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FANEUIL HALL—NEBRASKA BILL—FREE
BOSTON, February 16, 1854.
Dear M tans: I urn just in from Fancuil Hall.
Free' Boilers her held Stnto Convention llicre
to-day, to protest ngainst tlio Nebraska hill. It
was n largo gathering, nnd fmtitirally enthusiastic.
But jioUtical enthusiasm in the Xurtli, when arrayed
against slavery mean nothing, accomplishes no
thing, hut to exhibit its own shame and cownraice'
Yet every speaker, with one exception, osumeJj
as starting point, that tho heart ol .Massachusetts
nnd of tho North was all sound on the question at
issue. Tho name was the cant phrase in tho con
flict between lihcrty and slavery, over Texas, over
New Mexico, and over the Fugitive Law of 1850. I
Bin sick of the hare-faced falsehood. What evi
dence that tho Northern heart is sound on any
question touching slavery f All past history dem
onstrates It to he rotten utterly nnd hopelessly
bravado, much glorification of tho Union, tho eagle,
tho stars and tho stripes. Not one dared to propose
tho distinct issue Abolition or Dissolctiox. Not
sine dared to shout Down witii all Cosrnonisns
wlTti Slavery I All seemed to think existing com
promises must ho kept, only they deprocated any
more concessions to or compromises with tho do
mon. Not one dared to war, uncompromising,
eternal war against slavery. No terrs with sla
vmr, hut death, instant, eternal death, to all laws,
institutions, customs, constitutions, unions and
combinations that sustain it.
Free -Boilers, Wilson, Palfrey, Sumner, Chase,
(Jiddings, Hale, rc., havo ono of them ever made
tho Issue, Adolitio.n or Dissolution f Not one
Will thoy f Not till they cease to consider them
selves members of tho Confederacy, nnd have
planted themsotvet outside the Constitution and
laws of tho Union. Then, and not before, can
thoy make tho right issue. All took for granted
tho bill would not pass, that the Missouri Compro
mise would not bo abolished. One exception.
That exception was Theodore Parklr. - lie was
loudly called for, ami enthusiastically received.
He uttered tho disunion doctrino that liberty and
slavery novcr did, never can unito. Ho made a
noblo speech uttered tho most radical truths of
tho Disuuionists. Ho scnthod Webster, whose
picture has supplanted thoso of Hancock, Samuel
Adams, John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Washington
and all In Fanoull Hull. Thcso nro hid away un
der the stairs and in by places, to mako room fur
tho author of tho Fugitivo Slave Low of IHjO.
Parkor did justice to his own idea, but his words
could not havo been pttlutitblo to leading Free
The Nebraska Bill In some shapo. Tho Mis
souri Compromiso will he abolished. Why not?
It was a compromise between liberty and slavery.
Al. such ought to be, will he abolished. But who
shall ubolish ill Slaveholders, of course There
is not fidelity to lihcrty in tho North to abolish iti
to protect nnd propngato frcodom, nud to extend i
Thoro was much tulk, much sound, niujh
over rcgioiis where slavery is. So slaveholders
must abolish it to protect, propngato and perpetu
ate slavery. And they will, for abolished it ought
to bo, aud must be, as must nil such deeds of
infamy, to pcrpctunto slavery. Missouri, by that
Compromise was given up to slavery. If the North
hare not derision nnd daring enough to abolish it
to extend liberty over Missouri, tho South will
abolish it to extend shivery over Nebraska.
Ttv thn wnv. it ihlit tiill r.asjrji. trill ii ntit he anttri
of (mancipation lo every ,lart in Uiuourit Shivery
exists in Missouri, on condition that it never should
exist in Nebraska, or, north of 30 dcg. 30 min. If
tiro condition on which slavery exists in Missouri
be violutcd by the slaveholders, would not this
abilish slivory thoro? Tho infernnco is just
and legitimate. But will the North duro demand
it? Will they sny to the South, Abolish liberty
in Nebraska, nnd we will abolish tlavory in Mis
souri? No ; tho merchants, politicians, ministers
wnd christians of the North, havo laid their man.
hood on tho altar of slavcrv.
After this victory of tl.e'slavo power, what next ? !
Slavery will bo re-established in New England,
New Y'ork, Ohio, and every State of tho North
hy nut? Assuming that tho Constitution au.
thorizos the citizens of tho United States to hold
slaves in Now Orleans. Docs it nuthorizo them to
hold slaves in Boston. It ; itwnur: for tho
Constitution knows no Suite lines, or geographical
boundaries. Whatever rights it secures to a man
in Mobilo, it secures to him in Bangor. The Con
stitution of tho Union overrides nil S.ute laws nud
constitutions. If those forbid me to do in Boston.
what tho United States Constitution authorizes me
to do in Washington, nnd of courso iu Boston, New
York, or Cincinnati, why, tho Stuto govornment
must yield. No Stato law can protect a man from
slavery, whom tho General Govornment authorizes
nic to place and hold in that condition
Marius, is nut this sound logic ? Free Suilcrs,
Whigs, Democrats, nnd the cntiro nation practically
being witnesses. I have just met John O. Whittier.
He is poorly 1 has diseased lungs. I asked him,
"Will you live long? "Long enough, I fear, to see
slavery ostablishcd in Massachusetts." Y'ou, too,
Oiddings, and all of you may livo to seo slavery
established in Ohio. This is no idlo word. As
certain as the Missouri Compromise is abolished, as
it will he in five ycats, the entire North will be
thrown open to slavery, and that, too, iwder tbe de
cision or the United Staies Court in tho Prig case.
