd ten miles to comributo their lieiinv toward this
...I : L ii... I . . J . .
obiect. wl,;,.h 1.. .1 1 i i 1
, , ,,,,, n oicssuig ns
bread. All classes havo an interest in tlio plan, for
the stream of emigration effects all. I have scon, I
at lot! ineetimr. tlm mUtU-oa . l. i
tho sen asked to raiso their hands, nnd fully two-1
.l.. I?.. "It ".V".' '"
i." f. V 1 ' .'" '. t'uu" w0 FllT'y Van ,
the last session of Parliament, a deputation of I
.iiviuuers, 01 every snauo ot politics, ami
T,Vel" ",l,cr ''fl'i"l Rcntlemen, waited on Lord
Aberdeen, and urged the adoption of the scheme
at onco. The Governor of the Bank of England,
who oir... ..e,l .1... .i 1 .... ! 1 V .1
..... in,, ui-iiiiiuiiuii, uuiuniiucniiy ue-
arod that tho people would never be satiHtiir,! till'
tho change was adopted. The lit. Hon. Thomas
Hilnor Gibson, a liberal jncmbor, who beat tho
Government last winter on a motion to rcduco tho
j,v.,n,, ,, cngngcu 10 nnng tho suliieet ,"
tlm 1 litiiiin r.P 1 1r.n...w...u . n.l 1' n UI..11
o second his ,
conservative member, has agreed to
........ t . .
moiion. jnsi session, .Mr. UlnuKtono
there is hardly
ly a doubt that their report will be
tho Conuuitteo will probably bo com-
conceive an? American heart, nny Christian philan-
hropist or patriot, who would .be nnwilling to see
this great Bepublie, whoso navies whiten every sea, i
aid in establishing a svstem wbi, b iro.,1,1 .11
the populations of nien with beneM,: Jt Zi " '
...v ,.v. . miiuk luiiy iour-nitiisoi;
the American correspondence with l.'nrono. pops in ;
a direct line by Great Britain, by the Liver 7ol and
Southampton mail packets. This is tho direction !
in which the scheme wou dwork the irrele-t ,.,....1 . 1
will the I'nitcd States co-operate with Cr
in this direction f This is the question
.:n .1.. 1 o. . .
riuostion on which
hangs the realization of tho project between North
America and Europe. To that I solicit your influ
ence, if the facts and arguments 1 will produce
show that it can be adopted without sensible loss to
the Post-Office. The wholo charge nt present for a
letter to England is 21 cents, l uder the new pro
ject would be ti cents, (if the Government reduced
the inland rates to 2 cents, ns we have reason to
believe thev would be willimr to b t IP u-a ......
show that the change would bring four times the
iiumoor 01 letie
union, i-tcsi, mere nro hsj.iiihj ueiniL'runts ivr 1
jvur , uiunu vtnuni lie now coi-resnoiiil.nts
. .1 i i i .
would at least write and receive two letters n vi,
This would produco during the first yesr 1,01X1,000
letter ; it would probably be 3.000,000 the second
year, ana o.uisi.ishj the third, allowing for deaths.
Besides, it would bronk un the extmisita nrseilea
sending letters, unsealed, by private hands to avoid
postage. A gentleman lutely admitted that he had
NO pound weight of such with him. The agent of
uuiii paciti-i, iias onereu to carry letters at one
cent each. Let us now ascend to higher consider
atioii. after gluuciug at the great impulso and
facility it would give to eomuicice; consideration
winch take Uo d of our futuro as a nation nnd du-
,d the boon which rea.Z to tho highest ,d,t
..w, ,.w,,,,j B .-rii,itv 10 rtju;ij uie nspira-
lit fill, l.n..... . n.. 1 1 1 I 1
. ... ........ ,,UUI, umir no wouiu no giau to sec
the matter brought before tho House and iuvesti-
il l curiam a ionuuiuoe oi inquiry ;
.. ... uv u iiniiriiuu uu iiiir inn irt.Menr esmiin nm, .
r . I . ...... -
nimeil fit Mltr-li mm. 11 .V I , l .
