Newspaper Page Text
niAItltsrit. HOBIXSON. Kdilor.
-o vxio.y wira slaveholder."
ANN rcinSOX; rublHhlng A cent
VOL. 9. NO. 28.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1S54.
WHOLE NO. 438.
THE A ,1 T 5 L A V R V BUQIE,
, . M BLISlIlD EVIRr SATl'RDAT, AT SALE, OHIO.
ttRM 1,M pr annum, parabl In Mr. nr..
ay Wa octiaitonall j i.ml mler. to lho.a who r not pnli
MTtbcrt. hut who aro Is'llmpd to Is, llitorttil In tli,lli-.riiilntln
mi ntl-.laorjr trutn.twllh lh. Imp. th.t th.T wlll.llhsr .ttlMrrib.
'tti.vlr.. or ttn. thoir luflii.nc. to .nana iu circulation amgug
, C,minan.'tlons Intanilail fr Inaortlon. to Lo ail'Jroueil (o
Mtmci ru no.iox, cuttor. aii oin.ri to ass r-!i.ux, i-ui
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
QnHSquara (to lln. ) ttir. H
" Earn additional taaortlon,
. " H month!, ....
On. TetT, .....
Tw aquaral .Is month, .
u " On. r.ir, ..... .
Om tmrth column on T.r, with prlilWg or clianln(
Half onlnmn. rhanirlnff monltilf. .....
-(Hr.l not ntrawlln sl(lil llnot will bo Insarlail on year,
for tOt til month.. 1 1.
J. IIIIMM, hum.
MEETING IN COLUMBIANA.
. Bnc Rodinson T L. A. Hino paid us a flying visit
' . r. .i t . r .1.. ....
on Saturday evening, nlW tho closo of tho meet-,
Ings In Salem, coming on tho Evening Express, onil
after giving us n full two hours' lecture, reluming
on the eleven o'clock train, to meet appointments
. , . ., t. , , . . no , .,!
in rour nloee aeain on tho Sabbath, 1 houuh but ,
v 1 a
few hours' notico was allowed, tho nudionco was
largo, even to overflowing i and though his subject
,u Land Reform, and his viow. eminently radical, ;
yet 10 far as wo liavo heard nn expression, all ail.
luit and are pleased with tho arguments offered and
the truthfulnoss of tho position. Ho has kindly
consented to return and give us a full course of
lectures, and we hope it may bo soon.
Mr. Benj. S. Jonet kindly filled Mr. Hino's first;
appointment a week since, as you aro probably
ware, (subject morals.) His speech wo havoit
thought to be among tho most irresistible in point
of eloquonce, cogency of reasoning, nnd brilliancy
of thought, that wo havo overheard. And most
specially at this timo wns it desirable among us,
M our Methodist brethren woro prolonging ft pro-
tractod meeting in our pluco, which, in its full
devolopoment, measured more thnn four weeks in
length, with its usual tendencies upon tho morals
of tho pcoplo. As tho loading spirit, but the even-j
ing before, took occasion to denounce abolitionists
with much blindness nnd indignity, declaring that
one singlo individual in Maryland belonging to this
(the Methodist) church, had frcod more slaves, and
had dono moro for the abolition of slavery thnn nil
the abolitionists in America had done or ever would
do, Ao. We woro pleased to hoar Mr. Jones hap.
pily turn upon tho subject of tho relation of tbo
churches generally, and the M. E. Churih particti.
lurly, to slnvory. Aud we woro divorted when he
was speaking of tho number of tlavcholdcrs ii
and slaves held by tho North wing of tho M. E,
Church, to hear ono ask the question, " If this be
true, doos it provo 'hat the Church is pro-nlaveryf"
Anawer, If tho bidding of 30,000 slaves docs not
make a church pro-slavery, how many slaves would
It bo required that limy should hold, to uiako it
pro-stavory ? Ho naked, if it woro possible to ob
tain tho naino of this Maryland individual, who hud
done so much in tho church for tho abolition of
slnvory, that wo might send it to tho Bugle, us it
would bo real information. Or tho tiamo of any
other ono, who could bo a true abolitionist nnd yet
bo a member of tho church under tlio MothodUt
Discipline Wo havo not been nblo to obtain nn
nswor to citbor of tho nbovo questions
faUity always dreads exposure.
On applying kindly for this church last evening,
for Mr. Ilino's mooting, wo were politely informed
that luch individuals as tho Uriflings and Mr. Jones
rould not coma nenror tho church thnn tho school
liouso, which a member, after hom ing ol Mr. Ilino's
appointment, timely occupied by nn evening class
in arithmetic, stating that he had thought of having
on evening school shortly, nnd guessed he might
well occupy hit room that evening ns we infuhla.
As now dovelopoments have mndo it evident that
the groat mass of tho pcoplo nro not aware of the
true position of tho church to slavery, and ns sin
cere endeavors should always bo assisted, for tho
present and future benefit of young converts and
old oiios, wo would bo pleated if you would state
the probablo number of slaves hold by the Northern
M. E. Church, giving authority. As tho ministry
will novcr dinscminato this light, nnd ns it is cvi.
dently greatly needed, we havo confidence from tho
result of whut light has boon shod horo, that
corresponding good result w ill follow.
Columbiana, Feb. 12, 1854.
LETTER FROM J. M. GILMAN, ESQ.
NEW LISBON, Feb. 10, 1854.
