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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, February 02, 1856, Image 3

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T II E A NTT - ST A VE RY'BUGLE .
SOUTHERN CHIVALRY AND EDUCATION.
Southern slaveholder nro etornully boasting of'
tiieir liberality and magnanimity speaking ol tho
"Yankees" (as &U Northern people are termed) a
"picayune set, who got rich by saving candle
end and aonp fiit," Ao. It is notorious however,
that in benevolent or religious operations tlio con
tributions nf tlio Noitli re as thousands Vo tens
imm tlio South, nnd in nets of meanno.s tho 'chiv
alry" can nowhere lie excelled. The following is
a sample of such base plundering nnd injustice us
would nut bo thought of in nny Ireo State :
Tho report of tho Colonization Board of Vir
cinia to the LciMHlature of tliat State, exposes a
fact of which every citizen of the Old Dominion
should bo heartily ashamed. By nn Act passed in
1850, a capitation tux whs levied upon the free ne
groes of the Commonwealth, to raiso funds for the
colonization to Africa, of nil who nre willing to go.
Tho Board was to lie tho Instrument of tho expen
diture of tho money thus raise. Fifty thousand
dollars have been taken from tho frco blacks of
Virginia under tho act a great sum of money to
be levied upon the property of that depressed class.
The whole of this has been absorbed into the State
treasury nnd spent, Thoro's chivalry f ir you 1 A
great Slato of proud nnd arrogant white men rob
bing free negroes, under tbo gulso of public policy
end philanthropy, and dividing the plunder among
its office holders and recipients oi the public motl
ey lI'iils. Dispatch.
In the New York Evangelist we Hud the follow
fug statistics illustrating tbo intelligence of the
Old Dominion :
"Sunday ScnooLs ix Virginia. At tho Sunday
school Convention, which was held in Lynchburg,
Va., in the month of Juno, u conunitteo of twelve!
clergymen and laymen, representing nil the fix1
evangelical denominations in tho town, wasap-j
pointed to prepare an address in behalf of the
great cause of Christian education in Suutli-wes-,
torn Virginia. It has been published, nnd presents
some suggestive statistics. 'According to tbo cen-j
sua of I860 the present enliro whitu population of,
the State is about 071,770. Of these thcro are,;
over 20 years of age, about 152,832; of whom there
are who cannot read about 80,10, That is nearly
one in Cvo of all the grown whites of the State.
"Whero will these adults learn to read, if not in
the Sunday-School? They are too old, or too poor, j
or too proud to attend any other. But again,
there are this year in Virginia, of young povsons
between 5 aud 20 years of age, about 379,8-15; of
'whom there are at school or collcgeouly about 111,-!
327; leaving as attending no school of nny kind,
208,410: that is, lor every young person in the
Stato between 5 and 20 yoars of ago receiving any
instruction, thero are two others who receive cone!
In other words, two-thirds of that portion of our
population who are -to bocomo cilizeiis within the
next fifteen years, are, in these most precious years
of tbeir history, going totally untaught.
"These facts, we say, nro startling. One in five
of. the grown w'hite persons of tho Old Dominion
unable to road 1 Two thirds of those who are to
become citizens in tho next fifteen yoars, going
wholly untaught! Can any other State furnish
such statistics ? We fear the answer. Ij it not
time to apply the remedy 1"
Tm Kansas Tribune, which has been suspended
again makes it appearance. It is now printed at
Topeka. It is an ably conducted and spirited sheet.
The enemies of freedom in Kansas threaten its
destruction, but the editor is firm and brave.
Success attend him. This conflict is an unequal one
now that Preisdcnt Pierce proposes to execute the
laws of the. Border Ruffians for tho suppression of
free discussion.
- Tnt Herald or Freedom, published at Lawrence
is also a paper full of interest in these stirring
times.
'., Land Monopoly. The Secretnry of tho Interior
has signified to the counsel of Colonel Fremont that
he is now ready to issue a patent for the lund in
cluded in his Marriposa claim. This will be the
largest title ever made by tho Government, cover
ing near 45,000 acres of land. The value of which
is now estimated by millions.
Putnam for February, so far as we havo had
time to examino it, is excellent. "Mr. Sparrow
grass" "is very happy in his prose description of
country life nnd not less so in his poetry," "A
Wurd for Men's Rights," is a well written article
of its kind, which we shall present to our readers
next week; and "Owlcupse," is capital in some of
its hits.
The Magazine can be had at McMillans.
Presidential Spite. Tho New York Herald
relates an incident which illustrates the Presidents
manners. He is as ill tcmpored and spiteful a he
is servile and pruslavery.
