Newspaper Page Text
A WINTER STORY.
BY FITZ-JAMES O'BRIEN.
A cold, cold night! The wind, sharp as a
I'uiuas.'lis sciuietar. cuts tliron..li H fina .Oiink.
in tlw window, causing my inothcr to continually
her scat to avoid what ahe culls a draught :
liit aa the draught aecma to he overy where, the la
t length lu:n to come to pcrmciiiint settlement
cloae by tho mantel-piece, where alio keeps cutting
out mysterious hexagons mid rlmmhoida from rone
linnon stim, here niter to he united Iit iMinnimr
-flngcra into some wonderful nrtielo of female nn-
.My two aistcranro playing chess. I'miiiy
triumphant oer a chc.k-mnle, leans hack in her
: . . i
chair, and watches w ith an nir of proud piety, the
frowning and cogitative countenance of Lisuio,
v "" i" iiiroMins wiin n inouaanu
strntngenia with which to extricate her unhappy
ruieen from tho impending disaster. I, wrapped
u nil the dignity id nineteen ycara, am ahsolutuly
amoving a cignrtn the aacred chamber, (a privilege
awarded to mo on rare occasions Ly my mother,
who generally dismisses me to my own room the
moment I display a llavauua,) und reading Sir!
"ia iirunii a poetic essay on I rn llurinl.
is iiaoic.iinuuict reigning through tlie room.
iiio iob logs on me iiearili tting out spasmodic
re, nou niaa like wounded snakes, aa tlio
burning, rosinootis juke ooies from each gaping
aptit. Iho click of my mothers scissors simps
mootoioii.!y, and at regular intervnla. The wind
riiiin m. 'r-. "n,,"l,,1' ,n"(l t the window-
.1 i"? n"11 Wan,,"J u '",np in.
J nrougfi the dukv n.n.n. h,..i. i.u- i
-ii-., . ,,- . ' " nmi - r. - .ciu -
1. il.n ' - , " C".r"i'1". Rlimmer white-
.;I.L.i- i :n'- "I'huids, and on the crest of the
.eem 'nV iVl . . ,V'. lln "P n,,kod nrin"
of sorrow tZ. t ? " ,n nltll""Mhose
r .,,11. l:. "'""sytiv ia-
sonorous and so le ' ',J"l7:L,?uM'Ff
kni"ht of Vorwi, I. ,V" """" ,,,D"'U.
ffi z: hVAZZbtzxz 2
vho in the brain ri...r ?'.r . ".rn, ""'I
I'. I... .1
liatt it tl re conies
a faint, irresolute knock nt
mother shuta her .ei..,.r. ,. 1 i..- " " ' L . ' 7
i ; : V I",r "?
" ' ssv.is in , fi iiu. ill IUllVIll tiiinm
i scanty little coat, on which a few
remnants ol l.r .i.l (1.... n.. .i... .i. i . . r
,-, ,. inv in.it oi
vine that lung on wads in winter tune, which they.
o.z s:;ls':;;:.;i':n"'er,i z ixr: , "i:
X r .V Ir',"r"!'!",-V witH a great sil.
ot relief ti.e .,; lrKt , k ,,,,,, an J , ;
Wii.ter? , f TV M'""18 "" ,,,.n P'"""!
f!r n ? V? ,m nr1".l,,e '""!,nn
c , , ' I- -T W'"J" M ,,U con,l"'ion.
no'r.' i? u I'' , ,
iliirc ih a t;ill; oi l man, with a long gray inoua-
w..in., v.un.11, ns it hangs down Ins jaws, tho rude !
(mutches up. und Mv.ng., nbout, and pulls '
insolently. a it it knew l.e was poor, and could be ,
Ilia long niched lnn.ii isasbluena the blue sky
ubovo him iu which the stars twmUlo ao clearly J
unu ne nut) on o
i , . i i , .' , , ' . .
. . -.M..-iing cnim. inai ircniijics most
... o.i uics, p,mr mill?, to i.ury its head
... m-iiiiijr no. i rnre nioaro hdds ol Hint insiitn
cient little coat. Uv tho aido of this pair stand
another cttigy ol poverty mid
v.in.er. j ainaii,
J. V. -.""'1. wiiii preai oiue eyes: pro-
r ' lr'"!e" ""r''. bund
. .i. .. : i . . V. ' . "
i. 1 1 i V- :r,uu"i "ooiiier nine shivering
mid clasped in her arms, and carefully enveloped
IT.- ..f!:'r ',U.rVaw.1, ""'V1' .no.'-tt" ? hX r
I rV. l , " .,n,"ro". '".""cr.liced her-
paic, nnd aecma like a northern mini'-o, ready
to dissolve into cold oir at a momenta notice.
''Who are you r y,ht do you want ?" I said
n , gruff tone : for tho wind blew bitterly on my
cheek and I had made up my mind to bo cross. '
I he tail old mnu inclined his head slightly, tnd
a poke :
"We are Toles," aaid he, in excellent F.ngli.-di,
witli a alight foreign accent ; "We nro Poles, and
have no money. We wish to go to Huston, which
-we hear is but one day's journey from this, but
we do not know where to lodge to-night. We
ro here to ask vou for a night's shelter.'"
"P.cih!" avid I, swinging tha d mr almost to;
44 e know nothing nlmut vou, and ucver admit
Legiira. e cniinot do it!"