GiNTLiiiEN : I duly rocoived your favor of the
7th iust., asking mo to bo present and addres tho
" Nebraska Mcotirg," to bo held at your placo. on
Saturday, the llth inst. You will please accept
ny thanks for the kind consideration thus extended
ito me. It win my wish and my intention to comply
with your request if possible, and "I now exceed,
ingly regret to lie under tho necessity of nying
you, that indisposition from a sovero cold with which
I an afflicted, will render it very inconvenient,
.not impossible, for me to address the meeting upon
the occasion referred to. If I am not present,
however, you must by no menus consider it
.evidence that I disapprove of the object of the call
of the mooting, or that I am unwilling to join in
atrong and decided expression of feeling against
Any act or movement, in Congress or elsewhere,
intended to rcpeul, or to declare ns repealed, the
called MUouri Compromise By tho provitdonBof
that Compromise, acquiesced in for over thirty
year by th whole oountry, slavery was forever
excluded from all territory then belonging to tho
Iliiitad Stale north of 30 30'. The friend
freedom attempted to extend this luvcry prohibi
tion principle over the territory wo acquired from
Mexico, which occasioned iinmcno excitement
throughout the oouutry, and was only quieted
time by tho adjustment, known a the compromise
roeature of 1850. That it should now be nssuniod
by leading men in Congress, and tho attempt made
to niako Congres declare by solemn onaotment,
that the Missouri Compromise wn ropoaled
superseded by the compromise measure of 1850,
it enough to bewilder the public mind with aston-
ishmont at the boldness and audacity of tho as.
sumption. It appenrs to me tlutt the movement if
but ngnin applying tho torch, for tho purposo uf
rekindling tlio excitement upon tho slnvory tjucs
tion, nnd tin too, by the inmo hand tliitt four
yenrs ngo put forth such extraordinary oxertion
to quell the storm, nnd extinguish the flume, tlint
u then burning with such intensity in tho public
mind, tun it be possible thnt it hits booomo nco-
'jjcsBary to joopiirduo the Union onco in four years
in order to afford stntcsmen in opportunity 10 ins-
play their rjntriotism, nnd their
g forth and saving
uu.uin.ii i, mi v uluu, .j j .v, ,...ft ...... ...
it from its impending futo t
I have alwev. been an active nnd ,calous member
of tho Dcmooratio party, and expect to continue so,
believing it to bo the parly that always has, nnd
...lit ln ii. r..i... t..n;n wA ..... r. i -i,
' 1 J . . '
great political measures oi relorm, Having tor their
..1. .1... 1 . I l
uiycci iiiu . lo-rui goRi oi tno greni masses or
mankind. Vet I novcr have and nevcrcan subscribe
; t the doctrino that the Oeheral Government has no
1 i. . i i . i . . .
rigbt to cxcluda slnvory, by legislation, from tho
territories. Tho Constitution provides that " Con-,
gross shall hnvo power to dispose of nnd make nil
.noedful rules nnd regulations respecting tho terri-i
torv or other nronortv of tho Imllnil StiUea."
, t 1 , - -
Congrcsn nssiimesniithority to establish a temporary
government fir a territory bccntiso it ie "needful"
,mt It should be done. Whatever may bo noces-1
tlXTy for tho present intorcst, or "needful" for the
future hnppincss and prosperity of the people of
any territory, before they are organized so as to
. legislate for them,olvos, should be looked after and
nttendod to by Congress. Before a territory isj
settled, or before tho people residing in it nro or-
! gnnistod o as to lcgUluto for thoir own protection,
may bcoomo "needful" for Congress to make
j certain "rules nnd regulations respecting" it, eo as
to prevent the introduction of evils, which if onco
established, it would bo difficult to cradicntc. The
Constitution contemplates that Congress shall do.
tcrminc and "make all needful rules and regulations
j respecting tho territory," until tho pcoplo thereof
1 nro organized and prepared to legishtto for theni-
selves. In determining what "rules and regula
turns nro "needful for a territory, Congress
should tuko into consideration the lact that tho
territory will soon become n Slato, nnd bo received
into the Union upon nn equality wita tho other
Stntes, nnd should bo influenced only by a desire to'
do that which will bo moat conducive to the future
hnppincss, growth and prosperity of the people
that may inhabit the territory. Tho relation that
exists between Congress and the pcoplo that are to
inhabit, and 1 may say to inherit a territory, is
similar to that of guardian and ward, or trustoo
.... 1 1 ...n i. ti r . . .
and beneficiary. 1 ho guardian or trustee must
mnnngo tho property of tho wnrd, or bonencmry.ns
will bust promote their interest, nnd surrender it
up to them wicn they aro prepared to tuko charge
of it themselves. So too, Congress, in making
"rules and regulations" for a territory, until such
times as the pcoplo thereof are prepared to assumo
tho control and management of their own affairs
instead of consulting tho wishes and demands ol
any Stnto in tho Union, or section of tho country,
should nL't mainly with a viuw to pr.inioto tho best
interests of tbo pcoplo that nro.to inhabit the terri
tory. I admit tho doctrino that ovory community
has tho right to detcrmino for itself w hat form of
government it will have, nnd that every Stnto in
i the Union has tho ridit to manaim for itself, and in
its own wav. its internal ,mmiei,.l niT.irs Tl.i.
, . , . ... ..
doctrino dues not conflict with tho position that1
Congrats may legishtto for tho territories ns above
It is "needful" that slavery should bo
....I...I...I r. .... . i...-, . . 1 . 1 u . . 1 ..
excluded from a territory, (and who will deny it
111 tho caso of Nebraska,) it is tho duty of Congress
mako such "rulcs'and regulations" a w ill effect
that object, until such timo as tho pcoplo or the
territory aro prepared to assumo tho power of leg
islating for themselves.
Tho founders of our Government recognized and
acted upon this doctrino in tho pnsengo of tho cele
brated ordinance of 17fi7. It was also recoinizod
by tho ndoption of this very Missouri Compromise'
and I bclicvo was novcr disnuted bv nnv ono. until
tho discussion incident to tho compromiso measures
rio-A Ti ., ,
lBotb It wns thon discovered for tho first timo,
that tho policy of tho Government, iu legislating
for tho territories, us established by its founders
and recognized for over sixty yenrs, wns nil wrong
, ..... , T . , . . . ,.
and unconstitutional. It is now claimed that Con-
has no legislative jurisdiction over tho tcrri-'
torios. I havo never mvself been nbbi tn urn
virtuo or soundness of this new doctrine, nml
.... . . ,,
thcrcloro hnvo novcr assented to it. Iho attempt
now made to declare tho Missouri Compromiso ro-'
nen led. is not so much for tbo ntimnsn of leltinrr
fl nl-nru lll.t V ,,n.L-n n, ll i. Ir, A.1,,1.11.1, it.n ...In
sla ery.nto ebraskn.ns it is to establish the pt in-,trouUut
ciplothnt Congres has no right to exclude slavery
from any territory. Tho friends of freedom there
fore, should not only oppose tho repeal of tho Mis'
: n !... i !. ., .
nuiirt vuttiproiiiisu uecitusu it niieus tno uoor ior
introduction of shivery into Nebraska, but becnuso
tho attompt is bused upon tho hypothesis that Con
gress had no right to oxcludo slavery from
territory, and tho object is to establish tho old
placo of the now doctrine upon this subject.
