Newspaper Page Text
MAnil'S It. IloniflSOlV, Editor.
A"0 CA70.V 1777 SLAVEHOLDERS."
ANN PEARSOM, rablishloff A
VOL. 9. NO. 27.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNT V, OHIO, SATURDAY, FEMlUAliY 13, 1851.
WHOLE NO. 437.
TAB IHI-mUH BUGLE,
fCBI.ISIIED tVtnr SATCftDAT, AT (All M, OR 10.
TKRM1 $,m p.r annum, t-rnbli In advancr.
s Wt Mes.lonstlv nil nnint- in Ihu .v. . . t
Mribon. hut who - f.,.s.l h Ints-'teil In lli-.U..-nli,r.t,oi,
Of ntl.lT.r7 lrtlUtlth Iho ho,., llml th.r will ,ltl,-r ,ub.rrlbr
! Tt L""' ' " 'ud IU tlrtulallna auions
tnclr frlrnil. '
' -C.mmnlllon Intended for Insertion, to be a.lilit to
YukiZi a' llo"","' ,,1"0, Al1 "! to Aim ruuw, Pub-
TEHM3 OF ADVKRTISINQ.
OaeSqnars Mo linn ) three mt,
" " Karh nUlllun.. Inierlloa, . . .
" " is months, ....
'." " One-isir. . o . .
Tvaeauaree.iiinontlu, . . . . .
' " " , On . ....
Om fourth toliimn oat year, with prlTlle of chsnftng
utn ei-lnmn, rhtnidns mnflthlr.
r-t-nl not mcoJIih eight llnm will to Inserted on r.r,
lf i,00 tit mnntba.
J. HUMIX, PnwT.
MAINTAIN PLIGHTED FAITH.
HON. S. P. CHASE.
IN THE SENATE, Feb. 3, 1854.
IN THE SENATE, Feb. 3, 1854. Against the repeal of the Missouri Prohibition of
Slavery north of 36° 30'.
Th bill for tlio organization of tlio Territories
of Nebraska and Kansas Icing under considera
tion Mr. CHASE submitted (h following amend
ment; Striko out from scctioa M tlio words " was super
ceded by tho principles of tlio legi.latiun of 1S50.
commonly called tlio com promise measures, and;"
to that tlio uliiusoVill read i
"That tho Constitution, mid nil tlio laws of tlio
United States which are not locally inapplicable
ahall hare tlio mimo force and effect williin iho said
Territory of Nebraska as elsewhere within the
United Statos, except tlio eighth section of tlio not
preparatory to tho admission of Missouri into the
Union, npnrovcd March C, 18:20, which U hereby
Mr. CHASE said:
Mr. Provident, I had occaiion, a few days ago.
to expose the utter groundlessness, of tlio personal
charge, inado by tho Senator from Illinois Mr.
Douglas ngninst mysolf nnd tho other signers ol
the Independent Doiuocrntio nppcnl. I now move
to striko from this bill n statement which I will
to-day domonstrato to bo without any foundation
in fttUt or history. I intend afterward . to inovo to
trike out the whole clause annulling tho .Missouri
I enter into this debntc, Mr. President, in no
pirit of personal unkindncss. Tlio issuo is too
grave and too momentous fur tho Indulgence of such
feelings. I sea tho great question before me, und
that question only.
Sir, these crowded callcrics. theso thronged lob
bies, this full attendance of the .Senate, proves the
deep, tranacondont interest of tho theme.
A lew itays only have chipset since the Congress
!f If, .;,.,! Utninm Mu.n...t.t.i :.. .t.:. f ....:i..i
... ...v ""ll'l lins,;i,i ,, linn VII IIIUI.
Then no agitation seemed to disturb tho political
elemente. Two of the great political parties of the
eountry. in their national conventions, bad nn-
nounccd that slavery notation wns nt an end, and
hencoforth that subject wa, not to bo di-eus-od
in Cotigross orout of Congress. The President; In
bis annual message, had referred to this Ma'.o ol
nnininn nml li-.il ftni-1-i, n.l 1.1, Ova.1 I..
maintain, as far ns any responsibility attached
liim, the quiet of tho
. - . . ....
The agroemont of tho two
old political parties.
'f Magistrate of
thus relcrrcd to by tho Chief
country, was compfeto, and n largo majority of the
Aincriu.iii iuuinu sceuieit to acquiesce in tno legis
lation nf w hich be spoke.
A few of us, indeed, doubted the accuracy nf
theso statements, and tlio permanency of this re
pose. We never believed that tho acts of IS.it)
would prove to be a permanent adjustment of the
slavery question. AVo believed no permanent ad
justment of that question possible except by a
return to that original policy nf tho fathers of the
ltopublio, by which slavery was restri-tcd within
Stote limits, nnd freedom, without exception or
limitation, wns intended to bo secured to every per
son outsida of Suite limits and uiidcr tho exclusive
jurisdiction of the General Government.
But, sir, we only represented a small, though
vigorous nnd growing party in tho country. Our
number wns unall in Congress. Uy somo we wore
reurded ns visionaries by somo as faetionii-ts ;
while almost all agreed iu pronouncing us mis
taken. And so, sir, tho country wns nt pence. As the
ye swept the entire circumference of tho horizon,
and upward to mid-heaven not a cloud appeared ;
to common observation there was no mist or stain
upon the clearness of the sky.
But suddenly all is changed. Rattling thunder
breaks from tho cloudless firmament. The storm
bursts forth in fury. Warriug winds rush into
"Eurus, Notusquo ruunt, cro borquo procollis,
Yes, sir, "rrtlier proccllit Africut" the south
wind thick witii storm. And now we
l" VT " " 'J ? S"""' ,nB nu nna ,"su'u,
:.-... .! j j f . i-
. w .ir who is responsible for this renewal of
..:.-. 1 ' ' . . !'?.T v ..... -i!CnuC",! '
.vr. Vo...,u,u , ,.r , ,1.1,0... -
..- k . ..... .
iiniill BiiinriT into)
and Yaetioni-ls. No, sir, the quiotisls at.d the final -
ists have become ag tutors; they who told us hat
all agitation was tpiinled, nnd thnt tho resolutions
of the political conventions put a linal period to the
aibcussion tit siutery.
This will not cscupo tho observation of tbo coun
try. It is slavery that renews the slrilo.. It is
too struo.. ills
iTi,,st ate doTnds ibr Zo s a o e. ibTr'v and
iU iiisatiato do uiaiids lor niuio slao ternary aud
min,l f,.7'l,...r-, ...1, r-n in . .i.l
t i , ' . ' ! , I " '? ,U" J ' ","W ? 1 ' y'
f'!ll.b? r? "l0ll"Ta -"""I't which bus endured,
. . ' . , i.i
... "V .. -Li . .7;" : V 1? x". ".'
urn- uuno.oiuij ii-g.i.uuu no in mm uiu, iriu unu
.South f-omnaot, tho constitutionality of which
-few have doubted, aud by which all bavo consented
It wild -not (toswer to violate audi a compact
aritbaut t pretext. Jfoi.w plausible ground must bo
discovered or invented for -melt an nut ; and such a
ground is supposed to Lst fvtiud ia the doctrine
which wa advanced the other day by tho Senator
frnm Illinois, that tho comproiniho aot of 1N50
"miaatedad" the prohibition of slavery uoitli of
36 30 in tbe act preparatory for tbe admission of
Missouri. Ay, sir, "superseded" i tbe phrase
"superseded Ly the principle of the legislation of
1854), commonly called the comprotuiso meas
ures." It I agatnst this statement, untrue in fact, and
without foundation in history, tliat the amendment
which I have proposed is directed.