Tlio man fell back a paeo or two, nnd looked at
the little woman with tho great eves. Heavens,
how full of despair those greut e fen" teemed just at
that moment ! 1 anw his arm lighten convulsively
round tho little shivering child in his arms. A
aluggish, half-froxcn tc.i elonlv rolled down thnt
blue nose of his. Ii0 brushed it away with hia
cold, shrivelled hand. Ho noihle.l ,r.,f.,n
inc iiiuo woman, who clutched her umbrella linn
ly, mid then turre 1 to di nurt v.iilionf a,
(he door -as closing slowlv, ho shook his head once
r twico, nnd aaid, in a voice, "God help me !"
n't... -i.i... . . .
on orui unu scarco heen spoken when 1 felt
.light touch on my khouhh.r.
l-i -k"'1"'" S l!J u,t'tli0r' "cM ,U06C roor people
Jiiewtr felt so nllcitd in nil my life! When
Ciot aid mm tinned uwny in silcnco nt my sullen
refusal of his prayer, dioduining to address hiui
eclf to mo, but whispering his miaory to Cod, n
Jiang of remorse Jiot through my heart ; I would
nave given world M have called him back, but the
hideous, sullen prido which was through life chinn
ed up in myiintiiiv..mti h has become like a cooped
bear, put a padlock on my lips. J low glad I waa
w hin my mother ciuua ni.d dissolved tho bonds
with a touch.
"Come back," taid I, "my friends ; we wish to
apoak, Willi you a;;uin."
I am sure my voice must havo been vory gontle :
for as the old Kl turned, hia rugged check aeein
id to aortcn, and tho great eves of hia pnlo, little
wilo uctually flashed through tho dim night, with
iho tiro of hone They came in and tohl their
titory. J hey hud landod from an emigrant ship
inew jork, with only a few dollars in their
possession, which soon dwindled nwny to a fnw
i-hilhug. I'he old man was a moulder of me
dallions, nnd he said, bitterly, "they do nut care
about urt in Xew York." .So tliev in.i.lo up their
nun. Is to g.j to H.wton, whera they had heard that
such things mij;lit find encouragement. IV'ith the
fow remaining shilling,., and what monov they
could obtain by pawning their little wardrobe,
thoy hail etrugslcTl this far on their journey. They
uore liovr pouniluss, and B(rnrce knew what to do,
but tho old man aoid, proudly, "if we tun only
get through this ni-ht, wo will manage somehow
to roach Huston to-niunw, nnd thcu wo huvo no
My mother shut ihediM.r: but thi
ime the old i
roan, and luo little pile woman, and throo shiver.
ing children, wore on tlm in.i.lc, and Funny and
J.iixie had left their game of cbesa, with tho poor
queen Mill in prison, and wore pressing round tho
Jial, lutio woman, v.bo eyes were now bigger
than ever, nnd shining with the tears of joy; and
they somehow had got hold of the two youngest
children, and were petting tm Kn,i talking to
libera m that wonderful language, supposed to fx
' he IwgtM commonly spoken by infants, Ihe foun
d.iUoa U wbith u aiibstitutiior'iJm tl,. a r..-
-j.-i . . . : - . ....
ware Uiif.,r. s.r...,. i 1 . ."'y-ft". ,
vTogU&s: ,,y !
day musn't rv so f,.r TV . h '
.7.1 "rf. "V r ""-I nl-o warm 1 1
.1. . ..:..!. .. .?
f.. -11'.. ".T? "UxA it or not,
- fniver or ery. and looked
wgnaeringi, .oout. .itl, ,al ,.di,, of
mother s groit eyes ; and the old man t
And Mi .l I I i . .
.:i..j i- .
nswur, aa ll 1144 thawed in
piu JLiy. anj mide msuy lH.w
Wo..t.b. as It had th.w-,1 i a.T , ' im
',. s. ...1 . : " " ie
- m .1 . "r" iww ti i lie 1 ii
ETl ",.,yr "a lked that
1 . . . 1
..--p, oci jrrauiud.., w hich t-snoot be intw-
rtu lis h:i.'1 tl ll l nun vnrnt 1 Imrpn 1.1.1.H..II.. 1
lnnli., i,. o . ....... .
tangling trom one of her hands, and which she
nr wTM0U,,llfV.W',h,l!,'CU? di"."y. the
J7.P !It.nLU18.C0.ni,f".,- .""ttliouiiini picture is '
..nn.fi- . i-.V I u ?'r' ,l u" )cftr'
sending a littto back, cling, to her mnt.ier'a skirt J
t, . ... o: .,.,, io wiiii tnc other she tries to
r us.- a pair oi irowaers,
n.i.o.'cu rouilll ner lleclC. .-.lie IS slnol.itrv nr.. I
1 which I met their first appeal, and made her hua
changc hand ait down so close to it that hia leira were near-
, ner ami wept bitterly lor tlio wrong 1 had lo nearly
Well, they atnid with lis that night, and the next
and tho next; and my mother got up a collection
j for them among the nelghhora. We rigged them
jail out in good warm clothing, Wight them tickota
on tho cars to Jloaton, nnd one fine, frosty morning,
wo all sailed down to the depot, and e.iw them ofl'
poor wanders that it would havo been
"n !,ie hrih. nd miale-
swept into the parlor. The next nion'en heard
, ,, , v , h 1 , '"Vlin "j
'""-toflWl.li. Itwnathe fittle pnlo wo, an
wi"' " rrnl V- '"K" rnl". though" bu
""'''y cl,ccl" S " ' "ear this time l.,okcd
nrgertlmi. ever through their tears. They had
been, ever aincc, in Hoston. ho breathlessly tohl
us, and had been doing well, thanks to the bless
breeze ed lady who had helped them to get there The
husbnnd modelled his mcdallionar Mio composed
they had saved three hundred dollars, and bought
a piano with it. And alio had said to herself thnt
""i"" r pocKcts. nriMimaa presents lor us all
... ... I . : 1. l -
... v.ii,cu sue wna compared to renelope, and ono
or twoothcr classical personagos, and told useven
c, thing that had happened isSim since they l,"d
left ua. until having talked herself imo a state of
ahe was he.ird praying nubibly. In Indi
lish, that we might ull nscoud into
any ol tho usual dilhcultica.
