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t-st conviction of the reason and the lest senti
ment of the heart. It is tho onlr subject within
the Held of Nationtl politic which excites any
.uv ii'm ui innmiRl uiilics itinrn vjh-ii,- mn
real intermit. The oM imttton l;i.-h have divided
the minds of men hnvp lout their importance One
by one they have disappeared, leaving tho ground
to be occupied by a question grander fir. The
Bank, Sub-Treasury, the Distribution ol the Pub
lic Laud, art each and all obsolete issue. Kven
the Tariff it not a question on which opposite po
litical parties are united in Inking opposite tides.
And now, imtead of these superseded question,
which were connected for the most pnrt with the
tdorof the dollar, the country is directly sum
moned to consider face to fnuo a cause which is
connected with all that is divine in religion, with
all that is pure and nnble in morals, with all that
is truly practical and constitutional in politics
1II1L. .1 . .1. .! i . . I
uiuq uiv uiuur iiiiesuonK, i is nufc icinporarv or
Ileal in its character. It belongs to all me. knd
to all countries. Though long kept in check, it
now, by your introduction, confronts the people,
demanding to be heard. To every man in the
land it says, with clear, penetrating roice, "Are
you for Freedom, or arc you for Shivery T" And
every man in the land uuist answer this question
when he Totes.
Pass this bill, anj It will be In ruin that you
say, the Slavery question is settled. Sir, nothing
can lie tciimt Ku n u not riilil. iNothing can bo
settled which is averse to Freedom. God, nature,
and all the holy sentiments of the heart, repudiate
any such false seeming settlement.
Njw, sir, ni irk .the clear line of our duty. And
here let mo speak for those with whom in minority
and defeat, I am proud to bo associated, the Inde
pendent Democrat, w ho espouse that Democracy
which is transfigured in the Declaration of Inde
pendence, and the injunctions of Christianity. The
tostimony which we boar against slavery, as against
nil other wrong, is in different ways, according to
our position. The slavery, which exists uudcr
other Governments as in Ruiia or Turkey or
in other States of the Union, as in Virginia and
Carolina, we can oppose only through the influence
of literature, morals, and religion, without in any
way invoking tho Political Powor. Nir is it pro
fti to act otherwise. But slavory, where we are
parties to it where we are responsible for it
ererywhore within our jurisdiction must be op
potei, not only by all tho influence of literature,
morals and religion, but directly by every instru
ment of Political Power. In the States it is sus
tained by local laws, and although wo may be
compelled to share tho same, which its presence
iutlicta upon the fair fame of the country, yet it
receives no uireui sanction at our nanus, v e are
not responsible for it. The w rong is not at our
own particular doors. It is not within our juris
diction. But slavery everywhere under the Con
stitution ol the I'nttcd States everywhere with
in the exclusive jurisdiction of the National (lov
erumont everywhere under tho Natioutil Flag,
is at our own particular doors, w ithin tho sphere
of our own personal responsibility, and exists
there in defiance of the original policy of our
Father and of tho true principles ot the Constitu
tion. It is a mistake to say, as is often charged, Hint
we sock to interfere, through Congress, with Sla
very iu tbe States, or in any way to direct the
legislation of Congress upon subjects not within
lis jurisdiction. Our political aims, as well as our
political duties, are co-extensive with our political
responsibilities. And since we nt the North are
responsible fur Slavery wherever it exists under
the jurisdiction of Congress, it is unpardonable in
us not to exert every power wo possess to enlist
Congress against it.
Such is our cause. To men of all pnrties and
opinions, who wish well to tho Republic, and
would preserve its good name.it appeals. Alike
to the Conservative and the Ke former, it appeals ;
for it stands on tho truest Conservatism and the
truest Reform. In seeking tho reform of. existing
evils, we seek also tho conservation of the princi
ples of our fathers. Tho cause is not Sectional j
for it simply aims to establish under the National
Government those great principles of Justice and
Humanity, which are broad and universal as man.
As well might it be said that Jefferson, Franklin
and Washington, were sectional. It is not ag
gressive ; for it does not seek in any way to inter
fere, inrougn longross, witn slavery in tne states
It is not contrary to the Constitution ; for it re
cognizes this paramount law, and in the adminis
tration of the Government invokes the upirit of
its founder. Sir, it is not hostile to the quiot of
tne country ; lor it proposes the only oourso by
which agitation can be allayed and quiet be perma
It is not uncommon to hear persons declare that
-i . , 1 ,.......
iucj rc Batumi slavery, and are wining io unite
in any practical efforts to make this opposition felt.
At the samo time, they pharisaically visit with
condemnation, with reproach or contempt, the
earnest souls who for years have striven in this
struggle. To such 1 would say could I reach
tlioui now with my voice if you are sincere in
what you declare : ifvour words are not merely
lip-service ; if in your hearts you nre entirely will
ing to join in any practical enorts against Slavery,
men by yoor Jives, Dy your conversation, by your
influence, by your votes disregarding "the an-
ciont forms of party strife" seek to carry the
I r i' i :.. . . .i - - i , "
)iiiui.iiui vi i icuuuui him, mo Auiioimi viuteru-
ment, wherever, its jurisdiction is acknowledged
and its power can bo felt. Thus, without any in
terference with the States, which are beyond this
jurisdiction, may you help to erase tlio blot of
blavory from our -National brow.