Sir, this 1 a novel idea. At the time when these
(neaurei were before Congres in 1H50, when the
question involved in tbcm were discussed from
day U day, from week to week, and from month to
month, iu thi Senate Chaiulver. w ho over beard
that the Missouri prohibition wa to be mperssded
WbsOtman; at what time, in what spoecli, ever aug-J
gested tl idea that tha act or thnt year were
frVct b MiaecAiri eomrrorni7 Th Senator
" eiuat rignts anu equal privu-
carrying that specie, ol property with lliem
"V Z '?T . .f ,,,l?1Ln,on- ycf". ' nebnow
that 1 tf,1?e "nt ll'"t wVul11 ,m' ,R"VCI nic' ,,ut 1
I tlie "''west Territory free territory,
the'?,'011' C""r "o Iso,.r. co,n,,ro
irom Illinois the other dny Invoked tho authority
if HonryClny tliat departed statesman, in respect
to whom, whatever may ho tho differences of polit
ical opinion, none question that among tho great
men of this country, ho stood proudly eminent,
hi.i h . ii..f. ;
. , . I . .
tlio lommitteo ol Jhirtecn. or in hut sneneh
.iv u ic niri niaiiu it nun n cm.irii.nn in
support of the compromise nets, or in any convor-
sation in tho committee, or out of the committee,
ever even hint nt this doetrino of superccdurc f Uid
any supporter, nr nny opponent of tho compromise
acts, ever tindieato or condemn them unon the
ground that the Missouri prohibition would be cf -
iic uT locm r tvon, sir, tue compromise Aotrt
wcro passed. They were denounced North nnd
they were denounced South. Did any defender of
tliem nt tho ?"lith ever liialifv I. i. .-I ,.f
., - - rf- , ,,,
tl rou,- l,n, ,1.. ": .! r , : if! ' "' "t
RVZra " '
discussion nf tho. ,.(. I . V.i .1 . .I
UlSI. UXSlon OI tllllSO ttcts llOre. Or in Unit nth or .Im.
Kiitiin.. wbii-h f,,llnn-n,l tl,i V. . .1 1 .
cttsslon v nicn followed their enactment throu shout
tho country, ever intimate nnv such oniiiioii.
Now, sir, let us come to the last session of Con
gress. A Nebraska bill passed tho House nnd
in1 . ... i. 1 st- .V : .
III11101J, as its chaii'UMiu. as thero nnv nro n-ioii
the Territory under tho operation 01 tho Missouii.j
prohibition. Tho Senator from Illinois mwlo n
snccclt in defense of it. DM hn inwilrn .mithnrii
support upon tho ground that it superseded tho
.Missouri prohibition ? Not at all. Was it opposed
or vindicated by nnybndy on nny such ground ?
Every Sonntor knows tho contrary. Tho Senator
from Missouri, .Mr. Atchison, 1 now the President
of this body, made a speech upon the bill, in which
ho distinctly declared that tho .Missouri prohibition
was not repealed, nnd could not be repealed.
I will send this speech to the Secretary, and nsk
him to read tho paragraphs marked.
Tho Secretary read, ns follows:
"I will now state to tlio Senato the views which
induced mo to oppose this proposition iu tho early
part of tho session.
1 had two objections to it.
Onn was tbnt Ihe
Indian title in that Territory bad not been extin
guished, or, at least, a very small portion of it had
been. Another was the Missouri compromise, or.
as it is commonly called, the slavery restriction
was my opinion nt that time and I nni not now
very clear on that subject that the law of Congress
iicn toe owuo 01 .Missouri was admitted into trio
Lnion, cx'.luding slavery from the Territory nf
Louisiana nnrth of 30 30v. would be enforce I in
that Territory unless it was especially rescinded :
nnd, w hether that law was in accordance with the
Constitution of Ihe United States or not, it would
. ....v. r.,uu in-"! iiiu
t'olnni I en nn "nr.- ..., .... I... 11... r
tii' .i.. 1 st. .Y : .
Illinois, as its chairuMin. as thero any prounon
111 it Wm. even squl'iiea towards tins uuctrnin ui
repeal by atipcrseduru ? AVIiy, fir, suutlicriigcntlo-,
men ommsed it tiiu.n tli .. wruiinJ 'lint it le t
do its work, nnd that work would be to preclude
slaveholders from poing into that Territory. Hut
when I came to look into that question, I found
tlipre wns no prospect, no hopo of a repeal of
the Missouri compromise, excluding slavery from
Ihut Territory. Now, sir, I nm free to admit, that
at this moment,-nt this hour, and for nil tiuio to
come, I should oppose tho orgnnixntion or tho
settlement of that Territory unless my constituents,
nnd tho Constituents of iho whole South tif the
.I.-. . t I - 1. . .
"l,lvc la V" I1',0 1 "" "? c'."1 '' S" ', 't upon the
in...-nu uiij'u iiihi ihu restriction win ccr do re
pealed. I have nlways been of opinion that tho first
tut,. ' v" " l'""'"-,u mnn'iy to
I Hiu niiiitil., .... . ,I,A ,...1 . .. n ..I -.7 I....
y.""'J ....i, uiu iiiiiiiiillllV 111 IICII, I ITIIIICI 11.
tlie Vni-tllU'llut Tirr!l,lW r.nn lfi.l-11... I'l.n ..nv.
tliey aro both irremediable. Thoro is no remedy
r.i nr.. . , -
lortiieiu. tie must sunniit to t.'ieni. l am pre
pared to tlo it. It id evident thut tho Missouri
compromise cannot bo repoaled. So far ns that
question is concerned, we might as well agrco to
the admission of this Territory now ns next year,
or live or ten years hence." Comjreninnal C'Mt,
Secomt Station Thirly-Kcvoml Von-jntt, rot. 110.
Mr. CHASE. That, sir, is tho speech of the
Senator from Missouri, whose authority, I think,
must go for something upon this question. What
does he say? "When I ccmo to look inlo that
question" of the possihlo repeal of tho Missouri
prohibition that was tho question ho wns looking
u.to "I found thnt thero was no prospect,
I .. ..- . ' '.
hope of a repeal of the Missouri compromise ex
cluding slavery Irom that lerritory." And yet.
sir, at that very moment, according to this new
doctrine of the Senator from Illinois, it had been
rcpenled three yenrs
Well, Iho Senator from Missouri snid further
that if bo thought it possib 0 to opposo this ro-
successfully, ho never would consent to
tho organization of tlio territory until it w as ro-1
scinded. Hut, said he " 1 acknowledge that I bavo
no hope that tho restriction will ever bo repealed."