Kl. ...! l.n- I :.. ..Ml
pretcd by speech. Hut the little wife said noth
ing i only fdie leaned on licr unil.rr'lla, and gnicd
through hor tears on the gills, as they potted licr
children, and gnr.cd at my mother aa aha gavo her
ordern to the servant for tho preparation of a
alceping room and a liberal menl for the wayfarers;
and ahe gazed at me, aa 1 atirred up the lire, with
immense energy, (between ourselves, I tried to
liuaiio on tlio recollection of thnt cruel apcech Willi
ly scorched through hia ihrcndbaro truwscrs ,) and
ao continued gnuing nt every one, until at Inst ahe
'could atnnd it no longer, nod Hinging away, for
' the first timo thnt wonderoua umhrtdU of hera, ahe
!roni l.er.ir..n n. .i....;ui...i ....!,..,. -...1
aohhed out a bean of Polish l.lessinirs. tl.st inhere
. ia any virtue in hcnodiclion, will certainly entiouuo
i .. i -i . -
, her hen ahe die.
, 1 awear to vnu. that when all waa over, and the
were aleeping soundly. I went into a remoto cor-
on their journey, and I tell you there waving of
I linnila, l'olish gesticulations, and far, away in
the distnnco we coiihl catch a glimpse of
that great umbrella, which Ilia littlo woman stil
flourished by way of n farewell.
Wo heard nothing of our Polish friends for a
( whole rear. (Mien, over tho flreaide we talked
about thorn, nnd neighbor anccred at ua and won-
dercd if our spoons wero aafc, and mornlir.ed upon
i .. . A
( loreign iinpos-.urc noil ingrauiuue. .iy moiiier
got much credit for her credulity, nnd "little for
. her charity ; but none of ua minded it. for there
"' wnneiliing ao true in the wiiya and manners of
eii, t nristmna came, winter again, snow,
I 'oo ana ivy swinging nienly in tho halls. Again
it,ir,p,nn',i rrM whi,8 ngain ,,,ao,,,
k was naked nnd sorrowing ; again we were all
nun niim ncurrj nil
seated round the fire, listened to the snorting of
"c.r '"". " " ",ro over tlio lulls like a mad steed.
" "m midst ol n deep silence thnt fell unon as all.
I - . . . . . ... . ., .
on I'lirivtmns nir.1,1 .!. .v.... 1. 1 ....i i.
: " . . V " " t
rnuuiiu io mo Diessen lady who sheltered her
'littlo onea; ao she set off in tlio cara. nnd here she
:, ,1.?. r
i here was a scarlet fortune teller for I.i
r l.mzie, nnd
a curious card-cass for Fanny
and a womlerfiiltv
embroidered needle-vase for'mv mother; and there
wna a nenuii ill inn .re I la lor r .l.,l.n
imnicd, produ. nig nn enormous r.aniiiluie. She
knew he would like it, beciiuae when alio was here
iat year thanks to blessed lady who had shelter-
"er "'"iireiia, unci sue would Have oUercd it to him
then, liut was ashamed, it was
whs a new one, nnd very 'arire!
And then she kissed us all round, and r-rmluced
'an cleborate lettor from her huaband to my mother.
they make ouite a resn.....l.l. !....,
(.'hristinas sees her arrival wi.h
blessed lady, and her cye and her crutiludc are"
as great as ever gratitude are
It is as you sec, a simplo Wintor-s Sury.-Vcto-
rial Timet, 7 '
presents for tho
. KCtllirod nr. at hia mi A
hiiu ..n ........ w nm .. n r
For the Bugle.
Ho, Northern freeman, rouse jo up,
For slavery's chains are rii.ging there ;
Troud Austria (ills the bitter cup,
And K: in's I.ilo sinks in despair.
Your country boasts of freedom strong,
And spreads her sails to every breeze;
Oppression proud deceit and wrong,
lo rido triumphant o'er the sens.
Your country's flag is now unroll'd,
And proudly waving in tho air;
O'er Human beings bought and sold,
lnimurtul minds sunk in despair.
Throo million on your southern plain,
On hill and dale, and flowing rivor j
Three million by your country, slain,
Muat they bo bound in chains forever I
Ho freedom's flag by you unroll'd,
Yo noble champions fur tho right;
And fear ye not the tyrants gold,
Nor Lis gigantic btiongth and might.
Tho Lord Jchovuh's, on your sido,
With power, and might and majesty ,
The thunders roll, the lightnings guide,
And spread tho truth from sea to sea.
Tho wail, the cries and mothers tears,
Will soon be dried liko morning dow j
There is a God in heaven who hears,
As when your numbers wore bufrfow.
Then courago take bo bold and strong,
Gird on yW armor for tho fight ;
And think ye not the day is long.
That error triumphs over right.
