Newspaper Page Text
T II E A N T I S I, A V K It Y U U G I, E .
THE CHIEF OF BORDER RUFFIANS.
Franklin Pierce tin assumed tlio chief direction
Borfor Ruffianism in Kansas. The claims of
and Stringfcltuw tule.idcri.liip nr throw
in tba shade by tho murderous course of this tin-'it
principled man, who now Inn tho power of the
notion nt h's disposal. In addition to his late
border ruffian Message tho Telegraph informs lis
liat iaauel u proclamat inn, "eotting forth that
indioatioan xist that public tranquility ntid the,
supremacy of the law in Kmsas Is endangered by
the reprehensible acts and ptn-poais of persons both
within and without tho territory, who purpose to
and control its political orjr.anir.utum by
forco. That combinations have been funned there-
in to rewiat the execution or territorial laws, and
thu in effect to Bubvett bv violence nil" the i i-ewnt
constitutional and legal authority. That perrons
residing within tho territory, but near its bordora,
ontempluto armed intervention in tho affairs
thereof. That other inhabitants of remote States
re collecting, engaging men and providing Anna
for tho same purposo. That combinations csists
within the territory, by tho agency of emisarios
and other means, to induco individual Stales, of
the Union to interfere in the affairs thereof, in vio-
lation of the Constitution of tho United Sta'.es.
I'lacs for tho determination of tho future initilu-
tiont of the Territory, if carried into execution
from within tho same, will constitute the basis of
inaurreption, and if from without, that of invasive-legal
ggrossion, and will in either case justify and re-
'quire tho forciblo interposition of tho wholo power
'of tho Uencral Oovcrnment, as w ell to maintain
the laa-a thereof, and the" Union. Ha commands
It. persons engaged in unlawful combinations
ainst the constituted authority of tho Territory
Of -Kansas, to disperso and rctiro peacei.blc to their
Mspeeti-W! Wi, and warns all such rersons that
y a'ttwsptcfl insurrection in the Territory, or ag
gressivo iU'iision into the same, will to resisted
not on'y by lt Employment of the local inilitia.tui
also by that of a-rry available forco of the U.S. troops
to the end ot nfloVding iminunity from violence and
full protection to porsons and property, and the
-civil righta of all peaceable, law abiding inhabi
tant of the Territory.
"It hi any part of the Union tho fury or faction
of fanaticism, inflamed into adisregaid of tbegei
.. H..Hoi,c.u. oo,.,arSocre,gniy, vmiicu ooucr ,
the Consntut.on are fundamental in tho whole
trueturo of our institutes, ia to bring on Hie
0 vl-imtu mic "oiencc
ron one side, una conservative force on the other,
wielded by the legal authorities of the Ueneral
.-'-;Tho 1'rcsident calls on tho citizens of both ad
joining and distant States to abstain from unau-
thorizod intermeddling with the local concerns of
the Territory, admonishing them that its organic
-law is to bo executed with impartial justice, and
hat all individual aets of ille.-.l intcrferenco will
-fAftftt lA rtfntl.nn.. nluL... .. . I .. .1 .t
v v. . w bwi.u.i, j.uu .Qiiiiiun i, una uoy cuuoa ur i
nicrierc win no witns'.ooa.
.f-hie proclamation though professedly putting
the Missouri invaders and tho defenders of their
homes in Kansas on tho tamo level ia in fact aimed
directly at the latter and desigued for tho benefit
of the fjrmer. President Pierce intends to make
war principally nnd especially upon tho Freo State
rganization of Kansas. That, according to ll.c
proclamation is "nn insuircetion," "an unlawful
j.nibination""w l.ijb is to l.c I u'. down by the w hole
tforco ,of tire Gore'rumeiit" which "will bo resisted
not only by tho employment of tho local militia"
which means ihe bwdcr rufiiaiis) "but also by any
vailablo .lorce of the U. . troops." The Free
Sjate men now compelled to boar thoir arms by
day and sleep upon thetn t-y -night hourly antici
peiting n hew incursion of the savages who have
so i lately retired before their valor these are to be
suppressed. They huvo associations oT lira moi tim.
peralive necessity for present personal defence; no j
matter. Pierce is goi.ig to lot slip upon theni his
dogs of war and rapine. He forbids all citizens id
Distant or adjacent States from contributing nid I
foe tho defence of their sons and daughter and
brothers and sisters who have left their society but
a few short months since, to find 11 w- homes in
Kansas. Docs President Pierco think that the
people of Now England and tho West are monster?,
devoid of natural affection, and human sympathies
that they will thus quietly consign at his biddinu
their fellow cvuens, their old neighbors and their
kinsmen, to death, by tho snvnj;e murderers who ;
are threatening the extermination or tho settlers
in Kansas? Wo hotic to see tho President com
ineuco soon his "condign punishment" of those
who send nid to tlio people of Kansas in their ex
tremity. Gov. Chase has recommended contribu
tions for the object in hia special message which
we 'publish this week. Ho is for interference
lioro though not for intcrferenco in tho case of
tho milliona of slavea who nro held by State
law. Governor Chaso has not only recommend.
cd lao citizens ot tins Mate to contribute aid, but
has act a good individual example by his own con.
Wo recommend President Fiereo to commence
ameting out his "Condign Punishment," upon Gov.
(Chase. Wo might havo somo rich times somo
-"healthful agitation" if ho wcro brought before
.omot7. fi. Commissioner, or Federal Judge to
answer for tho Treason of his special message, or
for the niobodiicy of his fifty dollar contribution.
Such a course would most effectually sweJl the
current of Contributions nnd wo might soon ex
pect to hear of the transportation of "hollow teure."
