Newspaper Page Text
ft I 1 i P. 1" II
MA If It S II HOBIXSOA, Editor.
ao vyioy mm si.Aruior.ni:ns."
VOL. O.NO. 20.
SALEM, COLUMMANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1851.
WHOLE KO. 430.
T U E ASTI-8LAFERY D U 0 L ,
TEIIMH. $.M per innum, pnyiibla In t-tvanrt.
if.W'c vccnainnftllr .sail muni.. In tW. n-ho srs nM mill
.ciihrri, hnl who sir hclt.l In Ii
lntrri.tol In llir ili-.rin(nnti'm
at ftntt-.i.vorj inttiiwith ttii.tinvpiitn tii.r win.KhpriuWriiic
Commnpl.-llnl lntrr,lt.l fir Invrtlon. to bp niWrrM
M.sic, H. Kwissos, tailor. All olli-ri u As punm!, I'ub-itihln.-
, TKKMS OK ADVEUTISIXO.
DntSqusr. (In llns. ) Ihro wks.
Ksrh tllltiun.l Inimlun,
" I'll month, ....
, . On. year, "
T. squires -Is months, .
" ' On. v.iir. . . .
OM fourth column out yf, with prl'll- of rlisnjlng
Half fultimn, rlmnnlnd mrtnllily.
i-C'rilii nnl i-irroHllKK tight lln.l lit lnsert-il on. four,
for 13,00 sin rnouUis.
j. iu.uson, rmxTrii.
QUESTIONS ON SLAVE AND FREE PRODUCE.
rmtoit or tiic Bt:oi.: In tlio Huplo of Dccni
rr 17tli, 1853, i a communication heitded, "(Jer
rit Smith A Correction." And signed dy Joseph
Tront. In which tho nutlmr says: "I wish to cor
rect n error in n recent letter ot Uerru ennui f, .
wl.lch.avs. ' I nnd inv family have refrained f..rj
twenty yearn, from nluve produce : it is ono of the
wmy by which, under dod, I Kin ul-lu to maiiituin
my anti-slavery principles.
Again tho author says at tlie conclusion,
incnusoi tree prouueo n ..i i.k m ""
questions which I would like to answer, but my :
health and dutios will not permit. "
... . .. i. . . i 1-1 t
I Doinff a xricnii to ireo prouuee, nave iiinen
ocing a men , ,o p (
,v " 1
or aouie one, whoso "health nnd duties will pr-.groin,d
mit," will answer them in tlio truth i An Joseph I
.... tw Is e-ood cnourh for him. Now the !
, , r . i.: .1 nii,
Oucst ions. Slavery hits ono feature which no old-
r system ot opprexmou lias, ue u ever so opprcsa-i
iv! It makes inun a piece of morclmndiio ; ho
..lave, and all things produced by hi. labor is,
It there any other Slavo Tro-
' Joseph also says : " I think our brother Gcrrit
it niiatakuu. Sugar, Molasncs, Ilico and Cotton,
are littlo to the point, " Hut it looks to mo, thnt
they aro much to the point, because, they form a
considerable part of the products of tho labor
of Slates, held nt tho present day, and nrc tho on
ly product, refraining from which, will aflect the
Interest', of Slnve-holdiug, and abstinence frmi
which is necessary for tho overthrow of Slavery :
while they aro appealing to us in tho language ol
thoir follow .uffurcrs of generations goi.o by, to
tho non-slaveholders of their day, nnd saying i "O!
Cense, to purchaso our productions " : Then they'll
coise to trallio in tho soiilu of men.
2nd. If thoso of that generation to whom this
appeal was first mado, had refused to purchnso of
the masters, any thing produced by their slaves,
would it not havo caused their Liberation', ami
would not audi refraining from slave productions
have the tamo effect whenever practically adhered
to by any l'eoplc ?
3rd. Will our refraining from the products of
the labor of Slaves of former generations, have any
tendency to the overthrow of Slavery : whilo we
continue to purchase of the masters nnd use freely
the products of the labor of the slaves of tho prot
4th. If all those wdio own no slaves, would ut
terly refuse, w hatever is being produced by slaves
of the present day, (without any regard to the pro
duction, of former generations, ) would not the
lave-Iioldcr let go his victims?
Joseph further says : " no man lives an hour
no man cats, drinks, sleeps, prays, dresses builds
buy. nor .ells j no man becomes a Christian, serves
temperance, hates slavery, nor does nny other good
thing j no man drinks in tho nir of heaven, oven to
drawing his first breath when ho comes into the
world, or expiring his last, w hen ho goes out of it ;
no man doos any one of nil these, except as ho is
nurtured and nourished by slave produeo; in it wo
live and move nnd havo our being. "
5th. Will the products of tho labor of slaves sup
port thorn and their masters, without nn addition
al supply taken from free htdor production.: And
ha. it dono it in the United Slate.?
6th. Can not tho free non-slavoholding popula
tion of tho world support themselves by their pro-
ductiuns; and cnu they not do it, iu these tinted
7th. I. not free Inlaw more produo.ive according
re there not more free than slave laborers ?
- 8th. Is it correct to say that "noninulivos
hour, ic," except as ha is nurtured nnd nourished'
by slave produeo 1
Oth. Would it not bo nearer tho truth
that mankind live, uro nourished nud nurtured
much moro by free i than by slave produce ?
, 10th. 1. it truo that any man 'prays' ns ho
ought, or " becomes a Christian, loves temperance,
bates slavery or docs auy other good thing;" by
subsisting on tho slaves productions?
y illth. Would it nut bo mure true, to say, thnt
imiwikind by coveting, purchasing, or using, for
their own support or gratification ; the products
pf alave labor, aro thereby obstructing free labor,
hich U much more productive,) and preparing
themselves to uooonio pruycrlcs. aua Anti-t-iius-lllia
tien, to hate temperanco, love slavery, und do every
jivil and wicked work?
. .12th. A the Author sign, himself in his clo.
..ing tentence " yours for tho heaven or earth when
w .hall all live on free labor."- I wish to know
when and whero that can bo if " uo man draws
aa breath, nor live, an hour, except as ho is nur
Jurod and nourished by slave produce? "
The time was whon to be a Member of Congress
conferred high distinction
nriva tn worth t but now, t
tttowd upon noi.y deinugoguot and trading poli
sjlolan. or any other official dignitary it is not evi
Unea aven of ability or respectability. Aud theso
. i a j , i:.! impended
InUleotual and mora qualities are now oonceeaca
iO Uiot outy at Washington who has paasod tn-
ttuapaiaatlY. throuiih the oorrTtM and efirmptln;
4al of official life, Tritmnt,-
i be a Member or Congress
jn, and implied ability and
, since the honor Is mainly
. . ,. , u
NEBRASKA—DEBATE IN THE UNITED
On Mond.iy, Janunry COth, Mr. Douglas brought
forward his Nebraska Mil. The following aro
Mr. POt'OLAS said llie CniiimiUco in preparing
hill, desired to protect the rights nnd titles oi
mainly liis remarks thereon '
tlin lnrlimm from nny infrinfroinpiit. Ho tliouirlit ' It
tlii- lind l.een dono liv lliii dill. Thov lind token
tlio prini iplc of tlio CoinpromiHO nv' of t
ji us ie-il
,l,cir P'tiJ". ""'I bud mado ein.li nnd every proviii-
.......n.. r.i.;.i: li. i l. .1 . . !. '...
iw ui iiii uui ua-iini viiin loose priiiuipie. i i.o
rpeent dill reported dy tlio ('nminitten had for it
ini,iii.i in niims Him i'i iiii iioii ii, in uiu ini oiie, ni
seemed to do in dmilit or uneertniiily.
