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THE ANTI-SLAVERY IJUGLE.
CONDITION OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVES
To Editors of the N. Y. Tribune.
Sim Tito nscr(iun has been no frequently reiter
ated that tho fugitives in Canada, are incompetent
provide fur themselves, dint many yrrtim con
nider it no not of kindness ti) aid . tlirm on their
tlight from bondage. Determined to ascertain
heiractual condition, I recently liaitcd pmt of
b-tta Upper Province, in which numbers of them
reside. My efforts acre both successful and sat
isfactory. Everything appertaining to this persecuted poo
dle I found 1 had been misrepresented. Evidences
r Mt abundance wore discovered to show that tlioy
are a competent to lake c.iro of themselves as the
Anglo-Saxons. Their farms, dwellings, workshops
day and Sabbath-schools, arc (is well managed ns
simil.tr -matters and lliihgs among our Yankcr
f population. If you should travel Irum house to
, house, in any direction from Ciovcland, among the
.', New England farmers, yon would not find stronger
: evidences) of advancement and comfortable living
,. man were di-ooverablo nmong an equal number oi
these colored fainil ies. On the scoro.of kindness.
affiibility and good manner, it is feared the former
would suuor liy the comparison.
All anprclionsion, real or simulated, in rrcard
. to the competency of tho fugitives to tako care of
. tneinseues miy bo dismissed. It is evident that
. Hie present generation are rapidly accumulating
we.ini aim power, ana it requires no spirit of
prophecy to predict that tho ensuing generation will
make its mark upon the pago of history. Tho
Toune, of both sexes, seem to harbor a dnarilv lin
' .f0 toward Iho S.'Uih, nnd even against oui whole
, Union. From infancy they have beard one con-
tant narrative of w rongs suffered by their parents
itnd many of them expressed both an anxiety ami
determination to seek revenge whenever circum.
i stances would permit. This malignant feoling is
in very many instnn-cs mitigated and subdued
u ma csc.ipeu siaici oy me recollections ot their
nativities, ntiachmeuts to their masters nnd fam
ilies. Their numbers surprised mo. How is it possi
. b!e they ever found their way to this land of re
fugc? Their ingenuity and intelligence wcro even
more striking. Without knowing how to read and
, write, many of them are sensible and judicious in
their convention and actions, nnd not a few arc
familiar with our political history and all matters
. relating to Slavery. Tho want of education evi
dently stimulates them to furnish means for in
structing their children. As a consequence the
. rising generation will como upon the stngo of life
endowed with powers which may be exerted with
. no trifling effect upon seine of our institutions.
, However, "Sufficient for the day is the evil there
of." In the vicinity of ono of my sojourning, two
or three individuals among them could read. They
held weekly meetings, and read publicly, to numer
ous audiences, useful and entertaining books.
Uncle Tom's C.ibin had passed its "third reading.''
A recently escaped slave, ns black as tho ace of
. spades, could recite every incident in the work,
though he knew nothing r.bout reading. He assur
ed me that those scenes were almost cvery-day oc
currences in the cotton regiot.8, whero he had la-
liorrd for several years.
Mr. lrew's Refugee is a correct description as
far a it go?s, of what I saw and heard during
my tour. Ilu has, however, withheld many im
;. portant and striking details no doubt from po
' litic motives. I heard recitals which might impli
cate individuals and mako many a slave master
f wiser on inquiry. Of course, they will not be dis-
From every fugitive's mouth I learned that the
recent plan of governing slaves is to degrade and
orcaic down every noble aspiration and sentiment
I no lash, instruments ot torture and blood-hound
seem to be the means employed for that purpose
He must bo brutalized beforo ho will become
pliai.t. In this enlightened age, man cannot be
held as a slave ; as a brute he may be kept in scr
This horrid plan is now universally adopted
with hero and there nn exception. It is charged
, upon the North as the result of its Ami-Slaverv
antipathies; yet it is the necessary consequence of
omverj iisou, surrounded oy tne lights and expe
riences of the Nineteenth Century, Tho poor
, slave, suffering under tho lash, is not allowed to
utter a complaint, remonstrance, or even an nffir-
. mation of Ins ninoccnco of fault or crime. ?rovi-
; dence has given him thirty thousand tongues, in
luese inuives, 10 recount ins wrongs, ruey are
. now telling the horrid tale to the universe.
' . Ihcso recitals induced mo to inquire how this
molern plan of govcring operated on the slaves
generally. I was assured that within the last few
years a feoling of alarm, dread an4 hatred has
fpreia universally among tho slaves, and some
thing like desperation csntrolls nmnv of them
However stupid, careless, or even cheerful they
may assume to uc, tticy are secretly plotting mis
' chief at every convenient opportunity. Tho strict-
eft policy cannot prevent extensive communication
among tho slaves with remote parts of tho Slave
marcs, nnd even with t';o tanadas. Much has
been said about "Tte L nderoround Railroad," I
heard something of an " Uttilerrjround 'leleqraph."
- T -1 - I 1 . 'i , .
u uvaiu cwaia uu ivroiecnny anu loxicoiogy,
which evinced n -dangerous know le jge of the means
ol destruction, and at the same time convinced
' mo thcro can ba no safety for life or property on a
plantation whero tho process of brutalizing man is
i j noticed.
