Newspaper Page Text
From the New Railroad Standant.
R. WALDO EMERSON ON FRANCE.
Tiir following ' tlio report of tlic lecture recent
ly aoiivercil hy Mr. Kinorson in New lSedlord:
Aauire, hum nir. Kmcrsxm, linn not ehoen to fmt
the best Winn into ono jur. It in placed in man
vcRaeiSi o must senrch through it city to timi
nil tlit faculties that constitute a man. A French
writov hn snid thai it tnkr.t one thousand seven
hundred or ou thoiiMiiid oiglit hundred men to
make a complcto man, Iho se; educates one
class, the mountnin one, Kuropo cub and America
another, the whole constituting tho svimuetry ol
the roc, niul tho result is n secured soul.
Hd thoiihl observe tlic different i.icmhors of this
mundane body and m e whnt offices nro served by
thonj and particularly by France. Turin i'
France. All the rest of tlio nonutry Is but Paris
on smaller sonic, an imitation. Tlio English
our.i ignition lor Midland, trance e"iitrucleil
Paris for t'j world. In Paris the building arc
more grand ami naiional than m London, r.vcrv
specie of amusement exists tliore. Twelve thou
sand iludont reort there mmu illy la nttond tho
publics hvturos on scientific subjects. The city in
lilled with tlio tre.inirei id' art. Tho pcoiito nre
lively nnd I'lintling, 'I ln-y nre ency in conversa
tion nn.l njjreorlile in their manners. I arm In to
tlie foreigner wh:it London is to tlic Londoner.
Everything nltnv-liltj centres there. The people
a high military cnnim tor, mid en parade
it is as difficult to determine tlioir social position,
M it in to penctruto) their beards. All receive n
military education. Tlio dancing-master comes
id you 1:0111 nis lonoiog lessons. Tlio lively tone
of tho rrcuefi journals is remnrknlilu. Tim rend
ing-rooms nro extensive nnd fitted up with great
taste nnd elegance. Tho mathematical clearness
of tho language causes it to bo universally spoken.
Tho French are n nation tlmt talk more than they
think, but there is a proselyting force in their eon-
vcrsatlon, that captivate uiid attracts tho uiiud of
The lecturer cave a description of tho Parisian
clubs, ono of which ho attended. A lulmring man
was declaiming with terrible force. " Whv, said
he "do tlio rich fear that wo shall destruy their
piopcrty. We shall do no such thing, for wo ex
pect that it will soon ho curs'."
All Kuropo is a park for tlio popular French ro
mancers, in which they can meet their friends.
Id any European country they nre well known, so
txtcuitivo is tlio circulation i t their works, Tlio
universality of tlio French hnigungo is n capital
secret of the power of tliuir books. .Slid a distin-
guisiicu sintcsuian, a dook written 111 rrcncli is a
declaration ol war to all Lure-pc. Tlio nation is a
Tast propagandist They ignore nil things else
but thcninjlvcs. Fiance is always foremost in the
nvco. Those of Teutonic blood nrsumo to consider
it serious misfortune to have been horn n French
man, nnd that tlio latter pays for bin winning ad
dress by a smaller scale of" faculties. Ho would
endeavour to bo impartiiil, nnd should draw his
witnesses concerning the French, from themselves.
They occupy one of the fairest territories in the
worl l, nnd they have spared no effort to nmko it
attractive. e v'ndt Italy for its nntiouitics
Frnnce for the present nnd the new. They hnvo n
clear Intellect, mid make the most of what thev
have. Everybody has n line idea of order, nnd the!
French mind is clear and excellent in exact scien-j
cs. They nro great cipherers. Their leading
idea Is clearness, perspicuity. The word genius I
has no high signiiicnnce with them. It means
cook, n hair ilrnssor or a dancing master, who!
is superior in his biiiuess. Thty arc less national
than other countries. They live for the world nnd
to m.iko I'aris nttrnetire to "the world. They linvclo'
had no truo idea of poetry until recently, a
specimen of their poetic genius being will deserib-j
ed by the old lines: "A cobbler thero was, and lie
lived in a stall."
. Tho contributions of the French to the useful
arts and the comforts of life nre highly crcditablo.
I'l ..:. - : . . .
1 ueir inie, vpiipae, iurniiiue, nro nil very iinooo"
nnd elegant. In designs, fashions, dress, etc., nil
na.ious copy niter 1 arts. 1 nere is a law ot gra
dation in tushion, and tho skilful inillinor can de
termine what peculiar modifications the next style
win uriiig oui ny me last. 11 we strike a aiscoru
wc must prepare tho ear for the truo Dole by a few
luicriiicuuiiu qoicb. ?o in iiisnion. une stylo
must bo only a slight step in advance of its prede
cessor. A runs milliner could niako tho Jlloomcr
costunio popular, at last, 11 sue would only np
proach it by degrees, despite 1I10 satire of J'unch.
French Patterns are the models for the world, and
all others are collated from them. Tho Trench
taste, in most instances, is too correct for our pco
plo, and our designers nro more engaged in cor
rupting them so us to adjust them to our taste,
than in searching nut new designs. In n word,
the French excel in dress, diinoing, cookery, and
in police. Tlio latter has no cqunl anywhere It
H most admirable nnd excellent in nil its parts,
t - 1 .1. I.- . - . . .. . 1 .
