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title: 'Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, June 17, 1854, Image 4',
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From Dickens' Household Word.
THE HERMIT OF DAMBURGVILLE.
Not very long ago tlio course of duty carried ino
nhrond nnd I spent some time in a littlo continen
tal town which, if you please, I w ill call Iatiitiu r-yille-
Cittnpoli, although it may hive been neither
in Holland, Gorniany, Franco, Italy nor Greece.
1 am about to tell the true tnlo of u person living
in that town, nnj wish no to do without directing
anybody's eyes toward hiin.
In the parish church of Ilambiirgville Cittapoli,
mass la cclcliriito.l so much 1 nm obliged to snv
-and at that chucli 1 w n i-.i the habit of attending
lirertv rPTtilmlv. I used tit mo llirrp a vnrv d,
votit looking man who tins never absent from his
place, nnd whose humility ol bearing and extreme
seriousness of demeanor" fixed upn him a good
deal of attention. Jlo had tho figure and the
movements of a tolerably young man, nt any rate
of a man under forty, but he seemed to bu sixty
years old in tho face, I thought, when I used to
meet him for the sake c.f looking at him in the
porch. His dress was too ciaio to belong to a
ifcritlcincn, and vet was remarkable for a p-entlc-I
maii's neatness, "lie spoke to no one, and once or ;
twice shrunk back against the wall that ho might
lint be touched by me when 1 Win passing him.
Ho used to wear gloves too when all ether hands
wo.ro bare at tho communion.
f male imiuiies nnd obtained no chic to tho
knowledge I desired ; nobody seemed to know who
the man was, except one friend w ho supposed it
must be "Vat you call the Jack Ketch." 1 said
that he was not nt a I that sort of person. Then I
wasadiscd to nsk the priest concerning hiin, "for
ho knew everybody.
had made fViemls w-'tli-the priest, nnd did not
hesitate to t ike my friend's advice. Jlis rerorence
informed mo Unit from my description tho person
who had excited my curiosity must be what shall
I take for a name bYrtraiit dc' Medici.
"IV MoJici I" I sai l ; "surely I have heard of
that name before.''
"Probab'y," said the priest. "It is one of our
historic names. The person of w hom you speak
belongs tu a iilUi -tralions family."
"And yet lie is unknown here."
"His history is strange, and it is not unknown
here. Ilo has no associates." Tho good old gen
tleman then oacd my mind by tolling me the story
upon the getting of which my heart dad long been
Bertram would htvo hcjn born with all possible
advantages, if, as the father said ho had not pos
sessed an iniia'e propensity for evil. His nurses
despaired of him, his mother grieved for him, at
school he was clever but misused his abilities. As
a young niin ho loarne 1 what l3 should have shun
ned sympathised with what he should luivo hated,
and by tlio timo he had bceomo fairly a man he
was a perfect villain. Master of his property, ho
wasted it ho became- estranged, and nt last whol
ly cut off from his family, and the tribunals of
jo tic ) grew to bo more nnd moro familiar with
liis I'ui e. Jlo endured many short imprisonments
under feigned names ; at last, for a capital crime
ho was condemned to death,- but bis sentence was
commu'ed. and in the flower of his ycras he was
sent for life to the galleys.
His fate did not cow or niter him. The convicts
spend much of their timo in work. (iallcyB are
legal fi 'tions now-a-days. The men work on the
roads or in tho dockyards. Their hard labor is
aggravated by a heavy chain fastened from the
waist to the ankle ; sometimes two prisoners are
chained together, and are thus for years compelled
into association. Bertram was strong easily per
formed his work likely tho society of criminals,
nnd was a pattern to them nil or carelessness ;
ho was the man to cheer despondency or to put
down remorse in otherj". This courage lasted till
the list of men, who were older prisoners than
himself, became shorter and ho approached the
distinction of being senior among those about him
who were undergoing punishment for life. Then
tin became restless, envied those who wont out
rafter short probations into the grey world again ;
he beeamo incla" holy. Ho felt no remorse, but
Hio was wetry ot iliotony ; of tho walls and the
sea. the bed and IUj chain, lfo wanted liberty.
One day as he sat on bis bed ki'it'.ing, the sol-
ir.or in charge ot the ward called him by name.
He r?e, and having answered, found that he had
not been called alone ; five other prisoners wore
summoned. Tho six men were led under guard to
a room in which sat tho superior officer, with one
or two others, nnd the nature of tho biisiucs in
hand whs explained to them. In one of the pro
vincial towns there had died a government official,
whoso place it was usual to supply from among
tint convicts of tho worst class. The offico was
that of executioner of tho town of IUinburgville-t-'ittopoli,
and tho six prisoners selected were to
havo tho option given them, each in his turn, of
buying freedom by acceptance of tho vacant
They were told that tho salary w as a good one,
but that the officer appointed would live quite ulone,
because of course the townspeople would not vitit
with the headsman, even if he were a gentlemen,
n id not a convict of tho lowest class. Bertram
stood fourth in tho order of seniority ; and was
therefore pained to feel that he thould looso this
i.ry good chance ot emancipation
lie uiu nut loose u.
