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title: 'Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, May 27, 1854, Image 1',
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inn ii n n j a
ltlaltlUS It. UOniNSON, Editor.
A-o i'wo.v irrzr blavuioldeiis;'
AM I-t.AK!0,, Piiblislilntr Afrmf.
VOL. 9. NO. 41.
SALEM, COLUMWANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1S34.
WHO MS NO. 151.
THE A.ITI'SLIVERT BOOLE,
rt'DLISIIED EVERY SATURDAY, AT SALtM, OlltOt
TKRMfl. f.!. pr snmini, psvsM. In tilr.nct.
Or i .1 III. nd of Dip jrrnr.
r,"" own.lon.lljr nnl numl-im to lho. who sr. nntano
.rthr., hut who n- ndli-r-l to W lntrrr.tnl In tlx ll.ncnilti.tlon
wt stitl.IST.r-r trnth'wlth thi-hor th.l tl,-r vlllrllhrr mitn-rlhr
rtiinl, or tu. Iloit Influ.nr. to mend III elr, ul.tloo moiif
b.lr frlf nil..
t-r Cn-n-n-tn--.ton. Intend) fir Inwrtlon. to t .iMrf.rif-l ts
Mlin R. Hosi-ngs, KJIlor. All oilier, to Attn I'situo. Pub-
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
On. Sqn.ra fin line. ) thrwi wrV,
rh ulillllonU ltt.(rtlotl. .
' n vinr, . .
Two squsrM .It months, . .
Oo. Fourth roliimn on. jnr, with prlrlloit of Clianrlnf
ll.lf rMumn, rli.nvlnr monthlr.
I '.Kl. k-1 ...uIU. .1.1.. 1 1 ... - III I I ... ..
for .i,ooi .is m .min. fj.
J. HfliSON, PsisTtit.
ANTI SLAVERY BUGLE.
From the A. S. Standard.
THEN AND NOW.
Tdi Abolitionists. tl,ouKl, not many of u.
itricken in years, have seen many chan2e, in '
. i 1
any changes in
mo. Those of us who began at tho boginng
sve persevered unto tlii-i Anniversary NVcok
tu to a sort of mensuro of tho cliane-es in
and have persevered unto thi, Annivcrsar?
inuso 01 uswno nciran nttho iicrinMiiir
f..i.i:.. n..:..:.. r..- .1.. a a . ... "
,A they mark on tho Kilometer in Eivnt 'the dir.
: , T.T " I- "..."rj.w!r-:.?cr?-
.farant point, to which the Great ltiver l as risen in '
monuments of tho flowings and the ebbings of that
Vast tide which swoops nations on to nlory or to
Turn, fie who first instituted tho Modern Anti
Slavery Mjveincnt, of which wo esteem it tho hon
f" T ...uuu v. iiiciiii iuiiiikii uiiurrilljc
or ana tno pri nege 01 our live, that wo nave been I
permittea to lorm a part, liad no distinct idea f
iU. mrk lli.t l lio lor.lii.n or nf tli. !.
iii i. :. :.i - , , i
UJ II II. U .. Tl H. Ill .a Ukl UHlllll.UIIU. i.V 111111V III1U
they who first enst in their lot with him. lie and
thoy morcly discerned tho crying sin of the Nation,
and thought, good easy nion, that all that was nec
essary was to let tho nation know what it wns
aoouv, anu iimi repentance anu rciorniaiion wou HI 1
follow a. the nigh! the day. Of course, their first !
. . , . i i . . . 1 r , ,
ihoughts and their first appeals were made to those
who had in charge the souls ol the American I'eo
ple. and whose especial business it w., to bring 1
r. ' r t . i,.! . r
mem iroin iin uuio riKiiiK'jusiictis. c"ni earnest-
ly religious persons themselves, nnd having taken j
jip arm. against this form that the Enemy of Snul, j
bad assumed, they novcr dreamed that these works
- i'ii i i .ii i ii -ii i
nf bin n-hii!n lutikiMl BO ljlurlc nnd hitriil.lrt a mm
k.IJ i-,i,il In nnv of iU SI,, j i. .r .1.; .
r"j."tU" . ii i.. .f. ". i . ' '.S
buru I nun ii;."ri imL liu ,uuttl nnUIllO U I
ai ii. -n . i .
linill, III linn mmpj uiwu n( mo Riry 1)1 nn nilCI ;
i uk-u. . . VIRC UIBn ar
uune tucm ui luunu uciiisions
The Anniversaries of tho American Anti-Slave
ry Society have been f lithful types of the condition
of the general mind. In the earlier days, the l'l it
form bore the weight of a largo proportion of cler
gymen of various denomination, within it. ample
verge. They wero not a. a gonoral thing, the
most eminent in rank of their denominations,
and the denomination, wero rather of the
r.umblor And democratic than of tho wealth
ier and ariato'ir.uii) descriptions. Tho very
fow clergyinonof worldly distinction that wero hi
trayed iuto a temporary sympathy with tho Move
ment, in its earlier days, anon discovered nnd re
traced the false steps they had made. The honest
gentlemen who held by tho platform for awhile
(and we believe that most of them were, honest then,
whatever they iniuht have become nftnrwnrds) saw
in tho Slave Population n field for Missionary la
bor, unhappy fellow-men deprived of Gospel pri
yiloKC. and condemned to heathen darkness in n
land of Christian lijlit, nnd they accepted the
Anti-Slavery Movement as a now sort of Ihnnestic
Missions, which was to convert mastors and slaves
to tho particular form of Christianity they receiv
ed. And we mean to tncludo in this .category
many laymen of piety nnd real for religion who
sisei to swarm upon tho platform. But in duo
time tho Great American Church gave nil these
to understand, by the mostuncquivocal indications,
that such was not tho creed of tho Amoriean
Church. They wore told, in significant signs or
by emphatic silonco, that any doctrine, winch went
to unchurch the communicant, nnd unfrock )hc
i. of ,...V,oir tl. ..mtrr wcr .'nmnol.lo '
lieresiethat the Church was the first love of the !
Iora, ana tnat no woum taiio measures mr ino re-
it.nnllnn nt llinM l.lnilt fnuffiaara nt (lie Siuilh ,
when ho could find loisuro from tho conversion of
the .uporior class of sinners who were better worth
And .0 occasion wa. found, or made, to with
draw their cnuutonanco from our platform, nnd
they went their way nnd we saw them no more.
