Newspaper Page Text
WOMEN'S RIGHTS CONVENTION.
ALBANY, Tuesday, Feb. 14, 1854.
there nas qnito an aascmhlago of women present
at the. opening (t the Convention this al'turno
u - 11 1 11 1
smsun n. a 11 1 hony culled the meeting to order,!
liu Hindu the fiillnw mi iimiiiiinf...,.. . 1
...u ...n..u u.e imiow nig iioin.nat.onj :
.... .1 . . I f 1 1 .
. ... . ,...,.,. ,.UI1,. u ,..,, ,-,tnToi.
unv. ,,iv, 01 j-vractiso;
ity i linn. m.
A. Jenkins, of!
ltaij, of firntnga Springs; l.vdia
v.enewv ; ,.yn,i . l.ett, of Altainv; V 111. II. Topp
1 "i.T I clary c. bOVC, 01 ICllldulpU J 1 llCOO
1 Hour, ui iv.isioll.
Hnunris Vnmmittcc AlitoinntlP T.. Ttrnw-n. Win
II. ' Clintirg, Mrs. Vathar'mo Btebbins, Mrs
Srcivtarit.i Susan It. Anthnnr. of Hodo'stor :
isai-im rcllot, or?yrucuso; Giles
U. Stcbbim, olj
After prayer by the Her. Mr. M-iv. Mm. Stanton
returned thank fur tho honor conferred in appoint
ing her President.
Mr. C'.iaiiuiiig addressed tlio Convention as to its
kirn aud objects.
. The petition to bo presented to tlio Legislature
contain o.tllji) signatures, and nsks Hint a Scloet
CoimnUtco Ira appointed in each Hjuso to consider
ThC Kov. Miss Brown, from llio Dullness Com
Ifiltco read a series of resolutions, Sho said that
ail thai woman ked was a fair and truthful atatc
ni'int C their objei-ts, and for this purpose these
. rcsnbilions expressing the views of tin) Convention,
would be oflVrcJ for adoption. Tho resolutions set J
forth tliat men who ems teiu.iles as aliens, uitut
to bo coeipials, and seek to govern them without
their consent, establish an obligareh? w hich should
lf put awny. 'i'lioi ond resolution is huirh to
the sumo purpose. The third siys that tho cure ot
f.imily can be no more nbanduued by men than
by wiuneii, for the sake of any of the institutions
devised by men. The rot of the resolutions dc
claro that it is a fiction tint husband and wife are
one person, that the l.egtshitiiro ought to extend .
tho benefits of the Inns of l! Is and IS 10, and gie
women complete control over their own buisness
kenla.ion,. tliei? ioii.t n.rti.-iBtiuti luL-ivil riih.s
and dutiai. female iurors. A"
Mrs. Nichols late tditor of Tin IrMhtm f Vt.)
Connly D-morrnl, then adJresvf 1 tho Convention
speaking chiefly as to the helpless position of Wo
men, made so by the laws of the laird. After
sonio romarks by Mr. Love and tha llcv. Mr. May,
a rocess was taken till 8 o'clock.
At 8 o'clock tho Convention reassembled. Tho
address to the Legislature wn read by Mrs. Stan
ton. It maintains and considers the following po
sitions and conditions; lt. Tho trial of woman
by a jury of peers, i'd. Woman considered as u
wife. 3 1. onrin considered as a widow, dill.
Woman considered as a mother. These conditions
f woman wero set forth fo'viMy, and the l.iws
s.ii,licablo shown in much deformitv. Mr. Cliaii-
niug then spoke, but wa iiiterrupii'l bv hissing, j
Police Justice Colo iiitcrferred, desiring those who
wore dissatisfied to lenvo. Mrs. Ernestino If. Uose
followed, and at tlio conclusion of lrer remarks the
MARLBORO' UNION SCHOOL.
By request w o publish from tho National Intel
HgiMiccr the following notice of this excellent school.
Ihc I nion School of Marlboro , a village of five
iniiiiiivvi mo 101011111 in t-nuK .o. vi., uiiiftmucs
mc poucy 01 iiocnii provision Mr cnucntioii, in u '
mnniicr worlhv the attention of American ciiin.iii
generally and the citizens of nil other countries.
it.ii very much extended in its plan and exceed-
1.. .1- .... ....f..l :.. .: .1
IHqIJ nuii.c?9iu, 111 iin ojiiti illlulls.
.tions. From tho nor-;
I, abjut sixty teachers 1
mat department ot U10 school,
have just gone Out under tho offer of high salaries j I
femafi'S with equal qualifications, receiving ns much
Tho course of instruction is of an extended nnd
elevated character. By an apparatus costing
lift ecu hundred dollars, a full course of experimen
tal chemistry is given; thu various departments of
naturat'philosoiihy fully illustrated: experiments
on electricity and galvanism liberally given; pbysi-
ulogy and comparative anatomy illustrated by a
manikin, and a largo variety of anatomical prepa
rations, ano, uy a microscope magnifying ono mil
lion five hundred thousand surfaces, various do-,
partmoiits of botany and other branches of natural
nro so fully illustrated as to rhow tho beau-
tics and tho wonders of science.
