Newspaper Page Text
11 it I ff
-. - r
'i'Y I iM t "I
t" HABIUf H. HOB IN SON, Editor.
a i ' '' ' '
NO f.VO.V W'rr SLArEllOLDr.ltS.'
AliX PF..IRSO, PnbllkliiaK Agent.
1 a'.iir: j a
VOL. 9.XO. 38.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, MAY 1S54.
WHOLE NO, 418
I'TH. ISThSU f ft Y BUGLE,
t YmWt.-t1.to ft.- innom, FaTalits In s.lTanr.
-W.tlinllf ni nnmlra to ttio. who ant mrtatiti
M-iMra, but who sr. IhIII hi hoinlrh4 InlltoitWrnttHitlon
t slltt.laT.rr truth, .Willi Ihti hnn thM til-r will tttlnn-arrl.a
7wiwlrM. or ... lliofr lunuouc lo .xt.ud Ucclrrul.Uuli antonr
.Co.a-.nlsstlac,a lntwlMl for IrMwrtloti. to V. ttfl'tlls-twd t(.
Ko.i5.io., wiior. AU otu.r. to As !., I-ub-
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Oh Ifnar, (W Itlrre ) thm WMttfl,
. " r. fcllltlonj Imertloa, . .
fll taotiika, . 4
. j'i i -. - v.w
I ... - ... . . . . ...
Nwrw in nnmiii) , .
w Omftr, '. ' i . .
Ow ffwwrtk) flohivm wtM yar, with prlf t)n, of th.nglnf
sa.niltlf, - . . . .
ft olt.a, rh.ntiof month'?.
Jwrw. not ndMrtlnf lrht MnM will l Innud en j-ar,
wm v-msk flu mtu. i i.
i. llt'DSOM, rumi.
ANTI-KIDNAPPING IN WISCONSIN.
. The freemen of Wisaoniln are ntirrod m they
ahonld be, with the late nudni-ious Lot uiiiu-cesful
. 1,1 , . .
KlUmnl ! 1- iilnniuuM n In V . . .. A Gi.i.
.u..,.Kr.,. , ii iuikiu, ftjv.no
Convoation has been held in rofvronce to the mat-
ler.1 From tho aucount we have seon, it soems to!
have beer), ai It should, a time of enthusiasm and
or.itronB and hiru.Iy purpone. Tits V (steiix
faiCHAN,, of . Fondulae, notice tho mooting 4s
,."' Tim Stat Co.vrt.sTios.
Th procoedingf of the Convention n prepared
by the bwuretarios, we publish elsewhere. The
apeeche made, or nme of them, we will publish'
... -.W Tl,0 an-iri, ,.r l, I'.. ....... J. . I.
v. ..iv . vii.miiiuii nun inu
mos4 enthusinstiu of any we ever attended. The
aulnrita (?. C K. Wutkms. t.'lio'. f'l.n.oi.. n,.,l K
M. Booth, were sevonilly culled out, and addi-ecscd
ha Convention with groat Rpirit and power. As
aeh took the maud, tho onthiisinsin of 'the
nee could not bo rostrninod, nud a each poured
oat burning oloiiucnce upon a throng that looked
upon them, not un criminals, but biavu, dclnrmincd,
. : i i : . i . i i .1 .. , .
eonsGienoiuu nuu ncruic men, wuu unit uaieii 10
do the Clirist-liko act of opening the prison doors
to bim who wa unrighteously huld in durance vile,
about of npplausu greeted Ii i in at the utterance ol
bold words of duliaiK-e, that were hurled at the
" power that lie."
It wa one of the grandest, most novel sights we
ever beheld, for thoso accused of crimo. held under
liond for alleged violation of law, to stnnd up be
fore their fellow-men with the proud consciousness
Jthal if thoy bad dune all, nnd umro than they are
hagred with doing, that they had only discharged
Christian duty, and instead of being looked upon
a lawlest wrolche. a largo coiigregs.tion of moral
iatalligent nnd pnlriotiu men, was applauding them
fur doing what they did, nnd cherishing in their
heart a righteous determination to 'go ami do
)ikwie' whonavor ths cause of liberty dem vndtid it.
The atter usetcuncis of nttcmpting to on force the
Fugitive Ware A-t, mi the soil of Wisconsin, eould
lie en in every eyo. No man could look upon
that throng and wonder that tho prison door were
opened, nnd the man Glover emancipated from the
clutches, of tho Slavoites. As tho walls of Jericho
fell down before tho great shout of Iho niinics of
Ivahua, no prison wulls Hint hold innocent men
unaccused of crime, will crumble before Iho spirit
of Liberty, when embodied in such men as tlirong
d around tho battered fuiiite in Mil wnukio.
IS'ulio but the most despicable of men. tho veriest
tool of despotism say might ngainst tho manner in
which Clover was restored to fieedom. When nil
the innehinory of lcgitdation and government is
prostituted to onslavu mankind, and the tools for
executing statutory enactments nro baso enough to
use their official stations for despotic purposes,
there i no way left for thoso who regard liumaniiy
abov lawlessness, but to npnin such unconstitu
tional ediots, nnd appeal to justico nnd the 'higher
law.' So thought our friends in Milwaukee, nnd
their course is approved by the best men iu the
State. Tho Convention wns harmonious, the at
tendance good, and more than answered tho ex
pectations of thoso who called it, and thoso who
At this meeting a Static LtACii was lormcd,
with the following constitution :
CoVSTITCTION CF A StATK I.EAOlf.
1. All persons in tlio Sta o of Wisconsin, irre
spective of birth, condition or color, nro presumed
to be free.
- 2. No nerson can bo donrivod of liberty but bv
due process of law, in opou court, by tho judgment
of hi peers.
3. The right of trinl by jury should bo aercd-!iti(in
ly maintained in all cases involving personal lib-1
i. All poron ore cntitlod to tho privilogo of
the writ or Habeas Corpus, on a proper application
to any Stato. or I' nited States Judgo.
5. Tho power of Congrcs mo limited to the!
grants in the constitution of tho United
and to ucli loUlutiun as is nooossary nnd
proper to enrry those express grant into oxocu-1
k 6. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 is unconsti
tutional and void, because,
tirst Congress lias uo power to legislate upon
the subject ;
Secondly This act annuls tlio writ of Habeas
Thirdly It also abrogates tho right of trial by
7. The refusal of Judge Miller to allow the
.writ of Habeas Corpus iu favor of Glover to be
ftbeyed by the officers under his control, nnd his
abuso of that writ In discharging Garland from
arrest under process from a State Court for assault
nd bnttery. on the ground that C-arland . by virtue
of an affidavit that a7 person was his lavo. had
rigni wuu or w.inoui process to se.zu st.cu per-
aon. and useaiiT lumiuntof yiolcnco necessary
,auiau iiimiu,uumaeii..niiissmve. lurnisn jus
ftst wn mrm wa j . fa a au a-j . l v'w wa wiuivf f-sa
i4Mrv tlieir levorest cuuduiuiintion.
1 ' L ''ne'oacbmonl upon the sovereignty
Maka. Htjllll. and tl.. .n.l III. ...... ,.f .1.. ......