Th saints nar eminence retired, nnd tho sinners
who bolieved a black soul of as much valuo as n!
white one. and who were infidel, to the Christinni-1
t which would exoludo thorn from it. benefit, on
aocount 01 Hie way mac ii.uir vruuior i.uii ucrn
pleased to make them, wero left in solo possession
' f TY... .:il 1. ....o.l .nil lliov atooit on i .ml
" . , . .1. n. I I 1..
managed to make themselves heard by the nation
and the world. Thon there wore thoso who were
closely bound by political sympathies and affinities
XI U V Dlill. I. niuvui i...i ....j u.wvw v.. .., . n .
to one or tho other ot ino grcai panics, who nan
taken rofugo on our raft after tho Anti-Masonic ;
l liny WOnt IO pieces, or T. ciu ...i-iiuij w ...ii,-. iiii.-i i
Slavery could bn attacked and overthrown with- ,
out touching either of the parties which aro its
tools, there were not a few of such who went back ,
and walked with us no moro when they saw t.bith-,
er they must ncods go with us. Thoso, again, who
were once ornaments oi our piaiionn, nnu wnoso
name illustrated our Official Lists, disappeared
from our rank., some to go to Congress, sumo to
State Senates, some to comfortable official stations,
and some to an unwelcome obscurity. But tho
platform .till stood, and those remained .corned as
tout of heart as beforo those npo.tneies. The
rising wave, of public opinion, stirred by the huzol
of Anti-Slavery, reached first the Church, and
afterwards the State, and those who clung to the
high place, of either betook them selves to other
deliveraneos but the Nilometor .till stood firm
J . . ,..o . 1 ...
ana marked the hoight to which u naa ricon wuen
it sweept them away,
There came a time yet harder to hide than any
tit those, and that was when tho Idea first dawned
'that T)ty to the Slave required the Sacrifice of nl
'legiance to the 'Constitution of the country, and
demanded Revolution as the only way of escape,
'-for black slaves or white freemen, from the dospo
' ti.tn which was organised iuto a fundamental no--ecenity.
Then, many who were precious to u.
aould ce no longer eye to eye with us, and left
our company in much sorrow and in no anger.
Aad so ws were loft with yet diminished ranks,
but still presenting a front to the enemy, which
-was never mistindorstood by thom, at least. Our
simple prinolple has been, from the beginning, to
weigh all opinions, characters and institutions in
th Tmlances of the Slave's iustinct. We have
tried truly to fool with them, and to see whutovor
affected tbe-r condition with their oyos. Vft have
Ttelieved this to be the true test of all institutions,
oclesiutieul and political, In the couutry and we
treated them as wo found that they stood it. This
is the true seorot of the apparent weukues. of our
Instrumentalities, and of the manifest aud marvel
lous results they have brought about. AVe have
aud only tho foolishness of preaching sotting
forth th Anti-Slavery Gospel in all it. koonnos.,
telling the nation the things that most of all por
Uinsd to its peace, calling thing, by their right
aaresr-, 'hewing the inevitable tendencies rf the
'iWliut it now has within its ooil. It is making
reaches nKitinst nn evil day which its unerring iu-
stinct tells it niimt nvertako it. Though we bc-
l'?"' Nebrnskn nnd Cuba, too, will be aoir.cl upon
by Slavery, as necessary to its defence, we believe,
too, that it is because the citadel is weakened that
existing state of things in Church nnd State, point
ing out the only way of escape, nnd exhorting the
pcoplo to flee from (lie wrath that was sure to come
nnd woioo the effect, of our persistent agitations
on every dido.
What do we see at this very moment of our
Twentieth Anniversary f We sec the Slnvo Power
with the soap of Texas with whieh it had gorged
itself, and of New Mexico, which it is eve!; now
lubricating before swallowinir it. it is onci,,., it.
i i " . -.- i i "... .. ?
linnnn l... c. v,.i..i. ....i i 7-.. i
I.KJI it n uniin iiiie ii. ii is uitcillllir lis
hardly so) in wait for Cuba. Twentv Teara n-n
.... ..ki. .t.n.aui iiuiiiii..a. in u I u urn it I in
it fnlt nn .n.,oi;i. f .!,.. 1." ' A 2 . 1
llnonn.o it I....I t. i... '.it .i.-. !.-1
real necessities demanded, and no one molested
mn.lu tl.om r,.i,i i. ... a .i. .i.:. r i
........ .......u. tin,, UIMIIItllll-. HUH iri'NII
supply hecause it feels that it is no lnnirer sure of!
Has within its ooil. It is making '
these outworks are demanod. And whence this
necessity f Bcntuo there liavo been men nt the
North determined to make themselves beard ns to
the condition to which .Slavery reduces tho Slaves
nnil frtttmasvitsia Anil limn Iiai.a ha.1m il. .. ,.1 ...
tin. in .1 1 1 v v iuii nut iiiiu uiiiiju illtrmnvi us
T) mve moMied the nentimcnta and
'": ' T' ' "1" .
.... 1 ."......... ... . .
" "" J" ir" n"l
Oliinions nnd sentiments nrc
now uttered by weighty men and influential press
which drew down upon denunciation nnd
" urew uPon ,,a
V Z.,,. i . Z 7l nr".RK0- 1 "CITB'
The very oues
;l ns tno
very tribes, is now bruited in popular assemblies
and discussed in popular newspapers. Tho wodgn,
of which wo only inserted tho edge, is receiving
blows which is driving it home.
tlin Ampril,nr, Antl.KtoV. k 7..- " . ' ' ' " .
uur conclusion ot the who 0 matter is. .tliat
j..:b.i . ii . '"'. Ji "r " f " " . T
,,u " " 1 wnJ
before men nnd before
I"'', than it is now. It
was never stronger. The
virtue thnt goes out from it was never moro potent
for tho healing of tho nation. And this, not be
cause of its numbers, for wo are few s nor of our
influence, ns men call influential, for not many rich
ornnhlonro called with us; but because of the
,ii,,- .:,i. .i,:..i, .i . . , lt. . :
"d! 7 tl "X'""!.??
to all institutions and opinions, nnd tho stern kind
ncss with winch wo proclaim the results. This re-
' A ! t n 2ni. . 1 I i1 " " y"""
rather than genius or shrewdne.ns. and sunnlicitv
r ,i ,i . . " , , ,
In':"?.?1 r?,0ry- ?.l
5 , ,
i .:...!. ..t i' i ... ' ..1 h i
im ciiiiiuu iiiu ivn uni
... 1 ....
. . .-
inn is in
1 "' 1 K"1" "" r'-m ins
..:n r - i.
winnowing his wheat, for so it must
rinz ms wnent, nr so it must ever lie : and i
ir.n.i ...i. . .11 . r j J
Jin ? ! f . ?. remnant of good seed
Z inT 1 . 1 . I '.??' W' V?
"0.'LU.C"0J'K,, lcU, fir0W "P ",t0
ever he: nnitui,
that thcro wil
beneficent harvest. e. j.
