M.lItlL'S 11. ItOllIXSOX, K 11 TO It.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
axx rn.irtrnx, j'uniisiiixa.ACEar. "
VOL. 11. NO. 27.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, FKimUAltY 10, ISSfi.
WHOLE NO. 511,
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
THE VIRGINIA WAR.
.By refcrcnco to a short article in our Inst num-j
vl a .. :n i,t 'lr;.,i. ii,.nnn,,.
i?r. uui i l: . u i i a i n plu tin.. , . iiiiviiLhii",
war upon l cnnsvivnnia in case me miter procccu
. , 1 ! , 11'
to punish a certain kidnapper under md.cti.icnt at ,
Holidaysbursh. Tho name of the manthicf is'
ii ii.. v:..;..:.. t A;ai....vn B.i nnmn,a. '
iui.uoa. iou i ,,.w,..,r..
to mulct said l'arsons in a heavy fine in case he ,
presented himself to tho Pennsylvania Court for;
trial. It will doubtless be some relief to tho trcmb-
sorviles of tho threatened State, Ic loam
i , l.;.0oir !-.
luai, willUBVcr iiiav uu mu ,v ,,t.ii,i..., ...-,
' . . '
sons prosonted himself for trial at the appointed
time and was acquitted by tho Court.
"Whether the Court acouitted the prisoner to avoid
1.. horror nf the! threatened Vircin'm invasion
we do not know. Though wo have pretty good
evidence to believe that Parsons deservod the (ale
, . .... i i- ,i i vi-
WlllOlt lor a limo seemcu 10 inreuicii mm. n u
understand that immediately after his discharge
Pdwest r,orhnr,s in search
from custody ho started west, perhaps
of a moro successful operation in his line ot busi-,
laess, than that at Holidaysburgh proved to be.
For there, though ho himself was arrested his in-,
tonded victim escaped. Let all whose complexion
will givo this villain any special
on tho lookout.
advantage to be
"Rewarded J S. C. Abbott, who has written a!
defence and " eulogy of Napokon 1st, which lC
facetiously callsllistory.has sent a copy of it to the
Napoleon III. Mr. Abbott styles the first
Nanolaon tho Washington of France and avows
that the history was written under a "senso of his
responsibility to God." Of course this pious ad-
peror, who has all the craft and wickedness, with
out the intellectual ability of bis prodocessor and
examplar. He has accordingly sent an approving
letter to Mr. Abbott accompanied w ith a gold
medal. And Mr. Abbott has tho weaknoss to
parade this tyrant's approval of his labors, before
bis countrymen, as an evidence of his litcrery mer
it and historic accurary. With intelligent men this
approval must j,be itself no small condemnation
of the work.
Di.sB.Nl)F.n.---Tho Know-Nothicgs of Geauga
county, held a meeting last month and resolved to
dissolve all connection with tho order. They ad
Vise all the subordinate lodges in Ihe county to
abandon the organization. They issued an ad
dress assigning their reasons for their course in
... .. . . .... i ... I. ....
miration or one o. no greatest .,. u
um ri3i-ncu n wuiii.t iciu.u ..v... ...v y.w .....
ly struggle to maintain Freedom to aid in assert-(jliio,
ing practically and effeicntly, tho ort repeated as
sertion of political faith, 'No more slave States
no more Slave Territory,' and wo feci wo cannot
do this if wo conlinuo members of tho American
organization. The Philadelphia Convention, we
are sorry to confess, but are compelled to believe,
will bid as low for office, for slaveholding influence
fnd votes, as will the Pernod tio party. The
inevitable tendency of the Organization is to that
result that position. In this wo hopo to bo mis
taken but sco no good reason why our hopo
be changed to fruition."
which tliey say: "We must, as loyal citizens " of
ourcomn.on country-boldly, vigilantly constant-
v A Ql-aker Victory. Levi 'Oumn a Friend in
Cincinnati, who is Chief Director on tho U. G. U.
Jt., of that part of the country, appeared in the
U. S. Court Koom last week while the fugitives
trial was proceeding and stood with his baton,
when says ths Gazette:
" "Avery officious special Marshal, employed for
this occasion to assist in preserving order nnd
the Union, regarding this as an insult to tho U. S.
to himself as her representative, approached
Friond Coffin and demanded imperatively that ho
should uncover before him and tho Commissioner
"Friend C.explaincd tlintho moant no disrespect
v.. u i, .,-. , r,r ,l,olr nnril. It would
not do. Tho brave special Marshal raised Ins cane
and knocked the oflending broad brim on the rioor.
Friend C. paid no attention to this, but remained
motionless. In a little whilo the Marshal returned,
picked u? the hat and handod it to Levi, who took
L r :t ...i...t..or n,l tho Miirnhiil denosited
! . . M....I..I ....
it on a taoie. uui mo oruvo ...
ease and shortly after t i s he returneu, tooK tno
hafand placed ft very gently on Levi's head, and
the Ct wo saw of trimid. Coffin ho stood there
r.rtoughnoXngLdBever hppencd ?o disturb
, . f f T5. 1!.
UOBDER ituFFiAMoM. who ui ma umui. numui.
f l,A lnt month uttors the lollowine war-
. a. .iviim border men of Missouri :
J " D
"The war has again commenced, and tho Abo-
litionists have again commenced it. 1 ro-oiavery
Dien law and order men strike for your altars
ttriko for your firesides strike for your rights
avenge the blood of your brethren who have been
.cowardly assailed, but who have bravely fallen
defence of Southern institutions. Sound the bugle
the lenctli and breadth of the land,
nnd leave not an abolitionist in the Torritory
. . i. I .Anrnminnf inrr i OA.l a
strike your jiiercinn ritle lallo and your glittering
Att-nnl til their black and noisououg hearts. Let
Aha wnr-erv never cease in Kansas again until our
Territory is wrested of the last vestige of Aboli
. P T Baknuu, has been humbugged out of
x . i. uAHAvs, mra w fab
oral Uunjirea tnousanu aonara ojr n "uv-principle,
. .-. . . .