AVe should not wonder if it should do even more,
and stir up the spirit of volunteering, of which as
jet, we do not seo much, and sot men on routo for
What is to be done for Kansas? Har ease Links I
Jesnorate. What is beforfl her hot ,,!!.. m
the slave power or residence, to tl.o Government-
Tho Government ia the organ of that
power, it oommanda aubmisssion. To please that I
power, Free State men nro to bo suppressed to
become exilos and outlaws in thoir native laud,
even ai the alavca have been and are. But what
ever may be her fate, we hope her outraged peoplo
and the people of tho wholo n'.tion will learn that
, their hope for themselves nnd their duty to tho
lave, ia to take their stand bosido him nnd pro
claim themaelves iho unrelenting foes ol u Govorn
tneot, which robs the humble nnd weak of their
righta to life, liberty and property.
.. .'o doubt ono object of the roceut Kansas mes
sage, and of this proclamation, is to operato against
Reeders lulmissiou to a sent In Congress. Accord
ing to the Presidential dicta set forth in tho proc
lamation, Reeder ia only the Representative of a
Kansas mob, which if not dispersed by the procla
mation shall be by "the local Militia, and the U.
S. iroope." This is tl.o central idea of the mes
sage and the proclamation. Tho President would
61 the lie most firmly ia tbe minds of the people,
and binko it operate through them upon tho vote
of tbe House of Representatives, on Roedora ad
mistioD. This i the purpose in addition to the
proapoet ot Intimidating the Free St ito men.
NOVEL ARGUMENT—BUT A GOOD ONE.
Colonel Chambers-, llio kidnapping lawyer in the;
Cincinnati sluvo case, seems to repaid Mr. JolliuVs :
njarguwuit in the case as a singular ""' Ai.d so'
is. 'lhukUt of it if, that slave catching is imli-j
Cl.iistimi, mid thcicfoio unconstitutional. Hut
j though deeming it n novel nrgisiueiit, lie evidently
'considered it mi important one, and theicfire :
'joined iseuo on tho (luestioii of the Christianity of
kidnapping, very nppu'printely introdueing ns his i
champion the Rev. Dr. Lord, a president uf n Now
1 England College, who has of late devoted bis ener-
1 gies to proving tho divinity or slnveholding ; thus j
J anew asserting tho fact that abolitionists hnvo bo j
long been endeavoring to impress upoti tho public j
mind, that tho " churches are tho bulwarks o( j
! slavcrv." and tho Doctors ot'Dh ir.il its main nn.l ,
I its last hope. These lawyers nro right in their
' reference or tl.o whole alavo question to the issue
; or its morality. Ia this ago of tho world, slavery
must, stand or fall, according as the demonstration
ahull be, that it is Divine or Infernal. Dr. Lord
and hi Revern'd associates must demonstrate, lr.
yond all doubt and cavil, that man stealing, slave
j holding and slave catching arc divinely authorised j
vocations, the highest possible evidence of Christian
character and genuine g( dlir.es-e, or tho system w ill
comc into disreputo utd the practice into con
However, it ia highly gratifying to us to soo the
nssailants and defenders of tho system. Btop.
ping in the midst of their citation ( f conflicting
legal authorities and decisions, making tho ulti
mate appeal to justice, on the caked question of
tho rij'Jit or wrong of slavery.
Certainly thero aio very few lawyers, and Very
few men of any profession, who, like Mr. Jollifl'e,
would have ventured to risk nil on tho most im
probable of nil human suppositions, viz: that a
Fugitive Slave Law Commissioner hud any vestige
of Conscience, which tho greatest conceivable
moral power could reach. And yet the result m
far seems to havo justifie 1 the hazardous experi
ment. For though Commissioner Pen dory did not
at the moment pronounce them free, jet ho did dis.
regard the mandate of tho net to make a summary
decision, mid resolved to t.iko a week to make up
his mind on the q le-itio.t. Vi sincerely hope that
all luture uclenUera ol lugitivo slaves, w hether ho
(br( lllitf,(, States Commissioncra or Fedcraljudges
, v. fi),w ,3r . jipTc's example, and ever take for
panted tl.o improbable supposition that Commis
countrythod.recalaniiryofarbitramentofarnisin.,, ,lnJ j , , remaining
g.ireiU f c,)I16l.ience anj
si, reus ot conscience ani stoutly main
tain, as they may beyond all contradiction, that
no law of shivery has any moral or legal force up
on them. If tho result shall prove that the Com
misMvoerx nnj judges havo no vestige of moral
virtuo t respom' to thu appeal, this course is still
desiiable. It will tervc rapidly to cducnie the
jcoj'le info tho conviction that ll.e principle is
right, that It is good law nnd sound llu-elegy. and
ihey will demand a Judiciary, State and National,
11 declare it law and defend it ns such ;
ami under the iuflircnee of such a Judiciary slavery
will fhde awav, and carry wilh it to wmtemnt and
loathing its theological advocates, the llcvercnd
monsters of logio and morula. In behalf of free
dom, of law, of morality, wc thank Mr. JolifTo for
ilia excellent, though nov?l argument, however it
may eventuate with his unfortunate clients.
The Ilcpublieiina in Conrcsa ai"4 Uprising on
their laurjls, sinoo thoir "glorous victory'- in the
election of Banks. Wo don't undermine tho vic
tory. It was a sight to look upon 111 this degen
crato llffiiblicto see ninety men stand Up Un
flinchingly, unterrilied und unbribed, for a princi'
vie of f;co loin. But since then as it seems to io
ihey have suilicd their victory by placating the fees
of freedom. All but some half dozen or so of Uepub
lican votes were cast for Culiuni, for Clerk. They
say be is nn Anti Nebraska man that ho voted
against the Douirlas bill, arid lost his election in
Tcnnessro because hn did so. What of that? lie
can bo no friend or liberty, for he is said to boa
duelist, a twelfth section know-nothing, and a
slave holder. Kepnb'icans can't hope to divorce
the government from slavery by electing such men
slaveholders to nf.icf. They do not expect to do
it. Very likely they do expect by this sort of lib-
erality ns Mr. Lullum would doubtless call it, to
so conciliate tlio Americans that somo of them will
help to put Reedor into his seat, nnd co-operate in
tho next presidential campaign. Their motives
stalling them by his messages and proclamations
arc probably good but tho policy will kill Republi
canism stono dead.
