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title: 'Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, April 14, 1855, Image 1',
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MAIMS R. ROIlIXiSOX, EDITOR.
'NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
AXX TEARSQX, PU11L1SIIIXQ AG EXT,
VOL. 10. NO. 35.
SALEM, COLUMDIAXA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, APUIL 14, 1S55.
AVIIOLL NO. 407,
To People of the Twentieth Congressional District
'Fri.low Citizens: Tlio action of tlio 33 J Con
' gress will constitute an interesting chapter in tlio
political history of our country. It, will nisi give
character to tlio biography of many of our promi
nent Statesmen. Tlio outrages it linn perpetrated
upon the lawn of God, the right of humanity, the
civilization of tlio ago, tho Constitution of tlio
country nnd the honor of tlio people of tlio free
Sta os, will excite tho wonder of coming genera-!
Tho Conflict in Congress between the ndvoeatcs
of oppression and the supporters of liberty com-1
as early as l79G,becamo deeply interesting
in 1797, and occasionally attracted attention up to
itwo, wnen it occamo more inteusiiied by the udop
tion of the odious gag-rosolutions, pruhibiting do
bate, nnd excluding petitions on the subject of
So reckless was the slave power in 1842, that a
statesman of distinguished abilities, of groat ex
perience, of A world-wide funic, was arraigned for
trial at tho bar of the House of Representatives
for presenting to that body a rcspoctablo petition
from tho peoplo of this State. And tho humble
individual now addressing yon was publicly cen
sured for expressing in that body the opinion that
Congress did not possess tho constitutional right
to involve the peoplo of Ohio and tho other Free
Statos in the disgrace, guilt, and expenso of sus
taining tho coast-wise slave trade.
Not content with theso insults to northern free
men, tho slave power turned its attention to the
policy of strengthening itself. Tho annexation of
Texa9, ther Mexican war, the compromise measures
of 1850, the Baltimore platforms of 1852, appear
ed to prepare tho way for tho present executive.
Looking to tho past, he judged that the samo ag
gressiveness on the part of freedom which ha4
characterized our former history, would continue
in coming tuno. lie therefore placed himself far
in advance of nil his predecessors in pledging al
liance to tno slave power, and promising his efforts
to stay the tido of civilization nnd Christianity,
which appeared to bo gradually gaining ascenden
cy over the institution of slavery.
The memorable declaration in his inaugural ad
dress, that slavery is based upon the same princi
ples as cither recognized rignts, and that it is the
duty of Congress to uphold it by legislation, will
probably bo remembered longer than any other
opinion which ho ever uctorcd. They constituted
the prominent doctrines on which ho intended to
base his administration, and to rear the fabric of
his futuro fame. Accordingly a series of legisla
tive efforts were entered upori with the evident in
tention to carry out this policy. Tho payment
from our treasury for tho slaves lost by the Span
ish pirates on board the Aniistad, was strongly
recommended in the President's first annual mes
sage. Treaties wore obtained for tho annexation of a
portion of Mexiei, and for territory on tho bay of
Sam an a in San Domingo, Efforts to restore the
African Slave Trade were commenced in the Son
nto, and the public press was loud in its demands
for a treaty with Great Britain by which that gov
ernment should be constrained to restore tho fugi
tive slaves now in Canada. The most active exer
tions were put forth to obtain from (ireat Britain
compensation to slave-dealers who lost possession
of their human chattels by sliipwreek and landing
on British soil from on board American slave ships;
and a deliberate conspiracy was entered into be
tween the Executive and some of our eminent
statesmen to plunge tho nation into a war with
Spain if necessary to sti y the tide of civilization
in Cuba. This moral treason to 'government, this
perfidy to mankind, this infidelity to God, wi
called forth upon the preteneo that we were bound
to prevent the abolition of slavery in Cuba for tin
purpose of preserving tho institution in our South
The wholo plot now stands revealed. The base
destgii of sacrificing national treasure, our honor,
and the lives of nn indefinite number of the people
to sustain the nirst revolting system of oppression
that ever cursed tho earth, stands confessed by tho
President and his coadjutors upon tho records of
the nation. By that record tho peoplo and pros
tcrity will judge them. But never nt any previ
ous period of our history has the federal power
been so perfectly subservient to tho demands of
slavory as during the late Congress.
By tho Gadsden treaty, tho people paid ten mil
lions of dollars for territory over which to spread
slavery ; idemnity for our slave-dealers was ob
tained from (ireat Britain, and tho Missouri re
striction was repealed, and slavery permitted to
extend into Kansas and Nebraska. These plans
were consummated before tlio peoplo had an up-
fiortunity to express their condemnation of the
'resident's policy. At tho autumnal elections,
the popular voice was proclaimed in language not
to be misunderstood. The President heard it; and
at the late assembling of Congress no allusion was
made ny tho President in his annual message to
the policy which ho so boldly proclaimed in his
inaugural address ; nor to any one of tho plans for
sustaining slavery in which he hud been so ardent
ly engaged. His friends silently abandoned their
efforts to restore tho foreign i-lave-trndu ; not a
word has since been uttered by any of them in re
gard to paying for the Aniistad Slaves; tho treaty
obtaining territory on the Island of San Domingo
has been abandoned ; nothing is now said in regard
to obtaining territory from Mexico, or for regain
ing possession of fugitive slaves in Canada; nnd
what is mure important, it would seem that the
plan of conqueriug Cuba, in case Spuiu refuses to
sell it, has also been given up.
One year since, the whule Southern press and
many Northern papers declared the annexation of
vuua to tue uniteu states n matter ot "mamjeii,
destiny." A Minister to Madrid was selected ap
parently for the very purpose of purchasing that
'island, or of bringing on a war with Spain in or
der to obtain it by conquest.
But the elections of lust autumn appeared to
have changed the whole tone of the southern press,
:a wpll as that of the administration, aud to have
'.entirely modified their views of ''manifest destiny."
