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MA HI IS II. KOBINSO'V, Editor.
A O t'AVO.V H7T S. .11 77 Ol.Tr.RS:'
ax rE.iitsoS',- mMUiiing Areai.
VOL. 0, XO. 45.
SALEM, COLUMBIAXA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY JUNK 24, 1834.
"V HOLE XO. 455;
TAB ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE,
rCBLISKlD EVEnr fATl'ni)AV, ATSALtM.OUIO.
TKlUt-l.- 1 ,ftO per annum, rumble In adratire.
Or J.' at tho cn.l of (he j. ar.
f?" we nn-n.lnn.illr .pn.l nmnl.'-r. to tlmte wlin ara hittiul
asrlb.r. but lio aro b"H-v,.. to lir Intoro.tcl In llioll.srmlnntnn
ef antl-iLvorr truth. '.irllll tin-lin-..- that they ill'ithriiiihcrlhc
thimf4rei, or u.c their Intlu-'tite to extern! ita vircuJalluu aiuum-Ibt-lr
JCoimninl'iaHons Intpndfvl f )r Innrrtlon. to be aMr-a.cd to
at mica H. liml-laux, KJitor. All other, tu Asa i'autsoK. Pub-Ur.ti-r
TKIlM-j Or ADVEuTISIXQ.
'OnaSquart. (IS line. three ttoekf,
1: h sd'HiluUfcl lnertiuti.
- nix mnut.
Two oqqftrM "ix mnnthi,
" One .ir. - -
On Fourth Column Oil Tr. with lirliltnva of rl.tntrlni
)h " -
n.lfrimn.;i,.ninn.o.-hir. - .... JmJ
J. HUDSON. 1'mTr.n.
From the Cleveland Morning Leader.
CONCLUSION OF THE SPEECH OF
HON. EDWARD WADE.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
May 17, 1854.
But, seriously. I would say to gentlemen from
, - c - .
the free States, tuat thoso who i make compromises
with others, to enable those others to enslave their
lenow-men anywhere, or ior any purposo but Hi
punishment of crime havo no reason to expect ;
ufh rnmnrntmanv tri I l.n iilnanrvPtt w inn I in m-
terViu .Tf the enWl.vnr; ITin 7 ,, (, vi.l, . '
comnaet;. V h f m nro , ,f tl nJn Z n 1
breach of faith with ,aki, ,1 n .d Vi l.n i, . i
tcrcsts of such compact is designed to
b. promoted by its violation, what right hnve those
who have broken faith w ith lininan nature to ;
grumuiowncnineirnccon.pi.ecs .-.reriK ,'V ' j
them ? Iscariot did not bargain for the crucifixion
but nicroly to tho extent of showing the chief
priests whoro their victim might bo fount' ; still,
tho vordict of mankind has condemned tho traitor
m tho guiltier of the parties to that world-abhorred
compact of tho thirty pieces of silver."
Sir, when tho people of the free States tell the
black man's freedom to the hbivcholder, it is not
strango that tho latter insist on guaranty of title;
and when this guaranteo is most easily effected by
a broach of the contract of guaranty, tliis infraction
becomes the na'ural and characteristic remedy ;
and herein gentlemen of the free Sta'e3 hnve" a
practical illustration of the proverb "what is got
gver the Devil's back j.ies under bis belly."
ilns yue ana dicker -on , tno part ot northern
men with tt.o black mans inal.enahle rights,
nearot km, in nn immkic way. to that renowned !
compact, impudently proitered oy the arch op
pressor of mankind to tho Oreat Kmaneipator, by
which "all tho kingdoms of the earth, nnd the
glory thereof," were to be transferred to their
rightful owner in exchange for the adoration which
the prince of cheats and kn.ies owed but impiously
Sir, will northern statesmen never loam, even by
experience, that slavery is an incurable ulcer on
the body-politic, weiring out the very bfo of free
dom 1 th it it is aceaseloss aggression upon justice,
nnd from its very imlurc, eieni.illy opposed to
law and order? that it and free loin never, never
can bo so fraternize! as to dwell together in unity y
ii... i iia .-,!.,,.. tu it... ......i;. ..I i..i;....
wliic'h'is tho foundatii.il of h'w? Why not "luck
this mere surface truth in the fa'-o. and cease these
vain attempts at tinkering up alliances r.r.d com.'
pacts botweou interests in their deepest nature etc:'- j
and irreconcilalily hos.ile ? Why talk ufcuiu-1
pacts, when we know that slavery lives nnd has its
being in broach of faith ; that iis fell and h.uei'ul
spirit, tho very soul of it, is aggression, violence. I
nnd the gratification i f its owr. unbridled wiil? j
Hence, the seizure of Texas, the dismemberment
Mexico, tho' eager coveting of Cuba, and now,
lastly, this attempt to thrust its exe.-rablu tell ,
upon Kansas and nobraskn. Sir, the spirit of nla -
very is tho deadly enemy of human rights, tlio
enemy of tho human race. Compiuinises with it
are as impious as they are foolish nod vain.
ihn spread ot this spirit, like the march 01 the;'
-.!i ...i. . ii. ..I. : .1 i . :.. .1.. . .
pestilenco "that walketh in darkness," is the terror
ot mankind. 1 no spirit ol liljerty and tno spirit
ot slavery cannot co-exist in uarnuny. Aiicmpis
to unite angels of light with "goblins damned"
'would be no more audaciously impious. Sew usj'hat
many pillions under tho armholcs of oppression ,
and injustice, daub them with the untempered
mortar of "compacts nnd compromises," as mud:
as you win, your atii-nip to join logoir.cr wnai u-jo i
Almighty has put asunder, ought, and must, nnd
srill. lull to pieces as a miserable botch of t.scudo
statesmanship, lit only for the scorn and doriaiou of
Why. sir, is there a man on this floor so unre
flecting as not to feel assured that in our political
. ... ... i r. i i.. r
machinery of slavery and freedom, tho friction
its working, ns each increases in strength nnd
of surface, will increaso nlso in severity,
and becomo moro and still more merciless, until
tho harder nnd stronger will havo ground the
weaker to powder? " Compacts and adjustments"
have been "weighed iu tho balance nnd found
wanting," nnd tho issue between liberty nnd sla
tery, so long "staved off" by self-glorifying states
men, aspiring politicians, nnd " lower law" divines,
must now be joinedj thanks to tho restless little
and would-be great men, who commenced clubbing
tho applo of the Presidency so long before it was j
ripe, and wniio tiicmscivcs, niso, wcro cquany
ThO political crimes and follies of every fctrug -
gle Tor the ''residency, tho distriuutiou ot the
snoils when that struggle is over to incompetent
and worthless political fortune hunters, ns a reward j
for the frauds atid falsehoods, tho tiicks nnd cheats;
practiced on the r.i.-.sses of the people j
of the freo States, to decov them into tno support
of some impotent tool of tho slavery propagandists,
art just beginning to open their eyes to the
fact tliat our partisan politicians are neither patri
ots nor statesmen, but rather a gang of political
prirateors and freebooters, who havo navigated tho
ahin of Stato on to tho outer circuits of the great
whirlpool of universal slavery; nnd that, unless
this piratical crew are cast ovcrboaad, nnd the
i-htp's helm put hard over with a stern nud defiant
hand, her cargo of freodom is lest forever.
