Newspaper Page Text
POUR CHAPTERS OF A WHITE LIE.
- "How unfortunate! Mivmmn write mo that
she cannot And her emerald bracelet. Now I do
Dot darn to tell her thnt I lost it, as you know I did,
returning I nun Mr. Lacy's party. It in tho last
gift of my father, and very valuable. I'm sura I
don't know what to da." And Lena Atley threw
Vt- letter impatiently down.
"It's well you are hero in Now York," replied
ncr quccmy cousin, stinking tlio heavy curl Irom
lior shonldcrs, as sho looked up unwillingly from
er book--" what docs she iy V'
."' " She wishes to know if by mistake I could have
brought it on, ur if I remember where 1 lust saw it,
" Easily aiswercd, littlo simpleton. Just tell
her in a general way that you wonder at hor for
.hiuking von so careless aa to bring it here, and
any that before you went to the party you saw it
Ifastoned to tlio toilet cushion iu her room you
know you dressed tliere."
" But won't that be a falsehood, almost f" said
"A fiiMlc.tick. roil little Pnritnn wl,M.' flio
ilef You hnven't brought it to New York, have
. yon 7 uu did see it on your mother s tmlet tnMe.
didn't you f Yon must learn to distinguish
between a innlcnt way of getting over a matter,
and fcbeer fjlschood, vou littlo country bit of per
fctioti." Lena felt satisfied she could not hear the sneer
of her beautiful cuusi nor could she Ix-nr tho
'term Puritanical, wbich her fashionable New
York relative stvled her acts of conscience. The
iMfcr was written, sealed and sent, but that night,
in the midst of splendid throngs, Lena's heart beat
with sliaino for tho deed at which hor conscience
" M.try, come here; I want to see you alone a
moment;" and Mrs. Alley entered her diessing
room, followed by her handsome, innocent-looking
"Mary, I have lost my emerald bracelet," she
ald firmly, when she hud seated herself; "I want
to know if you remember seeing it?"
Mary turned pale ; she was exceedingly timid,
and the thought that she might even be suspected,
frKrhterred her exceedingly.
Vhcn sho answered, her voi-e trembled. In
deed ma'am, I don't think I hr.vo seen it nt all."
" But, Mary," and the tone grew firmer, ' Lena
wntes mo thnt the last timo sho saw it, it was in this
room, Inst Wednesday week. That nieht I left
you here alone. I am positive that no one but
yourself hns since been in. I missed it that vcrv
night toll me if you have it find it return it to!
me, and I will forgive u."
"Oh, Mrs. Alley, indeed, indeed I don't know
anything about it," exclaimed the girl with a look
t terror; I never was a thief my mother will
tcll you thnt. Mic broiieht me un to tho Knnilnv
school and good things. I would sooner spill my
heart's Mood than touch it."
"Hush. Mary, protestations will do nn pood;
your looks are guilty. Tho bracelet could not
havo gone without hands reflect a moment. Tho
best of girls gie way sometimes to temptntion.
son phiu hi nisi you uniu t mink you liad seen it
" Oh. now indeed I rememlier. It seema
Lena hnd it," replied tho girl, trembling so she
hardly stood upright. "I do thiuk I Lclievo
aw it on her arm ; yes, I am euro sho must have
taken it to the party."
i nat is tlio cm. lest impudence I ve heard yet,"
exclaimed Mrs. Alley, her lips quivering with pns-!gun,
"I mii-lit havo foriivcn vou. had you been
candid and told the truth. But the chnrgo you
mi toiu in truth. But tlio chnrgo you
against my dnuirhter the soul of enndnr
eympnthy. I am astonished, confounded at your
duplicity, no less than convinced by your mnnner.
No honest girl would blush and stammer nnd turn
pale ur turn her guilt upon another. I shall dis
miss you if you do not rcstoro the bracelet.
heard you speak of it, I saw you look at it that
evening, but the thought never entered my mind
that you would steal. If I do not get the bracelet
soon, very soon, I shall writo to William Harmon,
and do you think ho will marry you when he hears
-that you have been suspected as a thief? You mny
take to-morrow to restoro me my properly you
know I do as I say."
With a cheek as white as any corpse, and a wild
light in her glazed eyes, Mary tottered from the:
room, felt hor way along tho cutty, up tho stairs,
long on the floor, she luy in silent, bitter'neon v.
uv, m. u iuo i-iiuiuocr. mere iiiiniifr muni-1
Her spirit was almost broken she clasped her
hands and broke into the wildest grief.
-I'll never go homo it'll kill mother! The
little children shnll tcver think they had a thief for
a sister; and as for William God bless him, wo
vrerA ir.onir In Hn na,.lail ... - .. ., i
" a rt sa. i .
nappy; out ,1 cnu t meet bis eyes now; I can't!
.wrove anything 1 was in the dreoinir riMim I ili,
b r ' u iiiiu i sal
, ... - j . , r , - -
.'" ' mo preciy tiling cokt.iiml when
no .u'i uvo iiumiruu uoiinrs, i ma any "O, how
nice it would bo to havo all that money 1" "0, I'm
ruined I'm ruined I Mothor, did I leavo homo
for this ?"
1 Away, in the dark night, has the poor girl gone
the burden of suspicion crushing hor life out.
On, on she hurries, she so fearful of the dark ; she
who nan nurscu a liundrcil lillo
. f ( - . "
gnostsami ol iainos. A ight, wuh its cloudy arms,
welcomes her now, and covers her innocent shame
....... ..... . v,vu iiiui.uiiiuo uiiugs uy tne
' Mrs. Laey's compliments, ma'am and here
beard she hnd
it was in hcrl
the cushions on
ma ornoeiui miss Lena woro. nhe
lost it ma'am, but hadn't no idea
l.... i . .1 , . .