COMMENCEMENT OF CLARKSON'S
Showing the extraordinary result of a Prize Essay
turning his whole energies in the
It was in 1 1 85, thnt lr. Pccknrd was raised to
tho Vice-Chnncollorship of tho university nf Cam
bridge That benevolent and patrlotio divine took
tho first opportunity that presented itself of excit
ing tho ntlention ot tho public to the crime, ho
had himself denounced from tho pulpit. This lie
ellecte.i thronirh the instrumentality of a Viiivcrn-
it V l'rir.o, ufi'orod to the young nnu ardent minds
of tho undergraduates, for tho best Latin disserta
tion on tho following subject: ".line Herat inritoa
in irrvitutem daref'' "h it right to make acc.
nf olhrrt tiiininut their teillf"
Thomas Clarkson wns at this time Bcnior-wrang-
Icr in tho I mvcrsity. In tho previous year, ho
had gained n prize for tho best Latin dissertation.
That ho nlnht retain bis former reputation, he felt
himself called upon again to prepare for the con
llii f; and thus obtain for himself a still higher
degrco of scholastic fame. In studying tho subject
proposed, tho young aspirant properly conceived
that tho proposition, though couched in general
terms, pointed indirectly at the African slave trade,
which had begun to occupy a .hare of public at
tention, uni wnicn no lamented his entiro
ranco of. and that onlv a fw week, nil,,! '
iro lirnru 1
f,,,. H. :.i r .1. n-Z
however, w tl, dc erminnTi, rn ind ma do Z hnsJ !
use 01 ins tune, lie gathered infortunium from
..... .1.1,.. ho on. ,1,1 .l.i.. !. C . J 1.: ir
v v ui "ii'in'i n'l'i-u iii.io.eu
with authorities on the subject. Hut no man, ho!
nections, from the proofs lie should give bv indue
won ui inu uniawnuiiesB 01 maKing personB slaves
ngninst thoir will, and from tho laudaldo aspiration,
I... noti..il I., n .ni.,l,r..l l.An. nf I.aI... ... . 1
1. . . .-..I . r 1 .. . . . 1
m .ii.iuiu. , ,, jiiuiiiiui iivi..., ! HVI.lf i'llllUIJ
iii iii. i.i.iocc.ii cuiucsi jor literary Honours irom
his alma water.
But all thoso
anticipation, of delight woro
(lamped bv the harrowing nnd astounding facts
thnt presented themselves continually to his view,
ji ii ns u i;oiii..iiii;u Sliccupsiot. 01 pcrpntuill woo 1
anil misery, nnd nought hut gloomy scene, of
mental ngony and bodily anguish was' before him I
rrom early morn to dusty night, lly day he was i
wrotched j at night lie could tnke but littlo rest,
sometimes not closing hi. eve. Tor very eriof. I
unains, whips, letinrs, urautiing-irnii., collar, n. n
for wild beasts, blood, gashes, sobs, convulsions,
shrieks, as described in the terrific narratives he
had consultod, appeared, like frightful realities, in
hi dream, of tho uight and metal vision, of tho
At length it became les. nn object of ambition,
a. a literary contest for academic honors, than the
production of a work that might bo or uso to the
suffering African., nnd a call upon hi. country to
shako off "tho accursed thing," which is twice
cursed, cursing both tho persecutor und the perse-
..1 . , ... , ! ... ., ...
cuted ; tor
" Iteav'u, whoss darling attribute we find,
Is boundleits grace and mercy to mankind,
Abhon the cruel." JJryden.
With this additional object perpetually in his
mind, ho regularly, after having reud the harrow
ing accounts in Bcnozct's faithful pages, slept with
a light in his chamber, that he might rise from his
couch and nolo down such thoughts a. aroso in
his mind during the still and solemn hours of
night. 1 Ins practice aroso Irom a hied determi
nation of putting forth his utmost strength, not
merely for University honours, but for the honour
of universal human nature; and that no auxiliary,
howover small, should be lost to the argumentative
portion of his thesis.
Having, at longlb, finished his painful task, he
transmitted bis dusertation to tho Vico-Chnnoollor ;
and, shortly afterwards, found himsolf honoured,
as in the previous year, by the award of tho first
prise. Thus was the first spark elicited In Clark
son's mind, which kindled a fire in the whole
Christian part of the Entrliuh nation ! finr AimtA.1
tho people, throughout the length and breadth of
the British Isles, in a generous endearovr to alle
viate tun sufferings and redress the wrongs of their
African brothreu ; aud thus was the quiet uudor-
grauuuie 01 aiiiuriage instantaneously converted,
as Bernard Barton records it, from a youthful as
pirant for academic hays into
pathetically says, can imng.no the ovoro trials!
.. i.;..i. X ..:.: r i .
mini, mi rain ii.ii. .in oi 111. rmilj Mllliecteil lllllli
II. 1 1 ..... j;...i .....i. -i i
ui. im .on. cspcctcu to nun uiiicii picaMire in:
collecting his materials, in arranging nnd in con-j
tructing his adictilu to treedom. lie nntieipntcd
r .i. o , . 1 ,
giuiiiic.iuou iruui too invention ui ins proposeu ,
arguments, trom the arrangement or bis facts.
irom tno sum to no tusninveu m tho proper con-
orlf'"'"1 '.?""!''. dim-na," ao complete.
"The champion of an injured race,
Among the great nnd good."
As it was the custom in tho University nf Cam
bridgo for the nmlior of these lnnreated dissortn
tions, to read tliem in tho Senate House, before the
assembled University, shortly nfter the adjudica
tion f.f Iholmnnii.. l'l.nn.fl.rl...Lnn -vnM c.Oolln-1
nRl . r P T
" r.KC:nnJ Pf"""
iose. llo returned to'
his ncadomie duties ; ;
. - . . . .... - i
uul.on "!" 1J to l.undon, which ho pcriormou .
I .1 - ..
"n norseortcK, me suiijoct ot liis rcccn
.' . .. . .. . .
. . wlll;," lill,l o pa.nluMv occnpic.l Ins mimi ;
"J "y "n( '". "en In
followed tho procci.t of the lloinnn Ivrist.
the lloinnn Ivrist, " Aoc-
i engrosscu Ins thouclits. nnd ureved with surl;
. . 1
f ..... I
.' "I" '". no c-uio. nm ;
, , .'! ...., ... .
in. iia.inuiu. ui limes M-ry seriuusiT i
lected whilst uoon the road. He occasionally
whilst unon the road
stoppeu Ins horse, dismounted, and tirocceded :
1 tirocceded :
slowly and thoughtfully on foot: freoucntly en-
uuHiooi mil to iicrsunue nimsc t inni l ie oomonis
of hi. dissertation could no, by any possibility :
trhe llttjZl IS
with such testimonies to their truthfulness in tho
authorities he hud quoted, the moro bo believed I
their frightful Htutemci.t! to 1c true. Approftdiiiifr 1
tho villimo of Wndo'. Mill, in Hertfordshire.
sat down in a disconsobito mood upon the grass by
tno roaa-sme, ana held his liorso hy the bridle.