The first who was called forward declined to
leave the prison, saying that he was accustomed to
it, nnd should not know what to do with himself at
Jinmburgville, with nobody to speak to.
The second who was called answered that he
should not like to undertake such bloody work.
At this there was a general laugh, because the
man was known to have commuted more thnn one
murder lie understood tho laugh, and offered
explanation of his scruple. Ho said that thero
was a difference between bouio things and other
things ; that when a fellow was in tho humor, und
had something pretty to gain, money or revenge,
ho diil uot mean to say that ho w as any way tender;
but that it was quite another matter to bo taking
to blood as a business for one's daily bread.
The third convict said that ho did not reckon
himself a worse or better Christian than his neigh
bor who had last spoken ; ho had been bad enough
m his timo, and thought it fit now to amend. If
ho went out into temptation he could nut answer
tor what mischief he might do.
Jiertrani next had liberty to speak, and ho ac
cepted the place without any hesitation. lie was
instructed that he had leave to depart when he
chose, and the necessary passports were hiiinedi
n'.cly given to Jiim, with a sum of money for his
first expor.se. Ho was ordered to announco him
self to tho chief magistrate of the town, when he
arrived at Dnnibnrgullo, nnd informed that the
papors necessary to instal him in this offico would
nt once be drawn out and sent for signaturo to the
capital, whence they would be sent in duo course
to Ins new employers. Jicrtram do .Medici was
really free, nnd would not waste a moment in do-
lay, lie put on Ins prison clothes, dressed liun
self in a common suit, and mado such haste that
h) wns able to leave the prison homo by the first
public conveyance that set out' after he had re
ceived hi J liberty. So ho arrived nt Ditinburgvillc
while he was still in the first flush of exultation
After refreshing himself at an inn, and paying
some attention to his toilet, he went out, travers
ing the streets niih the gladness of a child, inquir
ei fur the mayor's house sent in his highly rcspee
taLlo name on a card, and was ushered into the
drawing room. It was w ith cxtrcmo surprise that
l;o found himself received ly the mayor and his
family as a visitor, and treated with respect. Al
most immediately, however, ho rcinomborcd that
the worthy magistrate could not yot have received
the papers that officially explained his business in
the town, llo had followed orders in presenting
liirojelf on his arrival, but having done that, he
was is ao Jburry to cxpluin his errand. Having
been accustomed to good society in c.-.rly life, his
manners and address were such as would very
well lend themselves to the sustainmcnt of Ins
worship in an una out ot which Do' Medici pro
posed to extract a few days' pleasure.. Ha there
fore did nut undeceive the mayor, but suffered him
self to be asked the usual questions as to wiat he
may have seen and wished to see. lie also cour
ts misIv received the us-ual wOcjs of Assistance and
of S;-t;vA4,:wsi Afior a y.rnt b:t of h
i. i i.... i.r. i i . i ...i-.-l ... :
Mill G,V, ITU, II ' 11, WTiUIC UF IU IU'Vi: ) UM "
vitation to ineot the family t the theatre on the
succeeding evening, Oiid to accompany them after
ward to au entertuitimout at the Jbouno of ouc of
the most distinguished families residing In the
The convict went to lied that night at his inn,
thinking himself a happy fellow, mid sk-pt sound
ly under that impression. Tho following day
found him pretty much of tho name opinion, 11
from timo to time a thought of tho near future
Hashed across him, ho drove it away with the cir
culation that !io most have two or tiiico clear days
in his power, and that it was his part as a mnn of
souse simply to make "tho best uo of this time.
Accordingly he spent the morning in n lounging
exploration of tho town and neighborhood, dined
well, amused himself at billards, and at length,
walked towards his inn, tu preparo Cot the theatre.
and for the ball that was to follow. As he walked
along, his position struck him for the twentieth
time in its amusing point of view. Ho enjoyed
vastly the idea of ihc trick ho was nbout to play
the select circles of Daiiiburavillo. Thero was no
chance of his being recognised ; ho should feel
free to net the gentleman among gentlemen and
ladies too. The ladies ho quite longed to meet ;
fur years ho had been banished from their com
pany ! Hut thoso hard years were over; ho should
talk and dunce with tile politest. Might ho do
more ? If ho could set on loot a marriage, no inat-
tor with whom ! Ho had done things more diffi-
cult than that, only liis timo was very short. If,
he could but Ret it announced publicly in the Jinm
burgville Argus that ft contract was in contempla
tion between the high-born and accomplished
and their distinguished visitor. .Mr. lierlrnin do'
.uedioi, what sport lie should linvo when Ins cre
dentials afterwards arrived I His fun would live
for ever in tho horror of nil iiamburgvillc. He
would bow to his select friends w henever he met
them, nnd mock nt them in the public street. His
milicious reverie occupied his nttctition so complete
ly nt one minute, that he censed to observe whither
he was going, and following mechanically in the
track of ninny persons who wro on the wny be
fore him, was aroused by finding himself in a blaze
He had entered a church. That too was funny.
He wondered hciw long it had since ho was 111
such n plnco before, and determined that he might
as well look about him there a little, as it would
be long enough before ho met with su di another
opportunity, lie started about, and saw what is
usually to lie seen at tho hour of tho Benediction,
an iiltur lighted, a priest officiating, nud a kneeling
congregation, mostly mnde up of women.