It was theredecided that theConstitution authorizes
the holding of slaves on every foot of land over
which its jurisdiction extends. Not ono caveru,
not a mountain peak, not a house, church, hall nor
spot of earth so sucrud that slavery may not stand
upon it, proudly triumphant.
List experiment 1 Last iioi e of liiiektv ! I God
aavo the mark. Slavery and liberty havo ncvor
met in a pitched battle, since the existence of this
Union, in which slavery has not triumphed. I1
ever must be so. Last hope of liberty, indeed 1 '
Death to liberty is practically the watchword of
But I'll stop. Joseph Barker and A. J. Davis
are by me. Joseph Barker says, " Tell Marius I'm
coming like summer."
Adiou. HENRY C. WRIGHT.
Ma. Robinson: You doubtless hoard of tho
jouth ith a genius for drawing, who undertook
to paint a horse. But from somo causo ho could
not got it "out" in accordance with tho ideal in
hi mind. He altered it, looked at it, gave a stroke
her and another there. Still it did not look quite
right j he wa afraid that it would not be recog
nized. Suddenly a bright idea seemed to strike
hun, and h wrote underneath it in large lotters,
" This is a Horse."
I am rcmi.ided of this by an article in a lato
Cleveland riain Doalor, from "A Layman," in
which he remarks as a reason against Bible dis
uussi'.ns, that "our Clorgymcn aro gentlomen and
therefore would not liko to come in contact with
"Joe Barker." " Is it because tho religious poo-
do fear that their clergymen will '! be recognized
,i8 clcr;L.al opponent.
i.i.-l, il,,.i il.. , . ,: . i . .
Rh, that they are so particular to Impress
tho pubho that they are gentlemen? They
havo very good ground for the fear at least.
I am glad to seo that Mr. Barker's friends lonve
Ins gentleinanlincss to speak for itself. A master
painter would scorn the idea of writing "a horso"
under his picture
The editor of tho Plain Dealer, though opposed
to Mr. Barker's views of tho Bible, endorses his
conduct in tho lato discussion between him and
the Rev. Dr. Borg, even at the exponso of that of
ANTI-SLAVERY UNION IN ENGLAND.
Tho nnti-slavery men of England recently form
ed a union at Manchester, tho radical with the
more conservative. The union has however been
of very short continuance. Thoro, ns bore, it
seems that men who have somewhat of nnti-slavery
sympathy, will nevertheless make their sectarian-
ui paramount to their nnti-slavery, and require
ns a condition of co-operation, that their associates
shall do likewise,
Tho following paragraph from tho last Anti-Slavery
Advocnto, will briefly explain the matter:
Wo learn that, In con&oijnenco of a'divislnn in
the councils of tho Anti-Slavery Union (lately
formed of very heterogeneous materials in Man
chester.) as to the appointment of the Rev. Mr.
Hemming as its agnt, a number of the most val
uable nnd efficient members havo seceded. As
ono result of this secession. The Anti-Slavery
nalchman Inn ocen untivoitfaiiiy suspended, tor
tho principal bunion of responsibility of conduct
ing it rested on tho editor, who is ono of tho spee
ders. Tho follow ing letters, addressed to onrself
ami others, will, to some extent, explain these
matters. If union bo strength, then disunion is
woakness, nnd wo have learned from cxperienco
that efficient action cannot be looked for from any
association with divided councils. Unity of theo
logical or political opinion is by no means necess
ary for energetic anti-slavery action ; but the as
sociates must agree to dilTur on thoso points, and
they must ho nt lent united in tho sentiment, that
no sectarian or political claim can be nioro imper
ative upon any man than thoso principles of im
partial iusiico ana mercy which lio at the very
basis oi tho true niiti-sluvcry enterprise.
PROGRESS OF THE PLOT—RESISTANCE.
Tho battlo with slavery thickens. Congress is
alivo and nil nhsorbed. Numerous remonstrances
have been presented against this last perfidious
outrage, in both houses, nnd a few in its favor,
from tho South. In tho Senate, thoy are laid on
tho table Tho question still hangs there. Mr.
Douglas bus not been ablo to press it to a voto, as
he dosircd. Since our last, Truman Smith, Sew
ard nnd Houston, have spoken out against it. Mr.
Houston's objection is mainly, that it violates tho
Indian treaties. And so unquestionably it does,
but that will bo no objection. It never has been
one. Every whig senator from tho South is pledg
ed to tho bill aud every Senator from the slave
holding states, except Houston and Rusk, from
Texas. Tho Administration too, has definitely
declared its favor for tho measure and of course
its patronage, and influence will nil be brought lo
secure its passage. Refractory or fearful Demo
crats are sent ono by ono to tho Whito House,
"lo be greased," as tho significant phraso is nt
Among tho peoplo north, there is a movement,
extending from Maine, to Chicago. Meetings arc
being held, aud remonstrances widely circulated.
Lint there is no such movement ns the crisis de
mands. And not such an ono ns will bo effectual.
Julm M- Vm of Virginia, is out against it, ns is
clc"-,n of Alabama, whose letter will bo found in
our paper to-day. Quito a number of democratic
papers speak manfully against it, as do also two
most influential ones from St. Louis, and tho Na
tional Intelligencer. Tho Whig Sonntoriul Cau
cus, which resolved unanimously to go with Pierce
and Douglas for tho perfidy, seut a deputation to
tho Intelligencer, "d:mundiuj" its silenco on tho
question. But it nobly talks riyht on, regardless
of this insolcnco, and attempted tyranny.
