Newspaper Page Text
THE ARCTIC EXPEDITION.
The first intelltfrpnco from the Arctic Expedition
under the direction of lr. Knii, is published In
(lie Tribune. The communication n written in
July last. The Commanrirr reports nil tiling pro
grousing finely. The following letter is from a
Member of tlio Expedition I
" Cl'rnNAViK, Greenland, )
Saturday, July S3, ltCni. J
"I shall never forgot my "obligations to yon fur
letting me g.. t cnn only My' that if ever I gel
back and lio to pet married and bare n son, I will
enrl bini on nn Arctic exped'uion like this, if I can
ono. . It uiukps a man of olio to see what dan
gers men eon meet nnd ward off, nnd nt lut b urn
to look with contempt upon. Sin-li inspirim; sights
tool Ibe sun shining ibiy and nijiht on these lin
ked precipices, nml tbo" (treat whale?, nml the
grcntor icebergs I I with I could think you would
not laugh nt nie if I should ntteinpt a fine flight of
description of the icel.org. Thev are hut vou
wouht cull the vretailinij architect m of theso reg
ions, ami i ucti.iro to vou we hnvo now met so ninnv
that to fee a new ono creates no more feeling in my
breast than n houso additional anywhere up town.
At thin moment wo hnvo moro than two hundred in
full view two hundred ami sixteen counted.
" I will bo obliged to vou if you will iulorm my
father and tho re.it bow "little they need fair for our
safety. No ono linn apprehension on board for nny
thin if Dr. Kino keeps well. Ho don't like to!
have numtiom put biui nbout his henltli. von know :
DUt 1 belicro Ills rheum itisin is hi'tlr-r. I l i he
oops thin, lie bis g.ino tbn.ui: i ii " ind doal too,
siJo we got hero, tfh..,r- wild people (they are nil
fit and fur. liko winter mwuinsl bme to i.art with
their wicked devils of do;;, and Dr. Knno bail to
travel through the country to buv them tin. Ho
had to traverse the liords between Knngeit and
Kursuk, if you know where that is, nml thence to
to I'pernnvik, the party camping out nnd sleeping
uieiar uun.iei roue, mm nviog upon ijiras liicv
cnokc.l upon the rocks. They were out nearly nil
of 1 1st week in their open b out, and found it linrd
work 1 believe, 'i'hey made fifty milos once nt a
"Dr. K ;ino howover, his obtained everything we
n auicn sic.iges, Harnesses nnt dogs, reuulecr,
set. and bear furs, boot nioeeaius, walrus lashings,
mm i riMi many articles witli wlmso names 1 11111
m yet iiini.ii iinto . A'ld all this without losing
a moinout's tiioo; for tho calm h id lasted till now,
and everything has been transacted without our
coming to nn anchor.
-As soon as tho right wind blows wo aro oft"
agun. All tliono whose authority is vnluahlo de
clare wte have hsd a fortunate rovase. I will now
inform you of our future. I hnvo w hat I say from
the first authority; roj nnv, tliToforo rely upon
M0.t rovbing the hi
best niviirtblo noints on
ic 1 n.iyin.io points on
tin eisteru si U .t 8 irfi'a S tt:t , tt it is, where
over ny tlio utino.t ell'ort our negro baid-bea lcd
brijr can bo butted, I'r. Kane seeks a harbor in
somo Indented cape, if prusiblo projecting into the
channel and opening to tho south and wct. Such,
both by tho.iry ami experience, l)e. Kane deems
bout suited for protection and nn early liberation
from the ice. The moment wo aro in b.'ilior the
vory but nit- tt.iris tlio Provision Depot Tool lV.r
tv. This I'M lUp-Jition the e.xpericni 0 of the
Jiritish h is deol ir.'.! iuipraclicaMe (impolitic), but
wo save days which are g dlcn in their value, nnd
poriiap may carry tih uo.it 1 1 some valuable point
oriuuiiv i-nioarnauon umi sennli. llic limit l
nlroady prepared ! tho poiniean bags stowed upon
its floor, and her name, The Forlorn Hope, is
piintod upou tlio stern. S!io is J." feet long nnd
Carjfully r.trengthciicd. A brcit b.tr or transverse
piece nl timheris so adjusted nemss her gunwale as
t. admit of tho iuhinj action the most ell'e.'tive ap
plication for tho purpose of the human force of
eight men. Dr. Knnv walking in ndvnnco to pick
tho wny. "hhe carries nn India-rubber bousing for
the niitht, or rathor the sloon. for the niirlit wHl !,
Vorpevuul, and it sllo upon which wo can tempo
rarily plaice lie anr.ua. .
' It makes some of our boys fcol fpieer when wo
look at tho boat. With this little crnft. we. or thev
lift do not know that I will be detailed) have to
ail, row, drajj and pull, over all tbo alternate ice
and water, till they give out entirely nnd can get
no further with her. They then return on foot to
tho vessel, leaving the forlorn hope to her fate, after
carefully walling her in with ieo, to keep her prec
ious scores from tho wolverines and '.ears. Si
much of their journey w ill bo iu tbo midst of the
winter-darkness, that tbo partv will have to find
their wny back fr tho brig guided by the stars and
mmn. I rathor think whoever stays on board tbo
Adrance will receive them wiih'o welcome nnd
some hot cotl'ee. Then comes tho work the work
for ug all next spring '. There is the right spirit,
ii, sou limy UOOCII'I upon it, resiini' with
ooeiui upon it. rcstnor u-n 1. i.nr
company. 1 rathor guess wo'll carry tho Amnrienn
. ,- ,, - , c. .
Somen wit"! their Slue 1 '! h"t"U "l
You hnvo no idea how, bv bavin- Sir J?.l 1 Fr SI
lin as tbo ohj-ctofour" ho.ireh'' nnd hi" iiicture
hanging in tho cabin, nnd ul aav" t hi ki, , Z
Hiking about l,im-wb at a re , rkahle l u 'l Vni 1
in our minds. Wo consider bo is where Dr K ino 1
ho is; and if be is ai.vwle re elso we will
go after bun. If he is gono to heaven, poor man,
why then as in Sir Humphrey's case, porhups seek
ing after him, will bo our shortest way of cettinc
there too." ' b h
Kwjclt U sLeut 20 mlloi luulli of Prcron.
