Newspaper Page Text
-" "v niniini'ira Tiurato
Tl, "o.! '"n" ;rmito.ry-" .
n.or ?,.ri,l i. " ' Jv
tl r! 'P'lt,,V1rTr' , .
lion i l.i t I iff-; .m ,1 I. .1 i",rotl,tc"d 1"-
.1 ,.ml.,',"VC.rT..,,M in iti
rharactcr tint it dotroyed liberty in the north.
I,. A. lime, of Clermont m. ii,tr,.,l... .i . ........
tuition for tho raining of permanent fund for thei
1 1 V- I " h i . '""I ihcicnt canvassing uf,
thu ..ato Iit nlili! lecture kept constantly in the
to the anti-shivery reform, tut lie recognised tho
grand mission (f thnt branch of the imxrunni
-.ro v-iio oi l not hunsclt v, nh to engage
..i.u ui mo lecturers proposed, but trim I.I ....-ii.
i .1.. r.. i ' '
tribute toward the fun
Valentino Nicholson, one of the t.JIKr. of l.
anti-slavory movement in Ohio a man, by the
form Tear 'vvWwin.'TT. '"f br"",ir,,,i
tarm, near VVaynesville, and never asks to have'i
"Hie h it sent runinl'' seconded the roml lltlttll III
' "Pniuit oi entlimnasin tor tho present,
liAsed nn lititli .. II... rutu...
The resolution didn't eem
tha we iltliy portion of the friou
un i lie t iti'o
Ahmson Work, an emncln
ryie oi -lu.tivo sluie.t, came forward and tuld;
bis story of two ycur imprisonment in the Mis
to find r.vfir trill.
. .... . ...
il M,,il Wla li.xl a.n-l
, , ,
ten marivr 111 tne
limn fl ivomor of Miss.iuri to suicide.
But the feature of the morning session was the
ex..wdiii';lv interesting narrative of lleo. I. other.
sell limi''!it slave, whoso head was as lull
iT-n " ' V ' "r " .. rlrVi,lB.
wh.te blossom, as Ins ebony fn o w.is of wrinkles.
1-irnT 1 ."1 I'" , , ,"!! ,l r'u'i
H0. ami ,,ke,.to aplan.,.t,on near t ..arlesto ,
NMith Carolina. 1 h. story of l.is cap ore in sight
in ittn riTi'i:irr m iciiu imp in'tMiin intnniiu iu hv
-one of the King s men." the long nights rowing!
to H:l 1 fn shverln the ofliog. his Terror in beliov-
e.ilistelintlie arm v. fought through the entire
camp.ign and entitled himself ... his freedom
under Si-kin'i prochmi.ion. To prevent his I
em wipition In. master "run , off." tieorge I
Ini ti it hi w ii to l)J ei'ca. tin six m intlis voyage i
i., "II. , mi I lie pus an 1 his ,1 ,ve life in Ainer- "
i,vhMI the n,i;en,e s,dl bo-m.1 as no mere
rl.et.rie could h il l it. I. ri.nr tin war of HI he
em in -ipition Ins matter "run linn on. tieorge
nought himself W times but by some such mis-
fortu.ie as the failure of his mnMer came to be an
old man without the coveted boon of freedom, !
Hut he determined to be free if but for the last
mimitiK of his life. (Applause.) Finally lie !
got "lawyers papers" drawn and by the aid of
friends, made the last payment of ?.Jtiit, and I
tottered ot of the IVohato Court shouting ,vrtr7r!ch"""n
r,r, y,,;ct, hn httiolt, h 0-,fU.o;-T..-.
The II ill was crowded at an early hour, C.C. :
II, i.r.i.j!i. debated tho resolutions nsesented yes-!
I..r l.iv. in a fondhle soeecli of an hour and n h'alf. '
ka for the extended area of slavery, llo thought ;
tl.e ..ii...1.r.kn men were Umii.t tnexlend Ibeir
.... ' ... . , .. " ,
Hostility in slavery in uiu states micro u cxisieu.
tt..iis Inir llm m
elfe -tivo in tlio abolition nf Slavery, and he earnest-1
, , - ...... , . , i
ly urged nlxilitioinsts to adopt such measures. ,
Dr. F.u.iot, editor of tho Western Christian Ad-
,.U s t-l . il.
il u'Jii Jiifii ait'U liiunb ncii n p mill
uost radical measures could over bo !
locate nuJ Jourii'l, caused quite a senratiun by '
.. . . ......... -i1
hiflrt appearance in a meef.ig of this character.
ric nriuu u strong uokcii iirgiimcni on mo iiiuiu
tiiie.HtiiHi, expressing bis settled conviction that
the HiMe was the clearest anti-slavery document.
(He distinctly and emphatically affirmed the
doctrine that lies ,,t the foundation of thorough
anti-slavery effort, vi. : that Slavery is nn evil
such a nature that it can never lo reformed or
ma le tolerable. Tho only thing wo can do, Is to
II. 11. rU.iCkwr.i.L, F.sq., made the following ad
ditional rcmrt from the committee on resolutions:
WiitKKAj, The federal constitution declares that
liepreeeutatives and direct taxes shall be appor
tioned among the several States which may be in
clude! within tho l uion, ac-ording to their respec
tive numbers of free persons, including those
hound to service for a term of yours, excluding
Indians n it txed. three fifths of all other nersoiis.
And v lierons, dy the present construction ol i
clauso slave holders have an unjust and por-'
nicioii, iiduence in the councils of the "tion.
toorvlurc, be it.
lUsolved, That we will labor for such nn altera-,
tionof the Constitution ns shall entirely abolish
all representation in tho tiovcrnment based upon
in human beings.
Korofvcd, That the Fugitive Slavo Bill is an un-l
eoiisiitutioiial and unjust enormity, a violation or
.S;at riglits.an engine of cruelly when enforced and
a demoralising car e lu o of law wbun disobeyed;
tnatwc pied-o ourselves in toe ntinio oi tne ii.gtier
l.tir l.nil li, hL'.tAiii.kl m VI. .It. ti.ti, nl nil ,lu in.1
j.,.,,,,,.. ....... ...
iquitous provisions, und arti'e co-opcraliou witl
tlio hunted fugitive for liberty.