Thus the matter stands. The tiino for work is
uot ct Pa8t' If 1 hav0 'e"t ouo 1Ut of. ro,non
siranccs get up another till every one in your
neighborhood bus signed them. Got up a demand
upon Congress to move for tho repeal and repudia
tion of all previous Ctnpromise. Begin with the
Constitution, tho fruitful mother of the horrid
spawn of compromiso that has cursod us for tho
last three quarters of a century. Every compro
mise tho North has made with slavery, has been a
concession of justico to injustice, nnd by virtue
of tho hiylicr laic, "inoperative anl voij." Let us do.
maiiil of nur ntreiits In Pimr-rnss Ihnf llmv a.wt. '
clarc, and havo tho bond at onco repealed. Thcu
if they will, wo will form a new confederacy on the
principles cf tho Declaration of Indupcndenco and
tho Sermon on tho Mount. Or if they choose sla
vory, let them havo it. We will absolve ourselves
and form a league in righteousness, where freedom
shall have a habitation ns well as a name, nnd from
its citadel wo will wage war against slavery tho
world ovor. And wugo it not as now trammeled
by bargains and compromises for its support.
From the New-York Tribune.
THE INTRODUCTION OF SLAVERY INTO
WASHINGTON, Wednesday, Feb, 15. 1854.
Tho bill introduced by Mr. Orr uf South Carolina,
read twice and referred to the Committee on ludian
Affairs, of which he is chairman, mid which you
recently alluded to as "another Nebraska bill,"
has just been printed. Senator Douglas referred
to this bill when all the appropriations uud other
provisions rotating to the Indians were stricken
out of his Nebraska bill he acquiesced in and
desired tho striking out, because tlio House Com
mittee on Indian Attain had prepared a bill mak
ing nuiplo provision for tho Indians who had been
removed to this Nebraska Territory under solemn
treaties of perpetual undisturbed possession. As
this bill reported by Mr. Orb conceals a "uiggor iu
tho wood-pile," I hurcby send you a corroct synop
sis oi us iiiiiioriitui sections.
It is entitled "A bill defining the terms on which
treaties shall hereafter bo made witli certain tribes
of Indians, and for other ituriwses
vi . .... .? ? i . . .i . .1 r. , a
xuo iirsi section proviucs, mac uiu i resiucui.
shall hcrcaltcr roouiro all treaties lor tne cession or
purchase of Janus from Indian and llall-nreeds,
inhabiting tho Nebraska Territory, to be negoci
atod upon tho following terms and conditions, to
. nb...i -11 .1.- i i- r 4;i.Aa .,,;. .nu In
Will 1I1UI nil UIU 11111119,1'! Ul ,111'unv, m.iiv,ivi.
bo eedod to tho United States, shall bo surveyed
and divided as other public lands, and immediately
tharoafter "each family of the tribe or nation shall
be entitled to locate, as a permanent homestead ; if
a single porson over 21 years of age, one-eighth of
a section; to each fuinily of two, oiio-quartcr sec
tion ) to each fumily of throe and not exceeding
five, one-half soction ; to each family of six and not
exceeding ten, one section ; and to each family over
ten, one additional quarter section lor every live
members ; and to f unilios who own tlaoet, iu addi
tion to the foregoing, thore shall be allowed, if loss
than ton slaves, ono ouartor section ; if ten and not
exceeding fifteen, one section ( and for every ten
above that number, one half soction." Pateuts arc
to bo granted to each family, conditioned that tho
tract shall not be aliened or leased longer than two
years, nnd cxoinpt from lovy, sale or forfeiture,
until a otato uonstiiuuon removes me restriction.
Section second provides, that as soon as the sur- :
veys and the Indian homesteads are made nnd
elected, the hinds are to be sold, in the usual way,
I at public auction first, ami then privato entry at
it!,i0nj nmj a quarter per acre next at a dollar por
ro for . time tl.n tifir cents, and hisllv at ten
I cents rer acre.
! "l0 ''''"I citinn, the business and surveys
1 1 io iuiiu hi cacti tnl.o are to .e Kent scimrnto ami
distinct, and the proceeds of all sales kept apart
from other moneys in the United States Treasury.
lly the fourth section, tho entire amount of the
not proceeds of the sales of said lands, lifter de
ducting the entire expenses of surveying, selling,
Ae., are to he paid over to the tribo or nation of
Indians, if competent to manage their own nflairs,
otherwise agents nro to make payment in clothing,!
uuiiicMii; minimis, larming utensils, goons, c.
i-ueiion mm provides mat nircnu sin.li rcpcri
annually tho progress of each tribe in agriculture
and especially the families that neglect to occupy
lands selected for homestead-, and those lami-j
11..:, no ni-iL-ciiiiu ara 10 mens 110 umuenus iroin
tho sales of the lands, until they return to their re
servations nnd become industrious.
Section sixth provides, that cverr male Indian
above 21 years of nge, who lives on "his home-tend,
may become n citizen of tho United States by filing
his declaration of intention, and two years there
after proving that ho has been nn Indian uf good
character, and "attached to tho principles of tho
Constitution ol the lulled Mutes," nnd iuko on
oath to support it.
Section seventh provides, that the laws of the
Lnitcd States, as well as the laws of nny territorial
(lovernment, shall hate full force and effect over
1110 territory ccneu, nnu upon nil persons residing
within its limits."
