Newspaper Page Text
f . r T. f
a'iSw rA..d, rtit..i-ir '.;:;;
Rtiltlt It. ItOdlHtSON, Editor.
Aro IWO.T wfif slAVBitot.vsttft."
WlIOLfc Kd: 453.
VOL. 9.X0. 43.
SAL12M, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1S3 i.
irrTnUNir18' " Trr- T -r- r r ,
Tfll ItlTI.SH f BRI BOO LE,
rcBttsHUDirntsr SATCRDAr, ArsAim,onio.
ffflKM9.-f1.50 per snmtm, p.vnttl lo Brivanr.
Or 1 M IM ond of tlin ymir.
. wo occ.limsllT privl mitnbcri. to thus who sro not sot.
yenbort.bttt who sr. MlrrH to be Intorowted In thodlpinmlnfttlnn
f nll-(lTory truth.Xlh IbohoprtliM lliry wlllclthraohiH-rllK
th..lr, or me thrtr Influence to .stend IU clirulstlca among
I S-Onwimiinl-tlnntlntfnden' for lnMrlloa, to ho .iilre.Ar.1 to
Siisiot K. Ron,, Ldltor. All other. HA Pr akjuw, rub-
TERMS Ot ADVERTISING.
Oso qaro (1 Ilnoi ) thM walks. Jl.uO
r.m-p nuMTiHnu in..ruon,
" " " l mmlllll, . . '
" On. ywir, .
Two num l nwnth, . .
(. " On. yr-ar, . . ' . .
Oat Fourth column out your, with prlrllrgt of ch.Dglng
i. roontlil, ..
uTf column, rbnnclnt monlhlr. .
. -t'Hi not cjrciinf iKht Unci will Wtiucrtcd oat jctr.
Kt 30O III months. A ' '
t. HlDSOy, Fuint.
THEODORE PARKER'S SERMON.
, The following Is Mr. Parker' addios to his
congregation, on tho Sunday when Anthony Burns
: t ii.. n c . n .i.
charge of loving Freedom and escaping from Slavery.
From The Commonwealth.
There was an Immense audienco at the Music
Hall yesterday, to hear the Itcv. Thoodnro Parker.
There was a general expectation that ho would
have a " Lesson for the Day," and that vast hall,
with it double tier of galluries, could not contain
II the people who sought admittance. Mr. Parker
delivered a short extempore discourse on the
ject uppermost In all minds, whieh we give la full
below. He then delivered a short discourso on
another .ubject. V hen ho arose to prn, he read
a request for prayer, for Burns', deliverance.
He .aid, in uhjtanee, (we cannot give hi lane-1
uage precisely ) that this wos the old form for such I
requests, but he did not like it, It seoniod to ask
Ood to do our duty. God was never backward to
to do hi work, and we should do ours. He could
not ask Ood to work a miracle to deliver Anthony
Burns; although if ha should see fit to do so it
should be accepted with proper sontimcnts of rev
erence and gratitude. Iio had rcccivod tho same
request in another form, which he liked better, and
read as follows :
TV all Ike Ckrittian .V!nuteit of tlie C7tnch nf
unnn in isonun.
BioTusssi I venture humbly to ask an Interest
in your prayers and those of your congregations,
that I may be restored to the natural nnd inalien
able right with which I am endowed by tho Cre
ator, and especially to the enjoyment of the bless
ing of liberty, which, it is said, this Government
wo ordained to secure.
Boston Slave Pen, May 24, 1854.
' The discourse which followed his " Lesson for
the Day," was on tlie war now agitating Europe,
and the rapacious aud unprincipled spirit of the
men who would hurry us into another war to
aggrandise the slave power, but he had some allus
ion to the presont sUito of thing. In Boston.
Here is one of tbcin : '. .
" Boston I in a state of siege to-day. We are
living under military rule, in order that wo may
err the spirit nf Slavery, and Boston is hunting
ground for the South, who respect u so much !
Our Nicholas is a Virginia kidnapper. Our ruler
i a Judge of Probate."
MR. PARKER'S DISCOURSE.
, I have
soma words to say in place of the scripture lesson,
after the fashion of the Old Testamont prophets.
Since last we came together, then has beon a
mam stole in this city of our fathers. It is not
the first, it may not be the last. Ho is now in the
rat slave nan of the Citv of Boston. Ho is
there, if I understand it aright, against the law of
the Commonwealth, which it 1 am rightly inlorm
ed, prohibit the use of the State ediucos as United
States jail I may lie mistaken. Any forcible
attempt to take him from that bassacoo of B is
too, would be wholly without use. For, besides
the holiday soldiers that belong to the City of Bos
ton, ana ready to shoot down tiioir hrother in a
just cause, or in ai unjust cause, any day, when
the City Government gives them its command and
it liquor, I understand there are ono hundred and
ighty-tour mariues lodged in the Court-llouso,
very man of thorn furnished with a musket and n
bayonet, with hi side-arms and twenty-fuur ball
cartridges. They are stationed also, in building
rery strong, nnd where five mon, in a passage-way
half the width of this pulpit, can defend it nguinsl
fir and twenty, or fivo hundred. To keep the
peace, the Mayor, who, the other day, regretted
th arrest of our brother, Anthony Burns, nnd
declared that his sympathies were vlwlty with tho
alleged fugitive and of course wholly against the
claimant and the Marshal in order to keep the
peace of the city, the Mayor must bettome corporal
of tlx guard for the kidnsnpers. He must keep
the peace of our city and defend these guosts of
Boiton over tho graves, the iinmonumentod graves
of John Hancock and Samuel Adams, A man
has been killed by violence. Some say he was
killed by hi own coadjutor. I could easily to
iler it. There i evidence enough that they were
greatly frightened. These were not United State
soldiers, but volunteor from the street of Boston,
who, fur their pay, went into the Court-House to
assist in kidnapping a brother man. They, I say.
were so cowardly that they could not use the sim
ple cutlasses they had in their hands, but smote
right and left, like ignorant and frightened ruffians,
a they were. They may havo slain their brother
or not I cannot toll. It is said by some that they
killed him. Another story is that he was killed
by a hostile band from without. Some said hy a
smlWt, soma by an axe, and others jot by a knife.