It was the church belonging to a convent of the
nuns of St, Mary Ann, These nuns cultivate
music, and are often skilled in it ; so much that
they sometimes tench singing. They form tin un
seen choir in their own mihlio services. 'While
Bertram wns gazing carelessly around, the temper
of his mind corresponding to tho grim upon his
countenance, the choir of nuns began to sing the
Salve Kegina. He was impressed by the etl'cet
of the music, nnd sat down to enjoy inoro at his
ease, for the first time after very'many years, the
harmony of treble voices. l!y degrees ho censed
to know that he was listening. He was receiving
the sounds passively, giving himself up wholly to
the new and exquisite sensation.
After a littlo while ho had forjrottcn nil that
was about hiin ; ho saw nothing. The music had
become Ins ntmosphcrc, in which he seemed to be
alone with something pure nnd powerful. Its
power was put forth more and moro strongly, his
heart was strangely stirred, his brain was full of
visions. It wns nil involuntary. Tho refinement
of his early training perhaps "mado him capable
of being overcome iy the supremo power of sweet
sounus. 1 uo not Know, but l tell what is true,
though 1 envelop truth within n mystery of vain
and foolish names, liortram do' Medici snw the
history of his own life, from youth upwards float
ing upon tlio cliant. Jlo shuddered nt the mem
ory of things over which, in tho noting, he had been
indifferent, or even pleased. Tho realities of his
whole life seemed to bo loathsome. For the first
time ho saw them ns they looked in contrast with
ideal purity, l'lunged thus into contemplation,
ho was left unconscious of tho ceasing of the
the music, and ho did uot know whnt other portions
of tho service followed it, how long tho wholo
lasted, or when nil was at nu end. Ho did not
know that the lights were all out. nnd that the
church doors wore about to bo closed, when the
sacristan touna him, stiU kneeling, weeping on tho
It was not till the next morning tlint the convict
thought of his unmindful engagement nt tho the
atre. He mado several efforts to bring bock his
old feelings, to rcstoro his prido in his own evil.
incywere vain, lor the music held him lust. He
walked out to reflect. His new feeling would not
be renelled thev seemed to hnvnheeomn nnrt of his
nature ; nnd at length he yielded willingly to their
dominion. Before he returned to the house he had
sought counsel of a priest, and had delivered into
tho hnnds of tho mayor the letter of introduction
which nt once placed him in his truo position.
It may bo supposed that tho office which had
been so eagerly accepted by Do' Medici became
afterwards nu occasion of extreme distress ; but
tlici'o was left to hi 111 no possibility of an exchange:
he must go through with w hat ho hud begun. He
is now, therefore, the headsman nt Damburgvillc,
in which towu he lends an exemplary life
SETTING A PRISONER FREE.
An escape from bondage in these days thrills
upon the public heart and gives tho pulse a quick
er How, particularly wheu tlio world learns that no
man hud any just right to deprive that prisoner of
We witnessed an escape no it was not nn es
cape, it was a noble net of setting fre.j one held
under restraint on .Saturday upon one of our City
ferry boats, that gave tho heart of 111010 than one
who witucssed it a warmer glow of gratitude to
God that the liberator had n henrt "to feel for oth
er's woes;" n heart in tho right place wheie liod
intended man's heart should be, and not in his
A man on the ooat had u cage lull nt little birds,
(such as go warbling nbout the fields in spring.
enjoying life nnd liberty, but, unlike tho Canary,
1: - 1 1. 1 ' . . 11 p
uiu 111 captivity, j wincu 110 was trying to sen lor a
shilling a piece.
It is a cruel wny to make money; but why not
seizo upon birds und put them behind the iron
grates nnd sell them, sinco man does tho snme
thing to his follow man, and then calls him his
slave his property his chattel which nobody
else must steal, because ho stolo him himself and
tho law dou t allow but 0110 theft upon ono chattel.
And il the stolen man runs awuv. his "mnster"
pursues hiin through the swamps with bloodhounds
or through the towns w ith tho " bull-dogs of war,"
threatening death to any one who shall dure to set
tho captive free. Xot bo with tho birds; if they
do escape the engo and go back to tho fields, they
are not followed Ly dogs or guns, but suffered
go as hest they may back to their own happy
homes among the green boughs and flowers and
hills and rocks nud woods.
"(ioingfora shilling!" said the man with the
" Ycsl" said a littlo blue-eyed boy at our side,
" one shall go for a shilling." And ho searched
his pockets fur the ci.'O, un only one, and
up to the man und said;
" Sir, I will take. one of your littlo birds. Give
me ono that con fly well."
" Yos, horo is a fine one, full fledged ; you sec
his wings are perfect, and ho is a strong, healthy
bird; ho will suit you exactly."
' Yes, that will do."
The bird fancier twisted a bit of paper up so his
purchaser could carry him safely "without injur
ing a feather."
The boy marched away with his prize and
down to coiitcmphtto his purchase as ho undid ono
corner of the paper and peeked in upon his littlo
" Ah, said we mentally, " what a lonely lifo
imprisunmer.t you are destined to. Why aid you
not buy two, my boy ?"