And section eighth declares, that nil existing
treaty stipulations with any of the tribes shall be
fuitlii'ully oarricd Into execution, nnd unless the
..-.I o.. I 1 1 1 I - . .
1 line 1 cnucs snail uc relieved uy somo suusoqtient
You will observe, therefore, that this bill recog
nizes Slurtry in the Kansas nnd Nebraska Terri
tories proposing to grant tho owner of any num
ber of slaes less than ten, ono hundred and sixty
acres of hind; to the ow ner of ten and not ovor fif
teen slaves, six hundred nnd forty; nnd for every
ten slaves above fifieen, three hundred nnd twenty
acres. This is legislating Slavery in a territory
after repealing the solemn enactments which "for
ever prohibited" Slavery from it. Otseoo.
News of the Week.
LtimttATEn Si.avm. Messrs. M. M. and F. T.
White, of Cincinnati, recently inherited an estate
111 .ortn Carolina, a part ot which was eleveu
slaves. Thoy wero offered $10,000 for tho sluves,
which they refused, and tho slaves recently passed
through Cincinnati on their way to Indiana, where
tncy win settle as agriculturalists.
Slave Mothers and their OrrsrRiNn. We no-
ticowith pleasure that Mr. C. M. Johnson has
introduced a bill in the lower house of the legisla
ture of this Stato. to provent tho senoration t.v
salo of a slave mother and her children aro under
j years of nge. 1 ho proposition is considerate
and just ns w ell ns huiiinme, and we earnestly
hope it will recievc tho concurrence of the legisla
ture. Georgetown (Ay.) Jlcrald,
Fifteen thousand two hundred nnd soventv
deaths from consumption occurred in Massachu
setts, during the past four years ; or about one iu
every sixty-five of tho population, nnd four hun
dred and sevonty out Ot every ono thousand of the
number of deaths from all Uiseano.
RcroRM is Newark. It will be seen bv refer
ence to tho Legislative proceedings of Thursday,
that a number of strong-minded women of this city
have presented a petition in tho Senate praying
tho enactment of somo law securinir the leirul
CiiUalitT of tho sexes. This movement doubtless
owes its origin to tho labours among us of Miss
l.ucy Mono ana .Mrs. toe, both ot whom have
in ado many proselytes. The subject is ono of great
importance, admitting 01 mucu ana eienorato in
vestigation, nnd we aro glad tho Senate has refer
red it to a Select Cutnmittco, who will bo likely to
giva it au unbiassed and carolul consideration.
Chioaoo. From a statement published in ' tho
Chicago Daily Tribune, it appears that the buisncss
of that oity during the past year has bocn charac
terized by unproccdonted activity, and has brought
111 or 0 real prosperity to that place than the previous
threo years combined. Ovor two thousand dwo II
irg houses have been built, notwithstanding which
the number is inadequate to the demand. The in-
crcaso of population in 3 years has been 67 per
cent. Tho number of inhabitants being now over
ii0,OOO. Tho increase in value of tho taxable pro
perty has been in a ratio equal to tho increase of
i'ho shipments of Wheat fur 1853, amounted to
l,l,3f5 bushels. The shipments by l.nko of;
Corn wero 2,5lil,77l bushels. The nniount of
capital invested in tho huisness of Bcof packing in
uincngo is i.iun.ii.Hi. ine lumber roceiuu luriuiiy,
1000 amounted, to iJO,mi icci.
Gold i.v Richland Cocktt, Ohio. We copy the
following article from tho Maustlcld Herald:
Wo havo just been shown several specimens of
gold taken by Mr. Edward Hafetry, of Washington
township, from the sands in a spring upon his
farm. Ho had often noticed them hot lin.l tin
ou).'iit ol their being gold until lately, when upon
suggostion a portion of tho sand was washed and ,
tho gold tried in a ctireiblo by tho officers of the
Mt. ernon Bunk. One of the lumps shown us,
measured throo-eights of an inch in length, halt
an inch in breadth, nnd somo sixteenth in thick
ness. Returned Califormans assure him that one
man can wash five dollars per day, in the spring
and stream running from the spring. This speci
men with others can be seen by calling nt the
office of Young & Brinkerliotf.
YiitniMA Colonization Sohf.tv. The report of
mo irginin colonization Hoard, constituted in
ordinnnco with an act passed in April, 1853, is a
document of considerable intorcst. It presents to
tho Legislature facts nnd suggestions which are of
tirst inportance to tho peoplo ot Virginia. 1 lie
Hoard has drawn upon the Stato Treasury for
$5,8,00 to pay for tho removal of 1 10 freo negroes
from Virginia to Liberia. Iu addition, the Colo
ni.atiun Society has transported without Stnto aid
dsy fixed on hy some nf the Millerites for tho de
124 free negroes: making a total during tho last i
i . i c .1 it T I . : .. I ... I
Ulglll mounts OI -tv. X oi" liimiuvr, ii iicii k-utiij'ur-
ed with tlio thousands in tho Mate, may appear to
he small, yet it will amply sulhco to preteut the
natural incroaso of this population. This is an
important and interesting fact. Quietly and utmost
without observation, the agencies now nt work
in connection with the Hoar d will keep down tho
number nud at the sniro time mm J up a new world
upon tho coast of Africa. Richmond Bulletin.
