Newspaper Page Text
Till: ANTI-SLAVERY DUGLE.
For the Bugle.
LIVONIA, Jan. 20, 1856.
Mn. Editoi -I noticed in tlio lust number of
the DuyU an article from the pen of A. E. L. K.,
in which the writer assumes tbnt tlio e xistence of
ansetn influence! ii every where recognised and
proceeds to explain the manifestations of the power
f heat and light us unseen yet powerfully effect
ive Agent. The writsr tiion asks "if light has a
medium throu;h which it roaches the eye. If
sound find an unerring path to the car. Why
But thought, will and nlluctioti a telegraph tn con-
tet it messages from one heart to another f" Most
assuredly. It U a self-evident fact that mind hart
A telegraph to to speak by which to convey its
operations to other mimlH, an 1 that medium
bathing more nor less than Language. Is there
nf other medium through which thought can he
conveyed except through spoken ojj written Lang
git, orby mini other tangible sign? If go will
toe writer or soma other tiers, r. pie iso to point it
oat And expl in the "mdos operandi" thereof?
Again it ii nuked. "Doe not the wilt of ono man
for good or evil compel those around him to think
and do hi thought ?" Wo answer only as such
thought is tangibly or visibly manifested. It iti
assumed that "without hooks or papers the nation
is verywhere wiser because of n lew eloquent men
in her borders." Certainly, and it is beeaupo of
their eloquence that such is the ciso. Were thoy
speechless their influence except as their example
was felt would bo nothing. Your correspondent
inquires "do notour thoughts and well wishes for
absent friends awaken gentlo echoes in their hearts?"
Do they? Can a well authenticated instance be
produced where such his been tho ease 1 Again
it is remarked "the bereaved mother has heard tho
message of the soft-winged angel once her bosom
treasuewho comes to her side," and asks, "tho
will show that she has not." We inquire who will
how that the has ? Again your correspondent
atnrms that "Reformers are inspired by a great
eloud of witnesses who watch with earnest eyes fur
the conquest of ibe right." Is this demonstrable
or merely supposaMe. in a word will any of your
numerous and talented correspondents demonstrate
the positions assumed by A. E. L. K. that "tho
spirits of those w ho have passed through the pro
cess known as death, still exist and havo inter
course with those yet ia the body ?" it were use
less to enlarge upon the importance of this ques
tion and the necessity of earnestly nnd carefully
eekiDg for tho truth w hich uluito can make us
free. " K. L. ALEXANDER.
From Putnam for February.
A WORD FOR MEN'S RIGHTS.
The notions which rule inside of men's heads,
and the praises in vogue to -represent them are
hardly less liable to fluctuation than is the fashion
of the outward adornment, whether by hats, caps,
bonnets, peiiwigs, or powder. Sixty or seventy
years ago, scarcely anything was so much talked
of as tho rights of man. Where this phrase came
from, we cannot tell. It is not to be met within
any writer of prior date to the middle of tho last!
century. James Otis used it in his famous tract
on the flights of the American Colmies, nor aro
we aware of any earlier appearance of it in print.
Sudden, however, and obscure as its first appear
ance was, it took, and soon became ono of the
most fashionable of phrases. It played a great
part in the American Revolution It found its
way into our Declaration of Independence, an'1
into the fundamental laws of most of our States.
Jt played A still greater part in the French revolu
tion. A en or a dozen irencii constitutions, more
or less, were founded upon it. Thomas Paine
wrote a famous book, with this title. For a while,
nothing was so much talked of as tho rights of
man talked of, we say for, as happened in the
case of the thirsty Indian, so with respect to these
rights, it was pretty much all talk, with very little
In sixty years, however, fashions have changed.
The rights of man once in everybody's mouth
re seldom heard of now days unless it be in an
abolition convention oi, if mentioned at all, in
Congrass and other respectable places, tlieso rights
once the hope of humanity, are referred to, only
to be sneered at, as a flourish of rhetoric it chi
mera of the imagination.
Still, we are not left speechless nor hopeless.
Jlope still lemains at the bottom of the box, with
fine sounding phrase to back it. Let tho men
(0 to the deuce. What of that ? Does not lovely
woman still remain to us f To-day, tho fashiona
ble phrae is woman's rights.
The women have discovered, or think they have
that they are, and long have been tyrannized over,
in the most brutal manuer, by society, the laws,
and their husbands.
Woman's rights is now the watch-word of a new
movement for social reform, and even for political
revolution the women, among other things, claim
ing to vote.
It must be confossed that such general outcries
are not commonly rnised, without some reason.
They are the natural expressions of pVin and un
satisfied desire. It was not without reason that
America and Europe, towards the close of tho last
century, riised the cry of the rights of man; and
so, we dare say, it is not without reason that tho
rights of woman are now dinned into our ears.
Nor is this cry without a marked effect, not mere
ly upon manners and society, but also upon laws.
AlmoBt all our State legislatures are at work with
ssore or less diligence and enthusiasm, modifying
their statute books, under the influence of this
new seal. To that we do not object. Putnam is
for reform. Putnam is for progress. Putnam is
for woman's rights; hut also for man's rights for
everybody a rights, and, in that spirit, we are go
ing to offer a few hints to our legislators, whose
vaulting zeal, on behalf of the ladies, seems a lit
tle in danger of overleaping itself, and jolting on
t'other aide. It is well to stand straight, but not
.well to tumble over backward, in attempting to
Those who go about to modify our existing laws.
, svs to the relation of husband and wife, will do
well to reflect that the old English common law on
this subject, if it be a rude ami barbarous system,
little suited to our advanced and refined state ot
Society which we do not deny is also a consis
tent and logical system, of which the different
parts mutually rest upon and sustain each other.