...v.. Jlull , uuuen, jirigur, ,
G.bs.in and others, who havo done so much to fa-,
cihtato intercourse between Great Britain and other j it
nations. Many persons pre engaged in preparing
facts to submit, t. show the scheme may bo adopted j
without ftn v sensible 1,, m t,. ..,...... i ........... w
tonguo can describe, heononiicnl minds may doubt I
s practicability, especially when they consider
hat, within threo years, American steamers may
be plying between this country and China, Japan- I
ho Const of Africa. Aubtr.il,.,, the Sundwici, I,
lsnds, to Behring Htrn its. But. wn need nottntn 1 on
, , : - v "" ii-ccj.iirius 1,1 inu
.,,0. J? ''"V'1, l,oc"use '' ' would, conipar-
countrymen ami women feed with , great a hunger
a" ""'' VCr r,,U f"r ,"-t'1"1' Wo "k '" ' ''
essnry mny be held as sacred Iron, taxation.
pence prepare lor war." HowT Not by massiV
ttelorn 1.... 1... r. ...:r. . . .. . j
como : nnu wnnt better preparation for
than that hero proposed? It would put the
uuuer nouns i Keep tho peaeo. Do not
liiiiiiiirriiriiin iiecit I a i i
rv .. 4,uii u mill
-o y in nni wean fenny I'ostagot -You can
havo it. How? Bvsimngso. Congress will sav
is thoir duty, first" to leiiVn nnd then to execute
the will of their constituents. Hut remember Con!
press never moves till tho people move t Th
.i..i ...ti . ..' .1.... i.ro
'zar on bis throne, and help the Sultan who i.
better Christian than tho ruler of Christendom
Great applause. How is it to bo doneV I et it
brought before every man, woman and child
and send so many petitions that they cannot bo laid
the tub... I t, ,.l..a 1 j vuuuui uo lam
tions of Christian patriotism mny soar. The per
manent residents in the I'nitcd States, born
Europe, are nt least three millions ; they havo loft
nt least fifty millions of relatives and friends, whom
they protect under circumstances which few in this
favored country can conceive. We ask in thennmo
of humanity that tho icy fnx'mny be removed which
prevents the current of their ntteetions irnm run
ning frco j thnt they mny enjoy the luxury nt a cost
which will not pinch a single meal from the poorest.
We ask it as an end of justico nnd democratic
equity to thoso who have sought here a refuge from
oppressions in tlio Old Worhi. I know the impres
sion with which many regard their arrival here;
hut I ask a more generous viow. However little
their appearance mny promise for their moral nd
vnntago to this country, a better question is their
worth ns tho germ of futuro generations. Yet
need not refer to the futuro only j thousands who
left the Old World 20 years ngn, can point to
monument of their labor enriching all our l.'nion.
They conio nt tho rate of more than a thousand
day t those already here are but the advanced
guard i tho movement extends eastward j it has
reached Hungary nnd the nnube it will,
long, reach tho Don and the Volga i and Cossack
and Circassian mny yet drop their instruments
war, nnd turn a furrow side by side on tho peace
ful prairies of the West. And still more eastward
tho movement will reach, till the humnn tide will
flow tho other way. Tlio population of Eastern
Asia already begin to feel tho impulso ; thirty
forty thousand Chinese havo found their way into
California, and more of tho Eastern nations will
drawn into the current. From both these streams
will wo not soon receive a million souls a year f
is hero that our religion is to grapplo with and suit
duo nil tlio Paganism of thoenrth tho missionary
and the schoolmaster mny stay at homo t thoir
tr win io here, iho duty of our country is
.-i.. c : i ro : . i l. r .i
Aiiglo-Saxoniite nnd Christianize ; let each in this
vast multitude who can read nnd write, eomniuni
calo freely w ith thoso they havo left behind, nnd
tho best means for this end will bo set in motion.
In the namo of religion nnd political freedom
ask Ocean Penny Postage. Letters penned
tongues which never were printed in America, w
then carry lessons of our laws, our freedom, nnd
our religion, to regions which nn Amcricnn news-
paper never reached. It is tho interost of despot-
ism to screw newspapers uown. ui tnrco millions
of foreign born citizens, one has como from
i . .1. .i .
vuiuiociii. r rum Aicrmnny, miring me pasi yenr,
tho emigration to America and Australia could
have been less than 2lKI,(K)0j each of thoso would
at least two letters a year, and tho contents
of these would be mndo known to nt least twelve!