Lovek. or "Good Bhaxi.v" ;il i. r.t ..a ..
learn the process by which some of it is luanufao-
. ' ?o .Tt1, . druK-toio clork, iu a lultur
to the Philadelphia linurir.:
Among our customers, were many of the pedlars
who soli patent medicines, etc., throughout the
.States. One day, ono of the industrious fi utornity,
hilling purchased his regular stock of ' Jtateinail'a
Drops.' 'Godli-oy'a C'urdiul.'ef id
penred still to mint something, but to find s'ou'o
dihiculty iu npproaching the subject. At IuhI,
however, he took me mysteriously on ono side, and
asked mo if wo had anything "that would inako
whiskey look like lirnndy. 01 con me wo had 1
took the bottlo of 'Tincture of lied Nniiml.m '
(with which stuff pino wood is stained, to look liko
iimiiogiiny,) iuui putting lew drops into a glassed'
alcohol, i shook it up, and showed to him a tine
Champagne brandy iu color I thon added Home
mor majors,' and made a 'rich cogniuo' (or him
iau ioui n n iirnvriiiB; an. i n iriiin nesiian nir i
wmaary iss.r hko nraii.iy. j ins was a little more
i"i'"u't! twr,,ott,-;bedoterrodby that, and
"""K oiue on oi juniper to the previous mixture,
mal liorr Ide stuff, which Mrt,.!l ,i;.l-i
like whiskey. Ho tasted iL uroi.oui.ced that also
'Kr mi. .,...i..j Z..r.....i. .., . :..T..--"r
"",,;. ' .m ' , --V"-"."'
wi nn in luillIKJiy W II1UKO
.. . .. J'"
.uu" n-v q"ntity of whiskey
1 neror taw
,.r t nvyiirr ins vuFiimirr lurdlicilfilll
1 1 n.rBin i..s . i.ai. .1
IUuiBum found hi. I.r.,.,l V. Ji " ".,PVi
year, you enn judjn ua well na I."
LIFE'S BITTER MOMENTS.
Life has its moments
Of beauty and bloom
But they hang like aweot roses
On the edge of the tomb.
Blessings they bring us
As lovely as brief j
They met us when happy,
And leave us in grief.
Hues of tho morning,
Tinging the sky,
Como on the sunbeams,
And off with them fly;
Shadows of evening
Hang soft on the shore,
Darkness enwraps them,
We sco them no more.-
So life's better motnonU
In brilliance appear,
Pawning in beauty
Our journey to cheer.
Hound us they linger :
Like shadows of even ;
Would that we like them.
Might melt into heaven I
From the Garnavillo Herald.
VALLEY OF THE ST. PETERS.
You have frenuentlv asked ma to air vnn a dea.
crintion of tho alley of the St. Petnra lin er- hut 1
never could lind a lavorablo opportunity until tho
Tho Valley of the St. Tctera, with that of ita
tributaries, is an extensive one, and is the only
portion ol .Minnesota, with but few exceptions that:
good for anything at all. The St. Peters rises
those innumerable lakes and marshea which
ulong the bnae of the highlands thnt divi Io'
tho waters which flow south und wcat into the
from those which flow south nnd east in-1
to tho Miasisaippi. It rune in a south-easterly di-
reetion through two parallels of latitude, then cast,
when it receives tho Hluo Karth Iliver which
seems to push in a north and easterly direction!
it gently cicptiea itself into the Misaiaaippi,
about six miles below tho Falls of St. Anthony.
A moro crooked river there is not on tho face of
the globe; there is not eichty rods of straight riv-
cr, 1 do not believe, from ile mouth to its source.
As vou ascend the river thero is a succession uf
small lakes for miles sonic of them very beautiful
on ouch aide of the river, separated from tho riv-1
cr by a ridgo of hind nbovo high water wnrk, with
here' and thero a channel cut thro' it, by which
these hikes nro constantly fed bv the river. linJ
jond these hikes the land comes uentlv slotiine!
uown to tnc water s edgo, presenting to tuo cyo
some of the finest scenery I ever beheld. In mnny
pluccs along the river the elope to the water's otlgo
is so gradual thnt from tho tick of tho steamer you
can aeo into the country from tiio to ten utiles.
Tho river ia rinviirnl.ln nlmiit onp-iliird of the
aenson for lli.ats of Ihe larger chiaa, and would bo
: .ii .i . . n . . . . .
uin icaoio mo wiioio season but lor two obatruc-l
tions: a sand-bar nt the mouth, and the Hnnids.
about twetltv-tivo mill's nhoi e! nnd it scins t.. inn
that a litllu money judiciously expended would
soon rcmovo these. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, and
Missonrj aro docply interested in their removal.
and it is to bo hoped that the Hebrescntatives from
. . r . ... .
ped Unit the Hep
these Stntes will uid and nssist the eflorts now ma
king by Mr. Hiec, the energetic nnd talented Dulo
gntc front Minnesota, to procure money for that
Alter travelling over uiflerent portions of Min
nesota, nnd entcriiii: tho Valley of the St. Peters.
tho whole faco of nature aecma changed; from the
barren, sterile sand prairica, with their ten thous
and nuked gravel hills, you enter immediately up
on beautiful rolling praties with a rich soil, cover-
u o.cr w mi n lUMirinni grow in oi grass and vege
tation; and from tho elmrt, scrubby burr oak, you
behold the tall, lofty oak, ash, bhick walnut, sugar
maple, and elm. bo where in tho western world
has nature, unreeled out timber and nrairie in such
cipial proportions ns it has dono iu this beautiful
valley, ami that, too, without stint, for it extends
(or hundreds uf miles into tho interior. Some of
theso prairies nre only nbout rive or six miles in
circumference, nnd nro then cut off by a body of
heavy t itn licr. two or three miles wide, then anoth
er prairio, and so on in succession na if nature had
bcon Hying oil' School District. 1 have seen nin
ny prairies iu the Western States which 1 thought
beautiful nnd grand, but eoinehow these prniriea
had a ehnrm, ns cm Imminent ubuut them over all
1 have ever aet n.
Iho country wns, when I lisited it a few months
ngo, still in the possession of tho Sioux Indiana,
and a more miserable set of beings you could not
well imagine. I saw nt ono timu boiiio three or
four hundred of them in one body, and I did not
sco a lino looking mnu or woman umoiig them. I
observed to one of my fellow passengers, who was
an old trader, "What n miserable looking set of
beings they nre." "Yes," he replied, "thoy look
bnd now; but if you could aee them iu the full
w hon they are Jut, you would change your opinion."