In the repair, or modification of such a system, it
is material thivt every purt of it should be taken
into account. Changes in one part w ill involve
and require changes in other parts; otherwise, al
terations, made with a view only to relieve the
wife from tyranny and oppression, may work a
corresponding injustice to the husband. Nor are
the changes already made in our laws, partly by
legislation and partly by usage, free from glaring
, instances of this sort. -
The English common law makes the husband
, the guardian and master of the wife, who stands
. to kiui ia the relation of a child and a servant In
virtue uf this relation, the husband is legally re
sponsible for the acu of the wire. If she slau-
ders or asMulw her neighbors, lie is joined with
' the sfife ia the action to recoiei damages, and tie
alone i legally responsible for the amount of dam
recovered, even to tbs extent of being sent to
jsI U default of payment, lie is likewise reepon
ihUsW debt contracted by the wife to the aaine
ascot chat father is responsible for the debts of
Ilia snoor children. Even in criminal proceedings
It is he wLv must pay. or go to jail for not paying
the fines impaerd ou bis wife; and there are many
Cis sss. even eaae nf felony, ia which the wife, act
, iag ia concert with ber husband, is excused from
41 smuhme on the presumption that she acts
hy cwaspalsiiin, though in I set she may, a in
tM s4 eaac -f iLat-brth'a wife, have be- the
instigator. Public opiaion goes eves (v.oer than
the law, tad holds the hiMband accountable, to
cartai extent, for ill misbehaviors and iadiecre-
ticas m the part of tits wife. Not only is he lo
watch that she does not steal, he is to watch that
she does not flirt, and overy species of infidelity,
or even of levity on her part; millets no less dis
grace upon him than upon her ilisgrnco which
the received rode of honor requires him to revenge
upon ihn mule delinquent not only in defiance of
the law w hich forbids nil breaches of thu peace,
but even at the risk of his own life.
Tlio law and pul.lio opinion having anciently
imposed nil these heavy obligations on the hus
band, very logically and reasonably proceeds to
invest him with corresponding powers and author-1
ity. Standing to tho wile, ns ho was made to
stand, in the relation of father and master, the
law very reasonably invested him with nil th i
rights and authority of a father mid a master.
ll-.w, indeed, was he to exereiso tho uuthoiity and
to fulfill tho obligations which tho law and public
opinion imposed upon him, or regulating the con-!
duct of his wile, unless invested at the same time
with means both of nwo and coercion ? Accord-1
;.-K- il.n iiniff .if Kncrhuiil initio, rued
ibe husband to chostiso his wife in a moderate
manner employing for that ptirpo-c a rod not
thicker than his finger. The husband was also en
titled to tho personal custody of his wile, and was
authorized in miner cacs if, for instance, she
seemed disposed to run off willi another man to
Ijck lier np, nnd 11 ncod woro.to Keep ncr on hioaa
Now these, it must ho confessed, were extensive
powers harsh and barbarous powers.il you please
though the laws always contemplated that, in
hi exereiso or them, the husoand would bo cheek-
ed by tho same tenderness towards the wile of his j
bosom which tempers the exereiso bv the father of .
a similar authority over bis children, lint hovicv-'uits
extensive, however harsh or barbarous the pow-mon
ers of the husband may be, wo appeal even to our j
fenialo readers if, indeed, a Binglo female has had ,
patience and temper to follow ut thus tar we ap
peal even to that single femulo (or married ono as
tho case may be), to say bow, in tho namo of com
mon tense, is tho husband to keep the wife in or
der, to the extent which the law and public opin
,,0(i0 powers, or nt'least by the awe which the
ion demands ol him, except liy the exercise ol
knjwn possession nnd possible exorcise of them
is fitted to inspire r It tho fractious child is neith
er to be spanked nor shut up in tho closet, how is
domestic discipline to be preserved f What ni'irc
effectual sedativo to an excited and ungovernable
temper, which might provoke both suits for as
sault nnd actions for slander, than, retirement in
one's closet with the door locked and a glass of
cold water to cool one's burning tongue?
And so .it another great topic ot complaint on
the part of the advocates of woman's rights the
power which the husband has by tho common law
over tho wife's property. He being responsible '
her debts and her acts, and being bound to pro 1
for the supporj of the children, has, as a cor-
allary thereto, the custody and disposition of the
wife's property, if she chances to inherit or to no-
quire any which, unfortunately, in tho middle
ranks ot life, where these notions ot woman s
rights most extensively prevail, is, wo are eorry to
say, but too seldom the case.
Such are the relative rights and duties of the
husband under tho old English common law. Un-
der this law a husband is not a mere chimera, a
.,,.i j ,:i.i.. ti.. i. i.,;..t
consi tency about him. Ho is, as Horace savs ol
' . . . 1 J . , . ' ,
the stoic philosopher, teres tt rotuwlus, round and
whole, armed at nil points, provided with powers
adequate to the duties expected of him.
In America wo have no such husbands. Long
before the cry of woman's rights was opeuly rais
ed, the powers and prerogatives of tho American
husband had been gradually undermined. Usage
superseded law, and trampled it under foot. Sen
timent put logical consistency at defiauce,''and the
American husband has thus becomo a loga'. mon
ster, a logical impossibility, requircd.to llywith
out wings, and to run without feet.
Worcen care nothing tor logic, hut they nave a
sense of justice and tender hearts, and to their
sense ot justice we contidontly appeal, w no- can
wonder that the men are so Bhy in taking upon
them the responsibilities of the married stato ?
