Newspaper Page Text
T II M ANTI-SLA
VERY I! DOLE.
children in the n.irt'ii'j an 1 a lm jnitinti of the
Lard nor cherish their husbands and wives; luit
as wen they enjoy all theso rights. Dor.'t you see
that the Hilda is on one ni-lo and tlio Fugitive
SIar .aw on tks ether f By the hallowed memo
ry of tho Mother who tau'nt 113 t. reverence Unit
lliblo by tho battle, Holds of our revolutionary
aire we must not dare nut relinquish thin great
and glorious right of ioving our neighbor us we
lovo ourselves. Tho President may send Keel clad
men to coiiineUs-ull tho woe, oftho bunnn race
A Tall on us but .till ou our b9ndl knee, and
with outslretcliod Uauij
we clin to their
Hope is n 1J woman (putting bis band on old
Mry' ho.id) f.ir 2d or M ye ns ;m h m ire 1 nnd
respected member of tho Cluirub of Christ. Il
wo could sea nil things as they are, wo should sec
in tki ritoin u host of impels ar.iuud lrer 'e
should eo Jesus Uppb. "WliKtsoovtr jo do to the
least of these ye do it unto no," If you sond her
tci slavery you send the S ivi"t if you send her to
the auction bbickyou send Christ there. "Whoso
ever shall nirend one of tho least of these, it is bet
ter that a ini:l stone be banged nbout bis neck nnil
liatlte bet'uat in;o the depths cf llio sea." Il
Congress enjoins you to )duek out an eye or n
band would you do it 1 15ut would it not be better
10 enter into Heaven without an ey than having
two cyos to bo cist into Hell firo.
My friends, (turning to theoiinscl for Mr. Mar-
nau.) wnni woum you liavcr Just so euro nsj
you tear that sucking bale from the bocem of itsj
itoother, tho very stones will i i?o ng iiiiht you, (not
. ,..i. .i . . . ...
in niou vioiencei out in tox moiHlis llio J. moil will;
bent on end: and bet.er fur IhiU it should cr.d.lhnn
to sanction such v iolence. H'l.c constitution does
not require you to do nn act which rlinil wrap this
Jund in flume nnd drentb it in blood. Yon have
only to assert your cwn religious lrecdoin. j;
living so you refuse Mr. Marshall his fugitives, but
V .. T. . . i, .
you bcouiu nun ii greater, a ucarer ngoi. vwiai
tight have you to send a writ to tin Marshal, re-'
oininir biui to execute such a monstrous wrrng ?
Suppose he were ns conscientious ns Jol.u Wesley
could you ask him to do it? Suppose him, on
Uie-othcr baud, a degraded and wicked man, (1
nut not alluding to the present Marshal, for 1
scareeiy'kn'jw him.) what right Imvo you to add
another drop to his cup of iniquity T
It is for you to decide whether this man shall be
Ireo to worship God without tho haughty shadow
of his master between him nnd his Creator froe
to go where he pleases fiec to embrace his wife
nd his cliildien. Then, though nil tlio calamities
of earth come -upon him, no slaveholder can enter
his cabin to drag bis loved ones away to belp',os
bondage. No! thank God, tha-t is (rightly consid
crcd) now the law of the landthat is our glorious
-' I nui aware that this argument has not been used
Ijy any of our great men in tho Congress of the
nation, but ibe path that tho eye of the Vulture!11'
liath not seen, may be discovered by animals of I
mure limited -vis-ion. .Eureka! J bavo found it ! I
I seo it plainly. Do not Kctituckians lnvo relig-'
tnn. rn.;.lnn, n a ... ..1 1 n a ..... .1 . . 1 T. I'.,.,- I
ious fraedoui, as well ns -we do ?
j ou ijiiiiK uc-
eauso they isre -slaveholders they mean to go down
to hell ? No. What is slavery ? Atheism. Xot
that which denies tho existence of a God, but .hat
which denies the immorality of man.
Our friends are those w ho tell us our faults, and
Tielp us to correct them, nnd the abolitionists arc
your xcry best triends, (io Mr, Fiuncll). These
wen -Shut mre pimping to your vices, nie doing so
that Ahoy may get your money or youv votes. They
care not whether it is you or ycurblnck man that's
ii slave, so. that they get money by it. But you
Vnow where to Gnd us. We speak out nnd tell
you of your vices. But we know that you Aro a
goneraus open hearted race, nnd as brave men ns
ever trod the earth, save only those cf old Yir -
Slavery is cannibalism, not that of eating, but
rtf eclliiis hmnaii flesh and blood.or.c cuts tho man
up for .ood, and the other sells him for iconey.
X.wvtir, are you required to dip your hands in
this bloody system of Cannibalism
r .1 ' , fl .1 r nr..
lie then read from tho Institutes of Justin nn,',
. . . . .'
ttn act commencing. In nuuant! Domini Jem Chi'isit.
T, . . . , ,
.1 ho way in which civil enactments then comineiic-
, 1 ti - . . i .. , ,. .
ed. Ibe Acvv lestament has it "do all in the
came of tho Lord Jesus Christ."
your mandate; Iu the name of the Lord Jesus
Christ, burl bnck that old servant of tl.o Lord who
lias served him thirty years into the seething bell
of American slavery ? The error in Daniel Web
ster was that he took but half the Constitution.
You must enlarge tho basis, and take it nil. The
theory in matters of civil government is.that there
is no higher law. My theory is, that there is a
Ood, and Inat human governments nrc valuable
only so far as they enable men to obey God. Dan
iel Webster said in his speech at Caeanun Springs
near whero I was born "iho North mountain
is higher thun tho Blue Kidge, nnd the Allegheny
liigh&r than that, Uit.tl.ia higher law soars nn en
glo's flight above tbem till." Sir, thin higher law
rises higher than ever cagla flew. If you tak-e the
wings of tho morning and ily to the uttermost
. parts of the. oarth, it is thero. Descend to the
dcpv.hs of Hell, and it is there it follow? man
through life, through death and that higher law
is with Daniel Webster to-day, wherever he may
be in tho universe of God. To send this man buck,
would bo to separato him from his wife, for as she
is to bo tried separately, the Court will presume
iier free, until proven otherwise. Can you find n
law to separate husband and wife?
