Newspaper Page Text
HI4IUUS 11. It OB I. SOW, Editor.
so f.vo.v irr slai i:iioi.di:hs:'
AN rr.AUSOX, riibllltinc Agent. i
VOL. 9. NO. 30.
SALEM, COLUMWANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1S31.
AYllOLK NO. 440.
TO Ai1TISLAYERT BICLE,
rtnUSIIED EVERY SATURDAY, AT SALEM , OH 10.
f TKRMS. Jtl.&O tar innnm, piiynbU In ailrnnoa.
W OTlfmftllr rn1 numlMT Din wlin art not ul
crtboM. rtilt wlm ttrt fmMr?Ml to h ItitrrnattMl In lliiiHiminnlt'!
f ntl-lTrry truth with Mii Itopr tlmt tli'jr wilMlln-r n rih
ChfTnflriii. nr tin their Influence to extend Its rlrrulntlon mntig
0-Coinniitnrtlnn InlfnJnl for Intrrtf'tn, M nMrwi tr.
Vvnii't R. ttoiujitus, Alitor. All othrn to Asa I'imiox, l'ub
TERMS OF ADVKUTISlXa.
i$ne Sqnere (1. linen three Wtwkt,
" r:sh siMUKinel lnnvruoa,
" " Kl mnnlli
w One yesr,
Two wiusree fx months, -
One Fourth column one yesr, with privilege of thsnfflng
Hftlf entumn, rnnnirinff mnnlhlr,
I'nrilii nnt etreisllnir elxht lined will he Inserted one
fur f00i ill months. -.!.
J. HTDSOX, Pitwim.
From the Independent.
SLAVERY IN MISSOURI.
Tho person from whom tlio following account is
received is rpiite resimnsihle. and ns.ures ns thnt nil I
., . . , J .1 j , t
the incnlcntu mentioned, oeenrrel n the t'ltj of
- , nml that, within tho lnt five years: nnd
in the fneo of facts, that tho most respoctnhle elergy-
niitu wi iiiu muv iiwiiuunt.i.o sjiu.uij 111 .'iidjiui
merely mumiinnl '. "
"SLAVERY MERELY NOMINAL."
A flili'l ' smnns Itiem inkui' notes.
An' faith he'll prmit It."
The City Hotel wn lirillinntly illuminated.
From tho bow-windows of its iniijiiiiHcent pnrlours,
and the curtniucd casements of its luxurious hou -
doir streamed Hoods of light, vicing with the tool-
low radmncool tlio moon, nml bathed In whose
united beams, tho imirhlo nillars that surrounded
the building gleaming out liko sheeted sentinel
from the doep shadows of tho verandah. Within
oil was revelry nud mirth. Fairy forms, rendered
more bowitchinghy tho affluent surroundings w hich
Invishod nrt bestows, floated throiich tho nmzy
(l.inco, followed by ndmiring eyes. Dnchautiiit:
strain uf music intoxicated the car. The glare ol
gas-lights, tho blaze of jewels, tho flash of bright
eyes, tho ruby wine-cup. the dreamy wnltx, nil con
spired to engulf their votaries in one delirium- whirl
of w ild and nnidi'iiing excitement. Suddenly their
mirth was chocked by a tremendous crash directly
beneath. All sun ted, but u moment 11 f(cr had re
gained their composure, and tho dancers were
ubout rosuinin their giddy pleasure, w hen ngain
tlio snme sound saluted their enrs. Crash nllcr
crash succeodod each other with such deafening
rapidity tlmt tho bravest turned pale, nud nil has
tened with one accord, jostling ami hurrying each
other along in tho direction uf the uproar. Willi
a rush of velocity that increased every moment ns
the din continued, tho excited und frightened mnss
bure down upon the broad duor of tho diniiig-hnll
with such force that it instantly yielded to ll.eii
united weight, nnd they v.cro nt omc ushered into
II scono of confusion tlmt was indescribable. In
the centre of the room, upon one side of tho table,
which was cqvored with un indislitigtusliiil lu uinv
of splendid platu uml cutlery, stood the ligui e ol
their choleric host, his face heated to a w hite heat
wilh dosper.ito rage, nud bin hand -uplifted in the
Oct uf dashing an niinful of crockery nt tho per
sons of his unresisting slaves, who stood around
tho room, cut, bruised, nud bleeding from wounds
nlreudy received. One glance ho bestowed upon
tho crowded entrance; and then, wilh all tho force
of his pnssiou-uorved nrin, let lly his dangerous
miesilos in every direction. Ono poor fellow had
thu sharp, jugged end 0; n broken goblet driien in
to his eye, w hile another, who stood by him, nud
whose own left hand was so nciiilv scxcied that il
hung but by the skin, tendered Ills nvsisiance in
withdrawing the cruel d.irr. Instantly the tiger
like eye of tho outraged oppressor Cr-piod the ac
tion j und fixing upon it as a new cuuso of vcu
gciineo against one whom ho hud long endeavoured
III vain to break down from tho independent man
into tho servilo brute, with a look of lici.diJi ex
ultation, us much n.H to say, " 1 our time has come
. . ' . . ..
nnd Uo.sh nro valueless, tho noor. the ii-norunt.
down-trodden slavo stoud firmly confronting; his
master. With ono moveiiient of his remaining
hand, ho turo open his shirt, nnd bared his broad,
boating bosom to the l.nifj uf the murderer, saying,
"Well, kilt 1110 if yoa want to; 1'vo worso'tluin
died a thousand limes ! " Fascinated by the fixed
ness of that stony gazo, nnd tho strango ouiet
of tho hitter tunc that accompanied it, the
arm of tlio tyrant seemed stayed ns by a hand
writing ou thu wall; and who knows whether upon
that throbbing human breast, he might not have
road, in syllables of flro, "Vengeance, is mine, saith
tho Lord!" for, with a muttered oath of apology,
and future revenge, ho drooped the weapon, and
onto more his bondman stoud forth a debtor to him
for the welcouio gift of life. Oh 1 how many times,
ns ho left his hated presence, ho wished he had
killed him ! How often iu the depth of his anguish
ho hnd prayed that soino random blow icmilil ro
loaso him from life, and life's bitter wrongs! Hut
ono cannot dio w hen ono would ; nud, liko many
nuuthur uf hi ill-futed race, ho must go on endu
ring and enduring, far beyond that point which, in
Saxon codes of honor, is deemed 11 virtue. Tho
iniinedialo cnuso of Iho lust shameless act of his
iiuiBto'rs lay iu tho fact, that, during tho bustle,
.confusion, und carelessness, always prevalent at
such places upon festival occussions, some borrowed
tablo-fiirniture had boon injured to a considerable
.extent. That the servants wero the offenders, nnd
-that they must be punished, was tho single thought
of the furious landlord, as ho drove his frightened
slaves into tho dining upiirtinont, nnd commenced
his frantic assault upon them. Dennis know that
frnm this time his chain would bo doubly galling,
.And it was so. Lvery trifle was nindo tho subject
jnd occasion of gomo potty net of tyranny, always
resulting in tho same dark, menancing look, which
loomed to say, "I'll havo you yet!"- Tho time
jwoo arrived. With hut ono hand to porform tlio
iabur ol two, his task wftl some times barely 00m
.fjloted wheu the nightly rounds of his viuilaut mas-
Jer were made. Vet being a universal favorite with
his follow-servants, he was often privately assisted
Jjy thorn 1 and thus, with tho greatest diligence, ho
waa fur. a while eunbled Ut ward off thn cominir
.1. 11... 1.!.. .1 e 1 . e.
