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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, January 26, 1856, Image 2

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THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE.
OUTRAGE IN LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY.
By the accompanying account, which we copy
from tho Cincinnati Gazette, it seems we have no
need to go to Kansas or Missou-i to find Border
Ruffians, Mid at their appropriate work. Mr.
Joseph Brady funncrly from this State, Lot been
tor two years a resident of Kentucky. Recently
be wroto a letter which was published at Oxford
Whin. On hi reception at Lexington Mr. Brady
was dismissed from his employment personally
assaulted and outraged by it mob and eventunlly
o.mipclled to flee from the State to save bis life.
T be letter which was made the occasion of these
(utitigi-s is as follows :
CHRISTMAS—SALE OF SLAVE.
LEXINGTON, KY., Dec. 25,1855.
Ma. Editor Christmas has come around
ngain. It is a great day here, (perhaps I should
say ie.ck,) especially for two classes slaves and
school iliiMrm. Most of tho former have that
ilay ns n hulidriy, uniny li lve n portion of two or
three days, and some of them have a whole week j
too U'ter in most placai in tins Btato have
b week, sometimes including Now-Yoai's I'ny.
The former, at thU place and in a few of the
cities mi l towns where they have churches, bold
lairs to fit them up, or to pay their pastor, if they
have ft regular one, a happens to be the case in
ne church in this city, w here n man w ho claims
vi bo the "master" of nn' intelligent negro, rents
bis "nryiicrtv" to thcin nt two hundred and fiftv
' ilollars per year, to preach to them ihq everlasting
jXt'Sjicl of tho I'rinco of Peace, though he could not
Hire mm as b laborer tor more than loll.
The free negroes and many of the slaves join in
; these fairs, and generally have a jolly time. They
have rakes, fruits, lemonades, ico-cream, toys, io.
Most of these articles are obtained upon the condi
tion, that, if" not sold, they can be returned. They
jut high prices on them, as is common in such
jjlacos, and, I suppose, recoive most of the profits.
jiorha.;w itU. la the omintry and small towns, they
uave no seporaie cnurones, hut tie lew who attend
i reik.-hing occupy galleries in the other churches.
'Avery small portion of those in the country attend
meeting nt all.
For the reasons named, Christmas is regarded as
a great festival occasion. Everything fur sev
eral weeks previous visits, commencing or leav
ing school, changing of residence, tc, are re
, ferrcd to Christmas as the day of days, or week of
weeks.
Christmas was celebrated in tho Episcopal and
Catholic churches. 1 have just returned from at
tending the service of the former. Both these'
churches regard tho day with much veneration,1
and well they may.bcing the supposed anniversary
of tiic birth of our Saviour, of him "who spake as
never man spake," whose wibdom and righteous
,ness was aboie that of all men, and who gave hira
i.clf a sacrilice for the sins of guilty humanity, so
that all w ho would come unto him might have eter
ral life. To hear of this Saviour we assembled
Although it was so great an anniversary, and the
expected pretence of the Bit-hop was announced,
yet but a lew persons were scattered over the sane-j
tuary. Notwithstanding the small attendance, all
the ceremonies of that denomination were faithful
ly rehearsed. These wore followed by a short.but
very elegant discourse, on tho birth, life, and
Icath of our Saviour. The prophecies in relation
to his coming into the world, his holy life, and vic
. torions death were repeated, the actual verification
of theso prophecies in his real life and character
Max dwelt upon j and the noble sentiments which
Jie had ottered, and the rules of conduct which he
laid down for the observance of his followers, were
.made the subject of comment. In conclusion, the
Minister, on behalf of himself and congregation,
.in loud strains, thanked our Father in lleven, that
,he had given to .the world bis only begotten son to
die for sinners; that he had cast our lots in a
, christian land : aud especially, that had cast them
in the most enlightened community in all the earth,
where peace, liberty, happiness, and christian priv
ileges are vouchsafed to all.
We listened attentively, wondered that so few
were present, ami regretted that more were not in
attendance, to learn the extent of our blessings,
'and to rjreive upon their minds a still more forci
ble impression ot the beauty and excellence of the
sontiments uttered by the second person of the'
udorabla Trinity.
. Ad invocation to tho Father. Son.and Iloly Spirit
.that their blessings might rest upon us, closed the
..exercises, and we went forth, in thoughtful mood,
. reflecting on that maxim of our Saviour, "What
soever ye would that men should do to you, : do ye
even so to them," which is said to contain the
essence of all our duties to our fellow men, and on
hose two commandments on which wo learn"hang
all the law and the prophets ; " (see Mat. xii and
sxii, 34, 40.) Scarcely had we preceeded two
squares ere our footsteps were arrested by a crowd
ot men on the sidewalk, so dense that ladies could
not pass, but wero compelled to cross to the next
sidewalk, pass round, and re-cross Leyond tboin, in
orJer to get into their pathway.
Curiosity at beholding acrowd so much denser
than at the church attracted my attention, and led
me to halt a moment, when lot there came to my
ars the hoarse notes of an auctioneer, selling a
ferlor creature, a human being to the highest
iiddec. " ,
Never were my feelings so much shocked.