Had fuch a provision been inserted in the act, it
would never have been passed. Ask for a law to
dear that babe from its mothcr'abreast. When
Ehukspeare put in the mouth of the lady Macbeth
"1 tear the nipple from its boneless gums and dash
its lruin oit," tbo poet's imagination could go no
farther. But this is not to dash its brains out, (oh
Its mother would kneel and implore you to do so,)
but to send it bnck to tho roaring, seething, hiss
ing hot hell of American slavery.
Will you do it ? (To counsel for claimant) Gen
llcmen, look to it if there is any such law. Tuke
jour pound of flesh, but not one drop of blood.
He then recapitulated the testimony, in rela
tion to the fugitives having been in Ohio, nnd said
that the maxim o( law was 'once fiee,alwny3 free.'
The Kentucky courts did not deny this, but deci
ded that the freedom must be asserted at the time.
But jouug Simon was then a minor, and Mary a
lemma -etiNU-t, so this neglect could not prejudice
v J'ow tere is li8 last oae, (putting Lis hand on
the old man's bead,) although I most earnestly de
sire bis freedom, yet I cannot misrepresent the tes
timony. I believq it was Hubert's (your; Simon)
oideU brotlier, Simon's son, thut was .there, and
tho resemblance accounts for the uiiuttka of the
" I now leave the religious liberty of the U. S. in
rMir hand. eW-h a mse lias never before arisen,
and if you sepnrute these peoriie it wifcl lie such a
jbdgnieut as bns never been given since Pontius
l'ilatesat upon the judgment ee&i.
Mi'. .lolili'o ilnsexl nbout hn!f past 1- o'clock, and
vii. vnansbers sanl that in view ol the new entire:
u. ii.iniN,., no was not prcpt.ron to repiy, nn.i
requested tho Court to adjourn to 0 o'clock this
ul.jc.lio. wa, made to .hi.
Commit ,n,r le,,dery stated tin. the decision
w-mhl .,..t l. i,..,.,.i: i .,. ,i !...
- J -
in? Ariroinenl. i.ut hJ wnnM reiiiiirii seme tune
t binder tune perhaps, tl.nu the care bud been trv-
in,-to decide. '
Jacob lT.ne, nt-cmev for the Mi,l..l. M il
i, he euc was to laM so b,,,.. bat s.e order wdnldl
I,. ,, .. i. .
u- ' r'.-j "I"""-' uc-i.iivi
was keeping a I iro force, cxpec'trn to tired tlicin
on the cloro of tiie trial; but if it ivim tn bo post-
P"ii'l soc'i ii length of time, It would I o better to
dismiss tlitvn. (it is said Ibcso 100 Special Marl
shals aro not legally cm ployed, nnd ibis was in
tended to got tbj Court to euppl? this defect by
miking some order nbout tboni. Hep )
The Court declined to mako any order about the
Adjourned to this morning nt 9 oMuck, when
Col. Chambers will runko the closing argument.
THURSDAY. FEB. 7TH.
THE FUGITIVES INDICTED AND IN THE
CUSTODY OF THE SHERIFF.
Mil lUuav,lBt UUH 14119 I In, HL1U UUV1WU V I 1111C
v. 1 . ? ,
j Commissioner) to look td the law of God, and leave
' . . .... , . ., ' .
, out that ol Longressj but I vo r.o r.rprchsnsion
,, . .,, , , ., . ., '
that you H do tiny such thing as that.
,1,1 , j : r ..
Court mel nt 0 o'clock, but tho fugitives did not
appear. Sheriff Draslipars, however, was present,
ami siaica io toe Uourt mat tliry wete ln.s pron-
c,' having been indicted beforo the (jrund Jury
for aiding and abetting tho crime of murder.
,. .. ...
uro imu neen no wresting ot llic prisfmers Irom
1 t'' U. .S. Marshal, but ho (the Marshal ilind placed
!"-' in tho county jail (tho Iberia's caetle) for
a'c keeping, and on the warrant coming into bis
' hnnd, tho Mieriff had simplv kept them tbtre.nnd
I. ... . " .'. .
lurncu ine .narsnai u.ta I. is spuenii deputies out.
After a long consultation, it wns finally ngrccd
IF Gl...:ir I I...: .1 .-.. 1
o" ..-oi-na numu um-g ineiii oowii
permit them to bo present nt the remainder of thV
trial, the Commissioner would make no order
interfcro with his custody of them.
A little after eleven o'clock tho prisoners were
brought in by the Deputy Marshal, Mr. Lrown.-!
At 'half-past eleven, Col. Chambers commenced bis!
lie said, speaking of Mr. Joljfles Fpcccb: I
must say, and bavo said, that that speech was n
great euort eloquent nnd powerful but it was
tho outpouring of a heart and intellect jaundiced
by I'tejudice of a mind wavped by fanatici-m.
Tho whole of his argument was on tho sinfulness
of slavery, and on the question w hether you, a
Commissioner, could perform tho duties prescribed
uy tlio law in this case without violating the law
lie then gavo a history of the progress of Anti
Slavery sentiments in Kentucky of tho starting
Oastms M. C lay's paper, tho Truo American,
Lexington, nnd the destruction if the press; nl-
80 of bis own (Col. C's) moderate coins?, as a
member of the Kentucky Legislature, during that
cxciiement. His very fust utterance of an origi-1
11 .1 ! f 1 1 ! f II 1 1 , n 1 1 1', .V in I , n . 1 n o r. 1. .. , . t ... a
" -" - -..-.. ...-V .. ... ...... nun-,
.u ..-j.uu.v-i unit .un.ija y.iu tuncc, me UOOllllOIl
of tho institution.
Our liberties wero conquered by slaveholders as
t! In. 1 .J .. I ...... .1 . I I. - I . -
well ns by the free men of tho Xorth. Many of
tlio om pioneers ot liberty held theso people in ser -
vitude, aud found no harm in it but found comfort
nnd case. They bad not learnod to reason about
its sinfulness, nnd had no Mr. Jolliffe, or Win.