Do this and you will most truly promote the
jriiiouv wihcu (iu so niucii iiusire. xou win
establish tranquility throughout tho country,
Then at last, sir, the Slavery Question will be
settled. Banished from Us usurped foothold un
der tho National Gjvornmout, slavery will nn
longer enter, with distracting force, into the na
tional p ilitics making and unmak'ng laws, mak
ing and unmaking Presidents. Confined to the
Stales, where it was left by the Constitution, it
will take its place as a local institution, if, alas!
.continue it nrrst.' for which we ore in no sense re
sponsible, and against which we cannot exert any
political power. We shall bo relieved from our
present painful and irritating connection with it.
The existing antagonism between the North and
South will be softened; crimination and recrimina
tion will cease ; the wishes of the Fathers will be
fulfilled, and this great evil be left to the kindly
influences of morals and roligiou. aud tho m-ovuii-
injj laws of social economy.
1 am not blind to the adverse signs. But this I
see clearly. Amidst nil seining discouragements,
the great omens are with us. Art, literature, po
etry, religion everything which elevates man nil
are on our side. The plow, the steam-engine, the
railroad, the telegraph, the book, every human
uproveinent, every generous word anywhere,
veryinae pulsation of every heart which is not
A .mere nwicio, and nothing else, gives Dow en
eourajjement to the warfare with slavery. The
disscussion will proceed. The devices of party con
no longer stave it off. The subterfuges of the
politician cannot escape it. The tricks of tho of-Doe-eeeker
cannot dodge it. Wherever an eloctiou
oeears, there this uestioa will arise. Wherever
men eome together to speak of public affairs there
again will it bo. No political Joshua now, with
miraculous power, can stop the sun in Lis eourso,
through the heavens. It is even now rejoicing,
like a stroag man to run iu race, and will yet seud
lu beams iuto the most distant plantations avo,
air, and molt the ebaius of every alave.
Tut this movement or agitation, as it is re
proachfully called is boldly pronounced injurious
to the vory object desired. Now without enter
ing into details which neither time nor the occa
sion justify, let me say that this objection belongs
to those couaun-alacs, which have been arrived
russt erery beneficent movement in the world's
history agaiiust even knowledge itself against
Ah sUirUuD ft Uxs Juo trade. Peihapsit was
not unnatural for h setter from Norih Caro
lina Mr. IUduh) to press it even as veheinoiitty
uebedid; but, it souuded less uatural when it
cause, through in move moderate phras", from my
4istiaguiheil friead and colleague trota Mouachu
0fV s, Mr. Kvxaivr.J The past furnishes a sou
4Tkou)g example by which Us true character may
lifeiriained. Do not forget, sir, that the effort
jufXr'M'uMt Wilberfurce encountered this precise
phieettua. and that the eonditioa of tho kidnapped
JUa.ce jroadiea vindicated, in language not unljke
HHiii senator irom iiuna vsruiuia, vj no
lesss ttr-rsun than ilia tlitVa ,.rri.im,nA ,.f ihfi mini
family, in what was culled bis maiden speech, on
i -.... . 1 .
iiay ou, liua, ana preserved in tlie 1 'nrliainentnry
Defmtes. "The nczroes." be said, "wcro not!
treated in tho manner which had so much njiitnlcd
tho public mind, lie hud been nn attentive ob-'.
server of their stnte, and had no
o doul t that he
vinio their lord-'skin
111' r i
:"1.,IJ ):r,y1f,.r"rd l,r",,f; ,'icon
ships that their state was fur from being miserable;
on the comtrarv. that when tho various ranks
s'icietv were considered, they were compnritively
in a stale if bumble happiness." 'And only thu
next year this samo royal nrince. in delmto in the
House of Lords asserto) that the promoters of the
-1 . 1 : . ! 1 1 i . i . . . . i c . ! .
in'iiiMiii ei oir aimc irauB were emier innnnca
or hypocrites,"' and in one of these classes ho de
clared that ho ranked M'ilbcrforce. Mark now
the end. After years of weary effort, tho slave
trndo was finally abolished ; and nt las', in 1833,
the early vindicator of even this enormity, the
maligncr of a name hallowed among men, was
brouuht to give his mviil assent ns iVillian IV.,
king of Great Britain, to the immortal act
r . . r . c
Parliament, grantor than any victory of wr,
hy wnich Slavery was abolished throughout the
uriusii dominions. Mr, time and the universal
conscience havo vindicated the labors of Wilbcr
forco. The movement against American Slavery,
nuspiciated by the august names of Washington,
Franklin, and Jefferson, can camly await a similar
Hut it is suggested that In this movement, there
is danger to tho t'nlon. In this solicitude I can.
not share. As a lover of concord nnd a jealous
partisan of all things that mako for peace I am
always clnd to express my attachment to the
Union ; but I believe that this bond will be most
truly preserved and most beneficently extended
(for I shrink from no expansion where Freedom
leads the way) by firmly upholding those princi
ples of Liberty and justice which wcro mado its
early corner-stones. The truo danger to this
nion proceeds, not from any abandonment of Iho
"peculiar institutions ' of the South, but from the
abandonment of tho spirit in which tho I'nion was
formed ; not from any war faro, within the limits
of the Constitution, upon Slavery ; but from war
faro, like that waged by this very bill, upon Free
dom, The l uion is most precious ; but more pre
cious far nre Unit "general welfare," "domestic
tranquility," and those "blessings of Liberty,"
which it was established to secure : all which arc
now wantonly endangered. Not that I love the
I'nion less, but Freedom moro, do I now, in plead
ing this great cause, insist that Freedom, at all
hazards, shall bo preserved.
