Newspaper Page Text
COMMON SCHOOL FACTS.
MAfrt taxes her banks to the amount of twenty
thousand dollars a your for the support of common
schools. The income of a fund derived from the
aula or public land. Is -even thousand more, nn.l
every township is obliged by low to raise aniiu illy
a m,,n for the support of s.'hools equal to forty
rent, for .,!. inhabitant. Every county in .Maine
has a school cnmnilssioncr, at a salary of two hi.n-
dred dollors. who m.ist spend at least fifty dny.. a
. .,. i., .i, .. i i. ,.r i.:. ....
New II v t r-m h b spent, during ft'i, the sum of!
J'.0i,l- upon her common schools, of which she
Imi 2,!U0. Tho inulo teachers nro paid nn average
of $lj.0;i a month nnd their hoard: tho female
leyhora only ?-".'J0- than half I Now Hamp -
sh'uo has token nioasurcn to found a mnnual-lahor
school on tho tdmrcs of I.nng l'oiid, near Concord,
for tho reform of juvciiilo delinquents.
Vermont maintain 2..VJ1 common schools, at nn
annual cost of &17,'iU'J ; pays hor mulo teachers
$U..V a month, nnd her fcimilo ten hers ?3.o I, cx
ciiiaivo of lioanl. Tho sclunils nro open, on an
average, twenty-four weeks in the yenrj nnd they
cent no tliiriy-nino pupils each, whose education
Costa the Slate i2.o each per annum.
M.is.inirsFTTS expends very nearly tho exact
sum of n million dollars a year In the support of
her 4.0'id polilie schools : besides tho half million
that is paid to privalo school nnd colleges, ol
w hich there are about eight hundred nod twenty.
Tlio m.ilo teacher aro paid, on average, !J7.-5 per
in III : tho fcoiilo teachers. flUlij nnd the
sch'xih) nro open f;oen and a half months in the
yeir. Tiio school libraries contain, altogether,
tjl,V).i volumes ; and apparatus to tho amount of
has Imen distriliuted. Tho State supports
liireo ..irmai sciioois, nnu one liciurm school in
i no latter, me ooys work six nours a day, and study
Hums t4i.tD boasts 3.15 nchwW, which aro
nivut lined at an annual cost of $115, Ilk). In this
Sutc, the militia commutation tax is applied to the
support of the school.
Cowrcrici T has 1,012 public schools, a Normal
S"hotl, a Ilefonn school, and dOJ private schools.
The s.'hunl fund alone yields a revenue of il 1.1.003.
M lie teai'hers are p ai'f, on nn average, l.AO per
Plinth; fern lies, ). Of the teacher emploved
last year, 'JJI had had ten years' experience; i'M,
fivoyeirs': Sim), three vears' ; 670 less than one
year; and torty-livo schools wero broken up
l!.-, .1. !., In.. Al..n... .f . 1
1,1, .IV, i,l l,,J IIK.'MII i:,l.lll V Ul 11IU l HIT ll.-ill.lllT.
Summer school wero kept in all the districts, ex
cept one hundred nnd twehc.
Xnv-Y'iRK expended, in tho year 1852. tho sum
of I upon her public s' liools, which nutn-
br 11.5-7. There are abo 1.-I72 privato rehools in
this State. The number of children taught during
ycir wis S!'.'J,5n7. of whom 4.4 10 were coloroif
Th ru nr.) thirty pulplin schools eoinp,sed exclusive-
iv of C.I .red children, nnd several school, for tho
f.i lia-i children in tho Iteservations. Tho number
of volumes in the district libraries is n little over a
and a half. Tho school, mi) kept open an
average of seven and a half months ; but there
in ra than 2'M,0l)') children who attended'
less than two mouths in tho year ls.V.
Now-York has a .Normal school, n High school,
and (wo believe) three Iteforui school, or houses of
refuge. In the Normal school, there arc usually
from ten to lif.een Indian youths, preparing to be-
coiuo teachers of their own people.
Am-.Jensr.yim l,.00common schools, supported
by an annual expenditure of $272,73". The whole
number or children under instruction is 94,005, of
whom l.D i.l aro colored. Now Jersey has an in-1
vested school fund of very nearly $400,00.
ITexNsri .tani.1 maintains C,C0O public schools at
a cost of a little more than n million dollars a year.
Tho nvera-e rato of componsntion for malo tiaeli-1'00'
is $ls.75 per month: for fumales. SU.dij : but
tho schools aro kept open on an average, only five
months in tho year. In riiilndelphia, there aro a
Normal and a High school. Tho publio schools of
riiiladclphia cost ?7.10 a year, for each pupil.
Delaware has 2.10 common schools, and expends
$13,400 a year in their support.
Maryland has a school fund of $150,000, par-
ticulart rci)cctii.g tho expenditure of whLh wo do
Vnoixi.i, so far ns we know, has no organised
system of public schools; nor we.believc, have North
Carolina, Florida, AUbuinn, Arkansas and Texas.
Sjltu Carjldca suppirts 4,023 common schools,
attended by 0,022 pupils, nt nn annual cost of 10,5.SI).
Governor Means, in his message, November,
1852, says: " Thero seems to hn a genernl belief
that it (the Free S hool System) works badly ex
cept in lar.ro cities. Conducted as they uro in tho
CJiintry, 1 do not hesitate to pronounce it an almost
useless expenditure of tho public fund ; yet I nm
far from bcin willing to roconunond a discontinu
ance of tho appropriation. I am sure tho svstem
could bo so nliorod and improved as to work well
with ns." Ho recommends tho nnnointo.ent of
uiuiuiu nun cunipcieni person to travel over the
Stato to witness its operations, and suggest improve-
: . .. i.i . - j . . . .
Ckor-jia has a school fund of $23,086, tho inter-
cf which is divided anion
; the counties, according
to tho population
Mississiiti has no uniform school system. Each
township has a school fund arising from the lease
of land grautc 1 by Congross fur common school
vuirpotei, every sixteenth section in each township
having been so granted. Tiiesn lands nro leasod
mostly for nincty-nino year. Tlio money thence
aii.iug i loaned luiiiu.illy, at not loss than eight,
n-ir uwro tlivi ton per cent, per annum intorost.
