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DEATH IN THE ATTIC.
Darkness rest liko a pall upon tho streets.
Which are now deserted. The busy throng which
has swept tho thoroughfares until Into at liiirhL has
censed to (low, and tho great metropolis no longer
throhi its living tido through tho nccustomcd ar
teries, 'flic mow hns locn felling fast fur nn hour,
nd tli sharp gusts sweep round tho corner and go
wailing down the dim avenues, ns if sorrowing for
human woo. The lamp lights gleam pnlo nnd
ficht urn inrnuen mo storm. 1 ho Po iceman, or
Borne reveller, nnd tho winds, nlouo disturb '.he
silence th:it reigns.
Turn towards where tho lepers of want nnd vice
havo gathered, n if in sympathy. Tho foul crater
U n'-tivc, lor its more deadly fumes nscend in the
larkncs of the night. Down below the surface "I
the firth. .nro pit-., where tho ruffianly nnd tho vilo
rtro nt their rovels. Thoro is n fnintdenlhly jlnre
from tho dirty w indows, nnd in spito of tho wintry
blast, nn occasional breath of tho rum hole reeking
beneath. And then there ofien comes up some
startling ha ! ha! to mingle with tho shrieking of
Hero is a dark alley, source w ide ennunri to nd
tnit a person, running bm'k whero no light brouks
in upjn lha impenetrable darkness. The font
V.tikes a step, nnd wo clinih upward upon n creak
ing flight of stairs. Tin) snow nnd wind whirl
finrcely over tho roof nnd shake the erniy structure
to Its foundation, but w'o Icau closer to tho walls
and mount upward.
Five stories up. nnd wo stand unnn tho narrow
platform and pcor dow n with a whirling brain, into
the black ocean below. Turning into a narrow
linll. w e stnnd before n shattered door, rovenling a
feeblo light within. Even in this w inter night, the
imasina uf pollution floats through tho buil'lin
like n pestilence.
What a scono as wo enter that chamber! Here
poverty nnd want reign iu their ghostly loneliness
and solitudo. The silence of dcsoHtioji broods
over all, and tho faint lamp light, dickering to its
wane, is like tho beam which creejis up from tl0
exhalations of the grave. Thero is not a coal in
the grate, nor a chair in tho room. Tho Busts ol
wind sift the snow through tho cracks by the door,
and nn involuntary chill steals over tho surface,
and then into the heart. Starvation, count, pinched
and spectral, stalks beforo tho imagination, nnd
mingles a footfall with every gust that rattles the
And do human creatures dwell In such abodes as
There is a sound in (hut dark corner. There is
igh ns if a life of ngony were crushed ntonce from
tho honrt. And then a spectro form slowly rises
and stalks towards the lijrut. It is a woman, but
Mod : how thin nnd hngtrnrd 1 A fioreer gust
hakes the old building. Hie stands in a liMcning
aitiiuuo, as its low wail dies away, nnd then, wildly
staring at vacancy, takes her seat mochanicnlly
upon a box by the light. Her faco is thin, and
every feature the footprint of unutterable agony.
Tho eyes are sunken and inflnmed, but as tearless
as her fheek nnd lip are bloodless. Tho latter is
thin and drawn closely, as if in mortal suffering,
over ncr teotn.
She leans towards the waning taper, and takes a
garment in her hand upon w Inch she has been sow
ing. How fearfully calm and toarless she appears !
We look until soms nightmare fascination chains
us to the spot. Save a startling wildness nhoiit
the eye, it would not seem that those foatuies had
over been stirred by a human passion. She holds
her linnds towards tho light in the attempt to
threads her needle but fails; and still, with her
hands extended, stares nt the dim taper.
Tbere is a stirring in tho heap of rags betide her
and tho woman starts ns if stung by an adder.
The faintest flush passes over her cheek, nnd sho
mutters to herself as sho more hurriedly essays to
thread the ncodto.
From the heap of rags a hoy has come forth !
A child of ten rears, perhaps he stands before that
spectral mother, and in husky whispers asks fir
i , , ? I r I -.Ml
ureau. one sinrcs strangely in nia loco, ana sun
mutters to nerseii.
The boy is almost naked and shivering with
Cold, nnd upon thoso childish features hunger has
written cnciuch to pierce the hardest heart. The
very look is a hopeless, heart-breaking agony. The
child bows his head in that woman's lap with a sob
like a moan, and then moves with a languid step
to the grate, and lavs hie lingers, already blue with
cold, upon tho frosty iron. The chill causes him to
start, and ho returns moaning to the woman. The
hand has fallen in her lap, and the biy lays his
cold check down upon it and weeps. She luughs!
but it is tho low, horrible ha ! ha ! of the maniac '.
" Mother, dear mother! give me ono mouthful
of broad. II ain't there bread enough where Pa has
gone? Mother, will Clod givo me broad if I say
my prayers t"
Tho child kneels, and the pravor his mother
taught him goes feebly up against the wail of tho
blast, and thou with weariness and hunger, the
little plcadur falls to sleep on his knees, his head
on his mother's hand.