.Though 1 had before witnessed the horrid specta
olo tf the sale of a human being, yet, unon this
day, commemorative of such an event as can rever
ho known again on earth the birth of the immac
ulate and only Son of God and after such a dis
course as that to which we had listened, to witness
"deed, so revolting atany time to the feelings of
wiy one in the loast degree imbuod -with christian
philanthropy, and so contradictory to every precept
of Him for whom the day has been named, it was
really shocking beyond description ; and to hear
...a i.ubLiunuci cituii;, wiiii stentorian voice, only
81,283 is bid for this boy," "a fine, likely 'niqqer'
fioing for 14285," "must be sold to tho Aioie.
tidiiti:" It. disgusted and shocked me beyond
measure. It was almost enough to make one
ashamed that he belonged to a race ef beings that
couiu so prey upon ineir species. -
Oh ! what a contrast was this scene, almost at
the door of the church, to what we micht have ex
pected of that community of which we had just
hoard so favorable an Recount. If this scene was
thought to be in accordance with the christian
chaructcr.and the minister had such scenes in view
'.when speaking in such high terms of the commu
nity, (as he must have had.) I wondered, as the
"hour euited, after the sermon, and before the toene
. diction, tho minister being auctioneer. Perhaps,
however, tliey knew that they could not cet such a
crowd there as they wanted, and therefore, they
came to the way leadingupto the Temple of Justice,
-(8) called.)
Oh I how I w ished for a Paul to stand np before
mem, at ine entrance ot tins temple,and"reason to
them as to Felix, of righteousness, of temperance.
nnd of judgement to come." Like Felix, they must
have "trembled" at this reasoning ; bat, like him,
thoie who could be guilty of such an act ot inhu
manity, witn an the lights of the 19th century
learning upon them, would probably answer, "Go
thy way fur this time ; when I have no more slaves
to sell I will call for thee." J. B.
Since putting the above in type, we have found
In the Cimmejteiui the lullowiug
.
a
STATEMENT OF MR. BRADY.
This gentleman eallod on to request that some
corrections of the statement of the outrage as it
appeared in tU Louisville paper. (boull be made.
The etory of the Courier was, he said, unjust to the !
citizens. f Lexington and himself, and be then
proceeded in a very ealm manner todetail the facts.
On Friday night last, about nine o'clock, while he
was at his rooms in the house of a friend, there was
a knock at the door, and a colored boy appeared
and said that the chairman of the school committee
wished to see Mr. Brady. Mr. B. thought the sum
'rnous strange and unsuspectingly went to the door,
when he was seized and dragged through the front
yard to the street, there being not more than seven
nr eight persons engaged in the work of violence.
If. w-jk. .miiv. ul st.w,M nr. tl.tnlr 1... Ii. .
the victim of some queer practical joke, yet he did
net know who could presume to take such liberties
with him. When he was in the street be was
thrown down, sod then beean to call for helD.when
ine of the ruff. -me told him that if he did not shut
Jjisioouth hut throat would be cut. IU still eon- j
tinucd to shout for assistance, however, and was
then severely choked. No one answered to his
cries for help, and some of the hair was turn from
1.1. .-.I .u- 11 . ... . r 1 I I.
... rv.nii, nnva iiivu nvuiiiu quaintly vi uiiiuk iihiiii
.iKkahi ..tT. " ; . 'm a w.
do nM-L .:,r1 0,'t '0, cd
sflhl' H. h. !-.. "? e"dc!My '"r0. '". "JS
wosiis-d. A. tl.. mm. l.. i., l, .Vo,i
i ... . .
Mr. Bradv had been in KentnrW nl.ont two rears
and had been for nma lims nit lrinpinnl nf Mm-
School No. 1, citr of Lexington, vl.ore lio hnd
.1 1 V. i r T ' . i I i
ven the utmost satisfaction. He was one of the
iumi University ernduntinc class of 1C48. and
has numerous friends in southwestern Ohio, who !
can testify to the excellence and purity tf his
character, and to his conscientious deportment as
a Christian.
He informed us that he was not what he under
stood to be meant by an Abolilioiii.it, but he was an
Emancipationist. He believes slavery to be a sin
and an evil to the country, and csneeinllv iierni-i
cious to the people among whom it prevails, and
had very often so exproscd himself in Lexington,
and elsewhere in Kentucky, but had never urged
a negro to flee for freedom, or attempted in any
way to make one dissatisfied with his lot. On tho
contrary, while he claimed the right to express his
sentiments freely when among his peers, be rigor
ously avoided meddling with the "peculiar institu
tion." Saturday mornine he was told that the School
Committee wished to see him. and be walked to
their office, nnd there met them. They all ex
pressed very much regret at the outrage, hoped
that he was not very much hurt. etc.. but told him
that it was understood that he was the author of
the Oxford letter, as they called it, and that, as
there was a strong feeling existing against hint in
the community, tho best thing that he could do
would be to resign nnd leave. He acknowledged
having written the letter, and asked w hether he
had not frankly stated to them nis views re
garding slavery before he had been employed, and
i : J it I ; j .. i
uiuu buiu ini ii no remninca among mem lie
must be at liberty to hold and speak his opinions.
And they all gave assent. He then asked them
whether he had not most faithfully served them as
teacher, having disciplined nud made useful a
school that before his time had been disorderly.
tne uoys being so bad that they had driven two
teachors away. And the Committee agreed that
be had been a good teacher. One of the Commit
tee told him that he thought it very iniudicious and
wrong for him to have written as he did when ho
had been well received, and was "living oil " ofi
tho people of Lexington. Mr. Brady replied that
neaio not con less 10 Doing unoer any obligations
to them, as he considered that he had gi en them
value received, and more. But all this was not to
the point. He must either resign or bo dis
missed, lie therefore wrote bis resignation as
follows :
l ,' ?t'0"1 h", , ev "ld 10 Ve" cdnfllU
leTterr- S.l'h ... hj i t r r T' 1 1
le,eH Sucb .M h9. "elation of bis great,
ih. hi.ZkhnTg . I,0US0."? u"c0VVeUi
sonallv iP a Honing W '1, " , '
sneedfl "''lof
? i T 1 MV !"W 1 '
! J f. 1',' T I
.ewmffi?
drl-dfufite
and rflS iLln r in it f !?l KimwI
ri taZKl S T?i
yT.1?MtM jn.d.,c',M ''O 01
I
;
i
LEXINGTON, KY., Jan. 12th, 1856.