For a know ledgo of the English languogo "eon-
and varied cxercitcs in composition nro in-
separnniy connected with every branch in every
oniology and svntnx, are objects of unremitting
J)onnrtment for agriculture nnd engineering arc
... .......v w ' '..i ..... ,,a ,,,v I'lutl VI II, V
During tho last year the school hns nuiiiliered
three hundred and thirty-three pupils, more than
half of w hom were from abroad. The salary of
the principal is one thousand dollars. It is a pub
lic school, opening of course thoso high iutellectual
and jiioral privileges to every child in a community
supporting it, und nt the same time mado available
to many teachers of other communities. See ad
OUT IN DUE FORM.
Tho Wa.-Jiinglon Union, has finally nmioiinecd
officially that the President is in favor of the Xo-
braska bill, and that it was framed by his aid and
advice. It snvs
"Without seeking to intcrfero with tho action of
Congress, the President bus frankly aud unroserv
cdly expressed his conviction in favor of tho prin
cipled Congressional noii-iutervciitiou to ull w ho
ham sought his opinions. As to the form of tho
proposition, ho has not cared to interpose his pre
Icruucus; but as to tho substance oi the proposi
tion, he h is consulted freely aud anxiously. It it,
an entiro mistake to suppose that tho Senators and
Representatives who have had the subject under
thoir chargo have net sought the bencht of his con
sultations, and have not secured the approval of
his judgement, in maturing a subject ol so much
moment. Wo inaUo this remark with emphasis,
bei'suso wo have been painod to see it iutimatod
that tlio 'distinguished Senator from Illinois (Mr.
Douglas) had brought forward bis proposition not
only without the approval of tho President, but for
the sinister purpose of embarrassing tho Adminis
tration and promoting bis owu ulterior views of
promotion. J. fits intimation is alike uniust to the
President and to Mr. Douglas, nnd it is without
lie sliidovr of foundation, Ufa like groundless
character is tho intimation that tho President is
iodillercnt as to tlui pas.sago of tho bill with its
presejit prorhions. in whutoicr lnnguago the
bill may bo clothed, if it c:rry out the principle of
1110 voiiipromiso 01 i,-,ji, una leaves tlio Territory
neo u IM entered ry all w ho liuve interest iu it,
and secures to tiiciu uncn ttiuie the right to eslali
una or to prohibit Slavery as they choose, it has
MS eiM-iiOHt appro! ul. 1 fie paramount object ol
iu Auuiiuisu-aunn i uio usiuuiisiiineni 01 a pcr-
,...H...,...t. ... i.: .i. .:n 1 .1... j . . . .11 .4
u'mivhi nil", WUIC4I titii our too flour iu mi time
to eome against tlio revival ol the slavory agitation
ia Congress. Tu secure this object, the President
has shown himself re i ly to ei-o'irate iu all legiti
mate and proper ways with the legislative depart
ment of the loverninent. The bill, as proposed to
lie amended by Mr. Duuglus, declaring the Mis
souri Comproniiso inoperative and void, because
it is inconsistent with the principles of the Com
promise of 1 K&D, and securing to the inhabitants
of thu Territory the right to regulato tha subjoct
of Sluvuiy for tJieiiist lvos, carrius out tlio principle
of Congrtissional iioii-iutervoiition, and therefore
cannot tail, when passed, to meet his ready an
jsroval." " 1
"HIRELING," EQUALITY, ETC.
The Soutiurn Rlatct hare an njiin rijht trith the
Kwih to alt tlus 'J'crrUoriet nf the I'nion, and we
would maintain it on every pr.ipor occasion, fh'r
i Hulking in theiuciul or moral organization of the
l: 1: ..i:..l if .... ...V .......
ntivitny iiutc tt mm.' vfuiiic im nt iu it mnKi turn
ontrm. Wo don t want a war ol words about it,
bt tlui thing itself we will not surrender. Hich
ptmul ( i a.) Whig.
-Tlu Mrtung States 1 The Whig is eompliiuonl-
'y t but it b' lrnvs the real leeling ciitertaine I by
the SJavoh jbji'ls" tiiwafls lh .N'oi-thcru Slates.
"Hireling States !" They arc considered nlwaysi
in the morkpt, ready to he hired out to the highpstj
bidder. The South hold the Administration with I
its piitroiiniro, nnd hires tho North to do service j
for it, "(.)." said a chivalrous member from Ken-,
i.. ..i.i:.... .1. x- 1 11:11 u .!.. .1.. 1
i"VRj, 111 lUMltlOll IU lllU iSCOrUSKll lllll, BBUl'll
ouch work ourselves ; we can hiro plenty of North-
. . ' 1 .J . ..
crn men to work f,.r us." The general calculation
i, that the Administration
with its patronage, is
god for at least forty
Xorlltprn mips, ill anv
emergency in hich they may be required by the
South. Tim fliviaimi fit' "lidiitVft Inln two Tprri-
tri , )m.yy thought
it rrecisel? doubled
tlio nlticea to IjO filled. I wo Uovernors, two secre
taries of State, six or ten judges, attorneys, ninrsh
als, ageulK, Ac, How chances multiply for those
disposed to please the Aniinistrntion at tlie, expense
of their constituents !
Or. nerhans. the l)7,o sneers at the N'orthcin
States as hireling, because tho l'eoplo thero hold
that "tho laborer is worthy of Ins biro." The
H'hiff is enamored nfa system which authorises
one man to extort the labor of another, without
pay, aim sell In in to boot, if it so pleas mm. An
lionorablo system, this 1 No hireling labor hero!
