Newspaper Page Text
MA litl'S I?. KOVtXSOX, EDITOR.
"NO UNION' WIl'H SLAVEHOLDERS."
a xx marsox, ruBLismxa AGl'.Xi.
VOL. 11. NO. 129.
SALEM, COLUM1UANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, MAHCU 1, 1S5G.
WHOLE NO. 513,
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the A. S. Standard.
A GERMAN EDITOR ON DISUNION.
PHILADELPHIA, 2d mo. 11th, 1856.
My object in writing in to draw your intention
to au article in thc.Freio Prcssu, u German I'oino
crtitio paper of this eitv, a trnnslutiuii of which 1
seud you. The Free Press is the must liberal mid
nuiy conducted ol the two Merman papers publish-
cd here, lint has always hecn considered slrnn.'lv
oriliouux. J. lie appearance ol such tin nrtu-lo lis a
leader in its editorial columns is not an mmote
worthy "sign of the times." It appeared origi
nally in the Sun Antonio Gazette, the German
newspaper ol lexas, which has excited so much
tear ana ludignatiou 01110112 the Slaveholders of
The Froo Press of late lms shown nut n little
leaning lowarus iiepiihiieanism. jna recent ar-
ucie upo mo proposition oi 1 lie Luton narked ny
1 nt l ennstivuntaii, that tlie Ucinticruts unite with
South Americans, by sinking subordinate dill-'
in support of tlio cardinal principle of
"Union-saving," tlio editor exposes the hollow ness
ot Democratic prolcssions ol regard lor their "for-.
Sign louoiy-citizcns, wnen, as no says, they mio-i
ordinate the question of their dislninchisement for
tlie lalto ni kneeling at tho cruck ol the tl.ivc-w hip.
Hut to the translation.
THE DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION.
The journalii of this ccuntty nre talking no-.y,
more frequently than ever In-fore, of the separa-
tion of tho States into a Northern nnd a Southern
Confederacy, and, indeed, the antagonism between
the North and tho South seems to have reached
such a pitch that ni iny admit 'the possibility of
suou an event in tho immediate future. The nns-
wcr to the question whether this dissolution is pos
sible and probable depends mainly upon the an
swer to another question, viz.: What would be
tho ultimate consequences of such dissolution ?
Tho two Confederacies, if once organized, cimi.l,
without much diliieultv, exist (or a while side! by
side. But the separation i t s-e 1 f ' could liardjy be
fleeted peaceably. The division of thn public
property would load to bloody strife. Shall the
military stores and tho navy i,e divided ia the ra
tio of tlio number of the inhabitunis or the num
ber of the States ? H iw shall tlio Territories he
divided? How tlio national treasure and the na
tional debt ? These nre problems that could scarce
ly bo solved savo by Iho edge of tho sword. Ih:
not tho auostion whether s iverv shall c::st m a
Territory already aroused the fiercest controversy
between tho North and the Soul!: ?
Assuming, however, that a dissolution had been
peaceably aocoiuplished, the North nnd the North
ulone would bo unquestionably the gainer, she
would have, it is true, a rather unfavourable geo-'
graphical position, her length being too great for
breadth, but as on tho longer sides no partic-l'ico
ularly dangerous neighbours would be situated,
with the density and prosperity uf her population,
she would bo strong enough (or national defence,
Oregon, I tab and Soiiora would
protmb.y attach themselves to neither section, but
form a third Confederacy annum themselves. Rut
instead, the North would sooner or later annex
Canada, a thing utterly impossible while the I nion
exists. Slio would thus attain respectable dimen
sions and possess means nnd power sufficient for
nil rational purposes of a national existence. She
would then bo at liberty to annlv thn national rev
enue to the iiunrovcnient of rivers and harbours
ana tlio construction ot ennuis, winch nt present
congress uuincs u.:r. one. co'iiu. csiaoiisuii reie-j'"-'
enue system corresponding to her necessities.whilc
prcseut, which should promote tho diverse in-jsas.
dustrial interests of the North and South, can sat-1
isfy neither. Slio would t'-un. as now, dispose ol
her manufactures to tho South and receive from
tho raw material in return in short,she wuuld
lose noxt thing to nothing by the dissolution.
South, on the other "hand, would find her-
solf much worse off. She Mould then miss the
mutual protection w hich tho I nion now extend
over hor, particularly as an extremely extended
sea const nnd an equally extended frontier, that
stands entirely defenceless, would require, with
her sparse population, a doubly expensive milita
ry nnd naval force, which she would moreover
need to prevent the incrcasingii7,((YHC. (l')ucht-
hegicrdc) of her slaves and their attempts at in-1
as well as to indulge in her aggressive
policy. She would conclude an alliance, otfensive
ana aeiensive, witti lirazil, and strivo to annex
Mexico and Central America.
cslie would assume an increasing aristocratic
tondoncy, would deprive tho poor whito. ofthe
l-i-rlli til 1'l.tn nml in li.ti.l fri,-t fn I rfv.,1 tr nn nnluw,.
Vnn iHon nf thn n. w s,.nCu; .,-t,.'i ,..
Ruronean eniiirratiun. but "in its place' reestablish
.' .. . . '
the African slave trade. Tho inherent neeesity
nf I . iii, wiinM f.,ree thn S. ... H .,-.. .f...l.. v
to nil of these steps. The spirit of reaction knows
no bounds, and the wholo history ofthe South
shows that, separate, she would fa'U under the do-!
minion of reactionists. In such n Confederacy,
from its inception, lie all tho germs of deenv.
From within and from without quarrels would
arise, making her fall n question of timo only.
Virginia, Maryland, Delawiire.Keiitueky and Mis-'
souri could not keep pace with the other Stales in
raaethin. for thiv hum Imnnrsmi ii0rf. .,;i,
thnsn b.ivn nut Vi.nl in.l -,,..lrl u,.... .....n ;i
conflict with the South; nnd should the and her nl-
lies once succeed in landing a largo army upon
Southern territory and suiunion tho slaves to re-'
bellion, what prospect would there be loft?
