Newspaper Page Text
KAMI'S 11. ROBI.YSOX, J-JVITOU.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
axx r;:.ir:.;os; vvn ijsiiixg a gext.
VOL. U. NO. 23.
SALEM, COLUMBIAN COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1850.
AVILOLK NO. 537.
Sljc anti-Slaocrn fluglc.
From the Portage County Democrat.
FACTS CONCERNING THE LATE DISTURBANCES
AT BETHANY COLLEGE VA., AS
GIVEN BY THE "TEN".
' On the 14th and 15th 0f Nov. 1S55, we tho un
dersigned brko ofl' our conncctiuu with Bethany
College. We did not tnke this step tbouzhtlcasl.
? but aftorduo consideration deemed ourselves coiii-
i polled to do so, contrary to our intentions on en
toring tho Colleg i, and t our pecuuiary interest" '
' by our love of liberty and h um an ity,our consciences !
' 'and mir religion. Partly in justice to ourselves, I
'partly on necount of ccrtnin reports which have'
.; been widely circulated in the nowspars, doing in-'
. justico to both parties, and partly for the inform-
'lion of thoso friends nnl churches in Ohio nnl In-1
dinnn. by whom sjme of us were sent til Bethany!
iouege we ueg leave to lay before a candid nnd
t discorning public, the facts and causes which led
a to our departure believing that the truth, proper
7' 1 spokon, will always bo productive of good.
" Bethany Collego s'ituatc 1 in Brook Co., X. W.
;, Virginia, h tinier the supervision of Elder Alex-
,:" u.aribi.ni i rcnacm, wno, wun Ins ns-;
t seriates has long boon understood as maintaining
tho right of liberty of speech, on all suhjocts, even
gainst much sectarian opposition.
The College session commenced Oct. 1st with;
about l.'iO student of whom about 100 were frum
, the south, and tho rest from the north.
Of tho 'Ten" who left. Mr. Kimnions orill.,had
been two years nnd n luiif. Mr. Burns of Canada!
' West, one ye:ir ; nnd tho remainirg eight niatric.u-,'
t dated at the beginning of this session. Wo weroi
i all beneficiaries except Mossrs. Burns and Encell,!
nnd had all pay id tho matriculation ice of ten'
' Burns, Kimmons, and Footo were members of!
the senior class. j
I' i well known that southern stnrlcnU n-ri-n in '
ihe habit of referring to nnd discussing he subject
of slavery and heretofore it had not been against
' On tho evening of Oct. 12th., tho right of chris
;, tians toengago in war was discussed in tho Amer
ican Literary Society.
After the regular discussion Mr. Everest of Ohio
was invited to speak on the question. Ho did so,
and in referring to a speech iu w hich there was at
tempt to sustain War from the Bible, remarked
that tho arguments from the Bible to sustain War,
I'olygamy and Slavery belong to the same category.
Th is remark elicited no expressions of disappro
" bation at tho time, though now it is referred to as
an Insult to tho South.
. On tho following Tuesday evening Mr. Way. of
Ohio by request delivered a discourse in the church,
, in which he remarked that the emniisaries of Satan
' often misquote and misapply scripture to sustain
Intemperance, Spiritualism, and Slavery. This
produced quito a sensation in tho audience and
gained for him much ill-will and many threats.
"ii ' At different times southern students mode
flaming pro-slvery speeches in tho societies, to all
of which we silently listened.
" On the morning, of Oct. 20th. the President'
looturo on sacred History was upon Gen. 10th, in
i which, alter condemning Polygamy, ho spoke of
Hagar's being compelled, by tho unkindness of
her mistress, to become a fugitive, saying that
)tnany benevolent mon of the presentday would have
told her never to return, but not so tho Angel, and
ndded, "Gentlemen however these relations came
into existence, when once established they nro not
to be rashly and violently broken." This nrgu-
- ment was well rivited by the ipplauding heels of
' southern students.
On Xov. 2nd Mr. Encell of Ohio being in the
Neotrophcan society was requestod to speak on the
proposition discussed that evening, that tho United
t States ought to have assisted Grccco in her etrug-
' gle for liberty, against the Turks.
9 In doing so he mado the following points : His
; feolihgs would cause him to argue the affirmative ;
but reason, which frequently d.ffors from feelings
should be our guide ; hence in this case ho must
, support tho negative. Tho history of the world
shows that some powers are to rule, and others to
be subject. This principle is admitted in Amori-
nn politics. It is also sanctioned in American
Theology ; for you remember gentlemen that cur
worthy president lately remarked that however
these relations come into existence when once es
tablished, they arc not to bo rashly and violently
broken. Notwithstanding these reasons, his feel-
' ings would prompt the risk of universal liberty.
. This Bpeech was mado a pretext by the south fur
some things which followed.
. On the evening of Xov. 5th tho Xeotrophcnn
society held its anniversary and was addressed by
Prof. V. II. Pendleton, and Mr. Allen a student
from Ky. Tho president and nearly nil tho facul
ty honored tho occasion with their presence. Mr.