minions oi men. i ins wouiu ne lienor tencmng
than newspapers could give. We ask it as an act
of good will to tho foreign born population of the
I'nited Statos. If any ono knew with what heart
rending lamentntions they have parted from their
relatives, ho would support the scheme which makes
frequent correspondence botween them feasible
One-third of all tho letters between tho I'nitcd
States and I Ircat Britain nro to and from Irish
...:ti: . e fi'i - .11 . .. . ..
emigrants; four-tilths of tlio commercial corrcs-
pomlouco eoos to hh"land nnd Scotlnnd tl, ,.,
of this is charged by rich men to their customers
-nnd thus tho wholo sensible tux is imposed
the poor. There is another great principle to w hich
wo ran npiioiil, which distinguishes this country
ironi nn orimra mmn , .. . : ..r i-.-
" """"j"11.' nmo money to release letters
from friends abroad. I Mr lt,,n.;f .,l......l ......
attectiug inciileiits of this kind. It is for us
Anglo-Saxon labor, language ami religion
over tho world. Wo havo an nmido field for lb
Wft have niitp n.m i.. ...I.:.. I. i;...i i i
, . . . " ' ""eil ""'I lliuiseil lias
opened nts nank ol pure and uncoined gold, which
was kept until the pay-day of labor, by him who
would stint tho laborer to a shilling a day. A hun-
uieu jcars ngo tne Anglo-buxon raco did not ex
cccii iwenty millions; it now exceeds sixty; in
i r . " .... v -
century nenco it may exceed 51 10,01 "J,0(H. Would
you like to sr o this Union the sun nnd confer
O SCO I
"lose vast populations 7 hat enn doit better
than tho establishment of Oi Oil II I'pnnv 1'rmrnfrn
Do you wish to see all brought under tho religious
influence of this nation! Then nothing can so
well produce that effect as tho system which I ad
vocate. Mr. Burritt's address was frequently and loudly
0 Hon. John P. Halo was introduced tn (In.
meeting. He said he was re-niiimntsd kv niii...i
what occurred eight years n-n in tho Houso
Heprcsentntives of tho I'nitcd States. The nnstn"e
then varied from CI cents to "Ii cm. . il.,.ri .-...'V
proposition to reilucc it to 5 mid Hi cents. A mem
ber from n Snutli..r.i Vt..in ..... n.i
i .i. .. - . V ' 'l""- h,""'
h-'m.uu i ,n ii was a uevicc t create n delicieucv
tho revenue, and thus give a pretext for a hnrli
protective tariff. I advocated this measure (said
tr. IL.l.a . i ..i ..... . .
tends to give an impulse to thouirht. nu.l tmu- -I,,..,.
nels to its expression ; and hecuuso I onnoso nil
i.,,,,i; .i. ....... . , '11'"""
, OI nuillllll llllectlotis. Ill
lu!' V"''ess .Mr. enable, of Xorth Carolina,
"aid that to maintain that the Post-Office should
'support itscu was as absurd as that tho navv
should, by pirating on the commercial world. Yt
a pitiful position for tho I niled States to levv
tax on the diffusion of enlightenment A tun 0
r. 1: 1 . '""" '" JAll,".
".ihmu mwriioui 10 iew 1 ork costs S7 wliv
charge . 1,200 for n tun of Idlers 1 Like them the
telegri.pl, conveys intelligence whv .. .i l To .l
tho lightning of heaven? A sentiment of
Washington's mny ho enlisted in this cause " In
crcs ; but by fortifying ngainst tho contingency of
war. 1 ho instrumentalities of peace should bo
employed in timo of peace, so that war should
jfor a thousand years, nnd more;
man, woman and child one acre
ion a year come and
wo enn cive ovorv
nud a half of lain.
address myself t it, because wo ought to ndSress
ourselves to every ono. You want toVevltionize
the world . how cnii you do it 1 Not bv lluvin!
and sliii.uin.r ,.1.1 ..,!.... . 1..., Auy 1 '.""'
Post:,.. : J- .r .1 r"u,y"iy""y
-ii. jappan mentioned some statistics Tho
En if n h Overbinil M ,;i r...i:. : , . 1 110
which 300 contain only new. nir. "ltt
place of letters, to save postage, 't Lei Vran nor.
show thnt. Il,n frl.....l ...1.' P .... , w.rall)0.r"
, . : ...v.... Mui inom IS well.
and where ho is.
lu Knihirwl in Ivllu I.M , '
letters mailed was 75,000,000. The rate was
reduce, , and in 1852 the number was 400,000,000
n t he I u.tod States tho cheap rate commenced in
.Liot .,.C-0-W''ro.,,'" -""".Wof letters mailed ;
ISM this number increased to 83,000,000 The
lower the rate the groaler tho revonuo.
me louowii.g petition was then read and adopt-
To the Honorable Senate and Hmte of Repruenta
lire tn Ct,nirrt AmtemliM:
tizensof .New-York, assembled In ..l.i:..