" The whole proceeding now presents a most ludi
crous history of servile infatuation, and shows the
power which the poo pie wield over thoir public
. One point in this most interesting subject should
,. not be overlooked. The ounferenoe at Ostend was
.-composed of our Ministers at Madrid, at Paris,
and at London tiro slaveholders and one north
ern man who had distinguished himself by de
claring in the Senate of the United States that
"the northern democracy are the uutural allies of
southern slaveholders." They mot by order ui
.the President. They declared in favor of obtain-
:ing Cuba, fur the reason that sho was in danger of
beoomiug free. Tuey proposed tu pay Spaiu one
. hundred uud twenty millions of dollars in order
. to purchase it. Twelve millions of that amount
must have been paid by the peoplo of Ohio. But
those slaveholders were willing to tux the people
of our .State theso twelve millions of dollars tu
preserve sjavery iu Cuba.
I eon .ooDceive of no proposition more insulting
to the independent freemen of our State. It shows
theuj how ftr vupriucipled politicians dare go in
their conspiracies against libertv. But here strain
we soe that the condemnation of tho President's
nolicy in Ohio bv eiehtv thousand mainritv in Oc-
lober last, gave all concerned to understand that
NC"' 'tl1"' having passe I, by undisguised mural hri
monced bery. In my opinion Congress nt itsi hito session
'hero was a point beyond v hich aggression and in
insult Would not be Huiuuilted to.
it is this independence of thcpcoplo which must
reform our government. They nro disposed to
view tlio acts of their servants with favor; thej
are unwilling to roprovo them and they seldom dii
so except in cases of obvious dereliction of duty.
.Such, too, is tho tondenev of men in nubile life.
IM... I..-.I- . . . . ..
was at the time of its passage and since, well un-
dertood to have been ono of the most corrupt
transactions which ever disgraced our national leg-
islaturc. IS ith history and popular opinion repre-
j?"",lll "'c repealed that iufanu.us
11 troin our statute book, nuil hut lex
is to pay her
lebts as the people of Ohio pav theirs. But the
members appeared willing to metion this most
iniquitous trutid upon the people because a former
Congress had perpetrated it.
Such was also tlio case of the appropriation ' ill
to carry into cnect tho nwnru ol tho joint commis
sion to determine the claims of our citizens upon
.K n. .::..!. tl . Il ....I .. ..I .
i ucj iook wiui ion mucn iavor upon ino notions ,
of their predecessors. A striking illustration of
fact was manifested at the recent session of:
The Ten million Compromise Hill of IP 'ill, by .
Congress agreed to pay the debt of Tex is
um riiLisu uuvi:i iiineiiL. viinot liiu only claims
presented by this government were in behalf of
slave-dealer who had lost possession of their hu-1
man chattels in consequence of their landing on
British soil. Our Government appeared before
high court ns tho agent, attorney, and solici-
tor for those hucksters in human flesii, who desee- j
ved the halter nnd callows instead of tho protcc-i
tion of our nation.
The act was not merely disgraceful to those who .
adininister tho govornniem. but it reflets dishonor !
upon tho people of our nation, nnd upon the civil-
ization of the ago in which wo live.
Iu my opinion Congress should have rrjxuliutul
this act of tho President and discarded nil partici-
pation in a transaction reflecting such dishonor
upon the American character. But instead of do-'many
ing this the House of Representatives passed the!
bill wiiictiotiing the Presidents policy without ex-'
or discussion, and without permitting
the yeas and nays to be recorded. 1 was therefore
constrained to present in v protest in order to pro-;
your becoming involved in a tacit approval of
slave-dealing transaction, hereafter to be regard-!
ed by civilized nations as highly disreputable to
our nation. It is duo tu you as well as myself to
that I put forth such efforts as was in my pow-
er to prevent this consummation of a policy pros-1
titurng our national inlluci.ee in favor of com-
nierco in human llesh. For opposing it in 1S42, I
was publicly censured and drnen f rom in" seat in
You returned me to that body with ex
instructions to maintain my opposition to a
so revolting to humanity. Iu all tluoehan-
ges which liuvo occurred since that day, being a
prriod of thirteen years, 1 have not failed to obey
your instructions. Xor have I nt any time ceased
to watch the elforts of the executive on that sub-
jeet. The bill referred to was not reported in tho
ordinary manner and printed. But was suddenly
ind unexpectedly introduced under a suspension
it the rules, mid was carried through to its final
protected from discussion by the previous
I have been moro particular in my remarks on
this subject for tho reason that while ho la'to Con-
gross nan gone lurtiier than all others to involve
iiiu icon. ii govuiiiineiii in uiu Mipiori oi femvciy,
tho jieojile have roused themselves to tho work of
regenerating and purifying tho government from
this unconstitutional perversion if its powers.
i he popular mind appears conscious that "govern-
incuts arc instituted among men to socuro all (un-;
uer tneir exclusive lurisiiiciion i in me enjoyment
ot lito liberty, and the pursuit ot happiness, and
not to sustain the slave trado or slavery. I may
say w ithout the (ear of contradiction that this doc
trine for which 1 was driven from Congress thirteen
pears since, is now recognized and avowed by the
people of every freo Statu of the I'liioii Call for-;
uia ah.no excepted.
Never, nt tiny period nf our history since the
revolution, have the people of our nation exhibit
ed such evidences of a determination to carry into
practical operation the great truth that "all men
are endowed by their Creator with tho inalienable
r'ujhl to life, litierly and happiness." It is a pleas
ing reflection that you, with tho people of the
"Western llesorve," have been prominent and ac
tive laborers in this work of reforming our govern
ment. I would acknowledge my gratitude totiod,
and thanks to my lellow-citizcns, for tho privilege
of participating in this work. While looking back,
I can seo many errors in my political life, which 1
would gladly correct. 1 am not conscious of hav-
ing uttered a word, or jiut forth an effort iu favor
down-trodden humanity, w hich I would at this
tune recall nr modify. I ho most important por-1
tion of my life has been employed in ad vocating
.t'lu.t I linliuv., r,, lii i-i.iii vw.u-s vou r i slips vi hi I-
" ' '-." ;' ,7 -.,j...j,,.i.iv
interests me interests 01 mauKiiiu: ami now in
my ago, lam permitted to see the doctrines for
i...i..l, it, u, ,iiiil I s.i l..nir ctrmrirlnil l.nii.imn l.nrui.
lar in every Stnto of our nation. Indeed, they
..v. jv.. ...... - n., .... j. -
now constitute the avowed principles nud policy f
every freo Stale. I am conscious of tin deep feel
ing with which you must have watched this pro
gress of truths so dear to the heart of every pal
riot. I feel nn abiding confidence that they will
become moro and more popular; that they will ex
ert greater and greater power, until our uutioa
shall be redeemed from ail oppres.-'um.