" I had no more money, or I would have bought
"What a young Turk!" we thought. How
wronged this noble boy. As the boat neared
shoro, he got up and went out upon the guard,
opened his paper, tossed the bird in the air and
simply said ; " Uo free, poor bird ; I can't keep
What a happy bird what a happier boy. How
his eves glistened. How a dozen men who wit-
iwncil tho act did think what a noble boy. AVhat
a lesson that boy taught us. Header, it may teaou
you sniiiiHiiiiig. 111111K upon IU J Ins story lias
moral. We need not toll you that. If you think,
you will Had it TriUine. .
For the Bugle.
SCRAPS FROM MY NOTE-BOOK.
0! I lore the hum or insects,
As some hearts lovo tho flowers,
And listen to their music
Through the long, long summer hours.
In spring time comes the orickot,
" From out his winter home;"
You'll hear him in tho thicket,
When tho first "warm days" havo come.
He sings a song of gladness
To buds and leaflets green,
And yet somewhat of sadness
.Seems rhyming in between.
For ninny n heart has perished,
Sinco hist I heard his song,
And ninny thoughts I cherished,
Have vanished mid life's throng.
At eve the dewy meadows
Seem liko the starry sky,
As in tho deepening ehadows,
Floats the beautiful fire-fly.
They mind mo of my childhood,
Of time long pnssed nwny,
When I sat upon the door-step,
Or played the live long day.
I used to think them lightning.
And Bit for hours nnd gnze,
Nor ever tiro of watching
Their brilliant golden blnzo.
The Katys never tell us
What ancient lvnty-did,
But summer after summer
That mystery he'th hid.
And in the moonlight forest,
Or in the flowery glade,
They chant their simple chorus
About the farmer's maid.
Still later sings the " worruin,"
O'er all tho stubbles gray,
lie tells of coining autumn,
Iu sad and solemn lay.
I mourn with hiin that " harvest,"
Has shorn the fields of waves,
And that tho glnddcuing fire-flies
Arc in their silent graves.
How varied are the key-notes
Of God's eternal band,
From crashing peals of thunder,
To flowing grains of sand !
There's music in the stillness
Of sunny summer noun,
And grandeur in tho loneliness
Of winter's raging storms.
THE 4TH IN PAINESVILLE.
A preliminary meeting of the citizens of Paiucs.
villa have resolved that it would be improper to
celebrate the conur.g 4th, ns a dny of Jubilee
The following extracts from their proceedings will
Whereas, by the ennctment of the Fugitive
slave Kills ot Icon, in violation of the organic
law of our Republic, tho principles of our declara
tion ot Independence, nnd ot the plain law ot Al
mighty Ooil ; by the enactment ot the Kansas and
x- T -. 1.. loei . .1. v: n .1
eoiusKit jjiii 01 xoo-t ; uv too suuiucation ot mo
Federal Government, tho Army, andTavy, and
the cntiro host of Executive officers to the impious
nnd lawless rule of a small number of slavo hold
ers. And wheroas our fellow men have in tho North
been seized by tho President's officers, guarded in
our very temples of justico by the l'remleiil'a hire
ling trmmg tried by nrnicd attorneys before tho
President bribed jtutijex deprived f the benefits
of trial by jury denied and hindered in obtaining
counsel for dtj'enrr, in violation of our constitution
tho rights of States disregarded and sot ot defi
ance the streets of cities occupied in time of
peace by the President's cannon and mercenary sold
iers a national ship prostituted to the kidnapping
into bondage of a living ninn charged with no
crime except the lovo nud desire of liberty.
1. Hesolced, That it would bo improper for us
to celebrate the approaching fourth day of July as
a day of Jubilee.
2. J'esolted, That wo meet together on that day
to declnro again our independence of tyrants nnd
despotism, nud proclaim our uncompromising ha
tred nud determined opposition to tho enemies of
liberty, at homo or abroad,
3. Itcrohcd, That a committee of sixteen, being
the number of nominally Free States, be appointed
to make tho necessary arrangements for a celebra
tion of the nature indicated in the foregoing reso
lutions, to secure a speaker and prepare a pro
gramme of exercises, und report at nn adjourned
meeting to be holden nt tho Court House on the
evening of Saturday, tho 10th iust.
dipt. Joseimi K. Haves, Inst Saturday, sent the
following letter of resignation to the authorities of
To Jlis Honor the Mayor and Alderman of the City
of lioston i
Through all the excitement attendant upon the
arrest nnd trial of the fugitive by the United
States Government, 1 have not received an order
which I have conceived inconsistent with my du
ties as an officer of the polico until this day, at
which time I have received an order, which if ncr-
formcd, would implicate mo in the executiou of
that infamous "Fugitive Slave bill." I therefore
resign the offico which I now hold as captain of
tlio wutcn anu ponce ironi tins hour, 11 A. M.
JOSEPH K. HAYES.
The New York Times comments well on this
heroic net. It says:
Out of the thousands, nnd tens of thousands in
lioston, who have denounced the Fugitive Slave
Law iu spite of the outcry which tho wholo North
1 has rung concerning tlint law since I80O dipt.