That mother einilos as she still stares at va
cancy. Tho storm has passed, and the morning light
the sabbath dawns upon the great city. l ho church
bolls nre pealing out the sabbath melody, nnd gay
throngs of people nre wending nlong to the richly
furnished churches. Hero are shawls which
qucon might envy, and equipages of princely
Early this sabball; morning, a cold hearted land
lord goes up the lone stairway lor I lie promised
rent, and knocks at tho door, w hich tho roadcr has
already entered. Ho awaits but a iiiomeut, and
" No playing games with mo, madam. That
Money or Uaee. D'ye hoar, woman ?"
Tho ruffian was used to scenes of suffering, but
he started back nt tho one beforo him. Thnt palo,
haggard woman-spectre was still seated by tho
l.imn. now burned out. the enrnicnt nnd needlo
iter hand, and that horrible smilo upon her feature",
and that wild eye gazing into vacancy.
The lamp had burned down and died out in
sockot. The lamp uf lifu, too, had waned during
that uold, dreary night, nuu u corpse sat mere,
holding liio needlo in 'the emaciated fingers,
smiling in death. Tho boy slept Against the rigid
hungered mother '
Tk. .t. i,.Jb..... i...l .1.. .!.. ,.l,n,l,n,
to rainovo tho dead toamstress. In that dark
ner, where the woman wiu first seen, was tho Uus-
nana, ne i.aa neen a corpse lor more tnan
fuy., nnd she toiling to escape slarvation,
lnml llA liml Itunn A rorn.A till innr, Ihnn
watching with the shroudless, unburied dead
The two found a home and an endless rent
Potter's Field, aud the pinched and starving
broad iu the alms-house.
As I have nlluded to tho inordinate consumption
of sosp by the Haytien, I may as well mention
here how it is ciuiuiined. 1 have snokeu in
previous letter of their cleanliness, 1'nny are
punctual as Mussulmen in their ablutions,
it is tho greatest delight of all classes, and espec
ially of the Cemnles, to appear in garments f
and stiff from the ironing table. No mutter
cheap and bumble tho fabric, the very poorest
class will find soap and starch enough to gratify
this pardonable vunity. Put with all their wah-
ing, I never saw but oue wash-tub in all Hayti,
and that was in the horse-pond at Port au l'riuco,
and a littlo uoirro was paddling himself about
it for amusement. All their clothes are washed
lu the running streams. They have nu idea
the economy uf suds, but rub the soap upon
garments and then wnsh them in the running
water. Of courso, at least four-fifths of the
In their defence it may be said, thnt wooden
tubs in that climate would require an ainuunt
room and ears which It is not always convenient
for the poorer classes to furnish ; and then
ost of transporting water is an obstacle to ninny
o that, with thoir imporfoct powers uf calcula
tion, it has beeu found most advantageous to
to the heavy tax imposed up-m their soap
N'aiadt ot fit streams. A. Y. I Fott.
BY MRS. WHITMAN.
Raveu, from the dim dominions
On the Night's Plutohinu shore,
Oft I hear thy dusky pinions
Wave and flutter round my door
See the shadow of thy pinions
Float along the moon-lit floor.
Often, from tho onk -woods glooming
Hound some grim, ancestral tower.
In tho lurid distanco looming
Some high, solitary tower
I can hear thy stoiin-cry but ming
Through the lonely, midnight hour.
When tho moon is at tho tenith,
Thou doit haunt tho moated hall,
Whero tho ruarish flower grecnoth
O'er the waters liko a pall
Whero tho House of Usher leaneth
Darkly nodding to its fall.
There I see thee, dimly gliding
See thy black plumes waving slow
In its hollow casements hiding,
When their shadow yawns below,
To tho sullen taf n confiding
The dark secrets of their woe.
When the midnight stars are burning
Iu their crenrets silver clear,
When l.igea's spirit yearning
For tho earth-life wanders near,
When M. Telia's soul returning,
Wicrdly whispers, "I am here."
Then, nil night I see thee wheeling
Round a couch of India's room.
Where a shrouded form, congealing
In the cerements of the tomb,
Sleeps beneath the vaulted ceiling
Of Rowcua's bridal room.
Once, within n realm enchanted,
On a fur islo of tho sons,
By unearthly visions haunted,
By unearthly melodies,
Where the evening sunlight slanted
Ooldcn through the garden trees,
Whero the dreamy moonlight doses,
Whore the early violets dwell,
Listening to the silver closes
Of a lyric lovod too well,
Suddculy, among the roses,
Like a cloud, thy shadow foil.
Once, whero Ulalume lies sleeping,
Hard by Auber's haunted mere,
With the ghouls a vigil keeping,
On that night of all the year,
Came thy sounding pinions, sweeping
Through the leafless woods of Weir I
Oft, with Proserpine I wander
On the Night's Plutonian shore,
Hoping, fearing, whilo I ponder
On thy loved and lost Lenore
On the demon doubts that sunder
Soul from soul forevor more j
Trusting, though with sorrow laden,
That, when life's dark dream is o'er,
By whatever name the maiden
Lives within thy miotic lore,
Liros, in that distant Aidenn,
Shall his Charmion meet once more.