This intorrst is tho uuioiint applied to tuition, etc.,
anjiuaily f.oin tlio township fund. Thero is also a
county fund, nrisii g Vom linos, forfoitures, licenocs,
ct, wliicli is disu iljiited in those township that
ao doitiluto or luvo but a sinall school fund.
Ijciut.t unn.ises a tax for school
ono null o:i a d iil.ti
lar. and a noil tax of oo. . I. ,1 1 :i
each w'.uto inhabitant. There isnlsn n school fund
of 125.025. Tho State support 704 schools, mid
e t,!.) i ll rl2 i,0)J jeir u:vm thom. Yot, there arc
more than 20,0 )0 whiio cliil lrcn in the Stato who
d I not nttond school at all.
TEMXEs.r.F. has a school fon.t of nn .rl. ..,:ti: .
. uv.i... UUIIIII'Jl,
and a half of dollars.
Ksxtitky his n fund ncni'Iv n lar nm 1I...1
mi , , "n- " '
Tennessee, ami expends Ml Lots) a year for school
purpj.es ; but out ur the Ulj.lyj children in the
fciaw, only bJ,;.i, attend school.
Ohio spends s.imewhat more tbnn IMOO.OOO
year in maintaining her'J.'Jlu schools. In one year
U.uo built IHl school h.oises. The .Sinml'"
is In earnest on the sul ject of education.
vrliicb e.,,, Hist, chiefly of Uud is t, be devd
clus.v.1 aid fu, ovor to tho support ot free
si.li.sui nss a scuooi iund ol nearly a luiliion
dollars, which the State harrowed some years ago.
' interest r n pereeot, The (State raa boast
of 3,(wr -hul k,j and aeveuty-aix school libra
yies. - At. (earners reiKiye in neraf of $17 C4a
raUt; ternx!, $)!.:, and the schools m kept
psn six inoiith. and twenty-three days in the
3Iusorai Las a school fund ,1 h.df ,lir..-.
..1 .,i.i;,;.. ... ,i.:.. .... - , 7
., . . .. 7 -
neHjn.oi tnel.we aeaiu.Ii, wbicb swells tlia
moul t be auooslly JUljrWjvUzi, t ?1 li,uu
Iowa kiiai lie t sjt'inttl bes'iaa;' ii bthalf
fioblie durtti'a. The cniiwli yiwi.lrs that
tiajurialaadiiit f I'aU'.e 1 ontrectiiui .t.:i v
e'aoMS by tbe wle fur iLisi sr ...J ,i .11
. i - . . .
IsudsgxsteJ hy Cungrea t fctaie, aj all
m-,w..r.-t r.,,.. ,w m rM,iU ajwnirusai Kiel,
t'uiiuisusf -kbaVs!J be sncliej the
part v eonwrn k.Js; aid 1f hkmv-i rjv,l
xeij.li front ailinry July, saj .U fjM,
fcy fks tn. ultsii U jirMWMWid m ,VJ
a f,.l ,.t and
JK4 alreily ihn fVJitm ayes, fcr cl
i school facts of tho different Stales, wo find littlo
Icnuso for honsting thotnth much for hope. Tor,
though nearly every Stale in tho 1'nioii has rermj
in 'nisrti its duty to see that no child within its borders
grows up in ignorance, yet only a few of tho Stales
havo token up the subject of universal education
with anything liko tho enrnestness which its im
$2S.!t2' pnrtnnco demands. Teachers generally are ill-paid,
ncntionnl purposes. There are nearly 2,000 schools
in operation, which are provided with libraries, to
tlio extent of 11,000 volumes. There arc 06 school
Iknii.... .T T 1 f T7U ,.r I... nn.l M19
f,.,.,.l -M ... b. I -.,'.1 IIli'. 'JO Tim
i'.i".l.'i, i.i.i. mi o . U .ll.Ml'U ni uuiniru.w! a "v
highest valuation of nny school houso li $5,550,
(mid the lowest, $1.50
. , , , .. . . . , .
I . t.NLtroFvtA hns mndo splend.d rrov.s.on for the
' f",ur' J !,c ,co';" j'""'"'0 '''' "''I'",";
1 R '.'"'nlondanl ol Publiu Instruction, to hold
! r,'r ' J n. ' fame instrument,
!'" I"'" ' H' lands granted to the
" " f,,r "''"'"''. ' MH).tm acres granted to now
. states under the act of Congress, nnd estates of
persons dying without heirs, shell ho a fund, tho
interest of w hich nnd tlio rents of unsold lands
jure to to nj.pmviiat.'d to tho support of common
schools. Tho Legislature has established a Board
of Education for tho Ktntc. consisting of the Uov-
ernor, the Suporintendniit of Public Instruction,
land the Surveyor General. Each town elects three
persons as commissioners of schools for the town.
and a eonstnblo as a common school marshal.
Provision isnlso made for t'ounty Superintcndimts.
Tho I.ci'islatoro tins devoted oiic-twenlietli part of
tho tax upon real nnd ncrsonnl property to the
support of con loon schools. Tho public school
system Is already in operation, and more than $1,
0IH) children are reported to bo under Instruction.
For tho free instruction of tho neonle. therefore,
fhero are in the whole foiled Stales, in round num
bers, 00,000 schools, of which sum more limn half
is expended by the two Stales of New-York and
.Massachusetts. In this survey of the common
nou mnrc, iii-quaiineil : nnd it is n startling lact
that the people of the I'nilcd States pay quite hull
vs much eery year for tho support of their dogs ns
they .i for tho education of their children. A
well-informed man is still a rarity, nnd multitudes
of tho people "spell character with a k," and are
ready to affirm, that "oats is cheaper than they
was l.ust year." If, me Juiinutl.