Then ho nuulo somo complaint, ns other southern
centlemen had frequently dono, of tho ordinance of
17ei, and the .viissouri prohibition; but went on to
sav, "they aro both irremediable j there is no rem
cdy for them ; we must submit to tliem ; I tun pre
.i ... j.. :. . :.. .1.... .i. 1 .
pared lo do it ; it is evident that tho Missouri com
I I'T""0 f?I"'J!t !.'" . ,
imv, bit. iiuii wim iniH hiiiii r ic vni on i
nM.rninS of the 4th March, lust before the close of
sll,n. w,'"n that Nebraska bill, reported
by tho Senator from Illinois, which proposed no
1 - .... .,.,. inor.-,iri; -. ,,,!,
1 rene 1
i--... .. T.1...1. .i. 11 .i-
1 1 "l. 1 ' "HVi Ci" 01 . . "sl S0"8""l
. .,.,, .,. ,.,,.
commencement of the present session 7 The Sena
tor Irom Iowa, early in December, introduced a bill
for tho organization of tho Territory of Nebraska.
i .t: i .1 I Ml .l l... ,! .
. . , ., ,. . ,.
1 nenovu II ..IIS lilt) Sltlliu Dill WHICH W US lllllier UIS-
... i ..i.i... i- i .-
cussioii nuru ut tne iasl session, nnu ur I lie. unu
fur W0'J' lf 1 "
Hid the Senator from Iowa, then, entortnin the
i'l that tho Missouri prohibition had been super
No. sir; neither ho nor nny other man
f y ( jg.ia frt,m any discus
sin or statement, or remark, bad received this
Well, on the 4.1, day of January the Committee
from Illinois made a report on tlio te.r tonal or-l
gat.ixntion of Nebraska; nnd that report was nc-.
companied by a bill. Now, sir, on that 4th day
January, lust thirty dny. aro, did tho Committee
T..rri.,V.e. e,,.r.;.nl.. tl, nniiilrin thnt lha en.n.
nrnmi.o nit. of lHSO ...nerseded the Missouri nro-
liibition? lf thev did. thev were very careful to
keen It to themselves. - Wo will judge the commit
tor by ite own roport. What does that say 7 In
the first place, they describe tho diameter of the
controversy in rospoet to too tcriitonos acquired
from Mexico. The'y say that .orno believed that
Mexican law prohib'ilini slavery wa. in force there,
w hile other, claimed that the Mexicnn law became
inoperative at the moment nf acquisition, nnd that
siavei.nidera could take their slave Into the terri
tory, and hold them there under the provision
the Constitution. The territorial compromise nuts,
as the eonimittee toll us, steered dour of these
questions. They .imply provided that the Slate
orgat.iMd out of these Territories might oome
with or without slavory, aa they should elect, but
did not affect-tha question whether alavet could
could mot, be lnupdacd befon the erganiatio
. "ii-.', inn uiltiiiii sui-uoii 01 1110 n-i pre-
I ,.rt,.. . .1 i , . . ,. '
' ., f., ; "il
1 void, vhilo Iho prevailing sentiment in n large por-
tmii ot tno l nion sustains the doctrine that tho
Constitution of tho United States secures to every
emzen nn inn lenn i e rn.lit to move into nor i,r the
f rigb. to renew tha old controversy, nnd to rnuso
j ngitntion. They deelarod that they' would abstain
' " any recommendation of a repeal of the pro
that I hibilimi, or of nny pivivision do'clarntory of tho
construction of the" Constitution in respect to tho
I legal points in dispute..
'r- President, 1 am not ono of those who sup.
posed that Iho question between .Mexican law and
the slave holding claims wns nvoiilcd In tho Utah
! and New Mexico net : nor tlo I think thnt tho in
)'le. sir, that this was a mero clerical error ? Mny
it not bo that this twenty-liist section was tho fruit
"f some tmulai work, bctwoeu Saturday the 7th,
and Tuesday tlio 10th 7
j But, sir, the addition, of this section, it secios,
did not help tho bill. It did not, I suppose, meet
the approbation of southern gentlemen, who con-!
State governments. That question was loft entirely
to judicial decision.
Well, sir, what did tho committee proposo to do
with tho Nebraska Tcrritortf Iu rosi'ect to that.
as in respect to tlio Mexican Territory, difference
ilf nnillllitl Atrial in knl.tl.... ... l. 1 . .1 .. I
, -... i. L.inii iu . i' i it I lull ii J uiu iniiuu'iitivii ui
in'slsve.. Tl.nrn n-n .,,..il.nrn .nnUm.n
j tend tha notwiilntnndirg tho Missouri prohibitir.it,
i they can take their slaves into the Territory covered
i by it, nnd hold them thero by irtuo of the Consti -
tntion. On the other hand, tho great majority of
tho Amoriean people, North nmT South, believed
; the Missouri prohibition to bo constitutional and
eiieciuai. .ow wnat dnt tlio committee propose t
Hid tiicr proposo to repeal the prohibition ? Iid
they sng-est ill it had been superseded? Did
il.., .l. i. f il., i -
U'lllllll-U HIIVIUI.-11 V, I'lHl ftlllll i v, sir, nils
I .V .., . ' ' pU
1 . ...... . . . v... -
e-resn In in-, I.. n -m . .o....il. .. a I m.il.ii;... Il.rt
1 1 V- ' I""" ,",
'domestic institm on. ,.f 1 m i-r i.ns I nn-torin. nfi
the I iimn. In tho opinion of those oiiliiient states-
who hold that Cnci-css is investnl with no rightful
authority to legislate tipon tho subject of slavery in
' ., f., ; "il
void, hue Iho tirevn ilimr eni !ni in lnr.ro T.i.r.
Territories with his property, of whatever kind nnd
description, nnd to bold nnd enjoy the snme under
ihe sanction nf law. V,n.r roniniiiten do not feel
them'.elves called upon to enter into tho discussion
of these controverted questions. They Involve flic
anio grnvo issues which produced tho agitation,
tbo sectional strife, und tho fearful etrugglo .of
This language will bear repetition:
" Vi.nr I,. I 1 ...1 .1 1. .. I!-,!
..".......in-i.. ui, 11-11 mil incniM-n vi vuiiuu
upon to enter into tho discussion of these eonlro -
Verted Questions. The int-nko llm nmn mure
...t u u. .K.uw vu... v
They involvo tho samo grave
issues which produced "tho ngitntion, tho sectionnl
siruc, ami tno lenriol struggle ot liU."
And they go on to say t
"Congress deemed it' wise nnd prudent to refrain
from deciding tho matters in controversy then,
either by nlErining or repealing tho Muxi.-nn laws,
or by nn net declaratory of tho real Intent of the
H'onstitiifion and the extent of the pro!
forded by it to slave properly in tbo T
property in Ihu iorritorics;
o your committee nro not prepared now to recom
mend n departure from iho course pursued on that
memorable occasion, either by nllirming or repeal-
mo eiiruui section 01 tlio .Missouri Bet or ny
any net declaratory t-f the liiennine of tho Coiisli-
Edition in resnei-t to the loirtil points in ilispute.1
Mr. President, hero nro very rentttrkablo foots.