Yiiiiui. i.ui ins nny 01 uoom cnino, auu ho stood
lllune and unfrioadud before the exulting eye of liis
malignant ovorseor. Tho latter wa novor uupre
- pared for audi events, and raising his heavy riding
whip in ono hand while he deliberately cocked a
pistol in the other, howled out, "Now, you damned
niggor, stir one inch from this spot, boforo I give
you such a thrashing as no mortal over had, and
you are a dead man!" Instinctively, as ho saw
the deadly weapon ainiod ut his heart, Dennis at
tempted to fly. But thero was no chnnco with tho
hourtless miscreant in whose power he was ; and
. .before he could reach tho door, a ball entered his
aide, and, with ono heavy groan', ?to fell headlong
'upon the floor. Ono week from that night, just at
'tho'setting of tho sun, Dennis awoke from a seven
-days' delirium. Ho knew that, like the glorious
orb upon which he gaged, tho suu of his life was
Jlist sinking into darkness; and at that solemn
now," ho seized a carving-kmlo which lay glitter-
ing upon tho board, und with a frantic bound, leap-
ing claer over tho table to tho very sido of his vi.:-1
shouted in vehement tones, ns ho fairly shook i
ilh tho intensity of his nnger, " I've got you now,
nnd, damn you, I'll make nn end of you I"
With an erect brow, and a spirit calm with the
' calmness of that despair w hich lias borne until life
hntir, when n dim light from (M proU' Fiiline
seemed borne upon its ray, there crossed his poor
ouuiociiisii ruinu smne vague inoiignt tnnt, line) if.
lie should rise ngnm ; nml, turning to hi murderer,
w ho stood lit his bedside, lie said in times rendered
hollow nml sepulchral by tlin ilrnlli rattle in hi
thnint, " Vou nil! s-woi moot mo !" while, with n
fearful mystery of moaning ill hi Inrpo, dark eye.
winch, to the Inst, rested upon tlio .iillnl cmuito-
nnnee before linn, his spirit lmtencil tn join thnt
vast tlirono; which, nt the .imminent ilny, uluill rtiitil
us llery neoinern, fneo to fare, with their ( In hfinn
nmxteriil TIiobo (Iving words nml thnt (Ivilitt look
wero not without their effect upon the horror - ftrick
enconscienceoitne nonii.'i.ie-liint eonsiiencn wlmli
mont uiji nnpuisli, tin) Btronjj ninn wns pnlrnteil.
, "e." " " v" " ' ' .
wciiK, nun niTveicss ns n clnlil. In Ins fleet, lexs
njsoiiy, every nppronchirig footfnll, every eounlc-!
iiiim o in his heil-i linniher, seemed ft new'henild or
enilmiliineiit of tlio aueusinp; spirit, which hud pnno'
heforo. Kven Ihc nicdicincii de:ilt out hv lii(niii-n.
-j" " "lon-mco uc.m oui ov uimuiu
werodropsol' ;li,,i,l fiio to ho nd,.,ini,,Vedliy ,,,'
Iiroken, hleedin hand. Knell hrcalh that faniie
his feverish hrow wns n hreeno frt m the 1 urninir
horril, In i....i ;.,:..... ...! ...,i i i u:. ,
the ceiliiic nnd wnlls. Kven his friends d.nvcd
...v.v.i.r.nM., nun., I... .1 IIIR ITU DOS ! n.CI( III
U,,,,..!, ilim. f, t l.U .limr...H vUi.m
,..,.,,..,. br0 n vivia nieuclr to j,;, ,Ivi ' vi
tim, nml with dreaiHul imprecutioiis he" mliilcd
tlirm till (i nniclilllPf tell
nit, tm.m . 10 wn, , ,
lako fremhtod with turmeiitinir messnires from hi,,,'
Kverv shooting t.nii. he .l..-.,...! 1...7..;.,., i.n i..
hi. si.lo h.,.t.,7l i... n, ...I.....1 i .7.i
iiil- in. -in lie (ci irn ill,
tone, pitifully nhject. be-in,; tl.oin to remove from
his siuht that bWlv knife and clotted lash. I'mm
niornmg to night, niid all through the darkness, the
house rang with his wild groaning nnd curns.
mnii could not survive so fri-htfnl
conllict, und niter -re dnvs' wnrring with Hie
la" ooojurcu oy nun remorse winch "works like
1'ess in the brain, during which ho incessantly
oonjiircd by that remorse which
"I " ","' "T " " 'c "ls
P"-:k,."P '"' him nhmo in his torment, ns if
'" .'u'lciit ' inystenous warping, his hlood-
i-.,,..ivi tuui wuia iurui 10 meet its licenser mm
,U,IK0. L. L.
cuuso 1110 r.ugii.11 aim 1 icncii were loumi lighting
shoulder to shoulder will, tho Turk. Afier si me
lurtlu r remarks, tho llev'd. gentleman said lio be
tim, lieved iho Convention would nut object, in Chris
w tians to open their proceeding with prayer, nml
wouhl accordingly otlcr one; Inning concluded, it
was moved by Mr. Trench and resolved that all
successive meeting of tho Convention bo opened
xuo Annum 1 luoinnali Convention, Commenced
its so.,.., nccording to appointment, on the1
eleventh inst. nt Cirecnwood Hall. Mr. Christian
Donaldson called the meeting to order when the!
following ollicc were nominated and, lecte,.;
Tko following account of the first day proceed-
nigs, wo copy 111 part from thu Cincinnati Oazetle,
auu 111 pari irui.1 1110 daily Commercial.
I'nr.sinr.XT. Tho Itev. X. Siiinmerbrll.
A'u r. I'ki.miiem. .Mr. Jno. Jollitlc, Thus Hen
ton, Sninl. Lewis, .Mr. Hamilton. K v.; Kiv. A. A.
I. iyeiinore, J. II. Husscl, Wan. W. Watson, .Mis.
Kliza T. Coleman, Kev. Paiiiel I'arker, lnnie
Worth, V, C. lliirl. igh, Conn.,; Wm. Heard, lnd.:
Uicliiuil I'ullan J. Klliott.
. Si:i iiKT.v-uts.-lI. A. Warriuor auilMiss Sarab
I'cllei, X. V.
l!rsixr.-s t.'o'jiitiTTtr. Christian ronaMsnn,Cin.;
Ilev. S. .). Mny, Syraenso ; Kred llunglns, Itm lics.
ler, JIis Lucy Sione, Massn.: Muriiis Ii. Itohinsnn
Salem, Q.Kl'.cv. Mr. Cuhell, Mrs. A. 11. Krnst, 11.
II. llbukwell, Mr. french, Hani, Worth, Mr. Jol
liffe, Mrs. S. O. Krnst.