ScJiool Committee, City of Lexington.
Gentlemen : Learniag that an unpleasant feel
ing existed in this community in consequence of
cortain opinions expressed by moon the subject of
slavery, and bcingTinwilling to remain as a teach
er in any community in wh-ch my services are not
entirely acceptable, I hereby resign my position
as Principal of Morton School, No. 1, city of Lex
ington. JOS. BRADY.
This was Instantly and unanimously accepted.
By this time a large crowd, composed of rowdy
men and boys, had collected in the street, and the
sapient Committeemen told him he must not go out
through tne iront but must take the back door, lor
he would not be safe if he did not dodge the crowd.
Mr. Brady told his advisers that he was not con
scious of having harmed ony one, and that the
mob was, he knew, able lo do with him as they
pleased, that if they thirsted for his blood, they
could take it, but he intended to walk out at the
front door like an hocest man, and leave the con
sequence to others. But theCommittoe insisted
that he should not do so. At last the controversy
was ended by the crowd hearing that ho was at
tempting to make his escape by the back way, and
rnshing, with the exception of a few boys, to in
tercept him. The school Committeemen then
urged him out at the front door, and advised him
to leave the State as quickly as possible, for his
life wonld not be safe if he remained in town. He
met one or two persons on the street, whom he
knew, and they told him to make haste away, one
of them remarking that if he did not make tracks
lie I ore night, Ins skin would not hold corn-husks.
He was told, however, that his wife would be al
lowed to stay a day or two to arrango his business.
lie made the best ot his way to this city, and yes
terday was joined by his wife. His pocket-book
had been dropped at the post-office in Lexington,
and contained this affectionate littlo epistle :
Mr. Bradv : You must have town in twenty-
four hours, or your ears will come next. Your
pocket-book was picked up accidentally.
BLACK INDIANS.
The persons who assaulted Mr. Brady wore
black masks, or bad blacked their laces, and Air.
B. has rot the remotest guess as to who any of
them are. Mr. B. is not disposed to be disheart
ened at his misfortune, and is apparently in prin
ciple, thought, word and action, a non-resis'iuit
and a Christian one, who if smitten on one cheek
would turn the other. He is nn accomplished
teacher.nnd an amiable and inoffensive gentlemen,
and as he is out ot a situation, and proposes to
maxe nis home ncreatter where men and thought
are free, v e suggest to those who may need the
services of such a man, to apply by letter, direct
ing communications to this city. Mr. Brady in
sists that the members of the School Committee
treated him, personally, in a gentlemanly manner,
but feels that his life would not be safe for an hour
in Lexington. From several circumstance) that we
have not mentioned, that Mr. B. detailed to us, the
conclusion seems inevitable, that a system of es
pionage bad for some time been carried on at the
Post Office, in reference to him, nnd that it was
through this that his trouble originated. But Mr,
Brady does not yet make any accusation against
the postal management, further than than to say
that there was a peculiar irregularity in the pas
sage from place to place, of letters directed to and
those written by him, and the newspapers that
were sent to bun. generally appeared to nave been
pretty well handled. In conclusion, we must do
Mr. Brady the justice to say, that the notoriety
which this affair has given him, is very painful to
him, and that we believe the letter to the Oxford
Citizen was written in all simplicity of heart,
without a thought of harming or offending any
one.
From the Liberator.
SPEECH OF MR. GIDDINGS.
Mr. Giddings made a straight-forward, effective
and manly speech in tne V. b. House or itonreeen-
tatives. Dee. 18th, on the 'Organization of the
llguse,' in the course of which he recommended
the substitution of principles for party names; re
buked all sectional feelings in Congress; revealed
the true character and design of the factious mi
nority of Democratic representatives, who are for
organizing theilouse on no other than a stave basis;
spoke ot tbe popular condemnation which bad
been so signally metea out to tnosewno voted for
the Nebraska Bill the Democratic members of
that body having been reduced, in twelve
mouths, from one hundred end fifty le revtnty-
rour, from a triumphant ana dominant major
ity to feeble and inefficient minority; affirmed the
God-given right of every man to liberty; defended
the organ of the House on the basis of freedom;
drove his Southern interrogators to the wall, and
confounded their speech; asserted the right of the
slaves to defend themselves to the last extremity
against their masters; denounced slaveholding as
'the vilest despotism, tbe most perfect tyranny fbatj
."embers. 1 desirS to hear them speak M,lh,
"'"T lk to give utterance to their hones
...' ' v ,......- .B,i nVllW
their doctrines with disguise, and 1 would say 'o'
'' not fear a dissolution of the Colon
whi,b we have benrd so many intimations this
dl'rning.
Ifcelthat thla turret tf dissolving the Ci!,.n
nt ,lie "ry threshold
"ssinn. t ha. Jong been held up as the
'rro' the 'tovW to frighten doughfaces.
eome from tho slave States. They
are .ot beard uinornr the tublic men of the five'?
ever cursed tho footstool of God;' concluding his
speech in tho following noticeable laugungc:
'I repeat, that I embrace this opportunity of
-j-,,,,1,:,,., i , uB , -
own viow,-aiid I trust the
" ""' lpullinuis nnd Christiana generally
in consequence of the unrestrained denunciation;
iterated and reiterated against us :,y the advocates
Pri om inis 'luiy. iiiuecui imo occn ica to Its
ii lNi'iiurirn ririmi ii til 1 1 v mr i n iii'iii'iii. ) hiii ri n a-
1 "c uc,er "ave ueeu ul,creu " '
. . n-i .. .... ii.ir?