---- ":"i"s mis mi o. vi nw j.v.7-
.ij, by thi Fugitive Act, and tho execution of
"by the reooral OtScers III tlli SllltO, should bo
J t ' "-i'" "" utuisiiuiiioiiiii
V. rhe eause of thoso who are prosecuted for
violation of tho Fugitive Aot. is tl.o causa
of liberty ngninst despotism, and of tho pooplo
against tho agents and tools of tho slavo power,
tou wo intmgti tiuii.n iv. "I. njr muni
. . .. j i. u .... .
ml oiuruvrjmjr lion oootun. hivih ..j uiir r. 111-
. pethy, our prayer, and by till noecstary material
' 10. There ihould be no more Slave States, no
81a Territory, and no Sluvery under exclusive
U. Thfl offltter of thi Longuo shall be a Pre,
vHent, ft Viee 1'resi.lont, a Soorotary and Treasurer,
who shall tonstitute nn Executive Committee, who
.shall have power to va.ll meeting und transact
ueh business a may bo necos.ury to promote the
nbjoot of the Lep(uo, and the sptoad of It pnn-
: A fugitive slave, who had " fooled it" all the way
ran (itsritstUia, 8. C, la New Bedford, wa "x
nresred" thence to Boston by Col. Hat-eh, on Mon
day, and then took the "underground" for Canoda,
Tlio Liberator thui notices tlio departure of
Jnme W. Walker t
Sr lung, no Intimately, nnd no conspicuously ba
J W. Wai rn boen identified with our greni
movement nt the Wast, tliitt li is sudden nnd unci.
pceted depnrtur to the spirit-wot Id is nn ns nnnd-
II1DT UlflW. Illlll ntlPl.tS lid nvv rinnnl Wn hn.I
almost tnkon it lot granted that lie would livo to
o tho morthrow of tlmt hide-on ssstom, which
the shsiue of our Izo nnd the onrs of nut Innrt.
mil Tin I nit. A..! I... . f UL 1.1.1. l I I
.... cAiiiiviiiiii in min'ii tin nn moor-
ed. in tlio lecturitis field, with a tout nnd efficiency
not tJ lio furnnwed, lor no mnnv renrii rrnaf.
hit bcon doulily pr.itcd, n to hViiitPjfrity to tlio
ionniio of liberty in Knfjlmid, Ilia native land,
micro no wni niiy c."iousi'H me kiiio til I ho work'
. . .r. ft i
e" in ine leem ot mo (fovori.inoiit ami ,
, in the United Slates, the lund of bis nibintinii
w,,cre "n oeon among the loremost champions
of tho slave, 'in juuriievins-s often, in eeiiU in
llie city, in perils in the wilderness, in nerils
among false brethren, in wearinesn and painful-alluded
ness. -niisundci-storjil. cnlnnininiixl kmito.l n,ui..
ness misunderstood, calumninied. hunted nnd ;
IllllllliPll r A..AB 11 I . I
. w w.w, vulUlltl, VOIIllllUllt.
revly to be ofiered a living eacritico,
ftiNvuiiniiiit fti.viii iiu HIV
i .... 17
limm A.i.AM.1.A.n llinm . 1. .. ft . .
nouiia witn them.
Mr. H'aiklh was settled over
Methodist church nnd congrognlion at ('levelnnd
.7 w?s nali' bol"V01.1 ttn' in."ll1 rtputo.
in(?, f .Uvery; nnd had ho chosen to remain with
tho Methodist denomination, nnd to be dumb in
regard to tho great sin of the land, he miirht have !
ntained Iho highost position in that body. Hut
hn ttftl n nifin tA' tin. nr.. tn'.uiri. wvm.. ......) 1
npostol.o itilrepitl.ty t it was not in hi nature to 1
confer with flesh and blood"; and ns mxhi ns ho
pcrcoivod that the American Church was tho bul-l
Wlirk of ft 111 t-l.r- V o ml I lio A inn.; 1 1 ...n m ..
- r ........ .. .... ..... n .....w-.
!"t Willi death, he publicly renounced them Hith, 1
in the name of tiod. noil l.mk bis b,t will, ilm.o 1
wefe every whero npuken against for their
fidelity to the riirlit. As n public dehutor nnd lee- i
he had few ennuis, and with his pen, through
,ri0 columns of tho Anti-Slavery Ihnjlt, hn has
i done cxi-ullctit sen ice. lie has lieen laboring for
mine time in Michigan, nnd we have nn doubt that '
LI- .I..A.U :.. ... i !i i . i ....
r, 'alii; inn,: in ..iicii irin. nun we onvn nn iiimiii fhor
his denth is to bo ascribed to his unremitted oxer- i
lions in that quarter. His me mory deserve to bo ;
hell in deatlilesM remembrnnce ; and may the ben-
edictioii of a loving (Ltd rest upon his bereaved
who nuu ciiiniien l farewell, dear brother! j
'Thino earnest pleading for tlio bound mid broken,
Falleth like music on that othor sphere;
Half on tho earth nnd half in henren 'twns spoken,
Bringing tho bondsmou and tho angels near.
Slowly receding in thine act of pleading,
From the pour sufferers whom thou Bought to
Their bls6iiig resting on thy interceding, ;
lianas like a halo on thy lonely grave.
' .'' . ? t -.
And, streaming inward, through the narrow portal,
IS.'caks liko tho morning in the shadowy tomb,
Lilting tlio first steps of thy march immortal,
To joy nnd triumph from tlio chill and gloom.
While from tho vergo of earth lorod voice ringing
Fur tlii'oiih the valley, luminous as day,
Herald thy coming to tho nngels singing,
Whoso songM of welcome meet thee half tho way.
Thero they shall greet thee, whom thy labor lifted
From tho low places of their human life !
Who but for tlico o'er tho wild Beas had drifted
Outward fur ever, or perished in tlio strife
Passing in Iovo nnd power, thy soul' transition
Is but ascension to a higher height,
Whero nil around theo, in thy no'w condition,
Life' mysteries open in celestial light.
Viewing for ever, in calm contemplation,
Tho widening circles of each duty duiio,
And through all cycles of thy elevation,
Aoccudin nearer to tho Heavenly One.'
, and at oll
i it.. wnai,
in Uonde as
From the Leader.
NEW ENGLAND AND VIRGINIA.
( Ha"1 oniiiuciii .
" Virginia, in this confederacy, is tho imperson-
t tho well born, woll-cducalcd, well-bred
aristocrat. She looks down from her elavated
I pedestal upon her parvenu, ignorant mendacious
j Yankeo villilicr as coldly and euluily ns a niiu blc
A good answer to tin "well-educated aristo
express icr,lt 1,10 'IWIR paragrnph from the Kich
Qtatc. i"""ld " '".'. which paper advocates a more cfTicieiit
,-the 01J Uominioli should eclipso the "liienda
to. icllunuit yunkocs" in wealth and i.i.mlK-rs
i population, ha Iteilee time us many unloltoicd
, nursons. and thorn nro lliirtii tlx limes us much
A few weeks ngo tho Richmond (Va.) Examiner
in tho course of un nrticlo on the Nebraska bill.
avo utterance to the following haughty nud urro-
J " oun-r.