J'ttn'AV VAutv.TlieXaw YorkLcz-'
islature uas a olll before it which provides that any
married woman whoo husband, from drunkenness
n, nrnfliiracv. or othor causo. shall neglect or refuso
tn nrnvida fur her sunnort or the support of
children, or any married woman who may bo
er ed bi hr ifushand, without any fault on
nort shall havo tho right to transact business
U own name, collect her own earnings and those
. n...n,in Children, and educate her childron,
free from the interference of her husband or
other iersou fcShe way also bind out or biro
UtUer UCiaUU. J.w .
Imr minor children. Also, liereauer it snail
t i,A unliditv of verv indonturo of
iirenticeship that the inothor, if living with her hus
iind, sign tho sumo. Tlie bill aims at abuses
exist to an alarming extent.
shall tint bo accounted felony, but tho muster (or
other person appointed by tho master to punish
biinl be neritiit from mulcstntion. Natvln nf 1'iV-
ACffNTRADRTKiN Dititxi. The laws of Virginia,
relating tu slavery, are ns mild, utmost, ns any hu-
mane man could wish. Cim-inmtii Kmpiim:
M if ear,c,l and declared b; ,kh fW -I-m-
,, ,,. , . . ,. ' .. ......... i... I,:,
my, y nnv a.nve resist n.s i j
:. r.i. . .1 .Ti . 1. ..... .. ,i; , 1. 1.
y .. . .... ... 1
11 e have no comment to oiler,
TWn a , ti....i.t,..y n,,.i te ciiin.vi.a u
.... ... ............ '
"Molding to a census, ih'. t.ikcn, -OH.l.VS souls.
, . ,,'
n trtilli. it would
i, i- , , n n-i c .i n I
1: irri miiv ii a.. l-,di. 2. 1 he Sootiier.i (. omriier. i
r;.(i Convention met to-day, when Resolutions were j
adoped, dcclarinc the cslablishment of a first class I
line of steamships from I.tvernool to some Southern
. ... .
nml on I rnnntninoni ihir Snu fli efll I ,e Tl l (1 tni. til
;)ipir n nccomvyishn hi, end, as soon I
asposihlo. At adjournment a resolution was pend-!
in: declaring that Ooncress should aid the Southern
mail steamships as well ns thoso belonging t-i;'
, . , -i.i
i it A n Af.rA is sa.u to no going aneau. vi aisvi
has a sulhcient force under his command to main-
nas a auiuciciii loree oooer inn c-iiiiiiiiiou i; inaio-
C;iin his position with littlo trouble, l'lio dispusi-1
1 "n u:. l" n" n9 CWinii 8 ':-vor?,,i0 . -llnVnn M
iiiu 1 1 iu.ua uoijf mu ujii..nnu iu mu iii-n "'-""'!
iZ;ltion ftnj d codom. A great wharf has been coin
( pleted at irin 15ay, which enables vessels of
every description to discharge their cargoes in rcg-
u'111' --oininercKil stylo.
The friends of Antioch College have received
the m nicy necessary to pay the debt which has
I embarrassed the institution for somo time. It is to
be hoped that it is now about to commence a long
( career of useful prosperity.
, j,ry jj j, pON.AVi ptor 0f Vnitarian con
usurpor rrregation in Wellington city, in his sermon hist
Mimlay nnnounecu ins vmwson oinver wnicn
io said was no question of Nin th or South but of
onscienccand humanity, which know no geograph
ical lines. It is supposed .Mr. Conway will lose his
' i.-. . i --.. i
, pas m-sinp, tor u.is uo.u avowal ot aiuis.acry sen-
To the S. iiatc mid 7oiisc n Jtijircicutaiccs nf the
Mate nf Ohio :
Gentlemen : We, the disfranchised Colored
Cit'i.oiis of Ohio, usseinblcd in Ucucral Convention,
feeling deeply tho grievous wrongs unjustly im
posed upon us by the prohibitions implied in the
first Section of the fifth Article of the Constitu
tion of the State, and knowing "the pcoplo have
the right to assemble together, in a peaceful man
ner, to counsel fir their common good, and peti
tion the General Assembly fir n redress of griev-
,, 1 1 ..I:-... : ... I.- .. a.. I. ...... rl... .....
luces: UIOl, ouuuili: ll vu uu It rvni.-iiiii uui, t
owe to ourselves, our posterity, and the honor and
r !. I .. Sin a n I ll.n. ti ii n nvnrr nun.
ask your Ilonorablo Ilody to take the ncces
imu iiuy iwif
Istitutionalnieans which tho law-makers of Ohio
h.ifA l.ff in miip r.MtvM. to rnmnvn frnni finr nncks
I the bunleiia too jirievous to be borne; we do, there-1
e. n, r . " . ' 'T, "A. . " "V
Zol, cf .tV of ho State of!
sary constitutional steps to strike the word 'white'
I'ioui the section before referred to, and all other
pKccs in w hich it occurs in the Constitution, nnd
thereby abrogate the unwise and unjust distinction
Jiercin made bet ween the citizens ot the State on
account of tlie accident of color. The section re
ferred to is couched in tho following language:
"Art. V. Sec. I. F.very while male citzen of tlie
United Slates, of the age of twenty-one years, who
shall havo been a resident of the Statu one year
nrul nf t 10 eoimlv
next preceding tho election
township, or ward m w hich he resoles, sticli timesi
of this odious word from tho Constitution ol
professedly frco State, is, that we are MKN. This,
to our minds, seems an all-sufficient plea. Human
rights arc not to be graduated by tho shades of
color that tinge the cheeks of men. Any being,
however low in the scale of civilization, that yet
. ; . . . i: : l. i. ..