Those responsibilities all remain exactly as in old
times, while the means of adequately meeting
them are either entirely taken awnv, or are in a
fair way to be so. Uy tho law as it now ij, wo be
lieve in every State of the Union, tho husband
cannot lay his finger on his wife in tho way of chas
tisement except at the risk ot being complained ol
for assault and battery xnd, perhaps, sued lor a
divorce, nnd (which is worse than eiihcr) of being
pronounced by his neighbors a brutal tcliow. the
nomii-al custody or the person of tho wife, w hich
the law still, in soino of the States, affects to be
stow upon the husband, is a mere illusion. If he
attempts to 1 ck her up, she can suooiit her haltas
corpui. and oblige him to pay the expenses ot it:
and if she quits her husband's house, and go elso
where, he has no means ot compelling her to re
turn. Ho may sue those with 'whom sho takes
refuge, for harboring hor, but if ho obtain dama
ges at all, they will be only nominal, in many ot
be States, laws have been enacted and soon w ill
be in all of them, giving the wife tho exclusive con
trol of her own property, acquired before or after
marriage, by gift, inheritance, or her own industry-
Whilo the wife is thus rendered to a great ex-
tont independent of her husband, he, bj a strange
inconsistency, is still held, both by law and public
opinion, just as responsible for her as before. Tho
old and reasonable maxim, that he who dances
must pay tho piper, docs not apply to wives thoy
dance, and tho husband pays. To such an extent
is this carried, that if the wife beats her husband,
and he, having no authority to punish her in kind,
applies to the criminal courtft for redress, she will
he fined lor assault and battery, winch hue he
must pay, even though sho lias plenty oi money
of her own, or in default of paying, go to jail !
Such cases are by no means ot unprecedont occur
rence in our criminal courts.
Now, what sense or reason is there in mailing
the husband responsible for tho licences of the
wife's tongue, after he has lost all power to con
trol it? If tho wife is to hold her property sepa
rately, ought she not to be sued separately, both
for debts and damages? If her property ought
not to go to pay the liueband's debts, why out his
to go to pay hers ? If the husband has lost the
power to control tho goings in and runnings out ol
the wife, why ought public opinion to hold him
any longer responsible therefor ?
We have no objection to an amendment of the
law in relation to husband and wifo. Public opin
ion demands it. The progress of society requires
it. cut the new wine ought not to be put into old
bottles, nor the old garments to be patched with
new pieces, lest, as tho proverb says, tho rent be
made worse than before.
But there is yet another recent innovation in
the law, liable to still more serious objections. Not
content with placing the unfortunate husband in
an absurd and anomalous condition, not content
with still demanding of him certain duties nnd ob
ligations, at tho same time that ho is deprived of
the powers and the rights essential to their fulfill
ment, reducing him iu fact to a position hardly
less ridict.lous, and not at all less embarrassing,
than that of a short-tail bnll in fly-time the law
(as if conscious that, before enterirg into such an
unequal alliance, the men would grow pretty criti
cal as to the personal qualities of the women in
whose power they were about so completely to
place themselves) seeks to entrap us into matri
mony against our inclinations, by holding, us it
lues, that any man who obowa signs of having
been impressed by a woman, becomes, if she is
single, her lawful prize, and is bound to marry ber
if site insists upon it, or else stand a suit lor
breach of promise.
Though suits for breach of promise tf marriage
are comparatively a recent thing, in order fully to
understand their nature it is necessary to go back
to the dark ages. We pretend to be protectants;
we rail against the popish church;yet in how many
important matters are we still the mere slaves and
tools of that church ! The canon law was one of
the most crafty devices of the middle age theocra
cy, and is a standing topic of reproach against
Catholicism; and yet in the most delicate of all our
relations that of marriago and divorce, we protec
tant aie to this day substantially governed by the
cannon law 1 The canon law was made by monks,
men forbidden to marry themselves, und therefore
destitute of any peisoual experience by w hich to
hap their legislation on this subject. They had,
iudeed, the Roman law s their guide, but this
they departed from in the most essential particu
lars, as being altogether too' reasonable to suit
iheir ascetic theories or serve their purpose. The
"icis oi im-u n, on mu fu.i n uih
pointed virgin, entering the household of love,
breaking up the family, stigmatizing tho woman
concubine and her children as illegitimate,
and compelling the man to take his legal wife as
'by virtue of some pretended pre-contract she was
held So be into his house and his bod. It is from
this canonist doctrino of pre-contracts that oui
for breach of promise are domed. '1 he com
er law, indeed, icing tho work of ruder bunds,
iguoraut of that bcneticial process of tho 1! -
!' public sentiment nut ot which tho law grows
11,1,1 wlll, h eustams it, to torco their onco lovers,
out lovers no bnger, into a reluctant and repugror
nn' marriage ceremony. W hose private experivide
ence docs not enable him to recount instances, in
''-'" '"en of sensibility nnd honor have sulk-red
themselves to bo thus forced into unsuitable match
monks who made tho canon law look upon mar-)
riugo as a sensual ami unholy mate, only to be tol- j
eraicd in the gross laily, to prevent lomothing j
worse: and they seem to have exci ted their whol
ingenuity to ten r this sinful condition imtncmii
fortahlo as possible, llcnco tho excessive hostili
ty of tho canon law to divorce, it being held a jusl
punishment of the im rulity of marrying at all,
that persons unsuitably or unhappily married
should bo kept during their natural lives tied to
ircthcr neck and heels, so that their torments in
this world might give them, as it wcro, a relishing
fori -taste of what married sinners had to expect in
the next. Hut while unhappy marriages were
thus curved with a perpetuity beyond tho reach ol
the parties or tho law, tho ingenious canonist at
the same time suspended over the heads of evert
happy couple tho terror of mi involuntary and
forced reparation, wlm h should un marry them ami
bastardize their children. Ono or the means em
ployed for this devilish purpose was tho doctrine
lot pre-contracts. A prom I so in marry was, no
cording to the canon law, equivalent to ftmarringe
and every subsequent marriago to another party,
pending the life of tho party to whom tho promise
had Lten made, was vitiated bv it. Tho canonists
even went so far as to allow suits for the specified
performance of these marriago contracts tho of-
' law tho suit for specific performnnce
common law contents itselt w ith attempting to set
matters right, bv awarding damages lor tho non
performance. In this particular case, even this
defect in tiie common law was a very fortunate
thing, as otherw ise, instead of merely having dam
ages to pay for refusing to marry against our in
clination, wo might havo been brought up to the
ring-pole of specilic performance, and forced into
the yoke nny how.