"Every decade exhibits a rapid and fearful in-
crease of this mass of ignorance. In 18 10, the
number of the unlettored in Virginia amounted to
ild.doii. Iu 1SSU it oxeoeded KO.UDO. At this into
j it will not lenulio many centuries to extinguish nil
knowledge of letters in tho Stale."
This is a lamentable admission, but it is borne
out by the Into census statistics.
Tho six Now Knghind states eompriso just nbout
the same area of territory ns Virginia, .'hey wore
Hist settled nliout as early. In point of climate,
fertility of soil, nnd mineral wealth Virginia is;
incomparably 111010 favorublo than Now Luglaiul ;
tliu original stock tiro of n coniiiuui Fnglish origin,
j j -J , , ,, , editi.,.Vs of pop., -
..Xvell.ed,.t'ated, well-bred aiistoeracv"
1(.ivi ,,,,,, (lir ; l0 ,jlt tllu flel ,.
far otherwise. New F.ngland contain n native
irhitit iiiiiiubtlion of o 'liifi oiiwi ..f ft..ii,,,i tint Ci 020
udiiltn nre unable to read or write, u proportion ul
... ..... . -1 i - '
ono to every -ion ; wiiiiqiii i irgioia, iu a name
'while population of K71,3'Jo, TO.hOM adults nro un -
nl.l,, I,, ,. i-llr. or rnml bciiur ncirlv n ni'inioi'tion nf
one to erery eleven inhabitants.
I ........ -:..:... .t.-..j ... ...t:..1
l Alius, f irirtlllll, Yt llll n.ir-f.lliu llic lltllliu wutttTii
' ignorance ninong the native born free whites ns in
New-Engh.ud. Such nre tho effects of the blessed
institution oi Diavoiy upon the masses ol the tree
j nniivr) WIIIU.S.
Wo wero struck with the plain, blunt senso of
the following article in tho Wheeling (Va.) 7Ymt'
O'uxette of Thursday last, upon this subject.
A(,3.r l""ing the parngrnph, from tho Kichmoiid
I " ""l '"th we give above, our Wheeling cotcm-
-Wo wouM Rgt t,ie wh; ,f ..)U of .
can lio ohangod without a ytem of public schools,
, Bnj ,,01(e public school bo established for tho
; gmte so long- as a part of it is in btr.rn n1..n.".iiinns
hadly fnrmetl by i.egroe. and tliii inuUng the
mnn 100 won moss to support a population, and tho
population too sparse to support the schools?
Lioes ha truly love Virginia, aud i ho an honest
and faithful native or adopted ion of the State,
who will nrge the people to sleep, and revel on the
laurel iron by her glorious dead, marking their
Inlmr in their rliildren's iillennKii nnd inornnee,
instead of rising up in I ho mnjcty of holy man
hood nnd completing tlio work their fitthcm no
gloriously be (inn ! llow think you tlio spirits of
VitHliin;ton, llonry, Jefferson, Mitdison, nnd the
host of worthies whoso names nro hallowed by
Inlmr, look upon their nntiva Utato nnd see this
ntlierin(f crowd of inornneo nnd intellectual
death? Are the founder of l!io 'firtt fumilin"
sittisllcd to hear their desecndjinls pi ide liieiiisolves
on boiiiK one of them, when Ihey cannot rud and
write nt Ibis ago of the world 1 "
NEW ENGLAND AND VIRGINIA. BRITISH TESTIMONIAL TO MRS. STOWE.
to tliu matter,' in terms Jxt from flnttcring!
. . .i . i . i ,-. . .... i
Attention Is called to this subject in our columns,
nnre more ; and it is Imped that the statement
which, on the best authrltv, we nro nlmnt to make,
rill ......I... ..II r....l. I. .":..! ... .i - .i: :
..... .t.ii, i" , itii Miiuiur inquirie.-i.ns to ine tiiniiom
Hon Mrs. Stowe intend, to ruulTa of tho Jlritish
v.-iiiiniiiiiii, i,r nny pun 01 it, unnecessary, n non
.Mrs. Ntnwe liist nci eptcd donations in Knghitirt,
ninny .iniericnn pnpers, ami muting thoin tho Al-
I .i,, . .i.. if i ...-.-.v....
!S,o wn represented ns holding tip the sin nnd
. - 1 . .
nations in behalf of he
nrii tm-ratie Ivrniils. with a view, sinn.lv. In mrt
i., ninie oi I er rniintrv to inn ntn I'nnni rrnr.o 01
money in her purse. Asninet this vile Hceuntion,
we opposeii tne itict that tlio excellent nutnoresp oi
f.'ii or ..... . . ... . .1 j..
. . - . ... - . ..
r bleediii"Coiti)ttviiien for
be sure to nttnprinto
whose benefit she would
them .lie course beirnf Indue ns to the mnn-;
nvrwt rct.tirinK tour irin.ut.
much dust about this nibieei ns nnssibln. it seems
mti tiers reems n t ei-niiinntion fo throw ns
desirable that we should state to our reader prc.
I 1 . '.
money contributed j Knland. nnd wl.nl is proper-
ly to be expo.-ted of her iu relation lo it.
ir. -Mow? s pituation in reunion to mo
This sum was never solicited Iv Mrs. Stowe :
t . 1 ,1 . . I !.ll. . I .. .11.1
r.iiu iiv-icr, t;iiiit;r tiiii.-ctiy, or mill in 1 1 V, tliu Itov-.
thing towards raising it. On mniiT occasions whe'n
...i;..7,n.l ... . .....: -i . ...:.i. . .
ercasing tho eon'ribution by iier personal pre-ienee,
she declined, with the stuteioenl thai the cllection
,,( money was no part of her object. Also, when
assured "from certain influential quarters, Ihnt if
she bad any definite plan to pro-ose for the cause,
hii-nn .mtt. ..I i....m..v i.a ii.. , i.iwLn .i...
lap'o sums of monev mi-lit be n't her disposal, lie
T. . . . - .. ? . . . .. ..
replied that the state of her health was so feeblti
that it was her object rather to decline, thun lo in -
S!ic ntated to the (.'ommllteo who presented tho
r.nglisli (lll'cring, that if it had m.y pnr-.ictihir
value, as a tcMiinotiial of regard for her, that vnlue
i.rm.i.ii.il ;,i ill.. .......nu i.. i..T. . ,..t n.,.i
.,.i,.;;;.,.i ...l.to i.n. .Ti- t r... .i.
W nut of Mich idansnnd puriMiycs'n i-hoiild u.t-.
lie-ir til bor i ttiUri.liinllii -i,.lit ...wl nn.hi., in.l ft...
on no other condition would she bo willin
- v .: . . . i I :..
eept the euro nnd charge of Iho money.
Mrs. Stowe conversed with us. bath beforo Icnv-
Ing for F.iiglaud nnd after her return, iu regard to
the Industrial .School, but never made any promises
or pledges, and is therefore under no more obliga
tion to contributo to it, than nny other individual
in tho country.
