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' AB,M "" "' a-o vmox mra t.m,onr. ax rvAunox, rb.,.h, ij,m:
VOL. 9.--NO. 40. SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1851. WHOLE NO. 150.
. rCBLISMKD CVnT SATCBDAT.AtKAtM, onto.
tt axis ft, so pr nnnm, rvnll in sdrinc.
Or j'i nl itrn end of thi year.
w oeoMlonsll.r i'ni miml to tliom wlio sr not'lili
rrllirrf.bilt who nrr uMli-rni U a InlircU-.l In tho illini-mln.llnn
f intl nlnror.T lruth.llh III. hofK-tl.stth.ijr otllallh-r MibKril
Ihtintclrr, or ut. tljoir Inllucuco IveAlvnU It. clrcul.lloD sracii
i :,T A.7o!:',r."
1 1 .1. 1 .. . '
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
OntSqiisrt (10 llno ) three w(v.
i sH.HiIoiiaI Inimrtlnn. .
" " His nionllis, ....
'' Ona rcmr, . . . .
'T ciUtrtl U months, . .
" " On. yinr, .....
Om Fourth column ons yw, with prlt llnra of rbsnttns:
monthly, ....... 12,00
Half tnlumn, rhsnirlnt monthly, . . . 90.00
-Cr.U not trHllnK ttg-lil linos will b. lns.rtotl Sos f osr,
for :i,O0j us months, ft.
i. 1IUU80.V, Psisin.
AMERICAN PREJUDICE AGAINST COLOR.
Such is the appropriate hcadins; under which
we find the following article in tho London nioru
iog Advertiser of April lftth.
If British writers who utter such facts of Ameri
can republicans could only be proved fulo wit
nesses against our countrymen wa could stand it
to see such things in print. But the edga of the
blado in this as in othor things is in its truth :
In th Southern States cf America, whero the
tilnolr. ftm hplil HI .lorA. n nrt nnk I.tnlrlnni
upon his victim as an inferior being, created for tho 1
solo purpose of sorving him, it could scarcely be
ipected otherwiso than that a prejudice would ex
ist on tho part of tho whites against tho blacks.
But in tho Northern States, whore there is no sla
very, and whoro the paoplo profeis to bo free and
enlightened, this wicked and unfeeling prejudice
against a fuilow creature, simply on acoount of his
oolor (which, after all, is only skin dcop), appears
to us inexplicable Vot it is truo that in nearly all
the froe states colored poople nro shut out from
religious, social, and political gatherings. In
evoi y fico stato west of Now York the blacks arc
deprived of tho elective franchise, no matter how
intelligent they are, or what may bo the amount
of properly they poisons. Yet llicse poople are
taxed lor tho support of public schools from which
tuoir own cliuilrcu arc excluUoil.
mu .... otuiu o uic-pcop.e ciuiin j
f . i. c r v v . ... .1 .1 .... '
bors. tho nexn.ui aro allowed tho fran. hiso mot'ld- i
ei thoy own 30.'. of real estate. Yei in New York,
tne children of colored puoplo aro not allowed to
attend schools with whites. Nearly all public cou
oyauces eithercxcludo blacks, or allow them to
travel as inferiors. If ihey go on stoainors, they
must remain on dock ; if in coachos or omuibiisc,
ou tho outsido ; if upon tho rail, in the "Jim Crow"
A few years since, tho Rov. Theodoro S. Wright,
one of the iu0.1t respcctablo and eloquent clergy
mon of Now York, after taking a passago fur bun
sell', wifo and child, on board ol an Kast river
steamer, bound from Providcnco to Now York,
and after paying their faro a tint cabin passen
gers, were turned out of tho cabin after tiio boat
bad left the warf, and compelled to remain on deck
during a passage of twelve hours on a cold night
tn December. Tho result of this treatment is well
known nmougt tho colored people of tho frco
Stato. airs, it riLLlit took n eevcro cukl, wlucl
caused her death In a fotv wocks. From nearly all J
the religious churchu.ts of that land the colored
peoplo are excluded, or if admitted at all, are sent ;
to places sot apart for them. These isolated snots
are known as the nClrro news. Thiy ...mat in.l
and unchristian prejuico against an unoffending
nnd innocent people is, wo conceive, ono of the
most pernicious and hateful result of tho slave
system. Everybody must regard tho education
and elevation of too frco colored people of the
northern states and Canada as n great anil powerful
lever to overthrow slavery in tho southern states ;
and no ono can view but with regret the barrier
which this casto places in tho way of tho social,
religious, ana political elevation or these pooplo.
Wo havo been le i to uiako theso remarks fn in the
contrast which the treatment that colored Aincri
cans receive in this country compared w ith of their
own. It is njt yet thrco rears sineo two colored
Kir.c 111. iucit 11. tins cum. try iiuui tno vtliica cuuies
join their father, a fugitive, who was exiled bv
tho infamous slave law of 150. On their orrit a"l
in this country theeo gils wero admitted upon
terms of equality into ono of tlio best schools in
LT"i.'!',C.y ..aU.b8.CT'?.l!tLyJe,t,Jr"Cj .f". P d-""'
!!.. t...l-.l I- .Ll - t. . T .. ! . 1 D. .......
at the Homo nnd Colonial 8 lioolni tcil as one of the
most superb training institutions in the country.
At tho examination in December last, those young
women wore found to possess qualities mid educa
tion which wurranted thoir being mado teachers of
the young, and they wero both placed as mistreuscs
over schools, and in which capacities they have
given the highost satisfaction. 'Tho youngest of
those girls, only IS years of ago, has a school of
100 pupils, some of them 10 years of ago. Facts
like these cannot fail to tell against the system of
chattel slavery in tho Southern States, whero they
talk so much of the inferiority of the negro race,
while they must, at tho same timo, be oncouraging
to the noble band of abolitionists in tho north, who
are laboring so assiduously for the final emancipa
tion of thoir colored brcthoren. These young girls
to whom we bare alluded aro the daughters of Mr.