One must supposo that thoso politicians holh in
the North and South who nroni s a dissolution nf
tho Union, know very well what thev want Jf
so, then only he Northern not the Southern So-'
ee'ssionists can be in earnest the latter only threat-!
therewith in order that the North may be made
to concede to thoir demands ant' only in the must'"10
. . . '.. .
wi liuiiuuuo iu itiuir ucuiilll'ls, nnu uuiv lit tne uiosi
-desperate circumstances would they proceed encr-;
..:..!. r..i.;.t .1 r ... i-. .i .
Kuiicuuy io luiiiu uicir lureais A case not iiKciy
to hnnnen n tl. ',iwl. lovft n-.i.,,.;Ua..l in,.
far too wcll-and tho South, at tho critical moment
would consider that by a dissolution sho has nil to
lose and nothing to rain. and would, tl efore J
' itinrlnrnn. l,. .Cn.nH,
' (r, ... . , , , . , .
J'assion will indeed rage finiously in Concross.
I, ... , ., . ., , .. " "
j., at ,ue ne . res. icni ai election, an
An .-Nebraska man should take ho helm but, it
will once more run 1 itscll into the ground ein
vcrhinlcn). If Kansas knocks at the door
wimW i v .1 -ill . 'b 111 ',(J '',p"
Y'n..' Lr . .i I: "
decision of this and othjr exciting questions bo
postponed tor years. Should, indeed, a lorcign
war intervene, tho two sections of tlict'nion would
be cemented more closely by tho common danger,
If, at last, tho North should" become so far united
as to think a dissolution a fur less evil than cter-
urn uinii.i-i wiiiiui ir. Mm inoieuroi n civil war
ti.ot t :.. i- t- . i .
a lZ IT. I dlvll"'K r.r"P7
wouldpostpone the event still farther. It is prob-
able that at somo poriod it may take place; but cer
tainty not ior many years.
From the Cayuse Chief.
SLAVEHOLDERS AND DOUGHFACES.
A Southern slaveholder is an honorable man by
the side uf a northern apologist ol the "sum of all
villainies." The former was born and reared un
der the influence
Ils is familiar
wickedness. Hut the ilouc
a froo laud. His education, uud the inllueuccs of
aces of tho "peculiar institution."
with it, tmj docs not sea its full
Rut tho ilniighfatie has been born in
the society around liiin, nil speak fur freedom.
j There is no miction block or bairaeoon, will. in
sight of tho village church. Field laborers iirel
j hot driven to their task 1 y n driver. Tin1 mnthci
jdnos not Icuvo her bake for tlio Jav, and bend ovoi
the heated sands. No Cofilugaiigs gu ly, suld to'
I u distant bind, liko cattle. '
j VVc pcurii ttio northern apologist fur slavery
; loatho liitn. There, in no pond mid Imnnrnhla roil-:
icon lor his conduct, llo is tri-mliiifr remorselessly
upon tlio vilnls of n riu c, v lm have know n nothing
it the Imnds i.l t l.o vliite. He would
perpetual. these wrongs, niul ndd new mid re
euHin.' links to thfl chain which (Tnav.a iijtn thn
.lustioe. 1-roedoni. nml Truth. To halo r nod
I denounce t!ie means nnd measures made hsc of to
fasten it still nunc abidingly upon our land, nnd
n dow n trmltlen people,
I o l"Oit tor a ilay w hen
Shivery shall be wiped lrom our country, is to en
the danger the I'nion of these Stales, nnd tiio instilti
erenc.es, tions of our lathers ! A thought or a prayer iV r
the bondninn, who lives nnd toils, nnd dies a chat-
tel. is treason to tlio L nion I
bmlv and soul of the bondman. Womanhood must
be prostituted, manhood brutalized and crushed,
Iltld llilloret'io itself 10. nod to ileiriMihitom n nil
shiiine. rather tlnin st::iol on in the do-nlir of chris-!
tian I'reenmu nnd snenk out oninioi-.s favorable to
is pronounced 'fanaticism.'
tho stigmn of American
I reason let it be. then. and tl id ntosrer it It is
the treason which throbs in every heart. the treason
id nature. It is that t.enson w hich has ever sce'.h-
,cl under the blood-staint
i prossinn. The
ruclui is of homy op
amc spirit launched tl e Mavflowcr,
1 I'lymouth Hock. It burst into liamo
'at Hunker Hill, left tho plow to rust in the furrow
at Lexington, nnd marched to the music f cannon
' and musketry, along the battle fields of n seven
' years' conflict. It sacrificed the tea in I'. -ston
harbor, nt.d 1 urned Co, :go Illi i i'J:gy in New
Vurk. 1 n every t liino w hern freedom has mot iies-
! potism with linuiing ll.ig nnd b ittlc brand
toioi.ng ling nnd hattlc-l.rand, nml
wie-tied fjr man upon the slippery sward, this trea-
' son has nerved tho hero's iirm. It lives for nye in
j tho human heart. It wiJI live when oppression
shall bo remembered in a history of tuduring in-
The northern people have- writhed long and pn-
' tiontly, under the shameless nggi csf ions of sla
'very. They have been too patient have borno
too long. Aggressions far less i ggravntiug on the
! part ol England, led to u revolution. Tho im
! pressment of American citizens upon (ho seas,
I went liko electricity nlong tho veins of American
! neople. Yet, to-dny, no-, thern citizens are insul-:
; ted. arrested and ic,io', for being mis tn'ni even,
'of lavor'.i.g treedom ! What citizen of the North
I litres to speak like a freeman, south uf Maron's .t
' Dixon's line? Savo tho Union, is the canting
, prayer of northern serfdom. Yet, tho shadow of
! tbnt bnion will not protect toe liberl v.lile, or prop-
I fi-ty ot those who J,,ve freedom more than slavery,
j Even woman is brutally driven from tho land ol
vaunted chivalry, nnd the torch applied to her
! buildings, and SI 1.000 offered nn nppeasing sacri
Iier to tho power of the lush and thumb-screw 1
j Let us alone, is the, constant cry of the South.