preserves ttio traits mat servo to uisuiiguisu uU
inanity from the biutes, is endowed with all ri
,m:;imy eVri V
w,"r5rs otr e,ftnd be e,"itled 10 voto at
prLw reason we will assign for the .removal
that can be claimed by the most cultivated races ot
That we are men, we will cot insult your intel
and J ligenco by attempting to prove. The most bitter
revilers and oppressors of tho race admit this.evcn
in the enactments by which they wrong us. Stat
Pendery. ulcs nnu ordinances aro not necessary lor the regu-
lation and control of animals, but men, reasoning
; men. w ho can understand and obey, or plot tt
overthrow. Tho section of whioh wo c.uiiphiin,
by dcliuing,thai white men may exercise the right
of franchise, virtually admits that there are black
men who are by tho rulo prohibited from voting.
We ask any who doubt our manhood, Hath not the
,110 nves? Hath not tho nemo hands, organs,
i:'.....u;,.... ...,. no,.tin,, tuiKKiiina? fed with
u .i, .... . ...... ...
tlie same loou nun witu vuo nunc pn
ject to tho same diseases-healed by the same
means-warmed and pooled by the sumo summer
winter m the white v,an is ? If you prick
us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us do we not
ra l,1,,' r hn ;r
,.t .i...lt,inDa f liiiinnn enualitv. which'
I . " ... . a i l l
r ialcra promulgatea ana aeienucu ui me cos.
f no much blood and treasure, to tho narrow
bounds of races or nations. All nien are by na-
ture equal, and have maiicnniiie rignts, or none
to oU cuii jren 0f ono Father, and
j Kufc the principles upon which our Government
fminitnil niinilniiitia thn nractieo of excluding
j ,.inro,i mpn rP.,m . i.e mlvnntaL'eg of the ballot-box.
SVo beg you to reflect how insecure your
own and the liberties of your posterity would
by the admission of such a rulo of construing
rights of men. Another nation or race may dis
place you, ns you havo displaced nations and races;
and the injustice you teach, they may execute; per
chance they may better the instruction. Remem
ber, in your prido ot raco ana power, 'mat we
an yo nro uretn-
To uphold tho principle that taxation and repre
dentation should go togother, the union between
Great Britain and tho American Colonies was bro-
soy ken, and a desolating war of seven years' duration
v. was waged. As proot of tho correctness of
we havo tho declaration nnd actions
our fathers, and your own declarations. If
sentiment was so truo ill 177t5, what new conca-
tonation of circumstances bus arisen to render
false in 1S50 1 Nono whatever. Uih one of those
immutable truths that change not with tiiuo or cir
eumstances. Thoy nro emanations from tho eter
' mil foundation of truth, which wo all worship
de- tho Peity Himself, i et, tn nearly every county
her of our State, colored ax-payers kio found, who
in aro unrepresented, and oan only to heard in your
halls as a matter of favor.-AS o aro aware
i difference of race is urge-1 by our enemies as
any reason for our dis rancl.isemcnt; but we submit
out that we are not Africans, but Americans, as much
,.f .,,.,, r.r.r.i.liill'iri Hum Mien 111 IV
so as any of your population. Hero then is a great
injustice done lis, by refusing to acknowledge
right to tlie appellation of Americans, which
the only titlo we desire, and legislating for i.s as
wo were aliens, and Uut bound to our country
tho tips of affection which every human being
must feel fur his native laud; w hich makes the
Laplander prefer his snows and skins to the mm-
".V -ki.-r u..d silken pari, of Italy: w h.ch mak es , ,o
adored American prefer the dear laml ol III -b'rtli,
; h . mJ in it, to any other siwt or.
Itnl nih.iit fnr nr-rumenr. Hint tnpri IS nil I Ta -
eal difference between us and the white of nor
land. That very difference unfits tliem to repre-1
sent us. Our wants and leclmgs arc unknown or
r :i! -1 1.1 V
1,1 ' F"T" n,,n 1 .- ' 1
en ed in i he eniK ntive eonnei s. and th s can onlv
. . . .' . . . .,
,0 mtnined hy permittiiijr each one a voice in me
sl.lUetion of representatives. Xo class of the white
full, tn. V, ui niuiniiiiu ii MB...!" ii .m
unappreciated by them; nor can any ono presume
; (() r ' re,pnt ll3 ,;.( vv0 mvo nt ided t select.
population would he willinj: to coin die to any tin:-.
' '. . . . . . . . i .i
"(l""r' ih'elr r'li'tti.0" To' demand such a tliinji
,....,.; f n.i it.n sih-n i;
I. . , .... .i i: i.i....l
not ieacnc'l w co i--u oeui.iuu 10 iu.iuv uuui- u-nvi.
-!- . r
"'t" t of itllTiten "o is nreed as a reason
ninRt om. n(miss0,, t e ui citizenship. The'
.."..',:.. , . ;..' : ,,,, '. i,t
J. if .,. it ..trr,i, nn rull,Cnt
I for the removal of the disabilities that cramp our
1 . l., C....1: ..r -l, o
t oeii-.-, oef-irov lion leeiio ei oeo-i - j- -,
.,,,,.,,.,. r .,..-.,,..,,,,,,- f .,i ;,;,,.
... , .,.,:, . r i ...... ,;?. ,,.. K-.
( . . , , . r , .
