Newspaper Page Text
From the Auburn Cayuga Chief
A "JERRY RESCUE"—ALMOST.
Tor some days past, the people of this section
Imie been excited by the news tlmt n Southern
wlavvhoMrr was in town, mid that a convict in
Prison oi timed a it slae of his, would lie arrested
on Ims release fr-mi tlmt institution. The convict's!
setrrance expired on Saturday. 1 here were ninny
rumors afloat, but wo believe it was generally un
lurt.mil that papers for liis arrest bad been made
out And placed in the hands of the United Stntrs
officers. One of that stump had sounded Sheriff!,.
Knappupun the prospect of securing the Jail as a
Strimff delp'Tfttionu from Kvi-Ai'Iik mid ntliftr iiia.
turns citmn into town on Saturday night, armed
ami iiciermineil in tneir purpose.
i. ...... 1. 1 i. ...... i .
lighter skins would probnUv havo followed the
example of IVmlna and the South, mid trampled j
' all Compromises in tho dust. In tho mean time,
tlm IVInon was clonlv wittchril niidiln. On Sun.
,Uay morning, the negro was released from Prison I
, o!wut S o'clock, when two negroes, locked nnns ,
' fn either side, marched him boldly off to the Kast j
'part of the city. A thousand peopln w ere stand-.
mg about, very many of that number armed with
clulis and pirtol".
111 by arresting their man. Our city has been
sriMVl the ixhihifion of n feailul tragedy nnd the
cftuii'on of human blooil avoided. The flmt negro
Is yet M be hunted down and taken Irom Auburn. ;
Our citizens aro yet to bo seen in tho damnable
clrraclcr of blood hound'., tracking human flesh,
tt tho bid ling nf tho Smth. It is humikting
enough to know that thero is even a rumor that
there is 0M man who wears tho sleuth-hound
and awaiw but a chance to appear in l'io
safanvios capacity of an official negro catcher.
Jt ! ltfl Aa l.i i .tnv lit I,l..4 w. till, I nut liitvAi.!
been shed, bad tho negro been arrested. lie
-would never have been taken from tho city alive.
, Villi a day's warning, tho L'nited Statos ti ovarii-
men t has no tools or power sufficient in this seo
.' lion to make our citieen negro catchers, or to
rnnzzle them while imported bounds do tho work.
eo apo.ogy is ttus lor sucn esinto oi iccinig. iiic
Sluvo I, nv was sunViontly repiignnnt to tho free
men of the North too far outraging tho laws of
God and the rights of humanity, hinco tlm on
The Neirrocs of:
RomA 111 '
oitv were also Ihoronirlilv nrinod nnd iirc-!lfnn
I to rescue tho slave, if arrested, at any cost. !
actnicnt of that infamous measure, the South,
madly bent on exasperating and arousing the
whole North, has herself scorned Compromises
and, in tho Senate, trampled them down. Tho
North will not he.itato to adopt tho precedent.
Tho niases will not bo slow to rid themselves of
tho most odious of all compromises. The South
has sown tho storm and will reap the consciuen
'. fliviii!! slave h muds will find a warm wcl-.
eamo Norlh 'irol. ii,!y a husplliililo reception irom
Ic. I and steel. All the Macs hereatter cniiglit in
thn North, will not pay the cost of blood-hounds, I
powK-nnd ball. o speak or ono, wnon c ,
sat that wo never shall by compulsion or otherwise,
bo-omoa negro cather, nor shall wo rciuse t""
hlacn a erustnrnpi.no io my m iii:o, i.
the hunters stand lit the door. Our own homo and
lil.ertt is sweet to us, nnd Owl knows wo never
will raise a hand to rob one who wears tho human
f .rm of the samo "self evident" rights.
It isenol for the slivc hounds to now say inai
shrTilidnnt intend to arrest tho negro convict.
Six hnuircit Hanks fir tltfHlizimj eilarm to aid
In the arrest were sirucs on. ion uum mo
Jni-,l , mitli their fans in disannoiiitmcnt. Co
mity Marshal M.:M-wtcr will linil few men in his
oitnniunitt who will net as dogs to hunt and worry
negroes. If the man is so in lovo witn slavery,
IcUiiiii sell his own Hesli and blood, and "try ou"
the blessings of the institution.
COLORED PEOPLE BEFORE THE OHIO
Ma. J. M. I.angjton, A talented young man, a
graduate of Oberlin and now a law Student in
I'lytia, was appointed to present the claims of his
. ditfrancUwod brcthoren to the Ohio legislature for
redress. Tbe following from tho Abend American
1, .be eenort of reeeotioi, and success :
TO THE COLORED MEN OF THE STATE OF
GENTi.rMts: Ata couvcrtinn of colored men,
held at luvton last October, I was appointed to
naro and present, in person, to tho legislature
Mo, nn address upon the reasonablcnc-s nnd
propriety ot granting to tno coiurea men oi me
citate. the Elective Franchise,
This duly I have endeavored to perform. I pro
pare I tho address mid ake 1 the Senate to nllovv
mo to prcieut it. This privilege, wiili llicir eyes
blinded by prejudice ami negro hatred, they rcl'uso
ed to grant. This conduct of the Senate can lie ex
plained upon no other ground than tint I nin a reor
e l man, and appeared tcforo them as tho represent
ative of colored men. For it will be remembered
that long before the day ou which I asked to be
heard, tho precedent of allowing persons, not
members of that body to present their views either
by memorial or petition, had been fully established.