1 was iuformol by reliable authority that through-
ought the slarc lccc!iii States, such as Virginia
. frr instance, this knowledge has been extensively
diffused, from one neighborhood to another, and
there is now a general determination on the part
the slaves, if suld tu Southern traders, to secretly
' dostroy life and proporty as well ns to Jdiseminnte
their knowledge wherever they may be taken. The
. amo source of information stated that no gang
cf sUvei now roaches tho remote South without
containing imo:ig its numbers some daring spirits
who go as missionaries of mischief and destruc
tion. As tlieir tracks will from time to time become
w visible, tho slaveholders will, of course, charge it to
Abolitionism, which, you know, they make a scaro
goat of to bear their iniquities.
; Hefore tho Legislatures of the Slave States pass
laws rota'ialory on tho North, it would be well for
. them to e xamine the lnlluonces and effects of their
cruel and debasing mode of treating their slaves
very likely they would discover in them the true
locomotict which sets their chattels in suction on
the underground railroad to the North.
Cleveland, Ohio., Dec. 20, 1855.
WHAT PRODUCED THE STRONG ANTI-SLAVERY
WHAT PRODUCED THE STRONG ANTI-SLAVERY SENTIMENT IN THE NORTH-
A SOUTHERN VIEW.
The Nashville Patriot, in noticing the couse of
the present anti-slavery sentiment in the North,
miows tnai sensiuia men in the South bold the
Northern dough luces responsible for tho violation
ot Northern compacts, and the consequent ngita-
iiitn ILa bI.pa,. n.iAi;..n WA l.M T..II
" ...w o.u... j ifi,c3iiuil, II O Vl'j'J IJIQ iUUUW-
iug from that paper of the 5 til in St.
The Democratic Party, in 1852, resolved to "re
list all the attempts at renewing, in Congress or
out of it, the agitation of the slavery question un
. dtr whatever shape or color the attempt might be
Mmu!e,". but disregarding his pledge as it had dis
regarded all others that stood in the way of its in
trigues, one of its leadors through the medium of
.the Kaunas Nebraska Bill, renowed the agitation
4i sUv-ery by providing for the repeal of tho Mis
soiri JomH-oi'i'8e, which bad been regarded as a
most patriotio settlement by almost all the great
.statesman of the country, North and South, irre
spective of party.
Il whs this aot, which., looked upon by the North
as of bud faith and dishonorable, stirred up the
foundation of bitterness, and gave the enemies ol
Southern institutions an advantage and influence
ibey hud never before possessed, it furnished the
r Abolitionists with the nietosof making an appeal
4o tb heurtsof the masses -of the North. ihou-
4 times more effective than anything they had
ever availd themselves of previously. It track
Aduaitji men. Democrats and Whigs, who had all
Along to0d iij tl Aouth and the Union. Jtarous
J a (dixit of opposition, and a determined .resis
tance, the like of which had .never characterized
.any former sectional struggle. Before its sirocco
Vretth., the haughty, -defiant arest of the Dcmoora
y huwUd luelf juto the dual XJm party, as
the Charleston Morcury confesses, camo out of I Ik
contest shorn ul its strength, and tlmrnuehW dc
nationalised. It w as in vain that President l'"ierce
declared, that It was tho intention of the bill to
provent she extension of slavery; that Mr. Douglas
announced Hint it was a proposition Tor trendom,
and demanded a siuht of the Abolitionist who oh
jectud tosuili a measure; and that Oon Shields
contended that tf we should hereafter acquire the
whole of North America it would prevent the ad
mission of another Slave State into the Union 1
The storm hud been aroused and they could rn't
vl)c SVnti-Slaccri) Bugle.
SALEM, OHIO, JANUARY 19, IF56.
Oov. Ciiasks Inaihiiral. To make room f.r
the greater part of this document, we have crow
ded out much matter we had prepared for this No
It will be interesting especially to our Ohio readers.
On the Slavery question it is a repetition of Sir.
Chase opinions as we have before published
PRO-SLAVERY IN BETHANY COLLEGE.
The statement of the ten students, who left
Bethany Collego, if true, ns we doubt not it is, en
tirely justiGes thorn in their course. No young
man with eithct mora! principlo or self rospect,
could consent to remain in nn institution where
free speech was utterly suppressed by authority of
the faculty, as at Bethany. Especially on a quei-
tion of such paramouDt interest. The past subser
viency of tho faculty to slavery, with Alcxandoi
Campbell at their head, would seem i ncrediblebut
that we have already had so many similar exam
ples in tho oountry. Nothing seems too contempt
ible or wi- ked for eomo men, and especially for
some ministers to do, in order to support slavery.
And among nil the self degraded men of the land
none seem to have sunk lower and to pander more
abjectly than Alexander Campbell. How long will
men and women in the north who profess to be
christians, nnd make professions of anti-slavery
continue to honor this man ns a christian teacher
and a worthy representative of pure and undclilcd
The Disciples of Oh'n and Indiana, many of
them refuse to co operato with anti slavery organi
zations, because their "churches are the genuine
anti-slavery societies." Aftor this demonstration,
will they continuo to send the Beneficiaries of their
"anti-slavery churcbes" to be educated in the Beth
any, where tho faculty so readily submit to the
dictation, so cordially co-operate with a slave
holding mob, led out of tho yery meeting house
for organization by "southern preachers." If they
do, they will placo themselves nnd their churches
almost beneath contempt. On authority of a Vir
ginia paper we published that Mr. Campbsll was
absent Irom Bethany at tho time of the difficulty
From this statement it seems he was at home dur
ing the whole difficulty, and left only when he had
finally settled it in favor of slavery.