It may bo expected tl.i.t I would express mv
views upon another subject before 1 close this shoit
During tho canvass of last autumn, a new secret
political organization suddenly spread over New
Kngland, and extending west, planting itself in
all tho freo States. Of tho original design of this
organization we cannot speak; it is shrouded in
mystery. I regarded it as a screen a dark wall
behind which members of old political organi
zations could escapo unseen trom party shackles,
and tako a new position, according tu tho dictates
of judgment and conscience. With this belief. I
havo treated it with iorbearance.
But whatever may have been its original design
it has now become evident that many of its mem
bers, and iu somo States a majority, are endeavor
ing to turn its influence in favor of oppression to
silenco tho voico of freedom in the northern por
tion of the Union to induco tho pooplo of the
freo States to remain silent while Slavery shall
establish itself in Kansas and Nebraska. We are
to stand mute, nnd permit new slavo States to be
admitted to the Union, with thoir Slave represen
tatives in Oongross while, under the protection
of Congressional enactments, boys and girls are
bred tor'iuarket in i uslnugton City, and publicly
sold in the barraconns of tho National Capital.
This effort to guide Mie organization with its in
fluence to sustain Slavery, appears to me like the
last resort of servility in the free Siatos. It must
and will be promptly mot. It will be ferreted out.
driven from its hiding places, and exposed to the
contempt ana aotcstutiun ot mankind. 1 would
not apply these remarks to the friends of fiecdom,
who trom honest motives united with tlie society
alluded to, and who maintain thoir love of liberty,
their hatred of oppression.- In them I haye con
fidence. I do net believe they can bo led captive
by the artificos now exerted to ennvert them tu the
support of Slavery. I refer explicitly to that por
tion of the organization who, while they attempt
to excite the apprehensions of the people lest a few
foreigners shall trample on our own liberties, would
continue in forcotho statutes of Congress, by which
men and women, born and bred on Amoricsn soil,
ing loured to .slavery- -niiisi jail, now niucu
sooner would our pnoplo elect a foreigner who, be
this ing naturalized under our present laws, is lion
ostly devoted to liberty, than they would n native
citizen who attempt:! to silence the vuieo office
which dom among its votaries!
. paoiiuy, iioenry m ine coiisiiuiiion, aii'i love oi
free institutions determine the election, instead of
birth. Indeed, there nro few foreigners whom 1
S would bo less willing to trust in ollh o. than those
j who are so active iu their efforts to arouse the pop
that j tihir feeling ngain-t our emigrant population, while
they themselves rem lin perfectly quiet, nnd see
our free iiat'nc-born Americans, from Ohio and
not discuss the impropriety of such crimes,
So, too, iu regard to the prejudices nttemptcd to
f be called info exercise ngaiust Catholics. 1 would
j a thousand times rather vote for an hono-H lover ol
liberty, though n Catholic, than for olio of the
l'sotetant Doctors of Divinity, who have so
long denied our obligations to God's ' higher law,"
and endeavor to reconcile us to iho infamous fu
aniination j gitive slave enactment. The time has arrived
j when men should be judged by their ictimi.t. by
their moral and political conduct, rather than In
vent ! prejudices attached to a n irue or sect, l'cr-ccu-a
tion never did, and never will reform mankind,
I Sold-di intolerance may find a habitation in the
hearts of men who -vould wield tho power of lyr
say annv over their I'e!lov-:i.c: , who nro the apologists
of Slavery, who would protect that institution t rum
j examination, nod shield it fmni discussion: but it
is opposed to that Philanthropy, that Patriotism,
! that Christianity, on which the hopes and expecta
I'ongiess, lions of the American people arc based. The lat
plicit j iiude and longitude of birth, iir the shade id com
muasure plexion, may have constituted, tho criterion by
which men in the darker ages of the world based
their estimate of-ninral and political worth; but
! the people of tho United States, iu this middle of
the Nineteenth century, are far more d'sposcd to
j look nt the intelligence, tho moral principles, the
I sound judgment, tlio philanthropy, the patriotism,
the M w, in all bis moral and political character,
ns the rule by which to estimate tho degree of coii
passage, lidencc to which be is entitled,
are held in degrading bondage bought nnd sold
likr brums in the market.
That the peoplo id' the freo .States will tolerate
a secret society based upon Hindi principle.-!, I cer
tainly havo neither expectation nor fears; nnd
tho attempts they nro putting forth to excite, preju
dices against foreigners who, driven from their na-:
tivo laud hv oppression, 001110 here with nn uiulv
, , . l', , .- -i if . i
1 do not suv that the law rospp tini chnrcli pron-
.crtv mnv nut ho improved, or that foreign crimi
mils ought not to be- excluded fi i nor shores : or I
that we may not greatly amend our laws in other I
repo;ts eon. ermng foreigners, lint 1 do su v, that
in amending those I aw, I would net ns much for!
the benefit nf theso foreigners who reside among
u, as I would for that ot our native born popul-i '
tion ; I regard (lie foreigner as a man and a hrutlt-,
and would do by loin as I would desire him to
do by mo under like circumstances.