" " B"i- oiojipcii neiwcen the cushions on
the sofa, she expects, and she is very clad she found
It, ma am, for Miss i.-tui felt so bad."
"That poor child," was Mrs. Atley's first ex
clamation, as she took the parcel mechanically, nnd
returning to her room, placed it upon her toilet
table. " 1 have almost broken her heart, and
out hor awuy despairingly ; I shall never forgive
And had her own daughter deceived her thus?
The thought was death to her fond hopes. 8ho
threw the bauhlo ou her dressing table, nnd snt
down overwhelmed w ith distress. Her first thought
was to write to Lena, her second was to inform poor
Mary by letter as speedily as possible, and she had
jast seated herself for the latter purpose, when
curried knock st.ni-ijn.1 Imp n,1 ..nl ... .
.. - . , .. , u . M.tunui.ii.ii aiuvU
before her, exclaiming with startling voice and
manner. " Mrs. Ail . L,.. I,... ...... .....
child ? For God's sake, whore havo you sent my
rtniar i Heard uotlurig from her I caino to see
U she was sick, nnd the servants tell me she's
cono, C0.VI m UEIts i l oll me, or I shall
Ilnr distress was fearful when she had listened
to Mrs. Alley's broken words of sef'-iiceiinii,,n
Whero shall I go? Where shall I find my poor
child? Oh, Mrs. Atlcy, I hold you responsible
for the life of my poor ijiild. And then she had
sucn a great dread or the jail nnd sho hadn't
any courngo nt all! Oh, where shall I find my
poor child? Oh, Mary, where aro you at this
y It ia a fearful thing to charge the Uinocent un
Justly to listen to the prayers of tlx) helpless to
judge with harshness those who have luiuo u plead
their cause, '
- " Y hy, lena, you look like a ghost. An hour
ago-jourcneexsworerea as roses. What is the
matter, my ptiuc cousin 7
Lena said nothing; and her face
deadlier hue as sire pointed to a single paragraph
in hor mother's letter.
" kattfintiul the bracelet ; hut I fear lit lots and
ytnr deeefitiun have caused the death of jiuur Mury
vrry. nooouy snows wnorw sue Is; we have
keen searching for her two days ; and have oome
the conclusion that (lie has destroyed her life
through fear and too ureut sensitiveness. .My
hit'!, what an awful leswin ie this!"
The evil counsellor kept silonce. She dared not
reply wiien ehargea with teiuptiug her to wear tho
tiraeelet, and tliea to cover hor fault. Iu aa hour
Uss was ready ana on Iter way home. Early
ttM-tassraiitg sh was riding rapidly through the
tkiefc. wwda. The sau slept red and warm oa (lie
Wyie flowers. ' The birds sang aa If they were
fiuginj tho first jubilee song of crsation. Every-
thing seemed happy and holy but that one young
She had reached within a mile of her mother's
house, when a haggard face passod close liy
carriage. She knew it. It was poor Mary's lov
poor Mary I lover;
and a death-like faintnesa dimmed her vision, as,
on looking back, she saw him crouched forward.
ana heating las forehead in great agony ana
Other voices were beard and the tramp of many
feet. And they bore, near the carriage, that slacked
its snoed as th mournful ormin rmsneil hv. a limn.
dead body. It was poor Mary ; sho had perished
in the woods, a victim to angry suspicion, aim a
" hunnttu vhile lie I
The Past Is past 1 in solemn silence taking
Alike the sunny and the rainy day,
On the life altar of tho fond heart breaking
Full many an Idol built on feet of clay.
Tho Past Is past I in certain still rotation
Deadening and loosening, as It travelled by,
Kaoli hope that bound in glad anticipation
Each vitid passion aud each tondcr tic !
Tho Past Is past I and cur young selves departed
I pon tho Hashing whirl of those fleet years;
Its lessons leave us sadder, stronger hearted,
More slow to lovo, less prodigal of tears,
Tlio Past is past I and knowledge taught suspicion
To dim the spirit with its foul cold shrino;
Fur many a baso and dark thing Cnds admission
Amid the wisdom learnt from life and time.
The Past is past! and in that twilight valley
Dwell slow repentance and the vain regret ;
Fears fur tho future from those shadows sally,
And bang around the path before us yet.
The Past Is past 1 and ah ! how few dcploro it,
Or would re live their time had they the power?
Though Nature, sometimes, weakly weepeth o'er it
At memory of sumo wrong, or happier hour.
The Past is past 1 Tliero's bitter joy in knowing
'Tis gone forever ; dead and buried deep,
It lies behind, and on life's stream is flowing!
AY hero the dark waters of the lead Sea sleep.
Tho Past is past I in faith and paticnoo taking
Its lessons, let us lay them on our hearts;
j The chain's attenuated links aro breaking;
L o earnest I uso the present ere it parts 1
TERRIBLE ENGINES OF WAR—STARTLING
PARIS, March 6th.
and hesitntcd. A member of l'lirlinmeut ex
sion. I claimed i " Ho demands hut J!:illil mid n.l vol v..u
The new inventions for tho moro rapid destruc
tion of huiiirin beings which the war is bringing to
li;;ht, especially in England will surpass all expec
tations. The arsciiiils of England bue lr a
lung time been closed to visitors, even to members
if i of I'uiKamcut, whilo these new and tcrriblo ma
chines were being Hindu nnd experimented upon,
nnd no knowleiigo of their existence was ever
permitted until now called forth by actual service
Muiiy yenrs ago, the English government had a
DroilOIOlioll lrflurfl them 11 mlunt U'n,ii,n,'.tlnl!n.
