Newspaper Page Text
1 13 10.0,1'
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ii mmmu f trrj
ax's rninsow, rnbiishing Ageml
91 1 Itlt'fl tl. ItOIIINSON, F.litor.
so vxiox mm slai iMOLDins:'
VIIOLK NO. l l h
VOL. 9. NO. 31.
SALEM, COLUMMANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APJUL 8, 185-4.
" TUB aNTI-SUiKR! BIBLE,
' "ri'ai.isiiED r.vr.ttv s.tTi'Rn.ir, ATs.w.r.u,oitio.
f TURNS. Jt.So par (111111111, p.jVil. In doim.
W orrlniiiiM)r .m. numlsr. to llini l.n r not cli
SaritMM,, bill wllA sr. Isillim-.l IM lir liitiTs.t.'il In Hip ! I 1 1 im t Inn
of niill-lnvt'ry trutti.ltlt th,, liopMtinlllify will Htli'T .ul"rils
tbm -.iTif. or tliia InSuuuc to raUuU IU .Imitation ntnon,
aOiminnnl-fetinii. tnlrnf1Kl ftir Inwrllon. In bt mlfr"ml to
MkMita H. II jm,:, LJItur. All ulli.r. to As rtASv, Tub-
TEItH OF ADVERTISING.
On8fl,uirilll Hires wwo'.,
H l: h oil HUmihiI Ituvrtlon,
. HU mintlK, ....
M Dm. rer, . . .
Tw pqnore. -It month.,
On. r.ir, ..... .
On, fourth rolumn on, Jrcsr, llh pilvllt-r of rlisnglnK
lliilf column, rhniialnff monlh'r. .....
. rConl. not m "line lsht lino will b, Inwrtd on, frmr,
for .',U0; lis mniilti.,
J. lll'MOV, rixrr.
r Disunion Is a word that is becoming familiar to
"nron'i ears. They du not scout it a, they did, nor
fcisuIt.tlHMnan who utters It. Grave and conserv
ative whijrs, who went for tho compromise, of
1M0, now that lite South violate, the most, sacred
of all thing,, a bargain, bejin to talk of a dissolu
tion of nartnersliip. And frco aoilors, who have
been very particularly careful to eulogize the union i
with great awclling words, to save themselves from
-being ranked with alwlitiouists, can now defy tho
touthorn bullies, and even threaten in their turn,
la a latu Tribiino we find tho following com
ment of the Editor, on a letter of Mr. Fouto, ol
New Ilavon, which wo copy, together with the
TAmong the Letters from tho Pcoplo which wo
thia morning publish, is ono whi.'h merits particu
lar attention a, welt from its subject us fioui the
character of the author whoso name Is rigiird tn it.
We refer to the communication of Mr. I'iotr ol
Now-IIaven, uuder the significant lit lu of l'Vccl. m
and Disunion. Tho writer is a retired and wealthy
' man of business, of ripe year, and moderate nml
conservative tuiulcucius. No person could bo inon
. unlikely to tako extreme or lanatioal views of nn
. great public question, and yet we lind hi.n coolh
Hdvocatitig Disunion as tho means of exine.itin;
tho frco Hiates not only from all participation In
; tho crimes and evil, of slavuholding, but I'roiu the
. degrade 1 poiitimi of teili ami abettor, in the ex
trusion of the aecutied system. At the sann; time
lie boldly proclaims what is no doubt true, that
separation would bo of great pecuniary benclit In
- the Northern States. We publish liis'comiuuniea
; tioa as an evidence of tho conclusion at w hich
sensible mid quiet men nro arriving under tho con
viction that no agreement or eniiipriuiiUo which
- the South may make on this subject can l c relied
CD, and that southern faith to-day i, as worthless
as 4'imio faith ot old. II, thoy say, and then
aro thousand, of suvh men, tlrs 1'iiiou is to be
eonvortc 1 into a great iiisiriinient for the propaga
tion and perpetuation of Slavery, Let It perish !
Bueh is the effect of tho Nebraska pcrlldy at the
JS'orth, and such is the spirit to which theso con
spirators have given birili among the most calm
and rotlecting classes uf our l'uople.
FREEDOM AND DISUNION.
, To the FMlvr of the .V. 1. Trilunc. .
bin : Can not a convention of wiso and prudent
men from tha free Slates lu had 1 1 tako into consid
eration the propriety of their immediate separation
' Ifrom the slave-breeding and slave-whipping States?
' Tlio "painted Devil ol Disunion lias so long hccii
held up by tho South as a scaro crow to n, Dotijrh
Face, that wo are becoming aecu-loiiicd to it, niul
uo longer tremble with tear at tlio i"iil ol ii
as berutot.iro. Perhat'S it wouel be well tor the
. South to look it, own bugbear in tho fai o instead
of trying to frighten their neighbor, with it any
1 ean perceive no good reason that should induce
tho free States to wish to remain ono day longer
; -chained to tho dead carcass of Shivery. They
have all the elements of a great empire, nnd as
much territory a, can probably bo well and safely
f;overncd under a republican regime. With un
imitcd quantities of 'wheat, iron nnd coal, their
command of sugar nnd cotton will bo unlimited:
. and with the cnterpriso nnd industry w hich free
labor and a cold climate will always create under
a frco government, they must inevitably make
alave labor their tributary.