Colo cohfort gives Kentucky, although a slave
State, to tho knavish Nebraska plotters. The
Eouisvillo (Kentucky) Courier, of Tuesday, quotes
tho language of lho bawr York Kxprem "Senator
Douglas has prepared his bill to go through the
lloiise under the prerious question like a streak
of lightning without a word of debate on it" und
"This may be culled tho second degree in this
nefarious scheme of wrong, nnd it is just about
upon a par with the first, Tbe man who could
deliberately connect such a measure as the repeal
the Missouri Compromise, for the purpose of
making iiunseii more conspicuous as an aspirant
for the Presidency, is of all others the man to seek
stitlo the voice of debate Hi eonduet in this
matter, he is well aware, will not at present benr
the light honce the previous question mast be
called, the parliamentary screw applied, and the
measures hurried through Congress with the most
ndocent lmsto. When the scheme is consumated.
Douglas calculates ho can stalk abroad with the
flush of victory on his brow, and silence all cavil.
But ho will find himself sadly mistaken ; and when
is for the second time laid upon the shelf by his
party, he will have the melancholy pleasure of
tracing one resomblance at least between himself
and an ambitious ancient :
"He who of old would rend the-tmk,
Dreamod not of the rebound 1"
TnE Pay Fixed ! The 10th of Msy, 1W4. is tho
junction of the world.
The Wouin's r n r.. What is
man's bill." his Wn defeated
Koiiiiri-. i ne v.ommiiu 1 lines snvs: "it was
simply a bill to prevent a thriftless husband from
spending his wife's property wilhorJt her consent."
I" the Fcbninry No. of The rhn6yrdhic lie
witter, published at Cincinnati, Ohio, the editor,
Ben. Pitman, in a letter, dated "Out West," "from
Brother Jonathan to John "Hull n-r.Mimr "
him up to a "Yankee wrinkle," nftcr this fashion
i want to show you that we are a little ahead
of yon In the means wo mako use of to secure the
siifrty i f our people j in January last the Miami,
""' .enm iiniiroafi company ottered a
. series r tiriies Tur mrninmit ;.,; -,i, ...
i cers of tlint t,,t,l k t..L ,t .1
awarded, nnd the followir I, t?,o list of the sue
tho rcssful competitors, together with tho prizes, nnd
.1.. . 1 .-. I- ... T
wiu oo;ncis ior wmen tnoy wrro awarded ;
"1. To Mr. Albert Watts, for having run the
greatest number of miles w ithout accident, a Silver
'"i. To Jeremiah Ealnn, tho second prize for the
some, a Silver Oublet.
"3. To Charles Bronncl, for care, skill and good
coiuiuei, a silver ritchor.
"4. To Charles C. Berny, tho second prize for the
line, a Silver Cloblct.
j. lo Edwin Thurston, the third prize for the
1 same a .-silver Uulilct.
To Richard Bromh-v. the second nrizo fur
1110 same, a onver uoblct.
I "0. To Itcuben Wntts for having run his engine
t tlio least cost for repairs, a Silver Pitcher.
Ji tsiE Wii.dot, by inv'tiiti.ai, attended a meet
ing of the Demoerney of Susquehanna county, 011
the 23d olt. called to send Delegates to the Har
risburgh Convention. He made a speech on the
occasion, in which ho told them "thtit. in his past
political courso upon the Slavery question, ho had
nothing to regret lie had ac!?d Honestly was as
much opposed to tho extension of tlint enr? 0 of hu
manity and the country, ns ever denounced Dou
glass nnd his Nebraska Bill in unmonsurcd terms,
saying that if this bill was not nipped in the bud,
ho would resign his present ofiico and tako the field
and agitato tho subject, w hich the men who aro so
anxious to avoid agitation are continually thrust
ing in our faces. Strange to say, ho was received
w an iouu cucers, py a litrge pnrtottho audience,
whoso sympathies are on the side of frcodom, but
who are w hipped into tlio ranks of party by party
leaders. Yet, on this occasion, thev showed decid
ed symptoms of rebellion." Dipatth.
called th "wo-
111 1110 Georgia
NEGROES UP IN THE MARKET.
Negroes aro. to u.o a mercantile phrase, quoted
high. Our authority is tho Mobile Daily Advcr
titer, nn unquestionable ono in tho African raw
material and southern staple of human flesh. It
says that at Starksville, Lee county, on Tuesday
nisi, uiu negroes oeionging to the estnte or (J. S.
Oglesby wero sold nt about an averagoof ono thou
sand dcllars each. The terms were one-third cash,
the balance nt one nnd two years, with interest on
tho last payment. The bst men brought about
Negroes have brought very high prices at the
public hiring", somo field hands having brought
as much ns jcjoO.
In fact thcro is quito ft rage for speculation in
human flesh nnd blood, soul nnd all. "Neirroes."
says our nuthority, "were scllins at tho specula
tion prices of '3.i-'3C. At Scluia, common field
hands have hired at privato hirinir as hiirh as 8200
for th year, nnd first clnss negro fellows command
considerably more. Tlio most common kind of ne
gro women hire as high ns $150 per annum."
"These," it is added, "are outrageous rates, for
tncro is no work at which such negroes cun be put
by which they can realize the money, nt the present
nign rates 01 provisions, it certainly is a tine
time for thoso w ho have negroes to hire, but it is
breaking to those who pay such prices."
"Several negro girls sold, the least valuablo of
ywiuiii orougut c-.'ii, wnno one, a nicciy gin 01 VI
years, brought $1070."