,1...... -r..; , V 'l ."'".v
lect 01 ocean i,n-,. ...,r..n.. " .
That they are fully of tho opinion that the pre.
li.gh rates of ocean postage are a very serious
restriction upon tho inercantilo correspondence Ijo-
... L,lKu omies ami other countric. im
peding conii.icreo and imposing a heavy tax unon
coilllliuiiitv at larire. 6 ' PU
1 Im fhey nro a greivous nnd opprossivo burden
upon that largo and industrial class of the popula
tion of this country who were born in Europo
aggravating the bitterness of their separation friin
relauons and friends in the aid world, nnd in many
cases, sundering the noarost relations of life. J
:..:.... Ii . ...v mum mm-
?. f ",l,."t'0'""" country, by imposing upon
,.r V m" rrc.8I'ol"Jo,:,;B. restriction and Vi-i
highly iiy urmiis to their mcefstfu) progrets.
. nnt ui. y niuiriore with many of tho most valu-
Thoy therefore pray your honorable body to
adopt, as soon as possible, measures for reducing
tho charge of ocean postage to the uniform rate of
two conts for the mere transportation of a singlo
letter from any port of tho I'nitcd States to any
port beyond tho sea, at which the American mail
steamers may regularly touch.
Jacob A. Westervei.t, Chairman.
Rowland Johnson moved that ft petition for pub
lic signnturo shall be prepared. Adopted.
The following Committee was appointed to pre
pare it i
James Lee, II. C. Bowen, Win. Dawes, Rowland
A voto of thanks was passed to the Mayor, and
the meeting adjourned.
From the New York Tribune.
WOMEN OF THE WEST.
St. Louis, Saturday, Dec. 17, 1853.
- ' -
" vhj. a no iiiviinuon was coruiany responded
1 1 i 'I' day sot for his lecture. When the boat
hovo in sight on which he was expected, a delega
writo ' tion of ladies, large and respectable, with banner
floating in the air, met and welcomed him back to
to now tho richest merchant in that placo. Tho op
spread I sition to Women's Bights ceased in that rogion, and
teniiicrnnce has been riirht side un with enre nrnr
you are Rights, and
also of the Temperance reform, it occurred to me
that you might think the following worthy of a
placo in The Tribune. Mr. Ross, (the same who
was mobbed at Uoonofield, Mo., recently,) prior to
that had an invitation by the Division at Hannibal,
Mo., to go there and lecture. Ho did so, and as
usual was very sovero on the rum-sellers, a commit
tee of whom waited on him and forbid his lectur
ing again. On the next evening he was to lecture
at tho Methodist Church. Soon after the lecture
commenced, some six or eight men, armed to the
teeth, approached the sponker with threats of vio
lence if ho did not desist. But nothing intimida
ted he wont on dealing out to them such withoring
snrensm nnd rebuke thnt they finally loft, threat
ening wnni iney wouiu ao tne next evening, should
ho attempt speaking again. The noxt day lie could
'gel no houso in which to lecture, as all wore afraid
of a mob, which might result in dnmngo to thoir
houses. So ho left for want of a house in which to
speak. Tho ladies of the city thought it timo now
for them to act, so they took the mattor in hand
drew up an invitation for him to return and lecturo
again, pledging themselves to furnish him a house
in which to lecturo, nnd to protect him at the risk
of their honor nnd lives, This invitation WAS
signed by threo hundred nnd sixty-eight lodics out
oi a nomiinunn oi two thousand and five honilre.l
' "nt embraced a largo proportion of the ladies of
l.l...:.. TL- !-.!..' . .... . .