' . ..!'
Voice. Did
not Mr. Sumner Uneaten to dis
solve the I'nion.
Mr. Giddings. Never, sir, never. While from
the s!ae States, from the slaveholding portion of
the Union; they have been almost constantly pro
claimed for the last quarter of a century. Even
now, the ieaijing l'cinociatic paper ol tho slave
States, the Richmond JSiiquirrr, almost daily ttuts
lortn articles calling on the pcopio ot Virginia to
i,i.l,lin nn.I !. miliiii-iiin. nf ihnl imrtii... ..f
ijr '(hi; ivi ii iiii-punii I in. i li iiiiv lull
. I - f - .1 ..l .! I .1 . .
ine l inon nre inus iirociiiuuing uiuir intention
tiling their intention to
dissolve it, they tuin round and chnrgo us of the
.urih Willi ellorts to e licet that ohject.
The frecState have ever boon ioyal to tho Union
they will remain so. They will nvt only refrain
from dissolving it, but they will not permit it to
be dissolved by the people of the slave States. It
was fouuded by our fathers; it was cemented by
their blood; nnd by nil the hallowed recollections
which cluster around their memories, we are called
on to maintain it. To those who threaten its dis
solution, wo present an unbroken phalanx. With
unwavering determination we say to thoso traitors.
poii shall not dissolve it. They should bear in mind
that we hare now the majority in this body: next
yoar, with God's blessing, we will have iheSenate.
And with the executive and legislative branches of
Government in our hands, I think we shall be nble
to main I ii in the Union, and perpetuate the institu
tions of freedom in our land, until Christianity
and Civilization, now so rapidly advancing, shall
make not only out wholo country free, but other
nations shall be led to imitate our example, and
man shall become elevated, nnd liberty shall tri
umph throughout tho world.'
Mr. Giddings says truly, that the dissolution of
tho Union has long been hold up as a scare-crow
by the South, but when he adds that the friends
of liberty had never demanded it, his statement
.n iiiiiruo, unless ne means to connne it to ins po-
mcu, associates, wno are nut compromisers at the
-i j i .. .. '.i
best.
iredemand nothing slioit o a d sso tit on.
absolute nnd i.umedinte.
The Union which
was
founded by our fathers was cemented with thn
blood of the slave, nnd effected through bis inimo-
Minion, tins iMr. Giddings will not venture to de-
uy. J o talk of maintaining it, therefore, and 'per
petuating the institutions of freedom in our land,'
and leading 'other nativns to follow our example,'
is a moral now stquitvr, and positive incoherency
of speech. To charge those who seek to dissolve
whether to destroy or to protect slavery, as
'traitors,' is n misute of terms. It is both the
natural and constitutional right of every citizen
to advocate, if ho choose to do so, the repudiation
of the present governmental arrangements, and
ine lormaiion ot nnotner conieocincy. i reason is
an oven net, and too well defined by the Constitu
tion to be confounded with tho fullest utterance
on any sul ject. It is really amusing to seo what
an enthusiastic attachment our friend Mr. Gid
dings has for a Union, in ono half of which his
life would be ii jeopardy ihe moment ho should at
tempt to advocate the right of tho slaves to immo
diate and unconditional emancipation. Such a
Union is a mockery; and instead of upholding it,
he should exert himself for its overthrow, by every
consideration of justice, humanity and frecdoKiT
h bat concord bath Christ with Belial. '
From the Providence Journal.
ZEAL OF SOUTHERN POLITICIANS FOR
THE UNION.
Everybody remembers an anccdole, long current
of a worthy citizen of Providence, who was dis
tinguished rather for tho sticngth of his theoreti
cal orthodoxy than for its practical development in
nis wuik aim conversation, and w ho held the uluco
ot committee man in one of our Baptist churches.
He had been much troubled nt the doubtful senti
ments preached by several clergymen from hroad,
who bad disturbed t'.ie even current of doctrine,
not exactly by new tenets, but by sosce new appli
cations of old nnd well Ecttled ones.
Ono day a member of the church canio to him,
and asked his consent to open the meeting-house
for a preacher from abroad, who wished to hold
forth in the evening, at early candle light. The
consent of tho other members of the committee
hud been obtained, and his only was wanting.
"I don't know," said he; "I don't know about
letting everybody that comes along into our meeting-house.
Who is this man T"
"A very worthy man, and an excellent preach
er." "I don't care about that; W U ho orthodox ? Is
he orthodox?"
"Porlcctly orthodox, one of tho regular, old
fashioned, Roger Williams B.iptif-ts."
"Well, if you are sure of "that, ho may preach;
but I have mnde up my mind, as a Christian man,
that I will not have any more of this d d false
doctrine preached in our pulpit."
The Watchful regard which some of our South
ern brethren keep over tho Union reminds us of
tho pious hero ol this anecdote. Men w ho have
been in the d,.il.v habit of denouncing the Union,
men who are sufficiently disunionists to be elected
in South Carolina ana that is about as strong a
case as can be put aro, all at once, exercised with
a wonderful regard for the Union, when anybody
except themselves, or those in the interest of their
own peculiar line of dUuuion, speaks of it in the
tone which they themselves habitually employ.
These are the meu who can see great danger to the
union uccauso tne hundred supporters ot .Mr.