Tho idea of paying wages, of rendering to every
ninu a fair equivalent lor his services, is decidedly
vulgar. True nobility consists in living upon tho
unpaid earnings ot tlio poor. National i,ra,
l)c nti-Sloucry Bugle.
Knlrm, Ohio, rrbrnnry 93, 1H.14
THE AMERICAN UNION.
be hopelessly crushed, nnd tho talisnianio word
'that is to reconeiio New Englnnd and tho North
lnstory .,, n :. .. 1 1 . .1 r 1 .1 1 1
wcst lo """ r,,,',)PrJ. " '"fnn'y "id tl" bondage
10 "'tfery, is this same cherished, abused wouder
stunt working word UNION. Douglas and Atchison nnd
Vhat is it f A fru'!, a haui, by which the crafty
cheat tlilf siinplo minded and tho honest hearted.
pretended alliance for freedom, but in renlity n
union lor tlio support, perpetuation and extension
of uluvery. It is nil instrument b. which tho gov-
l",mi " nauon nas ueen seiien una coninucu
for the suppression of personal liberty for the
degradation of froo labor and free laborers for the
um""'" of knowledge, virtue and frco pr.n-
ciplvs. It was Ibis I'tiiou of klavclioldvra and
non-slaveholders, whose interests were mid are
antagonisms, that in the outset corrupted our Con
stitution, disgracing it by legalizing the slave trado,
by conceding a slavo representation iu Congress,
and by requiring that fugitives in search of liberty
should "be ijiivn up" to the robbers of their rights,
It was this I'nion that passed tho fogilho acts of
'00 and 150. It was by means of the I'nion, that
the eirlicr and tho later slave hunting trogedict of
Florida wore enacted. It was by the I'nion that
Sn.inirdl nnd I'rniicli uhivplnitiliiKT territory
pan.sli and trench sl.ivcl.oUling territory was
i.,...i.t ...t .i.i...i t.. n. si..i. t.. i,i.i.
crush tho cause of liberty in tlio X
E. corner of
the nation, whero it had hoped lud a refuge nnd
an abiding place. It wn Vuo Union that gave suc
cess to tho Tcia". marauders, and afterwards re
ceived the':, and their booty into its loving embrace,
tripling under foot tho very Constitution it has
created, and by which it had its cxittcnee. It wns
tho I'tiion that waged the dastardly war upon poor
crippled Mexico rubbed her of her freo territory,
and cursed it with slavery. By the power of the
ipion nluiio we
nluiiowcio Bithimoro platforms built, and 1
1 r. , 1, 11 1 . 1 1. , i
of men who would bked to hat lived,
honest lives, wore by it compelled to practice trea-
son airuinst their own natures, and stand nnnn
. . - . 1
tlcs0 platforms, self-braudcd as traitors to liberty,
. ' , . , ,. , . .. ... ,
""motor lor mo world to gnxo upon.
Anu no,v nt Iast uy fon-'e of this unholy I'nion,
nnd men s Inlse veneration for it, long plighted
faith is to be again disregarded, slavery is to be
extended over an immense territory, freedom is to
bo insulted and outraged, enterprise palsied, fertile
lauds rendered comparatively valueless, the public
treasury robbed of thore millions of dollars with
which enterprising freemen would have invested
tho territory. The power of the frco States is to
pierce eco that its incessant, senseless ding-dong
aur,"K 1MI rc'-'DC'Ic,' d'f:mit North to the
reputation of slave catchers, and to all tho other
enormities of tlio compromise aud they imagine
.1.-1 .1. . r .. . -,i .. . .
nun in me miure 11 win continue to work tlio inir-
aplcs of tho past.
At every turn the North has been outraged,
robbed nnd spit upon j and over vvhon this witching
word has been pronounced, sho has forgotten hor
wrongs and insults and obsequiously kissed the
hand that has inflicted all, and begged for union
with bcr oppressor on any terms ho should pro
But notwithstanding all this, wo arc not without
hope tli.it there is a point somewhere, beyond which
even northern servility and slavish submission can-
not rench. Wo do not despair of the success of
-'r- Douglas and thoso w ho shall succeed him, in
convincing Yankee traders thut it is of no use to
mnko u bargain with tho scamp who will always
repudiato his bond. They will seo that it is a car
dinal principlo w ith the elnvebolding Jesuits w ho
rulo this nation, that no faith is to bo kept with the
heretics of freedom, and that no lying, religious
Jesuit was ever inure firm and pructicul in ihi
opinion than are those same slaveholders.
A union for liberty and justice is tho most sncrcd
of bonds. But a union which under hypocritical
preleuH of these, is always tho friend and minister
of slavery, is tho most infamous of ull relations
and its bonds should be at once and forover repu
diated and independence declared,
The slaveholders deem tlio Uniou, intrimically,
as nothing. They so treat it so spouk of it. Bot
the Uniou is everything when it can be made a
means to support their despotism over their black
slaves or their white confederates. Let us learn
from them a lesson. Lot us, in any confederation
we form or continue, use it as on instrumentality
to advance freedom, and defend justice nnd right.
Any other union let us denounce, repudiate and
forsake. If this L right, then are we bound to
repudiate and renouuee the American confederacy.
It is a confederacy on the part of its controlling
members for hianstevling the worst of piracy !
