Newspaper Page Text
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ASH l'K.illROJV, riibilittlit Acne.
11 4 li I US II. KOBIMSON, Editor.
KO VflON WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
WJIOLH KO. 452.
VOL. 9. NO. 42.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SAT UK DAY, JUXH 3, 185-1.
tflR ARTMLITIIT BIBLE,
MBLtSniD EVERY SATURDAY, ATSALI,0tlIO.
TFRMS. (l,M pn .nrlnm, ryM In 4rir.
Or $ J at tti. .nd of tho ywr.
occMlon.lljr M Mir tnra to ttvm who kr not nib
rrlbar., hut who r bulli'tinl to to hilcrr.l.tl In tli. llMmln.tiOD
or ntl-ilmrjr trath,hh th. hopo llml thy wlll.lt hr aubarrtl
trnranlr.., or a, their Inluaao. to ..tend It etnulatloa mmi
"Cnntaanlratlna tlttr.nd.il for Inwytlnn, tr V. ail.lrMled to
" R. HoMKtoii, Kdltor. All oliior. to Ann Piamoh, Pub.
IWalag Ag.at. '
. TERMS OF AnvRTiTfsivn
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AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY.
REPORTED BY WM. H. BURR.
MR. PHILLIPS'S SPEECH.
Ladiks and Gentlemen : I should foci great re
gret to stand here now, in any sense, in the place
of the speaker whose absenco has just been npolo
glxod for, did I not foci, as onr friend Mr. Furnis
has expressed himself, that this is not a meeting for
speeches, but to takos sides in a great moral contro
versy, and that our only purpose nnd expectation
here is, not to ticklu your cars with eloquence, but
to tell a plain, unvarnished tale, and to endeavor to
arrest the nttention of n great nntiou to tho greatest
of nil possible wrongs.
You will allow, friends, at any rate, that in the
lottor that has Just been road to vou, Miss Stone,
the well-known advocate of human rights and of:
mv. n n .l..lt, nl Ia..I ml 'mi. t am rtnfntr nnaf
woman's rights, at least vindicates horscll most
emphatically from tho charge of neglcet of her
home toay (laughter and applause). You will
have It to say, also, and tho memory will bo Im-
pressed upon you by your own disappointment,
lliai snu luuin too wcigot nuu rcnnonsiouiij ui ncr
domestic rotations as tondorly and ns fully as thoeo
who are not accustomed to occupy this platform
and hereafter, whenever the chnrfic is made against
the champions of this cause, you will at least ,do
her the justice to recollect that she once disappoint
ed you on such an occasion as this.
Mr. President, tins is indeed a marked occasion.
tnd I cannot even commence any remarks upon the
rcnoral aspects of tho Anti-Slavery cause until 1
lavc ca lod your attention to the singular fact, and
one indicative certainly of muih of that hope ti
which Mr. Purvis has alluded, that we are met here
for the first timo within my memory in the City of
New York, on an Anniversary of the American
juo luuiuau.e lui luun ui iiiul ii ui iiuii none ii',
Anti-Slavery Society, in a church, in a building
consecrated exclusively to religious exercises, and
known only as ono representing tho religious senti
ment. You may not viow this as much, but straws
show which way the wind blows. It is a groat
thing that rocont events have done for
us when they have stirrod so deeply the
public sentiment, even horo in tho City
of New York, in this great commercial capital, in
a community whose streets roar w ith the din of
trado, and whoso heart is cntcn out with money,
that the Anti-Slavery cause has not gone backward,
but has gained ground. If you baa served seven
teen years, as it has been my fortuno to do in so
many great centres of American life, and found tho
doors of every religious edifico shut against you,
yon would givo inoro Importance to the fact than,
perhaps, you are at present ready to do, that tho
doors of a religious edifice nro open to us, and
that we meet uudcr tho express sanction of Chris
tianity. It is an " infidel " society, ladies and gentlemen,
whoso anniversary you this day attend ; it is a
"treasonable" socioty that is mot hero to-day. You
shall go elsewhere, this very week, in this city and
In many other parts of the country, where Anti
Slavery soutiinents nro uttered ; you shall go to
Congress and attend the meetings of an ciHeiunt
debating Anti-Slavery society in tho House of Rep
resentatives; but there is a character which at
taches to this society. It is an " infidel" society j
it is a "treasonable" Auti-Slavory society whose
anniversary you countenance by your presence
I mention these facta at tho beginning because we
count these opithets no insult, but cling to them as
our most fitting characteristic, and we claim of his
, tory that she should never overlook them, but that
' she should do us the justico to hand them down to
posterity as our only claim to the gratitude of those
who aro to come aftor us (applause). At a time
when the influential and respectnldo pulpits of Now
York were not willing or did not dare to pray for
the abolition of Slavery ; at a time when large
classes of rospoctablo ami influential men with
hearts in their bosoms could sco so much of author
ity iu human laws or so much of vnluo In political
institutions that they stopped faltering at n half-way
liue in thoir hostility to Slavery, and dared notai
. tack it when it sheltered itsolf behind the Constitu
, tion of the L'nited States, though we hail no other
offering to lay on the altar of human liberty, wo
laid this: A willinguoss to bcliove that Christian
ity, no matter how dark the hour, never could
. sanction Slavery that the Now Testament, no
matter how many doctors of divinity stood before
It, had no line on its pages that could make a hu
man (lave, or authorise another to bo a slaveholder
that human laws, however vonorable, ancient or
Important to the material interests of society,
never ought to be, ncvor could be binding when
they put a fetter on a single human being. That
la our creed ; and, in the low moments that I am to
"address you, having shown you the length and
breadth of our offence intentionally, I want to en
deavor to prove to you that harsh as these sentences
sound, they are not unchristian, however iufidel
they may be to American Christianity; that they
-' v not disorganising, however illogal they may at
'"ipcar i that couched under them is tho only
P ' remedy for the system of American 81a
..a m," "t we have not disturbed the commu-
'ssTwlnMariiV" J PIb8 ,to0 P""
??!!"V"' . "re ground than we ought to
viva ur ouvctcu ht iu. i 4 . - .
iave done. U word, 1 .!5h .P.0 you t,,a
th. soui.ty which meet he.? thl8 rning, &
Which you have graoed with yoni" VTWmee, is one
that really believe, thai there is m. hope for the
American siovo exo.pi la total '"""
ia the religious institutions . of - the coun
try and a total destruction of tne poUtioal arrant "
; meats of the land.