Allen's subject was Abolitionism nnd Xegro-Stsal-ing
and his speech was a tirade of ahuso against
northern men and principles. Though it was to-'.
ceived with deafning cheers, wo deemed it beneath
our notice by way of reply ; and be it remembered
that the Faculty did not announce to Mr. A. nor to
to the school thatsict agitation of tho slavery
question was against the rules and interests of the
v--On Tuesday evening Nov. 11th Mr. Burna occu
piod the pulpit. Ho did not seek this opportunity,
v but followed the alphabetical order of those pre
paring for the ministry.
Ilia subject was announced by the president in
the morning, viz: "The great principle -f liberty."
His text was, "Stand fast therefore, in tho liberty
wherewith Christ hath mado us free, and bo not
.entangled again in the yoke of bondage." Gal. 5,
.1st. He. bad not only spoken this discourse be
fore, but had chosen it for this occasion previous to
1 the Neotrophean anniversary, houco it was not a
. reply to Mr, Allen. Towards evening Dr. A. W.
Campbell a church official called on Mr. Burns
and requested him, to confine himself to Ktuoiois
liberty, as some of the brethern wero tendor on
those points, concealing the fact that he made
this request by the authority of the president.
Mr. Burns replied that although he intended to
.treat of liberty in its broadest sense, applying it to
no particular nation or institution, yet as a man
and a christian ho could not consent to bo fettered
in rogard to freedom of speech, aud that if they
would not trust to his judgement, he would not
was told to go on. At the appointed time a
.large congregation assembled. Mr. B. after intra- j
. duoing his subject spoke of the principle, aud of
its power when combined with patriotism j but!
when be spoke of its power combined with benev-l
olenee, illustrating it by referring to the example I
of England in emancipating her West India slaves, 1
using the most respectful lauguago, the excitement !
became intense, and a tremendous stamping and
hissing was raised to silence him. Seeing howev
. er that he was not to be silenced thus, about one
third of the audience, led on by a few Missouri
Iireaohers, rushed from the house, "pellmell" with
oud cries and imprecations, which were prolonged
in the night air, and echoed from hill to hill. The
.speaker paused for a few moments ouly till the
audience should become composed. Mr. Eucoll
naid "go on", when he again procooded. For this
,lr,ncll. w88 severely censured by theFaoulty ;
one of the Professors saying thaf'never "before hnd
his feelings been so deeply wounded," and that "it
was the greatest insult he had ever known offered
to any audience." Without a short culm succeed
ed the burst of ths storm in which the elements
.: were organised into a mob &cd measures doused
for fimEtr outrages.
Tho calm was soon broken by loud thumping
under the house, on the sides of the house and on
the windows, some of which wero violently rnised,
and let fall audilculy, breaking tho panes of glass ;
stones wero hurlod against tho house, and eggs
wero sought for.
One of the Professors went out nnd requested
the mob to desist, but without effect nnd it was
said (hat acliaiu whs procured in the village, nnd
that tho mob was nrovided with tirc-arms nnd Hint
it was divided into tivo bands one to conduct .Mrs.
Bums to her boarding room, nnd the other, Mr.
Burns to Buffalo creek hard by, nnd baptize him
in the name of their peculiar "Institution.
After the discourse, which was finiphed in the
ml. nt i f ..,,,;,,,,, i .,.,...... M.. I! .i 1.l .
............. buut.iitiLU Uf'lOItt, tJ . 4.1U Y , SUi
rounded by a few friends, succeeded in reaching
their boarding room unobserved by their enemies
notwithstanding the vigi'innco of tho latter. Being
thus foiled, the mob collected opposite his board
ing house, nnd were deterred 'from committing
violence, only by the civil officer.
On tho following morning the hour for sacred
History was devoted to a lecture on the primordial
elements of good society. Moboeracy was dis
proved, and liberty of speech upheld, subject to
Ihe proprieties of time, place, and persons. The
president expressed his regret nt the Sunday eve
ning's disturbance, but wished to be understood
as not then condemning cither party. At the con
clusion of the lecture, ho read a nolico requesting
the students to remain in tho hall. Ho then with
drew, and tho southern ttudents organized a meet
ing by appointing Mr. Atkins of Geo. chairman,
who in stating the object of the meeting denounced
Mr. Burns in very hard and undignified language,
and called on the southern students to defend them
selves. Other speeches followed in the samo spirit,
when a committee was appointed to draft resolu
tions to bo adopted tho next meeting. Ajourncd
to meet at 1 P. M.
That forenoon, Northern students to tho num
ber of thirtv. assembled at tho room of B. W.
Johnson, of 111 , expressed their views to each
other, and resolved not to attend their classes, till
matters should bo properly adjusted.
At 1 P. M. tho Southern students met and
adopted the following resolutions, except two how
ever, which wero not adopted till Tuesdnyj morn
Whereas ns it seems to be the object of some
students of Bethany College to agitato the question
of slavery, and that in this exigency of affairs it
is absolutely necessary to adopt some system of
arrangements to prevent any further discussion of
tho question, and in the meantime to disapprove of
mo course pursued by many ot tho Btudonts on
Resolved, 1st. That we approve of freedom of
tnougnt, ireeaom oi speech, lrecdom of the press,
and the right of individual interpretation, upon all
matters pertaining oithcr to religion or politics at
the proper timo and place.