Bethany College deserves to tick out of exis
tence. Its destruction would be a blessing to the
world nt large and especially to the outcast slavo.
Mr. Campbell is a man of talent and learning.
But talent and learning when prostituted to wick
ed subserviency to wrong, become curses to hu
manity. The first requisite in instructors of the
young, is moral principle. Of this, the President
and faculty of Bethany College, are evidently des
titate. For no men of their intelligence can be
ignorant of the terrible moral wrong ol slavery.
These ten young gentlemen have obeyed tho Gos
pel precept, "come out from among them and be
ye separate," and if their Brethren, in Ohio nnd
Indiana will imitate their noble example, they will
save their own souls from moral defilement bo-
stow a fitting rebuke upon the sum of all villainies
and render substantial service to the interests of
that gospel which proclaims "Liberty to the Cap
tive, and the opening of the prison to those who
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY.
The Democratic party, which most faithfully of
any other, represents and maintains at tho North
the interests of the South&rn Olicarcbs, is fast
wheeling into line in order most effectually to crush
out all spirit and hope of freedom from the nation
at the next presidential battle. County nnd State
Conventions aro being hold in various parts of the
Country. These indicate some difference of opin
ion with regard to who shall receive the offices, but
they are indissolubly united in excluding from
them all whg are not tried and undoubted friends
of southern rule and northern submission. Jus
tice, and freedom, nnd the slave, have no voice in
any of their assemblies. The slave-driver rules.
For example, in Belmont county, they recora
mended James Buchanan for the Presidency. In
Clinton county, George M. Dallas. In Sandusky
county, they "have full confidence in Franklin
Pierce." In Sciota county, they applaud the Dem
ocratic Representatives at Washington for their
support of William A. Richardson for speaker.
such are the prevailing influences of tho party in
the state, iiut we nre bound to make every ex
ception possiblo, and must therefore state, that the
attempt to endorse the Nebraska Bill failed in Jef
ferson county, while in Lawrence county, they ac
tually passed resolutions condemning the Pierce
administration, and the Kansas act.
The State Convention at Columbus, on the 8th
inst, of course faithfully represented the pro-sla
very spirit and purpose of the local Conventions.
Though in form, it declined to approve President
Pierces Administration, it was evidently in his fa
And it is most likely that the Ohio delega
tion to the Cincinnati Convention, will be found to
Pierce men. At all events they are for slavery.
None but the most thoroughly tried and ultra
slaveocrats of the country received any favor in
that Convention. Dr. Friea of Cincinnati, who
was sent as a delegate to represent the anti-Nebras
wing of the party in Hamilton county, was cast
of the Convention nnd that too, after ho had
debased himself by offering to stand on a Nebras
In Indiana, the State Convention adopted a
stfong pro-slavery, Nebraska platform and rec
ommended Jesse D. Bright, the Indiana elavchold-
Senator, for the Presidency, in caeo a western
man should be selected, which probably means
that they prefer Pierce. One of the resolutions
their platform is as follows :
Resolved, We approve the principles of the com.
promise meatuie ot 1850. and their nnlipii,.n
embodied in the Kansas Nebraska bill, and will
i&miiuuy maintain mem.
The Soft Shell or Pierce division of the party in
New York, met at Syracuse on the 11th inst. and
adopted resolutions, denouncing the slavery agita
tion, condemning toe Republican movement and
approving the principle of the (Kansa Nebraska
So very where those who eonlrol the cart? and
speak for it, speak eat for laerj without equivo
cation or concealment. Xbj caat in tlieir lot and
!i with the slaveholders, defying the
k its continued ubsorviency,conlcmn-
ing the distinctive principles of freedom. Sucli
l"B P"' " appears now, in its incipient
marshaling for the presidential conflict. Mhim
who hnve beon of the party will now follow its for
tunes reluctantly. Some, we hope many, will find
within themsclres, sufficient manhood to sundei
thoir party tics and take a more honorable nnd
safo position; but the courso of the party is fixed
It is the biilwnrk of slavery. The enemy of free
dom in Kansas, and in the States south nnd
North. Let all who would respect themsolves as
freemen, abandon it. Let all friends of Justice
denounce it, and seek its ovei throw. It is accur
sed, aud should bo abhorred by all hnncst men.
LEGAL DISABILITIES OF COLORED PEOPLE.
The condition of the Cilorcd pcoplo of our Stat
especially demands ol all Iricr.dsol iTccdom, nn
mediate and vigorous efforts for tho redress of
thoir legal and constitutional wrongs.
The Colored peoplo of Ohio nro prohibited, 1st
from the use. of tho elective frnnchiso, by tho fiftl
article of tho Constitution, whwh declares that
'every uhile male citizen of tho United States
shall have tho qualifications of nn elector and be
entitled to vote at all elections."
2nd. They are prohibited from serving in Ihe
militia by the Cret section of the ninth article oi
3d. By legislative enactment, they aro prohibit
ed Irom serving on Juries.