1 lie t oiuuiilteo 011 Territories declared that it was
"t wise, that it tint not prudent, that it wus not
troduction into tho Nebraska bill of tho provisions!
ofthoso acts in rospoet to slavery would leavo the
question between tlio Missouri prohibition and the
same stave-holding claim entirely iinallected. 1 nm
of n very ditl'eront opinion. Hut I nm dealing now
yond ull controversy, thnt that report gives no
wan uie report ot tno committee, nnu I snow, tic-
countennnco whatever to tho doctrine of repeal by
Vell, sir, tbo bill reported by the committee was
printed in the Washington Sentiiit-I on Saturday,
January 7. It contained twenty sections ; no
more, no less. It contained no provisions in ro
snect to slavery, except those in tho Utah and New
.Mexico bills. It loft thoso provisions to speak for
thctiislvcs. This was in harmony with the report
of the committee. On the llllh of January nn
Tuesday the net appeared itaiii in the Sen'iiiicl ;
but it had grown longer during the interval. Ii
appeared now with tweutv-ono tectums, Thero
wns a statement in the pajnir that the twenly-first
sot-lion had been omitted by a clerical error.
Hut, sir, it is a singular fact thut this twenty
first section is ontirely out of harmony with the
committee's report. It undertakes to determine
the ollect ol tho provision ut tho btnh and New
.Mexico bills. It declares, among other things,
that all question pertaining to slavery in tho Tcr -
'...' .1-.!.. .... . . .. ...
titories, nnd in tho new Stales to be formed there-
i.ii.i.vr-, hiiu iii uiu nt-n oiutcn to uu Ii'rilieu lucre -
..... . ...... .
irom. are to lie toll to tho decision ot t he people
residing therein, though Iheir nppropri.ito 'r. - ro -
-n.; :.. .. i . ... 1 .i.
senlat ves. 'l i s urns om in ..lln.-t n.i.eii ..d thn
Missouri prohibition, which tho eoininttee. iu their
i report, declared ought-not to bo done. Is it possi-
; tond nun iney nuvo a right to tako tlio slaves into
i the Territories, notwithstanding nny prohibition,
! either by Congress or by a Territorial Legislature.
r .1..... .. : ....... -. 1 .1... ..... .1 -
u.hu siit b nun iuiiiiu unu tnu vijiva 01 llicse lun
tlemcu could not bu had for the bill with that clause
in it. It was nut oiioukIi that tho eominitteo hud
! abandoned their report
nnd lidded this twotity -
Hrst section, in direct contravention
Unus and principles. Tl.o twenty-tir.
ol its reason-
'-first soction itself
1 niust bo iibitmloned. and Iho reii.oil nf the Missotiri
I l.:i. i 1 l 1 1.1
1 n , ? Z". " v ,. .. t . n i
,,, ;,,, .i,uilllll.v. H..,..t to.l l,..t w ,
'came square up to repeal,, and to the claim. That
amendment, prouuiiiy, produced some tmi'.onng
! and sonic consultation, it met tlio views of south-
i s. - .....I.-.I.I.. .1... : I .!.. l m
...i.i.i. .i... i. iii i.... I: it.. .; i
oil ouimwi nnu in 1.1 nil ii T u-u-i 11IIIH.-U inw b.iiiii.
i.!.. i. .i... i. tii i 1:.... ii i nra..
11111.11 nig uiu uiu iiuniiv iimmiiuu,
i ",Ululiu"8 whit'b U ,m8 "'" 1 cnn be
mistaken in attributing tho lust to tho ninoiiduicnt
of tho Senntor from Kenluck;-. Thattboie U no
1 effect without a cause, is among our earliest lesions
I in fhyaical philosophy, nnd 1 know of no cause,
! wli'icl. will account for tl.o remarkable change.
Jl IIIU . ill lull.
! which the bill uuderwent after tl.o IU1I1 of January,
oilier iiuin unu uu uuuuifin, mm uiu uuturiiiuuinuii
'oilier tlrm thn
""Ji ,t Xlt 1
Ten itoriafLogislature to prohibit tl.o imroduetion
Bt ,ovon dftT, Mr lrosi(lelltl after tho
" V ,. , 1
j Bcutt,. ,rom.. ,Dlm "nurLU
'"ent, llittl a tresu amen inn ni w as repor.cu
Commit toe 011 Territories, in the shape cd a
ow hill, enlarged to lor.y sections. 1 1.0 new uiu
. , .--- ... ....
Intii two Territories tho southern lornlory
Kansns, nnd the northern Territory of Nebraska.
It applies ti each all the prorisious of the Utah
, -r : .- 1 III-. 1 ..... --.I - .l.A , .. ... u
'MH"'e "n" " ,''7"",; "t" ' , I"
I1"1 Nw Meoo bills; it rejects entirely the . twm ty
Ihrst cler.cn -error .oct.on, and abrogates , ih. M -
souri prohibition by the very singular prohibition
whicti 1 will road t
" Tbe Constitution and all laws of tho United
States which are not locally inapplicable, shall
have the same fbrc and effect within the said
Tcriory of Nebraska as ebewhere within the
United State., except the eighth sootion of the act
preparatory to the admission of Missouri into thn
s4ed by'tk i r-rineiplea oT the legislation ef iter.,
IJDIOD, approvwu marvo vf ni.v, nmuii puii-i
cut off tromibo proposed lerrit .ry Unit a degree
of ln.ttitu.lo 011 tho .outh, and divide, the residue
turn "..r tnruis 1 in southern lornlory Ot
"'n wo uiii-uuiuj .iu...u.,.
i- 1... .:..i . .1 'l.l.i.:.! .. ,.r u...,.,
V 1 -.,(!
I warn gentlemen who propose to support tins
oin, mat tneir votes lor tins prolnijitiou win 1.0 re-
gnrded ns admitting this claim.
i n.ivo tijus civen n tiricl nccount 01 tno mitin-
But the Senator from Illinois snys that thu tcr
striction , ritoriul compromise nets did in fact apply lo ol'ier
I territory tbun that acquired from Mexico. How
jduos bo prove that? lie sn that a part of the
territory was acquired lVoiu"Tc..as. Hut this vory
1 territory w hich be cuya wns ncquircd from Texas
was acquired first from Mexico. After Mexico
11. tne Kooky Mountn.ns, visited once by rremont,
and penetrated occasionally by wandering bands
'i f Arnnnhoes nnd 1 tubs. 'the summit nt t in
commonly called the Compromiso measures, nnd
is therefore declared Inoperative."
lutibtless, Mr. President, this provision oper
ates as a repeal of this prohibition. Tho Senator
from Kentucky was right when ho said it was in
effect the equivalent of his amendment. Those
who are willing to break up nnd destroy tlio old
compact of can voto for t!iis bill with full
assurniieo that such will bo its effect. Hut I np
. Pal to them not to voto for this supcrsediirc elause.
