Newspaper Page Text
UAliU'S 11. liOMXSOX, EDITOR.
"SO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
y.v rzAnsox, rrnusmxo agkkt.
VOL. 11. NO. 22.
SALEM, COLUMBIAN COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 185G.
WHOLE NO. 53G.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Indiana Yearly Meeting Friends of Human
PUBLISHED BY REQUEST.
' At tli Indiana Yearly Meeting of tlio Friends
Vf Human Progross, hold at S.ilcin Meeting Homo,
Cottage Grove. Union county, on Iho IGth, 17th
and IMtU i.f 11 inn, 1C05.
Samuel Maxwell and Harriet Scott wero appoin
ted Clorks for tlio ensuing year.
- Alter a general ami inn.Mi.iely interesting discus
ion 'in non-resistance, temperance, political und
religious relations. &e., Iiy Dr. Ponlz. II. limit.
Dr. K. 1). Pease, M. It. Hull, und other inemhur
of the meeting, tlio following resolutions were
unanimously mid ciillimi.iiLi.::illv adopted:
' Resolved, (tint the old method til teaching the
Euglish Ungungo is iinphilosophieal and absurd;
nnd that tlio Phonetic Sy strni is vastly superior,
and should cuounaod tlio attention ut' ull el. uses
of aooioty, especially of teachers.
Resolved, That the present servile condition of
woman ought to call forth our earnest and contin
ued efforts to sveure to her equal rights with
Kcsolvol. That tlio soil like tlio elements of nir
nnd water, was intended by tlio Creator for tlif.
use mid ho lie lit ut man. anil that no individual h is
any juit right to more of tlm earth's surface than
is necessary fir the couifortublj sustenance uf hiin
olf nnd family.
Unsolved. That cvory landless man and woman
ought to ho permitted to occupy, free uf oha.-go.
uch portions of 'he unoccupied land of the coun
try as may bo requisite to tho supply of his or her
Kosolved, That tho assumption tiy any man or
body uf men uf the right to Uictuto to others in
manors uf conscience and of opinion, and to de
termine what shall hy others he regarded as good
lis true, either in tho liihlo or out of it, is one
which we Uo voluntarily lay oViwn nnd totally tih
jure, as a imnstious, unti-ropublicun, pupish us
eumptioa, opposed equally to tho God-given right
of individuil freedom, the spirit o! Protestantism
and tho spirit of progress.
llesolved. That the prineiplp of Individual Sov
ereignty is tho essential principle on which turns
the well-being. harmony nnd consequent Lnppiness
of human society.
Resolved, That our views of the attributes nnd
government of the Supreme Ruing, are such as to
require us at ull times and under all circumstan
ces to regard and treat every real or supposed evil
doer all the crime-frenzied and fin-sick members
of the social compact, with the same measure of
charity which seems to have actuated Christ, when
th woman taken in adultery was brought to him
Resolved, That he who cannot thus possess his
soul in tho spirit nnd practico ol this charity, ap
pears to us nt best, hut as tlio merest infant in the
eauso of reform, and no assertion cT wonderful
experiences or uf extensive faith, can, in our view,
compensate foi such a signal lack of what seems
to us a distinctive featuie i f Christianity, and n
loading characteristic ol all true reform.
Resolved, that tho proceedings of this meeting
be published in the State Journal, Kit hmovd Pal
ladium, Lillv, Type uf tlm Times, Anti-Slavery
Bugle, nnd Union County Herald.
Jonathan Swain, Ncth llenshavv. Henry Hiatt,
Wm. Hiiddlcxton, Edwin Gardner, and Wilson
Schoelev, were appointed a committee for the en
suing year to correspond with slu-h bodies or indi
viduals as may bo deemed expedient, and to attend
to such other business as may require their nttcn.
The paper prepared by the eommit'ee for the
purpose, as the address of this tho lirst Yearly
Meeting of tho friends of Human Progress in In
diana, was road; and amended and ordered to be
As expressive of the scntimcn's of tho meeting:
and which wo cheerfully submit to the candid
judgment of each intelligent reader.
To all whom this may come"
As those who lovo humanity, nnd recognize nil
as tho children of the onee.univorsul ami eternal,
allvrise and Loving Father, ns co-workers in the
realms uf intelligent existence striving for the el
evation and qualification of man. w o add rosy you.
Knowing that the earth is full of w bat is termeil
evil, and bulieving that al! mankind are capable ot
indelinito expansion, tovvur 1 tho perfections nf the
Creator of ths beautiful Universe, wo feel it tuir
highest duty to give our mite of power towards re
moving those low conditions, that crush the better
part nf our being, ami to contribute all the energy
of spirit within us, to building up the goud, purei
and noble aspirations of tho human soul.
There is n universal law of being, which says, i
"that ail exterior manifestation flows from inter!-!
or action;" nnd n wo would apply tho remedy to !
i the cause of tho evil, so we must go buck to socio-1
i ty to euro the irregularities of nations; go back to j
tho individual to euro tho iiiharmniiies of society;1
go back to fio interior selfhood nf each spirit m
cure the follies of tho irdividual; therefore wci
,-nmst lay tho foundation for ull the harmonics ol
, society, and lor nil tho peace of nations, in tlio i
, enlightenment, ami consequent elevation, nnd pu-
, rifiVation of ourselves.
Therefor it devolves upon each individual l c
ing, who desires tho redemption or the race from
all its grovling conditions, us the first and highest
, duty to make himself what ho desires tho world
should be and as spiritual purity, is nbove all
other considerations, in tlm mind of him who
looks forward to the eternal life so all our turnings
and autions should point to that end.