1 obscned also that thero was a marked difference
in these Indians tho further you get away from the
Forts; those around the Fort had aore eyea, a sick
ly look and a limping gait, and 1 also observed
among some of tho younger ones a strong rescm-
biunco to tho Anglo-uxon raco; whilo away from
the Fort they looked better, and wcro better in ev
ery respect This difference is tho result of civili
sation, and is attributed to the care and protection
afforded them by tho republican institutions of
America, fire my country I Fire Republic I Fire
America 1 long may you extend vour nrntnetino
hand over tho wild Indian of tho forest 1 It seems
as it government had got tired of civilizing the In
dians by teaching them Geocrnnhv nml Km-lin).
Grammar, and adopted the surer process of Aiiial-
'ci p I . ....
K..iiiuii...i. i iirc-B cuorra lor incieonmi v here
is .Mrs. Stowe? Tho 'nio says General Pierce,
will break up the present aystcm in regard to tho
Indians. No you don't Mr. Pierce lam keen to
bet my knifo, you don't 1 You oueht to .no an In.
dian School in full operation, under an agent from
tho President, and hoar tho little yellow follows
conjugate a verb, through all its different moods
and tenses. Great t'a-sar! what schoolmaster
our Government isl
You havo often heard that Minnesota was a nrvor
country; but this is only true with regard to that
portion cast of the Mississippi river, for if you take
the country from the northern boundary of Iowa
west to the Missouri, and north to the tributaries
and sources of the Hcd Hiver of the North, thence
cast to the Mississippi, and down it to the starting
point, you have then a sco no (if COIllitrv liirrn
enough to niako of itself one of the largest Suites
iu the Union, and not equalled bv auv oun in ncri-
cultural resourcea. In a few years the Valley of
the St. Peters w ill teem w ith licavy population.
The Green Mountain Hoy is already there. Mas
sachusetts already has her colony along Iho skirU
of that "Big Timbor." Towns and Village are
..,.v...., up niong mo banks of tho St.
l eters, long belore tho Indinu had time to take up
Ins blanket and wnlk. The nucation U ..!,-,., i
naked by tho settlers. Where ia to I,a nnp ' 111.
Town?' nud it seems to me there is hot nn. .n.
suer ut Trartrt do Woior, which is plowintly situ
ated on the left bank of the river, surrounded by
one of tho finest funning countries iu the world.
us proprietor is Mr. ihomnson. a rentlemnn In
every respect, and if liberality will build a town,
ho knows how to do it.
This town is ulrcady in the vory heart of the
alley, and already the Ited Hiver trains come
nere ior supplies, which .,, give it imulBI1,e
trailo. Galena knows ull theso advantages, nnd
ha nn eye on this valley; she will make a bold at
tempt t.l tup its trade, and I believo hor enterprise
will do it. Milwaukee ia pushing ft railroad to
Prairie Du Chienj once there she might compete
with Galena; but Prairie Du I'liicii see.,., i., i. i.
extent of hor ambition; she don't seem to undcr-
stand the Googrnphy of the country any furl)
while Dubuiiuo "alas! poor Yorick 1" has h
nerseii ou a -jtam s Horn," and died without a
struggle, amid a tempest ot wind and gas.
An excellent wagon mad could now be got via.
Decorab to yVarcr det Sioux, and could lu
on iroiu .ncurogors binding or Klkador in throe
days, ami wna a great advantage would this be
eiennov. to (he counties of 1'l.ty tn, Allamakee, j
Fayette and Winneshiek; for while pork is soiling
here for three dollars, it would bring at T ravers
des Sioux seven or eiitht. and all other things in
proportion. I do hope that our eitiaens, the com
ing season, will make an exertion to open this road,
and I believe any amount of assistance oould be
Had trom Ualcna and Lansing,
ANTI-CHURCH TAX IN ENGLAND.
w"" ." ivengion nas receiveu a suunen ao
ia I cession of life and influence. They are now cnga
ainong 1 K"1 in compiling a manual for the guidanco of op
skirt mnenU of Church domination in pariah mattera,
an& the official ceuaus of 1851 is just at thia juno
Missouri. ture thrown before the nation to discloso to it that
1 Inhabitants on Minday the JUth ot March, IH01, but
! 2,U7 1,758 attended scrvico at Mother Church,
against 3,110,782 nttending the chapels of Protea
until ! Diascnters alone. So little is tho Church of
Knglnnd a national church in any just senso of the
For some centuries past, members of all denomi
nations as well as those beloncini to no church.
have been obliged to pay tythe to the Church of
Mginna. A portentions movement against this
compulsory tax, is now rife io all England. The
dissenters refuse to longer contribute for the sup
port of the fox hunting, disaoluto parsons. This
movement received its immediate impulse from a
decision of the House of Jords, affirming the prin
ciple that a com pulsatory church tax could only
be made by a majority of the tax payers of the par
ish, in Vestry assembled. In 37 parishes, whore
eonteats havo taken place, the church party have
taken and been beaten in 25 instances. The Lon
don Lrndcr says :
"In almost all those places where the Church
fiarty have proved victorious, a rate will never be
evicd again. The polls have been so cloae that
tho momentary' victory was equivalent to ultimate
defeat. The opnoaition in most cases waa entirely
unorganited ami extomporixed into existence at the
shortest notice. Tho consequences of theso faots
are admitted by the Church party. The Morning
7W, High Church and ft High Tory organ, has
confessed with sorrow that "in a short time
Church-rate will not be levied in ft single parish in
the kingdom," and Lord Aherdcon, in answer to ft
1 deputation of Dissenters, hns nromised to brini
- measure before Parliment putting the righta of the
eonllicting parties on ft more harmonious footing.