THE CINCINNATI SCHOOLS.
i " c" wur,n ."""' vcr, even by one not personally
! !,,,U?.''!"ca. '," ll,u uf ,lle '""' bero.
i 1 "R'"""111 " " J"-t right to be proud of hcrcoin
thn i ,, 'y1" 11 "u,ro complete ono does
. ("dieve, cxit. llio win da city is divided
I ,lUc0" '''-''. " ,'' of which are large
! "." col'u'JluU'".cli.il edilices. Tho schools in
"K'M! 1110 H graded, nnd employ from six to twen
million yl" teachers each uiaking, altogether, one
j llca "" '''''.v-threo teachers ; nnd tho uuni
were ''vr. ' """Mantly being mcrcancd, as tho law rc-a-h'inl
I'l" them to ointdoy nn additional teacher
wl,c"cvor 1 !e n'''"T of pupils in any bouse
""""'''t to lorty over an avcingo of forty to the
,eiul"'r- In addition to tho common schools, tlicre
'V '-l""'l.H . which every child in
tho city has access without cost by qualifying
i itfclf .j pass tho examination required. These
j tlio Woodwnrd und Hughes high schools are
under the most nblo superintendence, nnd design
: giving as thorougJi a c.urso of instruction as is
giicu at most of our Western colleges. So that
evvty cliiM in tho city has tho opportunity of ac-
! !'"'"" ''"""""b'1' collegiate education tree of cost.
I ll'e80 '"K1' l'hou' oxerciso a very good influence,
VP0" col,,,"un lools, both by thoir ox
ers !n,nP 8 .bf """o.'a instruction, nnd by exciting
The letter of our Cincinnati Corresnondenl last
j week, was received too Into for insertion in our
! last number. Somo portions of it, however, have
,,. ' .'' "-' 1 mJ"'s u'cr ouo wock,
i'o mako tho following extract:
'Tho twenty-fourth annual renort of the 1 rus.
tees and Visitors of tlio common schools of t'iti-
" .. "I1". "."! Ijet'" P'U'lislied, and is a document
emulation among the teachers. Tho report shows
ino wnoio numiicr enrolled nt the schools during
tho year, to havo been 13,b08. and tho avcrne-n nt.
tendanco 8,7'J4. Accompanying the report is nn
interesting statement ot the number of teachers
employed, and tlio amount ot wages paid thorn
each year, from 1830 ud to tho present lio.n Vr..,..
this wo learn that in 130 thero wero 22 teachers
Vm.pIoC(1, Rt mi nroXnto salary of $5,1; in
wero uid l?0 1,13. Of thoao lal woro females,
From the English Paper.
HABITATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS.
4 , ,
'"rl "llJ --l
halt story big
aF1.;.;.,. ... . .
unnuii" ui.u, Univ.. iwii mAuril!8;
j ambitious, and cnteroriinr, wh
! lolly, and minds high'-toiiod sol,
build high houses.0 Espe.dally
I"" win their purse, by urst plavinir on their
i ." y , " ur u yariarstc and
heffift b'tk tw a.J ountry, is rempstiWe
i ".'fj" tastes ml the liglwat utility, and t,ro
r.x j " '",,0 will iodclijiiu ly )riW t Uie Lab
MI wa throogbiMit all wdiuijj lima.
' ' - ..
v l t al. '",,-'" kmi.
lhe domicils of all minimis bear a closo rcsem-
nianco to incir rospcctive characters. Thus, inte
rior auimiilH, moths, reptiles, ou, mako very poor
iumiu, "inn. iiiu vuitinu-gnillicu WOOUCIIUCk, llllll
otliur burrowing aiiiinnls, are content with dark.
damp ground-holes. 11. avers, bighor in the crea
tive scale, build themselvos nicer and better rosi-
Icuces, whilu beasts of prey seek sumo dark env-
?rn lr,im 1,i.tU t0."n.v lft'i in search of haiv
i IchH liri'tf. in. in vim. i t I ...
less prey, and in which to deposit thoir boot v.
v'..l i. f. .... i .. i .... . . J.
lu.mi.g iub.1, uu'.u on mo ground, swimming
ones in marshes, und Hying ones in treos ; while
i.-iiili.j nle. tll,,. I.. I .. . . , .
jsonio deep wood, mid iiuioicnt'uiid tun.o birds tho
tieo t.y our door or window. Ueautilul birds build
tarty nc.itu, tho coarse-grained gooso a coarso nest,
and thus, throughout nature, tho abode of ani
mals correspond perfectly with thoir characteris
tics, so that tho Juttcr cau safely bo predicted from
Tho law applies equally to man. Tho Bwjuwnn
builds a rude hut, yet of tho lowest t vne of Ionium
architecture, because nt tho bottom of tho ladder.
Hie rums ot rouipou contain only two houses, nud
thoso of rulers, abovo ono story high humanity
then being littlo developed whilo tho HottciUut,
Curib, Malay, Indian, and Circassian, build struct
ures better, and better still, corresponds " with
tho order of their mentality. In villages, too, fino,
laucy old-fashioned houses, elegant, or odd bousos,
signify lino, limey, old-fashioned people
Individuals, too, littlo refined, will build some
oui-ian ii.iu tenement, as unsightly in looks as in
cuuiuiiiuiii uiTiiugciiiciii, but tlioM) endowed
good taste will erect a licit, wcll-proportioue
..v...iiii vvjllll.-. J I1U HlliCK. IllW Ijlff.l
shiftless" asi.iro only U soma but o,l..,.
i.i .-fa ... r...-.i . .i-...;: r. " . ' .7"
.auk, iu.st to ward oil' the major part of thu
d cold, placed iu a muddy hollow, only
t high, and supplying fo,y0f lil'u's noccs-
whilo the spirited.
hoso aspirations are
select einiiionccs. and
nC:;lallV Will thn i.i,
and quality of man's intollect evince themselves
! "u"u "'y build, llu.so who let the inechan-
! fancy, mid persuading them to buihi alter this
miu .InTsZid X wUTL .T
ecuu, a cuilortsbL -j L.Z ') il i " ""i",
residence, which they will liui.b oifa in stylo corres-
, " u"a oruer oi taste. Jn.lccl
i !'U",r "'ing boing equal, tlie better man mentai-
I ueiu'r imuisjuu wilJ he ooustruct, and Uic
1 -"hraclerjijui i,l Llie hoiwa will be as Louse of
. ' coul'" "i Ji'ucrul ruleba msny wndiriea-
"""" uJ eP"Mis, both ways. Meu puesrssiiiK
lueutal sujierwiity ttayoocujiy inCirior tniiitX
' .V '! J?: " UiL- u:lwdi the J,,aV.