The Republican.; have not yet elected their can.
didate for printer and nothing has yet been dene
in tho Reedor caso or tho Kansas question. If
they can dr anything we pray them in Heaven's 1
namo nut to delay, especially while Pierce is foro'; .,-v""'
Mr. Speaker Banks has been busy in organizing
1,1s con.iim.ccs, .,..,..(; uu-y ua.o not yov ,1. nn- -,iaV(1
So much for the Republican Mde of tho j
Dn the other sido tho pro-slavery men aroro-Umu.
niavkable for their quiet and docility. They have .
not moved a finger Tor tho performance of the in-;
teresting part they I'.dvoitiscd themselves to play,
immediately after til l election of Banks. In that
the dissolution or the Union was tojnl.j
come olf, as tho atten'.unt and consequence. lut
two weeks havo passed, the L'nioii is euro yet, and fr-enda
thero has been no occasion for tho intervention of
solitary't'nion Say;or. Those professional gen-1
dcTent, and after nil their previous bluster, is a
n"w evidence that if the North would manfully
tllU 1,10 l",nl''c nt their word-squaro thorn
Rovolution, 6tlvC8 firmlv befol tliCnl' and dcn,ft"J f'r n"ceP"
,,lnce of one of tw3 propositions, cither tl.o disso-
(lemon seem utterly out of business. 1 lie qu ic ol 1 ft
the slaveholders after this, their first Congressional j
lution of the Union or the abolition of slavery,
they would make a virtue of necessity ond accept
the latter ns gracefully as Mr.Aikon conducted his
successful rirul to tho speaker's chair. Oh ! for
firmness and manhood in asserting justice and in
vindicating the principles of froodom, in stead of
the truck and dicker of political management,
which now curse our Goverumcnt and ia tho buao
Liter. The House has elected tho pro-slavery
candidate for Printer and Mr. Banks has announc
ed the standing Committees. Placing Republi
cans jn tho majority but adding tho strongest
southern nicu on the most important Committees.
The nuTCntNeoNB. At we announced lust week,
tho Hutchinsona will give ono of their charming
Concerts, 011 Saturday ovening. Sco their adver
tisement. The people of Salem and its vicinity noed no
word of exhortation from us to induce them to im
prove this rre opportunity. Of course thu Tow n
Hall will be crowded ai it tbould, l.
LETTER FROM L. A. HINE.
Lecturing—My native county—Graveyard Statistics
—The North wholly responsible for the continuance
Mn- Loimi: : I have within it fen J.-.ys returned
M"1'1-"1 two months' tour, G-o weeks el which voro
Up"1' '" 'y native coui.ty of Erie O., in which 1
Rv '""ic thirty -five lectures, generally to crowd
be c J houses. Seme old school-mates of iny native
township nttended about fifteen lectures, going
Ueveral times from four to six miles and back, often
mooting in those coldest nights when the mercury
was twenty (threes Vclow icro. This will he con
direct sidurod no niarvcloiia dating, when it is stated that,
,,1J young pcoplo of that township, in which thero
', scarcely bat is called by tho yankeea a village,
tnin a literary society the year round, n free
My lectures wcro chi'fiy npon Land Ronnm.
L.Iucatioii in its varioas phases, onian'a Rights
hall fur free sj eceh, nnd let the churches pass for
what they nic worth. Tho Literary Society cele
brates its anniversary on tiie lii tt of January, and
being present at the last one, I tan say that
the original essays, declamations and orntions on
that occasion would do credit to ary collegiate in-
imd riiysienl Degeneracy. In Milan, where I Ice"
tured leu I'mes, tho working citizens Called a met
ing to organize a Land Ucf.'rrn Association, and
got up petitions to the Legislature fur Land Limi
tation, and to Congress for th-3 Fieedoni of the
public lunua in limited quantities to actual settlers
Totily. The meeting was large and it is hoped the
"fogies" and aristocrats w ill not succeed in de
stroying its influence.
1 find it difficult to ei. list those who have a pros
pert of becoming a land monopolists in this cause.
It seema so thoroughly against-their selfishness.
And sometimes I meet landless and poor men who
think there is something of meanness in n homeless
man advocating Lnndlleform. That is.tho monopo
lists w ill do nothing except against it, and ns the
other class khould be ashamed to do anything
in establishing thU natural rigtit to tho earth, of
cnurso nothing can bo done. I heard a rtrong
Free Soilor tako this position. On tho nino prin
ciple, tho slaves should bo ashamed to speak for
their freedom, an attempt to obta:n it should be
left entirely to tho slaveholders. Tho snmo Free
Soilersaid that an industrious and cc monucul man :
could get rich, and henco it it is all nonsense to ad-
vocate Land Reform. On the samo principle,'
there shoul j be no nnti-slavcry agitation because
Frederick Douglass got his liberty in spito of the
combined power or the South and tho Nation, and
bevides that, learned to read under tho prohibition
of his master nnd m'strcss and has become one of
tho lending orators of tlio land. If ho did so much
under such difficulties, others can, nnd Abuliticu
ism : nonsense ! Strango that thinking men
should trample their favorite truth Under foot in
attempting to put down tho discussion or prevent
the sucjesa of another truth.