A voiiiifr L'eiitlenuni. whoso name was not an.
. rr: r..r ..." " -n
Mrs. Jot...NEOlmxo, of Columbiana coun-
ty, came forward upon the platform nnd spoko of
the influences ol human slatery and tho principles
-f t ie urosent movement. Mio traced tho instilu-.
. . . . . . .
t.ouot slavery back to the rudo nges when the
strong smed upon tlio wck because they were
nsit any better now?
V hen Mrs. ..ilting had concluded, there were
loud calls for Donghtx, but tho ( hiiirninn ununiin-j
shunt to hero to-night.
undo I.uey Stone
itli uf .Mason und!
red that Mr. louc;las would freak in tho oien
A A" hkc oh I
f I, Milliter. I
The audience then tried to persiiai
t.o.itil ar favorite north and sou
Ilioo's lino to make n speech, but Lucv declined,
t..- . .1.-I ..f.t... I l.f.-i'
oij i" in', inn in 38 oi tuu uuiir, iiiiu inw win uu-,
lion took a recess.
Tho astonishing thing in last night's meeting,
was the unprecedented throng that pressed fur ad
mittance into tho building for an hour and n hull'
uftcr the 11 ill had been liilcd, nnd the walla near
the doors were hung with people on ladders that
ha I somehow been proctirirl tor this new use,
that iias yet rai led her voice in any of the reform
movements. Thoroughly in earnest, sho never
fiils to convince the au liotu'O that she is so.
The first speech was made by Miss I.uey Stone,
SIio is decidedly the most effective female speaker
.ML Stone nrocccdel to devebmo the character
of slavery, and illustrated its liorriblo influences
Usin tho slave, nnd tho humiliating pusititn in
which It had placed 11.0 north, by arguments and
.i .. , ., r
the thr.1 ling narative of the caca,.o of . young and
beautiful woman from tho South to Boston. The
closing of tor address, was occupied iu giving rea
sous fr a separation of tho I'niou and the ostab
t: . . r rt ,r . ni . .
..... . ,m.,Br. ..epuoi.c. ...is pan oi
n.- f nlu .4iiu nnu rniqieci-
Jul attention, interrupted only by occasional ex-.
of approbation. There were no hisses,
p : it ... .i .1- l
IT sicos Ol utinmriouB ui.wieuHure, w uicn were llol
1 . . , .. ...
1. 1,1 til ,i. ir.inl ... 'rre,. I lift llll.irlie iiV iiiifli nmn-'nM.-
... ... 0 - -v
' VarhEBic Pot- it.vss. was the neit Mneakor :
was recieved with as lnud demonstrations of np-
as a star actor when lie first strides before
. D.mgliWis sai l that slavery was iweii tne great
ril it was not ths whintiins. tho senarations.
the crueitios, the is were only incidotits gathering
nmn'l or naturally proceeding tiom Ilia enslave-
.i.un.iir mm. IVnoliie. nurh only air ravntiuus
of llC crime. On the other hand, occinlaual
aMeliorstious In tie system individual acts
kiirilucs. nere ouly n hiteniugs of the sepulchre.
i.ii . n,iii In .kiiII1 aiiiI run can o noth-!
iHir more than, disguise UU real situation. There-;
the otfcasiotittT itistanees of sufforing among
' f c inMpio in C iid.l, tr in Knglaud, eontritutod
iiinriuunmt axainst frueloui. Uestore ton man
y nawral rights nud llwub auUite of all things
land an J clothes, house and
!, M'. ""-de ft prnh of nearly two hours In
length, marked by i singular power In argument,
huMW "'IpMlA that has given to this
"f distinguished Southerner ft name in both
1 A considerable portion of Mr. lloticlnss' speech
wa devortcd to n vindication of the anti-slavery
character of the constitution, and to a criticism of
.i . - ........
mcaa l"". 'J f
,mprit'an Anti-Slnvery Society. He especially,
' addressed himself to the nrnnositinn urired bv Minn
, Stone, that a dissolution of the Union
llo thought it Would to
calamitous to the .Slave and to the cause of I'ree-
closed by urging tho importance of ft rclig-
. . i ...... ' ., r
Hllllt HI UI 1MB t II nil Ilj I t K
"eon inadvertently led, in ins advocacy
t t.:- . i . , n
ri'pJy to Mr. Douglas speech the next eveuing, on
w,ich occasion .Mr. Iouglass and Miss Stone would
oi im9 ciiunn, iu iicgieci prnycr aim uiucr religious
.1...: i .1.... . . . . 1 ,. -
lumen, nun mill 10 1 11 is course, anti-siavery ouvo-
, ( . .. ,1 r...,...i 1 ..1.
r,. ... .,.,,..,.. "! ..i im 11 WJ , i
u,"vivui umi .Mr. uwiiujiu nuu.u
THIRD AND LAST DAY.
At hnlf-past 0 odock yesterday morning. f!reen-1
wood Mall was filled with the members and friends
"f h0 "ti-shiverv eonvcotioii. Tho larger pro-
, f , b .
,. d Kentucky, and w a wealthy slaved j
,,,,,.. ,;. . .,.
Tl . J V , .T , r ' " 7 . r
l.',e5,"' ."i,11"! i"""","".'? ZTlle"T'J?
"IT V. I i " ' rl , i v
" I" i" 1 l r
P"ter who was xpclled f,
ccoun' "f l" rj'',r.) to M
,. ,, . . . . " : - ' ' .
'!'' ';'"! ,'""l"-t. frnpranee ol
W"" ?n ;'"'"f ! two prev.ous days.
1 "C .meeting hav ng , eei.j enl cd to order, 1'rnycr
William 11. Iav, (tho re-
from the Ohio Senate, on
T f I. ' . 1 ' . .