In regard to what Mrs. Stnwo linn done or niny
do with tho money, wo consider that it is no affair
of ours. No person, either in England or Ameri
ca, has nny more right to inquire into tho particu-
l..r .,.,l ii, ..-I,;.. I, ,l.i. .......... I.... I,n.,n 1. I., t.n
-,,r..,.,;.,i.,i .i.n,. ii..,. i,. ,.. 'in','.i.. :..i.. ti..
disposal of her private fortune.
That she hn given n large sum to Mis Mincr'i
school at Washington ; nssistcd tho l.eform Trnct
and Uook Society; helped in tlio support of Anti
Slavery papers; and in tho assistance of Fugitives,
we nave occasion to Know
There may be also, nnd doubtless nre, works
bo undertaken for the Anti-Slavery mice, wbd.'li
sho might not wish to havo generally reported.
.Many good works, liko plants in tho first tender
stages of their growth, need sheltered nud
situations, nnd woiibl wither, if brought into the
(if notoriety. Frederick Dnuylunf I'ujicr.
GERRIT SMITH'S REASONS FOR OPPOSING
THE NEBRASKA BILL.
were men iu ono region, nud without tho utii i
aliened ! I...t... nf flsnuhcre. Ilo it. like inaniier dc
. .... . r . .. ,,, .
Tho .National Era give, tho following compend
of Mr Smith' recent socech in Coiii'i'csh. nn tint
, , " .'
Mr. SMITH, said tho slavory fjucstion was up
again in tongrers. It will not I. ecu down. 1 hu
1'rcsidcut had tried to keep it down ; member: of
Congress had humbled themselves to nid him.
jjui an iii oi no avail, jtwmri.se.
'in ... - a r
J .us is uot strange ill wo consider iho power or
truth. 1 he grass wnl grow, I.e water run, ,1 .1
is needle lor men to attempt to control the mor-j
als ot tl.o world, taiiuto was wiae compared with
those who attempt this
1 ruth is the power that brings up the question,
lives and reigns 1, rover, l.vcry question 111 the
eyo ol truth is unsettled, and must bo iigilatcd.
Slavery wi 1 be au unsettled question until bnn-
isui-u oy tiuiii. ftSiavery is the nugesi .icon cartn.
It makes chattels of men
denies thai uitui is man, nr.d thai Cud is Uod.
lint ha wus opposed to tho Nebraska bill be
cause it pi-uscoes tho colored iiian-bo.-auso it ex-
eludes or proscribes tho immigrant; thirdly, I. o-1
cause u con mn to iiecepiivo luei 01 i.oi.;i..ier.
. . , p-
iht) Pill UoCS Hot rccognizo tills. It!
gives a tiiivcriiniciit, it liinits tho power of the
it li.i.il. tbn ni.ttc, .if
people, mid re.-ci vcs to Congress tho power of ro
vising tno nets ot tlio people,
but if it tlid embrace Iho principle of non-intor-
1.... 1.1 :. .. .i.. n-i...
'teiiitorybcloiigs to tiie whole people, nnd their iii -
itu.lercncewill.it ihro.ii:!, Coi.i.e.'s i ns necessary
ll'iinuii, uv stiuiu 111111111V it tur unit rcilBou. A OL
tts that a State shall govern each county.
Utah ,l New Mexico w ill not bo eieu.pt from
slavery because of nny law of Mexico ; and it is
equally ubsuul lo say Ihnt slavery existed in
Louisiana. Wuuld tho suttco and cunibiilism
havo been porpotualed in our territories, beeuuso
. 0f . .w .....ctioniua tbcm before their coming
into our posc.sio...
It is wrung lo ihnrgo those v.ho oppose the Xc-
bmskabill.yTill. denying the rights ol self.gove.i.
ment to the people J the torrUui-ics. Tho limited
number who 1110 to bo there iu tho beginning,
i ft.l.,,,,1,1 I.!, nl tin, -.-hub. iiHuiibi whit nr.. In sill'.
' .... ...... 1 Ml . . t. t 1
jjut no wa opposetj 10 1110 u... noeauso 11 woiiiu
1 porinit slavory in tho territory. Jlo did not do-
.,..,.,,.. it I.ii.i.iisi. nf llii, Mi.snui-i (Niintironiise.
fvr he never uppruud nt that com promise, it was
. . .... 11 . t .i
IIIIIIUIIOUS coilllllio.u.iic. nun uicvi ton. ini-ii
denounced the Compromise ol I860. Ho rejoiced
thai the slavo power hud poured contempt upon
slavo power bad poured contempt upon
They wero, so to speak, eouipromisos be-
tween Uod and Ihe Hevil 1
In the fifth and hist plauo, ho was opposed to tho
.. . ... -.i.. .i c....... - c
bill because it admits that slavo Suites may bo
formed out of territories. Tho anti-slavery parly
wero horotofore accused of having brought up Ibis
strilo. Now. it is admitted that tho pro-slavury
parly has done it.
A VOICK. I do not.
Mr. SMITH. I' decd! It is a proposition
extend sluvery. Have the foes of rlitviuy dono it?
Ilo wns gruiifled when Me. Wright, ol ami
Mr. Clinghnm, oxpicsfod thnuisolves in favt.r-.ol
tigitntion. He rejoiced at the prospect of continu
Tho suhjoct would now be discussed, and the
title of slavery would now be tested I The orign
nal number of Stato waa but thirteen, There
ar now nfltrsn .lav Suites. It is time the aggre-
sor should bo repelled. SHvcry is nothing but
an i.p;;ressor nn nKKre!'""1, on ft" ' K"o I.
Sl tvery an l liberty ctinnot dwell together. There
muM be n compiest of one.
If what is now demanded for slavery the fugi
tive returned, the Lrnimon property returned, and
the territories enslaved liberty must perish.
l(o denied that slavery could' exint in tho Stntcf
. 1 r I . . i r i : .. . (i:
in i nn now tun nt mo icrriiorT in tiismni'; iinu tn-
I ...ii . - ..' - ii-. ! k
cu iiiitb it cuum noi coustuuiioniiiiy oziks nny
Btnndini; nlono Iipto and speaking for himself,
he prix-liiiined nil his opini'ins, clitiining nn col
leaguo but truth, and asking none to (hare hie responsibility.
wee must Iks forever iiiimi.:nl ;lliiiii to turn.sti a
-".:. .;. -","--
, r . a - i :l.i1' i
sum here, or exiiatnatlon to Alnca. l.ikc nil colo-i
.! .1 iril'-.l II If. r 11-1111 ill 1IIU HIllirilULltU UI IlI'lllUS-
n'''t. reports it is .also in its premises, puerile
iB ""'. grouuly unjust townrd tltu
nf'these institutions hnvo conferred nny bcnclit on
tho colored population. J.y tl.o character of tho
I'euiisvlvnuia Ltinniie Hospital, no person of color
nnder nnv circiimstantes, be ndi.iitted into
nnv ( it ! wni-Js or cells ; Kothat tho colored pen-j
iple, nsa class, have heretofore received very few
J llO WUlK I" TlrlVl'lll illJltJ 14' I Til II v '(Tl HI aim II
, myu,nH ,,f n,t.n, women nnd cbildicn. Uut
done Tit out . . one"."