Why then do Ihey madly prcsist, from one year's
'end to another, m binning into n flame the deepest
I hatred nt theoitli? Han the Souih aimed to in-1
! s". outrage, anil trample upon an wineii tne
it could not have been
more signally successful. They have madly in-
the s'urni, and now Wmrge thn North with
And there are
llicins the author of the mischief.
i recreants among us, who strike hands w ith tho
1 North loves and venerate
I 6W will wosicr llic JU.'lil.' The South
mnu, nnu win lieu upon mo. rock wnicn win spin
......'.' ........i.,...,.. . .....i e.
measiired loolfalls upon the greensward of Kan-;
There the South has shown its hand. II ibe
people of the North arc not recreant to the great
and sacred interests now in their keeping, the
d'-ary curse will beat upon a shore of hold hearts
j 'd strong arms, buttrassed with yawning muzzles
'nd glittering steel. Thus far and no farther, is I he
j Hat of destiny. F caking to the slave pow er. Tho
! North seeks not these collisions, tiud fulbtd (hat
tl siioiuu now siiiin& itom iiicm
slave power, and turn malignantly to sunto free-.
uom and its n icnos.
(j'ml will wosicr llic JU.'lil.' The South is
DEMOCRACY IN 1819.
Tho following arficl'j we copy from the XeW
! 1 f. norishn. Patriot, dated Dec. 1:1. 1M9. It is an
editorial from the pen of tho founder of that pa
surroction, ! per, tho lato (Jov. Hill. 'This article it will be
j seen, was written after the assembling of the Con-1
giess that passed the Missouri compromise, and
while that question was still before the country.
FREEDOM OR SLAVERY.
i ii'0 niomen tons fiucstion, which has so long ag-
' !liltBj H'1'" --c-lin. ami which, from tho impulse
.. ...... 1 , ....u .,1 . .n 1 .it I
givui l.y proceedings ot ho l ist L ongress appears
I lo oc ii ppi oaciii :ig its urue n, nns rignuuiiy uecniuo
I subject of pul lie meetings and memorials in
etK'i I""' 11 ioc counuy. n uas i-ouseu me spn n
"f ll,u l't-'ople; and in no attitude do they nppenr
! 80 Kr0ilt ft"J V"wei Jul, as when in a body they take
, c""lz:,l,co 1,1 "n evil and suggest t!ic proper reni-
i cJy- -Iho step w lncli shall be taken by tlio pros-
' "nt Congress will markim era in the history o(
"hivery in tho tinted States-it will determine
! whether, ns a nation we will tolerate an evil w Inch
can be remedied, or whether wo will wine ft wny
! the foulest sl.iin on our national character it w ill
etcrmino w hether the In st principlo ot our char-1
tcr 9', "',(rty l". 10 he held sacred, or whether it is
t0 'll'lu to avarice una ho mauu tlie spurt 01 a bin-1
I A respected correspondent expresses his nnx-lwuhavc
1 'mis fL'lU'8 '"r tllc consequences w hich mav result
from tho interposition of Congress. Ho is "as
hml of relieving tho distrcssetl as any man living.
"n1 of "'"cliorating tho Biilfcrings of "tho slaves;"
!'"" 1,6 Jpl"'i'!1'tl-'!' dat course-which shall alienate
ni'n(l'Ilnp ol our southern brethren, nnd per-
1 kn.. a n,nla a.,,, tln..! .1. u t ! . ... ..-I.:.. I. ..I...I1 t . .
- . . . t -
h,nl'? create a soctional distinction which shall, in
I llitt I n still . 1 1 1 1 V of fllttirn ve..rs. ni-ndiieo rlrnnrlt'n'
-- -. t
'results. We are far from believing that these
"cn,s VU cv,c.r , t,,ko 'e0- , Although the storm
of P'lsslun. vei rules the judgment of some
southern orators, burst forth 111 thienteiiinps on
l the floor of the last Congress, w hen tho subject
was in debate we should be the last to upprelicnd
I t i .i, i 1 ; .....o, ,,c
i:ill"Lr 111 it UllllM.', 11IICID .,111 mis uiivuni .
, ho ,.,,., nr0 coriccvncd. Til confine the horrors
, ,lilver wil,iM ,i,eir presont limits, till RY
(; a DC AL M E ASF R ES A N ENTlltE K.MAX
saudo (.n-pjox vp r.LACKS CAN HK KFFEC-
TED, and to prevent tho shado.v ol slavery dar-
.kening the yet unpol
1 1 ,., 1 . 1 . i.- . o
ai ny suouiu inn, nnu iiiiiiious uc sui nee i u outu
not the glory of it compensate the philanthropic
. ,,., ? ,;.,., ,..! A, n.-Ui ,.n
1 yet unpolluted soil of the West, seePis
to be the universal sentiment of this part of the
t'nion. What though avarice bo stricken, and the
rod of oppression broken in twain ? Will tliein
censo of Liberty he less grateful to Heaven, when
offered on a theatre around which no fettered skive
cau be seen? What though the splendor of tyr-
soul ? What is tho iillh of gain to the freedom of
our species, or tho pomp 1 f a landholder with his
hundred slaves, to the confiding virtue of equality
among human beings? Rut, useless aro nil argu
ments. It has bccuiuo the thcnio of common re-
are now brought before tho nation. Piocceding
slavery in tha n?vi Slates.
1. ....I . I, ha.. ..I. ...t l.A l.....l..u ..! ...... .,.....
.1 Ulll. II, mill till uil'l"U 11 tuu Ul.llll.in 1 uui l.liilll-
try tho abhorrence of slavery is universal. The
means for its prohibition and gradual extinction
j with all duo reference to existing harmony, wc sin
1 j ceicly lutpe that Congress will exert a power given
them by the Constitution, nud ellceluiilly prohibit
From the Aurora.
From the Aurora. SOMETHING FOR UNION SAVIORS TO DO.
This class of politicians hr.vo boon waked up
recently wideawake by the discovery of a ter
rible plot, which leaked out in the proceedings of
the legislature few days since. Everything seem
ed to glide tilling quietly nnd v-nioolhly, to outward
appearances, tiiid in Ohio, nt leat, tin) salvation
id the I hi. u was deemed ft fixed fact, a Fettled
question. Rut it seems that to it is not. The fol
low ins from the 1 o-t Rngie, discloses the origin
and late of the fearful dot. Road it and tremble:
l""ro ''"Wn tho .Memorial.