Illal'(' tlio first dill waa understood ns rer
1 calinc the ,
otlicrn n' .
IpiI IiV tllO
I In,. 1. 1 r..l.. ii ...1... .'f ,1.
';"' v; ' !"" "lu l"'ij.ies m-
Compromise ef jf-.ill, nnd (s they eonsnlercd that ,
.uissouri Loinpnnni e, nnd in some
n..l .l..;., n t il.t- t . : 1 1 1-1 1 ,1.- Il
"i1 mi. -i nils mil H 111. llllUHVieil IIV llio
Colilproiniso liiul cuiierceded tlio Missouri (.omnio-
mise, that fact dad liPtter do plainly und ilislim tly (
. " . ' imcmio'i 10 say. "an --"ipa-i,
tlic (tisi'ussmn Rono on last I tiesilay. On that day,
when ho proposed to Kay this much, tho Senator ,
from Oliio nnd tho Senator from Massachusetts
askcl tluit it no postponed till tins day, to pi to them .
"."" " n.oerioaii peop.o, ciiiii-ni;:
1 1 "'' ' " ."" V
ecnteilcrates, in which they misrenre .ente-1 the . of
time to examine it. He had yielded to thin rentier t
us it iniiuer r i courtp: y lo tliem. i.ittie, nowevcr,
lid he then Lnow Unit at that time lie hud prepared
i.. i .... ' ' : i
charging him personally with eoncei tiuc an atr. i i-1 :
ous pint, and apply ing In dim epithets which could
imt demised in iiiti.reoiirse detv.noii frentl- inen, In
77ic Xati'Hitit Km. tho nholilinti on-nn. miliiished
111 " c."y these two Senators pudlislu d the nd-
dress, signed dy themselves and their nlmlUioii
motives of tlio Committee, liilsilied the dill ilsoll, '
'" 'n n postscript to it ho was ret. rroil to by name, .
and Cnnrse Pliittiets niililied In din.. 1 Inil de known
. , , t .,
nnytlni,;; of tins conduct on their part, whm they Un
(iiskcijoii juesiiayiast to postpone the bill on the
of courtesy to them, ho would httve replied led
to their ro'iicst in a manner which their gross con-1
uct ''csencd. Ho then read n portion of the nd- -ln"lnrod
llll0s". 111 which the Dill is styled a gross notation I
, ,f ..i;,..,,,.,. . ,.,.i,..:i ,.....!.,. i..(
jce., nini then rcn-t tlio names ol .lessri. Sumner
inland .Chase, of the Senate, Wade, liddings, of Ohio,
" ,jcj i,.r .o . ., Jl
Adolition parly in Cotmrc-s. This address was
dire -led nnd appealed to the Legislature, public
meetings ninl ministers ot toe (i.e-pcl, to n e up
and crush this measure, intended to cover up n
meilii nd wrong. It bore dato Sunday, January
-J. it nppeareil then that on the holy Sabbath-day-when
nil other Senators were ill nlteiiihiiiee at ni
vino worship, these Abolition ponl'ederat.'s of the
two Houses of Congress met together in secret
caucus to prepare this, address to dc sent firth to
:nc people ot too t inted Mates, appealing to them
in the nanio of religion to resist this uica.ure, mid
to draw down execration and denunciation upon the
heads of I'cllow-Sennlors who had prepared tlie dill.
'l...: a'. ... l i .. . , . ' . i ... .
men-caoris nini not sioppeii Here, i no iiuores
appeared in a Now York paper, wherein il wns
........ I .1.... :. i , -' . i- .i - .vi.: .
.i-.i.-m inui ii vius bigucu oy ii inajoriiy oi inn iiiu
delegation, composed holh of V, higsaud IVniocrats. i
l lies., conle'lerates had heard that resolutions were I
pending in the Legislature of that State on the
subject, mid it was given forth that the delegation j
lions accordingly. The nddrcBs hud not, it appeared j
now, mono signatures, und lie had reason to believe ,
that the slateineiit that it had ever been signed by
tl majority ot thnt delegation, to do wiiilully hide
Mr. CI'IASK Mr. President
Mr. Mud, LAS I do not yield tho fluor.
Mr. CHASK I desiro to say
The CH.A1I! Does tho Senator frtm IUir.i i;
yield the floor?
Mr. IMH IILASS I do 'not. Tito Senator wh
from that State, in Congress, of both parties, hnd
signed this address, in order that members of that
LcLishltllt'e. win I tvern , I ill 1a I.i.i.I e f. ....... I mi lliifi
subject, would allow the lead suggested by their
Congressional friends, und nit upon theso resolu-j
has taken advantage of n courtesy extended to him i-s
j iiv iu iiimiiiu mi mi: rules oi propriety uini
fairness w ho has come lo me with a smile on his
f ice, and with all apparent frankness of friendship, '.
and who has, at Ids same time, sent forth to the j
country a document of this kind, filled with mis-
representations nun imputation, upon inv motive,
-lias no right to expe l nnv curtesy at my hands,
lie then repeated his declaration as lo the obiect
of the address to inllitence the nction of the Omo i
I..,;.! i... ..,.,,:.. ,i, i..t:..c . i... :. i..,.i '
t, I I
signed by the delegation from that State.)
,ur. t. ii.XM'. i ueny the tact.
Mr. liOl'GLAS 1 rufuse to yield tho floor,
the Senator does interpose a denial of tho fa
will undertake to stamp nnd prove that denial, ns :
well ns tho statement in the address itself, as '
Mr. CI I ASF. I call tho Senator to order.
The III.WK The Senator from Illinois is cer
tainly out of order.
Mr. iuii'im t uvil :t r r.,.. ..t r,r r.,i,. T i
will conlinn myself to showing that the statements :
in this address are false. 1 deny that1
tlio policy of tho Government in its early history
wns tu exclude Slavery from the Territories. Thov
lin.l rM.ol,il,it,l It ill ll, '.iFll.,.n.t 'l'..Hi.;i,r,. I.i.'l
, , II ,,"
; had allowed it in the Southwest. Jt was tolerated ,
1'ind poniiit:eil, and, nt least hy implication, sane-
ii..nn.i ;.. T,.,r;i,.r,, r,c t..L 'ri !.,,..f
" - " V", V "V ' V" ' ,. - ' I
ihical line, diiierininiiig lhat line!
hoiveter. bv ennsiileriitiiiiin of ellmnlfi ninl .nil.