Tho poor nro tu furnish all the future slavehold
ers und laud monopolists, and should bu heroic in
rclioving tho Tuturo of these giant evils. For if
the present slaveholding and monopolizing fami
lies could be forced to rely on ti'.oir own vigor of
constitution for tho perpetuity of t!;eir own class,
every slave Would be freed and every acre liberated
within three generations or a hundred yenra. The
aristocrats, both North nnd South arc running out,
their famili cs arc becoming extinct, and were
it not for tho energy that rises from thu lap of in
dustry and poverty there would be no slaveholders
or monopolists nlivo in the next hundred years
aftor God's law was left freo to operate for the du
struction of oppressors. Tho slaves nro growing
gradually stronger and the masters weaker; and
iT left to themselves tho slaves won hi tonti be
sufficiently strengthened and tho masters aafiicieiit"
Iv weakened tu induce thu slaves to look down with
cmitemit upon their ry masters nnd eaer&te,
Divine vengeance upon all their throats
nijrht w hen no tocsin i hull sound nn alarm. But
tho mischief is, that tho X irlh ia constantly send-1
ing energy to tho South to tako the place of Iho;
exhausted slaveholders, and thus is tho institution
continued beyond lis Divine limit. In this vvov is !
thu Nurth sustaining Slavery.
While making my Inst trip.I conceived it a good;
idea to tako tho ajes of ail the dean in tho various'
gravo-yaras, -.11.it risa neon Mined vvitli tomh-stonos j
in order to show tho hcilthfulness of vnrioim 'n.-nl
itics, and lead to inquiry into tho causes of pre
mature decay among our population. I took the
facts in seven yards of Erie and Huron counties,
and wherever I go hereafter, I expect to look afier
tho dead nnd make a digest of tho facts. I give as
far ns I havo proceeded:
Places No. of dead. Aggregate age.
Borlinlleights 1112 SilGl 23 "
CooksCornors, O'J 11353 341 "
Tho c,.st Co,1Jinn of flgurM u t,l(J huahcr lM
1IlimlImellUtll0 seconJ tho ngsrl,g,Ue an
nounced. llnd l0 ,-.,: tll0 lvcrn0 found , ' divi(ling lhe
nggregato by tl.o number ooposito in the first col
An infant under six months counts one in
t,0 divisor but contributes nothing to the nggregato.
When there is 11 portion of year over ono. half add
jonc nd where the portion is less than one-half
cast it away. Any ono can step into tho gruve
contingeney, 0f i,iM neighborhood and soon seo how it
compares with the above. I would boglad ir any
abroad would Bond mo such Tacts,
'0py nothing from tho slabs but the ago and sef
nx opposito to each case a for female or for
luui. Infanta under six months by in the
columns. As a specimen of tho way to do it, say
the first you come to ia 3'i years six months and
two days, writo it 34, in tin; column, if a rhule
write it 3l if a fcnialo writo 34 if an infant
thus il 6i years lour months writo 00 casting
Away tho months when under six. Aa a 6pociiuen.
State also what portion of those buried have
tomb-stones. If any persous will send mo such
facts I will, aomo time, present them a copy of all
facts of different Statoa nnd counties ao that
they may judge where ia the healthiest region a
kiud of inform&tion that will bo of some service to
every one, and may be of immense vol in to many.
takes but a few moments aomo Sunday morning
copy thet.o facts and send to me.
Stato tho kind of rock that underlies the region
quo--lion, tho character of the soil whether
land or low land whether soft or bard water,
from what States the settlers principally 001110.
Theso facts will all be returned to them iu print,
each getting tho advantage of this trifling
of mar.v. Direct,
,, ' 1
1-1:1 .1 t
L. A. HINE.
Loveland, Clermont Co., O
KuKTiirax Orricj.-iioi.i)t:in. Tho f.'ortli AmeiiI
can n-maikK tint the i!..-tk.n of Mr. P.iis n
, Speaker of Ih-.Vaiii.nal lluio-ei f V. ipr(-u nt itiies
tuoui.io,e iti jug uni.(ual rescita.- 'Ifte l'.-esi-
dent of (bo L'niio I Siairs. the S.i-.iki- of to.) II mc
ihC li l : Ji-i.t . ! tl;o c te, tie h'-aJ tf th r.;!.j.-
, net, ind the occupant of t.ur nn.st imi orttnr 1 : t lo-
nnnic pjjt, tho Minister t,j i;nl.
crnmi-n. ien. fieii-o and Mr.
: ail cr h-
HmkH nrn frjin
.New l-.nj.hind, Mr. M-ircy and Mr. Huclunan ficm
the Middle .Vales, mid Mr.liiight from Indiana.
Saving Mr. l'.i.i ks, tl.o only renv.n why these
men are in oflice, ia that though Northerner they
tre hitltr slaveholders und slavery exlensioiiists
than tho slave claimants Ihemschei. Xhey nie
the Diivcrs through whom tho South can control
the North. Tho convenient drudgcR the i.;noblo
mercenary servilea without whoso interpoi-iiiun
tho haughty oligarchs of tl.o .South would to com
pelled to do many a contemptible service l Slavery
which in their souls they despise and hate, but
which their t.aid mitbein slaves r.nrf.irni no!,
alaci ity. Anti Slavery men have been in tho habit
of coniphiining that Northerners Wfre excluded
from office. Now they havo good cause tj com
plain that such Northerners are in office. Far bet
Vcr for the North to havo that windy Eragart
Wise, in tho presidential chair than Franklin
Pierce, and between the two, wo hope tho Cincin
nati Convention will nominate the former.
Ltcri-ntns i.v the WE-ir. An esteemed friend,
writing from Frrn.ont, Ia., suys; "Wo have just
been f'tvorod with a visit from Mr. II. I!, llenj i
min, of Kendalville, in this Stat. Ho U a good
speaker, wilh point and force, and well posted."-
Mr. U., wo are glad to learn, is lecturing this win
ter in behalf of the slave. We trust he will re
ceive uid and encouragement from all wLo love
tho cause of freedom.
Mr. Bjiij.unin ia an authorized agent f..r the En
g!e. We learn from the Standard that Alor.zo J. Cro
ver, f Earlvillo, 111., has been appointed a lectur
ing agent or tin Anieiioan Anti Slavery Society.