" llm"1 lm0 .' , ,
. cs, "all things nro rof;-.bb -r.s tho Puleli-
! man unitl, "n man might bile his own pose uU
but where, 111 nil human ken el possibilities
' the money to come lr.un to ;.irr.,i,c (for that
the South claims.) those thrco ni.llioiis ol t laves,
valued by Henry Clay at twclvo hnndi-ed iinliums
ll,.,."""u on. urn .....tiiuv-
f1'" P0,0..a I"I'lti..n. .f less than three and a
B''.;l" hons, to the estorn ton of Afr.ea
Somcliody lends ui a report of tho Select Com
mittce of the House of llrnrescntativcs of I'cnn
svlVlltoa rei'Oliilnenilnio- nn ntinrnlilliitloll of firn
i . " 11 i . . ,
l" ".i '
ot;iv-ijr. jou n-ijori cuouiiiis on
re" " ivoitii" t uiavt.ntroicn.xui
whoso tviliev tenils tti i.eroelunte ttie nreiudicc
. I. I'.. ----- . ' . .
Atru-Aiiiericiin, to root the Impression
""" pco pie. 11110 nssuining to nun 111 uie
"'Ji'i"n -I !' f" colored
il il, nli i,,.i ,. i-nmi.t nl of t Im slitves
1--1 . .
? -Alncn. liecd men, the real cbe t at the iSorth,
to injure the fico culorod poi;plc. by diverting
I Kill 1tJI'IIIi iritlll II O I'l' I IV llHITIIll llltlULal 111 111111.111
j " "."S1'. ',c "'"; --d.'cntio 11. nnd irornl
(nnd tt-jviiil elevation, nnd at tl.o buuth. to tighten
.' . : . , : " , ; ., , . .
lh, -'tc "t '1' ' avc, by cnaU ling their oppics
SOrS to r id t hoillfcl VCS of t llO IllOrC I lltcll I ITCH t mill
, . . . .. . . , i i- , t
1 '"eloro, less inniiageablo Ireo blacks vlio uiitui-b
the nmctudo t f tl.v benevolent ratriarchs. J he
rolM"1 referred to, lil.p all of the (.'olonuation prog-
, 1,19 Tnr "larks, by which it origin can
iiuwMi.l in, irnccil. II ocilis ill til-ct OlIOII IIS II
, .. t J ! i ;. .
In n. .il..... .I.n . I.. ......... I ..C ...iIiim.., .Iia Alri.i.l.
f the Alrn iin
const where tl.e slave trade ha been
' t-wooii-mg Airici
""" "egraded I
g ai d Christianizing,'
ica Willi a set oi i-noi.ii.i, vicious
wc f,uoio iioni nc -"''.izaiioiiau-
thorizes) laves nnd other black pecple, vho. Ic.iv
our sboies thus characterized or . (i -nmti.-i'd oh
-'''""""!" antliorny it-en, ny ro,o i.nr.icuious
ua t niiisloi illation, becomes only virtuous and
intelligent, on the passage, but
""'"'"""ncs of llepiiblican lvpnility,
niiiong tlio licitneii oi
nun .rinrics. imv, no scuooiitoi mn rftinu, uuiir i.v
. - i ... i.. . r t. l .n.i
'iiilltOmitirla,.! tint w Hill nr.,iMi..,iri llmr llin Itrn.
home. if this salt-water transmutation is a rule
for whites n well as for bhv ks.
And whnt a benchcent discovery it was. that t he
elimato is tho one best suited to tho health
of the nntivo Ainericnn colored men "iho nalivo
homcoftlio race, and tliereloro tlio Land
prouiice to winch bciii. go willor mil.
tho riimmittcodo us tbnfavt.r toseokout the nnlive
. ... -11 -i ...i ... it...... A ...nft.to.in ...n..
nvnrs ui ni. v.,.. ."....v, . ...... .v.... .ftv.-(
and provide tor the cxpnrtriation ol iiiose ttmt wo
I bv-'thc-bve. dill not como hero voluntarily, nud
may noi iikc nny nctter uoiu mo inline-.
should it possible, be left ono choice tit least, unit
:'i mi in in ni.i-, ii, .... j
As specimens Ol trickery tllC ICl Oil Ol tllO leg-
islativo cununittco fays
"liiring the past year, more than one hundred
it,o.,.,.,l ,lr.lls. ill-nun Iroimbn Stntn Trcns-
tolnrv r. rmrtviscs of cb-iritable nature. Very few
of tho bounties of tho Commonwealth."
. . tnnm, .i
Lrgn, proceed tho committee, give s.,ihhi to the
Colonization Society, w hit li uloiio w ill extend its
ilioneyoiciico to tho cctorcii rcopio. A v."
should not tho State more ju-liy i.rovi.lo that all
its hundreds of thousands
i ot dollars ot clumty,
noum no nenioweu oniy wucre iiniiioti tist-n ns
! humanity nud Christianity instruct to benefit
! tho luuutic, tho destitute, Iho diseased, the suffer-
. , , , , , , . , , .. - ii t . t .. .
imr. of whatever rnce or color tho Jew and the
: Samaritan alike.
Again says tho report :
..... , . . . .r.i..l
of dollars, nnd toot up mo cost 01 tiicir iransporta-.
"It is ascertained that thero nro over four mil-
.... ... .. . .1
,. . ..,.,,, ,.,, i,nllllii;.,0 dn,.,lants
f IV... . .1 . I !
in I'.iir.inniiiiM. 111 11111 i.m
... 1 ,
ited Stales: and they arc
. , ..,,,. .-,. .1......
1 ....... 0 i,-.i. : : 1 l.i ...
Sllllll ft llll
J h Ulu , . ,0,lvcrtrH,ns has dune the lust
wo shall have titc millions ot people 111 ten years.
And all thia without tlovernnionl nid tonnvnpprcci.
iiblocxtont. Tho whole ii'.oioinent is fouiitlcd upon
1 . . . . . 1 1 . 1.,. .:..n.. ' .
;I"''V0 V'1., . .,' , 1 i 1
:"e.rt?,nc!.' t,,"t.ll, .' lh'K'. hesi.les ...s-
"umnS V I , T .. "
1 JWT V" 1 r Z "v . .."o v
; T.1' ' """; f dollar. Are wo t ho
: J!"u' lncn tlmt, these
'e "ppropriiitions 111
, ""' "! 1,10 eourso tit a
and privnto beuevolcii'o, eau
:i jronnriiliou or two, transport
",!'""""-'. '"" I"" , " ..
!"nU"' P''l. us..ee, public benevolence, public
! I,u"0'- ft,,d n""0"111 P""!"'?