Ono word moro, nnd I have done. The great
master, Sliakspenre, who with all-seeing mortal
c.vc, ouscrveu maiminn, and with immortal pen
ucpictoa the manners as they rise, has presented
nn ii may do rcaa with advantage by all
wno would plunge the South into temnestuous
nitarrvl with the North. 1 refer to tho well-known
cliiilogiio between Brutus nnd Cnssius. Beading
this icinarkal.lo passage, it it difficult not to see
in Brutus our own. North, and in Cnssius tho
Cat. t'rge me t'O more, I shnll forget myself;
Have mind upon your health, tempt me no "further,
Jim. Hear me, for I will speak.
Must I givo way and room to your rnidi cholcr?
Cat. O ye godslyo gods! Must I enduro all
Dm. All this f ay, more : Fret, till your proud
' cart break :
Go, how your slaves how choleric you are,
And mako your bon jmen tremble. Must I budge?
Must I observe you f Must I stand nnd crouch
Under your testy humor?
Cat. Do not presume too much upon my love,
I mny do thnt I shall be sorry for.
fi-M. You have done thnt you should be sorry for,
There is no terror, Cassius, in your tlircaU;
For I nm nrin'd so strong in honesty,
That they pass by mo. as the idle wind.
Which 1 respect not.
Cat. A friend should bear his friend's infirmities.
But Brutus makes mino greater than they are.
om. munui, liuu luu l lVAWllVt ill ..11
Caa. You love me not, .
Dm. I do not like your faults.
Juliut Cvc$ar, Act 4, tctnt 3.
And tho collonuy proceeding, each finally comes
to understand the other, appreciates his character
and attitude, and the impetuous gallant Cassius
exciaims, "uive mo your Hand j" to which Drutus
replies, "And my heart too." Afterwards, with
baud and heart united, on tho field of Philippi
they together upheld the liberties of Borne.
The North and the S.,uth, sir, as 1 fondly trust,
amidst all differences of opinion, will ever have
hand aud a heart for each other j and, believing
the sure prevalence of Almighty Truth, I confi
dently look forward to tho good timo, when both
will unite, according to the sentiments ef the
thers and the truo spirit of the Constitution, in de
claring Freedom nnd not Slavery national, while
Slavery and not Freedom shull bo srciuiial. Then
will be achieved thnt I nion, contemplated at
uegiiimng, against winch tlio storms or Taction
and the assault of foreign power will bent in vain,
as upon tho Kock of Aires ; and LIBERTY, seek-
ing a firm foothold, win have at iasi hereon
STAND AND MOVE THE WORLD.
A DEFENCE OF FLEAS.
. One of the r cculinritici which strikes mo most
among the inhabitants of Turkey is their love
11 1 1. .. .....
ucas. i am ouugcii to use me word inhabitants,
because nil ure not Turks who live in Turkey; and
all are alike in this respect, whether Osn.nnli, Ar
menian, Bulgarinn, Wallack, Moldavian, Greek,
Jew. They pounce upon them with a cry of do
light wherever they find them, nnd fondle lliein
tore putting them to death. They show as much
art and nddrcss in their capture as a keen sports
man may evince in trying to get a shot at a flock
wild ducks, ihe ileus nre not ungrateful for being
I .11 !.. , II ... . .
uius ueiu iu Honour, aim nave eaecicd a very con
siderable settlement in the country. Thev are.
point of fact, one of the nationalities of Turkey;
the only one which lias nothing to ask of tho gov-
ciiiwuiiij vwncii mis no wrongs to rvurtrsn or injur
ed interests to bluster about. Most of the houses
being of wood, they find warm commodious fiuar
tcrs which are utterly inaccessible to tho broom
tne Houseman. 1 use the word houseman because
there is no such a thing as a housemaid in Turkey.
These littlo animals are so prompt und ferocious
in their assaults, und havo uiorcovur, such a kocn
appreciation of tho delicacy of any fr.csh arrival
iioui a uisiani country, mat tney keep a stranger
in a perpetual statu of liveliness and motion; which
is, doubtless, extremely beneficial to his health,
especially if he be slothful.
No idea of dirt or disgrace seems to attach to
houseful of fleas these pugnacious littlo animals
being looked upon as recognised proprietors in the
country, and having as much right tlioro ns any
one rise. Any attempt, therefore, to exterminate
them from a bed or a sofa would be laughed to scorn
utterly. A Perote lady (and a Perote Indy is the
very essence of bne lady ism) will often stop several
times in the course of a flirtation, lnnimidlv
catch a flea uion her dress; feebly smiling w hile
she twiddles him in her fingers, and then passively
dropping him on the floor. Two grave (lalata mer
chants will stop in tho midst of a bargain sportive
ly to catch a Hen on the shirt front of an ncquain-
ittutv, mm viiHMiu uui ins unsp iiiu uu tne coun
ter, will proceed to draw a billon London or tn
dbicuts tlio exchange, the depreciation of Kuiuics.
und the rise of gold.