That's nil! Messrs. Troseott "and Jones who
1 .1 1... . I ... 1 . . I , .. 1 1' . . 1 1 .n c.i.-intv. lire
II ....... ....:..f ... .',.,1.. n-nll.l.nlmreil. nnd I
i ln.hcve n(m.r..U!ni.i . iiiy.nns. me tho men
.in. u-t.i.n r.,i..i.i.in. tho Rt.-flo on wh.iso be-
half they sign, so far ns I am iicqnainted w ilh
thrill, lint their niemoi i?l has roused the K.iion
1 sav iors to 'llic top of their bent,' nnd some of tliein
' are fairly read v to cm lode w ith bursts of patriot
ism, A portion of the republican papers cliarac-
teir.o them ns lunatics, whih) rurrt ol tho 'norcc
democracy' denounce them as traitors am.
them wish much nrpvont indignation: but neither
attempts to answer them. Anrf why? Jiccause
ih. v r l iin, il,t il .ilmtlns is i,rn.sl.ivi.rv
! ' h,". nljuvc nelitivn ej.ar-es that tho constitution
: is that ciiaiact-r, and democrais and republicans
IV so fu
of the latter inn
iustness of their
i talk ol
lor the latter would brat them ten to ono in such
ii contest. Hence it is found much easier to de-1
Ami this is the reason that neither
allies dare attempt to nrgno the:
positions Willi iho (lisimionisls:
,11 I ,. .,,,, Il ..so r.iri-.est men
r. ... I i, i.'i,li;iu,lit. ..ni m
'.,.,... ' '
How would these parlies attempt to answer the
i ........ . ' ... . ..i i
.I .! Ml l c... r, ;,, tl.n .,.,,. 7
'1 he fact is they admit them all nnd more too. That
... . J ... ... .
tliein to nccom-
would I e nn impossible task for
plish, admitting w hat they do.
Concurring w ith them, too arc
of the South. They tako it
the constitution is pro-slavery,
for granted that
nnd act nccurd-
J!ut there is a parly in tho country, tho Radical
Abolitionists, who don't admit tho covrcelness ol'i
the assumptions taken in the above memorial. On
this point they dilier from slaveholding democrats
and republicans, pro-slavery democrats and repnb-1
licnns, ami .inti-slavcry comeoutcrs or dis unionist!
for they ail concur in assert ing tho constitution
pro-sl". cry and take tho position that that docu-l
ment j ropci ly eonsol 'i ed, is anti-slavery, oesigneu
! to bo so by ils framers, as is evident from its pream
! ,1 0. Standing on that ground we can succcsslully
eonil at, as we think, the most important charges
And then it produces such thundering agitation:
that is always healthy 1o a good cause, and den.
Nevertheless 1 dont olrect to our rood nnti-shi-
,i. ,: i, ,, .I,.... ,ii.t
too. It is their right, which wo must all concede,
to as.k for w hat to them seems good. Tho humble
:,ht of petition catiuot be denied to nnv, cxeeplin
bv the most reckless and unscrupulous tyrants
I mental to a bad one: it is tho very best thine; about
i it. iNotliing short t.f roaring loud thunder, or (ja
voked ; briul's fiunio. can muse dormant htinlterism. fro-
z,.., still' as a snake: and this 1'cbruarv clan has
peeled their eyes and pricked their cars, eo as to
than ulliver, on w hose 'broad phylactery' is in-
serioeii jmsuiiioii in iuor.sicr capitals, origin as
j h. sj luuescent light, nnd formidaliie as tho 'liaiol
the ! writing' which caused the liaby Ionian monarch to
j --mite his knees together,' like the closing elites of
j a t..,llui.
'pho L'nion saviors say wo must not think, whis
hor p,.r. H,eak, write, print, or n.-k for disunion ; but
I saac Trescott and others, did, and do. think, w his
Tho I per, speak, write, print and ask for disunion; nnd
i w1ki has the authority tu hinder them ? Is the
indicate that tl.ey nro not ontirely dead and be-
I vond resurrection. In their Inst ti imnsns of lie hi
i II,,,,. p,.o stalkine- heforn them ciinit finires bi""cr
quite as severe sh
L'nion such a gossiiner web that its special friends
and self named guardians are afraid th.it a breeze
from a comparatively (civ iiou resistaiits men and
women will 'rend it in twain' ns was 'tho veil of
the. temple' that we rend about? Is it so trilling
and rotten as all that? If so, wo all might say in
the language attributed to Mr. Ranks, 'let it slide,'
and go lo work and form 'a more perfect union.'
Rut it seems to me that the Union has withstood
ks ns the one to which it is now
i ,,.,. ,.,.
I u h(J nl..li(I
as it will tend tonllny ngituticn.
subjected, and it has withstood till of them
mine it will outlive this.
The legislature, of course, with their idias of
duty, could lurt. probably, bavo done bolter than
to refuse the request of the .petitioners. Yet they
ivct-o entitled lo il resnect fu I hiotrimi- nt their loiu.Is:
and as far as is k low n s 'cured it. The Cleveland
Lcadir, a great republican leader,' says this was
From the Cleveland Leader.
REV. WILLIAM S. PLUMMER, D. D. AND
REV. WILLIAM S. PLUMMER, D. D. AND THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN
In our enpaeity ns public journalists, we claim
I nor censorship over tilluirs w Inch do not legitimately
, conic within our nrovinco : but it mav Kometiioes
happen lh.it a subject, which seems beyond our
rill,ei js So intimately nsiociatcd with another
thui iv wi'liin uur range, that we aro compelled to
treat both in the same connection. Such u case
now before us. Tho Rev. William S.
I I'lunnuei, D. D., has been invited by the officers ot
iho Cleveland Young Men's A tsociation to deliver
' one lccturo in the courso before them to-night.
I With tho subject cf tho locturo wo have nothing
to do ; but tho lecturer himself we cannot pas
.oyer in silencu. That ho has a right to bold ..pin-,
I . . .. .. .1 . .. ..-t.l. ........ ... C I.. . . 1 . . , . .