Meanwhile every delay consolidates the forces of
Anti-Stnte Church party; the Society for the
t of its seventeen nnd three quarter millions of
I Important Govcrnment Instxcctioxs tit keoard
' "Bias Territory. Col. James M. Gatowood
""ached our city laat evening from St. Louis, on
wny to his agency. We understand that ho
received at .St. Louis orders from W ashingtnn to
"acinbln, aa soon as practical, the Omuhaa, Ottoes,
Missourica, Pawneca and their hnlf-brceda, includ-
'"8 Great Platte Iliver Valley, for the purpose of
ascertaining tho term a upon which they will sell,
nnd the amount of territory they era willinir to dis
pose of; and to get thesovcrnl trilioa to give certain
chiefs plenary power to repair nt onoe to Washing
ton, for the pin poso of concluding a treaty. Should
loi. uatowood succeed, ot which lie haa no doubt,
! 'n Ifn'"'" the consent of the aovcral named tribca
1 ... ...II l. ...:n ..!.- .1.- -! r :.L -,
rt"1 " co'cis on n nn nun io n
ington, for the purpoae of concluding a treaty
'ri.. . r . r .. .
aiic u.Birici ui cuuniry emoriiccu in una proposi-
,,on ony.isnoout one-nan oi tno reserved lands In-
eluded within tho bounds of Nebaska territory. It
is nil that country fronting on the Missouri, oppo
site to Iowa and thnt part of the State of Missouri,
above tho great Nemaha.
Thcae instructions from the government are
highly important, snd Col. Gntcwood will use every
effort to carry them out forthwith, nnd of his suo
ceaa he hna no doubt. If succesful, Nebraska may
. V. 1 - ... ., ..
yei dc renny ior seuiomoni rjy midsummer.
Col Gate wood left this morning, nnd will hold
councils with the above-named tribes immediately,
with a view of repairing to Washington City as
enrly in February as practicable. lie is an enor
getic man, and will accomplish his mission aa soon
ns any gentleman that could havo been chosen.
St, Juteph Cycle.
Law or Mariaoe in New York. This question
camo up a day or two since on a preliminary ao-
S Mention. It was shown that marriago in this
tnte is declared to be ft civil contract, differing
only from other contracts in tho fact that minora
cau bo a party to it, and that the individuals can
not rescind the contract themselves. Agreement
to marry, ana subsequent residence togothor, cons
titulea, with other modca, a legal marrinire. All
eollnteral relatives in this Stuto, as by the law of
I.. I I I.. .11 . .. .
r.iigiauo, iuui is an relatives except nrotner and
sister and pareu or grand-parent nnd child, are
free to intermarry, such ne cousin to cousin, neph
ew to aunt, or uncle to neice, ic. Tho marrying
of brothers nnd sisters or tiarent and child is de
clared to bo incest, punishable by States prison.
Marriage can be contracted by males of 16 and
females of 14. Except the point declaring mar
riage to be a civil contract and the law aa to incest,
the common law is the governing rule of the State.
Important Testimonv. Hon Samuel Houston
U.S. Senntorfrom To x as, in ft locture in Provi
dence says :
"From early boyhood," said the locturor, "I
have lived on tho borders of civilixation, and have
seen much of Indian life and character, and never
knew an Indian treaty violated but what, when
sifted to its bottom, it was found that its first vio
lators were the white men." Allusion wns made,
in detail, to the Cherokees, to their advanced state
of civilization, in agricultural and in the comforts
of domestic life. The Creeks Choctaws.and Chick
asaws, were also instanced as powerful evidences
of the susceptibiliy of the Indian to improvement,
advancement and refinement. The perfidy of Gov
ernment agents, in thoir transactions with the In
dians with whom we have treaties, was commented
upon with unusual ecrverity. As aingle instance
of the gigantic frauds practised nnon the aborigine,
that rcccutly occurring in the Territory of Min
nessota was pointed out. $000,000 was appropriated
by Congress, in accordance with treaty stipula
tions, tor the Indians of that Territory; yet the
startling fact had come to liuht that their loot .
ceived only 00,000, the balunce having boon stolen
vy iiiu vuinpj rcs, retainers anu tnicvos wtio tutten
upon that confidence which the Indian nlucnrf in
the integrity of tho white man ; and they (the In
dians) wore now suffering from pinching hunger
nud blighting want.
Editation im Tcrxet. Tho Boston Atlat states
on the authority of a recent English work, that
since 1H40 a law of the Turkish Empire requires
overy citizen, as soon as his children have reached
their sixth year, to inscribe their names in one of
the nublio schools, unless he can prove his ability
to educuto them at home. At Constantinople it i
reported Unit there nre now 3'JO free schools fre
quented by 22,700 children of both sexes. There
are also six secondary schools, with about 1000
pupils. In order to gain an entrance to thoaa. five
yeurs must navo been spent in the free schools
xnere la also a high school lor young men who are
iiuciiucu mr puunv cuipioymenia, a college for the
same Object, a normal school for the education of
professors, an imperial college of medicine, a mili
tary, ft naval and an agricultural school. Of these
so hools tho Sultan is the Superintendant and he
attends theirexaminations. The publio libraries of
lonsiununopie contain hu,ikju volumes,
feTrcx. This is newsboy's term. They under-
nmuu 1 1, iwcuuse ii is sometime more than thoy
... ....n.l 1 I. ..r. . ... J
Diuuu uuuur. At uiiau uappona mat ft green
specimen of the genus newtbov e-ets stuck with
mora papers than he cau soli, and then his fellows
laugh rather than cry over his misfortu ne. He
geU but little sympathy, and he ia not allowed to
sen out at prices boiow cost, as some or the
wet-goods merchants do, as that would injure trade.