,t can j x,m0 harlu xw m.iv a0 us ,llllcl, cood;
and if we fail, ui.on us bo the bhuno. We would!''.-
hlilifr to VOllI- recollection Miat bV a decision Ol
.,r.,:.n P.,r ,1 lrnn n.irli.ll, of nor neollln
ce, w'.th Ze re.t of us" and Z'X fined?,,
excrciso the right of voting than their
Vet. bv an accident of color.they are enfr
What good reason can be adduced for permitting
tho father to vote and not the sun, or the son and
not the father, ns is frequently the case' The
most obtuso intellect can at unco perceive the ut-
tn. I'.itlv nn.l irMusitien of Klleh distinctions. J5llt
the foliv and iniusiiec is onnallv as grrat when the
diirerenco is made between white and cdorcd men,
1, C aro liwaru line. II una UUVII ikiiiuii u.tou.h.v.
bv a high political personage, that this is a gov-
' .' . .... ;.. .. -in .-- .. i .1...:.
- . "c u " "
, . " , ti : '
I .i uu, n'vi . m
- ,. . ....
i and protect 1,1c, liberty, and property ? lie
' wiiur.i v i-nn-v , ...-... ,
f I. ,...,. rh-l.u -.i n Kiibmir, that the assertion
casts an imputation upon the veracity and good
faith ot our fathers, who claimed tho sympathy
and aid ot tliewotm oa tno grounu mat nicy wci-u
ccnteniiing for principles of universal application
and desired to found a government in which tho
doctrine of human equality would be reduced to
Tho Hill of Rights of tho S:atc of Ohio sets
forth, "That all men arc created equal and inde
pendent, and havo inalienable rights among which
are enjoying and deentintf lite and liberty, acquir
ing, possessing, and protecting property, and sock
ing and obtaining happiness and safety."
Now. admitted that wo tiro men, how aro we to
UU UlCBD lllllln IIUUI.I.I.UI 1 u. i'i-I J
law of the State, aro-prcveuted from dcfcndiiig;
those precious ri-hts by any other than violent
nieaiH For the same document that asserts our
" , ,'' . ,
M cse tilings peaccuu.j; ouv wB,, oj u u.ftiiii.u
i-ht to doft-nd life, liberty and property, strips
of the power to do so otherwise than by vio--'
ICllCC. I! OSii you, gemieilieo, 111 lliu n.miu ui
justice, shall this stand as the judgement of th0
State ot Ohio?
Wo are aware that deference to the op'u.ions and
institutions of the States tolerating slavery, to
whom we aro bound by the federal compact, may
induco somo to oppose this our application for
ermal rh'hts. Put those States, of ail others, arc
tho most tenacious of their rights as sov.-reign
and reprobilto all attempts to influence
ineir uomesuc puucj ,,, me uu.i u. r.i ...
loll III Oilier Ol.ucs. ii a univ vuui u
tiec: and, in doing right, imitate tho indc-
Wo do not ask you to countenance any change
iWtmctivn to vour f irm of trovernmcnt. The
nrioeinles we ask yon tu indorse are recognized bv
the wise and -rood of our own and other lauds. It
f Ohio, improving the condition of any class
inmate result of a proper np-
will bo but tho le
preciution of the Declaration of Independence and
htsiiiur ili 11 ol liiglits. Aireauy uve oiaien oi iiiu
Uuion have admitted colorca men to vote; nnu w
have vet to hear that the action has been followed
hy any other than beneficial results.
The arguments we havo advanced aro equally
applicable to the statutory enactments which in
flict such grievous disabilities upon us as a peo
ple. Thn inestimablo privilege and protection of
trial by a jury of our peers, wo aro deprived
and to our great damage. Kvery legal gentleman
in your body must bo awaro of the facility with
which convictions aro obtained against colored
Admission to your infirmaries and other benevo
lent institutions, is demanded by the spirit of the
civilization and Iiu-
n.m. It in a shame tu vour
, :tr;.i :. l,llJ ,imB.l.
m, u.M,. ..s-, .... j -
drivelling idiots and raving maniacs, are turned
into the street to du, as has been done in the me
wUl tropolis of your State. In your public schoo U,
! too, need cs and ' "J' 'tr'r.tllTn,:
befurn others. Tho interests of the State demand
.1 ., . 11 .1 1.
that all should be educated alike.
In conclusion, we call your attention to tho du
tinx incumbent on vou as'legislators to pass such
.)ws ag will increase tno nnppiuess, prosperity
ftI1(l secliri,y f the people of the state; to remove
all just causes ot uissaiisiiuuou.
Many may indulge the hope that the colored
population is destined to pass nway from your
midst, nnd so refuse our praypr. Put tho hope
a delusion. We are a part ol the American peu-
pie, and wo and our posterity win ,"i7
tneiitnart of vour population. If wo are
,i.,r.riio,l of education, of coual political privileges
still subjected to tho same depressing influences
under which we n w suffer, ihe natural consequen
ces will follow; aad the State, for her planting
injustice, will reap her harvest of sorrow and
crimo. She will contain w ithin her limits a dis
contented population dissatisfied, estranged
ready to welcome any revolution or invasion ns
relief, for tliey can lose nothing and gain much.
contrary course of policy will enablo us to keep
step with our white fellow-citUonn in tho march
improvement, disaffection will co.t-o, and our no
blo Stato stand securely defended by tho loving
hearts of all hor sons.
In behalf of tho Stato Convention of colored
nl(!. PETER II. CLARK, Cha'n.
Charles II. Yuneey,
Solomon Grimes. Committee.
John M. Langstou,
.John I. Gaines,
L. 1. Tavlor.
ThA memorial was received and read, and refer
red to a select committee consisting of tho follow
ing gentlemen: Mcfsrs. CunScld, Brown,
Taylor of Geauga.
constitutional ,,cp. lo so alter or
stitiitimi ol this Mate as to strike
ninth Artn-lc of the Constitution ns to
; too word "w lute in that article. .il.