' This is a Disunion society and for one I am
' glad and proud to confess my creed at a moment
like this, dark enough for all politicians, dark
enough for any one who has looked for the success
of the Anti-Slavery oauso in the established instl-
lotion of the country, for they have failed. It is
-'not too much to say, to-duy, that Anti-Slavery has
failed. It uomusnratd with Washington and Jof
1 fttrson. It oommonced with the father of the re-
tmblio. Thev were Anti-Slavery in th sense of
'their day. They hated the slave trade; they
' shrank buck from tlio basis ot the slave systoin
11 iUelf ; bnt they had not an utter faith in the safety
of doing right They could not trust in justico as
"the highest expediency. They dared not launch
fjoldly en thai pathloss sea, doing justice to each
k..mon linlnn CI . , I. - . L tlA Au.a 1.1 1 ulinit
human being, confident that wheu God established
justice, he saw ta it that It would be safety , but
i iYf provided little eUjv.M joitnot a little one !"
thoy said a refuge Df compromises, a half-way
attempt, as much as tlicy dared. Diiheertoned by
seven years' war, they clipped off a few outer
br.nulies of llio slavo system. Tlioy shrunk from
the eontimcnt of the civilised world on the slave
trade, but looked forward to the abolition of it al
ter the lnnso of twenty years s and having thu.
held off the evil at arms' length, they sat down be
fore thoir own firesides and enjoyed th. material
Jirosnerity which a prudent sagacity had seourod
or the present, and th. country prospered. In the
meanwhilo Shivery grew strong strong enough to
warp aside what was right in the Constitution to
smother out of sight what was wrong and to
make even a greater use than hnd hecn expected
of what was com promised t and gradually eh has
taken fort after fort, barrier alter bnrrief, defence
after dufouco which the fathers had erected, until
,,H in Miami. Will, hlP Mima ... n,.tmiA,
uoiiting over me untoucnea territory or Nebraska,
sure it victory is not recorded to-day, it will be to
morrow it not this session, it Will bo
next : fur
when has the South failed : when, in an n,,li,i.-nl
crusade, has she ever boen beaten ?
l'h Ti ilntne, this morning, in an article of great
courage, of ooblo enthusiasm, of generous nnd
even reckless daring, begins by saying that if the
Nebraska iniiuity is consummated, tho North will
go on to resist as she has begun ! ( Applause). O,
that is an ominous proj.hocv, " She will resist as
she has begun." Well, she begun with twenty
majority on tho 21st of. March against the schemo,
and to-duy she stands with twenty majority in its
favor. She lias begun by being bribed' and bullied.
Will sho go on so? A voice, " Yos." There has
been no beginning of ofl'ettual resistance yot.
When we have dulcutcd at leant 0110 pro-slavery
aggression, when we have laid ono conspiracy
against justice in an unexpected grave, then we
will plant a green sod ovor it, and writo upon the
whitest marblo the immortal epitaph, "Tho North j
slio has begun to resist aggression" (applause).
But do not toll us, at the very moment when tho
proclamation comes from WVsliinirton that the
Government has bought up enough to secure its
triumph, that tho North will resist ns she has
Yt hat is tins North T It is the controlling
ei,.Ilimii nf th mimir. . ...... .,.,n;.. i i.
virluo of , vn(t mimericnl l)llt b im of pTB8Jt
moneyed majority. It educates the country, it
turn ikIios schoolmasters, it writes books for the
whole Suites. It is iu fact the Uovorninont of the
union, i ne nouiu nro but the slavo overseers)
the North are the slaveholders of the Union in the
true BCnne nf tin. irrir.1 Lt. ..a . l..
upon southern shouldors the fault of Texas anncx-
ation or anything ole that Uio government has dono,
The South could not have annexed Texas if she bad
not first gained the North. She never eould have
achieved a smglo triumph in tv40 whole career of
KT c,1U0sIh if l.o had not Crt gained the North,
The South rules by tho North, and tho responsibility
fl)r Muory must be sought north of Mason and
Uiz.,ti . Iiiim 1 lin inln
The iutollect, tho enterprise the cul-
turo, tho money of tho
jorit'y ii hero j cvory elc
',0re ; therefore wo aro
oountry aro hero, lhe nia-
nieutof political strcugth in
responsible for every act of
I have said that political Anti-Slavery has failed.
It has dono its bent, und I nm not here to tiud fault
with it. It has dune its beat under Waaliinirton.
Joffcrson, Hutledo, Leo, Luther Martin, Alexander
Hamilton, and under a greater and better than all,
John Jay (applause). It has done its best uudcr
the great men of succeeding epochs down to our
own day, which is tho day of little meu (luughtcr).