" Liberty for the slave, or slavery for tho free
laborer," is now tho dilemma into which tho Union
is forced by tho cupidity of tho slaveholders and
the corruptions of free Statos politi. ill adventurers;
and, as non-si. vvtiioLDKiis, thcro is no choico left
to us but to submit to the iron dcsr.otirm of the
slavery propagandists, or suffer thu North and the
South, like Abraham and Lot of old, to part as
friends rather than to lire together ns rival ene
mios, in a hopeless and embittered struggle to
harmoniie systems so utterly, fatally irreconcilable,
as ustitTT and SLAViay.
Tho gentleman from Georgia, Mr. Stephens, the
other day, seemed lo imugiue blinsolf fighting over
again the great compromise buttlo of 1H50.; and
inasmuch as uorthnm gentlemen at that tim! cither
were, or affected to bo alarmcJ for the safety of
the Union, the gentleman is under the delusion that
the like bluster now will produce the liko etl'ect
upon the prest ut Congress. That gentleman (and
r. i t.v no m.na (Via onlv ono in tha samu dark"
nen) ov'dontly did not then understand the eanses
which led to that ruinous and disgraceful surrender
nf northern prinoiplos aud northern honnr ; and he j
mutt Imvo been trtauttU( ftuui that tano to Ihis.
ll:"e !'"' "'her words for hypocrisy, knavery and
"y-j hack to vour conslituenfs nnd tell thev.i y.in
'ire f'ht, and they are wrung." Yes, sir, ti:c gen
ual pieman from Georgia recommends that we return to
j0"1- constituents with this flagitious "lie in our
"id't hands," nnd try to palm itoff on the reading,
rotle. ting, nural, religious sentiment of the
i"-0 St ites ; nr.d he seems to thu.k they will take
n" ""''h sluff n' Oospe', ns ru.tdily ns n congrega
of titin of illiterate, hut' drunken, pot bouse loafers
-""""' .iu...c ... mo umh wiuuuibihs, aim
tel!s them that "they are wrong, and he is right ;"
slavery is a great moral wrong, a curso to
master nnd slave, and a doublo curse to those that
j1"" neither matter or slaves ; and that it ought not
ofjNow tho gentleman Would not need to expend
much breath, in good faith, to conquer tho preju
extcnt dices ngainst this, tho largest portion of his con-
lock" on the moral and Focinl elevation of them- j
selves and their posterity, Ity these, and other j
arguments, which the gentleman's talents and :
That compromises miy bo natd to Imvo Icon the
last will on J testament of certain vcrv distinguished
but ngod nnd infirm enndidnts Tor flic Presidency,
wherein tliey gavo nnd bequeathed to the South (ill
the rights and benefits guarantood in that compro
mise, in consideration of tho anticipated support of
southern politicians for that high office; and the
usual testamentary form, running in this vice:
"We, A. B, A'!., being weak in body, but of sound
md disposing mind and memory, in view of tho
iinpn.t,.;,.i r ...i'.:...! i:r- ....Ii .1.- ..r
........ v. j.,uii,iti, in,., ,11114 iiiu vcriaiiiif mi
political death, and being fully persuaded that
this is our last and onlv remaining ehnnco for real
the high object of our ambition, do give nnd
bequeath," ie., would lmve been no innpt preamble
rio tiKsc measures.
Tt L t l
... '"I' !" ' ..LTprJ . ".ew wen.
lularmcd at the -raving nnd hiSinirs. nnJ hnwf -
inirc" fti HPO tho nmini.In l.m.M.ncrn ,7' tl, rmnrio.
man irom Uoorjiia) of soul horn ppi.tlrnirn mi ihn
iinor, iMfit co.ii jjromiso rn$ roluctantlv acciuipsrod
1111 by the H'higs and Democrats of the North. Hut '
it nover received more than a reluctant, a loathinor!
a"ftiiosceneo; und in this lurks the great and fatal
- . - - - 11
iielusion ot the projectors and ndvocntcs of this
nioM 111140110113 measure, neither the intelleot,
the heart, nor the conscience of tho pojilo of the j
free btates wns with, or for that compromise. On.
tllP Cllllll'flVV. tllO inlotln... itm lmil.l ...! l.n ..... I
--., .......... ,..v ..Mi,, nu i.i;ii-
sclcIlce uf ti,.vt poopln, (thoso of them, I mean,
who wore endowed with these attributes.) condemn-
ed, repudiated, abhorred (hat dishonorable, that
huiuiliating act. lint, sir, tho gentleman from
. t t. i. . . . . .
., " . -"? w ".
, " . 5 , i , Bl"r. a"ulon " ll.'c
Z UJ""."1 . Z .1". V T " . J"VVr' '".
Ymii. wiU a & ,SCZ . V f'J. 7.
ito with the people of tho free States. From honce,
c0l,,cs to the advocates of this bill the pleasant
tancy that all tlio opposition to tho cuiltv croioct
of cursing with the mildew of slavery the heart of
tl.o ...ili .tinfi,.i.n. .in...:...,., 1 . :
... .v.... vw.iiiuui.1, uiiu mining ii iiuo
a kennel for the breeding of slaves for tho shambles
of tho South, are but tho "ravings, and bowlings,
and hissings of tho beaten and routed ranks of the
I'uctionists and malcontents," as tho gontlem-in
from Georgia ha3 it.