I would not exclude the naturali.cd foreigner
from office. I would leave the people, under the
institution, to elect whoever they may regard as
the best (nullified. I would t the questions of on-'
. Oil... O I;..... .I.. - . r
other fixe States, seized and sold into intcrinina-
bio Slavery : nve, they not only remain riniet un-
der such insults but insist that tlio people shall
J. R. GIDDINGS.
A CONTRAST---COMITY BETWEEN STATES
A CONTRAST---COMITY BETWEEN STATES---ABOLITIONIST RODE ON A RAIL.
GREENSBORO, Ga., March 18, 1855.
, to follow, and if I could bo of any service to tcn
.f : der it, he nppearing to be a stranger as well us
H.n lliv. iikilii.1i liniil.1 c . l OCJf SH
i here was a disgraceful mob here on Saturday.
the 17th. I was attracted by a crowd on the pi iii-'
cipal street. Un drawing near, 1 saw a youii ' man
about '2- years old standing in the midst oftho"".
crow d. Thev were a:-kiu ' his name, which it an-1
pcarcd he declined giung. 1 inquired of a by
stander what the excitement was. Hu informed
me the y mug man had declared himself to I
Ab..liih nist, and it not agreeing with tho
incuts of the people, they had a notion to mob him
Ho was b Id to leave the place, but lie dei-linn
aoiiie sum, iiang mm : " lar and leather him :
' Hide him on a rail!" Others, mure moderate
proposed to send him from tow n. All were iu fa-j
vor of his leaving ; and those that were tho least i
excited, advised him to leave. Ho said ho was
1 saw him leave tho crowd, and go to tho Hotel.
Soon he came out and walked past the crowd cning!
iu the direction of tho depot. Tho leader of tl
mnb.vt dio( I was told was theSheriff, swore he should
leave, and went iu chaso of him, followed by
Not knnwilif what thev mi?ht do. I enneluded
myself. On my way I passe 1 some young ladies
j indents of the Female College. They inquired
I ... 1... ..-.i tl.ix .....t,..!. I n .. u .. .....1 .. 'ri
there is an Abolitionist in town." I n.issed on n..,l
. .. . .. . .
found him in front of a minister's dwelling. As
.... 1 -.l I ...1.1 1.....1.... 1 1 . .
1.111,11 ,ia x .ii 1 111.-11, x b.'iii t iiu lentil 1 X l.siiuil 11)1
-pcuKwitn lniiianionii .it. no said,
ibout that man, ho would not bear it.'
point thu man broke, and they nficr
lumped a picket fence, and entered a dwelling
went up stairs, and hid himself in a wardrobe.
They searched the house a long time before ho was
und. J tried to reason w ith some, persuading
tbeiu to give it up and let him go. But they were
so excited I did not know but that they would
lynch me it 1 said much more.
I went up town, and soon the mob eunio back,
making all sorts of hideous imis.es, with their pris
oner oh a rail earned by negroes. Ihe Micnd
drew a pistol, and would have sled him had wc not
interfeied. After getting in tow n Ihey h id a ne
gro black the prisoner's face. Si mo said " Put in
vinegar nuri nitrate of silver," etc. After black
ing li in they put him up nt auction. How much
he brought i can't tell, us 1 did not hear tho bids,
but heard them crying him off while I was at
Tho mob took hi in to a drinking saloon, nnd had
tho niggers hugging and kissing him. lie bore it
like a martyr. Thev said thev would kill him if
ho resisted. A search warrant was procured to
search his baggago, to seo if ho had any abulition
documents, nnd all that was lound any way sus
picious wero thrco copies of tho New York Tri
bune. Whilo at tho drinking saloon, they Indulged
quite freely, and sumo got mure than they could
Tho second in command of this mob was a fac
tory hand, aud, I should judge, a very pooc one.
who nover owned a negro, and more, never will,
if ono may judge from his ragged appearnnco.
Tho cars left at eleven o'clock in tl.o evening,
and he was put nil board end sent to Augusta.
While at the depot, thn Sheriff and Marshal had
a tight, nnd thus ended this disgraceful mob at
OreciiBboro, Correspondence X. Y. Times.
A DisaRACErrt. Scene Occurred nt Greensboro'
Georgia, on the 17th iust.' A young man, a native
of Massachusetts, came to tho town some weeks
previous, nnd received a situation ns tcacheriu one
of tho public schools. After somo time ho -w as sus
pected of cherishing Abolition sentiments, nnd,
when interrogalad, manfully admitted the charge.
For this offence, he was seized bv a in oh, beaten,
rode on a rail, painted black, and driven ot of the
town. The Sheriff f the county and other r.ijblic
functionaries, not only did not attempt to roseuo
the young man, but actually participated in the
From the A. S. Standard.
M. VICTOR SCHOELCHER.
attitude ol tlio
Wo aro both proud and happv that we are
permitted to be the medium by which tho follow
ing admirable letter of M. .Schueli her reaches tin
puniii! eye. it is a ilcleiico ot tlio liepunticans i
r.iimpo In. m the ehuriic. or the imputation, ot
inilillcicin e lo the curse and crime, of Aliienui
Slavery nnd of a readiness to purchase American
help for themselves nt the price of silence un
American injustice nnd cruelty. Its text is an i
earnest and fin,. h.,ii,. u iivninif to beware of this
einptutiuii, warmly expressed by Mr. Joseph I
Itaikcr, iu a publii' letter of his, to whom this
ilulcncc is ndiln-ssed by M. rch(oIehcr. 1 he in
timations, or assertions, contained in the Manifesto I
o! George X. Saunders, .f .tst summer, us to!
the entire willingness nf the ll'-publican leaders in I
Europo to g, t what American sympathy nnd
assistance they cmild on thes" terms, ileiiiiunlcd !
one ol them. I
Fnrmiiv voar, previous to tho Revolution r,f ,
lS-IH. M. "Sch.Heher had made the r.i.es,i,i (,r;
... -,-.'. ii. li I I II 1' II llll mi. nil I I l-i l 'lulu rumi.
French M.ueiv his rMil,: tho i,r,bc,n to the
solution of winch
,,r i... 1....1 :....!' i.. .i... i ,,
ii j ii.ii inn iieoim iv iiu,i'iii. i iii. .