But Resolved further, that we do most unequiv
ocally condemn the course of Mr. Burns, who
boing a foreigner has taken ndvantacro of the
sacred desk, nnd in tho capacity of a minister of
the Gospel to proclaim sentiments which are calcu
lated to disturb the peace nnd quiet of this in
stitution and are inconsistent with the frco nnd
lawful institution of the stato in which he is at
Resolved, 2nd. That Mr. Burns is hereby re
quested for his own pcrsonnl good and for the good
of the collego to keep his nlicu and sedition viows
locked within his own bosom.
Kesolved, 3d. That while wo acknowledge the
right of any individual member to leave a relig
ious assembly when sentiments are reiterated from
the sacred desk which nro insulting to his feelings
of justice and propriety, yet we most heartily con
demn any further manifestations of disapproba
tion and therefore tho actions of many students on
last evening, ns said actions were on Sunday eve
ning the scene of said proceeding the church of
God, nnd that moboeracy in its every cloment is
inconsistent with liberty and morality.
Resolved, 4th. That although there enn be no
conceivable motive on tho part of the Northern i
students to discuss tho question of slavery in our
midst other than to excito tho footings of Southern
students upon a question from tho discussions of
which nothing can be gained pro or con, yet not
withstanding all this we most heartily condemn nil
discussion of said question either for or n;ainst,
believing that tho agitation of said question will
prove 'disadvantageous to tho vital interests of
Bethany College, we do thercforo enter our most
solemn protest against delivering of any Bpeech bv
any student of Bethany Collego cither from the
North or South upon the question of slavery now
henceforth nnd forever.
Resolved, 5th. That however much to bo renret-
cd if the Northern students will not comply with
the spirit of theso resolutions ns far ns relates to
tho agitation of this question hereafter, that the
Southern students will be compelled to defend their
Resolved, Oth. That wo recommend to the stu
dents to disperso quietly, nnd without any demon
strations of unkind feelings nnd to nbido fuithful
fully by the spirit of these resolutions.
Resolved, 9th. That a copy cf theso resolutions
bo submitted to tho Faculty of Bethany Col
lege. . At 4 o'clock P. M. some of tis had nn interview
with the President and Prof. Milligan, at which
time, by request, wo expressed ourselves candidly,
yet freely. They treated the matter as of little or
no importance, and refused to reason without say
ing that wo wcrt excited und not capable of reason
ing. At 5 o'clock P. M. about twenty northern stu
dents mot nt tho houne of Mr. Van Buskirk of
Indiana and unanimously adopted the following
To inE Faculty or Betiiast College.
Whereas you are aware thoro is, an excitement
in this place at the present time in reference to the
oatrages which were recently nernetrated in our
midst upon Mr. Burns of Port Sarnia of Canada
Vi est ; and whereas you know oi the intentions of
uearly all tho northern students to leave tho col
lege unless suitable measures be akon, we, tho un
dersigned bciiiK assured of vour desire to Act un
justice, would humbly submit the following con-
................ huii nutt.li mo nui reuiuiu.
1st. That the past be fully rectified. That
those concerned with tho mob last Lordsday eve-
uiuff, uo urrungcu uuiorc me t acuity ana publicly
reprimanded or expcllod from College.
2nd. That there bo secured to us, by the Facul
ty all those rights which are guaranteed to us by
reliyion aud our National Compact, among which
is liberty of speech on till subjects demanding pub
lic attention nnd interest. Especially do wo do
nmnd the right to discuss the merits of American
Slavery in public debate nnd in tho pulpit, being
amenable, of courso, to the rules of tine morality
and ihe laws of the land,
2d. We respectfully submit tho above, tequcst
ing the Faculty to give their docision on or before
next Wednesday morning.
C. C. Foote.
B. W. Jontvsov.
D. R. Van Buskirk.
H. W, Eterest.
Committee appointed in Convention.
Messrs. Foote and Encell, being duly authorized
presented these resolutions to the Faculty, nnd
discussed them for two hours, tho Faculty continu
ally evading the points at issue, and duelling uponj
certain threats of uiob violence, which we had re
ceived through anonymous letters nnd flying re
ports to which we titrer attached any importance.
l'hey treated the whole matter us n trilling nffuir,
saying that "Mr. Burns had mado his noise and
the southern students their noise," and that "they
ought to quit even, "or that Mr. Burns should mnke
acknowledgements to the Southern students.
Messrs. Foote and Encell expressed our willing
ness to nbido by college law s but our alwlvtt rtj'w
sal to submit to tho legislation of Southern btu
donts. On that evening after a meeting of the Faculty
Prof. Murbleck appeared before some of us nnd
urged that ve submit to tho Faculty nt once, as
suring us that unle.-'a wc did, the Faculty hnd do
cided to expel us all, and publish our erpulsion in
tho leading papers of tho Union, thus shutting nil
college doors against us forever to whom we ro
plicd that wo ask Justice, not Morcy.
