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ffin rr 1
Wwwtmim HJ' Jxuuniw
?nuin i:. ijfi.so., raitor.
A-0 f.VO.V ll'Trf SLArtolOLVERS." '
AN rEARSOX, rubllthlng jtkeni'
VOL. 9. NO. '33.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APRIL 15, 1851.
"WHOLE NO. 445.
TUB A X T I - 5 L A V L R Y BUGLE,
ri'BMV.tKD EVERV SATCBDAT, at salem, on 10.
TF.UMS. $1,60 per annnm, tinyslils In tilrsnct.
" Wt nw.siloiisll? .-ivl miml'-r, to tlio,- who sr. nst.utj
Wflbsrs. but wlio hit rvM.'r... t-. r. Int.tsMtp.l In th.o-niHrtl' n
of toitl -Isrcrjr trill h.'w 11 h the- lin-c tlmt limy will .Mili.-r ml-1 rthe
thtinlrm. or u. llwlr Intbicarg to oitcml til circulation nui..n.
.."CiimimiTilsitlorKtV-n.Jvt for ln,i.rtlm. to sit-IrM,..! to
Mtmi'l II. II misjux, Editor. All utb.rt to Ass I'hijwn, 'ub
TERMS or ADVERTISINa.
OnSqtr (1 itnta i lin
" lit It itJ.lt'luu&l imvrtioa,
' i Wt m-niihi, ....
N M (hto rrn
0u Voiiflh rultntin on yr, wilh irMlvg of t'tinglng
If Blf i-liitnii. rhnnj'n montlilf. . . .
fOnnli wot iliff( ititi Unto will bt later ttl on jrenr,
... j. urns', rnmm.
'SZfS'S'i'' '". - r
MODERN AND ANCIENT SLAVERY.
V rt, .lKTorenee between American Rlnverv nnd
tbs srao institution in oilier timos nnd nations is
A tubjact well worthy of most careful study.
Jlusosr tlio bondman was nn inmate of tho ,,;
house, working at tho Minn labor as the master,
UnJ, if a Ilehrow, emanci,mled at tho cud of seven
ear. when the solemn Jubilee of tho nation 0.11.1c
Among the people who now hold tho nu-
cie.it seats of 'judai'.in! tho Turk,, .Slavery Ims
even milder aspects, for ll.c chatlel of to-day may
lOHiiorMWboiiotonlyaf.eema:! 6tt bo raised to;
dignity and p.vrtr. Hut in the e countries.
SUvery uevVr attained that grandeur of dimensions
that political nnd industrial importance which
could entitle it to enter into comparison with
bonda-oofiho model renubli.. 'it was onlv in
ure?to ami nomtt in vt it roio to sikti proporiton,
ana acocr linxiv it w in lUo0o viowcrlul ami Mmnonv
.,. .l .m- U..VI .1, .UMory ..my ..,0 mui.mo.u oe
(jk.A !.:.. l ft i.. 1 1 1 -
,o.ha om Latn works, which we need not
in tho or ginal test, acoiimulatod and clabor-,
nte pictures of Hoinan .Slavery as it eisistod 111 the..
classic, civllucd and rehned tnnej of I icero Ju-
Venal, Houses, l.ivy, Horace, (,'ornelins Xcpus,
Luciun, Crcsar, Puny, and others. We Hod ut the
earliest poriod tho Ilouiati penplo vimple 111 their
manners, respecting and practicing agricultural
pursuits, nnd almost free from the eurso ofSlavery
-. Ciueinnntus even followed the plow and fur
rowing with plenty mid honor bis little farm of
r ... a it 1 .1 ..11
Vre.it men." who made bit.' w.irs. ta!.in: Diisoners
s slaves. With the man ii of empire, the ceutral-
1,ation of wealth, a fir.eA and nnnu-nral pro,-,.
h;ud a perverted civiliz-itioii, roriiiement nnd lux-
vwy, nnd the cousciouue: of cilucatcJ gentleinun of
that day woro so scared that they could with ci in
ilccni"y buy, sell, scourge, or c; ucify other gentle
men, their Hunls in every native attribute of com
mon humanity itud mdiolarliku nnd artisti; culture.
AVe find the description of the bounchol 1 of a llo-iri-in
inillonairo, a polisbe ! 11 nnan gont'.rmsn, to
tally, in tin. great number of irs hio, wi'h the
1'l.iutalioii of nn Amnii.Hii southern gentleman,
l'he oiiiiiloymeiits, ho.wever, dUlVeJ, the.-u being
Vunidy 'good tiyl.l -bands, huvne-i erv:ut, carpen
ters mid blacksmiths," ol "n jut or copj.ered Into
those being slaves f re;ery gentlo is A ns riuiple
pursuit lair lloiunns, On. .Ik, Andalusians, anil
whatnot. A wealthy Homan gentlenmii owned
nnd scourged and crucified when ho thought fit,
the law put 110 li.nit to his barbarities bu.t'ule the
retinue of servant for menial work, and the porter,
who, like a watch-dug, " as chained day tin. I uiglit
to 'tlio street door." a great variety of other slave:
' for the various employments of his household.
A nonj theio woro tiio steward, nn intelligent poi
son, such as nun owns nnd manage.) 01,0 of our
great hotels; tho chicf-ol'-tbc-Ititi hen, an ui-tist-"
couk for eainpli;, like the modtirn M. Soyer i the
family physician, a genth'matl of seionco and cx-
Jioriuoce, lucii hs Or. l-'iaucis or Sir Heii'-unit:
lroidio;a chief libiurinn, a learned scholar of
of tho grade of iJr. .Cogswell ; ndd bi.i u'uls, the
undor-ltbrarians nttd eoovists, nnd crammrrs.
' These last named Woro a tl iss, who, nt their mas-
ler win. , .o.-j .. , . ny , ainc uar . i,a uu, a
ryor st.-ient.lic, amf diluted it for htni that lie
. . 1 ...in .a., i- . 1 : . 1 . .... t : ...4 1.