Banks will not give up to a minority, but who can
praise the few mal-coutents, whose refusal to ioin
with cither party, or lo withdraw and let the two
cliitt parties tight it out, is tho real cause ot the
delay and disorganization, 'lhesemen have been
plotting and working for tho dissolution of the
Union, have proclaimed in newspapers, and in
speeches, and in political conventions, that if the
Union stood in the way ot slavory, it ought to bo
broken up; and now they pounce upon Mr.Bunks's
"let the Lmon slide," which meant about as much
as his speeches usually da.aikl hold it up as though
it was a new treason; and express their unquali
fied horror that a man should say what tbey have
been saying all the time.
,
CONGRESSIONAL WAGGERY.
In the House of Representatives last week when
the candidates were being put through their cud
cism Mr. Kennet from Missouri said:
The questions were "I should like to know of
each candidate tor tbe Speakership, including my
friend from New Jersey, whether he believes in
a future state or not? And then, provided he
answers that question affirmatively, 1 desire to
kuow whether he believes it will be a free or u slave
state?"
Mr. Ponnington replied". I am somewhat versed
in the Westminister Cutechism, and have loaned
from it that there is a luture state. I believe it.
But 1 understand that there are two states in thai
fnluro stats one the bcatifioi state, the other the
state of the damned. One is a free state; the other
is a slave state. (Laughter.) One of these stutes
is on one side of a certain line, and the other on
the other side of that lino nut exactly a enini.r:i-
mise line, I believe. (Renewed laughter.) But I
have always understood that that which I'm on
one side of the line the side on which is the
darned is the hottest; and I therefore conclude
that thai ninst must be tl.f Southern side of tho
line, (Great Laughter.) But there are thou- a ho
P ' his catechism and in. renrd t. those!
,:"u1r.e '. the North M and the South side of
j the me and pursatorv. Ho has been kind enonch
. "",,.e f us hand end loot, nn in advance!
0 l'"' ' ;lo the daik place. I would like to
I kn,,w ?r in regard to hi. catechism, whether.
when he iiiloimed us on Saturday lan, that be had
! f ? L7" "eUectonl calling," be was able to aee
of'"" ure? (fpror-ou. and prolonged
15 .
. Mr- InnlnKtnn, (rising amid great laughter.)
e gentlemen one.6 (Laugli.er.) '
J
! believe tlmt there is the third future state- that is
the stato of purgatory I Lnmrhtcr 1 Nn'w w ith
1 , f'j'0 1 '"V8 nn acquaintance, except audi as
ir , num i.ie course w purgation tnai
!f ll this House. (Ilcnewed
' "' J certain gentlemen have been
. .V"XUy here. nd I know one gen-
I , , . - , . " -j urn in rep,, ,
vi-scvt
'
SA LKM, OhIO, JAMA HI' 16, 1800.
GOVERNOR CHASE'S INAUGURAL.
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Last week we had no room to say a word about
I the inaugural address of Govornnr fhnsn whii-h tic
j then published
In reference to Ohio politics its
:,. r .e ,!
.. , ... , . .
i""l"c"J, ureviry nua lorce ot expression
argument, presents a model for all future Oovcm -
V., i. ...:n j i. i i r
ore. Xkonn wlio will read it, need be ignorant of
what our politicians mean by the tax, the represen
tative and the currency questions, nnd all can form
a pretty good idea of what is desirable in reference
to them. Tho position of the government in re
regard to slavery extension nnd the opinbns
and purposes of distinguished men in it, present
and past, nre set forth with forco and historic ac
curacy. Wo cannot however like Mr. Chase, loo'
upon the history of the past as a prophesy of good
for the future. On the contrary that bistorv-, if
Mr.Chase's plans are relied upon is only the proph
et of evil. Ho informs us it was the original pur
pose of the Government to restrict slavery to its
then limits, as a nieani for its utter eradication.
Mr. Chase's history of the facts prove that it was
ineffectual even when Slavery was in its weakness.
And yet be urges that if we can now bring the
Government back to its original purpose in this
respect get It to limit and localize slavery' now
that it has the additional vigor of more than half
a century's growth, this samo policy will abolish
slavory for us, though it has grown and strength
ened under it In all the past. SUvcry has accord-
!n to M. Plin)M, M. nrf r, ...
. . " " "v" "" "-j- --
I spue oi una poney oi tne government,
inaugurated and sustained by tho best, the most
talented nnd powerful of the fathers of the Repub
lic yet ha 'hopes' it may dwindle and consume
away if wo can but restore this policy. He gives
us no reasons for tli-s hope that is in nil good Re
publicans but yet they have it. This failure has
rosutled from the vain attempt to unite tho conflict
tng fortunes and interests of freedom and slave
ry in our government. And Mr. Chase is most
devoted a.id loyal to this attompted Union of an'
tagniisms which has wrought the failure. The
Union is a famous device to furnish offices fat
and lean lo slaveholders and unprincipled dough
faces, but what is it, what has it ever been good
for, for the protection of liberty. Governor Chase
with his perfect knowledge of its history docs
not attempt to toll. Florida, Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana.Arkansi.s, Missouri and other States pro
claim its power for slavery exteusion. WhileMahnn
and Hannaway and Williamson nnd Crandall and
Torrey nnd Lovejoy and a host of their fellow mar
tyrs can tell of its valuo for tho protection of per
sonal liberty among the stronger and oppressing
race to say nothing of tho groaning millions of
slaves. The anti-slavery positions and arguments
of the address are not for a moment to be comparod
in force and soundess to those of other political
topics discussed. .
Somo of the Republicans advocated Governor
Chase's election in order to secure a personal liber
ty bill, which should secure our citizens from the
outrages contemplated by the fugitive slave law
and from the assaults of such judicial villains as
Judgo Kane. But tho present Governor is ns si
lent on this subject as his predecessor. We hope
the Legislature may bo disposed to move iu that
direction without the Governor's promptings. Had
they boon offered they would have presented a
needed stimulus. Indeed in another particular the
message hardly comes up to the standard of Ortho
dox Republicanism, The only anti-slavery mous
uro advocated is tho check of slavery aggression
by a reinstatement of affairs as they were before
tho passage of the Nebraska bill.