In haste, I am respec tfully,
J. M. GILMAN.
To Hill Tollerton, Tefcr II. Boswcll, Jacob Ileaton,
Goo, B. Weaver, Euimor T. Weaver, Salem, Ohio-
A WORD TO CORNELIUS WHITACRE.
Mr Kino Brother Cornelius: I give you my
hnndl I have no controversy with you I shall
nevor have any controversy with any man, a long
as I live on tlio planet, not even the slave ownor. .
But why do you talk of Freo Produce, when you
are all tho timo using Slave produce!? JFa-1
mean you. I hnve no reference to other folk, I
nm sponkiug to yourself. 1 on uso Slave Produeo
ovory dny at homo, or abroad m what you eat,
or woar, or Bleep in tome way or other, and direct
ly at that. Ton to one, you wroto that Tory lnttor
on slave cotton paper, nnd if you did not, the llnyle
which printed it, and which you pay for and rogu
lurly road, it such iduvo-coUon papor.
Kind Cornelius, is it right to uso Slave Produce
thus? If nay, why do you do ill 1 If yea, why
do you mnke a noise about othrr people doing it!!
And no I in reality answer every ono of your ll!
questions, by signing myself,
"Yours for tho heaven on earth," when thoro
shall bo no Slavery, and no "whoa ro shall all live
on Fret Labor," M now wo can not, nnd as you do
From the Indians Free Democrat.
PATRIOTISM—A SHERIFF IN A BAD FIX.
cation from a citixon of JcU'crsoii cuuuly.
Union-saver In that county, overflowing w
w ...... ... ...... v.,....v, v.., nmi .- t
i fotiTi, nas very consistently tlotcrininoU the
("'J' .io ,vi u.,u mill lui.-nu iii,t , luiiiiuiq
would not consent to gio bonds, nor biro thoir
o invito attention to the
Uut it wns loo bad that thoso law violators ,
I ii'i ounus, nur iihu uiuii
rtwn conveyance to prison: All ISright men and
i oiuic .yw nrc win uouoi me viirisiianiiy ui ,
men. c know tiotluns about tho ciroum-!
.''those men. Wc know nothing about tho ciroum-!
! stances farther than detailed in this communicn.
- ... . ....... . .
non. n o Know tlio t.lutlienan institute nuunm
'colored pupil, nnd it may bo it has somo who
""v9 ,m. Slate siuco tho now Stnto Con-
"Iitutioii went into ctlcct. 11 io, all Uultiinore
I'latlnrm patriots, whether Uenioerat or Wliiir.
should see to it that the Constitution, and laws
' nindo in purniauce thereof, nro enforced
'" J"'" "' ncautiesoi Indiana law.
lllt.U IJUI'll IIIIIIIUIIIU Kir SOlllU IIIIIU U1U ,Ull I- .
, . it ... vi-:in in. i ...i.'i
uii-.ni vi 111111, 11 111111111 m. iirunn IIIIU uvuur ln-
abiding men. It is well known that not a week
, pnesei butsioino foreign colored gentlcniaii visits
,ici ! J"t lioao n.en, w it., a full knowledgo of
I tho rants, sullcr a violated law to go unavenged. '
j Xhi, is the lirst attempt probably that has been
made to enforco tlieso "healthy' provisions. It
" "atcil somo timo ago that a caso wns ponding
! ,",t,h," 8amo CUU,,,J-but it was attcrwards contra-!
for some timo tho patri-.
By the decision of a Virginia court, a lady of
j But to tho communication :
that State, Mrs. Douglass, is now in prnun to ex-
pinto the crime of teaching children to rend. We
u...ll ...... .1.1.. I.... ,1.. ............., ... l.io t.
noun (10,1, ,. uuiiu'a) , 1111, u inu vmio, 1 11 iiii j w ,...
whether Indiana laws nro counllv humane whe
ther it is n crimo, worthy of lino and imtirison-
uient, to cie instruction in tho arts nnd science,!
in literature, nioials nnd religion. Wo hopo tho i
micstion n.nv bo puslied to n loital decision. J.ot
0 w he-
us know how much worso than savages we arc.
LAXCAdTE.it, Jefferson Co., Ind., 1
January 11, li. J ,
An incident occurred hero last week that la
causing n good deal of feeling and interest, not
only hero, nut in other neighborhoods. It has
caused much "agitation." Uno of tho tools of
Senator Bright, who lives near here, filed his affi
davit against two of our most worthy and respect
able citizens, Mr. James Nelson nnd Bev. J. O.