I U ; till It 1 9 , U 1-1 J ti C-l llttlllll ,
but we shall not permit him to construe our silence
into a careless indifference in rcirard to oninions
w hich ho has openly avowed, nud never, oithcriry;
a body, from the chargo of
11... .;.. ..,.., t, i.:
j.uui.iiw,....,., vi, 1,1? iviuill
publicly or privutulv, recanted.
Dr. i'luinmcr was absent lrom Richmond, Va.,
wtieii tno clergy ol that city purged themselves,
he lost no timo in
coiniiiunicating to tho chairm in of c'orresnondcuce
his acquicsence in their conduct. AVo give his
own words: "1 have carcfullv watched this matter
from its earliest existence, and every thing 1 have
or heard of its character, both from its pat-
runs and its enemies, has confirmed inc. beyond
repentance, in tho bcliel thnt, let the character, ol
Abolitionists bo what it mav. in thn si .ht nf the
judge of all tho earth, this is the most meddlesome,
impudent, reckless, tierce nr.rt wicked excitement 1
ever saw. If Abolitionists will set tho country in
a blaze, it is but fair that they should receive the
first warming at the liro.
"Let it be proclaimed throughout tho nation that
every movement made by the fanatics (so far as it
das any effect on the South) dues but rivet the
chains ol tho hondimin, diminish tho probability ol
illivthinft hoimr silceessfullv iioilei-tiikeii. for either
making him lit for freed or likely to obtain it.
Wo havo the iiiitboiitv of .Moiiiest.riinii Hut lto ttn.l
IO..I :.l. .1 i- ..i
-Utl-lUO,lliret;rillltlt'lll,JIIIlSltllHUl lUUSCllllCC Ul
human nature, thht ol all men slaveholders arc the
j most jealous of their liberties. Ono uf Pcnnsyl-!
vaunt s niost gillca sons supposed to bo Judge
iane nns lately pronounced the ."south the i-raulc
of liberty. j
"Lastly. Abolitionists nro likn inf.. Ids. wholly
unalictcd to mnrtytduin lor opinion's sake. Lei
' tn'lgllt her
believe that the young gentit men w ho in itcd
euouicr lo insu n u. e lllil 1-M.iveiy Si:n
them understand thnt they will bo caught lynched J
if they come among us, and they w ll tuko good
to kerp out of our wny. There is not one :
mull niminji, iIumii who has any more idea of shod-i
ding his ldo,,d in tliis cause than has of making i
wnr on the (irand Turk." j
Can tho Missouri ruflians nnd cul-tbroa's do;
? lnvo they attempted, orcven thri ntenod j
10 on, iiiiyming iiini-o ttian enrrj out the principles i
hero so piously n lfoated ' Have they ever threat- j
cued to burn any I'rcc-Soib rs nt the Vtnko 1 No ;
they cro even nioro bike-waini ill their religion I
than the Doctor is in his 1 ; is nil old innsim. that i
"like priest, like people." Is it nny wonder the!
South is Idled with Atchison nml t?iring!'cllow , j
thirsting b,r the blood ( f fn-emen. w hen she is
r religion by such kind of Christians ns .
8. l'luuiniei-? Charity compels us to i
tiiuenl ol our cily, by his lecturing, were en'irely
iinacoicinled with his character, ni. d (le.-eiitd l y
disposition. Let us compare the sentinienti of
thhsji'lvuiMto of lira nnd faggot this pretended
minister uf the blessed Saviour with that, of tbej
infidel, Jelfcrson, who says "all men have inalien-lof
U''.'B riS,s. among which are liberty nnd the nur-1
suit ol I'.nppiness. I lie ivenlv sounds compared .
witn the erne hreat hunrs of 1 i- I nininer.l S-.ieak-
ing of slavery, he says : "When I rcl'.cct that find ;
just, I treiuble for my country." nnd in view of
tho p-s-dliiiity of a slave insurrection, bo says : !
"there is no attribute in tho character ofthe Deity
that can take part with us (the whites) in such n '
contest." I.'.-t us ia,w hear the Almighty sneak '
i Vu,i" V." '"i ivooiiuoinsr, v no urow neu in mo sea a :
mrge nnny ol s.lavelu. biers, who wore obeying their j
iui;ime law, - J roeiami liiieri v throiieiiout a I the
the niliabitatits thereof. J hat is i
of the strongest kind: plain nnd
nn.:hind, to ltd
soas.ua ins II
Ins dopant arm,
tho Deilv, and
; llillt ' impudent. U bo wou.d not
rtl.nt- ) I. I ,,,, .1 ,.4i , ,. ...... .!....,! .1,.,.. V .ll.n...
, ' - ,y " ""'"'""i ....mn .
i'iuuiiuer living, save
f. J r. 1 Itiniiuer raises
t in the fico oi
that is impudent."
"That v. 'nilo the lamp holds out to burn,
The vilest tintu.r may return."
Yl'e have been forced to make these remarks by
nnimicii.iie tense of duty. Wo think that the
Asso:-i.-.;ion erri d in bringing this m.'n to Chyvc
land ! instruct voting men in the duties of Cdris-
I tian lie': but while we fuel that Ihey tried through
'gojd liiutivos, we shall not permit the woild to say
j that the iihti-tdavery M h'iiaeiit of this city wa iu
I di ft'ero:, t to tho character of tho b'ctnrer. II n
I iibcrloie should deliver a glowin ; eulogyon virtue,
i would not v irtuous people led that th(-y were in
laulteri? I'ni'cr tho mask of sanctity, the clergy
! of the South uphold tho vilest system of slavery
ahat tvir cursed the world. AVe, of the North, in
i vite fii'.li men to come here and instruct us in iimr-
nssociations of Southern
Ibteelmr to lgctui'C bofure
. L'."," "ul: 1 "tl . "'
. . rl "V 'i-snciunuiis u couioe. o
i r.nw mi ,io i.iiry v-at'i i-ecuer io lcvuuv Muiuru
them ? ll-jiet-.f.n'u we have looked upon this South-
tern s'.c.iouaii.-iii vvitn lenity, ami wo are sun uis-j
l'"'" u " ' - w u" , ' , c -i
! not remain silent when sutvis lrom tho walla ol
Rauyiuii arc se;n dancing un the lowers of .ion.