CottK. Many persons use corks daily without
knowing from whence come thoso useful materials.
Corks arc cut from largo slabs from tbo cork tree,
a species of oak, which grows wild in the southern
countries in Europe. Tho treo is stripped of its
bark at about sixteen years old: but beforo strip
ping it off, the treo is cot down, as in tbo enso uf
the 011k. It is taken whiio tho treo is growing,
and the operation may be repcatod every eight or
nine years; the quality of tbo bark continuing each
time to 'improve as the n-o of tho tien ineieasn.
When the bark is taken off it is singed in the iiaine
ot a strong nre, and niter being soaked for n con
siderable tlurj ui water, it is plnoe I under heavy
weight hi urdot (o render it strnight. Iu extreme
bgktues. the ease with which it can bo coni'rc
ea, nnd its elasticity, are properties so peculiar
to this substance,, that an clluiuit substitute for it
ha not boon discovered. The valuable properties
n tinsi-ioniin iuu iuu urocus and llomnns,
who oniployod it for all tho purpises for of stopples.
Tho anoient mostly useil cement for slopping the
mouths of bottles or yusscls. Tho Kgeptians m o
Aid 9 have made cotfins of cork, which being
spread on the inside with a resinous substance,
preserved dead bodies front decay. In modern
timos cork was not generally used 'for bottles til!
about tho seventeenth century, cement being used
until then for that purpose.
'Irish Emigration. An Irish pnper, in proof of
the beiicScient effect of the vast emigration from
"IrUand during tbo last six ye us, in tbo improve
inst of thu coudition of the emigrants and of their
twlativeii at homo, appeals to ihn largo sums of
Money which hnvo been remitted by emi"rtiil
ta Ainerion for the rebut of their fi ien.Is at "homo
and to euahle the lattor to join themselves in'
Aiiiorica. lu eonfirmatioiiof this view, it state,
the following facts as given on the authority of the
.Jmgush tomimssionori of Emigration, who report
tho following sums on tho authority (,f returns
which have uuiuv under their oini knovlcdL'0 "In
1H4S, XllHI.OOtr: In IfiW, ColO.fMlii .,.-i r,;-'
vGOO ; in IH51, Xy07,OU) ; tanking a total of 0 J7-'.
.inalinr,.ii,r.i'i n ,i,;.
Bal wbmk quotes it a ilomau Cutliulic orgnu 1
rnturk r. , , . .
,i-'M thoiemiUsncas have continned nt tho same
Urate during the last two yoars, soother million and
i half mtjr be added U the sum, which would for
Istlie sis yoara a gnuid toul of 4,iri,M). TUsre
s nothing in Ike history of the World that oquils
so interest th romance of private UI4 revealed by
this fct, atiestiug atunce the heroism, U10 seli'-dr-vjoil.
jid UiO diUiful afl'ectiou oftiio UUU Catholic
... . . t .
-Th project of colonizing the Mosquito coast is
wholly Southern in its purposes the design being
to transport slaves there. The grant to the ooin
paay Is said to oathm 300 .-silo of sea ooast.
SUPERSTITION. BY SHELLEY.
Thou (tiniest all thou look'st upon I The stnrs,
V filth on thy erndle benm'd so brightly sweet,
Wore gods, to the distempcr'd playfulness
Of thy untiitor'd infancy ; the trees,
The grass, tbo clouds, the mountains, and the sea.
All living things that walk, swim, creep, or fly,
Were gods ; the sun had homage, nnd the moon
Her worshipper. Then thou lieenm'st a boy,
More daring iu thy frenzies; every shape,
Monstrous or vast, or beautifully wild,
Which from sensation's relics, fancy culls j
The spirits of the air, the shuddering ghost,
The genii of the elements, the powers
That gave a shape to nature's varied works,
Had lifo and place in the corrupt belief
Of thy blind heart j still thy youthful hands
Woro puro of human blood. Then manhood gave
Its strength and ardor to thy frensied brain ;
Thine eager gno -ennn'd tbo stupendous scene,
Whoso wonders movk'd the knowledgo of thy pride;
Their everlasting and unchanging Inwi
Koproneh'd thine ignorance. Awhile thou stood'st
Hiifflod nnd gloomy ; then thou didst sum up
The elements of nil that thou didst know
The changing seasons, w inter's leafless reign,
Tho budding of the benvcn-breathing trees,
The eternal orbs that beautify tho night,
Tl. .....:... n.,.l r.i
I- .11 1 , ,
'nr ,"l"k,. nnJ I""'" B,lJ "'
A"'1 n" ,1,cir onuses, to an abstract point
Converging, thou ili.Ut give it niunc, and form,
Intelligence, and unity, and porter.
From the Home Journal.
BY MISS AUGUSTA BROWNE.
.1 .1 , . "1 . rr"w,?i
"" ,' 'l"1 ! 1" ',.av,l',01iJ,ri,,u,,Bi ith Lvdinn-
V T Tl" "1'8t,ru"","t' "l0 .cvl1 ,
"VT ' ?T " 0"n?n
1 l'rulu,lc.c" l'UH,.'il"!' 1'c'r1 word hunuiig
Vll"lucVccri"; ft,l ."'bf-'r responding
PcRii.vrs the author of the following communi
cation lakes her subject a littlo too seriously: and
perhaps nt. In cither ense, the subject ot popu
lar amusement is ono of great importance, nml is
here treated with the nbilitv and earnestness which
its importance demands. We commend the article
to tlio thoughtful perusal of our readers. :J
"All private virtue is the publio fund:
As that abounds, the slntc decays, or thrives;
Laeh should contribute, to the general stock,
And who lends most, is most his country's friend."
It was a custom with many ancient nations
..ave laws regulating tho national amusements and
1 . " . '', l-onuics, suen 1
tlc lawgivers iud:;e.. 111 their ito ound .. in.!