On Wednesday morning we assembled to hear
the decision cf the Faculty, w ith regard to our res
olutions. Prof. W, K. Pendleton took tho stand
in bchuK of the Faculty and argued the case with
an eye single to Southern glory.
He said "that hereafter the subject ( f slavery
was not to he agitated in Bethany College, that
certuin Northern students were causing disturb
ance und trampling on college laws j thnt these
studor.ts wero young fanatics not capable of wear
ing respectable beards ;" thnt "they had never
mastered a sitiglo science j" that "they were poor
specimens of notlurn humanity," c., ic. Ho
said thnt certain students hnd informed the Facul
ty on what condition they would remain in the
College, and now he would tell them on what con
ditions they miyht remain, viz t That they imme
diately return to their places in their classes nssu
ring us thnt the Fnculty would not grant our peti
tions, or do anything further concerning the mat
ter. Some of tho Northern students wotwithstand
ing their sympathy with us nnd their hearty ns
sent to tho resolutions sent in to tho Faculty flow
tho truck nnd submitted. But we being assured of
me justice oi our cause and Having nt lienrt tnc
good of our fellow-men nnd the glory of our
Redeemer determined to abide by our resolutions.
Five of us left on that evening nnd tho rest on
Thursday morning. Tho President left on Thurs
day also for Eastern Va. In addhion to the above
facts, we deem it our duty to present the following
concerning the morality ot Betlinny College:
Intemperance is common even to drunkenness,
although against tho laws of the institution. Pro
fane swearing is common nnd gambling r.ot un
known. 'Tis well known that revolvers nnd bowie
knives nro the constant compnniona cf Bomo of the
Other vices nro prevalent which we will not
tncntion.but which are well known to exist through
out the South ns the legitimate fruits of the "pe
Th ese arc some of the facts which ciused ns to
leave Bothany College, nnd with these in mind we
ask. Ought we to have remained? Again, is it
right for the peoplo of the North to aid in sustain
ing such an institution to the neglect of more de
serving ones at home t We have learned since our
departure that five of us have been dismissed from
College, tho reason alledged boing that we stayed
out of classes, a reason which would require the
uifmissai oi us an. y e do not claim that in nil
this movement we have acted without nny error.yet
our aim has ever been to do right.
Wo cjuld not surronder our right to liberty of
spcecn ; we could not submit totho rule ot a South
ern mob; we could not sustain nn institution where
shivery nnd nil its nttending immoralities are not
and may not bo disfellowahipped and fearlessly
Wo give these facts in tho love of tho truth, ear
nestly desiring that they may promote the welfare
of man and advanco the causo of Christ on the
nilLLIP BURNS, of C. W.
A. B. WAY, Ohio.
11. Y. EVEREST, Ohio.
J. KIMMONS. 111.
JOHN EXCELL, Ohio.
LEAXDER MrCOXXEL, Ind.
1). R. VAX BUSKIRK, Iud.
C. C. FOOTE, Ohio.
From the A. S. Standard.
DOING THE DEVIL'S WORK.
Tho Rev. J. P. Durbin, D. D., ono of the great
lights of the Northern Methodist Church and the
chosen head of her missionary operations, in order
to defeat tho movement now making in lhatChurch
to exclude slaveholders fi 'oui tho communion, has
come out with nn ingenious and learned argument
to provo thnt persons w ho held their fnilow-men ns
chattels were admitted to the Apostolic Churches;
the inference from that alleged fact being that
American slaveholders, in tho middle of tho nine
teenth century, nuy be nnd often nro worthy of
Christian fellowship ! And yet this Rev. apologist
for tho "sum of all villunies" takes credit to him
self for being tremendously opposed to shivcry.and
admits that no one can have "a natural or moral
right to hold a human being in bondage" Whnt
is this but tho logic of Bedlam the confusion cf
Babel confounded ? Of what avail is it to be theo
retically on the side of justico and liberty, while,
practically, he is doing tho very work winch slave
holders, slave-traders and their abettors dcsiie to
have done, and w hich, above everything else, tends
to rivet moro firmly tho fetters of tho slaves?
Zion's Herald, we are glnd to see, impeaches the
historic accuracy fi.nd effectually demolishes the
argument of this clerical champion of oppression.
To his admission Unit ' thore is not a single pas
sage in tho New Testament, nor a aingle act in
the records of th early Church, expressive of op
probation of slavery," it most pertinently responds
thus,: "How can this be true, if the early Church
received slavery into her bosom by admitting slave
holders to her fellowship? Can a Church give
stronger practical sanction to crime than to admit
a known criminal to her communiou?" Again:
"If neither God nor nature gave tho slaveholder
the right to hold a human boing in bondage, on
what principle of rectitude or consistency could
the Church admit him to her communion ?" To
Dr. Durbiu's allegation that the Apostles recog
nised and sanctioned tho relation of master nnd
slave by prescribing duties to each, it replies:
"The Church recognises no moral duties but ro
pentnnce as springing out of the relation of mas
tor and slave, any more thun she recognises moral
duties as springing out of tho relation of nn adul
terer to an adulteress. Moral duties grow out of
rightful relations; whose clainiR wage everlastin
war ngninst the false claims of wrong ones. Tho
Apostles recognised the relation of servitude, and
presented its duties because it is n right relation;
but tltcy uowhere prescribe a moral precept found
ed on the alleged right of one man to hold proper
ty in nnother." And again: "If the reader can
understand the meaning nd grasp tho purpose of
Dr. Durbin, bis perceptive powers are better than
ours. To ns they are full of confused statement.