Too ladies had been allowed to present thoir views
on tho subject of Temperance. And indeed the
very next day after the fccnato refused to hear me,
almost tuo entire morning sesnou was .pcui "i
listening to a lengthy and cloborate address
woman's rights, iiwas in nnn propor mat tno
Senate should hear this address in regard to wo-1
roan, ami ner rtcir.s. iigauiat tneir iiroccuurn in
this rase I have not a cingle word to offer. I do
say, however, that it was equally fit and proper
that 1 should be beard iu behalf of tho colored pco
plo of Ohio, aud their l ights.
j Since wo cannot have a hearing before Hie Leg
ilaturn, lot us resolve to haio a lull and impartial
one before the tribunal of tho people, ono whose
, uToi-t shall (ill our hearts with joy and gladness,
wliilo it fills thu ho.u U of enemies with fear and
And mar, gentlemen, is tho lime for us to bestir
irselres iif m tlm tune for us to mnko our
voices hcird ie is the tinio for us to enter upon
A bravo and manly defunce ot our cause, remem
bering that to the high endeavor, tho undaunted
effort, thero is promised the glad and glorious suc
cess. Yours for our elevation mid manhood.
J. MERCER LANGSTON.
ELYRIA, March 27, 1854.
THE HIGHER LAW OF SLAVERY.
Mr. Butler, of Snth Carolina, in dioscussing
Nebraska bill, said
'Tho only possible way by which the South can
nnripmnifv itself for its concessions to the anti-
J .... . ... - ...
slavery fanaticism, is liy the acquisition ot artdi-j
tional slave territory. It is idle and absurd
dream of converting one foot of soil now in posess-
sion to the uso ol slavery. He may talk as iiiucli
as we please of Mn-i,i!ci i nliu and the rights
the South, but while tho spirit of abolition presides
" over the eourts of justice and halls of legislation,
1 slavery must lie content with its present domain.
The South is powerless, mid cannot eiact respect
. Tor its rights. The North is in the ascendant, and
may impose npun slavery whatsoever restriction
or burduii it may choose. If wo would restore
the South iu proper position in the confederacy,
ml the means of p uteeiing its eonstitutimiiil
' rights, si must rc-iiifuree the power nf slavery
'.'.! eleuunt of political control. Aud this can
only we dime by tiia aunxioa tit tiiiia. la
iiher direction is there a cliange t. r the aggran
dizement of slave: t.
"lftre ewitcniploto tbe possible alternative
tbe dissolution of the L'nion. by the mat spirit
abolition, the necessity lor tlie acquisition o4 lulu
. as a support U the Smth. leouue even more man-
If. ivt ana urgent. With Cuba in tlie pos.-c-ioii
of aa hostile interest, souUnsrn slarwy would
; atpmed t aa assault which iteuuld ueither rei
tuAnt. With Cuba as a member nf the great
ualltera tjfiilJr4i7, slavery might bid debsiu
(t itseMia'iev .
-. -"Titer it another Mna.Jen'aU.in wlmli makes
tho aauexiun of Cuba a mailer of tbe highest
U I lie fcutes of JJie tSuuth. The inlxigues
, Vires r'iuia for the oboUtioa nf sliivory ia
island, are pnrsued with a seal n4 energy wh'Mi,
aaunol fail of sueresa. unless the CrtiUsd Slates
'M prrveitl h coosuituUkia. Tit
effectual mode by which this may ho dono is, by
mo iransicr nt the tslnnl to the dominion ot llio
Ntntes. If this bo dono. wo may defeat the British
schema of a black republic on tbe borders of the
From the Leader.
UNPUBLISHED CONVERSATIONS—NO. 1.
BY AN EAVESDROPPER.
jnnior editor or tho Vlain Ihtalcr, tho other the
e)lt"r of the .sVirniiiiii. They wore looking most
"'gone and disappointed, because they had
failed in whnt they tried to do to keen Iomocrnts
01 "10 1 omentum, llicy seemed lost in the
J'N'KO crowd, and disposed to escape observation.
Tho eonscionsness of "fogyimn" was impressed on
t,lcir comitonances. They retired, disappointed
"'"l chagrined, to the Siatcmnn sanctum, w here, by
,l.,n n"' JJiritiilim, wo overheard tho following
i. This in too bad Saw., the Democracy will not
,llwn nt our lrillirt)(. Thero is Swan, Andrews,
rUrtcr. Lahm. I.eiter. Collins, and a crowd of other
Democrats in tho Convention. What shall we do?
And then the crowd is anything but a "H.zlc."
Sah musingly. V ell, it is hard, but I have it.
Let us fie down this affair. It will do just as well
at Washington. I learned to do that in the Orient,
' Bayard Taylor tells tho truth about bow the cli
eolltr niato lliere'trnmotos lvintf.
p.. That's if. luim is a treat Institution. My
. . I ' !.
"O I.ortl, how this world is given to lying."
Sam. CI aI.i.oitat In liis inimitable sneech. before
the meeting at Columbus, on the2'Jd, described in
colors none will forget, w hat he called the "Young
fogies nt tlio day "whoare led by a hWe oiofi.'