But lot us note some nf the causes in the habits
of the individual, in the conditions of society, nnd
in tho intercourse of nations, that tend to retard
the progress of humanity. First i'i tho daily
habits of tho individual, wo find men in civilized
portions of tho globo, giving, to lust nnd appetite,
too much of tho force of his being. Purity id ;
i,cdy is absolutely essential to tho highest purity
nno! niji.ement of spirit. Therefor let us guard
'well, the eucijJtjhiiiH that wo iiuposo on our physi
cal natures; reueu-ltf rin that, through them come
'all the lower, ur earth (.(tractions; and that in pro
portion as the outer man is rendered healthy and
pure, so the spirit is enabled to control all its man
ifestations in life, more harmoniously.
Prominent in the catalogue nf habits, that effect
so much the health, happiness and goodness of so
ciety in this age, are the perverted actions of Ali
roontivencss, nnd Aquisitivenoss; the first, causing
us to fill our bodies with disease, by feeding with
too much and too impure quulities of food; by that
means, causing very much of the force of the in
iernnl being, to bo expendod in removing an un
necessary amount, and often, poisonous kind of
.waste material icom tne sy item, liut in relation
to food, it is the duty of each individual, to study
his adaptation, to the different kinds.
But thero are some articles, both of food and
stimulants in general life to the consumption of
whioh by human beings, we wholly object. The
jnnst destructive of the stimulunts, arc, tobacco
and aloobolio drinks. Although alcohol has been
termed the king of depredators on human welfare
yet it is tbo sober conviction of many who have
thought upon the subjeot, that (obnecj has now
reached the supremacy in destroying energy. It
frar rfeo fsd, aid 'bus far luf iDMrjtrlint1,
that there is mora money paid annually in the
tinted Mutes, lor tho single article o! Segals, than
is expended on all the pol.lie schools of the land.
What a comment on the love of education in proud
free, intelligent America, to say that her ciliens
squander more on one ruinous appetite; than Ihev
give to lend tho souls of their children. Then b
chewing, millions of tho habitations nf immortal
spirits, nto tilled with t.n ever outflowing stench,
that render them loathsomo, t till those, not rfek
ing with thu same impurity. Iiy the use of tobac
co tho physical being is iiili!irin.)t:iz'jd, therefore
plunged into disease us a direct concequciuo. Hut
it is not so much for this reason, that wc now al
lude to it, as for its effect upon the spiritual nature
of man, over which it wields a terrible) and crush
ing power. Does it not b:conio us :is intelligent
beings, to pledge ourselves to total alwtiocncc,rrnm
prodiicin :, ti a'-liekitig in, or using in any way
whatever, an agent so poisonous to the well being
ol' in an. We earnestly hope that tho friends ol
human kin J, every where, will think upon this
point, and thinking, act to better ptirpona tbiiii
The intemperate use of uleohnl has been much
canvassed in our land; its individual and social, its
present niol eternal dimi'troiis Consequences, point
ed out. We rejoicu that so much attention is nowj
given to thi? subject, bceau.'.o nf its vital impor-;
tance, ami because it is preparing tho way lor a.-- i
tion upon other abuses of our lives. In leaving
this point, let us urge th ise who hope for a "bet-
ter lime co-i'ing," to look to tho golden harvest!
liild, and to the bending bough, laden with beau-)
tiful fruits, for tho suurco oi alimentary uso and!
Tho habiti.al desiro that pervades our wh"le!
country to acquire individual wealth, nt whatever j
sai rilice, is a cause of pain, to every benevolent
soul. Let us guard ourselves, and sec thai we doj
not violate the glorious g iblen rule, "to do as we 1
would bo done by" in our love of gain, to see that!
tho strile for gold does not untune our s;iii(sfor
the touch of angel hands, and unlit us to harmon
ize with heavenly thoughts. May our powers ol;
acquisition, bo directed to gathering stores oil
thought, lessons of wis Join, and wealth uf love for
man, and (joi.
In looking over the social 'Oiulilion of our kind,
we see an almost universal teni'i'iuy to place wo
man in a sphere of thought and action too limited.
Cut off by custom, from the most honorabio and
profitable employment; the price of her labor re
duced to a small fractii n of its real value; her ed
ucation generally considered of but secondary im
portance, how can we expect the sex to manifest a
tithe of tho power; that superior circumstances,
am', m sntal development, will yet place in their
hands. Especially do wo protest against thai
fashoiiab'o education, that imposes tho idea, that
external accomplishments ine only necessary for
woman. As tiro the motheis uf tho raeo so the
race will be, is a truism that compels us to put the
highest possible valuo upon the elevation and ex
pansion ol the female mind; compels us to labor
lor the removal of thoso laws, and cus'oms, that
hinder Ik r from taking nn equal stand by tho side
of man, in all the lights and privileges of n com
The cry that comes up from thrco millions ef
bondsmen in our own country, call our attention
to american slavery. Here again we ore thankful
that so lunch thought is being given to the subject.
Hot let not a friend of humanity rest, until the
thought ripens into energetic and effective action,
lor the removal ot the blighting curse. Let no
man who claims the lovo of liberty for himself,
ever, by voice or act, do aught to uphold the insti
tution; never by his voto, assisting tho praciiccr, I
or appologist of slavery, to any cilice in the gilt ol I
a f.-ee people, for we may rest assured, that those j
who el iish thu black man "ill not hesitate to snatch ;
liberty from the white oi.e, whenever caprice and
p.iwer coinb.nc to render it desirable.