Joux G. Fee, writes to tho American missionary
encouragingly and hopefully. Tho following is
the close of his loiter.
If there is any one land more than another do-
m Sliding Uliristiaa saonhce and enterprise, that
land is the 0110 in which wo live. Hero are twenty
live millions of human beings. Pouring into our
midst annually, from other lands, nro thrco hun
dred thousand. These will soou bo one with us
in language, interest, and policy. This vast multi
tude must be iinprcbecd for weal or for woo by
Also, within tlio li'o-timo of soma now living,
we must see from six to twolvo million of bonil
u buret thoir fetters and go forth in our midst
Ub the responsibilities aud influences of freemen.
lLook at facts. The centre of the colorod popula
tion of this nation is moving in a south-waetorii
direction, at the rate of three hundred and fifty
tniles ovory sixty years oarried unwittingly to
the theatre of eventful aotion, on the borders of
the Mexican gulf. In close proximity to these are
even milllions more of colored persons in Mexico,
South America, mid West India Islands: all thoso
must eympathizo with our rapldly-increatdng slavo
population. Thoso, in about twenty years, will
double their prosont ratioof increase, la the mean
time,, by a rapidly-inoroitsing anti-slavery scuti
utont, the North tho abt, uud the West hid fust
being alionatod from the sluvo-holdors of the South.
Thousands of non-slaveholders in tho South are
being squeezed out into the free Slates, and as
many moro hero, disaffected by tho continual ag
gressions of tho slavoholding powor. Thoso being
faata, twenty or thirty years from this time what
will hold those slaves in boudugo T No powor on
earth will do it, as I believe, itedemption to the
noos slave will soma. But how shall it comof
1 eball it be hy meral means! shall the principles
of thoOiisncl. justice and mcrcv. tirovuil In thi,
land, ns thev did in England, under the labor ol
Clnrkson, Wilberfurce, and Granville Sharp?
Then shall A morion b purified from her line, and
stand as a beacon to those nations of tho globe
which are now struggling for light nnd liberty.
If freedom shall not ccmo by moral menus, then
it will by physical by and war carnage t and this
nation toon sink in a son, nf hlnnrll Who ahull n-iva
1 ?n,,on .on. ,ink in 'of bl?d 1 Wh" ?
, form and character to tlio natii.n that shall rear
itself upon its niius, Whof oh I whof It will
need to be thoio who have drauk deep of tho spirit,
"f th? Oospol who huvo learned of Jesus who
i have been taught from above.
In cither event, then, wo neod a Mire, a whoh
gospel. For it is the "power of Ood unto salva
valion." Salvation in timo salvation in eternitv.
Give us, oh 1 givo us tho Gospel 1
JOHN G. FEE.
A poem, personal and political Boston published
by John P. Jewell & Co., Cleveland, Jewell, Proctor
& Worthington, 1854.
This is a pamphlet of fifty-two pages, full cf :
snul, of vigorous thought, clothed, as
t. . ..
strong ana vigorous English. Its satire
rs is most
keen, and tlmt port which is "personal
most admirablo hits.
Tako tho following, picked tip at random, as a I
specimen of tlio spirit ard style of the work.
Speaking of .the fugitives)
For him our flag hns stripes without the stars ;
Our e.tglo is a vulture at his breast ;
0ur P",e crw hert ho is crucified
And our freo soil a northern hunting ground,
Where vilo officials scent the Afric smell,
And, with suspicious nosos on the ground.
Pursue the gamo with barkings of dolightl
I've seen pack after pack of hungry dogs,
With collars on thoir nocks, and names thereon!
When Fillmore puckered up his mouth, they pricked
Their ears beforo he got the whistle out;
And when at length the shrill, sharp sound was
Their savage yelpings niado tho welkin ring.
Why, I could fill this Waiting page with names
Of mastiffs, curs, and inont illustrious dogs:
Cotton', a fut. sleek snnnicl. flint nmiM hnrV
Willi voico so mimical it charmed tho cari
1,0 ,ou fllt or l" P"1Uo ,0 run'
Thcreforo ho gently jogged along behind.
I'mo.v, a mastiff with ferocious mouth,
Whurc angry bark awoko tho slumbering hills,
Was always first mid foremost in the chase j
His flabby jaws woro red with human blood.
Commerce, a most sagacious dog, w ho barked
Willi so much dignity ono would havo thought
Ho knew enough fo spcuk, perhaps to vole I
crATE9MA.v, a cunning dog, most like a fox (
Ho never lod, but followed in tho pack,
And barked just like tho echo of tho rest,
Aud bit tho victim with the wbitctt teeth.
Law, an unfeeling and relentless cur,
Whose fevered fangs wero cooled in human blood.
Tasti, a white lapdog from a lady's knee,
Whose piping voice amused both mico and men.
Smell, with a small pug nose and great long ears,
Sneeied often when he should have barked aloud,
Sl(illT n ,MreJ .,., 10Wiing in t,0 ,iftl.k .
, . , . . 7
And n,I,,or doK' to numerous to imnio.
But all these watchful dogs could not prevent
Tb' escape of huuted freemen tu tho north
Most truo Is the following graphical description:
Who over saw such times as these?
Stripes on our slaves, stripes nn our flags ;
0'ir blacks wear gyves, our whites wear gags !
Aud half tho nation on its knees
Implores tlio other half, that scorns
Freedom betrayed and crowned with thorns.
Of tho "personal," hero is the dusciiptioii of
m, . , . . , ,
TJ'.V1""? c,'nmP"" of W"'kc1 VOrV'
" '"'ou' "10 taluro or a full-grown man
.Or mind of moro than common calibre,
It, fulsoly called tho "Giant of tho West I"
And yet this Tom Thumb Titan is not seen
Save when ho climbs upon a negro's back,
Or struts and spouts upon an auction block
A platform whore, in all tho gilded pomp
Of pigmy grandeur, little giants stand.