thoir city, nnd escorted him to his hotel. At the
nour tor tho lecture they returned and escorted him
to the church which was crowdod to its utmost ca
pacity. As a matter of course no one dared to in
terrupt him while thus protected. He remained
nnd lectured for several dnys, nnd denlt out to tho
liquor-sellers tho severest blows they ever had in
that county. On tho second day of this course of
lectures tho ladies entered into a writton agreement
that they would, from that timo forward, patronize
no man in imv lirnn. li i,f l.n.innii ;n
any way, in spirituous liquors. This was signed
by nil the ladies of tho city. This was Woman's
j Bights to some purpose and to somo effect. In a
council of tho rum-fraternity, one of tho largest
w ih'htpuiu ufuK.'ia 111 iiiu ciiv, .nr. o., roinarKCU,
Mr. Bos, nad only spoken the truth. On the
i store nnd wnre-houso were draped in mourning.-
1 Kml,,y lttin- d"n'M. bottles, 4c., covered
1 will, crane, were seen around he buil mourn.
...1...1 i .1....1 .1.. i- a . .
w s, ...t were
:l,n l,.,li,.. ,.tr.. ,. !... ,i ...j i..:..
eintitieii into tho river.
LONGEVITY IN THE UNITED STATES.
vmicu , iruc. uui me lucxicans nave siain lour
h teen of hi soldiers, and, at the latest aocounta,
have drivon them rnto a house, where they were
From the Census returns, it appears that in 1850
tne numner ri persons residing in the United
States who had attained tho age of one hundred
yoars nnd over, was as follows :
White males, ------ 357
do females, ------ 4:10
Frco colored males, - - - - - 11 4
do fcuialos, - - - - 229
Slaves, males, ------ ft(K)
do females, ------ 819
This shows pretty conclusively thnt females are
longer lived than males. It would also indicate
that the colored race is longer lived than tho white.
Tho nggrcgato of tho rucos is as l'.lj to 3 4 5.
Hence tho proportion of tho centenarians is large-
ijr in iitvur 01 iiiu coiorou raco.
Jiay-Tho minutes of tho Mormon General Con
ference held in Great Suit Lake City, on the Cth of
October last. gives tho following as the entire ponu-
i..:. .r f...i. n 11
iiuiiiii ui tuiu lurruory:
Seventies, - - - - 1,572
High Priests, - 50
Elders - C89
Saints, - 8,0.1!)
Children, - 6,307
In a nnrrative of travels on the Amnion nnd Rio
ftcgro, just published, Mr. Ytnllnco describes nn
extraordinary tree, called the milk tree, which was
one of tho first wonders ho saw near Para. Tho
fruit is eatuhlo, and full of a rich nnd very juicy
pulp; but "strangest of nil is the vegetable milk,
which exudes in abundance when the bark is cut.
It has about the consistence of thick cream, and.
but for a very slight peculiar taste, could scarcely
be distinguished from the genuine product of tlio
cow. jiir. l.oacens orueroa a man to tap some logs
that had lain nearly a month in the yard. Ho cut
sovcral notches in the bark with an axe, and in a
niinuto tho rich snp was running out in groat quan
gos. It was collected in a basin, diluted with wa
ter, strained, and brought up at tea-time and at
urcaaiitsi noxt morning, ihe peculiar flavor of the
milk seemed rather to improve the quality of the
tea, and gave it as good a color as rich cream; in
cofl'co it is equally good' The milk is also used
for glue, and it is said to be as durable as thnt
mado uso of by carpentora. Keening 1 W.
How to Text a Gooo Tkacurr. A gentleman
from Swnmnvillo, State of New-York, was tolling
how muny different occupations he had attemptod.
mining uiueis, uc nan mcu senool teaching.
" How long did you teach 1" asked a bystandor.
" Wnl, I didn't teach long j that is, I only Kent
" l)id you hiro outf"
"Wal, Ididu't hire out; I only went to hire
" Why did you give it up?"
" Wal, I gave it un for some reason or nuttier.
Y'ou soo, 1 traveled into a deetlrtct and inquired for
l. U ...1 . . 1 l. t ..
nm ii uau:ii9, oonicnouy saiu air. anionics was tne
mun I wanted to soo. So I found Mr. Sniekol
named my obiio. intorducintt mvself and asked
him whai ho thought about lotting me try my luck
with the big boys and unruly eals in the dtettrict.
Ho wanted to know if 1 roally considered mysolf
capable; and 1 told him 1 wouldn't mind his ask
ing mo a lew easy questions in 'rithmetio and jog
raphy, or showing my hand-writing. But he said
no, never mind, he could toll a good teacher bv his
" lvt me see you walk off a little wavs." savs
he, "and I can tell," say ho, "jis's well' I'd
heard you examined, says he.