!" '-"""-r ici, ureini Kluytr Ullllvnli,, u. , L. :-
, ii uiu;vi v luri
lormiio-us circuiustances tltsa tUeusel
ves. bj wsat r luoitts r s tkousani Mber
c nisy luvsveut given persons from carrying out
tb.urbu.lJ.ng lastesw talenta, yet, .VSeral
rule, a tey mtn wUI b.ild a fancy eoiit .
praotiuil inaji, seuuipuuitliim.. . ..i..C...-:-i
i'f?"?.5 "ur perir man, a superb tilla. Vt
, h ".;.".; a wean man, aa illy arraawd
. .. l: i.i . . . - ""iuui
. ns in-
THE STOLEN HIDES.
Willian Savory, an eminent preacher among the
Quakers, was a tanner hy trade, and known by all
..li t 11 I - ilk 1.',. Il..,l" !..
s onu i no w uikc.i imiiiuij iih v. -v . v'w
a quantity of hides was stolen from his tan-
nery, ami no nan reason 10 uuueve mm mu i......
was a qiiarrclsomo drunken ncighhor.whom I shall
call John Smith. The next week the following
advertisement appeared in tho county nowspnper.
"Whoever stolu a ouanlitv of hides on the fifth
of tho present month, is nercny ininrmcu mn ine
owner lias n sincere wish to bo his friond. If pov
erty tempted him to this falso step, tho owner will
kocp tho wholo transaction secret, ond will gladly
put him in tho way of obtaining money by means
more likely to brine him peace of mind."
1 his singular advertisement attracted considera
ble attention ; but the culprit alono know who had
the kind oiler. When ho read it his heart melted
within him, nnd ho was filled with sorrow for what
ho bad done. A few nights afterward, as the tan
ner's family wero about retiring to rest, they heard
a timid knock j nnd when tho door was opened,
there stood John Smith, w ith a load of hides on
his shoulder. Without looking up, be said. "I
have brought those back. Mr. Savory ; whore shall
Iputthcui?" Wait till I can got a lantern, nnd
I will go to tho barn w ith thco," ho replied ; "then
perhaps thou wilt come in, nnd tell ino how this
happened. Wo w ill see what can can bo done for
As soon as they wero gone out, his wifo prepar
ed some hot eoll'ee, and placed pics nnd meat on
tho table. When they returned from the barn,
sho sniil, neighbor Smith, I thought some hot sup
per would be irood for thee." lie turned his bac
toward her, nod did not sneak. After Icaninu
ngninst tho fireplace in silenco n fow moments, bo
said in n chunked voice, "It is the first iimo I ever
stolo any thing, nnd I have felt very bad about it,
l am sure 1 dulii t once think that I should ever
come to whnt I nm. Hut I took to drinkinc. nnd
then to quarreling. Since I began to go down
hill, every body gives mo a kick. You nro the
first man that has ever offered mo a helping hand.
My wito is sickly, and my shildron nro starving.
You have sent them many a meal : (1ml bless you:
and yet I stole the hides. Uut I tell you the truth,
when I say it is the first time I was over a thief."
"Let it bo the Inst, my friend." replied Wm.
-snvcry. "Tho secret remains between ourselves.
Thou nrt still young nnd it is in thy power to make
up for lost time, l'romiso mo that thou wilt not
drink any intoxicating liquor for a year, and I will
employ thee to-morrow, on cood wanes. The lit
tle boy eun nick on stones. Hut ent n bit now. and
and drink some hot coU'ep. l'crhans it will keen
thco from craving anything stronger to-night,
Doubtless thou wilt fin. fit hard to abstnin at tirst:
but keep up a bravo heart, fur the soke of thv wifo
and children, and it will soon become easy. When
thou hast need of coffee, tell Mary, and sho w ill
alwnys give it thee."
Tho poor fellow tried to cat and drink, but
food seemed to choke him. After vainly trvino-
compose bis feelings, ho bowed his head on the
tat. In, and wept like a child. After a whilo ho ate
and drank and his host parted with him for the
night, with tho friendly words, "Try to do well,
-b.hn.nn.l thou will always find a friend in mo."
no entered into ins employ tlio next day, and re
mained with him many years, n sober, honest, nnd
faithful man. 'Tho secret of tho theft was kent
between them ; but after John's death, William
.savory sometimes told tho story, to prove that
evil might bo overcome with good. Child't Paper.
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF OHIO.
Thereccnt lecture of Judi'e Lane on the Moravian
Missio culls up a nucstioii of history, which has
recently been much discussed : Where was the first
settlement in Ohio? A writer in the Marietta
papers sncakincr of thosn who m-ei Imm,, itni nnllu
Marietta the first settlement in Ohio j nnd such also
is tho popular opinion. Another writer, in the
Columbus papers, insists thnt tho Moravian settle
ments, on the .Muskingum were the first. Now
tncro is no doubt w ho was the fimt born w hite child
in Ohio. That was Mary Hockowilder, born nt the
Moravian Mission. Hut was tho Moravian Mission
at Salem, or (iardenhutten tho first settlement
Ohio? We say no. Tho first tettlement of Ohio
must mean, either the first place where homes
stockades wore erected, or the first permanent t He
me nt. The last we tako to be the truo meaning
settlement. Hut tho Moravian Mission was neither
of theso ; neither tho lirst transient, or tho first
permanent settlement. Tho first transient settle
inent was nindn by tho French on tho Maumco.