Joseph lv. Hayes is the hrst and the only mnn who
hub tuns nir sucniiceu nn ojKe, raincr man bear a
hand in its execution. His name deserves to be
held in everlasting remoinbrance therefor. Iu
spito of tho odium of the law, the repulsive duties
it, viijuuis, mm uiu ciuu iiiiuii null Wllicn IIS Oil-
forccnicnt has been attended, not tho slightest dif
ficulty lias been found in procuring lawyers to
servo as commissioners, politicians to serve as
marshals, officers of tho I nited States army to
serve as constables, and men of nil sorts to do
duty, in any required capacity, in the execution of
the law. J.oud as their protestations have been,
when it bocame a question between eonscUnce and
rush, conscience has gone to the wall.
A Police Captain iu lioston has set an cxnmplo
which men of much loftier pretentions und official
station would do well to ponder.
Free Negrors ix Virginia. the fourteenth sec
tion of the one hundred and seventh chapter of tho
Code of irginiu, declares that "Any person em
. "p,...-, "uv,vb .....w jpci.uu em
ploying a free negro, without acopy of his register,
forfeit and 'pay a fine of WO, tu any person who
will warrant therefor."
it is quno pronaoie that
the above section is violated oftener that ant other
in II, n 4.ln ,m...tl..,n.i:.. 4l.A I..... .1.... .1.-
terests of liichmond demand its rigid enforcement.
Hirers of free iiegroes should l.ar this hvw
vwit, iivinuniiiittiiiiiiL UIO lllV lUitt IIIW III
niind in future, as wo understand that the police
intend enforcing it to the letter. likhnond Dis-yatih.
How universal it is 1 We never knew tho mnn
who could sny, " I am content." Go whero you
will among the rich or the poor, the man of com
petence or the mnn who earns his bread lit the
daily swout of his brow, you hear murmuring and
tne yoice 01 cornpinint. rue other dny we stood
by a cooper who was playing a merry tune with
tho adze round n cask. "Ah I" sighed he, "mine
is a hnrd lot forever trotting round like a dog,
driving away at a hoop."
" llcigho 1" sighed a blacksmith, one hot day,
ns ho wiped nway the drops of porspiration from
his tjrow, while Ins red iron glowed on tho anvil,
"this is lifo with a vengeance melting and frying
one's self over the firol''
Oh t that I were a carpenter !" ejaculated a
shoe-maker, ns ho bent over liis lap stone. "Here
I nm, day after day, working my soul nway in
making soles for others, cooped up in a eoveu-hy-uino
I nm sick of this out-door work I" exclnims
tho enrponter, " boiling nnd sweltonng under the
sun, or exposed to the inclemency of the wcaUicr.
it 1 wcro only a tailor 1
" "1'is too bad !" narpctually cries the tailor,
" to be compelled to sit perched up bore plying the
needle nil the while would that mine were a more
"Last day of crncc the banks wont t discount
the customers won t pay what Bhall 1 aoi
grumbles tho merchant. " I had rathor be a pack-
horse, a dog, anything!"
"Hnppy follower c
groans the lnwyer, as he
scratches his head over some perplexing case, or
pores over some dry record, "hnppy fellows! I
iind rather hnmmcr stnno than cudgel my brains
on this tedious, vexatious question 1"
And through nil tho ramifications of society, all
are complaining of their condition, finding fault
with their particular calling. " it 1 were only
this, or Unit, or the other, I should be content," is
tho universal cry. "Anything but what I am.
.So wags the world, so it has wagged, so it will
The GiimiorND and Horse. A gentlcmnn of
Bristol, l-.ug., had n grey hound which slept in the
stable along with u very fine huntor, about five
years ago. These animals became mutually at
tached, nnd regarded each other with tho most
tender affection. Tho greyhound always lay under
the manger beside the horso, which was so fond of
him that ho beeatno unhappy nud restless when
the dog wns out of sight. It was a common prac
tice with the gentleman to whom they belonged to
call nt tho stable for tho grey-hound to accompany
him in his walks; on such occasions the horse
would look over liis shoulders at the dog with
much anxiety, and neigh in a manner which plain.
Iv said "J.et me nlso neeomnnnv you." When
the dog returned to tho stable lie was always wel
comed Willi a loud ncigli : lie ran up to tho horse
nnd licked his noso. liweturu the horse would
scratch tho dog's back with his tooth. Ono day,
the groom was out with the horso and grey hound
for exorcise, a largo dog attacked the latter nnd
quickly bore him to the ground, on which the
horse threw back his ears, and, in spite of nil tho
efforts of tho groom rushed at the strange dog that
was worrying the greyhound, seized him by the
back with his teeth, which speedily made him quit
his hold, nnd shook hiin till a largo pioce of skin
gavo way. Tho offsndor no sooner got on his foot
than ho judged it prudent to boat a procipitato re
treat iruiu so iorruiuauic an opponent.
From the N. Y. Independent.
'Two companion of Irlnh soMlers wcro sUtlonoil in the Court-
Uuuh to fctsii back tlio rubblo." luosloo rnper.
Ave I throng the Courts, tlint once woro free,
With bands of snvago soldiery j
Call out the Irish kern !