' The struggle of the slave Slate, fur political
.. supremacy iu our national councils, is ono of life
and death to them, and they will inevitably suc
ceed in it bocauso it in n-t a Ufa nnd death Btrug
. fie to tho free Stales, llorotntbro I have always
: considered a separation of the State, aa altogether
impracticable, innnnucii ns our great westoru riv
en nil debouch through thoso State that must
.. form a part of tho southorn confederacy. Rut our
- railroad, and canals havo superceded tho necessity
. of rivers for any other purpose than that for which
Richard Uriuslcv said thev wore created, viz., to
feed navigable canal,.
1 am not in the habit of writing political or any
oilier kind of cssavs : but it aimears that tho pro-
... hlavory fueling anil the moral debauchery cunsc-
3U0III Upon 11 IS BO riimpiuil, lllUb it ucciunvn uii
utv of cvorv man to ruiso his voioo against it.
- As publio journalists you havo much power and!
liilluence, anil u you wouiu unco uhh ihu bumjci-i
of the separation of the States calmly and coolly
in tho face, you would perceive it is not such a
hnrriblo mounter as it has been represented, nt
"' least so far as tho frco Slates are concerned ; and
if you were once to bo convinced that disunion
ii and destruction are not convertible terms, and that
, it ii better to let our southorn brethren enjoy the
benclit of their peculiar institutions in peace nnd
' by themselves, than it is to try to convineo them
of that of which they have long been aware, viz :
. That the breeding and whipping of negroes is not
., only dishonest ami dishonorable, but is also very
Jiiurotitable then I think you could du much
SAML. E. FOOTE
New-Haven, March 10, 1854.
'' In a subsequent nuinbor of tho Tribuno, we Bod
' itho following to the same point:
ANNEXATION OF CANADA.
To the Editor of The Ar, 1 Tribune. .
Sia: As tho passage of the Kanzas-Nobraska
' bill of the traitor Douglas may sooner or later
- 'Tore upon tho northern pooplo a dissolution of the
'Union, we must look the question fairly in the fauo.
Your Now Haven correspondent, Mr. Funto, has
expressed tho views of n largo portion of the
northern people who now begin to believe the
Tirosperity of the North, vast as it is, would be
" further advaneod by burbling the chains which
j-have bound it to SUvory. Northern mcu nro now
discovering how absolute has been southern sway,
depriving them of the chances of holding any
' place under Government from President to Police
' man. exesnt nnon condition of aellinir thoir ooii-
,juto.ienue and working for the extension of the sys
tem of buying, selling, scourging and murdering
, their fellow creatures. They aro beginning now
' ' to discover how thoir best interests have always
barns saorifloed iu national legislation, which' has
i,; oifoxrolt been fur the supposed benefit of alave
,)UldriTtrs.. Men of the. North now petocive that
.riTsr., ...iion 01 tu. uortn now porocivo uim
With Canada annexed they eonld forni free llo -
public, prosperous itncl powerful enough to stand
against tho world. It behoove tha people of the
North to know the view, of their Canadian neigh
bor on tlii question, Heretofore tlio insuperable
objection of Canadian, to annexation linn been the
existence of Sinvovy M ill thev join u, if we ol
the North cut loose from that curse ?
And again, the following:
DISSOLUTION OF COPARTNERSHIP.
To the KUtnr rf The X. 1". Tribune.
8m: When partners cnor.ot nzreo the nractico
is to dissolvo tho connection, thitt ouch may iro on
, in hin ow n ;iv, or fuim inure congenial asoi in-
:ion. J ney nonietime Unci thnt tlicy mado a mia-
new uiirjjiiin. a uiHSOiution noes not imply ninlico
or liutrctl between the tnutiuii, nntl they nro often
the I fit ot Iriendn, nltlionh not doinz biiHineM
is( niutiMiu'i fih iiniiiit iiniiii;nn
dealing, with each
eh other on their own individual
account or for account of their new Grins re spec
Now would it not be a cood rdan to try this in
the great copartnership of tho States? It i, clear
it i, cicari
enough that tho slavcholding nml non-slavehohlinK i
u...... tl. i i..i. i i .
together and .piarJel forever f R.'.ther let u, sepa-
rate good friends and let each go on hi, way rejoie-
tog. Vo can make a mir division of tho 'public i
iroperty, mid I can see nn good reason w.y we !
should in t try it. W. shall be better friends when
no give up tho ricdit to incddlo with each other's
peculiar mudo of doing business. Let us try, and
if It don't answer wo can niako a new bargain.
under the same firm, and they often have
North, Sovtii & Co.
CHARACTER OF THE AMERICAN CHURCH
Our reader, may be incredulous, but we assure
tliciu upon our wurd of honor that the solemn in
dictment of tho American Church which wo give
below is not from any Garrisoninu Anti-Slavery
paper, but thnt we cut it with our own scissors
I'roiu tho Cincinnati Christian fV'.., a journal
which vaunt, itself a, tho special champion ol
" Evangelical Orthodoxy. " w hilo it brands the
American Anti-Slavery Society a, nn injidel Asso-
iatitin w hich no Christian can touch without bcinir i
dcliled. Read! j
Facts to Think er. The external forms of rc-
lii-'nm. n eomtili.inen u ttli rl.i. l ,.i,oi. n, .n.-rillrn
rei uivo in. in o lir.-A nuimrh. .,r if. r,r..ft...,i- !
much more nttcntiuii than the practical godlircss
which nflord, tho only Iruo ovideuco of a bavin
unmn with Christ.
There is not one in ten of the professed followers
of Christ who maintain n consistent regard of his
reouircmonts, and are goveri.cd by tho principles
of his gospel.
Probably not one in fifty of those who profess to
love Chri.-t, and the sotils'nf their fellow men, feel
any real practical interest in tho salvation of sin
ners, or put fjrth any adequate etl'urU for their
There i, not one in twenty of those who
pretend to preach tho Gospel, who declare the
whole counsel of God, nod who do not seek the
praise of men more than tho ;rai -u of God.