' hesitate I
; hesitate I Hasten to buy this machine declare
I war atrainst France, and von will ,l.tnv kr rn.
nue ip a few days timo 1" No attention was paid
to this apostrophe nt the time in Franco, mid
apparently noiio in England. But this terrible
invention, ol which the public had ceased to talk,
and which was even ridiculed at tho time, lias been
maturing in concealment m the arsennls of
Vt oolwieh, and is now nearly ready to go out on its
work of destruction.
'i ho Count Lavnlette, captain of military marine
in France, w ho knew the construction of this gun,
it is said, made endeavors to hnve if ndopted by
tho Minister of Marine under Louis Philippe. It
is simply a long, congrevo gun, which glides along
on tho water in a straight line, till it strikes the
vessel, at which it is directed, when it thrums into
its sides its iron heud. coiilniuine two rounds of
fulminating powder of mercury. When the fire
niiuius iiusreservoir.it pvt. oil. i.i..u-in i...iA
t :.. i. i . .. a i... i- . ... . n ...
in the vessel ten or twelve feet in diameter, which
n is imposmuio to closo up
holes uuido by ennnon balls.
they do the round
In admitting that the Russian fleets shall retire
under the imiiiiironchnblc fortresses of Cronstadt
and .Sebntopol, iev caunot be in safety from this
.... . . .
, i. rrioiu conirrevc iruil, winch carries to almost nnv
-. ninni inn tva v milium
distance within reach of tho aim, and far bey
the rem-li of nnv mlm. 1, A....n.., l.
, ' " "J ".- v Ktiiiui,. uo pre.
eu Irom passing t
ed from passing through the most contracted straits
where ships pass
The suhmariuo boats are so perfected at this
moment that they can rench and attach a burner to
an enemy's ship without running the least dungor.
Experiments are also being made with nn asphyx
iating bull, which duo not kill, but
Ivzoa nn entire crtw for scvernl .mur. ur until tliv
i iLI'ft tlllltln liflMMlinvii Tlmu n ..... 1. ..!,: .. I.. . T.
. j. ........ j SJI UlllUttl IW 1 1 1 UlfiJII'
lurgo number tif burning explosivo balls, which
explode imariubly when they strike, even in the
ooiiy oi a ii irse, lor tney iiittauie at the niomeiit of
uiscuargo irom the gun, and My liurnmg like small
congioves until tho moiuuiitof the explosion, when
they mny npid.y fire to the aiiiiniiiiition i-heais mwl
congioves until tho mohiuiitof the explosion, when
ol''or inflauiiuiible material, as easily and as surely
n if "' worB to fu" a Blu,iul'5 tiulj.
'l h".v uro furnishing also two small steamboats
of a singular appearance, which will carry only
two enormous 1'iuxhnn guns, placed on tlio fore
part of the vessel. The walls of these littlo vessels
have a thickness of six feet, made of oak, standing
upright, and this covered with a matrass of cotton
substance a fi ind a half thick, which is impen-
ctinblo to a bullet, nnd this again covered with a
shcoting of iron und lend. Iu prow has the angu -
lar form of a cuirass intended to turn bullets ; tho
roof or deck is covered in the same wnv. so t
allow the bombs to glide into the sea w ithout doing
this nrc-ship, vory heavy, and a very bad sailor,
win do toned, and let loose at the proper moment,
U approach near the enemy's vessels, cither when
anchor or biying-to, which it will attack fore and
i-, -i i i . .
, '. ''"'I'"" "irown between w ind and w
and sprinkling tho shin with a shower of fir.
!irc: "c of, ,'."'B0 uurl,Br". taking by surprise
I , T cairn, coma wiin ease Uostroy
"i" w,lolu lle'. " 3'ct it only reiiuires tho labor
g" I 1 '"" "S1'"1' fleet is largely provide j with bul-
1 " "l'raio it
i,","1Ue,1 c"y inflammable materials to
. V . towns, viiiugcs ana Hoots, when the
mum tutors sucn operations.
The English land force will bo largely provided
vith rifles carrvinir the Minio ball, whh-l! l,.
lust been adopted in England ; whilo tho French
will cend a still larger nronortion of irnnr,. ,..,....-
ing the ltuUe.-a-tvje, which is usod in the French
service in place of the Minio bull. The Russian
vessels will have one advantage, in l,ini?
largely supplied with Colt's Revolvers than either
the English or French, which will bo used with an
overpowering advantage in boarding contests.
Altogether, tho contest will be quito a different
affair, as regards its killing power, from those
which were seen ns late oven as fifty years ago.
Already the reader must have observed, that in the
contest on Ihe Danube the numbers killed in com
parison to the nuniUrs engaged is eiicrinous, when
compared even with the lust gouoral war botwocn
those two nations.
AnDRirAw Tenjiv IWiui.-Elliku Buritt writes
to uie Tribune:
Sit : All the friends of Chesp Ocean Postage will
be ftratifaed to learn, from official aiiuouiiceineut in
the W sshington journal of this morning, that the
cardinal principle of the great postal reform, which
has been agitated on both sides of the Atlantic for
several yeara, has just been fully adopted and cs
tablished by our Government, in a direction involv
ing almost the lomrest o.,n .i .
I , . . ,u ,u ui, nit,
globe. An arrangement has just beau concluded
with a sailing cackutenmnanv l'..r,n.;.. i. ..
betweeu New York and Au.ir,.li. r... Z. " 1
loiter.-- ' V
. alw S'-'x ivs noi -
I I'T"'8 'bo custom, ho sought to rcgulato it. This
;"'"''" ''o did not allow that text as a supreme
Cut 11,0 "r"' " establish a pardoning power?