Km 00 ie.Muieiii.il ,o 1110 puoiic morals, nml en-!
eoiiratfii)" w itli urines nnd honours thosn
appeared conducive to tho mental nnd nhvsicnl !
improvement of the people. Well knew they,
lh.t-11 N-,cre nl fititt.niOf , ,,,, 11,., u,.. . -...1
mat 1 11c nours ol rest nui 1
...-... ... .. . . ... ..,t v.i. i,.,,,,. iuu ueqouuo,
those 111 whHi sin creeps into tho unguarded 1
soul, nnd thus knowing, they, with admirable pol-
met tho coiitingoney by providing elevating i
and yirtueiis re reations, Irom which tho partnkersi
could return to toil with renewed vigour nnd fresh-l
I nh.ipj.ily. 111 this enlightened ora of the!
we nre, in this respect, their inferiors, in I
that w o have no censors appointed to regulate our I
diversions und nmusements, and banish I
those which nre injurious to rehnenieiit, purity of:
or improveineiit. V, ero we so favoured, not
to sny blessed, not lonjr, it is certain, would 1TC
hnvo cause to blush at tho association of tho sacred 1
name r music with negro minstrelsy. j
Mitutrclmj! Now, chivalry forbid. Oh, ye I
shade nf musically-wooing Reginalds, Adelberts I
ami r.inoiwoius, ana 01 musicaliy-wooctl hcliths.l
hrincngordes and Gencvievis, youth nnd maidens i
01 ogesagone 11 yet your gentle spirits linger
around tbo confines of this nether inhere, in inno
cent solicitude to ken what we your successors nre
iluing 111 tlio wny ot progress, enn ye list such pro
fanntirn of the craft ye loved, nor 'droop shudder
ingly your radiant pinions over your bright faces i
u. pernaps jo trow not-crea ures 01 yore-while
love, song nnd poesy-vvhat a black chango bath j
come "0 er tho spirit of your dream," that, in!
place of silvery lute, flowing tresses, voice of melt-
nig witchery, and gallant young heart throbbing!
with strain of puro nlicction, tho "gentlo myn-'oiiher
strelo of our day sports ba,o and Ao. a sooty
vi.snge, woolly crown and a lingo unintelligible to,
polite a barbarous speech, such ns your
cour.iv tongues wouiu reiuso to name, lou hntl,
indeed, your court-bufl'oons, jour jesters; but
which of vou ever condescended, oven in vour
.. :i .1. c "1. . -
, .1 'r .. . .
uihj 01 monu uiiioriuimics I
Wi,h "roLy l our most beauti-
in loye's dulcet cadences Alfred the Great enter-j
tmr thn eimin of the eoninv in irmin of wnJ.;n
niinstrel Kichard of hn-laiid and his fiiilhful
n . " . i . ' . ' : : J V- ,,v' "fc .
esquire, Blondel to tho thousand moro fniiiiliiir
rominiscenees ol domestic life. Beuutiful scenes:
of history, rouianco and nffoction, fun; would we
jin-ovrvv u 0111 umoiieoeo irom mmi me wniiu ol
improvement, how much the rather, then, from the
taint of vulgarity or folly!
To tho present prevalence of negro songs, none
can deny, is uttributuble much of tho slang nnd
low breeding found oven ninong circles where bet
ter might bo hoped. Said a gentleman of Cue
taste to tbo writer, speaking of a ludy who bad
frequented ono of tbo Ktbiopiaii exhibitions during
a fortnight of cunsccutivo evenings, " Why, Miss
hns gone eo often thnt the is nearly black."
A significant and just criticism. There exists in
every or.e enough of tbo faculty of imitation to
ennbla him to adopt any manner, style or habit
which may chance to impress his fancy, or chime
in with bis momentary mood; and, as in this pres
ent fallen state of beiiiir, our nnturo is bv far more
ready to copy evil than good, wo nre, conrecjucntly, 1
especially susceptiblo of bail influences. Tho I
iogio-ui.nstii.isy. acting on this loible, Is, thero-
influence upon society nt largo than many would
itii it V4ci iiniiiK n imui U UAIVUMYU UUU IIIJ UTlOUft
imagine, not only as regards tho progress of mus
ical science, but also of morals aud religion.
It is true, it receives no countenance from per
sons of natural refinement, uor from thoso whoso
tastes have become so through judicious education,
and elevating nssocintions ; but it is dangerously
alluring to a far moro important, because n moro
numerous class, tbo thoughtless and tho very
young, who nro attracted by anything mirthful,
and which demands no t.JI from "tho intellect.
Through tho medium of amusement, pernicious
lessons may bo conveyed with dt ublo facility.
Here is an extract from a new version of the his
tory of tbo Creation, taken from tbo music-book i f
a young lady :
" Dcy first mado the rnrth,
tbo si: V,
and den dey madi!
And din dcy bung it up above and luft it dar
Den dcy mado tbo stars out of wiggar wenches'
To give a littlo light when tbo moon don't rise."
Instil this elegant lvrio into tho memory of n
child and such like aro every day learned eagerly
by littlo children, before they bsvo been taught
sacred troths will honcrth bo associated in his
mind with low hiirlesqtur First impressions never
wear off, and tho stain thus imprinted on tlio soul
ii ineffaceable. A lady of tho writer's acquaint
ance onco forcibly illustrated this fact. Hie hail
attended on Saturday night a negro concert, and
lieen much entertained with a choice mureeau, the
burthen of which ran someway thus:
"Der's no use in knockin' at do door any more."