In a word, tho French nre a nation wise in thoir:
pleasures, uud most foolish in their business. The
opera is the soul of Paris, nnd Paris is Franco. I
In Paris, what cunnot bo said can ho sung, and j
what cannot bo sung can bo danced. Give Franco
n B""d government lor twenty-four hours, nnd no
nutter what it may be afterwards, lit that short
space, cvcrythinglulblcs up, and then givos place,
to novelty. In two days tho most important affair
is furgotten, and the great tide sweeps on unmind-1
ful of the past. Madame do Stuel says that " Pa-'
ris must hnvo somothing new every mouth, to cap-
uvaio mo nation.
France is the empire of bncatcllo. Its idea is
aniuseinont. Its pleasure aro all refined, nnd are
nindo tho most of. Mirabeau remarked with his
last words: " Oil, lighl-headod, thrico light-headed
nation I" As an illustration of their giddiness,
whon tho allied armies captured Paris, the citixons
forgot in a few hours thoir defeat, iu tho splendour
! uie snow, 1 tin women nre graceiul ana bcauti-
uit, but uie control ot a trcucli L'upid is never
Hunger than a few days at most. The hero is he
who iuvites the tpeclre that haunts him, to drink
Tvinc willi iuu, r rciwh lite wants voracity ; still,
underlying all this levity, thero is much of good
1.. .1.- L'-......l. l v-.. . . .P
in the French character. Naturo lias scattered
f;onorous and beautiful souls among them Fene-
on, Momcsquiou, Pascal, and nohlo and beautiful
women, who have 111 ado France tho ecntro of let
ters. The eenso they givo to love is a bar to thoir
civilization. They should cultivato sterner and
haughtier virtues. While tho Knglihb. march for
word steadily and with severe brows, to freedom,
the French run laughingly away.
R. WALDO EMERSON ON FRANCE. PRANK OF A BLIND HORSE.
An aocSdont of singular character happened
on Wednesday night last, at a house in the Quoin's
Crescent. The house in question has a partly
underground kitchen, with a skylight over it, and
bank of green sward runs sloping up one sido
10 a loroi h'iiji tne skyiicjii. An obi horse having
been turned out fur the night on the common.
ncing iiiina, by some means gut into Uie garden and
fc the said slope. The tempting "lute" lured
ho aueoaecious grsxer to bis late, for prently
ithe aniortiwatd animal fell right throagh the
sikylight lieadforejiiost into the kitchen below,
carrying the whole of die skylight with bin, upon
the table, crushing everything to atoms, liui
servants, who wri ironing at the time, bad a most
jiarrow csce cf their lives, as the poor animal
Vioi4 out 111 nil direction, bringing down plate
rocks, dresser, dish covers, ie. The poor girls,
Ukut treutie, burst out of the kitrheo and ran
f.r UieSr lives, fiuaekig themselves ia a place not
tit la menliua "oars polito," but ecreamiuir
. Fire l" 'lurdar3, "Thierts!" nt the top of
beix Jungs, whilst tlie rest of the inmates locked
tbeur doors, ana screni.d br the bailee out of
stlisir window s, 1 us euastcru&Uoa nas great, and
the crash and din ski icarfuL tliat tie one could
gnuster eulliaient pluck to venture on Uie eoeiuiof
austioB. AtUmglh a policeman appeared and led
(he way, wis liht being turned full a, aixl so
discovered the rat-hoi animal anions st die heaa
.0 . 1 , . . 1 1 . f
tii ckiu ioiirrji rcwB an rouoa, per loroe, nia
faeels and bad." The horse bad .sustained great
injury, ana was instantly tuned.
v The unimproved loads of Oregon are e tarren
thai a surveyor write "I think tlie United Ktate
ought to make Great Brruin take it all Lack or
tijjUi. Thank God we did out go p to & 1 A. 40
.suus-; 49 deg. (a bad enough."
STRIKE FOR FREEDOM!
BY DR. GEO. D. BRADWAY.
Strike for Freedom I on tho mountain
. Blow the trumpet loud nnd long
Let the traitorous focman heat it
Swelling forth tho freeman's song.
On tho hill-tops, in tho valley,
'Mid the rire-swamps, on the pUin,
Cry aloud for (iod then rally,
Krc the shout is heard in vain.
Can ye rest when o'er the heavens
Heavy clouds aro gathering fast,
And amid tho lurid lightnings,
And the wuilings of tho blast,
Come the shouts of many millions,
From tho far-off southern land.',
M hero tho weary slave is toiling,
CrgoJ by whips in Christian hands?
Why extend tho dark Arena
Of this curse of man nnd earth?
V'hy w ith ruthless hand, nnd cruel,
Blight the land that gave them birth?
Why, upon tho rolling prairie,
By Nebraska's streamlets spenk I
Would you hear the crusd lash-twnng,
Or the mother' dying shriek?
Speak! I auk you as a brother,
One who lovct the poor man's cause,
Can you take from him his birthright,
By your boasted Christian laws ?
Can you rob him, and despoil him
Of his mnnbood ? Can it be
Men are base enough to speak it,
'Xeath tho banner of the free?
Po your worst ; but, still, remember
Man wns never madc a slave!
God in strict uprightness formed him,
And to him dominion gave.