' 15v ',mt authority does any State presiimo to pur
at ,,,,n murderer? Yet every State has its pariion-
TKa fnvftrcra nnd nnnonenta of the Death Pen-
lty had a hearing recently before a committee of
the Massachusetts Legislature. Alio common-
trealth gives tho following abstract or wenaeii
Phillips' argument i
Mr. Pmi.Lirj said: Mr. Chairman, Our object
is to carry still further the policy of our last act
of legislation relative to the death penalty. In
this country and Orcat liritain, tho tendency ot
the law is to loss and less punishment to a nuldor
and more humane treatment of criminals, I say
this to put asido the objection, that this movement
to alMilisb the death penalty comes from "morbid
sympathy" for the criminal. The purpose of law
is to prevent crime, suu ws cimm m vu. .v...v
is better than the old one. We do not propose to
take down the barriers against crime, nor to create
a morbid sympathy for criminals. We claim that
the gallows docs not protect society, that it Is an
unnecessary severity, and that the welfare of so
ciety demands its abolition.
We aro not alone. It is not merely a few men
in New England, who seek to abolish this penalty.
You can hardly take up a treatise on law in which
you will not hnd some sign of the tendency to
lighter treatment of criminals. Ilo mentioned
various distinguished names in his fnvor, begin
ninir with Sir Thomas More, and ending with Lord
Uroughaiii.j Legislation is constantly dismissing
barlmri-m. Knglnnd had one hundred and fifty
different capital otfenccs. Virginia bad a large
number. Legislation hnd lessened tho number,
In none of our Suites are there now more than scv-
cn or eight. la many of them not more than two
or three. Arc we not as well protected now as
when the laws were more bloody?
Tho idea of punishment has no legitimate place
in human government. Cliccver falls into a great
mistake by assuming that it has. Human govern
mcnt hns not to do with sin but with evils. Soci
cty draws a line between the intent to murder, and
th.c deed of murder. The punishment of theft is
shaped to the evil it docs. Wo treat the evils of
crime. God lets down his plummet of justico
(and of merry, ton,) into tho uufnthumablo depths
of tho human heart, measures the sin, and deals
with that; but not thus can man do. therefore
fint away with tlio idea that the punishments ol
iiiuinn governments must bo or can be shaped to
the amount of tho criminal's sin.
The object of leirislntion is to protect the com
munity, and ho is (ha wisest statesman who con
trives to do this most truly. There are two meth
ods of doing Ibis, to-wit : hanging and imprison
ment. And w here do you get tho right to take
life? Government, which ia n social compact,
founded nn ntheisin, mny have a warrant for suicide,
and therefore each man under it may claim a
right to concede to others the right to tako his lilo,
for the stream cannot rise higher thnn the fountain.
Hut Christianity does not admit such premises,
aud therefore euts on" tho conclusion. Our oppo
nents here will not claim that a man can rightlully
kill himself or give another the right to kill him.
Where, then, do you get the riht to tako life I
But they go to that text in Oenesis: "Whoso
i-licMetli mini's blood by ninn shall his blood be
shed." Tho real difficulty is a religious one.
The gallows is sustained by tho belief that society
stands under that text of the Old Testament, nnd
ia therefore obliged to take life. I contend that
no fair interpretation of this text imposes any
such obligation. Tho verse has had nine different
translations. Tho Septugint, Wicklifl'c, nnd the
Vulgnto, nmit tho words "hy him." Michaclis
renders it, "Whatsoever she 1 Jeih man's blood,
his blood shnll be shed," which accords with the
practice in the East, of confiscating, or destroying
w hatever weapon or instrument has been concern
ed in killing a man.
Now here is a singlo line of Hebrew no schol
ar will stand up iu a company of scholars and
affirm that he is certain of its meaning yet it is
apncaiou i as an impregnntile loundntion lor tne
gallows. Now do you believe, can vou believe,
that God would have left such a matter so ambigu
ous nnd equivocal ? If ho meant to havo us be
lieve that the gallows is a divine and permanent
institution, would he hnve left it to rest on a dis
puted lino of tho old Hebrew scriptures? No
sheriff in Massachusetts would dare to use the
gnliow on a warrant so cqulvocul. And shnll we
deny reason, put asido tho whole experience of the
world, und cover our mouths with this doubtful
Let this lino of Hebrew mean what it will, it
was addressed to no government. It was address
ed to individuals. It may bo tho warrant for the
avenger of blood," w ho, as the nearest relative
t0 murdered man, felt himself under obligation
10 kiu mo niuruercr. ir it i.e n niu. it mentiM thm
n... i.. i.... .i. ... -i .... .i. ,
as it was obeved for 1500 years otter tho time of
V I. J iI . . .1
,v. miijt .iii.ii uiiucmiKu 10 uucy unit law now,
Mian, mm i.'Cie.y wouia nso in arms nunindti
Again: In this text, tlio ncnnllv
t ir ,nn
shall his blood be shed," is denounced, not morolv
against him who kills "with nmlics nr.irnthimi.ht"""
but against shedding blood with or without malice.
sots, no must no killed Who Kits aunt her acci-
'dentally, or under any circumstances. Yet no
mini nciH win anvocatu hanging the man who Kills
another by accident.
Consider nlsis that this direction conios, not from
Moses, but from Noah. Moses found in existence
the cust un of avenging blood ; but he could not
tolernto it, and therefore mndo cities of rofuire.
'"'d provMriJ thnt the cnxos of
tlne-e who lied to
' IliPni Mill ill Iff ItA Til m itiot I If lin inilil .. v.