Tho commercial relations of society, and nT na
tions, also open wiilo a field of thought to those
vh i would more effectually harmonize tha rela
tions of man. How to supply mill selves H ith all
: lit necessaries and comforts of life, without so
many exorbitant prolits being taken, between the
producer and the consumer, should be tho object,
of a thorough and general organization cl all those
ho usefully employ their powers of mind ami
body; and by this means giu nioio time to nil
classes to culiivato the intellectual, social and spir
itual tendencies of our nature.
That diead scourge of huiii.ii.itv. AVar. still holds
its iron sway over the nations ol the earth. Itul I
may wc not hope that the influences of an increas
ing civilization, and a moro general recognition ol
the principle, "lovo yo one mother," giieu by j
Christ that great teacher id' moral truth, will, i t
tho coming generations, root out the picscnt sys-j
loin of human slaughter. Mianw hilo let us act, !
by not giving any eoiintcnanco whatever to mili
tary operations, and by cultivating in ourselves,
tbe priiiciples of peace, and tho love nf harmony.
Let us urge upon tbo governmental powers ol
carib, the great advantage id' a peaceable congress
of nations tier the adjustment uf all international
Having briefly glanced nt somo of the prominent
obstacles to human piogress, now existing in the
iudividu .1, social, and nationul spheres uf life, we
can see the great work open beforo those who wish
a better state of oarthly existence. Is it not plain i
that to uiako our work effectual, wc must first!
strive to correct ourselves, then through tho truths
apparent to us, and by the exainplo of our lives,
act upon those around us. Rut i.i order to correct
'urselves, wo niiisl uso tho highest powers given!
us by tho Father, our reason, and cur spiritual;
perception; to search r.s lar through the universe
of mailer and of mind, ns possible, that we may
understand our relations to things external, and
to things spiritual. Wc must be free; free from
ihe forms of a creed, that would chain us exclu
sively to ono kind of belief; free to investigate ev
ery thing coming before us w ithout fear of consc
q'lences; free to follow Ihe great apostle's advice,
Prove all things and hold fast to that which is
good;" ever willing to exchaiigo tho opinion uf to
day for a feller ono when picscnted.
Let us cultivate tho broadest charity, condemn
ing none beeauso of their differences uf thought;
remembering that nil aro children in. tho great
school of the Creator; that the earth-lifo is but the
hud of existence, which is tu bloom and bear fruit
in tho eternal futuro.
Let us remember that universal law, w hich is,
that "attraction gives position," and apply it to
our own good by u constant cultivation of our
highest and purest attractions, toward the intellec
tual a. id spiritual, and a never ceasing endeavor
to curb the under force of our earth attractions, or
passions. Hy this means wo shall become more
pun lied nnd perfected with the extension of life,
moro in harmony with tho higher spheres of our
future being, nnd bo belter prepared In enter into
tho now form of existence. May wo not look for
ward with rejoicing, U tho day w hen tho individu
al being shall Ua made bnpp'-, by acting truo to
tho ctornal Uwi that govern it; when society shall
flow on in tho paths of dtvino love; when nations
shall dwell together in heavenly peace; when the
chord of earth shall sound harmonious musio in
tho lyre of the Universe. Wo fuel that our duty
to the Allwise source of being, nnd our desiro for
tho progress of our kind, compel us o contribute
fliir inits of strength, to produce so desirablo a
stato of humanity, by casting all our influence
ngainst tho obstacles that stand opposed to the
highest good of the race, nnd for tho establishment
of health instead of disease; for freedom, mental
and physical, instead of tlavery of the snmo kinds;
of love for hatred; of benevolenco fir abandoned
selflsbnoss, of universal charity and toleration for
tlm reripns aul proscription of tY.f present; of
harmony for jarring discord; and finally fur the
reign ut tbo spiritual over tbo material.
When the triumph of the good nnd puro shall
bo complete, then shall the harmonized million, ol
earth, rejuico in tho morning lays uf the Mclciiniul
At a late hour of the last night of tho session
the meeting adjourned to the lUth Mo., 1H&G, ot
such dny as tho commit. to may select nnd u .-ooiinec.
to be signed by tbo Indiana Yearly
Mcutiug uf tho Friends uf Human Progress.
From the Free Presbyterian.
"The editor of tho Free ltdijUrian, published
at Yellow Springs, Ohio, thu organ uf the faction
w Inch seceded from Ihe Did uiui New Achool Pres
byterian churches, and lormed w hat is called the
Free Synod, in his last paper makes tho folio .ving
bold and candid avowal of his feelings;
'For one, we are free to sny, that if wo believed
the dissolution ut tho Union would hasten tbo abo
I'nion uf slavery, wo would rejoice to too it rent
into fragments this hour. A Union which tends
to perpetuate a bondage so cruel find bloody us
that of tho American slave, is purchased too dear
at uy price.
'Wuh three millions of n domestic enemy in their
midst, and a mighty host in the Free States sym
pathizing with the slaves, the South would need
all the bravery and numbers of which Dr. Brock
em idue boasts, t', repel mid Knglish invasion from
her shores, nnd mayhap a Utile more,'
'If all tho icon id' this editor's schnol would
only be ns candid and manly in the statement uf
their views nnd feelings ns ho is, it would soon
render them powerless for evil in their own regions
' Wc mo free to confess that we have a greater re
spect for such men, than we have for those, in
cither sevtioii nf tho country, who, under pretence
of an anient attachment lo t he Union, are doing
everything they can to rend it asunder, and to nr-
ray the citizens of ono pavtof this great Republic
against thu other. It is this lattet class w ho are
to be feared, because they conceal the object at
which they are aiming from the people, and they
may gi t tho parties to which they respectively be
long, before they see whither they nro drifting,
iut'.i an attitudo towards each other from which
lhey i.itinot or will not retreat. A child can kindle
a coiillngriilion which a thousand men may nut be
able to extinguish', l'res. llerab.l.