I rom tho timo ul the cession nt Louisiana, slaverv ,
1 .. . . . .. .. . .. . ... t ',
,1 tin i.t io ,, i-'i ii i iu inv inn 1 1 -inn il lull .liiul, il ill le il
l.ii ;i.,.i I........ ..... i'.
that line. Tho people, wero allowed to ael uponthe
j subject as they thought proper. So it remained up
to tuu null) oi uic ..tissouri i
n esilon in I ,s-w. ru
very was never established in Louisiana by no, itivp
1.,... If ,.-,,u ;,,l,...,l, 1 ...l,., ,.i...l ., .l .,.,.1 I
.l.n. ., tm ... v. .. ,1.11111,11,-11, Bl,,,. I1,I,1U, ll.t'l
became in time its a part of the common law. In
tho Act of 1k12 establishing the territory of Mis
souri, tlio people were not prohibited lroin Slavery
they wero allowed to do as they pleased with the
sullied. Nebraska wns then nil Indian Territory.
In Jo20 eaino tho proposition to ullovv tho people of
Missouri to form a Slnto Govoriimnnt. Idr. Jesse
11. Thomas of 111., in the Senate, moved an amend-
I.. . I,.,t 1,111 .1 l.i.,1. ; ,,..., L iii ,u i, I. il,..ii'i,.t,il,
scetioti. Tiiis wns intended to go back to llio old :
r I.;..,. I l;.,. i. r.A siin... i
i s;ltlt,. 'ii,ai ) wllH iuteiulod to ex-:
of extending thnt line through all the Territories
which wo then had or should thereafter acquire
lhat provision oxtouding tho linool Ah cleg, .il) nun
to have a now btnto formed out of the limits,
CoMt,tuUoll of Buch
R .hmild do in a nartloulnr form. But fh
fujppjeft) iiros wnsmuintrtinodl.vthosorosolutlons.
'After this, Citlifocnii and New Mjioo or aequjt
through Texas, roquired that any new State formed
north of that lino, out of Texas w hen admitted into
j the L'nion, should, by its constitution, etelttdo Sln
' very. No ono would pretend to .ay that thnt re
quirement would be binding ono day upou that
Stalo after being adniittttd ; but yet at the compact
wns made with 1 oxas, .no could, belnro consenting
to have a now Stnto formed out of the limits, bind
t tho Constitution of such new
particular form. ' But the ge-
tend ns far west as the territory of tlio l.'iiitcd States
extends, nnd w ith that inteiiiitm it wits passed,
The question stood thus until thu Texas Jiesolutions
eaino beforo Congress. To those resolutions, when
beforo tho lliiuso.lio had moved nil amendment,
extending tho Missouri line through Texas and to
tho West indefinitely. It could have no practical
fiurposo in mo ease ot iexns,oiit it wns iiroiii;ni
i.rwnrd with tho view of maintaining th principle
and tlic question again arose. Tlio Senate, 1 1
motion, voting Into u lill n provision extendinj
lllA MiHrkllri f '.rt. . .r. .tti I .-n f.. tl.A P.L.Ir... M'liftl
nntmciii..n tro. .in;.,r.,l i. il.n K.,ni., ai l, .1
mniorit v of ton. I.ul u- roirptrd in t!io Ifmi-o? Ii
N'ortlicrn voli-. w iili Ki..n'S,,il t,f,., livii;r. Wl.iJ
violated tlio solemn conirnct? It vnn tlic dofpat t,f
'lint lull trliii-h opened tlio vliolo fiirr of t luvervl
was tlio dufoat of thnt bill wliieli luft tlio niie'i-i'lm'
Uion of Shvnrv nnsnilcd. (!iMi-,p,I tlie e..,r-r,ii.lf.
jtion of Shivery unsettled, deMii-jed tlie pco.'-rupli"
line, nnd made n new riiipron-,ia i.oei'sary. '
lind tlie Xnrtli deen ruitliCnl to tins Misfoiirl Coin-'
., ... . . if
iioini8c in i.- ic, more would navo lieen no slavery
imitation, no ex. iicmeiit, ;io iiliirm.
It wan Hint
ieiii in ir, i tint al aimoiiiiK nt ol it then. Unit :
piiinpeii me eoimtiy into a slavcrv agitation, ills-
turdeil our domesiit! lenee .ritid deleateil the Sena,
tor from Alicliipan lor the I'rosideiiey. Wltn vlo-M'irty.
lilted it tl. I'll ? Tliesnverviiir.il . l.o .,. . .., 1 1 1 1 ,n !
le ' .1 ; J . ' ,v 1
..nunuri .om!.r..n;i.p a riKied eompaet, und who
now nrrni rued Mm f,,r a want of faith in that sol-1
.....I :, .1 a ....
lilll.O Jl lltell I I i(.:n
cmn eoniieii t. Il u-,.. n lil. n t.l .n ...... 1
who had thoinsclrc proved I'iiIko to tlio saerpd i
c.uiiii now arraign In in dclnre tlio coiiulrv ,
wilii duiu: thr.t whi. h mis nceiii.lihe-l in llMlwero
hy their Iniilile nes and trendirry. Tlio Com-'
piuini cs of l.0u cstndlilied tho principle of Con-1
:;io-m. nr.l iioii-intertcntioii, and set nsido tho ireo-
the history of
I dep-i iinpo-sidjn to maintain it. Was not the
ihlishment of this new principle n total adnn-
iineiit .Hid S'lpeivedurc of tliene.igraiihical line.
legist tl:is ini vita'ilo ciiHluiiiii, theso Adolition I
piardii.v.l lino as no h.iij'i
"in'', lernics liad cite I nn niii. n.Iiiieiii nriin,ir.l dv
Senator Masi r. to the New Mexico dill, that notdiiig
therein contiiini l shuulil be oi.nstiucd as impairing
tlie pro-, i iniis of il.e Tevn. reonlini..ii. ll nmtiiiiir
that (i;ota:in, dy Fui.pre.-siiiit i'acts connected with ;
tl.at iin stion, nnd dy falsify in" oli er particulars'
tran ..u tii.ii, tl:ey lut-l miulo
out n pl tiiisidle case.
. , . '. i 1 '"'.'""'nj'i'n ""i i
deg. CO mill., and nearly as large as New York
'and I'cMisylvam.i had been cut off, nnd was includ-
in tho Imuiidiiriea of Xcv Mexico, and thnt tho
act creating (he Ten it. u y of New Mexico expressly
thnt the smuic ihondl do ndmillnl into the
.mini without Saury, as its people
; ti. v . J ' ... I. - ,
daiisib'e case. 'J'iicy ha-1 suppressed the fact
' tho nit if lijll.Iixing. the boundaries' of
n liir-re prrtion of that State lying north of
mine. J he jSew Mexico Territorial net embraces
within its boundaries this lnr;;o portion of what
was once Texas and du dares that it shall bo ad
mitted into tlie I'nion without rlftVcvv. It goes
further, and providi that the local Lcgiblni'iro of
the Territory shall have full power ai.d mithority
to Icginlnte ti)on all ri.J.i.'nl subjects, with no re
striction v.iiaietcr. cxeepl that imposed by tlio Con
stitution of t!io I lilted I'intCH. Here the local
l.ei hiture is i:ies, ,.v ilii fnl! pov.er to legislate
el'. in all titl.o-.-l.. ;.w. I........ lit. I ...a it.