No individual throughout tho country seems to
be able to resist tlio fucinnlion of hunting a flea
wherever lie sees hiin. W hat trapping wustothe
Red Indians what the fox-chnso was to the squire
of our childhood flcn-liunliiig is to tlio Oriental:
it is a passion a delight. As soon as tho lively
little gsme break" eiivor, no matter w hero or when,
the eysof Uie 1'euito light up with nn unwonted
lire; a keun sporting expression passes over his
face; he raises his hand ncnltl.il v l,v Ik lift, fif in.
stinct; the certainty ,f his aim Slight puss into a
l"""' " " limit inmnent the hand lias descen
ded, and the Perote is twiddling his finger and
... . i snumacuoii, ana nas resumed
Ins occupation, be it what it may. He would stop
to cat. li a flea on hie way to be hanged or to be
married, lie must have missed appointment.
Wait fortunes, by tl habit; jt j, u ingrafted in
his nature, and is unconquerable.
I have gone into room whore fleas lay thick as
durt upon the floor, and each of myU)ps must
rd to hiih. tl nmli- . .i
" P tU n,ull",t d""r" "! the occa-
----- - - uicnr, uiih sever venuir-
sion. f beniiin liiennitirphrtisiblo to the men of
Per, as if I had told a Chinese I disliked stowed
Tltey will even argue the point with you, if you
pros them closely, and maintain that the flea is
like the older Mirnhcaii the friend of men. Thsy
w ill tell you that fleas keep up an Imitation on the
which is highly beneficial ink hot country,
and prevents the accumulation of morbid humours.
On my remonstrating also with nn hotel waiter
about finding them constantly in the bread (some
oaseii ana some ante, inn ihuhmmuh, riv
all the languages of the world, in bad French, as
sured me the baker had superstition about them,
ind thought them, luckyl Pumping him with
light hand, I found he was not quite free from the
same idea himself, and that it obtains generally
throughout the country. He said, that to alloy the
irritation they occasioned, was at all times a pleas
ing occupation; that it was to be remarked, no flea
over bit a man in a dnngerous place, or injured his
evo, or his ear, or opcucd an artery: therefore fleas
were the friends of'mcn. He did not know (nor
do I) what mnny of the licrote gentlemen would do
if it were not for the unfailing entertainment sup
plied by fleas. Ho believed they kept people who
had nothing to do out of mischief. IIo mid that
the courteous catching of a flea upon tho person of
anothor, offered a frequent and pleasant opportuni
ty of commenceing a conversation, or beginning an
acquaintance. That acquaintances so formed had
often ripened Into warm and lasting friendships.
IIo had even known more than one instance of IV
rotc marriages brought about by a cheerful and in-
offentive gallantry of this kind. He was much
surprised at the unjustifiable anger of an English
lady at dinner, upon whose shoulder he had succee
ded in catching a flea by nn adroit movemont of his
left hand while his right was occupied in presenting
her a dish of kid stuffed with chesnuts. She
screamed, and her gentleman threatened to horso
whie him. Ho confessed his feelings wore hurt
and his reason confounded by this behaviour on the
art of my country people No Poroto Indy would
mve raised horeyos from her plate during such an
I endeavored to soothe him by saying we were
people who lived in nn inclement climate, and to
whom, therefore, the utility of the flea was com
paratively unknown; but he would not credit it
IIo could not bring his mind to bear all at once on
a fact which appeared to him so remarkable.
was like the Christian knight who told an African
king thnt ha could rido his horse dry-footed over
some of our rivers in winter; and who was imme
I remember a personage of no mean ratik once
calling my attention specially to see him bunt and
kill two Hens, who wore remising together on the
linen cover of a sofa. Ho began by rousing them
into flight with tho golden point ol his pencil, nnd
then pursued them in a stnte ol the liveliest excite
ment lor some minutes. (He had a long white
beard, nnd was a man of an august presence.) At
length no ran down Ins gnmo, anil taking them
the usual way between his finger anil thumb, final
ly slew them npon the pipestick ol a brother sports-
mnn w ho offered it spontaneously for the purpose.
In the mosques, in the market-place, in the pal
ace by the sweet cool-soa-sidc, ai.d in tho coffee-hou
ses in the hot and sultry town whorevcr thero
a Perote there is a Ilea, and the Pcroto's greatest
delight is to capture it.
THE FISHER BOY'S LESSON.
f We) proved the merit of the vorscs which follow,
by reciting them to a bright little girl, who had not
yet learned to read, but who was so moved by the
story as to nsk to have thrm repented until she
committed them nil to memory. She has since
taken frequent occasion to impress their moral
upon the mind of her littlo brother, youngor than
herself, who is not yet up to tho comprehension
dictionary words, but whom she is particularly
anxious to protect from tho the fato of young
There leas a littlo fellow once.
And Hurry iran his name.
And many a naughty trick he had, .
I tell it to his shame.
He minded not his friends' advice
But followed his own withes,
And one most cruel trick of hie
I) as that of catching fishes.
And mnny a littlo fish he caught,
And pleased was he to look,
To seo him writhe in agony
'And struggle ou the hook.
At last when having caught enough,
And alto tired himtrlf.
He hastened home intending there
To put them on a shelf.
But as he jumped, to reach a dish
To put his fishes in,
A large meat hook that hung close by
Did catch him by the chin.
The maids camo running frighted much
To see him hanging there ;
And soon they took hiin from the hook,
And set him in a chair.
Tho surgeon came nnd stopped the blood
And up he bound his head,
And then they carried him up stairs,
And laid him on his bed.
Conviction darted on hi mind,
A groaning there lis Iny,
And with compunction then he thought
About hi cruel play.