I c .. i : .... i. I i i
seen n couple, of tho gentlemen he
" r " jri:roooiI, lircclll. VIID W.I lot)
observing spectator had looked around
nc wouiu navo sc
fathers was a clcrgvman, and whipped me for it
wnenanoyr but 1 liavo got well over it since,
Thai's why I 'lamb" the clergy so in the iYuin
limier I owe them something on thatoM score.
Sa. Well, let us write them down. Come be
gin, now for a heading you do that well iu the
7. P. Well here goes. "(Writes and reads:)
"Great t'lztlcl ltoom on Hiiliicalkt I UokU
Ennilii XoImxIv licit I it' v., dc. See Slatetman
IJ. (Writes and rends.) "I'ltutu nf ronm in
llulrln ttiiltM-alkt Kmity Ferfict t'itllr i'tillarl
JOiuiM," lc, it. .Sttl'ldin Vealtr of 'iA.)
Sam. That's good.
H. Yours is excellent beats the " Buckey
Abrond." How many shall we say t
Sam. I will say 30.
H. Well, we nre further off less chance of ex
posure. I will sny 1.10.
I Until write articles nnd read. Kach agrees
t10 n1Pr j, .. ,y ,,.," in profusion.)
Sam. Uv the wnv I see but one trouble in the
m,tori Tho Columbian nnd Stale Journal are
Whig nnd Free Soil, their report is easy enough to
non hnt t vutmh State Democrat,
iri tell the truth. Why was it put hero to plague
mei it ia "as easy ns Iving ' to mnko a crowd
..f fiv0 thousand, less than 3iHl. with no nnnnsition
I ;n ollr f.,, (llt tl0 Stale Democrat isopposodto
t,e Xt.iraskn Hill."
1). Well we m'ist swear ho lias liod too. it will
le two to one. To be suro we have rather overdone
; ti10 on Xpijit JliU, buv guess we can
mnk0 j, K om.c
S. Yes and remember to stick to it, after you
have snid it, I never retreat.
H. We never do that.
S. Well if wo do kill oursetves with tho pcoplo
"tho administration, has vert kindly signified to
us, tlmt wo arc U have the Government Printing
11. And we have got the Post Offieo, and Dou
glas into hnve the succession. It is all right
.S tl"t P""d. iIc.n' w0'n and by eacli
Hurrah for tho Nebraska llill, right or wrong. Let
truth "go lnng."
8. So sat I, but confound the Stale Democrat
That is the everlasting Mordoeia, sitting in the!
King s gate, um a roiy ou me joiniiiiHiraiiuii.
Lot Follet nnd Kuiersnn 4c., "go lang" too.
It. By tho way if there is any dispute about
theso reports, you quoto me, and I will you, as
As you say, "Lying is a great institution."
A Wasmnc. The Wheeling. Va.. Artus, gives
the following wnrningto all Northern men wiio so
far frgct their "appropriate sphere" as to rcsi.le
; tl ,hivchul.)ing Siato and retain opinions of their
0n. '1 ho uiica.dness of tho Argus would seem
indicato a Hlight moving ol the waters, which por-
tends danger to the peculiar institution:
" Wo welcome Northern men to our city at all
times, mid are grateful for their aid in improving
it.provided that when they rcsido here they become
ir.io Virgin! ins in hurt and conduct. But
any of them use their position among us only
give in or o encct tc movements hostile to tlie most
vnluuhlo interests ol the state.thcy are traitors ami
wo mustuenounco tlicm. 1 his city is on the tront
tier, and is juttly regarded by Virginia as nn out
fiost of defence for her institutions. As such she
ins cherished nnd fostered us. If wo now betray
our trust by giving aid and comfort to aholitionsts.
we shall provo ourselves to lie the linxost of man
j k;,u Morthern men or S tl.ern men if we live
,e State, it is our Uuty to be loyal, and irwe necept
onj,or protection and favors wo must bo grateful.
jo fanatical notions can absolve us from such plain
Uxueb-Groi'md Railroad, Three Arivals To.
Pay. Henry Street, of Maryland, is happy
say to his friends in Maryland, that tho half had
not been told" of the blessings of ficcdum, and
withes all his friends to conio on
fi" Henry Gibson and David Picnuctt have
:. I .i k r i- . .-!
iirmcu ui luin ucuoi iruiu 11 arrcu, uissuun.
They bid us lie of good cheer, as the road
, , r uiviajs Mi ,cnr than ever before,
. , : . . , .
j uefo inn umu wikii iiieir proicescu owners,
John Ferguson and Kichard Direct, to know
they am palo on tho IJueen s froe soil, nnd tcgrct
Hint theso two individuals wero so simplo as
advertise them, offering a rowurd of two thousand
lulluis. tmet'ij the rutjitu-e
Woman's Rights. Tho Committee on the
Rights Petitions, in tho New York Legisla
ture, have submitted a written report to the House,
accompanied by tho following bill:
AN ACTnlativo to Rights of Married Women,
Section 1. Any married woman whose husband
emierirom oruiisoness, pronigoey, or troin
other cause shall neglect or retime to provide
I i . .... e - .i . 1
surpnn, or ior mo support ana education
her children, and any married woman who mnv
ncserteu ny ner uosiiniia snail nave the right
her own muuo to receive and collect her owu earn
ings nnd apply the same for her owu support
education of taich children, free from tho controll
and interference of her husband or of any person
claiming tlie same, or cunning to lie released
ihe tame by or through hor uusband,
Sucviun 2. Hereafter it shall be necessary to
validity ot every inuenture ol npprcueccship
cuted by tbe father that the mother of such child.
il sue lie living, shall in writing consent to
indentures; uor shall any appointment of a genor
nl guardian of the person of a child by the father
Ju valid unless tbe mother of such a child, if
lie living, shall in writing couscnt to such appoint
ment. Weil. Qr aui'ikb. It appears, from the follow
ing statement .d the New York Tribune, that
Cutting is well qualified to do the "chivalrio"
ei peeled from a representative in Congress i
Mr. Cutting is the best shot we have ia our
gallcriu. has "arte and ticrr at bisfliiigeis
understands Uie "manly art" quite as well as
privmu geiiuttuiaa usi we a bow oi, aaa Has
the eoursge to s'sxid square up to tlie rock.