"A'hy, sir, we "factionists nnd malcontents" pre-
idietcd just such ajiimle to that weak and wicked
bargain, f:i!e, nnd surrender of humanity nnd j"s- j
tice, nnd the honor and interest of the free States ; j
jai.d wo take this ncv rascality very coolly; but
trenchei-ous arrow has tmiche'l the "crural
nerve ot the drowsy and slumbering old fogies who I
,vc,0 sn0l cm.itV,. tal.lv under the. !,l. ,r
HUoutheni chivalry nnd southern honor. l,i ,, !
southern honor: but
,i.n ... j..., ,. ... ..,, ,,,.. :' u..o..iit7
with the indignation of thoso betravod. but ihor-!
Highly roused leviathans; and my "ndvice to the '
..nivairy and tho Uougli-taecs is to "stand froin
under," "for if thou bast run with tho fo.itn.cn,
and they have wearied thee, then how cnust thou
contend with horses?"
Yes, pir, if the few obscure, despised and hated
abolitionists, as you contemptibly call them, havo
boon an over-match for you, what nro you tad.y
when tho united hosts of bctiayod nnd indignant
free States enter thd cuurso ngninst you ? Oh, sir,
snya thcgentleoion from Ooorgia to the Represen
tatives nf tho free slates, betray your constituents,
commit treason against humanity, nnd imtko vour
would the oracular crudities, emit and humbnggery, I
" i faTonte political loador, from whom they ex- j
pe.-tcu to roceiye gratis both politics and whiskey. ,
;". .,i.,IB mi.-i-
ness, ot hoarding constituents bv throwine- the r
i 1... -i r n -
cherished principles in their faces, is a tramo which
two may play at; ami I say to the gontleman fron)
"". h"."-'"". ai mjsuii. cupposo me
territories now free. I flatter myself that I shall
be able to ccnyinco tho gentleman from Georgia !
'mat my proposition is reasonable, in comparison
. . , r T . . ... , r , '. .
..'...I 1.. .. ,o fit I lo- 1 fun S.1.1 n. I ... .1-... .. 1.
. '""....g i.iniiigii ,
tno returns oi tno scvenin census, 1 unit all classes
of the gentleman s constituents number 110,001.
!0f these, C3,lo5 nro slaves, and tilti free colored.
stituoius. l ne residi c. . mem, iiumhe'-ing-iu.iiJU,
'urn fvnn u-l.itn nnrcmie nf tvl..,.i lllO-l-, . .... .... 1...
above the ngo of twenty years. About one-tenth.
or 1,100, are slaveholders, the balance, 9,800 aro
"poor white folks," (I believe they aro so termed
at tho South.)
Now, sir, I am persuaded that a gcuflomnn so
full of the red hot lava of cloqiienco as tho gentle
man from Goorgiu ono so richly endowed Willi
tho gift of making tho better Mincer the better
reason, woum uavs out littio trouble in domonstrat-
1113 10 .nose poor constituents ot his that tlio en-
skivcnient of the negro, by degrading labor,
been tl.o causa ot tno poor whito man s poverty
and degradation, nnd would be forever a "dead
genius wniu.i nt once suggest, it seems to mo ho
might, without very serious trouble, persuade Ibis 1
class 01 nis consr.iiicnis to - conquer ineir pieju-
dices" in favor of "faring sumptuously every day"
on tho fruits of labor extcrted. from their bondmen
by the cruel appliances of tho slavb system, I do
not know. It
nnghti J tlnhk would be. an ugly !
;job ; but by so much would its nceomplishmpnt be
me more wormy 1110 gonticmiin s prowess. iut
tough anil ugly as the job n.ny be for the gentle
man, it will not compare in difficulty with that
which he commands to somo of us of thn free
States. Tho "prejudices" of my constituents, for
instance in favor of tho "golden rule," and the
Declaration of Independence, added to the univer
sal instincts of humanity the teachings of reason
the voice of conscience ns woll ns tho invincible
biases of a Christian education, all constitute a
Gibrnltar of difficulties, which I confess would he
sufhoicnt even to dampen tho chivalry of tho veri
est of the Quixots among the slavery propagandists.
Besides, in my case, with the exception of some
two or three hundred Government officials, whose
"prejudices" on these subjects are not vincible but
vendible, I havo of mulo constituents, of twenty
years old nnd upward, over twenty thousand capa
bio of reading nnd writing, together, with a like
number of women, equally well instructed, intelli
gent, and, if possible, of still more unconquerable
love of justice, liberty, and Christianity, and a
corresponding abhorrence of slavery. All thoso,
Mr. Chairman, constitute a nhabinx of oninncina-
tiiinists, whose "prejudices In favor of universal
liberty, under just and buuinnc laws, I have neither
the inclination nor the audacity, oven to ntk to
"v nqucr. ."i 'iri "n 1 eoute thst l I.,it nn
eminent was unshipped from the Constitution, and
placed on thn frnil trap-sticks called tha compro
ucccssfully niiso of l.SiO that baleful nnd w icked congloiner-
"'stmctivo love of human liberty. This is tho
conquest to which we nre so fervently invited. To
''iv.dves tho self-preservation of human
''"turo from its loftiest, holiest instincts, to its low
ivour P"f: f'.'"''st depths 'nf utter, hopeless degradation.
stomach for such a filit. My choico would b.
most decidedly to " let out the job" to the gentle
man from Georgia. Mr. Chairman, I would gut
here to that gentleman, or any other southern gen
tlcman, in all good faith, that'if his chivalry ni ivof
him to tho conquest of tho prejudices of this for
midable army of " fanatics" in' favor of liberty, 1
win, on ineir part, guarantee to him
and cordial reception ntnnng them, nnd a patient
.1.- :. r . . . J I'
itnu (11.T111111 nni.rnia- rti nil lift mm i,nfn n a... ii..am
liiu uivi iis ui una great controversy between liherty
'nnd slavery, or between those he denounces as!
fnnaties, serpents nnd adders." nnd th ulnv..
t .:n r .1 r .11 ...