Abolition eoiiledernfes kr'iw that. "t?.ce provisions
in the Xew Mexico bill annulled the MiHsouri
Compromise in nil thai part of Texas which previ
nu dy, twii.p north of .'JO .! .Ml mill., was free 1 If
they did not know it, nnd it was not pnssiblo that
they did not. thov had falsely represented to tho
people in their address that tlio Missouri Compro
mise won not tonchc I hy tho Acts ol le-ili. i hey
accused him their ina-ldresr. in noeentle lenns.w ith
tu uttempt to lepcnl tho Missouri t'omnrouiise
i.:., i.rti .i ,i ' . i . ... , .. ..-i.i.-r.t
leo". It it repealed the Missouri Compromise I
now, why did it not do it in IhSU? I'heeo Almli- i
fnm confederate, had assembled somewhere nn the
was i.ot repealed by the ret
in saying Hint this bill repi
plead guilty to one falsehood
Sabbath daytnd coneoctod shir.der upon him and 1
his associates of tho Coinniiitee, and sent it forth to j
III A llpnnln ti, i.ih.Ii.,1 !.a l.fl... ... t..u I.a l.t 11 'I' 1. 1 I
manifesto assorts n falsehood one way or tho other,
It is false in saying thnt the Missouri Compromise
t of lf-oll, or it is fube I
peals it. They must j
I in order to sustain the
tier. .Mr. Mason's amendment, eitod by tho eon-
federa.es, did not bear the construction phiccd on!
leuera.es, did not dear the construction iiluccd on I
it by the address. As I y tho New Mexico bill, a !
large portion of tho territory of Texas was cut ol). j
Mr. Mason's amendment wn.t offered with tho view i
.," . i ... n . l . i , i .i.i . , . .i
..a m inui- ii.ni i cms nnoillil oe eillllicu to tlie
sainii luiini.er oi .states with nor reduced t oun.liir-
that she would be with her largo und original
That was the wholo subject of the niueml-
Any oilier would bo to stultify tlie chnrae-
tor nnd niotivo of tho author. Such was the legal
oll'cct and such its plain nnd obvious meaning. .No
man desiring t ) represent tho truth of the trim sue-
mm could place anv other construction upon it.
"le siibinittc-1 to the'Scnate if he had not convicted
tluse Abolition eniile.lcr.itcs of suppressing the
truth und falsifying the laws of tho country lor the
r.,., ,,.;J, ,.,.),., ,t, .... it:,. ... ..,:.t: i.:.
coufedcrnlos asked: Could niesnmntioii
go f urther ? They ask this question in the teeth of
haraetcr. In this manifesto, in speaking of the
repeal of the Missouri Compromise dy llio one of
tho fact that the words of those acts say that the
people of those Territories North or South of otl
U-S.V.D min. shall be admitted with or without
slavery. Ilo would suv tothoni, could presumption
go further? Xot only'tho presumt.tion of milking
tho assertion, but tho nn .sumption of supposing the
I'litcnlnvnil ivoiilil uui i.n av,.,i 'i'i,,.u. ,i.ni..t,iv.
rates assert that the Compromiso of JColl was con-
lined to the territory ncquired from Mexico; and
this assertion they make in the face of the fact tl.at
the net ereutilig the Territory of New Mexico actu-
nllv PlnlimcCi within ils !'.,.,, ,,.1 i,r. ,,f(l,e
, tin '"..III."' ,' ...... ... ....
original Male ol lexas, und Is. light Irom I exits, by
tne t linen ciunes. a portion ol tho old J errilory
I ...'i.iiiini e,..b..t t.. 1 1 v i ...i sii ,. ..... i ., w,. ;
" "Vf "Z. i iln ' e, oV" w "tt
of New Mexico. l"uh ulso, ns ut present organ-
ized and hounded was not formed entirelv out ol
tho territory iii-iiuircil from .Mexico; it included a
,,.',. ... , .1 .
,"" r. '"'.' ,'.".". ..i,,n,i ti.i, ,ii, " i.'.,
;,, of I.i.mkI If il. s..n.,.r. ,.l.ire,l
iln niatiilesto of the Abolition confederates did
not know the territory to which he referred, they
S1I01U..I nai u uiu," ii ii oeiorc iiii'i , ii no iiiis leeii' r
containing falsehoods, anaigned him before the
of tho tidolition notation m Congress, or dy tiny
action of the General Government, but dy the free
and iintraninieled exercise of the great principle
of soll'-ion eminent, w hii h would always lead moll
and States to do all things best calculated to pro-!
mntn their own inlereshi. 'i'lins N ew-f laninslii re
hnd abolished Shivery, and Georgia, had not:
..i.i- ' "
Ho bc-rged them to remember thnt all Ihe origi-
nn! Slntes , cere .,1 one time, sdivedohline-colonies,
at the tinin of adoption of tho Constitution twelvo
out of tho thirteen States were slavehohliiig. Since
that Umo six of them had becomo free, not dprni.se
Connecticut abolished it, nnd South Carolina re-,
tainod it. Not one of thoso States had abolished
Shivery beenuso of tho Wilmot I'rovisoor ordiuniice
of 177, or ; .Congressional agitation, but they had;
aiMilished it hocause freo to net upon the prim qdc
of solf-governincnt. They nbolisliod such insl.tu-
lions whenever their interests required it. Slnveiy
n as iiun-r iiuwiieuuu it orvi einiai uy oiijii v.-."........
Uniictmcnt. It was not prohibited in tho North-
west territory ; it was proliibited by law,, nut nm
in fact. WIicd Illinois was formed into a tcritnrjal
rroT.rnnieiit ha estnl. lis mil Slnrerv nt once, intlin-
tained it, and held it in utter defiance of the ordi-
nuuccfif'ST. So long as Congress Baid by law
thnt Slavery should not exist there, r,ho did have it,
and tho vory day thnt Congross withdrew tho pro-
hibition, she too'k measures to establish a sysiem
of emancipation. They did not abolish it tor the
purpose of getting into tho IJuiun, for tho'.r very
Constitution contained a provision for the gradual
emancipation of tho slave. Tho territorial net fur
tr.r. rli.l nr. Mnt. 1 l.U (11..-..., k. nrAr.li. f.t T. nr.
wereallowed to dons lhe tdcased. It might do
J said that it was probihite.'l doi'tll':0 the Ittti
Viscf.n.iti. which prohibited Slavery, wore extend
d over l.iw-n l.nf i,.in-pr win pvnrnslT crivpn to tlio
ferritnrinl Legislatinc t f Iowa to alter, niniul nriby
pi fnl ilwmn Wisoim.in lawn. S inio -1-ivps worn ;
nrrirrl tlmro mid licM, nnd lip tmlicvml tlii? onnptin
f lf.VI .liowpil tliPre woro (i few in tlto Stutn tnt.
"e mid tint Oregon nii;ht lio refoirod to nn one i
wlierem t'dncrimiotml lfisla'ioii lind pro-
Jour- telore the net of ,oiiirres the tlie tom-
t "rnrv tlovernnipnt elndli"lied dv tlio neonle. Iind '
I rnrv (lorerninent pstndliplied dy tlio people, Imd
I "'liiliiled Slavery, Tlio net "of Ciiiipresa Man
"'erefore notliinz more tlmn pndiiditinir tliP ppoi.le
i ooinf tnnt ineli they liad imi
Jdeelnrpd tliev did not want "to do.