It is often said that no woman of any delicacy
or self-respect ever would or ever docs bring a suit
for breach of promise of marriage. That may ,je
so; still nothing prevents a great many women,
who would be nntircly unwilling to confess to any
deficiency o( celicacy or self-respect, from taking
advnntago of the law, or more properly speaking
es, ,f wh.c h tho unfortunate result has corrrspon-
vunnn ........ ,.v..mo "-h---,s- -
" ry principle- of common sense, as well ns to
ccry f sentiment, n are su.U for breach
f Tromuro -of marriage, yet undoubtedly they are
"''y Vned hy tho prevailing public sentiment,
Otherwise it would be imposs.Mo to explain too cx-
trnvaeant lengths to which courts havo gone in
in (,ii.m r. tr n nPnmidA ftt ,11 II m II crf 1 l'i 1111 1 1) n 1 C f f ft
vial circumstances waiting on a lady homo from
church; going to eeo her of a Saturday night; risk
ing her twice of a winter to a ball; c-irresponclin
wiih her.though nothing is paid in the letters nhont
love or marriage; allowing nor io ciarn your siock-
ings. There is, indeed, no circumstance, however
i . i u .1 - i .
ngni or iriviai, upon wnicn inc inisy lingoes oi
country parish get up a rumor of an engagement.
which is not held amply sutncicnt by our courts ni
law to establish tho fact of a promise tf marriage,
and to lay the founnation ot a suit tor damages.
It is not, however, upon these extreme cases that
rest our opposition. We object to tho proceed-1
ing in nny case, no matter now solemn and lornial
the promise, nor how Joften renewed. Wo object
to the whole idsa of obligation in such a case, and,
of course, to the enforcement of such supposed ob
ligation by law. Tho whole thing is a gross abuse
to speak the truth a scandalous abomination.
Tbe very idea of marriage, according to any but
the grossest and lowest conception ol it, implies
the free and full consent of both the parties to it.
On the part of tho man, if not of the woman,
implies something more, not a mere tacit consent,
but a forward, active, joyous consent. A great
deal of sympathy bos been expended over women
forced by tyrannical fothorsto give their hands
without their hearts. A miserable case, truly, but
altogether less miserable than that of a man,
drawn, by a false sense of honor and a ridiculous
public opinion, to speak a public lie, and in the
face of God and man, to pledge himself os a hus
band, when ho knows he cannot be one. All prom
ises are made with this implied reservation that
he who promises shall have it in his power to ful
fill. This is truo even of mercantile promises. No
man is held to be under nny moral obligation
pay his debts, any further than he has tho means
to pay; and upon giving up the property that he
has, our insolvent laws will dischargo him from
the logal obligation. A promiso to marry carries
with it tho implied reservation that he who prom
ises shall continue to love. The promise is not,
and is not understood to bo, either by him who
makes, or her who receives it, a promiso merely
assume the legal responsibility of marriage; it is
promise to assume the moral and sentimental re
sponsibiiitics also; nnd if, by change of circum
stances or change ot mind, it has becomo nnpossi
ble to fulfill ono pert of the promise, if it is im
poKiiblo to lovo, tho whole necessarily falls to the
What is the object and intent of that iotima-iy
called an engagement of marriage, unless t ena
ble the parties to live together in that freedom
intercourse which tho mutual expectation of mar
riage inspire.!, for the very purposo of giving them
an insight they would notothcrwiso havo into each
othor's character, and an opportunity of repentance
and retraction belore taking the irrecoverable step?
And il this be tho object ot an engagement
who will venture to say it is not how absurd
hold a man bound to marry, by tho very process
ot seeking to discover whether it will bejudicious
for him to marry or not ?
Of all miserable things in this world of misery,
a miserable marriage is tho most miserable, yet
every ncuto obscrvor must have noticed that
misery of many of these marriages arises from
causes too immaterial, so to speak, too spiritual
attract the notice ot the casual observer. At
time when our courts and our legislatures are be
sieged by wives and husbanos struggling to get
rid of uncongenial partners; when the laws on the
subject of divorce aro loudly complained of in
many quarters, us failing to afford that relief which
they ought, ono measure it would seem, might sun
equally well b'-th the friends and lho enemies
the freedom of divorce. An ounce of prevention
is worth a pound of cure. It nuiy bo necessary
allow those married persons to separate, w ho have
become not merely tiresome, but hateful to each
other, but bow much better to avoid tho blunder
of bringing such people together? Divorco at the
pleasure of either party, ulier tho marriags has
been consummated, and especially alter children
are born, is limited by some very weighty ubjec
tions;but what can bo the objecttion to allowing tbe
freedom of separation in coses where no marriage
has yet been celebrated ? If, indeed, to seek the
intimacy of a lady with a view to discover if she
is tit to be your wifo, is to carry with it the obliga
tion to make her so, at all events, we are in no re
spect better off than the Chinese, who marry their
wives without ever having seen them. So far, in
deed, as the wile's person is concerned, we have
an advantage over tho Chinamen, in the privilege
of seeing so much of it as she exhibits lo the
world at large in the street, or as she displays to
select circle-in a ballroom. Looks, however,
this climate, aro not much to bo depended upon.