Lloyd Garrison among thorn to donounco them for
In regard to his (Mr. Jolli&Vs) remark that "the
meaner a white man is, the mare he hales a negro."
I say I do not know a white man under tho sun
that hates a negro, I know some negroes that I
' love' n,,d. nU of t!,cm 1 l1''- We of t!lu SallVh '
oh iiioiu luuimuo lorins wi.n liicm, iiria love tlieui
bettor than .our brethren of tho North.
I learnea inenu s v.ur. do.iile s) speech was
i Jev)'u', principally to tho Consiiiutional, or what
! 1 wuuM tfllU 1,10 CUl'18t'1:' a3!,c "f c-tsc He
! a"nued that a man should not be forced to do what
l.lj ..nD..:..n..n .!.... IM.- ... I .. 1. ! . .. 1 I.I .
. : , ,.,,.11 ...
I titled, "-I Kuitlitril I'retl-yteriai.'t &i:ond Leila- to
Ministers tif the Cij.i,i:!r,f ull DcnuiitinttliunsfiH Sla-
L-cry, ly Xuthtiti Lord of D.irtniou.h College."
.r,.-.. .-i.. -t . .
j aim wens ui vu uow uc approve! and rocom-
J mended, vjiio oftho passages real gave some
I ideas of the meliorations and improvements tin-1
very would have to reeono in order to inako it a
suitable institution to exist under tlto millenui-
But, said he, there is a good ti-:no ahead, life
to the nation if the people will only be quiet. Wo
have the Union yet, and let those who would dis
solve it forihe sake of the slavo remember that in
achieving the liberty of three millions of blacks
they arc periling Ihoso of twenty-four millions of
the while race. Tho States separated isolated
would 8-ion be parcelled out by Francis Juscpt,
Louis Napoleou nnd (Jueen Victoria, as they par
celled out Poland.
After reviewing tho testimony fully ho declared I
, . - - ,
it ns his opinion that nunc of tho witnesses for the
slaves were worthy of credibility, and that there
was ,is testimony produced before the Commission-
er to sustain their case. Theso iconic, said be.
will claim sympnthy even 1 sympathize with
them, but the caso must bo determined by the law
;nd tho facts.
Ho ihen stated that the exposition of the consti
tution was vested in the final resort iu theSapremc
Court of the U. S., and that all subordinate tribu
nals, State or National, were bouud by their decis
ions. Ho then cited authorities, to show.that free soil
did not make free men. A slave, be said, did not
besomo free by being brought into a free State,
unless there was an act of doniicili.it inn tho mere
passing through did not give the right to freedom
It is only iu modern times that this comity has
been denied. As fur back as we chouse to go, it
existed. The master brought his .body servant to
the yery holders of Canada to Philadelphia, and
other Eastern cities, and it was universally acqui
In conclusion, he said ;
If you givo these people up to their innsters, y ju
divest them of no right. If they arc entitled to
freedom, the question can be tried in Kentucky,
and they lose no rights by your decision. (Here
Mr. Gitchcll laughed, and Col. Charters turning
tu hi 111 said;) Of course, I hold thut they have no
rights, except such as their muster chooses to give
And now, knowing that yout Honor's mind
must bo with me, aud boning and believing that
justice only justice bteiu justice will lt done,
submit the ase of xny eliont.
Col. Chambers closed lit 3 o'clock.
After a long eonferenea between the Commis
sioner and Mr. Bennet, U. S. Deputy Marshal, the
Court made un order commanding the J'triLa! to !
jtnke llif fugitive "to (In) juil i)f il,iuii!toii county.
mm thero n.lely keep them until such tunc ns
Him i oruor nicm i.cn.rc n.e ht mialilj-ion."
This order may appear strange. her. it is nn.lcr-.
stood that they wen, ,,tm..tlin,c really in tho p,s-
session of ,l,e Sheriff of H-milton loun.v.
net of the I. I?. Mar,l,). bo. it was intended n
.I....I. li..,. M i,..i ii.il.'
.....v v ...,w,,
i 1 1 v in the in liter i,l Mm .end a iri-l'imr
I ' V - r. -
ein of them to uie bun t l,t nilditunii v tr i.len,
n order U Court for l,,i,.S f icea the,., i, the:
The trial of the mVr of lb, n.rd,r.,l .ddld
,. , ,,
,nj uei niiee ic-iii:i,miii- einioien, kii e.i.iiine.i iv
Ar.dilb il 1 K. U line, will eoimneneo ibis ninrn -
ing at 10 o'clock.
FRIDAY. PER. 8TH
Conflict of Jurisdiction-The Sheriff Claiming the
iinu!""""0'11 "i" i"i 'c-i-.-i-e, it,;, ci une was i.'ie
As we desire to avoid that, we will make no order
now, but only repeat tbo order of eacrd.iy rc
j quiring tbo Marshal to ta'to them to tho county
At the opening of the C miss-oner's C url on!
l-ihlav. ibriiiif o,o imtl.r h, ,!., .-.
iho jail, but Jiliciifi' Lnisbears nppeared in the
court room with his counsel, (Mr. Mills, of the'
firm of Mills & Hundley.) nnd luked that the Com-1
missioner Older the fugitives to be discharged from
the custody of llio U. S. M arshal. Tho Shcrill
desired lo do only what tho law slrictly ren-iii-e.t!
I f him, but udmitted tl.nt to ascertain what that;
was, wns a matter of ciM tliflicul'y.
Jacob flinn and Mr. Heiiington, coutisol fir ibe!
.Marslial, opposed the motion, and the iirgnincnr
en it occupied 'he Curt till tho hour tf adji,ur:i-i
The fugitives having been indicted bv (be Grand!
Jury for murder, the ."bcriff had served the war -
! rat" j'"'. ""d came into Court considering
j ",ei" 111 ''is ios.-esion, but Ucvired the Court t.
i order lor the sake ol uioiUniir 1M,y cor.i
n: .1.. . " J
" UM l" -uarsnai.
Mr. Mills cited tlio decision of Judge McLean.