In the pursuit of his inoiiii-ies into this '
matter, be had visited in t.crson the French Colo-1
... 1 ." . . 1 . ' .
. . .. : .. .
nies, una possessed himself of all tiio facts
arguments hem imr on the case. His labors had
iinoiiesii(.rtfi . v 1 ...... ..,!.- .,..!
iiotiai.lv hecii greatly instrumental in pro-1
narillL' I in im , ,,,;,.,! ,.f .' f,.,. ,1... ,,!. ,
Act whi. h l,,,. ,,...,1,1 i... ,i. i..,.,.;.:....i :
me would mako the 1 rovisional i
I lovnrnnuitit- t,tn.,..nl.ln :.. ..11 .'..r... 1
cheerful acknowledgement of MM. Lam'artiue and .
Argo, it was owiinr to him chietlv that t m brief i
Kepublic was so gloriously inaugurated by the i
lnsU.it Kmancination of nil the Slaves of France.
As an Abolitionist, then, M. .Schielchcr is made
known by his works, and is deserving of tho grati
tude and admiration ( f all lovers of impartial
Liberty throughout the wi.fld. His rympathy
with the Anti-Mavery Movement in this country
has ever been earnest and well informed.
lie is a Kcpiibi'niin in the highest nnd juslest
sense of the worda word that wo have done
so much iu this country to make a term of
shame and repr.ia.di Ins who'c public lil'i and
his present exile bsar witne-s bclore all I-'.urope
and the world. A member of the Assembly, be
was always fmud among the most strenuous
assertors of t lie largest pers mal liberty c insi-ient
with general safety. At the time of the t'mip
tl' Rial, ho was among the first to risk his life iu
the attempts made to check that Atrocity by an
appeal n, ann-. When the legions of the Usurper i
I....I ...... .-...I , - r - .t i: . .. i: i ....i .. :
.... . . .... .j i. . .-u.'ii til- nif II 11, 1 1 ;.-1 li j 1 1 1 f -il ininr
of toe Iiepuhlieans, no one was sought lifter with
tri-n.itei n.iiii(. ........ 1... l. 1.. ..1 .1
ho. Ffciping their pursuit, be has lived ever
since in L.mdon. as faithful a devotee to rational
liberty n bis exiie us when promoting tho email-!,l,1'.'I
cipation of tho Blacks, or organizing the Liberties
of tl.o Whites, or presenting his breast to the
bulletj of tho Pretorian Guards of the 'bastard
Bonaparte on tho Barricades of Paris, as a tcsti -
inony against bis Crime. Soon after that act
was completed, M. Schrelchcr published, in Lon-
lon, a uescripmo Account of tlie particulars of
us pcrtictratii.il, under the tilloa of "i.c;
Dci'x V'-rcid'.c," which will furnish, perhaps, the
most .. '.thelitis 'material to the future historian fur
that pu -sago iu the history of Franco.
e sre sure that wo need say nn moro to insure
for this Idler n careful peru-nfen the part of all
our readers. They w ill be struck by tho identity
of views between this distant observer of our
Policy nnd these held by the extremist wing of
the Abolitionists. It is not easy for colcnipo-
fanes to ooiain a staiul-point from which to see
themselves ns others see them. The Ocean be-
ecu puis inu l.uropeaii observer somewhat in
a contemporary posterity, ihe
Abolitionists, standing hv tho side
ot Ihe slave
and striving to look at all things
onditioii, with his eyes, gives th.-iii a
lil'f.-t in ' his
oinewhnt similaf reiiiotcnc:
.,, u ,.( , ; : ,,, ... , , ,i ;, ., '; mj
, Lull en lien I
land events. And the agreement between the
results of the two observations is a striking tcsti
: tu il iy of their common ennavtness. Iu these duvs
of sham I'l-iin.-er.-icy ni.d nt' counterfeit liepubli
caii'sm, it is consoling to know of the existence of
a consistent man, whose vnblic pinciiles have
stood the test of temporary success, of defeat, of
personal danger, of exile. We trust aud believe
that we shall vet see M. Schn-lchcr restored to
,lis eountry iind engaged in securing for her the
liles-ings id rational l.iln rty. and in prnvim; on
the continent nf Kurope, what we I. nve failed to
do in America, tho capacity of Ma i to govern
himself, and to secure his own Ki;;htF, without
stripping his brother men of theirs.
EUROPEAN REPUBLICANS AND AMERICAN SLAVERY.
LONDON, July 30th, 1854.
Jilt, j,.,,,, Barkfr , Reth, , SlalJhriUire.
l'r-AR Sir: Permit me, in tho mine of our
. . .i .i
''" ! two, t. cxjires,. the mKrct I experienced
oil Veailllor too In lnw llnr sroil.inen in vinir eller
, ; r - .
1 1111 --7n oi ouiy to a J..IIUIOU journal ; it o 10
l';0 Democrats of F.umpe if they covenant with
Hie slaveholders id America to keep silence on the
greatest wrong ever done to humanity."
And can it be that you admit such a possibility ?
I read the letter in which Mr. lienrgi A. rummers.
lornierlv l nited Mates Consul in Loudon, attri-
botes lo Kurnpean Democrats the resolution ol
giving a bill nf ideninity to American slavery.
but it did not seem to mo necessary to protest
ngain-t u:i assertion which is contradicted by our
doctrines and by our daily actions.
Hardly six months niro, Victor Hugo, in his
sul. lime volume, l.es Chati.uent, renewed bis claim
of l.iberlv for thn Slave. The inspired rendu-
tioiiarv hi.et beholds in vision tho coming day ol
"When Kurope shall bluh that sho onco had kings'
And Columbia, iu shame, say 'I mice had slaves ! ''
It is truo I nm not one of tho leaders of tho
Republican party, but I know thani all, and have
tho certainty that I do not como into collissnm
with their opinion by what I have said in the
pamphlet which I have just published on tho
lunger to England of nn allianco with tho men of
the Coup tl'JJut: "Tho democratic Colossus of tho
New World, proud. ardent, full of faith iu his high
destinies, will one day save tho Old World from
royal and imperial tyranny, even if Rutland
should relinquish the uoblo task ; but ho must
first cleanse himself from tho leprosy of slavery.