" Uo sot in the door, a he spoke, and I thought
he looked a littlo skittish : but I was ennsid'mhle
Jruatratttl, and didn't mind much ; so turned about
aim walked ott as smart as 1 know d how. He
said he'd toll mo when to stop, so I kop' on till I
thought I'd gone fur enough then I I'pected
s'thing was to pay, and looked around. Wal, the
aoor vas tnet, ana fiitiekeu teat gone I "
" Did you go back f "
" Wal, no I didn't go back."
" Hid you apply for another school?"
" Will, no 1 didn't apply for another school,"
snid the gentleman from Swamnvllle. " I rather
judged my appearance was against me."
Walker nud hi rmrtv in Lower California are
defeated. He invaded nnd conquered it and de
clared it free. But the Moxicans have slain four-
8ALE.fi, OHIO. DEALER IK
OFFERS the largest and most yaried assirtmcn
of Goods in his lino, to be found in this part of the
State; which the publio ere respectfully solicited
His Stock comprises in part, the
UMorical Wtirhi of Jotephiu, linllin, Itolmiton,
Gibbon, Hume, Maeauleg, WiUiarJ, Ml
drtth, rf-c, cf-e.
'Too numerous to mention," embracing all the
principal Poets from Slmkcspenro, to Alexander
THE SCIENTIFIC WORKS
of Urt, Ilumbolt, I.ytU, lUh hcocIt, SI. John, Brock-
toby, Agcusa, Hugh Miller ana Ovyzol,
ALL THE PRINCIPAL
medical Works, now la use.
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN GREAT
A Splendid assortment of FANCY GIFT BOOKS
and ALBUMS, for the Hollidnys.
THE LIFE OF IWrrElt, NARRATIVE OF
A Lady's Voyage Round the World, and an end
less variety of other Miscellaneous Books.
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to eve
ry age and of all sues an
BOOKS, Wholesale and Retail
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS REGION
Vrbolesale and Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Pass Books.
Fifty dosen Slates. M'riting Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and Matorials;
Matorials for Flowors.
GOLD AND STEEL PENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prin'
tcrs' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fancy
Articles, Ac, 4c.
In addition to which, is a largo Stock of WALL1
AND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will be
sold cheap for CASH.
October 28, 1853.
Thc Sugar Creek Water Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Massilhm under the
chnrgo of Ir. rrense, is supplied with puro soft
spring water, nnd conducted on puro Hydropathic
principles. We givo no drugs. They nro only
hindrances to the radical euro of disease. Tho suc
cess which has thus far nttemlcd our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of tho virtues of pure mft tcaler, a pro
per uiot, c,
Terms $5 in ordinary cases, paynblo weekly.
Ir. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropathic
Instituto, and Editor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movements of tlio
country, says of us:
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough nnd energetic phy
sicinn, has a Water Cure at Sugar Creek Falls, O.
His terms arc very moderate, but there are few
places we could recommend with greater confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frcaso, Doardoff' Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O.
JOHNSON & HORNER'S
Large nnd Commodious New Store,
IS now open for tho accommodation of the Public,
with a large and well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilts,
lirocha, Silk, Thibet, nnd Bay State Shawls, Em
broidery, Kibbons Boots nnd Shoes, a lnrire stock
of Gum Shoes, sold nt Massachusetts prices, Dress
Trimmings in great variety, now stvlo of Luce
Veils, and Ladies' Gum Boots, something now.
Ours is tho only storo in town that has a frond
light. We a have been at great cxpenso to put s
Sky-Light in our store, so thnt our customers will
not hnvo tn buv their eoods in tlm Tlnrlr V
determined to koop up with tlio times; Ready Fay
and Small Profile,
P. S. Goods expressly for Friends, foes, nnd nil
the rest of mankind, who want Cheap Goods We
wish to inform the Publio that wo have tho largest
stock of Dross Silks in town ; in fact we wish it to
be understood that our storo is the Silk Store of the
lace. Ana we are not too modest to tell what we
ave to sell,
JOHNSON t HORNER,
Oct. 11, 1853.
GREAT EXCITE M EXT IX SALEM! I
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!!