4th. they nre excluded from the benefit of the
laws for the relief of the poor, notwithstanding
their property is taxed for the general support of
Oth. I lie school laws mano an unnecessary and
invidious distinction in regard to colored pupils,
1 his we believe includes tho legal disabilities
under which the colored population now labor.
Ihcso distinctions so far as they exist by statute,
Bhould be abolished this winter by tho Legislature
now in session. They should beabolinhed, bceauec
they oro utterly without benefit to any class of oui
population They should be abolished because they
are unjust and wicked B;causo they bring firth
the fruits of injustice fostering nnd confirming
the prejudices nnd unreasonable hatred of one
class, and exciting tho just discontent and indig
nation of another. Because they minister direct
support to slavery nnd array tho citizens of our
whole State on the aide of that grievous national
wrong because they foster ignorance, tako away
tho incentives to enterprise and improvement.onisli
out individual self respect, and prevent the citizen
from enjoying, in case of nccusttion of crime, an
opportunity to be iried by a jury of his peers nc
cording to tho declared intent of the Constitution.
In a word, whatever view may bo taken of tho qucs
tion, whether of its policy morality or constitu
tional right these invidious enactments should dis
appear Irom our statute book. They nre not less
injurious to the individual than diehocoraVo to
Again, every inducement which exists for tho re
peal of these disgraceful statutes, exists also for
the change of the Constitution where it makes
distinction on account of complexion.. Tho Legis
lature should therefore take tho necessary prelim
inary steps to have these provisions obliterated.
Tho peoplo have a right to expect this at the hand
of the Legislature because of tlieir anti-slavery pre
tentions, and they should not fail to demand it of
them w ith earnest firmness.
Petitions should be circulated and presented for
this olject, without delay. Adopt any form you
choose asking briefly and distinctly fur this ol jeet.
You can copy the following or write a better.
To THE LeGISLATCRE OF THE ClATE OF OllIO.
The undersigned citizens of Ohio respectfullv
aik the repeal o. all laws making distinction in
regard to Color ; Also that preliminary steps be
taisen to amend the Constitution, so as to secure to
inhabitants of the State, the enjoyment of equal
political rights and privileges.
When the petition is Bigned, send it to tho Sen
ator or Representative from your district, nnd urge
nun to Bustain your request before that body.
N o are glad to see the colored peoplo themselves
moving on this subject. Let them lead on; n
abolitionists at least, will givo them hearty co-oper-:
: 1 1 j- . , m-. .. .
imuu in removing uu uisauuuics iroin their, shoul
ders aud tho reproach from the State.
A local Convention of this class of our fellow
citizens, recently assembled nt Columbus, issued
tho followinz address o tho BMnln-nr Pin..
Wounty. We copy it from the Columbian nnA
mend it to the attention of nil the people of the
To the While Citizens of Eranklin County, from
the Colored Convention held in Columbia, Dec. 28,
v, , r. . ti...i ....
- . , . ' i".- ; a y mo mysterious providence
Aimigniy uod, we, the Colored peoplo of Ohio,
r. i n 1,1,11. .1. 1 ,! W .. ' 1 . .
... Jwu. ...,v.Dt. ,, u iu nuiunK you Wlthou
our w ill or ngerrcy j we nro hero deprived of main
our civil and political rights. Grievous wrongs
i Hiipuocu iiuuu ui ; strange, unnatural and
u,.,,, ,,, ln me uonBtitution
ana laws, potween us and our white fn lou..iii;-,..u
lalthough the Bill of Right of our Statu nmt ,,.,'
puatically declares, "lliat all men nro by nature
free and independent, and have certain inalien
able rights" "All political power is inherent in
the people" "And government is instituted for
men cuui protection nna ueuent.
In relation to these self-evident principles the
ucvuuii ui mo uuo Article ot the Constitution
declares "that every white citizen of the United
Stntea nf mil Iiatm iK. n....l:H.: ...
elector, and be entitled to vote at nil
Also, the first Section of the ninth Article provides
that all "white male citizens, residents of this
State, bhall be enrolled in the mili
ana perform military duty," 4o , ic.
An actapproved July 10. 1840. nrr! irl.il,
disgraces the statute book of Ohio, enacted that nil
acisana parts ot acts winch "enforce nny special
disabilities, or confer any special nriviWnn .,n
account of color, is hereby repealed ; excevt tho
ll.A O.l. I..I- IQ'JI . i . .
' "io nitiuij, icoi, relating 10 Junes, nnd
act of tho 14th of March. 1831. fur thn roli..(
tne poor. l rue wisdom, ns well ns sound pol
icy, dictate thnt, between the fundamental princi
ple of nny government and the subseouent r.,n.
tutional legislative enactments, there should bo a
perfect consistency. Does this consistency biIki
between the Bill of Rights lound in the first Article
the constitution, and the above prohibitory
clause and laws ? And whv this sinm. rlo,,,.;.
from the true principles of governmental pol
icy? Why are we denied the invaluable riifht of
iitmii iiuuuiiiae a r:gm inestimable tu every
freeman, and 'formidable to tyrant only?' Do wc
aid in supporting the government? Are we
taxed? And elm'.l not taxation and represen
tation bo co-extensive? If we bear Ihe burdens
government, shall we not enjoy it benefits?