The colored ladies of Now York and Brooklyn
ro.-ently held a Fair for the benefit of (bo colored
UL-oiicr. 1 iiomtsoN lifts retired from tho Editor,
were seven hundr
in New York. Tho net reccipta
.... . ,,
cd nnd sixty-one dollars.
bip of t,0 Empire, and gone to take up his re.i.
deuce in India.
News of the Week.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.
- -mpson, of Ky., n
resolution was adopted instructing the ec
! nl! y,l "ff-rs t.. .nqu.ro r nto t!:o expedieny of
Kv ! ',", "IV; ",? !'!
IV Mr. lhompso,.S.-l,dtheoP,l,llll.rs were not
s.tl.-lleit to tie so far from sa t water, whom har
.,,,. , 01
cou Id not get iiohidam .Vhnapps and Irish W hisky.
Mr. Wilson will sneak to
in Central A
7,, , . l"lnu- "cnicmcu 10 receive jijiccn
; . , , ' 1 Z : : u I
enal. except that the l.opclul ht ir heat a mulatto
niorrovv niainsi liritish
ams 111 Len'ral America, and will oppose the!
II. ...f w- 1.
. IIC . II jOC .'1 I. .CH aid M
. . , , . - ,.'-.,.,. .
piians as le .uing ,o war u n? w.i osier ... conol.,-:
a .punt resolution ubioiruti n tr tho Chivtcn-Bi-.l-'
Wlf It? ttV '
, . ,
Mr. DougUa h-. arrived, and will oppose the
Administration in its policy upon Central Amer.
ica. IIo a. v isea an nl mnee, nfTensiv e and doten-;
SIV. Willi lif.ftfrnl lV klr til'1.lnlroi-v l. l,n
. : ,, : , ,- i - .' "'"1
war wiiu ureal irna::t; wnn-n ia atiniit to take place
upon the reeonimornlatlon of the President, wilh
tho concurrence of Measis; t'tward, Fuoto and Wil
son. OiJ.vi'ATiONS of ri-xtsiiMENT. An old friend
vviuran, ami Proke ml tho mirrors in tlio
room-. Oood for South Carolina justice!
IIu.snT 75. Ftaxton- dclivcrfrl one it tho ree-iilar
Course of Lectori' on .Slavery; in Huston, last week.
He reviewed tho President's Kansas Message wilh
that caustic severity which be so well knows how I
use. It does 1114 nnpear from the reptrrts that
he niaibi :inv allusion lo his former r-otihni-tion iili :
the anti-slavry cause; and
icasiwn must havo suiriested
liiisccnces ot the scenes ot Ifoo-O-i-S, when he 1
was the favorite orator of tho Abolitionists. A.
-iiiunil-i .:i,:iiu;til"ri llI------'
I yet tho.plac?! and (hcoc-j
d '0 his mind vivid rcm-M
Ktu.ro dv a Slave. On tho 10th inst., C:rpt.
James II. Robinson, of Bedford county. Vn.. had
just punished a negro, belonging to b in, for neg
lect of duty, when tho negro struck hii.i on tho
head wiih a hoe, causing his death next niorning.
writes ns fn.in Charleston, South Carolina, on the
31st utl. i'Io says that on the day previous there
wsro tour innai.iu i-nsenui ui-iiiikciicsh nuu uixiuru-;
anco in that city. Tho first was the soil and heir of
a very wealthy man; n.) notice was taken of Ins of-
fenco. The second was a man in inodo'ii'.e i-ircum-
stances; fined ten dollars and costs. 'J ho thirr was ;
poor white man. named JameR O'Brien: sent tr('
the poor house for one week. Tho fourth was a
The muidcrer had not been arrested at the last ac-
Kdication in Marvi.and. The Balt'unoro Patri
ot, speakiiit; of Rdm alion in Maryland, says:
Tho head of every third family ;hrouj;h out the
S'ute can neither read nor write. Moro than ten
thousand men exercises the rijsiit of sufTragi; in
Maryland who arc utterly unabio even to read the
nninesol the candidates for whom they vote.
A bill has passed tho House, in tho Tcnnessco
Legislature, Authorizing that State to pimhaso five
bin. di ed acres uf the ground including the touib
of Jackson and tin juildings of the Hermitage,
Tho N. Y. Tribune statca that there are, in that
city a number of "bogus Sunday Scl Is," with a
largo number uf collectors, who raise from $1,000
to 1.500 each, nnually, iihtuit ten per ceutof vvhi.di
goes to support the schools, and tho rest to sustain
set of scoundrelly "religious operators."
Three men died suddenly at Council Bluffs, Iow'n
afier nn oyster supper washed duwn with liquor.
Either the oysters ur liquor, or bothj aro supposed
have tetn poisoned.
The Cincinnati Eutiiiirer s iivs the Know Nothing
Legislature of Kentucky have elected to the office of '
Chaplain a Roman Catholic Priest.
A False Report. We nrffghid to learn from the
Washington City Ameriean Orrjitn, that the story
fet afloat by a corresjuindent of tho New- York Times
that President Pierce had insultingly "tinned his
back upon senator Halo, is flatly contradicted.
The correspondent of the AlbuDy Atlas says ho w as
The Governor of Louisiana in his Message recent
ly delivered, speaks of the slavery question nnd an
ticipating continual aggressions, considers the time
compromise 11s past, and advises preparations
The ineomo of the Ohio State Treasury for 1 f 55,
was S4.215.S84. its expenses $.1,512,484; the State
indebted $14,000,000; lots COO miles of navigable
rivers, and 800 miles of cannli; 2,725 miles of
complete railroad, and nearly that number of miles
- 1 . . .: 1..
prnjuuieu nuu 111 course ui consirucuoii; nnu us
whMit crop of the last year is estimated at 30,000,
0U0 bushels, and the corn at 80,000,000 bushels.