A yet nobody know the foot. But a man has
been killed. He was a volunteer in this service.
He liked the business of enslaving a man, and bat
gone to render an aooount to God for his gratuitous
won. i weive men nave been arrested and are
now in jail to await thoir trial for kiIM murder 1
Here, then, is one man butchored ana twelve men
brought in peril of thoir livos. Why is this?
Whose fault is itf Some eight year ago a Boston
merchant, by hi meroeuarie, kidnapped a man
w n ,k : . .. .i m i c 1 ' ....
"j "4 uiu vuinay, ana earned nun
off. Boston mechanics, the next day, held up the
half-eagles which thov received a their pay for
kidnapping a man. The matter was brought be
fore the Grand Jury for the County of Suffolk, and
Abundant evidenoe was presented, as 1 understand,
tint they found " no bill." A wealthy merchant,
ta the name of trade, hnd stolen a black man,
swfco, on board a chip, had come to this city, had
beta teised by the mercenaries of this merchant,
kept by them for a while, and then when ha es
caped, kidnapped a second timo in the City of
Boston. That was one thing. Boston did not
poaissj th deed t the merchant lost no " personal
pepalaf Ity," The Fugitiv Slav bill was present
ed Lo us, and Boston rose up to welcome it. , The
greatest man In all the North came hore, and in
this city told Massachusetts sho must obey the
rngitiv Slav bill "with alacrity "that we mutt
il "uoaojuar our prejudices" in favor of justice
nd thj unalienable right of man, Boston "eon
quared bar prejudice" in furor of Justice and th
unalienable right of man. Do you not remembor
the meeting that was hetf In Fnneull Hull, whao
"polltiest oWW.f f rtun," (o4im eIM
"tin Democratic Princo of the Devil," howled
at the idea that there wn n law of dud tiis,her
thnn the Fugitive Slave hill, lie sneered, unci
asked, will you have tho " Jlilior Law or Uud" to
rule over you 1 and tlx multitude that occupied
the floor nnd the multitude that crowded the gal
leriof howled down the higher law of God I They
treated the higher law to a laugh find a howl!
That was Tuesday night. It ni tho Tuesday be
fire Thanksgiving Pay. On that Thanksgiving
Day, I told the congregation thnt tho men who
how led down tho hiirhor law of Almiirhtv God. had
(got Almighty God to settle with) that they had
sown mo winui nnu wouiu reap uiv w nirivriiiu.
At that meeting Mr. Ornate told tho people, "ItK
MKMBKKI Hkmfmtii: I K'mnnhrrt" Then no
body kuew w hat to "romeinbor." Now you know.
That is the state of that case. Then you " liK
MEM5F.K" tlie kidnappers came here to seize
Tho. Sim.:. Tlios. Sims was seized. Nine days
he was on triul lbr more l.hsn Ms life, and nevor
jaw a Judrc nover taw a uJiT. Ho was sent
hick into bondage from tho City ol Sj'ton
ilierthe chains that were put nrounu the!
H.use; you . " re nr.-nr." tho Judges of!
chusetts stooping, rrouching, creeping, craicl-
Unij undor the chain of Slavery, in order to get to
ii,B'ir own Courts. All these tilings you " kkhru-
r.n. iiunioii n no iiuii-riT-ininiiv. tnuu K.v
back to the smiter" from the South j sho
"withheld not her check" from the corn of
SjutU Carolina, and welcomed tlie "spitting" of
kidnappers from Ucorgia and Virginiai Now we
aro having our pay for it. To-Uny wo have our
par for that conduct. You have not forgotten the
l"hftcon hundred gentlemen of property mid stand
ing" who volunteered to ouuduot Mr. Sims to Sla-
icry -Marshal 1 ukey "gentlemen. Ihey "re
member" it. They nro sorry enough now. Let
us foririvc w e
need not loigot. Hl.-vir. Jl tsr.il I
liESitmiiiR V Uemtmbtrl Tho Nebraska
just now been passed. Who passed itf
,. in ,.,, h , n nttirti to cnrry
T Sims into Slaver, bv force of arms. They
,, .... vi..i. i.:n ft n i..i
i i i .i , ,nn,i
,, ki(Iniirpor of mf) Ucr, mM hllve ,ccn no
Fugitive Slavo bill in If.'iO. If Mussachusett in
lrjU had declared the bill should not be executed,
kidnapper would never havo shown his face in
the streets nf Boston.. If, failing this, Boston had j
said, in lttol, "Thomas Sims shall not bo carried
off," and forcibly or peacefully, by tho majesty of.
tho great mass of men, had resisted it, no kidnap-
per would have come hero again. Thcro would '
been no Nobraska bill. But to every demand
the slave-owner Massachusetts ha said: " Yesli
yes! wo grant it nil I'' "Agitation must ceaso !"j
" Save tho Union !" Southern Slavery is an in-ti-
tutinn that is in earnest. Northern freedom Is nn
institution that is rint in earnest, It was in earn
est in '70 and 3. It has not been in earnest since.