... . . '
,, , , , ..-rrou .o u on i lor wr.-
"rrtwl M . history, eulog.xed his character i
'.V'.0 "n8 'ie ' "oolmate, and alio was happy to
Cft" l,,m l,cr fr'c,,d
(Ire She suggested that resolution ought to be sent
oul rrolll n.j, Convontion , condemnat ory of tho ex
wh'te i; r M. iii.,i. u . r r.i- r
? ? ,,IC Scnntcof 0," fr,,m e
B....cr,. sing y on .no ground o. ins ,
lr- Pi"! n'd, Una unholy prejudice exists every ,
where, nnd everywhere ought to receive the robukc (
nf nnolilionists. Last winter, while she was Iec" I
turinir in Indian on Woman's Itiphts. the door-1
l". ... . i...i: "r...... - I !
"' l"e next lecture, nnd directed ,
the door-keener, who was also leasee nf the hall, to :
1 ... i
retusc no person on account of his Color, llo in
state publicly, thnt it was by no fault of his that '
i . i ., i . . . .. .,
colored pcoplo were there, which nt the next lec-
,uro' '10 did most fully, bo, too, even in rhiladcUcRll
r....HnJ ll.al lI.a u-o.il.1 t..... . ...,l:o..AA I
iu n mit nnv nutim iiiitv eniitiivi itu'iiuiiu i
for it, (and ho told tho truth,) and linked tor to
phiu, she found tho snmo prejudice; for having '
' J ' n
he was almut to send complimentary
cn(?KCa a hall there for a lecture on Womnu's
' ... ,, ..... , ' I
"uiu ouc uiuuuiii iuvy vtuuiu mn ijv rxciuui'u. Ji
tickets to somo of her colored friends, she was told
that they were not admitted to thnt hall. I.ticrctia
Mott, the long tried and true friend of the slave,
) might to freedom for tho colored people
..,. i. ,, . XI ..
hall, when once there was not. Mrs. Mott
was years since the abolitionists bad asked for tho
hall, but as the N. Y. Taternaclo once would not
permit an anti-slavery meeting in it, nnd now docs,
wrote a nole, and sent the tickets to the colored
friends, while Miss Stone, to make nil sure, if pos
sible, went herself to tlio curator's, nnd learned
with pain that no persuasion or argument could
change the hateful spirit of caste, which admitted
none but white skins there. As it was then too
Into to change the place, she gnvo her lecture, nnd
i s close, suited tno iticts to the audience, nssur
this ing them sho never did nor would consent to lecture
w hen she knew that colored people could not come,
. . . , . .
""J ,mt, !" lt Icolurei m rinladelphm.
1,1,15 diuld take another hell ; for tho woman does
mot doservo her rights, w ho is willing to secure
them by trampling upon those of nny other.
The omnibuses of lM.iludelphia even, do not nl-
. . . , . ., 1
. l,,w "-d I''l'Iu "do.
We ought to rebuke this wicked projudice, and a
.resolution ought to go out from this Convention,
. n ... . .
Wiucn shun characterize it o
ns it deserves. I
I Mr. Charles Griffing offered (he foliowinit reso-
lotion prefacing it by some appropriate remarks,
: , , T
I, """. 'ob ucaui oi names . rtui-itlic
kcr our cause ha. lost ono of the must eloquent
and eflicient advocates, and tho slavca warm, trie!
and constant f.iend.and this Convention do hereby
affirm our aiuirccia'.ion of the Ins. e l.n, .....;...
r . . ti. - - - "
, etl by Ins , loath, and to !, nftlicted family and
, friends oiler our most affectionate sympathy in
:ihi. their hour of severest trial AJ by tho
deal, of every laborer for the s ave's emancipation,
by tho death of ?erv human be nor who toil in lion.
: . , , ,. , , .
from the Itev. f. .I.May, explaining that bis nl
j senco was caused by a death In his parish; He
rehired a mo to Mr. Samuel Lewis, who, ho lament-
cd to say, was detained at homo by sick no is. but
! :.. i.:. i i. i .. ..... .. J '
in ins oeiiuii, no no assured rueiii, mat tliougli
alx-cnt in person, in spirit ho was present.
Mr. F.mery, city missionary, offered a rciolution
having for its object tho encouragement of anti-slavery
papers ami naming tho principle ones.
This eallcd up Mr. Burleigh, who said while
endorsing its general sentiment he begged to oli
jeet to the "Christian Press" lieing as it was in
cluded among the others mentioned ns anti-slavery
uugo, we piedge mir lives, and continued ellorls lor
the overthrow of Mavery in this nnd every land.
JlioUcv. ,lr. biiermore havinz rend n noto
i pnpors. He then in a long, eloquent uud powerful
! speech discussed the general subject of slavery,
.u... . iuu.i.1 i-A in umiruiiiiuiiii.
Mr. Douglass said Mr. Burleigh having kindly
recommended hi paper, he begged to endorse thnt
! ..i :". """W"'
, ni, ii muni .wnj wiij ni ins nue, iwo or three
f year subscribers present who were in arrears, he,
j would be glad if they would pnv up. (luughler)
' refcrcneo to that 'iiiodcsty'' f t which Mr. B.
. had given him credit, he could only sny he valued
ie ly . anll W01lI( Ull ,( tU
snito of the resolution would secure him abinrelv
increased subscription list. (Great laughter.) "All
thoso who smile (continued Mr. I.) I shall presume
isn to put down thoir names and pay in their Iwo
oH ; (renewed laughter) as 1 see you all smile,
j concluded you will all subscribe, so 1 here with
pick up my hat and come among you." Mr. Duu
pressioiis 1 K'1"1 descended from the platform amid a general
. . uierrimout; the resolutions was then amended by
l : .1 r., ,
1 omission ot the names of the paiiers, and passed.
.1 . .1 . 1, 1 1 1
t u vuuveuiion men aojourLOU.
The Hull -ra. a. .c,...l r.ll...l nt it,. ,...;,...