But if you would trample on him,
Mark you! 'tis a dangerous thing;
While you crush the sleeping scrpont,
You may feci his venum'd atitig.
mining the splendid evidences of mn'.criul wealth
10 ""tnetiiucs stumbles upon n simplo incident,
touching story, such as sti ikes the imagination
nnd suggests the mournful interests of the great
disaster, as the sudden fight of n wounded sol
fine Ucr conjures up the liorros of n field of battle-1
'Such, to onr mill'1, is the lutust discovery of the
excavators in this melancholy field. It is a group
skeletons in tho net of llying, nccouipanicd by
fairnJ"S- There nro three human beings, ono of theili
n young girl, with gold rings nnd jewels still on
her lingers. Tho fugitives had bugs of gold nnd
silver with theni, snatched up, no doubt, in haste
and darkness Hut tho fiery Hood wns on their
track, nnd vain their wealth, their (light, tho ago of
.!. !. l Tl.-T : T
mu jwum ,uu uhiki. .iuv imoiin iuvu
'"Hod nbovo them nnd beyond; nnd tho tnithful
In digging out the ruins of Pompeii, every turn
of the spado brings up some relic of the ancient
life, souio witness of imperial luxury. Forfar the
greater part, t lie 0 relics have merely curious in
terests ; they belong to nrclucology, nnd find nppro
priprialo renting places in historical museums.
But thcro nresoino exceptions. Here, for instance,
the excavator drops nn uninvited guest upon the
banquet thero ho unexpectedly obtrudes himself
into a tomb. In ono place ho Inula a miser cower
ing on the houps another shows him bones of
dancing girls, und broken instruments of music
lying 011 tlie m.irblu fl or. In the mi 1st of paint.
cd chambers, baths, halls, columns, fountains i
dog turned back to share tho fortunes of its mis
tress, dying at her sine.
Seen by the light of such an incident how vivid
ly that night of horrors looms upon the sense 1
Docs not imagination picture lhat little group, in
mcir unn iioubu, oy mo Diuo uj uioir eveniuc loun-
: ji 1. j
of the unusual heat? Does it not hear with them,
the troubled swell of the waters in the day. See,
ns they do, how the night comes down in suddent
strangeness, how tho sky opens over'' head and
names break out, while scoriir, sand and molten
rocks coino pouring down? What movement, what
emotion, what surprise? Tho scene grows darker
every instant, the hollow mnnMono of the bag is
lifted into yells and shrieks, the nir grows thick
with dust nud hot with flames nnd nt tho moun
tain's foot is heard tho deadly roll of the liuuid
lava. Jewels, household Gods and silver coins, nre
snatched up on tho instant. No time to say fare-
well ; darkness in front, and fire behind they
rush into the streets streets choked with falling
houses and flying citizens.
How find tho way through passages which have
no longer outlets T confusion, danger, darkness,
uproar everywhere! tlio Bhouts of parted friends,
the agony ot men utruck down by falling columns;
fear, mildness, nnd despair unchained: here,
penury clutching gold it cannot keep, their clut-
tony feeling on its final meal, and phrenzy striking
in the dark to forestall death. Thought all fancy
hears the young girl's screams, the lire is on her
jeweled hand. No time for thought, no pnuse ;
the flood rolls on, nnd wisdom, beauty, age, and
vontli. with the stories rif their Iivah thnii hnnn.
their rank, wealth, greatness, all the once affluent
life nro gone lorevcr. ben unearthed after
many nges. the nameless croup has no other 1111
portnnce tn mankind than ns it mny serve "point a
moral or auoru a laio. jvonaon junencenm
HOW EASY HE WRITES.
" With what ease he writes I" exclaimed a vounir
lady as she laid down ono of Washington Irving's
Straiclitwav we mndn nn nur mind (hnl
the youug lady did not know what she was talking
about, if she had said, " How easy it is to read
his works," we might have sympathized with her
amazingly. 1 lien nnuing that we could not make
a satislactnry reply witbout compromising our hon
esty, we full to making a comparison iu silence,
I lie steamboat glides majestically through the
waves, but it is no easy power that gives to tlie
water traveller her sternly and rapid motion. It is
true she is tastefully painted and gilded ; her cabins
are pleasant and her prow is decorated with speci
mens of the sculptor's art. But descend with tho
engineer to his fiery domain : swelter there in tho
burning pit j see tho heated grease, nud listen to
tne nursling steam ; sco tlio tremendous power of
tiro and wnter combined, until tho strained nnd
groaning boiler threatens to burst asunder and del
uge the decks with tho heated fluid. You will
perceive that case, although a mild and pleasing
damsel, hns n confounded rough old father.
tattle dreamed tlio admirer ot Irving haw much
agonising toil was required to beget that ease
which she so much delighted in. Yet she was not
alone in her error. How ninny a publisher thus
emulates mo moor 01 ;ns weary author I How
many a tradesman smiles at the trilling employ
menu of tho man of geuious I We have been mad
enough to eat a tripe supper when we have board
peasant draw an invidious comparison between
himself nnd the poor wight whose intellect sup
plies him with bread. " 1 get my living by tlie
sweat of my brow," said he, "while you are trifling
awny your time with books and papera." Yea, see
that pale and hungry being startled by the sound
of the midnight bell. See how his ihnrers arrsjin
the pen convulsively, as lie tears bis tusk will not
be aocoinplislied in tune a tlave to men whose
pockets aro better lined than their iiericraniums,
and who inete out to him his travelling pittance
with the unwilling Land of an upper servant deal
ing out cold pancakes and sausage ends to a bet-fsr
See him placing bis bands upon his snapping
brain as the fires of bis fancy dart upou bis witlier
ing soul. Yes, "bow oasv be writes!" KidiTs
8"The richest genius, like the most fertile soil
when cultivated, shoots up in tho rankest weeds,
and instead of vines and olives for the pleasure and
use of man, produces to its slothful owner the roost
abundant crop of poisons. IIumu.