They make the primitive Church glaringly incon
sistent with herself. They teach that sho allowed
her members to practise that which her principhs
avowedly condemned; that sho talked of justice,
equality and brotherhood, but winked at injustice,
chattolship, nnd tyranny in box practice: that sho
sought to destroy slavery in Wm future ky tolera
ting it in tho present; that sho subjected the iundu
mental doctrines of equality to the law of the
State, and that, in a word, her policy was to pro
mrte j'rc.dcm by If lerulins ;'3'- 'r'J- Suclia'tn-
l,le rf contradictions certainly never fell from l)r.
Durbiu's pen before"
Tho Christian Advocnto nnd Journal, of this
city, which promptly published Dr. Durbiu's nrgo
mcnt. and which is constantly taxing its ingenuity
to sup'port his positions will never permit its reud
cis tj tee the Herald's reply.
From the Cayuga Chief.
"lu ish the cursed negroes at the Kurlh xctre fl-'i
slaves, fur they uould be better off than they are nmc."
A heart which could oxpres a wish so purely
devilish, would not, under favorable circumstances,
hesitate to engage in carrying it out. It is not an
extreme "poetic license" which clothes such n na
ture in bloodhound from the supposed "Hunt,"
consequent upon an net decreeing th catching and
enslaving of the freo blacks of the North.
An nrm'd host shakes tho frozen ground,
And swells up like the heavy trend
Of wolves along the valley's bed
A voico of wo is in thnt sound.
It comes again with deepening roar,
Like nnger'd surge upon tho shore,
Then dies away upon the gale,
Liko that wave sinking to a wail.
Ho, listen now! liko howl of wrath,
It sweeps nlong the mountain path.
Across the still nnd frozen plain
Tho wintry wind brings martial strains.
With thrilling fife and throbbing drum,
And dancing plumes, they onward come,
And on the morning air they swell
And bursts tho wild and startling yell,
And far beyond the rocky pass,
I. ringing out their buglo blast.
Why this darkly winding host
Is Ihero a foeninn on our coast?
What desolating, hostile bnnd
Hath dar'd invade our peaceful land?
Has British power ogain essay'd
To test the keenness of our blades?
Or Kansas ruffians, mad with rum,
Turu'd out to butcher, burn and run?
Has all tho power of Papal Rome
Como o'er to drive us from our homea?
We list the sentry's mensared tramp,
As carefully we near the camp;
With clairvoyant ken we find
Out, and give the countersign;
"Catching Blacks," is lowly spoken,
And to pur steps the ranks are open.
The sceno is wild. On either hand,
Are group'd a ragged, ruffian band,
Reeking with the last dobauch,
i'fioir red eyes glaring like the torch
Which yesternight the cowardly bandits.
Kindled up the sleeping hamlet.
From dingy beit, tho blpod-stain'd blade,
With smoky muzzles, are arroy'd j
Each weapon's drnin'd the crimson tide
From fleeing Afric's wounded side,
And yet are smoking with the stain
Of holy, negro-hunting fame.
The deepest pits ot sin-cursed earth,
Sinco fiends from lowest hell hnd birth,
For deeds of dark and nameless crime,
Before, wero never ranked in line.
Slumbering in-each b'.ood-shot gaze,
Wo mark the fiends who by tho blaze
Of burning hut, would life their blades,
Red with tho blood of wife and babe,
Aud only rest when, drunk with gore,
They ennnot slay or ravish more.
Here gamblers doal for souls aud liquor
By the red lamp's deathly flicker,
And frequent on tho night winds swell
The freezing oath end demon yell,
Portending Bwift, remorseless wrath
Along the negro's hunted path,
A swaying curtain's crimson glare,
Shuts out Irom view the quarters where
In dreams of blood tho chieftains slumber,
Who lead this band of death and plunder.
Upon n stall' just at the right,
Our country's emDlem flaps the night,
And hack whero triple sentries pace,
Arc grouped the trophies of the chase.
That ftalwart black, with hoary hair
Why bows he low in anguish there?
His Bobbing wife is lowly prnying
As o'er her shivering babe she's swaying;
Its ebon cheek and crispen hair,
Bcgem'd with tear-drops frozen there.
And here nn aged, stricken ono
Dcspaiiing, wails hor slaughtered son;
A brother reels o'e sister raivshed
The idol where his love was lavished ;
And gnaws in rage his heavy chain,
'Till madness burns in every vein.
The dark-eyed maiden sits alone,
Her hopes of life, slow, ono by one
Were blasted, when that manly form,
By hungry hounds in pieces torn,
Was flung, with mocking jest and mirth,
To char by redly-blazing hearth,
And she, with all hor young heart's trust,
Reserved by negro-hunting lust.