Vaudreuil, Governor of Louisiana, (sec l'crkin's
Annnls,) in 1751, mention Fort Miami on the
Maumco. The Fort named, wero Huqucsne,
(Pittsburgh) Sandusky, Miami on tho Mauiut-e, etc.
Tho French posts w ere doubtless tho lirst Iran
liciit settlement. Tho Moravian .Missions of Salem
and Gardenhuttcn, was unly a traiuieut settlement.
It was broken up and tho whites carried off. Sub
sequently tho Christian Indians wero also ill a great
measuro destroyed bv lawless frontiersmen. Hy
1783 the transient settlements wero all broken up,
and Ohio was without a settlement. Then came,
170-7, the first jiermu n-nt settlement of the State.
It is tho classic ground of Ohio. It is curious that
wc should hear more dispute about iZucm than per
sons, in our early history. It was tho reverse
Koine, w hero lloinulus nnd Keinus were veiled
tho mystery of Fable. We know our Kuinulus and
Keinus very well ; but nro not quito so cennin
abuut our Alhan hills. It is indicative of tho dif
icronco in our social history. It is around man,
(not place) that the intorcst of modern history re
volves, in tlio rapid locomotion and wonderful
changes of tho present day, it is of littlo moment
where Jerusalem or Homo arc ; but it is of moment
mid nueiesi to Know tcio leads in tho enterprises,
tho iichievcmcnts, the inventions and tho uioveiiients
of tho age. From tho leaders iu those movements
tho movement takes its ehnrnctor; nnd tho mind
tho tirst settler is embodied iu tho future State.
well for Ohio, that in tho character of hor
pioneers, she has nothing to regret. They havo
built their monument in the strength nnd prosperity
of tho Stuto they left behind them. Cm. Vulumbiau.
FLoodATSr. Rs-i.s t.n.u..!..
ho follow ing particulars of disastrous flooding
blowing asteady gale ,Vo, the -?tl,7
the following particulars oVdo.,n. "
..I.M. l.L..i ... '1a?. . ..T' .
-. . era
l.roi.i-;,,.. ,.r-i. .1.1.. ... "7 ""'
cv-ning, when it soiu.i what abated. The inhabi
. . ,
into the open air, to buffet with the duZZ . i ,
1 In fins n.l.,.1
Tho water m tlio streets was ovcr.,l feet deen.
and ono fcinalo was compelled to swim fifteen ii
twenty rods U'fore she could find a foothold -f
ourteen dwellings which wero near the ba.iks'of
, 7. , ' . r',u" . .y"v""yl. t ho water rose
tourleen feet above high water mark. .Iri. .......
five hundred inhabitants from thcirlnJ
js, destroying their litdo stores of
aud drowning thoir tattle, horses and swine
TKa k m ..
lii.u T IT .1 r "" 01 tT,ha 'tained but
..... , ,,-, . mre ln,UHtr ,
au.1 Sl.rea.l out int., . ... ... i . ..
,u.d llogrinsburgl,. The, ai-o now extending tl
hospitality to their unfort.ii.sto brethern. It w.
uid liogansbrMK "i W ,
less toss, was caused b, the darning of .le h,.
Lawivnoe below, with i.-.. I n...i...S,.. '
yu. 31. aen.
The whole immW of Inrlinn. .;,i.: ,. ..
. e-liuiated at 4M.U Ah.,t 1,in Z k"
I, . . iiuisisiiippi if.vnr
rapal 5 iu Aew Vork, Michigan aud W iinsim
the remainder, eonsutmg of Cherokees, Ch.JtTws
and ni'noles l,UR ia V0,th Carolina, lS
s.ppi and Florida. The numl.r in Mi.J,.Tnd
along tlie frontier, of the Western State, to Teaas
112,000; those ol the Plains and the Rocky Moun
tains, and not within tint nrn-,i t
63lfW; tho, i, Texas. ffl rtMl- liLlZ T ?l
at tW.!)0t): those i. Utah mt I f ,uT " ViT
Sakvrtwi!f' rf"" and 'Mnglon, at
..ii tin rciirc.i inr lie lll.'llt. ILL. I u-arn n- .1 ... .
1 o'clock on Wednesday moriii b, .
oflhowalerand .ho " r
of tho St. Lawrence and lr v if J Lr 1 ,K' .''7"
canoes and largo rocks The ZIJLl't'
i..i .I.- A.?.,r.. "I.. ,1'', u""KUa "ass crush-1
iiiw unuiiiiina It lit! Ill1
THE AGED NEGRO.
ug,v " ii" ikki uiuuivii i.nru uirougu early niuu
night hood and middle ago, to purchase froodom for
A preacher travollinit throueh oar southern
States, was rowed aoross tho ferry by a pious old
l.rt v,.i 1.. 1 I I 1 .i' ..'i
n....s.. - .i nou ma who, nn.l lie mourned tuat ola ago
and loss of strength would compol him to loave all
his children in slavery. Ho laiu his hand on his
hrcast, and said, " Mustor has all my strength, and
1 have thoso old bonos."
His head was whito, and his eyes were dim,
And his face was mark'd by woe ;
Tho vigor of youth had passed from him,
And labor had bent hi in low.
Ho gave the oars hi remnant of streogth,
As the shallop loft the shore,
And ho told his talo of griof at length,
Ere the stream was ferried o'er.
He looked on one, with his eyes' dim ray,
Thnt ho ne'er shall see again,
Till tho break of an endless day,
Far beyond a tyrant's reign.
" Master," he said, "you're a child of Ood,
His seal Is upon your face ;
Poor negro has felt his chast'ning rod,
And gloried, too, in his graco.
The sun that roso upon mastor'i mora,
Rejoiced o'er a free born babe j
Hut the light that broke whou I was bora,
Looked down on a fotter'd slave.
I grew apace to my bitter lot,
Too soon foil my heavy chain,
And often criod, O, why will not
Earth tako back her child again ?