Shall men (it in counsel on our right, and collect
disburse our money and shall we have no
voice in their election ? Remember, that our revo
lutionary father long sine decided that "taxaticn
without representation i tyranny."
But why are we denied enrollment in the nnli
Have we proved ourselves enemies to our
country ? Have notour father stood side by side
with your father, in the battle, of the revolution
V h,'r' of 1813? Wa. not the fir.t bmod
shed in th revolution that of Crispu Attuck. a
j colored mini 7 lid the blacks not figli
"ties of this country, in nil iho battle
it for the lib-
I lit,. IT -1 -
glory to tho Awcrican arms 1 And were not tho
tree colored nun nf Louisiana praised ly Oemrul
Jikson for their bravery mid pntriotinn in that
glorious Mrtiggle nt New Orlonns, which envn im
mortality to the Klh cif January? Then why is
, J . ""!" ''""""led in the rimh Ani. le i f
ine vonamution r Are we obiecls t3 bo fciired,
or are we 1 1 l e hated, on account of color, nnd our
rinlits to bo curtailed to satisfy an unnatural preju
dice growing cut of our relation to the Ciudish
system of American ulnvers
M o ncod not multiply words to convince you of
us ...jui-iuo nnu iiinumnniiy in excluding colored
hi ii iiuiii me uury-nox, nnd the untortunate color-
ed pnupcrs from the poor house", supported
part, by the taxes of colnri'il r-itiypr.it. IImw
wo ho tried by a jury of our peers w hen our equals
poimoaiiy are denied tho right of fitting tn the
jury J And what can ba more unjust than to tnx
colored people for tho support of the poor, when
they nre excluded from tho benefits arising from
uch taxation ?
Now.fcllow-citizer.s, the.o arc lo us f rc-emiiient-ly
lmportmt considerations. Wo nre Buffering
under wrongs nnd burdens onerous to be biirno.
Here, in the free State of Ohio, wo see you enjoy
ing tint which is better than life-unrcstrnincd
liberty whilo wc nro shut out from the enjoyment
oi us glorious uenelits.
A ...i i i i ...
...... u nouiu at you, in tho name
in Humanity, in the pan e of liberty, in
too nemo or nil that is eacred nnd dear
to mnn upon earth, to remove thepo unreasonable
prohibitions take from ournocks tho yoko of des-
(..,, u rrsioreio us our natural nnd inalien
able right. You nre the sovereign people. You
possess" tho power to niter or repeal nny law,
whether legislative orconstitutionnl, nnd especially
when such law is destructive of tho rights of the
people. Then, whilo you ere enjoying your own
liberty, remember thofo in l,m,H ".i l. .,,.) - ;.i.
them ; and whatsoever ye would that men should
do unti you, do ye even so unto them.
U. II. Lanuston,
John Hook, Committee.
iioiiv r. harp,
W. B. FtncERsox,
Rev. Samuel J. May of Syracuse rocontlv doliy
crod one of the lectures in the Boston courso on
Slavery. It seems hi address was not at all taste
ful to the pro slavery conservatives of that city.
lrobahly they will bo better pleased when the
time comes for the address nf tho Kentucky or
South Carolinin orat irs to laud tho institution mil
ts chief hand'mnid, tho prosent Union. The fol-
owir.g is the notice of the lecture bv the Boston
An Anti-IScneficinl T.cMiii-a A'.;.,! U,
Rev. 8. J. May at tho Tremont Temple, last even
ing. Its composite elements were severe, partial
...iu uiijuoi cimciBins upon tne lathers ot Urn dev
olution, and tho statesmen w ho formed tho Consti
tution, united to extravagant laudations of the
great 'Apostle of Liberty.' Win. Lloyd Gairison.
The men who went through nn eight years' war for
principlo, perilling their lives and fortunes, were
pronounced selfish, nnd tho motives of their self-
Kiel nice impugned. Jheir intentions, according
ing to tho lecturer, were worse than their declara
tions, j-ven tho character of tho peerless Wash
ington was so attainted that the 'rising sun of freo-
uiiiii wouiu not wholly remove tho stain. It is
uuo io i.-io nuuience to state that these outrageous
rciiuuicms were recencd with the silent contempt
A very elaborate sketch of the public career of
uiurioii was given, it, chanced to Le the for
tunoof the lecturer to hear tho first wnti-Blavery
address of the 'great agitator,' in Boston. Ho pre
dicted at timo Mr. Garrison would reform thn
world to a greater extent than t.ny other man since
Jesus Christ. It is to bo presumed subsequent
events have confirmed tho opinion. Tho address
overflowed with similar absurd and shameless ideas
concealed, however, under a mask of tho choicest
language, nnd urged in the most winsomo nnd
pi .-sunive manner. When reference was made to
i dissolution of tho Uniun as tha
for the North, nn ominous i ilence prevailed through
out the large hull. Wo were glad to see this, and
uiur may nil malcontents who seek to weaken the
bonds that unito our powerful confederacy bo ever
met by tho pooplo of the North.
THE MURDERED SLAVE AT MAYSVILLE.
Week befori last wo published an account of
the awful murder committed on Thanksgiving eve
ning nt Maysvillo Ky., by. a couple of drunken
rufliavs who when sober desire to be called gen
tleman. They were in want of mrc liquor. The
bar'keeper could not bo found. A solored man,
a slave was found sleeping. To nwakon him they
emptied the contents of their campheno lamp on
his hair and whiskers and set it on fire.