Mr. Gurrisuu thought woithould strain our optics to
sco uown to mo uemns to wiucli an unhappy Irish
man jiiiii uescuuuuu. ire oi JNew England aro ns
sharp-sighted as tho suilor that has bocu lontr nt
sea, und with eyes bleared with tears wo have fath
omed a deeper depth than that to fiud our own
Kverctt and our own Wobstor (applause). We are
accustomed to look down deeper far than tho dcptl
w which ino uuiortiinato victim ot Irish oppres
sion lias sun. 3Iy friend 1'urvis said he had been
led to believe that Ireland had suffered from tho
Itritibli Government, and he spoke iu language ns
if he now doubted it. . I do not doubt it. Ireland
hns sent us one of her chosen aoottlcs. and British
tyranny has been so weighty and so bitter that it
has crushed his manhood out of him (laughter and
applause). Ho is the best and most living opistlo
agiiiuat the Uritish Government, for it has written
a!) over his moral nature what a dreadful land the
Irish livo in if ho is a specimen of its apostles
(renewed laughter). But don't Jlct ns rejoice too
hastily, for New England, from which somo of us
come, I havo always boon accustomed to regard as
tho Ireland of the empire. Tho manhood is crushed
out of our public men, and when we send them to
Washington theynre John Mitchels nil over (laugh
ter). Yes, we nro the Ireland of tho empire
Wlicu ha boasted New Lngland, with her pulpits,
her school, hor literature, her education of every
kind, moral and intellectual, sent from beneath the
religious or political institutions of any of Iter six
Stutos a single man, who, unless ho was covered
all over with Anti-Slavery popularity, has been
truor to liberty on tho national arena than John
Mitchel has been hero? Our Adams, our Sumner,!
havo spoken bold words for liberty, but it was not
until the great and respectable ulaasos of tho Whig
party had kicked thorn out of thoir companionship ;
it was nut until thoy hud been bnptioed into on
Auti-Slavory minority that made them hateful ; it
was not until thoy had graduated from a Now
England collogo of Anti-Slavory discipline and
taken their degroos under President Garrison that
they spoko out iu behalf of liberty (applause).
But lot mo pauso a moment upon that churgo,
which many of you will think very harsh, and see
whether I urn exaggerating. I choose to sper.k of
my own section of tlio country; I know it bettor
than I do yours. It docs equally well to illustrate
tho iuflueiice of American institutions, and you will
know whether I do it any injustice when I place the
fact bef'oro you. I placed just now the nunio of
Kdwurd Everett in juxtaposition with that of John
Mitchel. I do not come hero to blume Edward
Everett or to say that ho does not represent Massa
chusetts. Ilo does. I do not comohero tocomphiin
that he has betrayed Massachusetts. Ilo has not.
He represents Boston and tho constituency that
sent him. He represents money and the fashion
able pulpits ; he represents the bank vaults of
Mate streot, and ne represents Harvard College
all of thorn faithfully. Ilo represents one Massa
chusetts thank God there arc two. I will tell you
in a moment whut the distinction is between them.
My charge is not against him that lie misrepre
sents Massachusetts; but it is against this I'moo,
and I assert that tho State of Massachusetts has
been made whut it is by the Union, which wo ana
thematise and endeavor to sunder. Mr. Everett
has becu long in public lifo, and he has never yet
met a rebuke from Massachusetts. What right,
then, has any man to say that he misrepresents
A slight sketch of his lifo will ba tho best intro
duction for the remark which I wish to make on
the lntlub.ico ol the Union and of public opinion.
I wish to bri."K tho fault home to you follow-citi-sens,
on tho subject of Slavery. Theso men at
Washington tro not gods ; they do not create us
nor our opinion. Tliey do not even create public
opinion i political leader never have. Thoy are
like snakes, the tail move tho head hiugbtor).
It is public opiuion nt home that dictates the
speeches of the moro politician at Washington, and
I ask to-day, who ha a right to say that Edward
Everett minrepreseut Massachusetts ? ., j . .
Mr. Evefou waa formerly an occupant of Uni
tarian pulpit. Harvard College tonrptod him from
I it and sent him to (iroce, where he patuted 4mo
I ! . A 1 ,L. .1 - i .. : 1 . I
six or seven year aitiid the classic ruin of the re
publics ot the Old Worm. lit oarae homeirtlS-fl,
I think,' evetCcwing With tlie. love ot-Grocino-Jib-
orty, and his lips dewy with the Greek of Plato
and the Latin of Ciocro. Massachusetts could not
leave him, her chosen son, fresh from these old
scones of martyrdom and triumph, baptized in
liberal Christianity and ro-bnptired with the bap
tism of the Tiber and of tho Grecian seas, to the
collision of the University, so she summoned nun
North to apologizo for Slavory" (applause).
was the speech which your own Chniubreleng found
so base that evou he advised Mr. F.vcrctt to change1
his politieul career and devote himself to tho aer-'
vice of the Car (laughter).
Well, he came home and ncrehnncit vou will aim. '
poso that we all turned a cold shoulder to him !
that wo rofused to give him tho right hand of wel-
coma, auun vx. Auains had done a similar deed in
lrlUi, in voting for Jeflerson's embargo, that made 1
grass grow on tlio wharves of Boston ; and when
he came home and walked around the malic of our
common, fug old collcgo matos put both hands be
hind them, nnd held their necks so stiff that you
would havo imagined they had lost thoir vertebra).
Nu ono said to him " God bless vou." from Barn-
stablo to Berkshire'. Ho was scut to Coventry, nnd,
to save him from utter isolation, Jefferson sent him
abroad. But Edward Everett had not uiado nny
grass grow on the wharves of Boston; but if one
bone of old Suiuucl Adams hangs to another iu his
cotlin, ho hnd inado them rattlo against its sides
(laughter). Ho came home, and what do you sup
poso w. did with him ? Wo received bun with
open arms and mado him Oovornorl (Laughter.)
Has he any reason to think that a tiro-laverv
speech in Congress was disagreeable to Massachu
setts? About this timo Georgia or South Carolina
(I forget which) sent a letter to Massachusetts.
saying that Anti-Slavery Societies were a great
nuinuiicc; lorn mcy uiu not 11K0 mem ; mat tney
were against the Constitution, and that tlicy ought
to be put down. Gov. Everett sends tho lettor to
tho Legislature, inclosed in a message, in which he
says that ho ho has consulted legal authority and
his opinion Is that Anti-Slavery meetings (such as
were held by my friend Samuel J. May, who read
from the Scriptures to-day; my friend "Mr. Garri
son, tho President of tho Society, acd Dr. Pollen,
who had fled from the dread of a German dun
geon to New England hospitality), that such meet
ing! should be mado indictnble and punished by
imprisonment. Well, that was going lower still.
flo bml ntTumrl to arimililii. tin. mn.linl a
South Cftroltnn rntirdlinn , Iia wn. nnut -Till i .... ...
load and fire off a message against rebellious nion
in Massachusetts, who wore aaserting the right of
freo speech ; for we iu Massachusetts have always
..I..J r..l!!l .1.. I . .. J
inuu tuiuiui tue ucscripuou oi Aiuen, wno savsol
i.: i .!.. ... . . , .1 . ... ..
in. oho uuuiiuiiii country, itaiy, main it were a
country of slaves, thoy had nt least thu credit
of being a country of rebellious slaves (luughtcr).