A confederacy which its whole history proves to
have boon piratical in purposo and act. And the
Nebraska bill is its Inst proof that it is as perfidi
ous as piruto ever wus or ever can be. Shall we
be longer confederate 'with these pirates and par
takers of their guilt and dishonor? If we so con
sent our ruin is sealed and inevitable. This nation
may talk as it pleases, but no other remedy will
save it. .The slave power will never believe us in
earnest with them, till with calm and solemn de
termination, wo propose to thorn the alternative of
emancipation or dissolution. When this propo
sition shall come from the North, with an ernestucss
which shall secure a conviction that we mcno whnt
we say, slavery will indeed speak great' swelling
words will rago, then qunke and disappear.
How determined slaveholders look at this question
of the Union, and how all should look at it, lot our
reader learn from the following extract from the
speech of Mr. Krr, of North Carolina, mado lust
week in tho House of ileprosentatives, on this
lam. as rnv rollauue.s well know, at home!l?i,e
considered one of the most ardent of Union men.
niU'iiuunniliisuiwiniiii i.jmunv ....... n..ww
tho world; an the best and surest means of elevating
.: . 1 j -1 1 11. . .........
""""I"'" "ovoreignty, nnd deny thy sanio to
tho South, it is timo to part company. If we con
id timic in ,,,tch ,ml0 or'C(),ltl.,ti t jH timo that we
I have always been dcrutcd to this I'nion. I
regard it an the greatest Hosing Heaven evor
vouchsafed to a sinning nation. 1 regard it as the
greatest security of human liberty that has ever
existed on earth. I reenrd It an the lent mean of
.iiH !.... . t. nnB ..1 nnn iininmin tnrnii it limit
our species at homo and abroad. Hut thus rever
encinic it. as I do. loving it with fervent and en
thusiastic affection, the moment I discover that it
is to be made use of by a dominant majority to
oppress that section of the country in which my
destinr, in (iod's providence, has been cast, I
trannile it in the, dut join anv man, or any
force, to it doicn, atterting and proclaiming tit
the last, "liberty awl equality, or rteMl. ' 1 nuve
no idea of adhering to the C'uion merely to bo op
pressed by the I'nion.
Now sir, I beg to stnte that whilo I liavo the
utmost respect even for a fanatio when ho is sin-
core, yet I wish to bo understood as a southern
man; I care not where the majority are, we must
fda.it ourselves upon the Constitution, upon our
egal rights, or wo never shall be ablo to make a
successful resistance to men tinder tho influence of
fanaticism whilo they hnvo a dialiolical end to at
tain, and who, so far from regarding plighted faith,
so far from adhering to contracts or compacts,
openly proclaim the principle of a higher late and
defy all government and ail authority when they
come in conflict with tho attainmeut of their un
For one, sir, I disdain to hold anything upon
so frail a tenure as the of such men. But we
aro told that if supersede the Missouri com
promis measure, the 'hig party is broken down.
.1 o nro alxo told, that if we pass this bill, we
break down tho only barrier which the South has
against tho aggression of tho Kreo-Soilcrs and Ab
olitionists of tlio North that wo destroy those
men who hno heretofore stood up for southern
institutions, in defianco of the current of nbolition
influence. Let me do justice to the honorable men
who, in the North, have stood firmly by the rights
of the South, and who have defended us when we
were wronged. I honor these men. I never shall
speak otherwise than kindly and respectfully of
thcin. 1 shall lio vtsry sorry to co-ojieratc In any
thing calculated to injur their usetulniss. I cor
tainly would not do so, unless thoroughly per
suaded that it was required of mo by a senso of
duty I had no right to disregard.
Hut, after all, what our northern friends loll us
is, that our only security is in their grace and J'aror.
W ill thev insist unon tclliinr southern men that
their riglits exist only by the pract and fator of'
northern gentlemen f Jf that is so, tlio sooner w o
part company the belter. Grace, sir, is of p0 ut
most importance to mankind the '".sis of bis
highest hope, his eternal happiis. lint if I, and
the people who sent me tvte, are to retain our lib
erty, it must bo ;y tho grace of Ood, and not by
lliu trucq ' tnnn I ,il r.. Al.nu..t
. .:,; " , " r"' I
. " w v . i-h"" : --
strong powor of tho Constitution, tint by tho forco
of reason, not by the imprognablo fortress of
truth, but by the grace and favor of tho northern
No, sir, whether Softs or Hards, whether Whigs
or Pemocrnts, or by whatever term you desig
nnlo parties, when you stand up to tho princi
ples upon which our Government is based, I, for
ono, w ill recognize you ns brothors of tho same
national family. But whenever you establish that.
under n I onstitutmn, tho Nmth is not to cnioy
an equality of privilcgo with tho North, nnd whilo
you exerciso in your own section of country the
dissolved, and that you should establish a Govern
ment lor yourselves, nnd wo one tor oursolvcs.
SALEM UNION SCHOOL.
character, and make it blow tell effectual-
A petition has recently been in circulation for an
election again to test the opinions of our citizen in
reference to the I'nion School. The motives for
opposition are various, but whatever they may bo,
thoso influenced by them seem disposed to combine
to overthrow tho School. Soctariun preferences
control! some the money that it costs, others
others again dislike the Teachers, or the Board; or
their children havo not boon iu their estimation
treated with propriety. Others aro not pleased
with so promiscuous a gathering. They want
Now any one or all of theso offer no good reason
why tho system should bo set asido. Tho School
is but in its infancy, nnd liko all such beginnings
h is to encounter numerous difficulties. Those who
havo had the control of it hnvo labored diligently
nnd faithfully, They will in future grow wisor,
and we doubt not nianago better. At least thcy
sbould, however well they havo done in tho past.