V"-""""'1"" 111 ' 'rP2"n loll wo theretore
n'jtiiinit more tlinn a measure to manulneturo some-
.!... I . .
iirei euiii I
Tlie nd-.pti.et of !
thine to nrmnote tlio nnlilieiil nmU of a eerlnin
Vhen Citlifi. mm was ae-piired, every nl.o-,
1 1 i il. i Jl in t lie ef ,1111 1 vv ,te,.l nrerl tlml nnl...'. f,,n -
. .. ' . . ... . .
prolnlutdil Maverv tliere, it wouM tin carrieil
" NlRto. The re-tilt shows dillereiitlv. The!
remilo let. r,i.r. il.....,w,.li-.,a ,,.,l,;i,;ie.l W
' '''h nnd New Mexiivi; tli'.e who . farnred the
pnncipto nt letting tlio people Ho as
denoiiiiued l-v tho Adnlitionists as
' "gandiMii, Lut not
heard of tdoso people 0
(know of m lerrit.
s ns Shivery i
, Lut not yet had nnythinjr, been
t people CstadlishiiiK Slavery, lie
rritory now owned by the I'niled
lavery existed expppt in this very Tcr-i
rit-.ry of Nedm-ka.where the ;e eonfi-derates de-dare ,
' is prohidited dy the Missouri Compromise, nnd
P'h're the Ordinance of " is in force. 'J'here
i'" n pre aehcr in this city from Xehmska whoa
f' w davit sinco r.ns before the Cuminiltco nn Terri-'
tunes. A mt niher of the Coimnittep nsked if there
"ore iuiy negroes there f Ho nnswered that there ,
v crc a lew held dv t'-.e Indians, lie wan then aske.l .
lucre were none held dy while j e-.ile. Hi? reply -
was, thnt there Were smiio held, dy whilr peojile, Imt
unuer very peculiar circumstances. Jie sain mat
S"ine years ago on Alndition missionary from Id.s-!
t"n e.ime into that country with his wife, to reside:
'""t the country bring new, liolp was very scarce i
H'ompronii' e of If
and cotiid no! dc procured, nnd under these circinn-
stances the missionary went down to Texas, paid a !
thousand dollars for it negro, nnd drought linn for j
his own iiM'. Laughter.) Uy this it would op-
pear that under peculiar circumstances, Mich us
tlio difficulty of obtaining help, these Abolition t
gentry nnd missionaries w ill buy Bin! hold kIuvch j
their own use, taking peculiar pains too thnt.tion
no one else shall uso the ii. Tho preacher hiiii'dC
nlso turned out, owned rl ivcs there too, w hile
this might bo the case. Now. he did not believe i
v lieu tho c juntry was sct'led tnoro elosclv, I
wl.cn labor could de procured Slaverv would oxist
in tl.at cliinnte a day. lie s.iul he stood by tho
.Missouri tonitnoiiiinc ni long ns it wan maiiitain-
cd. Vi heti that v.as set aside in the nuiuicr he
had staled, ho stood up for the principles of the
t oiiniroiiu- e ot l.s in, unit would continue to stand
by them. He denied the right of tho Abolitionists
to arraign him for being fiilso to sacred pledges.
They had sueeepded in 118 ill rejecting nnd de-
l'caliiig it. They had hunted down with ferocity,
, T . , , , , - ,
and ns it for seeking the blood of every man who
iul-illhad voted for the Missouri OomproniLe.
tl.cv had arraigned till who lind supported or
sustained tho Compromise of IH'iO. They had
hs"t ou' now the poople of tho 1'nitcd States
-.. .i.... .1.- i : i
it had been signed by two Senators nnd a lew
Ucprcsentatives in tho House. Xo Whigs, no
I'cmo. rnts had signed it. Those few unities lit-)
taclietl to it were tho pure, unadulievalcd represcn-;
tatives of Abolitionism, Free Soilisin. Xiggerisni
ill the ( 'iilurrn.M nf ill,, t'tlltnil Ktiitns. f lent leinen
wero willing to allow tho people to legislate on nil
other subject but negroes. Ihey wero willing to
allow theni lo legislate upon property, taxation
nnd nil social relations, but wuuld not trust them to
legislate for negroes. Hid it reotiiro any higher do-'
grcc of intelligence tolcgishito for negroes than for
white men? Ho did not believe so. He regretted
w hite men 7 llo did not believe so. Jle regretted
that in tho course pursued by the Abolition con-
federates in sending forth to tho country their nd-
dress, filled with misrepresentation!- nnd false state-'
. ... i.. . r a .. t at i ... . f .i . ...!.-
niciiiw, noi only in uiu uui uui ei loose who iviiu
instriimeiiini in loruiiiig it, ntiu coinpeiicii nun to
; uso language in the Senate of a tone so severe as
ho had done; but h iving now presented his views,
he would leave the bill to the Senate, and weuiil
perhaps hereafu r take another occasion of reply.
i nig to any objections w hich might be made to ft
J As he tat dow n.'as well us" "at tin ions Parts of lib
speech, liiero wero evident nuinitestntions ol ap-
phtusu in the galleries and in the lobbies, but they
were promptly clicked by the officer...
: Mr. CI I ASF. said that ihe Senator had spoken.
' ir i..i c,..., i i.; ti,i. I,... l I, ...... i it,.. .' ,.i.
' nnd he trusted would long survivo sue), assaults ns
that of tho Senator. Tho Senator had charged
itli Having prepared their
they were now in the snioku ; but so far ns hi
could see no one ha-1 been hurt. They r.ll survived,
him and his friends witli
address somewhere on tho Sub! nth
' had seized upon nn accidental onvr of datinc-. and
upon it had made tho chargo lhat ho and Lii',
liion.ls had violated tho Sabbath, for which
ihe Senator rccmed to have such r.ecull.i? respect.
nini -.i.e. s?,. i , i c .,l......b ....
it was an error of dnto, for ho had mentioned the
f.tct that on Monday thcaddress appeared iu Wit .V-ir
Yui U Tim:. The Senator said that it was intend-1
ed to la-nibiee no etleet n,,.,ii some. leii.h.r.r.iolnA
Meinl ... f !,.. II. !.. I ...A l 1 l P..h.
.'.vi.'UVin 1.1 Oil- Villi' IU kIIIIIUII,, IIIIU III! IIILIU II
had been represented by lis author that it was
signed by a maturity ot tho Ohm lielegntion.
ll.ro i.. t ........ Tt ...
" r i. rV' LuS Vt..
address to his paper, und in his letter unoii
own vesiinnsilntil v linn atntml tlmt. it. ltml I, eon
signed by the Ohio delegation, that editor had not
, n . .r ,. .. . . ... . .. .