Tho I'resident said : I have somewhat unex
pectedly been cnlled on In net n Chairman of this
t'oiiveniion, though 1 did not nspiro l this honor
able distinction, 1 do not refuse it, feeling it .111
honor lo be called on to serve on behalf of that
c,reat party which represents the truth uml 1'iin
ciples of Liberty nml Humanity. That nnriy rep
resenting, this gicat cause is one nny body may be
proud to appear nulling. It is tine ihero 1110'ilil
iercnt opinions respecting it but Ministers of the
in-pel might as well shrink fn :n speaking in its
hchiilf Jiecauso some of its measures or men thev
do not approve a speak ngainst the gveat struggle
of Independence waged by (ieoige M asluiigiuii,
because that movement was advocated by Thomas
I'uine, or against the present i'.uropcati W ar, 1
. .1 ... 1! t. 11.'.. . e ,..
in u similar manner.
The liuisneis Coinuiittco having reliied fur the
purpose of framing llemlutir ns, Mr. Jollill'e was
called for nnd said: "lio rejoiced to meet so many
familiar face nt the Convention. Their object
was tho same, they wero opposed to tho buying
and selling of human bodies, as Ihey weru to the
eating of human flesh by the cannibal of New
Zealand. Tho Slave-holder and Slave-buyer wns
no worse or hotter than the cannibal. The triitlic
iu men was only a step beyond that of ciiiiiiibal-
lsni. that they wero opposed to Shivery 11. the
abstract. Tho only question was, what is the most
expedient courso to sccuro its abolition. Tho first
step was to reach tho public mind nnd reform its
principle. This must be 1I0110 by action in spite
ol the Tory presses there wero here, tho editor, j
of which in tlio old Tory times would have donuun-j
ced tho Wnr for Independence, ns they now spit!
venom onus nccauso we aut'ocato man s irecdom.
Ifweuro wrong, let those men come hero uml
prove it j let tJicm givo u good ndvu o from nil i
and nny, because Our object is to abolish Shivery: j
viewing it a an evil, wo strive to tear it up, root
nnd branch, forever, nud whuuev or it exists. Some
think one plan to do this best, soma annother:-
well let all como forward, they would exchnnge
their own plan lor a butter, wherever iound. (Ap
plause.) Tho meeting here sung Chas, MncTioy's song,
"True Freedom and how to gain it," to tho tuno
of "Auld Lang Syne " At the conclusion of the
Mr. I'arker nddrossed the convention in a fervid
ly religious manner, niter whom.
Mr. 1. A. Jlino was culled 011 an-! said, (noint-
ing to the map of the I'nitod States, hangin
against tho wall, upon which the free States np
puarod with the slavo Stales black; aud tho unor
ganized Territories, brown.) "All mankind lire
striving for an amelioration of their feelings, in
tho cast, the Soulh and tho west. . Vou will ob
serve the northern portion of our country w ears a
luminous aspect, thu southern a dark one, ami tlio
territory of Nebraska, a threatening 0110. This
latter is threatened nnd endnngered by our ene
mies, by tho spirit of 'Mi ;i'. Whut must be
dona to ronder this portion of the country more
luminous ? The friends of reform must uonsucratu
thomsolvos to tho work, must provido Iho means.
Men are nooded to occupy llie field of agitation,
but their bodys must be fed ere they ean exercise
their miuds. Lately one of our brothcren has
gone to his long, lust home, w huro ho will need no
more, u seems ridiculous to place n pecuniary
value on great tliruths; yet how many individuals
there aro who hold thcac truths as part of their be
lief, nnd yet refuse to give ten dollurs for their
vindication, thus iu fact pluciug thorn utless value
Hum that sum. Mavury daily encronchos, bocause
tho south all men's mind's aro devoted to its
progress, whilo lu tho north nil mon'a minds are
directed to the accumulation of wealth. Hence it
wo have the Nebraska bill, und the Homestead
bill, in which latter as in tho former, white black, (
nalivo and foreign distinctions arc drawn.
. "lri" birlli-rijiht id every
"ver he lc;:ali.cd l,y
rendv:"nndn;r.1ln.in,,.""""l,":,u,l.u";l""'r: umi ins in u oy , ,o
1 , ,T 7 , f ' ""!", -i , , ,n"n,1l'tl
' ,1,i.,t ln0. llur""."1"1 1.'!b,'r '"'liorahlc, nnd to
7i",!-t.".n u"'"1"' ""''r 0tl'U''S " -I','11
, 'lc-l"-,'!,;' !. as r. pui licans, WT) regard i.lhi
Mortal ""'V"""1. ''r."" -nUrne disgrnieful, and encigy
Tlio ami-shivery movement needs aid nml n".is-
:nnre, il nilvonitefl rcru; inrnne to en nrt tl.rm.
There nro nini y who lulVfn to h! ClirieVinn.
Inkinfr Jesus of Xnznrctli n tl:e cniil". hut ho
iinvtiy will liiinj; nil nml f iler itupiitH: i nhritio?
Mow innnv vro content wilh a eoiti i lcucv ?
Kew. If nil the poverty of the worhl eio ifivM
eil, there wolihl he htit iilioiit $.i,.HKt for e.h filnilv
nnl nil hcvoiiJ thix to' effcil t v nnv. ulionhl hi-
civen to the c:it:e. Ilnw mti-li inci in" wn n
fiimily of 5 persotm enlillid to hy reie.itr?
. m. If those who pit SHOD, nml even iM'.liix),
; wouhl civo the lmllnm e. Ihero wouhl I o no wunt
- ' of Inhorers. There were hundreds rosily to enter
on the held of exertion for the puhlio c'wul, the
...".ii.-iii .in-, ,-c.iih ii i ii n in hij; oy ii.
The commit toe rcturr.eil and reported the fl!ow -
1. Tlmt wo sfnml on tlio pliitform of tlio Involu
tion, niid hold these trutlin to lio self-ciidcnt:
,.ti . ii . . i i .i . ,i
lJ,"t"1 '."h" -'"T. ,!r'-. 'fl". . . n
,i , . .i i-i , i.i . .
....... .iiiiih . ..cm iiru inc. iiiicriT uu in. , ...m.u
id happiiic.n. ihnt Liherly lieing then the im-
liuinnu belli)?, '""'J
nny liuinnn cnnctincnts,
'"it is always uml cvcivwIkuo an umirpadon on the.
' l")rt "f ,llc '".tiT, nnd impose no oMiutiun
. , -l . r ., ,' w
w''ntV: w ."' ! of tho alwvo. .
- ' t lights lire not limited by Ivuces ; tlmt
' ' 0 ,1UV 1,0 wiirrant Jo oppress tho wciik,
nor tho rioh
... i .i .......il. r .i
: '."enu"u only l,feiliiiiuto basis ol social ,l,s
Ji. T hut Slavery is opprussivo to classes, is con-
irary iihkc to tun iiileiests ol 11:0 ninstcr and the
s) ave reduces the muss of the whitn m nuhitinn t.
f. V..U f u" l'vl . W, 11 ,u '""n
helpless poverty, stigmatizes labor, encourages
indolence, fosters dissipation, returds education,
destroys molality, degrade religion, cripples pri
vate enterprise, nud corrupts public virtue.
4. That w hile three miliums of unlive Americans
are subjected fur lil'u to irresnonsibla control, com-
polled to work without wnges, forbidden to marry.