GERRIT SMITH TO GOV. CHASE.
PETERRORO, January 30th 1856.
Governor Chase, Ohio .Vy Dair Sir: Alas my
poor colored brother 1 A!. is my poor white broth
er! Alas my poor country! Often, in the last
hidden did t' cv conic to my lips as 1
1 :.,t.t ,.,.. , ,.W , .to,,;. ,,i ,i. ,.i:.i.,.
.,?., .' ','... i ....'.. ..'' .;.,o Ail..'..
Marked though it is by your vigorous and culti
vated intellect, and pleasant though it is to hu re
minded by it, that there is one State, w hich is will
ing lo besfow her highest honors upon her nobles',
citizens, I nevertheless, cur.fcss, that tho Inaugural
is a fresh occasion for my siunc-s.
Sixteen years ago, tho Liberty Party was organ
i.ed. .Notwithstanding its very small beginnings,
so rapid was its grow th, that it camo in a lev
years to cast more than sixty thousand voios. It
was fast learning just views of civil government,
and no political party bad ever given pomissof so
much usefulness. Xevcrthcljss, in the yenr 1S-18,
near all its members forsook it to join the Frecsoil
party, it was Dot. that they meant to abandon
then- anti-slavery principles, it was, that they
had fallen under tho matchlessly strange delusion,
that they could pronioto those principles by voting
lor Martin Van Rnren. 'The existence of the Free
soil party was, of course, very brief. Indeed, it
was death-struck from tho moment of its birth.
Its auti-shivcry pretensions wcro in cnnllict with its
real and pro-slavery character. It was at war with
itsel t, and killed ltsell.
Rut for the most part it was diluted and
it had been mixed un with so much,
An anti-slavery sentiment survived the Frecsoil
it was forci 'ii and hostile to it. and had rxi. ended
I itself so greatly in false directions, that there wns
very little of it left, and that little was c nnpara-!
! lively w orthless. From the first however, the
. course oi events nas nceu nivoraoui io tuo nnii-sia-
very cause. When its friends l.avo failed it, itsl
enemies have furn'shed occasions for its advance-
J it e n t. Less than two years lrom the timo when
' '.he public f entimcnt against slavery wns absorbed
and wasted by tho Frecsoil party, enme tlio reviv-
! iur itill.i..i,i.n,,f tl.n t'.tiririve .Juvn Act. 'I'l.en f',.l.
lowed tho frequent proceedings under this Act
i with all their necessary tendency to keep alive and
' invigorate that sentiment. Scarcely four years
mure, and tho wholo Norlh was aroused by the)
' perlidious repeal of tho .Missouri Coraprouiiso lino.
With trumjiet-tongiie did that repeal call for an-
; other political organization agaim-t slavery, x his
1 last pi ovocaiion prepared the masses for" nil clli-1
Uient organization: not for a mere anti-slavery
' party, but lorn downright abolition party. Prompt-;
ly, glndlv, triumphantly wuuld thry have billowed
I . . . I . I I .. .. " : ...1. . ....... II... . . . . I . .. I ..
U1U ICUUdS 111 111 Oil Oil U I nil VJ( .ll. M il.l.lj.jill J
cautious and timid counsels prevailed nniong tho
1 most mmninent and influential opponents of elavo-!
and the result w as nothing better than the Re-j
, by the purpose uf conque
havo but a defensive party
publican party. A party fired and strengthened'
: - - - ...
conquest was the party, which
, by the purpose uf conquest was the party, which
we needed against a conquering foe, that can live
only by multiplying its conquests: and, lo, wo
havo but a dofensive party I defensive too at only
one of the innumerable points of incessant attacks
upon us 1 1 A patty was needed, that would niako
. no terms wild tin enormous crime, ft ruinnant and
, alj devouring monster, a piratical nnd Mm dy out-,
law. Rut the Republican party Oiin its cowardly
existence with nronusiiions of compromise and
; w ith fatal eoneossiuiis. Tho Republican party ii
' willinir to divide w ith slavery av. nnd to leave
to it the lion's shnro. It is willing to make nn ab-
solute surrender of lilteen StnteB, aim to retain ur
its own sharo buta qualitied right a most basely
, qualified l ight in the remainder. In other word.i,
! it stipulates in adianoo, that from fifteen Statf s
liberty may be entirely itanislieu, ami that over
tho whole of the remainder of our guilty and curs-1
cd country slavery may forever hunt for ils vie-,
That this new party, which is so partial, ao (o
concede to one State tho right to hold slavos.wliil.U
: it denies it to nnother: w hich is so illogical, as to
, ...l.-t. ,.l 1...1.1: .,. l.A l1...,.!;..,.;,,...) 1.. tl,. .... a
, UUlllll Bl.tlUIUIHIlllj; IU WW v.uiininM...n.,.i in ii.u u..v
ease, w hilst it forbids slaveholding in the other;
that this new party is no bettor, but far wurso,
than the j- reesou pany oi io i( 1 cannot uouni
your countenanco to such a party, and indorte its
'than the Frecsoil party ff lslH, 1 cannot doubt
! nor can I doubt, that it is to dio ns speedily and
ignominious.;, as did that party. Now, that you
lawise, benovolont; high-soiiled mnu should give,
i policy, as yoti virtual If do in your Innngnrnl, is t.
me, w hati'i er it may be t others, exceedingly ili: -enre
heartening and aliiicli ve.