The Compromises arc but provisional. Slavery is
tho only finality. Now, since the Nebraska bill is
passed, an attempt is niado to add insult tn insult,
injury to injury. There was a fugiilvo slave case
at Syracuse this last week ; at New-York, a broth
er of Itcv. Dr. Pcnuington, an ostablnihod clergy
man ol large reputation, great character, acknowl
edged learning, who has hi diploma from the
University of Hoidollicrg, in. Germany, a more
honorable source than that from which any clergy
man in Massachusetts ever received his, kit broth
er and two nephews wore kidnapped in New-York,
and without any trial, without any defense, were
hurried on into, bondage. . men at Boston, you
know what was done in the last four day, lie
hold the consequonces nf the doctrino that theio is
no '-higher law." Look at Boston to-day. There
are no chains around your Court house there are
- around it. A hundred and eighty-four Unit
ed Slates soldiers are mere, iney aro, 1 am told,
mostly foreigners the scum of the earth, none but
such enter into armies as common soldiers in a
country like ours. I say It with pity they are
not to blame for having been born where they
were and tchai they are. I pity tho scum as well
us I pity the mass of men. Tho accident of birth
keens you and me from being among that same
scum. The soldiers are there, I sny, and their
trado is to kill. Why is this sol You remember
the meeting nt Faneuil Hall last Friday when
oven the words of my friend Wendell Phillips, the
most eloquent words that get spoken in America,
in this century, hardly prevailed upon tlie multi
tude from going, and by violence attempting to
storm the Court-House What stirred them up?
It was tho spirit of our fathers tho spirit of just
ice and liberty in your heni ts, nnd in my heart,
and in the hearts of all of us. Sometimes It gets
the better of a man's prudence, especially on occa
sions like this, and so excited was that assembly
of four or live thousand men that even the words
of eloquent Wendell Phillips could hardly restrain
them iiom going nt once inslilv to the Court House
and tearing it to the ground. Boston is tho most
peaceful nf cities. Why t Because we have com
monly had a place that was worth keeping. No
city respects laws so much, liecauso tho lav. s
havo lioen ma.lo ny the people, lor the people, and
am Lif, 1, .h -.wta... II...... ;d n ,iw
which the people would not kcop. It is a law of
our Southern masters a law not fit to keep. Why
is Boston in this contusion to-dnv 7 1 no l ncitivc:
Slave bill Commissioner has just now been sowing
thi wind thnt we may reap the whirlwind. The
old Fugitive Slave bill Commissioner stands back ;
ho has gone to look after his "personal popularity."
But when Commissioner Curtis docs not dare ap
pear in this matter, another mnn comes forward.
and for the first time soek. to kidnap bis man in
the Citv of Boston. Judne Lorinn is a man whom
Judge Loring is a man whom
I respcetcd and honored. His privats lifo is whol-
ly blameless, so far as I know. Ho Las been, 1
uniformly boloved. His character has enti-!
tied turn to the esteem ot Ins lellow citisens. 1
have known him somewhat, I never heard a mean
word from Lini many good words. Ha was once
the law partner of Horace Mann, nnd learned hu-
inanity of a great tcaehcr I have respected him a
good deal. Ho is a rctjmtuble man m the Boston
sense of that word, and in a much hiuhcr sense;
at least I thought so. Ha is a kind hearted, char
itable man ; a good neighbor ; a fast friend when
politic do not Interfere ; charitable with hi purse;
an excellent husband; a kind father; a good rela
tive. And I should as soon have expected that
venorablo man who sit before me, born before
your Revolution Samuel Mar I should ns soon
have expected Aim to go and kidnap Hobert Morris,
or any other of tho colored men I boo around mo,
as I should have oxpectod Judge Loring to do this
thing. But ho has Bown tho wind, nnd wo are
reaping tho whirlwind. I need not say what I
now think of him. He is to act to-morrow, and
may yot act like a man. Let us wait and c.
Perhaps there i. manhood in him yet. But, my
friends, all this confusion is his work. Ho know
be was stealing a man, born with the same right to
life, liberty and tho pursuit of happiness a him
self. Ho know the uavoholdor had no more right
to Anthony Burns than to his own daughter, lie
know the consequences of stealing a mnn in Bos
ton.-' He knew that there are men in Boston who
havs not yet conquered their prejudices mou who
respect th Hichsr Law of God. Ha knew ther
would bo a meeting at Faneuil Hall gatherings
.. . mo nucui. jio snew mere wonia ne violence.
Edward Greeley Loring, Judge of Probate for the
county ot Muttoik, in the Suit of Massachusetts,
FugiUys Slavo Bill Commissioner of th United
States, before these eitiion of Boston,, on Ascen
sion Sunday, assembled ta worship God, I charge
you with the death of the man who wa murdered
on last Fiidsy night. H was your follow servos
in kidnapping, lie me si your nana, xou nrea
th shot which make bis wife a widows M child
jail orphan. I charge yu with th psrll ,nf twelve
men; nrrestdd fur mui Jor and on trinl for their
I charge you with filling the Court House
with one hundred and eighty-hmr hired ruffians of
the United States, and alarming not Only this city
iur nor unorties mat are to peril, but stirring up
the whole Commonwealth of Massachusetts with
indignation, w hich no man knows how to stop
wliii-h no man can stop. You have done it all t
This is my lesson for the day.
THE ST. DOMINGO INTRIGUE.
return to the capital, he gave notice of his inten
tho tions to renew hostilities tho following year,
Meanwhilo a new intrigue was set on foot by a
former United States consul nt Mexico, and two
men, by the names of Greon and Walsh who havo
made themselves somewhat notorious since in con
have noctlon with Haytinn matters to secure the rocofr
of nitiou of the independence of Dominica by the
United States, upon such terms as would render
that republic a desirable placo of emigration for
1 tho State Department. The time for its consider
think, ation by President Pierce, however, finally arrived,
The following resolution. nre!?nant with results
fur more sorions than will ncnerallv be susnected.
was submitted to the Sonata venterdn h Mr.
'littmrtdi lliat the tommiltce flh rrcii:n
Dominica, and ol opening diplomatic intercourse
with the same."