( The Committee on potions reported the follow
"A c, tl e undersigned, citizens of county.
respectinlly hut earnestly petition your honnrabh
body, 1st. ''.1 immediately lake tho necessary
ntnpml thfi ( nn-
. . '
nrt Mate as to strike niilllio w old ,
I, it,." t II, r. f,rt ,.f tl.n tifil, An'i.-li, 1
d. l'o so alter or ainen l the fu st Section of the
repeal all laws and parts of laws which make dis-
tinclioiis on account of color.
SPECIAL MESSAGE OF GOV. CHASE.
n. ., . . .. . . , ,.
. ... ,
I tr.inan.if r..,. it.n or.nc;.l...iiti.n ..r ,! r.,,in-itt
' As-scml.ty a comniunieation' from certain gentle
linrf men hohiin!r ollicial t.ositions in Kansas.
! J. lie uiL'eoe.v of this anneal, mado hv the com-
, n j - -j -
t tmtn ..,1 .... ,1. - ....! ;n.)....Ai
by it before the General Ae.nUv without delay.
authenticated by tho si-nature of Jnmes
! II. Lane, Chairman of the .Executive Committee id'
: Kaiikae Territory, of Charles liohinson, the Gov-
crnor, and icoro . Jleitzlcr, the Secretary. elect-:
ed by the 1'eoj lc under the recently adopted State
It represents that nn overwhelming force cf cit-,
; izens of Missomi aro orgimi-.ing upon the borders
naiisud. wan tho aowcl purpouc ol invamng
lut 1 ul 1 J .oeoioil.Mllllg its IUW 'U9,aul UUICUCI ioj;
-' ' CO fttalCCltlZ
!d your most earnest atten-
The objc.t of the couU-mplateil invasion of
Kansas is'to compel its inhabitant, to submit to
i .".u.msnmcnt ,,t slavey. . .
1 He progress ot slavcholding aggression is very
In l -'JO tho slave power insisted on the n1nis-'0Verwn'-',,l,inS
sion of Missouri as u Slave State, and cu'eeted its
purpose by cn-rafiini' on the bill (or its admission
tici r etual nrohii.ition of slavery in nil tho to.
ol the territory .leouired from Franco
u.e nouio une oi .uissoiin.exicnuing west-
, , . ; . ... .
., t o slave power innn.led the repeal ol
tlie I rn III 01 ion ot IM.iI. imu et eetei it n n..it. Iw
! cnRrilhil,g on the Nebraska Kansas hill which pro-
VUittd or I in i-Pnn:i . n pvr.rrss i
i i,.,.. .1... ' 1 1 :4 i .. i
I pcojue oi uie icrrnory suouiu oe i.Mt "pcrtcct
j y fl.c,; !" ''jrni and regulate their own domestic
institutions, subject only to tho provisions of the
u.in.l I III li 11 UI IIIU llllU'l kJtillU.-.
Ill IS-jO, the slave power insists that under this
declaration tho pcoplo of the Territory have no
power to exclude slavery, until, under an enabling
act of Congress, they proceed to form a State Con
stitution, preparatory to admission into the Uuion.
That this pretension would bo advanced was
foreseen and predicted, w hen tho Nebraska Kansas
Bill was under discussion ; and it was. indeed, in
directly sanctioned by the ruftisal of its support
ers to adopt an amendment to the bill, expressly
recognising the right of tho pcop.u to exclude
Whatever construction, however, may havs been
intended by the slaveholding supporters of tlie
.... j.. i.
ll'll , I . . ,
bill. nnJ whatever countenance to thatconstrtiction
may ijo aiMrded by the phraseology of the act
j " certain that, throughout the Free States,
Mhe coiiviettui m nearly universal, that the people
J'';!';;' Von ,-t the pro-
, . - - - - - - --r.---
, 1'bJte right and full power to protect themselves
I-S;;.'"81 v' 8 "' blVerr ... .
I " prevent the people lrom cxercumg this right
'' ' Pl,",r- nr",,;J .bands, from tho neighboring
Sti'to of Missouri, invaded the lerntory a', the
"Pfoiiitcd for the hrst election of meinbors of
of tho 1 erritorial Legislature, (Marcn jiH, ISju.)
nd, , having taken possession o tho polls, and cs-
C:uueu me legal voiur. seieeieu me j.crsons who
to their place of residence, whether in Missouri o
ihe acts ol tins spurious legislature were wor-
" M'" l-icn-nuuu oonun.s nuitu oa.u no i.u-
: ' l.'s in the annals of legislative usurpation. The
; Governor ol the lerntory. w l-.o attempted lncfioct-
i ,mlly t" rC!imn by
1 ; -- -ded the
of, ffi'Cn. whiehXiv
! veto, was reiiiov.l from
thee by tlio President of
'bo United States, and thus full scopo was given to
,1 i their utniot extravagance
As it disposing ot a conquered province, tliey
proceeded to decree the establishment of Slavery,
and to secure it against popular opposition, by
providing for the appointment of Sheriffs and other
officers, by Commissioners of their own creation
without allowing to tho people any voico w hatcver
in their selection, and by imposing on tho exercise
of the right to voto at future elections of members
of tlie Legislature, conditions with which uoue but
supporters of Slavery could comply.
It was impossible for mon, not themselves pre
pared to be slaves, to admit tho validity of this
spurious legislation. Tho poeplo of Kansas re
fuse to submit to disfranchismcnt by the usurpers.
Left without valid la s, nnd remitted to the orig
inal right, inherent In ovcry community, to pro
vide for its own safety and good order, they proceeded
in regular convention, to appoint a day and
prescribo tho manner of sleeting a delegate
Congress, and to provide for holding a convention
to fjaiue n constitution, preparatory to application
for admission into the I uiun as a State.