Will you my dear friend, p.-ri-it in reading fhe
Cnistii ut ion. as you do ? Yon nre a lawyer, nnd
!insorp:ised by any other in your fmtr. Why,
then, trill you not lead it as a lawyer' 'The an
nioro swer i? nt hand. The habit ot the whole eonnlrv
is to jimmy tt;c preietiiions oi slavery, nnu, nine
fore, to ndof t the slaveholders' interpretations of
the Constitution: and even Walloon 1'. Chase i.' so
enslaved to this miserable nnd guilty habit, as to,
hick energy ' break out of it. Von well know,,
that in the libt of law, nnd according to tbej
canon uf legal in'Lcrpretati oi, there is not one pro
shivery line in the -holo ConKtitutioii: nnd, yet.
rather than resist this mighty t lavery-mannf ictured
jniblic sentiment, you allow, that i', is Constitution-j
al or, nt Ini-t, tu.t repugnant to tlie Constitution
for nny and cverv state to set up shivery, l'or-
Imps, too, you still go so far. ns to nllovr it to be
positively Constitutional fu the slaveholder to
make the y.'iulo country his liuntin;; ground for
I freely admit, that titc published proceeding
the Convention which framed the Constitution,
a few, of its
she ter lor siverv. lint not nnlv aro you aware.
that these proceedings were unknown to the Amc-
rieun people, until long after tho Constitution wns ;
adopted; but you arc, nlso, nwiirc, that only four !
days be 'ore Ihs (dose of tho Convention, they, who I
had cherished this wicked purpose, confessed their j
ronentaneo of it. Thev eonfe-sed if. by ioiuinii 1
in k.i.o i on ven lorn in ueclai ing. mat nicy now ;
meant by the word "service," wherever it occurs
in tlie I (institution, not the condition ol t ives,
but of freemen : that to use other words, they
had How no rclercncc whatever to slaves, cither in
t it was tho purpose of a few, though only
its members to provide a Constitutional
the ni porlionmetit or ll.r".: tilths clause, or in the
fugitive servant clause. Does any ono say, that
ihey were hypocritical in this confession? Then
is ho c.v''.. from quoting them oa the side of
slavery lor hypocrites uro entitled to no credit
nrd no authority.
Rut it is entirely unneccessfiry to refer to these '
discussions nnd intentions. You aro pware, that
it is ns immaterial to know- what Ihey were, its to 1
know the motives uf tho scrivener w ho w rote the (
deed of tho land. It is the intention of the millions, j
who adopted tho Constitution, nnd nut of tho hand-'
ful who framed it, that wc arc niter; and w hat were j
those intentions we are tu learn from tho letter ol i
the Constitution. J
Whnt, however, if I were to admit, that ingenti-
ity could argue n sanction for shivery in certain j
passages of tho Constitution? Nevertheless, I am
nt liberty to intciprct these passages ns con- i
such sanction. They do not contain it lit-
orally, plainly, eeitainiy. At the most, their icl-:
And I surely need
i orence to sun cry is ohscure. Ana i stireiy neeci
not ny to you, mat there is no tnoro reasonable
rule ul tho uourts than that wl.it-li lorlaus our so
interpreting ft law', ZT I'J ";:'V? ?. r-"rrinRn of iojus-l
tice. unless such purpose is so clearly and unde-
",'a,lJ' Pxprcssed in tho law, as to compel such in-
lertiretation. itit shivery is injustice toe uccp-1
est and most glaring injustice; and, hence, for the
reason just given, tlie Contitution is not to bo in-!
s ... -.
jtoiel'er to aliens instead of slaves, nud the fugi-
terpretcd in behalf of slavery. No ono believes,
that il would have been adopted, bad it provided,
in plain literal terms, for making or permitting,
this nation to bo a slaveholding nation. I add, iu
this connection, t)nt the passages in question, eo
far from compelling the odious interpretation re-
to aro capable naturally nnd easily enpa-j
Lie, of an entirely agrceahlo nnd innocent inter-'do
pretation. Without the least violence to the hin-j
live servant clause to apprentices and other than
I may have done you injustice in supposing, that
do, perhaps, hold the pro-slavery and popular
view-uf the fugitive servant clause of the Constitu-
tion. Tlie fact, that your Address is not only ti-
in regard to this clause, but that it expressly
denies nil national nnd constitutiuual sanction to
slavery, leads me to hope, that you have repudia-:
ted this view. Whilst 1 agree with you, that w hat-'
over tho class of persons referred to in it, tho :n-!
of tho clause is on the Slate, nnd not on
the Federal Government, I venture to hone for your
w ith 1110, that if this class of prrsonsljc
; slaves, there is no possible escape "from the conelu-
sioti, that there is a national and constitutional
sanction ay nnd command, of slavery, Ro tin? in-ijuster
junetion on the State or i cderal Imvernment, it is
in either case a national and constitutional injune-
tion. If the clause in question refers to skives,
beyond all controversy, w e hnve a base nnd
wicked Constitution, and. beyond all controversy,
wc nro a base and wicked nation, nnd, beyond all
controversy, Mr. Garrison and his friends nre
right in calling lor Ihe breaking up cither of the
.'lay 1 hope, my deari
i Iricnd, to hear, that you have adopted the aboli-
that'1'"" mlerposition ol Iho clause.' Should 1 hear i
i Coiistition er the nation.
' y(l" hai c nut, pray tell mo w hat, in tho name
"f common sense, I am to make of your dedara-
thm that : "All reaognition of the rightfulness of
' siavcimtding was carclully excluded lrom the
Another instance f your Incrpretir.g the Con-'
stitution, ns the slaveholders have taught and coin-1
, mamicu tno country to interpret if, is in youri
making the prohibition to deprive "of life, liberty,
or property, without duo process of law. "a prohibi-;
I tion on tlio FcderalGovernment (Oily. You believe.
j 'hat the clause referred to forbids the Nation, but
111)1 State.to sink itscitizens in the pit of slavery :
; but do tell nie, i( you can, what Hit re is enhcr in
the letter or History ot tno proinnitiun to justify
! this limitation ? Thcro is nothing absolutely
nothing. From your acquiescence in this liuiitu-,
, tion. 1 am warranted in l.elieviug you to hold, that,
nutwitl. standing the Constitut;on docs, confessedly
i on all hands, deny many things to a Slate, and in
many respects quality and impair its sovereiguty.it
j neveiiueiess noes not peiuiii inn nutnoiizc I lie rou-
. ti O T V ft 1 1 . 1 111 11 r i ( r II ll . W It n t S WflTSIl llift fnJ....A.
- - J . . ' .........v-j...,.tfctt.