Whilst seated tiputi this grassy spot, which i. ns
deserving of commemoration as Wittington'a stone
on Ilighgato Hill, the happy thought Hashed into
his mind, that if tho horrifying contents of bis
academic excrcitation icere One, tho time had cer
tainly arrived when some person should come for
ward, and put au end to eucli demoniacal atroci
ties. In this stato of mental perturbation, the young
alumnus taitrcnUu reached bis homo more .ad thnn
even had he lost tho prixo. This overwhelming
impression, from which such great result, have
flowed, occurred in the summer of 175. In tho
autumn of that year tho incipient champion of the
abolition of tho traffic in human llesli and blood,
body and soul, unable to shake nCT hi. melancholy
feelings, walked frequently in the wood, contigu
ous to his home, that he might contemplate the
all-engrossing subject in silence and in .olitudo;
and find relief for his ngitatcd foclings. In these
umbrageous solitudes, communing in spirit with
himscll, the question still recurred to liis mind,
"Can the.io things be true?" Still tho answer fol-
-vi'ii. i.n ilinilllllillli:uilOll nn HIV IIIUIIIIVI .lll.l.ll,uo
the lightning, " They nre, they must bo: the tc-
;iiiiii..j ii uiv linillllllll IUI UOUIII. X IIU rilllltJ i
wflyg flowed theso .olitnry conferences,
...iJ Clurksun beciimn incrrnsimrlv linrircHHPil with
,i. . :. r . : " . .
the necessity of somo ono loicrlcrinit to put ar
Cnd to the bloody traffic. This be urtimutlly re
"olvcI t0 hi-irif. Ho felt fully convinced thn
there hud never been any cause undertaken bt
any cause undertaken hy
any man in any country, or in any age, to great or
so important to religion and humanity, a. that
upon which ho was meditating: that there never
hud been ouo in which more cruelty wns inllictod,
or moro misery endured, or which cried more loud
ly to heaven and oarth for redress.
Ilero, thou, was the grand rosult of a Univcrsit
rnzo i.s.ny. J hough tho youthful student could
not extinguish hi. desire, for worldly interests nnd
honour, nil at once, tho .enso of duty nnd tho
holiness of the cause ho had espoused crept closer
io ins iieurt, nnu no never relinquished It, hut ded
icated his whole life to tho sacred cnuco of Free
dom. Tho ofl'er of a University prime is only
extended to n very limited number of competitors.
When a similar oti'cr is mado, without restriction,
open to nil whu chooso to enter tho list., how
many under Providence may it bo tho moans of
awakening to n senso ol the iniquities cf the Slave
system, mid of its unparellcled ntrocitics; nnd
henco, of tho impcrntivo duty of lubouring for its
extinction? From "l'homat Clurktou," ly James
SLAVE-HUNTERS ON THE TRACK
', i ' r'"1 lu,l7,,P,VlUA. :
.lindNew lied old nonr liiioliiu'.nn,oii,l 1 1, ,,'n
- , -- I - - n n- . ." "
the vhivillrv ' hctter cot nn mini m, nn nhnii1.
. x ; . L V i " .,
' :". ' ' 'io nci i
,.'" u u.c c-... .u i t.nuuge i ,
Helercl.cn l.tnv ho hml It. tlnorn-n 'I I'm-ti. n. i ,ni
. , -" ,. '' - . ' "";,.."'"
.""'UJ "ua""' Jiyora
We are led to believe that tho slave-hunter? arc
Jbolievothat tho .lave-l.uiitor.
ickiuthi. citv, but wo venturo to
ous scheme. w:iil not be successful,
which they are searching for having
again nn the track
say their nefarious
" I "j j " '- t : ovm viiiiiu ir mil iii
"y Pcd nlong tho I ndorground Kuilroad, to
a i.Uu-c of lafety. lt is nrobablv a r-reat c.l.ilii.i,,.,
l' -chivalry" 'in Virginm eyes, lor a Southern
i ,uu...c ..on- uguisc,
lintl UlCllk nild Kklllk Ul'OUlld OUT CltV. like n I Ii ii-f
. . . . . -
" P"""" " ''vn eficnp.cd from bondage, j
A mi no Slave, to EscrE. W.ishburn Ashbv.
white man, wn. yosterday, according to appoint-
mcnt of the proviou. day, examined before the
.unytir, on u ciiarg.i ot nmnig slave, to escape iroin
tlus city to tho ISorth. It is bolieved ho ha. boon
concerned in tho cscnpo nf several who havo re-
coiiuy uiBitpn-urt-u , urn, uiu cuucnco at present
doc. not seem to ho conclusive, or point to more
than one enso. In the pockets of a negro who wns
ni .vbiuii i. iuyi 1.1--..1-1 uko, iii u, nil 1 111.11 v w 11 11 sc. url
others, nil titled out with hundles ot clothes lor a
journey, the following rccoijit wa. found in tho
handwriting or Ashby t
"Jtcccivcd or Fleming Jackson, thn just and
lawful turn of jCO, which eliull I paid back to
lihn on tho 10th of tho month, or soonor if wanted.
"April 1S54." ' '
In the pockot of nnothor one of tho nogroes
whilo mnking off, was the following letter
add rested to Ashby :
"NEW YORK, April 5, 1854.
" Dear Friend : I received yours; dated Sd Inst.
i-.i.-i r :..i r .l:. ... 1
1 am giao. tu liuiir irom uil, uiu. 1 gnu u-i-i 10 vuii
as answer: 1 comply with your request, nnd 1 shall
expect a telegraphic despatch from you on Saturday.
between tho hours of ono nnd two o clock (I - ) -
You will let me know if all things be ready. This
i. a spocial trip. I will take three or four for S?5 ;
and you need not look for mo without you get at
least ?00 in your hands beforo you give mo notice
the second time, nnd that must be by the 10th or
1 1th of this month; So muke your arrangements
and not fool me a. you did, or allowed your friends
to u.l, BU.lllll-r ui-iui-j lilOb. . n ... uu DUIV v -.v
nart richt nnd well
From your Wend,
Ashby ha. ofton bcen soen in confidential con
versation wilh some of the negroes alluded to
Ashby was committed, to be exnmiuod before the
Hustings Court, on the 6th oi Unj.Jtichmond
Enquirer, April 29A.
No.n-Intsrvintiom In-deid. On the l.t inst.,
Mr. Chase presented a petition of citizens of Mor
row county, Ohio, for the repeal of the wholo Mis
souri compromise, for the ropenl of all laws enac
ted by Congress in rcferonco to the subject of sla
very io the Ihstrict of Columbia, and in the Terri
tories; and for the repeal of the fugitive slave act.