"At the President'"! levoo. on Friday evening, a
scene was enacted which was not in the bill. Sen
ator Hale of New llampsbiro, who hud taken oc
casion a short time since to lampoon tho President
most unmercifully, from his seat in tho Senate, cal
led with thousands of others, to pay his respects
to the chief magistrate. With his face wreathed
in smiles and a lovely woman on his arm, ho ap
proached his Excellency in the blue room, in the
presence of a crowd of spectators. Mr. President
received the lady with marked courtesy, but having
done so, he wheeled upon his heel with the most
porfoet nonchalance right about face presenting
the New Hampshire Senator with a full view of his
back. Here wns a tableau worthy of tho artist's
pencil. 'Gloriously done,' exclaimed Colonel For
ney, who had bcon watching tho movements of the
dramatis persona;."
i
A Word from tue South. Tho Presbyterian
Witness of Knoxville Tennessee has the following
.condemnation of sum? of the inseparable incidents
of Slavery. Referring to a memorial to the Vir
ginia Legislature to prevent the separation of
parents and children, the EJitor says:
We tru6t the memorial reforred to, will be pre
sented to the Virginia Legislature, and that it will
accomplish the object at which it aims. It is a
great shame that parents and young children are
Allowed to be separated by slave-dealers and un
scrupulous masters. It is a shame that the mar
riage relation among slaves is not recognized, and
that they are not allowed the privilege of an edu
cation. Eosry conscientious Christian master feels
that tbe slave-laws of the South, as regards these
inatters, are unjust and wicked, and he would
gladly eee th"m changed. Why might not the
e$4lur of Tennessee tuko some judicious step
in that fraction? The fire-eater, and that person
ification of all meanness, the negro-driver, nni
perhaps a few hayd-beortod pastors would object ;
but we are satisiied the grea: mass oi goou
svitisens would sustain their representatives in sue!;
movement.
A Slave Mother's estimate ok Slavery. What
a fearful transaction was that in Citrcinnati on
Monday, when the frenzied slave mother slew ber
own child rather than see it consigned again to
Kentucky Slavery. Where is the humanity of the
Amerioan people that they consent to send back
scaped families, fathers mothers and children to
no terribly dreaded a doom T That mother knows
what Slaver; is, and lather than see her children
the viotims of its wrongs welcomes death death
by ber maternal bands, as the choicest legacy she
can confer upon then.
Let the spirit of this despairing mother soize
upon her oppressed race over the South aud the
whole Union cannot enslave tbeni.
In Winchester Centre, Conn., there has not been
a death in one and a half year. The village is
mrrounded by one hundred and fifty smoking coal
-pits, anil, besides, there 14 uo physician iu the
place,
From the Cincinnati Gazette Jan, 29.
ARREST OF FUGITIVE SLAVES.
A SLAVE MOTHER MURDERS HER CHILD
RATHER THAN SEE IT RETURNED
TO SLAVERY.
Great excitement existed throughout the city
(ho whole of yesterday, In consqucnce of tho ar
rest of a party of slaves, and tho murder of her
child by a sUve mother, while tho officers were in
the act of waking the arrest. A party of seven
teen slaves escaped from Boone and Kenton coun
ties, in Kentucky, (about sixteen miles from the
Ohio,) on Sunday night list, and taking with them
two horses and a sled, drove that night to tho Ohio
river, opposite to Western Row, in this city. Leav
ing tho horses and sled standing there, they cross
ed the river on loot on the ice.
Five of them woro the slaves of Archibald K.
Oaines, three of John Marshall, both living in
lioono county, a short distanco beyond Floience,
and six of Lovl F. Dnughcrty, of Kenton county.
We havo not learned who claims the other three
About 7 o'clock this morning tho masters uu
their agents arrived in pursuit of thoir property
They swore out a warrant before J. I.. Pendery,
Esq., U. S. Commissioner, which was put iuto tho!
, , , T. , ,, ,, , , ... r, .
hands of Deputy L. S. Marshal, l.eo. S. Bem.ct,
who obtained information that they were in a house
belonging to a son of Jo. Kite, tho third house be-
yor.d Miltercek
Tho son was formerly owned in
tho neighborhood from which they had escaped
and was bought from slavery by his father.
About 10 o'clock the Deputy U. S. Marshal pro
ceeded there with his posse, including tho slave
owners and their ngent and Major Murphy, a Ken
tuckian, and a large slave bolder. Kite was call
ed out and agreed to open tho door, but afterwards
refused, when two Kentucky officers, assisted by
some of the Deputy Marshals forced it, whereupon
the young negro man Simon, the father of the chil
dren, lired a revolver threo times btfore ho was
overpowered. By one of these shots special Mar
shal John Patterson, who raised his arm to reach
the pistol, had two of his fingers of his right hand
shot off, the bull afterwards striking his lip.
In tho house were found four adults, viz: old
Simon and his wife, and young Simon and his wife
and four children of the latter, the oldest near six
ycus and the youngest a bubo of about nine
months. One of these, however, was lying on the
floor dying, its head cut almost entirely off. There
was also a gash about four inches long in the
throat of tho eldest, and a wound on tho head of
the other boy.
The officers state that when they questioned the
boys about their wounds they said the folks threw
them down and tried to kill them.
The young woman, Peggy, and her fiuv children
belonged to Marshall, and her husband and the
old manSinion and tho old woman Mary toG.iines.
Old Simon and Mary are the parents of young
Simon.
The other nine of tho party, we weio informed,
were put upon the cars yesterday, by a director of
the underground railway, and furnished with thro
tickets.
Those nrrestedln Kite's houso. were taken to
the U. S. Court Rooms about 12 o'clock, and guar
ded there until 3 o'clock, when Commissioner Pen-
dory came and opened his Court.
Gaiues appeared to claim his negroes. Marshall
wns represented by bis son, but as be has uo power
of attorney from his father, the case was postpon
ed until 9 o clock this morning, in order to give
him time to supply this omission.
The fugitives were then taken to the Hammond
street station Iiuuso to lie kept over night. Tho
Marshal attempted to get a hack to carry them
there, but the crowd frightened all tho hackincn
that were called so that they declined. They were
afraid their carriages would be broken .by the
mob.