I in C'lucaic .1 leuisci ves or vi-ie children, or 10
, Uirc 1 ropcrty, tvstcir.alically UrRra-led to tho
u ll ; ' ami regan.cd l y lie law
V Vl . . " "l'm,.,ll:c0 ''''''S
cm :,; V .,'", S',.!',;1'' r'T K.'. "' """ I
. vXtS 1.t
"ul yll'l"''M'. continual iiggrission
1 - -rcssioll 1 1' 1-
, 1 ,,.,...,., ,. 1 11 .. -.- 7i ..1. 1
no 1 v 111 11 our lcllovv -citizens that tha slavo novvcr
Iu,4 l.r J!'
. . 1
ul.s, nor rcsoect coniiiiniiusei
ilcii lt i. il,. 1 11 : .. i- .1 . t ...1. . 1
,1 J 1 i I 1 ..,'.
,1 1 u. I I, n.,, , , 0 I-'?'
Chi., 11 to esund tho frrVo uvw t S North
American cdiitinunt r - '
C. ;,Wr" Tl'ittileitr nn 1 cIiverv nrn .
1 rediiek Ir.uigliis teolore-l) war;, i n nnitioii call
ed upon to speak.' Ilen.ok thcstoml but said ho
Inn . .1 1 11. . -ii 11
hoped other speakers would Imt necessarily Lecn I-
1 ill Sinn 1111
i.'d to speak bv a forn-.nl vote, but that thev would
sieal; out Iho great thought in them, without hin
drance or technicality.
lie wa happy ngain to unite with his anti-slavery
Iricmls in united cll'oi Is in a common cause, lie
was jda-l to meut them on thu Catholio platform
of , I -i.i ii i, ii-, to shake h.iinls with ull who were
a i'iced to I his ono ci -linal doctrine. Slavery is 11
sin, a crime iigaim l man, nml should be iiinn;,!i
adily nnd inicondiliiinally abolished. Tho resolu
tion offered spoke of tho illegality of slavery. Some
sny slavery is legalized. ' r?u" horiblo an out
rage on bun, unity, such injustice, nnd wrong can't
nusibly be crowded into tho form of law. Xcillici l
liy the law ol'Ci.d nor by tho law of r.ian can sla-1
very be leguli.ed. lie knew there were enact-1
nients in the slave Stale aulliorizing und snnc
tioiiing shivery. M .'ii got together and voted that
certain other men were properly, go." and ch it-!
tels.to all intents, purposes and in t-oiisoijucucce-gthal j
inoy do not belong lo themselves, can own mull
themselves, but nro owned ol masters. II
This is the true definition;
then Iho edicts of tv-
ntially and etormillv sei liiute oimositc'iinJ aula-1
mWlic, niid that I civvet n tl cmt' cio is no m;d-'
dlo erou.id ilit d . I,. . ne. . ,.i ,.,,.,! ,.i. .
side of I'lber.y .'re lv a ,d act isllv mo Ire e I
very n itur.) ol ibis iMi.,1 ...ii, ov...;.- r no.eil
the side ol si' ,j Trc U l e he'd "iccouii al lu
.,11 ;':..'. -r 1 1' 1 .....
knew Ihnt Ihevevccoicl ,0,1. hues . ,. v....
to, uillify, hen, he brouhtnp tho broad principle:
of law is, "It is the Mi.remu power ol tho Slate I
coinmcnilin-vvhati:',!, nnj lorbi.ling what isl
rant and oppressors are opposed to all law, and
ito inure to bo obeyed ns line, than Iho murder-
ouseoiuiiuiii Is of the eaptiiin of a pirato ship, ou I
deck of which, might makes right. There is nil
iiisnperabluditliciilty in creating slavery by law.
Mm. is tho owner ol himself ; the right to himself
i insepariiblo from himself, und no power beneath
tho sky unit take it from him. Ho mny ho whip
ped, gagged, degraded and kept in ignominy ;
hut whilo n single spark of tho divino vilalitv is
left in him, while a ray of manhood beams from
lii j eye, ho ha his right n a man. Time, nor
ehango can ulicnuto or destroy them. As said bv
-e 1. Vl'..l.l ..'ci - . . 1- 1 ....
1 . 1. 11 cm, x ou 1 igi.i 01 u.o iniu v.iiiiiu to himself
is the i.o.-it in the uui.tro of all ricrhts strike tl,,. 1
down, mid down go nil rights." This is, mid has
boon, tho upshot of ull abolition teaching fur thirty
yours, that niun in his own. No law of slavery is,
then, binding on nny mnn. W hat our father or
Congresses did at tho beginning, ha, no more force,
and should havo 110 more force than those of ihnie
children. They hud no right to nuiko laws legal
izing slavery ; and no one can give to others what
ho himsetf don't possos. And liovernmont hare
no power that individuals havo not llouoe, Ciov
ormncnt having no right, their exercise of it was
unauthorized it was without any right.
It rushed outof its orbit to give sanction to this
loul, Pluck, damning, haggard conspiracy. The
laws thcu enforcing slavery aro not ouly bail laws,
but no laws. It was against the law fur n slavo to
escape from his muster, but ho felt no compunction
w hen ho escaped, on account of having brokon the
law, but lliut lie was acting the part of a good citi
zen in escaping as soon as possible, from under
such luws. Murder und piracy may ns well bo le
galized us Sluvury, or ralhur Sl.ivery'is boili united.
Tiic priuciplu of the'toiiure of Shivery is, be a slave
or tlio ; without that grand featuro 111 the institu
tion, Shivery would soon give way to freedom. No
law, then, can r'ujlilj'ully tuko uvvay iho right of a
man to himself. Such law are so mucli parch
ment, words and ink, containing no vitality to bind
tho consciences of iho slave or their friends. The
moment a slave can esenpo from his chains, ho is
instilled so to do, IIo might make out iu due form
of law, a deed to tho body of his neighbor, Lut tho
inherent right of tho neighbor to himself would re
main, whether the deed was accepted and execu
ted or not. J no title, thanks to Uod, is ou record
in tho hosom of tho Klcrnal One, and until tyrants
nre nblo to upturn tho throne of IIc.ivcu und wrost
it thence, they cannot sustain Slavery. Men were
mount to be free.
The nearer then, Anti-Slnvcry people get In sym
pathy with the humblost son or the oppressed, will
they be best fitted for tho duties of tho Convention.
They should not entangle themselves so much in
the snarl of opinions, nut rally with hearts Tver
running with sympathy for the down trodden and
ulm!1- l'llv RCok lt,;lc0 1)r shivehohler, but to 1
tho flavcl.o'l lcr there can I e m. pence : his is n l.a-1 (
'""siness : to him, while a slaveholder, there eui be I
'"'r slaveholder n soul, i.oU Almighty lias
l,'a,l,?' "" "'j1'1""" sentinel in bis monitor, thu .
1 w"uM l" ""' ,jr,)ll,er lluMin"
''"'i iu bondage, n Cwper said
w""ld lmvr a l;,v lu ,iU '"-T Pr,'"l"1 for
all the gold that sinews, buiight nud sold, have
"" 11 MM'.' " M'c-" ocn.1.1 01 mill
.7:"'.. : '. ' ' I '.' L ' "V . " 1 U. "" 'l iH.V'!'