Very good logic, but for one flaw, Thoso cnii-
. irrftnt. uion Ti'mm ti. nu'ii tbcinsclt es. to iicclllnubtte
' property, nnd most of them able thus fo pay for
' !i . . . . . I. v.. ....
t inuir own collveyallt.l, to our snores, co initsicrs
owned their bod.es nud souls, nnd pockutcd all iho
' tvniinH in' their I : . 1 , , . i- 1 1 1 ' V were Lot to lo nur-
cliusc-J Iroui ll.oro inasleisut l.t W, 1 1 v ol doi-
!i v.... :.i. t : i i
uti . .tut sn wtttltiiu .nut-i iciin tiiinivi ivuii
bus. . Not so with tho American colored people
three millions ot them slaves to oUU.MUU ul.tt e
Hut perhaps wo may havo overlooked nn iiitciv
tion fust to ubulUh slavery here, so thai Iho com
mitteu's l.i'licvnh'iit scliciiiit timv bn ncbicvcil ir
turn lust to Mo isi slavery here, so that no com-
imttco Lciicvolcnt sclicino may bo achieved in
liko economical manner. Not at all. We risk
nothing in s-iying that -Messrs. Jluiibccker, Miller,
1 I : M.... .1 1 ii.-:i. .i....!i.l I'.....
1 1 il lor, Abrahams, nud Kilgore, uro tlcciJoi foes
of Abolitionism--would cull us a "fanatic,"
flrobaud," an enemy to tho Unii nand to De'inoc-
racy, furudvooating Atililionism ; mid so tho slave
must remain a slave, "ignorant, vicious und degra
ded," or luko tho alternative of going from bis
prison house to Iho C'oluuization ship, nud becom
ing triiiisloruiod, presto luirnculo, inlon missionary
of Liberty, Civilization mid ChrUtii.nily. So thai
I nolo S.tui, or we the people, must foot tho whole
bill of $1200,000,000 lorolinttcl proportj, and the
uusts of removal besides. We may suggest, too,
that tho throe million of elaTcs, bofore the plan
way pterin to pe accompusuoa.
Ono more extract, and we clse. The Committee
,m, Lci.n ,,.,;,, .mt here they (tho colored people.)
" " . v. .... ......
icnn never rie to social or political equality. vv 1,0
' ' ." i-i. i -i"
i,i;..n ,i,, ,i, -nl, ,,,i . 11 .: :,. , .IM.i
l.- .I....I.I...I T T i.m. . ... mln nl MA...,n
1 Bl.l,lo , tI)CV huvo npnortunitv of becoming ed-
: Uf.ntfl. inU'll'iKout nnd virtuous." As lor political
.'...-.r I ! 1. .' .1.. .
"To a country eo inviting, is it not a wiso am
huninno polii-y to dircl the atteiiti in of the eohn
ed rnce in this Stuto? It bin been decided tlio
here they con nover ruino to a socinl or political
I'nuality. Cull this prejudioo, or pntrioiiim, 01
philosophy, tho fuct is certain. What bopo thet
enmi.is that this unfortunate pooplo vnn ever be
Americanized, and constitute an interril part ol
the State? The conviction that this is iuipoisible,
that they nro politically disfranchised, t'"'t they
nro to remain a ileprnd.d cato, has funU into the
depths of their hearts, o,ucncliing every noblo ns
pirasion, repressing cveiy manly effort, and crusl.
in their spirits to tho earth."
It miiilit not bo polito to sn exactly what w o
tiiniK oi tne anovc. or wo siiouia ran in ion
in, up. .ii me u.,...v. . n,i.,...M ..... ...
right-lio. We know that Douglass, Lomond, t.ar-
net, urd, nutli, Lewis, en. I n lost of roiori a
whom we could name, would chnvrti'tcrizo
concluding sentence, especially. All we have
tinmed, nnd many other colored Americniis, nre
much superior in
talents to nny member of the
eoiiiinittc'', uii'l tlieso ct)l'rc'l ipii must be pro
,,, iiiiti'cil, it without " iiolilo astiirution" or
i.. -or..... o i. I .....u
iiiiMii, vhiii i, in, j n..v nv.,ii.-.vi r iiiiiiv
wr;i,,r. anil orators 1 And what nutboritv bus the
P(,ua!ity. we should feel much prouder ol such
representative as Fred. U.upbU oi.her in the
ftj. . . - i ....i .i.i- v v . ..r
,-tuni i..t;isiiin re or 111 nivv..-. . ti'i.i'i, nc..i ..
.!, ,iwnlidc traitors to the North as Stephen A
lu,uglas or nny 0110 of the d.uighfiioed nssociates.
l'i.f.i,P.in f m,arVa
MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
1 tude, nud not doubling for nn instant what the
result was to be.
I 1 have isaid thnt Ibis bill comes inbi Congress
, under the administration of a free State I'resi-'
dent; but 1 do not mean to say, or insinuate bv
i (but remark, that the President favors tho bill.
vhihuuiiu ' . - r( .
i undue nnd nncon-tiimional interference with
. IVcedon, or legislation, h is not bribery ,,l,me
ntte.npte.l upon n member which constitutes
f th .,tMicxe)t u( (hi. House. It is tmv
uttPmlt t(, ,,.,t.r;,ie ,, u meml cr's vote by nn'y
i.,.I,Hi.:.-r.iti..ii ol Ik-i-c or fear, favor or nlU-oliui..
01,t f r!VsaT,t r dread of puuishn.cr.t.
, J,.,,.; u pHimnctary law, as old ns Kiiglisl. I'ar-1
ini,,en.Si ei.itstantlv nmiiitiiiiied by tho British
,.,,. roll. tmt ,limrt..r. t vltmvt frnm R ft-po
! State, and under the ailniinitration of n I'rcsidcnt
elected from a free Slate : nnd under that aspect
If it, ririj,:,,, deemed it right lo wait, nnd hear
, wlnt the members of tho fi eo Ststes bad to ray to
lenso of .Mr. Fox's Knst India bill. A report wn
1 . l. . 1 .. ..1 .1 1 1 . ..c .1...
ions to ituiuenco u.e c..iiu... ... ..,
i.Ji.iii .lil. .... , l.ccm.i bur ubiinx oil to the censure
The House accordingly resolved itself into the
'ominiltec of tho W hole on the stato of the I'nion,
(';, u.u ( tho Whohi on the stato of the I'
; t, ,. Ni,i.rn in the clmir.l
(Mr. I'n iMii,m iu the chair.)
'I'l.o I'll t I It M A V Tint miool-win I ,.r,.o
TLa f ' I I 1 I It M A V ! .. nn.l n .i,rn ....
mittec is on the Senate amendment to tho (ietic-
. .... . . ...
jm.y . nt .),. qucstio.i the incniber from
jij.jj,,..! ,jr u:nu bn still the floor.
.Mr, II 'kris not availing himself of bis ri;lit.
M liKXTOX. If imv bill lo impair the Mis-!
,mlli rm 11jsc lin0 , j,, hwi ,, ,r,1;,,,
into thin House by n member from a slave Suite
or under the administration of n President elected
IVotii n slave State, I should have deemed it my
duty to little met it nt the tltrcshholil, nnd to have!
made the motion which the parliamentary law
prescribes for the repulse of subject which nre'
not lit to be considered : I should have moved its
rejection nt the first reading, ltut tho bill before
u . r t . , ,,icrr.,i n ,i1M!. ,..
it. It was n vronositioii from their own ranks, to
gi,e 0p their l alf of tho slavery compromise of
1Ho,, im(i if they eliose to do so, 1 did not sc
. J . .... . .
how southcra member could refuse to accept it.
jt ,,.,, crc0 iS,ntn qes,in. nd the members
Vom .,, lr00 (,,iltcs ,v,.r0 ,. ninioi itv, and could
do ns they plaited.