The Herald might have found similar "bold and
candid avowals" occasionally in tho columns ol
tho Fne 1'ienl yfei ian, any time within the past five
yeari. The extent to which such avowals are ren
dering us "powerless for evil," ns tho Herald
counts evil, may bo learned in tho fact that
this sentiment is now responded to most heartil)
by thousands in our "rvgion uf country," who five
or ton years ago regarded it as little short of trea
son. Does the editor or the Herald question the
correctness of thin sentiment ? His own General
Assembly has pronounced slavery "the highest
kind of belt." Can any real or imug'iiary advan
tages justify Iho coiuiiiuiincc of the American
Union, if its existence tends to perpetuate the
perpetration of "the highest kind of thcli'i" To
prescrvo the Union on such terms would bedirectly
doing evil that good may come; and if Paul de
clared t'.iu "damnation" uf those who only charged
the Acoslles with doing this, to bo "just," what
would ho have said of prulesscdly Christian min
isters who nut only advocate this doctrine, but also
pract'. je it?
As tb'j Herald professes to respect men who
openly avow their feelings, will ho tell us what he
thinks on this subject? Would he have the Union
preserved, if he believed it tended to perpetuate a
svstem which according to his own Cicucral Assem
bly is "a gross violation of tl.e most precious and
sacred rights of human vaturc, utterly inconsistent
with the law ofUod.and totally irreconcilable with
the spirit of the tjospel of Christ'' Or does he
repudiate the teachings uf his fathers on this sub
jeel? Does he denounce "Old School" doctrines
on this point, nnd embrace tho new- (angled dog
inasof 'Xew School" pro-shivery theology? This
wo should hardly c.Npeet ill such a trenchant
champion of Old Schoolism us be is.
Rot wo would inform the llcrtdd that, according
to our present light, we are not in favor of disun
ion. We would have tho North to rom.-.in in the
Union, and cnmjtel the slaveholders to quit stealing
their fellow men to quit practicing "the highest
kind of theft." Wo have divine aiiwiorily for such
a proceeding: "Thus saith the Lord, execute ye
judgment nnd righteousness, and deliver the
spoiled out of the hand uf tho oppressor." Jtr.
xxii. ii. "Deliver iho poor and i.eedv; rid them
out of tlif. hand of the wicked." 1'mdm Ixxxii. 4.
If ill! i..i-i(waiits other "proof texts." vvo cbii
hud plenty more of tho sumo sort in niir Bible.
Wo trust they nio in tho Bible of the editor of the
Herald also, for wo believe ti e Bible Society has
not vet ventured to imitate tho example uf the
American Tract Society, the Old School Presbyte
rian Board uf Publicaiion, and other publishing
Societies, in expurgating aiiu-sl.ivciy sentiment
from tVot isues.
DON'T FORGET THESE FACTS.
A law of iho United Slates imposes a heavy fine
and imprisonment for discharging tlio duties ul
common hunmii'ty to an escaping slave.
The free citizen of Kansas have no protection,
from the federal government, against Iho assaults
and outrages of a baud of pro-slavery ruffians,
who arc determined to furco slavery upon them
against their will.
The Lxuciitivo and Judicial Power of the nation
is in the hands of men who are subservient to the
designs of tho Slave Power.
By a tyranical edict from a United Stales Judge,
one of the best and noblest of American citizens
is now lying in jail ut Philadelphia for telling the
By permission nnd assent of tho nation North
nnd Smith slavery to-day exists in the District of
Columbia, and nt Ihe scat of that government
which claims to I o founded upon tho principles of
As mutters now stand, a man who rover was a
slave, and w ho has not a drop of African blood in
his veins, may bo arrested in any Northern State,
under United States Laws, nnd carried away into
retnrnless bondage, w ith no chutico to provo him
self a freeman. Tho laws of this nation afford no
positive and certain protection to Iho liberty uf any
man in the country. Mineso'.a Jlejiullican.
Methodist Protestant. Tho last Virginia Con
ference of the Methodist Protestant Church passed
by a unanimous voto, a resolution doclaring that
they will not "cither directly or indirectly, inter
foro with Slavery," leaving that matter "entirely"
to tho ciril authorities. One would think they
might at loast call to account thoso Protestant
Methodist preachers who buy and sell their breth
ren in tho Lord. The same con ferenco adopted
tho following excellent resolution on Tomperancc:
Resolved, That all the ministr of this Confer
ence be requested to nroach on the subject of Tem
perance at each of their respective appointments
during ihe present Cohferenco year.
Would it not have saved tho church from the
evils of political strife, had they referred the w hole
question of Temporance to the civil authorities,
and then have "given themselves entirely to the
wnrk of tht mtn!strv? "Jitliyrous felejenm
AFFAIRS IN KANSAS.
W copy largely from tho very full reports of
tho New York Tr l.uns, relative to the lalo distur
bances in Kansas :
Lawrencs, K.T.. Monday. Deo 10, 1855.