RAISING OF THE ERICSSON.
block on the yard arm, nnd ho is hoisted like
motionless pieco of baggago over the sido, n
lowered iut tho water, lie soon descends to wlic
A special reporter from tho Tribune office visited
the K.ricsson yesterday. Tho ship lies easily on
suit bottom near to tlio iloctc 01 tlie lunarj steam
ers in Jersey city. She stands perfectly upright,
her two tall masts, with yards across, standing as
erect ns when she lay nt tlio wharf. At high tide
tho w heel house deck is about two feet out of water,
and the saloon deck nnd her bow mil just on a
level with it. When the tide is out the water falls
below the main rail of the ship, leaving her upper
works in full view. (.'apt. Benson with his wreck
ing schooner, the Bio urnnde, and his divors in
subinarino armor, is alongside nnd engaged in
stopping the ports through which the water entorcd
that sunk the ship.
A largo canvas is drawn around the ship, the
npperedge of which is above tli water and forms a
sort of bag, encasing the vessel. When the open
ports nnd deadlights shall bo nil closed by the di
vers, which was likely to have been completed yos
terday, nothing will remain to be dono but to get
the steam pumps 011 board nnd free the ship. The
wnter in the harbor, in consequence of the late
rains, is very turbid, nnd the divers are unable to
sco while beneath the surface. They nre thus loft
to grope their way about the ship, and are compllced
mainly, to feel out tho pluces which are to be stop
ped. Should none be overlooked in this rather
blind survey of tho premises, it Is probable the
pumps will bo set to work to-day on the ebb tide.
Two of them, it is thought, will bo enough to free
the ship of water sufficiently to got her afloat.
Sovcral offers hnvs been nindo to raiso the ship by
contract. Tlio price asked has been in the neigh
borhood of ten thousand dollars. This the owners
regard as too exorbitun nnd tho labor of geting
her afloat, therefore Koes under the direction of
Cnpt. Lowber, the commander of the ship. It Is
an easy job compared with what it would be if the
ship was in the position she was represented to be,
that is, ontircly sumbmcrged except the tops of her
The damage to the Ericsson must be very fn
sidcrablo, owing to thr swelling of the wood-work
in the finished parts, and the necessity the accident
imposes of a thorough overhauling of the machin
ery. Still, the disaster will work no essential injury
to the crcat experiment.
The curhus operation of men working in sub
marine armor may bo seen nt the Ericsson. Above
water they nre, when thus clad, tho most helpless
of mortals. They nre clothed in a thick nnd heavy
India rubber dress, with belts about their legs nnd
a body filled with shot to tho weight of about 1-8
pounds. Tho head is encased in a huge coppor
cap, resting on thoir shoulders, with glass before
tho eyes nnd mout'l. An India rubber tube of
about nn inch diameter, is connected to the top of
the copper cap. The other end of tho tube is at
tached to nn nir-pump. When the mouth-piece of
the cap is closed, which of course is done prepara
tory to the descent, the nir-pump is vigorously
worked. Tho air thus forced in at the head finds
its way out through tho dress where it terminates
on the nrms, nnd sometimes by a luboon the breast,
guarded against the introduction of water. When
the diver is thus eqnippod for his submarine ex
cursion, he lies helpless on the deck. A rope is
attached to his body, which is passed through a
oiock 011 111c yuru nrm, nuu no is noisieu llKe a
motionless pieco of baggago over the sido, nnd
lowered into tho water. He soon descends to where
ho docs not materially foci tho weights vttnehed to
him, and begins to help himself nnd control his
own movements. His motion nnd position under
water nre clearly disclosed by tho violent agitation
directly over his hend, occasioned by tho escape of
the nir pumped through the tula w hich lends to
this miiiiaturo prison. A singlo lino is tnken in
tho hand of the diver, by which he signnlites those
above water. One pull is the signal to bo tnken
up, two pulls for less nir, nnd three pulls for more
nir. Tho work which the diver can perform is
quite limited, but it is dono with considerable color
MAKE YOUR MARK.
In the quarries should you toil,
Make your mark
Do you delve upon the soil t
Mako your mark j
In whatever path you go,
In whatever place you stand,
Mo ing swift or moving slow,
With a firm and honest hand
Make your mark.
Should opponents hedge your way,
Mako your mark ;
Work by night or work by day,
Mako your mark ;
Strugglo manfully and well.
Let no obstacles opposo,
None right shielded ever fell
By the weapons of his foes
Make your mark.
What though born a peasant's son,
Make your mark ;
Good by poor men can he done
Mako your mark ;
Poasants' garbs may warm tho cold ;
Peasants' words may calm a fear ;
Better far than hoarding gold
Is the drying of a tear.