Nature baa everywhere provided food for man
Every element is full of lite, and constantly pro
ducing mat wnicn goes io uuurinu aim aircugiucu
the human race. In the waters portions more
abundantly than oUewhcro and more easily to be
obtained, are the means of sustenance. Man takes
to the water as to the land ; he seeks food as soon
from the one as the other ; and everywhere in their
own clement, from the seas whoso bottoms have
never been reached by lead nod line, to the brooks
that come pouring down the mountains nnd leaping
from tho bills, do fishes abound. Their names and
species nro almost endless, and their bnbits of life
. . t j: j l.l
nave never in many caes occu uiacuvercu. it nap
pens unfortunately that our manner of dealing
with the tinny tribe tends greatly to their destruc
tion, almost before we know their value or the
menns of their prcscrvntion and propagation.
This has been seen not alone with us, where they
are so fust disappearing from the rivers nnd streams
from the bays and seas, the cod nnd its associ
ates, the salmon, shad, pickerel, perch, and their
fellows but thus it has Leon nl over the world,
thnuirh they wcro civen for a barbarous state, and
disappeared ns civilization advanced. They have
diminished iu Great Britain and Ireland as fast
with us, though they have passed one statute upon
another for hundreds of ycais to provont it. It
mentioned in Ireland, in tho IGtli century, in
very places wiicro tlicy now complain uf thoir im
poveribhed condition, that they "complain moro
often often for bursting their nets with the over
great lake of fihh, than for any want." Now many
of the fishings there lire abandoned. So in Scot
land. I pon the lwee.1 but one-lourth as mnny
salmon were taken in 121 as In 1811 ; nnd it was
noticed thnt four-fifths of those taken were on their
first ascent, beforo having propagated their species.
Go to the North Seas, aim the same thing is true.
A recent writer says, that Russian civilization
reduced to misery the titdi-ealing tribes of Siberia;
and tho migration of fish up the fresh water rivers,
will liureaiter l0 Known oniy in iraaiuon.
I This destruction of fish must be uncalled
since their productive power is greater than
other hig'jor uiiiinal. In the spaw n of the
have been countud S8,unu eggs nt once; in
nnd mackerel, 5 W.MUU ; nnd in the
.w C1" only account for the dun.
j tiioughtU'ss manner of taking thoin by improper
k0"""' nt eM"n preventing re-production
(e b B1; nfler Htntutc .. by rcr80ni of grecdv
and pi.tito8 isna Insatiable desires.''
as one of tho statulos of llcnrv VIII reads. "
persons having respect only to the'ir own willfuf-
ten ' ... " M .
The natural supply having failed for want
caro, the world is now studying to reproduce
by artificial means. J Ins we believe lias lor a
timo been done by tho Chinese, w ho have
succeeded in crossing breeds, as with animals.
Tho mode of operating is very simple. There
but two fishes that produco their young alive
whale, and a new fish, of which Prof. Aeossix
some specimens, discovered in California, in
Alt others lay their eggs, and tho inulo ajteneara
passes over impregnating or giving life to the
If, then, the fishes fail in oue stream,
con be renewed by taking the impregnated
Iroiu the stream where they aro laid, to supply
In this way fishes inny be had in greater
abundance than whero nature supplies them,
they may be grown to furnish tho table of the
or for sale, ns sheep or pigs can be on
I'll is pisiculture ur fish-raising has been extensively
carried on of late in Franco, w hero it is expected
they will yet supply much food to the poorer classes.
1 be 1 mt u have also estuiilishcd nMi nurseries
the neighlsirhood of tho Hague, nnd the Scotch
the river 'fay, have made a salmon nursery
5110,000 eggs, that nre expected to hatch this spring.
In other parts of Europe this process goes on
hoes of success, and the rivers and bays may
be as of old.
Wo notice that in New York and some
sections of this country, that they talk of
the experiment. It is worth the trial to return
salmon to their old haunts, aud to till the
and streams with trout and pickerel, as in
uays. mere wouia ne not only tne unequalled
days. There would be not only the unequalled
pleasure uf taking the fish, but how agreeable to
to out little brooks snd walar privilege; in
country, as we would to a poultry yard, to be fur
nished tur our ainner, risnes may noi oniy do
aturnlired, but civilized, so to spenk, domesticated.
hough they cannot loajnmuch, nnvmg nut a very
small amount of brain, and that less solid than
warm-blooded animals the shark being but
-2500 of hie body, nnd the tunny fish 1-37,41X1,
while in man it is 1-2S, yet they "remember the
hand thai feeds them," and by the voice of the
master become quite fnme. Pr. Rnlchof Amesbury
has a nursery, where this may he seen ; and a tew
years ago, a little girl on the South shoro, had so
overcome their timid natures, that they would
come in answer to the names she gave them, and
feed from her hand. 1 hero have been many in'
stances of the kind, nnd hereafter it niny be a com
THE BOY OF PRINCIPLE.