About an hour after they were taken thero, Mr.
Gaines came along with the dead body of the mur
dered child. Ho was taking it to Covington for in
terment that it might rest in ground consecrated
to slavery.
About 3 o'clock a habeas corpus was issued by
Juago Btirgoyne, and put into the bands of Depu
ty Sheriff Jeff. Buckingham. IIo went down to
he Hammond street Station IIouso, accompanied
by a posse, and took possession of the fugitives.
Deputy Marshal Bcnnet refused at fi3t to give
them up, but at length, after consulting with May.
or Farran, came and agreed to compromise ty
permitting them to bo lodged for safe keeping in
the county jail. During this debate, Lieut. Hazcn
who has chargo of Hammond street Station House
refused to ndmit the gentleman who swore out the
habeas corpus. When Gaines, the master, came
along ho was freely admi'tcd, and this gentleman
walked in behind hiui, but was seized by Lieu.
Hazen and put out.
Deputy Sheriff Buckingham having put tho fugi
tives in a 'bus, got in himself, and directed it to
be driven to the juil, but Mr. Bennet jumped on
tbe box and ordered the driver to drive to the U.S.
Court Rooms. Here another fuss ensued, nnd Ben
net by tho assistance of special Marshals, run the
fugitives up into his office. But Buckingham sent
for Sheriff Brashears. and a largo force, and by
, these they were re-taken nnd finally lodged in tho
county jail about 8 o'clock last evening.
They aro now in tbo sustody ol tho Sheriff, r.nd
it is said will not bo forthcoming to attend Com
missioner Pendery's Court this morning.
Judge Burgoyno, after issuing the writ, started
to Culumbus. It is presumed he will.be back at
11 o'clock this morning, the hour at which the
writ is returnable.
.
INQUEST ON THE DEAD CHILD.
Coroner Menzies held an inquest yestesday af.
ternoon on the body of the murdered slave child.
Its throat appeared to have been cut by a sing'e
stroke of a knife, and it died a few minutes after
the arrest. Mr. Sutton, who lives next door to
Kite's, testified that after the other slaves were ar
rested by the officers, Mr. Gaines, the master, took
this child aud was in the act of carrying it off
when objections were made to it being removed
before an inq Most was held. He at length surren
dered it to Mr. Sutton, in whose arms it died.
The inquost was not concludod, but will be re
sumed at 9 o'clock this morning, at the Coroner'e
office.
THE OBJECT OF THE HABEAS CORPUS.
It is said that it can be proven that these slave
have frequently been in Ohio in company with
thoir masters, aud tbe question will be raised be
fore Judge Jjurgoyiie on the trial of the Habeas
Corpus, whether such bringing them into a tree
State hai not rendered tbem free. .
Wiiat's it a NameT George Washington was
sold the other day in Virginia for $1000 I For
what intent could the name of Washington have
been given to a slave ? Did his mother fanay it as
a propheoy of freedom f or did his master give it
as a burlesque? How did that name sound, ringing
under the bamuior of the auotionear "George
Washington 800 hore in Virginia 900 George
Washington only 900 950 going going $1000 for
George Washington Gone."
News of the Week.
,
!
Fl'Riiirr Km'oratio.v to Kansas. ti tho 10th
i meeting wan held at Montgomery, Alabama, at
which a speech was made by Major .leff. I'.nlfyrd.
ho is trying to raise a com pat y 3l men to emi
grate to Kansas. Major Bulford gave no'ice that
bo meant to starton the 0th of April. Col. Osylc
of Dallas pledged that county for $5000. Tbo
meeting was addressed tj Win. L. Ynncy and
otliors, and a Conunitteo was appointed In reccivo
subscriptions, ond to procure information as to
tho route, 4.O., Uen. Clayton offered the following
resolution w hich was adopted s
Resolved, That we recommend to the people of
the different counties in this Stale, to hold county
meetings, appoint committees, and raise subscrip
tions for the support and transportation of Major
Buffi rd's company ; and forward their subscrip
tions to the committee on contributions at this
place.
F.coNOMr Association. -A Pittsburgh corres
pondent of the Cincinnati GoiUtc wiites as fol
lows s
"The Association of Germans founded at Eeon-
omy by George Rapp, twenty miles below us on
. tl.n i lilt.. l!..nM L...I ..ij
lliu villi IUUI, I1UU II PUIUI'LCIIlCllllilll CC1UDIHUUU
1 .. r, ,1.,.,. .;., :.. r . . i:r.:...l.
U lull l.ul3 ni.ll.c, III UUlll UIIMJWI lllll'll uiu mucin
anniversary of their settlement
Tin
Association
' much weaker in numbers now than it was at its
establishments the members havo never inarticu,
MM)t of nnJ t,l(iy Qre tMllilj
dwindling to a handful : but thoso who remain en-
joy remarkable vigor in their advanced age. They
rel"'1" v,1)ol) u1' ll'c extensive nnd now rich
ui'iii.iiu i,i iiiij ui iinui luuimauuu, uiiu uau uv;-
cumulated a largo amount of ready money, upon
the proceeds of which they live cosily, without the
necessity of that labor and industry which once
characterised them."
Newspaplr pRoriTs. The New York Mirror
learns from good authority, "tho net profits of the
Triliunc newtpnpet for tho last year amounts to
$'.13,000; and that the profits of the Herald exceed
scventy-tivo thousand dollars. The Courier and
Enquirer and the Journal of Commerce iiave prob
ably each a balance of about fifty thousand dollars
on tho right side of the ledger, and the Commercial
Advertiser twenty-five thousand dollars. The Times
if we may judgo from tho alucrity with which Mr.