Make your murk.
Life is fleeting as a shade,
Mako your mark
Marks of some kind muti be made,
Make your mark J
In tho golden hours of youth ;
Never, novcr make it wrong j
Make it with the stamp of truth
Make your mark.
STonr or a Buttbkfi.v. The following beauti
ful little sketch is hv Or ice Greenwood. Ii nn.
curs in her account of her voyage agross the At-
One day, much to my surprise, I spied a real,
live butterfly, on one of the spans of the vessel.
It had heeu blown out from the shore, the captain
said. But its wings were wet with snrnv. and
torn by the winds, and it did not live many min
utes after it lit. I thought to myself that perhaps
this roor little creatur had been born in some
secluded cottage garden, brought up on the sweet
est honey nnd the purcat dew ; cradled by nignt
iu i juoouuiiiiu uonvr, nuu rocKou oy sou summer
wiuus, or easuy cnucnou in tne heart of a rose, and
sung to sleep by a merry cricket. That. twrl..n.
she had always been happy nnd contented till some
gosslpping looust or fragrant bumming bird had
lilled her ears with fine stories of grander gardens
w,, mio 01-u, uiiu biio nuu oven Bcuea with a fool
ish longing for foreign travel strange eights and
adventures. That, from this time she had found
her garden home dull, bcr honey and dew insipid
herrosebed uncomfortable, tho song of her cricket
nurse harsh, till she could stand it do longer but
bravely flew off from shore right oyer the beauti
ful sparkling sen. Then the strong wind whirled
her on and on, thrcugh the salt ocean sprey all
day and nil night, until it left her at last, not in a
foreign fairy gurded, but 00 a great ship which
smelt of tar instead of roses, and where she sank
down on to the deck, and tlie small arold s. .iu.i
out of ber axure wings, and she was soou only a
- - I 0
Orrsraiso orscncxicit wsnmsols a sam
ple of tlie poetry of science, take the following;
Messrs. Water and Oil
One day had a troll,
As down in tlie glass they were drooping;
And would not unite.
But continued to fight,
Without any prospect of stopping.
Mr. Pourlash o'crhcard,
Ajid quick as a word.
He jumped iu the midst of the clashing,
When all three Agreed,
Aai united with speed,
And soap oamo out ready fox washing.
ECLIPSE OF THE SUN.
An annular Ectinse of the .tun will take nlace
on Friday, the 2lith of the presonf. month. It will
be visible in the United States. In this immediate
locality the eclipse will commence about half past
four, 1 M., and will be visible about an hour and
On consulting "our Almanac," we find the fol
lowing facts in rcgnrd to this matter "jotted
During this eclipse the apparent diameter of the
Moon will he a little loss than that of the Sun. and
therefore the Sun cannot in any place be entirely
or totally eclipsed. This circumstance also will
cause a " bright ring of light to be formed around
the darkened parts of the Sun. The Eclipse is
central in longitude 73 deg. 33 min. west of Green
wich, longitude 44 dea. if min. north: and in Ion-
gitndo 64 dog. 35 min. west latitude, 41 deg. 10
min. north. By findintr these positions upon a
map, nnd drawing a line from one to the other,
the towns and countries through which the central
Eclipse passes will be readily discovered. The
path of the annnlnr Eclipse will be about 100
miles wide, and extend about fifty miles on each
side 01 tno lino we have described.
Tho first time this Eclipse ever occurred was in
1313, July 2d ; since then, it Ijas returned 3l times,
including its return this year. It occurred in
April 1800, in May 1818, and May 1836. It will
return again In Juno 1872. Its Inst return will be
in tho year 2593, August 17th. The next solar
Eclipse that will attract much attention in this
country, will bo in 1858, March. 15th." tortage
A.HctRKT Disconmxs. Some discoveries hare
been recently made In Koyunjik a gorgeous tri
umph of an Assvrinn King, llis enemies, appar
ently Egytians, fight valiantly, hut at length flee
in great confusion, while the victors cut off their
heads as they overtake 1 em, or pierce them through
with spears. Captivo women bear babes, and
skins of water and provisions on their backs ; chil
dren crouch by their side as their proud drivers
prick them nn with their lances, or beat them with
their war-clubs. The men are manacled and
A new pnlaco has been uncovered in the ruins of
.Nineveh a pnlaco wbose beauty excels any yet
found in Assyria.
Huge monsters compounds of the lion, man
and eagle guard the entrances. The slabs ars in
fine preservation, representing the King and his
officers at a lion hunt, a wnr scone and a victory.
a stnto procession led by eunuchs, the King s char
iot being drawn by men, with altars and priests
nnd griffins, in fine, a picture of Assyrian manners
nnd religion as they were throe thousand years
The workmanship Is most exquisite. The slabs
are to adorn the walls of the British Museum.
IirsT'On Mr. Benton's quotation from Burke in
his anti-Nebraska speech, that " he did not care
three skips of a louso," Ac, the Washington Star
nas tne following s
Whon Benton to Burke for authority turns,
His figures of speech to determine,
He both the sublimo nnd the beautiful spurns.
To tastefully introduco termini
And provo what all nges of fogies have said.
They re ever repeating what runs in thtir head!