Yesterday we saw one of the tnoat disconsolate
looking chaps we have lately noticed, with big
bundle of papers under hi arm, apparently tired
of looking for ft oustomor, aud night coming on.
One of his cronies came along, and stopped a mo-
uiont to inquire "what lucl
Luck f blast the thing ; nobody will have it at
half price. I'm stuck."
What have you trot f What nanor la lt Wh
you fool, did n't you know bettor than buy a dead
Ciiiien. Good enough for you if you nro stuck."
"Uo back," suid he, "to your CUiun office, and
put ft bill on the door 'CrWoa account of Uath
lkf,mlly.' Your paper is Boechered.-7VtW
ENOS Is. WOODS,
coiciium, coLCiBim cocan, onto;
0tcctm (Engine Dnilbcr.
STEAM ENOIXES of various sites, construct
ed upon tht lateat approved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction as any now made.
Patterns of all kinds, made to order. All work
made of good material, and warranted to give aa
g(;od sntiatuction as any ether.
Feb. 11, lH54.-tf
SCHOOL FOR LADIES k GENTLEMEN
The subscriber having locaM in thi place, Is
again prepared to instruct students' the science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Ilygien?; th
nineties of Medicine and Surirarr. And In Addi
tion to hi former extensive means for demonstra
ing the various aubjsect, haa recently added largely
w mem uy expouaive purcuascs iruiu i runce.
Demonstrations In Anatomy will commence the
first of March, and to those desirous or availing
themaelvoi of tho summer oourse of studies, it
would be advisable to be her at least two weeks
previously. Ho would also announce that ha is
prepared to practice in hi profession.
K. G. THOMAS, M. D.
Salem, Jan. 21, 1854.-4
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENESS-
HUNT & KOONE,
Have oponed, in Johnson & Horner' block, the
largest and finest 1'ngucrreian Kooms in f.astern
Ohio, where they are constantly taking pictures
(exclusively on Galvanised Plates) surpassing all
other in durability, beauty of finish and artistic
style. Our facilities fot operation are of the most
ample ana improved order, consisting in part of ma
chinery to polish the plate. Hy it we are enabled
to give the highest polish, without which ft fin pie-
turo cauuuf vm inaen. vur
IS OF MAVVOTir $TZE AND SUFFICIENT
TO TAKE SIXTY J'EllSOXS ON A
PRICES HANOI FROM 37) CTf, TO TEN DOLLAR.
Ladies and gentlemen are requested to call and
examine our specimens.
Salem, Dec. 17, 1S53.
ttail Uoab Engineering!!
INSTRUCTION' in these branches of Practical
Science will be given at tho Union School, Marl
biro', Stark Co., during the Spring Term, com
mencing xiiarcn itth and continuing fourtoen
Kogular FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass,
Leveling nnd Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will form
an essential part of the course.
Tuition per 11 weeks, $5,50. With the privilege
oi .iiainonianca, ueoiogy, experimental I hcmiatry,
Physiology, Single and Double Entry Book Keep
47 mi r
Common Branches, $3,00; Highor Branches as
aimve, SJ.oti, i,nginooring, German Language.
Mathematical and Prospective Drawing, each $2,50,
For particular, address tho Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN,
For the cure of Acute nnd Chronic Diseases, is
in successful operation. Address for particulars,
Lll. JUli:V II. MIL.L.I,
C'vld Wattr, Mich.
Jan. 21, 1853.-3m.
JUST rocoived at JOHNSON & HORNER'S,
fine assortment of
both long snd square, at price ranging from
TEN TO TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS.
October 28, 1853.
(I'CCESaOR TO OOO DALE ft CO.,
And Wholcanlo Dealer in
Cloth, Catsimercft, Docukiua, VcttingsJ
Over-Coatings, Satinctts, Tweeds, Jeans, Flan
nels, Sorges and Linings, and a variety
of other Woolen and Domestic Goods.
41, BANK STREET, CLEVELAND, OHIO.
Having taken the extensive Stock of Ooodale
& Co., offers it to the Trade on tho most favorable
terms, and solicits a continuance of patronage from
the old friends and customers of the establishment.
Tht Large Stock of Yankee Notions it- Fancy Goods,
In the upper moms of the building, are constant
ly being replenished by fresh arrivals.
Liberal advance made on WOOL, by S. N.
Goodnlo, who continue hi office a heretofore, in
tho same building.
MAXLEY k CaRPEXTER'S PBES1UH
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expenae in fitting up, te
operate with advantage, and with reference to the
comfort and convenience of those who may favor
us with a call; iu short, we are permanently lo
cated Our room are in tho
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call and soe us. You will find our reception rooms
neat and comfortable.
Can bo surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. Wo war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages, taken Lir
LIK.E, or no charge! I Our price range from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Pust experionco, and present
advantages, enable us to take Good Likenettct, at
eery reatonabU liatet. lleing, also, posted in all
the recent improvement of the art, our time and
entire attention shall be to rendor full satisfaction
Sick or deceased persons taken at their rooms.
Our motto, i EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Person wishing Pictures taken on Gal
vanixed Plates, can do so without extra charge.
I" Rooms open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until
P.M. June 3Jat, 1853.
North Suit MiiiihSt., Out Door West of th Salem
Book-Stort, Salem, Ohio.