Prayer having been offered ty the Itov. Mr. Itnu
platiise kin, the meeting was uddressud bv Marius Bobin
the j sou Editor of the ''Anti-Slavery Angle," and ty
The Committee of Business presented the fol
, lowing resolutions, which, after appropriate ro-
uiar, were passed unanimously :
' Itesolved, That the members of this eonvention
liave learneil, with regrot, that Hon. Samuel Lewis
of, is detained at homo by illness ; and that, feeling
' the loss ol Ms presence ana counsel in this con
yention, and remembering with gratitude and ad
miring bis eminent sonicei and self-sacrificing
devotion to the .luti-tdavery cause, we tender him
our heart-felt synipalliy, with tbe anient hope that
' kin health may be speedily restored, nnd that
may soon ogam greet li.m liirmerly lu the liar
nc.sof ftiiti-slavery labor.wherc he has liistly earn-against
cd the grattitudo of the friends of freedom and the
hIc.tni.iKa p,f '!;0M nr o r"'""''- .
Itesolved, Jlmt the Secretaries to directed to:
supply Mr. Uv. it with ft copy of the foregoing res-
. . . .
.'ir. jm.a k ri i. men read Ibe resoiuticns as
nrnwn up aim discussed by the convention since
its assembly, with tho following additional ones.
Itesolved", That the expulsion of Win. 11. Iay, a
cilir.cn of tho Suite of Ohio, and editor of tho "Ali-
ened Americau," from the Reporter's gnllcry of the
ill.:., u . . i . . r i :
v'.im Biiicijf mi nccntiiti Ul f I Iff COIHJMCXIOII,
and the insertion of the word "white" In the pro
vision of tho Constitution of Ohio, determining the
qualifications of voters, are acts or kindred char
acter and tendency j superlatively mean in them
selves, heathenish as the Hindoo law of caste,
cruel ami unjust to ft wronged and oppressed class
of mens w hich prove the democracy of their authors
ft hollow sham, their regard for liberty ft mere
selfish lovo ol their own rinhts. counled w ith henrt-
I lens contempt for those ol their weaker but far
. WOPt,ier f,.,w c;lhpn . anA lostorvinir the stem
I ... n . ...
repronation oi every lover ol justice, every genu
;..n nnti.. . . 1 t'
,MV ni'ij iruu rcpunucan.
f 1 1 .....
ju niMien, iimi 1110 Htnnirent and onnrossivc
black laws of Indiana and Illinois, aro a disgrace
... ,.,. i ..c ,1 . c... ,1 . m:....: i
cspouiully, which sells to the hiirhcst bidder, any
colored person who spends ten diiys upon her soil;
however, consistent ill tho Stiuo wluim Senntor
originated the Nebraska swindle, is an outrage up
on justice and humanity, an exhibition of tuibnr-
'"nnieful to our country, violation ot the
V """lluu""'. "I0 ordinance of eighty-seven and
"1C --omiuoi, aw, and a dangerous omen of the in-
,t,nie.l ntroduetion of slavery in the north.
losolved, That the discussion of slavery Is the
y mean, of awakening public ottcntioi to its
evif. nd of elcvatinir imblin .n.!.e.,i r. 1..
repeal, that tho onti-sliivcrv airitutinn l.n nlren.!,-
exlingui.hed it throughout Kurope Mexico, the I
Central South American Republics, the Uarbary
Nates, nud tho West Indies, excepting only the
Spnuish Colonics ; that it has branded the foreign
slave trnilo as piracy by the common consent of
Christendom, that it now seeks the peaceful aboli
tion of slavery and the slave trado in America, and
that with undoubling reliuncc on Ood and Faith,
we will labor unceasingly to convince the master
ot tho sinfulness of slave-holding, and to obtain
for the slave tho priceless blessings of freedom.
ltosolved, That tho existence of human slavery
in this country, with all its crimes und horrors, is
to a great extent, properly chargeablo upon the
criminal iudiO'eronce of the American churches to
the sin of slavery, and we cordially nnd effection
ntely, on behalf of the slave, sulicit their attention
to his wronzs : that it is the dot nf il. tm,..:,,.
t.llrc, to' declare the stealing of ,, Tniorocr 1
in tlmn the stealing of sheep, for, in the language
nf Christ, "how much'better is a man than a sheep;"
llmt t,,oy. 'hoM exclude slaveholders from tho'ir
. "V "ince iney already excliulo from mem.
,K1.M.",I, 1 K!" F""y ul '".r ''"ller oflenscSi thnt
" "h - v..r s. ruinous m tno country,
, 1 l"infc-ru to tlio todies nnd souls of tho
I'"?!'? "7, ,"r,"1 "I" ,' r'lored people of
viuuiiiiiiii im c.iniuiiMi kciioois, iinmrics and loctur-
tures wo congratulate them on their success and
upon the public to aid them in thoir laudablo
liesolved. That hi ni'O Colo rod nonitls nm nviliil-
nrl Team lt. t..... - C I1. . .
u num mv piv pi it lli'l'B UI IlICKlltire flTlU Ctlll-
tion by the unjust spirit of casto, wo huil witl
cftorts that in view of the almost insurmountable
mi,..i.:i . l ; i .: l : . : i. ...i.: i. ., ,.
Imtti by precept nnd practice, to enter all the useful
J.".' Iu",r''11 d'r' "f 'Ie r ''; they labor, the
their late manfv nnd unite,! nrote.t a.i.,.; ,u.
.. i i . r .
trades and prefessions.
Itesolved, That wo honor onr follow-eitiiens,
nnd especially our l.eiinan fcllow-eititena. f.
"C!' '-v W""Ht dcsp.rtism in kurope as in America,
that wo know in tins cause no limitation of conn-
try or kinarcl, or complexion, hut claim for every
encroachment,, of slavery, and we hereby declare
that, as nbnlitionists, wo stnnd upon the platform
of sm'wm Aifmait UUrhj, that our sympathies
nic hi n iue ns iiiimnilliy, iiiri wo protost as ear-
man, nn every
continent, his rights against the
A fter the rouding of the foreeoinir had teen eon.
eluded, they wore taken up lerialim, discussed,
and ndopted generally by nn unanimous vote,
though n faint ho wns onco or twice liciud from
some strny ohjoctor.