Tbe Mirror says that Mr. C. onoe foueht
inndore M'I'onough game of fisticuffs aud
on viriur, nnu uiai ne is eqsuny saiiiea la
saiaii swurus, cmvea uigits, brickbats at tweatv
paces, or raw hides at two. . Fighting Bub
who "killed bis man a week," was uothing to
"jtd.airauie irx nma.
HOW THE WOMEN BREAK UP RUMERIES
IN WINCHESTER, RANDOLPH CO., IND.
Friend Hobixsox: A great business has been
done in this town to-day. First, I will state that
there were five rum and beer shops la this town,
besides two drug stores which kept tho article.
Second, that one of the citiiens of Winchester
died last night of delirium tremens, the victim
having obtained the destroyer nt, at least, four of
Again, the mass of the citiiens have labored,
plead and argued with these human enemies, for
yoars, with no effect. These monstors were with
out the pale of reason the voice of humanity.
Welt, nt the adjournment of the Bible Contention,
to-day, nt 4 o'clock, Itor. A. Ioose announced that
the women would occupy the house, and requested
the men to withdraw.
It was not long bofore about one hundred womon
were in march with remonstrance, petition and
pledge in hand, for the house of (he dead. The
wife of the murdered left the house of mourning,
marched up in front of David Akcr's Grocery.
Aker hnd closed his door nnd gone to his stable
for a stallion. Meantime A ker's wife showed her
foco at tho window, nnd delivered herself of
mess of vulgar slang, too Indecent to record.'
Akor appearod with his horse, but finding himself
unnoticed, lend the animal back to the stable and
appeared single handed in the midst of tho un
daunted women. Tho paper was read containing
the facts, appeal and pledge 'Will you quit the
business and sign this pledge,' said the women ?
No, was the answer. Now came tho mother of
tho orphans, robbed of father by Aker and oth
ers. Tho wife of a man murdered by them.
Shall I stop here to try to give an outline of the
scene that surrounded us? I cannot doscribe it.
Words fail thought) fail. Never was I to com
pletely overpowered by human sympathy. So
melted to pityso aroused to indignation. At
first all was in a manner still but this outraged
woman. Oh w hat eloquence fell from her lips.
How many tears fell as she drew in vivid colors
the awful scene that lay beforo us. The eloquent
crying woman was tho robbed, the clay heart be
foro her was tho robber, net of pocket trash, but
of a husband, a friend, a protector. Her husband
was tho murdered, this monster was one of the
murderers. Oh what a picture. Tho house of
mourning the murdered corse, then cold, lifeless,
sho hnd left behind the orphan children cluster
ing round the cold form of a father, pluckod from
them by this clay heart that stood in our midst
tho former felicity of their homo and family thoir
present lonely, impoverished, sad, degraded condi
lion, were nil portrayed with a heart felt eloquence
that molted almost every eye to tears but Akor's
and found flesh in every other heart, llo still
stood uumored. Now enmo indignation. It fired
almost every heart of the hundreds present, and
tho tongue was truo to the deep emotions. This
touched not the clay heart, but the pocket of the
rumscller.' Ho read his doom, if ho persisted, in
the eyes nnd countenances of the largo crowd.
Ho now said that he would sign the pledge, if the
crowd would buy his liquors. Instantly the men
who crowded near pledged the money. 1 tie poi
son was iuvoiced at $120. The niodorn Judas
pocketed, not the thirty pieces, but the 12C, and
soon tho filthy slop was running down the gutter,
amid the shouts of the gladdened multitude But
the work was just begun. Close by was Wm.
Pago, ono of the most degraded of all mon. The
koopcr of the worst sink of pollution hereabouts.
Tho women next surrounded hiin. The scone
with Aker was acted over, on the part of the
women, but they utterly fuilod to find any flesh
his heart, ono spark of humanity about him. He
spurned their tears and prayers, sneered at their
arguments, aud added insult to his injury. Curs
ed tho wifo of his murdered victim told her to
home and bury her husband, Ac. Finding overy
thing clfo, for tho present, unavailing, the women
coinmonced their march for Page's grocey. There
repeated the appeal, informing Puge that if
pcrsistod they would find their way to his I.quor
and consign it to its mother enrth. (the women
had ubtainod hatchets at the storos as they passed
along.) Page told them to go ahead. No quicker
said than the hntchels commenced hewing the door
nnd window. Soon the door was in chips and
splinters, the window demolished, and amid
shouts, cheers and sympathy of the multitudo who
crowded Dear, these heroes emptied bottles, decan
tors, kegs and barrels and Whiskey, Brandy, Oin
and Wine, mado common cause, and flowed
down tho gutter togethor. Enough was emptied
on the floor to make tho slop near shoe mouth
deep. Having put the liquors in this establish'
mcnt beyond power to further injure their hus
bunds, fathers, sons and brothers, they proceeded
to No. 3, Hester's beer shop. After some hesitat
ing he signed. No. 4, by James C. Eniiis, (Bear
shop,) immediately signed. Vo. 5 was willing
let them pour out his bar, but would not sign.