" 11,18 le,tl " nn ausoluto law ot Una, wo aro
bound to tako it as it stands, and tako its inclining
as that is given us by cotomnorancous exoositioii.
bound to tako it as it stands, and tako its inclining
and carry it out as it was carried out during the
15u0 Jei,rs ler Noah. Tho Jews were more hu-
i l,,llne ' aro npt to give them credit Tor.
i ney suiiencii the custom ol vengeance; wo un
dertiiko to insort into their praclico a mistaken
rigidity from ourselves. I Ho examined the verses
connected with tho text in question, and mnintaiu-
cn, nun 10 ne consistent, those w ho use this text
ns a warrant lor the death penalty, should obeyed
all the injunctions connected with it. Paul 'for-
1 ,u,' eating blood j jet we disregard bis prohlbi
Moreover this text, as a law. is total in its com,
n"d. It foi bias us to spare tho man who has
j killed another. Ho must not bo spared. There
must "e no pardon. here does any government
ing power. Jf you can find in that text a hole I, Jr.
w H"i, i" puruiiuiug power inrough, i will
put the whole gallows throni'li it. No Government
regards this text, for wo have the power, we do
not punish manslaughter with death, and wo pro-
u..,.. mu iiaaiuuii Ul Btl-llglllg UIOOU.
And how is this answered? Chcever snvs.
cumstnnces luivo chanired." to., and there
must so modify the law as to provido for pardons,
nnd not hang for manslaughter. But this reply
noes much further than he intends. C i rciiitiutii
i es knee lhangcd, nnd therefore we urge a change
iu the trculmeut of murderers. We claim that
tho practice of a half civilized ago shall not be
inado a perpetual law for ihe human rnce. The
hall'-barliarous and uncertain condition of things
among Iho Jews, may have been a reason for pun
ishing murderers with death. But we, whose
condition is uinerent, nna who have every facility
(or keeping the murderer securely imprisoned.
cannot urge this reason for hanging men. Our
social condition and our governmental machinery
nre different, nnd our law should bo different.
This text, at bost, ran mean no mora thnn
permission (not an obligation) to shed the mur
derer's blood. This is all that can be allowed,
etvu lor mo suae oi argument. Mae, trend Lack
your sUps tj tho age of Noah treud back your
legislation and obey the law a it tu nlu.v.1
ll,n II... .k. ." !. I 1 . . 'J
.. w laiiiiuiuiiiiy wouiu not near an
uempi, ui revue nuu execute that old Hebrew
But I proceed to another view of the subiect.
Is the dentil penalty expedient? Is it not possible
tu keep the most profligate and dangerous murder
er oucurci;. imprisoned r ji u is, what occasion
have wo for the gallows ? Wilberforce said, " He
who undertakes to shorten h
soul." Why should we kill a murderer, and thus
risk his soul, when we can shut him un ciir..v
and allow him space for repentance and reforuiu!
tion ? The common law dors not allow you to kill
j msn in trlf dt-fi ner, until you have rtlroatrd
and retreated from his murderous assault, until it
is certain that retreating cannot save yon. So
must society retreat and retreat from the shedding
l.l 1 ..,.1 tHM . l. J r r
of blood, and try cvory
uijivir mvuiou, uoiore it
assumes me rigiu to am
But, it ia said, "hanging the murderer will
deter others from crime." Shall we take this
principle? Then why not torture the criminal?
Why not impale him as they do in Algiers, and
exhibit him in the face of heaven, writhing with
agony? Why not break him on the wheel, as they
did in France, until every bone in his body is bro
ken? It is claimed for the guillotine, that it kills
men with less pain than the gallows, and there
fore is better. The tendency is to losscn tho rain
of executions, and to hide the spectacle of legal
silling, in, in which a monomania of Idood may
break forth. It has been lately proposed to give
murderers chlorotorm be.oro killing them, thnt
they may not foel tho pain. When they began
to hide tbo gallows, they gave up the claim that
the sight of an execution deters men from crimo,
and confessed that it only depraves men and
Experience shows that taking down the death
penalty for a crime, lessens that crime. So it was
with forgery in England. I'ndue severity makes
tho punishment uncertain, and thus encourages
crime. All trials of tho abolition of the death
penalty, an in Tuscany, Ilussia, Belgium, Mich
igan, have been successful, whilo hanging does not
prevent murders. An execution rather prepares
a harvest of murders. In Massachusetts, statis
tics show that not more than one murderer in
twenty is executed, ihe man nlniut to commit a
I r A,.t. :r ....... ..
lliuruer mums 01 nils, 11 lie roa ly tlllllK ul nil.'
. , .... , . . . """'J. """ uv .
or . Z h ,,l. I J, . Th7 T ' " r"""'
er he i me hods by which murderers escape eon-
What is the use of a law that is not exe-
I stand here to ask protection. Your method
fails. Tirril walks out of the Court House "not
guilty." Give us protection. Give us a Kit that
will make punishment certain. You don't sit
thcro as a government that has succeeded. Every
step of government, since it emerged from the
night of barbarism, hns been the confession of
some error. Your gallows don't succeed.
Try the influence of a purer and nobler human
ity in your treatment of criminals. Consider that
most of thoso whom you lend to the gallows, havo
been dragged up not brought up from childhood
to maiih-Hid. No friendly social influences formed
them. They wcro educated to vice by society it
self. We have a duty to such beforo wo hang
them. I'ntil society learns truly its groat lesson,
there will be tho ignorant nnd the criminal, for
w hom society itself is responsible.