Sol stood nloof, waiting to
Up their lead, but without tho slighest intention of!
in'ing governed tiy it. 1 linn my own convictions
,r -,,,1,. .,,.1 .I,,.,, noil meruit to net noon them. I
m j nma ;,,, pliticnl li.e upon that comprcuiisc.
jl bad ptood npi n it above thirty years, nnd in-:
tended to Kliintl upon it to the end solitary nnd
alone, if need be ; but preferring company to soli-
1 know nothing ol his disposition toward it ; nnd
if I did, I should not disclose it here. It would
,i0 n,,.m, liaincnlary. nnd n hrea -li of the priviligcs
,,f this House to do so. The l'resident's opinions
,.an 011 .. JC lna,0 klimvn to us bv bimself, in
niessai;e iu writinir. In that way "it in his riirl.t.
,.,,,, , . ,.,,,.,,.,,,;,.,,,. ,,.j,i. . a,i
in that way there is no room lor mistako in oiling
his opinions ; no room for nil unauthorized Ufo
his name; no room for Iho imputation of enptrn-
opinions to him ; nnd in that way ho bo-
comes i-c.iponsiblo to the American people for the
opinions he may deliver, ah inner modes oi
.. : r..,i.;.i i.. I, i... 1.....1; ... 1..
.... ....,,. MlA l,.u.y declared in a most
spread in I'arliament by ono of tho lords of the
bed chamber, that the King was opposed 10 tne
' ,, that ho wished it defeated; and bad said
.1..,. I.. ...l.l r...n.i.li.r nnv member Ids eneln-.
... ........ ......... . I" " "."".
i who should voto lor it. Tho House of Commons
tooK tiro ni mis report, mm iiuiiiuuiiitvij ica.n.u.i.
That to report nny opinion, or pretended npin-!
ji,n of his Maiestr, upon nny bill tlepending In
either House of I arliamcnt, is a high crime nnd
mis leineaiior, tlerogntoty to tho hon. r of the
crow n, a breach of tho fundamental privileges of
I'arliaiiieiit, nud subversive ot tlio .oiistitutioii 01
This resolve was ndopted in a full IIouso bv
nin oritv of scveiity-lhreo yulus ; and was only uc-
..b.;.i.oi-v of existiiiL nailiameiitarv law Mich as
.Aisi.i.,. ............ v...,.., ....... ...
it bad existed from ihu limo that Lnglibh ctiuntios
and boroughs first sent knights of tl.o shire nnd
to rcpr!soiit them in tho I'.irliuinont
House. It is olJ Knglish parliamentary law, and
is so reeo-deilby llauell. and nil tl.o writer on
that law. It is ulso American law, as old ns our
', iKies: nnd. a such, recorded in Jefferson'.
tongiess, lint., . i. , s .:,..,
, 'every I,, c ' r 0, S of h.
el L nitc. Psia es .-an send us no opinions except i
- wr i .e . n. ssages, and no ono can report his ..pin-
. h. , ,, in luenco he conduct of member, up.,,',
bill, without becoming obnoxious to the censure
l ich he 11. itish House of Common, pronounced
i tU lord of Ihe l-.d clmnilsw. in the case
the King nnd the Fox List India bill.
111 ;. B .1.. ..:. i s;, ....... lioml
. inn, ,......-...--. n ..
A.,r can . 'l ' .1 to e
clerks, as Mr. Itiindolpn useii to can mom " '."
us their opinions on nny subject of legislation
depending belort) u. Jiieycan oniy rrpon, nnu
that in writing, on tho subjects referred to thorn by
.,w nr bv a voto et t te Houses. itiii-iniervoii:uii
j is their duty in relation t" our legislation , and
they attempt to intcrvoiio in any of our t usinos.
......1 l. nllowed. for ono. to repulse the attempt
.....l in nxniess for it no hitthcr degree of respect
thnn that .nr. IJ.iikc expressen tor too uiiiin.n
a British Lord Chancellor, delivered to the House
of Common, in a caso in whicb ho had no concern.
Sir, I supnoso I can be allowed to repeat on this
floor any aegrco of oo'mpnrison, or figure of inoeeh
which Mr. Burke could use on tho floor of the
British House of Common. He -wa a olaiool
. . . .1... .t. c . ...ft..;..
spesner, ano, oesitics mat, kiuwi "i
th Subliina and Beautiful ; though I da aot oon-l
sider the particular figure "Hriehr I hsrva-tr. repeat,
' ,, , .
e aa i
"An ns took it into his bead to scare bis roaster,
ild , ftld put on a lion s skin, and went nnd Mood in
: against reviving them by breaking up the scttlemcut
I which (.ttiutcd them.
Tho Missouri compromise of li'i.O wns the jar'
litioiiing between tlio l'reo nnd slavo State, of a
great province, taking tho character of a perpot
glare . uttl eettleniciit ; mid classing with tho two grunt
i ;u tint u 'it i ni;.-- v wm " un - v ! mm -v vi
lhefi,e siiino policy; and 1. cubes- cf ll.cm oouljt
, ,,ive bee, formed it! t tl.e cti.cr, nor either of
a!,,ein wiihont t!,o Oi zilitc slavo recovery clause
! i,1(.o, .o,atcd in it. Tho anti-slavery clause in tho
, ordiiiance of 17-7 could li"t hnvo been ndopted
.(, Wa proved bv it three years' rejection I w ith--It
1 ,,t the lugiti-.o 'slave recovery clause added to it r
,lC Coiisiitution could not ImCc 1 ten formed with-
t its rece -nilion of flaverv in the Slate, which
; promise of lLD is not n mero tatute, to last for
day ; it wns intended for perpetuity, and declnrntf
, itself. It is nn enactment to settle ft controversy
African i nnd did seltlu it nnd cannot bo abrogated without
I reviving tlmt controverv.
, ni)r ,jMiv ,,ri,inij. nnd w10 require the d'aso
men rn,t.c member of this IIiiufo, under the irsllml
' ......i, ,. ,,r nt)litl,-nl damnation .to cive in I heir ad'
of constitutional recognition of slavciy in the State
j which choose to have it, with the fugitive fhive lo
dictory coveiy clause in the same instrument ; thirdly, the
I Missouri partition lino of l--0, villi ihosani
1 bv destroying ,,,0 connuence auu anecuor, ... u.c
burgesses It J fnnnded. ..'
j .The Missouri compromise of 1.0 is
Into... of the ord.naneo of J'' .
:" nequ.rcd territory v' rti
nd no way diller.ng from it either in pri. e.ple 1
dct.t . ihe ordinance of lif7 divided the thau
ease, it was done ny ,, u ,,Pc. , nu ...
. settlement of a d.tl.eu ty w Inch was t.. last forever,
ofI consider them both, with their f.ig.uve sl.v.