At tl.e winding up of any civil convulsion the
inquiry "What have wo done und suffered ?" is a
very natural i,nc. tor the past two weeks the
Tcrrit. ry uf Kansas has been in an intense state
ol cxcnciiicnt and alarm, and the .Missouri border
in a flame and vomiting out the bloodthirsty mem
bers of n secret organization. Holiness of every
kind has heen suspended in the territory. Jhe
settler who bad his house to vlose from the storms
of winter or his farm to open, and tho merchant
and man of business have been nliko paralyzed by
tho danger that threatened and the eflbi t to defend
themselves from invasion. Tho expense in sutuin
iog the people in th" vicinity of La." rencc, though
considerable, is only a titl e uf the less sus .lined;
nnd that the blow thus indicted and the insecurity
thus exhibited w ill have nn unhappy effect on Kan
sas is inevitable. This morning thoso wlu were
chiefly disturbed by n bloody phantom of death
and battle begin to breathe freer, and those who
had their principles ami their futuro security us
the strongest liguro on their mental retina ask,
"What have wo gained by this? what have we
compromised ? or w hat havo we lost ?
Fiom a variety of sources I havo learned that
tho invaders h.nl the m.ist oniinons misgivings us
to tho li'nilt of their attack. There never has
been in Lawrence, at any time during the progress
of these hostilities, more than 7U0 ur bUO men.
hi d never more than dl'O under arms. For my
own part I never saw inure than 2U0 on parade.
There urn not nmro than 00 Sharp's rilles in the
Territory ;tbe remainder arc armed with thot guns.
Western lilies: and mber nondescript shooting
irons, brought from the Fast, ol every patent that
ever tortured the brain uf inventor or pleased the
fancy of Woiild-bc-vvarrior who wanted iigun that
would do more than hail' the battle. And vet it
has been quite current in the country, and dou'.l
! less in the enemy's camp, that there were l,fl0
w cll iirmed men in Lawrence, and the aw lul stories
about Sharp's rifles iuve risen like myths before
tbo disturbed imaginations of these Missouri.tns.
Tlu'rc invaders have been in the habit of rushing'
into the Territories, almost unchallenged; id' luting
thcmselve" nnd nf keeping the leal citizens from
voting, and have been time and again guilty uf i i
olenco and outrage,', and have gone back unmoles
ted. This time they expected to overturn the Ter
ritory w iihout opposition; to lynch several of the
leaders of the Free Stato parly; to destroy nroper
ty nl oik Law rence so tint Eastern emigration
would be discouraged, and to seize the Sharp's l i
lies, which they loul understood were obtained to
protect the ballot-boxes ngaiin t their lawless in
cursions. But when lhey came they found a peo
ple in arms and ready and desperately determined
to defend t''oir persons, property and l ights. 1
would not hazard an opinion as to how tho battle
would have gone, had n battle ensued last week
as contemplated. The Free State men wero un
willing to light, but I have seen sullicienl indica
tions nf their grit duiingtho past few days to
kiwtv that many tho great majority of them
would havo fought fearlessly and well. As for
iho Missouri invaders, they were mostly of the
moro reckless class uf citizens, nnd yet I doubt
full thtft iiuiiiy of them wero brave men that is
as bravery goes. The must of these, or all ul them
were members nf a secret organization, tho very
lact uf being a iiiPinlcr of which is lo t Ihe bet
iiuaianice lor a high o-der of moral and intelleetu
il ability, but that they possess a certain degree of
crui I courage is likely. That the fear of a bloody
conflict operated ull their minds, is certain. How
ever willing they were lo exterminate the Yankees,
lew of tlicm It-It inclined to offer themselves ns a
aeriliec. The most of these men were uiu'.cr pay.
1 learned from some nf them that lhey got two
dollars a day, beside provisions and whisky, and
lhey also expect to get pay from the Government
aliboiigh the (iovernor now l epiiiliaies them. The
withdrawal id the (iovcrnor's authority could not
have d sbiiioled lliein; i lit the murders that have
been committed by them on Iho Free Stato men.
and their other outrages, disgusted some i f the
moro respectable men among them; and when the
Governor's authority was w ithdrawn a good num
ber nf these left. The remainder wero thus wea
kened in numbers; sonic of ;heir leaders had gone
ihe chances of luriher pay wero slim lasi
night's severe storm had n salutary effect, and
above all their whisky hail given out, two dollars
und a half being paid for a pint of whisky by one
person in tbo Wuukai ns.-i camp uu Saturday night.
Then Ihcir leaders deceived them. They were in
formed that tho Free Stale men hod given up their
arms and hail made a complete sun ei"ler,aiid with
this story, as some apology for their tetroat, lhey
commenced to sculler csterdav morning. Some
oi them rode into Lawrence, nnd r, lew drank to
tho "Union nf Free Stato men and Pro-Slavery."
Tho fact was they wero very anxious to drink to
something; but tho bitter causa uf discord made
by tho Kansas Nebraska bill is btill a dark spot
on the Imr zon of Kansas.
Lawrence is now n fortified city. Four large
earthworks or forts, and several lines uf ditches
ami intrcnehmerits. attest Iho industry of tho be
sieged, and will remain for some limo a memorial
of these transactions, or may haply be required for
a similar occurrence. Dow lies quietly and lonely
in his narrow bed, the hopo of bringing his mur
dercis to punishment almost lost in the occurrence
of other transactions. Baiber a martyr to the
cause of Freedom, is nlso molderiig beneath the
sod of Kansas, and although tho Governor has
pmmiod to use his iiijtiieuce to got all indemnity.
1 feel that lie who is"un accossory before the fact,"
is not iho best party to securo redress. Tho burn
ing of houses and hay-stacks, tho stci.liug and kil
ling of cattle, ami abstraction of divers and sun
dry "convenient" and desirablo articles, aro nioto
trifles, and only exhibit an honest desire on the
part of tho besiegers to take something if tney
could not tako Lawrence.