The amount of monoy upended in building and
decorating houres of worship, not for the purer
worship uf Lied, but the gratification of pride, ex
ceed, a hundred fold Iho amount contributed to
give Iho blessing, of an uncorruptcd Gipul to
tho destitute, and to those w ho are perishing in
ignorance and sin.
The amount of talent and money exnended for
tho propagation and support of denominational in
tore'ts in other words, sectariauisin oxceodsa
hundred fold 'he amount expended for tho dis
semination of tho essential tav 'iig duetii.es of the
The Church, for many Wars, has put forth vast
M J. ... I. ... . P . I. .. i l 1. -
ly more eliort for tho ui.ity of the Church in sin
j tli.iu lor its pui ihcation;om i in. this is cspcci-
any iruo in regard to ti.e enormous sin ot Muvcry
It is admitted nnd declared by s.-ine of the lead
ing teachers of religion, that if tho Church would
purify itself from tho sin of Slavery, thero is no
other power that could sustain that tin, and it
would soon bo removed from tho land; yet many
of the leading men in the Church, thoso who hate
, , ,,
oppose tc the utmost all
r He removal of Shivery from
cliicicnt measures fur
rho Church. Hence the sacerdotal robes of tin
Church aro stained with tho blood of millions in
bondage nnd under iho yoke of oppression.
Now the American Anti-Shivery Society nffirniK
that the Church nnd Ministry w hoso portrait, arc
thus sketched aro not tlio I liurcti unit .Ministry ot
Him who came to preach deliveranco to tho op
pressed, but an arrant imposture a synagogue
of Satan. At this tho Chrutiitn 1're.n waxes in
dignant, nnd nllirms that, notwithstanding their
manifold corruptions, they nro the oHaial rrpre-ien-tutirei
if Cliri.il, having in their hands Hi com
mission. of which they cannot divest themselves! We
who havo so much veneration for Christ as to deny
that His Church nnd ministers ever countenanced
slnveholdiiig, with its brood in iniquities, are de
nounced as infidels ; w hile those who maintain
the impious doctrine that slaveholders, their ubet
ors nml apologists, notwithstanding their crimes
yot hold Christ's commifsiun, whereby they are
constituted His ojlhiul rrjmeeiilatiiri on earth, aro
held, to bo Christians of a typeso immiiculato that
they cannot properly consent to labor with us for
the abolition of Slavery. Which of theso parties
exhibits tho spirit of the Naziircne. nnd which that
of tho Pharisees; which of them by its doctrine
and praetico honors Christ, and which of them
stabs his religion to tho heart ; let the reader do
vido for himself. A. Stundurd.
EXPECTED MIGRATION OF TOBACCO
That the slaveholders really oxpect to occupy Ne
braska, notwithstanding whut is said iu certain
quarters, is clear from the following paragraph,
w hich we transcribe from the Charleston Courier
of the 13th inst. It is a part of an answer to the
censures passed upon Seuator Butler's course by
somo of his constituents in South Carolina :
" Do tho exceptants to Seuator Butler's courso
ever ask themselves what they would havo gained,
if the Nebraska and Kansas bill hud passed with
out tho removal or abolition of tho Missouri lino,
to w hich those regions have been expressly subjec
ted by tho legislation nnd compromise of
The result would undoubtedly have been the sur
render of thoso territories to tho frocsoilers. Al-
though u-e hold it clear that tho Missouri restric
tion is unconstitutional, there are a largo number
who think otherwise, nnd nothing short of its abo
lition or removal will have tho effect of opening
those territories to slaveholders. Wo have rcasuii
to beliove, lioi roiiaii'e nuinoriiy, mat, wiuioui
this measure, n nou-slaveholding population would
at once occupy those territories, and the slavohold
ors, now thore, would have to recedonay, to give
way to nn emigrant lioruo tn reu rcpuouenns, 111
principle, if not in national origiti, full of the
deadliest hostility to tdavery. Hut, remove tho
Missouri line ami restitutions, and Kansas, we are
well assurnd, will bo settlod by tobaoco-phuiters,
for the production of which Btaplo the soil and
elimnlo aro said to bo well adaptod; and Nebraska
will almost nocetsanly tako Its social cnamoior nnu
political comploxion and local institutions, from
Missouri, on which it borders. If Sonator Butler
has deserted his southern associates, he may have
rtnntrih.iltwl tn dnfent the bill but be would have
-.:r. ji-sji,.- th. nn
la'tdined the responsibility of dividing the now
t1.1,pIP"''cai complexion, and local institutions troni
united Soutli. nml wouM liave nchioxeil, fur hi
onulituenln nml the South, 'mi Iri.thnmi mi, -
he would lm" pnine l n Ion.
"Tho bill, reduced to its true chnrnctpr. and free
from nil nophlstictl eoiifuaion, and espcciiilly from
the tln."n!i of men of extreme view,, on either aide,
in nothing mora than all territorial bills, under the
constitution of the I'nited Ktntc. except that it n
moves doubt by dechtratury Icirinbilion, by imiili-'
dly if rrp'-rtxlif, nmiurtiti the supremacy of the
coiiMtifiiiun ovor tlio onconil iuiiimial Missouri com-1
promise and restriction of 1S0."
Of the possession of tho lower part of Nebraska,
culled Kansas in lon;l.,s's bill, the slavclmldcrs
feel very sure, in case the bill shall becomo ft law.