If the South are really iu favor of nnn-intorveu-tion
on the subject of Slavery, why will they not,
to a man, go for granting tha prayer of those peti
tioners! The petition was laid on the fable on
motion rf Mr- C'hsee.
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED MAY 10, 1854. BY THE AMERICAN AND
FOREIGN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY.
free Stntcs, in their treatment of tl.u
CO OT, tO CV1I1CC tllCir llll IO1TC11C0 Ol tll.Ht
' .. ... .
ing every lnnn nccorduig to his worth
e-hariiuter. irrespective of color; tj
lliliiticg hy which prejudice nnd
. .. . r 1 .
tho South havo oppoFCd tho elevation of
rHow-citizei.s, nttcmiitcd to break down
. threntencd ei
nroicr?.a.0 01 sm.v0 ';l:r:r(!';0,"1l"J.. " unitedly use.
r10,,K'.,,u" n'"', I";1;"1 n.c,l"n niaintaiinng tho,
doctrines of the He. duration or Indepciidcnco nnd
h1.'".. rruvlsl1:"? of '. 10 Loiisiitution, in upholding
'01 ineir mimic, ucciaraiions, anu insecure tne lavori
lif Gllllt t in(.unlllcIlt ,, ,10 un,,ie 0f the
these patriots, whether irom the Worth or South,
nssuro thorn that tho thanks of gruteful con
rostud stitucnt., nnd the meed of praise from nn admiring
posterity, will be awarded to them, and all who
contend for the right, of man, nnd for the honor of
country when monacod by Intriguing, unprin-i
cinlnd. nnd traitorous demagogue..
llcxdred. That Amcrionn slavery, instead of be
ing snni-tinned by tho UiUe and tlio Constitution,
is inconsistent with both ; nnd is a barbarous, pi-
rtn::ii, and .unchristian spirit, disgraceful lV
country and the age abhorred of God, and to every
a . i . ..
ir patriot nnu philanthropist.
I'fnlvat, That slavery i.nsnstaine 1 jointly by the:
nnd the North ." Hv liie .SotiA. not so much '
lnM nuc :t enriclios the ci iiiiounity or benefits the
nitl'icilltliril) nr riiilimrM'rinl ilitirpi;til of ll.n tieotlle.
1ml liiir.n..B. .. ... i: .:. . 1. 1. . . ...,:
"v. i.ii.u ii ii'iiiiiis to ucciiiiouniieo, tiiooo non.
.i . ,i...i...i .i i..... ..,,1 :... !
mem a urcnond,., ,.,. of r.,l,.ienl . ower
-i . . . . . - " r !
IV llie l
Mrth not beenuso it U in .nrinonv with the r tnMe.
f, ,,,, ,! ,:,.;,.. ,,:.,.... of ilm !
... ... , J . ' .1.. 1 1
...i,,,,-,.:..,.?.. . ,' ...rt:.i: T '.i ,i':; ',
,i...., . ..i i:..:
..V. .i i . i ! . 7". . " r i. V: " i
i..i;. .i !. . , .i r.......:
ti'.mlectl. That the infamous conspiracy or the'
P'otrs nnd ivipportors of tho Nobniskii bill Inni
no tuiiii'nioii in mo uehmiuhCMi mnio 01 puijiir.
sentimont, aggravated by the conduct of men in j
Church nnd State in vindicating the pretend-1
ed Compromise of IH.IO, by which truth,, justice nnd
liberty wero sacrificed to political ambition, nnd t
Christinnity insulted by endeavors to inaintaitt the j
execrable Fugitive-bill over the "higher law" of j
Hundred, That while it is a causo of coniratuln
lion that lurce number, ol : ministers of rclicion
have at length l" a ouVd to e, onstrl S !
the.Utemprsof thetlurpoworto S
into new terrUor ie- it is t mat If toZhmwt
Ibnt so nilny S ' u Z Z d tl rccH x
slaveholders into n,is on .b .r .hcs nnd thus
Pre-cn tho i, clanch ly incc a "i o of r" otestiZ i
in the STTr while thev coiintei.ai.cn , eit..iice
i" the Cn Vouri Z ne e ar iv "a the i
unciilil, e,,e Tlhtn nd
iuc , i hat a"e ,, Id , colls lent w la'l riMi unW v
at tl I ' " Z Zt" tho co. sXnces of
uu, at tnc inmo tin e, penerts tho consciences ol
tno supporters ol thc.xo societies, inducinir even
some nn i-slavorv Christian, in n.i,.l l, i'., ii.oir
inconsi en n,7lMxTill llie,r
inconsisieiit ana in.unus policy.
ISrnlnd, That we believe, this conntrv enn be
arrested on the downward ronl t) ruin, nnd saved
irom the iliMimon ol the States, and the retributive
justice of tho Almighty, only by speedy repentance,
the abandonment of oppression, nnd the pr:i"tico of.
that righteousness which alone cxnlteth a nation.
H-ttdred, That ns tho nttcntion of tho rcotdo or,
tho free States is now aroused to the Iniiniiioiit
hunger of having slavery fastoned uuon the coun
try as a permanent nnd controlling power, it bo
hooves tho truo friends of republican institutions,
the right. r man, and the rcligiun or Christ, to
oxnmino its cluinis to protection and extension in
tho light shed by the law or nature, tho Holy
Scriptures, nnd the Constitution of tho United
is-r"-) end rosolve. with united voieo, that they
..Ml .... I . . l f.i S
nut no tourer suoniic io vioiuiitins 01 llioso sacred
charter, of liberty, human and divine
Tlrttihcd, Thnt the evident design of Soutliorn
politicians and lending tdarcholdcr. is to secure the
permanent and iimliNputed ascendancy in the gov
ernment of tho country, to annex Mexico nnd Cuba,
to plant slavery upon tho shores of the Pacific, to
introduce slavery into the free States, under color
of the right of transitu ; nnd toro-opon tho African
slave-trade : nnd in view of this diabolical scheme,
it behooves tho friends of freedom throughout the
land to remember, that "eternal vigilance is the
price of liberty."
fojuhed. That if the pcoplo of tho free States
expect to Helena tho lnntitutions ol their lathers.
.1 -11 I , , , ,,.
IPV Ul rtft Inlll-OI Slllllllll trt tlin .ln.ni...1.1 n.. .1
... v . . . "i 1 i V v..i.ii, on-
garcl.y-i,o more be cajoled by pretended compro-
m.-cr, ..or .i,Ki cucu oy inreats ot ttiMoU ing the
Lmon-novcruiiownny txtens.onot slayorv or in-
crease of slave represcntaUon, but unite, ly use
-..l . b n.i. I iw.l.t.rt.il act i.n ..... I ... i..
... . i . . 1 . n
u,v nlm re. gios iiocrty, nnu in opposing, c.rcuni -
,nl)ing mm anniii.iatuig slavery, the Lane til all
i d to them ns patriots and Christians.