'miht tiass off thuir labor ns his own ; class simi
lar to tlio Oxford and Cambridge men who net as
secretaries, ntiianueiiscs or craminnrs for members
. vf 1'arlianiont, or man rich enough to bo represen
tatives ol p.ivilugu in England which their miser
able crammers aro not. Of vranimeM, nccording
'to Seneca, the rich Sibiuiis, who w.n 1.1 ignorant
that with difficulty ho rvnembcrod tho names ol'
1 utith us, yet pt-oU-mle 1 to bj a savant, owned eleven;
mid so numerous wore tho slaves f liis household,
that they cost him a million, liesi.le.i these slaves
there wore other members of the peculiar institu-
. tion in a Homan gentleman's establishment, such
nas slave school-masters nod slavo tuavhors for all
,lhe ftcooiiiplishinonts. . Tlitin tliero were"choiuo
lots" of lovely girls selected for their beauty from
among all nations, to wait upon tho gueslsof thoir
master's feasts, to noiii. o them with songs and
Janco, fill their wino-oups, perfiimu- tlieir hair,
and iuit snow-wator upon , thoir hands. Some
gentlemen owned, wliolu troupes of actors, and
'llealcrs soil "ass n-tod enmpnnics, oomnrising tr-
'gsilians, eoinmOiliaah. prompters, etc.;" nnd thoso
wore tuo UarnckH, laimas, ana Keens ui uiu nine
tvC-iutmw.... ? . I.', T .. ... 1 ...1. 1 !i.
ur.iiio ns,.-. ms . . .....u.
are still siiulioi na mo.iets 01 composition, i.uti
Hbosoworo not nl : there .n-e slavo-account-.uits,
fltive-paniters, rtml Hlavo.archilects in a great 111 11 11
-" It. 1 .1.1 1 1 'i 1 ' 1 .
...ImuscUd; and ull tint wo have describe.1 us Ho-
.man Mavery was ac.-orfing to tho wrung "'
ThncydideS Xenophon, Demos hone nnd other
-t be found inelnsh-io Greece. From Demosthenes,
1 Socrates, and others Greek authorities, wo learn
...ouiothiug of slave 'Vice Current. Thus, nt
sale when tho slavo. -Eop whose fables, dough
faced Congressmen quote ns marvels of wisdom
was sold for OU obola (Sl.nu cts.) there were 'niso
sold " a sincer," whether tv prima dona, first
tcnof. or 0110 of tho clinrnti not stated, for l.tmu
. .. - 1 ....1
?ebol.v. (about $.10,) and "ft grammarian" for 8,000
t obola (about U'.IO.) : yEsop wus a damaged artiuloj
bunohbaok. This auuouut for tho wretched
.. . . ., . . .... 1 11 1 : 1. !. I 1.. 1V
prioo, iess tiuvu two uouars, which ii orougui.
' iuppose that evon The Southern Literary Review
.i:li . - ...lii. ... 1I...1 .....1. ., .io.n. ...,'.;in
t.wonh'iuore monoy. Nor oould tho others havo
f- lieeu Urst-elass articles of their kind ; for although
Deniosthencs quote the market price of "a man
"letters" at about that of a groat horse, and although
-it was amnttorof ooicplaint that "tho ophists
Athens"- a idiilosophical soot wore sometimes
knookodoffut'ft very ! figure, yet we find Xeno
!, J I.ucinn riavina as much us 10 wi'imb
(Vh)I a nieiio for "disViples of l'ythagoras," Lost
.v- .'. . -..l.H, ..l.;...i 1,, ....,.Hn.
r "onr southercn brethoren'" may object to our quo
4 Ution in this price-current of the article .Esop,
j as tending to giv an unfair view of the state nf
trade, and by comparison undervaluing tho present
''" flesh-prices, we must state that it was entirely
'Exceptional, because of its bodily deformity 1 for,
-in iroof Of thi, wo find that common field hands
and minor wer hired out at 300 obola a year,.
" ...,.,t ki.i.tinithn hiruuis nartios to run theri-sus
f loss or services from sickness, death or escape
- - , ..... x. ,.,l,f..
'lavehouldboretnrnodon tho expiration
i ontrct. a were reived froW tho owner., y
1 were rouoivoa. iw
as thesa Xonopou
. ,ah term, .a tbcsO Xeriopoii says a
;lM'cnod was a model or tender regard for the
.",""1? the nmiter and ,t demonical .disregard
i tur. .',0 1rl1,,s "' ''"'""""y " !o person of the slave,
' ',,,"J'I," "!' '''"; tlmt tl.e rich Denioph.lus own
iound. S ' "f "'"vcs-slaves for work and slaves
.l""'7: y1!'' " .J. 7 ir"? '"'"'i,
Z- 7 F'"WU' tl.e inort dreadful cruehies."
,tvcr7 ",nl, .onl11 .f t',n!n !' 't'J"lrU!'
digl. was ""J"9t u'tfwtou to torture, till nt last they
i ' n 'p.on ";' JT wJ -ftud
! r''"1"" ',n.'1 Mwallw and cn nduetod them to the
tieiren where tho men put I emoph.lns to death,
! nd thmco the women took .Mcgnll.s to the tp of a
ton thouNnml other flocked to their standard of
tnvA but after t.umerou. sanguinary engage
fliigto . , h K , ' e
... , ,,, ...i ji:,..i
girls and tho like, .fancy f.ncc iworo paid, ju.t tin
they are now In the sn.it hern Macns for quadroon
girls. In Greece ins in Koine, tho master's right
wan absolute, Ho a ono could free his slave. io
legal tribunal had that power. It is relulcl that
tho oonplo of Homo demanded of the Empotor
lilicriiis the freedom ol a great actor who was n
public f.iyovito. Unit llio Emperor Could not Rmnt
ill lie iiIiLilinpil tlin niir.itiit ni l ,a a,.i,.KV
t. .1 vi . 1 .. ....... o ..iiiniur. ;
Itu tint lli'm-iin flml itiih, in m l.w 4 1
1 liT 1 , 3 . ni'iiii
Inw, the lfve wna not n person, but n piece of prop-
vii t, 11 itiii,hvi"-ii mini.
by tho Jvonmti lmr likewise, (lnvea woro bound.
, e , , .,
under penalty of death, to protect thuir miiHterjtioii,,"
nuniiiNt Inn ci.cniien among their own clnni, and if
the imager wm killed by a bivo all bin slaves wero,
put to (loath. 1 o..;mu relates that I'epanins, who ,
f.ur hundrol slaves, boiii kiliud, nil four
liuiidre.l wore loyally put to duath, thouKh t:;e
pooplo ot Komo petitioned nnd tirotcsted niminst
ru.di wh-desnlo tlaii;;bter. The question came I
. . , ..... , ,.
. tiy L. Cassius, who insisted thoro would be no sale-.
ty to masters if the law in this easo was not color-
cel. f?o its majesty was vindicated, nnd the ruffled,
plttningo of tho gentlemen of that day w ho'.rotcct-,
, V , - " "'mnn fna'.o; tup law was uclcwled
by t.Cassius. who incited thoro would be no sale -
" "lC pwnlmr liistittition.wns sinoothed.tbo higher- i
rould. Md tho blood of tour hundred J
J!1,,ocent mtn 'V'"";6" Pou,;cd ol" l tl' .rnb-!
w . . , ,,u . l , w u (la iiai.u sou 7i .
1 tower, from which they hurled her to destruction.