1 ll,nt n fcl .. n . , 1 . . I'. 1.--
- '""10 of a man, and as a man he could be punish
to;eJ - 11 delivered up by the Marshal to the master
and taken back to Kentucky, thero v.vn'd ten,,!
'"""'s bringing him he.e to answer this crime
cculd not bo dcuanded of tho Gov erncr ol
Kentucky as a fu.jiCcc from justice, because being1
taken nway by legal process was not fleein.r p;
The C. S .Marshal's counselelaimcd that howi.s!
llic L. o .larshal a counsel claimed that ho w
properly, and ns ucli must be returned to
Property was net lo Ic held to answer for
dor impotent tho whole State of Ohio.
An unruly bull lun-ning at large might bo shot.
but the slave could nol; and if be cmib.l not b h. 1.1 '
to answer ns a man. tbcra wool, II,- i,n r-w....... ..r !
reaching him. If the slave were consid, red a nie-e'
brute, there would bo no difficulty in the ca-:e. lie
- coiild not then beheld to answer for a ci-iine inn
inorc than a v icious boiso who had kicked some
lllllll ' 1 1 T il I II mit P.i.l llm .KH....!... J
- . - . un uiiwi-iimj arose rroni
regarding Inm ns n man, because, if r.t tho same
time Flave and man, tho claims of his master upon
him might conflict with those of the State.
Commissioner Pendery stated that he would take
'in questnui uudor mlviseiii-ent, and that l!io fn
lives would remain in the custody of the Mars!,al
until it wns disposed of.
Mr. Hedington. The fheriff came into Cuurl
saying he bad them in custody. Ho wrested Jjieui
from tho oflieer of the Court, which is a contempt,
and then comes and asks you to approve that con
tempt. Court There is a question ns to tho custody.
There is no evidence before the Cciirt to show that
they are nut still in the Maishall's posse: su n.
Mr. Mills. ft c only ask the Court nut to inter
fere with our possession.
Mr. Hedingtcn They are in the countv i-iil. nn.
i der a law of Ohio, requiring sliei-ilis to rcct-ivo U
j i. prisoners aid to bring them out when cr-icacd
. by a Unito I Stales Court.
jtir. .inns tnless lie seizes
Mr. Ileding'.ou II is he dono : 'I
Mr. Mills Well, 1 suppose he has.
Court Wo understand tho ol ject of this npplb
cation to bo to prevent a collisi ,f authorities
jail nmi Keep ti.cm tiicro uutil Hits Court orders !
them brought out.
It was toon nnnoi. need that the cast) of Arcbi-
bald K. Gaines, who claims tho mother of the dead
Ichild and her living children, would t o commenced !
to-day at 'J 0 clock, to w hich tima tl.e Court ad
.1 pr'unfl .
To this it was replied that possossior of limner-'
on civil process was in Ohio always .,., bor-i
dinato to tho criminal laws of tlm S-do I!v deci I
ding that a man could I. ,1,1, as property, one v, be I
bad outhiweJIiiiiiKeir l.v ,;.. ,...,.i "in .. .....
FIRST DAY THE TRIAL OF THE MOTHER
AND HER CHILDREN.
Archibald IC Gaines, Claimant, vs. Garner
and her three Children.
Court met nt 9 o'clock, on Saturday the Oth inst
but tho fugitives did not appear for some time.
A little after 10 o'clock, .Margaret and her chil
dren were brouL'ht in. Shu is ulmnr fin. '.- n,-n,.
;,,i... : t.,.;.ri,. .i -,i - 1...1 ... . .
. .. ..,,,, ,.i,v, ci'iuiij man ueiieateiv
made. Sho is a niubitto.shovv in-- from ,!,
ono third white blood. Her forehead is hi-b.aud has
tt protuboranco (not so largo, of eourse.Jbut so'mo.
i.iii, iiiiiii .ii.iuii uiauv i'tiiuci iv cosier b so
striking. Her eyebrows are delicate lines finely
arched, and her eyes, though nut remarkably largo
aro bright and intelligent. Tho African appears
in the lower part of her face in the bread nose
und thick lips. Her car is small; her wrist nnd
baud largo, nnd the wears a plain gold or brass
ring on the little finger of tho left hand. Sho is
twenty-two or three years of age.
Sho was dressed in a dark calico, with a small
handkerchief on her shoulders, pinned closely
about her neck, und a yellow cotton k.-.ndktrchiel
was wrappoi lurbnu-likc or a la ok Virrjii ij uroi.iid I
Tho child in her arms is a little gill about nine!
months old, and is much lighter in color than bcr-
,1.:.... lll.n II..., .. I.I..I. - II .. - I 11- .
sc.i-ngiit enougti to sliovv a red tiugo 111 its checks.
Her eye. during tho trial were generally eusi
down. Sho would look up occasionally for un in
stant with a timid, upprebensivo glanco nt the
stinngo faces around her. Tho babe, with i;s lit
tle hands was continually fondling her face, but
she rarely noticed it, and her (rentral expression
was ono of extreme sadness. Only once when it
put its hand to her mouth we observed her unite
upon it, and playfully bite iis little lingers with
Ou the left side of her firehe.il. jut above the
outer extremity of her eye bro- is uu old s :ar,.md
on the cjjeek bono of the same side, unotber
asked Jtor Jiow tbo&o sours enme tbi re
"White, niin struck mo."
Mie mid !
' The boys ure four and six jrnm odd, respective
ly and aro bright-eyed, wooly iitaded, cunning
looking litllu fwlows, us niiuoat ull littlo black boy s
we. Their fat cheeks diinp'o when tboy lnub.
nnd tbey uuiuso Ibem-elves moa of the. time dr
a little gii I of rare bc.mtv.
Mr. Archibald K. Gnit!r the master is lint n
...Jlarg.. man. being I , meJi ' nil,
Vand quite sled,;. His bead is r n -b' b!
n.imoers iiioug.it such a proposition too
. "'. if was onnging tho case .