,.rv. f the a-uuisiti.,.. of i:.--.v skive territory: ,.f
for de-pondcin v. Young v orl.ci s 1 m v be discour
aro ii:.ctl. but let then. Imk bin I; 0 or 2") vrius and tee
lie position of the 1 au.-e ; then Ihei e vv;is no organ
tho ization, 110 parly, 110 isnie i f par. v, no voice raised
from tho cast or from tho west, from the imrili or
from tho south, to uttc r one erv for the nooi. oo-
oppressed, nml n enforce tlir mo stringent truth
thou our proceeding will tir in
tin ft day journc;
nearer the ponl ot freedom.
."..mo word of t'"ir nnd Tillering 1 cen over
Ikvii-.I by liiui since he lini I arrived, at the. power ol
the pr'-Vliiverj feeling liore: for liimeell'lio haJ in
I'onriif iiltimale iien.'o nml cmnneipiitioii.
'ii' cjt - h.:.!...! M.:ii. n.,,
InilvliieM itVne nt rrcent the ot.lv ouestion
. ' I. . . '.
.III i'III.TV lOI'?UI'0 llllllL.iV'. I'll
thnt enulil luiifhttn up thn evei r.T pirk up ilieenr
of the people '1'nlk nhont linnk nml tnrifT", nml
people lieniln luing uWn : hut ftriko the living
iinrilinn F Slnvnrni.n.l nil hrml urn erirl. Il ilh
political pni ties lmo nlmndi neil nil other iues,
'hut holh unite ill sii'.port of this; on the siil.iect id
Sl iverv holh oi'ciit.v the snine erouml.
AVhis nnd I'.-iiiiktiiIs unile in support of toe
pliinoriiisol Mnvevy, nnd in this eriis tlio iiip:ii(
I'd eh nietits of lihertv lire nrrnved ni;aiiit them
l ..1. !.- ..r ... 'a... ii.:..l ... .....
'1. ,.r I. .... ...'.I
.. . '.' . .. ... J ... ' . . .'
me lami no'i roi k mo mitioii. juscussion is wimh
wo wnnt. The people are discus.inp it-thechnndi-
cs ore iuppcussiiik it iisrut i nro discussion it-
., .:, nr . (;,n :n Vr-rr KnMnn.l
( -.;,:! ,, ti,ia ..,1,;.,.. If i, :t im.o
j preachers had taken this sM.nd ten veirs n"o, the
.,i,-vi.... .-..i.i i.... i i.
n i,.i i.i i ... v ii..i... r...:.,,.-
l,!,.-.:, N..r.ltA Itill ; ho ' reeomir.ed in him
.llllUIIU HIV .ll.-IIIIIHIII. IMIli llll ltlIIIMl I II
!nn !,,...., :n ,,. i,n,i. r ii,i n vromote
Anti-Shivery. Ho looked upon him in the light of,
( in,j.Nrll,, 0 ..iecd in n Divine IVovideme
nnd that Ibis tiroceediirc bus been Lmucht nbeiit
hv liiin H ,, lili. r nml iln-li. nt ullnrs hn,l nun.
oil nt 0110 thing tilaicr. ( 'In v ninMVebster want -
ed iietico for shivery; the Siuih said let r.s alone ;
pro-Hivorv pni lies said let it rest. Tlicir Compro -
luise meiisurcs were (dinted u tl.fv thoiij;ht to
W ehstor, aficr the completion of their plan in
I '"ill, broko out in the language of Shnkspeaie in
poetic congratulation: ".Now is Ihn winter of (lis-'
ntcnt 111.1.1.. ir'ni-i,, n. iiiniiner." A,v rlivs,ii,ll
novv pence, rpiict nnd trniopiility reign throughout
all our horilers from Maine to l.oiiisiiinn.nll rejoice
in the sileiii-o. A number fif the most ilistilo-oi. li
ed patriots of tho day formally united in n round
robin pledge lo oppose) nil nml nnv person who
vronhl egain ugiiate the slave su'ijelt in Congress.
i'ct Ii.uighis. ono of the high priests of tho peace
moveiiient of slavery, is the first one to open it im
wi'.h all its violence nnd exeileineiit. Veiilv there
- ,. ,, , , .,, , .,u ,., .. ..,
i 1 " i-si'n ' ry v 01 1 urn 100 s.
tuso an our i iioiieaiions, 1. ncie 1 om s 1 nu n, mm
.i. .1 mi .. . 1 . . 1. .1. .
iiiu in. 1 noun nt mo jiioii) wiiicii iiiu-ii iioiv nun
. .', ., . . . .. . ...... ... ...
sooimi uu o oinei , ns ii.ev s-iouiu wisn 10 oe none
i'v. l-l'K-e H'" ' ! I'n-trict of Co'nmbin. set a
-' " '"' "ie ""I""' !" kJ-! "
!ll,cy cou1,1 ,u"e c,or-v M" '""Ku ,
thus to iirocuro their silence, they w ill nut have oh-1
.Jiameu ineir oiiieci, ior ueep iiovvn 111 me secret cor-
Mr. lllnckweU look up tho resolutions seriatim
anil iiiciuiy expounded ineir leniency anil ini'nning,
, . ,1V :..:,:., .i 1lr,:f..
. ., ..-...
religious and political, male and female, 01, nosed
to thcnnti-slavery inovuneiil.or favorable toil, to the
.lonvciitiou, and if thev thought proper, address it,
riinrautocing thema patient and respectful hearing.
At the conclusion of .Mr. IllackweU's, address the
ballad " Chihlien of tho glorious dead " was sung
10 the tunc ol "Scots wha ha," and tho Conven
tion tli.' 11 un nmiiuii adjourned,
At half past U I'. M tho Convenlioii ro-ussr
bled, the iiroceeding opened will, prayer hy the
l.ev. vi . .1. Miuey. J ho number present ini:sl
have been ul lent m:u, every teat in thu room be
ing occupied, and a large number of persons stand-
Miss Sti no said: I have objection to being
voted on tint platform for the purpose of making a
speech, fir you must nil know there are limes anil
hours when one can speak v illi greater ficedoin.
ivhcn the heart's fueling will fuel inoro ready ut-
Icrance thin at other; neverthe'es, when called
lliou 'thds i f slaves hi
e.i. h year a ! led to their
miinli r; but yet this time
uoove n!I others, is Horn.
pressed slave, A tpuirtcr ol a century ago, a poor
fuinter's boy, without mime and home, over whose
lead scarce Ll summers had passed, found the na
tion dead silent us the grave in this cause. No
man was so poor but. whut hu hnd a friend and ad
vocate, save nlono tho slave. Then it wa W. L.
(iarrison, the printer boy, stood up and n.-ked this
great nation to give hi ed to his words, to lend a
helping hand lo Iho slave, to malic him n man
among men. ly day und by night ho pleaded, but
no voico responded ; he stilled tho very heatings of
his heart whilst ho listened, but no sound was
heard toiuickeuits pulsations. Wu'.l, without word
or cheer, with broad aud water for his food, living
in tin nttiu so small that a friend deseriUd it as be
ing " being neither long nor w ido," hu resolved he
hu wuuld bo heard ; he resolved to be as stern ns
truth, as hard as justice ; for ho hud that siinnle
faith in truth that no wurd of it once uttered would
.'.. n 1 1 1 .1 ... ,' c . ., .