A Maysvillo Correspondent of the Tribune under
date of Jan. 1st, speaking of the article we have
before published, suy :
"The following extract from tho Cincinnati Com
mercial, winch is tho only publio notice that
nas been taken in nny rorm of tho awful tragedy
that was was enacted here neither of the payors
published in this city having given the slinhcst ac
count in tne mailer, believing, doubtless, that
so email nn nffair ns burning a slavo to death bv
,w.r o ri.n.,L.,.:.: i- i .. .J
....jw. i. ...,i,m.i oiiS nunc is not worm pub
lishing. Iho facts set furth in tho Commercial nro true,
and are put in the mildest form, for it was a delib
erate act of torture; flagitious beyond all precedent
ending in death after two weeks of sufforinu on the
I'm vi um ileum; moeii me parties wero on a
drunken frolic, and, ns tho world goes, were quite
"respectable." No cxnininntion of the cln-o,,,.
stance had taken place, nor will there be nny. the
..I .1. I'..! .1.. I .1 .- . . .
uiuiivv oi mo menus oi me parties, together with
the ollicial rclativo of one of them, being amply
sufficient to protect them.
They carry their heads as high as if nothing hnd
happened, and talk about tho amount they had to
pay the owner of tho slave ns rather expensive,
considering it wa dono for a bit of fun 1
Is not this a crcditablo state of things, nnd it is
not one more powerful illustration of tho beauties
Slavery? Can't you get some of your Northern
"Divines" to preach in luvor of the system from
this text? Yours,
Maysmllc, Jan 1. 1855. ABERDEEN.
Ah Exultation. The Cincinnati Times, the
most rabbid South American organ in Ohio, is quite
extacics over what it considers, nnd probably,
wilh truth, the triumph of the pro-slavery party
the Into Knos-Nothing Convention in Columbus.
It publishes the following paragraph i
"Sam Ahead of Samuo. The result of bi
American Convention nt Columbus. held this week
one of the most erutifyins that the American
Ohio could h.vo hoped for. Fusion is an i nH
Sam reigns supreme. Spooncr was handsomely
disposed of, and in Ford Americans have a man
can trust. All hail to Sam 1"
Slavery alwny "disposes" of everybody who
does not servo it with singleness of heart. North
ern KnowNothing evidently understand their duty
tins particular nnd nro doing it faithfully by
d.eposing of President Spooner and honoiing Lieu
tenant Uov. rord. He u deemed reliable for Sla
very. Most likely the Time is not mistaken in
The Cape of Booth A Wisconsin paper ayr:
Mr. Booth intimate that he shall nay no atten
w hatever to the trial of himself thnt ie an
nounced to come off at Washington. He ha been
dincharged by the Supremo Court of the State, and
U. S. Court ha only taken possession of the
case, by sorer assumption. Unless State Rirrhu
a ( bimcrt, that cato is settled.
ANSWER TO QUIZ.
Due thanks to Qi for hi. partial approval cf
the circular over my signature, and not less for his
Hegarding Ihe "parenthetical" suggestion, l!
II ey very little at this time, nor Is it needed,
r if he Lclieve. as I du, that we aro launched in-
wooden clouchs .'
warmed more people, and turned up more soil than
modern improvements in those articles have done.
or will soon do. Time honored tanclion is eomin
into disuse. Speed it on
to life with equal natural rights, if those we now
call rights are unequal, thore must be a cause fur
iho existing inequality, and if that cause is in na
ture, then nuture must conflict with itself. I know
of tho inequalities, und am inclined to attribute
them to a departure from nature; but it may be
prematuro to enter cn a labored discussion from a
mero suggestion, though I should not bo averse to
it, if I believed it perfumed to tho main subject,
which is a thorough practical cducntion fcr all
without regard to class, col?r, sect or sex.
On the spelling question I know not what to say
for the simple reason that self evident truth is un
demoiiBtrablo. Ho who docs not perceive nt a
glance, that 50,000 words srelkd with characters
whoso names and powers nre the same, nnd which
iievsr vary, is prcfernWo to a systems of signs
wnose names nnd powers are to different thnt the
consonant portion enter not iu'o nny word, has
novcr looked beyond Authority. Why does Qui
tell us of tho writers who have used our orthogra
phy for centuries? Would their thoughts have
been less valuablo if transmitted thr.ugh a medi
um less perplexing tu them, and more intelligible
tousr iivo plated stoves, and
With regard to Grammar, I hnvo no 'Substitute'
to offer. I suppose I have owned near a scoro of
substitutes, haviuc bought a copy of everv nnn-
treatise t-n the sul ject, for many years, hoping at
every purchase, 1 should find something rational
and instructive something tnfed in natural fit
ness, but I novcr found it. Murray said thnt to
Walk, Run, Swim nnd Fly, were neuter verbs be
cause they had no object. Comly said they were
Active, but Intransitive, because they hnd no ob
ject. Murray approved the correction, ond subse
quent compilers adopted Comly' Transitive nnd
Intransitive system. There .ave been divers chan
ges in nrrnngemen', phraseology ic, w ithout nny
ndvance in structural knowledge. He who reflects
on the character of words whether names of things
Actions, i roprietics Sc., will perceive that they
arc an arbitrary, have no natural
I nm forced to the conclusion that grammar, ns
tnnght any where is a mass of verbiaee. of cour
that the time and thought bestow id on the sul ject.
is sneer waste. Jf wo wero all Mcthusalems. i
might be oxousabja; but threo score and ton years
uo not moro than sullice to learn the Useful.