Craven. Mr. Craven is tho Principal of tho Elu
thoriaii Institute, nit excellent school iu this place,
that admits colored eentlemcn nnd Indies. Tho
school wns established, and its constitution pub'
idl,uJ to the world, before our Sta 0 passed the
law denying to tho citizens ot eucu Mato all tho
privileges nnd immunities of tho citizens of the
sevornl Suites," nnd tho complaint against these
, fortU'thnt ,,,,, ,lllV0 Jn .ourncd colored
persons without this State to como iu nnd reside
! horo contrary to the law in such cases mndo nnd
provided. Tho shariff of Jefferson county on tho
oth inst., summoned them to answer tho State of
Indian upon tho complaint, Ae. Tho sheriff,
know ing them to bo very rospectablo men and en
gaged in bttsitfess that it would cost them a good
dual of sacrifice to lenvo, brought with him some
blank bonds, so they could, by getting somo of
their responsible neighbor to be their security for
their npicarauco at court, remain at homo with
their families mid iu their business. lie called
on theiu on his return to tho county seat, having
had other business further out. To his great sur
priso they both refused to givo bonds. llo was
unprepared to wait on them to jail had with
him a troublesome cow to drive 1 and hero wore
! two abolitionist on his hands" .that wouM net go
?nlu!, '' ero carried. Mr. .Isclsnn keeps the
i boarding houso belonging to tho institution;
,.1 ,i iiir,., tt, i i,. ,i.,i;,.i I,,., hi, nl
j a? this time. They told him they wcro gentle
claimed. '"en 111,(1 "pouted to bo treatod as such; that they
did not wish to mako him any unnecessary trouble,
, tmt vm not , Jld(jr 0f,ipiAim,
to givo security, that they had dono nothing wor
to thy of bonds, and if they wcro charged w ith vb-
. ''itiug nny law ot the Mate, they woro ready to
.1.. )....... ....1 :c ,1.. 1.1 ..... .I..IY....I
answer tho charge, nnd if they could not defend
themselves successfully, tlio stato must onlorco
the penalties. That if ho wanted them to go to
Madison with him ho must provido them a com
fortablo conveyance, llo insisted very much that
they should get some man to sign their bonds ;
said they certainly could not think of coin;' to
;jail. Ho was satisfied there was no one iu tho
neighborhood that would volunteer to help carry
, . , , . , e.
! ., I'""""- . "u "' l" B l"'
ilium mill iiicv noiiiu imi r.b iiuuiu i,,v ,,vv .
1 ,. i,.. 1... 1.1 ....... r... n.n... i vu,. ,i;,l
! ngreo to ; but Mr. Craven said Unit "whilst ho
1 va tt '''u0 ,n"" '10 chose to mako such uso of his
!librrT 7 woula l-ost ndvanco his own l'ppic
1 and tho happiness of others , that ho "could not
tuU wliero duty wouW rofliro him to be to
thnl I never saw Mr. Sheriff Ilea In 10 desnerato a
' " "0 .oomoa to 00 at uii. singo 01 "' "
, It is known all over tho Mate, 1 believe, thai l.e
, ; tbo lmwt villainous slavo catcher that ever
chased a negro, (Tom Lokcr excepted.) On this
nccount I10 atipiiosoil wo would vex nnd trouuie
llllll III I H CI'UIU, llllllj ,llll.- l,U l.H ..
t tlu)m lo MajU(Jll ticy WuuM enter
, bllil am ,nl0 . and it was with nittc'i dillicul-1
. ... . . ..i .1
laifioo to como ui or iiioiu wiiu a goou,
inu . , ,, i .i , . i .., i.,..,,,,
i.orrinire I u-onlil onsiiri, liiem liolh to lie ttt 11O1110
,a civu oVl0k tho next day. Whereupon, be
started off with his old cow, but has not snowii
hi face siuco,
I would not bo understood ns insinuating that
tv that ho wns convinced that this was not their
intention. 1 finally told him thnt it ho would
Uii'ht Una is the worst fullow that over was: f ir
he would let elat es and strong drink nlono, ho
would be, unquestionably, A first-rato fellow. He
probably boon advised by tho hunker to let
good men uloue, at least till Court sits
rato not put them in jail, for it would cituso n
great deal of "ugitatiou" nll over the county, nnd
. .... ,, , . . ...I - I:.. .
elsewhere, ami met would endanger - tue pvcuum
audit would no doubt increase the
pain of thoir patriotic unxioty for tho safety of the
It. I,' IIHV1I
uuiou. Li.ua.i iioiii
From teh Phil. Resister of Feb. 10.
THE WILKESBARRE FUGITIVE SLAVE
Ilaheas Corpw.lt will bo recollected that sev
eral months sinco nn nrrcst wna mndo nt Wilkes
harro, of nn alleged fugitive slave named Bill
Thomas, by U. 8. Deputy Marshals Johu Jonkins
George Wynkoop, nnd James Crossin, and that
Bill wns considerably injured, in consequenco of
the resistance ho mndo, with weapons. Bill took
to the river, and by that means escaped. True
bills were subsequently found, in the absonco uf
Hill, against tho parties, by a Grand Jury sitting
at Willkobarre, in whioh the officer woro charged
with an assault uud battery on Bill, with an intent
to kill him.
An arrest being made on this bill of indictment,
the deputies above named sued nut before Judge
flrier, a writ of habeas corpn. Upon hearing, the
Judge delivered an clabnrnto opinion, which was
published nt tlio tune, discharging tho prisoners
under (tho net of 2d of iMitreh, 1833. (commonly
called tho "Free bill.")
Thim' rcmnincd in this condition until a few
lays since, when n enpiat was suod out of the Sir
m. trna .niui rtiic m inn is,,.
ircmo Court of the Kintn. nt the instnnco of liill 1
I'lmnins against the said officers for a trespass ri tl
orffn. 'J lie .Sliorilf was directed by Justico Wood- i
ward to liold llio parties to bail in tho sum ot So.tKJO I
The plficcrs being arrested, again sued out a
wr,i r m)Cas coi-piis under tho Act of Congress
mentinned. and the ca-o came up for hear-;
Tester, ay nncri.oon bcl..ro Jii.lgo Kane. J
iciore tlio case was oiieiied. .lr. .lacksnii, one ol
wiuiv nn; cao wus iiiium.'i, .ur. .iiicnwui, u'- ,ji
no coutucl Tor tho phuntilT. ileposited with .Mr.
. ,L,ii,:.'".r '1! I" i
of arrest. lsuod by Julo I uiininghaiii of I.ueri.e
i, uiiui r me act oi moo, u ion a uiu iw
.ag.nnst tho (b fciidaiits in a criminal action nt Wil-
e-..urrc. i ne oi jc, i o tins warriiiii is, inai iiic r
nerill Mi ail ImlJ tlio iloloiuluiils in the event ot
Mr. Ifazli'tiurst said, the warrant had not been
curved on tho ShnrilT, and he would only make a
return to tho habeas cornus now before tho Court.