Ti.n ...,,..1.! r u ... .,..r .,.u i.,.i.i""
Uii.iil,t,il.,i.ivnt.ii,.n In .l,l.n...lw.,nr,,lt.i'Ml.""u"n
' . . !..... .
. . .,.,., ,:,. rnll . .,.
i over to the c.vociilioncrs
, . ,, . r
Wo havo omitted to mention, while treating of
tho household of tho Roman chivalry, another class
of slaves, the Gladiators, as theso woro prisonors of
war, or slaves of all kinds condemned as a punish
ment to tight ono another, or be torn to pieces by
' wim iicasis in inij nri'.ia. Tiicir ucain-iiirucs uuiiiu
'.i . ,i . . . , ., i :
, tlio recreation of tho delicate, sensitive and ro-
" ,cJ K,:"mn.,,"1,M.nn.'1 f?' If?"'..
... . . , , , 1 . r rn noil
- , "-"J " I
surgents, to tho number ol lO.i'tiU, woro on one
djv ciiuitic. J, the crosies buini: nlatitud for several
miles on cilher side of t'.io road from Capua tu
Komo. Acco-ding to Pliny, tho agriciilturnl la
borers, the field hands, wero "branded on tho fore
head," woro worked in pangs under overseers, as
aro llie slaves of our "southern brethoren," utid
were driven homo at night,, nnd "chained up for
the nljht" like beasts of burden.
We see from this cursory survey of Greek and
Roman Slavery, that it differed iu two important
points Ciom our modern Amorican kind. It allow
ed tho tlaves to bo educated up to tho highest
point, adorned with every personal and mental
grace putting within their reach the consolations
of divine philosophy nnd tho pleasuros of the sever
al and most beautiful art. In America we do not
dare to open such humanizing nnd elevating op
portunities to a slavo ; wo do not daro oven to let
our bondman learn to road ; end ifn benevolent
woman, overflowing w ith cl.uri-ity, seeks to serve
O.id bv teaching a lew black children the alphabet
wo b ile her to prison for the crime. Ilut while
aitliquc slavery thus opened a brighter vista to tho
mind of slaes,'if endow e I with trans;iendant genius,
it was fur less buniano than wo in their physical
treatment, Greece and Homo constantly required
new waib and large importions to keep up their
stock of slaves. Tho physical treatment these
wrechc 1 Creatures received wns so harsh nnd in
tolerable as roiistnntly to rodnco their ranks by
death, while 111 America wo feed and cloth them
to. ami 1.10111 m .n
to production, that
j 9Q ,
J ,1!lv. ,
live-fold. Tho Teas n i very snnplo nnd is familiar
tu every student of political oootiomy. . Our laws
havo gono to tho very utmost in pretccting tho
homo production of slaves. - We havo given an
absolute monopoly to our native brooders, by pro
hibiting under pain of (loath, tho importation of
the article that might cIjo bo furnished by the
dealers on the Guinea coast. But for this we'
. ... .. . .... i . ...,1
migniiinvo uM.il u(. our r.,u,.n " . '' "i " "''
fiercely ns dul he gentlemen of Greeeo an, R e.
It is truo that this ultra protection is now become-
- .Wre al io to south-westorn nbintcrs. who
but for it, might buy African negroos for ?100 a
pio.'O, instead nf paving Sl.'iflO for the produot of
Virginia and Maryland. Thry think, nnd not
w itnout log, -, .. a, ' r.i,c,- ""
tradors bko tho Virginian to force them to
pay so hoavo a tux by way of protecting domestic
production; and thev desiro the ropoal of this
peculiar tariff. Should they succeed in ro-ostab-lisbing
tho old system of frco trndo fn negroos
their will not onlv havo bettered their own for
1 ... n .... 1. .. .. ..f .MinAlini, .lnmoalin
tunes, but havo brought American Slavery one
liavo nroilglil American ciavery uuu
toward that of Greoeo and Uomo
ten, that of educatingslavcs, these mod-
f ... . ' 01
1 The other .ten,
... never venture unon
si . .
- . , , wl..(e ftn4 nro T0,.SC(, , tll0
" 1 ... , he lo forillUlaWo
,.nw..rdico. und they will continue still to
ior ulOir i'( wiiruK'u, unvi "tvj wm "v
' . j, ,0 llunEnon, U the Mrs. Douglasses and
0,,or 'messengers of light, who may venture to
. ,-,, instruction to their bond-
offer tl.o l asts mental instruction to their bond
VALUE OF THE UNION.
1 slave States nro so obvious Hint 1 urn surpriseu
they havo not. ooinmonded themselves to the cmi
... sidcratiou of northern statesmen more lorcibly
! .1 .1 . nr...A., l,.,,-ii ilonn.
imiiinin 11117 n--i iin"-
Our southern friends, born and ednca ted unuor
.n.Ul.o nil.,.n,.na i.f Slnvnrv. hnvo come to look upon
To the Editor of The N. Y. Tribune. . ,
nleasod with tho position taken
bv vour Novv-liaven correspondent, and think the
... . . e 11.. cn. c..n. Iia
reasons lor tlio scparauou 01 m - ....... ...v
. . . ... . V e 11.. c . c.,., ,I,a
it with favor, and in many cases they lully bolievo
' it ono of tho vviso and merciful dispensations ot
I'rovidenco. Thei c is no doubt of tho Tact that
'many very beautiful relation exist between tlio
I master and the slavo ; and It may nlso be admitted,
1 1 think, that slavos, as a class, are ns well and ns
j happily plaeod a the very poorest class or white
men iu free oouiiirios. It may also bo a questiun
whether the smaller amount of energy, enterprise
..J LJ..,inin it., nmris-i flhnranlnr will not 111-
uuu 1iKi11a.1T ... ... , , .
ways give a commanding superiority to the w hite
man over him, making the relation botween them
necessarily that of muster and servant. All this
boing admitted, I cannot poreoivo any reason why
an honost and honorable white man should consid
er himsolf at lihorty furoibly to condemn tho un
willing servi.vc of the negro. Still less can I per
ceive any valid excuso for tho very savago and
nrimoreilul svstem 01 luwn rusiiuoimK
..ri .l, cnitthnrn Iftwvor una lUUIies niiuiii. ..
; e.ry or in "VJoXrf .loK.
B'TiZ 0. .Vashingion insisted most
"'". "in -l?ll'."l U'MIi;'IIUIIKllLll
that thev can nurely lmvo no obieetion to
be ot frco from' no rrcat nu evil i nod I' lmv yet
to learn one (rood reason why the North nhuuld
wish to bear fr ono day longer tho scorn nnd ob
owihmI loqt:y of the wl,e eiviliied world for bcim'
cr; erimi'nt in the mora', political nnd social evils
of tho slave svstem.
but it in no less truo that l,o firmly bo'ievcd tlinl
the system of Slavci y would, in a short lime, be
'come extinct from its own inherent evili nm!
defects, and I have not the least doubt, were he
now nlivo nnd witnessing tl.o desperate irugl."
for extending it, baleful shadow over tho whob
.bind, ho would nt
cnar.itn llienicdve from the possibility of cumin.