Mr. Vnrian, nn Irish refugee, through Mr
Heme, offered the following resolution:
Itesolved, That John Mitchell, in avowing his
desire to possess a good fnt plantation well stocked
with negroes, has thrown off the mask of hvnoeri-
sy, nud exposed the hideous deformity of a totally
dciiraved human heart, nud that in his attack
upon the eminent philanthropist, Jas lluughton in
attempting to perpetrate murder,' ho has unwitting
property ly committed suicide.
Whudi l.nving been put was ndopted, and the
The announcement that I.uey Stone. Fred Dou-
t .......... J . ' -. .. . u
glass, and C. C. Hurlciirh would each sneak at the
. "'"". ""wiofieiucr n
: '.r ,i' TlVJ
I .Notwithstanding n W admission wns charged
doors, hull, and stairways were crowded with
people, determined apparently that tlu.ugh unable
,'eilr all, they wo.il.l at least hear some,
At the time appointed for the openinc the Itev
r. V- i 1 ...
- j. jMivnion oi crcu no . r i cr niter u'liu.h 'M
. C.C. Hufleigh took the stand and delivered a me
! able, eloquent and logical speech, in which ho re
weak. viewed the whole subject if slavery, expressed
! himself cheered by the warm interest diitdaved
i. i. ... i: ,i.... i...a .... ' '
i "j o"""" ..mv iiuu iiiiciiiicii mo conven-
and legalized slavery. Hot
applause, nnd cries of Doiigl
tion, nnd concluded by CNpounding bis views on
i,e interpretation of the constitution which he, in
nnnniti,,n ... M l)..,,.,i : : i
toot ins scat amid loud
IWo nro sorry not to be ntle to givo a sketch
Mr. Uuiieigli s remarks. 1 his speech seemed to
us one of the most happy and powerful of his ef
forts, remarkable oi en for him, for its terse logic,
its apt illustration, uud its fervid, chasto and pow-
ernii eloquence. Hut tho roportors have not saved
it, and we aro not able ot this laic period to reme
dy the loss.J In reply, Mr. Dougluss said:
We nro here not to discuss probabilities, not
more belief; nothing of the sort. Were I asked
what was my belief, 1 should reply that the Cram
ers of tho Constitution never meant by it to give
tho slightest shadow of support to slavery j I be
lieve it because there is nothing on its face to give
it support. Mr. Madison declared the framers
wore unwilling to admit that man could hold prop
erty in man. But what matters intentions in a
mutter that took idaco two hundred yean nan?
Where are we to find the intentions if not on the
face nf the instrument? I maintain that slavery
is only not ennstitutionalizcd but was never legal
ised before tho adoption of the constitution.
It was then ns it is now system of lawless vio
lence. Slavery was never even legislated for
the colonies. Tho charter under which it was in
troduced was that of Queen Elizabeth to Sir John
Hawkins, and that only permitted him to trans
port colored nion from Africa to Virginia, with
their own oousent. This was tho only shadow
a legal Inundation there was tor slavery. It was
expressly stipulated, that the laws of the colonies
should bo In harmony with Uioso ot tho British
Inrd Mansfield, in tbe Somerset ease, decided
this very iirinrinle. and so it was thnt I'nmni
terwards appealed in such eloquont and glowing
laueuaae to this decision as tho proudest Ixinat
an Englishman j it enabled him to say justly, that
no slave could breathe the air of Britain without
lieing redocmod, regenerated and disenthralled.
(The speakor reviewed the constitution and main
tained in nu able argument that slavery not being
mentioned was not a part of the constitution.)
I believe It within the bounds of probability,
that three millions of people in the south who own
no slnves, will in time by the aid of education and
enlightenment, eome to see that tho slaveholder's
humiliation is necessary for the elevation of
duvo and themselves. The intelligent working
men of Virginia and of Kentucky begin to undor
dand this, Uiey ,0y that white slaveholders
them aa much aa they are against the
slave t they are so: Inhor, white and black nvust
fa" or flourish together, and when laboring men
fully see this, then will they stand with us on the
anti-slavery platform. I say this of the people of
" "ui, inoso wo musi regard as such nd not
the savehnhlers! "the r .tneroti.
stoeratia lily finirered
cradle plunderers," as Miss Stone has termed.
( l hunders of nrwlause.)
The Constitution was no bargain between slave
holders and non-slaveholders, it was no contract
between blnek and white, the rich and poor; It was
tho act of the people t it began, " We, the people,"
4o., and if the word means anything, or the poople
intended nnvthimr. the constitution was intended
as an instrument, guarantee for the extension of
justice, liberty and humanity I (Cheors.) Hut
who are the slaveholders r The South T Not at
all; thero are only 3K),000 slaveholders in the
whole South, nnd when they talk of severing their
union with us, I say let them do ao, wo shall still
be in pence with the South.
If tho slaveholders entered into this contract as
a bargain, they also knew from its face that this
constitution wns liable to be construed in favor of
freedom, nnd like Shyloek, who stipulated for one
pound of tho flesh of Antonio (forgetting the
blood) and when the bond toenmo due, through
malice demanded its fulfilment, la told by the
shrewd judge he may take tho flu'h if ho can get it
without tho blood. I tuko this to be as sound a
principle jn law as in a play. (Mr. V. here read
from various authorities nassutrca nrnviiiir his
interpretation of tho law governing expression of
iiiiciiiioo to uc corrcci.j
1 can illustrate it thus by nnecdote. Somo years
ago the w hitc men of Connecticut, passed n law by
which negroes n no wore out niter U o'clock, p. ni.,
wcro compelled to carry lanterns under penalty of
a nue. inis wns io proioct themselves from stum
bling into tho society of black men. Well, tho
negroes bought lanterns nnd walked about as freely
as before. Somo of them wore brought before the
court, but the court decided thnt inasmuch as they
had carried lanterns they had obeyed the law. Oh !
but snid the counsel for the prosecution, the obvious
intention of tho law whs that the lanterns should
be Ixjhtnl, hnve randies in them, for what was the
use of lanterns without candles f
Hut the Court decided against his clients, the law
was one abrsdging liberty, and mnst be construed
by the letter. Well, Ciey passed another law com
pelling candles to be carried in the lanterns. Tho
negroes obeyed, they carried lanterns with candles
but forgot to light 'cm. They were again tried and
nequitted another law was then drawn up pro
viding for the lighting of the cnndlos, but fell
through, but if it had passed it would hnve been
obeyed, for the negroes wovld hnve carried Hark
lanlernt, the while thero was nothing in the law to
prevent them. (Loud laughter.) The speaker ex
plained the position of the Anti-Slnvcry party to
wards the Church, w hich ought to have teen the
first to help in the good ennso, nnd concluded with
nn eloquent appeal in behalf nf the slave.