And oh, said he, poor little fish,
What torture they have borne,
While I, well pleased, havo stood to see
Their tender bodies torn.
And now I feel how great the smart
And terible tho pain 1
As long ns I can hook myttlf,
1,11 hook do jth again.
PRINCIPLE IN POLITICS.
77i Enaluh Krwtb'ic is a six-penny Monthly, ed
ited by W. J. Linton, and published for the last
three years in London. It displays the Tricolor at
tho peak, and is frankly, heartily, thoroughly Ito
publicau in priuciplo aud hostilo to every form
tyranny. I lie uumber for tho current month opens
with a bold, able, logical argument for Universal
.Si fi sage, on the several grounds of Bight and
Expediency. The ultimate good contended for bv
3 he public is not merely Government by Repre
sentatiies of the Wholo People, but Government
by the Whole People themselves that is, by
Diroct Popular Yoto ou each Question of any de-
i-iu,-u unu-c rui n uuicriiuiuui as is involved
in tho submission of the Maine Law to the People
for ratification or rejection. And thnt, we doubt
i -....k n a ,
not, is tne true realization or Democratio Liberty.
Representatives aro bettor rulers than Desuots. not
so much because they have already been cWen to
legisinte and iicur sway, but because they will, in
order to continue rulers, need soon to bo chosen
ugnin, nnd hence must bo careful Dot to displease
their electoral sovereigns. And so, our own (Jov-
ciiuuent will become inovo and more Democratic
precisely in tho ratio ot our referring more nnd
more questions to tho Direct Yoto of the People.
But let uh hear what this Old-World Republi
can (who actually don't sigh for a plan tut iou well
stocked with negroes in Alabama) has to say of
the proposed enfranchisement of Women ; I Jive.
"But your Universal Suffrage includos women,
too? TherecnnboDodoubtof it. Has not woman
the same right as man i the same right of every
human creature to the undisputed exercise oi its
individuality, its natural self-sovereignty ? Is there
any mark of the male gonder iu the arguments
with which w have striven to enforce the right of
human freedom ? The Question Is not which of the
sexes is the worthier. Her right remuius, even if
sexes is me wormier, iter right remuius, even f
jit is allowed (though I, for one? will never allow It)
that woman, as a class, is naturally Inferior tn man.
Is not, also, one race of men inferior to another
. . 1 r , . u
race, mm mu nurnur vo niioioer innn i oomn
men, even, inferior to some women? If man lias
no rigni iu cnninvG nts oroiner, nowever micrior,
ho has no right to enslave his sister because in
ferior. Right is of no sex. The rights of all hu
man creatures are equal, whatever inequality may
prevail in tho organisation or circumstances of
individuals. Man I if thou neniest this, what be
comes ol thy own rights T Thou assertost that all
men have equal rights. Yet all men are not born
free from inequality. N0 two are alike; one has
super eminent physical strength, another has tow
ering intellect. But thou wilt not, therefore, be
tho slave of the man of brawn or the man of
thought. Not of either. Rightly tot for what
matter it to thee, O eon of man t whether hot
blooded Cain slay thee to satiate his own unbridled
savngenoss, or Iscariot coolly and philosophically
sell thee to the same cruelty f Thou wilt Dot sub
mit to either tyranny. Thou claim est thy right of
self-sovereignty, thy right of mortality, desiring'to
become virtuous. This, too, is thy duty) it ia 'the
law of life, the law in accordance with which the
rational being preserves, developes and perfects
himself;' thy duty 1 because the first of duties is to
he and to continue to be human, involving tho duty
of repelling Slavory, which, despoiling a rational
being of his (or her) individuality, degrades him (or
her) even below the brute' On the ground where
upon thou basest thy own claim to trcedom stands
the elnim of woman ; here upon this moral equality,
under this law of life which forbid any man or
woman to abdicate the sovereignty of self, or, Id
other! words, to shirk their own responsibility.
Duty is of do sex. If thou deniest this, go back to
the nnciont brutality; crouch before its world-old
privilege, confessing thy half-enfranchisement to be
nn inexcusable rebellion. Let the most muscular
again bear rule ! Let moro bone and sinow tram
ple upon tho God like 1 Let the strong-armed lay
age dash out the brains of Christ, and! laughing in
Ued's face, assert his unquestioned justification
am my brother s keeper I Art thou prepared for
this? Either this or the other; eithor tho despot
ism of the stronger no matter whether intellectual
or muscular, fraud or force or a full allowance of
the equality of human kind, of the natural right of
all. i here is no juste milieu,' no golden mean, no
mid-resting place for a principle. Either Ood or
hell, cither tho truth or a liel Thou must choose
ono of them, or lose thy manhood, degrading thy-
rii iu o mo siave oi expeuioucy, tne sport oi cir
rumatiince, a thing, whose false and worthloss lifo
Time scornfully tramples out, whose soul dioth
hopelessly, unmournod, and without place in the
"But 'women aro not fitted for exercising their
political rights 1' Man! what made you tho judge
of their titnosn? Brute strength, or intellectual
over-reaching? Thnt same brutality, that samo
cunning, would entitle the one male despot, or the
few mule privileged to judge your fitness, you male
aspirant for freedom? Who gave you a right to
prescribe 'arbitrary formulas' on your 'foolish
presumptions of capacity?'
"But what uso would such rights be to women?'