S'-''iv,eaian nao. an along tnea to put it,
' ",0 ,'."m!l":ii,;- ,
I n Curt decided agiinst tho nppjintmcut of!
ing tho ti ial, by silting Un llio floor and playing!
l,with llin lurned lilbb legs.
i no rnurJrrciJ child w as almost whito and wns
I....I... .(. i: - . .
, a ...1.111, ,, mm grny. I it wears w liiskoiii,
iiioetiii. tl.o ii r . .t .
I in inv emu, iiiso iti'iiv. l, no is tluii.
'be 1 ih er ni l nnli., i.n.,. 1 i . ,i ..:.i
men,,,, II, e. lie !,:, ,,; ;, ,
latter 1,Uh ro,wh , ., f ., "
b,l.,.r. If; .1,-,.?. i i ... i :V "J.i -
I , in Kc-uor... .
nei- nno n .penraneo rather eent emiinlv. Tbcro
l nothing eimrc
lifiigreriiblo or leiinlhivo almot
his nppc:uai:ee, but on the ontrary. ho seems to
I nl'. v mo we liavo no doubt ho rs.) nn ngrroablc
"" 1"tl'1,,""''t genilcmiin. He rs n member of the;
seliool rre.n.yteinn clrirch is rrsnrded ns
T'V iur"'rt". '" up.rtnr of the
,xn tlurg) man of that denomination in
ht I eighboi l.o'id.
The Court having announced that it was
to proceed w ith tho case,
M. Jolhlio nppltcu for u eont.ouaneo. Mirga -
reus deposmon was offered, which slate.! that
ben a seal) gl she bad been brought by John
1 . (.allies (who ibon owned her) and Eliza (iaino.
to . iiicinnati to uurso Ibcir d.iugl.ler.MarjGaiiics,
who is.nnw living with her unelo in Iveniucky.and
Unit biT ebiidiun have all been born since sho wns
thus brought into Ohio. ,S,o ntks lime to get the
'tepositinii ol -.Ijlin I'. Oames, who now lives us
i , .... .....
11:1 r-lur7. 1,1 which no was not long since
! ., '". , ...
! . , " l"U l"C cns0M"'u'1 on,
make merer ru-ovi ion fur obta-iiiio- tl,N i.-.i :.,,i.
r . . . . .
""i""1" '""I vuai iiiu nijwicr nnu cnn jrer
be tried separately, in order that sho might bo a
. ".'jeeu-u io mis mo.-i sircimn-u.-iy.
,. , lellllcJ- lll:lt " 011 S'-'"d,ng for .dr.
'"If11,""1 1! fl,0"la Tvo to bo dead, this
, . ! nV.'"" t,!Cm uf l!lt'ir t'"'-v l'l:anco l"
prove their liccuuiii. ,
dcu,M 'a""t "verance.
un. ooiiii.o men nskod that ituv. A, A. Liver -
more be nppninted as guardian ml litem for "Cil -
ey," lb.; babe. '
guardian, and the evidence for tho claimant wai
i.-iv-, .. i ... ,. .
TESTIMONY FOR THE CLAIMANT.
Dr. Elijah Smith Cl ivkson sworn, Baid : Tl.ce
' 1 Kentucky slaves to
Arclnl nl-I K. dames, the el.uniant hero. H ive
known her CO vcars from a child two years old
"' one imsuci..i.g..a,,.1Vl,wl,i,.U
to claimant about 10 years I idiould think before '
liiiio she was owned by Major John P Gaines, '
lato Uuvxrnov cr Oieg'H. Til Jliother also be-
r- ' ""-..
.u.yor vim. i. .uu-rpiic sworn said: I knew
Peggy; sho is said to belong to Mr. Gaines; claim-1
led by him as his slave, and served him ns sm. !
. - . , , , . '
Know her as such Ircni six to ten &ars. Live!
, , r. '
some three an 1 a hall miles from Mr. Games.
Adjourned to Monday morii-ng nt 10 o'clock.
After the crowd passed out, the littlo r,e"voi,nys
were carticd down in Ibe arms o!' tho Marshal.
and the weman Peggy, taking the proffered m m
of the polite Deputy U. S. Marshal. Mr. Brown.
was escorted to tho crnnibus.
SALKU, OHIO, FF.IUiL'A It' 10, 1H50.
TO THE LEGISLATURE OF OHIO FOR A DISSOLUTION
OF THE UNION.
The Executive Committee of Iho Western
Slavery Society at its last re.-iilar meeti.... 3..
adopted a memorial to tho L-i.bi.uro of Ohio!
...;,,!,.., IK- 1:...:.... r..
" ' ' i"v ' -"I"1' l"1
witii.u-awni ol Uluo Irom the I ciieral L 111011, nnd
briefly assigning realms thereof and asking a refer-
ence to a select Committee with
the petitioners bo beard by their counsel. Th
Committee also instructed the Corresponding Sec-
tary to forward one copy for i.:cscnt.uion to some;
nieiubnr of the Somite, ami
.11v.1l also a copy to sonic
member of the House of Representatives. The
copy for presentation to the House, was consigned
to tho care of Dr. M. Je-.vett, of Summit county,
vv ho though not agreeing in opinion w ith the Mem
oiialnts is nevertheless well known us n friend and
defender of the right of petition, of free discussion
... .. . 1 .. r ,. A n ..:....:. .r.i.i... t. t
utLcrs maintaining llio 11
Iho right of citinens fJ a ro-!
spcct. ul hearing 111 favor til the dissolution of tl
emu,, 01 any omer inject mat seemed desirable, il
...,uo. ii.v.-,;.11ci1muo ,, mo staves, ur. devvtt ,
very promptly, on tho day of its reception, through
tbo Post-oflice, pre.entcd it to tbo House.
Mr. Sawyer, of Auglu.M, moved to reject tho ;
which gavo rise to a warm debato on the j
right of petition. A portion of the members con-1
tending that tl.e petition wns deserv ing of no for-
tber notice than had been shown it by its reading. !
tbo petition was presented in respectful language, j
was then submitted to refer to the '
Committee on Federal Relations. This after cm-1
siderabbe debate was adopted That Committee
reported the. same afternoon, adversely to the pray--forbear
or of tha Memorialists
The following is the Memorial:
S.vi.Lji, Columbiana county, )
Fcbiuary 3d, 1M0. j
"T the House nf llpreseitiliv:j 1 the State of
" Your memorialists, in behalf oftho Western !