.....I..- ,1.. i e .1 . 1 . '
iin ii-r ion nminii or too (iiave power, n, they
1 . . .,, 1 . 1 : .
evioioiv win 110, it they continue ttmlert to it.
The South lins
ly of the cruelly nnd injii' tioo of tho N,,rth for
lnlcrtevinjr with their cherished "dometio institu
The territories of the s!avo and tlio freo States
,.m;U nl, compiler, nng
think n fair adjustment emil 1 bo made respecting I
the common p'ro,ei iy and common liabilities of 1
the t'liioti: or, if this could not bo done, I think
the free Statei could ufford to nssunio nil tho lin-'
are sejaiate, well delined nnd coinrnit, nnd I
think n fair nliuvtinent emill bo made reectim?
bilities, nnd forego 11II the liossessions of tho tien
eral (iovornnient rather than not sever themselves
from V'0 Plymig inlliienccs of Slavery, and ro-
aki.M viiutl 11 li II I;;UVU1,
Xc-rvrk, Murch 25. 1S54.
l" sueii ns aio opp
-oinproiniso. which ii to assemble ut
fiPThc following letters from Senator Wado
and ir.jii. Charles liccintlin to tho Anti-Nebraska
Convention, woro rea l and heartily nppluuded :
moM the iiom. n. r. wape.
'ahinyton, March 10, 1X54.
Gentlemen : I havo tiio honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your note of the 4th inst., earnestly in
viting me to attend and address tho Mass Conven
tion of such ns are opposed to tho repeal of the
i'lensa accept my warmest thanks for tho honor
of the invitation.
I rejoice nt this great movement of tlio pooplo of
Ohio, to robuko this meditated and partially con
summated wrong, outrugo of northern rontimuiil,
and violation of a solemn compact of our fathers.
It seems to mo 'eminently proper that the first bom
of the ordinance of 17?, should tnko the lead In
opposing this tide of southern ncgrt-ssion, nnd sla
ery uronauuudiMii, encouraged by recent triiimnhs.
( :,.liimll!a .in Ilia 0il , i, uf nl.
ami imw rtmlurcil urruiint aii'l ooiifidcut of tueucfls
, ,. , . . .. - ,
Iiv northern treachery, leainit tl.o fico .Sates no
.1, .,. , ; ' : . .1 V 1
. uvlr.vtu1 '"i""'"1" mi.iii.sio.. u.iu
Minimum"". iu uouoi iiii. is uui loo nisi 01 n
cf measures hnvinc for their obicct the
nationalization and extension into every region Pr,.
tc-tca oy the American flag. Indeed, tins inten
tion is rarely attempted to bo concealed. Eet us
therefore, wliilu wo demand nothing of the South
whicli is not light, bo very suro to have it perfectly
understood that wo w ill submit to nothing that is
wrong. 1 need not, I am sure, remind you of tho
immense Importance of this question of abrogating
tne .Missouri (Jomjiroim.io to tlio Ho laoorors ot
tho North. Tboy will not, they unnnot, and they
ought uot to consent to labor 'side by sido with
slaves. But I cannot enter into tho argument in a
letter. I bono your proceed incs will bo character
ised by Impartiality, wisdom, moderation, and
firmness, such as w ill iuspiro tho people of nil po
litical sentiments tu join shoulder to shoulder in
this grcat causo,niid show nt least as much zeal and
unanimity in opposing as the South does in uphold
ing, spreading nnd extending slavery. Let 11s
demonstrate to tho world, that tho yeoplo of Ohio,
can nud will act ns efficient as ethers always do, for
wrong, dcgiadatinn nrd shivery. Let us' havo no
platforms, but hnve tho Declaration of Indepen
dence nnd tho Constitution of tho United States.
Such nro briefly my sentiments, uud it would give
me great pleasure to meet with my fellow citizens
on this great occasion, but important measures aro
ponding in the Senate of tho United Slates, and I
may at any moment be called on to act in reference
to them, so tint in my judguiont duly requires mo to
forego the pleasure of meeting niy frionds, and re
main ut tho post iibsigucd ma. And I submit with
tho greater eheerfbluess knowing that tho cood
imus0 cannot sufTer in tho hands of so many eminent
Mcn ,,.,, mwo nMl) ,,( cnunsi;1 ; ,;, j, uf nr
affairs tbiin I am, V ith groat respect, goutlo
men, I teuiain truly yours,
B. F. WADE.
Messsrs. Ecl.ley, Epson, Lawrence, Swan, Id uck,
Slouo and Andiews, Corresponding Committee.
FROM THE HON. CHAS. REEMELIN.
Cincinnati, March 20.
phico itself right before the people, Ohio is snfe
freo . f 1 . r .
Gentlemen : I have delaved replying to your
I kind invitation to address the convention to bo
; being able to
. ' ... ..' ... " . ,
ouve homo. 1 he severe .lines, oi my wile preclude,.
howovor. any hor.o of mv dointc so
But my heart and head are with you in your ef
forts for freedom and against slavery. Your Con
vention is an important movement ; if it should
wrong, Uliio is luat, uuu witu UI110 the vauso
Tho tricktitors who, In this State, nro Douglas'
friends, and nlso tho friends ol his nefarious Ne
braska substitute, aro a very loan minority of the
people of Ohio. Tho radical democracy has had
r, 1 - . . . y . , ,
Vn tl10 i1 fc' "al. tl!",e ' ,hutf .h.!lV0
boon tolcon generously back into the fold, lhey
re v for success unon their creat tact nnd nersovcr-
I roiy ior success upon tneir great taci ana persever
mg maiiaucmcni ; out tneir great oicnianis 01 suc
cess nro tlio periodical drowsiness of tho pooplo, and
tSie errors ot their enemies.
They aro tho " birds ot prey" m Ohio, and they
watch with tho eyes of vultures, every .ten ol
those they instinctively know to bo their opponents.
Yuur Convention will cither seal thoir doom, or
give them a long Icaso of power.
Let it bo distinctly avowed that in this fall's con
test, no one of the advantages gained to the peo
ple by the Constitution of Ohio shall bo put at
issue, that none of the "obsoloto" Whig measures
shall bo revived, that there is to bo no "restoration"
no "receding" in short, that freedom, democ
raev. iustice. criunlitv nnd public faith to every
part of tho United States Constitution, nro to be
the principles, ana to litem suiu: oe tuo vie tury, uuu
not to nnv former nartv.