What use are they to men ? What use is freedom
at all? Or, w ho nrt thou that, calling thyself a
freeman, or claiming freedom, dnrcst to doubt the
worm and uso or freedom? 'IIo who asks of what
worth is justice, profanes justice in his heart.'
"But, further, 'women do not desire this free
dom?' 8o much the wretcheder their condition?
Surely there is nt least one woman who dosires to
possess Iho sovereignty of herself, to be free, to be
virtuous I Why should that woman be held in sla
very because all other women are too debased to
know what freedom is, to desire its excellence?
We must tench them to desire freedom the first
step toward its attainment. And how long is it
since mon too ell save some fow lone standing
martyrs, Ood's beacons were satisfied with their
slavery? What argument is this of the slave's eon
tent? 0, that content is tho most saddening! It
is because the woman slave has not yet loarned to
think; because she is too fallen to feel hor wrongs;
because she wants just self-respect. 'We are
grioved by the gaiety of the insane. Thore is a
sadness' says Dr. Channing, speaking of the con
tented negro slave 'in the gaiety or him whose
lightness ot heart would be turned to bitterness
aud indignation, were one ray of light to awaken
in him tho spirit of a man.' Is a woman's insanity
I J I i 1 at -
POPULATION OF THE GRAVE.
Tho following extracts are mado from the Mar-
ciiantr imager i lYue Vcm.
" From extensive calculation, it seems tho aver
age or human births per socoud, since the birth of
i.lir:st to this tunc, i about 815 ; which give
about thirty-two thousand million ; and after de-
uucung inn present supposed population of the
world, (9C0,IXK),000,) leaves the number of thirty
one thousand and fortj millions that have gone
down to the grave ; giving death and the gravo
tho victory ovor the living, to the number of thirty
luuunuuu inn cigiiv minions, vi tins number iu
tne grave, about
9,000,000,000 have died by '
7,920,000,000 by famine and
' wars ;
I and nestilenee;
uv,inn;,uou uy martyrdom ;
5fi0,0l)0,000 by intoxicating drinks;
13,000,000,000, naturul or otherwise."
WL-l - 1 n r.nn a -
ii nai b picture i u.uw.uw.tsju or our race
snatched awny by war, that cruel device of man to
get rid of man in the quickest meaner possible 1
We trample upon tho dust of these trillions, and
they cry out Ye living mon, work with nil your
uuui ' ui mo ainguom oi tne i rinco or 1'eaco,
when there shall be no more tear.
"580,000.000 destroyed hv Intov
Sad picture, indeed I The hosts of hell long sat
in Koiuiiik council, io uevise sure and speedy
means to poople their hollow cells. And this was
their master work, to give man strong drink. Man
caught tho bait, quaffed the burning potion, and
made himself as much like the place of endless
woe a possible Doiore entering the abode of devils.
And still thev go. Though tho woes ef iho l,;i.
lions ring in their ears, still men will dare to sport
nttH uhid Timwii iiitwAiunii'B.
Thu it will bo icon that war and utromr drink
have sent uoarly one-third.of the human race to a
Tho calculations upon this subject might be ex-
louueu in uu suiiuii luuuuune lengtn, and perhaps,
too, with propriety, if thought and meditation
would dwell upon them, and deduct the morals
from each and ovory avenue. For instance, if
strung unuK iiils uau its ocu,isju,tsju of victims,
how many more must it have before the moderate
drinker will lay hi shoulder to the pledge of re
form ? Suppose but thirty dayi of intense agony
and misery to be the lot of each drunkard's family
of five each, what is the amount in the aggregate?
Suppose it required even no more than fifty bushels
ui gviiiu umwiiuu hi muse a mnn a drunkard, bow
long would it last famishing Europe nay. even
the wholo universal world ? It would amount to
nity minion di narrois oi Hour.
c . . : .i a i . . .
Dufiiiunc., uHim, mat e&un uruoxard loose or
waste oniy ton year ot in lire, at three shilling
per day, how uiuny solid globe of void nf th .;..
of our earth would it (oo3,080.000,0u0) purchaser
Make your own calculation, not only upon these
I I... . 1 r . i . l,
ject is susceptible, and the result will astonish you,
nu t hjbuu vfioca, irui T Ullior, U WlllCn IHO Silt,.
iin ju,mm' w luiuun um uiuurent course in
Mar the all powerful Head of the Uni verse snajwi.
ily cuuse tho warrior to sheath his battle blade nH
the tempter to hide his cups, and then, not only
shall tho millions w hich they directly slay stand up
and live, but millions more who indirectly suffer
l ..r.i -
uaiuUBU UI Mivoe. ' K
A Genti.eham in Ohio, given to speculation In
the structure of logs and feathers, commonly known
as Shanghai chickons, was much annoyed by the
ruis. j'eiuriiniiau iu enuuro it no longer, no non.
stiucted a large box-trap which he had baited with
a liberal supply of grease, corn, and other articles
fur which rats have a penchant. The neit morn
ing, the boys ran in to him in a state of exoitement
annoiicing the toot ol a tremendous bobery being
kicked up in the trap, which of course proceeded
from a captured rat, In a few moment the bos
was carefully lifted, and luddenly plunged into
the water-butt, where it wo submerged until lonir
after the commotion subsided,'' Then the trap was
triumphantly lifted, disclosing to the astonished
blrdfancier the swolen body of Ait faeoriie fiftun
dollar Shanghai Jiooiter t
ENOS 1 WOODS,
COlUlBIsJU, COLlUDim COIHT, OHIO;
Ottam Engine Builiur.