'i'ho demand for. "likely negro girls" must be
lively when they bring a cool thousand before they
hove fairly got into their teens. Wo cannot con
ceive how the latter article can be mado to
poy at such ruinoos prices. There is probably a
sort of mania for likely negro girls in Alabama,
and they bring, doubtless, fancy prices, like Shang
hao fowls and other pets with ns. A". Y. Keemfiu
rest of tho day. At tho Secondnry Department, on
Wednesday P. M.: at tho Hiirh School on Thurs-
day, commencing in the morning, nnd continuing
through the day; at the Grammar Scnoul, on Fia
Notice is horeby given that the Examination of
the different Departments of the Salem Union
School, will take place next week, commencing at
the Primary Department, on Wednesday morning,
March 1st. The examination will he continued tiiP
t tho Seeondnry Department, on
at tho High School on Thurs-
MrFnreuts and all others iutcrcstod. are invited
order of tho Board,
JOHN HARRIS, Clerk.
Salem, Feb. 26th, 1854.
The pupils of the school ns wo hear, proposo to
give nn Exhibition on Friday Evening, tho 5th. A
charge will bo mado for admittance, and the pro-
ccca8 ,or defraying expouscs devoted to the pur-
chase of u School Library.
bo a crowded house.
There will doubtless
We find the following in the Forest City Demo
crat. It is tho only notico w e havo soon of tho mat
ter. Let it bo held, nnd musingly ntteudod.
Great State I'roteat Rullui lo maintain vliihted Faith.
and the Covenant of our Fathers, al CoLimits, on
the Eighth oj March,
Freemen of nil parties ! Gather nn this occasion,
and denounco tho gigantic Nebraska fraud,
Defenders of Free I.nbor and opnosers of the ex
tension of slavery ! Unite and resolve that Freo
NjiI shall bo eree, dospito ot Aorthorn treachery
and Southern duplicity.
Mon of Ohio 1 Moot on the 8th of March and let
your protest, rouse the North, and blast, liko a
thunderbolt, tho betrayer of ritrht and iust-ee t
TO BE HELD ON
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday,
Tin 11th, 12th, and 13th or April, 1854.
To the Friends or Impartial Freedom! In
sending out this our Fourth Annual Call for a
gathering of those who hate oppression and love
justice, we doom the urging of any reasons for so
doing wholly unnecessary. The importance of
frequent meetings of the friends of this cause, for
deliberation, counsel and encouragement, is well
understood, as is, also, the utility of Conventions
for pouring Anti-Slavery truth upon the heart uf
tho people. We will only say that, since our last
Annual Convention, deeds have been dono in our
Midst that warn us not to relax our efforts.
Our oity, until within the past year froe from the
deep disgrace of having sont back a poor fugitive
his chains, under the Fugitive Slavo Act, now
stands doubly degraded.
The Constitutional rights of onr colored citizens
protection have been officially outraged. By a
decision of ono of our Judge upon tho Bouch, they
have been told that they are to be supposed slaves
until they have proved their freedom ; and the
kidnapper, that h has nothing to fear from legal
justico if his viotiut has not free paper in his pock
Thus, virtually, is Ohio made Slav State.
During the past yoar our Stat has boon more
than ovor used at a huutiog-ground, free to all who
chose to run upon tho trail of th poor blaok man i
and if th efforts now being wade hy the Slaevo-
crats of (Vngrs.-s nre succei-sful, not foot of the'
suit of the United States hut may soon bo trodd-Jn
l, . ,u-
And still come wafted to us, on every breeze
that sweeps over our beautiful river, the sighs and
groans of millions of our countrymen, upon w hose
dreary earthly condition Hope siutie sheds one
rny of light.
Among the placet In which Anti-Shivery Con-
ventions should be held, Cincinnati is prominent.
Considering its loKtlon its adaptation to tho rad
iating of the light of Anti-Slavery truth oier the
darker parts of our land a more important point
can hardly be found ; nnd the success ihsl has
attended the efforts that have been made here
attests that there is not a more promising field.
We do, then, earnestly invite all who agree with
ns that Slavery is a crime against Ood and man,
and are willing fnithfully to labor fur its abolition.
whatever other differences may exist among ns, to
eomo together again in Convention, to deliberate
upow the great work we have to do. And our
platform will be free to all, whether friends or
opponents, who deslro candidly to discuss tho great
principles of the Auti-Sltrery enterprise
Confiding in tho blessing of Almighty Ood,
promised to every true and right effort, w e hope to
make nn impression upon the moral atmosphere
that shall vibrate to tho extreme verge of our slave-
Sarah Otis Fiinst,
Anprkw H. Ernst,
Ekward II vsnooii,
Elizabeth T.. Cole. is
Mart DeUr tsr,
John Joi Hire,
II. P. Blvckwell,
Mart M. Gi ii.d,
N. M.Oiii D,
Hoard of Manager!,
Receipts the Bugle for the week ending Feb. 22.
John M. Holmes, Cunnotton, 1,50-5-tT
Mills Viek, Marlboro. -l,50-!(
KliasVick, Fond Du Lac, 60-453
Samuel Jaeksuu, New Garden, 75-402
Fisher Ircy, " l,50-4Wfr
Granville S. fipntley, Orceo Hill 1.00-471
A. Walton. Marlboro, iN.M'.i;
Kdmund Smith, Salem, 2. 00-457
Dexter Pease, Bissclis, 1,50-UH
.lohn W. Carman, Schoolcraft. J.00-I7I
Curtis Gould, Litchfield, 2.00-50C
.Solomon Mercer, Alliance, 1,50-4'Jl
John Mosher, Mt. Gilcad, 3,00-4;4
David Schofield Salem, 1,50-4','tt
David Bull Kdinburgh, l,60-4'.)0
Joseph Jlollnwway, rairOeM, 1.50-518
William Bramble, Kenton, 1.50-4W
Mrs. Ann McConnoll, ' l,50-4.