1 1 sk them not to incorporate Into tho legislation
i"f the country a declaration which every ono knows
I to be wholly unti tle. I bao said that this doe-
hail .T"', , 7, .T"'-, 1 'aV0 TV Vu
never ., 1 T' "a ''J1 ,"n-,',.,!y''o.1 r '
nrv V-1" "I"'" 1 'C 2J,'J '.'n7-f. '''""V
ar), It was upon that day that this tree of
1 V VI :. wc "'""V1? "K" P"'"" ln'!
1 . r .
, - - ...... ..,.0. u, K. ... .. . ;
l.Si-l nturn i.v. ...... e.il. t tlin l-ati-i.-tiiitia mill
i- . : ' I", r- - - -
limitations of the (.miiiiit on. We know well1
enough vthat tho understanding or eliuni of south-
rn gentlemen is in respect to these limitations and
, rostrictions . They insist that by them every lM
V 1 -.,(!
warn cent cmcn who nronosn to support tins
e origin and dtlialion of tho pretense that the
MMitiri prohi jition Is superseded by tho legisia-
his which ti.js Piil lias uniler'totic. 1 nave sitown
j tion of ISO. I now nppeul to tbo Senators vho,
"'.t around me, nnd who with me participated in iho
Jaisoussions of If jlj I ask them to tay v hetber
unyfcno 'f Ibeni iiniigincd then, or behoves iiow,jfne
that tlio Missouri prohibition was superseded by
the lcjiifii.ttnn of that yr.r. Here, sir, sits the .
from Virginia. Mr. Mason I wnl he say
' tnnt nt nny time beloro the
3d of January, l l-l,
- - . . , - .
! no ever hear ! such n proposition stated or nmii.-1
tamed nnvwhere. b" nnvbodv? No, sir, ho will
not my it. There is no cvi.loiuo that the nssor
tion was ever made bt l'oro tlmt day, when it innuc (
appcaranco in tlio Senator's bill. It is a r-,
maikable cin-miistaiiee, that 5,ti0 cepie of the ,
committee's report have been printed by tho order
01 tno Senate, nnd I know not how many for in
dividual subscriber, nnd circulated through tho
country, nnd sustaining the bill M,!" tbo gioutid
that tho .Missouri prohibition is neither repealed
nor alliriiicd while the bill itself ns now amended
loxpressly abrogates that prohibition. Tbo report j
' uw llll,lnl c'iihii;iiios mt- out as nuienuiai, unu
the bill n nmoiiued contradicts the n
port as circu
lated. All this must necessarily mislead and con
tuse 1110 public judgment.
. ' - . . 1
1 Have now proved that the doct-1110 r f super-,
sclurc is a novelty. I will proceed to prou tlit
it is us groundless as it is novel.
The Senator Irom Illinois, iu Ins speech the
day. made u general charge of gross igno-
rano ot tne History and geogrupl.y ol tno country
niiainst tho sit-ncrs of the Independent Dcinoera'ie
Address, and singled out several paragraphs of
that address for special reprehension. It was
rr.ii;r adroit in tbo Scnntnr to mix tho defense of
his own bill with nn uttack upon two Senators
whose opinions on slavery questions are at vari
ance with those mi,st commonly received here.
i "ut ''is movement w ill not, I think, avail him
much. I have no fenrs that bo can rcfulo nny
statement, or overturn nny proposition of thnt ad
dress. Sir, ho might ns well attack Gibraltar.
Truo in all its slatcinonts. nnd irrefrnziiblo. as I
believe, in all its reasonings, it -is iinpiejrnablo to
any assault by bint, or nnv num.
1he first fineriHciitwiii iimlr-r his ffiipriil rlmro
of i:;iioruw:e nnd iniiroiiroHoiitutluii. donics tlio
I truth of a statement wli'icl. I ivill nuw road;
"Theso ncls welo tiover supjioscd to nbrogalc or
touch tho existing exclusion ol eluvery from what
is now culled Nebraska. Tliey applied to the Ter
ritory ncquircd from Mexico, und lo that only.
Tliey were intended ns n fetlloiue.it of tho contro-i,..-,
.i-.. ,.nt ,.! ti.-.t ......i.;;i:.... n.it ,.r tl.nt
climru,'crM, uv. 'l',ey must stand or full by
' their own inerils."
Thnt tho first Bonlcnco which I bnvo read is ab
solutely true, 1 suppose no ninn now doubts.
Senntois who were here diirinir the discussions of
1H.V), must remember that tho report of the Com
niitteo of Thirteen distinctly stilted that tho com
promise measures applied to tlio "newly acquired
I territory." Tho honorable ami distinguished
! lltur from Michigan sits near mo, and
irlinllm. nn, u.-lt.t l.ln n-n .ill. ... 1 ... II. n I'
whether any Hyllnblo was uttured in tho Committee
; - j -v - -
..- ei.:. 1 t ... I.:.. I I ...1 . ... ...1.1..1.
t"' "'"ecu or i-ia-n n.i.i, u. ins noon n-uSf, mni
i indicated any purpose to apply then, to any other
I Territory. If I inn in error. I beir tho Senator to
territory, ii 1 mil ill error, 1 nog mo .-sen
i correct 1110. Mr. Cass remained silent. 1 urn
tntod it to ttio 1. liitiid Stat tif. Texas claimed that
.1.... . intiMil ... 1. ; 'I I.
mat iieniun tiiunu in uui uitiviu. aiihv vnni
oiilv. was relinmiishod to tho United States. Tho
case, then, stands thus: woueqiiircd tho territory
from Mexico ; Texas clVuued it, but gavo up her
claim. This certainly docs not disprovo tho as-
1 sertion that tho territory was acquired from Mex-
ico, and as certainly it docs not Biibtutn tho -.can
tor's assertion that it was acquired from Texas.
Tho Senator next tells tho Senato and Iho coun
try, that by tbo Utah act, thero was included in
the Territory of Utah a pcrtiun of tho old Louis
iana ncqtiisiiion, covered by tbo Missouri prohib
ition, which prohibition wns annulled ns to that
portion by the provisions of thnt net. Lvery n"
at all acqtiuintetl with our public history knows
that the dividing lino between Spaiu and "
l ulled States extended due north from the source
id the Arkansas to tho 4ed pnralle of north bill -
lime, iiiai itruurary line icn n mm. . .0 -"'-:
ana actiuisition a littio valley ill tbo midst of T'0
Kocky Mounliiins. whoro several branches of tlio,
Grand river, oue of tlio affluents of tho Culoratlo.
take tneir rise. Hero is the man. Hero spreads
out tho vast Territory of Utah, mure than one hun
dred and eighty-seven thousand sou aro miles.
Here is tho littio spot, hardly a pin s point upon
tlio mnp, which I cover with tho tip of my little
linger, which, according to tho boundary fixed by
the territorial bill, was cut off from tho Louisiana
acquisition and included in Utah. The account
,l,u terriloriai bill, wa. cut off from tho Lot.isiami
acquisition and included in Utah. The account
given of It in the Senator's speech would lead 01.0
P .. ' ..... . ....