Until thon, the martyrs of Liberty, to whom
America npens her mighty arms, find themselves
not ordy far from their native land and from their
dearest hopes, but ni.i lo tho roluctant witnesses
of the sull'erings ami debasement of three millions
of their fellow-beings,"
In tho dtli volume of his History of tho Revolu
tion, which has iust appeared. Louis Blanc, speak
ing of St. D.miiugo, adds: "Tho abolition of:
slavery is one of the great nets which will illus-
trato iho history of tho Provisional Government
to tno eves id posterity, aim ny which 11 111 u
judged when parties shall have disappeared froin'nf
the sceno and tho voico of contemporary passion
chnll be hushed. May tho Republicans ol America
hasten to follow the example set thorn by tho
Republicans of France I"
Thus you seo, my dear sir, that the Republicans
of Kuropo, in the midst of their political pro-occupations,
found moans to attack American slavery
at Uia very momont when Mr. Saunders so unjus
tillably announced that we were paltering with
this social crime.
niidl,"KUJ u7 "-' " l"'"-"' ;
Morms. the child looks on, catches the lincuiiint
Since I am led to speak of the letter thnt tin.
bite Consul addressed to "L. Kossuth and oth
oi s" (what others f), let us examine it a little. He
"From my repeated interviews w'.th you nil, and
ur close and earnest discussion of nil the leading
mints of your policy, I have felt authorized to
iiy that it is your deliberate judgement that any
r.uropeaii lnterlcrenco with American
affairs was in opposition to the principles of tho
Poland and Uornninv. I stated, as tho sentiment
of the Europe in Uepublican leaders in L union.
tmt they liae faith ill
tlio Honor anil generosity I
ami justice i f the Southern Siutts, that thry
will do of themselves what is right iu regard to!
Strange to stir, all this is given ns tho idea of
"tho representative of Jelfers-iti'mn llepubliuan-
i.-ui m r.uropc. .Now, hehoM how .luilersoii paints
lie of the effects of shivery : "Tim whole com-
. . - i
""'T hetwe-n master and slave is a perpetual
-''''eisc of the most boisterous pas,s the in st
nnrein.tt.ng despotism on (ine part and degrading
":".""' ' '". Our chiniien see t.iis.
ami le un to imitate it, lor man is nn imitative
. ... . . f a i .
!,r"",il'- ' "Is T.1"" germ ol ail c uc.llon
n i in
troin Ins cradle to Ins grave, lie is learn-,
. 1 . , . , . . . .1 .... .1 . M-i
- , '. ""- ...
"ones, gien n loose 10 ins niosi ..issnnis
'hey nurse?, educated and daily exercised
: J ' 1-""'vv-1' , ' ,. - '
m" V" u"1 "? 8llu",K' "u" ' u I1"-!
1 1 .1 VI hu." '-II., ixiiuf 1... n nenilnrv ivliiicn tini.-ild
liaritie"-"He Pr"Jiif-v ,wl",se "'?'
. , ,. , .
le must be a prodigy whose morals
do not become utterly depraved under
" " "crs uo
GIIPM 1 li 11 ll.it. nno
sur',."lU".","ct;s,1 L -c i i
, H is evident that Mr. George X . Saunders-w .o 1
. V 1 .1 . J 7'-. "" -
eg;ocs to a highly respectable grade of c.viliza-
Hon and thnstiai.i.y !.-is laboring also under
n delusion as to what our statesman bavo 6nid to
him about it.
Wo have also a right to accuse him of want ofi
clearness, when be states that "tho llepublic.an ;
leaders in London consider ns opposed to their'
principles all huropean intervention in tho inter
nal altairs ot the United States." lines ho mean 1
that they will never semi an armed force to the
I nite l Stales to deliver the slaves? If that is'
what he means bv interference, so be it. AVe arc
agreed. No one hero has h id, or ever will bavo.
nn idea so nhsurd in itself, and so litifo likely to1
be successful, as an attack of this kind upon so
lormiuanie a power in tlio great American Li n-
redel:,li,. !, if M, B..,l., ,l,;l-. I. l it I
nm our irtiitsrs that it makes a part ot their policy i
keep sib-iue on slavery, nnd to do nnthliijj
" :llll'J-rt,,1J'. r "'istakcn. Intil somo one (.r them
"IT3 ""Pr",v,! , y words, I shall continue to
' W"h M t"1 hctv!n lmocrat
nr"', Dl""";t. '"; exists not a man in the whole
n -J ' bl of '"'l'" Den.ocraey, cliiet or
8".I1UV l'""" ;;,'Sl'1",,e', who contents to a truce
w"'' l?lilv1ury- whetKer black or white, on whatever
pot on the irlobo a still exists
I would cast no susnicion on the verncitv nf Mr
Saunders I only say he in mistaken, la effect
V I -"i i-voBsuiu, woo is not, i ueneve, repuu-
....... M 1. .1. ... . T I ,- .
iiciiu, j nu niimi.a no ono oi tnoso to wuom no ad
dresses his letter. II-contents himself with sav
ing "to M. Kossuth ami others." What others ? I
again demand : for, while he cites no other adhe
rents to his ideas, tho inference must be drawn that
he has not obtained a second. It is tlio onlv
natural inference What liepublican would under-
til k'ft tit fifwn Ilia nxrna K. "tlii nnnns.LMl
orrL!!nT"!''r UrT ',"Cn W,,th
' V , l lcyil0U "J h trjcda-a ""'-who
oh, sli uiic ! utmn neruos ui Cilrc!l of their
h . ux I. 1 uZ . : . I r ",,,l:0..,V"r' . 1
...... V.....U, ... .i,u j.nwiiv. 111. 11. h ui, iiiu .11111;
children they to ir from tho mother's nrnisl
w ho lash reluctant women to the cane-he d as if
they were oxen or horses! who have obtained
from Congress the ex-crabb) Fugitive Slavo law!
among w iioin, in line
. , . ,.
there are found twelve
jurymen aud a Judgu to condemn to prison Mrs.