On the ensuing Sabbath she went a usual to
church, whero the Rev. Dr. - preached a
most Impressive sermon upon the subject of the
Final Judgment, aud of tbo cbrrnnl misery of U.
with the mixed multitude. This state of things is
very discouraging, and might well make us sigh
f tho day, of tbo old censors of Greece. b
'n a critique of the melodic, of these poetic
effusions, it is not necessary to cuter: eight Jut of I
ten of them arc utterly beneath criticism, and the
"jian 1 ticket ! ' ana 11 Ins politeness suffer him
n()t t(1 laueh you to scorn, be will, nt least, deem
vml slightly insane. Had Milton, instend of en
icy. riching forever tho world with tbo glorious works
whoso inspired voices hnvo rolled on, and rball
continue to roll on, in magnificent cadences, sono
ness rously swelling above tbo Hal.cl tumults of sueees
world, Rivc centuries ; bnd Milton bnobly employed his
talents for tbo temporary nmu'sement nnd corrup
populnr tion of bis race, needed "bo to hnvo lived nnd died
i penurv! But bo chose, moro wisely, fume eter
mind, nnl ; mid" now, when the memories or the wicked
lira m mtnii 111 aliiittiA h '! wtillrinr nn nnA Jnivn
i tll0 crr 8ng. n buffoonery and profanity that
force tbo former ditties to bury their diminished
beads in the remotest comer ol tbo lumber-room,
There arUes a more serious question : Why is it
that, within two or three years, so few concerts, by
resident or foreign niuUians, (with the
exception of a few heralded stars,) aro tuocessful '
Why is it thnt three cut of four, perhaps, full ruin
cars ousfy short of remuneration to the ui lists cncnccd
wicked, who shall be banished from the Divine
Presence. Li the course of his remarks, he hap
pened to say, "And then, my brethren, there will
be tio use in knocking at the door any more," or
words to the same cOect, which so revived the ab
surd seencs of the nrovious evening, that her
gravity was entirely overcome, nnd tho solemn
address turned into ft farce. There is anothcri
rhvnic now abroad nbout ''Jordan," casting mock
cry upon thnt most nwful of truths, the mysterious
trnnsit-moment of the soul from time into eternity,
symbolised by the river Jordan. The author !)
perhaps intended no profanity nothing but igno
rance of the sncredness of the subject could bo an
apology. With what effect conies from the lips of
either lady or gontlemnn such dninty poetry as the
" And what do you pose olo Suke had for sup
Chicken-foot, possum-fat, hominy and butter."
Wo say nothing of the creativo merit of tho
production, that is quenched in its sublimity.
The Into Signer Dc Degnis was highly incensed
because a lady once inquired of him whether he
could play on tbo accordion ; the offeneo would
have been heightened 0110 hundred-fold had she
requested him, or any other regular musician, to
sing a negro-song. Why they aro called nearo
smuts Is a matter of marvel : the term is a libel on
tho w-holo colored rnee, who oiiclit to rise rn mrts.sci,,
.. ".- 1 .1...; .i.ii;.. A-,, .t .11
qtminted with the unique nnil ofltimes real poetry
of genuine negro nature with its pathos, humor,
ambition, nnd when properly instructed, forvid
piety could, for ono moment, supposo the dog
gerels attached to theso melodies to bo correct de
lineations of negro character. On tbo contrary,
tbo well-bred negro is fond of high-sound Innjr
uage, indulging in it to no small degree, nnd, 111
south, right sorry would ho be to mar his F.nglih
by such iingrammatical jargon ; for, inevitably
ruin it will the pronunciation of tho best gram
marian who familiarir.es himself with it.
As a musician from earliest infancy, and daugh
ter also of a musician of well-known standing,
and one who is profoundly interested in whatever
touches the advancement or deterioration of music,
tho writer would professionally counsel, that with
the taking up of the first black song bo nt once
abandoned all idea of truo music ; for a stop is I
hereby put to turtlier improvement. INo musician
who lias a duo veneration for bis art or, indeed,
for good manners could voluntarily intioJuco one
of them to a pupil.
It is idlo to ndvnnco, in extenuation of this
negro-mnnin, the plea of popularity. l'ijmlarit'j
is not tho only gage of merit or genius. Hundreds
of the finest gems in music and literature hnvo re
mnined unknown through tho force of uiieontro!
atilo circumstances ebb fly the inability of the
million loapprcciatc their peculiar beauties: for ap
probation ol an author argues twin-ship of soul on
- r i. .i,;i-, ....1
y destitute of any claim to favour, huvo surprised
, i,y their lucky lortuno. I'hnll is blown about
.. i .1 1... 11. .1.. !.... 1. ..r .:.i 1...
t10 wheat remains quiescent until lifted. Ask the
r... i.: 11 i.i:.i... .. i.:..i. 1..... 1 ... 1 .
,i, .-.,f,.ni.i n;.. m...i :.n ,
,,' and 'ho will sinilo'nt voiir simidieitv.
... . . .. , .. '..
l,eil,.. Ve, ,!.... 'I,,.',,,'.,, lv-." .
in his shining robes, nnd with a laurel round his
head, in the cities of mnny lands; having his home
and bis w elcome in every devout heart, nnd upon
every learned tongue of tho Christian world."
X10 Cr of allectingly sentimental pastorals,
with ncvcr-fuilinir accessories of love-lorn shenherd
with crook nnd pipe, and tbo suceoedinrs ono of
anacreontic ballads suggestive of ruby-tinted noses
and sparkling bumpers, have passed away, unre-
jireuuu 111 our uny 01 superior science save tor
that, $0 the harmless silliness of the one, and the
rutlicr dubious morality of tho other, is superadded,
in them, nnd wo hnvo in our midst many superb
musicians? And why have fallen into disuse those
noble works ot tbo great mooters works which
tend to eimoblo tbo tnstc in every phase, nnd to
exalt the mind oratorios f The reason is obvious.
Tlio publio taste has become vitiated, nod tho few
competent to ,'iulge nnd guide, retire irom contest
residue, with the exception of a few very sweot I
:.. ,1. .1.. .: .1. . . . I
ship, aro scraps of faveurito opera, aunloihies of
aim 111 iiiu iuni ouiec worwiv Ol ociicr coninamon.
obscure melujies newly dressed, and strains Afri-1
cancsqiio, caught from the memories of tradition-1
preserving slaves. Thete few latter pose oil' ninonir '
them the meagre ones, after the manner in which
Coleridge's ci ing man passed off his In-lit iruin-
ea (jotwem two linlfi 'Clinics, Tho melodies, now
ever, nro but disguises ; tbo words uro tbo grand
charm of theso gems, fir could ever music convey
the profane jestings with the most sacred subjects
of lifo mid death, the uncouth phrases, tho coarse
kcqnivoques, tbo absurd patois, and tbo innumer
able "nods, nnd becks, and wreathed smiles,"
which garnish tho phraseology, nnd impart expres
sion iu iuu isaen uuu gestures oi too votaries
this species ot umusemcnt ! !