This is but a miserable re-vamping and muti
latod plagiarism of the celebrated jeu-d'-e-iprit,
imputed to Charles James Fox, as a retaliation
upon the distinguished lady theroiu named.
Mrs. Montagu told me to-day at her house.
That she did not care for me "three tkiju of a
I forgive tho dear creature for what sho has said ;
For a woman will talk of what runs in her head
Mr.r.TtMO or run Oldest Residents or Dattov.
The oldest residents not the indabitants of Day
ton, haro beon having a sooiable meeting. It was
intenned to be composed entirely of those persons
wno naa uvea in Dayton lor the last ntty years,
The Dayton Journal gives this account of the gath
ering. Eleven persons were present, whose homes for
the last half century have been in Dayton. The
names of thoso present were, Mrs, Judgo Crane,
Mrs. Henrietta Pierce, Mrs. II. O. Phillips, Mrs.
David Raid and Mrs. Honrv Bacon : Messrs. John
Folkerth, James Elliott, John W. Van Clevo, John
Porrino, Abrnm Darst, II. G. Phillips and Mrs,
Matthow Patton. After spending the afternoon
in a socinblo way, in the course of which were pro
duced many reminiscence of times bygone, the
party sat down to supper, and adjnurnod before
dark. It was an occasion which will not soou be
forgotten by any who w?re present.
Tub Indiax Treaty. Y'eslcrday wo had a con
versntion with Louis Saunsosoe, the interpretor for
the Omaha tribe, who informs us that the treaty
that has been signed, stipulates the sale of tho
same quantity of land as was arranged by Maj.
Gatewoo j, with a reserve of 300,000 acres laying
on tho Missouri river, about sixty to eighty miles
anove mis place, upon which they are to settle nnd
lenrn agriculture. The govorument pays them
?juusju a year lor torty years," in such stock im
plements of necessaries, annually as may be deem
ed of the most benefit to tho nation. They have
concluded to plant crops here this spring: are to
have a payment in the fall and romore next spring
10 ineir luture uome. lounsn wujjt uugie.
tut Devil. Tho eminent antiquary, M. Meri-
moe, informed the writer that he had observed
marked alteration In tho mode of representing
Satan iu tho carvings of the twelfth century; prev
iously he had always been represented somowhat
as a goat, but without a tail. This change took
placo at tho period of the crusades, Might not
the crusaders have seen tho Assyrian Satan, (of
wuicn more is an example in tne xvinoveh Uallery
of the British Musuein.l and so imported into the
North the Oriental devil, ns nn interesting varioty
. r . 1 . r mt ..... 0
01 iqo species 1 tor. oj 1 ne jsmmer.
Fsoo and Bat. A desperate encounter took
place between a frog and a rat, at a brook near
the slaughter-house of Uriah Wiggin, In this town
A rnt came down to the brook to drink, and dis
covering a frog, "with force and arms" mado an
attack upon him, by making a firm grasp with his
iceiu , no suoiiui um 1110 rut uiase 111s noia, man
the frog plunged into the water, drugging nis an
tagonist with mm, where be remained until the rat
was compelled to lot go, and mado for dry land
closely pursued by the frog. As soon as the frog
nppoared above water he was again attacked by
tho rat, and a second timo the lattor became the
subject for cold water bathing This feat was sev
eral times performed until the rat from exhaustion
and drowning, full a prey. After the frog became
assured that his antagonist was dead, he seated
himself upon his carcass, with all the complais
ance imaginable, where he remained for half an
hour, exulting over bis bard won victory. Dover
Dr. N. Field. Am Ami sino Incident. During
the trial of the reoent case of kidnapping at Jef
fcrsonvillo, a slaveholder of Louisville was in at
tendance, and very much concerned about the re
sult. Before it commenced he addressed Dr. Field
thusi "Why, doctor, if you break up this business
of catching negroes, all our slaves will run off."
"Well." replied tlio doctor, 'we have granted vou
all the laws that you have ever asked for, to enable
you to re-capture tnem, aua it you cannot hold
them without violatiug those laws and doing in
justice to the free negroes, you will have to sit up
nt night ana watcn mem or eise inane cages and
lock them up. This is all the consolation I can
give you." The by-stnndcrs nnd tho slaveholder
himself laughed heartily at the suggestion.
p&-r. Daniel Lee, one of tho editors of the
Rochester Daily American, and the nominal editor
of the Southern Cultivator, published in Georgia, a
man of most scrupulous orinouoxy in religion aud
a Silver Grey in politics, bos published a long ar
tw.lA In bis southern oriran on "slave lubnr ami
hireling labor," in which be takes the ground that
slave labor is preferable lor Dotn laborer and em-
I ployer in fact UuU all employees should bo slaves.
DM. OEO. W. PCTTIT
Respectfully tenders his professional services to
the eitisons of Marlboro and surrounding country
Offioo in tho room recently occupied by Dr. K. O
IANLEY 4 CiRPEJITER'l HEUCX
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
have gone to considerable expense In fitting up. U
operate with advantage, and with reference to the
oomlort and convenience of those who may favot
us with a call; in short, we are permanently lo-
caiea uur rooms nre in tno
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call and see us. Yon will find our reception rooms
neat ana comiorttble.