Kmcline Titus, Charlotte, 1.20-4W
Kussel Davis, " 75-404
Mrs. Jon, " 1.50-4KP
M. H. Lampbier, Oidleys Station, 1.50-4SP
Abrnm Dowlsbv, Albion, l,S0-4sl
William Paine, Richfield, 2,00.-188
Married On the 2d nf Jan. in Knightstowu,
Henry County, Indiana, Ma. James C. Pratt of
Marlboro, Ohio, to Miss AstSEtn II. Ri.f, of Henry
DIED, en the 5th, at his residence' in Atwater
Tp., Samuel Louie, iu his G2nd year.
Tho moral Integrity of the deceased was chaste
and firm. His mentality refined and cultivated.
His perceptions accute. In the stern conflict of
life he novcr grew old. Ho recognized in all
things tho prcsonce of Divinity. The poor offcasts
of society who fell in his way were peculiar ob
jects of his sympathy nnd aid j yet it seemed with
hun an instinct to shrink from the world in com
mon. Amid the circle of his intimacies in the
shelter of his firesido, hi character strong bright
est.' Here ho wa over bountifully gonial, hero
will his memory bo a living presence May heav
en sustain me stricken widow to whom ne wns
more than life, and hloss his bereaved childron to
whom he wns the tender father, the familiar com
panion, and tho close confidant.
DoALDsON.r-On the 13th ult., Bagniero do Bignrre,
Hautes Pyrenees, South eT Frnnce, William
Donaldson, of Cincinnati. State of Ohio. United
States, after a lone; illness borne with patience
and resignation, jto lelt Ins home nearly six
years since to travel for the benefit of his health,
duri.IT which time ho has unobtrusively endeav
ored, in tho various places wherO his lot has been
cast, to ndvocuto many of the great moral reforms
of the present day, among which were conspicu
ous tho causes of Anti-Slavery, Temperance, and
Pcaco. His end was witnessed by many, both
Catholics nud Protestants, all of whom acknow
ledged from their hearts that, let his creed have
been right or wrong, they had novcr been present
ht a more peaceful and triumphant death. Lon
We nro pained to record this notice. Mr. Don
aldson wns nmong the earliost, most faithful and
fearless of the pioneer laborers for anti-slavery in
Ohio. Ho has gone to his rost, but his memory will
bo blessed by all the lovers of truth and friends of
freedom. No wonder that his was a peaceful tri
umph; His life had been a Christ-liko hero' battle
fur tho right, and this final victory could not fail to
OHIO AND PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.
TRAINS GOING WEST.
Mail Train leaves Pittsburg at 800 A. M.
' SALEM, 11,05 A. M.
" " arrives at Crestline 5.30 P.. M.
Express Train leave Pittsburgh at 3,00 P. M.
" arrives at Crestline
6,00 P. M.
11,30 P. M.
TRAINS GOING EAST.
Mail Train loaves Crestline at 2,30 A, M.
SALEM H,30 A. M.
" " arrives at Pittsburgh nt 11,40 A. M.
Express Train loaves Crcstliuo nt 1,13 P. M.
" " SALEM 0,00 P. M.
" " arrive at Pittsburgh 8,30 P. M.
ITI A It K IIOMSAM,, Proprietor.
ONE MILE NORTH WEST OF SALEM, OHIO.
HAS ON UANB SEVERAL T1I01 SA.f
EVERGREFN TREES; SUCH AS
iTirs,1tnc0, iUcfcars, 3unipcr0,
Ao., Ac, from threo to six feet high, of thrifty
growth. Also, an assortment of Fruit Trees and
Urapo Vines, all of which ho offors at tho lowest
ten. xo, 1H04-3W.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.;
Ncio 00lion, (0.
OFFICE, OLD BANK BVILDISCI.
JAMES KELLY, Pres.
Levi Marti, Soc'y.
Dc. SI, 1853.-3m.
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN,
For th ear of Acute and Chmnla Disease, i
in successful operation. Address for particulars,
I"R. JOHN B. CULLY.
Wf 1'uUr, Mich.
Jan. 21, IR53. 3m
TO THE PUBLIC . ;.f
fffK Subscriber having MomeJ &faliA
formerly carried on by the firm of Tomhasvfr 8s-.
ton A Co. fakes this plan of tendorii fci
knowlodgmenr for the lifjora'llty wit! . flih thejt
have been patronised and hopes by close attention
to business to merit a continuance of past favors.
Very Respectfully, . .
Tliotf.is b. TOMLIN'SOV:
Snlcm, Fob. 10, 1854.
"NKW SKKD STOUKi . ,
TIIK iindprsiizned is now receivinc hi aupulr
of Field, Garden, Tree and Flower-seedi also,
large additions to his Stick of Horticultural and
Agricultural Implmients, and will be enabled t
otter dealers nnd amateurs the most extensive and
varied collection of Field, Coliaary nnd Flower
Seeds, Bulbs, 'fuliers, Ac., A?., ever trlsred lo this
market. Tho seeds bsve been cxprtf???t U
order by the most celebrated Seedsmen1 lb jitter
and Europe, and warranted by the growers (rue iti
name; new and superior varieties of CortC, ft in J
Oras, Cabbage, Turnips, Cucumber and I'umpkijj
seed ; Irish nhd Sweet potatoes: Flower seeds ami
Dahlia roots. As the stuck cf the latter is limited;
orders for the some should bo sent iW at one W
prevent disappoint inent ; together with tfiff ISftfTt
collection of AricoItural and Garden Irapliment
to be found in the city, as the diplomas and premi
um awarded at the fato Fair, by tho Stat Agri
cultural Society, will testily, aiuouulmg to
two nun ireu dollars. , . - ,
12!, M ood St., Pitt:
Feb. 1. VW.-Im.