To understand the Smnnrt nf this resolution fu!lv'
past history of our diplomatic relations with
the Lland of St. Domingo should ha explored, and
te .ccrct poM-y pursued towards it by every
ministration incO iIiTrisou' jhould Lo known.
We havo only tinio and spaco to glanco at one
two of their leading features.
Whilo Mr. Calhoun was Secrotary nf Slate,
by the namo of Hogan was sent out to St, Do-
mingo on a secret mission, the ultimate object of
which was to do something there to counteract the
efforts at self-government, mnking at the
othor end of the isloniF, by the lliyticns. Mr.
llugau report was so absurdly false, that Mr.
Calhoun wns ashamed to publish it, nor has it ever
been permitted to see the light. Subsequently tho
I'ominicnns tnnt is, trioso occupying the eastern
extremity nf the island, the successors of tho an
ricnt Spanish colonists revolted from the Hay
liens, by tho connivance it is supposed, of tlie
President Uoycr. When SoloiHiio was chosen Pres
ident, he marched an army to the east, with the
intention of restoring the integrity of the republic.
Uo reached Axua, almut halt tlie Uittnnce, when,
in consequenco of the unusual dryness of the sea
son nnd the impossibility of getting food for his
horses, he was olilitfod to retire. Soon nfter his
the planter of the middlo and sonthern States
with their slaves. To enhance the value of their
services to tho Dominicans, and of courso to imv
prove tho conditions and privileges to be secured to
tho projected American colony, they also undertook
to prevent Solouquo's executing his purpose of re
newing his attacks upon the Dominican territory.
For this purpose Walsh wa sent to Port-ati-l'rince,
the capital of Hayti, by Mr. Fillmore, with instruc
tions to co-oncrate with tho EhslUh nnd French
consuls resident there, in threatening him with the
joint intervention of tho three government if he
persiktcd in his design of invading Dominica. '
This absurd proceeding on the part of Mr. Fill
more was treated by Solouquo with more re
spect than It deserved, for it wnsnot resented ; but
the Emperor declined to give nny pledges for the
future. Tho correspondence which passed between
tlie intervening commissioners and the Haytian
government, togother with tho despatches of W sl.-h
to the Stuto Department, appeared at length in tho
Kttninij 7W, about three years ago, and we voature
to sny that our governmeut nover appeared to less
adrnntnga in any controversy l itli a foreign power.
At the very tuna that Mr. Fil'morc, through his
swaggeriti;, ill-bre4 nrd reckless commissioner,!
was trying to bully the Haytien government, which
by tho way, wo had never recognised, into nn - ac
quiescence in tho revolt nnd secession of two-thirds
of its territory for tho bcuelit of another govern
ment, w hich also Wo had nercr recognized, he was
reading Kossuth and his companion long homilies
at Washington against entangling alliances and
foreign intervention. Ho could not permit tho
American envernment to casp a siizh for the
wretched Hungarians, because, he said, it was not
the policy of our government to take any part in
the controversies of other powers; and at the very
time he was secretly at work trying to frighten a
feeble and ignorant people, who were making an
effort to govern thcnisolve nnd to detervc a pomion
among the independent nations of tho earth, into a
1 ,,. ----- -1
enneeitBiiin wliii.li wAiitrt inevifnl K tnntl in ponsln.it
: . . : ' v . :
ijorucr wars, nnu unceasing waste ni vmua nuu
... 1 . K 1 I .
money us long as it Listed j for wo undertake to
that it is not poss.bo for two governments to
be maintained in peace together on the island of
St. Domingo. At all event,, thnt unhappy country
has nover had any such fortunate experience mi nre
anything has heon known of it by tho civih.od
worn . uoiuinnus louna no lumans 01 tlie r.as
n'iii.inr. nr.nu 1 ia lVml wlifii, liAlnni nil t inrA . n..il
the hostile relation has never ceased, wo believe,
sinco then, except during a short period of Boyer's
administration, when tlie island wa tinitca unuor
I the Haytien flag,
Partly in cousequence, perhaps of the interven
tion of the three lending powers of which we have
been speaking, and partly for want of resources,
Soulouque La not renewed Lostilitio sine tho
armistice proclaimed in 184l. Mcuntima, the in-
triguo. in Dominica have been progressing,
Fillmore was not re-elected, and of courso to
Fillmore was not reelected, and -f Jourso tbr some
time the subject did not receive much attention in
and the result was the mission ol a secret com mnt-
j sioner to the city of St. Domingo. He reached tho
city in Fubrunry last, nnd we presume the motion
of Mr. Douglas is based upon despatches received
from lum. In view ul tins presumption, it mny ho
well for the public to know something more ot this
commissioner. It is no other than the redoubtable
and immaculate Cora Montgomery, alias Mr.
Storm, formerly editress of tho Sun, unci eompnn-inn-in-in-arms
of Beach the elder, with whom he
visited Cuba and other foreign parts in time gone
jv. . . ... : . . . . .
At tne nose ot mat engagement, ine peeame
follower of the American army in the Mexican
war, where she may have hud the good fortune to
make the acquaintance of Brigadier-General Pierce,
and produce nn impression ot wnicn tin appoint
ment is one of the fruit, and where she certainly
did find a friend or husband in ono Mr. Cssnoau,
whose name, not yoke, she now bears. He is the
tli natnnftihlA. liH in thA real enmmiHsioner. He
... in T,.., whan tha noinmin.inn win issued
but as she was esteemed the better man of the two
;i ... .aai ia h i ' Ynrl aiiv. KhA Immr.di-
-i.i i,.ii. m Rt. Dnmino.v anrl aunt him
word by mail to follow her, which be, like a dutiful
husband, did, arriving (is wek or two month
ui.i k.. ;..iTnrii. wAra. wa ara not
advised. We can only Infer them from the
tenor of her conversation and behavior when
h arrived there, a related to us by an and
ear-witness. She evinoed strong ossiro to invesi
i. ki .i.. r St rinmi ml anil ad-
vised other to follow her example, saying quite
frly, that ther soon would bo a ehangsintb
slat of thing tbsre thst the country would be-
long to tbe United State in Issi Ihsn sis month,
and advised property-holder to improve, their
k;M,-n. m-A n. an w..iwa Amnrimin
immigratioa.i - . ' , - t . !