'I!!""0 "".'. " mpor.u... pari o. uo
, ou iai. acqiiisii to,,. 1 in, ut nics 101 1
smallest consequence. 1 Iiere nro 1.0 .ihnbitai.ts
there it is, as 1 Have said, a secluded lit 10 valley
. . .- . ...
Hocky MotintamH wn assigned a. thu eastern
limit of Utah. That limit, in oonsoquence of the
curvnturo of the mountain range, happened to
iuelude thi. valley, Noboily here, at the time of
tho puSBitge of the Utah bill, adverted to that fact.
It wa. known that the Rooky Mountain range was
very near the arbitrary line fixed by the treaty,
and nol oly ever dreamed that the adoption of
that range a. tbe eastern boundary of L'tuli would
abrogate the Missouri prohibition. Tbo Senator
reported that boundary lino. Bid be tell the
Senate or tha country that it. establishment would
bar that ..Toot? No, ir 1 oarer, 'i'lia arsertioa
of tha Senator that ty ." close txamination of th
' J'lijttdt'ti 1 Irtt not ointf liereni
. itiiu'.", ill. 11 iioiniii 111.1.111
ue construed 10 iinp.nr or t nam
,,,;,, j ; ,ll0 third arlilo ol tho
j ,,0 jnjnt resnlution for annexing '1
1 1 it, sititios, npproved Miinh 1, lS-i
i. .1 . r ,,.... .1...,
. trca .ilt, Ml,xil.0 of (j;lll,lal,,e Hidalgo,
.- nsnrt01 ,r t.l;lim to the whole territory in-
. . . -. .1 i-....:.- i-i.. c .... r . v-:
i, i..,,.,.i ,., ,.r
pt-f I)0i,,i0 0f t,0 Miesuri
j jnptli (,f ;;ij ty fap fruii
( ir()111iB0 ,.,,,' j, cvpr,
jiro.,ml re,,'cal of tl
)Cing ph nlliriimtion of tho compromise nets, U -
n rp ,all of vcrv ilnI,rf.,Ilt pr,,vis;nii of tho most :
j,,,.,,,,.,.,,,, Bct i.f'thc series. It is roleinnly tie. dm-!
,roiiljiti.in iat nniil to be overthrown. I'uu pre-,
wum.,tiou fuVtlior go? X0 nil who, in nny way, I
ic,m ltJ(m ,10,0 vuU,I.vll,ii.e,i w0 couimeiid this :
n,ltlt.-a it to tho toil itory of tho United States. .
xiioy thon suppress the further fact that this terti-
Utah net clearly establishes tho fact that it was
tho intent, as well as the legal effect of tho com
promise measures of 1H.0O to nupersode the Mis
souri conitiiomise. nnu all eeoernpiiicai anu ter
ritorial lines," is littio
short of preposterous.
There was no ntent nt nil. except to make n con
venient eastern boundary to Utah, and no legnl
effect nt nil upon tho Louisiana acquisition, except
to cut off from it tho little valley of tho Middle
Tho second specification cf tlio Senator denies
tho accuracy of tho folluwine statement of tho ad
dress in relation to this proti nso of superscdurc:
"The compromise nets themselves re.'uto this
pretension. 1.. li.o third article of tho so -ond see-
'f tho joint resolution Tor ntinciing Texas to
,i, i :,,i k,.,,. : ,n,...l.,ln,.l,..,l il,t
tllU 1 IIIIV I l.inve, i ii IB
such Statu or State, ns shall bo-formed out of said
. r ivxai:
a proviso wns iixrp..rate , on the motion o .Mr.
. . . . . 1 ...... . .. .
jiasos, ut iri;ima, wluc 1 distinctly preserves tins
i ; .: ., . .. . . . .'.Ji
,mt nl l0 trr;,rv f ,i,0 l itoJ States, v. bother
nof(ll or 01(1 of ,fl0 -,,,,., rmpromio line, is
,0 b opcn to elnvory. It is ns follows:
ue construed to iinp.iir or t iiainy amtiiisu cine
1 :.. ., ,1 .:...i ' .,: 1.. ,i. : 1 ,:
.-LVXII'I DUI.IIVII ll
rxus to the
St-tio of Tela, or oniiR -
Hero is proof, bryond controversy, that the
iciple of tho Missouri net, prohil.in'iig shivery
. . . . 1 . . M. . .
111 being nlirojiatcd by the
cssly ulliriucil ; nnd that
.1 I. II. in.un.l
.l :.. .1 : .,1..., ....I....... ...-..
VU III IIIU . .-1 Cnill III OIIIIM? l.VtS llltll HVllllliyilirril
ritljllr,i ,;u it mttnicU to ivipmV oc (im,-,-,
tho prohi jitioti of slavery north of 3H' 3H', nnd
-.,! iii tl... I'. ..r !.;. ,l.i.t.ir.i.i..n tl,... ,.i..i-i.l .
This is what
the Senator inys m b: speech ,
(ia I linen titel . ii . I Cf, .in llti-i n,l
J V ll'lllivu WMk va IIIV
.nlu...,iM,s..,.u.iJU iviu ... u..-
"They lupprcaa tho following material facti,
whijh, if produced, would bavo disprnvod their i
statement: They first suppress tbo laet thut the :
same section of "the net cuts off from Texas, nnd !
to tlio United States, nil that pnrt of Texas i
...l.i..l. lln. ......I. ... 'tea -.'.! I'l.n.. .
i nun ii-.n 11111111 111 uu u". xn.'Y ill in eiij'iii;tii
t0 fllrtl(,r (,.( that the some set"tion of the law
jvutsi otl" lriui Tcxtut lurfr truut of country on the '
w,-,t. morn thiiit three d.-irrncs t.f bitnritutlo. nnd
,rv tll cu. 0ff from Texas, nnd to which the
... . . ... . .
tho sutiie. shall coino into the Uniou with or with-
out slavery, as it sees proper."
Tl.o assertion here is, that nil tbo Tcrrit
claimed by Texas north of 3u 30' was cut off
tl.o Texan Boundary nnd Now Mexico net.
.Mr. IHII.GI.A!?. l.ead It.
I have read it, but will read it
" Yes, sir, tbo very bill nnd Bcction from which
they quote cuts off all that part of Texas which
was to bo freo by tho Missouri compromise, togeth
er u-ittt untiie mi till, smith siiln of tliA litnv inpnr.
porates it with tho Territory t.f New .Mexico, nnd
then snys that that territory, und every portion of
tho same, shall coino into the Union with or with-
out slavery, us it sees proper.
Mr. DOUGLAS, (in bis beat.. Jtost of it.
Mr. I'll ASK. In his n.ep. li tho Senator ,;,1
i ,, . .. i i , n, .. ,
(nil ttm ti,i-vi.nrv elaiiueil liv I evils nnrth r :ti.'