has signed since. No. 0 and 7 wero drug
stores : they signed the pledge. It was then
that! late to attack the Brewery, so they adjourned
moot at the funeral, at 2 o'clock, to-morrow. And
as soon as the funeral is over the job is to be com
pleted. The country pcoplo have become aroused
by the scenes enacted here, and a meeting is to
hold to-morrow night to discuss the merits of
cso and dctorminc whether it will bo proper
destroy tlio druukories all over the county.
Thursday morning. The meeting is ovor.
an early hour the Court House was crowded to
entire fullness. Barker was called to the stand,
loudly, from every quarter. He made an excellent
speech. Roy. J. J. Cooper was in tbe chair. Rev.
A. Loose offered a resolution of thanks to
Spartan ladies for their noble deed regretted
he could not be out to help let out the poison.
Mr. Barker offered a substitute to Loose's tion.
First, thanking the Ladies. Second, calling
ou them to extend operations until the State shall
be rid of the artitlo. Third, that the audience
stand by them and protect them. The resolution
was received with a deafening aye. Next came
tlio women. Thoir foreman, Amanda Way, made
a beautiful, resolute, appropriate and modest
speech read thoir paper which organized
into a standing army, and which pledged their
that tlie whole business should U put (uirit in
ater, and stay vvr down. A large number
women were present who voted a uuauiuioue
to this resolve. Next came theU pledge ; the
of Uie women signed that So Winchester
has a stauding army, arrayed with trutli, love
hatchets. The mooting adjourned. Mr. Barker
cAine near being mobbed at tlie Brewery
mgUt. me ormea luroe assembled there to defend
tlie beer, eursed Mr. Barker as a foreigner, eomiag
to Indiana toput down the Bible and the Breweriae.
A few facta more and I will close.
.First, these slops when brought in contact
fire, immediately extinguished tlx Ere. The
juors were drowned with wsXer. Aoim of
tl,,, ,fttwl nr tmtr irnltntia vlttoli wam MnMit n,,
would burn. Second, the Brewery man has agreed
t) quit. Third, Mr. Aker did not get the $120.
llo violated his compact, and refused to sign
liond stating the facts in the pledge he signed.
This rum is on the earth, and he cannot get the
German women and others were on hand with
buckets to save some of the precious stuff for their
children, but the buckets would turn bottom up.
A woman applied to a tinner the day before for
a quart cup minus, " about a gill." The tinner
refused. This tinner inverted a bucket of the
precious article the next day. The woman looked
up in his face, exclaiming, "You are the man who
rofused to make mo the quart cup." Now look at
the genornl recklessness of this class.
Friend Kobinsnn, this letter is lengthy, but if
you think it will serve the cause of temperance
and humanity in genera), please publish It. What
I have writton is monger outline of the whole
J. P. DAVIS.
March 30th, 1854.
Iias Masics: We have just closed an Interest
tug Bible Convention In Winchester. Joseph
Barker was (is) with us. You know and so do the
most of the readers of the Bugle, what fricod
tlarker is know his character as a speaker and a
man, nnd his tact and ability as a debater.
Mr. B. arrived hore on Saturduy last. Address
ed tho Woshingtonian Society Snt. night. Mr.
Peel (lawyer) was the speaker appointed for the
night, but he gave place and Introduced Barker to
tho meeting. I did not hear the address, but it
was well received, I havo loaraed, by the society.
Sunday following, Mr. Barkor spoke In the
morning and evening, mainly on the kinds of
arguments produced by believers in the divine
authority of tho Bible in proof of its divinity.
And the arguments ho and othors had for thinking
it merely a numnn production. Ihe court room
was packed with attentive listeners, who could not
refrain from, repeatedly, giving demonstrations of
applause and sanction to many of the abundant
noble, pure and truthful sentiments which he ut
tered. We nil felt that it was cood to be there
His discourses were powerful efforts in behalf of
reason, truth and humanity. Mr. Barker's influ
ence hore is deeply felt, and cannot fail of doing
much good, aside from the Biblo question. He
guides truth-seekers up to a high and holy life.
Mr. B. is opposed to all evil, it seems to me, but
defensivo war. I hope he will abnudon that idea
soon, and thereby increase his influonco for good.
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday a discussion
was conducted, on the question of the authority
and influence of the Bible, by Rev. A. Loose and
Mr. Barker. It Is probable this discussion fur
nishes an anomaly in the history of debates.
Both speakers wore candid, fair and unpersonnl,
throughout the discussion, with a very slight ex
ception on the part of Mr. Loose. Ho charged
Mr. Barker once with lack of candor, but shortly
after withdrew it. The debaters closed with kind
feelings towards each other, and the most of the
hearers felt kindly towards each other, and towards
To this there were some striking exceptions.
Especially amongst the methodists; and most
especially tneir ministor, .nr. Uooper. It was
happy thing for the audience that he was not
ohosen to meet Mr. Barker.