I will go furtber. I will e-nnroiilnn ll.ni il.e
1...n ,:.:n . 1 " , s .
tlemaii vill not find nmong that twenty thousand
V ....u oianri mm h VI I'll I f lIKlUMtliU
oi my Mostituents, five humlred who do not nttcr-
sh:i!I ho rll i T:...
' : Tr . i V' i. 'V"" J
'n. Imir ir IW. i.nn.i
ioIciK'o uttnrod ft!:iiut hint. Tim crintina-.n mov
talk to them of the "ravings, bowlings and liissingsi
of vifers and mblnra." uiil. il.n .M,r.ii.,., .. ..,.0 !
fresh from n dan.'o in tho snake nppartnient of
-- . .. ...... tu iiiu puunu nuJriiiiui:iii m
Noah's ni k, and yet I um sure my constituents will
no movca to mcrnincnt only at such cxtniv.vant
language, not to insult or violence. Yes, "sir,
though I would hold nivself responsible for all I
It.. ... , !.... I.. .. !.. I'.l.ll. .A . l .1 . . . ,
u uiiui-itiiituil 111 ueoilll OI II. C CTe I 11 Cm a II S
surety, nnd the decorum of my constihierts, still I :
would not stand suretv th.it ,L n,it. nf il.ni"',-,
numberless school-ho "scs the gei.tlomun would Fee
there, might not opposo to hi in arguments moro
i . -n. . .. ' " . : h u. ". . . w
W !.M reasoning than the brick-bats
ro,u ouf. V-'? oppouei. s were wont to prove
L" " . ,"V s a 1 lna"': .8ir' 1 nm ""y
!!r::'.,1, .?,i:"'n" .w"u!d
3 , I T '
and happy a people, dwelling in the de'ib.!wful and
happy homes 'conquered from an unbroken
renulsivo wilderne-s. nnrl trnnul'.irmn.l l, ti.n
sistless energy of free labor, into creeu pastures
. ...1 . : 1. i i , . . P . . .1. .
nu luciiiing nuiiis, nnu on the whole exluhiting ns
fair nnd desirable n spectacle of the physical,
social, and moral blessings nf liberty ns can be
found on tho footstool of tlio benevolent Creator.
Hut to return to the gentleman's favorite them; ;
the "conquest" of what he is pleased to tcim " pre-
Udices" against slavery or, in otiier words, our
1 l"0 suhtimo spectacle," lor the reception
the gentleman entertains eu:!i fervent
Sir, one baring a tnt5 for tho sublim-j
spectacle where soil' is sacriBccd to
"utF' cannot appreciate the one so ravishing to the
Kcntlemaii's perverted vision. There may bo sub-ri"'
limity in audacious wickedness, such as w as cxhib-'
ited when the Prim-e nf Hell solicited adoration !
from tho Princo of Life. One whose nature is j
by this kind of sublimity may well enjoy
tho sublimity of that scene depicted by the gentle-'
man from Georgia, wilh so much apparent, and, I !
doubt not, real satisfaction. j
sir, the gentleman's wish is fathor -to the
thought that the people of Boston, on the occasion
to which he alludes, overcame their hatred of sla-
very and the insolence of the slave power. Sir, 1 1
ask, and I hope some son of Massachusetts will j
answer on this floor, w hether, at the command 0fj
nn apostate son of New Kiijjlair.l. the descendants j
of the Puritans nnd Pilgrims quenched the tires of
liberty lighted by their fathers when they fir-t set
loot in lbs sands of the glon'oiis eld Biy .State ? I
Whether th?y did not "cru.-h out" nnd conquer !tl
their halo of oppression, tlicir devotion to the j
principles for tl.o preservation of which the ir
blood moistened the batt'o fields of the
licvulutionf Sir, ns one of the humblest citizen;
of nil the children of the old Uav State, I iyp the
dcgrading intimation of the gentleman from Goor- i
..... ... I.,.!;........ -. i ... .. I
moment of weak commivrution for that "archan-el I
ruined," tho peorle of Uo-t.n, Massachuseiis. 're-1
luotantly smothered the r c
.i,,...,i,D ...! . i ... ,i: i ...
l,..v.i,oi.i.wl.iiu vuuino uui um not coouuer i f:i
l... ,.r i;i ,i.io....... r . ....!.
reverence for the principles and deeds of their
glorious fathers. Sir, thev do not forget the Hevo
lijtion ; they do not forget" Lexington ' and Punker 1
lull. Their fault was. that, in a moment of ine.it
excitement nnd strong temptation, they declined
Irom the "straight and narrow path" of right bv
bt mid narrow path" of ri' ht bv
bv yielding to tho demands .'if the ;
that supposed good" of even it chance
that Daniel Webster m'ighf become President of!
the United States
P.ut, sir, 1 j
,vo power, i
might como of it.
t,-,i . I, r,,.... -o. - i...,i..,n.:...i.,r
....... ...... ............ ..1..,... iv.ttu UI
. ... . . '
mg. i,r.D ;,v tins time I
trno.l .In. thn cpivn ii.-..,-i I
like its groat progenitor, lends its followers into !
trouble, but loaves them to extricato themselves as j
het they may. 15ut if the cheat in that presiden-1
game of poker was not enough to dispel tho .