Mnv llo who "lumber the wind to tho shorn
lamb, nud who promises that the " integrity of
the righteous shall guido them," givo to your aclin
ertittoiiB that direction which will givo success to
the cause of humanity and uud right.
Very rcapoctiuiiy yours,
To Messrs. J. W. Andrew, Win. Lawrence, and
Minf.sota Slave State. The Burlington,'
(lowsl Teleoranh. noints out one consequence ol
Dotiglu' Nebraska bill, should it become a iuw,
which we have not not seen noticed olsowhcre.
It is not, to bo suro, a mattor of any great import
ance, comparatively, as the proscnt movement will
end, it it gains what the slave power aim ior,
such a subjection of the wholo country that slavo
may be hold as safely north of Mason and Dixon's
lino ns south of it. A cliain-gang in Broadway,
a Slaver in the stronm, may be a common sight
two your henee, and 110 more unlikely now than
the Fugitive Slave bill was five year ago, or the
recall of the Misssouri Comuromiso a year ago.
But bore is what the Iowa pupor nys of Miuosota
becoming a Slave State i Standarcf.
" -ino western bait of Minesota, wuion lies norm
of (hi Stata.nd west of the Mississippi, forms
part of the old Louisiana territory, in which slav
ery was prohibited by the Missouri Comptoiniso.
.Should tho N'obraska bill beeomo a law, this west
irn half of Mincsot will become n slave territory,
while tho eastern half will remain free, under the
rdsnanco of 177. This will render n division i-'
he present territory unavoidable and if (.Vnitre
hoold bo nt a loss for a Imino for the now ' sovc?-
ifinty.' wo would respectfully sueest that it be i
christened nfter tlio nouhriquit of its distinguished
sponsor, Ultlo uiant
From the Commonwealth.
THE NUMBER OF SLAVEHOLDERS.
In his speech on tho Nebraska bill, flen. Cass
ostimatod the number of slaveholders in the I'nited
.States at "about BoO.COO," and the slaveholders
nnd their families nt about one
inhabitants of the slavo .States. This eflimnto i
too hi(.;h. in IM'J or lhjO, the tux returns, in
11," - - -
Hll"-'k.v showed nh averne of twenty-two slave
n ''"vo hold -r. There arc 3,?t;i,'.i77 slnvcs i
t'""l,""tiy, nnd this number divided by 22, plvc
1 s tlio number of slaveholders. l!ut thi
in ftllowu.K too mm h, for Ivmurky hat liui.o ol
thoso great cotton anil sugar iilnntntiuns, whose
owners possess from loll to 2i"X slaves. It is by
no means probable that thoro nro 120,(".'0 slave
holders in the United States, or that they and their
families constitute more than about n no-ninth of
the white populations of tho Southern Slates.
t .. .......
ccoriiiog ,o ,1,0 mst census tno vvn io niinuit-,
A .MM) iHin.,r ii,n,n n, .i.,v.,i,t,t.,,..
nor connected with slavchoblini: families
with sliivqholding families. Wo
never hear in Congress of this (,rcat majiirity of!
the Southern people, for nothing but tho slave
terest irets renrescnted there. .Southern institutions
r... .1...:. -.l V ..l:
politics aro not influenced by any consideration of
ii.ltfi,.. aha ... 1 v.. . ..r
tneir nceus, necause the sluveholiiers own most ol
tho soil, ns well as most of the laborers, and claim
to bo tho whole " South." " The ritrhts of the
South," in tho mouth of a Southern member of
Congress, moans simply tho rights, or, rather, the
demands, of these slaveholders. Tlio South is
controlled by a relentless aristocracy, which has
used tlio so-called Democratic party of tlio country,
to control the politics of tho whole republic!. No
where in Europo can you find an aristocracy which
has a more scornful disregard of popular rights.
Northern Democrats profess irreconcilable oppo
sition to aristocracies and mononolics of every
kind. They profess to act on the principle that
laws should" be enacted and government adminis
teicd for the people, and not for the aggrandize
ment of a class interest. And yet they have
allowed themselves to bo considered as tho chief
roliniice of these slaveholders. They have ntadc
presidents for them, elected members of Congress
to do their bidding, and given support to what
ever policy tho slavo interest has seen fit to dictate.
Democrats of tho froo States! will you do this
forever? If you thus bolio your own principles,
and follow selfish nnd unscrupulous leaders in obe
dience to party drill, yoti should not be eurpriucd
10 near Biavcooiocrs auu Tlieir .1111110. in siiuiu 110 111
Congress and denouneo tho doctrines of tho lecla:
ration of Independence as "solf-evident lies." Dot
you nro opening your eye tu to the real character
ot what lias been called "national unniucracy.
You will at length undotstand that slavery is not
Uponocracy, and see something in tho South besides
slavery. - . ...
Jlcllect fairly and honestly on the ugly fnct that
tho politics of this licpubliu nro dictated by a
slavehohiing aristocracy, numbering not nioro loan
llJO.OOO in fact not so ninny j and this baleful
power, which spurns dcinocratio idoas, and is cor.
rupting tho very lifo of tho nation, is upheld at
Washington by tho senseless partyism of Northern
r, , r'Vin 'i,iIo
1 1 Tli 1 eiiimito
TO FUGITIVE SLAVES AND THEIR
We desire to rcmonntrato in tho kindest spirit,
againstthecustom which is becoming very common,
of writing letters from Canada, and from places in
tho Northern and Eastern States, to freo colored
persons residing South, on mutter touching fugi
tive who have mado good their escape, betters
aro frequently sent from fugitives thenifolves, who
have left perhaps wives or children behind, beg
ging that means may be adopted to favor their es
cape also. v lieu it is remomlierotl tnut tno cus
tom is very general nt tho South, and in some
places uniform, t" open all U Item uiHi cs.it J ti euluretl
fuTMHt i and when, as it frequently happen-,
persons nro caiteil upon to nnisii a vvoi k vvuicii
they l.iid 110 Initid in beginning : it will be seen
how easily a father or husband will bo snatched up
bv the law. and, on mere ,v.t;)i. 1011, mado to drag
out a tedious and miserable imprisonment. Vv
live JnrnJ.), hme no lettert written ismim. lour
thoughtless net may break np forever tho happi
ness of many a family, besides, preventing others
yet slaves, from effecting tlieir escape. Wo hope
that our advice will ho mado known to till inter
ested, especially to thoso who nro unnblo to read
this caution; nnd that papers fricudly to the op
pressed will givo this warning general circulation.
Phil, March 1, 1851. C. L. IX.
Mason and Dixons Line. "What is meant by
Mason nnd Dixou's lino i" asked a brisht. blue-
eved tiirl of twelvo years of ago, when sitting at
her father' tnl
w .. , a pl
. 1... i. 1 1.
twelvo years ol ago, wtien sitting al
tnblo. a few days ago. Tho nnswov
' . .
iroso usually 'employed to doscribo
the boundary between tho free und slavo States.")