American beauty fades with marvellous rapidity;
while, s to the lady's, temper, and mental and
monal traits, which in our state of civilization ure
of at least equal importance with hc-r lace, if we
are so impertinent as to peep into them, the law
and public opinion insist that in so doing wo have
contracted au obligation to marry ber. Tims,
fact, we are worse off than tbe Chin iiiiud, He,
not suited with ono wifo, can take another, nnd
on till he is suited. We, when once married, ore
dono for. We can neither get i id of our uncon
genial wifo nor tako a Ci ngonial one. I'nder these
circumstances, wo ought at least to have the privi
lege cf making a choice with our eyes open, and
not to be hold by tho very act of examination
have precluded ourselves fixm dec-lining tj accept
an article, which, however taking it might seem at
Hrst sight, proves, on being moro closely looked at
not what we w inted. '
We did not fear them once the dull gray mornings
Xo cheerless burden on our spirits laid;
Tho long night-watches did not bring us warnings
That we were tenants of a house decayed;
Tho car'y snoffs liko dreams to us descended;
The frost did fairy-work on pave and bough; .
Iieiiuty, and power, and wonder, havo not ended
How is it that we fear thu Winters nowf
Their house fires fall as bright on boarth and cham
ber; Their northern starlight shines ns coldly clear;
lho woods still keep their bully for December;
Tho world a weleomo yet for the now yoar,
And far away iu old rcmemberod places
The snow-drop rises nnd the robin sings;
Tho sun nnd moor, look out with loving faces
Why havo our days forgot such goodly things?
Is it that nor tho north wind finds us shaken
By tempests fiercer than its bitter blast,
Which fair beliefs nnd friendships, too, have taken
Away like Summer foliage ns thoy passed,
And niado life k-i.fk-ss in its pleasant valleys,
Waning the light of proiniso from our day,
Till mists meet even in tho inward palace
A dimness not liko theirs to pass uwuyf
ft was not thus when dreams of love and laurels
(.lave sunshine to tho Winters of our youth,
Ueloro its hopes had fallen in fortune's quarrels,
OrT iluc had bowed thrin with his heavy truth
Ere yet the twilights found us strange aud lonely,
With shadows coming when the lire burns low,
To toll of distant graves and losses only
Tho past that cannot change and will not go.
Alas! dear friend', the Winter is w ithin us,
Hard is the ico that grows about t.ie heart;
For petty cares and vain regrets have won us
From life's true heritago and better part.
Seasons and skies rejoice, ye-, worship rather;
Dut nations toil and tremble cv'n as wo,
II iping for harvests they will never gather,
Fearing tho Winters which they may not sco.
PEEP INTO A WASHINGTON GAMBLING.
j sofas, lounges. &c, of rosewood, a largo ccntre
we table, on which wero the leading newspaper of the
The Washington correspondent of tho Cleveland
I UiiiuUaler thus describes a visit to a gambling
iiuunu, anu wnatno saw aim ncara tticro
"Having henrd much of the magnificence nnd
grandeur of the metropolitan gambling-houses, 1
with several Cleveland friends paid one a visit the
other night. The entrance was through u nnrrow
iignteu way, opening trom tho avenue, just cast
of the National. A pair of stairs at tho further
end of the hall brings you abruptly against a small
i r. . i .i. :.. . i . . ..
tour, lasiritcu on inu msiuc ; you ring a belt ; a
colored servant looks through the latticed panel to
e u an is rigoi. ii no uiscovers a well known
customer or n frequent visitor of such places the
...i...i : .... . i .
nmu nu i y io monuiou.uu nit- principal, oi course,
that 'n person is known by the company he keeps.'
unmuicrs unuorstunu Human nature better than
anybody else. We were admitted first into a room
beautifully carpeted, lresco painted, with chairs.
country, and around which satsovernl well-dressed
gentlemen, leisurely reading nnd discussing the
news of tho day. This was but the half of a
double parlor, tho reception room, or, as Wilton
would say, 'the vestibule ol hell.'
Our guide, who was a well-known Washinton
gentleman, introduced us to tho keeper of tho es
tablishment, telling him that wo had never been in
such a place before, and wore led by curiosity to
cxp'orj his infernal domains. He appeared highly
delighted, and immediately opened up tho 'inner
temple' We entered, and found that the half had
not been told us ; a chandelier, costing from three
to four hundred dollars, brilliantly lit up, flung its
glittering rays on gold papered walls, satin damask
curtains, sofas, itc. In the centre, and near one
end of the room, stood a long six legged tablo.with
a richly embroidered spread, falling in folds, near
ly to the floor ; on the wall over the tablo hung n
massive guilt framc.nnd large as life a huge crouch
ing tiger, with eyes of glaring fire, lips apart, nnd
apparently ready for a spring upon his unsuspect
ing victim. The cbth being removed from the
table beneath, revealed a 'Faro Bank,' with all the
implements of that well-known fascinating game
ivory chips, representing 1, $5, $25, $250 each,
lay piled up in one corner, for tho convenience of
tho Letters ; in a s.mall box beneath lay piles or
bank bills, nnd heaps or doublo eagles Tor the re
demption of these very issues.
It was early in the evening and the players Jiad
not got in. The keeper entertained us with talcs
of tho table how foolishly young men cruno there
as we had, out of curiosity, and were induced to
'try their luck out of curiosity, which generally
lelt thcin out of cash, outot characterand out of
friends, in the end. We proposed leaving, when
he politely invited us to stay to supper ; he showed
us his bill of fare, which included soun, roast beef,
oysters in all styles, ducks, venison, quail, fish,
chocolate, coffee, nuts.and all tlio wines and liquors
to be found in tho best restaurants. Whoever is
admitted to the rooms, either ns plovers or specta
tors, are also admitted to theso suppers free of
w i.iMi v auiuiui n uuuorsiuuu nuunin naiurer
the keeper was impatient to have the House or
ganized, so members could draw their mileage
and make their business better. This is but one
of tho many institutions iu this city, and the
Tiger is buund to bo fed though the people
From the Western Reserve Chronicle.