Slierill' shall hold tho tlufoudaiiln in the event
their discharge by tho Court under tho habeas cor
I). I. Brown replied, that tho Sheriff was bound
niako a siippleineiitiil return setting forth all tho
"no.; OIIIIIM Y ,) Wlllll llUlllorilV III! IHOU llirill. I
j...i... i .1....1 . i..r.. .1.. ci....:ir 1..
Vll.lu.x 11, OT I UOIIUlVWIVMlUr IIIUOOUIIIIOUUIII
'not to reuito all tho causes of detainer. I co
diflictilty either in making a full return or a sup.
lmcntal return. The proofs intended to be offer
. ed may apply to dillnroiit matters. Before council
begin, I dosiro to know whether this is the same
trespass that we licard heforo Judgo drier, where
tne prisoners wcro oiscnargod 110111 nrrcst
1. 1 , rown
"':'"" ") ") ""iciiuu noiun iiiu iiBiinuin, oic,.;BC
wisoutey mijrlit Do diseliarced. 1110 ntieriii must
state simply by wdiat authority he held them. I
-Counsel wcro not heard before
Judge Kane I nk council whclher they intend
to niako a different statement of facts
heard by Judgo drier t
1'ist. At. Ashmead Judco filler ordered tcsti-
mony to bo taken on both sides, which
ami is now on me records ot tins Court
Mr. Jackson - 0 never stated any facts before '
'luilgo drier. 'Wo doulknow whoio ho obtuiuctl
had consulted tlieso rocurds, they would havo
known whore the Judge got his lacts. 1 Ins is tho
same occurrence that was decided try Judge drier.
any thing. All was heard lor tl.o relator and 110th-
ing tor the respondent.
Judgo Iuine-AsMiining this caso to be dilTcrent
rrom the one heard by Judgo drier, 1 will go on
with it, with notico to councils that il on hearing
it 1 find it tube ecntially tho saino ns that so
determined, I will not permit a defendant to bo
held to bail iu a civil suit, where tho plaintiff could
niiv uccu a. contempt n uncos, 11 iiu inuuiit iruju,
Mr. Uazlehurst. for the Sheriff, then read the
following return 1
To tho Honorable, the Judges of tho Circuit Court
of tho United States, in aud for the Eustorn Dis
trict of Pennsylvania :
I cortify that 1 bold, and have tho bodies hero in
Court, of John Jonkins, James Crossin, and George
Wynkoop, the relator named in tho within writ,
under and by virtuo of a certain writ of capias,
and issued out of tho Supremo Court, iu and for
tho Eastern District of Pennsylvania,
To answer, Sauiel Allen, Sheriff.
January 31, 1854.
U. S. District Attorney J. W, Ashmend, stated
tho objections of tho habeas corpus, and read the
petition of tho officer, lie then cited tho several
acts of Congress in reference to tho matter, relying
exclusively upon tlio act ol lid .March, J:,,J
Commissioner Ingrabaiii and .Marshal Wynkoop
. II I . ,' l ' 1 I
nviij ...u ,.u,..:.. I. ,i.i, I., me i.i B mm -,
vice of tho original writ lor the arrest ol tho nlleg-
slave. A witness from W ilkcsbarro was nlso
called to testify to thoarrest, mid the circumstance
growing out ol it, but tho Judge informed tho Dis
trict Attorney that it was not necessary.
Mr. Jackson then stated tho caso of tho plaintiff,
and read tho record of the Supreme Court together
with two ullidnvit from James 1. Jtcx and 111
tlirop W, Ketchum, in relation to the occurrences
at i iiKc.narro on inc day 01 tun arrest 01 1110 siavo
Judiro kano asked if their was no affidavit from
the plaintiff himself 1
ill. Jackson replied that their w.is no such nth-1
uer tno Act ot congress, it was tno auiy 01 1
Court to hear evidences of tho relators that
might be informed whether, as United States Olli-
ccrs, tliey wcro acting in pursuance of tho direc-
, tl(, t10 court and in tlie servieo ot tho iiroeoss,
Tho District Attorney said ho would offer an
other affidavit of James D. Bex, taken at tho time;
of tho occurrence, which differed materially from
the ono just read by Mr. Jackson.
D. P. Brown It can't bo read. This is not the
trial of tho cause.
Judge Kano I hnvo no doubt that it enn bo rend
under tho act of Congress, a Judgo of tho V. S.
Court must inquire whether un officer of tbo Uuitod
States is in prison for obeying tho lw of tho United
States. The Judgo was about to givo his decision,
when Mr. Brown asked that they might bo per
mitted to nrguo upon tho act of Congress of 2d
This request was granted and tho construction
the law is now being urguod.
I.ateii. On Friday morning Judge Kano deliv
ered a written opinion upon tho question argued,
and upon the interpretation of tho Act of Congress
ot Marcn ZU, itio.i. jhoJuilgo decided thai 11 n
IIIU WUUUD I Lll'l I 111 IU IHU llllllllOII lieu I l' dl
judgU drier, when this ease was before him;
concurred with Judge drier in thnt opinion then,
! anj his mind had undergone no chango since,
reasons having been udduccd to innko him think
Judgo ICuno dosircd tho Council for the plain
tiff to show how they connected tho relators with
the acts of violence conipluiuod of against Thomas,
in thonifidavits filed, on which the suit in tho Sn
nreniu Court was founded. Ha Said he could not
il'J.eo any thine iu tlieso ttllidiivils which connected
j them with tho violence alleged,
David Paul Brown road tthe affidavit and coin
hns niontod on the facts thoro iu stated, llo also argu
thoso 0J that tho petition of the relator aduiittod con
uny , ncxiuii.