It contains not ono word on that most impor
tant and valuablo of all Republican propositions,
the refusal to udmit any more new States to the
Union. If tho great body of Republicans shall
stand up manfully to this measure we shall hope
from it a degree of wholesome excitement how
ever it may terminate, at all events it is worthy of
a word of support from he foremost man of tho
party ns is Mr. Chase,
Tho address is highly complimented by the most
conservative portion of the Republican party. The
St. Louis Intelligencer also commends it as "very
mild on tbe slavery question."
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STATE COLONIZATION SOCIETY.
Wc had almost forgotten that thoro was on
Ohio State Colonization Society. But we are re
minded of its continued existence by notices in
our exchanges from tho Southern part of tho State.
From them we lean that it has commissioned two
agents to labor in its behalf, Rev. Dr. Strickland
and David Christy, nnd that a family of calored
people will leave Oxford for Liberia in the Spring
and further that the Society needs funds.
Vigorous progress this Society is making in re
moving the hatid colorod population to Liberia
When at this rate will they accomplish this work?
We should state that the man they wish the funds
to remove, is endorsed by these colonizationists.as
ao "experienced teacher, a good English Scholar
with considerable knowledge of Latin and Greek."
In the name of wonder, why docs the Colonization
Society want funds to carry off such a man with
his family? It is because the American peoplo
hate niggerB, and give tunds to the Colonisation
KuniAfv tn trims vil't ffnnd ttnltnlarH. unit ntnnriAii
ced teachers, shutting out near four millions of
j B
native born Americans from all benefits of schools
by the forms aiid penalties of law. It 'is nn this
account that we have Border Ruffians ready at a
moments warning for a raid upon Kansas or the
lynching of a school tjifcher In Lexington. We
dun't wonder that this oolored instructor proposes !
logo to Liberia after the recent experience of his j
fellow townsman (Mr. Brady) of the snmo profess.
ion. Schoolmasters are but poorly encou.-aged J
in this model Republic. Virginia imprisons them.
Louisiana bni.gs them. Kentucky lynches thorn
Ohio a worthy member of the Confederacy of j
persecutors, transports then, by her Xive r0l0nizn.
tion Society. -k '. '
THE TRUE DOCTRINE.
'."n- . H . would hav he J.nrtU t. remain in the j
j ,l '" r'"''"-' ' ' 'T8 ,u ,1"" ,
'!'M.r fcl" mrn-in .,nit r.rarticinJ the h'gl"'"t
0 tlir";. c hpve divine n.ithon.y lr
"c Z''T ' "'C r-r"
I J,V tfj5 i f".'! "J''"' nnJ ,k'h;,r ,,,e,
j "l".'.1' ut of llw hand or the o.wU., Jer.
" f3- ' j'V r""r ",.d needy; v,,l ihe.n
! C1'1."' 'l!',Ti ,.WU''1, r t"'? 4 i
1 1, ' h,! i wn,V,s.,0,l,cr 'iroof , ,.C,U' A0. Ciin j
"d "1 ".'f TV, ".i'" T E"re.T
J M 1 ' n'' ' .c tfT nf ''
Herald also, lor wo bel.ovo the Tiible Society has
!
Tim "Ami-Slavery Buglo" in reply to the Pres.
byterimi Herald's charge of being a disunioiiiit
. . i . . . .. ... v . . . .i
marks as follows : ,
Hut we would Inform the Herald that aocrding
to our present light, wo sro not in favnr of dim'
u..v -i. ... im.rnio .no vsarnp o . uv
American 1 ract Society, tho Old School Presbyto-,
rian Hoard of Publication, and other publishing j
Societies, in expurgating anti-slavery sentiments i
from its issues. j
V.r.i.i.L. .v.. .1-T....1.. r. .,!
- ... v. tails' iir I1.1II II I Mil li U JIC I IIIMIIl'U
with such an increase of light that it can sob its!
way clear to preach the Bible doctrine of the abo
lition of slaverr. And we devoutly hone that the
'time may soon come when I'lsuiiionlsts and Re-
fl,u,,liL'"""'.!l,"J n11 P'fcss to bo opposed to
'hivery, w ill come to tho same light and find at
. s uG 'ZZ "in,: r 1
1 only right and practical one.
. h 1
i uc noove is irom tno independent rrcss and
Keformer. The extract credited to the Bugle is
taken from nn article we copied from the Free
Presbyterian, nnd is an expression of tho views of
that paper, nnd not of tho Bugle. Accnrding to
the light the Bugle now has, the "Bible Doctrine,"
the dnclrino of common sense nnd human experi-
c'jcnce, is, that men engaged in wrong doing should
abandon it at once nnd so fur as is possible make
possit
reparation for tho wrong of the past. Ilonce the
Bugle maintains the doctrine of immediate aboli
tion in regard to chattel Slavery. Hence too it
contends thnt tho Union, w hich is a compact be
tween the slavo claiming and non-slave claiming
States, by which the latter agreo with the former,
to maintain the wrong of Slavory, is also a griev
ous moral wrong and should bo abolished at onco,
like slavery which it supports. This we take to
be "the true doctrine" for the removal of Slavery.
nnu xccs,ng to urnv me cuirens ni ono pan i n.ai
treat romil.lio ntn.m.t ihn ..th.ir. Closes its ri,-in"nnity
i
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MESSAGE AT THE SOUTH.