11111 milium u uy luut uiunv cpu'll WHO IS 1110 ciltlJO
dimuiit of truth.
Awhile Inter, and tho little baud of anti-shivery
men wero formed ; but was daily subject to injury
both of person and reputation, und now sluvei'v is
lb. -i i.. -..: ..i .... . ...11
known uuti-slavcrv man. us he saw iho .l.o.i.s rsis
.. apMw Alio ; v nae luiBi-ii nv ll won
nu, IHIHU 1,1 u uu 1
divided iu their choice of a I'resident between Li i
men ; "let discord rcigu forevor," what meant that" I
Why the agitation of slavery. The inherently.
ramiy of each party had concentrated itself aguist
this came; but this discord hud deserted thorn ;
they hud been divided by the grout wedge of iinli
sluvery skilfully driven in. Tho i'ree Soil piirly
has juiui-d in, parlies Iroui all parties have joined
us; tiorritt Suiiih has declared ull slavery ille-ral.
This feeling hits gone behind tho tlirono of uuliii-
uul power, it has reuchod religious organization ;
has uiadu Ihem act, some against and sumo lor us.
Tho Kpiscopul Church, liko I'hnroiili, proud in its
Sreut nes and its treuourcs, lor a lung vvliilo kept
umb; but Mr, Juy persisted iu hi ejortioiis
against slavery, nnd ut lust conquered ; for ut this
very uioincul a black delegate sits 111 this chinch.
Thu Methodists aro a great body, but have been
rent in twain. From them have separated tho Wco
leyans, who allow no slaveholder uuioug tlieui.
The Buptists, too, nnd other seels, have felt llie iu
tliicnre of this sublime movement. Missionary
board have experienced it, even lileruttiro is
cluiugin, and tho most popular book In the country
nn unti-slavcry one ; L'uoloTon.'s Cabin is every
where, and rest assured when its trailer pathos
wins the heart, ns it must, the hcid will pun fol
low. . '
voc.uy ol till opinions, und was nlra.d thero were 1
pro-sluvciy seeds lurking in tho busums of those I
ii im iiuinu iiicse oiijccuons ; iiiiiT aiiiuiing to
l.o preached Yl') year-, lie asked how many I
minister of this groat find, grow'.ng city were
present, nnd Would like to seo a resolution passed ;
by Iho Convention to iinnoint a c.imniittno to wail I
cssnr.iy involve a com rsMoli 01 rights to wron-r, 11 .
jo,,rKc.U such e no,p
.",lUI'0 "."-'V.V. ami demoruli.ing in,
l:.-s ,1-. ' I ,, , s .1' , .. J.o ., 1;
siiac..ics ii nun iini 11111 on a ireeman 01 ins :nie
, ...... .. .
Thus then wc seo ral lies, ehnrolics, inissionnries,
in l literature ore divided, whilst we nlim hno on
iur nidc the svniuitliy of the people, fr the Mnck
nun. Sorclv'we haCo cause in this for tlmliklul-
m ssl Thus of the Jerry reseuo in vrnuufe; peo-
l!o meet thcro every yenr to colehnito in spite ol
tha law. 'I'ho other diiv, too, men ro-o up in Mil-
wnuk e, l.r..ki oiiimi tl.c'ioil, took n nmn out, hind J
tl.onPh ho was. nml oarricd liiin off in their nrnu I
.i ! .i.-.: r...... I . ....
he eoniiiiR uenr. I do not hesilnlo or wuvur in the!
hclicf ofllie ri;l.t. I inlcrvour pnlili. s, religion,
c. iiiiii.Ti-o nod olt..n, thnt'leeliiiK of riht comes
toii.-sistthciiiili-sl:iv. rvcaii'C. if, venr nllcr venr, 1
no eye should crow liV'tT, no mnn stioiipcr, no
heart hopelol, yet wouhl 1 hopo in tho justice of,
Ihc irrent Klcrnnl. It is eighteen liunilicl years
sim o Jesus of Nnzaroth walked hy the ea of (ial-:
ilco nml snid, " Imtm cc r would that men '
.lioiil iilouiilo voii.doyoevcn so unto tliem." f-iiue
1 1.. . . Urn . 1...... ri,-n nml set. nnd three'
... ...... . i. t 11 t l. ....I ..(
lourius oi me v ooio wurm uuiu rn.-i.-i uv.nuui.'
, i.ecnusc in cii;iiH:eii noiiorcii ii'iirn iiirmiiiiiiii i
hns not c.i.Miicr.d. do ll.e lusKionar es fa tor or
ilcsi.air? l)cs the u.oilier ccn:.. to teach licr chil 1
il truth? Kvery truth coiiich from Cod: e cry
, i.,,ii. iM oi..,.,.,i ,' ....... ,.r nn-....i '.,
,,,, . i... i;l ..... ,,i.. i...,. r.n. :...
i.liico. nml not nil the tmnults of tl.o world can nf -
""-. . ,.ib ,u,w ,u nv..., .1,., t
Wo ipinncl too much nmong;ourselNe, nnd I mn
nsliained of it; hut to tho slave I would sny.t.e pa-
tient. our sneers is enei iliil le. Tho
soon come, w ion. luri'et tm n th.it we nro
; Pemm rats, Christian or Infidel, man of every
color and cliino will stand ou u platform u liltl'u
; lower limn iho nngels.
Jliny persons s.iy. if you were not an inf. lei, I
would woik wilh you. SI icon sm-h nigunietit".
Siipp-.ee I wits a slave in New Orleans, would 1
care to receive help from an inli Ml 1 wilj ijuoto
tho l.inguage of tho pool :
.. . ..
Mmil in. 11 ii.c r ii.. tIch... ct oisi,
il.e ir..il.irin).i t mnn."
I want nt this nnli-slaverv convent ion, that wo
shall pass such resolutions 11'nd lake such measures
lliattlio lladilo on tho other ride of tho ri er shall
tremble ill our action. We must have a manhood
worthy of tho name of womanhood without shnine.
Afier l-eoiiesting everv man nnd vvoinim to sneak
so as at the oar of ( lod, no ono would bo ashaiued to
.,.,.... .. 1 , .,..,1.. ., r... 1 - ....1
nrgi,,-- the necessity or short spec. lies, sU took ,
hor sent ninld niucli nppluine. !
llev. Mr. Worth of Ivcntuckv, remirked thn:
1 ,Krarily ? resid, ,,, ,f KchMu-ky hu
iniu oi'cu iriij;;! c4ci i in iiie unii-.-iai iiy cause lur a j
niinu.cr 01 v. ars. jiere .Mr. vv . ex 1 1 1 mo. a pair ol
1. 11 n. 1... . .
woo wn oniv a sniiue uaiKor 1111111 hiiiiseir. ami
who wa kiifmippcd to bo sold into Shivery in the
s"""'. ufterwrd.sescaj,cd. Mr. staled :
" in tho iSible, ...id could ,
no hinderanco t-i his working in tlio nnti-laerv I
enuse, neenuin tnero were tiiose engaged in its nd-
upon Hie clergy of this city nud learn from Ihem 1
vv nut iiou tncy served, .'ir. v . stated that 111 Keu-1
dicky ho had delivered flftf sermons, in each of i
which ne uaii irciiienny inane n poiuied rebuked
to slavery; anti-slavery truth :s going over to Ken
tucky, and 011 one occasion I delivered an nnii-sht-very
lectuie. lio was glad to co (ho multitude
present, nnd so much enthusiasm manifested.