Beneath tho shade of Bunker shaft,
Whero eartlf the blood of freedom quaffed,
Another tale this day we learn.
Crush Massachusetts under foot,
lCnslnvo nnd mennco, stab and shoot !
The northern mind is bowod ;
No more tho pilgrim bnnner waves.
Content wo seo our fathers' graves
By Slavery's groaning cannon plowed.
O Massachusetts ! Mother-home !
The rocks that dash to whitening foam
Those seas the "Mayflower" pressed ;
Thoso very rocks cry out to-day
The waves dish high their glittering spray,
To seo thy weakness thus confessed !
And shall Virginia's brutal lords,
Backed and sustained by foreign swords,
Thy ancient soul subdue ?
Shall Irish steel and southern fraud
2tcverso the mandate given by God
"Do as ye would men do to you !"
Oh ! never, while to misery's sob
Our eyes o'erflow, our pulses throb,
Can come a day so cursed !
Whilo hope remains, while arms are strong,
Yhilo lives tho senso of right nnd wrong
Those fetters be it ours to burst!
Wc havo been patient, and our peace
Mistaken was for cowardice ;
We try a different tenso j
Tho passive mood hath brought us chains,
The active now alone remains
To bring theso tyrants back to senso.
Up, Massachusetts ! up and arm !
Let every steeple toll tho alarm :
Rally thy freemen soon !
Old Boston ns you hope to live,
Ne're lot that frightened fugitive
In fetters quit your barracoon !
Whether our rights wo now defend,
Or if tho North must yet descond
From depth to lower deeps ;
Remember this, nor be you dumb
When the groat time to act has come,
With i-s the Soitii no i-romise keeps.
The under ground Rail Road in this region is in
a thriving condition. Its directors are trustworthy.
jts accommodations unequaled. and its passengers
more numerous than ever. No matter whether
Jerry is to be rescued from the man-thief, or for
warded "with curo" by the lightning express, the
Syracuscans are always on hand. Says tho Stan.
" The Underground Rail Road nppoars to be
doing a ti no business since the passage of tho Ne
braska bill. 1 hrce lugitives arrived at the Depot
in this city on iuesuuy, ana were pnssea on U
Queen Vic's dominions. Ten arrived lost week
The records show that one hundred have escaped
over this branch ot tne iwnil, irom tins land
" equal rights" und Deuocracy, since tho 1st
Bgy-The Aiaeiyer det M'estens, a leading Gorman
paper in St. Louis, Missouri, thus speaks
the party nnd friends with whom it has hitherto
"We openly confess we do not know who the
national Democratic party of Amarica is, where
it can bo found and by whom it is represented, and
still loss, how wo can bo suspected of waging war
against a mythological being.
"Are the Nebraska Torriers of Douglass the
National Uemncratio partyr Well, we have brand
ed this disgraceful Nebraska swindlo and framors
and uctenueru as they (tescve. anu will continue
1 to do so. Is Mr. Pierce and his cabinet the Demo-
tratic party 1 They are the accomplices of the No-
brat It a j crncr and Are still worse than they."
till. GEO. W, rCTTIT
Rcspoctfully tenders his professional services to
ht eipzens of Marlboro and surrounding country.
Office in the room recently occupied by Dr. K. 0
Thomas. , tf.
IBASLEY It CARPENTER'S PBESIL'I
IS now completed, and ready for reception. We
havo gone to considerable expense in fitting up, t
opcrnto with advantage, and with reference to the
comfort and convenience of those who may favoi
us with a call; in short, wo are permanently lo
cated Our rooms are in the
AMK1UCAN HOUSE, SALKM, 0.
Cull and see us. You will find our reception rooms
neat and comfortable.
Can bo surpassed no whero in the State. Our
CAM Kit A, is a powerful quick-worker. M'o war
rant our work. Likenesses of nil ages, tnken i,irs-
like, or No cnAROE 1 1 Our prices range from 40
cents, to 20 dollars. Past expbrience, nnd present
ndvnntages, cnnblo us to take Good Likenesses, at
rery reasonable Pates. Being, also, posted in all
the recent improvements ot tne art, our time anu
entiro attention shall bo to render full satisfaction.
Sick or decoased persons taken nt their rooms.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOU.
N. B. Persons wishing Pictures taken on Gul
voni7.od Plntcs, can do so without extra charge.
toy Booms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until
P.M. June3Jst, 1853.
WESTERN FARMERS' INSURANCE CO.,
New usbon, CO.
OFFICE, OLD BANK BVILDIKG.
JAMES KELLY, Pres.
Levi Martin, Sec'y.
Dec. 31, 1853.-3m.
NOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned
has been duly qualified as executor of the hist will
and testament of William Cook, late of the County
of Columbiana, doe'd; nil those indobted to snid
cstato will plcaso make immediate payment, and
those having claims agninst said estate win present
tho same within one year Irom this date tor settle
ment. WILLIAM ALLOWAY.
March 20, 1854.-3w.
The Sugar Creek Water Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Mnssillon under the
charge of Dr. Frcase, is supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on pure Hydropathic
principles. We givo no drugs. They nro only
hindrniicos to tho radical cure of disease. The suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently of the virtues of jmrt soft icater, a pro
per diet, &o.