Previous to tho late Presidential election, Mrs.
II. took her little sin, about four years old, upon
her Ian nnd tried to ininress upon his mind the
ifferenco between liberty nnd slavery. She told
him the story of somo children sold from their pa
rents, and nsked him how he would feel if some
wicked men should sell him away from his father
nnd mother nnd grandmother nnd sister, and he
were never permitted to see them any morer ins
littlo heart was too full for utterance. He went
awny to his play, nnd tho circuinslanco was forgotten
by the mother.
A few weeks after, the eleetionnry spirt began to
run high. The boys about the streets were shout
tgn, Hurrah for Scott Hurrnh for Picree 1 little Ed-
win enrno running to his mother with great anxioty
in Ins countcnnncc.
" Poos Scott soil, mother r does Scott sell?"
" What do you mean, my son ?"
"Will Scott sell children t"
" I do not know thnt he would sell them," said
the mother, " hut he sustains those that do sell.
" Poos Pierce scllf
"His principles are the same with Scott," re
Dlied the mothar.
"Well." said our little philosopher, "I will
never hurrah for them. Who can I hurrah for,
" Halo," snid the mother, " is opposed to slavery
and to the selling of children."
Hurrah for Hale, then, and he made the balls
" 1 want a Has. mother.
And his mother could find no rest till she had
made a littlo flag with tho names of Hale and
Julian upon it. And evory duy ns the boys would
pnss shouting lor Scott or nerce, our nttie nero
would rush into the street with nis nitieting waving
in the breeze, and ory, "Hurrah for Hale and Ju
The father was s-eood doal annoyed at his son i
politics, for ho was a strong Scott man. He tried
in vniu lor soniu nine in luuuce ins iwu i nurrnn
for Scott. One day his father came in and called
his littlo son to hun.
" 1 have a present for you, said he.
His eves sparkled for the present.
"Pon t you want some candy, a halt, a littl
horse, or a whip?" And enumerating the toys till
the oxcitement grow to nn ecstacy, the father then
ottered him a dollar, ana said :
" You may havo that, and co to the toy shop an
lay it all out in toys nnd candy get just as much
as you pleaso, if you will go out in the street and
hurrnh for Scott."
Edwin looked at the dollar for -a moment, and
then raised his furra to the gteatcst capacity and
"I cannot hurrnh for Scott, but (nnd thrusting
his hand into his pocket) trill giit you a cent J
you will nun an jor unit; Lirutian jrett.
LOUIS NAPOLEON AND THE SULTAN DESCENDED
FROM AMERICAN ANCESTORS.
The pnst history of the families of Louis Knpol
eon nnd the Sultan of Turkey is full of Interesting
ana marvelous Incidents ; sorueot which are, pro
aniv, not generally Known to our reaaers.
These two monnrchs, now so cordially united
the struggle to muintain the integrity of the Otto
man empire, are both grandsons of American
ladies. These ladies were born and raised in the
same neighborhood, on the island of Mnrtinixue,
one of the West Indies. They were of French
origin, nnd companions nnd intimnte friends in
childhood nnd youth. They were Josephine de
Tnscbor and a Miss S .
The history of Josephine is eenerallv known
She went to France, and was married to M. de
Benuharnnis, by whom she had one son, Eugene,
and a daughter, Hortonso. Sumo time after the
death of licnuhariiais, Josephine was married to
ipoieon uonapartc, nna beenme empress ot
France. Her daughter, Hortense, was married to
Joseph Bonaparte, then King of Holland, and the
present Emperor of France is her son by that mar
rintro. Miss S quitted the island of Martinique somo
timo before her friend, liut the vessel that was
carrying her to France was attacked aud taken by
the Aluerino Corsairs, nnd the orew and passengers
made prisonors. llut this Corsair ship was in turn
attacked and pillaged by Tunis pirates, and Miss
S was carried by them to Constantinople, and
offered for snlo as a slave. Her extraordinary
beauty and accomplishments found her a purchaser
in the Sultan himself; nnd she soon became the
chief lady of the Seraglio and Sultnncss of Turkey.
Mnhomoud 11, was her son, nnd tho present sultan,
Abdul Mciliid, is the eon of Mnhomoud.
Thus tho two sovereigns who now occupy
large a spaco iu tho world's eye aro grandsons
two American creoie gins, wiio were pinyuiates
their youth; and woro ns remarkable for their
beauty and excellent dispositions, as for their varied
nnd sinuular fortunes.
lioth theso women, In tho height of their power.
remembered nil the friends of their youth and pro
vided munificently for their wolfnre. Many of
relatives of this Sultaness left tho island of Mar-
tiniiuc, nnd settled nt Constantinople, where their
descendants still resido, and enjoy the favor of
The Sultaness died in 1811, the Empress Joseph
ine in 1814, nnd their grandsons now rule over two
wido nnd powerful empires ; and are entering,
friends and allies, upon one of the most momentous
and sanguinary struggles in which Europe was
MISERY AND ITS ANTIDOTE.