If LTiiuglas bo tho wostcrn Brobdignag,
What littlo Liliputiuns aro we all 1
The torch of gonitis shines not in his eyes j
The gods have set no leal upon his brow)
His speeches havo no spirit in their words
More mobs of syllables devoid of souls I
Thoughts are to words what souls to bodios are (
But Douglas is ambitious, and aspires
To highest honors, though deserving none.
He sacrificed the frcoduiu of his stato,
Made it the byword of n mocking world,
The most inhospitable spot on earth,
The black sheep in the bleating flock of states,
That he might gain tho presidential chair 1
He purchased a plantation tilled by slaves,
And futtcned on the negro's blood and sweat.
Gold was his gospel, and the lash his law,
Offico his heaven, and powor and pelf his wish,
His farm tho only empire that he ruled,
And ragged slitvos the subjects he oppressed,
lie was tlio emperor of a gang of blacks ;
Hisdrivor his prima minister of stato,
Who left his mark upon tho rising race.
This great king of a Missisnippi swamp
Divorced sad husbands from their weeping wives;
Snatched screaming infants from thoir inothors'
Scourged white-haired dames and venerable men .
h rased Ood s image from the Taco divine ;
Extinguished hope within tho human breast:
Trod on the necks of most obsequious slaves,
And crushed their hearts beneath a tyrant's heel!
He counterfeits the autograph of God
Upon the charter of our sacred rights,
And signs deeds fur the pricoloss soul of man.
3rJumes Montgomery, the Sheffield poet, now
in his 23 J year, is editing a volume of Miscello
uios. BijrA colored man, named George R. Roberts,
over seventy years of age, a well-known resident
of baltimore, is an a visit to Washington, in quest
of a pension for services rendered during the last
war with England, lie was a nrivateer. and serv
ed with Capt. Iioyle, who blockaded the porta of
, 1-..., t ..!... :.i. . ,i.., i . . .
uiun.wfi.i.iH snna iiiuo origi no was uixeo
prisoner, oarried to Jamaioa, and, with half a
dozen others, barely escaped the honor of 'yarn-
avm promotion.' - . , . . , . .
LET US SEIZE CUBA.
The Cuba question was brought up in the Unitod
States Senate, May the 1st, by Sir. Slidell of Louis
iana, who offered a resolution directing the com
mittee on Foreign Mclntions to iniiiiro Into the
expediency of authorising the President at any
time during tho recess of Congross .o suspend the
acts of Congrcs, preventing expeditions leaving
niado thereon a set speech, urging the repeal ofj
.no iiiici ouui-s ngninsv iorcign count-lies, ami
tho neutrality laws, so as to onablo the L'nitodi
States to rob Cuba from tho Spaniard.
it the alavo nowcr had nut m,l ton in nns
. i .. v.iu .
it wouw have carried its main points, fi-r its
Iortlicrn allies were ready to help them. Dot it
became blinded by nieces, ami in its wild grub !
lor Kansas nud Nebraska, floundered and fell.;
It is up again, however, and neither heeding the
graves it has du;r for Northern men, nor caring a
fig; for those who (ill thorn, has avowed a plun to
seizo Culm, as damnable as tho Douglas fraud.
M. Li: i ii . . . n
Mr. Mlilc . Ill a set snrnnh (n u :., Sfoloo
Senate, sought to provo that Cuba would bo made
njite land, through the influence of Orcot Britain
and France, and counting this a fearful peril and a
. i .. . . -
yinoie iiniiiiiiy, Dntn to tlie inland and tho Lnitod
V'.1" (',0 ro7' o ward off that peril, and arrest
' .'J'"3 preposition will not shock tlio
country, it u ready to hear anything from th
-.,i.o io(T, ut no sciiemn oi roi.oerv tun
llldCOUS Or rCVultllltr. C.rnviiln,! It .ti.mtil rvlnnann.l
siren 't lion that power.
01111 It is not BtraneeT If the motile, of anv
Inn. I arm, and unite to strike off tho letters of de
pi'tisni, the Irceiiion of America shout and shout.
as if they would rouse tho world with their lubil-
ant joy j but when Spain proposes, or when Great
UI..I.I.1 mm mince tirgo ner to set ireo tno slaves,
of Cuba, ono half of tlio L'nion denounco the act, !
iiiuiiiii. ui uiu ontiiii, nor any scoundrel cowardice
of the North, can stop its flow on to full-tide.
1 reed jiu will work out thoro, asclscwhcro, its own
After Slidell's speech, Mr. Seward asked for
timo to examine into this .question, nnd Senator
Chase, tiian-fashinn, said :
" Fur myself, I do not hesitate to av that so far
in any proper measures taken bv the Spanish
Government, either at Madiid or in Havana
u-l.,l,.H ...1.. ,i i o i. , .
7' , u?01nr " """'.!',?' !,,:lu,r?led'.,?n.J tl,c
7 "i.'"in," ' '''' villainous
V?nt iT"" TY , Ku,l!,!ro. is ," ri-tiRer.;
w ?..h 1 trl'l " ?"' '," ""'l?""0'11;.1"
h.rv no-,, 1 . fo? . i'V11'0, 081 1,:J,W'' 'i'."1! '
tiirv alio, in lavor tit ireefii.ti, ui h.,t n I ,1,.
i.:.- . .r .i." v.. ' 1
iiii ih ,,; iiiinicni H oi i.ugiuiiu tir rnmce.'Mw
or from indepen lout considerations of duty nnd
puli.-y may tend In tho emancipation of the'slaves
in Cuba, thnso inciiMires will command iny sym
pathy and my bet vtixhes foi their happy mid ben
eficial i.-sucs lo all rat ties. P.ut I inn Tur from
thinking thut the disposition towards emancipation
ill Cuba is confined to tho Snanisli Govertimer.t in
eiiher heinisphero, or to tlio Governments of Kng-
.i.iiii niii. i rnnce.