Auti-Slav cry Society respectfully represent that, ;
''' i"iihii mo peopio assert-1
ed in Ibo Declaration of Independence, nnd roiter-
ate.d in the 2d section of our Bill of Rights, to 1
alter, telorm or nliolisli tlio govcr.-.mcnt under
w hich they live, whenever they esteem such change j
most likely tn affect their i.ifoty and happiness wo i
most earnestly solicit yon to decline entering
into any election for Senator of Iho United i
States; to rescind iho laws which regulate the clec-;'
tion of members of tbo House of Representatives J
of tho United States and electors for President; toj't
provide for nn amendment of tbo Constitution of i
Ohio, which shall repeal Ibo Till section of thn Till. 1
article, nud forbid all State oflicers ti in. a nn -ml,
to support the Constitution oftho United State-.
und such other measures as 111 vi ur' wisdom nn i
acp.-ir f.edieni to effect a peaceful withdrawal j
of Ohio from ibu Federal Union, for the following.
unmng other reasons:
"1. Because tho Federal Government has 1
ly failed t. afford pMectioi, to Ibo oiiizens of OUn
eeulive Counnitteo ol the i estcrn Acti Slavery
lo.v.ic i ivloi i, vjni n pro tern.
S' Joe: 'Scry."
Tho Clovclaud Leader has tho follow iinr notice
in n lingo portion of our country, leaving their cn
j'nitni oi me, liberty und properly' to uo scour
ed if nt nil hv t,,.p ,., n", , , I,,,... ,.r .1.
-2 11, r., r .-.
,,f ,t , 7,'"".' " ,ho?"Ml,lu
1 ' lr ' " ' 'f I'.01;
. . V" vmv
' ii,, vii. i- ui tu-ii ini.en ci
io exorcises tho ulcotiro fninebise. in nledir
, e, and ui., r,, il, c ,.r i.,.i.i:. r.
'.:!. . , . ' . '.
ZuZZJ '" "
I il , ! , ... .. , ...
1 i ..." . ' - , on w o n e ,o, o,,i
,uui io piovi.ioi.T lUt rrolucll,
nnl i-feiiio ol
' luu liie eiucM h,i ..c
ybi'il wit!, in our
"4 Uceauso our present connection with the
Uenerai Oovernnient involves us in tho degra.la -
lion and crime of sendin'r our neniiieiitatrTi.j t.,
lion and crime of send
" i -
! mcef . an lit lr.nsl:i.n. f..i- a friw. ,,!. t.. h.i,
daily lives give the most unquestionable nssuraiico
that ihcy bavo no true l eici-t.tion ol tho rights
cf man or regard for tho piinciplcs of human lib-
. , i
"j. TiocniiFO from tho nature of lb ease, nnd
jibo proofs constantly accumulating, and made con-
spieuou.ly m:,ifc,t by .be political events of tho
last few years, ,t is evident that no real LVon of
..lave a Vce States d ,es or can cxi.t,
' li. Uccauso tim principles of sound morality
and the re(oireincnls of juslieo imperatively forbid
' t,0 individual to bo 1 yal
to a gove.nment thus
posses?. within herself elo-
monts ol political power already organized into
uuuu,us and opiiating harim.niously. w Inch
are solhc.ent to emmand tho rcspoct of tho sor -
- m. nmuii ngaiosi nam 11.11 uo,coi a nni es-
... ,1.,,,,..,,.. ,,,1 i, . i. ...i.i.
influence, and power sho is mist favorably circuin-
st ineci 10 take t ie eail m a movement w i e , must
ncce-sarily evnlu ito in th.- i
ieedy otn incipati.ui
,0f tho slaves of tho country and open tho way for
ie construction ol a coi.teJor.iey founded upon
justico and devotjl to tho m.iiutainanco of equal
'Vk'e' tl''"(,"r?. respectfully solicit you to
refer this memorial to a committee, w ith instruo-
jtions to appoint a day upon which your inomerial.
ists may be heard bv coiiuocl hdou the siibioct-nint-
'ter herein contained.
"Siirncd. oi behalf nnd bv direetinn of ti n Vr.
'of the action of the House on tho memorial:
AN INTERESTING DEBATE.
reAuhlle ,l0 0VKlim flf ,,,, o-,tl.c
the House of Uepiescntativcs of the United States I
and ulrctors for President; to provide for an amend-!
List Friday forenoon nn interesting dobalo tic
currcd in 'he ll ouo ol ltepresentatives. Mr. Jow-
ct presented a memorial from tho Western Anli-
-'av eiy .Association ot h ileui, LoIiiiiiI.mii.i c-niiily, I
!"".ving too lloiise to de. lmo Mitering into the
elect ion ol Lnite.l Suites Scioitor. 1i i-..s.in.l il... ;
, 01 unm. n.cn snail lo
ltepeal the ith See., of the 10ib Article, and forbid
ail Slate otneers to tal;e nn naili to Rimrmi f il.n
stilu'.icn ot tho United States: with such other
measures ns may appear expedient to otreet ibe
!1.Ci,.uc''",1 withdrawal of Ohio from tho Federal
-n , - i , . , , . r. i
i Ins. ol course, brought out the Deiviocracv, who
refused to allow ih n.emoro.l t i-.l.-.. H..." .,o,.l
course. They tried hard to make political capita!
"ut ut ''i forgetting tha t to Mceiio iv pctiiion is
Tfi "V!"l TTt !' vTf' ",M"t!!