Mr. Loose is a good man, and is right out
behalf of Auti-Slavery, Temperance, and some
other reforms. He has far outtravelled his creed.
Tho burden of the debate was on the influence
the Bible. Mr. L. claimed that those who believed
the Bible of divine origin were better, every way,
than those who hold it aa a human production.
Which he disproved himself, by saying that the
catholics, who hold the book as sacred as protest-
ants, "Had not one tetligt of Christianity about
them." And which expression was disproved
Mr. B., by showing that the church and clorgy
have ever opposed all roforms and improvements
in their infauey. And notwithstanding their inti
maey with the Biblo, and their veneration fur I
they have always learned thoir ideas of Anti-Sla
yery, Temperance, Peace, Woman's Rights, and
other reforms from those whom the church
nounce as infidel. And that the American church
in the language of Albert Barnes and other min
inters, is tho bulwark of American slavery.
I cannot trace all of the points of difference,
arguments of the combatants. I will leave
letter unfinished until after the woman's rights
lecture proposed to be given to-morrow at
o'clock, A. M.
Thursday. Mr. Barker gave us a good discourse
on the past, present, and proper condition of
man. At the close of the discourse, a resolution
embracing the gooeral outlines of tho idea
braced in the woman's enterprise, was effored
and the large audience almost unnnimously voted
for it. Tbe negative was called for and three
voices wero heard in opposition. A voto was
given inviting the opposars to give the audieuce
their reasons. And what woro they f Oh we were
all infidols, and the Biblo was against the move
We have beon repeatedly told through the course
of tho Bible dobate, that the Biblo elevates woman,
and that christians and christian countries alone
recognise the true sphere of woman. Yet we
no ministerial aid to-day. The infidels had to
tlie work. Tbe christians were for woman's
dience and degradation. But I havo written
To-night we are to have an anti-Nebraska dem
onstration. Mr. Barker will give you an acoount
J. P. DAVIS.
THE CONSTITUTION AND UNION.
j. i. noovsa, and J. v. coi-kiand: Xoii seem
inclined, like most other men, to magnify the im
portance of the U. 8. Constitution. It matters but
little, in my opinion, whether the constitution be
anti-slavery, or pro-slavery. The U. S. Govern
ment is, practicality, a pro-slavery governmeut
and every bonost man is bound to be practical
Disuuiouist. The Constitution (if It be, as I re
gard it, anti-slavery,) has been laid aside long ago,
and is at thu time, practically, no mora regarded
as the law of the laud, than the Koran. It
American Union has ever been anything but an
association of pirates, it was long sinoe dissolved,
Tbe 17. S. Government, regarded as anything but
a perpetrator and protector of robbery and piracy,
is a mere Aast; the constitution, exeept viewed
as a compact between robbers and pirates, bos,
in fsct, if not In form, been laid aside by common
oonsent ; and there is no more propriety, on the
part of the friends of freedom, in voting and at
tempting to secure just administration undor it,
than there would be in attempting to rake up the
bones and ashes of the old "Articles of Confede
ration," or the Colonial Clttrterf, Tbe oojirtitu-
Hon Is dead let its ghost remain undisturbed.
The American people are wedded to forms. In
their eyes the Constitution is more sacred than
Justice. Let us not pander to this depraved sen-i
tiinent, but rather labor to corroet It
BERLIN, Eric Co., Ohio.
For the Bugle.
QUAKERISM AMONG THE PURITANS.
LOCKPORT, III., March 30, 1854.
In some of my meetings, I havo referred, by way
of Illustrating men's inconsistency, to the treatment
of the Quakers of New England, by thoso who
professed to have a great reverenco for the prin
ciples of religious liborty. I have been requested
to refer to some of the particular fncts upon which
I based my assertions and believing that the col
umns of the Bugle would be as acceptable achanncl
through which to present them as any othor, I
herewith forward them. For wbat I give, I am
indebted to Sowell's history.
Although considerable bitterness was felt toward
this class of people In the colony of Massachusetts
prior to 1050, yet it does not appear there wore any
manifestations of personal violence until that time.
In July, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin came from
England to Boston. There was at that time no
law against Quakers visiting the colony, but the
Deputy Governor tho Governor being absent
visited them beforo landing, took from them 100
volumes of Quaker lo iks, (which were burned by
the hangman.) and Imprisoned them in Boston jail t
pen, ink and paper were denied thorn, and after a
time they wero sent back to Kngland. Kndicntt,
the Governor, who was in Salem nt the time, snid,
" If I bad been there, I would have had them well
whipped." A month after, eight others came, and
were treated in a similar manner and Kndicott,
having come home, bid them " Take heed ye break
not our ecclesiastical laws, for then ye are sure to
stretch by a halter," and when they asked for a
copy of these laws, it was denied them.
Soon after this, a law was made prohibiting
Quakers coming into the colony, and forbidding
masters of vessels to bring thorn. An estimable
member of the church showed how unreasonable
and anti-Christian was such a proceeding, and ab
sented himself from the synagogue, and for this he
was fined S3 pounds, imprisoned, and afterwards
banished tho colony. Though weakly old man,
he was forced to depart in the winter, and when he
came to Rhodo Island, an Indian chiof understand-
g how he had been dealt with, told him if he
ould live with him, he would make him a warm
house, and said, "What a God hare the English
who deal so with ono another about their God.'