"But why do they describe it in that way?" was
l, Iniiiifrv Tim nimu-nr mnv lm worth eivinir to
somo ol'our readors. " In the seventeenth century
ii -PYS....I 1 .i.n .i.A .i..l.A A V....1.
JllinOS 11., HI JCII(I11IIU, IH.'ll IIIU .lllO Ul li,
trave certain lands to Lord Baltimoro and to w il-
Hum I'onn, and a difliculty soon sprang up ns
.1 J' lU.. . m. It.., II,. nu'nrn
Again and ngain was the affair carried into tho
courts, till in the year 1700, when Goorgo the III.
came to the crown, the Lord Chancellor ol England
mado a decision : but new uiuicuiuos sprung up in
drawing tho boundary lines, llio commissioner
finally employed Messrs. mason ana uixon, wno
had iust roturned from tho Cape of Good Hopo,
where they had been to obscrvo the transit of Ve
nus. They suceoodod in establishing tho lino,
betwweon Delaware and Muryland, which has over
since boon called 'Mason and Dixon' lino.'
Watchman and Ilrflector.
Tue Irish and mi Eastern AVab. John Mitch
ol, broaches a new plan, so far as the public aro con
cerned, and presses it upon his countrymen wilh
no little earnestness. It is this to stir vp a rcheU
lion in Canada, when Great Bfitain is involved
deepest iu war w ith Husia.
This nlun. tho New York Timet says, has been
long acted upon by a sceret society, and companies
have been forced to carry it out. Wo quote
words : Leader,
W Imva receUnil rlntaHcd information of the
extont of the organization, the number ooncerned,
and even the names of the active bkooU in the
arrangement i but. unuer present
we refrain from making it punuo. it is sum
have been enlisted
There wero exported from England, latt year
l,GOO,000,000 yards of cotton manufactures.
' Am tr,T.KpTiAV MTlirfirA Ttiohsrdson one said
that " evrything was foreknowu, txneft 'what vavM
he the nrdici 0 petit jury.
From the American Jubilee.
From the American Jubilee. "NON-EXTENSION." OR "LOCALIZING
A rAyomn policy with many of the friends o(
liberty is that of "ncM-fWrtuf oi," of " lKiliz u;,
tlareiu." or rostrlctiiiu it within its nrcnnt lim Is
by reliining ndinissiii to any new slavo States, nnd
i,ruliiliitin(t its introduction into nil new territories
w-lirrn it iu not nli-eudv established.
Tho measures nroioscd nro in tlicniselves unoli
jectionablo nnd obligatory, so far ns they go. Wr
are bound to refuse the iidmi tsion of nny new slave
States i nnd wo nro bound to prohibit the introduc
tion of slavery into ftny of the new territories.
Thus far, it limy be presumed, the friend, of lib
erty, in America, are all of ono mind. The simple
nnoiosal of these measure, ns heinc amonn the
,l,:it 0"',t t0 ln w,,ri",vt,r 1,13 nPt'r,:
U1'"''"'0 npjiortuiiitiea tircscnt themselves, would
never unoie toe menus 01 nre'iuni, u ft""
ision to a momeul's debate omong them.
Hut tho caso is chanced whenever these mens-!
nrcs nrc o urirod nn to ininlv nny Btronff liocroe of t
cnnfidMioe in tlio fe.if-ib.lity of ohtumm t.icirj
th(U t!)U u nl, op n0)U,ly lhat tlC friviuU of Uh-
1- . , . .!...... ..r .1.....
nrt a II I'di it 1 1 ir l
as ntbtlituttt lor Uiroct political action ngainsi
lllrcry w)u;re it nrvnif cxitts when It is ussum-1
ivlien It is ussum -
seneu of nnv such nction, the
inn..,..., nl' ni.n.nvti.nuii.ii con lint ml 1 V be carried '
in ,. ,.,-.,, Lint enforced in vmrtire, nnd that 1
that ulready exist, so that this is, emphat-
iioii-exienuiou win iiii mii.i-i, m .n .
:...,n.. .1... ... ...... 1....1 ..r .,..ii.;..nl n.o;,,., ,,...,;i.Ki
- V. uu.v.u.UU ,.v -
This ground has been extensively taken by the ,
eny tiesire 10 nave uone 011 me siuyuci. ui auxuij.
Especially is it changed when these measures are ;
actually proposed and urged as being almost the I
only feasible and rirneticel ones, in tho field of I
action when they nro brought forward
friends of liberty, and for a few years past it has
been the basis of nearly all our political nt'tum '
against shivery. We havo been told that when-1
this object was accomplished, the Federal Govern-;
ment " divorced" from nny direct support of la-!i,0
very, freedom matin "national" and slavery "BO-'"j(ieii,)io."
tiiit.nl," tho evil would soon dio out of itself. In j
of this, wo have been reminded of tho un j
protitableiiess of slave labor tho impossibility of '.
sustaining it in tho older States without now soil
by slavo labor, new markets for slavo
add now plantations for slave roiiniicis.
t e liavo heen remintlea tnai 110 siavo-pianung
Stoto ever supports itself without throwing "pon
communities tho burden of its periodical
bankruptcies; and It lias lieen urangeiy iiiKen ior
granted that if slavery could only be confined to
present limits, these crushing burdens would,
of course, bo confined to tho slavo States,
compel them to abolish tho w holo system. We
lately listened to an eloquent lecture in wlneli
this irround was rcrardo J imnre 'liable.
Theso delicious dreams of nun -extension nnd its
benefits aro broken upon by tho Nebraska bill ns
by a clap of tlmndfir out of n clear sky. Wo r
our eves, and on turninrr to tho nation s lindor.v
wo find ourselves at the closo of a chapter of sixly
six years, wherein "non-extension" has been the
creed of tho friends of freedom ".non-kxtension''
tho hc jilim ultra (with few exceptions) of their de
mands, while extension has been steadily gaining
imuiml nn..n na until mir consent to lcnve slave
f,. ....... ...... -
territory undisturbed is construed into a servility
mat will allow out own free territory to bo enslav
ed. So much comes of BixtV-six yours of experi
ment with "non-extension."
llns'bistorv any significance or meaning? Can
a pcoplo bo persuaded to learu any thing by their
own fruitless experiments?
Tho irisi invites a searching scrutiny. 0
must fall back upon first principles ; for it is al
ways in accordiuico with them that God governs
the world. Thoso nro nature's immutable laws,
and whoever puts forth his activities in forgetful-
iicss or in disloyalty to them, only reaps disap-1
poiutinent for his labor. In order to bo "practical " I
men, uny where, in politics and in steam enginery, 1
wo must ubUO strictly by the laws wo nro laboring ;
, jo... ...if 1 .1.-
under, or our defeat will bo as certain as the
Let us noto ildtfn a lew obvious particulars.