" Wherever I go, somo poor body or other is beine
assisted ; yet it doesn't seem to make .'the misery
" Very true, Mr. Joliffe," answers the doctor,
'and I, who am always among the poor, sco a great
deal of misery a great deal indeed I But 1 find,
in nine enses out ot ten, it s tncir own fault; they
either spend aU the money they earn in drink,
get disheartened by thoir low wages and give
work altogether, never considering that a littlo
better than nothing; and then when roduced
almost to starvation, they will not go to the work'
" Because they are separated, dear papa, from
their wives and children, says Blanche, "and
is very hard to bear."
So it is, my love," answers the doctor,
which, mv dearest, is the best, to be parted
your wife and children, and feel they aie warmly
ted nna wariniy nouseu, ur see iiicinsiiivering
cold and sturving before your facet Besides,"
continues the doctor, "the impudence they
guilty uf is ostouiithing. The other day I went
see a poor woman, aungerouxiy in ; ana whilst
was with her, ner nuHunnu, who nau jusi earned
few shillings after having been out of work
some time, brought her a peach I Now, would
believe it possible? Instead of procuring her
mutton chop for which he would huvo given throe
pence, and which would have done her good,
gave a shilling for a magnificent peach, which,
after nil, I could not permit her In eat. The
looked so disappointed that, after lecturing biin
little on his folly, I bought it of him."
" Ah, sir," sa.fcg old Jolliffo, "1 wish they'd
such as that in the papers ; it would do a good
mure good than writing on the cruelty of the
aud the misery of tho poor. All these clever
who write upon tho condition uf the poor are,
my humble judgment, greullv mixtken.
ive them foe feeltngs inotead uf good ones,
i harm to those w hom they nre anxious to assist
for, in endeavoring to paint their wretched
they color so high as to make tlieno poor people
think themselves worse off than they really aro.'
PADDLE YOUR OWN CANOE.
BY MRS. SARAH T. BOLTON.
Voyager upon life's sen,
To yourself be true,
And whoie'er your lot may be,
raddle your own canoe.
Norer, though the winds may rave,
Falter nor look back,
But upon the darkost wave
Leave a shining track.
Nobly dnre the wildest storm,
Stem the hardest gnle,
Brave of heart and strong of arm
You will never fail
When the world is cold and dark,
Keop an aim in view,
And townrds the beacon-mark
Pnddle your own canoe.
Every wnve thnt benrs you on
To the silent shore,
From its sunny source has gone,
To return no more.
Then let not an hour's delay
Cheat you of your due
But, while it is called to-dny,
Paddle your own canoe.
If your birth denied yon wealth,
Lofty state nnd power.
Honest fame and hnrdy health
Are a belter dowor t
But if thoso will not suffice,
Golden gnin pursue,
And to gnin the glittering prise,
Paddle your own onnoe.
Would you wrest tho wreath of fame
From the hand of Fatej
Would yon write a deathless name,
With the good and great ?
Would you bloss yonr fellow men t
Heart and soul imbue
With the holy task, and then
Paddle your own canoe.
Would yon crush the tyrant Wrong,
In the world's free fight?
With a spirit broxeand strong,
Battle for the Right ;
And to break the chains that bind
The many to the few
To enfranchise slavish mind,
Paddle your own canoe.
Nothing great is lightly woo,
Nothing won Is lost
Every good deed, nobly done,
Will repay the cost.
Leave to Heaven, in humble trust,
All you will to dot
But, if you suceed, you must
Paddle your own canoe.
MARTYRDOM AT ROME.
A correspondent oi me iew iora vrusaaer,
writing from Rome, says :
" The prisons of Piocletian are deep, narrow,
ana uamp. sso unyngni snines into weao caves
no pure air is breathca by the unfortunate inmates.
tne looa is ot me worst Kino, ana Detter victuals
cannot be obtained even with money. The prison
ers are not allowed a spoon, lurk, or knile ; they
are compelled to eat like brutes, and are not per
mitted to see any friend or relative. These jails
may be compared to hell on earth; the keepers
nre eruel, and without any feeling. Here are
chained hundreds of political criminals.
" A young man from Bologna, full of genius,
and of promising success, called bavaxsl, and
nephew to the illustrious Crusader of Italy, bad
been imprisoned in the Daths of Piocletian for
five years. Being reduced by tortures and priva-
tions almost to a skeleton, the physioian appliod
the Cardinal-Vicar to irrnnt him a more healthy
abodo, asserting that the poor youth could not
live longer in nis preseni position.
" The favor was refused. At last, on the night
of February 1st., the Calient crew worse : the
docUir was called tor, who on examining the lan-
guishing patriot, exclaimed tnnt an was lost, ana
there was no moro hope of saving his life.
" The poor victim smiled at tne idea ot bis phy-l
slcian, nnd said, ' ij tlte Dotty u lott, tne tout will
oe tared I' The chaplain, a Cupuchin friar, came
to administer the sacraments nnd to read
prayers. But Garazxi refused to confess, and
would not listen to any aavice or threatening.!