delusion, this last foul lav of tho slave power, bv I
tho aid of free Stato political poachers, to steal i
from freedom this pi-rhl Torritnir mwl nnnirmtii.r 1
it forever to tho doom nnd curso of slavery, hit's ;
uncapped the volcano; nnd theso "smothered con-1
viotions," not "conquered prejudices,"
." are blazini? i
over Now Kneland, and all thu freo States with mi 1
intensity threatening tho existence of slavery itself. I
And this, Mr. Chairman, is but tho " becinnintr of
the end." This new outbrock of the firci of frco
doi 1? '0ul iho natural action of man's moral nature
from that stale of o. lipso intc which it fell on
yielding to the sons olessand infamous "compromise
measures" that finality of fools, without which
tho gentleman from North Carolina, Mr. Cling
maii, gravely told us, "wo bhonld havo no Govern
ment now; to which I reply, it tha lederal Gov
nto 01 treason and tolly the sooner wo have
Government" the better." Let.it perish ; for when ,
tins uovpriiuicnt snau cease beyond reclamation to ;
act as tho guardian of liberty under the Constitu-
tion, nnd shall permanently fall into the hands of j
slavery propagandists, ns it now is, and for many j
years lias hi en, liy the treason to liberty of the
party called in dension Democratic, it will not bo irJ"
worth preserving. I nm willing, sir, (and I spoak
sentiments of an overwhelming majority of iny
constituents,) to libido by tho Constitution of tho
United Statos. when administered according to its
spirit and letter. But, as ono nf the humblest of
the people ot the lice states, 1 am not willing to
soo the Constitution perverted from tho boneticent
ends for which it was framed, and tho Government
uuder it transformed into a felon's league for the
oppression of the black man, the impoverishment
and degradation of the white laborer, and render
ed serviceable only to promoio the inordiuuto am
bition and cupidity of somo two hundred and fifty
or thrco hundred slaveholders, and tho few thousand
of free Statu renegades purchasod by F'xecutivc
patronage. The Constitution, thus perverted, is
the slaveholder's constitution and Government It
exists for their benefit, to gratify their cupidity, to
satiate their ambition, to protect their esclusivo
interests, to extend their rystnm of labor and social
order, lo promote their cxecrabls antl-frcedom and
nnti-civilizaticn policy, and ii is theirs to enable
them to work nil this niischiof, at any cost of public
morality, pecuniary expense, or national honor.
To this'remorseif ss lu: ot niaverf prupuj:.uuUa;
every other sentiment, every other intent, and every
other principle, is offered, as a cheap and fitting
sacrifice. To appease this never pnr$;H leviaihitn.
. ...... l .. i . . , ,. mi uuuiiiun ui ni.i,ini.,iuKir
"" fenegade politfcinns of the free .States. No,
the (iovernment bus teased to be the Govern-
and!?6"1'60 ruinous to the moral, political and social
"ougii-.aci power, has been .tid is a usurpation
ft '""and, which will not only justify, but nbso
ravishej "'e'.V demands, cither tin administration based on
1,10 "M'!"1 f Constitution, or n dissolution
"f Cnion. Sir, I speak very plainly, and 1
disdain to . recto t to tho usual cant iiboiit devotion
the Union, and nil that. I think I know my
constituents well, and am well known by them. "J
'ln01w "'at t,''ey ?r0 .'vi,linS ,0 ''ido in "the Union
:"'"?I'. '10 Constitution our fathers framed ; and iu
t,:is '-"'" "" unJcr tluit l.'on'stitut'oit they have
home much, and fof the preservation of them in
t,";-r P"ri;v. will do, endure and dare ns much as
1110,1 nay d , endure cr dare, in any f irm, in which
pn'h'tism may demand tha exercise of these high
'l'I'tics ; an ! yet, sir, I feci warranted in saving
""" '" tl,eir "ames, and in their behalf, "that
whenever the slaveholders nnd dough faces shall
Mmvu satisfied them tho Federal Constitution is re
tainers' 'll,.v l'lc hulwark nnd guaranty of ebnttel slavery.
Government "actively and perpetually ou tho side
liherty," nnd to denationalize slaver', nnd con
tial Gn0 " strictly to tho States whero it uow exists,
?rc "10 ""' ,v0 contemplate, and for them wo shall
I;l1"". through sunshine and storm, through good
report and ovil report beaten, we shall renew tho
ho whole immense patronage of the Federal Gov
irninent is made to minister.
Uefure thia tlcfornied and hateful nioni-tor every
ifliccrof tlic executive ami judicial departments is
uinJc to bow and Rwcnr allegiance, from the Presi
dent down, through nil that countless swarm, num
bered by hundreds of thousands, all trained to the
lowest mid meekest servility if Missive obedience,
.nro distributed ov
nutl through tno wnrcc lanu,
.. . .
in,l... ... i . .
11...1: ; -- .
Ilculiui.s or fitness no mntier if lie were n-hintr-
r. ii- t i , , "
.or IrakJ A Lafave to or
" . , " V 41lti(iin, it.i.sj - vj
josc.useo-.ii ho were to re-appear with his old
,i,.:.n .' 1' 1
theii fluitKie had wrappsd around
1 iv .,1.n fn nnr.rt,..l.!na. ,,.-nr.v
: 1 I.-UIU UtVi
moan e.,,.,1, t kU f.ut.fnnt f nn, .r ll.'r
nnimt,. ..f w:.. ' ..r iin.cn
unless degraded cnouirli to nlav tho fvconhant to
,l''rt nlrocioiu slave nower, so far as protection or
patronage under the" Government nurelmsoJ with
,,IC''' billierH' blood is concerned, nro as much ali- j
c"s 'lj 'hey had b"en born nnd reared cannibal
ixc" '-ulanu or the lejos islands, inthcirowii
'o"ulry, in the lmmo oi' their fathers, and their
'""hers" fathers, thev nre aliens and outlaws made
KllL'tl til" ll.iu m.lllu ....... t.: ... I !. ... .P ..1 ....!...! .1 ......
nll!l', "f the pec ple of the United States, or for the
Pei,I',e "'0 ti.ilod States. It is the slnveuold-
..... . ...
w.er-m.eni-a i.aso ana vu a.nous oligarchy,
" jmrpot e oi w men is to multiply
V' "over"",c''1 mngers-uii,
of U, I 7 ' .2'
of cormorants, nnd
t5,'d. strengthen and porretuato the accursed
interests of the free laborer. It is the slnveliobl
cr's Government, nnd for one I nm for reform or
uu,-,., h.. . : T IV.. 1 . , . .
seii:ir;il!.iti ? T ..... f.. .i r... i:i.... ..:.i.
out which there can be no justice; and, sir, if this
Coverniiient will not secure to us of the free Stntes
the territory which is now free, and has been made
and kept free by net of Congress, now for more
than an cntiic generation, thbn, sir, it is not the
government iu which the non-slaveholders of the
nited Stale.; have ni. interest to the value of the
President's siil.iry. For such a government, so
adiuiiii-jteiuil, 1 have neither respect nor affection ;
it is lit only for reform or revrlution. On this
MibieH it i. best f.r us of the Ni.rth nn I Smith
that we understand each other. Lithcrthc Federal
Lcr.iiitution docs or do?s not recognize slaves as
property, nnd guarantee the title to the master to
I"-:'!'01 0' p his slaves. If the Constitution does
f'"-"-. 'll.pa " ls 11 hypocrisy, a delusion, a cheat;
" " "oes not, then tho ndministraticn of the
Government, tinder the joint misrule of tho slave
and they are called upon to choosn between slaverv
!!,,M? '"on n the ono hand, and liberty nnd disso-
1'"1."11 011 ltl othr, without an instant s delay or
l'Cs':t:l'ii.u thev will i-!i. it.?.. IMw.p... r.i .l....B..f.....
and their children, nt anv cost and every hazard,
Ul,t iir- "cither my constituent? nor mvself enter-
tain any pucfi view of the Federal Constitution.