Can be surpassed no where in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likenesses of all ages, taken tin
ki, or tto rnsaot! I Our prices range from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Past experience, and present
advantages, enable us to take Good Likenettt, at
eery reasonable Katet. Jleing, also, posted in au
tho recent improvements of the art, our time and
entire attention shall be to render full satisfaction
Sick or deceased persons taken nt their rooms.
Uur motto, is KXI'ELSIUK.
N, o. Persons wishing Pictures tnken on Gal
vanised Plates, enn do so without extra charge.
nr Hooms open trora O 0 cluck, A. ftl., until
P. M. June 31st, 1853.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,
TCcto fiction, D.
OFFICE, OLD HANK BVILDIXO.
JAM 3 KLLLY, Pais.
Levi Maitiw, Sec'y.
Dec. 31, 1863.-3m.
NOTICE Is hereby eiven that tho undaraiirned
has been duly qualified as executor of the last will
and testament of William Cook, Into of (he County
of Columbiana, dee'd; all those indebted to said
estate will please make immediate payment, and
those having claims against said estate will present
too same wmiin one year irom inis ontn lor settle
ment. WILLIAM AI.LUWAI
Mnrch 20, 1854.-3w.
The Sugar Creek Water Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Massillon under the
charge of Dr. 1 reose, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on puro Hydropathic
pmicipius. 1 e kitq no urugs. xney are only
hindrances to the radical cure of disonse. The suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of the virtues of yurt toft neater, a pro
per uiet, o-c.
Terms $5 in ordinary cases, payablo weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of the American Hvdronathic
Institute, and Editor of the Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movements of tlr,
country, says of us:
" Dr. Fries, a most thorough and energetic phy
sicinn, has a Wotor Cure at Sugar Creek Falls, O
llis terms nro very modorntc, but there are few
S laces wo could recommend with greater confi
Address, Dr. S. Frease, Dcardoff's Mills. Tusca
rawas Co., O.
Korth Sid$ 3Iain-St., One Door JTat of the Salem
Wi I Cm C .
aooK-aiort, oatem, unto.
Coats, Vests, Pants, Ac, Mado to Order and War
ranted to Give Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Business In all his Branches, car
ried on as heretofore.
SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN.
The subscriber having located in this place, is
again prepared to Instruct students in tho science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or the
.....:..- .r i ...i 1 a . j , i r
uivutivuui iiivuiviiiv nuu dutlcit. Anil in auui-
tion to bis former extensive means for demonstrat
ing tbo various sulusect, has recently added largely
to them by expensive purchases from France.
lyuiiionqiraiiunB ia jiuniumy win commence me
first of March, nnd to those desirous of availing
themselves of tbo summer oourse of studies, it
would be advisable to be here at least two weeks
previously. Ho would also announce that be is
prepared to practice in his profession.
K. U. i 11U.M AS, M. D.
Sale, Jan. 21, 1854.-4w
NEW SEED STOKE.
THE undersigned Is now receiving bis supply
of Field, Gurdon, Tree and Flower-seeds; also.
large additions to his Mock of Horticultural and
Agricultural Impliments, and will be enabled to
offor dealers and amateurs the most extensive and
varied collection of Field, Culinary and Flower
Seeds, Bulbs, Tubers, 4o., Ac, ever offered in this
market. The seods have been exnresslv rrown to
order by the most celebrated Seedsmen 111 America
and Europe, and warranted by the growers true to
name; new and superior varieties of Corn, Grain,
Grass, Cabbage, Turnips, Cucumber and Pumpkin
seed ; Irish and Sweet potatoes : Flower seeds and
uanua roots, as the stock or the latter is limited,
orders for the same should be sont in at once to
prevent disappointment ; together with the largest
collection of Agricultural and Garden Impliments
to bo found in the city, as the diplomas and premi
uns awarded at the late Fair, by tho State Agri
cultural Society, will testify, amounting to near
two hundred dollars.
E. R. SHANKLAND,
129, Wood St., Pitts.
Feb. 18, '54.-3m.
(early sis weeks,)
(a very large variety and
New and Choice Varieties or Vegetables sad leedt.
Chinese Eight Rowed Corn,
Improved Button "
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain June Potatoes, (very One,)
AVinnebngo, " (very prolifio.)
Mammoth Nutmeg, "
Peach Blossom, "
Early White Mercer "
Ash Leaf Kidney "
Buckley's Seedling "
Sweet Potatoes, a new variety from North Caro
lina. It has proved the most prolifio and desirable
lor nortneni culture mat lias ever been introduced
in this market.
68 New Varieties of Cabbago Seed, (Imported.)
20 " " Rrfil?
" " - Celery
25 " " " Cucumber "
40 " Grass "
Orders Rospeotfully Solicited, and Promptly
VUIIII'IQIVU , IIT
E. II. SHANKLAND, Seedshan.
No. 129, Wood St., Pitts.. Pa,
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 m.
rUUIT TREES AND SHRUBBERY.
20,000 Choice Apple Trees,
8,000 Dwarf Pear Trees, (very fine,!
"'-'" a.dob, y.mw varieties,
2,000 German Plum Trees, (imported.,
1,600 Cherry Trees. V ''
30 New and superb varieties Strawberry.
Together with the fiuost collection of Plants and
Shrubs over offered in this market, for sale by
E. R. SHANKLAND,
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENESS.