Several quakers arrived soon after the passage of
the law, and among them Mary Dyer and Mary
Clark, tho latter who came from London to wnrn
these persecutors to desist from their measures, for
hich she was imprisoned twelve weeks, and whip
ped twenty stripes on the naked back. The whip
used on such occasions, is described as being com
posed of three cords as thick as a man's finger,
made of dried guts, each rord having three knots
at the end, and the handle was so long that tbe
hangman used both hands to wield it.
In 1057, two Quakers, Christopher Holder and
John Copelnnd, attended a meeting of the Puritans
in Salem, and after the priest hnd got through,
Holder spoke a few words. For this, he and his
companion were forcibly expelled the house, and
on the next dny sent to Boston, where each of
them received thirty lashes, and w ere locked up in
jail three days without food, drink or bedding, and
hold prisoners nine woeks without any fire, and
this in a cold winter. Lawrence and Cassander
Southwick, who wore members ef the church at
Salem, wore imprisoned and fined for entertaining
the two Quakors aforesaid. A law was passed ex
acting a fine of 5 shillings a week for non-attend.
ance at church, also imposing a fine of 100 pounds
on any one who directly or indirectly caused
Quaker to come into the colony, and imprisonmont
until the fine was paid ; and 40 shillings fine for
every hours entertainment or concealing of a Qua
ker, knowing him to be such. There was also
law passed that all Quakurs. who should arise
among them, should be treated the same as those
coming from abroad, which was ns follows: That
for the first offence, if a male, one of his ears
should be cut off, and ho be kept at work in Ihe
house of correction, till he should be sent away
on his own charge For the second offence, ho was
to lose the other ear, and bo kept in tho house
correction, as aforesaid. If the offender was
woman, then to be severely whipped, and kept as
aforesaid as a man for the first offence, and for tho
second offence to be dealt withal as the first. Aud
for the third, he or she should have their tongues
bored through with a red hot iron, and be kept
the bouse of correction close at work, until they
sent away on their own charge. That these laws
were not a dond letter, the persecution to which the
Quakers wero subjocted, abundantly testify, and
individual cases of suffering might bo cited suffi
cient to fill many columns, but the following arc
enough to show how the law was executed :
John Copeland, Christopher Holder, (who have
been spoken of before,) and John Rouso, were ar
rested in 1G58, and ecntonced to have oach his right
ear cut off. Witnesses were admitted into the
prison, when the following order was read :
"To the ilarihal General or kit Deputy:
" You are to take with you the exooutionor, and
repair to the house of correction, and there see him
cut off the right ears of John Copeland, Christo
pher Holder, and John Rouse, Quakors; in execu
tion of the sentence of the court of assistants,
the breach of the law entitled Quakors.
Edwad Rawson, Secretary,"
Daniel and Provided Southwick, (children of
South wicks previously mentioned,) having absented
themselves from church and attended Quaker
meeting, were fined 10 pounds for so doing. Hav
ing no property to be levied upon, the General
Court issued the following order :
"Whereas, Daniel Southwick and Provided
Southwick, son and daughter of Lawrence South
wick, absenting themselves from the publio ordi
nances, have been fined by the courts of Salem
Ipswich, pretending they have no estates, and
solving not to work, tbe court, upon perusal of
law which was made upon tlie account of debts,
answer to what should be done for the satisfaction
of the fines, resolves, that the treasurers of
several counties ore, and shall UI fully empowered
to sell the said persons to any of the Euglish
tion at v irginia or liarbadoes, to answer the
fines, 4o. Edward Rawson, Secretary."
The sailors, however, had more humanity
the rulers, and none were found williug to carry
them away to be sold. So intense was the hatred
against the Quakers, and so determined were
rulers to exterminate the heresy they taught,
Thomas Prince, Governor of Plymouth, said
deserved to be destroyed, they and their wives
children, their houses and laud, without pity
meroj ; and ti New Havou, Humphrey Norton
severely whipped, and branded in the hand
the letter H, which w as certainly a strungo Wily of
burning heresy of I of him.
At Dover, in December, 10C2, three Quaker wo-
men tisited the plate, and for so doing, the follow
ing order was issued for their punishment i
"fa the cnnttable nf M.rvr, Hampton, Salitbury,
Xeicbttry, Hotel';, Ijitirii h, Wenharn, t.yni, Bol
ton, Itoxbnry, Dcdliam, ami unlit thce ragahenA
Quaker! arc carried out of tliijurindiilivni
" You, nnd every of you, are required in the
king's majesty's name, to tnko these vagabond Qua.
kers, Anne Coleman, Mnry Tomkins and Al'ir
Ambrose, nnd make them fust to the rnrt't tail, anil
driving the cart through your several towns, to
whip them upon their naked backs, not exceeding
ten stripes apiece on each of them, in each town.;
nnd so to eonvcy them from constnblo to constable,
till they nro out of this jurisdiction, as you w ill an
swer at your peril and this shall bo your warrant.
" Per me,
" Richard Wai.dron." '
This sentence was but partially executed ; they
were whipped through Dover, Hampton and Satis
bury having been first stripped naked from Ilia
the waist upward, though the weather was bitterly
cold but the deputy constable who was to heva
carried them to Newbury, set Ihcin free Instead.
Anno Coleman, who was ft little, weakly woman,
was, with four of her friomls, nftcrward whipped
in a similni manner through Salem, Boston and
Deilham. At tho latter place the executioner flog
ged so severely, that one of tho knots injured her
breast, which tortured her so much it almost cost
her her life.