And here a broadly moulded frame,
Wounded, bleeding, writhes in pain;
His fetters damp with jets of blood,
Which tell how gallantly be stood.
Like dark rock on tho ocean strand,
With kindling eye and trusty brand
To shield, and to the lust defend
His idols from the human fiends.
The strong man weeps ! the devils jested
When with his babes their hounds they feasted,
As writhing in their smoking gore,
They struggled by the broken door.
Here's girlhood too, the rounded form
As graceful as tho whiter born ;
Her cheek with black so faintly-flushed
It seems a quadroon's healthful blush.
Where she at set of sun was weeping,
The half-robed captive now is sleeping,
Her wet cheek on the dimpled hand,
And locks froze to the ragged band
Of iron, which, eince morning' dawn,
Its drops of blood hath slowly drawn.
She starts and weeps aye, weeps whjle draam-
Her shivering form to sadly leaning ;
A form cf le&utv, yet Of wo,
Half draped, half hidden in tho snow.
Ard thus in wears tho ni,;ht away,
The captives wnit tho break of day.
Hist I what means that sullen growl,
As if some carri jn-hunting ghoul,
Had from his horrid feast been seared ?
Sec, where those orbs like fi3 coala glare,
The negro hunter's bloodhound pack,
With which to scent tho winding track;
And mark tho bared f ing's fearful snap,
As human tendons yield and crack.
Great God 1 how chills the shrinking heart
To hear them rend the flesh npnrt,
Their red lips crimson with tho stain
Of last day's hunting on tho plain.
THE WHITE HOUSE.
I " V'. " "", - -.V.""";;
I !f K'VC? f"Io8 ?ntft'' ' J';
i . . "'V1 , 1 5 ,
which, from iu moral heanngn tho v. hr ,,e nation
ha. nn in ere, t. jlcfcrnng to the amtun of work
the President has to do, the writer procee J.
"Die President, however, has one habit already
vvcR known i to the people hero, that serves ns H
shie d nnd help in tins matter of labour. He is a
Sabbath-keeping man. On tho Lord s day no com -
pany is admitted on any pretext and J''S"'?,!a
done except that which may fairly conic under the
head r iiec-.ss.ty and mercy. Ihe clergy cd the
city toll me thnt Mr. Pierce is n church-going man,
invariably being in his scat on the Sabbath, attend-
eurly New Eugl.ind habits and predilections so far
as to take pleasure in an evening religious meeting
durincr the week, when he can find refuge in such
i.ig iwicuur iiircu uiiii souiij, " .j...
a spot from tho cares of the Jay. If the President
were a man whose example was bad, there would,
. . . -..' ii ,i i.i-iir..'
ue many to proclaim it to tue wonu, arm us mo inl
and conversation are such ns tho lcligious people
of this country will rejoice in4 it teems to be not
only a propriety, but a duty, tn say that Rncial
worship is maintained in his family by the Presi
dent, nnd that the order of his household is Buch
as becomes tho Chief Magistrate of a Christian
people. The gny world of courae regret tho want
of those splendid balls and parties which have in
times past mado the White House tho head-qunr-tcrs
of . pleasure, but the circumstances of domes
tic sorrow under which I lie present family came
into the mansion. would forbid such scenes, did not
their tastes and sympathies Biiggest other nnd
more rati;nal sources of enjoyment.
"The temperance peoplo will bo glad to know
that the Piesideut of the United States is a Otal
abstinence man in principle r.nd practice. Gentle
men who have dined with him frequently assure
me that ho does not drink wine nor anything but i
pure cold water, and this has been his custom for
many years. It is so difficult to get at the truth
on such a point, and such opposite statements have
been made, that I am pleased to bo able to say this
of the President, on tho host of authority."
(If we aro not mistaken, the puthor of this piece
of pious twat.tle about thePresidcnt's Sunday-kocp-
ing habits i a certain Presbyterian clergyman.!
long idontilied with Colonization nnd tnc worst
form of pro-slavery in the Church. While houost
men at the North are standing nghnst at the meas
ureless villany of the President's course in nil that
pertains to slavery, tho Now Y'ork Observer nnd
kindred religious papers seek to produco the im
pression thnt he is a mnn of principlo nnd honour
ulmost a Christian! As if a rogular attendance
at a popular church, whero no word of rebuke is
ever administered to slaveholders and their abet
ters nay, whero they aro flattered nnd caressed
were nny evidence of a good character 1 As for
tho President's temperance habits, tho word of this
clerical driveller is not worth a rush, sinco it con
tradicts the statements of persons likely to bo far
better informed nnd more worthy of coulidence.
From the New York Tribune.
PROGRESSIVE IDEAS IN MISSOURI.
ST. Louis, Mo., Thursday, Dec. 27, 1855.