We were fearful that the ladies had entirely for-
gotten the present was leap ycar.but it seems some
of them, the young ones, aro aware of the fact.
A few evenings sinco a party was given at tha
house of one of our citizens, when the young
ladies invited the young gentlemen, went around
with sleighs unit l onve.ved to the house, waited on
them W illi great politi i.ess, and carried them all
safely homo. Thu ladies do say that they never
inado young men wait, as they were compelled to
wait for somo of tlio young gentlemen to get
Somo of our cntempornries advise tha passage of
a law, levying a tax on bachelors, instead of uogs.
A crusty old bachelor at our elbow, says he would
have no objections to being taxed, for he thiuks all
luxuries should be taxed, and bachelorism is a lux
ury. It would have been no use to attempt to havo
such a law passea in tins Mate, as was enacted by
a Scotch Parliament in 12r8, while tho bachelor
Governor Medill was in office, but now that Gov
..hose occupies that post, wo think it might be
done. Here is- tho law.
"It is statut and ordaint that during the reine of
her uiaist blissit Mugostie, ilk fourth year, known
as leap year, ilk maiden laydo of Uiith high and
low estuit shall hae liberty to bespeak the man she
likes ; albeit, it bo reluscs to tuk her to bo bis wif,
he shall be mulcted iu yo sum of aue pundis (IX)
or less, as his estuit inoi be, except and awis gif he
can make it appear that he is betrothit to une ither
woman, that ho then shall be lree.
Such a law would bring inuny an old follow into
a light place. J lie bachelor editor of the Aew
Castle Journal says"he would endorse the passage
of such an act, rather than live in the time of the
fulfillment of the prophecy he finds recorded in
the fourth chapter and first verse of Isaiah's pro
"And in that day seven women Bhall take ho'a
of ono man, saying, ne will eat our own bread, and
wear our own apparel; 'only let us be called by thy
namo, to take away our reproach."
Probably he w ould. His married eotomporary
of tho New Castlo Gaztttc, gays of him :
"Ho seems afraid of one, and well might he fear
if be had seven tugging at him at oueo." '
THE A A' Tl-SL A V 11 Y BUGLE,
rCBLISIIED EVERY SAT'JRbAT, AT iAI.EV, OHIO.
TERMS. $l.f0 per annum payable in .vlvance.
Or, 'ZflQ at tho ot.d of the year.
4yWo occasionally send numbers to those who
iro not subscribers, bat who nro believed to be in
terestc-1 iu the dissemination of anti-slavery truth
witli tho hopo that they 'will cither subscribe them-
selves.or uso thoir influence to extend its circulation
among their friends.
teayCjininunioations intended for insertion, to
be nd Jrossed to Mahius R. Itomxso.-v, Editor. AH
others lo Ann Pearson, Publishing Agent.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Ono Square (10 lines) three weeks, - - 1,00
" " Each additional insertion, - - 2.'
" " Six months, d,0;
" " One year, 0,00
Two Sqiini-i-s six months, 5,00
Ono yoar, 8,00
Ono Fourth oolumn one year, with privilege of
changing monthly, .... 12,00
Half column, changing monthly, ... . 20,00
vr Cards not exceeding eight lines will bo in
serted ono year for g.1,00 ; six months, ?2,00.
J. HUDSON, Printer,
local agents for Tntt anti si.averv iiccji.e.
George Roberts, Brighton, Michigan.
Phobia T. Merrill. Ionia, Michigan.
Adrian, Samuel Hayball, Michigan,
Livonia, Harriet Fullei "
Plymouth, Isaac N. Hedden, "
Ypsilanti, Emelino DeOnrmo, "
" Samuel D, Moore, "
Union City, John D. Zimmerman, Michigan,
McRoy Grove, Tho's Fox, "
Battle Creek, Phcbe II. Meriitt, "
Bedford, Henry Cornell, "
Farmington, Abram Powels, "
Wolf Creek. Warren Gilbert, "
Ann Arbor, B. Glazior. "
West Unity, J. H. Richar'son, Ohio.
Edinburgh, Thomas C. Hoighton, Ohio.
Joseph Puckctt, Winchester, Indiana,
Wm. Hern, Brighton, Indiana.
G. L. Gale, Northport, Indiana.
Wm. Hopkins, Freemont, "
Elizabeth Morco, Angola, "
Henry Bowman.Johnstown, Barry Co. Mich.
SALEM, COLUMBIAN A COUSTY, OHIO;
DEALER IN ALL KLNDS OF STOVES.
Also, Manufacturer of Tin Wore, Stove Furniture,
Pipe, &o. A great variety of Japaned
Ware and Toys.
Sai.em. Aug. 15. 1855.
GEO. AY. MANLY,
DA G UEll RIAN A 11 TIS T!
MAIS STREET, SALEM, OHIO.
Salem, June 23, 1855.
EXOS L. WOODS,
COLUMBIANA, COLl'llBIAJiA CflCJiTY, OHIO.
Steam (Engine Cnilber. .
STEAM ENGINES of Various H17AR. prinatriif.l.
ed upon the latest approved plan, that cannot fail
to give as good satisfaction as any now made.
Patterns or all kinds, made to order. All work
made or good material, nnd warranted tt give as
good satisfaction as any other.
l'CU. il, lBO-t.-tt.
SELLING OFF AT COST!!