W will now briefly aUlS what w ffrlnd
,hf f"n,.,nl' lhi nomrn''"Jnr, nd of
parties with whom he or she nets The Oororn
liye ment, of course, we assume to Lo Innoccntln the
ciatcd to tho prime cost of its manufacture, au:ut
lire cents' worth to the dollar, and its revenues are
small tlmt the? hardly Sullive to pay the l'rer.i-
or'utu ')' tnervnted and inferior race, it would
be a very oasy matter for ono or two hundred
Americnus, by bribery or intimidation, to pet con
mau roJ of the government, alter the constitution so as
w legalise slavery, and open n new slavo market on
0'1 nP"n ''ch more blood has been hed in de
sncoessful fnc of freedom than upon any tract of it ie
vVn "ie fo of f'o earth. Annexation to the
jst nppoaring tn trio imitmio ni protectors to me
Dominkiin rcpulilic against SuhU'pie, and hy se
ouriug the recognition of her nations! cxixtom-o
and qunliBcd protection hy the United .St:its, they
expoct in return certain grants of territory, and
such privileges in the occupation and enioTinent of
it as still induce emigration from tho I'nitcd States.
But this is onlv tho first nit in the drama. The
government nf linminicn is very feohle, nnd utterly
dextitutoof political nnd financial resources. There
i no nrnmincnt man in tho eountrv exeent Santnnn,
nor anv one who tiussesses tho confidence of the
people, or Intelligence and experienCo enough to
tno govornmeiit a week, it lie wcro tome.
Tho commcrco of Dominica In
a vcrv insiirniSi-ant fiirure. lis i
'(('nl bi trilling salary, and supply oil to the single
iigntnnusc wlm h the government still maintains ut
r in ot. nominal).
country thus conditioned, nnd thinly norm-
i.niicu. .-moics wouiaoetiio next nnu easy siep.
An'' w lould "nd ourselves, before we dreampt
"J . conterminous neighlor of tho Emperor ol
Havii. How lone it would take us to nick a ouar-
rcl with such a neighbor, and shoulder him off into
the sen, we need not stop to calculate.
Such Is the schrmo which wns projected ninny
years ego, nnd wliieh r.ow appears to I e coming to
a head. We trust the instructions and despatches
of Mrs. Cazneau will be laid before the Senate and
tho public, before the resolution of Judge Douglas
is finally disposed of, (hat We may know tho grounds
upon which it is proposod to make a distinction bo
tween tho sovereignties of Dominica and Hayti.
Hitherto our government has refused to rCcngmzc
any negro sovereignty. W e wish to know what
reasons aro given lor making Dominica an excep
There can bo no objection to the extension ofsnch
a national courtesy to the Eastern Kcpublic provid
ing it can pe done without violating tho rights ol
linyti, which ouglit to he respected by us nil the
more faithfully became sho is incapablo of resent
ing such violation ; but wo wish to have the reasons
for mnking in exception to tho policy hitherto
pursued in referenco to negro sovereignties.
We wih tn know whether tho voto unou tho
recognition of Dominica is to sctllo tho policy of
this government in reference lo Hayti and Liberia,
or whither an attempt is to bo maifo under color of
Mrs. Cuz.ieau's fables, nnd the false representations
of those who aro connected with her in this Domin
ican intrigue, to mnko tlie government believe that
I'oininica ts nny less a negro government than
Hayti or Liberia. If so, be it our rare to see that
such representations do not obtain credit with the
country lung. A. 1 . Lee. iW
LETTER FROM DR. PECK.
himself up and scattered his assailants about tl.Oj
; floor as hough they hnd been so many R';l"-1
Several times they returned o the charge, and were
as often , discombicd. U Bill turned Ms Iwknnd,
I betook himself to the river, almi.st in n slate
- tor. Pick, long the able and influential editor of
the tskruiia Adrocate and Journal, ha addressed
a letter to Dr. Euliot of tho W'alern Chruliu
Advocate, an extract from which wa take pleasure
in laying before our renders. It will be read with
interest and profit, and afford a sure nod gratifying
evidence of progress ainonj the staid, sober, con
servative, christian minds ot the North. We hope
the sagacious remarks of Dr. Peck will be duly
weighed, and his frank UiiboKiinin of himself,
meet with the cordial response which It ought.
Ha writes fmin Wilkesbnrre, the sceue of an out
rage perpetrated under the Fugitivo Law.
This borough, within tho last few months lias
been rendered somewhat notorious, by the circuin-
stnnco of tho attempted arrest of Bill Thomas, an
alleged fugitive slave. The people hero aro gencr-'
ally quite conservative, nnd not easily excited ;
but the demonstration of certain denutv marshals
from Philadelphia, made upon poor Bill, stirred up
rri,.-, in the community which will not soon diei
- . . , , ,
away. ir full-grown men, armed with billies,!'
. . . il l,.., ij
fcliiiur.iiliiir. nml I.tHilnfl 111MO..I.4. nHkftilrrl hh, nnnrii.
! V T'L' rr.T , j 7 . i. t .
.rv-u ...B.v. ... w. ....
down, beat him after he was down, put a chair on
'nisncca ami nil pncu incmsciics on ion in mm.