Certain facts which have corns to mr Unnwluiloe
inclino mo to tho opinion thut tho idea of emanci
pation is seriously nnd favciralil. nnlrti.it.e,l l,v
many cnlighlened Spauiards and Creolos in the
island, nnd by nt least some of tho gentlemen who
constitute what is familiarly known as tho Cuban
Junto, lo that idea and that purposo by whomso-
int. lu.ncu, i uiu uociucuiy lavuruulo.
.. . . , ...... .
ine oincr uunii, to all tlmt part or tho policy
f tho Knglish and Spanish Governments, if there
be such a policy, which tends to revive tlm Africnti
, , .
slave trade, under any name, or iu any form,
whether lor tho pui Kiso of supplying apprentices
to the island, to bo converted, at somo future norind.
AltltOf tlMfll f.M f 1
. ...... . . . ....... , nr mr (t.lj
other purpose, I tako the same objections, and take
mllK Louisiana. I
do not wish to go into this subject now. I wish,
Ikih ever, tn have nn ,,1,,,vt.,..i, ..r .1..:
I, - .... -r ... i..iK r.,, uuu
therefore move its nasi niinemeiit fur n n-ei.k '
, - , -' - " " .
x.m .em... uou was sent to tno uomniittco on .
r.iie.Ki; Affairs, there to sleep, or if called up to be
debated on reportWrr. .
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
lhe bill to establish the oflico of Sui vcvor-Gen-
eral, and granting donations to actual icltlcrsin
I tali was taken up.
When, on motion of Mr. DISNEV, tho Cist sec
tion was amended to rend, to every whito male
citizen of thu L'nited States, or cvei v white male
citizen above twenty-ono years of age, who declined
his intention to bocomo a citucu, and who is now
resident of the said Territory, or who, prior to
January 1, lcuS, shall remove to nud settle in tho
said Territory, and continuo to resido therein, shall
bo donated one hundred and sixty acros of land, nn
condition of actual settlement und cultivation for
not loss than four veai s.
Mr. BEKXIlLStL (I'tah) moved to striko out
the following proviso: That tho benefits of this act
shall not be extended to anv porson who shall now
or at any timo hereafter ,bo tho husband of more
than ono wile.
Mr. HAVEN (X. Y.) hoped the amendment
would provail. Ho did not desire by any legisla
tion to reeognixe any such Imputations as that.
Mr. LETCHER ('a.) thought it would be well
to let tho proviso niono, Tho only obcction was
ma uoinmiiico uiu not apply tlio restriction to the
Surveyor-General, who is to roeeive a salary of
May 4Tl.o House went into Committee on
tnrce mousnnu a year, no could not see why that
was to bo allowed half a dozen wives while:
tno restriction is tu oo applied to actual seiners.
Why should thev bo punished f Laughter.
Mr. DAVIS (ll. I.) saw no morality in making
the distinction in the proviso, as the word whito had
been inserted in the bill, thus legislating ugainst
tho colored man. Ho would as soon that L'tuh,
with its polygamy, should como into tho l'nion as
that a slavo State should bo admitted. Tho former
was not so great a concentration of evil as the lat
tor, which allows promiscuous concubinage
Mr. SMITH (Va.) said it surprised him to hear
a gentleman who was never iu a slave State dis
coursing en cathedra on the rharactor of the insti
tution of slavery. The gentleman spoke ns though
a common nnd indisoriminalo sexual intercourse
exists. Ho would havo tho member know the tio
of marriage is in many respects, and to a greater
extent, as sacredly observed among tho nogrocs of
the South ns among the peoplo from whom the
member ouiiios. Ho did not hositate to say the
crime of Incontinonco is as rare i.i anv southern
State as in tho great State of lthodo Island. If
the member was prepared to justify a man having
as many wives as he cau maintain, lot him go homo
and justify himself beforo his constituents
Mr. COBB (Ala.) desired to propound a question
tn the delegate from Utah. Does tho gentleman
think that this proviso would imposo a hardship on
any considerable number of people residing in the
Territury T He believed it was a wholesomo pro
vision that no man should have more than one wife
at ono time.
Mr. BEHNIIISEL renliod It would operate on a
considerable number of the peoplo of blab. ' The
more wives a man has the more lands he need
to support them. Laughter.
Mr. GIDDINGS (Ohio) said they should deal out
tho sanio measure of justice to all. For weeks and
months from tho commencement of the discussion
on tho Nobrnbka quostiuu till nuw, not a southern
man had spoken but who hud censured, eomleoinod
and repudiated all attempt to interfere with the
domastio institutions of any Territory. lie did not
understand this obanging of poaitiou first to the
right then to the left at the command of some d rill-
01 laV ' " "", ''rop,'y '",r U'e Ol,v,;r,mi,onl to
make the inquirv as to wl.eiher a man has moro
than one wile. 1 ow is that fact to -be ascertained 1
l't tribunal is tho inquiry tu be intrusted T lt
,"". of l,Inc. ""J 'uopportuue, aud without leg-
k hihii i,,,ii.n. ,,.,t
sergeant. He was in favor of the proviso tak n
an independent question, lint ho novcr woul'l con
wnt for a slave territory to form Its institutions as
plenses. 'Why permit porsons to g) to Nebraska
with hundreds of concubines and not let llio people
of I'tnh do as they chnoso ? Tl.o Mormons were
respcctablo i some of them hail been his constitu
ents. I l.nuulitcr. I When a Mormon marries, he
' ines it openly, acknowledges the legitimacy of his
i cninircn and schooia-them. I In iloo not sell Ins
wivos and children. N
God forbid, Tho mem
bor from Yiririniu (Mr. Smitlit said imirropa in the
South contruct nmrringe. Vs ho .Jo understand
tliron i.,;n;..n. ,.r .1 .1.:. -i.
n"iioi iitnaiiiM rin'ii iiilu iiinwimicii.