Jones accepted Mr. Harper's offer to sell thirty
shares at fifty thousand dollars, is also doing a
good bushiest ; and the Express, wo are happy to
leurn, has found the past year one of unpreccdent
prospenty ; and tuc same is said to bf. truo ol the
lust nnd Xlus."
Dr. Graph, a South African Missionary, states
that the King of Abyssinia has prohibited slavery,
renounced polygamy, and is anxious for tho intro
duction of European, arts and arlizuns.
Truth Stranuer than Fiction. A few days
since, in conversation with tapt. Alexander Scott,
ono of tho pioneers in the steamboat business oi
the est, ho gave ua tho fulloaiug facts, which
illustrate the adago that "truth is stranger than
fiction." In November, 1827, he was desceudiug
the Mississippi iu command of tho steamer Amer
ica, laueii with a valuable cargo of tobacco, lead
and furs, the latter article alone worth $00,000.
When rear Plumb Point tho steamer struck a
snag aud sank iu deep water. The furs wore for
the most part recovered, but tho bout, with the rest
of her cargo, was abandoucd as a total loss. Years
passed, and tho remembrance of tho America's
fata had faded from the recollection of all, except,
perhaps, tliu.t vcnorablo individvual, "the oldest in
habitant," It is well known that the curicnt of
tho Mississippi frequently changes, so that what
was once tho channel of that noblo stream after
ward became terra firma, susceptible of cultivation.
This was the case w ith the siio of the America's
wreck. The channel near Plumb Point became
an island, on which, for eight years, luxuriant
crops of Indian corn woro raised : but recently the
wayward current of tho Father of Waters took
another turn, and commenced washing awny tbe
earthly formation, until the America was again ex
posed to tlio light of day. The lead in her hull, it
is supposed, will be all recovered in good condition
the tobacco, it is fair to presume, will be slightly
the worso for wet. She was sunk on the 17th of
November, 1827, and consequently was imbedded
for twenty-eight years. I'its.Post.
srimi t ii t.iraaf I n n alaftltna i-at iftt.A ,n ll.A nrF-i.
culturo of England and Franco have lately been
published in Cornwall, from which it appears that
in England, out of 50,000,000 acres cultivated.
10,000,000 are son with wheat or other cereals;
whilo in France 50,000,000 are cultivated for the
latter purpose. Tlio averago growth of wheat per
acre in England is four quarters, or thirty-two
bushels; in France one and threo-fifths, or nearly
thirteen bushels Tho produce of English land per
aero is about JC3 Is., nnd that of France about ill
12s. per aero. The number of sheep is about the
same in both countries, viz : u0,000,000, and the
wool produced about 00,000 tuns ; but owing to
the difference in the average, there is something
less than one-and-a-half sheep per acre in England,
and only about oiic-tbird of a sheep per ncro in
Fraiwe. In France 4,000,000 of cattlo nro slaugh
tered annually, the average weight being 250
pounds, in England there is not half that many
slaughtered, but tho averuge weight is about 000
pounds.
The North and the South, on Slavery and
X reedom. In the Stato ot Maine, w inch has no
slaves, and not enough of free colored inhabitants
give that State the least direct interest in emigra-
to Liberia, the shipbuilders havo subscribed
money to build it ship to be presented as a free gift
iu me voiumzauon oocieiy. nig otuie oi t irgiuia,
under oretense of aiding that same Societv, has
laid a capitation tax upon the free colored people.
Under this tax-act $50,000 will be raised, which
sum the generous aud high-minded State of Vir
ginia has nobly appropriated to meet the expenses
ot the Mate uovernmeut, leaving the Colonization
Society to whistle.
Slavery Abolished in Egypt. Of the advance
made of late years by the Mohammedan nations
toward civilization, there is no stronger proof thau
their repudiation of domestic Slavery, for which
the Mohammedan religion, especially in its doc-
triue ot the plurality ot wives, holds out many
temptations and inducements. Yet Slavory, with
in a few years past has been formally abolished by
tho Bey of Tunis ; it has been greatly restricted
in Turkey ; and now, nccording to tho following
paragraph from Galignani's Messenger, it has been
abolished also in Egypt :
"A letter from Alexandria states that the Egyp
tian Government has recently put into execution
tho decision come to by the Divan relative to the
abolition of Slavery. "Not only is it not allowed
any longer to buy or sell slaves in Egypt, but all
those in possession of private individuals were in
formed that they were free."
Which must we Believe? Presideut Pierce
in his recent Message, says the Missouri Compro
mise was "reluctantly acquiesced in bv the South
ern States as a sacrifice to the causo of peace and
of the Union."
On the other hand, Hon. Charles Pickney, of
South Carolina, writing from Washington at the
moment of its passage, claimed it as a Southern
triumph. II9 says it will "give the South, in a short
time, au addition of six, and perhaps eight mem
bers to the Senate of the United States. It is con
sidered here, ly the Slaveholding States, as a
GREAT TRIUMPH. Piorce v. Picknoy which
tells the truth ?
A Contrast. The Dayton. Empire justified the
Lexington mob which lynched Brady. Tho West
ern Citizen, pvblisbed at Paris Ky., says .