Will it not be granted lhat tho shortest road fall
oilier things Leing equal) is the best?
As scienco and nrt lead to new discoveries, there
must bo new words to represent them. In our
language somo sny there are fifty, nnd others that
there nre eighty thousand words. Early, perhaps,
the necessity was felt of abbreviating forms of ex"
prcssionjhcnce Adverbs Conjuncticns,tc,licncc too,
the Regular verb. More of this kind of work needs
i . i , , ,
to oo uone, nnu would soon be done, were it not
tor tho spirit of conservatism, which frequently
fails to discriminate between things intrinsically
good, and thoso which have no other merit than
usage sanction of the past.
ln our language there is no use for more than
!... . r l r . i .
..u . iuiiuuii iui cucn oi me persons, x ins can
not fail to bo seen when You in nddrossing the
secono person serves equally for Nominative and
Ulijectivo case. It tho same, without confusion, o
what is better, without possibility of erring. Thu
declension would be superseded.
There is no possible use in a changed form of
mo verb to suit tho different persons. This is ob
vious from tho fact thnt in the Imperfect past the
regular verbs arc uniform. Nothing need be said
to provo that Irregular verbs outrago common
Sonse. i,X. 1 CO. 1 Went. I had nnnn
The foregoing changes adopted, the ballance of
grammar may be written on a ehect of paper.
No doubt this will bo pronounced wild innova
tion. ish it may, and that some competent era-
marian would assail it with earnestness, nnd seve
nty, it such be his taste. -
The invitation is general, but nn especial eve is
turned to Salem from the knowledge that in it arc
thoso who nre expert nnd profound in construing
Tho invitation is not irivnn rVr,m
n - ..v.... wiiu-
dence in my ability to sustain even a good cause,
but from the importance of having the minds ni
thinkers directed to tho subject.
For the Bugle.
WORDS BY THE FIRESIDE.
Girls, whilo I fit a patch over tho heel of this
sioi, li tsn to mj. Iii-st, loik at this natch.
is one of tho modern improvements. My moth
w hen she finished knitting a pair of socks, (she
j i....t , .... v
uu a amuing sneam.j always "ran" tho heels
with needle and yarn. Now I fit on this cloth
nnd when it is worn by a heavy boot it is easily
renewed. I gained dcxteri ty for this operation by
preliminary training in drawing and flower-painting.
Do any of you who are taking such lessoos
promise yourselves never to mend unmentionables
wash dishes? Yes, wash dishes one thousand
one times in a year. It will mar your nails
toughen your hands. Perhnps ycu think it
must be a prison-like confinement to be house
keeper. May be you sny that you will rather
choose a singto lifo, command your own timo and
engage in difforent pursuits. Very well, but don't
forget that if you have no one to care for aside
from elf the foundation nnd well springs of your
..can. win ory up and leave you at the mercy of
.corcning lire ot selfishness. I once thought
leing a spinster, but having changed my rnFnd
see mnuers in another aspect.
It certainly is not very sentimental to wash the
brick, and mend the fire, but the magnetio power
tho heat coming from thence is life giving to
bodies, nnd by its expansive power diffuses
thought and gonial good feeling through our ciicle.
wttti tins thought I bring this wood chocrfullv. and
never mind the lichen that stick on my lcve. or
splinter that hurts "my hand.
Didn 1 1 use to despise "cat holes." When I
came to nve in a house that had one I had it coy-
but kitty made a strong effort and camo in.
the morning I was moditating a more impreg
nable fortification against puss, when in she cli-
came to the baby and kissed hi hand w ith
horpink nose and lay down at his feet with a self
assured purr. Kitty was alsoa good house-servant
he wa allowed a free pas through the ob
ncxiou north-east "cat hole" all winter. Who
affirm that a eompnuionable cat has no good
Mis Emma Lanthe, I heard yousav "how the
0ro)n have to cook- They spend tlmir live mi I
king pastry and boiling dinners. It don't lecm
possible for n woman of intellect to undertake
d always sanctifies the means,
means nre good. Let ui ask
,"""UJ'8 '"J n
..V ?, e"
Miss Emma, if the i
' , , . nd of this cooking and aatin
! T. than the building
i f "m""r.tal The outward man recciv.
r ft a !-
and appropriates the elements which are to perfect
at.. .... at. ( . "
i.iu ii.rm oi me inner man. see baby Frank yon.
dcr. He is trying to drown my voice in the noise
of nn oration which he professes to hare found on
a cornor of a newspaper in his hand. Don't yoa
suppose that the piece of light bread nnd churned
butter, w hich he cat a awhile ago, fed the humor
that twinkles in his eye, gave power to hie lungs
nnd depth to his wee thoughts? You know it
If you rclloct my young friend, you will perceive
that, howovcr distasteful of themselves household
duties may be, and however low a grade of intellect
may wholly live a household life, their perform,
once is cumpntiblo with tho most clevatod aim.