It may bo thought that too much stress ia l,,;.l 1
on this subject, that it is unworthy of so much j
notice ; but nothing having any bearing upon the ,
is trivial. For, as a vast meadow is compos-.'7
cd of individual blade- of glass, so is lifo made up I
ruin forever. 'J
mo, oni-iiui action niay i,e our I
The latest movement, tho 'inlroUuc-
nclodics into rltiirch nsnluw,,!,- ; '
tion of negro melodies into rAmWi
the crowning point ; nnd tbo pnrtisuu of " mins-1
treisy, may soon hnvo tlio pleasant surprise of
joining m an address to the Deity, or a funornl
nynin, to ino (uno 01, iniiyoe, -uid Jaw Bono." i
suiium toe valuta to mo or irinni vnrn
The mind docs, indeed, require relaxation from
tho graver pursuits of life; but docs not the wholo
universe ol nature, art, science, nflbrd sufficient
scope for tho pleasure and gratification of yuung
and obi, simplo nnd learned I We should strivo to
ruiso tho intellect, not to debase it ; aud as the
hours of reposo nnd amusement aro the most mo
mentous in their consequences, it is then thnt
should be earnestly invoked the gracious assistance
of our giiiudiiiii ungcl. One hour of pernicious
or frivolous amusement may neutralize, and destroy
the fruits of a wholo day, month, year, of serious
and profitable study. Gur pleasures should have
a refining tendency, and tho. seasons of niost
thoughtless gayoty bo thoso in which tho soul
shall smooth her lullled plumage for nobler flight
thus seeking to imitate tbo link, who iu bur joyous
carol, sours and '
"At hoaven's gate sings !"
A Hu e Old Tiiee. Capt. Solomon Marsh, of
measures 14 feet round the trunk, and yielded the
L,mi neiu. 1 1 an on inn Tircnns.tB nn r...lA ...i.: .i.
settlers of Litchfield, mid has borne delicious fruit
our hundred and thirttj tjeart Sosays the LiUlt field
The project of colonizing the Mosquito Coast,
lately started in Now York, is said to U wholly
Southern in its purposes. The design is tu trans
port slaves thither, and so establish slavery within
the territory. The grant to Ibe parties in question
is made by King Gullinipper I. of Hie Mosquito In
dians, and is said to ombrac 300 miles of sea
coast. It remains u be soen whether th Admin
istration will look quietly on and see this atrocious
PREFACE TO THE TWENTY-FIFITH VOLUME
o . ... , , t, ,
.(Confidence, withdrew, nnd Britnnnin tnurmurod
On Christmas Eve, Mr. Punch, on the strength
or, rather, length of a Mcssaee from President
ncrco, visucii ncr majosiy ijucen Jinn, lie was
received bra most courteous Drenm-in-Wniting,
wh0 introduced him through tho Oats of Horn.
whenco, as Colonel Sibthrop beautifully remarks,
" Vtrlt bcllli itur tiltul tJabrlr"
Dream-World was mcrily keeping its Yule-tide
with shadow Sports and disolving Pastimes. As
Mr. Punch entered, the Game was Forfeits.
The Lady Britannia was enthroned, Mistress of
tnc itevel, ana iter golden apron was heaped with
Pledges. Tho owners, a miscellaneous group,
awaited tho sentence of penalties.
Down, nt a smile-signal from the Lady in the
Chair, down went the broad brow of Mr. Punoh, to
repose on her knee, while Kings, and Ministers
and Hierarcbs, and Demagogues, came rustling
round to listen.
The mngio formula wns silrerlr uttored. "Here
is a Thing, and a Very Pretty Thing, and What
shall be Done by the Owner of this Very Pretty
Answer, dear Mr. Punch, said the Lady in the
Chair. You always say exactly what I wish said.
The Owner, said Mr. Punch, will retire. And
the Karl of Aberdeen, who had forfeited Public
her intense satisfaction with the proceed inn
The next forfoit wua cnllod. J'ho Ownor, snid
tho ornclo, will go down upon his kneos, will, in
nil nlijcctness of humilation, beg pardon of all tho
world, nnd will humbly deposit nis purso at the
foot of tho Ottoman nenrost to him. A heavy tread
and tbo Emperor of all the Hussions sullenly
stalked away, sooner than thus redeem his Honor.
Tho third forfeit. The Owner will find a Lady,
whose wcU-oniencd Christian name is Victory, and
to her he will rccito some verses, of his own making,
in prniso of Chobham and Spithead. 1 am not
much of a poet, said Mr. Cobdon, but if my Friend
Bright, will help me, I will bo glad to redeem my
Tho Fourth. A poor Foreigner, whispered the
oycrkindly Lady, but Mr. Punch, sternly buttoned
his pockets. The Owner will bchavo with common
honesty until turtlier notice. A gentleman in a
Spanish costume looked surprised nt such a dosire,
and snid that ho diduot care whether he did or did
uot redeem bis Bonds.
Tho fifth was called, nnd n light step approached
and somebody was beard humming a melody of
j 0111 .Mooro s. 1110 Uwner, snnl .Mr, l unch, will
carry three times through the chamber something
to help you, Mudnme, to hear your voice bettor.
Lord John Kusscll smiled, nnd said that be hoped
that bis Uoform Bill would so redeem his Promise.