A resolution asserting that the Missouri Com
pr jniiso ought not to have boen submitted to even
save the Union, has passed tho popular branch
the Alabama Lcgislatuse, by a vote of 02 tu 2G.
author of the resolution ia the son of tho Uni
Suite Senator, who represented Alabama whoo
coin promise war passed In 182, w-ho voted
"LIBERTY OR DEATH."
History en 1 por'rv have both been rnndnyeJ l"
oanotiite tl nt.i'no of the lloniatt Vin.JM l , who
plunged a kmtii D the hoait i.l his il.nig!,i'i-. Via
i:i.vt., to i .e l.er Iti ni the lust of 'bo l.'v.tiuvir,
1'i .ii'WV. Tnis act gave iniinnrliibiy t n name
that hit I o:?:"ri.- perisln d 111.0 other iuni the
memory of man.
A n--r" l.rr.uc a.'t has jest been perpe'rated on
tlm soil ol V-hto. A mvibsr tnltr t tie life nf her
ul.ild r uber than have it go b.-k to a lifuof abaine
iii.U porrow. The not is more heroin as the love ol'
mo moiin r n more inter. than that ol a lazier.
lb.it in it has been performed bv one ol
and oppre-sed chisf, who l.uiu no liht. in the r-l
inati. in or i.inr tyrant,-, t ienteiiain heroic senti
ments, it. will pro'brtbly call for no monument, and
will not bo celebrated in story or strong. It will
also avail nothing towards the liberation of the
moilicr from l.ond.io vii,1im it be iniviii the ground
of n pro'-ccuti jii fr muiiiei'. Verily the ilge is
not heroic. It is emphatically "dull nnd mran.''
Our object, however, in K-iei'uig to li.is act, is
n'it to glorify it, Ivl to call attention t? the lo r;l
Lie liirht in which it presents tl.o system of slave
ry. '1 ho attorney for tbe fugkives staled ihe ntlicr
day in open Court, that they nil decluod that they
"would go ni;i to tho gallows, rather than be
returned to slavery." It ts considered ll.i hijHust
achievement ol natural conrag?, and also of the
tho Christian faith, to raiso ibu foul abuvo the fear
of death. The love of liio is uno of tlio strongest
feelings of thu human heart. Tho fear of death is
of course strung in Iho sa-.i.o decree. Hot the
ond-iion ot the slae is more dreadful than I'.o.Uh.
ami bis love of liberty stronger than his love ol
lite. Tho mother wi'll ratbtr tee her child laid in
Ihn grave, than laid a living sacrifice in the arms
uf this bloody Moloch.
And yrt tiie system whioh producoa t!ics?hor
ribie results ia tho great ol jeet of tho fostering
eoro of our g iverniiieiit; nnd is baptized as
Christian iuscitution by many of tho churches. It
ia represented by Presidents of Northern College
n part of Uod'a moral government of tho world;
nnd n grave deneral Assembly baa resolved that
"as it exists in the Sjotb, it is no bar to Christian1
oiiiiniinion." Ccmineiit ia nctdlct. Fu: j";-'
It as brtn celebrated in
tl.rv n.l .In.A ,l,a,'
: once upon a lime nn old Roman stubbed hiad'augh-1
ter to Hie heart with a butcher knife, to vresei vc
ft l'.ko in-1
9plft ot ono i.f her enMnved
children, nnd tries 1 1 send them all to their God
i and our (Jod, to then- Father an J our Father, aiid
site is put upon trial tor
! ''er Irom the degradation of slavery.'
I Auw, an Aiiiericnn uiotlierj who with
atrumeiit, free- the spirit of one ..f he;
' Inont 0f fa
her bfcl May the Lord
havo mercy on tho poor mother and heal the Ei icv-
us wounds upon her heart; but where ki tho out
burst of admiration for her maddened heroism,
her love of liberty nnd lofty scorning to bo a
liii-e me liberty or give nio death!' in the mouth
of Patrick Henry, when no immediate sign of
death was near, b-cnnic an imperishable monu-
me; imt tlio lull slave mother, who
I, ..,,,. ,i..f r ,i.'..i.i . : ' ' . .
,,c.t9 up to ,i,e 6ontillient of ,L Alutricl t)Utrit
Is taken s a common felon to jail. ju.v will
condemn bef, and . hearts of tho people will
.1 1 1 1:1 i- , .' - . .
uuuiium unr iiueraiinuj 11 e nave an noiuing laitli
I .,...t t,.is A,.lpl.: .,. ., .,, 1. . nrnr" ih.
hetwren our sort ot nnti-slavery end the weak dilu-
' ! UJ
1 ,., ,., ;i , 1 .... j 1 ,i . . ......
I., ,r n , ., r ,1 i.i .... .. 1 i
! . ' ....... v. ....u. wvv.w.11, nuciu Pile
i.i.i u l........n f I. n P I . ! 1
.....j wv.,.., .in.- i.i.miciiv 01 ik i v uc-a-L 111 JJUlll
,-,,, whj rtlay ehl,nce or cluose to become her pur
sum .1. ........ i 1;... r., ...1.... : i . ;. .-' ,
lie nci i.ioi "11.11 II IIIUJ, SOU is ticsuiica
iinpei i.-hablo fame; and tho name of Marmiret
Garner shall be a memento of which posterity
8nil La proud, and will certainly bo chetished by
,.0,l men and women for ages yot to QOwa.-J'ifU
,'- . a J
A meeting nf sympathy with the Free Stats set
tlers of Kansas was recently excluded from the
"Vine street ConirrejrTUiunai Church of Cincinnati."
"f 'hh li "the Rev. Charcls 12. Boy utou" ia pastor.
J ':e ' rcaLianaii.
Mr. Boyiuon wit formerly editor of the C'irUl
to F. feut a pnp-r which grossly abused 'ami mis-
rciirocnted the Aniericn Anti-Shivurv Societv nail
- ...... ...... . , wum;.., unu
friends, and did all in its power I nievei:t"ih( 111
g"'1 a beu'.ing iu Cincinnati..!. S. Stand-
the Btato of Maryland derives an income of
Jii.OOO per annum for lottery licences.