There was nothing in the statements or general
tone of the lotter, (Brady's) to merit the vast
amount of indignation it eeems to have excited.
In fact we cannot look upon the conduct of the mob,
dragging Brady, an unarmed man, in a w inter night
from the side of hit wife, for such an offence, or in
deed for any offence, as anything else than a bar
barous and cowardly outrage.
A Slight Miuunderotandi.nm A pious minis
ter, after leoturiug a Sunday school class iu a most,
edifying manner, propoied to close the exorcikes,
by singing "Joraan ; meaning tne nyrnq "UK
;
i K3CSe immortalized by tho French satirist, who, as
i ,)icy 8Vfftm ;n ti,ej,. ?.-,nd, came to the sago conclu
to ,iou tnnt t,PV nnl(it i,e the very center-point of cre
tion ,; l.nr for whom mankind would bo a misorable
Jordan s stoimy banks I stand." The worthy man
was horrified by hearing the whole school immedi
ately strike up, "Jordan am a hind i ad to travel, I
believe !"
Cheat Ms.m. Orenl Uin often obtain tbeir ends
by u-euns Ujmd ,, ....p cf v.Ietir intellects,
and even bv ine(liodsdininprriiolliT r,, ,..;!.. f,,ii..,cn
which the multitude would pur.suo But to effeet
this, bespeaks as profound a knowledge of mind, as
that philosopher evinced of matter, who first pro-
i..v um agency oi iieut. Coitou.
Tae German Diet. A boy nt school, in the
West, w hen culled to recite his lesson in history,
was asked, "What is tho German Diet?" "Sour-
krout, ptetEcld, schnapps, Llut wurtt aDd lager
uuu., tinsu.u rcpiy.
The Syracuse CJn'otikle soys two linndreJ fugi
tive slaves have Dassed Ibroui'h that ci'v tbo uast
year, and thirteen w ithin tbo last twelve days.
Durinc the tvresent session of tho Alubnma leg
islature there havo been about ono hundred cases
of divorce granted.
The Mcmrihis Anvcal savs a ilistiatrb from Nat
chez anhuunees the stampede of forty negroes froin
that city.
Personal Miss Murray's New Rook in De
fense or Slavery in the United States. We
are advised that the Queen would not see her maid
of hoin r, Miss Murray, upon her return from the
United States, nnd signified to her that if tho pub
lished a defense of Slavery, she must resign her
place. Miss Murray has done so, and N no longer
a member of tho royal household. Ar. 1' Keening
1'ust.
Look out tor Altered Notes. One dollar
notes of Mahoning Co. Bank altered to Tens, are
in circulation. I'ho furore f 10 on each end of t he
!J,'pva'.cltlie Wf,rj3. u large letters near the centre,
1EA DOLLARS, nre neatly pasted in. They
arc apt to deceive unless scrutinized. Look out for
them.
Wo are told that cortuin railroads have forbid
den the sale in their cars of a luto number of the
jip York J'icatvne, in consequence of a queer
picture therein published, satirizing the unsafely
of railroad traveling. If the railroad companies
cannot stand a bit of keen satire.it would bo better
to remove the cause by tho requisito vigilance, than
to try tho uncertain topical remedy of kicking
newsboys off the trains,
Mississippi Senator. Hon. Jefferson Davis,
present Secretary of War, was, on the 10th inst.,
elected U. S. Senator by tho Legislature of Mis
sissippi, for six years from March 4th, 1S57. He
succeeds Mr. Stephen Adams, whose term then
expires.
The forthcoming Statistics of Massachusetts w it!
show, it is said, that the Shoe ond Leather Mauu
factuies of tlio Stato amount to tho astonishing sum
of $55,000,000. In 1H20 they did not exceed ten
millions.
Governor Chase has appointed Mr. L. L. Rice of
Columbus his. Private Secretary.
We learn from Washington that tbe Mission to
England, resigned by Mr. Buchanan, has bcon
offered to Mr. Dallas of Pennsylvania, who will
aouotiess accept it.
Tho Democracy of Alabama have recommended
Franklin P.erco lor re election to the Presidency.
Southern papers complain of extreme cold. The
orange treesiu Louisiana aresupposcd to bo serious
ly injured.
Three of the colored Methodist churches of
New Orleans hut week presented thoir respective
ministers with suits of clutheB valued at $100
oach.
A few days sinco n band of women in Carrollton,
Ohio, armed with axes, hatchets, hammers, &c,
visited a number of doggeries, and liquor sellers
establishments, and knocked in the heods.of liquor
casks, broke bottles, Ac.
"Travelling on the Sabbath in the Sandwich
Islands, except in the direction of a church, is
strictly forbidden by law."
The only error in the above paragraph is the
omission to slate that the people are allowed, after
attending church, to yo home uguin.
They havo, we observe, a bill pending in the
Virginia Legislature"to allow ono Thomas Jones, a
free colored man of Culpepper County, to enslave
himself." This is all very well if Thomas Jones
desires it; but w think the Legislature ought, iu
fairness, to add another section, allowing all col
ored persons now hold iu Culpepper County ns
slaves, ana wno mny uesire it, to emancipate
themselves. This would be to hold tbe balance
even, and to do tbo fair thing. Certainly a mail's
desires for liberty are as much entitled to be
gratified as bis desire to be made a sluve. JV. Y.
Tribune.