Judgo Kane Baid, ns far ns be could discover
I . .... . ...,. II r
me altidiivits, I'cpuiy .uarsnai oeiikiiiM, in ,i iikua
iustitution," bn.rro, laid iu answer to a question, that he was
officer uf the United State, but not that he had
committed any violenco on Thomas. The relators'
petition, bo said, appeared to have beeu drawu
with great enre and precision.
Mr. Ashinead said, tho petition denied an assault
and bnttcry on tho part of tho Officer, and alleged
that they wore violently reaistod by Bill Thomas
and olbcrs.iii tho performance of thuirduty,
Aflor Mr, Brown had argued at omo longth the
lufficiency of tho affidavit. Judgo Kano said
would again exnmino tho affidavits, and if he did
not find sufficient therein to altor tho opinion ho
now entertained, ho would not require auother
argument from the Uuitcd States District Attorney.
Ou Tuosday ho would givo his decision.
Every nowspapcr in tho State that has dared
break ground on the Nebraska bill has opposed the
scheme, except the Milwaukee AVir. .there are
some however, that need to gpeuk, or thoir silence
will bo taken for acquiescence. We want ti tee
the .Vc left "slnno in its plury." b". Freeman,
THE EXTENSION OF SLAVERY.
The following Instructive prirntn letters of Jon
An jnnh.i uiiu i-.a-iumiiuji i,.,,.,.... -, ,....,, " --
made public by tho parties, wo do not hesitate t.
tranlr them to our columns I
LETTER FROM PRINCE JOHN.
"Mr Ci.Emf.x.1! Tho position I '
i rmiwnn i .
. . n..i,i It..,r. 1. . ,t .. ,..,
,,, c,lecm of ,m0 yf niy Uuc9t 0a b0!t ttit!n,
,,llt , (lJ, , n, j kuw it (, lo wi,0 lin,j jUt t ,ub. j
mitt0 j to t ,vilil011t a murmur, or cten nn!pin
explanation, which would liavo savod
;.:,.,i ,,. ,,f
lu(i our cnuso. The covenant it roaco on tlie
slavery qnction entered into at ;.ltimore 1 thought
U (J the country nnd JUiM,c,.8b., for the
In,,,,,,.,.,,;,, ,,;,rty. Northern ami Southern lemo-
,.,... , iv,.r. ii.m1v i Her. on t ,a w hi su , net uf
aiavvry. What, then, can bo done! Why, drop'thhr
sul, ect : it is the only way to avoid a ouiirrol. I
'ii.i. . n;r,.,i , i, ,i,llin , iii, ;, . m.,1 .
lion, in ,.,'vii mill iiii,iiiiu , i. in,, iuii ui iiii nuivu1
mi'iit, it is proposed to repeal or surcrcdo the !
prohibition of Mavcry in the Missouri Territory,
mid to repeal it, on tho ground that it is cither ;
tilciokilv F..,.i,-itil or nnvi.l-..viMleil. tlmt it vn. an.
,!rsecled by the Compromise of ?'M, or is uncoil-
stitut ionul. If either of tho reasons bo true, the
u nnfj,niit lueaen ot party until, tor tlie
,,..,r,i .,,,,.. .i.nt I in rl itself hi ent re v tin-'
necessary. Could anything but a desiro to buy I
ie South at the l'luidcntial .humbles dictate such .
loutrngof Now there nre but two men who can
do nny good in this crisis one is tiencrnl C'm, !
tho other yourself. If you will ngreo to tho Nc-j
braska bill of last year it will be promptly and
.triumphantly lias, id. I know Uenornl Cuss is!,..
commuted to the theory t.f non intervention. 1 1
sorry for it; I think tho theory unsound. It i
1111 idea of sell'-govcriimcnr, and 111 expressing the
idea you overthrow tho w hole theory by imposing
m ..,,. .. 11,0 T,.,.,t,.rir Si . i,.. l,.w
riKlt (Jf self-government, Territories have not ; but '
nUrcly tako this ground, i. t.i that tho Balti
lhitl.,rm I'urMiIii tlio muictiiiciii or repeal t.f
1 1I011 t want to aruo tins, ijcneral lass can
peal tf ai.y
law upon tho subject of Slavery j anil tho repeal
0f tbo Misnoiiri prohibition is unnccessory, because ;
tiunuriil Cuss tliinki it unconstitutional, and w ill 1
leave it to tho Courts eo to hold. These viuws,
and tin fact that the neoido of Nebraska want the
; !,( bii ,bnt tbo n,,use by ,wo to ()no paKSCd I
jt ,t ,eilr nllj t,llt Atchison of the Sennto went
lt( wulla givo tiencrnl Cass fair standing
Krod in doing what 1 am euro ho seen to be right.
i 011, as a Southern man, Could advocate it to ill-1
1 8Uru ,)0ftcn nllJ jr.,0.1 will for tho South. It is vital j
, t0 t1L.m tlJ i;vu up to their ngreemoitt ; they would
1 bo wur(o off to beat us thnn to bo beat : tho ting
1 cft buhind would bo fatal hereafter. Do you not
. .. I
J. VA.S IlLKh.S.'
"There- is 0110 idea in my head which I ought to
hnvo put iu my letter tho theory of non-intorvou-tiou,
as applied to tho Nebraska Territory, de
mands the repeal ot tno law prohibiting Slavery
in Nebraska. Tho samo theory, of course, re
quire tho repeal of all law of Congress estab
lishing Mnvcry. Juw, Slavery 111 tho iMstnct 01
Columbia exists by the btws of Congress alone
The Maryland aud Virginia Iuw upholding it aro
repealed, Tho non-intervention theory, us now
construed, itbolishc Slavery in tho District of
Columbia. Upon strict State right doctrine, too,
it would rcpeul the Fugitive Slave Iuw.
! think so f
Feb.3,Wl. "J. V. B."
JERRE. CLEMENS'S REPLY.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4, 1854.