I"! the t niou wi.l not lie nllccted bv the presenting
,sl,ch j.clitb ns; but it may b) by n'fasing to receive
them. In France, no man is Herniated to sneak
air.st the goveruinent; in America, eve-rv man
f l ... I.;. ... n-,.: ,. ,
..,,,,..,,1.-,..., .p.,,,.,,,. men gneriimeiu
is ti.c siroligcs!? lien men itlo forced to vied
ob die,e tany doc.i ine. they ii.volont u ilv fee!..
lil.u rrsisting i
nut win n t.
own Ireo choice
they usually concur in the same
general otumoii. j
J his L niou cannot be strengliiened by rejecting I
petitions of any chain :,cr.n ,,r..vi tbev are I
couched in decent and respectful language.
very large majority of tho people of Ohio helieve
that any citiz.cn has a pei lout right to petition the
Legislature for a dissolution oftho Union; anil
" ' mai moii ic nrsi-iimiives nave acton
,.!'vl.v !.''" "?-' ' eeeivo such
! .L it!!... '.'il;.,!!!';''. "'!, ' ';ievclU
. 1',, . ' T . :' " " ,u
iminiiura iiiiinncia ami nei'i r m pniny
T 1 snii. i;,e-e arguments prevailed, and the
rcluu;" "as iviivcu.
A JUDICIAL CONFLICT.
Ibund n bill ngainst them und tho Sheriff has
served the warrants uy.nn ihcin while in jail The
question now arises, which authority j3 predomi-
mint, that of Iho Commissioner nnd Marshal, rep
memorial resenting tho Federal Government, or that of the
Sheriff, the representative of iho sovereignty of
Ohio. Tho Commissioner and Marshal seen, de-..
rous if nossiblo. of avoiding ,1 rolln.l,,,, TlM,
they bavo been adjudged to tbo claimant, wbnte-
ver power may intervene to prevent In Iho enrly '
part of tbo trial last week, the Commissioner su
;es,ed that ,0 avoid collision, Ibo Sheriff should (
to serve bis warrants until the lime inter-
to the jail of Hamilton County and there to keep
l'ipni safely in bis custody. Thin was a singular
order, a they wero brought before Iho Coinniinsion
do er, on this occasion only by the. nifl'crance of iho
Sheriff and were now to bo returned to tho jail,
which is entirely under tbo Shciiff's control, to bo
there held by tho Marshal. It locks almost like
surrender of authority by tho Commistduner.
The reporter of the Cincinnntti Gazette, savt. tbo
Tho Cincinnati Slave Cases civo r.romiso of a
new illustration f fll. ..r .t
J 1 o - "
sui li antagonisms as Slavery and Freedom. TI
"ui" ii 1 1 o: g pi 1 nan: 11 ly unit 1 tie otn'o ana i ed -
crai tiur.icini authorities will not be nblo to com
i pleto this rendition without coming in conflict.
All the adult fugitives w bo were in the house nt
the the time of tbo killing of the child, bavo been
larre&tcd for that offence. The Grand Jurv have
shal may well bo vo desirous. m l.v n nri.-il..n .,
mo ingiiivc law 110 is cxeculni", ho
; ,...,.n..;ii,. 1
for the delivery of Ibe slaves t.. th,.;- ,,.. ,r, J
veiling between the conclusion of the exaniination
of tho case nnd the decision of th- C,,,-.,.;..
1 ho Sheriff however did
not sco proper to wait
mus long, m,t served tl.o warrants upon the fogi-
lives while in juil, under tho authority of the Mar-'be
nnd forbid that officer to tnke them thence to '
appear in tbo Commissioners Court durin" tho nr-
gumcnt of Col. Chambers. Finally however they
wore brought into Court ns a matter of favor by
.he Sheritl, who still claimed their custi day. On
adjournment, Commissioner Pcndery.af.er counsel -
ling with the Marshal, ordered bim to return them
order was thus Issued iu nrdnr In av- thn M-.l..,i
'from resr.-oindbiliiv. in enua 1 1, Wi-ptfrchr-..!,! n,..t
Js""'! ''is posss,i". oftho prUners. Thus tbo
matter stands: neeordiinf In thn Im-.t ..n. ,1..
.. ...w ....v.. . ,IV
time of writing.' What is to bu ibu result if the
Commissioner shall altemiit to surrender them to
Iheir muster lemnins Iu bo s.ccii. AH of course '
will depend upon .he firmces. and decision of the i
eoi.flicling ofllcials. We hhall perhaps bo nble
rci.ort fiirtlisr before mir nnorr roe In rress. We
arc deeply intcreH.d in the question ond Ohio
1 f 1 " ' " Cl r
'""' usurpation of tl.ii fugitive
, e-'' '" " h-K tamel, -I.
J muted. It . th. ...rpw. of the law lo den, to
" nnnioriiy lo into arc m
lini ntmu nil nniiioruv lo mtriiirc in nnv manner
m,,l in nn l',n,i f.,r il ,, ';..r ,.r 1 1 J
it. .i i.i.,- .. . .
., a ,SK, ., ..
I -'S , f "'C
"'"''' ." ' feet of tlf
e,,,,,.! Oevnnent iilul lrb.dd.,iS nliko tb
; individuals of tlio Siule nnd
tho Stale itself.
t,i interfcro to protect tho
j,,r ,() ti,.;zni fnlcss thero is submission or
evvii oi un tl,n ,,;! of the L'umiiiisl,,t,.r
1 and Marshal, the judiciary of Ohio has it nor in
;,o ,,, i ,.. ...,.... i ... i
i'v.-v. ivi,,. uim.ii inn unit, usurpv
.!.. w ... i........ :. ... .. ..
, "w " " rv vi . iii ium,ii una it
judge who will be true to his duty, to his Stulo and
' io freedom. : ;
The M.iycr of Cincinnati, James J. Tarrnn, bns
'issued in.-tiuctioii to tho Chief of Tolicc. directinir
ofjhitn, in caso tf a conflict between tho Authorities.
of the State nnd General Oovernment, in this ease
J to give bis aid to tl.o shetiff of the county, in ens
ho h,01J be called on so lo do.
j Ho says, " If warrants should be issued on Cndt
i ing of the Grand Jury for llio nrrest ef one or morn
of said fugitive slaves, and Jon ihould be cnllorf
, upon to aid tho sheriff of tho county, I consider it
vour duty to render iiini nil tho nssiflnnco in your
power in executing the process of the State."