"v.iiiiiioiiiiviiiiiiiiii, i.,i,innr.:i inn iuuj.i jiv
I...... i...... i. ,.. .. i... 1....1 .:..J, .1..
llo Mr. Chase) was imt responsible for what Idler
writers or any one stated. There was t!io Address;
n uure nie smiiaiurcs oi iiiiisu vvuo iiuu biciicu ii.
lie had not sent it to Ohio. Ilo knew not how it
"ill 1 1 w I, l.i.l 1....1 (,.lo.r ,..1....1 lo ll.n 111. in tunuirs
i . i i ... i .ii.i i. ..i ... ,i. .-ii.: ,
:iui llicie, out tutu tuiegraiuieu lo uiu vino uuisi-is,
Telling them not to publish it with any signatures
lint lla.se netimlU-sii.ne.l l it. How it had l een
onblished ho knew not. Ilis colleague could say
, ifit (the paper) had been presented to him.
1 w'vjij.; eilid ho had never seen or read tho
dociiiiicnt. As it had boon made known by tho
IV,,,,, Illinois, he ninouved of it cordial! v.
............. ..... .
and Ihought that ifit had been presented to h
would havo stgncd.
Other explanatory remarks by Mr. Chase and
Mr. Sumner, wo gave in our last.
As wo wish our readers to understand tl.isquo
lion most fully in its history ns well as its present
' i(H ta u(j .,r(luiy results, wo add a part of a
. . , m0ctiii' held in Now
" "r 1 "a 0 10 ll' "liu0
1 oik on this question, .Mr. Chase snys.
WASHINGTON, Thursday Jan. 26, 1854.
;C,r.xTl.sAX : I havo to ncknow lcdgo Ihe honor nf
ymr uiiiuuin,, iu m .-uu n p.iooi. . ." ..v
, York, to protest against the repeal of tlio tnvery
proniimion emuouieu in me inissnun nci oi i,'.u,
Out of all the territories acquired Ly treaty, oi
annoxcd by act of Congress, Pinco the organualion
.of our Federal Government, but two Free States
,Iowa and California havo been created ; whilp
lout of th same territory no less than ft vo Slave
I States -Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri,
and Texas havo been organised. Tho Missouri
,act, conceding to the slave interest the ndmissioii
:of Mbsottri with Slavery, provided dy common cen-
'Stint. I'nr ihn nvi1 iikioii if Hl.vnrv from nil thn Fe-
.iduo oftetritnrv north M' dec. i!t nilit. U i wid,
elwmirliuiu, that the flsvc interest is uot dtiun I l.y
it. Tlio pretext is without foundation. Tlie prn.
dilution, n it now stands In the statute, was moved
Mr. Thomas; of Illinois, on thn.-.d Febuary, W
m nn ninnnilnifnt to lliiri Minouri I, ill, wlii. li InO
tlion loen tn'-k-) liy tli" .Sonntn to tlin loll f..r th
hIiiiifioii of .Miitnp. It ffn nrpoil to on tlio 1 1 tl
nip 3 I, wi l'J. by tlio following votot
n-,, ,:i ii,. .
H will l.o liera oM llmtrfrr;i Senator- frpml
lnvo .State-Toted for Mr. Tli.onn' miiPiidment.
'slave .States voted for Mr. Tlimnas'g niiieiidment. !
mid limity SeliulorB from free States ; w hilii eiiditl"
from the former voted ngninrt it, wiili two from the
sotiri eaino up Irom the iimise, it was rtmemieii in
tlie Senate, lv Mrikins out tlie elnuso
When n Fe,.nrato dill f.,r tl.o ndmi-sion of Mi-'
nrnvision in tier eonslitution nr.ihiliitilip Mnverv
and dy inserting Mr. Thomas' imiemlnif nt, witii-
mil ilol.nln t !" sense of Sennlnrs lllivillir d nn full
. . .. . " " 1 -
n-eeituneil l v lot mer nto.
Jt is thercliirc perleetly eleir, that so fur n the
and nlwnyi have depii stri nRei.t, thnt tho South '
Senate is p. ineerned, where tlio sloe
joined with tho North in tho prnhiliilion.
In the House, the liiuil vote on concurring in the
trictu.ii id Slinc-
nmendiiu nt for striking oul the restrict
ry in the State, was iiyen PO, noes 'o
Ivule had deen lakiii, it was crrtuin tl
was to dc nd mil led as n slave State : t
reinaiiiing question was, nhr.ll Slavery do prodil il-
od in the residue of the territory north o I 'M di g. :'.
mill.? The vi to i n concurriii); in this jir"liil.iti..ii
wits, yeas II, nays 42. Of the yeas
"ore from slave, and tii.i-;-nU from free Mat
Of nny n lwly-iitrcn were from slave Slates niidyi'c
It is clear, from the adovo slaten.ent. thr.t in (he
Semite a Inrjre maturity if Sunt hern men vol"d Pr
tlio nc-.v prohibition : ninoiig thcni Mr. King i f A!n-
.uuiia rc-cnuy t n o i resineni oi nn. i unco .siun s.
Willi these voted the few Xm lino n eonscnter In
the admission of Missouri with Slavery, ns well ns
thofc who inilsicJ on a claue In her Constitution
forbidding Slavery as a condition of admission
In the House a number of .Slnve'i-'ldors, for nn
obvious reason proportionally less, sustained the
prohibition. Among them was Lowndes of South
Carolina, whose vote estimated by the worth uiid
honor of tho man, outweighs many opposite
It is absolutely cortain that w ithout the prohibi
lor clause. Missouri with shivery could never
havo deen n linitU."!. Tho prohibition waa '.he con
it sidevr.liou of the admission. Taken together tl.cv
constituted a compact uot ahsolutily invioiuU.?, in
thai deed, for tiny compact inny be violated but not to
ho broken, without dishonor. "It is true." said
.dr. Ailes, tn Iiih lniii 'l'i' nt ihe time
true, utid 1
tuiso is support-d only hv Lie letter cl n law re-1
'," siicctnVle by tho authority which enact, d it ; Lnl
, " the liiaivistun'iii titU cu.a' yltt ti liiit lute A
J " kojim. ron e r-;i f j tmt nt a roMTivt I'Iiovimox .
j ' or Tin: co.NfTit t tiox : and ire ilo nut htttuid an;;-
" tliiiiji in tmiinij (hat tlie co-n.sT1ti.tion exists is n
i " onstitvixi E."
I . c i :.!.. ... n. .i- I
I , r. urn, ivriuiiLE in mu nuiuu ini.i.iiiiK'.t
i . . , I
;chnes nny part.cipaney in popular ngnitaticn, lt
says ol the present and llioiuiuro!
"0 have only now arrived at a new stage in the
for it is quite clear mat li
r;,il of that nppcal
.. ... 11 i
have been no pretenro for extending ruch slavery
'. .vws now, -Tver tho territories I efore acquired from
Louisiana nnd thut if wo had maintained our
inch, then pro
not now i
ground on tho law s of Freedom, which
teetcd X"ew Mexico nnd I'lith, we shniild
nil n. .1-,1 i.i .,.. .1 r,.,i ,.t,.,l.l Ve
! It is equally evident, also, that Nebraska is not all
j that in to bo saved or lost. If we urn driven from !
, this field, tliere will yet remain Oregon and .Mm-1
peseta, r.nd wo who thought only so lutcly as is I'.i
,,f feciiring some portion at least of tho shore of the
Gulf of Mexico and all of thoTncifie Coast t-i the
; institutions of Freedom, will be, before 15.. bro't
J institutions ol I rccilom, will be, belore lV.. liro t
to a doubtful struggle to prevent the extension of
Slavery to the shore of the great lakes, and thence
westward to l'ugct's Sound.