Missouri compromise lino did apply, was inuovpo-1
into tbo Territory of New Mexico. And
Ihun what was dono? It was incorporated into
thnt Territory with this olnur.u i
" 'That whin admitted as n State, tbe said Tcr-
ritorv, or nny portion tr the same, shall be receiv-1
ed into tho Union with or without shivery, ns j
their constitution may prescribe nt tho timo of itm'.v.
" Vos, sir, tho very bill nnd section from w hich
they quote cuts off nil that part of Texas which
to bo free by tbo Missouri compromise togeth- J
cr with somo on tho south side of tho line, incor-1
porutes it into tho Territory of New Mexico, and j
then savs that that Territory, and ovory portion of
"'"- J ----- -.
!)' wa, incorporated into New Mexico. Now be;"
savs, most ol it. lhesoaro very ditlerent state-
ditlerent state -
incuts. I w ill show tho Semite what was end
what was end
what was not Incorporated. Tho boundary line
between Spnin and tho l luted fttutcs tor I want
to make this matter perfectly clear und distiuct
" The boundary line between tbo two countries
west of tho Mississippi, shall beiu on tbo Gulf of
Mexico, nt tho mouth of the river Sabine, in the
sea, continuing north along tho western bank of
thut river, to tlio .1- ot latitude; theiico by a lino
, 1I11A lutrili tit tlu. tltiirrfio nf latitndn vrltmn it ittvikpM
tho Uiu Uoxo of Natchitoches or Bed river ; then
- following the eoiii-sc of tho Kio Uoxo westward, to
) the degree of longitudo 1UU" west from London,
and -o" from Washington; then crossing tho ss.id
ItCU lit I'l, UliU I uniting 1111. n, n nnv uuv .nil in
to tlio river Arkansas ; thence following the course
of the siiiitbern bunk of the Arkansas to its source
in latitude 41 north, ami thrnco by that parallel
of latitude to tho Suuth ..ua.
Now look nt this boundary upon tho mnp. Here
it is. I Exhibiting tne mnp. 1 iiere we go up tne
Sabine to tho di" purullel 1 tiieu struiglit nuiili to
j t, ned river ; then nlmig tho Hod river to the
100o nf iu,.jtude; then slnugbt north nga'm to tho
t Arkaiina-; then up tho Arkansas lo its sor.rco;
1 1,(0 8truiKlt nrth once more to the 41 of latitude,
1 T)CI.0 vuu . (he boundary between tho United
1 j 11 i v j. " " j " - "
; W,.,. ..,,.1 Wn11nis.I1 ItdHriPHNHltlM. lltt di.lillMtl ltV
Smtol( um the Spanish posscsBI
tho treat v of lrtill.
v, :! 1.. . ,r,,T 'i.,t .-l,.;..i
umturj nml ku . j ........ j.- . , . j
IIoio 18 tlio most
... -. ... ........ I
l,lltlellic ovi.lenco nf it in her own net,
"III ' '
December l'J, l&oO, by Sam Hoiston, 1 will
road it :
'Be'dnningnt tho mouth of the Sibino river,
run. ng wos? nlong the Gulf of Mexico, three j
frt.ni land, to the mouth of the liio Grande;
thence up the principal stream of the said river to
its source; then due north to the 4-t" of north b.ti-
tudd ; tha.ee ulonf, the boundary line at tl.Jhir.l ...
,1. 1 ...,..... n 1 rl v.i.-. .Vihii
, - y ... n - w
Thnt is th0 bollllar- rl;v;mPd by Texas,
Aftcr ho, otinBI,ltin tl) tho r.nted States, and after
.v.icr i.ur ui.n:-.ini"ii i" in" 1 '-.'I" i ii"' iinwi
oluded within these limits, Tbo Senntor from Vir
ginia Mr. Mason was among thoso who regarded
this claim of Texas as just not because of any
valid original title to the territory but because ol
tho Implied recognition of her titlo by the United
States. I need not sny that I, in common with
the Senator from Virginia, and othor Senators,
maintained it. That Senator, on tbe 30tli July,
1850, moved a joint resolution rooogniiing this
oltiim, which I will rcadi
R ctolrrd, fCc, That by the joint resnlution, np
proved March 1st, 1815, for annoxiug Taxa to the
United States, it baipg ordained that - the ter.itory
properly included within and rightfully belonging
,.:.: oml,-tcd in lS'.O, mny bo regarded as rostrio, .
"V to L imlit, f t10 Louisiana acquisition u dc
I..... V"u ' ... ... ...t.:'.i. ......
tent tho larger ur these tracts, nor probably the
ninllcr. Not ono foot of this territory was in
Senator eorporated into New Mexico, and yet tho Senator
history of the country, w ith willful niisrcprcscnta
tts tion, with falsehood 7 Not ut nil. Tbe Sonntor,
bko other men, U liable to error, If be falls into
terror upon a point material tr nny controversy
imposes. 1 make this remark because 1 am Hn
othor willing, under any provocation, lo do any injai-
"""' 1..1 u... T-v.t....v u.i..rpiin,IOU
r.it.tn v M,.i ,.n Tim Setmtnr 1. irvt-iU
y,., lu,t cbnvgo him wnii violating the trutu, or
v.jih intciitioiiol mi. representation.
1 said tho other day to that Senator, when be
proposed to deny to 1110 a p isloponeir.ent warranted
by tba usages f the Senato, that I thought him
incapable of understanding tho obligations of cour
cedes tcsy. I prefer now to restrict that statement, and
?nv that tlin Ser.utnr. on t'lftt Aeenuion. ttmlnr o.itiid
say tins nowevur, outm peruups, tonuu in reier
rutod i"-0 to a remark wbiob fell from tho Senator bit
thai oecwsion, that at no time did I ever approach
jbiin with a einilnig face, or an angry fa,vrafaj
bVo at all, to obtain from him a postponement 0tf .
! bill, in order to pin timo for the oirculatiott
of attacks upon it. I bavo condemned hit bill strong ,
and bavo condemned bis action in bringiug ,
forward this repeal of tho Missouri prohibition; .
Hut I hovo dono no injustice to the Senator. All
that I have done nt all I have done openly. I bav -was
not waged, nor w ill 1 wage e war if cpithcte. It j
neither accords with my principles, nor with mj .
'nates. Hut wlulo 1 wno no such war I dread. ,
.none. Neither vituperation, nor denunciation, ,
'.....I i..i-li iiates ns ii'-iv be formed out of that n
m' oflc "i' nf
" of stt.U I trnio.y i ing soul .1 111.0 .u ill
But this matter was uot left to inforciice or conjee
I""' At tho very moment of reln.quUbn.ent, tha
I '1 ted Stales and Texas, by agreeing to the lrovi
leag.ies K" 1 have quol.d. anvtd the cotupact.und coUt.nWd,
to the Republic f Texas, may be erected Into
new State, Ac, it is tho opinion nnd judgment ot
Congro.s, that the admission of Texas into the
Union, with tho boundaries described by tha lawa
; thereof, not objected to by the United States, al
to? tune ui stii-a nnnexniion, is conclusive,
Against tlio United States, of the right of Texo w
tue territory included within such boundaries."