The tobacco-planter, re ready to cmigrutc thither
with thoir aluves j and where they fix themselves,
the frco laborer, "tho red republican," as the
Charleston priut calls him, will not ,ettle. That
remn is expected to "tako it, social character, and
t , . . ......
i "". ou wiiiun n uorucn ; in m ,er worus,
I shivery will be transplanted to Nebraska tho me
ment tho bill passe Onco planted, we need not
say how impossible it will bo to root It out. Tha
passaco we yesterday nuo'.ed from Mr. Butler's
T, ! '
that they exnoi
uio on .'londav in the aeon
nect to hold their butidinen bv tulfrancc
T,,rrc l'1,.',c ''K'"'"'"" on "'ject ; the
tntirci of the territory are to pas. no new
a,v'' nn.' s,lnTC7 . " 0 ex.s,nd spread, and
'?eu,!,s. 'l0 v"h' ol ll",d 1 T''' 7 ii"
r,K,l,t ' ' ft",9. hi' ".ldi
his work-people an property under tho constitution.
iV. 1. Are. iVaf.
From the A. S. Standard.
POLITICAL NATURAL HISTORY.
Tnc universal attention bestowed by the Legis
lature, of several States on the Natural History of
the same i, a very encouraging circumstance,
charactcrining the present point of the March of
.innu. 10 lie sure, it is Uono lor tno purposo oi
developing the mineral resources of tho duiiinin,
and tho other means for enlarging tho industry
and increasing (ho wealth of the inhabitants. Still
these researches am uf nono the less service to
Science, mid indeed do her tho greatest service
luissilitt, ill iii nsi!! it liet- tn l.n ri'einriiiyoil ns the
i,(,ii..i lmi,.l.,,,l..i. r i.mii. l'lot the wurk.
however, hn, been but injicrfcctly done. Import-
lnt varieties in somo well known specb, ol tho
iiiiiiuul kilicih in have been til eterniiitod in a nian-
nor nn bhuncw ort by as it is leuiarksiUc. For ex
though obscure varieties in the
Cuiicludogy cf this Stuto havo never yet been ro-1
dueed into tt.eir pro.or dace tn ti.e various
Ports that baic been inadu ot Us nnnmils. As tho
Legislature is now in Session, it would bo nn act.
worthy ol so grnvc a body to aullioriy.cn toinniis-
Nioner to inquire into nml report tho soccihcd dill-
erenccs ol the Hard Shells and Soft Shells which
every political storm throws up in such quantities
on our coasts, it wouiii oe inicrusiiiiiE iu h.uow
whether their distinguishing characteristics arc so ,
incompatible that the samo animal enn never pass
one class to the other, W hether n Soft Shell
bo any thing nioro or lc, than a Hard in ft '''
of trunsitioii. or formation, us tho slippery lad-poll;-
is but tho solemn l.till-lrog in a previous statu ot
ttiU.UJ!. And whether if rut nit ) .ejrbmijj.va,
ol similar conditions, tlio strongest microscope
could discover any iliuercnco botwoou them.
The Silver Greys, wo apprehend, also deserve
a pluco iu tho Natural History of New York. We
do not know, indeed, to what particular species, or
oven gonus, they belong. o tako it tor grant
ed, however, that ihey I clong to tlic biixiU, and, if
..... .-..ji. 4.. .ii. : ti.. i. r....i ..r
ill,, u til 7CMinn cu, i,i li 13 nil cull,, iiu mult vi .
their own. Perhaps, they partakS of tho game '
dualities of the l'iditini'-Cock. and are
i. l.': i.t: . .1 i ..!.. ....
O iOHIl'l . MM-
comfortable joint-tenants of tho poultry-yard nt
Albany. They have certainly distinguished them
selves by their capacity for Crowing, on cortain
occasions, ami sometimes on very slight ones. The
Hunkers r.i.d l'ogic, Lelui g rather to tho order of
Fossils, which arc to bo found everywhere, indeed;
but still are not unworthy of n placo in tho Na
tural History of each Slate. Thero are local modi
licatious w hich alter tho habits ail J nppcaranccs of
the specimens found in diUcrciit places, and iu t!.e
uses to which they can bo put. Peihnps no Slate
can noast oi a richer variety 01 an sorts innn .cv
I , , , .... Pl, ill
York and a proper eb.ss.hcat.un of then, would be ,
a most valuable contribution to the Natural His-
tory ot i'ol.l.cs. in these days oi Lectures when
the Lyceum has beemne organized into an nsti. u-.
tio,i, and when Lecturers ttml it so passing hard to
find now subjects lor their disquisitions this now I
Science might ope.- an i.ioxl.austable hold tor d.s-
covcry and elucidation A course ol Lectu.es on
too ioiuiciu .Miuraiiiisiory . Hie 1 1 1 1 co ooucs.