.. i a n"i.: r..i ' l-j
eternal damnation. 1 his mournful news reached
the cars of tho Holy lather, who, professing
desire that 'one Gavnxii' nt lenst should die
the bosom of the Cntholio Church, despatched
the livinsr tomb mv Lord aintteucoi. who eniovs
wido reputation of being able to convert the most
firm untielievcrs. llut even this prelate proved
no avail. When he spoke to the young; man
Christ, the patient answered that lie believed
Hun, but Christ never persecuted or taught
ministers to persecute his fellow creatures.
Young Gavam died on the night of the 2d
1 ebruary last. His body was burned, as that of
heretic, outsido of tho gravoyard, and buried
" I am informed thnt the principal charge
brought by the Tribunal of the Sacred Consulta
ngninst this young man is thnt of having, during
the Republic of Rome, stormed, at the head of
soldiers, the beautiful Villa I'ntrixi, which
the earthly paradise of the ferocious I'ntrixi.
this he was sentenced to twenty years' imprison
ment in the Baths of Piocletian."
HOW TO DECOMPOSE BONES.
If one lives in the city, and has but a small
yard, with a nice grnss plat, and a few nice
and shrubs the quantity of manure needed will
be great. Ho should throw the bones, egg shells,
4c, of tho kitchen into a barrel, and throw
thorn wood ashes nnd water which will dissolve
them without nny smell, nnd in the course of
year make a great deal of the very best manure
for all sorts of fruit trees. If he has a large
or garden and has accosa to large quantities
bones, ho may decompose them as did the neigh
bor of a correspondent of the Aeie England
Farmer. Ho iiiadu layers of horse manure
bones alternately until the pile was several
hight this he covered with manure. The
heated, or fire-funged and in a short time no
of a bone eould be seen.
Farmers, clean up your door yards, and by
process. The manure will be just tha thing
your turnip patch. Ohio farmer.
HOW TO PREVENT BIRDS FROM PULLING
HOW TO PREVENT BIRDS FROM PULLING UP CORN.
As it will soon be time to plant corn I thought
would eive vou the method practiced by farmers
in this neighborhood to prevent uirus irom puiung
it on vix with a bushel uf seed mix about
pint uf tur, which is dono by putting it in a
vessel and pouring the tar over it, then put
water warm enough to partially melt the tar j
up with a stick, dram ott the water, ana mix
enough lime, plastor or ashes, or a mixture of
throe, to dry the corn aud prevent it from sticking
to tho hands while planting.
It cau be done in hi teen minutes unless
wish to touk the euro, if you do, let it soak in
The uhioct of the birds docs not seem to be
destroy the crop, but the very laudable one
obtaining luod consequently, alter trying a
or two and finding the tar very unpalatable,
let it alone. Even the htm after getting a
irive it un as a bad lob, and 1 have never knoien
heard of corn treated iu this way being injured
By this method Farmers may save themselves
the trouble of putting up senro-crows,
certainty add nothing to tho looks of the field.
A. I, Ubiuium, Tnml'Ull, Ashtabula fjo., U,
DR. CEO. W. PETTI"
Respectfully tenders his professional services to
the oipiens of Marlboro and surrounding country.
Bee in the room recently occupied by Pr. K. 0
lmi k CalPEHTEB I PREUl'I
DAUU&KKhAIN UALLbK I I
. . a .
13 now completed, and ready for reception. We
nave gone 10 eonsiucraDie expense in aiung up, te
operate with advantage, and with reference to the
comfort and conveniouce ot those who may It vol
us with a call; in short, we ara permanently lo-l
Persons wishing Pictures token on Oal-
cated Our rooms are in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0,
Call and sea us. You will find our reception rooms
neat and comfortable.
Can be sXaVsscd no whore in the State. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful ouick-worker. We war
i .. .... . .
Irani our wort, likenesses ot all ages, taken Lirs
likb, or wo charge 1 1 Our prices range from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Pnst experience, and present
I advantages, enablo us to tako Good Liktntttt, at
I very rauonaUt Haiti. Jicing, also, posted in aD
I the recent improvements of the art, our time and
I entire attention shall bo to render full satisfaction
I Sick or deceased persons tnkon nt their rooms.
Uur motto, is fc.Vt'M.MUK
I vanired Plates, can do so without extra charge.
J Rooms open from 0 o clock. A. M.. until
P.M. June 31st. 1853.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,!
Jfeu) Cicbon, (D.
OFFICE, OLD BANK BUIltilXG.
JAMES KELLY. Pans.
Ltvt Mabtin, See'y.
10. 31, INOJ.-iim.
NOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned
I has been duly qualified as executor of the last will
and testament of William Cook, late of the County
of Columbiana, dee'd; all those indebted to snid
lestnte will please mako Immediate payment, and
those having claims against said estate will present
the same within one year from this dnte for settle-
March SO, 1854.-3w.
i ne suiar ejrecK water tiire.
TWELVE miles South of Massillnn under the
I charge of Pr. Frease, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, and eondueted on pure Hydropathic
Miriiicipies. it 9 givn no urugs. j ney are
I cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
I confidently of the virtues of pttrt toft vatrr, a pro-
i per uiei, so.