I thought, perhaps, if I bent to toil,
That Heaven might let mo see
A day in which I could tread the soil,
And breathe the air of the free.
I toiled at mom, nnd I toiled at eve,
And I toilod in the midday sun
I rested not when they gnve me leave,
And said that my work was done.
I yielded not to the summer' heat,
Nor turnod from tho winter' frost.
Nor shclter'd myself from storms that beat,
Lest a copper should be lost.
I paid for myself, I havo paid for my wife,
Hut our sands aro nonrly run,
And the freedom I've bought at tho end of life,
Would havo come with my setting sun."
ANCIENT SPINNING WHEEL.
E. H. Pease, Esq., of this city, deposited in the
Agricultural Rooms, a Sninninir Wheel, in eood
preservation, received from Mrs. Ellinor Fry, of
East Greenwich, who gives tho following interest
ing account of it:
"I will, with pleasure, give theo the history of
.i . . t. ,1. . -
ino curious onioning vt ncei, as lar as i Know.
In 1754, tho wheel came to my fathor's house, in
r.ast Urecnwicli, trom .Naraginsot. hothcr
originated in bngiund or Ireland, 1 cannot say,
but it had been in America near one hundred
years when it was brought here. 1777, I, El
inor Fry, spun on the said wheel one piece of
lawn nnndkcrcniois, li in number, ns good as
thoso imported from England ; the ladies here
wero emulous to excel, and wero so patriotic, they
choso tho fnbrio of our country, and toiled with
thoir own hands to spin lawn for their dresses,
proclaiming independence of Great Britain, for
somo of us were so hnppy to have farms of our
owu to clotho u ; nnd our fathers encouraged us
to wear such as wo made. The identical wheel
spokon ot, Samuel try, my lather, gave to mo,
nnd 1, hlinor try, presented it to hrastus II.
Pease, to hold or sell, as ho pleases.
In regnrd to the Spinning Party, it was done in
1780, to celebrate the Fodaral Constitution, and to
encourage manufacturing in the State of Rhode-
Island. 21st of April, 48 pat riot 10 lndios
assembled at the court houso in East Greenwich,
with their own wheels, their own flax, and f jr their
own use spun lis skeins of linen ynrn in one day.
irom sun-riso to setting nt night; one lndy spun
seven skoins and ono knot, it being the most spun
by nny one of the company : there were several
that spua six skoins in tho same timo ; the usual
custom was two skeins m one dny for each to spin
There was a festival in Proviccnce, in 1700, where
there was a splcndod ox roasted, called tho feder
al Ox. I was there at the time, nnd saw the ox
whilo roasting. This may not be interesting to
meo, so i win omit saying moro on this suiyoct.
I herein sign my name this 8lh dny of the 4th mo.
Jour. K. r. State An. Society.
SENTENCE OF DEATH.
, 0lI obstinancy, continued to spread and publish
j " l"ar as to print books against Ood the Father,
of 'ho Son, nnd tho Holy Ghost, in short, against the
It ,rue foundation of the Christian religion, endeavor
was '"R ' cause a disturbance in the church of Ood,
whereby many souls might havo been dostroyod
undono (a thing horrid and dreadful scandalous
' nn1 Infecting), and that thou hast not been ashniif
jed nor afraid of rising up against tho divine Ma-
i V Bon' Hna 01 "ie. "" Ul,,,6t- ou'' uo"
"n?, ''" fi've in' writing, we
con1lc'"n. '''-'. Micuixi. Sfhvetus, to be bound,
n'",1 "I' ,,,e ll'lCe f allo,, "'T1' and tll
to be fiiKtened to a post and burned a iva will. tl.
Passed upon Michael Sorvetus, by tho Syndics
- r i ' ,i. u-.i. r-..i i ., -
oi vjcnutu, on me d.t in ui vyciooer, iojo.
"p. Syndics, judges of criminal causes in this
having soon the process drawn up before us,
i ,lt ''l0 instance of our Licutonnnr, against thco,
M 'ciiael Skrvetus of I'lVanncra, in the kingdom
of Arrayon iu Spain, whereby, and also by the
voluntary confessions mado iu our presence, and
repented several times, and by the books produced
before us, it plainly appears to us, that thou, Se
VETtis, hast long ngo put forth a false and horeticnl
doctrine j nnd that, slighting all remonstrances
nnd rcprools, thou hast, with a malicious and wick-
i 7. i i- . . ' . . 9. ? u", " on:
I "V!" ,u I""? V' w.orm V" . W 4
' Minkintr heretical poison f,
or theso causes und
desiring to clear the
infection, and to ent
such a rotten iiiotnLeii l.nvin.. i.i...hiiIu.i .-..
citizens, ami invoked the nniuo of Uod to
' n . - -- - --".j .j'niii". uu.uiu
ourt-jc. Buying, in u.e name ot the l ather and
. ... j
.JT.tUm.miV!' l,Un J.and Prin.to1.
. .... ...j ....iij iiv luulc,. iu anuvn , nnu inus mou
shult end thy days, to givo an examplo to others
w ho would do tho like. We commend you, our
Lieutenant, to cause our present scutcuce to be put
A Monstkr Si'i-ensTiTiov Shop. Tho Catholics
in New York !...-. ...,t . i.: ..n....
and will erect in that it.' !....
cathedrul in America. The bill dinir will b 'AM
.... j - i n .' ...
feet in depth by 105 iu breadth, auiF will be sur
mounted by an immense doino, having a diameter
oi uw icct. i bore will also be two lofty tower.
1 he height of the nave will be 10 J feet. The nuv-
K-rials to lie used are almost wholly stone and iron
1 he building will contain sixteen chapels and
three organs, one of which will be of great sise.
Its locsiu.il will be on the corner of the Fifth Ave
nue and Forty-eighth Street. The cost la exoeo-
ted to be aliout SM0O,0tHj.,erica J'utriut.
A Voice moh tbe Olo Lins 1 Horsier Don.
gW Nebraska. Let no member of Cvngreat tote
fitr Dougliu' bill for Territorial GueernmctU to Are-
bratica, 7 ana do. tkeu had not belter return l)hu.