;,v.w,iv,;, Thnt in order to niniiifcst the sincerity
1, . 1. 1 1. ., J
tree iicoido of
. ' '
",V treat -
rt ..it i:
remove ulldis -
.Hit 11 II t tl I.I . fl.lll tllU'llflOil
right cxerciso of civil und rcligiou. privilege.: to
ounce their sympathy for tho soll-cniuuciputcd
bondsman hy contrihtiting to tho relief of bis no-
cossitios, and to express their sympathy for our
colored population in their praiseworthy exertion.
to acquire education, tho moans til living hy honest
Ii..1ukii v no,l t in minim nilvii.t,n.,,. nf .
KiVnu to them and the whito population by our bo-
liemlvetl, That tho noble stand takon in Congress
by liberty-loving Senators nnd Representative, in
opposition to tho execrablo attompt to extend the
icursooi slavery over the vast area ot the new tor-
ritories, and in favor or the right or petition nnd
remonstrance, deserves the thanks of the American
pcoplo j thnt wo invoke t)ie sleepless vigilance of
- " "
r?A..j.j Thnt ihn !m h ennm .Un ib n.n.
. of tha frc, Sme ,,; wi,h t)lt) frit,nd,l
'J,f jjherly throughout the land, in forming a
L,.Aurl r l?HkCMv to recover the ground thnt bus
bcen ,olt ,0 preserve inviolate the Constitution of!
ijutcj States, to maintuin the integrity of the
LVion, to deliver the nationnl government from all
f tdavery, to annihilate nil I compromises to'
,,''i.,i;im.n. f v',nn,l.iv tnnrnsn from thn yt,.t..inl
. . , t, ,..tiitlnn nf thn I, not
uooa ma ouirnge on uiu cunniiiuiioii ui inu iiuiu
and the proeepi. of Christianity, the detestable
Fugitive-Slave bill, and while it remains unrepealed,
to rondor it utterly inoperative by refusing obedi.
ence to it. hateful aud unrightou. requisitions, and
by rendering to the fugitive those acts of kindness
Christ requires tu be shown even to tho least
of his brethren to sacrifice party ttredilectiont
whenover and wherever they interfere with human -
ity, or llie nonor ana wenare oi ma country, ana
to deliver the nation as speedily as possible from
the foul crime aud ignominy of boing a slaveholding
Htsoloed, That we rejoice in the great unanimity
inanifosted by the German presses, aud our German
follow-oitizens throughout the couutry In opposition
to the Nabrabkn schomo, so inimical to thoir demo
cratic principles, to thoir cherished hopes, and to
the rcuown or thoir adopted country.
BoUxd, That tho thanks of tha friends of bu-
msuity, and practical friends of liberty, are due to
the inhabitants of Cans-in, for their friendly treat-
mcnt of our colored fotlow-ineii, who seek an asylum
'iun1 oppression in their hospitable nnd flourishing
POLICY OF THE NEBRASKA LEADERS.
,, correctness of this representation in regard
.... .1 ... .1. V
It is a fiank, bold etatfineiit tithe policy of the i
Ailininilrution utmii tho Slaerv (.ncslion. which '.
time will enmo when a treaty nf commerce nnd
alliance with 15rnr.il will pivo us the control over
tho (iulf ol Mexico nnd its border countries, to-1
gether with tho islands, nnd tho consequence of)
this will placo African slavery beyond the reach ;
of fanaticism, nt home or abroad. These two great
,0 ?uara nnd,l,lm.'t,,1'n. ,l,c,lr niuluul ,",lcrCf'l', 1
"""V, tofill,cr '" "cl lmrmo"-T ,a",J 'f 'i1" '
Considering our ynst resource, nnd the mighty ,
cu'n,"',e " "P J uPon J1'0 ,)0"0,n
t,' 'T''' " T "T 7 . TZ !
"rcr"' preserve d,mtir ,e,ritidr, but we
U1,n 1,18 '",,vcr r 1,10 w"rld- Wilh r""',',C"s '
em,,'r',,,on nK1,m ,0 P'P'0 ,l,p ""Uc ra'n of tho
tro,l"c, , W C,U1 H ?1 M" T'V
"y",C1" "f Pllilrt,"lir,,l','y- , " 1 !r ''" I
r,,r,1,e wiM r!U'0, nt' Mriv Iciiiw1vm. l.ok at
"10 '"". -'"" S"" '-o have had
,, , , :,,...., ,)riv .,r . ivilirat on hut of l' ir
',,1111 HIJIUIUUY, IUU ItllLTIil IIS WUII UCCIU1U U
I. . . . . .
is no dream, and no vagury. It is a laithliil pie-
holyl,ureo- what is the fixed nnd dotorminato policy of
! th Nobraska leaders. The conception t this
future, we happen to know, i. distinct and vivid
I among tho champions of the new dispensation,
-ln1 thcy "re Hrlnl7 uPon iUl roPlar nnd 'J8"
tematio accomplishment. The Nebraska bill Is
but tho first, and ns it has been heretofore regnrd-
i ;v , i ------ - i -----
! can'zing the whole or tho American hemisphere,
establishing Slavery nnon what its advocates
regard as an impregnable basis,
l'ocs any moderate conservative, northern lnnn
doubt the policy of offering a littlo gentle rcsist
whiuh anco to this brilliant system of measures by way
of calling the yeas and nays a fbw extra timos ou
The following pleasant nnd suggestive arl'cln is
from The Swlhern MawLml, mi Adminiitration
ublilicd nt t'lurluston. South Carolina,
our readers will do well to look nt by way cf re-
lYohliititr t lioni.nl i ,.. It nill llltililtf tlilciv rie-
ruiii ; i
"A ronoml rimtoro in I oroiio would force nnon
. .1 . , .. . 1 i
" 1 " '",vu
i i ' v i I
" " '"-"'"i
wnu nn uicir ricii nnu ".''
led by our genius nnd enterprise,
a new world would rise there, ns it ilnl hclore un
der the genius of Columbus. Willi Cuba and St.
lJomingo, we emild control the productions of the
t t )
now'Ti nncl ns the loT"riiment that is to
ol tno world,
.... ......., ........ .,.. ... it,, "-
nowr, nnd as the Hov-niment that is to direct or
license the development ot the country dririnea i,y (
tlio Amazon. InHtoml f courting l-nlnnd, wf
should look to Hrazil nnd tho Went Indies. 1 he
siave powersn ow hold moro nnuovciupcti territory
my outer two novernmcnts, nnu nicy u"g"
. " - - -
n tan any man pietend to say that they ,
wot.U have been better off in tho barbarian state I
, . . . . ...,,1 i,. , .i.0 nUolT,t
to stinnrcss. bv f orce. this eini'Tation inerea'cd the
horrors of tho 'middle pas-ugo' ten-fold? The !
good old Las l avas, in Lil'.', was the first to ndvie
Spain to import Africans to her colonies, rs n rule
stitute for the Hior Indians, who, from their po-;
culiur nature, were totally unsuitcd to bear the In-j
, 01 Bluv"-V- . ""!,w.n " :
,,e,,le7ra?,1'J,i V .V i"'". UmMT l,11"lftn-1
.ii.... ..j. .ii,iiiiii.ii Liu main ini u, it, "" o.
riso up to bless hi. boncvolcnt memory. The
timo is coining when wo will boldly defend this 1
emigration bclorc the world. The hypocritical cant
nnd whining morality or the bitter-day saints will '
die nwny before tho ninjcsty of cumnircc, and the
poncrui uiomanruuiiciioiii wiiiou uru 10 irinn
from the cultivation and full development of thoL
mighty tropical regions in our own hemisphere.