Well, what did wo do again with Mr. Everett?
Wo re-elocted him Governor the next year. And
wheu we next took him up, we rccom mended and
besought and finally persuaded the Scnato of tho
United States to approve his nomination to tllu court
of St. James. And from that day to this lie has
been acting in the sumo way. Ho edited the speeches
of Mr. Webster, and sunk out of sight all his Anti
Slavery testimony, and mado him a pro-slavery as
And now wo have sent him to tint Senate. Well,
who can say that wo ought to expect nnvthing dif
ferent from hint. Every ton that ho has male in
servility to tho slave power has been rewarded. His
own party, his predominating, influential, rich, con
trolling Massachusetts has not yet relinked him.
State street docs not care if you plant Slavery in
Nebraska and annex all Mexico, South America and
China, provided you will let it make one percent, a
month in peaco. State street has never vet rebuked
Now, what makes this stato of things in Massa
chusetts? What shuts up tho voice of the pulpit
and prostitute tho Press ? It is the bonds w hich
bind theso Stotos together. It i tho inlimutoe )in
niuuion which exitds between tho portious of this
confederacy. It Is tho commercial temptation ; it
is tho great national arena to which all broad
minded men nnd men of largo ambition naturally
tcnu, in which mo w ousters and r.voretts are long
ing to bo distinguished. It buys them up faster
than nature can create them. It temnts them to
mislead tho people. Tho Union I it is a constant
vortex in which tho great minds of tho country
are swallowed, and these grent minds hnve power
enough, for tho timo being, over tho political pnr-
tiu iu mourn ineir positions ami sentiments, and
utterly smother tho Anti-Slavory protest of tho
Bear with me a moment while I lllustrnto what I
mean. There have been frequent occasions and
positions in States precisely similar to our own.
Switzerland Is an instance; Holland is an instance
both of them situated exactly in regard to Eu
ropean despotism as now r.nghtnd is in regard
to American, Let u take Holland as an illustra
tion. You know that the petty province nf Holland
rose ngaintt the Spanish Empire nnd vindicated its
Independence. : The inhabitants rcdoemcd their
soil from the ocean ; tlicy actuully made tho very
land on which they lived, and it requiretl a great
proportion of their exertions to retain their land
from the ocean your after year. Now, the com
merce of Holland was with England, with France,
with Germany, with Spain, and with Italy. She
was the great mother ot eastern comruerco ; she led
the way in the opening of now seas. So fur as the
great money power was concerned, Ioui XIV
could bring to bear on Amsterdam and the Hague
all the power that jew Orleans and Charleston can
bring to bear on Boston and Now York. He could
tempt the morchante. Ilo could make grass grow
upon their wharves, nnd could make their ships rot
in thoir harbours. Ho could cut off their trade,
could starve tho common penplo and bankrupt the
rich ; and ho did it for nearly a century ; and yet,
spite of all his efforts, although he crushed tho
commerce of the Dutch, although ho ruined their
commerce, although he covored their scanty soil
almost with armies, still the love of liberty, un
broken by bankruptcy and want of bread, was
strong enough iu that littlo State, led on by a pul
pit that had no tomptatiou from gold, to defeat
Louis, though he represented the money powor nf
hi ago, and the monurcbiul element beside. The
populuuo was ready to tako ship with the Priuce of
Orange and actually desert thoir country, leavo it
to the waters, and found a new colony beneath the
southern cross. This h whut Holland could do,
severed from iutimute Union with the great States
i Now, I maintain that tli reason why New Eng
land, with tho same puritanism, with tho same love
of liberty, with tho same indignant self-respect at
the commencement, has bowed her neck, time and
again, so often and so vilely to tho slavo power is
hocause hor pulpit and her merchants havo beou
led astray by that great political relation which'
ha rmethred tho sentiments ef the mutwss.
Break off New England ficm this unholy .compact
politics. Ilo went to Waslnncton in lMJO, and
first time this apostle of iTnitnrlanism and
liberty opened his lips, it was to say that ho
studied Christianity all his mature venrs. and
k all his lifo. and he knew nothing lii the New!
ment that went against Slavery. And. tho',
in tho pulpit, be added that " he
was reaay to shoulder his musket" (pore hance iti
may havi been one that had lain in rust ever since1
Lexington and Hunker Hill) "and put down a!
slavo insurrection" (cries of "Shame"). That
was th. r,t speech of the Massaehu.otta he "wr
to tho assembled Congress Mt?
speech at which the noble satire of RjSm!
iiimed, when steeped to the lips in ViMiniV ST
very, he pointed .is remorseless fir ger at hi rwrt
ant I nitirian, and said i " I envy neither heTead
nor the heart of the man who come. her. , from the
T . .
I mat it nas done jusi w nai iuns .i . womu imif
done could he have made Holland a province nf
Francs. And the object of tho labours of this
' Anti-Slavery Society in breaking down the Lniun
is that wo may place Massachusetts nnd New F.ng-
land, nnd New York and Ohio, and all of tho free.
States, iu the same relation to tho slave power
that is lorming its ompire ahout us tnat iioiianu i
fod so long To the monarchies of Franco nnd of
F.ngland. And then in the place of Mitchel, nnd ;
Webstors and Kveretts, we will gio you Do Witts
"J J'c Huyters, who M.nll lead a navy and an
J. U uLrr. in if,n of justice and h-Willl
inanity, even though the .lav. povver sweep into
np Nebraska Li Bra.il.