The man that mado that declaration would soil his
slaves to-morrow or do worse. Thoro is no low to
protect colored families from tho outraco of a
brutal master. If you, ho said, will esciiido nil
the luimorulitic?, I will go with vou s but I will
never consent to admit a slate State or U-gislnto to
give unlimitgd powor over slaves in tho Territories,
hile vnu restrict the Mormons.
Mr. PHILLIPS (Ala.) said ho did not rise to re
ply to the gentleman, for he ciuld not, ttur could
any man who knew what wits due to himself or
the respectability of this House, trust himself to
reply to such language as had fallen (rout tl.e
niciiioer s lips, lie would leave linn to his con
science ond tho
and the reprobation of lus constituents :
anil a neither or then would serve as a monitor,
ho thould not undcrt.tko either to correct or conn -
Ho rose for the purpose of expressing
1.1,1 Ontirn r.iioiirro.wu in. tlio ,.ir.il.,n .ItLo
tho proviso. Thoro was no prccoJcnt for such pro-
viso 111 tho Iuirmlntiun of this country. It was en.
Othcr st'jp on toward tho centralization of this
Government, of which Congress Iin4 lately givon
smiie strong evidence, vi a are not onlv unucr-
taking to rcgulato tho industry of tho country and
oeeomo general almoners, In
nlir v. Congress has nothin
lit to rcgulato Its nior -
g 10 110 wiiii uic moniis,
SLAVES IN CALIFORNIA.
u.-ciuikd that Klan rv s hmi d not ci st it 1 1 n
say tncy w ant slavery, 1 am willing, but 1 want it
done open nnd above board; this bill is kind ufl
going behind tl.e curtail. ; it is a deception to be
practiced on tl.e peoplo. 1 shall continue to sua-
tain tho constitution I swore to support when I
came here. I shall vote against the bill in every
hap it may come up." h
i-i,o.i,o. ! ,..:n . .1 .. f
I' I...IH.I ,b n.ii uasi ...i; e.iaiU rUll.ail.S CO UB
uur reaaers mnv rccol.cct that seven! slaves
were earned Irom tlie fctniej to California, on I
iinncxalinu to this country, wliilo as
M.. . ...i.:i i "
""' riiuiiiiiii : oiaicrr was 111 toico tuere.
.....v....... ..o ,.ev nun, u.iu cicrjr emvo c irrieu
tl.ero becamu a free man. Soon afterwards, the
Fnil'In rir-iiiii-nil n Sioto nn.l . tl.o; r,...,l ,n.....t..l
'. -- . ...v.. .,.i,.iUiui,iiu
its limit.:. With Ibis C' livtilntiou tho new Suite
becamu a member of the I niou. Hut tho People!
iiiing acsoroed in ineir (.rivatc allairs, corrupt pl-
iliciaiis, j.h.ttcrs lor the introduction of slavery,
it the pin-sago of a law, re-enslaving tho colored
persona who had becomo free, vnri authorixing
their claimants lo carry them out of tho State, al
lowin ono year for ibc process. It was appre
liunded by many thut thi.' was only nn insidious
form of introducing slavery--that at tha end of
Iho year tl.o liiL'O would bo extended, so as to allow
such claimants to secure a foothold on tho soil.
From the recent nution of tl.o Assembly iu Cal
ifornia, it would seem that there was ground fur tho
p- u mi: luii.iii. u. .iiu i,i:i;o.iitiore, auu tnrougi
opprehoiiNion. A bill, brouirht forward bv a Mr.
Herbert, nllowlii" ono venr lumrer for tha removal
of slaves brought into Culiforniu beforo her ndiitia-
ion into thn I'llln.l. UHU tul-on nn in tlm Aueon.l.l.,
on tlm islth i,r M.,r..h n,., I r,o. ... ::,.! f
-....... ., u., u i-i'iiiivu ui'iiunr
tion from Mr. Hubbard, nn emigrant from u slavo
Stale, it tuts passed yeas IVi, nays 21. A motion
to rneniisider wns nnsl i.ii.ioiLvood !iri noa r,7
J .. 1 , , . . . .
.11 lliu vuurBQ UI tno ucnaie, .ir,
" I am a strict constructionist.
lubbard Ktlid 1
1 bclievo in it
strict construction of our Coiislitulioii on this nnd
alt other subjects. This bill. I be eve. is in direct
.:,:,. ,.r,i. n . . ... .
...oin.i,v.,i iu un- . ui.ni . 1 u l ion 1 bC'llcvu 11 IS Ull
,,;t,,,, a n,o,.u,,... ir n. ... i . r .1.. c,...i
i,,i,.v,,. u.....i.tv. ,i yeuiiiu u. lliu inline
soon. Xu. Era.
ilifurniii, on bur
yet the law ol
in force there,
soy at us last session, lie then ollured tho tulluw
oflicer ing resolution, which was seconded by the llev.
xno slavery .pies ion tno uroaiicn milliner oi
otir sectarian Israels, has been intruding itself
. , ...,,, ,
"r. "'"""Is i"" tinmsy cnscrvniives oi ine iiiini
i -rcsnyinry oi nuw ioik. jusi as tncy nail lairiv
Shivery nucstioe had created a great deal of alien
ntion between the Presbyterian brothren of the
church ut tho North aim South, and asking tho
Presbytery to send a resolution to the Gouoritl As
sembly that it was inexpedient, at tho present time
to agitato that question.
This circular was read by Dr. Hatfield, who
urged upon Jio Presbytery tho do-nothing policy
adopted by the Synod of Now York and Now Jer-
"Heiolrcd, That without expressing any opinion
in respect to the statements of tho Prcfliytery of
it ...caster in u.u.r circuiur ot ocpt. tncy uo
referred to the action of tho Synod of New York
and New Jersey on this subject at their meeting
in October Inst, ns precluding tho necessity of any
further action ou tho part of this Presbytery."