The Pro-Slavery invaders havo nlso lost some
thing. They have jeopardized, if not lost, their
reputation for courage; roputatiou for anything
else, I belicvo these invaders never had. They
havo carried back three dead bodies with them.
Olio of these was shot by ono of their own guard,
who mistouk him in tho dark for a Free-Soil spy;
another was killud in a drunken row among them
selves, and tho third shot himself by accident
while raiding with his gun. Tho woom5cd man
shot himself through tho foot in tho same blunder
ing way. and if to these I add the man shot and
vvotindod bv General Clark, wo havo u")argo, if not
"respectable," chapter of accidents. Besides, a
largo nun. her of this invading scoundrels havo a
process hanging over iheir heads, to bo served as
soon as they return, for breaking into the public
arsenal at Liberty, Mo., and stoiliag a l uge quan
tity uf Unbed States arms, chiefly sabers and re
volvers, I havo seen n very coiikidcrable number
of these men armed with these weapons. Again,
theso creatures of tho Proslavery power and tools
of a vilhiuouN secrets organization, have betrayed
their vi'lar.ous intentions without iicuuinplishing
anything. So much for profit and loss.
Thnfo who think that this affair bus caused need
less alarm, nnd did not. nnd could not amount to
any thing, had better think again, fur thev are
wrong. Near 2,000 men were drawn up in battle
array against each other, inspired with mutual an
imosity. On nn side was a love of Freedom and
a desire to protect their rights; on the other bitter
Shivery-Propagandism, marshaled jy a secret or
ganization, which ha enlistel all the rookloss ar.d
worthless mea cm the border. Ooe spark wool i
have touched this mass of combustible into flame
und unco kindled, when would it have been cxtin
guished ur burned out? Great praise is due Dr
(or, as he has now authority from the Governor a
well ns the people.) Urn. Robinson, nnd also tin
itber members uf the Committee of Safety, fot
heir great prudence and wisdom. Their ounces
dons really amount to nothing. Their policy was
to temporize and to strip the lawless mass nf in
vaders of the Governor's authority, nnd in this
they have cminrrillysuceccdcd. As for Governor
SJI....v..f.r. ,;.!. .,.1 ttitfoitom u-na.in Ihn 1:1 III uni'ft
of tbo treaty "In place rdl parties right in the eyes
i.f the world," How far he has succeeded let the!
world judge, lie is now very frieiu'.ly with the'
people i I.eic, whom be : mis onMi'i has misunder
! stood ami permitted to be abused, but like n prodi
! gal son, he is doing his best tu make it up. Ho!
has issued unorder under bis I und which I in
! close, and whii h authorizes the organization of the
force here for protection, and places them under,
tin-judgment nf Gen. Robinson and Col. lane. It
is said that the protdavcry people below are threat-
ining awful thing', and" perhaps when he goo!
back to tho shadow of Iho Missouri frontier he
may again bend. On Saturday night Sheriff Junes '
threiiti-ned the Governor that he would resign his
Sbcriffality if 1 be f.vsxf was disbanded; but wci
have not yet learned whether this fearful calamity j
hu befallen the Territory of Kansas, j
The people of Lavvrancc .-.lid of Kansas congrat-;
ul.ite themselves that all the difficulties nro past j
and that they have seen the last invasion of Kan-,
sas by the Border Ruffians. We would like to bc-
lieve it was so; but. we havo examined every point i
in the emu and fear tbalsuch a hop is better tuned
than grounded. Pro-Slavery men have not nbau
doned hopes uf making Kansas a Slave Stato. The j
'same inveterate policy w Lie ) repealed tbo sacred
restriction is sleepless ami nt wuik. If these,
marauders retreated without burning Lawrence it ;
was uu reiy under circumstances which they could :
not avoid." They had I oped to have a legal excuse.
lor doing so, and when they found themselves out-)
generated they saw the danger. But their efforts;
arc not in vain. O.ic great policy is Ly cnntimi'il '
warlike inroads to friiliten the peaceahlc Xurlitern I
and J.'a.iti-rn unple Jrnm Kansas; and by the cry i
nf "Abolitionism" to iniimidalo the Western set-
tiers; w bile imitations of tho "Emigrant Aid So-1
cicty," on a Southern plan, will unev-.cr their pur-
Besides nil this, the occasions lor a quarrel are I
not removed. Iho nets ut that false Legislature
w ill still be like thu stumbling block that "earn ed
Israel to sin." Both parties think they have the
other teemed to this, and both will find this sub
ject is one that is still to adjust. If these )as are
obey ed there is no security to elections in Kansas,
and ibis inoiistrous inroad (for nearly 2.0(10 invad
ers have been around Lavvience, if all that have
been here since lhey first began to come and go be
counted,) is a fearful evidenro that nn exposed j
ballot-box gives no security for Freedom. The i
Pro-Slavery men have get the lead here, and they
mean to keep it. Horribly corrupt and fraudulent
though the means ot obtaining this power have
been, it is still recognized, nnd will bo fully sus
tained, us it has been, by the national executive.