In 1C58, a law was passed by the General Court
at Boston, sentencing nil who were convicted of
being Quakers to banishment, on pain of dsath.
Under this law, Marmaduke Stevenson, William
Robinson, and Mary Dyer were sentonced to ba
hung, and on tho 27th of October, 1059, the first
two named expiated their heresy upon the gallows ;
a reprieve arrived for the lnttor w lion sho was oa
tho scaffold, nnd sho was taken lo Rhode Island,
but returning again to Massachusetts, she was
again sentenced to death, and on the 1st of April,
100U, was oxocutcd.
These instances are enough to show that those
who left England becnuso of persecutions for eon
science sake, and in tho Now World's wildorness
founded a Puritan colony, wore nit any more tol
erant of what they concoived to be heresy, than
wero those w ho had driven them from their homes
and firesides in their nativo land but a fow year
before. B. S. J.
CONVENTION IN WILLIAMS COUNTY.
BRYAN, March 20, 1850.
Mr. Editor : According to previous notice, the
Fosters arrived in our villngo on Thursday evening
of last week j and on the following morning the
friends proceeded lo orgnniro nn anti-slavery Con"
vention. The meeting convened in the court house
at ton o'clock, A. M., and organized by appointing
.loim ri. Morrow Chairman, Jacob livers Assistant
Chairman, W. A. Smith Secretary, and David Bow
man Assistant Secretary. The hours for tho meet
ing of the Convention, Vy a vote of tho same, were
docidod upon, vis: ten o'clock, A. M., one and
seven, P. M.
During the afternoon session, the following reso
lutions were offered by Mr. F'ostcr, for the future
consideration of the Convention, vis ;
Heeolved, That of all the unfortunate inhabitants
of the earth, wo know of uoihj whose condition is
so ombittcred by oppremiion, whose rights aro so
utterly disregarded, and whose sufferings appeal so
powerfully to our sympathies, ns tho slaves of this
Uetolred, That with John Wesley, we regard
slavchobliiig ns tho sum of nil villainies, aud all
slaveholders ns criminals of tho first rank, and
and more guilty than tho common pick-pocket, the
pirate, or the murderer.
Retohcd, That that anti-slnvcry only is genuine
tt hich regard all slaveholders and their abettors
as criminals, and practically wiihholds from thsin
the Honor and eontiueiieo uuo to honett men.
Iicwhed, Thnt whoever supports either of our
great political parties, is practically tho enemy of
liberty nnd of liis country, nnd is unworthy to be
entrusted with any position of honor or responsi
bility iu tho Government or Church.
Jlemlred, That tl.o churches which excommuni
cato their members fur minor offences, and yet
admit to their fellowship tho legalize of slavery,
(that is, tho mouibcrs of the W'hig and Democratic
parties,) nro tho most powerful allies of tho slave
power, and should bo so regarded and treated by
tho friends of freedom.
After a partial diEcussion of tho foregoing reso
lutions, during tho first dav of the Convention, ex
clusively by the friends of the same, tho following
preamble aud resolutions were offered by Mrs. Fos
ter, nnd placed before tho Convention for consider
Wiiebas, by the constitutional Union between
the North and the South, the slaveholder is enabled
not ouly to seoure to himself our entire torritory as
hunting-ground for its escaped bondmen, but also
to command our entire physical powor, and our
treasure to crush every effort on tho part of the
slaves to secure thoir liberty by a rosort to arms
and whereas, by the representation which the mas
ter obtains on his slave property, ho is enabled to
control all the departments of the Gcuernl Govern
ment, and thereby to extend and perpetuate his
nefarious system, and to intuit Northern freemen,
trample on Northern rights, and extinguish North
ern liberty; t'tereforo
Uceolved, mat tho dissolution of tho Union is
the only just, righteous, and feasible method of
washing our ow n hands of the f-uiltof slavery, and
of bringing it to a speedy termination.
These resolutions, although introduced in the
early part of the Convention, and also ably and
thoroughly discussed by the Fosters and several
resident members of tho Convention, were not
acted upon at its close, in conscqucnco of the man
ner in which its proceedings were terminated.
The sessions of this Convention were well at
tended, and the discussions passed off with at
much harmony and good feeling as could reason
ably have been expected, undor all the circumstan
ces. No actual demonstrations of niobocraoy were
manifested, save ono evening, at the closo of a
three hours' speech, from the cloqueut lips of Mrs.
Foster, upon the inefficuey nnd Inability of control
ing human actions by stututary enactments, when
those laws were not iu harmony with the piiblia
sentiment of the people. At the close oj th
remarks, some of tho untcrrified supportws of good
order and wholesome laws, gave strong demonstra
tion of the spirit that reigned witlup ; and, a short
time after the meeting adjourned, these same jer
sons, either by tbomsolvos or through thoir agents,
made a copious application of, egg-olpgy upon the
persons of tlie spoakers, whilo upon their way book
to the inn.
. The Finance OoujMittoo, composed of Mrs, Fos
ter and A. P, Uowmau, reported some thirty dol
lars, contributed by the menibors of the Convention,
for tho progress of the anti-slavery cause, , '
At the close of tho last, session, on motion of
Mrs. Foster, it was moved and adopted that the
proceedings of this Convention be published in
the Free Soil paper of Williams county, and the
Anti-Mavery Bugle, together with such reinarl's sis