or of tho several States, even, illustrated by speci
mens and illustrations, could not tail to ho at
tractive. Indued, something of the kind was
tried this last winter, in this City, and with the
most encouraging success. If uur idea bo followed
out, next winter, we venturo to prophesy that
the Tabernaclo will not bo largo enough to contain
the sitters at tho feet of the expouudurs of this
Wo wero very much surprised the other day, in
reading the proceedings of the Oeiieral Court of
Massachusetts, to see a proposition made for the
publication of a Keport 011 tho Invertobrato Ani
mals of that State. We could not understand tho
meaning of this niovemont at lirst. Wo are not
any too familiar with the nomenclature of Science;
but we know enough to know that nu Invertebrate
Animal is nn Animal destitute of thnt Spinal Col
umn usually denominated by the vulgar a back
bone. What possible molivo could Iho Legislature
of Massachusetts havo for expending the public
money for the celebration of n class of animals
altogether too common and well-known to require
description I At longtli wo remcmiicrcd tnai tne
Whigs are in possession of that Body, and that
they have at this moment a Iieport betoro them for
erecting a Statue to Daniel Webster (a man w ho
put forth all the strength in his dying hand to
knock them on tlio head), and it occurred to us
that this Scientific work might be intended as a
monument to an eminent member of that party
who now represents them iu the Scnnto of the
L'nitod States. Being in n graceful and liberal
framo of uiind, thoy might, think tivo hundred
dollars not thrown away upon a Book in honor of
he Living, nny more than Ten Th usand upon a
Stone, to tho Memory of the Doad. Every 0110
must admire the delicacy of the compliment, as
no 0110 could question its appropriateness. The
Genius of Invertebrate Politicians is by no means
confined to Massachusetts, nor is it limited to the
ranks of tlio Whig Party; but it is said singularly
proper (which wo think nono interested in the
question can dony) that it should be exemplified
and illustrated by the must perfect and complete
spoeiuieu it euuld uil'urd. In this point of view, we
could hot but approve of this Legislative action of
Massachusetts and hope it may be carried through
to a prosperous conclusion. It must needs be
profitable either by way of rcmouibrauco or of ro
proof. Tho great misfortune of the North has long been,
and now is, that it so socms with tho Invertebrate
races. Thoy swarm in the ruarkot-places, on the
Exchange, iu tho Pulpits, in the Churches, but
more especially iu the Capitol at Washington.
And, what is peculiar about the spocies is, that
Animals having very well articulated vertebra, at
homo, to ull appearances, And them absorbed and
reduced to a mere gristle, if so much as that, as
soon as they are exposed to the action of that
Pandemoniao atmosphere. The great daideratum
is some method by wbioh the Smnal Procsss can
be restorod in cases where It lias wholly disap-
s;v,.rv cannot stand still. It must go on Constant,
,y or W0 ro-ei tly gave somo of tho indicn
froui n(, ,)mt ,)e ncIt M(,p w,tl j be ,0 pn Bn ,.t of
ConrciH to nllow slaveholders to carry their slaves
., t,0 r 1Co State,. Wo think this will bo the
ipcticj. For it U not a inure mcilullnry dijone,
sof.ciiinj of the marrow, alone: but it Involvof
the entire destruc ion fif the very om-'irai column
itself. We think it would bo well foe tho I.ejrihla
tore of Massachusetts, in pursuance of thccientilii
career on w hich sho lin entered, to oCer a preniiun
fur the discovery of muno reine 'y for this Spina
lisinterntion a reward for ,onio method for tb
ric'onirt of Politicians. Now the politician
from tlio SlatoluddiiiK States have this Krent
vanl i;;n over thone from the North, that their
lilii'tis are favorable to the strenctheninif of the
spinal rolumn. Whatever their fnulti nwy be
(and it in not our pnrposo to amrm that they arc
cntiielv free from lliein), they nro BiiiRiilarly free
iri.iii tl.ii particular Inliiniity. So that it follows,
f iiecsaity, that when an animal properly verte
brnlcd conic, in conllict with one w liich lack, that
'oluinuar tuiiport, the weaker stands no chance
vniuevcr. i inn m tnc reason tuai me .iimciiuiu
-r, li.u e had everythinR their own way, lor so long.
I . .. ....
it is ni.
attributed to their back-bf nes. It Is the
I natural ceuseouenee of tho superiority ol a rwe-
! 'mitnl over un innrfcbrtited animal.
vt Hat tho iNortli needs, tiierotoro, is to euiuvnii
md strenirtheii this must important function in
their political r tccs. How It is to be done it l not
easy to bo said. A enod deal can ue aono ny a
projier administration of discipline, for tho first
svinptolns ol ucvembration in tlio patients in tnc
a.-lnngtun hospitals. Strong intimation, tna'
their native air will bo recommended for ttieir ease.
if fpecdy improvement do not supervene, have been
known to luuo a marvellous good effect. Hut wo
jonrcive that earlv training nluiio ran effectually
remedy this morbid tendency. When XM Free
S'ates really believo that they have rights as valu
able as the" Slaveholders deem Slniory to be, at d
foel with them that they aro to be maintained at
ill Innards, then tho uolitical eristic may begin to
Harden into bone, and our public men stand up OS
straight as their antagonists. It is early education,
.diielly, that is wanted, as well on the part of con
stituvut, as of representatives. An old battered
politician is past praying for. Every ono at all
acquainted with pathology knows that thero is no
. lire f-.r a broken back-bone. How perfectly hope-
las,, then, must I e n caso whoro It Has entirely
disappeared 1 Wo fear thero is neither balm nor
a physician for most of thoso who have been in
mates of tho Hospital of Incurables at Washington,
A system of Moral Gymnastics, of Political Callis
thenics, adopted early and sedulously followed nut,
is all the hope that we can discern for tho checking
of this fatul disorder. Tho seeds of it aro but
too often sowed nt home, or tho constitution too
much weakened thero to withstand tho miasmata
1(f tl(J (ja.,i(n
It is a subject demanding the
learnest attention of all interested iu the proiuutiun
;f . l it... .:,,
ANOTttm Srni'ME or Si averv. In the expec
tation that tho Nebrafckn bill will pass, the slavery
pt'ipagandists nro nlready consulting as to what
..I. .ill l.n llmir rwt.t .tut. In tlmir tkiitfiiril llniri'ti
10sl ,,ut thl,r0 ; uticr contemplated.