And the Dream it isdrcam fashion grow con
fused, but Mr. Punch thinks there wns a scrnmble
for tho rest of tbo things, and thnt evorybody
snatched what he could. Mr. Gladstone, seising.
wiin tax-gntner s gripe, what he thought was a
work on Theology, got "Tho Whole Duty off Pa-
er." Finperor Louis Napoleon dopurtcd vory
nippy with a Cradle. Lord Palmorston went out,
angry with n Scotch Compass, which, though only
M'J"1 0",.V.f.",. '1'ri"!'y HuU. lmJ nbominnblo
bins to NE. Pono 1'ius rnn about more uncom
fortnblo, npprchcndinir the loss of a French Watch
and Guard, to go without w hich would, his Holi
ness snid, be his ruin. Mr. D Israeli mado several
ynin grabs at n portfolio, which Brttnnnin, laugh
ing good-natured scorn, refused to let him have;
and when tho Lnrl of Derby tried for tho same
thing, sho presented him w ith a Racing Game, as
moro suitable to his capabilities. Several Alder
men, w ho bnd presented specimens of Mendacity
received packets of tickets, inscribed Mendicity, to
to everybody s delight and there was a cheer for a
bold Bishop, who had put down a Carriage and
was content to tnko up a little Gig. Another
Bishop he hnd a Fulbani cut found his mitre,
but some one, iu unseemly satire, had surmounted
it with a golden and most vivacious Weathercock.
And what would you put down, my dear Mr.
Punch, said the Lady ot tho Revel, if we begin
This Dear Lady, said Mr. Punch, gracefully
bending, and proffering an objoct at which the eyes
of Britannia sparkled liko diamonds, this which
as your game is ovor, I will pray you to keop iu
plodgo that, six months hence, I will present you
with its still richor successor.
And Britannia the smile at her heart reflect
ed in her face accepted Mr. Punch's Twenty-fifth
FREEDOM AT WASHINGTON.
A correspondent of tho Mnhoning Free Demo
crat, writes from Washington as follows:
WASHINGTON CITY, Jan. 11, 1854.
imidrcd dollars for bcr freedom. She paid the
. m she states, but the ownor threatened to
. lir. and 1.1 luct did sell her to a man who had
her clnim. to liberty. She sued for free-
Jun'. hut was unable to make prool of nil the pay
thinks "'!"? 1 ho Court finding $3oU paid and$l70 re-
guise the fact that my own eyes wcro not dry. In
u,i' room alone, 1 felt the degradation of my count
mind ' ho unutterably deep.' How long, oh, God!
how long shall party names and party prejudices
A colored man has just loft my room down cast
and broken hearted. He called on 1110 some two
hours since, stating that a certain woman of some
M curs old mado a contract with her owucr to pay
tivt, liiniilreil l..llii.a r.. 1.... I-An.l Li..
""i"g !". give her but thirty days to raise the
4(1 Til Tl a ,... a w 1..-- ..: 1... ... 1 .
' v' "v .-i,iv iiun uiiriu: uuu mis morn-
'"B llc.r owncr 8e,,t her to the ilavc pcu for sale
Herlriends went to see him, and ho agreed to
"" ' P'd any lime to-day ; but knowin
pintUcuI churueter of those who dcul in hi
10 agreed to take
but knowing the
deal in liuuinn
Hesb, 1 told the colored man who called on mo that
1 would not miiko any effort, unless I had tho
pruinieu 111 w riting, no wont to tlio owner, and
returned in great trepedatiou with a note, saying
that ho would tako StSJUO if paid by i o'clock this
afternoon. 1 told tbo man if 1 had tbo power to
bang tho liend who thus attempts to swindlo those
Unit possess humane leclings, by his digusting pi
racy ; or could 1 subject bun for a few diiva to ihn
horrors of that traffic in human flesh, which whigs
and democrats hnvo so long kept up bore. I wo d
uov ncsiiuiu 10 uo citucr, out cimm uot nay the
4VIIW1 ei. l..r. . .V ..
$31)0. Tho man left 1110 ill tears, nnr would I ilin-
";ttu mwh w commit ine most revolting, Hie most
damning crimes that have disgraced lullen man If
How loiisr will men. under thn i,r,.in.n r .
ing frcodom, uphold public servants in niuiiitaiuing
'"is hellish trttio in humanity r How lornr will
prolessors ot religion fool thouisolves bound to voto
lor cn whoso wliolo inlluenco is exerted to con.
unuo tins commerce in the iinngo of Godf How
long will thoso who buy mid soli the saviour in tho
p(Tiu u, uis louowers, oo admitted to our comuiu
uion tables as good aud worthy brethren?
By the way, the attempt to spread slavory ovor
that vast country known as Nebruska.und bounded
east by Missouri, Iowa and Minnesota, west by the
Rocky Mountains, and extending north to the
British possessions on tho 4'Jth degree north lati
tude, is attracting attention in the country as well
as iu Washington. The establishment of lv.
markets on that immense region, which, for the last
iinri vine years, nits been consecrated to liberty, is
looked upon as moro piratical in it nature, more
devilish in its objects, than any ever attempted
since we have been a nation. Doughfaces will be
smoked from their hiding places on this subject
i irusi i win uo maoe tuo test in all elections, from
that of President down to that of Constable and
that no man who goes for slavery, or for a candi
date who hesitates to avow his unyielding hostility
to this heathenish policy, will be regarded in any
other light than a traitor to his country, and apos
tatotohis race. If the man who would thus spread
slavery over free territory isnotatory, an eneiny
to American liberty, I should like to hear some
ono defino such a boing. Such men have no cluims
to tbo title of Amerlcon citiiens. They are at heart
greater despot than Nicholos or the Grand Turk,
lor neither of those Tyrant ever authorixod tho
salo and purchase of slaves, as this bill of Senator
Douglass proposes to do. Yours, 40,
Declini or Methodism Tin Chei.t;,,n xa i.
and Journal of this wook give a Ublo showing the
total nuuiboruf members of the Methpdist Churches
in this City to have been, in 1843, 0.7HO, in 1845,
U.672 1 1847. 9.3li0 1 1840. 8.8U3 i 1H5I 0 own 1 H VI
9,31'J and showing a decrease in ton years of 400
"" ""'"i u mo HpuiauoB no nearly double.
SCPEblOt STREET, CLETELA5D, OHIO.
II. B. BRYANT. JAS. WASHINGTON LUSK,
t II. DWIOHT 8TRATT0N.
II. B. BRYANT, Profossor of the Science of Ac
J. WASHINGTON LL'SK, Prof, of the SpenceN
inn System of Penmanship.
II. DWIGHT STK4TT0N, Asseoiat Prof, in the
W. W. IIAHDER. Assistant Prof, in the Book
Homs. Jl'DGt! STARKWEATHER and II. D.