"Mr Dear Sir: Your letter of yesterday has
just been received, and I agree with you in
jot tlio suggestions. 1 ho less whicli is said upon
tho subject of Slavery tho better w ill it bo for all
1 i' 4 IT ' ,1 I ' I
,mi in.-.. 1. .in , -
nicnt of tho South. W 0 want nothing but to be j
letnlono; wo do not expect or desire that
people of tho North should fall in lovu with Slavo-1
ry. o believe tl.o institution to no a good one,
you think tlillereutly; let each enjoy bis own iipin-
1011, amlrolrain lioin any interference with tho
or prejudice of the other. Iho sentiments j
which you havo heard me express on tho itunni :
.... ..... ..,:.. .,..1.. I..., ,. 11,0 :.., i,r,i ,.o...
III U It'll llltl.U ..llj, MU V.1...U u. ...V l...t.li.. j ' ,
plo almost Williout exception. Agitation 111 any
! form is w hat wo object to, and tho politician w ho
j reanimate a eubject which wo fondly hoped was
buried lorever miscalculates sadly 11 110 expects to
bo received with favor by us,
"All that I considered necessary In the Nebrns-
kn bill was that it should be un exact copy of tho
New-Mexico bill, except, of course, tho naino and
description of boundaries. You aro aware that I
am fully committed nguinst tho doctrines of Gen.
Casa's Nicholson letter, yet wo both voted cheer-
fully for tho Now-Moxieo bill, It seem to be
common ground, 11 poll w hich all reasonable men
might stand. It left tho subject of Slavery where
the Constitution left it, unci did not invade the
provinco of the court to decide in advance w hat
that Constitution nu-nnt.
"Iain too much engaged with professional du
ties to pny much attention to politics, but I base
scon enough to bo certain that tho Ncbiaskn bill,
reported by Mr. Douglus, will imss, nnd 1 think
I can fui-csco tho consequences, i'hut they will bo
anything but agreeable seems to clear to admit of!
a doubt. A floodgate will bo opened, nnd a tnr-j''-rent
turned looso upon tho country, which will
sweep away iu its dovnstating course every vestigo
of tho Compromiso of lfoll. I do not speak of its
immediate effects ; I look beyond. For tho pres
ent it may bo looked upon nt tho South ns a boon,
nnd bv a portion ot the Nortn ns a triumph over
Ti 1 .. :n 1 ,i. 1;...
! lltllllllClSIII, A IIU H UIU IICIICU W III IIU U mil lU I, l,
ho Lf iu advocates everywhere. Liko the angel 'r
the Lord, who stood among tho myrtle tree
r. . '. . , . .i lu
said -wo have passed 10 mm iro tiinnign inei
earth, and behold ! nil Iho enrth .ittoth still ami i.
at rest,' .veil so we shall have it proclaimed that
tho country is at rest-that nil is peace; llt 1
..,!., -..... .rill ...n H,l Ihev havn raised n
spirit which will wing its wny through storm nnd
tempest to tho funeral pyre of tho republic.
"To libido in good faith by the Compromise of-Births,
IS JO nnd tho platform of Baltimore is both the
post of safety and the post of honor. I repent, wo
tho South nsk nothing but to be let nlono. Wo
havo not moved in this mutter ; but it is wo who
suffer unless northern men, who neo and np-
prociate our position, will do us justico bermc
your own people. You can do this perhaps more
effectually thau any man at tho North, and if it
did not imply an unkind suspicion I would nsk
vou to do it. A it is I do not doubt you, and
consider tho rcquost unnecessary.
rhn nleiiHiirn of meetini? vou
vory oon,l remain, vory truly, yours, Ac.,
"John Vun Buron, Esq., New-York."
N. '. TribuM.
Lake Superior Coppk Minis. The AdeeriUer
saysi " The copper export from tho I.ako Superior
mine for the season of If 53, is stilted at 2,5.15 tons,
of tho gross value of !f 1,044,000. About l.COOtons
wero shinpod to Cleveland, nnd 035 direct to New
York. Tho yaluo of the smelted eoppor at Clove
land, when it is prepared for the Western m.irkot,
is about $000 por ton. The Miuesota Company ol
Lako Superior realise this teason, it is said, 30 per
cent net dividend on their shares."
r-v 1 lAla...,n wht.ir, lata ,'nat. fttPOA bnn K.nn
nrrlernd' for Amherst Colleie. It ia to bo tbo uift of
Rufu Bullock cfRriyliton.niid to be manufactured
by Alvan Clark ofCnmbridgn.
From the Now Orleans Dalto.
" There are slight indications that the Spanialf
government docs not intend to relinquish her rirhl
to this island, either for love or money. For liW'
stance! a new rate of postngo has just been pub
lished, which, o'nioxt, on Account of its eiorlntno
cy, nmoiints to prohibition thue showing Its W
tnntion to keep us In ignorance, as far M possible.
... . . . , ,
"I relation to wnai is pacing aoroau, lor .nw pur;
" "nderiug our '!'JV"rJ' ''r,! Ti
be more monagcobln. .vt
T"' " ohargetl
Every newspaper from for-(
at too rats oi iweivs
per tuncc, and niagniiocs
de more mnnnacoLle
and a half cents
lt,'uouuic mni raiu.
"The movement In regard to the emancipated
Spain clearly indicates the intention of Kpllin tt
.nl.i;k , .I,vn, v ontiio v nt nn ii;mr. r,nr udi anJ
in mndo inoro apparent by the conduct of the
liritich coiipuI. who. nlthotinh necrooi are Lein
i,i..,i . f.,,.iv . r. i-ini
rent to the coait of Africa in crest number, not
w ithstaudilig tl.o trii.gent ordor promulgated
nuainst such a t, which ucmnnstrntca no anxiety
to be aware of theso facts, from tho knowledge
:,,.. I. ., il.lit.lt tli.it nil i i 1 1 .m., t.n nn.l. r.......
About two th(uuitd enmiicipados are now return
ed to tho government, nnd the greater part, 1
am inlornieO, relused to l.e liircd out by the a.
tlioritI,. tl kv mmaiilor il.m li: fr.
irovoriiiuent has 1.0 riirbt so to do. Thin act iu
ie,?".ril to the eiiinncipados is beginning to erenta)
nspirntious of freedom anions slaves, wlit are tit
opinion, too, that they w ill also be lice Aery soOn. .