Douglass for teaching children to read !
An institution of this monstrous character, by
which men are raised to MiV'so highly respectable
degree of civilization and Christianity," is'no less
an oll'ence to democracy than to humanity ; and
all republican Furnpe, alike chief and soldier,
rebukes and detests it; and be would be no Repub
lican who would cease, in view of any considera
tion whatever, to manifest his pity forthe victims,
and his deep sympathy for tho American Aboli-
tionists those uoblo-heartcd and -courageous
men who aro trying to make their country wor-
thy of herself, by labouring for the cxtiiuuoii
Master ai d Despot nro synrnynuns; nnd if wc did
perpenaicu uguuisi einu-u iniinaiiity, 111 iiih person
tha negro, by the deeeiidnnts of Jefferson!
Kurope tn Democracy neods tho aid of the United
nut know that servilue l perverts the master still j
niorothan tho slave, we !nuild bo utterly unabb;
to conceive that it could he laid dow n as an nidi-
gation under th) law sof nations that tho American
master shall be exempt from censuro ninoug the I
v.i........-... ..i. .i...-i',i.-ii,. ,iu nun .3 ., .in.,.,
wUh wuich ,,1Q u ,,lw of nat-.ng ,M na,;nx to
enemies ot all despotism. But this is nn affair
lo. J-.ven tl.o presses and tlio ullic.als ot one
inn try have ever held themselves at liberty to
judge the institutions and tho nets of other coun-
tries. Did not ,Ji,hn Adams and Uoor3 Washing-
ton blame exceedingly tho course of our great rev-
minion .' aim nere, agiin, oenoni tno euects oi
slavery: it puts into the head of un American
radical the idea of erecting, by democratic agree
ment, a Chinese wall between ihe nations.
As to mvself liersonallv. tllouirll I havo not the
pretensions ol being ono ol the leaders of the.
Republican party. I shall always, in my lmii.ble j
sphere, condemn tho cnuise recommended to us j,
by Mr. Sunders, lama man ; it is, therefore, j
niy iniperitive duty to tako an interest in all men
din sull.ir. lama Ji.qiu'.hcan : it is, tlicreforo.
my iniperitive duty to seek, everywhere, tho de-
neri'iice ol the enslaved. 1'cvoteuness to the
white man does not imply tlio exclusion nf tho
black man from its exorcise ; and I strongly sus
pect the sincerity of those who say wu have
enough to do for the one without busying our
selves with tho other. While abstaining, there
fore, from taking a direct part in the strugglo
which unhappily divides tho States on a question
of pure humanity, I shall never cease to brand
slavery ns altogether vile, and to diqdoro that a
Republic should sustain lor one moment an msti
tution as barbarous as it is immoral. And thus 1
shall ever act, as much out of einsideration for
tho United States ns out of love for too slaves. 1
know only too well how powerful an ngrument
Monarchists of all slnn'es find against our political
faith in tho knout of tho slaveholder, preeminent
amidst tho ciubloms of tho great American Con
federation. I do not fear contradiction when I stato that
these aro tho views of all tho Republicans of
Kurope. With them, principle is above nil other
things. With them, politics is not the Jcienco of
circumstances, but tho knowledgo of Liberty
Truth 11111! Kternal Right. 1'hey know that to
compromise with evil is t i bocome its accomplice.
and they do not choose to bo parties to an outrage
States, hut it becomes a duty to ronounce it if it
can only be obtained by a compromise with
slavery. For a party, as for nations nnd fir indi
viduals, the first, the greatest, the most essential
interest is the preservation of honor 1 and honesty
will evor finally prove tho best policy.
But we have faith in the honor of the Ameri
cans. We do not believe that slavery is the object
iof their preference. So far from it, we behove'
that nn iimncnco majority among thoni consider il
as a fatal horitngo of tho past,- nt Which tho
blush, ami from which they would lain be deliv
ered. We believe, moreover, that when they
shall judge the time tu have arrived to nid us in
founding the Rf.i Liu.tc or tiik Umtkd .States of
Ktiioi'E, they will not hesitate, though they knew
that wo nio decided to demand, throuch moral
'""uca(;,!' lMiorty for all men, without Uistiuution
ui i ucc ur color.
I most willingly authorize yott, my dear sir, to
n"k? "jmt u: ?a" ' ,"1"0 Vopcr of this letter,-
and beff vuu to bcliuve ma vours. sinfi!-f.ltf.
NICE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.
The senior editor of the Louisville Journal was
in W asiiingtoii for some weeks previous to the ad
journment of emigres, lit gives the following
account of a trick played olf l,y some wags on a
number ol member of Congress, each nf whom
t,u;,,t himself a perfect Adonis and irresistibln
l;l,v.Uill( ,. .
- A couple of merry follows, ono of them a dis.
inii-S.r-.l member of Congress f.om a southern
St...,, ,.,i ,i, ,i;;- i,,i ...0.i;,.