We believe its pervisiun to the base use of extend.'ng
and perpetuating slavery has been a violation of
letter and spirit; antl we aro for dethroning the
ururpers, nnd placing in their stead those who will
exercise the powers of the Government ns there-
l" " more perfect L inon, establish justice,
'"k,e domestic tranquility, provide for the common
idolcmc, promote the general welfare, and secure
lo blessings of liberty to ourselves and our pos-
:tor""' - lo these beneficent ends wo believe the
powers of tho Constitution arc ample, and that the j
r"'""," l" ll,u -onuiuiion arc ample, una that the
exorcise of these powers for tho extension or per- j
P'll!ltiun ofliuman slavery is a usurpation of which,
per-istcd in, will make a dissolution of the Union I
"ot on? 11 ',ut n di:!.
To brin" tho Federal !
1;'ht successful, wo shall push on tho victory
rcP'' '".fi to ft" 'csty gentlcnieu who oppose to this
resolution of ours,
, (as was so successfully done in
threats to sceedo from the Union, what the
peiicvulcnt Lm-le loby Said to the fly, "the world
wide enough for thee and ine," simply reminding
vuc guiiucuicu nun-
'The fight of freedom once begun,
Bequeathed from bleeding sire to son;
Though baffled oft, is over won"
And that, ns it hns been heretofore, so will it be
again. Liberty must triumph, and slavery must
' ".vh' " H': !1"-" "K'l" .
"'u pimmnm-onio purpose 01 too ueceaseu,
wns the occasion of tho presont visit of tho cxecu
tho t.or VnJ thu Tar' 10 hls hvmx successful. Oood
farms, in eligible locations, havo been purchased.
Me had a visit last week from Dr. C. D. Everett, !
Charlottesville, Va., executor of tho estate of j
. w uu uiui vumo yours since, nnu
I'18 "''ill emancipated bis slaves, thirty-eight iu
number, nnd donated to them a sura at this time
amounting to over 06,000, for tho purposo of rc-
"? "uu souiuig incm in n tree oiato. 10 car-
'"cu wu oiuur uiemours ui 1110 iinernicu innu
lies can occupy their time profitably ; and in tho
neighborhood tho children will find facilities for
education, which they much need, nud to eocure
which appeared to be a matter of much interest
wilh the executor. Thoy will be separated into
four families, and located somo miles distant from
oaoh other, which arrangement, for obvious rea
sons, was deemed most judicious. They will bo
removed some time in November.
Tlio slaves thus liberated are strong Mid healthy,
but lour being over fifty pears of age; and of
thoso, two at loast are woil able to maintain thorn
slves by work. There are fourteen under 15 years
ago ; and for all, old and young, ample provis
ion is mnde, as the legacy is to be divided equally
among them, giving to each about $2,000 j the in
terest of which w ill provide for the support of the
agod and tho education of the young, and the
firiucipnl furnish' good homes for those in middle
ife. They will all need, however, much ins'rti?
tao i.-d -l.-ioc, i.i ut new situation 14 life in
which they are placed , and thia we foel wll as
surod they will receive. We wore mnob. pleased
f the intnrnst manifested in their l ehslf byi
the executor, who appeared to enter fully into the
benevolent designs of tho testator. 'a. J'rotnvl
jntor and Freeman.
SOUTH ON THE BOSTON SLAVE CASE.
! Iiuilli..- t. .l.it i.Jn.l.lIi.r. !iilornt nnd nri.i.m.
h m s.; i
We copy, savs the Arw York Thra, articles from
thu Kiclunoiid Enquirer urging tho necessity of
- gujircsted that lliev refuse to employ oitliern
nal DUblisncu 111 a free otitic: inai iiiey never
. .1 . . 7 "-,""v " ,
tjea wit 1 any community where t ie cxocuiu n ot
f.mU.SIvp I to or obstructed
."-,"? ; r"":uX..Un,!.AL
Meet ot all these movements is to prepare too
c. ,. ....1 s.i ..... tu.
1 I t .a L".i .
ui,. ".v 1 1 " tfiiuua cnii
mcd, or seriourfy diaturhcJ, !T cutdi j-ropc
tioiis. Here follow the articles. V't. tramun.
WHAT THE SOUTH PROPOSES TO DO
The recent conduct nf not onlv the Abolitionists,
but of the belter portion of tho pcoplu of Boston
also, should oneu tho eves of thu South, nnd
prompt her citizens to take proper steps to main -
tain tl.eir rights and to prepare for the crisis which
is fast approaching.
Wo havo been often told that the great body ol
the Northern people are disposed to stand by" the
compromises of the Constitution, and to oby the
laws of the land iii relation to tho rendition of fu-
gitive slaves but w? have seen no evidence of
such patriotism on their part. It may bo true that
a roafority 0f tbcm are not slarc ,1'alers : but tLe
n.,.t ,lmt ,,lc bH(. ,,c,ltiniout of tie Xorth doe
ll0t enforce a prompt and ready obedience to the
enactdfor the protection of
?uutllorn ! I". " w"1' P"""
honesty ou tlicir lips they nro willing to see Ui
rohhed, and that tlicy stand Ly and permit it
robbed, nnd thiU they su.nd by and permit it tube,,
done, -without rinsing a hand to prevent the
summation of the outrage. Can any one believe
that there would have been nuy necessity for call
ing out a portion of tho United States army to ex
ecute the law, if the people of Uoston hiid been
disposed to do justicu to tho South ? If tho law
abiding portion of her eitisens nro unable to keep
the abolitionists in check, they must be in a minor
ity. If, on the other band they nre strong enough
to enforce the law, hnving failed '.o do so, they
show their sympathy with the abolitionists to such
a degree as must satisfy every mind that the South
need not expect justke at their hnnds.