I "xiou. to impress this truth upon you, for
f lerc be anything written upon history it is the
ohle stru.wle of th. artisan of Hollaf.d. for a
with death and this covenant with hell, placo
as Holland stood to Franco, to Charles the Second,
to Gcrmnny and to Spuin, nnd you shall sco lc
Kuyters and lo Witts in tho land of the pilgrims;
you shall yet see the spirit of the old Covenanters
going into tho battio field for tho rights of man.
tins is tho chariro that I make ngaint the I nion
1 "f despotism similar exactly and almost as '
powerful as thoso that aro leagued to-dsy against ;
I said tlioro were two Massachusetts. There Is
one that sends Kvorett to tho Senate. There is one
that follows in long processiou the dust of Web-
,,cr to grave; that meet year after year to
llinKIU.U, .III. UILT1I . VI.. I.U W i
lV. ..i ! !.L. , -I I
iv ni. uoscuuieH or in uirtu i mm i mwuy
" Peace " " Peace " " Let us go and make
oneyj" that is busy at Lowell and Lawrence in
eking a tariff that shall Oil tho United States I
thero' is another Massachusetts ; it i's Hie Massa-
chufctta which crowds, Suuduy after Sunday, the i
acious lour-thousund-pcoiilc-holding walls of
Theodore Parker's church (groat applause) whom
no broad sign ot intldol blasphemy written by a
recreant church ovor its portnU can scare away.
There is another Massachusetts, that scuds Charles
Sumner to fill her Webster's pluce (great applause)
and hopes that if he ia uot perfect, ho is at least
ait improvement (laughter). There is another
Massachusetts, which feels as we do here that it
owe a decn debt to liberty and iutiuc. Our
ii. irlnrion. mntrntilti pnr.tnrv i
hand, and crushed it all. The great leader, iu
wLutn every hope was gnrnored) for whom all
hearts were dentin vi ili .l 1,1. n.t nnd v-nnt
dosrni The State was bankrupt ; her hcuIc kicked
the beam. We aro here to do what little wo can
in the way of protest ; nt loust we owe a great
lalxjur to c idenvniir to pay these debts to liberty
I and justice,
I his .viassacuusctt8 ot whi'.h wo
I "P"- 8ll u,l l'lbi dunt with its suia and
; t0'r m tne J"t'mS ttn(1 devote he
hciealter to undoing, if it mny bo, the great w
flint ha ftl.l lllA ul.ivn l,ilitilnl,UA I'l.la Im
flint he did to the slavo (uppluusc). This is the
other Massachusetts, and wo.mean to make hor so
restive, so disorgaui.ing, that if the South will not
go out of tho Union she will kick Massachusetts
out. Wo will not stay together; wo will not assist
in this great Conspiracy against justico. Wo will
not assist at any rate in this grent extension of
Slavery's empire. Our devoted efforts shall bd to
break un tho very formative eleiiinnts. in teni un
the root of this evil ; to cliango tho educational
i . .. . . ... .'-.. ..ii.
. . t . . . ii
Wl i a ran urv Aimitiat lha iloratma anil ilia niiin.1
reasury full enough to enablo them with tho sur-
as lunils to buy up all the roal virtue there is at 1
adiington. and to voto for the Nebraska bill : I
at stands bent over her forges and looms, dili-1
....... 14... ,..... I I 1..., T
V CDSter lUCUrrcd It all. lieu hO proved traitor
to the North, he made the State bankrupt, so far j
as her debt and credit account with liberty is con
cerned. We put Bunker Hill, nnd Hancock, and
Adams into one lowle ; wo add Concord and Lex-
inaton to that scale; and vet bo stood thero with
tho hopes or millions, with the public dpiniun just
rieimr outof tlii. irlorloii.n'inxtroiiitipfir.iiirviii Ida
sources of tho country ; to niako tho very oni-'ssiiryT
uicncemont of American lifo different.
1 have endcuvourcd to describe to you Edward
Kvorott. 1 tried to'add no epithet of' blame ns 1
it. 1 would like to have you forget tlio man,
nnd think of tho schools nnd pulpits of Mussn-I
uTnMl.tllr,?!',i.! N.n,:-SlaVr 'M
s wort anything that doc not undertake to
change those. It is uo groat matter for liberty ifi
vk.T.i.. m.,i.. ..i. tit ..t:.:....i
aro deceptive. In the truo sciifc of the word, to
.iLiittiisiki iiiiijiun iii-uttj, JHttn ill tit IUIII1JI1P
tho man who believes in God, liberty is ntver beat
en; she is always victorious, if tlio South ndd
Nebraska to her territory, in tho end she only fulls
with a greater crush, lint how Boon, and wlwit is
our duty in the premises? are altogether different
Let mo point out to vou, fur a moment, tho posi
tion in which we stand. It is tills: This I nion of
which I have spoken is pcrmanciit. This Govcrn
mtnt is in constant session ; it never goes away ;
it never intermits. Wellington, when ho fought
tho buttle of Waterloo, you will recollect, statiouc J
a solid Uuro of infantry iu tlio centre of his post,
six or eight deep. They stood with fixed bayonets,
and no mutter what cavalry, no mutter how many
cannon, no matter what force was brought against
them, they never chunzed their place. If a can
non ball wont through them, they closed up; if
tne cuvairy oi rranco niauo nn onset and ono rank
was broken, on thoir dead bodies another stood
fi.ted ; and it was by this central anchor that,
against the maddest efforts of French enthusiasm,
he gained tho day. Now, tho Govornmont, which
is tho slave powor, is just liko this a hundred
thousand men nnd twenty millions of dollars cap
ital In aonstant session, with nothing else to do
but to bribe Everett, to buy up ncbsturs, nnd to
seduce Mitchels; with nothing else to do than cre
ate public opinion ; aud if it cannot be created to
day, wait till to-morrow. There it sits porpetuut
ly no spring, no winter t no night, no dav sIccd-
less and vigilant. If Nebraska is defeated to-day
by the hot fury of tho North, tho Govornmont eun
wuit until it cooD. blio can say with tho old Eng
lish Bnron "Ibido mv time.'' If Mr. Sumner
and Mr. Hale, if Mr. Greeloy and Mr. Benton, if
oaut Houston anu tne aortn, deloat the South to
day, you cannot keep tho North at a white heat
forever; bIio cools tomorrow. The merchant goes
home to his counting-rnom, tho lawyer to his client,
tho doctor to his patient, tho clergyman to his par
ish, and the living militia of reform is dissolved :
the guerrilla troop and hastily levied soldier of
reiorm, every man witn a dittoront motto Sumner
with hir "No Slavery extension," Greeloy with
ui. puieui n nigisin, .omenouy else witn his IWm
ocracy will soon disband and go home. To-dav
We are melted and cohere by an enthusiastic pur
pose, out you cannot, aeep mon at worn torover.