On tho 9th of October last, the day designated
jj xhcrs (lf lll(J Suto L(.siKluture. Tho Gov-
II. llecder was chosen to that cflieo : and on
23d of tho same month a Stato Constitution
promulgotej by tho convention elected for the purpose.
On the loth Pecember this constitution was
ratified by tlie people, and on tho 10th of Jauary,
just past, and election was held fur State officers
J cmor and Secretary, whose signature nro affixed
j , til0 nr,r,eai iicrevvitlt trnnsmitteJ, were chosen
is th; wc.e ;n CBg lhe TerrU().
ilmiduJ Mr in,1t.t.eluijer ,v luiej
"'k,,,!, fn,,,, Jli,0ri, mw 1W into kIm l.y
i extraordinary proclamation from Wilson Shannon,
who had been appointed Uovernor ol tno lerntory
in place of his removed predecessor. The town
Lawrence was actually beleaguered, and its des
truction fiercely threatened. Tho peoplo of
lerntory rallied to itsdefonce, and for many days,
civil war was imminent. At length, however,
Governor became sensible of the error ho bad
committed, and succeeded iu inducing tho
Their presence had been marke 1 by out
rage, rnpino nnd murder. Their w ithdrawal
angry and reluctant. It indicated a remission
hostilities, not peuee.
Hsnce it is not surprising that tho election
stato ulncers under the uew new t oustituti m,
tho 15th of January, was mado the occasion
further hostilities. Tho Territory was again
nnd nn actual rencounter took place between
the invaders and the settlors. Somo time after
its termination, a respected citizen, nn emigrant
from Kontucky, of tho mime of Brown, who
been engaged iu it upon tho Frco State side,
seized and inhumanly murdered by tho opposite
Tho communication which I transmit, expresses
a strong apprehension that proportions aremakipg
ul implements oi hck auction ior
a new invasion
more destructive thaH any which has preceded it.
. . ' ... .... 1 .. I l ,l...i IV...
mommi. 1 i i, p,-i on p.-, !'"
L-resv. rit firosctit PotiStilutC'l, Will Consent tl
formation from other sontee e nfiniis tho opinion
ihtil this apprehension I:- hot 'n undle..
It is lmpo'lile 1 1 eontempl ite the things with-.
out deep leelin. They arc ihe legitimate, fruitu ol
he ret eal of the Missouri l'ndiihition. It ft aj
,,,,(, hQ porsihlu at prerent to rc-e.-lr.! .m!i that pro-
the admission of Kansas into the Union, tinder her
l'ren .State Constitution. The (ieneral Assembly
of Ohio has r.erhans. no lemslatr.e row er to ro
' ' t , , n
dress the wrones of the people o. the Territory ;
but still rnnictlii.nut ui.impoi liint; may be done,
I lie Assemoiy can cxnrcsi tno sense o uie pcopn
of Ohio, in he-solution n Mressed to their Senators
ami lietircsentatives ir. Consress. They can roeMii-
mend Uie admission of Kansas ns a Tree State,
rate of the I'eonlo to a neat in (oncress, that hn
r ; . r . ., ,. r
I. ...n, 4 ..,-. 1 .! it i , r. nr fl II Ii 1 1 ,if
Rinins the attention of the National Legislature
to their wants and their wrongs. Tho General
: Asscmhlv may also, hy suitable resolutions, com-
mend the cause of Kansas to the warm sympathies
the enactment of a suitable law securing freedom
of elections in caso the Territorial government be
not superceded : and what perhaps is of niorn itn-
portance still, the premj I admission ol mo j'eie-
and liberal contributors ot their eotiMitutuents.
; They will not, I nm sure, invoke the promt uetion
1 of the people in vain.
Having thus performed what seemed to me to be
.my duty, in transmitting to you the coiiininnicati..n
- tlie lopniur nutiioi ities m iMinsas, w ui sue
mi-n , aiiniio ii.i uiu ui i ii-mi, ii i y
ared to demand.
I cheerfully submit the whole matter to tho siipe-
S. P. CHASE.
I.aavklxik C.tv. K.T..
January 21t. 100. J
i r., IU V,v U, ,. the Or,mor 0,.W
! ,." , ,i
": ' u "-"u "
force of the citizens of Missouri are
'organizing upon our border amply supplied with
: ariilery, for the avowed purpose of invading our
I Territory demolishing our towns and butchering
I " " l"" "n"""S 1 lKK .in.ui.a.
I. U 1M'IU ,W l.. ..I,... .I.-1I. Ufc U.H.. ...-.-..-I.......
i can reach us. We respectfully request, on behalf:
tl,., n;,:.ma ,.f K..,.. t ,.,t tun I, clnm ninv ...
I -.rrr LZ X. .,,, 71. .V.
J lv"l - -J . o
V V ,ho "f'nS uut 6"
! I, ii, ,.,!, ...itl'-l.TA
""""'"" "" " (
J. II. LANK.
Chairman, Ex. Com. K. T.
Governor elect of Kansas.
Form the Wesleyan.
There are many persons in the Methodist Lp.sco-
pa Church, who, like Dr. L.li ,tt admit t.iat slave-ic,0
lioldcrs are members ot that Church, as before the
i. vision; uui ciaun inat ; no m in er now sens a
without being disciphncd-losing his mem-;
Ucrslnri. Aow lor l;u:ts;
In Bracken Co., Ky. my native county, I
II , a member of the M. F.. Church, sold a slave
woman and children a few years since since the
division. This woman, with her childron, had
been willed to him, had committed no offence, ho
wanted money nnd sold them.