1. "Nnn-oxtension" thus definod and pursued
"non-extension" ns a substitute for abolition, or ns
tho main means of procuring it, is of tho nature
of a MORAL coMHtomsE, and all moral compromise
are moral DdiELtrTioMs.
2. Such "non-extension," thus defined and
thus pursued, is a compromise w ith slavery, inas
much as it tacitly consent to tno existence 01 sla
very for the time boiug, in one part of the country,
un the condition that it shall not bo permitted to
enter another part of the country. It is u compro
mise witn slavery, occiium 11 VIIIIOIIIV lisnviill. 10
its osistenco at present, on tho condition that 11
course shall bo pursued which, it is believed, will
do awnv slavery in future.
3. .Moral compromises arc displeasing to God,
and forfeit hi approbation and favor. And with
out his approbation and favor the friends of lib
erty can have no rational or scriptural hopo ol
4. Moral compromises weaken thoso who make
them, makintl them liko Samson shorn of bis
And no political expedients, However pro-
duetive, can compensato for tho loss of moral pow-
or. Success in a good causo depends upon laith,
and faith depends upon tho
p.sKossioii mm iin-
.consciousness of moral power.
.consciousness "i mor.11 power, nm nn.-n.in u.
erty havo bad little moral power, nnd consequently
I . r . . . . 1 i .1 1 l .1 1 .,..1.1,1.1,,. I
illC irienus 01 nn
I hav o had littlo faith, while they have substituted
tho issuo of moro " non-cxtcusion ior tlmt 01
ft. Moral oomnromiFos by diminishing moral
power, in tho friendj of reform nnd liberty, dimin-
I F.i. nr.nii.1..nn l.n i.,..,,iiiinil v in their ills-
, 1SU UIU UUIIII.l.vv n.w ...... .....j --. --
intorcstodiios and Integrity. 1 lius they iniptiii
thoir influence upon thoso around them. Ly prac
tically treating the eltive questiun as a question
thut may bo compromised, they learn others to
treat it us a question to bo compromised they
propare themselves, uuconseiously, for still further
.una creator compromises, jii mi " '"j -
1 ..1 11, n l.,,n 1.1' .i..i.Voi for Hint of mere
VaCII.IUVVI .I.W w. - " . 1
nou-eMennon, liavo next relinquisiieu tuo i iuer,
nnd then gono over to tho suio ol slavery. 1 rom
inout loaders of tho chango from abolition to mere
noil-extension aro found among tho number of
thoso. The fatal step of such men,, like that of
the inebriate wus tho first of tho scries. I hough
all modorato driukers do not bocoino drunkards,
they ull promoto drunke incss.
Ii. When tho opponents of liberty detect its
friends making moral compromises, they inter
(from their own experience in travelling tho saino
road) that they will soon be prepared to make more.
Thev -aro thus emboldened tomako advances and
aggression that astonish oven themselves. Ihe
lmlis of Congress and tho nali.m lmvo been con
vulsed with struggles that never would have been
hoard of never uiteuipld if f ho triends of liberty
had never mado any comproiiin-es. ll.o l ugitive
Slave Bill Nebraska it is sufficient to mention
"'T' It Is as weak rolioy as it is bad ethics, for the
friends of God and humanity to make moral com-
, . r ; B'h0 .ff,)rd to fall, with-
The veriest jockey lias 1110 wiru uuns.
".7 " P" "7"0 tP,Hwise iu their een-
our incurring nanurupi j. i"
erution, tho fi-ionds of lihorty sot their price Mow
the lowest point of solvency, though they con not
...i ....,,,.1 11, nt tlii no.nnromise in Conisros will
fall bolow their demands. By demanding a6oiiio)
.i. .i.. 1,1 v,nvn nhinined (at least unon papor)
'Jn-extenthn." But by demanding nothing be
vond non extension, they hv only got tho No-
.prsska Mil 1
And how cnuia ir.cre "nort-exteiition'; (were It
juiv t,lm, tI.,i) do nvsay slaver t ft ths South!
i uoultl make it un nfl iUe." .
t U oiivrelitublctiow. I has nlwavt boen no
political profitable. Kuniselling is nprofiuble- Liceu-
lu,jttln ovo 0f uncontrolled domostie domination
icl(iin jj.i 'J ho privilege of wallowing in th
conrsest"''-'livuehery. Said a sintor of JameS
Madison, "We, Southern ladies, are dignified with
titlo' of wives. Wo are only mistresses of
" The love of prneticol lowetbi
prnt iticiit'ion of political ambition. The Mitve pov
proof -lH nn ();j,nreby of ons hundred thou t and
)wj,crg ovt"r (utnty-fn t uiitiiuiui of tlavet ana tu
,.,.,' frcfmtn over the widost empire, in pros
unexhausted .jCoti tie suu cl,Cr shone upon. This olignr
Inrtitrrs, ,;uy w;jj tl.n,iiitil sluiery it jell' in abolithed, erori
tie ,,; 0r i, ing nboluhtit. Ami til's will uver
j 1,0 while the friends of liberty cin ntnusS flicm
other lfll.lvc, w;tl, dreams of "tion -lu'iii'oii .'"
"JUtt, hi loctilizinff ulavcr;, ff can HoloMy make
ii,7,vrl m'lrdfitiille' tut to iin.n ft tulle that tht Ctinr
its Juf,C tH, l.rtak tlawu untler if. They oiily live
nndlniMV .j- tliruwin their pecuniary burdens upon
! tie (,.,, ftttntcw. Hy eonfiiiing them to their o
''When a man bargains with his con.ciir.rt.'
(says an old proverb,) "be always sells his discre
ThcrrJ runs a legend of man who told one hir
of bis bead to the devil, who, in taking posssssiottsi
seized first a nuall lock, then lor(;i r one, Ibon
the head, then the whole innh, soul, body atirj all.
Just look nt the part ai d probable workings of
mcro "non-extension," as the grand measute for
ovei turiiin g shivery.
When And where was slavery ever overthrew
by that process? When and tllibrts did slavery
ever die out, or work its own, euro under that
policy f Nut in New England, New fork, Rnn;
sylvania, or nny of tho Amerii nn Slates. Noth
ing short of direct action figainst slavery produced
What did "non-ex'.ension" ever do for flbjiytlJftV
In the W. kt tnilift Island, where nature herself
!md pent tp slavery by walls of water, as it never
L,,,, invo C(.M ,-,, p ),v pall,r nnaclments T
ihrcct action, Mill notliipg else, nijoiisnrrj eiwory
in the British Islands, and wherever in lins been
,.i: ..i ui,,.,,, twi tVivnt't ii t inn in trfiiDflr nn.
tliora . nn mnii m nf tlm ilifttli of nlfirrT:
ncvcp N'tron,.rr in Jamaica nd BcvmiiJ4
tVi l ' .