National interests come iu, AVe must Oat nod
drink attend to business and support our families ;
and we go home. Meantime, the Government,
unrelenting, always In session, always rich stands
ready to buy up and bully, to invont and to under
mine; that is the reason why she carries all quos-
iiun. i?no is ever tncro and the moment the weal
hour comes she sei.es it for her purpose.
A mau can at time be wound up to the pitch of
ueruisiu, anu uiug aown martyrdom under his teot,
and fuco the stako, but a million of men are not
martyrs. Martiu Luther was at a burning heat
an uis mo, ana uie white ashes nsver oovored the
huming euthusiaim of tho pioneer of the Auti
Slavery cause (Mr. Garrison). But saints do not
go in regiments, and martyr do uot travel in bat
talion; thoy oome alone once in an age. .You
oannot create an Anti-Slavery sentiment so durable.
so unrelonting, so vigilant, that th Government
oannot outwit and uudermiue it; consequently the
vmj waj iu wmcu you can sav we slave i so to
arrange political eirciimstaucoa that there shall be
no such Government ia xibtonce. '
W hat was the Union ever done fnp-,e?- Afcs
lutely nothing. I challenge any mae today, to
" "; " -j , ;
indeed, for tins nation manage, to govern "".n..
any wisdom at nil. t ongres. w cngagea jear a.ier
'year in muk.i,r rrcsio.ent. anu nut n.ic ciso, wiu.c
the slavo power is engaged in nothing hut gelling
additional territories; in tho meantime the prae-
tieal working Ooycrnmcnt goes along oi u, on.
Sumner ai.H Cha-c are resisting tl.oir being made,
It is a re-ular cork-pit for the contention ot chum-.member,
pious, and the utmo-t sue.c.s l int tho most . sail.
;gine lover of libcrtj indulges is that the battle
a drawn one (,tT.c. Ho doe, not
W for v.clory. What dot s Greeley hope from
the t hiol,: hv, that he will raise up a terrible
North that is to J.. hat ? To defeat N ebraska. to
prevent Io,.glas from becoming President ! U ell,
.uppo. he JLe. ; Cuba . the next issue, nnd vou
mo what it has ever done.
1. 1 . i .a ......,,n.i ...;,h 1-k.v iiitii. win nut
111 'I.. II ...1.- .1 I'.... n.oLi,. 0 I'enal.lntilJ
nm nn.v M uiuii, i vv.. - j
1'ttlo too powerful lor the Nor h, and so far the
perpetual motion nn ueen on ino rung hub,
" censed to move in favor of liberty. Sanguine
'"en. ko mv excellent friends Sumner nnd Hnle,
I1I1VH I1IIIIPI1 llll.L lllll Illl.Vlir .Villi I U lIlTUirillir.U UIU
'SOU OI llio men UIUI lougut At iv.lUKur nm
maintain peace in the streets of Boston, although
there are no women writhing under the lush on the
plantation of Louisiana. No I'nion to which
Adams nnd Hancock and Jay put their hand i was
ever meant to havo for its ceincnt tho blood of the
slave (applause). And if to-dny ono of thexe men
could speak to vou. instead nf finding fnult with
But I have already occupied more time than I
should have dono ou" an ocaasion like the present
and 1 will uot pursue this subject any further (up
Y hymn was then sung
Mr. Asm Ivk,...v FoStr, having expressed a
j , , u fc , introduced to the
vcry one of ns
pays live dollar on every coat, lor wnair i nni
here may be a national treasury full of gold ; that
groat men may go to Washington to make each
R.. .. ,,r..r. rri. - . ..i i u i:.i.
oilier i resiucnis. mere mi um crau
statesman that t -ld his son to remember with how
i;,.l.i..l !,. rtr!.l o. ffovurncd. Tho whole
My old mathematical pr
tny mln cou'"1 ,,llt ,n
professor nt college nsel to
alwava eniml to tho power to nmnel : and that the
di (Acuity about every machine got up for that pur-
pose was, that it would not go. ell. our Govern-
r O - ,
maitl i. a....llv Hia anma imr f-lthpr. r.til It
vv.. ...v. v, . --
nnd supposed it was a mnchine that would move
perpctunlly in favour of liberty, while tho result
'"" ucen. unfortunately, that tlio South has been a
other, but thus far the Union has conferred upon
u the benotit ot doing nothing.
For what hns the
Union dono, I repeat ? It haj uot manufactured
. . . , n -
cotton nt Lowell; we can do this in spito of the
It hns not dug coal from Pennsylvania ;
it hns not raised wheat in Illinois: it has not sct-
tied tho Wct: it has not ploughed the ocean with!