Greatness of Alabama. We are glad to ob
serve that the people of Alabama, or at least tho
Governor, entertain a very comfortable sense of
their own importance as much so almosS as the
set( wi,lu,iit pens to write with.or even beds to sleep
on
The Montaomeru Journal, in giving au account
of the Governor's inaugural address, has the fol
lowing passngo ;
"Tho Executive referred to thcpeculiar situation
of our federal relations and to the progress of
fanaticism, alluded to tho benefits of the institution
of Blavery to tbe African race, nnd to its power in
developing the reeourcss of tho producing States,
spoke (if the power of cotton as the regulator of
commerce, and as the great pacificator of the civil
ized world alluded to the immense resources of
tho South, and of its ability to sustain itself in any
emergency that in the defense of its rights it
must and could rely on its own prowess, ana mat
it must meet aggression at the threshold and be
true to itself," ie.
i
CONGRESSIONAL.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.
House Mr. Dunn offered a resolution declaring
First, that no man shall bo elected Speaker who
does not fullv and heartily sympathize with a large
majority of the people of tho country in favor of
tho restoration ot the -Missouri compromise.or wno
will not exert himself for the restoration of that
restriction.
2d. That the restriction should be restored, as
proper vindication of tho wisdom aud patriotism of
the ereat statesmen who imposed it as a necessary
and certain measure of reviving harmony and con
cord among the States of the L niun,
3d. That the useless and factious agitation of
the elavory question in or out of Congress, is un
wise, and unjust to every section of the Union, but
until the restriction is restored, it is owed as
solemn duty to the past and present and future,
to steadily and firmly persist iu efforts to that
end.
Tbe first resolution was rejected by one major
ity. The House then pruoeededao vote upon (he
other.
The second resolution was adopted by one ma-
J0"1- ... . ...
ibe third was rejected by tnree majority.
Mr. Fuller, of Pennsylvania.offered a resolution
declaring that any agitation of the slavery ques
tion is unwise and unjust to a portion of the Amer
ican people, injurious to every section of tbe Union,
and that it ought not to be countenanced.
The resolution was adopted by one majority.
Mr. Meacham offered a resolution declaring that
in the opinion of the House the repeal of the Mis
souri restriction was an example of the uselesoess
of a factious ogitation of the slavery question, and
uDwise and unjust to tho Amerioan people.
This was adopted yeas 108 ; nays 93.
Tho House then adjourned.
Doi'unFACEisM in Maine. Governor Wells of
Maine is in favor of colonizing tho slaves in Africa
and is particularly opposed to Northern interfer
ence. He says :
"The Southern people am subject to the burdet.
of slavery, they know how to treat it better than
we do, and it is alike alien to patriotism and a true
sense of religious dutv to Inflame the minds of
Southern citizens and aggravate tbeir condition by
a constant course of censu-e and an ennecessary
ioseilereuce with their affairs."
Penalty roll Cruel Trratment or a Slave.
We learn from the Concordia (.La.) InMti'jenctr, of
the 23th ult., that Wiu. Bell, a planter ol lemas
Parish, for cruel treatment of cue of his slave, and
convicted. The Intelligencer says:
"After a fair and iinrartial trial, Mr. Bell was
found eniltr. and the extreme penally of the law
wns inflicted on him. He was fined 200, nnd the
Jury decreed that the slave should be sold nwny
from hi m. '
Albany, Monday, Jan. 21, 185G.
Neither House was in session to-dnv. The Sen
nto had adjournod over till this ovening, nnd there
wns not a quorum ol .vicmUors ol luo Assemoiy
present.
There has beon some littlo sfinrp practice since
tho adnrtion of the resolution authorizing the
Speaker to apportion the subordinate officer! of the
House, mining ; the officers. Partisan leaders, too,
took part in the strife. Tho "Aaron Ward Demo
cratic" Caucus, which nominated Benjamin Bailey
for Speaker also nominated Sherman MoLcau fur
Sergenifi-at-ArmR, and they insisted that, ai he
was tho only Democrat put in nomination the
Soft Caucus not having made a nomination he
was cntitleci to tno office. Mf. nooinson, iuc
s nlntnr h,,l nlmmt rlnpiil.til linnn nnnnintillir him
when tbo other party, awake to its interest, and
, l,iimd the office for a Democrat of their own se
c.-tion. Tbcv therefore selected George B. Wool-
Mriitiyll r.f n!ivnn C'mltitv T hplinrA nnil wild field
the position of First Doorkeeper when Ludlow was
Speaker. I understand now, he w ill be appointed
ns also Democrats of tbe same kind for Door
keepers. There aro a larro number of office-seekers in
town looking for appointments by tbo Canal Board.
The appointments will be announced to morrow.
i. I. Inmint.
MARRIED:
January 24, 1850, at Henrietta, New Xork, by
Joseph Brown, Esq., the father of tbe bride, Mr.
Samuel C. Black well, of Cincinnati, and Rov.
Antoinette L. Urow.n, of New York.
SALEM QUARTERLY MEETING
Of Friends of Human Progress, will be held at
FAIRMOUNT MEETING-HOUSE, on First day
tho 10th of the 2nd mo., commencing at 11 o'clock.
As there will be business of importance before
the meeting, it is desirable that all who feel an interest-should
attend.