J. & L. SCHILLING would respectfully an
nounce to their customers nnd tho public generally
that they are closing out thoir entire
STOCK OF MERCHANDISE,
at prices varying from COST to a slight advance
thereon, owing to the seasonnblenesB of tho Goods,
amongst which may be found a new and fresh lot
of COBERGS, nil colors nnd nt prices from 25 to
02 cts., per yard; also, a New Stock of
Can State Sljaiote,
of very Desirable Styles, together with a fresh
supply of Wool and Canton Flannels, Jeans, Prints,
Ginyiams, Real Nankeens, O'aloon Tmninys,
licit Buckles, d'-c, if-c. All of which wo are clos
ing out preparatory to removing to our
in Cary's Block, Corner of Main and Ellsworth
Streets, one door West of the Butter Store, which
Room we shall occupy on nnd after the ICth day
oi reoruary, ioou, ana wnere our customers will
on hand to attend to their many wants, a good
light room; and nn ENTIRE NEW STOCK OF
GOODS to show them.
JJy the last of the week wo will be in recent of
T - I r I - I.' 1 1 -ii nniTm . . ........... r . .
a rrenn vjase oi r.iuu I i;r,rv t UALlLUtiS, which
are so desirable for COMFOKTS, DRESSES, CHIL
DREN'S' WEAR. &o. &c.
Thankful for past favors, we hope not only, to
nave a continuance oi your custom while yet in
the old stand, but upon removal to our NEW BOOM
hopo to merit a still greater share of your confi
dence and patronage
Yours truly, J. & L. SCHILLING.
Salem, December 8th, 1855.
STATIONERY, WALL PAPER, &c, &c,
Salem Book 0torc.
ALL Kinds of Classical. Historical. Pm;l
Political, Theological, Mental, Dontal, Law. Sci-
ciimiu, i.iuniuui, ouveiuie anu school JJooks, kept
on hand, or procured to order, at Publishers'
Foolscap, Commercial, Mercantile nnd Packet
tost setter I'ap-.-r. Commercial Note, Bath Pust,
Ladies' Bath, plain and gilt, Fancy Note, Sermon
Paper, Bill Paper, Legal and llecord Paper, Legal,
Letter, Note and Funey Envelones. of all ei.lurk
anil sizes ; Drawing Papers of all sizes, from Cap
to Double Elephant. One roll of Drafting nnd
Map Paper, 4 J fect wide and 150 yards long, cut to
nun,. jjimvui uiiurus, raucy .Taper, Arnolds,
Maynard t Noys' Red and Indelible Inks. Gold
and Steel Pens. Whitney's and Silliman's Ink
stands. J'ort t olios, Port Monnnies, Artists'
Brushes, Crayons, Drawing Pencils, Water Colors.
Liquid Gum, Sealing Wax. Tabbets, Penknives,
Pocket Books, Mathematical Instruments, Tooth
Brushes, Combs, Ponholdors. Slate Pencils. An
Cony Books. Memorandums, Pocket Diaries and
Blank Books of every desciiotion. '
Visiting, Printing, Motto and Be war 4 Cards of
tin nitics an j vuiuiRi
Materials for Artificial Flows',,, Pocket M
of all the States, Spencer's Pe-mauship and Copy
Accordions and Faney Articles.
Materials for Cher.'ilU V.k-,.:.i"
Country Dealers supplied with School Books and
Stationery at Wholesale.
Wall Paper with Borders, and Window Paper
'vJosh paid for nny amount of clean linen and
The attention of tho Publio is cnllod to a new
invention, cnllod FORTIN'S BOOK HOLDER
which enables a person to read, with nerfuot
sitting upright, leaning back, lounging on a sof,
lying down, walking about, or iu any othor noskion'
oxuept stuuding on bis head.
Salon, Ovt.Cl.855.-3m. McMILWJf-
Drs. TREASE, heretofore of tho Sugar Creek
Falls Wntor-Cure, havo opened an Establishment
un the Ohio River and O. & P. Railroad, ten miles
west of Pittsburgh, nt IlAVSVILLE STATION.
a place favored by nature and art Tor a Water Cure
Sirs. Cf.i.u P. Rirrrs Frfase. a eradiinte of the
New York Hydropathic Institute, and f the
Eclectic Medical College of Cincinnati, will linve
charge if the Femnlo Department, assisted by the
TEJ'MS rrnm Six to Ten Dollars per wecV,
payablt vcckly in advance. Each patient should
bring llit ce sheets, two woolen blankets, six linen
towels, nui.' two comforts, or Wt will furnish them
for fifty cent1 per week.
Address eiti'or of the Phrsh'inrVf, Pittsburgh, I'll
8. I'KEASK, M. D.
H. FR.VANE, M. D.
C. P. It. UREASE, M. V.
May 17, 1855.
TIIE SATURDAY EVENING POST.
ESTABLISHED AUGIST FOCRTIf,
Weekly Edition bcltcecn 80,000 and OO.bvO.
In issuing their Prospectus for lMfi, the propri
etors of tho Post tako it Tor granted, that tho pub
lic are already tolerably woll acquainted with th
character of a paper that has grown strong ditriug
tho storms and sunshine or TlllRTVFOL'K
YEARS. Their object always has been, ns it re
mains to be to publish a weekly paper bir the fami
ly circle, which shall not only amuse, but also in
struct and improve, those who may read it. To
accomplish this object, lho best articles nre selected
or condensed from foreign nnd domestic periodicals,
nnd original articles of nn instructive character
procured, when possible
Letters from Foreign Lands; the most interest
ing portions or tbe Weekly News ( tbe world;
Sketches of Life. Adventure anil C
ted nnd Original Articles upon Agriculture; Ac
count of the Produce nnd Stock Markets; nnd a
nana ioio Last ore included among the solid infor
mation to be constantly found in the Post,
But the mind reouires a wider rnmm it Im. f.
cullies which delight In the humorous and lively,
the imaginative nnd poetical. These faculties also
must have their appropriate food, else they become
enfeebled, nnd as n consequence, the intellect bo
comes narrow and one-sided, and is notable to tako
an enlarged and generous view of human natdre
and its destiny. To satisfy these lu-avcn-implan-
toil cravings ot our mental being, we devote a fair
proportion of the Post to FICTION, POETRY and
III-- 1 0 W t
Among our contributors in the first two of th
above Deportments, are several of tha most gifted
writers in the land. We also draw freely for Fic
tion and Poetry upon tho best periodicals in this
country nnd Great Britain. We design commen
cing a Now Story by Mrs. South worth, author of
ine iescrtea vt no," 'Miriam," &c, in our first
pnper of January next.