STEAM F.NOINES of various rises, construct
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to give a good satisfaction as any now made.
Pattern of all kinds, made to order. All work
made of good material, and warranted to give as
good satisfaction as any ether.
reo. ii, in.'H.-tt
SCHOOL FOR LADIES k GENTLEMEN.
The subscriber having located in this place, is
again prepared to instruct student In tho science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or the
practice of Medicine and Surgery. And in addi
tion to hi former extensive mean fur demonstrat
ing the various sol j sect, has recently added largely
to them by expensive purchases from France.
Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence the
first of March, and to those desirous of availing
themselves of the summer oourso of studies, it
would be advisable to be here at least two weeks
previously. He would also announce that he is
prepared to practice in his profession.
rv. U. 1I1U.UAO, III. V.
Salim, Jan. 21, 1854.-4
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENESS.
HUNT & BOONE,
Have opened, Iu Johhson fc Horner' block, the
largest and Boost Dngucrrcian Rooms in Kastern
Ohio, where they nre constantly taking pictures
(exclusively on Galvanised Plates) surpassing all
others in durability, beauty of finish and artistic
style. Our facilities for operation are of the most
ample and improved order, consisting in part of ma
chinery to polish the plate. By it we are enabled
to give the Highest polish, without which a Una pic
ture cannot be taken, uur
IS OF MAMMOTH SIZE AKD SUFFICJEXT
TO TAKE SIXTV VEHSO.XS OS A
trices eaxoe mo 37 cts. to tem dollars.
Ladies and gentlemon are requested to call and
examine our specimens.
Salem, Dec. 17, 1853.
Hail Uoaii Engineering!!
INSTRUCTION in these branches of Practical
Scionce will be given nt tho I'nion School, Marl
biro'. Stark Co., during the Spring Term, com
mencing March 14th aud continuing fourteen
Regular FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass
Leveling and Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will form
an essential pnrt of the course.
Tuition per 11 weeks, $5,50. With the privilege
or Mathematics, Ueology, hxperiinental t hemistry
Physiology, Single and Double Entry Book Keep
Common Branches, $.1,00; Higher Branches as
above, $3.50, Engineering, Herman Language,
Mathematical and Prospective Drawing, each $2,50,
For particulars, address tho Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
AT COLD WATER, MICIJIGAS',
Fer the cure of Acute and Chronic Diseases, Is
io successful operation. Address for particulars,
Dll. JOH.N U. (iL I.LY,
Cold hater, Mick.
Jan. 21, 1853.-3m.
JUST received at JOHNSON & HORNER'S,
fine assortment of
both long and square, at prices ranging from
TEN TO TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS.
JOHNSON t HORNER.
October 28, 185).
SUCCESSOR TO OOODALE CO.,
And Wholesale Dcalor in
Cloths, Caaai meres, Doeskins, Yeatfags
Over-Coatings, Satinette, Tweeds, Jean, Flan
nels, Serges and Linings, and a variety
of other Woolen and Domestic Goods.
41, EAXK STREET, CLEYELAXD, OHIO.
Having taken the extensivo Stock of Ooodale
t Co., offers it to the Trade on the most favorable
terms, and solicits acontmunnce of patronage from
tne oia irieuas anu customers ot tne establishment.
Th Large Stock of Yankee Xotioitt d Fancy Goods,
In the upper rooms of the building, aro constant
ly being replenished by fresh arrivals.
Liberal advances made on WOOL, by S. N.
Ooodnle, who coutinues his offico a heretofore, in
the same building.
Dec. 22, 1853.
IM.HEY 1 CABPEilTCB'S f RESll'I
DAGUERRE AN GALLERY!
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerablo expense in fitting tip, te
operate with advantage, and with reference to the
comfort and convenience of those who may favor
us with a call; in short, we are permanently lo
cated uur room are in uie
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call and see us. You will find our rooeption rooms
neat ana comtortabie.
Can lie surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful auick-worker. We war-
rant our worn, lamenesses ot all ages, taken nrs
like, or no charok! ! Our price range from 40
. ... . .. . .
cents, to 20 dollars. Past experionce, and present
advantages, enable us to take Good Likenettet, at
vtry reasonable Jialet. iicing, also, posted in all
the recent improvement of the art, our time and
entire attention shall be to render lull satisfaction
Sick or deceased person token at their room.
Our motto, is AvJLSlUK.
N. B. Person wishing Pioture taken on Gal
vaniied Pluto, can do so without extra charge.
T"Room open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until '
P.M. June 31st, IMS.
Xorth Sid4 Main-Si., One Door of th Salem
Dook-Store, Salem, Ohio.
Coats, Vesta, Pants, Ac, Made to Order aud War
ranted to Uive outmlaction.
The Tailoring Business In all hi Branches. .
ried on a heretofore.
DM, GEO. W. PE-TTIT .
Respectfully tender hi professional services to
the citixen of Marlboro and surrounding country.
Offioe in the room recently occupied by Dr, k. O,
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,
New icbon, D.
OFFICE, OLD fl.l.VA- lirilDlXC.
JA.MKS KKLLY, Pats.
Levi Marti, Sec'y.
Doc. 31, 18,'3.-3in.
TO THE PUBLIC.