The Satanic Tbess ( Bennett's ivnUJorSttndaT
lnt copied in full from Tho Standard the official
t-fipitct of the proceedings of the Massachusetts An
tl-Slaverv &nciitv nt it ricnia nnhit-n.d.in. '1 i.
Jfcrlad wishes tho slaveholder nnd the dmiJlifive
j to see what traitors and enemies to the Union the
uarnaun A tjolitnuueta are, and loeonvinco them
that the Republicans are not a whit better but
hither worse. W hatever may be its motives we!
are glad to have it proclaim tho truo Gospel of' An-1
ti-Shivery in tho ciu-h of the slaveholders and their
Northern tuoU. We want them all to know exactly
what wn urn ilrivinrr nt nml m I..-,,,, n,. ,i;n'..,. .....
On Monday cvtning llih inst., by James Boone.
Esq, Mr. H'nrt Kivo, of Ravenna, to Miss. Re
becca A. SbjiS!, ofSilem.
James Doud, Atvvater,
JUDSOX, JO IIX AXD ASA,
HoMEWAiin-nni-ND from their tour thniuch the!
glorious North-West, (tho land of Free Prairies
and Freo Men.) have tho pleasure of announcing
to their kind friends of SAL.K.M and vicinity, that
they will tarry with them a Siugln Night, aud will
be pleased lo givo one of their popular
At the Town Ilalt, Saturday Fccniny, K5. Id, '50-
Tickets C5 ets., to bo had nt tho door. Honrs
open ut 0 o'clock, Concert toc'otmneucc" o'clock.
Eccciph fur the Cuglc for the w tk ending Fib. II
Benjamin Bown, Salem,
Stanton Scott, Nottingham,
Phehe McCminel!. Coldwater,
C. D. tirissell, Now Garden,
Henry B. N.iRlev, SpriniiCeld,
John S. Miller, Athens,
Thomns D. Tomlison, Marietta,
A. Powers, Grand Rapids,
Rev. S B. Smith, "
John Starr, "
Otis Smith, "
Eilza Wickorshani, Marlboro,
Amoa Walton, "
Mrs. A. A. Whippo, New Castlo.
MEETINGS IN MICHIGAN,
Aaron ?t. Powell, Agent of tho Aniorhan Ami
Silvery Society, will hold a series of uiouiiiigu iu
Oakland nnd Macomb counties, as follows:
Pontine, Saturday nnd Sunday, Fob. 0, 10
Auburn, Tuosdoy and Wednesday, " 12,13
Rochester, Saturdny and Sunday, " 16, 17
Romeo, Tuesday and Wednesday, ' 10, 20
Ray, Thursday aud Friday, " 1, 22
Utica, Saturday and Sunday. " 2.'i, 24
Troy, Tueaday and Wednesday, " 23, 27
Birmingham, Thursday and Friday, " 23, 29
Royal Oak, Saturday and Sunday, March 1,
Tbe Post ofSca address of Aaron 31. Tow oil, will
Detroit, Mich., care of Ww. D. Cochrap, untii
UEDFORD IIAKMOMAL SEMINARY,
Friends of huinrinitj, we Can tinw , iitd
with cut.iiU'-ri'j. tbct.tut Ifodlerd llrmunin Semi
nary, ia well established, having a RufEcicnt fun J
lokcrpit up f'fn yeaia r,'. least, if nothing toorj
lu ul l l o d. liutei.
It U louatad five n.iles AVeal if PuttT Ct
Miuhigm.; in a nipidly grnig oouinmnitT of lib
er.il miiul. Several tier buil lint; js rn ptetCH
of erection f.r the HXcoinniod.ti ion of the auhool.
Families and l)tiutnls will End Bedford a very
desirable situation. Tl.lar;c Boaidinir Hull iil
be in c .:np!"te condition at ttio t otntnonccBiCAt f
I 'he .Sonnj; 1 cr!i.
j The subscr;' era in announcing their appoint
as j ment ns Mannger t-f the alov Aogiation, f
tho ndviniutut of tba
A A A A Ji T $ , -r,.
- in ti.i'se.ouniry. feel iustificd in stulini? tliat fine
oiici i.nj;ravirgj. win uo piaeea neiore tne Aineri-
1 Iim ext-euM's ,.f ft Student for Bjnrd. Tuition.
nr.d .".in llent, i aboul J2.00 pr week. Sludeot
can also hire ru. n.s on rcasoii.tble term and butrj
The sprine term will enmfnehee on the fuarUi
of March next nirj conlintio Fourteen Week. Tliaj
Tall I'ciui will commence on the Firat Monrrey ia
SV( ttr.iber. . '
The following brtntkes ,re taaighi la tie Sftni
r.ary: l.ulln, flierU and FreruK; a Full Cuuth- tf
.V.tl.'iemoHi.t, Kutinol 6'cicnrr., and Kri'jliih Bran
iltCJ. liisfiumiulnl Music, lj Hit. otrc. '
H. COUXF.l.L, I .-incipal. 0. D. Hoai. Tench
er of I-ingu.igea, J. W. TLD.t, Teacher of
V.. J'. Curnttt,
J. W. Ta'.bot,
All oomrnnnreatioae inuet It tn to IJ. CohMlv,
Ilattlo Creek. Mi'!Sh.-
U- JtorJ, Feb. 2, 18CG.
can public, w hii h in beauty of execution have beea
j tinsiit parsed. nmT nt a price UDpotttllclcd either in
mo .it-iv or vn-j orni.
Ant is cosmnnidilan. and in this vitW. the Ar-
''Bl" both of America, and Europe are bound Uf.
getner to produce spreimens worthy or Uie age.