When the applause succeeding Douglnss' speech
bad subsided, Mr. Burleigh replied to his argument
in respect to the Constitution, nnd nftcr meeting
with some interruption at the hands of the more
impatient portion of the nudience, to whom he ad
ministered a sharp rebuke, ho was succeeded by
.Miss I.uey Stone, who for thrcc-nunrtcrs of an hour
so enchained nnd enthralled the audience, by her
eloquence, pathos, and soul-subduing appeals to
their hearts, on behalf of slave women nnd chil
dren, that when she finished with " I have done."
and sat down, not nno nf the vast assembly spoke
or stirred for nearly half a minute, but then burst
forth such a storm of applause as CJreonwood sel
dom or never heard bcloro.
The Chairman then called unon the Rey. Mr.
Boynton (whoso course on the subject of slavery
had been spoken of.) to take the stand, and when
we left, that gentlemnn was in the middle of an
address. We presume the Convention adjourned
.1 . 1 . . IV ... . ,..
snoniy niicr sine aic.
TENNESSEE AND NEBRASKA.
The resolutions endorsing tho Nebraska meas
ure, which wore recently before the Tennessee leg
islature, were lost in the House of representatives
after having passed tho Senate A new Congress
man, Mr. Taylor, has been elected from one of the
districts of the State who is represent cd as uncom
promisingly hostile to the measure.
Mr. CtLLCM, from the same State, made speech
in Congress against the measure, last week, in
which he denounced it with great severity. He
Ho came hither to participate In the legislation
necessary to our common country. The honest
claims of hundreds of our citizens are to to twst-
I rained, ruled out of court; the stream of legislation
is jo ne uanimou up ny tins netanous project,
which he intended to denounce as a work of politi
cians, to strangle the legislation of the country
for personal aggrandizement. Ha believed, in the
laco ot Ood, that he should be a coward if he did
not denounce it. He should nut be a Tcnncsscenn
if he did not denounce this plot against the peace
and quiet of tho I'niun. Yes, Nobraska and Kan
sas, and Kansas and Nebraska, is the hue and cry.
These Halls are mado vocal with the souud of cant
phrases ; and we are told thnt territorial govern
ments must forwith be givon them j nnd the com
promise of 1820, the work of our fathers, complet
ed in tho times of ercnt rublic excitement, when
tho 1'iiion of those Stntes was in joopnrdy, is to be
repudiated nnd trampled under foot.
This is ft naked question of repudiation or no re
pudiation, You may, ho said, talk to mo about
bad faith and outraged southern honor, but I toll
you the North nnd the South, tho Knst nnd the
West, that this is a naked question whether the
sons, the descendants of cur patriotic fathers, who
pledged their honor on n great nnd momentous
question, will repudiate their solemn obligations
on n mere quiooie anu piea.
The question had been sprung on him like a (Iro
lell at uiiilniirlit. Where he asked, was Ihe voice
of the pcoplo. North or South, asking for the pas-
llft-n of tin. liiensnrn .In,. In l..i n ,I,A V..l. n
i South by the ears, and roopen tho fountain of bit-
Mr wators ana tho agitations which had well nigh
severed this I'nion T
Tho measure enme from a defeated presidential
aspirant defeated in 1M52. This w as the start
ing point, nnd should bo known from Maine to the
Where aro the South f Whore have they been
Sleeping on their watch-tower for thirty-four years?
Was it necessary that they should bo waked up to
their intorcsts by your tig or littlo giants? j Laugh
ter. He (Senator Doi olas is the great Shanlio
drim of the State of Illinois, laughter, overshad
owing evcrythini!. He out-hcroded Herod, and
out-southed the South.
He referred to the fact that Senator Pouoi.as, in
lHI'J, 18MI, nnd in 1X54, regarded the Missouri
compromise s ft binding contract, but now pro
poses to repeal it. The "Union," whiuh denounc
ed suoh purpose, soon afterwards seizod upon
mm m . . f ,! It . 1. . 1 . .
- m ii.iti,. vi ui,iuiiuii.iiiiE AuiniuisirKi.on.
lie denied that the North lias repudiated the
Missouri oomnaut. and asked for tha nronf.
could not be shown.
He spoke of the provisions of ths till, which.
he contended, does not contain the principle
.. .: i.:.... i .1.. j i , .
iiuii-iiui'.wiiiiuii which is eiauneu ior ii ; ana,
conclusion, lie defended the Missouri compromise,
and eulcgiied and vindicated the memory of Ten-
nessoenus who sustained and assisted in the pas
sage of that measure. The men of 1854 who rise
here and asperse their character shall always find
i. iiiiu ti.iuiLHior.
THE PRESBYTERIANS AND SLAVERY.
The New York Kvangeliat says i
"If we do not misundorstand the Article in
C hristian Observer of last week, on the Slavery
question, it throws out nn intimation which
shall reerot to tee carried into effect that
Southern members of the next Assembly will
lat, uui merely uiui uiu euuject ue not uiscussea,
tut that 'declaration of the inexpediency of
agitation be made j or, if we understand It aright
formal pledge on the part of the Assembly
ever to exclude the subject of slavery from its
cussions or proceedings, as friends or the whole
Church, we profoundly hope that suoh is not
intention of any portion of it: for it proposes
utterly impossible objeot In the present state
the tyeat anti-slavery cause, viewed in all Its con
nectmns, we are and have been of the oniuion
nothing valuable can be obtained by u farther
discussion of the subject in the General Assembly
under the conditions in which it has hitherto teen
considered. Nothing can be added to the explio
itness or force of the testimony which the Assem
bly baa already borne against tho system of sla
very no persuasives more earnest can he uttered
to every Christian man to keep himself clear of
its evil and contamination, than have been uttered
nor more true, kind, nnd wise discriminations of
the inoccnt from the culpable forms of slaveholding
than have already been made, can be expected,
it will not altar the Assembly's moral position on
this subject, nor alter any man's views, to reiter
ate these testimonies."