The recognition proposed by this resolution
would give to 'l oins nil the hind cast of the Kid
Grande, nnd a line drnwn front its source to the
forty second parnllcl. and west of the lino betwssa
tho United States and tho Spanish possession! al
Now, sir, of the territory wltl.in this claim ct
TVrr.s, that part br'ween tfio 32 nnd 31 of north
latitude, and net of 103 of loniritudc, was Incor-
pornted into the Territory of New Mexico. TLat
i. ,,a i:.? of i..ngi.udond 3 w
norm latnur.o, nno tne Arxsnsns river, were no,
1 1 1 ... V f . . . 1 . . .
meorpornicu nuo acw .uexirn. nor reiir.qnuBM la
T.1 1... 1 . ,r .1. . ....
United Suites. Here oro these two trects ef eoua-
try, wl.uh tho f-enntor savs were cut oft from '
Texas, and inrorpornted into New Mexico. It
t"u ciann 01 icxns was Tnnii, iney were cut OB
r. 1 t... ii,AM .a.. 1 . .
- T .-
taken ns to that ; nnd it is not a trilling mistnket
The tract wet of New Mexico, between 36 30
nnd tho Arkansas river, cotituitis over twenty
lliousnnd square miles. It is not ensy t.t estimate
the contents of the other tract. The first in nt
lrpe n Connecticut, Hliodo I-land, Massachusetts,
nd New Hampshire put together. The two trncta
1-11.. l .1 :. ..... a.. .1 1 ...
rroouoiy nro iteariy c'ltmi 111 extern 10 tue wunie 01
'cw l.nglaiitl, excluding iMamo. 1 here are sevM
. States in thu Union neither nf tshieh entinls in a.
nvertn.l tluit it nil -n. f mt.nul ,ir llmft Iijim
- ....j. - j B. . , ...... a.v. w
was a great error. 1 how tlio Senator that bo
was wrong 111 o very nialciuil stiitement; out shall
I r.cclihU him. therefore, of fiilsifvini tha Iiubliis
which 1 may happen lo have with I111.1. 1 will cor-
. utw, .'l.l'l'' 'I l-l .I,li ,1.1 .I.MI, V ... VWI-
r0l.t ,llc urri,r , 1 ,viU , tho I
... .. . .
-i - , w
excitement, perhaps, nnd pci Imps inllucucod alt
'-y over-aiiximiH dpnira to hniten the vote opos)
his bill, dire--nrded tho obligations which courtesy
"colon political or personal opponent. While I
..i;t I ... t. ii..ijf
will movo no wln.c 1 bnvo the approval of tny
owu judgement raid conscience. Hut I did ttu ,
intend to recur to ibis u.atter, and willingly dt
miss it. . .
- If the Senator is w rong, as I have shown lie is, ,
I'm respect to tho incorporation of all tho territory
cut oil' from Texas inlo New Mexico, then bt lit
also wronc in his declaration that tho coinprontisa .
act tif 1 v0 docs not preserve and reassert tuo prim
ciph; of t'.ic Miss-ouii prohibition.
'1 l.e facts are few mid simple, nnd in the infers
cuce from them obvious nnd irrcsistablc.
Tbo third u; ti.le of tbo joint resolution for tbl
annexation ui icxus reaus tuns ;
Xow Stales, convenient size, not exccciilna
fr i number, in addition to snid Stute of Texas,
having sutlicient population, oiuy bcrenl.cr, by th
consent of said Stale, I e formed out of the Tcrrito
ry thcroof, which shall bo entitled to ndmlsslo
isions of the Kudcrul Constitution.-
1"' " i' h"''d territory lying soul.'i 01 b" ;u' nirtB
loltitude, c-oi.inioiily known as Uiu .Missouri om
shall be admitted into tne inionj
with or w ithout siaMii'Y, ns the penple of each Stute
asl.iug admision may desiic. and iu such Stute ur
States us shall bo t'.'.iucd nut of tl.o said Territory .
north of said Missouri compromise line, slavery ur
invuitiutc.iy kcr-.imds (except for crime) ibafl
Here is nn express stipulation thnt slavery shall
be prohibited iu nnv Stato formed out of the ter
ritory of Texas north of ob" ill)'. This
- - - -
lluablo stipulation for freedom, 111 ense the claim.
' of Texas was a valid otio to the whole territory
j within her boundaries. Tho Senator from Vir.
Iginirt regnrded that claim as valid ; and it was oj
11.1 mc ...--..... v--
. to quote was incorporated into tho Texas boundary
: bill :
..y.t,; That r.olhing beroiu contained baU
, 0 (.(mslrUl., l(1 i,,,air or qualify anything contain-
ed in the third article of the second section of tha
nui-.i rcsoiunoi.s mr uinn iu. iua iu mi inu
'States, approved March 1, lS.i, either n regard
tho number of Suites that may hereafter Lo formed
'out of the State of Texas or other,"
Here was a compact between two S
far n8 tl. parlies wcro conipt lent to ent
ii wtw obligatory and pennancnt: Thai
to enter into it.
11 tiB t'liiiuu" j 1 (. n - ri;
1 1 1 tl.n tnnvll.irit iiirl.l .'nil - nirriin flv lim.
1 1 .... t. as nn. I in. -ni 11 nnu f " I tht 01 .rti .ivb.
riit,L'i iin.- n niivij .p,.il..i..j ai.saa .sv a-r-
tH ui Tcxu. until iom. ir.uuMi. it wouiu ntnk b
,,1iiU;icnco it'11 portion uf thut torritory ehotild L
. .1 1 i : 1. ...1 a., ii -
H11ltC(UVIIll V IL-lllKltllblil-U IV IliU I IIUl'U ObftUW!
.... . . ! ' t .1 n- ii
r,..s ,,uld not disiuib tbo if-cct of the com pact.
11 .11 mi. inn in " 10. --.
,. tiling can bo v'.ci.ver. then, tbnn that, if tha
two trad of country of w hich I have spoken wei
,t i 1I1 in thu rigbllulclnim of Texns, the compact aps
plied to them, nnd the prohibiticn of slavery in tba .
States 10 be evented cut of il.cm, is still in force..
And it is, pe.bnps, at this day thennly prohibition
.ii.- . 1. .11 1
rcotiiete; tor 1110 .iimhuii j.uuiui-
IlIlVIl liy lllW HW.HJ mm -.j'", . 1
ded iii that year, ,
But tho Senator from Tlluioi say that tbe pros
hibition in tha annexation resolution was ol Ito .
riractioftl eJloct, except to presort the P""cipls of ..
the Missouri comproinite. That was true. If lexa v
never bad any. just claim Jievth of 3B BIT. Lpon
that unposii.on, n!so, tho Mason proviso bad no .
uft'ect a nrosening and reaffirming an actual pros ,
hibition north of Su 80', but .till served to pra, ;
send the principle. It ' impowubl to maintain,
n. thi. Senator docs, that th third .article of th ,
orieinal r..intresolulic-.shouch of practtcal effect
preseryad rf priiteild of II