President Tierces Message is "damned with
faint praise" iy Northern Democrats, and roundly
cursed by all others from that section of the Union
except the Tierce office holders. Under those cir
cumstances it is doubtless agreeable to the author
of the document to know thai it moots the appro
hution of that class of men for whom it was es
pecially intended. Tho ultra and uncompromising
slave-holders.
The Charleston Standard is loud in its praises
and backs up with enorgy the Tresidential recom
mendation for the suppression of all efforts to pro
tect personal freedom at the North. Such protec
tion is eminently dangerous to personal slavery at
the South. : The South Caroliuan gives vent to his
satisfaction as follows:
The message of tho President is all that could
be expected by tho South, as regards the institu
tion of slavery. From his position, in the highest
office in tho whole country, the entire Union must
be included in his consideration and it is suffi
cient, and all the South has over asked that what
is given her by the constitution she shall be allow
ed in quiet to enjoy. Mr. Pierce has shown the
inclination to accord this justice. He has presen
ted '.he comparison between the Northern and
Southern States in their deportment towards each
othor, aud has made the display of funatacism with
all its repulsive features.
THE INTERNAL WEAKNESS OF SLAVE
STATES.
Republican friends, and have made arrangements
for tho issue in pamphlet form of ull important
speeches that may be made during tho present
Congress, They have also engaged tho services of
a very competent German translator, with the in
and tention, should the means be afforded, to havA
Wo are accustomed to hear no small nmount.of
bluster from the chivalry of South Cvrolina. 01
course every body knows that with her slaves out
numbering her free population, the State must be
without power fur assault or even defence. The
same state of things in fact though not in degree,
exists in all the slavo States. A Carolina corres
pondent of the New York Tribune, speaking of
this stato of things, says :
When it is known that the funds in tho Treasu
ry of this Stale are inadequato to meet the do
mands of an extravagant aristocracy; that the peo
ple are already taxed beyond cudur.mce; that not
only is there n tax imposed on every article of
merchandise, but a personal tax on every white
male und on every free colored person, male and
female, whether negro, mulatto, Indian, half-breed
or (by. roccnt enactments) Egyptians, while every
slave nnd all other property ore subject to heavy
assessments. The Legislature during its recent
session have thought it necessary in almost every
particular to increase the burdens already imposed
upon the poople; nnd as it is known Mint the wholo
population of this Stato does not exceed 070,000,
with no inanulaciories to sustain them, and that
the price of cotton is low, what have the people .of
tho North, what have tho Frco Stato men of Kan
sas, to fear from the chivalry of South Carolina?
The fact is, tho Southern States feel themselves
to be in a weak and tottering condition. Tho pros
pects to tho individual planter, especially in tho
present depressed state of the cottcn market, are
not sufficiently flattering to induce him to make
great sacrifices on behalf of Slavery in Kansas,
and noither men nor money can be found for this
purpose irt numbers or amount sufficient to make
any formidable nrray in Kansns, should it come to
an open military engagement. It is true, So:Hh
Carolina is not tho wholo South; but what is true
of this State must bo proportionately true of nil
the Sntithorn States, and should it coino to a trial
of strength between tho North nnd tho South,
thoro can bo littlo doubt of what would be the
ultimate result. Planters and owners of slaves
are tho only persons who feel a deep interest jn
upholding "the peculiar institution, " und they I
dare not leave their patrol and militia duties at j
. m0 w ...osu ..o are inu.uoreiu ou ino sunjoct.
then, ran they take on active part in the con-!
test ? They cannot do it, except to a very limited
extent; and a firm, united stand on the part or the
North, would soon convince the South of the futil
ity of any attempt on their part to establish Sla
very In Kansas by force of arms.
J. W. Barber, who was coolly murdered by a
company of tbe ruffians who recently invaded Kan
sas, was formerly a citizen of Prcbble county in
this Stute. His old neighbors and friends recently
held a meeting in which tboy passed resolutions
endorsing his character ns poa;eablo, moral,
worthy inun dciiuiincing his murderers and urg
ing an attempt to bring them to justice.
If they commence notion under this last rusolu-
. , l.i ... ;., .
" 1 UL'K'"'" reiiaem nerce and
Governor Shannou. They are principals in the
bloody dood.
What Tiirr are Doinu. The Republican assocl
ation of Washington City aunounce that they havo
taken a Hall in a central position in that city, es
tablished a Readim?-Rohm (of ilm Knfi e
mnoy of the sptcehe translated iuto the Gcrruon !
language , i
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DEATH OF WILLIAM H. ASHURST.
U w ill bo seen that our wi.ld, honored end
revore I friond. V,..uA . As.itasT. Esq., an
P,i,,riil Solicitor of London, and the snnnort.e f
,! cause of freedom at home and throi.ghout the
,.rld. has been removed In the spirit-land. after
lotr-pr..tracted boldly sum-ring, 'ilia loss i. a.
nll,T,ral as the globe. Ho was truly noble
bin int.giitr. hi, modesty, his sympathy
!th outlawed liberty, has ca.holie nature, his
'ense c.f juMico. bis reverence for tho right his
i,ldPnt nndcomprehenvivo mind, his generous
benevolence, bis mernl firmness and intrepidity,
nntI in hUnn hn(1 , f . ie nA'
,
in this country are familiar with bis
lributor8 to this Magazine may say from month to
How, ,, - ....... . , .
The Liberator notices the death of this distin-
H",r""" Mittumit t itiiniiiiirooisr,
frtitl...! rt:.:..i. tii.-.i .i .
The Anti-Slavery
"pinion which were freoly communicated over the
hi'Lnft"'re "f Edward Senich.