Kentucky, concocted n letter rm-portiiia to bo
1iIP.,1 i,.. .,, ), . .. t....b:
" J h , . , u.iv tuvnuikL
gentleman. It was got up in lirst rate stvlo. The
prctenilo.I imly et lurth tlicrein that sho'lid s.v-
eral toen ti,e gcutlcman sfte was addressing.
that she was captivated by his fine face and mnnljr
torin, that tier heart was UecpJy touched by nil sho
na oii neain ,i nini, aim iiiai sou m usi mo
.u.(llll;lUalll.c ,,cf()ro ,,is d (,r,irlllre fr(1111 tlie
tl,,lt ,,, i,,,.,, nm, p , ho j f()rgiv
saw and "'' tllllt sllu "''' makehit
x00'"'" huldncss, as it was tho first imprudent act
lu- t,1;U ,,,,, , . ,
still moving in tho lushest circles of tho Capital,
ti;lt s!l0 WouU ,,0 n curwh f J
,llin ,lre.-t at f-rc-iscly 12 o'clock t.n tl.o following
,iv ;,, ,,. ., i,;..i, ,i.,,.,;i.n,i ...:,i. .t .
tictil irity, nnd that she hoped and trusted ho would
.. ... ... ... ...
meet her and thus auord her nn opportunity of
brief personal intercourse with the idol of he
heart. Ih" wowaiislmd
hetween thirtv n
1 and forty
:opies of this letter written by a female friend of
theirs, nnd they sent those copies to between thirtv
and forty members of Congress, selecting those of
course w ho were known to entertain a very exalted
pinion of their own personal fascination.
i.verythinj- iwuz thus arramred. the two lokeri
called upon us and another vountr aentlcmau ex
plained what they had done, and invited us to got
:, .i,,.;,. ., ... .;,t ;,i, ,i,. ., .r
.- ... u.
signatioti and :
! the sights.
AVc uiihsdtatinirly consented, and we saw sights
sure enough- Hiding upon the designated square,
we bchi Id the whole of the thirty or torty members.
Northern men nnd Southern men, Whigs, Demo
crats nnd Know Nothings walking to and fro, all
gazing earnestly iu every direction and nt every
f 'male figure to dic00cr tho object of thoir anx
We concluded, that, if a few more copies of tho
letter had been sent to members of the House of
Kcprcsentatives, the House would bavo had to ad-
juuru fur tho want ol a quorum
THE RECENT KIDNAPPING CASE.
'e arc called upon to notice tho fact that 4
Minister of the Gospel of Il.m who came "to pro
lirr i:kahh .t... ! ... i .1 .
3. Third scetio opens with the picture of two
of,l0jns inhuman form, who gain entrance on a
i'c.isu pretence to tho residence of the physician-
where the minor child was staying. They seiieii
The kidnapping of Kosetta Armistead, in this
city, under a pretended claim of Rev. Henry M.
Donison, and her trial nt Cincinnati, forthe crime
llf Wearilli .1 enhiroit blrtn U-ttll !,a nttn.ltn ntn.
cunistunccs, presents somo features which it may
I I 11. i
f" is" them that are boundis hot foot
in chaso ot one oi Ins fellow-creatures, who left
Kentucky in charge of his agent, and was enfran
chised by the State of Ohio, and whom ho attempts
to allure again to his prutei. timj arms. Failing in
this attempt, ho bids her a final farewell.
2. Tho second scene in this eventful drama
opens with this same Reverend-gentleman making
his solemn oath before Almighty God, that this en
franchised child "escaped from him," nud "owes
sel-vte,, f.i him i,. 1C .... I n..L- ..1 , 1...- ,.t t,t..l,
... ii... , ii..,iiii.i .u n II 1 1. u no-
sertioiis is true . She can e to Ohio with consent of
bis iigcnt, and was declared free by Ohio Laws.
one does not owe service in Kentucky; but we be
lieve there is a considerable amount of unpaid
wages due her from a Kentucky Minister of the
(iospel a "Nothern man with Southern feelings,"
'" "-'' nimsoii to oe.
her without giving her time to procure a bonnet
ior shawl to protect her from the inclemency of tho
weather, Inn ry her to the cars, and threatening to
lvit a bullet through any man who dares to uio'es
'hem, bear her away to a distant city.
dolho dirty work of slave-catching. After due
consideration if tho law and the tostiinnny, tho
j, Judge given bis decision, and orders the child to bo
delivered into the care of her legally-constituted
4. Thefourtii scetio opens in a commercial city of
t. t. iicioori.,1 secuu oiciin in a comiiierciiu cut i
the Stale of til,',,,, bdoro one of its Courts. Ti
child is brought in. Counsel nrguo tho cause be
fore the Judge. On tho ono side, are found libertr
loving men urging tho right of the minor to her
freedom by right and established precedent on
the other, (Tell it not in Oath !) is a lawyer highly
honored nv the Legislature of U no to a seat in th
Senate of tint United Status, dishonoring the Stato
that has so honored him, by endeavoring tu mako
her State Courts sub irdiu tto to the creaturos an-
noinle 1 under the infamous Fmritirff SfiLVA Ael. In
5. S arcely is tho ink dry which records thii
order, or..' theVatcb-poles of Slavery Again soiio
upon the child by virtue of the same warrant un
ci r w hich they nt first ai rested leer, nnd again trU
uinphantly carried her to prison.
At last occouuts, this minr thihl so ruthlessly
seized and detained from tho care of her legally
appointed guardian, was in custody of these min
ions of a Congressional enactment conceived in uia
and brought forth in iniquity, despite the proteo
tion thrown round her by tho judicial officers of
sovereign State. What the end will be, time will
Connect 10 t'T and Hiiope Island. These State,
like New Hampshire, have routed the defender! of
the Missouri outrage, nnd denounced oovonanl
breaking and tho extension of Slavery ns alike ab
horrent to the Northern mind. The defeat of th
Administration is most through.
Connecticut had four members of Congress,
three of whom voted against the Nebraska-Kansas
swindle. But they stuck to the party that did tha
foul deed; they defended the Adini. limitation which
hud dono it. "The Peoplo spurned them I The op
position, indeed have carried eighteen, if not twen
ty, of the twenty-one Slate Senators, and two-thirda
n't" the House nf Representatives. This ! annlhi.
luting Iho National Administration. Rhode Island
is equally decided. Cleveland Leader.
Tho warm-hearted and hcnerolent man finds all
ntltute smiling arouud him ; or if ha chance to
meet with misery and suffering, the sympathy b
extends to it reacts with pleasing influence on hi
own mind, nnd proroi a sufficient reward ; but that
morose nnd surly, or supercilious mind, wander
in the fairest suouos as in a dosert aeea only to
be dissatisfied, hears only to be disploaeed. El Mi