-mark ill Much as we desire the organisation of
neuraiK, we would ratuer wait until alter anothnr
election lor member ot Uongross, than hare such
a uiu pass, now contemptible meu do appear,
when tlmy resolve at Ilaltimore against agitation
of tlie slavery subject, and then repair to Wash
ington, and open the now-wow. anew. Tim
clap-trap politioians must mean that they alone
have the right to talk on that subject, and nobody
else. Hy such a eourse. Mr. Douirlas ma t
himself elected to take ears of hi 140 slave in
Mississippi, butheean never reach the Pre'.ilnn,.i "
i Sandusky VuUy Mirror,
JUST receivod at JOHNSON
fine assortment of
& HORNER'S, a
both long and square, at pricos ranging
TEN TO TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS.
JOHNSON & HORNER,
October 28, 1853.
SUCCESSOR TO OOODALI CO.,
And Wholesale Dealer in
Cloths, Cnsslmerci, Doeskin, Vesting
Over-Coatings, Satinotts, Tweeds, Jeans, Flan
nels, Sorges and Linings, and a variety
of other Woolon and Iomostio Goods.
41, SAXK STIIEET, CLKVELAKD, 01110.
Havintt taken the extensive Stock of Qoodate
k Co., oilers it to tho Trndo on the most favorable
forms, nnd solicits acontinuauco of patronage from
tho old friend j and customers ot the establishment,
The Large Stock nf i ankce jWion ct Fancy Goodt,
In the upper rooms of the building, are constant
ly hoing replenished ly Irosn arrival.
Liberal advances made on WOOL, by S. N
Ooodalo, who continues hi office a heretofore, in
the snmo building.
Deo. 22, 1853.
BAMEl ICiafEMEB'S rEESIL'l
DA0UERREAN CALLER Y1
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
havo gone to considerable expense in fitting up, t
opernto with advantage and with reference to the
oomfort and convenience of thoso who may favor
us with a call; in short, we aro permanently lo
cated Our rooms are In tho
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0.
Call and sco us. You will Ond our recoption rooms
neat and comfortable.
Can bo surpassod no whero in tho State. Oisr
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages, taken Lira
i.ikk, oa No charge! 1 Our prices rango from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Past cxporience, and proscnt
advantages, ennblo us to tnko Good Likenrxaes, at
very rea.ionaOle Kale. Doing, also, postod in an
tho roccnt improvements of tho nrt, our timo and
entire nttention shall lie to render mil sntislaction
Sick or doi'cased persons taken nt thoir room.
Our motto, is KavM.MUK.
N. B. Persons wishing Picturos taken on Oal
vanned l'latos, can do to without extra charge
Slay Rooms open from 6 o'clock, A. M., nntil
P.M. . Junn31st,18S3.
Korth Side Main-fit., One Door Kent of th Salem
ISook-btore, batrm, vino.
Coat. Vests, Pants, Ac, Made to Order and War-
rnntod to Give Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Businoss in all hi Branches, ear
nod on as heretofore.
DR. GEO. W. PUTTIT
Respectfully tonder hi profossional sorvice to
th. citizens of Marlboro and surrounding country,
Office in the room rocontly occupied by Dr. K. O
SEFEEIOR STREET, CLEVELAND, OHIO,
II. B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON' LUSK,
4 II. DWIGIIT STRATT0N.
II. B. BRYANT, Professor of the Science of Ae
J. WASHINGTON LUSK, Prof, of the Spencer.
tan nystem ot ronmnnshin.
JWitilll Slli vi JU., Asseciato 1'rol. in tho
W. W. HARDER. Assistant Prof., in the Book
Hons. Jt'DOE STARKWEATHER and II
CLARK, Lectnrors on Commercial Law.
Pais. ASA MAIIAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
EMERSON E. WHITE, Lecturer on Commercial
For full course in Double Entry Book-keeping
nnd other Dp partition!, time unlimited, $-10,00
For full course in Ladies Department, - 30,00
For separate course in Practical Penmanship, 5,00
For various styles in Ornamental Writing as
Tho Principals of this Institution, desien mnkinz
it ono of the best mediums in the United States
for imparting a thorough practical knowlcdgo of
tho various duties of tho Counting Room and busi
ness pursuit in general.
THE COURSE OF INSTRUCTION, embraces
Book-keening by Double Entry, as applied to the
various departments of Trade, Commerce, and
Manufactures, comprehending tho host forms now
usod by tho most flourishing and eminent estab
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
at Wholesale and Retail, on Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Banking, Steninboating,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, 4c,
Commorcial Calculations and Correspondence, em
bracing every variety of business computation,
and familiarizing the student with the Commercial
Technicalities and I'hrasoology of Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY is a new feature
in Moreantile Schools, and bavins it. origin a.
dues in this Institution, much will bo done to make
it an instructive and pruflituMo branch in the Lec
Tho Spencorinn System of Practical Penmanship
in all its forms, will be taught by its Author, P. R.
Spencer, and J. W. Lusk. No Institution in
America offer superior facilities to this for impart
ing a Rapid and Systonintio Hand Writing. Gen
tlemen and Ladies in nil parts of tho country,
desirous of qualifying thomsolvos for Teachers of
tli is unrivalled and popular System, will find thoir
wants met at this College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT i entirely
separate from the gentlemen's, and is fitted up iu
a splendid and convenient stylo. Many Ladios
are now reaping the benctil of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and
responsible situations. Females dosirous of at
tainting a aiorunntuo Scliool, will Bud the facilities
for study olio red at this Institution, superior to
aujr uiuer iu mo uniieu oiaies,
Applicant can enter upon a course of study at
any timo during the yoar.