Terms $5 in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Hydropathic
Institute, nnd Editor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing tho Wator Curo movements of th;
country, says of us:
" Dr. Fries, n most thorough and energetic phy
sicinn, has a Water Cure nt Sugar Creek Falls, 0
His terms nro very moderate, but there nre few
places wo could recommend with greater confi
dence." Address, Dr. S. Frcaso, Dcardoff's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., 0.
Xorlh Side Main-St., One Door Vest of the Salem
JSook-btore, tsulem, Vino.
Coats, Vests, Punts, Ac., Made to Order and War
ranted to Give batiBlaetion.
The Tailoring Business in all his Branches, car
ried on ns heretofore.
SCHOOL FOR LADIES & GENTLEMEN
Tho subscriber hnving loented in this plnce, is
nca.n prepared to instruct students in the science
of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, or the
practico of .Medicine nnd surnory. And in addi
tion to his former extensivo means for demonstrat
ing tho vnrious suhjscct, has roccntly added largely
to them by expensive purchases irom l-ranee.
Demonstrations in Anatomy will commence the
flrst of March, and to those desirous of availing
themselves ot the summer oourse ot studies, it
would be advisable to be hero nt lenst two weeks
previously. Ho would also announce tlint ho is
prepared to practice in his profession.
IV. VI 1 UUtlliti?, iu. V.
Salem, Jan. 21, 1854.-4w
NEW SEED STORE.
THE undersigned is now roccivini; his supply
of Field, Garden, Tree nnd Flower-seeds; also,
large additions to his stock of Horticultural nnd
Agricultural Implnncnts, nnd will be ennblcd to
offer dealers nnd ninntcurs the most extensive and
varied collection of Field, Culinnry nnd Flower
seeds, Jiulbs, l u tiers, &c, Y.c., ever ottorod in this
market. The seeds hnve been expressly grown to
order by the most celebrated Seedsmen in America
and Europo, nnd wnrrnnted by tho growers true to
name ; new anu superior varieties 01 uorn, urain,
Grass, Cabbngo, Turnips, Cucumber and Pumpkin
seed ; Irish nud Sweet potatoes : Flower seeds and
Dahlia roots. As the stock ot tho latter is limited.
orders for tho snmo should bo sent in nt once to
prevent disappointment ; together with tho largest
collection ot Agricultural and uarden lmplunente
to be tound in tlio city, as tne diplomas and prcnu
uns awarded at the late Fair, by the State Ann
cultural Society, will testify, amounting to near
two hundred dollars.
E. R. SIIANKLAND,
129, Wood St., Pitts,
Feb. 18, '54.-3m.
Xew and Cbolee Varieties of Vegetable! and Seeds,
Chinese Eight Rowed Corn,
Improved Dutton "
Stowel Evergreen "
Philadelphia Sweet "
Mountain June Potatoes, (very fine,)
Winnebago, " (very prolific,)
Mammoth Nutmeg, "
Peach Blossom, "
Early White Mercer "
AbIi Leaf Kidney "
Buckley's Seedling "
(early six weeks,)
(a very largo variety and
Sweet Potatoes, a new variety from North Caro
lina. It has proved the most prolific and desirable
for northern culture that nas ever been introduced
in this murkot.
58 New Varioties of Cabbnge Seed, (Imported,
at) " " lladisli
6 " " " Celery "
25 " " " Cucumber '
40 " " " Grass "
Orders Respectfully Solicited, and Promptly
E. Jt. SIIANKLAND, Seedsmak,
No. 129, Wood St., Pitts., Pa.
Fob. 18, 1854.-3 in.
ntUIT TIIEES AND SIIKUBBEY
20,000 Choice Apple Trees,
3,000 Dwarf Pear Trees, (very 6no,)
5,000 Peach Troos, (new varieties,) '
2,000 German Plum Treos, (imported,)
1,500 Cherry Treos,
' 20,000 Evergreens,
30 Now and superb varieties Strawberry,
20 ' Raspborry,
15 " " " " Gooscborry.
Totrether with the finest pollootion of Plr' and
Shrubs ever offcrod in this market, for sale by
E. It. SIIANKLAND,
129 Wood St., Pitts.
Feb. 18, ie51.-3w.
THE PLACE TO GET YOUR LIKENESS.
HUNT k liOOND,
Have opened, In Johnson k Horner's block, the
hvrgost and finest Daguorreinn Booms in Eastern
Ohio, where they are constantly taking pictures
(exclusively on Galvanized Plates) surpassing all
others in durability, beauty of finish nnd artistic
stylo. Our fncilitic's for operation nre of the most
nmplo and improved order, consisting in part of ma
chiuory to polish tho plitte. By it we are enabled
to givo tho highest polish, without which a Quo pic
ture cannot be taken. Our
IS OF MAMMOTH fUZE AND SUFFICIENT
TO TAKE SIXrr PEKSOKS OK A
PRICES RANOK rROM 87 CT8. TO It UttLtlM.
Ladies nnd gentlemen are requested to call and'
examine our specimens.