.ji,,,,;!! iuXh u BueeC,sivcly pressed, nnd the
only uncertainty is a, to which shall he brought
forward first. Of this other scheme, tho Washing
ton correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune says :
"Thoro is a good deal of speculation in private
circles on the subject of re-opening tho African
slave trade Tho Southern men rnnnot consistently
opposo it on nny other ground than that it would
i f. , .T . I r 1
intorfere with the prosent monopoly of uegro.broe-
uini; on oveu oy i iri;iiiui, eiariuiiti, o-c. i.iiurcic
.... ,1..Tr V.... .. . .. - .1 , i,
ineii from the Gulf States w ho openly advocate it as
a nieasuro affording them great advantages. J liey
assert that there is no reason they should pay the
Virgininns fdClit) or S1500 n head for their mixed
blood, when they can get first rate field hands from
Guinea for $150 apiece."
The Timr.n Ohio Ttaitors. During the recent
struggles in Congress, in relation to tho roference
of Douglas lull, three Uhm Ucprcsontatives voted
with the South, viz: li.ej, of tha Hamilton
I'lMllCl t VOI.T, OI 11 H.IIVIIY, illl' fltUHHini. Ol
, ; f , rcpl.c;CIlt an Anti-Nebras-
, ,. .... om . , '. ,.,,.,. ,,,, Harris.,,.
,. . . i.i i- ..p li: . e. ..e
, . ' '. , Am) , ,j
demonstration's should teach Disney a
, n,llllilton Foni-fifib, .,f Olds'
, , , uu ,,
. 'out Circleville, but Franklin
. , , , , . , ,(()
i,,:,,,,,,,. , ' n .i.ree trai torsi mveeommi tied sui cl do
ind thuir buriul w ill bo that of an ass. Leader.
Decrease or SlaVerv in Slave Status. A day
or two sinco wc stated thnt ti.e recent State census
of Kentucky indicated a decrease of eleven thou
sand iu tho total number of slaves in that State.
A State census of .Missouri, taken iu tho year !So2,
compares this with the leading items of the census
Year. Whites. Free. Slaves. Total Col. Total Pop.
1K50 5.-.i,Wl 2,1'ilS !7,d-.'2 l,940 CH-J.044
1H32 C34,9od 3,524 87,'2U7 fe'J.TW 724,007
This shows nn incrcaso of 42,930 wdiitcs, nnd a
decrease of 215 si ives and l2 tree blacks. This
Doeroase. as well as that of Kentucky, is probubly
caused by the emigration fur Texas, which has
during the lust few seasons been very niimorous.
The above is from tho Xorth Amei ii an. A portion
of this decrease is "caused by the emigration,"
not to' Texas, but to Canada. How largo a pro
portion, could only bedetorminod by a reference to
the underground railroad books. There hnve also
been soiiib manumissions; not many 111 Missouri,
but a considerable number in Kentucky. l'a.
Straws. A writer In the Now York Wears
"It has been said that the President is in favor of
leaving the subject of Slavery in Nebraska to the
settlers. )'ill yuu jiUune to utfurm me whether the
A'cie llampthire election in one if the attllcrt he refer
. And the Kea llampthire Teleiraph says "Aftor
appearances began to judicata that Iho Democracy
had got a pretty severo drubbing at the lute elec
tion ono of tho Untorriliod was explaining Iho
cause to another, and attributes it to tho Nebruska
bill. 'Tho Nebraska bill.' said tho intelligent sov
ereign, 'there' money enough in tho treasury
vch y don't they pay the dd thing, and hate it out
if the way f"
Puring the months of January and February last
twenty three steamers l.avo been sunk, burnt or
blown up on tho Mississippi and iu tributaries,
and two on Iho t-aiannuh Kiver, involving the loss
of nonr two hundred lives, nnd over ono million
dollars worth of proporty. So many boat havo
been lost, thnt the wuut of thoin is full on the river
to do tho busiooss,
Senator Douglas has our thanks for Congression
al favors, in Ihewny of speeches and other doou
ments. Canton Democrat.
Senator Douglas has the execrations, generally,
of this community, in the way of tpeechct and
other doouments. Buckeye.
Slaves. More than one-fourth of th slaves in th
United States are north of S6 dogroa 30 minuter,
th southern line of Nebraska. " ,
THE HOMESTEAD BILL.
An it bas-tcd the House may be found b( low.
There arc but few, if any, subject which con
ern the people of the Western States more, 01
jvhich rim s iu i'tn'porta'nco above tlint of " fie.
.ionics" to landless settlers in the West, but w
cmiuot but regard" the bill, in its present slinpc.
as partial nnd proseriptivc. Ity reference to the
first section of the bill, it will bo seen that the
benefit arising from its provisions arc confined
to "free white dtizent," anil by referring to th
ith soc, you will perceive thnt this is extcuded .
to nil aliens who woir reside in this 'country, ami 1
who have declared their intention of bccon.in.
citizens, previously to the passage of the bill : J
thusexcludingallotherclasscs. Wc advocate a !
nieasuro which which will provide free homes for)
all no matter whether nn African, Kuropenn or 1
American sun first daWued upon biin and tin
too at tho very moment be may set foot upon our I
soil. Hut to tho bill :
1. Any free white persort who lias arrived nt
flic ago of twonty-ono years, and is a citizen
the United States, shall bo entitled to enter one
quarter section of vacant and unappropriated
land, which nitty, nt the tunc the application is
made, bo stijeet to privnto entry at f 1,25 per
ere, or a nunntity tqual thereto, to be located III ,
body, in conformity with the legal subdivisions 1
, 1 i
if the publio liinJs, nnd after the fame shall
have been lurveyed.