Tho Ilcv. Mr. Smith opposed the motion. He
did not liko dodging the subject, and thought the
Presbytery should frankly meet it and givo their
opinion, if they had one. Ho did not think they
wero bound to concur in tho action of tho Synod.
Dr. Hiittitfld, himself, in view of the recent Ne
braska conspiracy, seemed to doubt whethor they
were not treating the subject too timidly, and yet
ho said ho would bo satisfied to let this matter
pass fur tho present, as whatever speciul action
would bo now taken on the subject might create
bad feeling, and might be soon brought up for
reconsideration, and thus, in the present feverish
stato of tho question, ho would prefer to have no
speciul aotion taken, until the excitement at pres
ent subsisting had somewhat subsided.
The Kev. Dr. Pennington, Pastor of the First
Colored Presbyterian Church, at the cornor of
Prince and Marion streets, said that "he could
coiucientiously concur in the resolution proposed by
Dr. Hatfield, a it bound no individual to any par
ticular course, nor interfered with the action oj the
Churches." The resolution was then passed.
That Dr. Pennington, himself a fugitive slave,
and a professed abolitionist, should thus join bands
with popular, ease loving and pro-slavory clargy
men, tu hold buck the church from its duty towurd
slavery aud the slave, will greatly surprise and
mortify his friends in this country and in England.
Identified as he is with the slave, pledged a he
was to the anti-slavory cause, and intelligent as
he must bo, of the criminal responsibility of the
Northern church, and especially of th Presbyte
rian church, fur the continuance of blavary, and
for its corruption of the Northern conscience and
heart, we had a right to expest that he would not
settled themselves to sleep in ease and pcaco Troiii
sy "Vrn ;irsr:,meit.s?ct
In t .iS7nta,mnL
in tins instance, tho quos ion was Introduced by
Iho noisy opposers of ngitation nt tho South. A
circular was received from tho Presbytery ol Win-
!,,. vi.;..i i ii... ti. r .1...
tn.n nsiumcd by thi Piesbvtery, and " emisc'ten
it tiously Concurred'' in by Dr. Pennington, wo here
follow the Priet and Levito on the other sido cf
his perishing fellow bondiner.. To show thi posi-
give tho resolution adopted by tho eyuod
i session in October i
"llttotvcJ, That without any reference to the
ncflnn nf tlm nrntlrus (leticral Assemblies, we'
lieliere that, in the present apectn oi l'lvine
Providence, tin agitation in our Ocneral Asscinb-
lies, by onvport'on of our Chundi, of our rulationsi
Shtvery'in this country, is nmlesirablo and in-!
oxidicnt. C'ominittiiig'tliis wludo subject the: e-1
fore, to tl.o Governor of Ktcrnal Providence, we
commend to our churches to offer unceasing pravcrl
for our country in all iti sections, and for our cwn
church in all its interests."
, , , ., i
Hns is the insiiltiiiir rci.lv mails by these solemn
and canting pretenders, to tho cry of perishing
millions for hulp; to tho demand of tho Christians,
rv moncui.s im pi uiuu nropisui w v...:r ... .u,
that wo purge our church and nation from thoir
most hideous blot and sin ; to tlio requirement of
tlernal Justice that wo ' break ot cry yoko,
open our mouths for the dumb, "cry aloud and
spare not ' oainst oppression and fraud, and
proc.aim uomerancg .no captive. now uucs
I ttte narrow scllisuness ol section cat out of men
i Hearts an iratcrnai iccting, numano syur
! manly courage aud devotiuu to truth '. famtUa-
SOUTHERN SECESSION FROM THE UNION.
, population of WAWM accruing to tl.o lust Jen-
, HUi. Mincsota will bo a state in a couple of years,
Oregon and Washington must nhortly follow. In
,10 states or Delaware. Maryland. Kentucky, Mis-
,01iril onl the western half of Virginia the slaves
arc lunf thnn oll0 ,c,0nii, 0 tlio freo
I n ., 7 .i ,.,, i ... , "
?i .'i i ?-f . T f 1,,.l'tu,11. n"
I ,N " .th,.a 1 ' J0 "'""" ol " w" , 1,,r,.V
?tal7 h' "re ft? ncxl 'e",," ; ,nn? n P'T"1"!'"" "f
twcnty-Hvo nnllmna; with not n bor.dniun in the
c"U tl?d '.i5,h'f ' nevv Kepu ilie. wo mi-ht
I m.aW 0 B,,.rv" P tl,e of ' I!'' "?7
of the Slave holding nabobs. They would leiiuirc
, c.,iicli ti.ti) annexed of emancipation.
or u.. xrh iT u?
could bo driven out, nnd iu tho next place in a very j
, . , ' . . . ,10Lltiatm
"""" tl"l i""" w , , ,,'J-"l"'ll,'K. w B.1 .. 111 :
"." Lot nm" ''.e nlnr'"e; H "l0 u.110 of
union, secosstnn. It is perfectly harnicless. Let
Threats of secession from tho l'nion is an old
trick of the South when any of its demands are
refused. Suppose tho Sluvo holding gentry should
withdraw front tho I nion. would thu result to the
, nrtl. ha .. dii its thev ni, -Hirer In tlm Hr.l
p),,,., ,ierc are sixteen froe states, containing
and f lis t decreasing. Should those States go with
the South, half their slaves would run off the first
1 tl.nv onnhl l,n f.-... Tho nnnm wi.nl. I il .
. ,,iai H mere are sixteen iroe states, contai 11111; a
j emiincipato tho other half to prevent tht m from 1
also escaping. Besides, the commercial and social
i intcrcuiirHO of thobe States are chieiiy with the
i intercuiirHO nt t lobe Mates are c luel v
; nrtli, nnd nv the dotilde lie ot iiiterent aud sym-
1 pathv the chances lire ten to one that they would
I i ..... . w. . rt .. ... .
i mm tn.'ir ini vinn inu tree Clitics, juu icw slave
1 u,u. r,; i.i.Wi l,.,i ,ot.. .r.,.,l,l ,o.