Saloin, Dec. 17, 1853.
ttail Moats engineering If
INSTRUCTION in these branches of Fractiont
Science will bo given at the Union School, Marl
biro', Stark Co., during the Spring Term, com-'
mcneing March 14th and continuing fourteen
Kcgular FIELD PRACTICE with the Compass,;
Leveling and Transit Instruments, accompanied
with Calculations, Plotting and Drafting, will form1
an essential part of the course.
Tuition per 11 weeks, $5.50. With the prrvilcge'
of Mathematics, Geology, Experimental Chemistry,
Physiology, Single and Double Entry Book Keop
Common Branches, $3,00; Higher Branches as'
above, $3.50, Engineering, flerman Language
Mathematical und Prospective Drawing, each $2,50,
For particulars, address the Principal,
Marlboro, Jan. 21, 1854.
E.OS I,. WOODS,
COLUMBIA MA, COLUMBIANA COl'STY, OHIO
Steam engine Bniliicr.
STEAM ENGINES of various sizes, construct
ed upon tho latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction ns nny now mnde.
Patterns of nil kinds, mado to order. All work
mnde of good material, und warranted to give as
good satisfaction as nny other.
Feb. 11, 1854.-tf
AT COLD WATER, MICHIGAN',
For the cure of Acute nnd Chronic Diseases, is
in successful operation. Address for particulars,
JUIliN 11, UULLI,
Cold lVahr, Mich.
Jim. 21, 1853.-3m.
Six bushels of those Celebrated Pens, by planting
which, as much fodder can be raised on one acre as
can be raised off of five of anything else that can
be sowed, and it is better for the soil than clover.
Just received nnd for snlo bv
E. II. SIIANKLAND,
129 Wood St., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Feb. 18, 1854.-3 ni.
Blank Deeds, Article of Agreement, Judgment
Notes, Summons and Executions for sale at (Itis
SUPERIOR STREET, CLEVELAND, OHIO.
II. B. BRYANT, JAS. WASHINGTON LUSK,
& II. DWIGIIT STRATTON.
II. B. BRYANT, Professor of the Science of Ac
II. DWIGIIT STRATTON, Associato Prof, in the
J. AVASIIIXGTON Ll'SK, and P. R.SPENCER,.
iVuthor. Professors of tho Spcncerian System of
Penmanship nnd Commercial Correspondence.
SARAH L. SPENCER, Instructress in tho La
dies' Writing Department.
VY. W. llAKl'J-.lt, Assistant rroi., in tne noon-
Hons. Jl'DGE STARKWEATHER nnd II. D.
CLARK. Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Pres. ASA MA1IAN, Lecturer on Political Econ
EMEltSON E. WniTE, Lecturer on Commercial
For full course in Double Entry Book-keeping
und other Departments, lime unlimited, - $40,00
For full course in Ladies Department, - - - 30,00
For scparato course in Practical Penmanship, 5,00
For various Btylcs in Ornamental Writing as
The Principals of this Institution, design ninkinir
it ono of the best mediums in tho United States
for imparting a thorough practical knowledge of
the various duties of the Counting Room and busi
ness pursuits in general.
THE COURSE Oi lJNnlJac'IJUJN, embraces
Book-kocping by Double Entry, as applied to the
various departments of Trade, Commerce, and
Manufactures, comprehending tho best forms now
used by the most flourishing nnd eminent estob-
llSlimeillH, engllgeu iiiuiviuuauj wi in puruiursiiiji,
at Wholesale and Retail, on Commission or Joint
Speculation, including Uanking, Meaniboctmg,
Insurance, Railroad and Joint Stock Books, 4c,
Commercial Calculations and Correspondence, cm
bracing every variety of business computation,
and familiarizing the student with the Commercial
Technicalities and Phraseology of Correspondence.
COMMMICIAL Ui.uiiitAi'iii is a new leature
in Morcontilo Schools, and hnving its origin as it
does in this Institution, much will be done to make
it an instructive and profiitablo branch in the Lec
The Spcncerian System of Practical PcnmanBhija,
in all its forms, will be taught by its Author, P. R.
Spencer, and J. W. LusL No Institution in,
America offers superior facilities to this for impart- -ing
a Rapid and Systematic Hand Writing. Gen- -tlemen
nnd Lndics in nil parts of the country,,
dosirous of qualifying themselves for Teachers of
this unrivalled and popular System, will find theit
wants met at tliie College.
THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT is entirely
separate from the gentlemen's, and is fitted up in.
a splendid and convenient style. Many Lndie-.
aro now reaping Uie benefits of a thorough Mer
cantile Education, by occupying lucrative and.
responsible situations. Females desirous of at
tending a Mercantile School, will find tho facilities
for study offered nt this Institution, superior ta
any other in the United States.
Applicants can enter upon a oourse of study at
any tune duriug tho year.
Diplomas are awarded to studonts who sustain d,
Tho Principals have an extensive acquaintance,
with business men throughout Uie West, and can.
render efficient aid to graduates in securing situ
The suit of Rooms ocoupied by this College, are
ai-ji'n Wv.icu:, acd arc fitted up :s r mirs e'gttr.4
and convenient mannor thnn any o.lhgr like intti-.
tutinn in tho United Stntcs.
tear Send for a Ocular by mail,
Dee. 31, 1853.-lj