HASTE NOT—REST NOT
Without haste! without rest 1
Bind the motto to thy breast t
Bear it with thee as a spell ;
Storm or sunshine, guard it well I
Heed not flowers that round thee bloom;
Bear it onward to the tomb I
Haste not let no thoughtless deed
Mar for e'er the spirit's speed ;
Pond .r .veil and know tho right,
Onw .id then, with all thy might
Has. soot years can ne'er atone
For one reckless actiou dono 1
Best not I lifo is sweeping by,
Do and pare before you die ;
Something mighty and sublime
Leave behind to conquer time ;
Glorious 'tis to live for aye
When these forms have passed away I
llatte not I rtit not I calmly wait, .
Meekly bear the storms of late ;
Duty be thy polar guide
Do the right whato'er betide t
llatte not rut no conflicts past,
God shall crown thy work at last,
BAYARD TAYLOR AMONG THE ARABS.
' I""1' "'"as on. from motives ot curiuse
Batard Taylor, during his lecture on the
"Arabs, " Wednesday night, related the following
amusing incident in his own experience in Arabia:
" While in Arabia I had a vory remarkable experi
ence. Thoro is a drug iu the East whose effect is
"ke ""." l,Plum i " prepared from the Indian
hitllirt It Willi liuloh titim) liu tlia Wusannti ...1...
. ,.j lw.vi uiuiv
wheu about to enter a battle, as a stiinulous. It
produce on the imagination a double conscious-
I ",e"8 0U6 ' ""' "ooms to study while
porsuaded to try the effects of it on mv
own system. 1 wus in Damascus at the time.
boon alter taking the drug tho effect beuan to at).
pear. 1 saw the furniture in tho room, talked with
the company, and vet I seemed to be near tho pyr-
: i ..i- iii." ..... .. r i i.. i. .... ... "r.
I.I1HV.UI wucwjin, wiiu&e uiuihb oi sioiio appeared to
me like huge squares of Virginia tobacco. Tlio
scene changed, nnd I wns on tho desert in a boat
iinvlo ot tlio mothor of pcnrl, iho saud seemed
to bo grains of lustrous gold, through w hich my
boat run us easily as on tho waves of the sea; the
air seemed tilled with harmonics of the sweetest
musiu; tho atmosphere was filled with light, with
odues and musie. Before mo seemed to be a cou
stunt series of arcades of rainbows, through which,
h'toen years, 1 seemed to glide. Hie liner sea
" -- nnu,v., uuu wi. K iiiiumiuni ffM n
single harmonious sensation, llence we can easi
ly conceivo the origin of the Arabian Nights. My
companion, a huge Kentuckiun, tried the drug with
an amusing c fleet. After looking at mo for a whilo,
lie started up with the exclamation, "I'm a loco
motive," uud beirun to cut off his words like the
puff of an engine, and to work liko tho moving of
mo wuocis. iii mst ue seized the wator jug lor a
drink, but sot it down with a yoll, saying, "how
cnu I tuke water into my boiler when I urn letting
off stoani." " Ho had another very large audiouce
last night. Mr. Tavlor goes next to Mt. Vernon,
and thou to Cincinnati. C'ke. Leader.
IMITATION PEARLS AND DIAMONDS
The scionce of imitatiou of the works of nature
has never been carried to greater perfection than
by the French ; and in nono of its branches does it
excite moro astonishment and admiration than in
the art of imitating prociuus stones.
One of the most curious sights in Paris, or, in
docd in the wholo world, is afforded by a visit to
tho vast atelier of M. Bourguignnn, situatod at the
Barricredu Trone, whore the whole process of
transforming a few ernins of dirlv. hn.m.U.Lin.
sand into a diamond of the purestwutcr, is daily
going on, with the avowed purpose of deceiving
ni I ., I.... .1.. 1 'no . P
iiirpuss oi deceiving
v.- .j uuuj uui ,iiq uiiver. i ue sn
and upon which everything dopend
lopends, is found in
tho forests of Kotitainbleau. and eniovs irrnnt.
1. 1'u.numi in iiiu iriuie, xnnt large quantities are
exported. The colouring-mattur lor imitating
emeralds, rubies and sapphires is ontiroly mineral
. I..- !.!... .. . 7. n
mm uui ueeu urongni ui liign periection, by M
Uourguignon. He maintains in constant enmlov.
ment about a hundred workmen, bosides a number
of women and young girls, whose buisiness It is
w pousn me coloured stones, and line the false
pearls with fish-scales and wax. The scales of th
roach and dace are chiefly employed for this pur
pose, and form a considerable source of profit to
uie nsnernicn 01 the Boine, In the environs of Cor
boil, who bring them to Paris in largo quantities
uu. .... , ot,iuh,i,, iuiiiuiuh ue stripped rom
the fish while living, or the glistning hue which we
admire so much iu the real pearl cannot be iimta-
a AiEMARKAm.E Hor. As the train was about
to leave for Lockport this niornincr. . hn ,i;
coverea unoer the plattorm of one of the ears,
hanging to the brake-rod. He was taken nut
1 .1 l . .. o' J ' .w-
gave the following account of himself and his ad
ventures; His name is John Kinir. hinm. r..
years, ha is a native of Galway, Ireland. He eon
cealed himself on board a ship iu that port, and
secured a possago to New York without means.
At New York lis secreted himself under the plat
form of a car on the Hudson Rivr R.;i u.a
aud came to Albany. At Albany be met a gentle!
man who took 10 much interest in hint as to pay
his fare to Syracuse. He says he is going to the
Suspension Bridge, and that he has an uncle nt
work at the Devil's Hole," near that place, lie
was taken to Colonel Thompson, Ovorsecr of the
county poor, w ho gave him the means of traveling
safely to Niagra Fulls. Depend upon it, that boy
will make his way through the world on his own
hook. We aro indebted to Mr. Lolhoridge, of the
Central Railroad, for the above facts Uoch. In.