Tho I'resident of thn meelin-r kt'it-.d thnfc ffmiw
vvero fourleeii Metlmdirt ministers, besides others I
of various duiiominati'ins present, and ho would be
glad to hear ronio of thein speak.
it.. p-.rb.,e r,.M,.,.,i n r.... i...:..r . ...
. '"-' ...... .... .i i in i, per-:
lent remark, in advocacy ol the unti-lav cry j
movement, and gave way to'lhe comiuittuo on re-
1,.,: .. . 1 ,r: 1 Vi 1.1 1 11 ....
f, 11 wi. ' g tlackvvcll, reported the
" il' SoUed. That since slavery i, always nnd !
f. . . S ' ,"? ". r1'1 ' C!"" "-"TM"!"
I .: . ' ' : : "V V "7V': 1
..... ...... 1. ..,. 11 .... .. it ri uiiMisncu. it iriii-.iiu
source 01 evil, Inning 110 rightful existence nnv
where in tho world, ti'-aiiiht which everv insf nr'nT.
ciple in tho universe is perpetually nrrnved, there
can be no compromise with it which doe not ncc-
ir.c .ins-, iuii v nmprcmi.- e widen lcs'.ric'.s r.'aievv :
to the South of oi'i0 oil' of N01 ill latitude, iu (he
teniloiy ui(uircd by tl.u urcl.ase of Louisiana.
after having fully seemed the advantage, which
induced them to become parlies lo it,
shiveholil.:: are acting entirely eunsi:i nt v. it I. i
tho guiiu of Iheir Institution; tlmt injustice,
fraud, und ro.jbery, form tho groundwork of the!
slave system ; that slaveholder may not be ex- j
peeled to m o above their plundering business, Ihnt
Ihoiuon.l and social atmosphere of slaveholders)
is wholly uiifiivoniblo to Iho growth of common , a
honeMV, and u men may not gather grapes of
tlierus, nor tig of thistlesso thu people uf the, t
"e1. f0, nK'im uluZt 1,10 '""y "f confidence iu '
faith of men who have perseveiinclv broken!.
i'..:.i. .. 1 . .. .1 ....... ' . . 7 . .. .
.!..!; . .... .... ,.. . .
i'..:i. ...:.i. 1' ..1 1 .. .1. 1 . e . c , ., .
. ' . . . . .
"'avery ; that tho politician arc but the 0. ho of Ihe '
l"!"0 - 1,1,1 lru. cause 01 llieir uegr.idaliun is .
""V ." , ' " VI """"" pe-pi"
tho creation of a public icntimeut true to the prin
ciple of justico uud luiimiuiiy.
ilosolved. That w hilo I lie general government
permit Iho introduction uf slaves into thn territo
ries, ulluws their trnusportatiou underlie National ,
(lag over the ocean, and ulongour rivers, maintains ;
niun viiioiio'i i'v inu cii'jiav emui 1 01 his chili rcn
., , , , mo muuim.
iicsolycd : I hut the pie. cut attempt lo introduce 1
slavery into Nebraska is but one step 111 n series ol
aggressions upon the right nml liberties of Amer-
ica. niid ono more net of subserv iency on the purl
of Northern p .litn i ins with .Southern principles,
thut the passage of the Nebraska liill will give to t!ie;
such additional representation as tu reduce,
tho Xorll. to hopeless political vassill i-e. ami thus i
.,i i ,i. .i.. .1. 11 ' . . '" 's-v, aou uius
euablo the slav elm durs to u;.e us ns their uistru-'
, ...... ..,. r 1 i ,
nients tu annex (. uba, eonouer Mexico and cicutii-n
ally to restore the foreign lave trade, and African-!
i.o Iho western llcuisi.d.ore ! I
licsolvcd. That the North, having a majority of
tvvu in tho Somite aud Jifty-six in tho House ol ,
IieiirosentativiM, is responsible for ll.e extension of I
shivery in the District of Columbia, nud endeavors :
enforce the 1 iigil.i. Slave bill, every citizen of
the I nitcd States is, to that extent, di: e. ilv resunr- ..
sihle fr the existence ami panicipation in" tho guilt ,
iusoiveii, j nai 1110 province ol tho Uoncrul Ciov
ernuieut is "'to establish justice and secure the
blessings of LiLerly " that wo therefore demniol
tho prohibition of Slavery in all tho Territories of
ilio Lintel Muted, its nbi'litiou in tliu District of
Columbia, the repeal of the Fugitive Slavo Bill,
and tho prohibition of tho inter Stutc Slave trade
upon the ocean nt,d on ull tho National highway.
On motion, the first resolution rcfoiriug lo ilie
Xubraika tpicf tlon van continued for discussion at
tne evoning session. '1 he eeound, third and fourth
resolutions were accepted.
Upon lite fifth roxulution, quite an Interesting
'ivnsti'iiti.iiml discussion sprung up between Tref-
and property arc in danger, to weigh ciy t.lllo
languago to condemu him, if condemned at
" uy, men, nro wo so reauy vo liner mo
rigid nwny from tho black man ? Wo are in tho
habit or construing the Constitution. Iho laws, and
everything ngainst the negro, lie donicd that the
por:...ns in tho Constiii.tiou uronerlv nii'Biit slate.
, - ,
lion, did not menn slut err. ,
"'"" Oovcrnment nnd Curt have d
l'"''J ! Constitution pru-shrrerv. but it i not
helf,rim 118 intrinsic merits, but by the traditions or
rick Itongliu, Mi Luey Hton, am) HenT &,
A. Mr. Ilurn, of Kentucky, conlenilcd tlintlheriv
would he a distidvimtnge to fieeilom, in tl.t rpMl
"f ho threedilitis featuro if Mve represontntlnn,
nnd hoped tlmt the, rcwdution would U laid on th
t'icdiTKk Donphis protcslinjr njrninst the row-
; m.tfil ol the Lonvo,lt.n , ny coriHtruetiott ol H,
eoiisliliiliou. nnnlvino' itslnnvuaL'e In inenn hires'
sujrestcd tlmt tlio phrnse.do(ry of tlmt intTuvnei
shoiilil ho used instead of thu word laie,
Uv nil rules of construction, where human NhIiI.
nro infrinjeil, or whero the jrencml principles of
law nredepnrled from, the n.lent of tlio liw-ikc
mut he clearly distinct. Or whelo Bn ennclmoi.t
can hear two intorpretntioiis. ono inc. n.plisliingsn
innocent juirpoto, nml the other o criininml one, it
pMpcr to Ink. tha iminccnt vnr. ) ilmon m-
tcntion should lie expressed in v iiiiiiii'mis mniiMSK".
in luiietinirn that inenim that, and no other lima
Ilml 'I'l.rt f '......tit.if ion milkers, hv this iutertiretifc
" ....... ......... ....
test i it aliiill l.rove lt titlo U) llie uttrriui-si, r
thero l,c a (law. or a link hroken. il .lutll hfl pintia,
'n o fact, not to inference ia f.i or uf Uklitf,
or nnv nihrr wmnv . .