. tl"u"'"' nn'1 '", ,.dll,"i0 " U'
Constitution, n pnrt nnd imrcol of the Mine trans-
tltbougli just nnd iictures(iio In Itself, to be a
icireot illustration of cither brunch rf bis mlmired
reatisc. It was in referenco to !rd Thnrlow,
a ho l.nd intericned in seine l-Riclitivc bnsin
oiili-ary to tho cr.itor's sense of ribt and deeencys
Mr. lliirko repulsed the intrusive opinion, ni
declared that ha did not caro three jtmps of a louse
lor it. Jjir, I sny the mme of any t'pinioa which
may bo reported here from our Seeretaric'e ow an
bill depending before us, nnd that in any Inrtfl !)
which it may cmiic from thoui w hether iu a unit,
or ns integer.
iill less do I admit (I.e right of intetrention U
our legirleliie duties iu snutlier cUss of Intermed
dlers, and who miht not Le nble to meddle nt sill
with our business, were it not for the mini. (ratios.
i of our botii-tr. I ppeak ( f tho printers, wht get
of our liotiiitr. I ppeait (t too printers, wno gei
lieif ,,aiv tlra,t llU(.rt.j rn lth tides)
,,.:, , , t, mi ,. i -...i. ,i.ev ...ii .diniui.traUon:
,, ,lm, : , ..l,.,,,,,,. ;, nmv nmlorLfn ulllinnwk
inorc changeable thiin the moon. For that cla
i..r ;..,.,., ..ll I I. .,..,, .ft. ri;, l.
........v ........ , j
ln .w.r .nu i,ii,ilnl,..,i fri.in lliirk to .flat
'. ,! . . . . . . .l " .
(ii j oi'tniim i nit n tune liioiv m renu , ino Tmuv
'Ii, ns in all g' on tnliles, u, ih it snnrai.
Krench, ami entitled, "L'mntet nn ssai'df;''
being doiio into V.uglniid signifies, VTA
tiismi'o,' and runs thus:
" I"- ''",,"'": ","" comm.
I'" uomni-m-t. roani.K. ni be t bought : but It enl
bnnTil. and the ntfister hticw it wnsbisass: I11L1
.. - .. .... . . .. ... .
went titi to him with a cudgel, nnd Lent uitn nearly
That is the end of the fnUe, find tl.e moral of
it is, "a caution to nil nnfes to take care bow tbey
they uiiilcrtuke to tenro their musteu." (tireat
.Mr. Chairman, this Ilouro v. ill, liavo fallen far
below its constitutional mission, if it suffers itself
to be governed by authority, or dragooned bf kt
own hireling. 1 am a limn of no bargains, but
act openlv ith any man that net for the public
I. .. !.. 1 1,;. !..;, I ,..,. ll,n .i,.l.l 1......I ..f
' that w ill stand together to "vindicate it privileges
jproleclit respectability, nml iiiiiinlniii it i thf
! high plnre for w bicb it wn intended tho matter
political friendship lo cverv iiicm'.ier ot this boil
. ... . 1 . . . ...
brnocb of tl.e A liciin (iovcriimeiit.
The question before us is to get rid of the Mi'-"
oiiri cuiiiproiniM.' line ; and to n lawyer this is un
ensy rpicstion. That coinpmiiiHo i in the form
of n statute j nnd one statute is repeahiblc I J aiiJ
other. That slmit view in enough for a lnwyer.
To a statcMiian it is something ilifl'ercnt: and re-
is the tjue.iiion of its i cal, not to law look.
but to reasons of State policy to tbe circumstance
under which it was enacted, nnd the corKeiuotire
w bich are to flow froiu ts n broiral till. 1 his eouis
It lins civen the country pence fur nbovo tliirtf
year ; bow many years of disturbance w
rogation bring! That is the statesman' i
r-. . . n . .
ill its nb-
and w ithout iutuniiug to be much of a sutenwan
I claim to be enough eo to consider tho couto
quonccs ul bre
aking n settlement which pacified a
1 remember tho Missouri controversy,
nnd ho-.v it destroyed nil social fueling, and all en-
paeity for lieneiii iu
i.-ial legislation : nnd merged nil
lu.liliciil i.r'in.-ii.l. in un nii.rrtr I'l.olc .t iilionl .lircrtr
dividing tliu I nlon into two parts, and drawing.
up the two halves into opposite nad confronting
lines, like enemies on tho field of battle. J do not
wish to seo such time ngain; nnd, therfore, am
compromises winch gavo us tho tiri.innr.ee ol July
; 3, 17h7, nud the Federal ('onstiiuiiuii, uf Spteui'
j .r 17. of the fame year. There nru three slavery
! comproniises in our'hisiorv. which c ic. t tbem-
selves with the foundation nnd the preservation of
i this l. nion. First, the territorial Va. tiii m ordi-
...., i-.- ,. . ,,i.,... .. c... ii, ,.,,.,......,
! uLrim o slaves; secondly, tho coteiiiporatieoii
clatiso annexed lor tint recovery ol legitivc slaves.
a ii .1 r .i.. :...... .i n 1
it ,l iho 011nr.11.lcn .f the ri-ht to recoVer'
In tli o fico States; the Missouri
hnvo been settled without a
' .. ...
Iiuintann between freo and tjlaro
i-,i . miA that partition eould not Imre been mnVlrt'
without the addition ol tlio same clause
ri.,..,t ei v of i'ti.-itive slaves. Thus, till three
r ...it f ..;.i;,, .liAjv
iUllll intended to be perpetual. They arc nn. threw
I - - .
equal moral vuii'iii). jne consuiniioniu com'
tiroiuisn is guarded by n higher obligation in eon-
sequence ol it incorporation m that instruinent ;
, but 111 no wny timers iroin tne inner iwo in uie
circtnnstances which induce 1 It, the policy which
guards it, or the eoii.eucnces which would I'.ow
imin it adrogation. i pronosmon to uesiroj tor
j slavery eompr imisc 111 the Constitution, would lie.
n l'"f " breaK up the vnmn j in
t . .....tt.. n 11 iimla 1 lA (ilitll trifSitBl t Lain lit I S a Mltr
j rttir-mpi w .1... ...
1 1". woultl bo v irtual nttempls to tlcsiroy 1 lie liar-
.. ... i, r... .
.v i "". " i--'- "''.'":""''':'.
territory of the I niled StatosalK.,,, eqimH; between
i the free and slave fcta.es; he M''ot.ri eo
" hoe did tho same by the add, tonal torn orr
of the L'n.le.1 States a. it stood ,rt IkJO ; and in
, . . . , ,.f Conorcs. nnd wa the'
ease It was none ny ni i in congress, nnu na iiiw
m0 6cnerul t-
The anli-1avery clause' in the ordinance of 1787,' .
could not have boon put in (a wa proved by it
three year' rejection! without the fugitive slave
recovery clause added to it. The Constitution
could not have been formeJ without Uie recogni
tion of littery in tho State which chose it, Dt
tho right of recovering slave fleeing to tha La
Stale. I he .Missouri controversy could not lmv
boon icttlod except by the prohibition of slavery
in tho upper half of the territory of Louisiana j
and that prohibition eould not have been oblainad
without the right to rocover fugitive alavea from
Uie part made freo. Thua the three measnr art'
oue and the crdiunnce of 1787 fullier toother two.-
It led to the adoption of the fugitive alav olau'
in tha Constitution, ana m ny ty. to to lerst
jfittui of tho ConstituUea itealf. wbUVt texM
on. . ... .. ( M , . ',.'.. .- -.