Let us not discontinue it, at least till the system
has had a full und fair tost. To suspend it would
bo a great calamity to tho educational interests of
Salem. In no other way can as good schools be
obtained as cheaply.
Wc bear of grnis misrepresentations in regard to
the school, especially in reference to expenses. On
this point the Homestead Journal give the follow
ing figures, which we presume aro correct. We
challenge any othor system thnt has been tried in
the county, to give cvidenco of having afforded as
good a School as has been the Union School thu
fur in Snlem, for as small an annual cost por
scholar. Wo could have no Select School as com
prehensive in tho branches taught, that would not
havo averaged more than double tho cost. And
then many would have been shut out from attend
ance upon such schools. Here are the figure
For Teachers, Kent for Houses and
Receipts from Foreign Scholurs,
Leaving a balluncc to bo paid out of
tho public fund of
At the s.tmo estimate for the next
term, (dividing tho year into thrco
terms,) the annual expenses of tho
School w ill bo about .
Estimated lteccipts of foreign schol
Bullnnce to be paid out of public
The nvorago number of scholars enrolled for the
two lirst terms, (cuding 3d of March next,) iu tho
District, entitled to public funds, is about 300, ma
king the oust of tuition per scholar, for more than
two-thirds of a school year, (twenty-eight weeks,)
jsl.Ho, being $1,02 por quarter of iourteen weeks,
which will make the annual cost per scholar, for
tuition, about $5,13.
In this estimate, says tho Board, we have not in
cluded tho incidental expenses, for fuel, repairs,
stoves, Ac., nor the tnx v Inch was levied to pay the
old debt against the District, of about $1000,00.
We hope the citizens of Salem will weigh this
matter well beforo they decide against this system
CixeissATi AxTi-St.vvisr CoxrrNTiox. The
cull for tho fourth annual convention in Cincinnati,
will be found in another ooliimn. Like those w hich
have preceded it, it is got up under tho auspicles
and by the teal and enterprise of the Anti-Slavery
Ladies of the city, assisted by somo of the gentle
men who earnestly sympathito with the object
Each uf the previous Conventions has been worthy
of its object, both in character and influence, tho'
each bus met with violent and unscrupulous oppo
sition, from those who seek to be known a the
friends of the slave. The approaching one we
hope will be iu no wise inferior to those of the past
in its interest and In its results.
Let all friends of tho cause who can, be there to
ly 011 the monster Iniquity of our land.
WILLIAM WELLS BROWN.
This exiled American Is laboring with much
success In England, a we learn from the London
A. S. Advocate What will our cutaneous aristoc
racy think of the news oontninod In the following-
paragraph. e hope they will survive the shock.
It will be a terrible one. A colored lady has been
actually appointed a teacher-of a tehitt school 1
That certainly is different from what wo do In
America, where most worthy, intelligent and tal
ented whit ladies, and widow at that, are fined
and imprisoned, for teaching colored misses to read
As the Advocate rightly supposes, the friends of
Mr. Brown will be gratified to learn of hla daugh
ter's success as well a hi own. The Advocate
We are sure it wilt gratify the numerous friends
of Mr. Brown in the United States to learn that
his eldest daughter has received an appointment
as mistress to a (white) school in the country Dart
of England, and ha just gon to her situation.
e ocnoTo miss urown received hor English train
ing as a teacher at the Gray Inn-road Model
School, one of the prinoipal establishment in
London for the promotion of popular education,
and, having acquitted herself very creditably,
is indobted to this circumstance for her appointment.
On is B. Stiddini' new work on Colonisation,
enn be had at the Bugle Office. Also the Report
of Vie Second Decade Meeting of the American
Anti-Slavery Society, recently hold in Philadel
phia. This Report contains the speeches of Garrison,
rhilips, S. J. May, Joseph Barker, Win. II. Furniss
and others, phonogrnphically reported. A most
valuable pamphlet of 170 pagos.
Tlier can be forwarded by mail if desired, I
34 cent each postage free or three copie I
NOTICES OF THE PRESS.
Daily Xatiomal F.iu. The Editor of this pa
per reports that at the present rate of subscribers
and expenses, tho income will full short of the ex.
penscs at least $5000. He calls, as well he may,
for now subscribers. Ono thousand additional
ones are needed to meet the expenses.
The Era has been most vigilant in its opposition
to tho Douglas) repudiation scheme
Godey'i Lady's Book. Tho March number of
this monthly is one of more than common excel
lence. It is beautifully illustrated, and its papers
aro brief but capital.
Raooid School Kii-ostes. Public attention has
of lute been moro than ever turned to the outcast
children of poverty and crime, in our largo cities.
And happily tho friends of these hitherto friendless
ones, have hit upon tho most auspicious means for
their rescue and improvement. Among the instru
mentalities of awakening attention to this subject,
is the "Ragged School Reporter," a neat little
monthly paper published in New York, at SO conts
per annum. Its object ia to awaken an interest in
the sufferings and necessities of destitute and
abandoned children. It bolioves that those hither
to hopeless ones can be saved from the life and fate
of ignorance and crime, and converted into the livj
ing, practical friend of pure ordor, sobriety and
industry. For this, like a good Providenco, this
little paper labor.