Sec. 2. And be it further tanctnl, That the
person applying for tlic benefit of this net shall,
upon application to tho register of the hind office
in which ho or she is about to make such entry,
make affidavit before tho said register that be or
die is tho head of a family, or is twenty-one
years of age, and that such application is made
for his or her exclusive uhj nnd benefit and those
specially mentioned in this net, nnd not, cither
directly or indirectly, for the use or bemfit of
any other person or persons whomsoever; and up
on making the affidavit as above required, nnd fi
ling the affidavit ( f tho register, bo or alio shall
thereupon be permitted to outer the quantity of
land alrcudy specified : PiwitJnl, hnr, cn; That
no certificate shall be civcil."or Patent issue J ,
therefor, until the expiration of five years from
the duto of such entry ; and if, at tho expiration
of such time, tho person making bucIi entry, or,
if ho be dead, bis widow, or in cu&o of her death,
bis heirs or devisee, or, in caso of a widow ma
king such entry, her lieirs, or devisee, in enso of
her death, shall prove by two credible witnesses
that be, she or they have continued to reside up
on nnd cultivate said laud, nnd still reside upon
thesume, nud have not alienated tho same, or any
part thereof, then, in such case he, sho or they
shall be entitled to a patent, as iu other cases
provided by law: And proKulrcl, further, In ease
of the death of both father uud mother leaving
au Infant child, or children, under twenty-one
years of ngc, tho right and the fee shall enure to
the benefit of said infant child or children, and
tho executor, administrator, or gnnrdiati niny ut
any time within two years after tho death of the
surviving parent, and in accordance with the
laws of tho State in which such children, for the
tiiuo being, have their domicil, sell said land for
tho benefit of said infants, but for ho other pur
pose ; and tho purchaser shull acquire tho abso
lute title by tlio purchase, nnd bo entitled to a
patent from the United Stutes.
Sec. 3. And be it further tnaeUd, That the
register of the land office shall noto ull such ap
plications cn the tract-books uud plats of his of
fice, and keep a register of nil such entries, tin I
mukc return thereof to the General Liu 1 Office,
together with the proof upon which they have
bci n founded.
Sec. 4. And be it further tnaeted, That all laud
acquired tinder tho provisions of this act shall iu
1:0 event become liublo to tho satisfaction of nny
debt or debt, contracted prior to the bsuing of
the patent therefor.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if at
any time after tiling the affidavit ns required iu
the second section of this act, and before tho ex-
'piration of tho fivo years aforesaid, it shall be
I proven, after duo notico to the sottler, to tlio silt-
1. .. .1 , r .1 1 1 ir .1 .!
isfuot.ou of tho register of tho land office, that
1UU JIl'lBUU 11 tl I LI g BUVU (llliuil.lt DUilll 1J II 1 U
actually chanced his or her residence, or al.au-
. i ! r i t
uoue, luu Ktiu cuiry tor moru uiuu bja uiumiiaut
any ono time, then, and iu that event, tho land
so entered shall revert back to tho Government,
and bo disposed of ns other publio lands are now
by law, subject to an appeal to tho General Laud
Seo. 0. And be it further tnaeted, That if any
individual now a resident of any one of tho States
or Territories, and not a citizen of the United
States, but at tho time of making such applica
tion for the benefit of this act, shall havo bled a
declaration of intentiou us required by the natu
ralisation laws of tho United States, nnd shall
becomo a citizen of the samo before tho issuance
of tho patent, ns iniido nnd provided for iu this
net, ho shull pe placed upon equal footing w ith
tho native-born citiien of tho United Stutes.
Seo. 7. And be it further enacted, That no in
dividual shull be permitted to inuko more- than
ono entry under tho provisions of this act; nnd
that tho Commissioner of tho General laod Of
fice is hereby required to prepare and issue such
rules and regulations consistent with this act as
shull bo necessary- and proper to carry its provis
ions into effect, and that tho registers and jeeoiv-
cri of th several bind offioem shall b entitled
(.ureeivo the same coapnsatioa for any lands j
Ani rrori;fl.(j f,(rlhrr, That nothing in this at
L(j g( collstrill.,j , ,0 j,,,,,,,;, cr interfere
;n Bny manncT whatever with txistinc frc-ttiip.
rig,.(!) , ftuM furtlrr, Hist oihir.R Ji
Mn flct B,ialj i)CR(J con.;trl,tlcj t, t0 nulhoriie tko
.,uM of rtrM)UI, ,,rovided for iu the foreg..iiR
p(rt of Ulis ac, ll0 n,nT ct tlr cne Imndrtd
n(, ixty t wg of IllU(1 (0 lllUT) (ne J coat ,y
tt()f ,,l(J Mic janJg noj.inn bis or lier frii,
Lulljtct to clltry t Ul0 minimum price per rVrf,
j t quantity, which, when added to what they away
J now own, will be equal to cue hundred and siaty
cf,ncrcg: i'rov'uUil, be or she shall cultivate lie
entered onder tho provitiuis uf lliiimct tuat tliy
are njw entitled to irccive wlitu the aajne qwn
tity uf land is entered with money, f n; lial'f to bo
paid by tlio person muling tlic atlli-ation t IlK
time of to doing, mid the otiitr lialf cn tli Jm
f the certificate by the person to whom it rltj
be indued: I'rottiUii, hmcrvtt, That all Iert
entering land under the provision of this ct
shall, as near us may lie prrclit.blo, in making
such rnlrics, be confined to eaih, altcinatc qur-
.,;., an,i l0 I.....I Mlbiect loU'vale entry;
whole or a part thcroof.