. . .11 , ., , - . .,r
! 1 bus incumbered and borne down with a massed
- " - - - ,
1!ohIi nml l.li.oil. a man of ririlinnrv enursee must
: .' . . r . .r
I...- .. ..... .. ill! Iln'l ,
nave given up 111 ucspair; lui mil 1 m inus iiueu
, nudity. into retreating, and wlulo in tuu water.
sis snoi we nrcu at nun. r.xmiusicu nnu laii.i,
lift nnml tn tll shorn nnfl Inifl l.imRelf linnn the
j beach, covered with blood. His heroic assailants,
' after uttering some stout words in reply to tho up-
iiraiuings 01 citizens, iook n nee-iine ior i iiiiaini
phia, as sonio think supposing Thomas was mortally
wounded, and that our uflicers would soon be upon
thoir track. "Tho niggor" soon so fur recovered
as to to oT to parts unknown, aud our hitch
e instable visited "the city of brotherly lovo," in
pursuit of the live famous kmghts, with a warrnn
I took the gentlemen out of hi. hands on a w ritofj
issncil vj one ul uur inngisiruii's. uuuge virier
naueat corpus, auu, upon tucir own tcsumony, u.
sued a bench warrant for their arrest. wl.U'it Is
' quite probable, will be superseded by auolher writ
I of habcut corpus. Time will tell.
This is au illustration of the workings of tho
monstrous scanaai to tno age nnu tne country, tne
Fugitive Slave Law. The whole affair has dune
mora toward making that law odious, and stirring
up an unti-6lavcry tcehng in this .action of Penn
sylvania, than all tho abolition demonstrations there
have ever done.
There i. fearful evidence of the onward move
ment of the slavo power. We conservative people
nave opposed tlie aggressive measures ot mo abo
litionists, under the impression that they increased
th difficulty of emancipation, and that, if the
South were left tn grapplo with the evil alone, they
would soon our it. But have we not mistaken the
men f If they regard slavery as an evil, and desire
to be rid of it, whence thi desperate effort for
extension north t For, after all tho explanations of
the policy and objects of the pending Nebraska
bill by it friends, what man of oomuiuu sense doss
Did Ivy it
not believe that it i. designed to extend the area
of slavery f It is with me a very Brave Question,
whether honest men at the North ire not called
upan to unite in an effort to limit tbe slave powr
to th present bveholding Ststu. and tha let
ai out ot pldbora; or u it continue iu aggre-
sions. to dealers affrdnst it eternal war. It is now
tolorably evident that if the monster is permitted to
A teill rW. The North must either eurb thi
grasping power of slavery, or themselve bsoom
' uuipruuinos mm iii.
wbsn thsy onnose the advancement of lavery. A
speaker at th lata great demonstration in Tammany
1111, denounced all compromises a anU-democraUo.
I thi i to be the order of tbe dsy. let u nova
th Fugitive Slavo Law immediately repealed i let
n Lav the Constitution revised, and have repealed
th ArtKil en th return from on But to anath-
(. f "fugitiTe from lobor t" and. last but not
wsss. o in rui oi ruprsnnwHiD in mw n.ii
1 lgslsture, i-bich giv-s ih Seutba refrsscotatirm
for their slaves, or their human proptili, thereby
giving slave Suite a lurgjr representation in dm
gress, in proportion to tho number of free citiicn.
than is enjoyed l.t the North. Lot this, then, be
the watchword at the North, "All the compromises.
or nono." Have we not long nnd earnestly sough
peaco witii the South t But I am Uilcrably well,
convinced there Is no such good to bo cbtiVmed.)
They will multiply their demands till nothing 'cft. I
Next, slavery may ome into S'une of tho ircel
SMtef. the s!".vc trade mat b revived, and who
knows what else may be demanded by tho laws of.
progres ? It would be no more strange, li'some wise
Senator should in'.roduco into the Sunnto a bill ab
rogating that act of Congres which dcclaros the
slave - trade piracy upon the high seas, two years
hence, than the Nebraska and Kansas bill would
have been considered two yearl Itgo. Should south
ern politicians conceive sin.li a wcasiirO important
to them, necessary to meet toO exigencies of the
syem, in the new slavo States, to bo constitutH
:.. f , v i . .i . . . ... . f t . i -
Now, my dear old friend, I have written you a!
letter which, in nil conscience, is long enougn, and
I hope not averse from your own view. Much of
it may bo "pipe now, but I hope it may not be
,1 l.. -I... '..I ,1.1 I I :..
wiuunt niiujctfiiii'r noruuvBB. uuu iiiv-no jum '
vour noble efforts to promote the interests of the
llediemer's kingdom, aud the elevation of the race.
Wilkesbarre, Penn., March 24,1854.
PROPERTY STEALING ITSELF.
c ,jf ml aillnBtl.ri iw0 hmiitcil ,l0nrs is off
say, ,ered for his capture." Ho will surely strike on
f , ,u' ,p ,,0 , k .; Br,n,uri
,; ,lt c,()rL.j fiJl0 ,ouki b pf
ol;,,,.": ,..i o-. .. i...r . ,t. l -i-i-:.