Anothei member, G. A , la.it winter cast t wo
unofl'vnding .slaves in prison, at tho death of his
wife, by whom he received them, and in a short
time sold them. When I It ft that count', somo
two or thrco months since, as I was assured by re
liable persons, that blavetradcr was, ns before, a
member, .in p;ood standing undisciplined. Sc
was tho member 1 first alluded to. I havo talked
with him about his sin in this respect. My wife
says, if ouo of her uncles T. II , was now living
deceased some fifteen mouths since, ho would
testify that another meinbor, who was still it good
standing last full, a leading man, sold Lim a
slave, saieo the division in lS-14. These facts are
notorious; and whilst in Campbell Co., ;nst full, 1
was assured that thero are many other like exam
ples. Put why should our Methodist brethren make
the nbsensc of sUire-tradimj the standard of their
piety, or loyalty to freedom a-.d rightoeusness?
The crime consists not in tho selling, but in the
holdiin ill cliattcli.ing man: If I may rightfully
hold a horse, then 1 may rightfully sell him. The
crime is in holdinjraslavo. So the M. F.. Church
once decided; and forty years since, even in Ky.,
as I learn lrom a living witness, in that very church
to which I havo referred nbovo. Souire Pay was
disciplined because P.e would not pledge himself
manumit some slaves then in Ins possession. In
those days, there was much piety and efficiency in
that Church, now but little, if any, of either
Tho "lino gold has liccomo dim." Shivery has
been suffered to come in, nnd w ith it pridc.castc,
and oppression. These have grieved away the
spirit of God, and dissipated love for souls.
Theio is no safety, Pro. Mutlack, but in obedi
ence to the divino commands' "eat not with the ex
tortioner;" "have no fellowship with the unfruitful
work of darkness;" "como out of her iny people,
that be ye not partakers of her sins, and that ye re
ceive not of her
JOHN G. FEE.
Bureau, Madison Co., Jan. 11, '56.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
THE CINCINNATI SLAVE CASE.
BEFORE U. S. COMMISSIONER PENDERY.
SPEECH OF MR. JOLIFFE.
On opening on Wednesday
morning Mr. Joiiffa commenced his argument.
llo said: I have reason to rejoico to-day in behalf
nl mv flii-ntH nrul of thn ennntrv. thnt thiR nn.n
to bo tried before a gentleman who has tried simi-I'aw
lar cases, and had the moral courage to decide
against tho claimant. It was not the prido ot opin
Ins judgment, but a
truth and justice of
ion that controlled
conviction of the
I will lirst notice the arguments of my courte
ous opponent, Mr, Finnull. llo said Kentucky
and irginin wore not responsible for Slavery,
the Yankees, who sold them the negroes. Others
have charged that England forced Slavery upon
us. Pat when his ancestors and mine went down
to Norfolk to buy slaves, were they not to bo blam
ed? Tho merchants and traders sold them
gold for gold they would have sold the planters
as well. Bit were not they who tempted
merchants to bring them (hives, equally guilty
with thoso who bought them?
llo said, niso, that it was tho Abolitionists who
were creating all this agitation, and ho denounced
them as "pot house politicians." Now, who
the Abolitionists! I know those in Ohio, perhaps,
as well as that gentleman, but I du not know
i.mong them a single man to whom the phrase,
"p 't-houso politicians," could be applied.
The gentleuinn was ill-advised iu his attack.
He was firing his grapo and cimistor into the ranks
of his allies, and at every chargo thoy fell.
Union-suvers, thoy are tho pot hoiiso politicians
men who love everything hut God and tho poor
for the meaner ami more degraded a white man
the more he hates a negro, llo further charged
us with being ungrateful to Kentucky, who assis
ted to light our battles in tho Northwest. M'bcn
i rveotuckv renders any service to the I mon, she
In-ja Statu, claims credit tor it; but whn bacriOces
are exprefd from Ohio, wc nrp to Hi alt 5 fhciik ttt-'
j tirelv for the sake of tho Union.
liot we do return tho kindnesd, When a poor
! :md friendless Kentnckian rnoies here naked, i
, i lothe him; hiiL'i v, w o feed him; vra relieve hini;
hound on n journey, wo put him on A certain rail
road and have him throueh in lijihtnlnir upeed.
if Kentucky feels npjrievpd, let her lni'ie rclall-
ale. I.ct them set up sewing societies for the poor
Ohioans; and as hnspitnblo Kentucky, is better
than piefivune Ohio, let them spnd ten tot rmo of
or any such place
tuse ana cries ol
No, poor Kei.t in ki.'ins, even the most destitute,
find friends and counsel here. Fi.r all these peo-
on hoth sides of this cast, are Kentuekians.-
. . a . -
nor peop.o lo Ie.vas, Kansas or ti
they desire to cmiRrRto. (Appl
with warm Alood. and aM;s
.1 . 1 , r . I 1 . ' . 'II ,
tllilt llllinlered lOfilfif liliett intfl I n t Prmi tl flhlll ltti
very and the gramlfatlier back into everlasting
bondage. (Applauru, and cries of order.) ,
Iiut the ncntleinan says the Constitution of the
U. S. Kivcs him a right to theso fngitives
I he only dilicrento Lctween thein is that while
they (looking towards the slaves) are heroically
f rfipgUr.fr, for freedom, that tnali (looking at Mr.
.uiirsoaii; comes 111,0 oui t, ins i.nnos an ur:pping
w nn w arm aioou. anu hku 10 lane mo miner ci
Oh, star-eyed science, hast thou wandered there'
To bring us baek the me?sngo of despair?