ENGRAVINGS, illustrative of ininnrfnnt fta.
ces and actions, or Agricultural nnd other new in-
vemitiiis, wun others ot a Humorous, though re
fined character, are also freely given.
NOTICES OF THE PRESS.
This is one of the few lartrn nnnnm filTn.l .:,.
life nnd thought, instead of lumbering trnsh. Its
management is marked by liberality, courtesy,
ability and tact. It employs tho beet literary tal
ent, nnd spares no pains or expense. Asa family
paper, one of literary nnd general intelligence, wo
cordially rocommend it. Caytna Chiif, Auburn,
Our readers may rely nnon it. thnt TWenn nnt
Peterson will be as eood as their word. Sik flip . a
we canjudge by years or observation, these publish
ers do rather more than they promise ; and their
paper Is edited with marked ability. It is singular
ly free from silly eentinicntalism and bluster, but
is or healthy tone on all subjects, always moderate
in language, but always mildly advocating tho
right. We find it one or the most generally at
tractive papors in ourexchange. Saturday Visitor
It is tho best litcrnrv nnd fnmilv ni, ;n tt,
Union. Rock Islander, Bock Island, 111. - .
It is emphutically ono of the very best literarr
newspapors in the whole country, and deserves the
uupuioui-u i-utL-wB w un w nicn it nas met under its
present enlightened and liberal proiirietorshin.
1 ho greater its circulation in this State, thn 1
probably, is vur gain pecuniarily ; -yet we must
pronounce it a mr st excellent journaf, and worthy
the patronage of everybody. The contributors to
the Post nro among the finest writers in America,
and the editor's articles are always characterized
uy iriuu anu tasto. Jersey Jilue, Camden, N. J.
We have heretofore spoken in high terms of the
merits of tbe Post.ns ono of the best pnpers on our
exchange list, nnd we regard it ns one or the best
literary papers to he round nnywhero. Its edito
rials are wiittcn with ability, nnd take a liberal,
independent and comprehensive view or men nnd
things. Star and Advertiser, Wriyhlsville, Pa.
It is deservedly one or the most nnnnlnr nnntb.
journals in the United States.comhining ns it does.
"iciury poiiu oi view, an the interest ot the
best magazines, w ith a vast amount or general ia
telligence. Republican, Litchfield, Ct.
TEltMS eCath In advance) Single copy, $'i a year.
4 copies, ftfi OOarMiT.
8 (Anil one to getter-up of Club.l . 10 00
13 " (And ouo lo ireto-r up of Cluh,) . . ir,.us
'M u (And one to getter-up of Club,) . . 2u.0u
Address, always post paid,
DEACON & PETERSON,
No. CO South Third Street, Philadelphia.
J SAMPLE NUMBERS sent gratis to anu
one, when requested.
ORIGINAL NOVEL BY X. p. WILLIS.
TIIE HOME JOURNAL FOR 1856.
tiCW AND BRILLIANT SERIES.
On the fifth of January next, the first number of
the New Series for 1856, or this well known Fami
ly Newspaper will be issued, with new type and
new attractions; the principal one is of the kind
which has been proved, by ioth American and .Eu
ropean periodicals, to bo the most acceptable and
popular, viz: a novel in serial M'miieks. The
OR, PARTS OF A LIFE ELSE UNTOLD.
A Novel," dv n. p. wii.lis.
In addition to this new feature, a series of orn-
nal sketches, songs and ballads by G. P. Morris,
and un original novelette, in verse, founded upon
tact, called "Iiib Story or a Star," by J. M.
Field, aro among the indui-onients for new subscri
bers to commence with tbe first number or tho vfay,
Bosides tho contributions and labor or ',e"Edi
tors, the Home Journal win Ci)DUia j-orei
and Domestic Cvrre8p-.ndineA r.f . i i- . -
contributors-the 0f the European Magazines
-the selection. J tlle mo6t iesting public
i.onsoi ine uoy-the brief novels-the piquant
stories lh0 sparkling wit and amusing anecdote
the newg nnj ssip of tho Parisian papers the
P'Vsonal sketches of publio characters the stir
ring scenes of tho world we live in the chronicle
of tho news for ladies the fashions tho facts and
outlines of news the pick of English information
the wit, humor and pathos or the times the es
says on lire, literature, socioty aud morals, and the
usual variety or careful cbooings from the w ilde
ness of English periodical litorature, criticism,
poetry, eto. We need not remind our readers that
we have also one or two unsurpassed correspon
dents in the fashionable society of New-York, who
will give us early news of every new feature of
stylo and elegance umong the tcadors of tlio gay
Terms. For one copy, $2; for three copies, $6
or one copy for thrco vears. $5 always in ad.
Scbscriiie wituoct DELAY. Address
MORRIS & WILLIS.
Editors and Proprietors, 107 Fulton-street. New-York
BLANK DEEDS, MorlgaKes, Judgment
Notes, Executions and Summons for sale at