This decision of tho Mayor will incrcaso tho care
. f Commissioner and Marshal
to prevent, if possl-
; Uc eoHin of authority
erties of its citizens from tho arbitrary proceedings
of Judges of tho United States Courts, exorcising
jurisdiction in the Stale." Thus they submit with
Jnc b,imi!iiy to Judge Kane's ufurpations, and b-
como his confederates in f.istonin - nl,r nnn
sul.jcct. Judge Kobe's opinion is law to them,
They nro marvellous sticklers for "inter-slate com
that ity." The minority of this committee have mad
Tho majority oftho l'chnsj Iinnia Legislature
t -n ' f-i-, ,u sui,, TV.
; sr.eni to stn k at nol 1. nn- u l:il. . ,-.ll .1
; however dceradini; it tnnv be to lbs difnitv of il
State, or howc
revet it may jeopardise the liber'y cf
her citizens. For example, ihry bavo fastened
upon the State, for six years to come, n Icrribbs
incubus, by eleetlag their old fogy, pro-slavery
Governor, Williui.i Bigler, to tho United State
On tho 2-lth tilt., tho House of Ivenresentatives;
by a vote of 01 to 30, refused to instruct tho Ju
diciary Committee to "inquire if further legisla
tion was not necessary to protect the personal lib.
The Judiciary Comniilleo have also bad before
th em tho question of tho right of slaveholders to
carry their slaves through llio Stato underauthority
of tho Federal Constitution. A majority of tho
committco reported that the right was go clenr and
undeniable, that no legislation wns necessary on
an nblu nnd manly report in opposition o this in.
sidi uiis plea of the slaveholders to introduce alnvory
into Pennsylvania. .
After some further discussion, the motion to 're
Amotion ,L'r '1tevllilc(1- A nioticn was then mndo to print
i?00"!'!''1-'8 u1' l'e Governor's Message, (accompany,
of printing these insults but Xr Z m. fu,,.i
Resolved, That his Excellency President Pierce
requested to employ iisullicient number of able
shal, ,J"'li('d Irishmen to proceed to the State of Vermont
Tho Legislaliiro of Yermont passed a series of
resolutions on the subject of Slavery, which tha.
Green Mountain Governor bns transmitted to hi
brother Governors of the other Slntcs. These
resolutions Governoi Johnson hns sent to tho Le
gislature of Georgia, ncenmwinicd with a -loiiir
message full of sound nnd I'urv. thnncli I." I.ni.nr
.. . . . " -- j
i manliest illoit to ninintiun his exceutivo diirnitv
Tin in , . .i n .
. lh,c Log.s utore on the reception of the messag,
found some difScuitv in ns
recing what disposition
to m;!;e of tho resolulionn. Tho member indeed
seemed utterly unqualilied to do anvthing but to
..;. 1 , .
' . . to their curses and their contempt
11,0 aut.iors or the Resolutions. For example,
Mr. Lewis of Green moved to refer them to the
Committee on iho Slate of the Republic
Mr. Jones of Morgan opposed, and offered 4
resolution that the 1 ioi ei-noi- irammii .. r.
nor ol v ermoiit. with 11 renuest to lav thn aamn Ko.
'i"'e), Lpgn-bnuro of said State, the resolves.of
V?,,.r,ft -'en.mi. ol 10, and to inclose
wit 11 1 11 1 1 ic sa in e a lend en bullet.
erhiino said ho would l'o for that if tho
w..... nam iiinuer wun 11. (
Mr. Jones And a coil of ropo.
Mr. Terliunc 'Hanging is too good for traitors.'
Ho was opposed to referring these resolutions tu
tho Committee or. tho Stato of the Republic.
Words were useless. The time for action bnd
come. He, for one. wns nrenaicd to net. nnd hn
, 1.1 ...... 1 .1 .. " 4
I. ,.. ...1 !. 11 . 1 . , . . .
.-u ui,-, Mouui not uo ikiu 11 in iiia tnrm t .
.Mr. Crook, Chairman of the Committee, assured
the gentleman from Floyd that the Committee, had
as much contempt for these things, ns he, nud that
some neiivc indication of that would bo recommen
den by them.
Mr. Sntiih of Urion offered the following reso
lutions, iho reading of which was received with
applause by the Ilou-e:
Resolved By thcGenernl Assembly of the State
of Georgia, that bis Excellency the Governor be,
and is hereby requested to transmit the Vermont
resolutions fortbw ith to the deep, dark frd fetid
sink of social und political iniquity from wbonco
they emanated, with tho following unequirocal
declaration irmerilicd thereon:
Uesnlved, That Georgia, standing on hor consti
tutional palladium, hieds not the maniao ravines
. t I. nil 1 r. :..: . . . - . . Jr
r.chi lion to hold lei-mi with r,;,.:..-n,i
1 ni-ii uom i.iiiuiicisiii, nor sioops irom ner lolty
t'uljlll.c DJ,J copies of tho Message wero ordered to
'fcrPj. ,uo '""""'"a rwo.uiion wns ot-
1., Il.n Cnnn.n 1 1. n f. .11 t l..l!
mm to tug n linen nrountl te limits or the same,
and to float "the thing" into tho Atlantio,
IIon.tcF. GiitEi.v a NoN-itEtisTaNT. Some of out
!"01""1'' 016 8,"uuin ,l,e congressional bully,
' lMtlAl"Z II."r'lc0 Grctly- beottllt
non-resistant in practice and principle." It that be
so non-resistants uro far more numerous than wa
hud dreamed of.
The Genu's or the West, it monthly, Dollar
M:igizine devoted to literature tnd published at
Cinciimnti by Wp. T. .Cogsbnll. The Gonius is
just now iM.tering upon its fifth volume and in tnste
nnd ability, is quite equal to its e.isturn competitors
of the same clays.
Iv(EMAr.v. Tho Pittsburgh Dispatch sayst
We Inivc a rumor from Virginia thut one cf the
K. F. V.'s has notified a Postmaster in that State
not to pei lorn, his duty by delivering our paper lo
suuseriDers. out to take soma twenty copies (sunt
10 "fr"'t' ''i-fore a justice of the ponce, tbat