The laws uf that Legislature are a dead weight on
the hopes nf Freedom, nnd although their own
monstrous iniquity has almost killed them, it Aa.s
'The Missourians are determined that these laws
shall io enforced, nnd it is lining, for they made
them. The position of tho Free-State men is to
repudiate those laws; and yet this is thought by
all conservative men. here and every where to be
rather revolutionary "take a c,7r.mcdy" is the
suggestion. A Icijal remedy ! first beforo a terri
torial court that is Pro-Slavery up over tho eyes,
and then to the United Slates Supremo Court
and what then ? ilav c not all vur courts become
lieces of political machinery to a fearful extent?
and is not tho dominant power "Sound on the
If iho liands of invaders bad to be raised from
a common population ami mustctcd for Iho service
by false minors and excitement, I would think
that unothir such a crusade would not be so easily-
raised, as this defeat would discourage them.
The real danger, however, is from Ihe secret or
ganization, of which there is n Lodge in every
town and village of Western Missouri. These
men are under the most solemn obligations nnd
obligations to crime havo their effect on such
men as lhey. The "Lono Star" Order is a cruel
bird of prey which hovers over Kansas, ready to
pounco upon the F.'cc-Stato men the moment any
member of it may muko a false Mcp.
From the Missouri Democrat.
THE LADIES OF LAWRENCE.
Tho Freo State ladies of Lawrence def crvo to be
tho mothers of heroes. Their conduct during the
recent alarming crisis was as admirable as the
calm courage uf the men. Fenr never entered the
breasts of either, and neither wero disposed to yield
one iota to the u-ju-t demands "f "old Dave' At bi
son's rabblo. The wives nnd daughters uf the pro
slavery citizens left Lawrence when tho troubles
commenced, but the wives and daughters of the
Free Stato men refused, although repeatedly urged
to leave tbo city. Forty ladies of Lawrence en
rolled their names secretin. wth the determination
"I fi'.lhtimj by the sides of their husbands and soul
as soon as the jxyhtiny commenced'. Many of them
had previously praensed pistol-snooting lor mo our
poso of giving tlu invaders a suitable rocepti ui if
they came again. as they ciiuio on the ilOth uf March
to desecrate the ballot-box and prevent tho actual
residents nf Kansas from casting their votes. One
young girl (a beauty of nineteen years) told mo
that slie dreamptlabt night of shooting thrco in
Let me give one instance of the courago of the
ladies of Lawrence.
The General feared that he would run short of
powder, lend and percution caps. A Free State
man on thcWaukarusa had two kegs of powder and
a large quantity of Sharpc's rifle cartcidges.. II
men hud been sent ul'tor it they would have been
obliged to fight or been arrested. The thing was
talked about. Two ladies, editors' wives, both ol
them Mrs. G. W. Brown nnd Mrs. Samuel N.
Wood volunteered to go and fetch it. They wjre
permitted to go. They reached the cabin; thopow-i
iler was put into pillow cases; nna -people ao say
but they will talk nonsense you know that the
pillow cases w ere concealed beneath potlienals.nnd
that said petticoats Were attached to other garments
femiiiino of tho vaid ladies aforesaid. It is rumor
ed, loo, that the percussion caps were concealed in
tho ladies' stockings. I don't pretend to vouch for
the truth of this rumor, for I was not present when
the ladies mado their toilet. Ono gentlemen who
saw the ladies lifted out of the wagon for they
could not rise thcmsolves said that ho thought
bustles had rnmc intofashion again! Another said,
good; Kansas is thinly settled. Whatho meant by
saying so, I can't iuagine.
The ladies in returning hma were pursued by
one ol the enemv's scouts. On coming up to them
he politely lifted his hut and said, "ladiel, I thought
you were gentlemen."
"Thank vou for tho compliment," said one of the
The scout looked into the wagon and saw only a
work-basket, which had purposely been filled witl1
" We w re ordered," he said "to arrest all gentle
man, but I suppose you can go."
So saying ho galloped oS.
Tke powder and ladies reached Lawrence safe
ly. At the mass meeting on Monday night, sii
loud nnd long protracted chcerj were gives M
these gallant ladies.
DISBANDING OF THE RUFFIANS.
Largo numbers of the invader of Lwroao
were kept in forco till the loth of Decembor, tli
lime of the election to dctcrmino upon the ndnp
tion or rejection of the now Constitution, lrg
company of them r.sscniblcd at Leavenworth -elk'
that dny ostensibly to receive their discharge, but
really to break up tho election which lhey effect
ally did ns our leaders were informed in our last
Alter this ptimary work of their assembling had'
been a:co.nplislic 1 thoy wnr disbandeJ. Th fol
lowing account of this process we lake from a sub
sequent letter of the same cuneFpii.cVnt:
Tlio men were nnrshalled out to an open spao
toward the back of town, and ther came oS the'
second edition uf tho "law- and order humbug.
Judge P..yne, who now figured a Col. Iayn
called iho meeting to order; that is, ha tried to d
so, und also introduced the gallant Oen. E.-tatin tv
the men w ho he was nbuut to disband, und tbisv
he did in quite a handsome mantx r.
Con. Fustiii w as mounted on a horse. II is S
tall, I uutid shouldered, delicate h oking, thin faced
man; Iia9 not a very martial uppearatico, and mad
n speech that w as rather cuminuiipbice, but short.