Terms $5 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
n, T T. ar;,.kl. r .I., i : ir-j
tnstit.it.. and V.Mtnr nf h. lil.' Il.'.l.h
I nal, in noticing the Water Cure movements of th:
country, says of us:
"Ur. tries, a most thoroueh and enerretic nhv
siclan, has a Water Cure at Sugar Creek Falls, 6
His terms are very moderate, hut thnra r fn
I places we could recommend with creator eonfl
Address, Dr. S. Frease, Peardoff'a Mills, Tusca-
; rawas 10., U.
I August, 1853,
A'orM Sid Main-St., One Door Wat of Oit Salem
isook-start, aaitm, unto.
Coats, Vests, Pants, Ao., Made to Order and War
ranted to Uive satisfaction.
The Tailoring Business ia all his Branches, ear-
nea on as heretofore.
to RfllfiftT. FOR LADIES . firTT.F.MFltf
The subscriber having located in this place,
15 p.ujw.ww w iu.ii.vi aiuuuu. .no .rciciicvi
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or
praotice of Medicine and Surgery. And in addi-
Jion hi nis lurmer extensive means lor acmons trat-l
mg n thiuui buojjoci, nas recenuy aaaea largely
to them by expensive purchases from France.
iemonstrations in jinatomy win commence
ursi oi 1'iarcn, nna to tnose aesirous Ol availing
themselves of the summer oourse of studies,
the I would be advisable to be here at least two weeks
previously. He would also announce that he
ot I prepared to practice in nis prniession.
v n Tlinxi it M n
Salim, Jnn. 21, 1854.-4w
ol f fi.m CrH.n T
of i.. .H.tii;nn. k;. Htn-v nr ir..;..i.....'i
in Agricultural Impliments, and will be enabled
bis offer dealers and amateurs the most extensive
tarie4 coieotiOIl 0f Field, Culinary and Flower
of Seeds, Bulbs, Tubors, Ac, Ac, ever offered in
a market. The seeds have been exprossly grown
with ordor by the most celebrated Seedsmen in America
NEW SEED STORE.
T"E undersigned is now receiving his supply
and Europe, and warranted by the growers true
name; new and superior varioties of Corn, Grain,
Grass, Cabbage, Turnips, Cucumber and Pumpkin
seed ; Irish and Sweet potatoes : Flower seeds
Pahlia roots. As the stock of the latter is limited.
orders for the same should be sent in at once
prevent disappointment : together with tha lr..i
collection oi Agricultural ana uaraen impiimonte
to oe touna in tne city, as toe diplomas and premi
uns awardod at the late Fair, bv tha State
cultural Society, will testify, amounting to
two hundred dollars.
E. R. SHANKLAND,
129, Wood St., Pitts.
Feb. 18, '54.-3m.
(early six weeks,
(a very large variety
New ind Cbolce Varieliri of Vegetables iDd Seed
Chinese Eight Rowed Corn,
Improved Putton "
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain June Potatoes, (very fine,)
Winnobago, " (very prolific,)
Mammoth Nutmeg, "
Peach Blossom, "
Early White Mercer"
Ash Leaf Kidney "
Buckley's Seedling "
Sweot Potatoes, a new variety from North
lina. It has proved the most prolific and desirable
tor northern culture tnai nas ever been Introduced
in this market.
58 New Varieties of Cabbage Seed, (Imported,)
20 " '. " Radish " "
" " Celery "
25 " " " Cucumber "
40 " " " Grass
Orders Respectfully Solicited., and Promptly
E. R. SHANKLAND, Skmiu,
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 m.
FUl'IT TUEES AND SIIHt'BBJEHV.
20,000 Choice Apple Trees,
o,i iu uwan fear trees, (very fine,)
5,000 Peaoh Trees, (new varieties,)
2AM) German Plum Trees, (imported,)
i.oiw merry irees.
. 20,000 Evercreens,
30 New and superb varieties Strawberry,
Together with the finest eolleetion of Plttuta
Shrub aver offered iu this market, for sale by
E. R. SHANKLAND,
12U Wood. St., Pitta.
Tcb. 18, 1854. 3 m.
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIXENESS.
HUNT & BOONE,
Hava opened, in Johnson Horner's bloc, V
l.rr..t nd finest Paituerreian Koome in Kaater
hio, where they ara constantly laan
(exclusively on Galvanised flatesi surpassing
others in durability, beauty of finish and '
lt'",e, 0 fBciii,ies for operation are of the saert
I 1 I X.a.mu1 fikitas nn-Itllll'sT III Ull t wm SB hi
"IP""" L -u 1 n. tt w. are enabled
v...., r-- a , ..r t,:t, . to.
to give the highest polish, without which a fine pie-
IS OF MAMMOTH SIZE AKfi STIFrtClSttT
TO TAKE SIXTY l'KKSVISS VJS A.
ratcis itAitci tnox 37 era. to tan nomas.
Ladies nnd gentlemen are requested to call and
eiamtno our specimens,
Salom, Poo. 1, isoa.