THE Subscriber having assumed the bueines
formerly carried nn by the firiuof Tonilinson, Strat
ton & Co., takes this plan of tendering his ae
knowledgments for the liberality with which they
havo been patronised and hopes by closo attention
to business tn merits continuance of post favors.
t ery Hospectrull,
S D. TOMLIXSOX.
Salem, Feb. 10, 1H5I.
Jllank Deedt, Article of Agreement. Jadument
Xotri, Summont and Execution! for tale at thit
SALE.TI, OHIO. DEALER IN
OFFERS tho largest nnd most varied assort men
of Goods in hi line, to bo found in this part of the
State; which the public aro respoctfully solicited
His Stock comprises In part, the
Hittorical Vorkt of Jotrjdiut, Dollin, Dobrrlto-v
Gibbon, Hume, Macauley, Williard, JM
dreth, At., Scc.
Too numerous to mention," embracing" all the
principal Poets from Shakespeare, to Alexander
THE SCIENTIFIC W ORKS
of Ure, Humbolt, I.yell, llih hrock, St. John, Brtcb
letby, Agattit, Hugh Miller and Gvytot.
ALL THE PRINCIPAL '
Medical Works, now la use.
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN GREAT
FOWLR' PUBLICATIONS. ;
A Splendid assortment of FANCY 0IFT BOOKS
aud ALBUMS, for the Hollidnys.
THE LIFE OF IIOITElf. XA II DATIVE OF
A Lady's Voyage Round the World, nod an end
loss variety of other Miscellaneous Books.
BOOKS FOR LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to eve
ry age and of all sixes and prices. MUSIC
BOOKS, Wholesalo nnd Retail.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS ItEGlOXji
Wholesale and Retail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Pns Books.
Fifty doxen Slatos. V riling Toper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and Materials
Materials for Flowers.
MOLD AtVD STEEL PEKS,
Penknives, Envolopes, Pencils, Fancy Card, Pnn'
tor' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fancy
Articles, 4o., Ice.
In addition to which, is a large Stock of WALL '
AND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will le
sold cheap for CASH.
October 28, 1853.
The Sntrar Creek Witter Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Mussillon under the
chargo of Dr. Frnaso. is supplied with puro soft
spring water, and conducted on pure Hydropathic
firinciplcs. Wo givo no drugs. They nre only
liudrnnees to the radical cure of disease. Tho suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of tho virtues of jmre Jl water, pro
per diet, sc.
Torms $5 iu ordinnry cases, payablo weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Ilydropntht
Institute, nnd Editor of the Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movement of th
country, say of us:
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough and energetic phy
sician, has a Water Curo at Sugar Creek Falls, (
Hi term aro very mudorato, but there are fcwi
place we oould recommend with grcator confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frcaso, DoardofT's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O.
August, 1 rt33.
JOHNSON & HORNER'S
Large nnd Commodious) New Store,
IS dow open for tho accommodation of tho Public,. '
with a largo aud well selected assortment of
FANCY AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Dress Silks, Bonnets, Hosiery, Marseilles Quilts,
Brocha. Silk. Thibet, and Bnv State Shawls. F.m.
broidery, Ribbons, Boots and' Shoes, a Inrge stock
of Gum Shoes, sold at Massachusetts prices, Dress
Trimming in great variety, now style of Ice
Veils, and Ladies' Gum Boots, something new. '
Ours is tho only store in town that ha a good '
light. Wo havo been at great expeneo to put
Sky-Light in our store, so that our customers wllfl
uot have to buy their goods in the Dark. We ara '
determined to keep up with the times; Ready J'ayi
and Small J'mfitt.
P. S. Goods expressly for Friends, foes, and all'
the rest of mankind, who wout Cheap Goods We
wish to inform the Publio that we have the largest
stock of Dross Silks in town t in fact we wish it to :
be understood that our store is the Silk Store of the '
place. And we are not too modest to tell what we
have to soil.
JOHNSON t HORNER.
GREAT EXCITE MEXT IX SALEM!!
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS!! , V
A GREAT excitement provailed in this town, a .
few days since, in conseoiiAiieA nf nn Arrival nf
train of Cars, loaded with Now Goods, for the
NEW CLOTHING STORE.
We therefore think it expedient to call the aIIak. '
tion of the citixens of Salem and vicinity to our.
immense Stock of Goods. .
Among our now Stock of Clothinir ara tb CM.
Ovor Uoats or evory description, sort and size.
Cloth Frock, Dress and Sack Coats.
Twood, Cussiuotto, and Velvet Sack Coats. . '
Black, Fancy. Silk. Satin. Cloth Cassimere and
Fancy, Black, Cassimore and Doe-Skin Pant,
do do Satinett, Tweed and Baverteen Pant,.
Undor-Shirts aud Drawers of every discription, ,. ,
Hosiery, Glove Cravat. Stock. liandkcrchiufs "
Striped nd runcv blurt of all kinds; Whit, i
Shirt, Collar, &c.,Jo.
Also, Hats, Caps, Carpet Bag and Trunk. I .
A large assortment ol liovs Clothinir. of .'
We will offer our Good a cheap and chcApejtV,
than any establishment in the Western Couotryi, -
we fool confident that by fair treatment to. custom. ,
ere, you will give us a share of your patronage.
juun nunAX vo., . t
East Room of Johuon f- Uorncre Xcw Duildiva: .
Salem, Oct. 8, 1R'.3. '