That a straight line is the fhortest distune be
tween two points, is an axiom. The proposition
on which 1 shall I. use my argnnicnt is no less
plain. It is : 'Unit iwrj man nn earth hat the right
tit ilu crcry tiiinj tUat Cod lias made it hit duly fo dor
li.. I . l .. - . I 1... . Ji .
liible, than ether", I will vary the iorm, and say ,
That every man T earth has the right to do ev-
I 'J '
i , ' .
uou ninoe it ti;e utity oi naniei to pray, tnougu
(l10 iv;.,,, i;H1i, 0 f. i bid it of the three toly
children to refuse to bow down befuro an idolof
J n,e Aoostles lo pi each the doctrino cf the tesureo
a tion ol Cr.inmer mid Kidley to refuse to bow
i itown to tr.c saenr-ce ol tlie .,ia.-s nna in aoing so
assert their right. Jlight and duty are
elalivr terms, as inseparably mingled as the
I i:l . 1 I r .1 - f! V .1-
I A." 1"" X""'
oioiicr, I u is oir nglli, simo" uiie nn a Ulinuw
! mcr of the'l'. S.. to love Uod with all your heart
and your neighbor as yourself. It is your right to
keep a conscience void of offence This is a right
for which the martyrs suffered, end for which our"
fathers poured out their Llotd like water the
right of every American citizen to take the Bible
I as the man of his council. You have a right to
love that old man, (putting his hand on the head.
I of old Simon,) ns you love yourself, and to do to
I him as you would have him do to you, and Hi
your duty, sitting here in the temple of Justice, tff
I exercise that right.
I Your oath to surport tho Constitution imposes
.in 0::,)j,,.Ulln t0 st,,!nort it all, not only the 3d arti-
( ,l0 v 80CtiI,li but ,e .,,,. Constitution.
j Tho Constitution savs ( 1st Amendment) "Con-
ess shall make no law respecting an establish
slave mcllt , riligi()ll or prohibiting the free eierciso
I il,,., ,.r " 1'l,i, m,. i.ml iU i;,.inn nf Tku
na and of Ihellindoos.but it certainly does embrace
the Christian religion. What.then is the Christian
religion? Its vital principle is to love Ood with all
your heart, and your neighbor as yourself' and
every law that interferes w ith this (as do the acts
'Oo and '50) pierces the very vitals of the Chris
tian religion ns the spear of the Roman soldier
pierced the heart of Christ on tho cross.
Should Congress pass a law forbidding J0U to
read the Bible, does any man doubt that it Would
be unconstitutional V When Congress passes ft
law forbidding you to obey the Bible, in not that
unconstitutional? What binding force would a
law have declaring that there is no God? How
much better is an act which says there is at God,
but you shall not obey him ? The Bible commands
to feed the hungry clothe the nabed shelter tho
outcast to break every yoke nnd let the oppi ess-
led go free. The Abolitionists tiio hated, the de
spised have lor tho hist o years been pssorung
these rights, unconsciously bearing upon their own'
shoulders the rights of the whole American peo
A few years ngn all Christendom were indignant
because the Mudiai family weie imprisoned for
reading the Bible. But what difference i rhero
be'.wcen imprisoning a man for reading the Kible
in Italy, and for obeying it in the United States?
All men have a religion, no matter Whether
members of churches or not deep down in tha
heart of every man, is a sense of responsibility to
his maker, it may not show itself till Called lo
do some gigantic wrong, but then it rises np to re
strain bis hand.
When called upon to decide upon a question like
this, it is your duty to listen to its yoicc;
That man (putting his hand on young Simon) i
here i prisoner, guilty of no crime, his wife in jail
in a delicate situation, needing her husband's aid,
and Mr. Marshall asks you to tear him from his
wife's arms. His threo children, one an infant at
tho breast demand his care, and you are asked to
tear him from both wife and children thnrl thisr
man may tako him iuto Kentucky, to sell his flrsh
blood and bones, and soul, on tho suction block.
Po your duties as a christian, interfere with thatt
Can you do it and keep your conscience void o.f of
fence ? Can you do it and maintain for the' peo
ple of tho U. S. the right of religious freedom I
When vrc consider the great question of religious
freedom involved in it, tho rights cf these people
become insignificant. It is your, right and mine.
Never in tho history of jurisprudence lias a ques
tion of such importuueo been submitted to thede
cision of single man. If you sustain theso
lights, you sustain religious freedom for us all; if
not, you betray humanity.-
llo then considered the rules of construction hy
which this Article of the Constitution woe to b
interpreted, and tho purposo for which il was-
made. iow, siuu no. n ..ngrrss car. not pine at
compelling you to worship God, can they pas.
w compelling j,m u, .m i;ii,v UUuf
The trouble is this. The Congress of the Cni
ted States have endeavored to pass a law decVsr
ing that wrong was right. There is danger ht
thus disregarding rights, ior every law that sup.
ports slavery strikes down some right of tde slave
holder. The piincipal that gives yon right to-
your slavo, may take away your rifcht to yonr
He then read from the Bible the account of the1
creation of man. "In tho intake of God created
he him," "to have dominion over every living thing
that moveth upon the earth." Can man, the lord
of creation, bo made property f JVherever man
is found no matter how. degraded bis eondition,
even the naked negro basking in the ton or tying
in the palm tree s sh.-.ae tie is still tne lord ot cre
ation. Tho distinction between man and those'
ovor whom he rules is this: that man everywhere,
no matter how debased or ignorant, ean be taught
to lovo and obey God; brutes never con. Congress
had no more right to pass a law thnt man should
bow down before man than thnt be should bow
before tho consecrated water. Both are bsresie,
ono uf Amorica and lhe othor of Europe. What
right had Congress to enforce one heresy nnd re
fuso the other. It is an article of rellgloua belief
in me thnt man ennnot hold property in mm, I
take it from the Bible. Catholics and Mormon,
are protected in their creed Why not I in mine? .
The law of '50 (The Fugitive lave Law) com.
mands you to treat those pcoplo as slaves) the Bi
ble as men. As slaves they may not learn to read
the Bible nor attend diviue service. nor preaoh
the gospel to every creature nor bring up tbeif
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