CLARK, lecturers on CommercinI Law.
Pres. ASA MAHAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
EMERSON E. WHITE, Lecturer on CommercinI
For full course in Double Entry Book-keeninS
and other Departments, rime unlimited, $40,00
For full course In Ladies Department, 80,00
For separate course in Practical Ponmanship, 5,00
For various styles in Ornamental Writing at
The Principals of this Institution, design making
it one of the best medium in the United States
for imparting a thorough practical knowledge of
the various duties ol the Counting Koom and busi
ucss pursuits in general.
THE COCRSE OF INSTRUCTION, embraces
Book-keening by Double Entry, a applied to the
various departments oi i ratio, commerce, ana
Manufactures, comprehending the best forms now
used ty the most flourishing and eminent estab
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
at Wholosnlo nnd Rctnil, nn Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Banking, steninboating,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, 4c,
Commercial Calculations and Correspondence, em
bracing every variety of business computation,
and familiarizing the student with the Commercial
Technicalities nnd rhrasoology ot Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY is a now feature
in Mercantile Schools, and having its origin a it
doe in this Institution, much will be done to make
it an instructive and profEtable branch in the Lec
The Spenceriun Systom of Practical Penmanship
in all its lorms, win tie taugnt by its Autnor, i n.
Spencer, nnd J. W. Lusk. No Institution in
Amorica offers superior facilities to this for impart
ing a Rapid and .Systematic Hand Writing. Gon-
tlemon and Ladies in all parts of the country,
desirous of oualifvine themselves for Teacher of
this unrivalled and popular Systom, will find thoir
wants met at this College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT is entirely
separate from the gentlemen's, nnd is fitted up in
a splendid and convenient style, many Ladies
are now reaping the benefits of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and
responsible situations. Females desirous of at
tending a Mcrcantilo School, will find the facilities
for study offered at this Institution, superior to
any other in the United States.
Applicants can enter upon a course of itudy at
any time during the year.
Diplomas are awarded to students who sustain a
The Principals hare an extensive acquaintance
with business mon throughout the West, and eau
render efikiont aid to graduates in securing situ
ations. The suit of Rooms occupied by this College, aro
more spacious, and aro fitted up in a moro elegant
nnd convenient manner than any other lik insti
tution in the United States.
Jtay Send fur a Circular by mail.
Deo. 31, 18S3.-ly
Dll. GEO. XV. FsVTTIT
Respectfully tenders his professional service to
the citiiene ot Marlboro aud surrounding country.
Office in tho room recently occupied by Dr. K. 0.
PROSPECTUS FOR 1854.
THE SATUIIDaTeVENING POST
I'nrivalrd Array of Talent.
The proprietors of tho POST, iu again coming
before the public, would return thanks for the gen
erous pntronngo which hns plnced them far in nd
vnnco of every other Literary Weekly in America.
And, as tho only suitable return for such free ana
hearty support, their arrangements for 1854 have
been made with a degree of liberality probably un
equulcd in the history of American newspaper lit
erature. They have encaccd as contributors for
tho ensuing year the following brilliant array of
latent nnu genius: .ms. soirn worth i-xmso
Bennett Mrs. Denison Grace Greenwood anp
In the first paper of January next, we design
commencing an Original Novolet, writton expressly
tor our columns, entitled
THE BRIDE OF THE WILDERNESS.
BY EMERSON BENNETT.
Author of " Viola," " Clara Morcland," "The For
ged Will," etc.
This Novolot, by the popular author of " Clara
.uoreiana, we design lullowmg by another cnllvd
BY MRS. MARY A. DENISON,
Author of " Home Pictures," " Gortrud Russell,"
We have also the promise of anumher of Sketth
cs by Grace Greenwood, whose brilliant and versa
tile pen will be almost exclusively employed upon
the Post and hor own " Littlo Pilgrim.''
Mrs. Southworth, whose fneinnting works ar
now being rapidly republished in Englnnd, als
will maintain her old and pleasant connection with
the Post. The next story from hor gifted pen wilt
Miriam, Tho Avenger
OR, THE FA TAL VO W.
Y BMMA D. I. . SOUTUWORTU,
Author of "The Curse of Clifton," "The Lost Heir
ess," " a he Deserted wilo, etc.
And last not least we are authorised to an
nounce a serios of articles from one who ha rapid
ly risen very nign in popular lavor. iney will be
NEW SERIES OF SKETCHES.
BY FANNY IERN,
A ii. r.r a r.. i . ii ....
-u,..v. ... AVI.. SlU,
We expect to be able to commonce the Sketches
l.w I'.iii. II k'n.n bm wall b- . I. I I . .
'J -J -..., wb nc, na loo Buries uy umCC
oreenwood in tho early number of the coming
Engravings, Foreign Correspondence, Agricul
tural articles, the nows. Ciinirramile nnl l)n.i. it,.
Markets, etc., also shall be regularly given, '
HOT CHEAP POSTAGE. The postage on the
P,t In inn nl nf Ih. IT.,:At (I,... -1 ,
" " " , V " 13U.IOB, WIICH paiu
quarterly in advance, is only 20 cents a year.
Terms, The terms of the Post are Two Dollars
par uuuuui, pujauiB iu auvauco.
4 copies, $5 per an
8 " and one to thn rcllnr nnnf .l,,l, in
D - " IBV....J . u
13 " " " " ic
20 " " - " 20
The money for Clubs alwnva mi,. v.. t . i
vance. Subscriptions may be sent at our risk
.. ... .M... . .RO, uruu suouiu oe procured
if nossiblo. the float of whi.h r,,nw i.- ,i.i...:. a -
tvh.. ,1,b .,.. i i , , , .
r . ---- - " usuuvuiu irom
the amount. Address, alieatit vott-vaid.
,r 1)EAWN PETERSON,
Jvo. 66 Third Street, Philadelphia,
N. HAnv norann I.A..nM A..'. -1
a copy or the I'ot a a wunplo, can U ftoffommo
daid DT nrtifl vintr thn niiriliA.r.A. k- .
paid.) ' ' i'
SALEM, OHIO. DEALER IN
OFFERS the largest and most varied anortmea
of Goods in his line, to be found In thi part of the)
State; which the public are respectfully aolic.