Receipts the Bugle for the week ending Jan. 30
Orrin Champion, Morgan, $2,50-569
J. II. Richardson, West Unity, 1,50-571
Randall Bailey, " 1,50-503
Mrs. M. W. L. Wood, Lawrence, 1 ,00-572
G. L. Gale, Northport, 50-611
Samuel Hosier, " 1,50-512
Charles A. Tardee, Northport, 1,00 525
B. B. Waterhouse, Mt. Pisgah, 2,00-544
Lcander C. Reeve, Cedar Falls, 2,00-003
James Sager, " 1,50-589
G. S. Merris, ... . 1,50-589
Chauncey Harmon, Randolph, 1,50-572
Reynolds Cornell, Battle Creek, 1,50-590
Rufus Houghton, 1,50-590
Elihu Oren, Wilmington, 1.50-5G3
Henry Gilpin, " 1,50-551
Isaac Smith, Dublin, 3,00-503
BEDFORD HARMONIAL SEMINARY.
Friends of humanity, we can now say, and say
with confidence, that tho Bodford Harmouial Semi
nary, is well established, having a sufficient fund
to keep it up ten years nt least, if nothing more
should bo donated.
It is located five miles West of Battle Creek,
Michigan; in a rapidly growing community of lib
eral minds. Several now buildings are in process
of erection for the occommodation of the school.
Families nnd Students will find Bedford n very
desirable situation. The large Boarding Hall will
be in complete condition at the commencement of
the Soring Term.
The expenses of a Student for Board, Tuition,
and Room Rent, is about J2.50 per week. Students
can also hire rooms on reasonable terms aud board
themselves.
The spring term will commence on the Fourth
of March next nnd continue Fourteen Weeks. The
Fall Term will commence on the First Monday in
September.
The following brunches nre taught in the Semi
nary: Latin, Greek and French; a Full Course of
Mathematics, tsatiirat sciences, ana Jsngiisn bran
ches. Instrumental Music, by Mrs. Howe.
II. CORNELL, Principal. O. D. Howk, Teach
er ot Languages, 0. w. ialiiot, leacner 0)
Mathematics.
TRUSTEES:
. P. Averill,
R. Cornell,
L. Houghton,
E. r. Cornell,
J. If. Talbot,
D. Brown,
Cornell.
U.
All communications must be sent to II. Cornell,
Battle Creek, Michigan.
Bcdlord, reb. 2, ISoo.
ARTISTS' ASSOCIATION!
The subscribers in announcing their appoint'
ment as Managers of the above Association, for
the advancement of the
FINE ARTS,
a
a
in this country, feel justified in stating that Fine
Steel Engravings will be placed before the Ameri
can public, which In beauty of execution have boen
unsurpassed, and at a price unparalleled either in
the .New oruid world.
Art is cosmopolitan, and in this view, the Ar
tists both of America and Europe are bound to-
gother to produce specimens worthy of the age.
The Enaravincs will be issued monthly, com'
mencing from the First of December, 1855, and
ending First of January, 1857, with the
PREMIUM ENGRAVING.
The purchasers of Twelve Engravings, one each
month, price fifty cents, will be entitled to reoeive,
as a premium, the gieat steel engraving,
" Washington after Crossing the Dilwari."
Sixe 24 z 30. Executed in the first style of Art,
FROM TBE ORIGINAL DESIGN, BY I. O. DARLcT,
An Amerioan Artist unsurpassed in illustrating
tbe History of our Country.
Persons desiring to act as agents for obtaining
subscribers, by applying to the undersigned, and
stating the locality thev wish to occupy, will be
furnished oiroulars giving terms, wbicb are exceed
ingly liberal.
All parcels delivered fret of express, post or
GEO. HOWARD 4 Co.
225 FULTON STREET. N. 7.
Wholesale Print Publishers, and Manufacturer
of Frames and Mouldings.
February, 1856,-3m.
SELLING OFF AT COST!!
J. L. SCHILLING- would' feptetful!y an
nounce to their customers and the puLilo gaerH
that they are closing out tbeir entire
STOCK OF NEtlCIlAKDIZE,
nt prices Taryine; from COST to flight aJvunee
thereon, owing to the seasonablenese of the Govds,
amongst which may be found nnv and frttX lot
of COBERGS, all colors and at prices from 25 W
C2 ct., per yard; also, a New Stctk of
Dag 0tatc Sljatols,
of very Desirable Styles, together with fiX
supplv of hoot and Canton l lanntlt, taHi.rmM, j.
Cinyfiamt, Ittal Xankcent, Oaloon Tnminft,
Belt Ituckltt, d-c, tc. AU of which we are elat
ing out preparatory to removing to our "
"NEW ROOM."
in Gary's Block, Corner of Main and Ellsworth
S'.reets, one door West of the Butter Store, whioU ,
Room we shall occupy on nnd after tbe ICth dtf
of February, 1WM', and where oor customers will
find the . ,
"CHEAP BOYS,"
on hand ta atteotl to their many want, a Ko4f. '
light roomi and an ENTIRE NEW STOCK Ol'
UuODS to show them.
By the last of the week we will be in rerept cf
a Fresh Case of EIGHT CENT CALICOES, which
are so desirnblefjr COMFORTS, DRESSES, CHIL
DREN'S' WEAR, &c. &c.
Thankful for past favors', we hope nof Only, t'
have a continuance of your custom while yet in -tbe
old stand, but upon removal to our NEW ROOM?
hope to nn-rit a stilt greater share of your lonfi
deuce and pntroringe.
Yours truly, .T. k L. SCH1LLINO.-
Salem, December 8lh, l?i5.