Those who would inform thomsclvcs of the sub
jects and mean of thi reform, would do well to
send their names, accompanied with a half dollar,
to Augustine Duganne, No 49, Charubers-St., New
York, and thus obtain tho Reporter.
Ohio and Pen.xstltanu Railroad. On Thurs
day last, a change was made in the timo of the
Express train running west from Pittsburgh, and
of the mail train running east from Crestline.
The former leaving Pittsburgh at 3 P. M., instead
of 0 P. M. and the latter leaving Crestline on the
arrival of the night Exprcr from Cincinnati!, and
arriving at Pittsburgh at half past 11 A. M. (See
the time table in another column.) This will bo a
most acceptable arrangemennt to the people along
the lino of the Rail road, a well a to the business
men of Pittsburgh. A we can now go to P. in
tho morning, spend throe and a half hours, and
return in the evening.
Burst ix ErricT. Some of the citizen of
Warren, recently gave vent to their displeasure
at the effort to introduco slavery into Nobraska,
by committing the effigy of Senator Douglas to
tho arms of a brother effigy of "Old Nick," and
then consigning both, after appropriate processions
and ceromonios, to the flames. Tho Chronicle
says, "we are reliably informed that majority of
those engaged in tlio transaction, were Pierce
Democrats at the lato Presidential election,"
.11 R. UILI.MAN S X.CTTEU, On OUT first pagO, IS
published as part of the proceedings of tho Ne
braska mooting, which we noticed lust week. It
was read at that meeting, which unanimously votod
thnt it should be published with thoir poocoedings,
Mr. Gillnian Is a talented lawyer of New Lisbon,
a Democrat, but nevertheless quite willing to iden
tify himself with the opposition to this last impu
dcut demand of tha slavo power. If democrats
generally at the North would do this, the slave
power would never consumato tho audacious out
rage they contemplate. We are happy to say that
in this region the Democrat generally do this.
We hope their independence may be more gene
rally imitated, than we fear it will be, at the
Benjamin S. Jonks. Soma two week ainee,
Mr. Jono loft here on a locturing tour in Mich'
igun. We are happy to be able to publish a letter
from him to-day, reporting progress.
"Toll rut Bill." The anti-slnrery-extension
meeting recently held in this place, adjourned to
meet on the tolling of the bell, whenever the new
should arrive of the passage of Douglas' bill by the
Pittsburgh Siid Stori. Our agricultural and
horticultural reader will not fail to give attention
to the advertisement of Mr. E. R. Shavkland, of
Pittsburgh. An Ohio friend every way competent
to judge, speaks in term of high approval of the
Shall Toz. We tee it stated in some of the pa
per that the small pox i raging terribly at Marl,
boro. It 1 a mistake. Wa were there last week
and nothing of the kind exist there. There have
boen some eight or nine ease of Varioloid, but all
have recovered, and the disease ha disappeared
from the place.
For the Bugle.
Freedom now the gauntlet's running,
Groaning, ploading, for her life.
Captain Douglas with hi minion,
Are pursuing in hot strife.
Up, Friond Marius, up in haste,
Thy burnished "Bugle" seise)
Influt thy lungs with might,
And swcop thy loftiest keys.
Throw a warning note on high,
O'er hill, and dale, and valley 1
Against the Douglas' prowling bear,
Bring op a stirring rally.
Let indignation' withering blast
Consign the imps to shnmo.
Like unto "Arnold," let them be
" Damn'd to eternal fame."
J. COFFEEN. For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
LIVERPOOL. Jan, 23, 1854.
Dear Marivi: Wore it possible for mo to do
the subjoct justice, a good theme for a letter would
be, Life on Board a "Royal British Steamship."
But that word Royal lifts it into region to me out
of sight. So you must be content with a few
sketches of things as they appeared outside
The ships aro strong and massive, and under
ordinary circumstances, nbout as safo a an old
Fcudol Castle. The new and improvod idea of
abandoning the altar of Safety, and acrificing
only at tli shrine of Sjxrtl, is a species of idolatry
into which John Bull will no more come, than a
Jew would have bowed down in the temple of a
Samaritan. Ho still thinks it is better to arrive
an hour later, with a tehole neck, than a half hour
sooner, with a broken one. And as lung as it must
bo "neck or nothing," thero are a few othor left
of the same opinion.
On board the America, we wero rung up at eight.
Then breakfast lasted from half past eight, an
hour or more. This wns in importance, tho sec
ond moal of the day, though first In the order of
tune. M e had to do tho best wo might, on coflce,
two or three kinds of tea, oat meal gruel, very-
thick, beef steak, mutton chop, ham aud eggs,
minced fish, fried herrings, sausages, and cold
meats of all descriptions, w ith warm biscuit, dry
toast, plain bread, butter and cheeso. On these
fete things wo wore required to slag our stomachs.
until twelve. Thon wo had lunch. The table
wero all laid as in tho morniug, nnd tho meal was
much tho snme excepting that it dispensed with
the teas and coffco, and a few other articles, but
still with somo additional dishes, making a rather
At half post three the first dinner bell struck
after which wc had a half hour for dressing, or
any other preparation. At four, we were rung in
to the tables. Sinco Henry C. Wright has so often
given in tho Liborator a westorn farmer's table
treat and treasures, in his letters to Richard D.