Add theso to tho North and thoro would be
twenty thmo Slates on the sido of freedom, with
j a present population of twenty-one niiilii.ns.aguinst
eleven Slave State", v. ith but eight millions noitr-
ly half of whom are held ns tho property of tho
other hall, reAdy to rise and Ucalure their
at anv moment.
As a matter of course tlie Nebraska territory
and New Mexico belong to the North. The Slave
States would extend no further west than Arkan
sas. It is very probable too, thut Western Texas,
which is chiefly settled by Germans nnd persons
from the Free States, would unito with tho North.
Tho territory of tho Freo Stntos would cmbrnco nn
area of two and a half millions of aouaro miles.
That of the Slave States loss tlntit thrco fourths nf
a million, or ono third of tho North in area tho
In the next place, tho annexation of tho Canada
to tho North would speedily foil jw, adding ftiv
free tutes to tho New Confederacy, and n popula
tion nntiroxititiitino' to tl.rne milliii.is nf intluatrlnns
' inlelliirent thr'i 11 V frpDinon 'I'liA ni-nliln tApiitnt.w
(hits ol.tuineii covurs a million Boitnrt ntil.'s. Tlm
I fl.M navigation or tho St. Lawrence would
.ro.l l,.,.n i. i. .o.,.i
l lie tor-
even tu the
1 iiisitisi nl'
our mechanical and agricultural products In ex
change for their cotton, sugar and rico exactly as
at present; nnd as they havo always been great
advocates of fter-tiatU we presume business would
I ci. .1111.111. Ul.l U.SU.I ICM, III IIIC T..I lllllllin II. i nn. .noil-
;itip!) Th wou,, ,inj ,1(.nlscve, c18i(crably
lnor0 j(,Ilcn,iont llp,,n us thnn wo on them ; and
cre wou, bo bucking at tho door, liko tho
: ii..i;,.,.i .., r., .!..,;:, ... ,l.. i',.;..n ,;,!.
us deal justly bv the South, asking nothing but
what is right, and submitting to uothing that is
COLORED MEN OF CONNECTICUT.
A Convention of tho colored men of Connoctlcul
was held at tho American Hotel in New-Huven on
the 27th ult., to consider nnd deliberate iu regard
to tho subject of petitioning the Legislature for the
right of tlio elective franchise. Jciiiel C. Beman
of Middlotown officiated ns Chairman. A scries
of resolutions in favor of universul suffrage were
udoptcd, nud the loiiowmg torm ot a memorial
was agreed upon. Who will say that tho princi
ples embodied in tins potition are unrcasonrlder
Tu Pie Honorable House of Eeprcsentutire of the
General Assembly of Connecticut!
Tho petition of tho undorsigncd citizens of Con
necticut respoctfully shows:
1. Thnt in the opinion of tho petitioners tho de
nial of the riirht of eufl'rage to a portion of the
citizens of this Slate, upon the ground of color, is
n viiilution of the first principle of the Declaration
of American independence, ns woll as of tho first
irticlo in tho Declaration of Bights in tho Consti- j
nth .ii of Connecticut, siuco sued a policy docs not
all men as "born oqual," nnd allow
a sot of mcu exclusive privileges over others,
2. It is further tho opinion of your petitioners
that the reul interests of the colorod population of
this Slate aro substantially idontical with those of
the white citizens; aud being born on the same
soil, subject to the same laws, and pursuing the
same interests, they have naturally an equal right
with the latter to enjoy a voice In the common J
3. It is also tho mind of your petitioners that
the policy of the Government of Connecticut tow
ard the oolorod class iu this State is calculated to
degrado and vitiate thorn by treating thorn as infe
rior beings, and thereby destroying thoir motives
for solf-rospoct, and removing from them as far a
possible all incentive to intellectual and moral
Whorofore your petitioners pray your honorable
body to take such legal and proper measures as
may bo necessary to amend article 6, seotiou 2, of
tho Constitution ot this btate, by erasing therefrum
th word "white-" in tho first clause thereof.
Tha Convention adjourned to meet in tha City
of Middletswis on the 17th day of September next.
Correspondence of the Philadelphia Daily Register.
Correspondence of the Philadelphia Daily Register. EXTRA-BILLY SMITH.
WASHINGTON, April 27.
! '" i"rexira man service, ana onc
"f rl'"ircd a title of which ho will never be deprivtd.
" i" "lu the Ki-Governor Smith, whoso gubcr
to natiriul recommendation of the banishment of frco
negroes frum that Slnte, excited tho indignation of
! CVI!I7 numanc American, s..me Ilvo or six years
Mr. Smilh s attack Open Mr. Oiddiligs, to-day,
was imfnrtiinato for himself. Ho was floored up-
on each of .bis three nlli'gations so completely that
,., ,,. .,i:r- .i,,. r !,...;-..,.
Mr. Sniilb, of Virginia, made a speech In Ui'
House to-day in support of tho Nebraska till.
This is 'Kxtra Hilly r-mith,' who in Jackson's or
i an jiuren uny, unijurincnea mo ireasury oi i
cs!y wonj nve been overwhelmed with confusfeSj
ii,, r.,iP,i however, but in turning his advance
upon ,tlr. Cullom and the National Jntclhofncer, h9
wu, 1IUjro successful
But r, Smilh hn(1 Kreat pcrsistenco. and tU
cunning of the f.x : nnd, reserving bis rrsnd blbrt
rr llUu( k rn Mr u,.,, Jl(. ,nJ fof
,,, ,,,.,, mui., lnore n1,,nrcllt tffecU J h,
i;lk, nilJ yestcrdav surnlied Vim with certain tx-
trn, t9 frum g.,c0, h 0f lr Hc.ton, which, in iso
I,..,.,! ..i-.i. i ...11.. ..r 1 ..: i. ..j
cut,BtrUod It Mr. Kmith 1 will at r,f..ni.
tempt any particulars about this matter, for It is
prcbal-lc that bc('rr-joor readers shnll peruse my
letter, the telegraphic wires will have placed 'Old
Ingot, iu his true position.