Diploma are awarded to student who sustain a
The Principal bavs an extensive acquaintance
with business men throuirhout the West, ami c.n
render efficient aid to graduate in securing situ
ation. Th suit of Room occupied bv this College, are
more spacious, and are fittod uo in a more elufmnt
and convenient manner than any other like insti
tution in the United States.
taT Send for a Circular by mail
Uo. 31, IW3.-1
RAL.E7I, OHIO. DEALER lit
nrirrilS the lareest and most varied assortmra
of Ooods in his lino, to be found in this part of tbs
State; which the public aro rcspooiiany o...
Hi Stock comprises in part, the
Wttorieal Tiers of Jotqihnt, IMlin,
Gilbon, Hume, Macauley, niuiaio, -dreth,
Too numerous to mention," embracing all 'lis
principal Poet from Shakespeare, to - Alexander
THE SCIENTIFIC WORKS
of Vre, Ihimholt, Lycll, Jitrhrock; SI. Mn, flrc ,
J .' . . . . . fr....l. u. II. -.,.! f:Ltnl
utoy, agaisu, imyn .u...vi
ALL THE PRINCIPAL
nicdicnl Works, now In use.
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN 0RUAT
A Splendid nssortmontof FANCY GIFT B0OK.V
and ALBUMS, for tho Holliday.
THE LIFE OF HOPPER, KARRATITB OT
AO It TIM VP
A Lady' Voyage Round tho World, aad an sad
less variety of other Miscellaneous Book.
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to eve
ry ago and of all sixes and prices. MCSI0
HOOKS, V holesalo and Kotau.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS BEGIOW
Wholesale ana Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Pass Books.
Fifty doxon Slates. Writing Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and MaUriali
Matorials for Flowers.
COED AIM STEEI. PENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prin
ters' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fancy
Articles, 4c, &e.
In addition to which, is a largo Stock of WALL
AND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will U
sold cboap for CASH.
October 23, 1853.
Tlie Sugar Creek H ntcr Cure.
TUTt VP n:i. C.,.,.1, r.f Mn.u;ilr.n niit ill.
charge of Dr. Froasc, is supplied with pure soft
epriiig wator, and conducted on pure Hydropathi
principles. Wo givo no drugs. They aro only
hindrances to the radical cure of disease. The suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of tho virtues of pure tojl voter, a pro
per diet, 4c,
Terms $3 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hydropathi
Instituto, and Editor of the Nichols' Hoaltb Jour
nal, in noticing tho Water Curo movements of th
country, say of us:
" Dr. Frios, a most thorough and energetio phy
sician, has a Water Curo at Sugar Crook Falls, 6.
His terms are very meliorate, hut there are few
places we could rocommond with greater confi
dence." jiuurcas, nr. o. ireaso, uoaruon iuius, iiuea
rawas Co., O.
J0IINS0N & HORNER'S
I.nrce flu il Couimoalioua New Mtrs.
IS now opon for the accommodation of tho Publio,
with a large and well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS.
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilt,
Brocha, Silk, Thibet, and Bay Stuto Shawl, Em
broidery, Ribbons, Boots nnd Shoes, a large stock
of Gum Shoes, sold nt Massachusetts prices, Dress
Trimmings in grcnt variety, now style of Lac
Veils, and Ladies' Gum Boots, ei incil.ing now.
Ours is tho only storo in town that has a good
light. Wo havo been at grcnt expento to put
Sky-Light in our store, so that our customers will
uot havo to buy their goods in tho Dark. Ws ars
determined to keep up with tho times; Heady Pay
and Small Profits.
P. S. Goods expressly for Friends, foes, and all
tho rest of mankind, who want Cheap Good W
wish to inform the Publio thnt we have tho largest
stock of Dress Silks in town ; in fact we wish it to
bo understood that our storo is lhe Silk Store of th
place. And wo nro not too modest to tell what ws
havo to sell,
JOHNSON & HORNER.
Oct. 11, 1853.
Tbe Wonderful and Thrilling Narrutlvi
TUC KID.VAPrEO KEW-YOnKER, WHO WAS
TWELVE YEA Kg A SLAVS
in the distant South, and finally roscued, in a
providential manner. Tho Book corroborates th
adage, that " Truth is stranger than fiction." It
hns received tho unbounded recommendations of
the freo press.
17,000 copies have been sold in four month I
1,000 agents wanted, to sell tho above, in all
parts of tho United Stales nnd Canada, to whom
the most liberal term nro given. From $500 to
$1,000 a year, can be realized by active and res
Tho abovo makes ono handsomo 12mo, vol., ol
33G pagos 7 engravings, nud is sold for $1,00,
Copies sunt by mail, (post-paid,) on receipt ss?
For further particulars apply to tbs pub
lishers, Dr.snr h Miller, Auburn, N. Y.
Dr.auv, OnroN k Mullioan, Buffalo.
GREA T EXCFTEMEST IN SALEM! I
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!
A GREAT excitomont prevailed in this town, s
fow days since, in consequence of nn arrival of s
train of Cars loadod with Now Goods, for tbe
NEW CLOTHING STORE:
We therefore think it expedient to call tbs atten
tion of the citizens of Salem aud vicinity to pur
immense Stock of Goods.
Among our now Stock of Clothing are th fol
Over Coats of every description, sort aad !..'
Cloth Frock, Dress and Sack Coat.
Twood, Cassinetto, und Velvet Sack Coat..
Block, Fancy, Silk. Satin. Cloth Cassimers and'
Fancy, Black, Cassimoro and Doc-Skin Pants,
do do tSutinett, Tweed and Boverteeu Pants..
Undor-Shirt and Drawers of every discription, .
Hosiory, Gloves Cravats, Stocks, Handkerchief
Striped snd Fancy Shirts of all kind; Whits
Shirts, Collars, &e., io.
Also, Hats, Caps, Carpet Bags and .Trunks.
A large assortment ot Boy Clothing, of every
Ws will offer our Goods as cheap and cheaper .
than any establishment in the Western Country;
we feel confident that by fair treatment to cnntn.n!
ers, you will give us a share of your patronage.
ouii.y iiuuai l'o,,
East Room of Johnson eft Horner' i iXewliu tiding
Salem, Oct. 28, 1853. . r