NEW FAMILY
TEA, GUOCEIiYAXD mOTISlOX SfOEBs
J. DEMING & CO..
S'carly opposite the li.t Office, Main-St., Sattmf
WOULD respectfully inform the inhabitants of
this place aud its vicinity, that they have but re
cently returned from tho Eastcrr. Cities, wltb
large nnd well selected Stock of
Groceries, Seas, 6c, fcc.
Among which may be enumerated, tbe following
articles', which they will sell at the Tory lowest
living profits :
TEAS Six half chests good Young Hyson;
41 cts., per pound; Four half chests Extra do dC
75 to 88 cts., per pound; Foor haK chests Pow-"
cbong, 44 cts., per pound; Two belt' chests, extra
fine Olocg, HH sts. per pound; Four half chests)
Sne Olong, C2J cts. per pound.
COITEE By the Bag or single Pound. Four-'
teen bags Rio, tour bags old Java.
CHOCOLATE Best Spiced Chocolate; common
do. SUGARS Splendid article New Orleans Sugof
at 9 cts.; Lovering's Pulverised Sugar; Lovricjt'S'
Crushed Sunr; Lovering's Coffee Sugar.
MOLASSr.S Aew Orleans Molasses, M CU
Best Honey Syrup, 75 cts. per gallon.
CANDLES Common Mould Candles, Best
Mould Capdles, Stearine do., Stai Candles.
CIIA CKERS Sugar, Soda, Butler and Watef
Crackers, at manufacturers' prices, by the barrel
or pound.
ElSHiio. 1, Mackerel, Superior Article ot
Shad, Haddock, Superior Cod Fish, Herring ty
' FOREIGN FRUITS AND JVTTS-Malagv
Sultana and Smyrna Raisins, 25 Drams Smyrna
Figs, Sicily Lemons, Sicily Almonds, Cieam Nuts,
Filberts. Ground Nuts.
SOAPS Common Rosin, Palm, Erasive, Patent,
Fancv and Toilet Soaps.
SPICES Pepper, Ahpice, Ginger, ClovesV
Mace, Cinnamon, Ground andUnground. Nutmegs.
IfcirAll Spices Ground by the subscriber and
Warranted Pure.
TOUA CCO AND SEOARSCeniieh Tobae
co, Strausberry's 'i'obaceo, Grant's Best Tobacco,
Common Smoking and Mrs. Miller's Fine Cut To
bacco. 5000 Cheroot, 10,000 Washington, 1000
Rinhondo, 1000 Byadera and Half Spanish SegarH
SUNDRIES Best Rice, Baking and Washine
Soda, Saltpetre, Rope and Twine. Nails, Assorted
Sizes, Two and Three Bushel Grain Bags, Common
and Fancy Candies, Winter Stiained Lard Oil, Pa
tent liuekcts, Market and Lloths .Baskets, Candle
Wick, Brooms, Pure Olive Oil, Superior1 Shoe
Blacking, Indigo, Mustard, Cream Tartar, and
Pepper Sauce.
B-xfAll of the above articles will Ic sold at PUtt-
burgh prices.
BPa?Country Produce taken in exchange at the
highest cash prices.
J Deming & Co., will also endeavor to keep oft
hand a constant supply of Wheat, Rye, and Buck-
neat Hour; Also, Corn Meal.
ScS-Wanted: 300 Bushels White Beans, eJ
Dried Fruit.
J. DEMING A Co.
December 15, 1855.
WALL PAPER.
ALL who are in want of WALL PAPER eatr
have forty varieties to choose from by calling at
McMillan s IS-iok-blore, Salem, Ohio.
Also, all kinds of Miscellaneous and Schoc
Books, Blank Books and Stationery of every dee
cription, Wholesale and Retail.
The attention of writing feachcrs and others wbc-
desire superior articles of Stationery, is particular
ly invited.
CASH paid for any amosnt of elean linon and
cotton Rags.
J. MCMILLAN.
Salem, April 14, 1855.
J. C. 4 W. SAVERY,
'holesaleDrugglsts&ManufaclurfngCflemfsts,
No. 311, Market Street, above Eicbth.
PHILADELPHIA
Offer for the attention of Country Dealers, a!
general ossorlmcnt of DRUGS, MEDICINES
CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, TAR
NISHES, 4c, &c.
August 5, 1854.-3in.
SALEM UNION SCHOOL.
THE Salem Union School, will commence (t
Winter Session, on Monday the 12th of November,
under the superintendar.ee of Mr. REUBEN
McMILLEN, assisted by a competent corps of
Teachers.
The High School will not be organized until
Tuesday tho 13th.
By order of the Board of Education Salem Cnioo
School.
J. C. WniNERY, Secy
November 10, 1855.-3w.
HIDES!! IIIDESlit
FIVE CENTS per pound for GOOD HIDES'
at the Leather Store of
E. ELDRIDGE.
Salem, October 27, lS55-4w.
D WALTON,
SALE.V, COLUMBIANA COUNTY. OHIO I
DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF STOVES.
Also, Manufacturer of Tin Ware, Stove Furniture,
Pipe, 4o. A great variety of Japansd
Ware and Toys.
Salxh, Aug. 13. 1855.
GEO. W: MANLY,
UAGUERR1AN ARTJStr
CAM'S BLOCK. ,
JtXZAI STREET, PALEM, OEIO. ,
Pakin, June 23, l&t5. '

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