V TltT.ES A Mi SIIIIl'BBKKV.
20.000 Choieo Apple Trees,
3,000 Dwarf Peur Trees, (very fine.)
6,(NW Peach Trees, (new varieties.)
2,000 German Plum Trees, (imported,)
1.500 Cherry Trees,
20.01 K) Evergreens. , .
;'0 New nnd superb Varieties Strawberry,
20 " H'wpberrv.
15 " " " " Gooseberry.' .
Together with the finest e lleetion of Plant as4
Shrubs ever offered in this market, for sale by
E. R. SHANK LAND,
12lt Woo l St., Pitts.'
Feb. lt, lK54.-oin.
Six bushels of these Celebrated Pea t, by planting
which, as much fodder can be raised ou oue aore a
can be raised off of tire of antthhig else that eaa
be sowed, and it is bettor for the soil than cloven
Just revolted and for sule bv
E. R. "SUANKLANP,
120 Wojd St., Pittsburgh; I't.
Feb. IS, 1354.-3 m.
(curly six weeks,)
(a very largo variety and
Xtw itfuTholce Tariclirs of Tcgtlablri tfif) ttilL
Chinese Eight flowed Corn,'
Improved Dutton '
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain June Potatoes, (very fine,
W'iniicbagn-, " (very prolific,)
Mammoth N'utmeg, '.'
Peach Blossom, "
Early Whito Morcer "
A ih Leaf Kidney "
Bay wood Seedling,' '(....
Sweet I'latoes, n' new variety from North Caro
lina. It has proved the most prolific and desirable;
for northern culture that 1ms ever beeu introduced
in this market. , .,.
5S New Varieties or Cabbage Seed, (Imported,)
0 " " ' Celery "
25 ' " " Cucumber " "
40 " " " Oruss " "
Ordors Respectfully Solicited, and Promptly
E. B. SIIANKI.AND. Seedjha.
No, 12l, Wood St.y Pittas Pa
Feb. iS, 1854.-3 m.
EAOS I.. WOODS,
co its bun i, coLinBM cfltsti, oiiitf,'
0tcmn Engine Cutllicr.
STEAM ENGINES of various sixes, const'rtie
cd upon the latest approved plan, that eamtot, fail
give as gooij sutisiucnou us our im w 111140.
Patterns of all kinds, mado to orjir.-, All work
made of good material, and warranted to civ 4
good satisfaction as any ether.
Feb. 11, issi.-tl
id lloab Engineering 1 1
INSTRUCTION in these bratcbe.of rrc.tioi
Science will bo given at tbe Union S. fiool, MarD
biro', Stark Co., during the Spring Teimn t
mencing -March ma und continuing itunoca
Rc'iilar FIELD PRACTICE with tbeComnas.
bevelinir und Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting nud Drafting, will forns
essential part of the course. ,
Tuition per 1 1 woks, $V?0. With the pnvileg
Mathematics, tleulog?. Expcrimentnl Chemistry,
Physiologv, Single and Doable Entry Book Keep
ing, $7,50. . , .
Common Branches, $,i,WJ; Higher Uranche a
nbovc, f-1.50, Engineering, Cccman L-inguazv,
Mathematical uud Prospective Drawing; each $2,00,
For particular, addrct tho Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1851.
SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN
The subscriber lin'rifii locrted ii this place, it
aga'.u prepared to instruct students iH the icitbc
JTna'lomv, Physiology nnd Hygiene, or lb
practice of Mcdicu.e and Surgery. And in addi
tion to liis former extensivo means for demonstrat
ing the various subjscct, has recently added largely
to them by expeusive purchase from Franc
Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence th
Hrst of March, and tq those Uosirou of etailiug
themselves of tho summer. Ouurso of studios, it
would be udvisablo to bo hero at least, two week
i.revinuslv. Ho would also announco that he U
prepared to practice in his P-'- '. J-
IV 1 VI A ." ve
Salem, Jan. 21, 1854.-4w
THE PLACE TO G'Ef fot'R LIKENESS.
IIUXT & IiOONE;
Hu'vq oponcd, In Johnson A Horner' block, th
lnrgost and finest Daguerroiau (looms in Eastern
Ohio, whore they nto constantly tuk.mg, pfelorsl
leieliisivolv on tiulvariited Plates inruaslin all
others in durability, beauty of -finish, and axUsli
sty'.o. Our facilities fot operation are of th most
ample; slnd irrtprnved order, consisting in part of rua
ohiuVry to polish tho plate.' By it we. are. enabled
givo the highest polish, without which a' flu pi
turo Cannot do taken, vnr
OF MAMMOTH. MZR AND SFFf fcfoxt
TO TAKE .81X1 v FEHnAS ii
t'Rirrs ravge rRov 37 J cts. to tex dollar.
Ladies and gentlemen or requested to oall nd
examine our specimens..
bAlera, Deo. 11, isjj.
JSlonk Dtedj, Article of Jgrtcmtnt. Judgment
Nol's, f'ummoiii und Eeccutiohi for t!t f (ii