I lie Liberator says
0 l.ts raco. We proffer to his surviving children
our tcmlcrcst sympathies.
,
,.
ihginm Moving tor V ojian's Rmnis. The
following resolution was recently introduced into
the Virginia Legislature. What disposition has
since been made of it we cannot say
" Resolved, That the Committees of Gonoral
Law s be instructed to report a bill with proper pro
visions, giving to married women tho absolute and
rrtPr.y the real and person est.,.
mc'7"c-T P."efleJ '" he" right at the
"ne of marriage, or which they shall acquire by
"esconi or otherwise during coveture, tree trout
the martial right nnd control ot the husband, and
exempt from his liabilities." . . ,
FfoiTivF in Canada. Hiram Wilson writes
from Canada to the Liberator:
There has been an unusually large influx of
sUnngers in Canada during the past year from
Southern slavery. At this important halting-placer
we have had the plonsure nf receiving 120 or more
of this class, and ministering to their necessities.
At the various Niagara crossings, and further
eastward, about 4()0 have entered the 'promised
land,' nnd it is estimated that from four to s't hun
dred have come ovor upon the western frontier; so
that the nggrnjnto of arrivals for the year oould
not be much if any short of one thousand. At the
South, these self-emancipated ones would doubt
less be valued at nearly a million of dollars. Here
they regard themselves as of infinitely greater
valuo.
The National Democratic Convention for nomL
nating Picsident nnd Vice President is to held iu
Cincinnati on the first Monday in June. .
The Iowa Domocrats have appointed a delegation
to represent them which is in.fnvorof Stephen A.
Duugluss. The Lexington Mon. Tho Lexington News.
papers justify the mob in that city which expell
ed Mr. Brady. They do not however deny the
facts of Mr. B.'s letter. The crime is not in the
commission of deeds of darkness, but in their ex
posure. A Periodical tor Youth. One of the neatest
and best nf this class of publications is the ScnooL-Fii-low's
Maoazine. Published by Dix and Ed
wards, 10 Park Plaoe, New-York. Our young
"riends will be sure to got the full worth of their
money in the pleasant entertainment and useful in
straction which tho Magazine will afford them for
the year. -
Excelsioh. or the Reformers Companion, a monthly
Magazine It is well to imitate the Fathers if
they lead in tho tight way. Publius Syrus.
Vol. I. Jan. 1850 No. 1. D. Lyman, Jr., J.
B. Beach and Mrs. H. F. M. Brown, editors. L.
E. Barnard, Proprietor, Cleveland and Cincin
nati, Ohio. L. E. Barnard & Co , Boston,, Bel
Mash; 15 Franklin St. Terms, $2,00 a year in
advance - '
Such is the long nnd ostentations title page ef Si
new Magazine now before us. Besides its three
editors, it publishes n list of t'some" (40 or 50), of
its promised Contributors, embracing some of the'
Freest of Free Thinkers, and some of the ablest
and most radical reformers of the age. The ob
ject it proposes to itself, is "the removal of vicious
practices in the individual, evil usages in society,
and pernicious errors in theology." It hopes also
"to help reformers to understand what are evils and
what are not. What reforms require priority of
attention and how all that are needful, really re
require each other." The present No. contains a
picture and Biographical sketch of Henry C.
Wright, and several excellent essays on various
topics of reform by editors and contributors, also -a
sp'uitual Communication by Thomas Puine, which i
as it should be in the "Excelsior" is above the ar-
erage of communications of its kind which have
met our observation. The ol ject of the Magazine -
in attempting to give Reformers a more just and'
comprehensive view of their work, and to teach'
them more fully the beautiful harmony whioh ex- -ists
between all truth, and all just efforts for hu
man advancement, is of the greatest importance,
and we wish the conductors of the Magazine the
most abundant success in this direction. '
Ou (ho "Proprietors" page we find the following
"excelsior" nolice. "Editors of Newspapers, Jour
nals, &c, publishing our prospectus once, and edi
torially calling attention to the same; if they no
tice each No of tho Magazineavora&ty as it is re
ceived, and send such notices to the Editors of the
Magazine, will receive it regularly in return for
their pains."
Of all the undisguised propositions for baying
lying newspaper puffs which have come under our
observation, we do not recollect any that have quite
equullod this. We beg "the Proprietor" not to'
consider this "arorate o" in acceptance of
his proposition. For however desirous we may be
of learning what the excellent Editors and Con-'
month, we prefer to obtain it in some honest and
honoi able method. It will give us pleasure to ex
change with the Magazine if agreeable to those
who conduct it. Otherwise the Proprietor will
please not send us any more of its numbers till he
receives the money for its subscription.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTION.
Tbe following call appears in tho Republican
papers :
TO REPUBLICANS OF THE U.S.
In accordance with what appears to be the gen
eral desire of tho Republican party, and ot tbe
sujgestiun of a large portion of the Republioao,
press, the undersigned, Chairmen of the State
publican Committees of Maine, Vermont,' Massa
chusetts, New York, Pennsylvauia, Ohio, Miuhigao
Indiana and Wisconsin, herohy invite the- Kinub-
licans or the Union to meet in informal CoareatioB
at Pittsburgh, on the 2d February, 1835, for tbe
purpose of perfecting the National Org-utixation,
and providing for a National Delegate Convention
of the Republican party, at somo sirbeeiuont day,
nomiiiato candidates for the- Fresvlettcy d
Vice Presidency, to bo supported ad the election in
November, 1850. -
A. r. STOVI of Ohio. flAVID WllHOT of Pit,
z. r.coKRtmi of Mass. lAwu'cr, br ain f (tp rf Va.
' WILLIAM A, M'UIII Ol' Wis,

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