[From the Northern Christian Advocate.]
Ma. JJditor: Wo all have our perp!. ;;itics, and
just ut this time, I nm a littlo involved in doubts
'"'.' " "" ;. " , : .. . ' .' ,, .
!iU",'ns1.p'. ,two Methodist L)uscopal t liiirches
in the Lulled States, and the ultimate results ol the
! hito Southern I rcccsion.
J hat the South arc accr.st.'imed to have things
pretty much to their own liking in tho political
councils ot the nation, is uenionstinted l y tlie verv
i existence t.l tlio I iig.tivo Mavo ,aw Ant. such
"ll3 "ls0. . ,, Willi respect to mo .m. j,. t hureli.
.', ' ' " . " V
i'''r "' consecration of aslifdiu'itiii;
i . -. . ... , ,
! """"V' measure which was iieemed hoimioiyih.,,,..
"'"'"' " wouu seem, lor in iikvi i consu.crcii, no
day,''? !'m" Ki .V It was worse for a L.shop to
"hives, than for any ot her minister, or nicmdcr,
ut nuin.or woman: but iiitsnrilunt, as the snnie
, hands thnt held human being in unrequited servi
co.itaiucd , ll"le' would feci rather heavy on tlio heads ol
-Northern Irecnien, when employed in consecrating
I 'hem to the sacred otl.ee. thisrcliisal oi .Noi l hem
! delegates VvllO W CrO 111 t'.lO IllnJOrity, t'l cl-'Vlltei
. . . . . , , , , ,,. . ... . . ,
. ''"nm'i'.rs ''" 1 " V. "
V "", " "v - ,
tor t hero were inon at the South who loved shivery
too weil to ubaudon it. and yet sighc-l fr the l,n..V
hisi"' "'ing recognu.u ns ut iicrtti .upcriiiieniiiinis ;
and moro I nan once wns it iiiiiiiiiiicu tiint i inon
J") . " .!'" '
lion A ml ii, tlie meiiiit Mill, llll'llJl'lltll U 1
. ., , , , ,. , .. .
ring which tended to dring metters to an issue
,,,,'T' ' . .'.'V 3 olorc.i 1 1 siiniony iasoi.au
1,m' 0 0 f'"- '" ' ,1.,:.l,"'1''1.""', ' , , i' I,' ,' .
i. . . , . ,. .. .... . .
I though Mistuinc.i '""J"" u 7, . I" I
'a resolution was snoseoiieiiii v uuiouui-eu mm
i , , , . , . . ii . ... i ,i. i .
''' Ttot f tlu-
holding btati.S Olid IcmtoneS l lO hlW o ti e
'-'hureli, touching tlio testimony ot tuwitU thru-
! , -N,,r W,V t,,"1 'lU';K,,''!Vl'C,nr j'p, ir !,. , !.'
: ' '"'V' '". V' ' " I ",;,1' .."
1 'e -onference by tho resolut ions si.hseqiientl. n -
: 1..11 iij.ki l.v ltis nm .von e tlio nmiiiint ol whu-li
. -, ' .- i i i" ill . . i . .. l ... .
thnt lhat digiiilicd in uy nan oniv Mini one
nu, nit ant lino nor : i. iiirucieri' nc . ineip-i
suit was, lhat very many of our most con. i'ieiilioits
and pious members, (with sonio of n dillprent
huractcr, no doubt.) during tho succeeding four
years, seceded ."rom the Methodist F.pi.-eoiial Church
oilier than to belong to an ecciesiasucni organ., i
ttioii with a resolution ot so mlnnieus a character
upon tho piurnnl ot lis highest judicatory, us itn
...i.-..: .,i ... r.r :. r.;....;,.i..L
an. noi 1...-.I r.spuiivni .,. ... ,.. .,. ,.'v.. .
That these seceding brethren acted wimhj.
more than 1 can say ; hut that their course wo
Hut soon eomes the startling announcement that
Bishop Andrew had actually become a slaveholder!
hacked by the nsMirnnco that influential mnn tit
the South" are urging him to maintain his position
a. a M cut! Xniv, for once, the tluid old cuiiter
yatives who had deen engsgej for years in raising
a hue nnd cry about "modern Abolitionism," are
thoroughly waked up! And, at once the inquiry
,r..whnl shall we do? " Tho Seottit Socft.-
lion" w iu the field, and w., just Hum, ft formid
. . - , i - .i.aI
equally acceptable, to God as thut of many w ho
, , . ... --. - .
;them nnse monies, uavc a.nay. oc.iciou, .m .....
able afla.i- ..T ! "wink at Ptshop Andiavv s cnur-nt.
jwetil'l bo o drive inuUitii.Ips out ot tlifOletlio1t-t
compromise', wlinii eoiii, p-ncrniiy. in
' ' nniloninent o moral prin'iple lor niMcr at
llf 11 lll!rllli;PIIV.'e UI llic irunn m iiii(-
etileiiient of tlio ej(84 " rroptrt
at New Voile, a mem dii-im;) trn0i
K;i-copal ( liun li t Tint to tnlc ft decided ttand
against it. would d to cxMpemta tli- Soalh.mnd i
pro:lufe a nesosion ttiere 1 ft trail in which nllrtf i
pousm alive- nnd " l'nion--avrl fire often fubnd.
It wn decided to eo-operotn Willi nineere Kortdont
anti-nluverv man. nnd rik tlio eonenuence. Tk
result we.s,' Ociiernl ('onforenec action of so mixed .
i elinrnetor. (lint it wn neceptiiljle to ercelT jr .
I'OHVi ana, in lour vonrs, li snareu me usuiii lai-i
I rm' tlio netlleniPnt of tlio exs(I I ropcrt J
. ... i ,-..i j .1..11
coneonuiiit wi.i. ii 1 rr nm imm, iii. -1...1
few iiieidenlp, wlii. h support to tnv mind few iflJ
(.'onfer'pnre action, whii.li produced th (;rtt StwUh-
oniric-, eiiiireriiiiiit which I should do happy t re
ceive some IiIiit. Will those who have th li(fht
renieml er (hut " it in moro Llessed to giv th t
Inriuirr lt. Was ft deep, rettlcd contTtloB ft
tdo ir.fiiV)ic of slaverv the Oatit of thM Ooncrwl
0f Slat eh-dd'n-.p and'thc Seriptural wt
,i(,r,,,. Nri--:u to hat in- l ecu invited to p
(() ,,'r y ,. (m, i nft,v(1i ,, to hear tlit
(;,J( f,.fln d,rir ij , J" And wti nnv sue
ern secession ?