8CPEB10B STREET, CLEVELAND, OHIO.
IT. B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON IA7SK,
t II. DWIOHT STRATTON.
II. B. BRYANT, Professor of the Science of Ac
counts. II. DWIGIIT STRTTON, Associate Trof. in the
J. WASHINGTON LI.'SK, and P. R.SPENCER
Author, Professors of tlio Spenccrian System of
, t t r - I - - -
ppnmnnshin and (. omniercinl Correspondence
S.VUAII L. SPENCER, Instructress iu the La-
W. W. HARDER. Assistant Prof., in the Book-
Hons. ,H DDK STARKWEATHER and II. D.
CLARK, Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Prm. ASA MAIIAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
omy. EMKRSON E. WHITE, Lecturer on Commercial
For full course In Double Entry Bouk-keeninc
and other Departments, time unlimited, - $10,00
For full course in Ladies Department, 30,00
For separate course in Practical Penmanship, 5,00
Fur various styles in Ornamental Writing as
Tlio Principals of this Institution, design mnking
it one of the best mediums in the United Stater
for imparting a thorough practical knowledge of
the various duties of the Counting Itooni and bust
ncss pursuits in goueral.
THE COLKSK Or INSTRUCTION, embraces
Book-kecninz by Double Entry, as amdicd to the
various donnrtments ol irndo, Commerce, and
Manulacturcs, comprehending tho best lorms now
use 1 by the most nourishing nnd eminent estab
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
nt Wholesale und Retail, on Commission or Joint
Speculation, including llnnking, Menmboating,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, &c.
Commercial Calculations nnd Correspondence, cm
bracing every variety of business computation,
nnd familiarizing the student with tho Commercial
Technicalities and Phraseology of Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOtJIt Al'HY is a new fcatnro
in Mercantile Schools, ana having its origin as
does in this Institution, much will be done to mnkc
it an instructive and proflitublo branch in the Lec
Tho Spenccrian System of Practical Penmanship
in all its forms, will be taught by its Author, P. K.
Spencer, and J. W. Lnsk. No Institution in
America offurs superior facilities to this for impart
ing a Rapid and Systematic Hand Writing. Gcn
tlomcn and Ladies in nil parts of the countrv.
desirous of qualifying themselves for Teachers
this unrivalled ami popular bystom, will bnd thoir
wants mot at this College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT is entirely
separate from the gentlemen's, and ia fitted up in
a splendid and convenient stylo. Many Ladies
are now reaping tho benefits of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and
responsible situations. I cnuilrs desirous of at
tending a Mercantile School, will Cud tho facilities
for study offered at this Institution, superior
any other in the United States.
Applicants can enter upon a course of study
any tune durinir tho venr.
Diplomas aro awarded to students who sustain
Tho Principals have on extensive acquaintance
.:.i. i : .i i . .i . .
m mi mii.iima iiiuu iiiruiij.'.iioul me CSl, UI1U Clin
remlor ctiicieut aid to graduates in securing situ
The suit of Rooms occupied by this College, nre
mnro spacious, ami are mted up in a more elegant
ami convenient manner than any other like instl
tution in the United States.
Bkjr Rend for a Circular by mail.
Doc. 31, 1853.-ly
THE PLACE TO GET YOUIt LIKENESS
IIUXT & BOONE,
Have opened, in Johnson Horner's block, the
Krgest and finost Daguerrcinn Roonis in Eastorn
Ohio, whero they nro constantly taking pictures
lxciusivoiy on u.uvnnixcu I'tatcs) surpassing
others in durability, beauty of finish nnd artistic
stylo. Our facilities for operation nro of the most
ample nod improved order, consisting in part of iini-
cinocry in ponsn mo pinto, uy it wo aro enabled
to givo the bighost polish, without which a line pic-
lurg cauuov uv iukuu. uur
IS OF .VA.VVOTn SIZE akd sufficient
IU J'.IAB til.vri J'KHSOXS OA' A
PRICES ANOI FRO 11 37 CIS. TO TEW DOLLARS.
Ladies and gentlemen are requested to call and
uaiiiiiiiih uur npecillieus.
Salom, Dec. 17, 1853.
LA 3D SUKVEVIKG,
Hail Hoab (engineering I!
INSTRUCTION in these branches of Praetiesl
Scienco will be given nt the Union School, Marl-
uro-, DtarK Co., during the Spring Term, com
mencing March 14th and continuing fourtoen
Regular FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass,
Leveling nnd Transit Instruments, acenmpnuiod
with calculations, 1'lotting nnd Drafting, will form
an essential part of the course.
Tuition por 11 weoks, $5,50. With the privilege
of Matlicin itios, Geology, Experimental Chemistry.
di. i.... u;i ....i ii. .. i. I.... i ,
. 47 r.,r
ll,.ii,iKTi UlUKlV nuu ASUUU1U AUHV 11UUK ivofln.
C"'""!"" Branches, $3,00; Highor Branches
U1ov. 43.50, Engineering, German Laneiintro.
ll.,ll,i;.l,..l I. ..'.! . l inVn'
Mathematical und Prosnoctive Drawing-, each St2.S0
For particulars, oddrecs the Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1HS4.
E.OS I WOODS,
tULUJlDUnil, lULLBUll.Ka cncXTL omo
Steam (Engine CmUier.
STEAM ENGINES of various siea MnilnMi.
eu upon 100 latest approved plan, that cannot fuil
hi give ns good satisiuction as any now mndo.
rauorne 01 nil Kinds, made to order. All -.l.
made of good material, and warranted to give as
a---". WC.H011M-11U11 1.9 nil v uuier.
reo. 11, isot.-u
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN,
For the euro of Acute and fbronii, Ti;,-
in successful operation. Address for particulars,
DR. JOHN B. GULLY,
1 ,',. . ' Coii Wr. Mirk.