But mind you, if I do intend to cultivate some
whnt, thnt cleanliness which is provcrbinlly nex
to Godliness, nnd strive to make a cheerful bqme
for the care worn and for the light-hearted wbn
como to its henrth-stone it wont prevent my
speaking in meeting, of course not.
I have been of that mind for years, but last night
after reading Mrs, Swisshelm on woman' voice
I blew out tho candle, (I often do that, because dim
" . . "7- "J '-''' ana nlso saves tal-
I . "10 n'aUcr- on ,h! "
I " - ,l,Pcn tllat "-omen give dramatic readings,.
"rpl". " ,".e "'"S nnd 1,1 11,0 conccrt "- Ther
delight to listen that monotonous voice need a
cultivation nnd therefore, believe it is the duty of
thoso who will, to use their voice, nerve-shocking
though they bo, until tho schools of elocution and
eloquenco will be gladly thrown open to us. But
this talk of hers is libellious and it leave the read,
er with an impress that it is comparatively delight
fulto listen to all men who address the public
when tho fact is that they fail in nirreeablon...
often ns the rest of mankind. A marked charao
tenstic of nn accomplished woman is the grac
nnd distinctness with which she nddresse a large
.assemblage of guests. In all tho usage of good
breeding and interchange of sentiment n publio
meeting should be considered a social gatliering in
moro extended form, then w hy is it not an accom
plishment of the highest order to bo able to addres
such nn nndience.
There is a diversity of gifts, some have a gift to
speak, somo to writo and somo to work. Let not
her thnt hath one speak contemptuously of the gift
which another hath. Mind that girls.
Angola 1355. A.E.L.R.
To the Editor of the Euyle :
That no one may got wrong impression froia
remarks in tho Buglo of last week, we would state
that nil petitions of the following form are to be,
when circuit, ted, returned to Adeline T. Swift,.
Elyria, Lorain Co., Ohio. It is thought best by
some that there should be more than on form
To the Senate nnd House of Representative of
the State of Ohio:
The undersigned citizens of the State of Ohio,
respectfully n-k. that immediate measure. m. h.
taken to have the words If Aita and ATatm .-..J
from our State Constitution.
To tho Scnato and IIouso of Representative, of
tho State of Ohio:
Tho undersigned citizen of the State f Ohia
respectfully ask the repeal of all laws. reeardin-
properly, rights nnd the guardianship of children,
.IH..I uiu&u uisuuciion on account of
ADELINE T. SWIFT.
Printers in Office. The Ohio Lesislature hi.
been bountiful in dispensing its office. Soma
thrco or four have been remembered. Amonr
them Mr. Ilowells, of tho Ashtabula Sentinel.
The Poet Rogers. Rogers tho British Poet di.d
recently in the niuoty-sixth year of his age. Be
sidos his poetic famo, Mr. Rogers was known m.m.
ono of the richest bnnkcrs of London.
RALPH WALDO EMERSON.
Ralph IValdo Emerson, w ill deliver one of
Lectures of the Salem Courso. on Thur.daT th.
31st inst. Mr. Emerson is ono of the most remar
kable men of tho ago. A thorouch scholar.
found nnd original thinker; he has already acquir
cd a w.irld-wido reputation as a writer and an ora
tor. Ho has the benevolence and independence tn
givo his aid to important reforms of the age, on.
popular though they mny be. We arc sure the ci J
zeno of Salem nnd the surroundine countrv will
suffer no ordinary occurrenco to prevent their Ha
tening to him on this occasion.
Of the Managers of the Western Anti-Slavery Fair.
The net receipts of tho Western Anti-Slr.
Fair nro three hundred nnd fifty-eight dollar,
about seventy dollars advance on any former oca-
Our ctock of fancy goods was nbundnnt tha .nn.
ninf ,i ., . r
j . mi cnoruny consiuerea usetui, wa
limited. Contributions of good were received
from Cincinnati, Boston, riiiladelphia.from friend
Marlboro, New Lyme, Short-Creek,"
New Garden, New Brighton, Columbiana, Mt.'
Union, Randolph, Edinburgh, Canfield and Saletaj
Small contribution of goods and money were ti
ceivtd from individuals in various place. Va
cannot acknow ledge specifically the contribution
entrusted to our care but it give u. great plea,
ure to report that there wore no useless or unsale
able articlos and that the stock of good remain
ing unsold is Ies than it ha Icon for some yean
past, and w ill be available for tha next Fair. Tha
committee tender tlieir greatful and kindly thanks
all who have made the Fair a medium of contri
bution to the Anti-Slavery Cause.
On behalf of the Committee.
Wisconsin Tho Legislature organized on tha
Coles Uashford demanded possession nt tha .
ecutive Office from Ex-Gov. Barstow. Tho latter
declined rendering possession. The cast i before
Indubitable proof i now in the band of tho
proper officer., showing that in ten counties io tbo
Stuto Euryed Retui ns wero made of out thousand
hundred and ninety fict votes, in favor of Bar.
stow, and in four counties, vote, for Ba.hford wero
illegally rejected, to the number of tun kuadrtA
Do:nor in Congress Senate. Jan. 14 Nath.
Hoube. Jan. 14. Nothintr of interest. Soma
ballots for Speaker, but no approximation toward