In cither case, we have no security for our rights,
and the sooner our people shnll set about to devise
some adequate means for tho pi enervation of their
interests, the letter it will bo for thrui.
I am ne alarmist, no disunionist t ut I think it
must be apparent to every thinking mind, that our
connection with the North eniinot bo muintaincd,
unless the people of the North will do us justice.
There can be no confidence between the two sec
tions of the country as long as it shall be required
to call on the armed forces of tho C'cncrul Govern
ment to enforce a rolucHaut and constrained obedi
ence to tho laws which havo Lccu passed for our
Our Northern "brethren for such I will still call
them presume too much on our known devotion
to'lbo Union. They should know, however, that
there is a point beyond which forbearance ceases
to ho n virtue, nnd at which patriotism itself, no
less than self-interest, may require of the South to
sever a connection which is maintained only for
their oppression and degradation; Until this
crisis is forced on us wo should be thinking nbout
" the mode and measure of redress." What can
wo do to teach our enemies that we will not al
ways submit to their aggressions?
Iu view of the recent verdict in tho case of
SrooNEn rj. Daniel, which I regard as one of the
greatest enormities yet committed on tlio South,
1 would hife our people r.''mc to sul'milc to am
journal ;.o(i'.yiO!? in a jrVre .V.'o.'c. And, ns our
.Northern brethren aro "warring to tho knile
against Southern labor, let us dismiss from our
employment all northern men who have not given
unmistakable evidence of their devotion to our
institutions. Kspecially would I invoke thoso who
Imvo the directiun of our public tcoi k.i to lot.tf no
time in casting off nil such individuals'. Were 1
the Hoard of Public Works, I would call on every
State Director to uso influences in carrying oui
this policy. Why should we nourish vipers in our
bosoms, who sting us whenever an occasion odors?
The recent arrest of one of their Northern em
ployees on the Virginia nr.d Tennessee Kail-road,
for his insurrectionary efforts, shows that the nbo-
Ijtioiiis'.B have their secret agents among us ;
the frequent Cncai.es of our slaves along tho lines
f impruv"!!. cut, loaves no doubt on the minds of
tnose wtio imvo given an attention to tno suhiect
lnc;!0 ngcnls ato judiciously distributed ou
our public works.
Let us, then, look to our own safety, and apply
tho proper remedy for the evil of which w o com
plain. Let a lofty patriotism, and not a blind party
spirit, guido us iu all our delibcraticus and iu all
Let tho people of the South unite as brotbrcn in
defence of their common rights and common inte
rests; and wo will teach thu people ut tho JNoito
that the y must do us justice tciihout Ine intervention
of the armed forees of tho United States; or that
they mny regard us no longer their brethren, but
as enemies who aro nut to be despised.
BOSTON RIOT—DUTY OF THE SOUTH.
Bunxs, the runaway negro, has been caught and
surrendered ; thanks to the firmness of the Com
missioner, tho fidelity of tlie President, the courage
and loyalty of the troops, and the cowardice of
the robbers. 1 beg leave to suggest vnouitr pub
i: ....i. .... . 1.. iw.1.1 :.. t:..um... ...j
lie mooting ought not to be held 111 Kichmond nnd
Alexandria tor the
ing purposes, vis:
Alexandria for the accomplishment of the follow-
1. lo raiso a fund tor, or reqniro our Lity uoun
oil to pay a sura of money to tho family of the
2. To express our admiration of the conduct of
the l'rosidont 01 the united statos, Commissioner
LoKiNO, District Attorney Hallett, the Marshal
of the United States and "the troops regulars and
volunteers and our ccutcmpt nud abhorrenco tor
lin non.lnet of KvERETT. ClIOATE. WlXTUROP. nnd I
all other prominont men of Massachusetts, who I
..,.,.:..;.. ,..., k .. I
had not tho courage or patriotism, even by conn
sel, to oppose the robbers, who sought by murder
and perjury, to accomplish thuir traitorous pur
poses. 3, To declare, and to Invito the Southern people
generally to unite with us in declaring, that bonce-
forward we will never aeai or iraae in any manna;
with any community in which icenet simitar to those
lately enacted in lioiton shall occur, and that far
every fugitive vithheld, or resmed, htreafter, a
Northern ressel in cur porti shall be confiscated to
the nvners of the slate.
The enforcement of law by the bayonet cannot
long continue, at least out without producing the
walnfnt .-AKi.hic. nd othfir means mast ther-
.... 1.. r,..m. ThnsA m. Ana Am i.neniirA'.i.mr.nt
of our friends at tb North, and grateful approha
ti ju ui their Conduct, with a -calm, sincere and
determined declaration to our enemies of the
course which we will pursue, and the injury they
must iiftain if hostilities against nsare continues.
BURNS' CASE AT THE SOUTH.
Southern Sentiment—Privets and Plans for
in tintivp ill tlie movement, nnd I
Pbue to a..opt ...
,,, rtl,.,t,e n,t-r,li which at
The i-eitiil riotous dnnonstration in Boston ha
awakened throughout the South on intense farling
of indignation, and has suggested to 'urn Of sober
judgment the ticecssit; 0 f -ine mcaittre r-f retalia
tion, and of protcetii'u lor the future The cilitrns
nnve tanen iuw
invo rcruivea in
nicnsures of pariti
. . ..r .1.
iid deenirr rei i.ir7)ic 10 ine npercssions ui mo
nrrpose 111 artines in ute r.rrjiiirLr ui una
, r . .. . ... . ., ' , ... ,t.j
plans 01 notion iv wi:ic:i tnu .ouin mnj im
Ercralont fc-elinir of resmlment ainit the North
greatithe'saiue, line tVlieyhinict condign puni
upon our cnenr.es win mniriuuiu iu 1.10
...... ,.r ... ,. e..... ...rf Mra. Tim us.
of cur correspondents commend them-
solves to our approval uy tncir mniuicsi. Vr"t,r7'7
md efficiency. Craven indeed must be the spiift
of the Southern people if they will consent to Tf
tribute to the North after recent occurrences. Cft
no insult or defiance rouse our resentment or awa
ken our pride? . , .
it is plain that n Hew atiu glorious uesuny
awaits the Sou;b. And beckons us ohwnrd to a caJ
reer of independence. Shall we train and disci"
pline otir energies fur the enrnihg crisis, or shall
we continue tho tributary and dependant vassali
jof Northern brokers nmi luorcy-cliaiigcrs? Now
is the time for the Souih to begin n earnest th
woik of self-develovement. No-.y is the time ttf
hreak asunder the fetters of commercial subjection)
nr.d to prepare for that mure complete ir.dfprr.d
encc which awaits us.