HUNT & BOONE,
Have opened, in Johnson Horner's block, tut
largest nnd finest Dnguerrelnn Rooms in Kaslerm
Ohio, where they are constantly taking plotoree
(exclusively on Galvanised Plates) surpassing alt
others In durability, beauty of finish and artiatio
style. Our facilities lot operation are 01 u"
amplo and Improved order, consisting in part of ma
chinery to polish the plate. By it we are enable
to give the highest polish, without which a fine fix
ture cannot be taken. Our
IS OF MAMMOTH SIZE AXD SUFFtCIRNT
TO TAKE SIXTY PKKSONS ON A
raicts axo rao 37 cts. to tin dollam.
Ladies and gentlemen are requested to call ana1
examine our specimens.
Salem, vec. 17, 1B&3.
Hail tloau Engineering !t
INSTRUCTION In these branches of Practical1
Science will be given at the I'nion School, Marl
biro', Stark Co., during tho Spring Term, coss
mencing March 14th and continuing fuurtten
Regular FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass.
Leveling nnd Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will form
an essential part of the course.
Tuition per 11 weeks, $ ,50. With the privilege
of Mathematics, Goology, Experimental Chemistry,
Physiology, Single and Double Entry Book Keep
Common Branches, $3,00; Higher Branches as
above, f.t.50. Engineering, German Language,
Mathematical and Prospective Drawing, each $2,i9,
For particulars, nddrcrs the Principal,
A. HOLBROOK. '
Murlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
ENOS I WOODS,
COlCMBtllU, COLUlBim COl'XTT, till
Steam Engine Builbcr.
STEAM ENGINES of various aixca, construct
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction as any now made.
Patterns of all kinds, mndo to ordor. All work
mado of good material, and warranted to givo as
good satisfaction as nny other.
reu. il, iBo-i.-U
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN,
For the cure of Acuto nnd Chronic Diseases, Is
n succossful operation. Address for particulars,
DR. JOHN B. GCLLY,
Cold Water, Mich.
Jan. 21, 1853.-3m.
Six bushels of theso Celebrated Peas, by planting
which, as much fodder can he raised on one acre a
can bo raised off of five of anything else tbat can
be sowed, and it is better for the soil than clover.
Just received and for sale by
E. R. SHANKLAND, -
120 Wood St., Pituburgh, Pa.
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 m.
Blank Deedt, Article of Agreement, Judgment
Note, Summon and Executions for tale at thi
8CPEB10R STREET, CLEVELAND, 0010.
II. B. BRYANT. JAS. WASHINGTON LCSK,
t H. DWIGHT STRATTON.
II. B. BRYANT, Professor of tho Scioncs of Ac
counts. II. DWIGHT STRATTON, Associate Prof, in lb
several Departments. '
J. WASHINGTON LUSK, and P. R.SPENCER,
Author, Professors of the Spencerion System of
Penmanship and Commercial Correspondence.
SARAH L. SPENCER, Instructress in the La
dies' Writing Department.
W. W. HARDER, Assistant Prof., in the Book
Hons. JIDGE STARKWEATHER and II. D.
CLARK, Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Pres. ASA MAHAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
omy. EMERSON E. WHITE, Lecturer on Commercial
For full course in Double Entry Book-keeping
and othor Departments, time unlimited, $40.00
For full course iu Ladies Department, 30,00
For separate course in Practical Penmanship, 6,00
For various styles in Ornamental Writing M
The Principals of this Institution, design making
it one of the host mediums in the United States
fur imparting a thorough practical knowledge of
the various duties of tho Counting Room and busi
ness pursuits in general. - ..
THE COURSE OF INSTRUCTION, embrace
Book-keeping by Double Entry, as applied to the
vnrious departments of Trade, Commerce, and
Manufactures, comprehending the best forms now
used by the most flourishing and eminent estab
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
at Wholcsalo and Retail, on Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Banking, Stesmboating,
Insurance, Railroad nnd Joint Stock Books, Ac,
Commercial Calculations nud Correspondence, em
bracing every variety of business computation,
and familiarising the student with the Commercial
Technicalities and Phraseology of Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY is a new feature
in Mercantile Schools, and having its origin as it
does in this Institution, much will be dona to makia
it an instructive and profitable branch in th Let
The Spencerian System of Practical Penmanship
in all its forms, will be taught by its Aathor, P. It,
Spencer, and J. W. Lusk. No Institution in
America offers superior facilities to this for impart
ing a Rapid and Systematic Hand Writing. Gep
tlemen and Ladies in all parts of the country,,
desirous of qualifying themselves for Teachers of
this unrivalled and popular System, will Hod thai
wants met at this College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT is entirely
separate from the gentlemen's, and Is fitted up in
a splendid and convenient style. Many Ladies
are now reaping the benefits of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and
responsible situations. Females desirous of at
tending a Mercantile School, will find the facilities
for study offered at this Institution, superior to
any other in the United 6tates. .
Applicants can enter upon a course of study r
any time during the yenr.
Diplomas nre awarded to students wfep enetsln a
Tho Principals have an extipsire acquaintance
with business men throughout the West, and can
render efficient aid to graduates in securing situ
Tbo suit of Roorps occupied by tbis College, are
mora spacious, and are fitted up in a more elegunt
and convenient manner than any other like insti
tution iu the United Stales. '
atS Soud for a Circular by mail, '' '.'
Dee. 81, 18&3.-ly