If it bo mercy to give tho gruin-grnwiiig section,
of America to tho poor nnd hungry of Kurnpo,
why not open up the tropics to tho poor African?
The one region is ns eminently suited to them a.
tho other is to tho whito race. Thorc I. ns much
Philanthropy in ono as tho other. Wo have been
to long govcrcned by psalm-singlng school-innstor
from the orth. lt is time to think for ourselves.
The folly commenced in our own Uov'-rnn'Cnt unit
ing with Great llritain to declare slavo Importation
piracy. Tiraey is n crime on tho high sens, arising
under the law ol nations, audit is as well defined ;
those laws ns murder is ot Common law. And
lor two nations to utlempt to make ibat piracy
hkh is not bo, under the law of nations, is ,
junrhtry, or arson, or anything cle. And wo
,1UVJ cvcr fiuve ,,. j(lint oet JM rfnt Urhan
! 0 t, con9, f Africa, been struggling tu enforce
tlia miserable blunder. The lime will come that
n tll0 Uland and region, suited to African Sla-
nn ,l0 i,land and region, suited to
Vei v, l.otwren us and liruzil, will bi
con'trol of these two slave powers, in
r other, either by treaty or actual
in sumo him e
i unn i vinin i 'jf 11 vut ui ttuiuiii i"ir"voiitni t'i
, ,,3 c,0 t jOVCrnniei.t or the other. And the Hates -
, wh... doses, bis eves t,. thnso rcohv l.s
, vcr,. kllmU view of the great questions and
! Ill 11 few VCa
tlnit nro looming up In the future.
jars, there will be no iuvc.-dnicnt for the
. , ,
'd millions, in the annual incicaso of
011 " '"r" 'l'0. profitable nnd so peccisn-
i rv ns tin. ih.veliiritiieiit :i.nl e.iltt vn I ion nf thn trun.
; . , ',,, i ,!, ,, :,,. ,'
... . " ,, ... . ..... , ,. ... . ... .
i ununcu. ll it:e siavciiouiiug race in tiicsu oiatcs
, .. ... .. i ... . . .
nro but true to theinsclvcn, they have a great dcsti
ny Leloio them.
Tho proposition, being set forth art, in brief:
1. To take Cuba.
2. To conquer St. Domingo and reduce it. in
habitants to Slavery.
3. To unite with Brazil ami perforin the same
conquering and enslaving process on all tho other
West India islands.
4. To then enter into nn aHiiinco with Brnr.il for
the establishment nnd fortification of Slavery
throughout South nnd North America.
5. For this object to dcvelope the Amazon couiv
trv and take possession of the Oulf uf Mexico and
all the adjacent tropical regions.
C. To reopen tho Africau slave trade
7. To boldly defend this schcnio upon tho "uiokt
enlarged system of philanthropy."
Such is the programme of the future proceed
ing. under tho new Nebraska dispensation. Wei
trust the render has carefully perused it, a. stated
by our Southern cotemM.rary 111 tho above extract.
lt is seldom he will lind nmro of what is called
"letting tho cat out or t'-c bag" in the sumo com -
pass. x.ct him not tui ii away uouhting or distrust-
to llie UCSIgn. 01 tun J-ienraskn uynitsiy. no may
depend upou it, that what is here shadowed forth
ed eusy step in this comprehensive plan of Afi i
1 N obraska T Perhaps such a very peaceable gen
tlcman as Mr. Gcrritt Smith may hung tiro at the
proposition, but is there any other northern man
whose head and pluck are good and Bound, who
can roliro before the inconceivable pusillanimity
or a suggestion tbnt such a course is unwise t
We presume not. We do not know for a certainty
that Mr. Smith occupies the position we nstdgn to
him. If ho does, all we can say is, that ho had
hotter resign his seat at the earliest possible mo
ment, and lot his constituents elect somebody in
his placo who will do his duty among sinners and
not go for applying tnillcnium tactic in a body
like the Ilmise of Rnrreieiitatires at Washington.
FEATS OF THE AGED.
sprung tu light. St. Augustino re incd for circo
'th bit ion the wovks flint ninnre modern achoTNrshiff
,10 ,istoiy of bis y mug Eotmnnnder. Plato wa la
both jring cheerfully upon bis books of the I.aw, at
a perC d of life when the iiineteenth Psalm; if Ii
could iinvo road it, in its untranslated Ilobrow,
,Tm,u mVo pointed its grim text nt him but in
xnt .Sophocles, tho warrior dramatist wrote hi.
' ( r'pidiis Kr,ig," find only tho iirttKrrtl ditTcrenct)
P nJ '
,1C xi.ehan hero himself in his martial and hit
-ccluded days. There is nothing in the piece IHf
' ""'i"' f "f ","ho7. rnU,er .'T'''' M
,,,ln's j lnnn eloquent." spanned nlrco.t a cen-
"' "Vuation to the last. At the
tin Ii be defended his profession against
"-P""1'"" "f Tl",n Vl"
plm-tru. the disciple, friend nnd succcsi-f of "tha
nill:,,,T SiiBipile.J to whom that most rcntly fhit
and ORr,lio nA nf 10 (!rroirtn world committed fad
...i ;.. it ...1...1... .i . ...i.. .J
"I Ii! I Ul Ii C T. I un Ol I..IIIIIUi: lOllll.t .Mill Bhl... vu.-
'.i I . ' .. mm. ..I f.t. -
tney were, no should ho "extinguisncd. I'ouui
will etli ,s wal) unroasonnble in that complaint, and
duuhtlc. be was in error when ho mippqse' that
human improvement would be odvnncVd by the
further extension of the term of human lifo. But
wl,o can help ndmirliig tho eohrngoous manliood1
0d, nnd keep them looking back, and hanging
hack, instead of going on, with their face l'or
by .ward, nnd their feet in tho natli, till they rest
nnd stand in their lot nye'. nnd etnnd stcad-
fastly, tootill the end tf their doy.. Vhriitia
More than sixty years bad -turned their L-arks
upon Bacon mul Leibnitz nnd dock's,, more tba
seventy upon Knnt and I'eid, when Iheif most pie
nioriiti writings were begun.