A GREAT excitement prevailed in this town.
fow dnys sinco, in consequence of an arrival of a
train oi cars, loaaea with XSew Uoods, for tho
NEW CLOTHING STORE.
We theroforo think it expedient to call the ntten.
non oi me ciuions oi saioin ana vicinity to our
immense ouick ui vjoous.
: f , . . i . c ri l -
Among our new Stock of Clo thins are the fob
Ovor Coats of every description, sort and lixe.
Cloth Frock, Dress and Sack Coats.
Tweed, Cassinetto, and Velvet Sack Coats.
Black. F ancy. Silk, Satin. Cloth Cussimere nnd
Fancy, Black, Cassimore and Doe-Skin Pants,
do do Sutinett, Twoed and Beverteen Pants.
ITnder-Shirts and Drawers of every discription.
Hosiery, Gloves Cravats, Stocks. Handkerchiefs
btripod snd Taney blurt of all kinds; White
Shirts, Collar, &o., ie.
Also, flats, Caps, Carpet Bags and Trunks.
A large assortment of Boys Clothinir. of tvtn
We will offer our Good as cheap and cheaper
than any establishment in the Western Country;
we fool confident that by fair treatment to custom
ers, you will give us a share of your patronage.
JU11N r 111 DA Y ft Co.,
East Room of Johnon dc Horner' i New liuilding.
Salem, Oct. 28, 1853.
Tbe Wonderful ind Thrilling Narrative
Ttli KIDNAPPED MKW-Y0RKIR, WHO WAS
TWELVE V E A II 8 A SLAVE!
in the distant South, and finally rescued, in a
providential manner. The Book corrnlsimtna ,
adage, that " Truth is st ran cor than fiction " It
bos received the unbounded reoommondations of
tne iree press.
17,000 copies have been sold in four month!
i.uuu agent wanted, to sell the above, in all
parwoi me uniieu otato and L'anada, to whom
the most liberal terms are irivnn. From t.nsi i.
11,00(1 a year, can be reuliiod by active and ros
The above make ono handsome 12mo, yol., of
""".PS"" i eugraviugs, ana is sola for H,00.
Copio ont by mail, (post-paid,) on receipt of
. For furthor narticular nnnlv (Ui (riA hull-
DcRBy ft Miller, Auburn, N. Y.
VtKBY, Orton A Mullnan, Buflulo.
.1 .!.,. t i-ctp I
,nd prices. Ml SIC j
THE Subscribers are just receiving thoir Fal
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HCEKKSWIRE, It , le.
Also a largo assortment of Boots and Shoes.
Which they offor at their usually choap rates, for
Cash or Merchantable Produce.
ISjyDon't forget the plaeo, American House,
Corner of Main and Ellsworth Streets, Salem, O.
TOMLINSON, STUATTON k Co.
September 8th, 1853.
Vom mi 10, ro 1854.
Tn Tenth Volume of this popular Joumnt will
commence on the 1st of January, 1854. We make
our annual appeal to the Farmor, the Mochnnlo,,aad
the Domestic Circle, to lond us a generous assistance
in supplying the Industrial Classes with a cheap
and reliablo paper,
DtToltd to AgricnllDre, Dotntitle ind Rural iffalri,-.
Contaixiso nt all timos ynlunblo hints for the Farm
the Shnp, and the Firetide, and seeking the eleya
tion of JMDoa in all its legitimate interests; oppos
ing quackery and humbug in all thoir forms, and"
Hiring the noble station of a true
HOME PAPER OF THE WEST.
The Editors have long been familiar with the
peculiar condition of Western Agriculture, and by
extensive travel and observation keep themselves
informed of the wants and progress of the country
Tns Onto Cultivator is rublishcd on the lit
nnd 15th of every month 10 larira octavo pages,
with title Dnff ZT.i index at tho "end of the year.
making a Volume of 380 pnges suitable for binding.
T2s.SinK8 BUh,ciptin 1 year. Fous
I oopios for $3. Nino copies for $0: and same prioe
(602 cents each) for any largor number. All sub"
scriptions to be paid in advance, and to commence
with the year. Persons sending Clubs, may hay
them directed to different offices if they choose;
and those having sent a smaller number, may after
wards increaso to nine, or more, at the Club rates.
To any person lending us a Club of Nine subscri
bers and $0, we will send, post paid, a complete,
Volume for nny provious year, in paper coyer.