Ho congratulated them un their goud nnd orderly
conduct, uu w hieh their recent occupation was an
excellent commentary. Ha also complimented
them on their appearance, which was quite divert'
ing. But by far the most important part of hi
speech, and one that I would press earnestly on th
intention uf the powers that be, was a proposition
that these men should immediately enroll them
selves into regular volunteer companies ns soon
as they were disband.-d. Ho said there were thre
thousand stand id anus due the territory from
the Ur.itcu Stales, and that if they took the proper
steps lhey could get them. Atrocious aa this
proposal may look, I have investigated th mat
ter us far ns possible, and it is really the intention
thus to g.-t the arms designed for tho defense of
the Territory into the hands of those who ur to
invade it. A pu t uf the forco thus to be armed
will be Pru Slavery men, residents of tho Terri-'
tory; but the groat bulk of these arms would thus'
find their way into the bauds of tho Border Kuffi
ans. Let thoso iu authority sco to this important'
After East'in had been duly chcered.a Mr. 0. WV
Pel kins (a general of sumo kind too, I believe,)'
got up, ur rather sat on his horse and addressed
them. He was rather a fine looking man, or would'
have been if ho had been shaved. He spoke i '
linn, decided voice, nod pretty well; but "good
Loid deliver un" I rum his pulley. He began If
calling them his "boys."
"You're my boys; yes, I will call you my boys;:
won't 1 ?" (and they screeched nnd yelled a re
sponse till 1 thought he had an interesting family-.)'
He did not "altogether" like the treaty that had
been made with the "Abolitionists," their arms'
ought to havo been given up; (this suggestion
seemed tu give immense satislaclion to his audi
ence.) but it was better lhey should h.ivt ouxsj
hack us they did; they had earned it reputation M'
"I iw and order" men. The Lawrence people were
pledged to carry uu; tho laws of tho Legislature
(not n fact, by the by.) nnd that was what Xhtf
were fighting to enforce. If theso A"bolitl6rihjti
did not do ir, they would go buck nnd wdjifl them
next limo; vvouhi they not f (yells nnd' shouts of
aye.') If he was ordered to march and burn na
destroy L-iwrcneo, would not they go if ho called
on them? (yells of yes "yes 1 yes!") If he waa
ordered to go and destroy Tupeka, nnd kill every
one uf the delegates to that lawless convention,
and called on tliim, would they go? (eries of yes!
yes! d m them!) They were th Law nnd Order"
party, and they must remember that. They must
stick to "law and order." 'J hero wns a faction w ho'
wished to resist 'the laws of ihe Legislature, but
those laws must ho enforced, if every one of them
had to die defending them 1 (cries of real and
Night set in, and with it tlio renewed fears of
thu inhabitants. 'There had been no attempt mad
lo get new poll-hooks and commence voting again,
the judges having adjourned the elections until
next Saturday, w hen the same sc dies will be re
acted, unless they keep the proponed election
secret, ur organize for its delence. 1 braid it as
serted by the Border Rulfans, jn the most emphatic
manner, that no such election should be hereafter
After dark it was learned llint tho attack on th
Regis ter-ofiice nnd on fivrinl t.tl.ci I ci s- s i )Ct
to be made. A party of Missourians had gone out
and encamped in a hollow abovo town; some of
them bad left altogether, nnd some still remained.
The Freo Stale men pn (ceded tu aim theniFelies,
and collected in groups in different bouses, and
oc(-nsiunnlly( in tho strtets. TleJ night fasfed
without any attack being mode. Yesterday it was
very cold and inclement, and most of The invaders
went home. Last night it snowed, and this morn
ing all is white. The tiver is full of running ice,
and tlr!t.(vs look decidedly Jwintry. I have hear if
rumors of outrages at the elections in the town
up the tivor, aud lam just starling thither.
RESCUE OF A RUFFIAN PRISONER.
LEAVENWORTH, K. T., Dec 19, 1955.
I mentioned in my letter of 1 ist Tuesday mort'
ing that in soinc'im! rages upjn the Free State mert
at Kickapno some houses were burned. One house
had a shot fired through it from a cannon, and on'
man w as fired at. A Pro-Slavery man who, H war
believed, hud nn active hand in nil of the other out
rages, discharged tlio pistol, or rather two barrel
of it, at a Free State man and missed him, although
only n couplo of rods off. The sufferers on these;
occasions were the persons named by the Toprkt
Convention in their schedule appended to the"
Constitution, us Judges of Election. As free
Smtc'men a'.out Kickapoo wero unwilling to sub
mil to theso outrages, lhey got out a legal proces
against tho man w ho bad fired the shots, as ther
was plenty of evidence of the fact. He was taken
and brought down to Leavenworth, where hews
examined last Saturday. The testimony aga'list
him being most positive nnd the outrage glaring,
bo was held to bail in a very heavy sum, and being;
uniiblo to givo SPcority at that lime, was sent foj
the Country Jnii in Leavenwoith ihe place that
was built for McCrca. On Sundny he was closetssl
all day in his sell with a Law-and-Order visitor
from Rickapoo; nnd last night there was gather
ing about tho jail; Iho door was forced open, and
the pi isoncr escaped. The jail was set on fire by
"persons unknown," rf course; the Lnw-nd 0r
der party having evidently forseeo ihut the ln
stitution in question was likely to b perverUd
from its legitimate purposes for the oppression ot
I went dow n thero this morning and examined
the smoking i uins. A crowd was around the spot,
the query being, "Who kill cock robin t" I hav,
neither seen nor heard of any attempt on th pari
of the United States Marshall, the Sheriff, or ny
of the authorities, to discover tbe incendiary or
recapture the prisoner. It is presumed that th
latter is safe, drinking punch at Klckapoo, and
curbing th Abjlitionut. I am just starting p
I have been told by several persons, who say '
they heard it, that Calhoun, th Surveyor-Gensral
of the Territories, was in th crod, a part of
whom took loo ballot-box; and that h said, wb
.h destruotiou of Th Register offlo wa pro
poeed. that "in tb Stat b cam from (Illinois)