I have been spending the last fow days in the
City of Mounds, and have listened with no ordi
nary interest to the conversation of her citizens
relative to tho recent cnieuto on tho borders of
Kansas. It is tho common topic ol conversation in
hotels, in shops, and on the decks of steamboats,
and with gieat unanimity tho people denounce
Atchison, Stringfellow & Co. (always excepting
the traffickers in whiskey and their most devoted
To one accustomed tn tho prudent, conservative
trading nlmospbero of New York, such manly.out.
spoken sentiment for Liberty as now greets tho ear
in St. Souis is quito refreshing, nnd nrgues well
for tho future Tho people nre beginning to feel
that tho incubus of Slavery is filching from Mis
souri hei good name impoverishing the Common
wealth, nnd keeping her back from the place she is
entitled to occupy to tako rank with Mississippi
and Arkansas. The wonderful development of
Illinois, Wisconsin nndlown, with their arteries of
irou, which nro now extending across the Missis
sippi and roaching out toward the Rocky Moun
tains, are fast giving to Chicago the commercial
importance which by natural right belongs to St.
Louis: and nil this they claim befalls them from
their connection with tho "peculiar institution-."
In conversation with an intelligent gentleman, he
informed me that few slaves remain in St.Louis.for
said ho, "Thero is scarcely a morning that you will
not hear thnt somebody's negro ran away lart
night," until by sales and nbscondings St. Louis
has become nlmost a freo city. In atiswcr to my
question whnt ho thought would bo the result of
the recent Kuwtas shindy, he replied "that he
thought it more likely to result in making Missouri
a Free Stale than in making Kansas a Slave
Thero is no question to my mind that tho time
is near nt hand when tho peoplo of Missouri nro
to mc(,t this question faco to face. To advance the
Republican sentiment we have already in 2' he
IiUe.!lirenccr,.oneroC tho best-established and most
ably conducted papers in the West, and The Demo
crat, edited with marked ability, nnd great fidelity
to tho principles of ths early fathers of the Re
pultio. Mark my prediction ! that not five years will
round beforo Missouri will swing into the line with
the great Freo States of the north-west, when her
vast mineral wealth m iron, lead nnd coal will be
gin to be developed, nnd her magnificent prairies
will be cultivated by an intelligent yeomnnrv.
whose growing familos shall fill the schoolhouse and
This change will not be without a strnggle.nnd it
behooves every lover of his country to be ready to
lend a helping nana byword or deed as neces
sity may require. i.
KEEPING THE UNION FROM SLIDING.
Tho explanation of Mr. Banks, which we pub
lished in our telegraphic report, Tuesday morning
was doubtless received with great satisfaction by
our readers. We can well imagine the sense of
relief which, at every breakfast table, must have
followed the official contradiction of the report that
Mr. Bauks was going to "let the Union slide." If
the alarm caused by this report, thus happily set
at rest, ha not been very general, it is owing
doubtless to the ciroumstanc that the fell intent
unjustly imputed to f!r.' Banks was not generally
known. It is even rrnbnblo thnt many worth
Und prudent men would have eaten their Christ'-
inns dinner in peace, though hnd they not received
ihe consoling assurance that warned them at nncn,
of the .larger that had threatened them, And of'
heir escape from it. It is only inn certain con
tingency thnt Mr. Banks Is going to "let the Union'
slide"; and in that contingency wo have the assu
rance of Mr. Smith, of Virginia, the same who has
just distinuiahed himself bv rollinc in the cutter
with the oditor of tho Washington Star, thnt he
j will hoi. I on to it; ami ns he hold on to his nntngo
j nist In that fight, till ho bit a prncc but of him, i
: is plain that ho hns a pretty good grip, and th.
I Union will be loss likely than Mr. Walinck to giro
jwny under the Virginian's tpcth. c'o that, le-
itwnen Mr. Bunks and Mr. Smith, we think lh
; Union is snfe, nnd we confidently hrk forward to
j what wo Yankees cnll "a considerable spell" if
Where the Union would slido to. and whnt wouhl
necomo or it, il both these gentlemen sin
inuld let i-o
..i,.,.. .... i. .,. . -...j i. . r
I quire. We have been s., intensely interested in
contemplating the pcssil.ilitvof such a catastro.hr.-
Itlmt we Imvereallv not had time to exsmino what
. . d , , . '
, ,0UIC,bi the ,,. , on c
j t,li8 verJ lnvslerv. We ft know mt f
llnlre0,clj. ralriut;,. tirmcn have been savi,
,iie Union t.rougl. a scries of ernes thnt reach a
, mo(t , , bt, itlIli of ,ui . mc f
, 10 cnt IlprlUn nQW u V)PCaU.o we
I l,avc their word Tor it, nnd because we have seen
thcm Rubmilting tu ali kin(Ja of office,,,
,!mt they wore or honor nnd profit-in order tc.
)ircvcnt 1Q tlircatened avliu;che nnd ,ither
frnm lne-,r exertion, or from some other cause, the
b nion has stood. Who sha 1 snv. after this, thnt
Congress is doing nothing, or that tho time eon
sumod in personal explanation is wasted ? iVoe.
THE SOUTHERN SYSTEM OF LABOR.