From this it would appear that the opposite
tendencies at present in that church are nearly
at sympathy. The South asks a pledge of non
interference with slavery, while the Kvangolist
proposed non-interference without a pledget Pow
erful anti slavery men those Kvangolist Presby
terians are 1 Hathan,
Qllje 2Vntt-3iot)cri) Bugle.
Salem, Ohio, April M, 18.11.
THE CINCINNATI CONVENTION.
Last yoar, when somo of the heroic, faithful,
catholic women of Cincinnati invited Mr. Garrison
to the Convention, some persons, fearful or inimi
cal, predicted that if he came, it would be the lust
of tho Conventions. Well, tho time for another
has passed tho meeting has been hold, nnd with
no less success than thoso which have preceded it.
Thus havo these prophets who would prophecy
smooth things, teen condemned out of thoir own
mouths. And thus it appears that the pcoplo have
among themselves, ft more thorough appreciation
of the enormous wrong of slavery, and of the thor
oughly radical means necessary for its eradication,
than those trimmers thought or believed.
The Convention this year surpassed all preceding
ones in point of numbers. The people came in
crowds. In crowds, altogether beyond the capacity
of the Hall to contain them t so that on the lost
two evenings we heard it estimated, that as many
went away as obtained admission. The influence
of the Convention evidently is not limited to the
city. Sections of the surrounding country were
fully represented. And both from the papers and
from individuals, we heard the statement repeated
ly, that large numbers of Kentuckians were pres
ent. Uut, from whcnccsocver the audiences came.
they were evidently deeply interested in tho sub
jects discussed, and most respectful listeners to
whatever was said thereon.
The meeting was remarkable for the number of
ministers present, listoning to or participating in
the discussions. For years, we have seen no anti
slavery meeting like it in this pnrticulnr. Most
noted among these, were Dr. Elliott, of the Moth
odist Church, and editor of the Western Christian
Advocate, and Mr. Boynton of the Christian Press.
The former spoke out strong condemnation of
slavery taking the anti-slavery position thnt the
system eannot be reformed or improved, but must be
destroyed. The publio address of the luttor was
what seemed to us a poor apology for his presence
in that company and .on that occasion. Or, as he
termed it, "defining of his position." An odious
work, which anti-slavery men with singloncss of
purpose, have very seldom occasion to do. Their
faithful, uncompromising anti-slavery lives are de
fining, living epistles, known and read of all men
And the fact that man ever finds it needful to
"define his position," always carries to our mind
the impression that tho definition is called out by
a consciousness of inconsistency or unfaithfulness
on the question. Mr. Boynton's presence and np
proval indeed wns somewhat remarkable, in consid
eration of the course he had previously pursued in
regard to these Conventions. He had previously
excused himself from participating in them, on
account of the infidel character of thoso prominent
in their management, and becauso women were
among the officers nnd speakers of the meetings,
Now, here he wns, side by side on tho platform
with Lucy Stono, and such men as have been made
notorious by himself and such as he, for their al
Mr. Boynton's apology for his presence consisted
in mo allegation that the present Convention was
called under different circumstances from the pre.
ceding ones. 'What thoso rcmnrkablo differences
were, he declined to inform the audienco, though
requostcd to do so, nnd we have not tho skill to
divine. The mooting was called by the same asso
ciation, for the snme purpose, in the snme manner.
and the same classes of persons were iuvited, were
expected, nnd wore actually present. We should
have been better pleased if Mr. Boynton hnd found
his reason for attending in tho importance of the
cause, nnd the necessity and rightfulness of co-operation,
rather than in a difference which no one
could soe, and w hich tho speaker himself deeliued
to point out. We should in that ease have hoped
for more valuablo and efficiont co-operation, than
from his reasons assigned, wo cau now hope to re
ceive from him. Aovertholcss, we nro encouraged
by tho presence of Mr. Boynton nnd other clorgy-
mon, on the occnsion. For, if they now take hold
and work with henrtinoss nud efficiency, the cause
will move on with now vigor, nnd as to such as
came from other motives, their presence indicntos
a change of publio sentiment, which trimming
ministers ns well as politicians, are ever prompt to
discern, and which uiny well cheer nnd nniiunto the
most desponding of the fiiends of freedom.
Evory one seemed to miss Samuel Lewis, so
nobly did he preside last year, and so earnestly did
he plead then and there for the slave. He was de
tained at home by severe indisposition, but mani
fested a deep interest in tbe Convention.
The meeting was treated with the utmost respect
by all classps of Cincinnatians, so far aa we ob
served. With the exception of the Enquirer, the
press was respectful and fair. The report were
no caricatures, were well so far as they went. In
one respect, however, they fail entirely in doing
justice to the meeting. The Reporters seemed de
termined that the Convention should appear rttpeet-
able. So they made no allusion to the more ultra
and unpopular sentiments advanced. From the
reports, no ono would dream that such were ut
tered. And yet they were, frequently, durins the
whole course of the moeting. Political disunion
was advocated and defended, by several of the
speakers, formally and at length, and yet no allu
sion it made to the fact in any of the report
have seen. Thus, those report will fail to make
the Convention speak in its true langunge to the
country, or to exort it true influence upon
These most radical sentiment were listened
with earnest and respeotful attention. And the
excellent resolution were adopted with unanimity
and heartiness. Indoed, we have seldom attended
more interesting meeting than the session which
wo devoted to the reading and adoption of the
resolution. They were well read by Mr. Block
well, and from their character, excited a deep
terest in the crowded audience. And their effect
wo heightened by an occasional short, pithy nnd
On the whole, we think the Convention on
tbe beit of h (trie. And tbote earnest women
by whom it was originated and lias been sustained,
have the pleasure of seeing the present, like thtlt
preceding efforts, successful.
CHANGE IN TERMS OF THE BUGLE.