From the American Jubilee.
From the American Jubilee. "NON-INTERVENTION A LIE."
"HLifcrtealij." pay-? the Rational Fra, ncn-ift
v,licl wo wi u.nturc o Prophetically.
non-intervention is a lie." It is, it alwavs was, it
always will be a lie. ihc time is not, never was,
and never iil be, when "non-intervention" will
he posjU'le. Tbtro is not. there never was, lher
never will be a timo, when tho Ftde'.il 'Govern
ment can bo neutral ou the slave question. Until
it prohibits nnd eupprcsssns th? unlawful aad un--constitutional
practice of iilnvtboltiing, throughout
tho United States, it uritl, because it ui-st, of a""
solute necessity, sustain mid itiioi.d slnvcbolding.
It must cither ""crush out" slavery, or "crush out"
liberty, or retire itself, ino non-existence. While:
it exists, it must servo cither God or Mnmmon
Uh.ist or lielial, Liberty or Slavery. It has been
at w ork ngainst liberty, from the beginning, and
will continue to do so, until it nets against sfnvery.-Non-interrcntior.
past, present, or future is a
lie. Keinember that, nnd repent it, over and over,
once nt least, every hour, till you fully comprehend
and deeply fee! its trui meaning. l
Non-intervention is a lie. Yes! "Divorcing
the Federal Government from slavery," (another
phrase, having nearly the same meaning.) is a lie
also, it by this ii Lo meant, Hint tno reucrai uov
ernmetit either xlimi'.d or cjii let slavery alone,
neither consenting nor no? consenting to its exh-t
While slavery lives, and the Federal Govern
inent lives, the Federal Government mcst, of ne
cessity, continue to lend to slavery tho support of
consenting to its existence, I'm.e-s the Federal
Government is vigorously exerting itself for the
overthrow of slavery.
"JlUioricalli," non-cxleiuiion "is a lie." Proph
'tieathi, it is a lie also, if non-utension be sought
by any other p.-ocess than rttinc.'ion. Slavery ha
been, "still is, nnd will hereafter continue to extend
itself, if it be permitted to lire.
"Localizing slavery, another phrase lor mere
non-cxtonsion," is '"historically a lie." Prophet
ically, it is a lie also. No local boundaries can b
prescribed to slavery, while it is permitted to exist
" Historically," "prophetically, nnd philosoph-'
ically, " iion-iiitcnention," " iion-cxteiisiofl," and!
localizing slave ry," may all he placed in the1
same category. They aro lies, and all lies are
They ail belong to tho samo family, nnd inula'
ally support and imply each other. " Non-exten- :
sion" takes "non-intervention'' for granted,- nml
thus takes for granted a lie. " Non-extension" ii
the shadow of the gboft of "non-intervention,"
is only while tlio Spirit of Liberty is night
mared by tho incubus of " iioii-cxtons.ion," that
non-intervention" gathers up auducity CnongU to
pretend to an existence 1
THE NEGRO ATTACHE AND MR. MASON.
The following curious narrative terms part ot a
letter of an occasional correspondent of the Ao-
LONDON, April 29, 1854.
For many years there bad been connected with'
the American legation iu Paris u negro of remark
able qualifications. He was r.ot a Virginia negro,
for they seldom speak French, nud w ould make
themselves awkwardly objectionnl at French courts,
lie was nn unostentatious man, a great linguist;
clover diplomatist, nnd wns respected by all whey
know him for his nffahlo manners. Ho had. fut"
many years been the main staff of tho legation i
and several times during Saufurd's absence prove"
himself not to bo worst nxjger connected w itn ir:
Americans knew him, respecting him, vaulted hint
for his attention to the duties of the ofiiee. He had!
shono through several administrations, watched
their changes With interest, given a welcome recep
tion to every new minister, had been treated kind
ly in return, and bad trained his 'boss" iu the'
ctiquettical performances, of preparing fot court.
Ho had proved himself quite expert in tho passport
to American citizens. But John Y. Mason, a gen
tlemnn who'left his French in Virginia, and brought
only his prejudices with him, brenme the Ameri
can minister who was to astonish tho French court
wiih his rtfinement, his brilliancy, his greatness,
everything bnt his I'rtnch, the thing mcBt cssentiaD
The question of clothes arose, nr.d the good sent
of the "nigger" being opposed tof. ggery, n qaar'
rel was the result, nnd tho favored negro himself
was summarily discharged.
Tho following extract from a IcIliT which t ro-' .'
ceived from a friend in Paris, a few dairs anOc
touches rn the affair; " Our legation here is m
sad situation. Tho negro long connected with it ,
and thoso who was tho main staff of the minister
as well iu deplomacy as m tho miuoruutios of tha
office, has quarreled with him, nnd l.e has leff.
:..'... 1,1.. ., rl.l in,ii.,i ti. Vnn- V, .rk n-i.h.- '
Mason is now liko a Chi.iamau in Now York, with
out knowing a word of the language Fcw Amef)-'
cans ever 6co Masi ft; bnt they bear of his awk
wardness at court with pained feelings."
Wa must add. that there seldom is a great foe
without a small gain, and, in this instance, nor
minister to Kussia became the gainer. Hearing
the trouble between Mason and the negro, and
the value of the latter personage, ha boing a cooi
Bnssian scholar, secured bis services ana proceed .
with him to his placo of destination, where ii
expected he will render good service in behalf of
mnto logation. It is hoped tba. Gen. tV'ebb
and Mr. Buchanan's remonstrance having f&i.ea
inducing Mr. Seymour to proceed to bis pott.
the negro will succeed.
A Scocestios. The New York tTthiri Tost
suggests to the Bostonians, the propriety of chang
ing the descriptive name of their city from the
Athens of America," to " the City of tlie fnuMi"