Of nil the disgusting, mawkish things that meet
us occasionally in politics nnd politicians, nothing
is more nnusuating than tho npologetic, deprecato
ry tono of the paltering nnd siiiistrous class of de-'
fenders w ith which the Southern people have been''
aiilicted. They nre those who conceive that black
Slavery is nn evil that it is wrong economically,.
politically nnd morally but that, owing to imner-
mug circumstances, it should be tolerated for ft
time. Unfortunately. Mr. CJnv. who with all J.i
acknowlcdged'Rta'cfmans-hip, rather skimmed over'
the surface of great questions than dived tp the
bottom, was misled into this weak nnd namby
pamby view of the subject; nnd his detence of th
South was scarcely less danscroua than Seward',
open nnd formal attacks.
o nre glad to sco every day indications to dis-'
countenance this whining tone and supplicating;
cant in their behalf, by W6ak or treacherous ad
vocates, who take ttie feoutli before a northern trr
bunnl for trial, and open the pleading with a eon-
fession of guilt. We trust the political dnya of
such is numbered, nnd "that "they will rs pushed' "
into tho hnrmless obscurity which th. meiit --
John C. Calhoun well knew the dangerous tendon-'
cy of this species of left-handed vindication, and'
it is mainly due to his philisophic mind and mas-'
terly statesmanship thai black Slavery at the South'
has been placed on the solid basis, moral Doliticul
and economical which it now occupies.- By tbe'
laws of mental affinity, his thought lias attractedi
the best thought of th'o country, nnd of all parties,
until philosophy statesmanship, as well as enlight-'
cned philnnthrophy, are nil compelled to proclaim
that black Slavery of the South is right ill yirineiplel'
and expedient in policy. Upon this basis the que-'
tion must be kept, or yisM altogether.
W.tl. I l'. .lT I. -1 . i r .
.uiLiii-iu uuu j.ii,iiMi pmiaiuuropisis ana zana-'
tics who are so eager ta reform the South, act
upon the assumption that the negro is akrncH:
white man, nnd qualified to live in perfect' social'
and political cqualitity with tho white or Caucasian1
race a fallacy that we may expect to bo establish-'
cd when the leopard changes his spots, and thai
sooty Ethiopinn is washed white in tho fountain
of the Nile. Meantime moral justification of th
South lies in facts against which fanaticism arid'
cant are both powerless. They nre these, towit,
that tho negro is inferior to tho white man by na
ture and by destiny; that ho never can be hisr
equal until tho laws of God are abrogated, and
that wherever nnd whenever tho two come in juj-
tajtositiou, dominion on tho ono side and servitude'
on tho other are lezitimuto relations betn-eem
As a political institution, we fir.d black Slaver
a blessing in the fact, that it prevents tho virtual
enslavement of nny clnss of tho whites, and obvi
ates an evil which has been tho fruitful source of
nearly M the agrarian movements and sanguinary
revolutions which have rent nnd convulsed soci.ftt
that of want nnd famine i. tho poor class. Int
freo socic'y, or whero there is no Blavo population,
a contest is nlways waging between capital and,
labor between tho rich and poor classes the ten
dency of which is to make the rich richer and. the
poor poorer, until extremity drives tho latter toi
satiate nt onco their vengeance or their want by
slaughter nnd rapine. Free society, no matter un
der what form of government, has not Reen able
to find a remedy for this evil, and ita continually
recurring catastrophe. The gaunt spectre of fnm-
ine is ever haunting the nominally free society of
Wcstorn Europe, and there is not one of ita tb ran .
that is able to stand before the mad cry for bread.
But under tho system of well regulated black Slae
very, there is probably no poor class; there east
be uo scarcity, no famine, and consequently no
wild cry for bread, agrarian outbreaks and car
In an economical view, black Slaver ! a
ing indeed, an institution indispensable to thJ
agriculture vi tho South at least. In the frea
States, men1 are inclined to shun agricultural,
the simplest but the rudest, most repulsive1
and least remunerated of all labors, and crowd
into tho professions, trades, arts, &a., af tber
expense of the productive resources of the eona
try. The effect is, a constant tendency to n d.
cline in agriculture, the demoralization of (be la'
boring classes, an increase in the price of food,
scarcety, and possibly famine. The tendency ta
neglect agriculture would be much sweater IB leath
ern and tropical countries, where the whitct ea
not endure hold labor, and the blacks will not work
without a master. The present conditions of Ja
maica and Hayti nre illustrations. Mexico is fast
verging to the same condition, and all serve to cose
vince us that on tho cessation of slave labor direc
ted by intelligence, the most productive and high
ly cultvated countries in the world will begin to as
sume their wild fauna and flora, and tc lapse iata
savagery. Black Slavery Bccures the 8onth from
such a doom, while it guarantees her against pov
erty and famine, and the social and political evil
which they engender. It is only that wbioh can
yet restore Jamaica nnd Hayti, and yet save Cuba,
from desolation: and it to that. also, and an Ac
cession of new w hite blood whiohare neceesary to
regenerate Mexico, gire her political stability and
do justice to her natural resources. History, geog
raphy, political economy, abound in evident to
vindicate the black Slavery of the South. 6b
wants no apologists alio only challensei inauirv.
JV. O. Delta.
Jocrnal:im IN TcitxtT. There are anlv !tl
Newspapers, it ii taid, published in lb J Wius)