A few month ago, the Executive Committee)
changed tho terms of publication of tho Bugle, so
as to require payment Invariably in advance. This
change was mado, after mature deliberation, with
the impression that the interests of the papor and
the cause it advocates, required it.
Somo dissatisfaction has teen manifestsd by
friends of the paper in different places, on account
of the change. Many of our subscribers reside iu)
region where we hnve no local agents, and which
are visited but seldom by the travelling agent of
the W. A. S. Socioty. Many of these subscriber
are also person not accustomed to forwarding
money by mail, nnd who, perhaps, over estimate
the danger of remittances thus sent being lost.
Such would much prefer to pay for tho Bugle from
time to time, as our lecturing agonts may visit their
localities, or ns they may have opportunity when1
they attend Anniversaries, Conventions, Ac.
After consulting with our travelling agonts and
ninny others, nmong the warmest supporters of the
Buglo, nnd finding majority of the opinion that
the regulation to require payment for the paper"
invariably In advance, is not, under the cireunv
stances, the best for tho paper and the cnuso, thtr
Executive Committeo have decided upon a change
In future, therefore, the Buglo will be furnished!
at $1,50 por annum if paid in advance, or 2,00 at
the end of the year.
We hope that agent and other forwarding the
names of new subscribers, will, so far possible,
induce them to pay in advance. To pay in advano
will be to the intorost pecuninrly, of nil subscri
bers as the additional 60 cents will be invariably
exacted from those who do not avail thomsolre ef
the advance term.
RtonTS or Woman. Cortoinly the advocates of
the Woman's Bights reform hare abundant oec
sion for encouragement. Publio sentiment is evi
dently and rapidly changing on thi subject.
Indications of it are seen on every hand. The
readiness of the people to petition the legislature
tbe action of those legislatures when the question
has been agitated, and the tono of the publio press,
all indicate ft chnhgo in the right direction. Among
the indication of the latter sort, wo notice a two
column editorial article in the last Saturday Mail,
a paper edited by Ocorgo II. Graham, publisher of
Graham's Magazine. The articlo is ft very fair
ono, recapitulating tho common arguments in favor
of the reform, and offering vory satisfactory an
swer to many of the ordinary objection. We
were hardly looking for such nn articlo from that
tunrter. It is, therefore, all the more welcome.
It'll ha at length been declared by England
and France against Russia. A fatal decision for
thousands who will slaughter and be slaughtered
as though they were unreasoning and inhuman
beings. How or when the murderous devastation
will end, no human being can foresee. But thi
we know, it cannot cease till its wreck of bumaa
hopes, and happiness and lifo shall far surpass all
computation. It i torrible to think upon. Ap
palling is tho responsibility of those who have
brought nl'out this state of war, to demoralize and
devastate the world. What adequate good can be
purchased by so comprehensive and overwhelming
an evil, as general European war? But it i
upon the world, It cannot be arcrtod.
The following I the latest new on thi subject I
The Cabinet Couriers despatched with the ultima
tum of France andEnglnnd to the Emperor of Russia,
havo returned to London with official announce
mcnt that no reply would be made to joint demand
of the two powers.
in consequence or tins the tjueen sent ft message
to both Houses of Parliament on the 27 th, an
nouncing the failure of all negotiations carried
on with Russia nnd the consequent necessity
of ndopting other measure to enforce a compli
ance. The message concluded with the declaration that
tho (jncen relied on the bravery of her nrmy and
navy in the emergency.
The mcssnge was to bo taken into consideration
on the 31st ult nnd a reply of both House of
Parliament will lie votod in answer. Iu the mean
time an official declaration of war appears in th
Lionuon unzotto ot tho zsth, ana in all the ixmaou
papers by the Hermann.
The treaty between France, England and Turkey
was signed ou tho 20th.
A dispatch from Vionna and Bucharest announ
ces that 20.0(H) Russians crossed tho Danube on
the 31st of March.
35,000 Russians hnd also crossed at Matchin
without molestation from the Turks, and n con
siderable force was assembling bctwoeu Gcschit
The troops already occupied tho bridge, when
they were fired upon by the Turks. The bridge
was destroyed, and 2,000 Russians precipitated
into the stream and drowuod. Tho Turks suffered
The British cavalry destined for the Knst was to
pass through France to embark at Marseilles.
The Emperor Napoloon' announcement woe
reeoived in both chamber with tromeudou en
thusiasm. The Queen of England has doclared lior inten
tion not to grant letters of marque fur privateering.
Tni Union. Horace Greeley has an article in
late Tribune, on "Slurtry and the Vnion." In it
he forcibly presents tho ever existing antagonisms
between freedom and slavery in this country. II
affirms that everywhere the tendency is- toward.
sectionalism, the South becoming more in love
with slavery, and the North more averse to It, and
conclude by proposing to examine hereafter.
how far the Northern State depend upon th
South for their prosperity and their existonce, and
how far the measure of disunion, by the South)
supposing it earnestly meant, and to be really car
ried out, ought to be regarded by them th North
with anxiety or alarm."
Certainly the anti-slavery discussion ha aocom.
plished much, when the most popular paper in tha
nation shall thus begin to calculate the value of
the Union. It used to bo denounced as sacrilege
to hint at such ft calculation. But the necessity
of counting the cost of Union 1 forcing itself upon
the nation, and men will begin to caloulate'wheth
er politician will consent or no. And when men
have onoe resolved to look at foot dispassionately,
tho power of that magia phrase, "The Union,"
will have perished.
We honor Mr. Grooloy for hi heroism in march
ing up to the discussion of thi prohibited topio.
We trust he will prosecute it with the fall power
of his master ability, in foots and logic.
Agricultural Department in Oherlin Collrok
A correspondent of the Syracuse Chronicle, Wkyx.
that two year ago, Dr. Norton Townsend eom
menoed effort for the establishment of an agricul
tural department in Oberlin College. The session,
to be held during the winter vacation, while tht
ordinary students were absent, ft many of them
re during th winter, engaged in teaching. Th
writer adds, that th agricultural society of (sal
Ohio legislator wcr favorable to the nroject.