Hail Uoab tfnstaccrtoi! f .
IVSTlltTfiTIOM In these branches of Pnwlisal
Science will be m'ven at the l!nion School, Mari-
biro', Stark Co., during the Spring Term, nv
I f a. I 1- 1 4 k. .J antilisiitins fi fl V task
C 0 tB J B I i 1 , C0LE1BIAS1 COUNT!, (Ill
mencing March 14th and continuing funrtes
Regular FIELP PRACTICE with the uompass.
Leveling nnd Transit Instruments, accompamea
with Calculations, Plotting and Prafting, will form
an essential part of the course.
Tuition per 11 weeks, V50.- With the prrvilega
of Mathematics, Geology, Experimental Chemistry,
Physiology, Singlo and Uoubie rntry doom. m.mmr
Common Branches. $3,00: Higher Branches na
above, $3.50, Engineering, Cermnn Language,
Mathematical and Prospective Prawing, eaclt
For particulars, address the Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
EN09 I WOODS,
Steam (Engine Cuilbcr.
STEAM ENGINES of various sixes, construe-
led unnn the latest annroved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction as nny now made.
Puttorns ol nil kinds, made to order. AH work
oniyimaaeui ehuu nimeoui, sun wsouucu w jn. mm
Feb. 11. 1854.-tf
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN,
at . A . J T! - f
or tne cure oi acuib ana v-nrunio viHHtt,w
SUCCeSSIUI oporaiion. -?"J" Kn.,I"'",
Jan. 21, 1853.-3m.
PR. JOHN B. GULLY.
Cold Water, Mich.
Six bushels of these Celebrated Peas, by planting
which, as much fodder can be raised on one acre as
can be raised off of live of anything else that cast
be sowed, and it ia better for the soil than clover.
Just received and for sale by
E. R. SHANKLAND.
129 Wood St., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 ni.
Blank Dttd; Artieli of Agreement, Judgment
Note, Summon and Lxtcuhon for al at Hut
,.., ritinr Department.
also, Uv w HAMPER, Assisl
SUPERIOR STBEET, CLEVELAND, 0010.
B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON LUSK,
t II. PWIGHT STRATTON.
II. B. BRYANT, Professor of the Science of Ac
counts. II. PWIGHT STR4TT0N, Associate Prof, in tha
J. WASHINGTON LUSK, and P. R.SPENCER,
Author, Professors of the Spencerian System of
Penmanship and Commercial Correspondence.
SAKAH L,. &l'r..cr.n, instructress in ine x.a-
Assistant Prof., in the Book-
Hons. JUDGE STARKWEATHER aud H. D.
CLARK, Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Pbes. ASA MAIIAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
omy. EMERSON E. WHITE, Lecturer on Commercial
For full course in Double Entry Rook -keeping
and other Departments, time unlimited, $40,00
For full courso in Ladies Department, - 30,00
For separate course in Practical Penmanship, 6,00
For various styles in Ornamental Writing as
Tha Principals of this Institution, design making
it one of the bust mediums in the United States -for
imparting a thorough prncticnl knowledge of'
the various duties of the Counting Room and busi
ness pursuits in general.
THE COCllSli Or lNBJKUi'UUN, embraces
Rook-keeping by Pouble Entry, as applied to tha
vnrious departments of Trade, Commerce, and '
Manufactures, comprehending the best form now
used by the most flourishing and eminent estate '
lishments, engaged individually or in partnership,
at Wholesalo and Retail, on Commission or Joint .
Speculation, including Banking, bteamboatmg, ,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, Ac,
Commercial Calculations and Correspondence, em
bracing evory variety of business computation,
and familiarising the student with the Commercial '
Technicalities and Phraseology of Correspondence.
COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY is a new feature
in Mercantile Schools, and having its origin a U
doe in this Institution, much will be done to make '
it an instructive and profitable branch in the Lec
The Spencerian System of Practical Penmanship
in all its forms, will be taught by its Author, P. K.
Snencer. and J. W. Luek. No Institution in
America offers superior facilities to this for itPTr.
ing a Rapid and Svematio Hand Vvriting. Os--tlemen
and Indies in all parts of the oantry,
desi'ous of qualifying themselves for Teacher of1
this unrivalled and popular System, will find their '
wants met at this College.
THE LADIES DEPARTMENT i entirely
separate from the gentlemen', and is fitted up in-,
a splendid and convenient style. Many Ladies
are now reaping; the benefit of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and ,
responsible situations. Females desirous of at- .
tending a Mercantile School, will find the facilities
lor study otTored at this Institution, superior to.
any other in the United State.
Applicant can enter upon a course of study at.
any time during the year.
Diplomas are awarded to student who sustain
Th Principal have an eitensive acquaintance (
with business men throughout the West, and can ;
render efficient aid to graduate in securing sit a
atlons. ' .
The suit of Room occupied by this College, sr.
more spacious, and are tit tea up in a more rnvgam
and convenient manner than any other UK inikV
tution in the United State.
tsaT Send for a Clrcula by maili-
Pec. 31, 1853.-Iy