Hut these were
lofot hers. I will remember, then, that th iUH
of more than three-score summers was shining on
the darkened ryes of Milton bcn bis Sampaon
Ag iiiiite, and" the great setiel to the greatest
suerca ti ie 'l cur wngungc nna ol mouern vimea
union nicTioiKS iniu nnoir.e inoucrn sciioMirTiii u
with the profound intriim irs of their subject ana
the bii'e volumes of their content, alien lia wae
invrlttv.l irpn viinr n i . t.nssinliiriis. a tmicsinan
: . i
linn re he or me n monastic, was ti inetv-threo when
i !. . r t r.: ... ..nt AH.!
nioyca w mi ins pen. j lie nrnvi irnrneii vi ioiiiiiiii..
Vurm. was nn o. 'ogoiini inn vhen be wrote Ina
treitie rn Funning: nnd best of nil I! wa dedi
cated to Fundaiiia, his wife, nt whose instance it
wns coniiiosod. The mot illustrious scourger of
,mwn , 0..Ci,ern.y, Jtuciml .wns but littld hor
;r tm. ..,,c .t .... i.:, thirteenth nnd hftconta -
... ,,,Wrd thnt noibiiir cf tho former visor bf
skin wns lost. Btini o, tno prince ot oreciun go-
Hlili furt,cr udmnced when Li
fllj, , vr)) nr,f tnken in bsnd.
pciirralu of Alcxamtrr tlio Circat, nituU it
,,0 amusement nf bis eiirbtv fourth voir to writa
i ;,,,,H t conus " at tho ngo of ninety ; and
the crll.'i'g nho fiiitl it sum
omewhat tamer than hi
,omething better than that, a man or great publio
nmI r,rivil orvicc. Tradition assigns to him an
.,,,. .i,.,t ,, ,. Ji. i,hiiriJ
on, I Imn I l,.n ii... -,irl.l it L.i if
dcliicrel from a vr:soii, but ti.kin" a reluctant
flirt.wc rf tho light. lie chided with nature,
('U.cro tells us. that she should bestow a protracted;
existence upon tho ring nnd crow, who did riot
need it, mid withhold it from man, who could fon-
tinually bring so much to pass, lie complained
that wf.en he was just beginning to see thing, aa
thnt could express itselt tn such words aa In. r
And who will rcfuso
to bless that natura with
which he found fault, that she ha. made it powibht
to carry our poor facultic. hero on earth io far
ami so well ?
F.xamples such ns now come to my mind might
be multiplcd to almost any extent, by those who'
would nmko this subject ono of special jesenrch.'
I have no purpose in pursuing ft Men so Jar at
this, but to record an animating lesson ngninst th
desponding thoughts that tempt men to give over
too soon, and allow that portion of their permitted
timo to be darkened which most need, to be cheer-
"THE PUBLIC LANDS."
work by them so nobly commenced, should bccoin'
. .....ii 1:. , .,!.
l,,iii"nu "F"' ... V'7 ,vrJ
., T1 r . , "77i-,i t ,t
. Tl.c d.spo- t T tho public and. of the coun-
trv tirPHlft til lit till ffPIll triiiitiln Willi t llll'h our
, ..mi.-liMl. lMunn wiihmit niimlr
, ,: , . , , . . . . .
t t . 1 ..;.,..., i ........... t I
'.""T ... .... V.1 'W. . .. .' ' ZHTjl
1 here nro u thousand mid one of there projects
before Congress, nnd lire to bo curried througbf
not upon their merits, but upon tho principle tit
vou help mo and I'll help voti.' Some incilbcr'
bus a jirojcct bo wants n few set Jon. to huso a
horroii.g credit upon he lays In. maps, i.im pro.
hies, bis paper towns, etc., beforo tho House, and
, -.i r i c i i . i l-tll
by the help nf n crowd ot hungry lei. I.e. like)
himself, lie intends to carry
it, paying for the
favor by voting for every project bis 'helpers' may
have in the mill. In this way wo fear tho present
session is to hi spent, nnd but littlo hope enn lje
entertained that anything really beneficial will bo
" The friends of the boinc-teaj bill arc sanguine
that they will bo nl.lc to tarry it through the
House, hut the intermmahlo pn; in winon nil Ue'v
measures hove been lost In the Senate, it lif feetreJ
will swnmp it.
" The great working millions of this republic
have long enough hecn victimized l.y
and it is timo they bad something substantial from
! thoso thev have enriched Willi places of trust.
profit nnd honor. There is no real hope for tho
workor. until his rights to tho soil nro recognised
ns clearly nnd ns fully ns nro his political rights,
Land, 11 ir, nnd water," arc tho tbico great cleuicut'i
of life, and man's right is just as clear to tho ono
as to the other. Land monopoly is the life of ths
power or capital divest it or tins, and the great
clement of labor at once assumes Its proper sphere
tho head ol the social organixation.
"The first great step in land reform, was riiade
1 by our fathers, when they cut off tho hiws of pri-'
mogoniiiire anu entailment 01 estates, nnu 11m
1 pietcn, ny minimum nm io ,ui..iii.j
"Thft immense strides innd" lf Cniigrtftion with
in a few years, and the lines of railway peuotrrftrnif
all parts or tl.o mighty west, have given a' new
valuo to our public lands, and sharpen anew the
spirit or speculation. F.very soldier-project which
has ever been before Congress, bos met with favor','
'from the fact that the warrants were ndmirnblo
(speculation stock. 'J'bo c. untry was gorged with'
ontriotu speeches in Invor ol the poor soldier.'
Politicians, burning with ardor in thecausoof theV
country's defenders, with oue band held tip tha
ballot that was to give the poor soidios a home,
and while the tears of pity courted down his pat
riotic checks, wilh the other he wa. buying up tha
'pour soldier's' warrant at a discount ot thirty and
fifty per cent. ; nnd this is about the amount of all
such spangled banner spashig;
"Aow, however, when I he poor citizen wants
home, and is willing to till his land, and devote it
to the purpose tied intended it to bis appropriated,
ho is rudely thrust aside, and his property giv
to railroad companies real, fancied, and prosnco
tive, who soli it to him at an advance of from three
to five dollars per aero, or drive him beyond the
reach of markets or sottlomants, before Us can -'
euro a homo for himsolf and ohildren. . .
"This is the present posture of affairs, and wa
see little hope of a ramedy. Money Is tha great
god at Washington, and it is only her and tWa
where can be found a wan of true iroputmse and .
: i. . ..: . , .... . . i li
i ngni vio--ro, i'j nirut uiv imrj oi corruption wnicr
, runs riot at tha national eapitol. Chicnul. . .