Inquiry 2d. Wnt it any worse to hold jitrtt ,
then than now? And if not, 1
Inquiry 3d. T5i J lr.J. Smith, flreen and ratten, ,'
on their late oflieial visit t New York, abjure the
fe.ilh of the "Chuivlt .South," touching the right-
is;' Aii'i wm anv socn r-
leantf.tton nimle ly Lev. l'r. Sclion, who followed
his lympnthio int'o the pro-slat ery orgnniiatiori.
j rior to 1 1 1 c prominent po-iiion n'signed him at the
hit-. Anniversary of the Missionary Society of lu
M. li. Church iii Ciie innati ? And if not.
Inquiry 4th. I it not "high tlmn" for honest
and (.ii l-'feai ing nnti-slavery ministers and ment
hols of the M. fi. Church, to inquire whether the)
sympnthies of tl e Church ere tending, nno whetas
e'r, in her nfilcial position, her nnti-shitery prufea
sions nnd character bo not a wifjif W t
O. F. Con roar.
Madison, Wis., Dec. 22, 1853.
Madison, Wis., Dec. 22, 1853. A VOICE FROM THE EAST TO THE
Tlio New York ii.iV;vmi',i publishof, with tlnl .
writer's ci-nsetit. tl.o lollowing extra-1 of a (tttet1 ,
I: . in an Ai. km iron lnin-i. l ui v. in Asia, louchiue
1,0 ,.r,',.it of Aniericaii tiiutcry on the ruecesa of.
i ;i.. : ,i,..t ,,,irt,.r r i,P elnbe. Tl.
,;,,, ,,,',.. nn 'mim il . .iu.r lii. il.e mmrl-
j,.,t' jt cxpies.es " the views of one of the most,
intelligent, judicious, and nmluble iiiisMinDnric of
( A.inerican board in tho Last, upon American
shit pry, as oWcrved from his present stand-point. '
When" in this country the rilcr iT tho loiter wa. '
fr from being classed with Abolitionists. Ho only
cites utlerui-.ee to the fetd'ni? of ftverv intolliiren't
'" . . . . . r.. . ... .
and conscientious American ubread, w ho find. th
,,,,,1 ii.llueiuc of his country for freedom and
religion almott nullified dy the stigma." Jla.
1'itr m on.
"I thank God that Chrislinh. at the Xortfi kf
feeling more rc:poiisibilily on the subject of slave
ry, und begin to blush at this their country', sia .
and shuiiif. Wo dare not tell (lies Xestoriaft.
lhat such an institution exists in 'free, hanti .
America.' If we should, they would not fflil tn
charge us, ns Mar Yohaiinnn did. when tisitintf
.America, v. nu u.o gioss.cn incousiMcneT. "josi
come here,' 1 fcem to hoar tl, cm say. 'lo labor for
",ir social and moral elevation. Ii is well: W
J"" '"' J"ul ""
nr you for nd yur sell-deniul
jcding coni.as.sieii for im, why do v
May Ood re
si lint, whil
von harden frotif
hearts against whole millions, who languish in
3"".r 0 11,1 '," ui"r!r,'ht,"ns bondage? lougiv
iiiu eiyiv, i.ny w'i juu uL-iiy ji 10 me PiaTe l-
You multiply schools among us; why do you ot
did the Alricnii to hum to read? You feel indig
nation at i nr M.sli.n oppressors; whr are you
unwilling to disturb, even with a whisper; the
American slaveholder? You tell u. of the sanctity
of iiK.vriuge: why do you endure a system, which,
hnrdly less tlmn Moliiiinn ediinism, tends to concu
binage? You hold tin I eforo us the family relation
' n of tho most rncred und delightful characterl
j how then can you sanction the violent stihdrrinjf
1 . " r....,...,,, . ......t.. ..,u,c.,
brother, sister, son, and dnughler. to the wind of
i heaven ? You iissure us lhat man is not a bratsi,
,,,il ho is made in the image of t.od. that h l to
; 1Ve for ever : why then do voti. in AmcricH: hot
j ,fpr sell men, and reduce them neerly to tho lovl
of tho horse or the ox 7 Is tins consistency 7 Ii
t . ( hristiamlv 7 1 1 t ns the land of recUomj
this the land ot philantnropy, ol pure und devoted
,,,,,,,. ... ., .
hut should we say to such questions as
Yv hut could we do but Imng our head, lor
shame? Now my dear brother. I do not beliova in
ilenuiicititii-n on this subject. There has been tod
much of it u'.ready. . ;
Wo should love the fluveliolder as well a. the
slave. Had wo been accustomed t the "peruliaf
institution" from our childhood , had Voti and t
reieived a southern training, v. e should probably
i .t I...1.1...... I....K. .... li l.lLl il.
I1IIVY llll.U 11 CI. Il l li'.invi ..,111'-. ,l I. J1,U Ulliy
who makes us to differ. Vt hat we need la .imply
ibis that the gigantic evil be understood and ap-
: nrecintcd by t he i enp'.c of nil casscsj and thea
,' . , . ' "
! " ,"'" .. v ' ""T "' "
; , hearted patriots take this attitude: .later
... .,,. , ,, ,i;,., ... !,.. I..
i heard. 'Slat cry is a great evil, fmt our hnd ar
tied and we know not n lint to do.' "
FACTS OF INTEREST.
Abolitionism in West Vihfifxi. Believing
the people of Virginia nrc not aware of the prog
ress of Abolitionism in our Slate, I have thought
., n ,i . . . . r i. j -.7...
1 110 lotion utg coiiiiiiiiiiiciiiniii iiiirni no renu wnn
i,ll(.rest by u largo portion of the eitiien. of
ur State. At tho last ( onrerei.ce or t he Aorthera
' M'H'odist Kpiseopal Church, held in We.ton,
i Lewis county, t irgiina. there was ,om to mi. sta
Seiuitor ..,, )W,W, who avows tho sentiment, of Abo-
o.i . : "i i.:. t.. i... i.t.
: Illionisin. "
Fugitive Slate Law" on four distinct
giiiunds. 1st. Jitcaii! c tho law doe. not giv to
,;,., therein- arguing thnt slaves are not property
.pi,;,, p1V,,.ier goes farther, and sny. that the.
. .. .-.i , 1 1 i . ... i ..u ... i
orlliern .d. r. v iiurcit suouiu no uptie-u aim .up
i ported lv Virginians in preference to any othtr
I ' mvn . J.eeausr the nltiin ite rdijept of that church
of slat cry. lie also declare
irginiu are of such a damning
' , . .. .
f ;- l!in 0JttJl.,Mll:n ,,f Ph
the f.o-itive the right of the hal.rns corpu.t 2nd.
Tim right to it trial dy jury : 3d. The right to call
teslin.i ny (-oloied or while) in the free State., in
idu'ciise of l.is rights as an American citiion ; and
lib. Thnt the law m.ra rcefuuo klnve. at citt-
character (as to slavery) that it will be th
of tho etornal dumiiiit'oii of thou.anda of master
and .lave, iu tho world lo come.
What do Virginia Xorthorn Methodist, (hint of
this doctrine. adv.KMttcd in Virginia by a reaularlir
nrgnniied Molhodist rrcachcr, regufarlt wtit it
fill a very important station in Virginia? Out (
ain proud to say that this. Treacher i. rio Virginian.
He was raised in I'unnsylvania and Northern Ohio,
and now tent to Virginia tn tench u.' Northern
Mctheditm, aWtit, AbolitiotiUm. . ' ' '. ;'
. : . , , ' Jnitff, ,
... ; ... 0rrr. fy Jf tVm on 4 Ch, 4'If?caof.