I iirvtluu ,..r im-iiiBVii l a. wov. 11 lnu, iu Tears Ul
.. .i .i : ' 0'"j"'
ngc, is spare, trim and genteel in nppearaiice. lias
i . . . .. " ' 1
The RU hmonl (Va.) Eitqnirtr thus alludes to the
increasing insecurity of human "property" of Vir
Em-ape or Slaves. Tho Norfolk Beacon of Wed
nesday announces tho escape of five mora slaves to
tho North, the property of William W. Hall, Sig
ourney and Mrs. Shepherd. Tho Beacon of Thurs
dya has the following on the same subject: "Tho
practice of stealing our slave property is daily in
creasing. It is now almost a daily occurrence for
negroes to escape to the North. On Tuesday three
more, tho property of Messrs. Camp, Dnlryniple
and Crowdcr, editor of tho Argus, made their cm-
The montal nnd moral bewilderment which so
confounds all distinctions of right and wrong, nnd
tho significance of tho most common words is both
ludicrous and pitiable. Wure ever good and evil,
light aud darkness, truth and falsehood, honesty
and fraud more shockingly roverstdf
Tho Vireinia slave-breeder who seizes the new
born babe, born in his own house, and dooms it from
its birth to a life of slavery, mny be a very honest
citizen and worthy Christian ; but the plundered
slave, who, ofier years nf suffering, escapes from
his plunderers to freedom, has stolen himself, nnd
every humane or generous man who responds to
tho fugitive's nppenl for sympathy and help in Li
tiigiti lor irceuom, is also a tiuei. monstrous as
arc tl.cso perversions of reason and truth, they arc
but tho natural fruit of a system which, barren of
all good, is fcrtllo only in monttroBitics. Deeply
as thev ma irrieve. t K'v cannot inrnnu mteil hrent
and thoughtful men, for the4 have lone since
learned to expect evil and only evil from slavery.
They know it is the parent of all vices and crimes.
that it nourishes and aggravate nil bad passions
that it can live only in an atmosphere of falsehood,
and In the darkness ol ignorance.
This migratory epidemic, which i earryinr off
so many ot the slaves of irginia, is by no means
eonnneu va tne uoraor otatos. ine ottliction
sorely felt, even in the fnr South, where slavery
holds undisputed sway, and where escapo from its
power, except inrougn ueatirs nark gate, seems
altogether hopclessj. Fottcrs and dungeons ovcr
scors and watchmen, bloodhounds and professional
slave hunters, and the terrors of punishment in-
lncled on the recaptured fugitive, are all insufficient
to deter men, kidnapped and enslaved, from at
tempting to regain their liberty. An illustration
nf this truth lies before us in a half column of ad
vertisements clipped from the New Orleans Pica
yunc of April 2ut,i, which contains eltven advertise
ments of runaway slaves, all ofi'oring rewards from
twenty-live to two hundred dollars each for their
'n . ,i . . r . r ,i . .
, ' :.t...1 .
Alio UC8UII1IIIHIIII oi muni- runaways nro iiiicrost-
- , , tie.)194.lv...
r character and capacity to
joe, a gritt, 1.0 years ot
rap W Hie up-river bouts as steward
j cook Jl)C ,md cvidcnly mprvc, ,oW.
: , . .."..:: ..." i .
uinciii i w u livuw .ui iv.r, aiipiiii, -I inin UlUi
. - , . i -, - ,, :., .1 - . .,;,
. , , .7 .. ' '
1 spiigiiuv nnu tins n ceau auurcos. 110 was un-
1 1 . p . .. . 1
1 1 ,..
poseu to nnvo nccn lost on n, btoamor that was
,(.,,,, A,i 1 , i 1 i;.,..,i i.. 1 ,i.
1 m( ft gc ir , ( rorctlCttj j, verv p,iite
, . , . aadreiH( ; a verv -oJ carpentnr na ,.tavs
. ... . ... . . . -
the violin, nnd a hundred dollars is offered for him
he will hardly "starvo" in Canada. "William
griif, 50 year. old. six feet high, very straight and
slender, speaks French nod Kngliidi, is a carpentor
by trado and a Methodist preacher"
" Edmund, light griff, 22 years old. speaks Frf rich
and Fnglish, is a cook." "William, 25 years old,
" nearly while, blue eyes, light hair, slender built
, and straight, a good house servant, A-c, Ac.
These will servo as specimens of tho appearance.
, .i i..".
''Tmen wii such rccommcnii fa ion.
1 r ., ,..ii..i .. ----
,'.unto.r. Uah' .lhou-'' bI1 "lc.a P- ar.
ino uiiuioi.s ciicuiicu, uui as ump trom ill sea,
they show an Increasing intelligence, enterprise
and freedom of spirit among the colored popula
tion, and this is a uopctui omen, i a. J-ieemant
PRODUCTS OF SLAVE LABOR.
The following articles on the consumption of the
product of slave labor, are published in a series
of sheet tracts, for distribution by an association
of Orthodoi Friends. A tome of them teem es
pecially addressed to abolitionists, we publish
them, that they may thus reach those for whom
they wer designed.
"HE WHO GIVES THE MOTIVE MAKES
BROTHER'S SIN HIS OWN."
Man' right to liberty and the fruits of Li own
toil, is the inalienable gift of hi Creator. Vft
therefore charge opon the (larchulder the sin
robbing his brother of himself, and tha products
of hi toil. "Wo onto biro that buildetb hi
house by unrighteousness, and hi chamber by
wrong : that nssth hi neighbor's services without
wages, and givath him not for hi work." W dony
th oppressors rights to tho fruits of robbery, and
by necesssry consequence, Li right, to ttLl them.
Wsut, then. Lav w obtained the right to buy
of that oppressor or hi sgont T On what princi
ple do w deduce the right lo become th reosirers
of goods, which, w know to bw been obtained
by robbery and ytulajrjeef ' Ou what principle
wa infer, that w may innocently share "th gain
of oppression I . . - .
: How great U inconsisteMy of tboss ojvho prs-
tfe to abhn Ui yem nf lTery, ""WL trey
daily feod and clothe thomsclve with IU iru
Their words ray to the oppressor, "spoil fit)! tb
poor; oppress not the weak, enslave 4ot Iht Image"
If Oodi" their louder peaking coxdcc ?,
Continue to extort that unrequited laW from W
helpless victims! we will rurniso you iu ,
cnrry on your ststem of robbery, since) w
ffur J noitlicr the cost, nor the l!CoxVif't4t
.k-r. a .i-
fbtalm fret prodt.ee. -
"BE NOT PARTAKERS OF OTHER MEN S
SINS" 1. Tim. 5:22.