The Engravinga w i.l bo issued niouthly, core
1 mcnciiijr irom inn nrst er in'cemner, leos, ana
, cu'-l'g 1 irst ot January, 13DT, with the
An A MlP!-ii.in Al-tlt limnmnyaArt it. t11tiutlW
.. I ..: " " r . ' ' " "
I JcrKUI18 j(!siri , , j fci ottainin.
' subscribers, by applying to the urderained, 5
I stating the loculiy ihey wish to" occupy, V 11 U
1 , . ? . . . J . .J 1"' "
The pnreliacrs of T elvo Engi'avinga, one each
month, price fifty cents, will be ehtitled to receive,
as a premium, tho gieat stocfehgrrtvlog,
" U'aJiinjlon after Crossing Hit Delaware.' " '..
Size 21 x 30. Exccuird iu tho first stylo of Art,"
most TitE caiGixxt. ptsicx, nv r. 0. dailxt, j.
furnished circulars giving teima, whith a-re ied
All parcels delivered free of express, post of
GEO. HOWARD & Co. -'Jttr,
FVLTOX SHC EFT, K. I. :
AVholesale lint Publisher, nod Alan iff act urere)
of F'ramca and Moulding.
NEW FAMILY .
tea, cnocEnrAST) PnorisioxsTOse.
J. DEMIXG & CO., -
Xcarlg pj))oji7s the Fett Office, Main-St., Salem;
WOL'LDtSsp?ctfully liirorfrt the inhabitant of
thin place and its vicinity; tha-t th6y kikv bet re
cently returned frniii the Kaslert Citia4 with e
largo and wi-ll seleeted Stockot .
. -v k X
UU"0CCVtC5 VLCflC, &t vf..
Among which may be enumerated, the following
articles: which thev will ne!l nt ilm rv Imu
living pro his ;
TklA3--S-ix half cheats- ajond Young IlysTjn,
44 cts., psr pound; Fmjr half chests Kxtra dn ds
75 to cts., per pimtid; Four half c-hesta Pow
chong. 44 cts., per pound; Two half chesta, extra!
fine Oiocg, Wt jtsl. per pound-; Foor balf ebA
2ne Olong, GCJ cts-. p?r rrmirj.
COFFEF. By the Bag or single Pouud, Fu-
teen bags Rio, tour bags old Java.
CLIUL'OLA'I'R Rest Spiced Chocolate; common
SCG.IRSSplciiilM article New Orleans Silgir
a y -..; covering s i'lilvenseu Snnr-, Jjovncg c
Crusiicd Suniir; Lovering's Coffee Eega'f
MULASSKS New Orleans MoIurbos, 4X ctt
Best Honey Syiup, 7j cts. per gallon..
CAS DLLS Common Moald adVa; Stef
Mouid Cm-die-, Steurinc do., Stai Cundle.
C17A CKFHS Sugar, Soda, Butter and WsteV
Crackers, at manufacturers' prices, by tko bnrroT
FlSt Ito.. , Mackerel. Superior Article of
Shad, Haddock, Superior Cod Fish,-Ilorring 1 y
FOHRIGX F11V1TS ASl) NVl'S-lSak
Sultana and .Smyrna Raisins, 5 Drums Smyrna
Figs, Sicily bpiii.ir.ii, Sicily Almouds, Cieoai Nut 4
Fill ci ts. Ground Nuts.
.. SO.A I'S Common Rosin, Palm, Erasive, Patent
Fancy and Toilet Soaps.
SfiVfcS i'oppcr, Alspiec, Ginger, Cloves
Muce. CiiinaiuoH, Uroiind underground. NHitmeas.
S--Alt ;'ciiM Ciodud b$ the tttVser&tt ami
Il'd i-i-i tiled Furt. ,
TOISACCo'AKfi Sffa&CAvendifi tflbVc
en, Strausberry's Tobr.rt"); Orstit'g Best Tobaroo
Common Smoking nnd Mrs. IliHr'e Fine Cut To
bacco. 500(1 Cheroot, 10,000 WnehiXgfeii, 100O
Riolmndo, 1 ( Mi 0 Byudera and Half Spanish 9raM..
Sl'XDKlKS Best Rice. Baking and Washing
Soda, Riltp.itre, Hope nnd Twine. Nails, Assorted
Siz"s, Two and Thfee Rubel (Jrain Bags, Commou
and Firm-y Ciiuilic., Vt'intrr Ktiained Lard Oil, Pa--tent
Rockets, Market and Cloths Baskets, Candle
Wick, Bronitts; Poi-o Olivo Oil, Superior 8hoo
Blacking, Fndigo, Mustard, Cream- Tartar sad
V&'AH of fto above articles Kilt he sold ai Fiitt
iPii'Countrv Produce taken in eicnSTii;e aitisy.
highest cash prices.
J Doming & Co., will nlsn endeavor te ttrp aff
baud a constant supply of Wheat, Rye, as 4 $iV
w heat Flour; Also, Corn Meal. ..
SrirWanted: 300 Bushels WhiU tn. aJ
Urisd Fruit. ,
. DrMiJrO Cev
Decenber 15, 1855.
ALL who are in want of TTAtl FAPEtf el
have forty varieties (0 chnoBO from Yj tailing f
McMillan's Utok-Stme, Saletk Ohm
Also, all kinds of Miscellaneous and lcao
Books. Blank Books nnd Stationery of aver doss
cription, Wholcsulo and Retail,
Tho attention nf writing teachers and other's wto
dosire superior aitieks of Staticiierj-, is particlr
CASH paid! for any amount of clean floaa it9
Salem, April 14, 1855.
B.AV. SPEAiUl.D., .
ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN A$0 5URGE0ir
orrice over u'covwrt's toi, oir if 41 iltttl '(
RvUlem .VtrM Side of dree Sretl, JiiviU 4s '
West of tU Elneorth tfrett,
Sit, April 24. IK55.