New York commerce. No; thank God, New York
does not make money because South Carolina
whips neirioes. She can do it without. I proclaim
lny belief that a lankce can make money ov.n it
Ulie Southerner docs not larrup his slave ; that tne
I disunion, h would any, "Children, do us the
justice to belioo that wo did not intend the foul
i trick that has been wrought upon you i that, with
' experience of sixty years, wo would now bid
J0" "ot to hold back your hands, but to dusli in
Irngiucnts the prool ot our only, hut our latul
mistake, to blot out the only record that humanity
has against our memory ." It is but justico to tho
past to suppose they did nut menu to leave us such
a legacy as they havo dono. Do yon suppose that
if Sumucl Adams hnd forenoon Wehatnr, he would
not have cut off his right hand before ho would
nave sanctioned the American lonsntuiion r tro
you suppose thut if he had foreseen Evorctt he
would not have fainted before he Would have lifted
up his prayer for tho perpetuity of this Union.
uu you lupuosu mat. u no couiu unu tuii uiv
Court-house of Boston hung iu chain in order,
that men might he kept silent whiio a slave was
'curried buck to his uiaatur, he would not havo
government that made it ncc-
MRS. POSTER'S SPEECH.
I do not tine, Mr, 'iiairmnn, to make a speech.
but siinnlv to snv a fbiv wonK I did not even
expect to be here to-day, having but thico days
ugo risen I nun a sick bed ; hut ocn' here, nun
supposing that no ono was to follow Mr. Phillips.
and feeling that there wns a word which he hud
loft unsaid, I desired to say it. It was reinar
by tho first speaker (Mr. rurness) that ho
coino here not so much to mako a speech ns to take
sides. 1 wnnt to say a word un thut point. There
is a deep well of sympathy in tho human heart,
and iu tlio darkest hours of the struggle nguinst
Shivery, when thnt overwhelming scourgo swept
over the lnnd and seemed to crush the hopes of
the oppressed and of the friends of the oppressed,
I never doubted but that if wo could reach that
well of svmpatbYi its Waters would issue forth in
a Hood and sweep awny this blighting scourgo.
Hitherto wo nave scarce ucen unio hi reucn ii, nui
it is being reached, and i's springs nro beginning
to How. But what is it to take ides in this strug
gle? Is it to read "Uncle Tom's Cabin," thut
benutitul work, ol fiction, tor which wo thanlt Uod
duily iu our prayers? Is it. to read the still more
tmpressivo narrative ol "Solomon isorthup
twelve years of fact more terrible thnn fiction?
Is It to feci a littlo enthusiasm and opposition
against tho rppwil nf the Missouri Compromise,
Inch none thnt has inherited a spark oi tho nre
of tho fathers and mothers of 'Tti can fail to feel?
Is joining nu Anti-Slavery Society taking sides
nyc, oven though the Joining of a church should
bo considered u joining tin Anti-Slavery Society
exojlkiot Is that taking sides? Let me tny a
woid about that, although I do it with trembling.
I do not want a brother or a sister misled whose
soul is filled with the tendcrcst sympathy for the
slave, and who wants to take sides in tho struggle
for liberty. 1 submit to you, therefore, brothers
nnd sisters, whether the Church of this country,
which the Rev. Albert Barnes, who preaches in
the same citv where our much-honoured brother
Fumess proclaim to hi congregation the truths
of Christianity, declares to be the bulwark of Sla
very, at least in enect, if not in the very words I
submit to you whether that Church is ex ojflno an
Anti-Slavery Society While the American Church
occupies tho position it now dons, all our effort
are abortive rendered null and void and Mr.
Barnes repeats the declaration again and again.
I need not produco authority necessary to prove
that some tintt aro esteemed the brightest lights in
lha PrHHhvteriun and other Churches of this land
have stood up, with the Biblo in thoir hands, to
defend Slavery as of God. Go to the meeting
tnai are neia in in., ci.y, ... " "7
will hear prayers offered and appeals mado In be-lj.
half of humanity destitute of the word of life, and
listen to hear if they have anything to say about
the destitute slavo. You will nttend the Annivers
ary of the American Tract Sooiety, combining
within it the talent, and the reputed piety ftf the
Church. Examine then thoir publications and sec
if they have not expunged tho loust word or sym
nathv that has been written In their tracts and
other publications In bohalf of tho slave. Thoy
not only nover mention him in their meetings and
in thuir books, but they utterly repudiate his claim
and ignore his existence. Go to tho meeting of
ihn Kilila Society, and see if single protect is
made against the svutcm nf Slavery which exclude
the Bible from orte-seventh part of th population
af Ih Untwd BtatM.-That Soitety,that reed., its
ngeits around Jo tk tury thijlma it mi wint,
- - - , nrenehers and their in s
t hoy s -nd o lt t
""'"" ; r - J " jrom.B.i10.
.... - "'?! " " "--' , ".T " .. .,, f .
ping in ino '. : -r
vou cohji.i.t ""' " - "--" ----
a nun.ii. " ., " r.'I'.l" "l" ,k.i.
- -v -- - - - , - .
own olf-pring. too-and scare, one of whoM malj
doe. not ,0
) tar and vote Tor the .''cfPl Jr
submit o you whether a t hiirvh . the '"o-uWrk or
wine, I,.,.,.: risen from their knees in prajer
.at G.h would ... them po,d m.r. to ru I. v
litem, will go 'traiRUry to the ballot-box iu.J
vote lor men pledged to the infernal work of drag-
g.j.g women that ure fleeing, with their
a ...d of liberty back l the terrible Ml fnm
hjiirniioti aoc mjiv. or ui. .Tipiui.n. , '---'j r.
Mil I II IiIIV mill I II. KIT UH II UI Cllll VII 1 siiti
another of six years, who ays, niouior, win it
ii,; " -h j -
fully comprehending tl.o reason of her mother
j tar--l say, it I could leel as she tell, standing on
llllf Ull.ll'lllll. Ul ,l. .lllu:. II... I a vu.w .. ..-
ithiiuw itiiymnwjiii, uiuuvi iuunii ajn canvui
I feel thai it is the trutli of God. And we shall ihda
have to take Sides; tho sheep ahall.be divided from
tho goats. And to the sheep on his- right hand he
j shall nuy, " Entor into tha kingdom prepared fur
I vou from the foundation of tiie world.' Why?