GerwansI M.i;s a Funs State or NinnJstA.-i
V new, vnjt, fruitful territory, on the Moslem
boundai ie, of Missouii nnd Iowa, is at this me
incut opened to immigration : Lut at the saoi
"' "K'P' . v
southern vote, at the next Frcinlentiul ulevlion.
make the lowest attempt, to translate tl: tiil.of
slavery into these new tree, lerntonrs.
Tho Nebraska bill of the demagogue Doug'
w ill bo passed in Congress, for our Congress has
long since ceased paying any attention tjspubljq
opinion and the w ishes of iho people ; it is, ther.
foie, the concern if th eitir.'jn, to tako iho tnatlcr
iu hand, and n.aV.u Ncrrn.-ka afrr territory, and
at some future time tyfree SiU, For this purpose
it is nc vessry that lice labor thould immigrate
in overw helming masse, to Nebrn ka, ni:d thus cut
off all prikspc.-t of siave-holding preponderance in
tho future. Wo therefore, propose the organiru
tion of Culmination Aitnriutiuii in nil Stales of lh,
L'liioii. Theso associations, by contributions of
tho members nud collections, can soon raise suffi
cient funds to advance and assist the i'Mird'oi
rf fret laburm to Xrhraxka. Let Colonisation
Associations of Free Laborer, constitute them
selves in all largo cities, assirt the immigrants with
advice and fty., innko contracts with steamboats
to take Iho laborers to the new territory tbr half
price, appoint agents in thoso harbor, wore thj
immigration lands, w ho will conduct to the place
$ tStMclhe A
ha, shown fur Liberia, and Nebraska w ill Lcconm
h'"1 'ol,""u r" 1. L"' Auieijer Jet
The Otr.WAjf ruts, ox Nfhraska. Tin- Cinria
nati Gazette give, a list of tho German Journal
throuought the Union, classified as they stand on
the Nebraska question. They stnud rithi fbf
Douglas's bill to ligltij ngaiust it, and aro located
as follows :
For Povgla$ bill. Againtteaid bill.
. - . . . - t
1 ' 4 14
Noarly every one or these journals has hither
to miiilnUcu Sham Democracy for genuine.
A Capital Siooejtiun Mb. Char Krrsirt.ix.
Ho suggest, the propriety of holding a Cranit
Utrmnn May Feast f f'rtr.Hci ut l).vvlon,.'iq pn
lirst day of .May. Vta oxtraet ifci Kiucn id' hi, lei
'.or as refers to this proposition, Imping that it
will meet with a hearty response from our Gorman
fcliowfitizcn, 1 .
"Let all the Tree Germans hold a German'; May
fca.sl, as of old iu the plains of Germany. Ther
wo will swear et u nal wnrairo against slavery and,
oppression, md nnt.ie Democrats form anew Lu
ion for frce.lom and justice 1 . ,
"Let Dayton be t!io"tn as l.lncc, to which Cincin
nati, Indianapolis, Cleveland, Sandusky, and other
!Hic, have easy ecccss.
LTo r"' SInBCr"-1Cl
A N,.T ron AnoMTIOV,,M.A bill lias.rcewtj.t
passed tho Senate of irgiuia, for the purpose of
u""" "'"'"" " 10 , """7
towav, to onslavo themselves. 1 hose negroes hin
earnestly petitioned to the Legislature fur this
privilege. Mr. Campbell, the ublo nnd estimable
Senator from the Nottoway district, in making a
liltl,mel of fl , , ;elmtei mW lh,r
t I M Ull II III 1 1 1 11 I ' UHl Will I'l a I'lllll'lilUI III Ull Ull"
'"el, nnd that their dcti w;ns to be sold to their
I '",e masters next kin. A largo number of re'
i peetaltlu citiz
hneetalilu eitiiens of Notlownv. fcc'inir an llltPJTsi
' ., " , . i a" ' .... - i.i' J .1... i
III lliu ncgrues lor I ueir kihmi .-inn ueiur, .ii'tm uirir
recommendations fur Iho tuim object. The bill
has passed tho Semite, nnd wc have no doubt, will
pass the Huuse. y.'i'i7(;ion Vinputch.
Women in Piiintixu Omrts. Ai the recent
Printers Convention at ,wpriitglie!d, III., the follow
ing preamble and resolution were offered, and
w hich were adopted I v a vutu of 1 1 yens to 3 tiaysi
"Whereas, 'J lie employment uf females iu print
ing olliccs us compositors, has, wherever adopted
been found a decided bei cfit, both us regards the
moral tindcncie, inculcated, uud tho dependane
to bo placed in their constant pretenco nud atten
dance up ii tho duties requited of them ; and, as
,n.it,2 i.f nt.i.i. in i, u u'lilop tVltl nf remniiernlti.
bilwiv to a drsen in" clas of society ; therefore
Unsolved, That this Association recommend, to
its member, tho employment cf Female in th
olliccs, wherever, nml whenever paeiicuuio. ,
C.naua the Land or EeAtiTr. -W leara
from a private rnriespondent, that, a short tiru
since, Mr.' J. C. BnoW, a colored gonlUrman well
known in Ohio, oontettsd the election for Council
man, In tho Kent orliuxton District in Canada, and
came quit near succeeding. All the conUwtanls
th candidates dafended ably their propositions,
uridbutfow moro ably than Mr. Buowa. H i
thought that at th next hustings, h will ruu in.
Aliened American. ' . ..-!
Th flrst of January th population ol California
was tlmaWd al 310,000. . - .