Coats, Vesta, Pants, e., Made to Order and Wr-
ranted to uive Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Business In all his Bran!.... ....
ried on as heretofore. '
DU. GEO. XV. PETTIT
Reapeotfully tender hi professional services to
th oitiien of Marlboro nd urrouudine country
pffloe in th room recently occupied by Dr. K. O
Thoms, - xf '
Jj. M'MILLAiN, ;
SALEM, OHIO. DEALEIl I
OFFERS the largest and tnoat varied naiortmc"
of Ooods in his line, to bo found in thia part of the
State; which the public are respectfully wlwilc
Hi Stock comprises in pnrt, tho
Uittorical Workt of Jwphut, I'-llin, Jl'"
Gibbon, Hume, Mucttulnj. Wilhard, lll
dreth, d-c, d-c.
.Too ajntet9s to mention," embracing all th
principal Poet from Shakespeare, to Alexander
THE SCIENTIFIC HOIIKl
nt nuniW, L'jelt, Hitrnrnrk, St. Mn, Br
f MMcr and Gvytot;
ALL 1KJS reiKWAV'
Medical Work HOW J ".
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN GREAT
A Splondid assortment of FANCY GIFT BOOKS
nd ALBUMS, for the Hollidays.
THE LIFE OF JfOl'PER, NARRATIVE OF
A Lady' Voyage Round the World, and an tod
ies variety of other Miscellaneous Books. '
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to ove
ry ge and of ftll site and prices. MUSIC
BOOKS, Wholesale and Retail.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS REGION;
Wholesale and Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandum and Pass Book.
Fifty doxen Slates. Writing Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper nnd Material
Materials for Flowers.
UOLD AND STEEL FENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencila, Fancy Cards, Prin
ters' Curds, Pictures, Accordion, Toy, Fsney
Articles, 4c, Ac.
In addition to which, is ft largo Stock of WALL
AND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will U
sold chonp fur CASH.
October 28, 1853.
The Sugar Creek Witter Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Massillon under the
chnrge of Dr. Frcnse, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on pure Ilydmpathi
principles. We give no drugs. They nve only
hindrances to theradicnl cure ot disease. 1 lie suc
cess which has thus fur attended our eflorts to alle
viate tho sufferings of humanity, enables us to apeak
confidently of the virtues of nr toft u atcr, a pro
per diet, o.
Terms $j in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Ilydropathie
Inatituto, and Editor of the Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movements of th
country, say of us:
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough and energetic phy
sician, haa a Water Curo at Sugar Creek Falls', 6.
His terms aro very mndoralc, but thoro aro fow
places wo could recommend with greater confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frcaae, Deardoff's Mills, Tuea
rawaa Co., O.
JOHNSON & HORNER'S
Large and Commodious IN'cw Store,
IS now open for the accommodation of tho Public,
with largo nnd well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quills,
lirocliu, Silk, Thibet, aud Bay" State Shawls, Em
broidery. Ribbons, Boots and Shoes, a laree stock
of Gum Shoes, sold at Massachusetts prices, Dies
i riuiiiiiiiga in grem variety, new eiyio OI JJice
Veils, nnd Ladies' Gum Boots, something new.
Ours ia the only store in town thnt bus a good
light. We havo been at grent expenso to put p
bky-Light in our store, so that our customers wl.'I
uot have to buv their irooda in tho Dnrk. Wo aro
determined to keep up with the times ; Ready J'ay
and Small Piofitt.
P. 8. Goods expressly for Friends, foca, and all
the reat of mankind, wlio want Cheap Goods Wo
wish to inform tho Publio thnt we have tho largest
stock of Dress Silks in town ; in fact we wish ft to
be understood that our store is the Silk Store of tho
place. And we are not too modest to toll what we
havo to sell.
JOHNSON t HORNER.
Oct. 11, 1K53.
The Wonderful and Thrilling Narrutln
Till KIDNAPPED NEW-YORKER, WUO WAS
TWELVE VEAKS A SLAVE
in the distant South, and finally roscucd, in ft
providential manner. The Buok corroborates tha
adage, that " Truth ia stranger than fiction." It
haa recoived the unbounded recommendation of
tho free press.
17,t"HJ copies have been sold in four months!
1,000 agents wanted, to sell the above, in !
parts of the United States and Canadu, to whom
the most liborul tonus nre given. From $500 to
$1,000 a yoar, can be realised by active and res
The above makos one handsome 12mo, vol., of
330 pages 7 engravings, and is sold for $1,00.
Copies sont by mail, (post-paid,) "on receipt of
For furthor particular ftpply to the pub-,
IiERnr ft Miller, Auburn, N. Y.
Derby, Orton A M'uli.wan, Buffalo.
GREAT EXCITEMENT IN SALEM!!
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!!
A GREAT excitement prevailed in thia .
fow days since, in consequence of an arrival of
train of Car, loaded with New Goods, forth ,,
NEW CLOTHING STORE.
We therefore think it expedient to call the Btten?
tion of the citisens of Salem and vicinity to our
immense Stock of Goods.
Among our now Stock of Clothing are tha fol
Over Coats of evory description, aort and six.
Cloth Frock, Dress and Sack Coats.
Tweod, C'assinotto, and Velvet Sack Coat...
Black, Fancy, Silk, Sutin, Cloth Cassimcre and
Fancy, Black, Cassimnre and Doe-Skin Papts.
do . do Satinett, Tweed and Beverteen Pant.
Undcr-Shirt and Drawers of every diaeription.
Hosiery, Glove Cravats, Stocks. Handkerchiefs
Striped snd Fancy Shirt of all kinds; Wlitft
Shirts, Collar, Ao., Ac.
Also, HaU, Uups, L'urpet Bags and Trunk.
A large assortment of Boys Clothinir. of cinrv
We will offer our Goods as chonD and chenner
than any establishment in the Western Country;
we feel confident that bv fair treatment. In m..i.m!
era, you will give us ft share of your patronage.
Eatt Room of Johnson rf- Hornrr't .Vrir RuiUHnn.
SaUm, Oct. 2H, W3. ' '