Because you have joined an ac-vfticio Anti-Slavery
Society, a Church r No. " Because 1 wn an huu-
, . t : V. .mIj.Iv I tf4
of the government, who were nt that moment witlt
I'niou. i in cnll of that house, an Anti-Slavery Society?
But I did not rise to make a speech. AVe ar6
come hero to lake sides. The time is coming
' when we shall stand iu tho great congregation ol
I the unnumbered myriad uf God' universe, to
i I ..... n mnA -iM)i1-inr.r. and lit-
irom every w .
no mim, . - - , . mniitK
ury upon condition that t wou 1 Pn
to protest against the system that IVT
.,r ...,r entintrvmcn of the skripturw,
which they consider wo essential to their ' sa vat on
(cries of "shame". Go to tho meeting of tli
Oh, sir, if I could, for one moment, fcol as th
.iuic noiti.,,, . ii.iii, . v n Mav ' w -w
by tlio Canada line, felt, shut up in an upper
chamber, with her rlv children about her; the
youngest a inert bubo nestling sioscly to herthruu
soiu and clinging to her trftnliling arms;
toe IH'Xt. B lhllll uf tWO VCUTS.
---- -- .- .. . . , - , .
bending that it was a fearful place ; another lotir
years old, looking anaiousiy into us m-.tner n iu,
when it saw tlio tear course down licr clieeks j
Church hose member enacted that law ur-which
this woman and her children wcro hunted like wild
beasts, and driven into a hiding place from officers
render an account lor tho deeds dono In the body.
J no meaning is nguraiive ; nevertheless, I DClievc,
gored, and yfi gave me mctt ; thirsty, and ye gave
modi-ink; a straugcr, and ye took me in ; nal id,
and te clothed me ; Dick and in prison, and ye vis
ited me : for inasmuch as ye have dono it to on of
me least ol thesdi my brethren, ye have dono it unto
nio. And to those ou Ins lett hand lib shall say,
" Depart from mo, ye accursed." Why ? Because
you did not join an rx-offirio Anti-Slavery SWicty,
', a Church ? No. "Because I wits nit hungered;
j and ye gave nio no meat ; thirsty, and yo gave ma
1 no drink ; a stranger, and y-tork- me not in ; liar
j ked, und ye clothed me uot; sick and in priion,
end ye visited me not: for iuaamuch as ye did it
not unto one of the least of these, ye did it not
unto ma." Sir, it i tho Church that has taken sido
with oppression nnd against those least of Christ'
broth ren. It has opposod it colossal power to
emancipation ; and just so long a it continue to
oppose it and to ba a powerful a it is at prosont.
our pronchiug, perchance, will be like Noah's,
which God grant we may continue to uttor, ereti
though none should repent altera hundred year
BUSINESS MEETINGS OF THE SOCIETY.
After the highly interesting public Anniversary
of thu Society, held un the morning of Wednesday,
Muy 10, at tho church of Rev. Dr. Chapin, th
Society commenced, in the afternoon of the same
day, at 3 o'clock, iu scries of meetings for dis-'
cession, conversation, and business, at Hup
Tho President culled tho Socioty to order.'
It was moved hy l!ev. 3. J. May, of Syracuse1,
N". Y., and seconded, Thut a Committee of" three
Vcron" be nominatod by the chair, to report Aio
Committees and other officers ucoded at thi annua?
Sauuku J. M.tr, Oi.iviu Johnson, and Asa Faib''
banks, were nominated and and chosen said Com
mittee. Mrs. A uu v KKLi.tr Foster expressed the ipro
that a large Coniniittco of forty or more might
be chossu, to hold frequent sessions during this
annual mooting, and deliberate upon the laVgo
amount of business before it.
Tho President replied that arrangcmeiit has been
mado for meetings similar to those proposed by
Mr. Gakmsosj read tho two following pii'p'crs,' cer
tifying delegates to this Annuul Meeting i
At a meeting of the Religious Society o( Pro
gressive Friends in tho Stato of Pennsylvania
To tin: AiHtrietin Anli-Slarcrtf Svcieljt OVy ef Art
Our Religious Socioty "believes in the quat
Brotherhood of the Human Family without regard
to sex, color or condition." We, therefore, can
havo no other than the most cordial fellowship with
an institution like yours, which' seek the utter
annihilation and everlasting overthrow of Slavery.
We appoint Alton, Mafia and Eliza Agnow to at
tend the meeting as our representatives, i ''
Signed on bohalf of the Meeting, '
Jntrph A. IhitjJale, B'tyamin l1f, ' "
John Cor, Hannah Cox,
Sarah h-rnion, Uulh Vuydale., .
Ith mo. 30, 185L . . .
CINCINNATI, Ohio, May, 1864.
Our friend and faithful fellow-laborer, Henry B.
Blackwell, ia hereby appointed by the Anil S1st-
ry Sewing Circlo of Cincinnati to represent Uiat
body at the Twentioth Anniversary of th A'meri-
can Anti-Slavery Sooiety, and express from titm
their heartfelt sympathy in its labor and acr'i'-
CINCINNATI, Ohio, May, 1864. SARAH OTIS ERNST, President.
. While the Committee of nomination were onl.
Rev. Andrew T. Foss, of New Hampshire,' (td
droased the meeting on several topic of ptoniiucpt
end immediate iulorest in tbe Anti-Slavery cause.
The Committee on organisation of the meeting
reported the following Committees, 4c. . ,
Com nt Mix oh Hutiiuu Wendell Phillips', Bos
ton ; Lucrftia Mott, Philadelphia l , Ilcnrt ?,
Blackwell, Cincinnati; Edwary M. Davuv.rhflu.'
dolphia; Olive? Johpon, N.w, York;. William if.
' rr Albany; K::hard Glasttr Jr.;. Micai(ni
. '.. I (JlwinA'f nu ifiurth Poy. a,