Webb, and othor foreign readers, I will revenge
thsm upon him, by giving a dinnor "Bill of Faro,"
under British supervision. Then it will appear
that peoplo out of tho great west, have at least
"ctkimIw of comfort" too. I procured a printed
bill of faro of tho steward, and will hero transcribe
it. Recollect it is for dinnor only. Soup, Fish,
Beef, Mutton, Lamb, Veal, Pork, Pigs, Turkeys,
Gocse, Ducks, Fowls, Curric, Stows, Fricassees,
Made Dishes and Calves Head. Thon under the
head of Pastries, aro, Applo Pics, do. Puddings,
Raspberry Tarts, Strawberry do., Cranberry do.,
Plum do., Damson do., Gooseberry do., Roll Pud
dings, Plum Puddings, Rice Puddings, Pancakes,
All these particular preparations wero never
served nt tho samo dinner. But tho duplicates
and various changes of such as wero on tho table,
would keop the number well maintained. Ou the
Bill given mo jy the Steward, there wero served
that day under tho meat department, eighteen
dishes, and under the pastry, sixteen. And noth
ing of vegetable is mentioned, nor yet of condi
ments ; though of theso nothing was wanting.
The courses wero flvo : Soup, Fish, Meat, Pastry,
and Dossert, with climigo of furnituro every timo.
Of tho Dessort, tho fifth course, tho "Fifth and
Last Act of the Performance," I havo said noth
ing as yet. Tho tables were all cleared, tho cloths
removed, and then came plates, knives, and nut
crackers. Tho dossert consisted of Oranges, Olives,
Apples, Figs, Raisins, Prunes, Almonds, Waluuts,
Filberts, and nobody know w hat, though I am
suro thoso wore not ull ; nor was there any change
in this course, at least of any consequence, from
day to dny.
Such wa tho Dinner of a Day, except that,
which to some, I am sorry to ss.y, secmod of the
most consequence, and that was tho drinks. The
nicest Cochituato water, with Ico, wa froe for all.
For the Liquors, I must havo recourse again to the
Steward. On his Bill, wero two brands of Cham
pagne, Claret, Hock, Tort, Sherry, Maderia, Bran
dy, Hollands, Whiskey, Rum, Ale, Porter, Soda
water, Cider and Lemonade Aud all the prices
were put down, for the glass, or quuutity, up to the
bottle or the quart. And I must confess novor be
fore to have scon drinking reduced to such a sci
ence, fior did I ever know beforo, that mortal
man could imbibo so much, and yet remain per
But we are not getting on very fust, for there
aro two more meals yet to bo disposed of. Dinner
detained us about an hour and a quarter by which
time, candles had long been lighted. Then at half
past seven, came supper. This consisted mainly
of tea, toast, butter and cake not much accouut
wa made of it by most of the company, and so a
great deal bettor justice wa done to tho Luueh at
half past ten. The last meal, was this, of the day,
and we could have what we called for, I observed
that Lobsters and Oysters, toasted cheoso, poached
eggs, cold fowl, bam and sandwiches, were the
most in demand, and Alo, Porter, and hot Whiskey
Punch and Slings, washed them down.
At half past eleven the saloon was closed, and
at twelve, the last candles were extinguished. So
went the day and every day except Sundays
and then the only change made, was, that at half
past ten, we had the English church servico read
in the large saloon most of the eompany, and the
ship' crew also, giving respeotful attention.
Nearly all the passonger were from Canada.
Three only wore from the States, and one or two
nt most, were all who live this uido of the waters.
I have never seen a more civil and agreeable com
pany of person ; except that some of them in tho
matter of devotion to the "good things of life,"
as they are called, over did the matter, to an ex
tent uuheard of to me bofore. But novor was
thore an irregularity in word or act, so far us re
lated to soeiul intercourse, ami wo had really a
pleasant as well as prosperous voyage.
But have I not wearied you out f How a story
will grow on my hands! And now, not half has
been told, even on till! topics 011 w hich I have
touehed. Next time my subjects shall be more)
important, and I hope my letter more interesting.
Till then I remain ns ever,
Most devotedly vours and readprs',
ANN ARBOR, Feb. 15, 1854.
I reached Adrian on the day I left Salem, and
was thenco conveyed by a friend to Livonia, where
was being held tho first Convention culled by lh
Michigan Stnto Anti-Slavery Society. The jolting
over fifty odd mile of ordinary road, w hich consti
tuted my first day and a half txperienco in th
State, made me moro than over thankful for the in
vention of the iron track. And vet railroads bar)
by no means attained n sti-to of perfection 1 for
though the managers of the various companies
have dono much to sccuro the comfort of their pas
sengers, there is still Mom for further improvement.
1 have heard of smoking cart being attached to
some trains, for the benefit of those who were
unable to exist without cignrs, or perchance for tho
comfort of such ns object to being fumigated by r
tho vile weed which is used by nlmost every other
man and boy you meet. And in so far separating
the impure from the pure, such action is good, hut .
the principle demands a further extension. A line
of demarcation should bo drawn between thecnf'
frs and non-chowcrs, the spiltcrt and non-epitter.