Jan. 21, 18$3.-3m.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO,,
New tobcin, D.
OFFICE, OLD BANK BVIIMSO.
JAMES KKLL, Pats.
Levi Mabtis, Scc'y.
Dae. 31, lHi3.-m.
TO THE PUBLIC.
THE Subscriber having assumed the business
formerly carried on I y tin- lirmof Tomlinsun, htrnf
ton Co., takes this plnn of tendering '
knowledgmcnts for the liberality with winch they
have been patronised and hopes by close attention
to business to merita continuance of past favors.
' THOMAS D. TOMLINSCN.
Snlem, Feb. 10, lr'64.
Blank Deed, Article of Ajreemet,t, Judymmt
Kotct, Summont and Execution for ltd at Mil
SALEM, OHIO. BEALEIl IM
OFFERS tho largest and most varied anorln.rn
of Goods in bis lino, to bo found in this part of tkfl
State; which the public are rcspoclfally solicited
His Stock comprises in part, tho
Uittoriral'1 Wnrki of Jotcfhif, Rctlin, Itolxrlicm,
Gidbon, Hume, Macaulcff, Wiliiard, 11U'
drcth; dc, Ax.
'Too numerous to mention," embracing all tha
principal Poets from Shakespeare, to Alexander"
THE SCIENTIFIC WOIIMS
of Vre, llumbolt, Lyelt, Ilitchtork, St. John. Brtk"
letby, Ajaiiz, Hugh Miller and Uuitot,
ALL THE TR I NCI PAL
Medical Works, now Iu tiae.
BIBLES AND TESTAMENTS, IN fiREAT
F cw w ii mir ATIONS.-
A Splendid nssorfmcnt of FANCY GIFT BCOKS
nnd ALBUMS, for the Hollidays.
THE LIFE OF IIOITF.n, NARRATIVE OF
A Lady's Voyngo Round the World, and an end'
less variety of other Miscellaneous Books,
B00KSF0R LITTLE FOLKS, adapted to eve
ry age and of all sizes ana prices. AIL
BOOKS, Wholesale- and Retail.
OF EVERY KIND USED IN THIS REGION;
V'hulcsale and Ketail.
Blank Books, Memorandums and Puss Bocks,
Fifty dozen Slates. Writing Paper of every des
cription. Ink, Drawing Paper and MatoriaU
Materials for Flowers.
CiOED AND STEEL TENS,
Penknives, Envelopes, Pencils, Fancy Cards, Prin
ters' Cards, Pictures, Accordions, Toys, Fancy
rticlcs, &o., &c.
In addition to which, is a large Stock of WALL
,VND WINDOW PAPER. All of which will be
sold cheap for CASH.
October 28, ISM.
The Sugar C'rct-k Water Cur.
TWELVE miles South of Mnssillon under tlia
charge of Dr. Freaso, in supplied with pure sort
spring water, and conducted on pure Ilydropnthie
principles. Wo givo no drugs. They are only
hindrances to the radical cure of dii case. The suc
cess which has thus fnr attended our efforts to nllr
vinto the sufleringsni'limninity, onablesus tospeak
confidently of tho virtues of j-ure toft water, a pro
per diet, io.
Tonus $5 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Ilydropnthie
Institute, nnd Editor of ihe Nichols' Health Jour,
mil, in noticing the Waier C'tiro movements of tb
country, sins of us;
"Dr. Frios. a most thorough ar.d energetic phy
sician, has a Water Cure at lugar Creek Falls, 6.
His tonus are vory niodorato, but thoie are few
places wo could recommend with greater confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frcaso, Dcardoff's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., 0.
I11. GEO. W. I'l.TTIT
Respectfully tenders his professional services lo
tho citizens of Marlboro nnd surrounding country.
Oflieo iu tho room recently occupied by Dr. K. 0.
North Side Main-St., One Door Weit of th Salem
Book-Storc, Salem, Ohio.
Coats, Vests, Pants, Ac, M.ido to Order and War
rautcd to Givo Satisfaction.
Tho Tailoring Businoss in all his Branches, car
ried ou ashorotofurn.
M.IXLEY & CABPEMEB'S PBES1CM '
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expenso in tilting up, t
operate with advantugo, and w ith refcronce to the
comfort and convenience of those who may favot
us with a call; in short, we are permanently lo
cated Our rooms nro in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call aud see us. You will find our reception rooms
neat and comfortable.
Ot.' II SKY-LIGHT
Can bo surpassed no whero in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenessos of all ages, taken Lira
like, or no charge! I Our prices range from 40
coots, to 20 dollars. Past experience, and present
advantages, enable us to take Good Likenetnet, at
very rtatonaltle Rate. Being, also, posted in all
the recent improvements of the art, our timo and
entire attention shall bo to ronder full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased persons taken nt thoir rooms.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Perrons wishing Pictures taken on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without extra charge
JW Rooms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until
SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN.
The subscriber having located in this dace, ia
again prepared to instruct students in the science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or the
practice of Medicine and Surgery. And in addi
tion to his former extensive means for demonstrat
ing the various subjsoct. hns recently added larrelv
to them by expensive purchases from France,
Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence tb
first of March, and to those desirous of availing
themselves of the summer oourse of studies, it
would be advisable to bo here nt least two week
previously. Ho woiiUl also announce that be ia
prepared to practice in his profession. '
K. O. THOMAR, M. P. '
Sau, Jan. 21, H?5t.-4w