.. t bftvo bcP11 inrorl,)r.j tbat a law has teen sent
to Sj.aain for the unction of the home government,
wllil.;l nll ('ul.ans -ill be prohibited to go
abroad upon tbo pain of not being allow ed to r
!am turn to the island, nn.l that only Spaniard shall
be lt.Uuwcd to instruct our children.
. , , , , ,
In rcinrd to tho Cniitain-Oenrnl Peztiela, th
'ew Orleans corresponded in another letter, dvted
o is quite a
whom he sen
January 21, snyst
" I now be'ui to have an idea of the capacity of
our new governor. It appear to nio thiit be will '
.rove linns-ell mislead v, nnd show want of decision;
pet with tho British consul ttenorsl.
serve to the utmost ot hi power, air
In a roitscrint to his loiter uf the lt,t Jansam
the writer states:
"I have just been inforuiod that the Audiencm
has been debating about several Tilul ubjecu in
regard to this island. It is resolved to suppress
u ,bo !, boards, such ns tho Juutn Foiuonto.
&e. Also, to do away with the university and to
establish a -Conseio Colonial.' or Colon! Jl Council
ir Board. Another Question which is not ret sets
t'ou, is tno introduction ot liee black trom Africa.-
1 lie chango 111 tho value of doubloons is not yet
decided upon. The British consul nnd the govern'
nicnt nro in constant eniiiinunicntion.
"Tho port of Muriel is to be olosed on the 1st of
April next. It is understood thnt next week an
order will he published lowering tlie doubloon of
Spain to If 10."
CIRCULAR THE GOVERNOR OF CUBA.
VD .. I II V V nv. ,, d U ... V. . V...J. ..W.OWC.
eovur t10(l0 requirements of agriculture which are
nt rc,lL.,0j 1 ' tbo no,viy i119,rtuted system of col
od tho1,,,.:....,;,,,, ,i, -,.,:, ,,r ,,.,; ;,. , -.;,i.
juc re8pci.j (0 0Uf treaties with other tuition r-
u, ie fcmve tnlJc) ,u lhe iu,rvUuotiorJ 0f
Africttu npprom-K.ea; mid, finally, the form aud
milntler j,, vliich tliiti siysitum caii bo best eUb
rights u,lcUi nn(, ,vlmtcv else muy occur to you upon
,1:, .i,i.,, f , !,,.,,:,..
J . . A . h 1
On the 18th January the following circular wa
addressed, privately, by the Cuban government W
the several boards that constitute the administra
tion nnd to a few private individual high in It
" Golierno y Capilania General. Being dosiroiU
of reporting to her Majesty accurately in regard to
tho labor npplicublo in this island to agriculture, I
request that you lay before me you opiuion upon
this subject, taking into view nnd studying that
situation of tho slave race rotative to our internal
nnd external relations ; and tlio manner In Which
laborers can bo increased in sufficient number to
"God preserve vou many yenr.
" El. MaKQI M 1)1 LA PlUCKUtv
" Havana, 18th January, 1M4."
DECLINE OF THE COLORED POPULATION.
Tho Colonization Journal furnishes somo Rtntlav
i tics with regard to tho ooloied population of New
ork City, which must prove painfully Interesting
to all reflecting pooplo. Tho late census showed
that while an other chtssos 01 our population in alt
as 1 0
parts ol tho country were increasing at an eirors
moils ratio, the colored worn decreasing. In tho
Stale of New York in 140 there wore &0.000 ; ia
ISiO they numbered 17.DU0.
Tho Now York City Inspector1! Report for tbe
four mouths ending with October; prciCDt the ful
lowing results :
Tho whites present marriage! 2,30l
The colored present marriage 10
Tl.u whiles present births 6,70
Tho colored present birth 71?
The whites Present death 8.S2S
The colored prevent death ICO
From the ubusc. it w ill bo oUcrved that, vou
among the whites, iho deaths exceed the birth by
2,040. .This is, hnwover, only a partial icssy
inasmuch ns it is known that 2,152 of thoso denth
occurred among tho UG.UUO newly arrivod cmU
rants, who lauded during that period j so that.
" .. i 1' ,!.
nn.k.ng proper nlowan.es for unaccl.u atod . Iran,
iuid!B',r J"1-' urnved, wo havo about 8,000 death
mr the neeliiiialed white for 100 an
-----: - . .
j .io c ass of colored poquh.lion. or in th
l .whites to 3 IcoW; while the birth,
, rt';"' 07 whites to colored. Iho ratio
the ratio of
are in the
ratio of white
I ""1 colured nro U loliow ;
White. Colored. ,
j Marriago. 140 to 1
67 , to I:
Deaths, 43 to
According to tho rntio of population, tbo number
of of mnrriagos among tho white during tlieso four
j months, has boon tlireo timo greater than among -must
tho colored population. By the same ratio, th
number of birth among the while is twic a '
j great ns niiiong the colored. While in doath th,
colored population not only exceed tho white,
i according to ratio of population, bat actually show;
100 doatlis to 70 birth, or 7 death to 3 birth, or ,
Theo are startling deduction. At thi ratio
what must become of tho froe colored population
of the great city in a few yoar T How can a popu- 1
lutiun exist which reglect marriages, and lose
seven by death w hile three are bom t What or ,
the causes of this fearful decadence! I it dira(
gard of tl.o laws of social and physical life of tof'
f'ering, or rather a necessity of our civilisation f
Can tho white progress only at th expense of th
Indian and tho black? ",
Tho Amherst (Muss.) Express states that tj '
boxes of toulptured alabaster slab and elny brick
from th ruin of ancient Ninoseh, sent by Dr.,
Lobdel, of tho Mosul Misilon, to Amherst Collage
hnvo recently arrived. TUy wor hroueht mor
than four hundred miles on the back of carnal .
:"roa Aaia Minor, and aro a swi deal brokeo. to
'shnt a oonsidrabl time inurt eUp befjr th7
can be filled up for examiuati'.n, .