And every one who witnessed the condition of th
car in which I took passage from Salem, would have
been convinced thnt such is tho fact. The floor
had no mats to absorb the expectorations of the
ruminating animals w ho had, or who then occupied1
the car t so that the amount and consistency of h
liquid thus disposed of could have bceu accurately
ascertained by tho curious. Somo of the more en
ergctic ehewers bad created a perfect Lake Superior
with hero nnd there a used up quid towering aloft
like on island in its midst; others had formed In
numerable miniature lnkcs; hero ran a stream as
intcrniinnblo as the Mississippi, nnd there had
fallen a deluge scarcely inferior in quantity lo the)
eatnrnct of Ningarn. Quito a number of women
took passage in the ears, nnd it was a pitiable sight
to sec them with their skirts cnrcfnlly gnthored npf
wandering nbout, vainly seeking for a decent place
in which to tit. And after they wero soatcd, the
wero not out of danger, but had continually to
guard against the foul water-spouts that were con
tinually descending and breaking nt their very feet,
I don't know but girls hnvo just as good a right to
uso tobacco as boys, but 1 confess I was poinewhat
astounded to bo told by a teacher in a village in
fills Slate, that not long since, two of his pupils,
girls between twclvo and fifteen years of ago,
chewed, and several others smoked. But enough
of the weed.
" W " has, I presume, given yon some account of
tho Convention nt Livonia; sinco then I havo held
a scries of meetings in Wntorford, Wayne Co., the
peoplo of w hich plaeo nro mostly unconnected with
any church organization, and more than usually
interested in questions of moral reform. At Ypsi
Innti I joined J. W. Walker, and w c held there two
meetings, neither of which wero very lurgoly at
tended; after another meeting at a place six mile
distant, we wont to Detroit. We had sent appoint
ments thoro for the 13th, l lth nnd 15th, nnd as the
'Frco Democrat" had seemingly complained that'
thoso in connection wiih thnt paper bud not been
applied to by somo who hnd previously held meet-'
ings in thnt city, we wrote them a request to secure
a hall for us, and notify tho meetings, (in our ar
rival iu Detroit, wo immediately visited the Demo
crat office, nnd were informed they hnd secured the
City Hall for Monday and Wednesday evenings, but
wero unable to procure a pluco for Tuesdny j they
informed us we need gio ourselves no further
trouble about the Hall, und wo did not. Wu had
some bills posted announcing our meetings, and
then patiently awaited tho hour. At 7 o'clock a
friend accompanied us to tho Hull, which we found
in darkness nnd with closed doors; mine of our
disappointed auditors informed us that it was not
only necessary to secure tho grant of tho Hall, but
tho services of somo pcrsou to opou, light aud warns
it. I do not know whether tho Democrat folk
wero ignorant of this, or w hether it was a coso of
neglect. Taking into consideration tho fact that
Dr. Cutchcun was giving a course of lecture on
physiology, that on Wednesday evening (tho only
night wo could be iu Dotroit when we could have
hall) a very popular temperance lecturer was to
speak, and that Undo Tom's Cabin was being
playod tocrowdod housescvory night, we concluded
to withdraw our remaining appointment, and dufer
our labors thero to n more propitious timo.
As we could not ourselves talk anti-slavery, wa
thought the next best thing wns to go nnd hoar it
from Uncle Tom nnd St. Clair. Although I was
never in a theater before, I could readily seo that
the one in Detroit was of au inferior kind. Tbo
company were not strong enough in numbers to do
just ico to tho piece, and several of tho character
wero indifferently represented. I cannot conceive,
however, how Unelo Tom could huve been better
played j and Eva wo Eva' self, as puro, as gentle,
and ns childlike as Mrs. Stowe created her. Indeed
it wa almost impossible to realize thut it wa not
Eva bodily, as it was spiritually. Topsy too, wa
admirably done ; and Cassy, St. Clair, and Misa
Opholio wore passable. It is but seldom that one
can hear a much of tho Gospel of Humanity from,
tho pulpit, as was preached that night from the
theatrical boards ; and there aro not many anti-sla
very conventions that put furth moro ultra doctrine
in rotation to slavery than was there ennunciated,
aud received loo, by the audience with the loudest
demonstrations of applause Uncle Tom's pathetio
words, and Eva's sweet and angol-like tone a
thoy sat in thoir favorite bower, and the one read
of the son of fire and of glass, and tho othor sang
of spirit bright, tnoltod the entire audience into
tear. And in other part of tha drama, the lan
guage of these two frequently so appealed to the
sympathetic feolings, that the response wa in tear.
Success, ay I, to Uncle Tom' Cabin, w hether itbe
read in the word painting of its originator, speak
from the canvass dioramas, or is embodied by hi
trionio art. Had tho anti-slavery ngitatioa ef the
past twenty years dona nothing more thun to pre
paro the public mind for the reception of Mr.
Stowe' work softoning its prejndices, enlighten
ing its perceptions, and infusing into it an increased)
love for freedom tho labor of the abolitionist
would have accomplished a great work. But in
preparing the way for Uncle Tom's Cabin, they
havo also boou preparing the wny for an anti-sla-vory
reform in Church und in State ; and who can
doubt that tho work will speedily progress, until
the principles of anti-slnvory are ns practically
familiar to politicians and ecclesiastics, as is the
creation of Mrs. Siowo's genius to the families of
B. S. J.