Address, BATEIIAM A HARRIS;
Columbia, Ohio. '
ntosrECTi s for i54.
the saturdaTevening tost
I'nrtvnlcd Array of Talent.
The proprietors of the POST, in again coming
before tho public, would return thanks for the gen
erous pntronngo which hns placed them far in ad
vunco of every other Literary Weekly in America.
And, as tho only suitable return for such frco and
hearty support, their arrangements for 1H54 hay
been mado with a degree of liberality probably nn
cqualcd in tho history of American newspaper lit
erature. They havo engaged ns contributors for
the ensuing year tho following brilliant array of
talent and genius: Mrs, Sot tiih oktii Ehihsoh
Bennett Mrs. Denison Gii.ue Greenwood ark
In the first paper of January next, we dcsiirn
commencing nn Original Novelet, writton expressly
ior our columns, cuiilicu.
THE BRIDE OF THE WILDERNESS.
UV KMERSOM DENNETT.
Author of "Viola." " Clara Moreland." "The For
ged Wilt." etc.
This Novolct, by the popular author of " Clara
Moreland," we design following by nnotbor called,
BV MRS. MARY A. DENISON, '
Author of Home Pictures," " Gertrudo Russell.'
We have also the promise of a number of Sketch
es by Grace Greenwood, whose brillinnt nnd versa
tile pen will be almost exclusively employed upoa
the Post and her own " Little Pilgrim,
Mrs. Southworth, whose fncinatinir works are
now being rapidly republished in England, als
will mnintnin her old nud plcnsnnt connection with
tho Post. The next story from her gifted pen wiH
lUirlnin, The Avenger
OR, THE FATAL VOW.
ny EMMA D. E. K. SOl'TII WORTH,
Author of "Tho Curse of Clifton." "Tho Lost Heir
ess," " Tho Deserted Wife," etc.
And last not least wo are authorised tn an
nounce a scries of articles from ono who has rapid
ly risen very high in popular favor. They will b
NEW SERIES OF SKETCHES.
BY FANNY FERX,
Author of " Forn Leaves," etc
We expect to bo able to commence tho Sketches
by Funny Forn, as well ns the sories bv Grace
Greenwood in tho enrly numbers of the coming
J-.ngrnvings, Foreien Correspondence. Agricul
tural nrticles, the news, Congressional Roports, the
.iiurKeis, eie., nisn snail no regularly given.
SSr CHEAP POSTAGE. The postage on th
Post to any part of the United States, when paid
quarterly in advance, is only 20 cents a yenr.
Terms. Tho terms of tho Post aro Two Dollars
per annum, payable in advance.
4 copies, ..... $5per,B.
8 " and one to the getter up of a club 10 "
13 " " " ' 15
20 " " " " 20 ii
The money for Club alwny must lie sent in ad
vance. Subscription may be sent nt our risk.
When the sum is large, a draft should be procured
if possible, the cost of which may be deducted from
the amount. Address, alu-ayi poet-paid,
No. 60 South Third Street, Philadelphia,
N. B. Any nerson beinir desirous nf wMulns
copy of the Post as a sample, can be accommo
dated by notifiying the puplishor by letter, (post-
UNLET 1 CARPENTER'S PSEUDS
IS now completed, and ready for reception. Wi
have gone to considerable expense in fitting up, to
operate with advantage, and with reference to th
oomfort and convenience of those who may favor
us with a call ; in short, we are permanently lo
cated Our rooms are in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call and see us. You wiU find our reception room,
neat and comfortable.
Can be surpassed no where in th State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. W war
rant our work. Likenesses of all sues, taken ..
like, or ho charge! I Our nriues mniro wm AA
cents, to 20 dollar. Past experience, and present t
advantage, enable us to take Good Likeneuu, at '
very reasonable Rata. Being, also, posted in all !
tho recent improvements of the art. our time and
entire attention shall bo to render full satisfaction. .
Sick or deceased porsons taken at thoir room.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Person wishing Pictures taken on Oal
vauixed Plates, can do so without extra charge.
-Room open from G o'clock, A. M., until lt
"M June 31st, 1853.
North Side MaiihSl., One Door Weel of thSnlemii
Book-Store, Salem, Ohio.
Coats, Vests, Pants, &o Mndo to Ordor aod Walk
ranted to Give Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Business in all his Hrnncho.
en a,a heretofore..