THE WARD TRIAL.
CINCINNATI, May 6.
Hon. John 3. Crittenden is suffering soveroly in
public estimation in consequence of his volunteer
ing to defend lhe Wards on their recent trial. A
public Hireling in Madison, Iud,, yesterday, pass
ed the billowing resolution, with only two dissent
AVWivrf, That this mooting request the Board
of Directors of the Jeflertoit County Agricultural
Fair to withdraw their Invitation to Governor Cril
lonilcii, to deliver the address at the next Anneal
Fair of Jefferson County; tho notion of Gov. Crit
tenden in tho Ward case, ho having voluutoered
s services, and prostituted his ifrcat talent in an
nwortby cause, visj the overriding of publio
insticc, w Inch has occurred since the invitation
was given, is deemed n sufbeiunt excuse, if oue ia
necessary, for this public withdrawal of that its
vitatioii. The Kentucky papers aro filled with the pro
ceedings of public meetings held iu that State, by
every one of which Mr. Ciiltc-ndcn was denounc
ed, and requested tu rosign his scat iu the L. S.
Tho Ward family have left Louisvillo, and the
whereabouts of tho murderer is unknown.
KiriSMTiNn in Sierra Llo.m. An English pa
per has tlie following:
The Penelope steam friitnte arrived at Pbrtsmoath
on Thursday, bringing news from Siena Leone to
Feb. 23. At La-ros, Jan.- 2-4th, everything wat
quiet. Consul Campbell and Lleutenunt beditie-
held, or the Pluto, had just had an intorview with
Kcssuko, who had declared his dosiro to be at peace
with the present government of Lagos, in ordet
that tho commercial pruspeiity of tho country
might be developed to its full extent. Some in.
prcbousion was however felt tlmt the proceeding
of tho missionaries might again produce trouble.
The supply of palm oil was plentiful, as well as
other produce. Very shameful practices are re
ported tu be going on at Sierra Leone. Number
of children aro kidnapped in the colony, and sold
to tho natives up the country as slaves. Id point
of fact tho salo of theso children is tho meaus bj
which fresh beef nnd other provisions aro procured
from tlio interior fur the consumption of the seamen
nud troops ut tho colony. Governor Kennedy U
verj mine tu suppressing tuceo proceedings.
Slavery Existino in NrntiAA. A letter from
Willium Walker, chief of the Wyandott tribe of
Indians, formerly of Ohio, says that slavery exists
in Nebraska among tho whites nnd Indians in de
lianco cf tho comprriiiisonf liO). It has beon in
existence over since it was organized us an Indian
Territory. True, there arc Hot many slaves, but
still shivery exists. Somo slaves are held by tb
Indians by virtue of their own usnges, nnd some
by regular bills of sale from citizens of Missouri,
while white settlers from tho latter State never
hesitate to bring slaves with them. Ditpatch
CINCINNATI, May 6. WHAT'S IN A NAME!
y ' lcc. ''esideiit, a Secretary of State a
Senator, and a Printer tu Congress, among h e
0l.u agents, viz : Thomas Jefferson H. M John
80, Dauicl WebLtcr. J amcs Poindcxter and John
, -"ulv " tuvi'i vuu.t,s i outucxier, anu John
In tho Slavo Slates, tlie eclured peoplo have no
names, except to designate them, ns they do their
cattle or other chattels. But under the Kgis of
freedom, Ihey seem to hare names ciuito equal tu
other folks. Why not?
By tho way, wo see it stated that Frederick
Douglass has petitioned tho Legislature of New
York to charge bis name refusing longer to he
subject to a suspicion of relationship tu the Ne
braska traitor. Columbian,
WHICH SHALL RULE!
in one plot, it immediately devises and proceeds to
the execution of unolhcr. It docs all this by lit
ccognizo tojstiuct by its own piopclling interior urginization.
The American slave powor never rests. It i
over on tho uiovo towards universal dominion. It
thrives on aggression and prospers by extension.
It cannot livo cooped up '.ud nt rest. It has with
in itself no sustniuing f.irces. Slavery more than
eats out its own products and depends for tho
maintenance of its strength, ou tho fruits of Free
Labor. It is, therefore, ever scheming for now soil
and extensive territory on which to feed and fatten.
iqucst by political strategy is its legitimate
iucss. War ou all the grout interests ol free-
busiucss. ur ou all the crc
idom and progress is its normal condition.
It is its nuturo ; and so long as it has tho breath
of lifoinits hideous carcuso, wa must expect Uv
witness its incessant struggles to seat itself firmly
above all oilier interests and institutions, and
mould them to its purposes.
Shall this power rule, or shall it die T This I
tho question for northern freemen to decide. Iu
existence must not be tolerated. Admit that It ha
tho right to live, and we must admit alto that
it has the riht to use the moans necessary to sus
tain it in being. And if we concede this, we might
as woll abandon all thought of presort ing the in
stitutioos of freedom. Slavory cannot tolerate
theso it cannot breathe in the atmosphore. It
flourishes only when they decay, and proanexs only
where they are dostroyed. This then is the alter
native Slavery or Freedom must rule supreme
on the American soil. Which shall it be t Shod
bland Freemen. ( , ' v "
Tbs General Asjrum-r of tho Presbytisriaa.
Cburoh (Old School) in ha United States will hold
its next annual mooting in Buffalo, oo the IHttt
inst., and will be opened with a ermoa by the
Hev. John 0. Young, D. D., the , moderator - of the
last sssemhly. Iupk, - ' ;
- .-jt i.