In tha Inocon.-n ..f Kl.uk.nenre. Ihev nisv laka
tho pound of lleili, but not oti drop of I.UioU. Tho
I " ' J" " " I
eotnidttint made nbout tho Coustiuitnm was c
, "" essnry. ns thai ox.ellcnt in.trumcnt, thn t.in.t'
"f union of the fathers in 17s had by llieir do-
genernto son, iiein tajKifiled and renUcied io;
tralirr. by tlio platforms and compromise uf JlS.U
and 'Hi, He saw no piostut doii-.ind for pressitnj
l,iH resolution now ns in tho Convention, wnd put
, ".f ' motig tho Abolilioni-t. there were two f.k-
-. Mrs. Harriet llerchcr Stow was nn urgout
' procluiiuer cf the pro-.slnvcry character of the con-
j stitution, ns ho wa of iho opposite character. IU
dwelt some time upon tho nclion of Horace (Jrcelv
" Iho slavery question, contending that lie toKl
many triil hs, but did not ulwi.y voio right. '
.miss iney nione neciaren nor renmnrss 10 ossein
to the nmeti'diiioiit of Hie Constilution ns prviocd.
"""sired purity, not peace 1 the slave ropiesen-
'j"n 'u" power wielded agninst the intmest uf
"IC ve, nnj she Old not ibisiru I he resolmlon Uil.t
"" ,,l' bible. Tlio disciusl, n of what pertaius tw
' worth more to her Ihnt react. .
. ffdorick lougla reidicd ha wanted tin AccelL-
'ul f'C; ho desired discussion on topics that
would t remote hnrmonr end advance their cniisf
: ............ , ... r... , .. r.
" 1 r' " -i" inn em -...i ...u. ... ,
..no 1.... il ...-.i 1.1. ,l,..i ;. l.erl
.uu... e. m.-.v .............. .
. .... t, t:... 1 .!.... ft. asj
.. men ...
1,1,1 ''?!! the true conslru. ti-n of that ui.trnpu.'iit
w,"' "-ui'"-ily ro.eivcd. It was ia all
I'"' ''"'"ty, no where Shivery.
It was against tho universal instincts nnd hnbita
01 ircemcu, nt least white men, when meir uvea
'r properly, it could not be persons, all that wn
wnntiug wa to construe it according to the letter,
and it wouhl givo freedom to tho nation. Let tha
engine of Mauna Chnrla beat nt-niust the Jericho
walls of Slavery, nnd no seven dnv' blowing uf
ruins' horn would be necessary. I'he resolution
were recommitted when tho Convention adjourned
for an evenipj session.
st Ueorge 111, waa that Rosier,
all Ihc then lerrilorie, of "the Cnion. '
l"s'las bill was, that it ws but ft prelude to
1,1 " irginia eiuiorscu nun prohibition. '1
South had not yet learned to justify shivery. Jbo
)""' Congress endorsed Iho prohibition. With til
increasing prosperity .of iLu country, sjav.cry ex
originally tended itself.
llep.ivo n minute neeout if the Ci in promise of
1SLH. Ho revievvc the Douglas bill ni.d showed
that it did not give the people self-government, Ilml.
tho Compromises of l.0 did -repeal those of lb'.O :
that iu tho absence- of a prohibition, slavory would
certainly enter Nebraska, finin the noeessitic tif
new counti v, from it latitude, U clijunl;. and
its soil, lie "showed that the extension of slavery
States would redine the North to subjec
, tion, and be the stepping stone to farther nggrcr
it 1 .1 .!. 11 . .1 ,
IIo showed that it would sopnrufo Iho free Slalca
fn ui coniniitnicatioii with the IVific j Ihnt tho
same principle applied to Oregou und Washington,
would nuiko them also open to the aJiuLon of
slavery ; that a numerical majority of Congre.s
e,iil.l ut any time restore the slave trade ; and that
the pui.s.igj of tho bill would endanger tho exist
South once ol tho I'nion.
1, . n . 1 j
(,llr ,pa,.0 R!l,v a ruore extended rynort
e .1 , ... , .1 . .
of the siieeeh of this enthusiastic young ilcrolee of
. 1 1 1 ,j r 1 ,
I,I,W" '.V'- Ho pitched In furiously upon
V"" V .T"3 rT'l" '"l
of seventy Willi great boldness, which, although,
m,t relished bv some, wns admired for his fruuk-
ness, honestr and olorp.onco. '
Mr. Il.iui.ius. I.eiiur .'i.llod nn. col tint rm.,.,l
Tho Hall, aisle and stairway were filled with
an audience of Indie and gentlemen, amounting
. ...... ..... . . . .
iu iinecii nnnureii persons. Hundreds coiilii Bu
hit louver, uv jiev. .or. 1,1 ion, .11 r. iiuiis.wri
,,,kc n,',M .J..lti.. f the resolntio,,, on the
,,,.i?.tl,?.W."! ."f !h." .i"t.cnt "t
After prayer, by Ilev. Mr. Klliolt, Mr. Eluukwell
''','''" 'f Cuba, nud Ihe dismemberment
of Mexico: nml Until I v the revival of llie slave trade.
lie contended that Ihc policy of tho Government
was, from it very origin, the prohibition of slavery
in Ihc territories. In 1 774. Jefferson said that
'tho abolition of domestic sjaverv is the greatest
Ic.iro ..I'll... .,..:.. ...... 1.. 1.. .1.. ..r
t.. 1-L.01-... . ....i ... . ...... ...
cxccllont huiuor loiiuids contnhuiiim to tho jex...
..... r. - 1 , - . v
pcnses of Iho Convention, which being done, ,le
called upon Mis i.ucy Sionc, b;t hj L.-ld him to
..r 1.! 1 . . . . . -
ui-rtiiigciuuiii o. ins utuKiug me spcecil.
Our space will uut allow synoptif of his ra
ies' Institute. The crowd, however, is not exoju
to BivuW composed of A..ti-Nobrak or Anti-Slavery
. 1. 11 1 1 ... !.... .I:.......,;..:.
The numbers in nttend.ince are greater llion cm
n,.nn.i,...,i.ini...i !.. il.- ....... 11..11 ..r .1,. 11...1 ,
priiKiplus, ui.d among thoudience yesterday
iifternoun. we noticed a score of citizcui of. kCenr
tuck v, many of them slaveholders.
The venerable Kx-(iovernor Metcalfe came In to
hoar Fred Douglass, Lut the latter did not snoak'
until the evening twssiun. In comptuiy witt. (.lov.
Mcleulfn where lt. U. nnd II. II. Southgnte, also
among the attentive listuors, and the easy polite
ness w ith which the latter assisted a eolorcd lady
a seat, won gennrul attention.
Over Iho speakers' platform was suspended
hugs map of North America, with the fiua State'
iuiinaouiittea white, tno slavo suites ta inky
block, aud the disputed territories in nndauidea
rather doubtful drah. Over this lariathan mop
hung a ptiir c-f ugly boVipeinanadeii, wrercftj
. . r . . '-..'