The articles you make ue of cannot U pro
daccd without 'ome lime aud labor, b thi rltras1
tity what it mny. Alfowrrig th labor of ' lav
! ' twelve ynrf. if crodrSce
all th vstSou
slave - i;rown products whch yoo trfaj tut dcrrrag
, , , , ,, . ...
"f Jouc l,fe- ouU not U who " '
oocu ti lo jn t!f.v Totll suvi Aatu. th. time
, ' .t .... I tm
Dn you' not receive, e' BitrcM ttnfH tMtt hii
oppression, as th individual who i( Li nominal
owner, but in fact, for thai length of time, only
your aotNTf Will th circumstance of thW por
lion of labor, being divided among many persons,
create any diffurenco ? B'y paying ahothor for tkw
cdtffm'iision of a crime which' you woufd A'ot dor'
to commit totrrsclf, are you not, for th tima that
is necessary to pr'oduce tlie article yoo SMMttma
TOl'MILr A SLAVLUOLblXT ,
"IF THERE WERE NO CONSUMERS OF
SLAVE PRODUCE—THERE WOULD
BE NO SLAVES."
Can we employ another in the commission it
robbery, sharo the profits with biin, and yet be
innocent of the crime Its tftnt-tlf) fli 10 IblM!,
by the glittering bribe we olft'red for the commis
. It is clear lo the comprehension of those who"
will take the trouble to examine the ulijec, (ha!
the northern merchant who purchase the cotton,
sugar and rice of the southern planter 1
. the task master who pH
the gory Luh to the lacerated back of the toiling"
laye, to extract tho greatest possible amount of
1.1.... ,. wl.n niAa lit- tinman WITH
. , . . , . ... ..... i,.,-!... Um.
, - r
of enpidity like oxen in the shamble ; yea, tej
the glsvlfttder, are aoh an 3
all of them, only fa fttntty totsn, employed it
and rot the coNsvaxa in extracting and transfer
ring to him tlie product of th unrequited toil of
the poor suffering slave.
Let the consumer of slave produce ask himself1,
if lie can advanco a single argument in favour of
hi telf-indulgence, which might not be offered
with equal force by the slaveholder.
' From the toiling ImtiJmn'ti'i Otter fieed
Sliflll C pits our own full boards;"
And fold nbont oar forms the robe
Hi wasting lifo affords!
Tut tho wOrtt fucd of Iniquity and wrong upon
'stolen goods" that they will bear, and it will show
none of the deep red lineament of lln; that mark1
the product of the slave tail, tf w demand! id
the nnrrld of jlisttctj that the slaveholder relinquish
his hold on that which be wickedly call hi pro
perly, if we ay to him: "honest poverty 1 better
than ill gotten gain," .hall we demur at the' (Mrali
inconvenience in which we shall be involved by an
n i ..,..!-r, ,). -.1.,,oj ...i-Wm.lint
suuiun i umouuu hwu. ... .. ....v...
toil? Can wc doubt that a ronurlclittiorl of tile proJ
fits and comforts, which five' hundred thoUsaad
Amcrii-an Aliolilioiiists now dcrivo frdrrt Slavery,
would do more to seal on the minds of slaviihoijar
a conviction of the real iniquity of the system, and
prepare them for a voluntary surrender bt their
portion of it emoluments, than all the argument
""owing its ansirae, wrong.u.ue.s i,Mr.n
' the evidence thnt they proceed front hoottt
I. , . . , . . . .,u:..;i
"eVxDS to le clcar of tU r0,1' nJ
;ng to derive advantage frolrl it.
showing its abstract wrongfulness unaccompanied
A WORD TO ABOLITIONISTS.
CAN WE INNOCENTLY SHARE THE GAIN OF OPPRESSION.
What good will it dot I a question oftun pro-'
posed to the advocates of Free Produce. " If mil
would abstain something might be done, but whs
can individuals accomplish in this way against th
giant sin of slavery "1 It is probable that mnlt'H
tudc of slaveholder theoretically opposed .ta
slavery, reason In the samo manner, and With
quite a good grounds. We would answer yo,- as
we answer them, even if yad can soe no direct or
immediate pood it will do, nmA your tne hands of
nil j,iiim iMrtirioatien lit f sin vou ttindemnt
Let your arfi'ou be consistent If f on wolild havo
your influence felt; and becanse yob ckhhot do uli;
do not rciuso to uo j . r- .
have often aunted the noble sen
timent, "Action are our,- events are God'," they
have never admitted that w were fre to refus to
do any duty, till we had tipulald that a reword
should be given in tha .occes of oor work (
But we believe it Would be iltrpOssiblk to asUmatC
the amount of good resulting to the cause of lib
erty in thi country and throughout th world, by
a consistent course of action in this respect khf
part of the anti-lavery eommunityi It would at
onoe place u on a nign mom innuim in wu.u
we wouH corflrtisnd I elfcr yiew of. slavery. ' I
would givt immens foro to professions, tha sin
cerity of which might otherwis b justly ques
tioned. It would promots anti-lsTry febng. by
eon.Untly reminding u of th aotuol existnc
slavery. It would lead to much enquiry 4
quiry on th side of troth and righi U pstt prv
ducJva of good. I would b an appsol tb
heart of th laTe(iolder of gro tnorai powar. I
u ...;iv. t (kj, rM nt slaxtni. It would
tha oppressor to tremhlc, and fas an arnat ts
erushed and sorrowing bondman- thai tb dsy f
hi redemption drew nigh. ' " '.'
ajV Tw sollectioD wst rnosly taks dp $
R-VAVord Bssuhor' shunab. fcr th ryrastit of .
mortgr T"" isswensl-Tsst '"W
ThTealWioti n.ented to about ot wbiiaV .
we prawn ;vey. : ' ,..o. -..