... . . .. ......
uonimcm, larceny, nro tiniirotitiiblc. t ill yoo
disrenfo with leitislation acaitist thett. and leave
disr(.11F0 wilh u, TK,Ui,m against thett.
,,.,, ,.. ,,,,,ipr iii,.ir nun "ii.tiilcmliU
I I......9" :.. ....1 .tt.l I.aa.,
.... i;i,,i,l,, lt these Cl'tv-eivhl lentitries. but with'-
out 11 vm-; uwnv,
' U hat then U maintiinff for t"
lorlnuny thini'i. chiefly lor these. (1.) Fot
tho luxury of living in idleness. (J.) Front the
ii,li,.-i.-.l .f.i.l.tim-.l ..f liiilifx,. l-.lutl. lit I VlSiir. til.
1 ....:, r ..,- w;ii )mVo to bear tlictr burdens
tllcmselVCS, WHICH WUUIO ewn ciunu ...vu.. If
n 1 hcoi-il n verv elotitiont locturer y before
.. . f . "I ,. ........ ,i.A... .
nt) ft,,noudiiiir audience, 11 fovr weeks sine. I
did not marvel tnnt ncion-u .n-ciurvr y""'"
so. Hut is it not a hinrt tfl Hint an nnuienoe
city men hunts should swallow it, a if they b-
licved it? l
Jfow would tho "non-extension" of slavery shut
up tho planters, merchants, and banker of the
slavo States to their own territory, and compel
ibein to hear tho necuniarv burden ot their ow
III. Ill .1 I.V.l. ..... J' ....... . - .
thriftless system 7 Wo'ibl it prevent tllenl frola
loiuimr 1r01wls1.ll crOl lit. or from eontractine loan,
of tho merchants and banker of vmr Awthara
cities, us they now do ? Would it help or compel
them to meet their payments? Would it. prevent
tho decline of southern State stocks? Would it
arm tho Northorn creditor with inngieal lamp of
Alladdin, w ith which to go to the South, ferle
of Lynch law. and collect all his dues? ,
I'nloss "non-extension" could do all this, It
covtld do nothing in the wny pointed out by our
snnet.'.i.e lecturer, toward tho abolition of si u verv.
,on-extention could do nothing of the kind.' A
dissolution of the Union could not do it, unless
(.dluvvcd bv n Chinese wall on Mason und Dixon'
no to0 ,,u, tor .M.nonion w scale ano an cniuurgo
' " .1...1 ..r l- 1irH.,.n .n
by sea, moro potcut than that of Mr. Jclfcnouin
IH't. i '; li
No. "N'on-cxtcntion" at tho West and North
can never kill slavory at tho South, tiny more than
a pure ntmostphcrc iu Vcruilht.will curb the yellow
fever in New-Orleans. i , 1
Hut who has told us that slavery can he localized
while permitted to exist Experience tells us the
very opposite, so far as it tells u any thing about
it. Will you localize a grangreno or a conflagra
tion a pestilence u falsehood a horcsy? Will
you localiv.0 druiikci.nus, theft, adultery, murder--
sin? Will you set civil government at work,
localiziva instead ol prohibiting cnw- insiouu
of leveling our iissuults at wickedness Uireetly,
shall wo content ourselves witu atsighiufe tt it lb
limits williin which it may revel 7
Henry Cluv indicated tho impracticability or
"non-extension," lieu he said, in bis great spectbi
" Tho mnment tho iticotitc3tlblo fact is admitted
that negro bl.ivcs aro propoity, tho law of movable
property irreirtibly utta. bes to them, and secure
tho right of currying them from one to another
State, wheio they are recognized ns property With
out any hindrance wbatuver from Congress.
.Mr. 'Clay said this, 111 epposing petitions for BboO
isb'mg tho intoi-Stalu slave trade, and his applica
tion of bis principle was accordingly limited to tli
I ' 1. . 1 U I.;. .nl .EArilinni
,Kiav siaies. iuv "v . . ,
course, in opposing tho W ilmot proviso, tlmt
1.1 . . !.. 1.. twin- I nri'itir tUti
ciiuin:, 111 -'I I'" '. p. -- 1 . :
... r....l ibr. K.iinn i.niicinlo to new territories.
"ti"""": r ., .,ii.uj
And so long as the principle 01 propenv ii. mnu
is recognized bv the nation us being valid In any
ixiW of the nal'mn, theic cau be nosecurity agapiit
its being extended to any other part of ib nation.
Tho onlv way of avoiding the conclusion of. Mr.
Clay, or that of Senator Douglas, as embodied in
the Nebraska bill, is by drngmg vie premises 111
national declaration that man cannot hold proporty
in man, and making that declaration cffcetuali
Then, and not until then, can the nation cciir8
itself agninst tho extension of slavery in a '!
countiy liko ours, whero them is plenty of wild,
land to be occupied. The enterprise of cutting off
supplies of .Mississippi water nt New-Orlenns, bt
throwing a dam across that river a few hundr.il
1.1. icb uiio.v ... ....... 1 ,-- - . -
osoi.hical one, in comparison with the schemo or
...... . ...i. ;.i..,: .....i.Dl il. Avlnniimnl
1 ..i ,1 1.0 a nrnetienb e ana a nnii-
killing slavery ny nigisiiwiiK ..H.....n. -.
.-.... ... .0. abnl shed in ioas but it
proximity to slave States led to its ro-eslttbiUlimeut.
Shivery was prohibited in Luiuornia oy in oun.ii
tution, but it is steadily becoming a sluve State.
Neither Jcttcrsonuin ordinances, uur miuii vu...-
ir.ini sea. nor MBto constitution, nor buji ,u..u vi
tmiwr prohibiiions can secure anj portion of tho
country from slavery, while it exists iu uny part of
tho coutilry. . t
Non-cxlonsi in, as a substitute for immediate ana
unconditional euinneii'ation, is one of Ihe most
objectionable forms of gradualism it Is indefinite
postponement, without ihe slightest propootof tor-
mination, unioss uy iniernni vioitjiivo. . ...
By the Northern advocacy of mere non-extension,
tho conscience of the South has been quieted with,
tho perception that the North ho los of conscience
in the maltur than had been supposed. The unv
votdublo imprefsion lias boeu mado that It is main
ly as a matter of local, selfish policy, that tho
North opposes tho extension 01 siavorj,
because it i accouutod a siu, nor bocans there I 0,
deep religiou ympathy for the slave. Until tb
Northern demand rise highor than for mer non
extension, it will be impossible for- tho Jortb td
get any strong bold upon the conscience le
South, . , ,. ,; ..'.,. : 4