His Stock comprise in part, the
Hitlorical WorKl of Jotephui, Rollin, Robtrtfm,
Gibbon, JIumt, iddatuley, Williard, Hit
dretht rf-c. dr.
'Too numerous to tnentloti," embracing all lb
principal Poets from Shakespeare, to Aleiander
THE SCIENTIFIC WOHKS
of Vrt, Humbolt, Liell, Hitchcock, St. John, Brttlf
letby, AyastiM, Huyh Miller and Cvytet.
ALL THE PRINCIPAL
medical Work, now In nae.
BIBLES AND TRBTAMENTS, IN OREAf
pmvi rD'a ttrnt ifa'MftliJSJV
A V IT U Oil i; 1 V U1JIVJI v l.w.
I S..I If I . B .. . tS Mt nrttv A
a opiunuiu Bssortmenioi iaai.1 Jls A uwasks
and ALBUMS, for the Ilollidny.
THE LIFE OF HOPPER. NARRATIVE Of
A Lady's Voyage Round the World, and a cash
less variety of other Miscellaneous Book.
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to ova
ry age and of all aisea and price. MCSlO
BOOKS, Wholesale and Retail.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS REOIOj
Wholesale and Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Pa Book.
Fifty doxen Slates. Writing Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and Materials;
Materials for Flowers.
GOLD AND STm. PENl.
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prist. '
ters' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toy,' Fancy
Articles, &.C., &c.
in addition to which, is a large Stock or WALL
AND WINDOW TAPER. All of which will U
sold cheap for CASH.
j. McMillan. '
October 28, 1853.
The Sngnr Creek Water Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Massillon under tho
charge of Dr. Frease, is supplied with pure toft
spring water, nnd conducted on pure Hydropsthio
principles. Wo give no drugs. They are only
hindrances to the radical cure of disease. The sue.'
cess which hns thus fnr attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of the virtues of jiurt tojl water, a pro
per diet, Ac.
Terms $5 in ordinary eases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropalhio
Institute, and Editor of the Nichols' Health Jour-'
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movement of Ihe
country, say of us:
" Dr. Fries, a most thorough and enorgotic phy
sician, has a Water Cure nt Sugar Creek Falls, 6.
His terms are very moderate, but there ar few
places we could recommend with creator confi
Address, Dr. S. Frease, Deardoff'a Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O.
JOUNSON & HORNER'S
Large nnd Commodioni New Store.
IS now opon for the accommodation of the Public,
with a large and well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilt,
Brocha, Silk, Thibet, and Bay State Shawl, Em.
broidery. Ribbons, Hoots and Shoes, a large stock
of Gum Shoes, sold at Massachusetts prices, Dress
Trimmings in gront vnriety, new style of Lac
Veils, and Ladies' Gum Roots, something new.
Ours is the only storo in town that has a good
light. We have been at great expense to put
Sky-Light in our store, so that our customers wi!l
uot have to buy their goods in the Dark. We aro
determined to kocp up with the times; Heady Pau
and Small Profits. '
P. S. Goods expressly for Friends, foes, and all
the rest of mankind, who want Cheap Good W
wish to inform the Publio that we have the largest
..!, r i, Bill.. . . . f. .
-vuvb, ui iivbi .jiikh iii iuwii; in met we wisn It to
bo understood that our storo is the Silk Store of tho '
Elace. And we are not too modest to tell what wo '
ave to sell,
JOHNSON A HORNER. ;
Oct. 11, 1853.
GREA T EXCITEMENT IN SALEM!!
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!! .;
A GREAT excitement prevailed in this town, a
few days since, in oonsequnnco of an arrival of a
train ot Cars, loaded with New Goods, for tho '
NEW CLOTHING STORE.'
We therefore think it expedient to call the stten-.
tion of the citiiens of Salem and vicinity to oui
immense Stock of Goods.
Among our new Stock of Clothing ar th fol
Over Coat of every description, sort and til. 1
Cloth Frock, Dress and Sock Coat.
Tweed, Cassinette, and Velvet Sack Coal. . ,
Black, Fancy, Silk, Satin, Cloth Cassimer and
Fancy, Block, Cussimere and Doe-Skin Pant,
do do Satinett, Tweed and Beverteen Pant.
Undor-Shirts and Drawer of ovory disoription.
Hosiery, Glove Cravats, Stocks, Handkerchief"
Striped and Fancy Shirt of all kinds; Wbit
Shirts, Collars, Ac, 4c.
Also, Hats, Caps, Carpet Bags and Trunks.
A largo assortment of Boy Clothing, of vry
description. .. ,
We will offer our Goods as cheap and cheaper,
than any establishment in the Western Country;
we feel confldont that by fair treatment to custom-!
ers, you will give us a share of your patronage.
JOHN FRIDAY A Co., ,
Eiut Room of Johtuon dj Horner't New BuiUtng.
Salem. Oot, 28. 1K53.
The Wonderful and Thrilling Nirullri ,
SOLOMON NQRTIIUi. : , ,
TBI KIDNAPPED NEW-T0SIES, WHO WAl
TWELVE V E A II 8 A S V A B
in the distant South, and finally rescued, in )
DFOvidflntial niannnp. TltA Itnnlc MirmlukMl..
adage, that " Truth is stranger than fiction." It
nas recoivoa tne unbounded recommendation of
the free press.
17,tiuu copies have been told in four months!
1.000 atrents wanted, it, aaII th .Ur. iM -n
Darts of th Unitod States and f!nnitrfn k.
the most liberal term ara given. From $500 to
$1,000 a year, oaa be realiiod by active and res..
The abova makes one bandiinmA 19m a nt
336 Daaca 7 emrravincs. and is anhl fo- i'nn
Copies sent by mail, (post-paid,) on receipt of
For farther nartieulura annlu in 1Kb .,iw.
. , . -rrv - yw.
Dehbt i MttLtn, Anburn, K. T. '"' '
Dfr, Ortoh A. MtttLasAii, Buflnlo