' ment of its citizens. You believe, that the Con-j
stitution presumes to forbid a State to coin money,
or grant a title of nobility ; but that it does not
presume to lorbid it to rub, and murder, and en-
.1 1 4 ,i . r .1 1 1
' stave . ;v specuuen hub oi inuiinsuru ennsequen-
1 slave : A specimen tins ot tnoaosurd ennsequen-j
eos of following pro-slavery interpretations of the
i Constitution. For my own part, 1 cannot believe,
j that our fathers wcro so stupid, as to imagine, that
, this nation could bo held together, in spite of the
i mutual repulsion of Stales one of which should
1 protect property, and another plunder it ; one ufi
which should recognize the sacrcdness of life, nnd
another sanction murder ; one of w hich should
lll.lltll.llllllUllU.'.lJ llliU .I'lllB HI 11.1111, tll.lt ,tll
, maintain tho libort
: other throw him into tho category of brutes and
It is often said, that when the Constitntiun was t
uuoincu, n was mu epccieu. nun u woui.i ever uei
i employed to put down slavery. A sullicient an-,
swer to this is, that it was not then expected, that j
American slavery would survivo that generation, j
i' nurn oi mu iievuiuuuu aim mu scniimciii j
, u iiniucn-.
then so fresh, so vigorous, so pervading, i
tial. '.hat all men are brothers nnd have equal
rights, mado our fathers w orshippers of Liberty, j
Equality, Fraternity, and left no room in their ;
j hearts fur any other feelings towards shivery than
! shamo ami sorrow, and disgust and hatred. Thev
iimii.iiiiouslv resolved to nut tin ami to tlm A Triini.
j . - . . .... 1 .... " .......mij
slave trade ; und it must never be forgotten, that.at
that day, the end of the African slave trado was
irnmuru, uu um iu nnmrm num iu r.nguinu, as
it might not have continued half that time. Let
regarueu, no less in America than in t.ngland, as
, the end of slavery. That trade continued less than
j twenty yoars after tho adoption of the Constitution,
Rt for tho invcution of Whitney's cotton gin,
two hmidrr I dollars, instead of. ns
two thousand dollars, tho slavcholil
(uir here disclaim nil i lea, that the f(oj,Jt of that
.y s-ipubted not to wield the powers of the Con-l-iiur.iou
f.r the overthrow of slavery. That there
! vns an uiiderslnhding nmong sonio of tho Wi'rt-
i'lii.i to leave slavery to die its natural nnd speedy
l.-utii i.i highly probable, lint that the purple did
not eor.io into such nn understanding is well illu
iraieJ I y tiie fact, that they began with tho xtrf
il i st session of Congress under tho Constitution to
petition f,r the abolition cf slavery. It is note
worthy, thnt the first name on their petition wns
th-.t of the immortal Dr. l'ranklin, who was him
self one of tho frameis of tho Constitution.
It is surely tin wonder, thnt, in such a Eberty
loviog nnd II hi -. t y-honoiincr mend of tho nublio
mind, and when the price of slaves wns but ono to-
now, ono to-
lers were not
arc-fiil to get prn-sl.ivrrv powers into the Consti-
tnti. n. nor to l-Cp enti-ffavery powers out of it.'
Had they b.en intent on pe.-potiiatili nlnyry,'
thry eert"inlv w ould not have been w illing to lc
tho Copstilntii n f -rbid hereditary slavery, as it
virtually nnd emphatically does, by forbidding at
tainder; nor would they hnve been willinir to IcB
it empower Congress to give freedom to ti slayes"
wicd arc meompntibie with slavery, nnd which de--is
ninnd its immediate abolition. Indeed, it scrnvs '
bo scarcely necessity to nrgno the illegality of
slavery with any one for there is no one, who, if
ho v. ill examine himself, but will Old, that he isr
already cotiviije d of it. ft is nothing but tlnr
pnju-iices agamsr u;e ota -K man, tliat keeps
the idea ofthe legality of his slavery. Xot foP'
a moment eoiint tliat idea rn-pxist.with a full .
ol his manhunt). Were you to declare, thnt tho'
Anglo Saxon, or nny rt'her rnco in our countrT
by giving them citizenship, of by enrolling them'
' in the nrniy. 1'ut I need not proceed in enumer
ating mo various parsnces ot tho Constitution.
than the African, eouid he legally enslaved, your'
popularity would bo gone, arid y'our present office
would be your last ofiii o. Again, were you so un
fortunate, as to become a slave in one ol tho Bnr
bary States, you would prove by your readiness to
escape at Whatever expense tu tho honor of th
statute-book, or to the lives of your koencrs. that
yoti bad not the leas' faith in the legality of slavery,
1 said. thnt the question of slavery is but a question
of prejudice. J ndd, that it is but ft question of
honesty. AVe cannot do unto others, ns wo -would
have others do unto us, and yet admit, that there
is, or cau be, a real, valid, obligatory law for
Let me here refer to the fact, thai you anti-slay-
ry men often charge us nboV.tiunists with the folly
id' holding, thnt Congress should abilisli slavery,
So far as I know, we all look to the Courts for the
not iechiration, thnt slavery is repugnant to tho Con
taining stitution. and that there is not and cannot he law.
either in or out ol the Constitution, fur the UO'
equaled crime and abomination of slavery.
equaieu crime ana ahomination ot slavery. J'ut
mo r euerai uoverr.ment into tho bands of tho
I noentionists, nna tiey will i.roinnt v intrench ever
Federal Judgo who is'gnilty of knowing slnvery to
j be law, nnu. mey wi.., u neeu ue, ZZZi ICC"J
Judge in every County of the South who will use-
ins omee to deliver such, ns aro restrained of their
, liberty for no better reasons than that they were
kidnapj cd nt their birth, nnd have ever after-
: -- ...w v. M uu.mu tu Eritnrv
j with the slaveholder in tho loss, which ho shall
wards been reckoned as chattels, instead of mn.
j Do not suppose from what I have just said, that;
1 1 have given up my old doctrine of compensation,
, Of the truth of that doctrine I have no doubt,
j Whilst I still believe, that the emancipation ot th
slave, instead of being conditioned on cumpensa
ferred lion, is his absolute and immediate duej so, also.
I stiil believe, that tho Xorth, in yirtuo of what
it hns (done to sanction, maintain, extend, andl
suffer from emancipation,
1 need say no more to show, that I hold, and
justly.hold, to .ho duty nnd practicability of obol
you ishing, by virtue of tho Federal Cunstitution.every
part and parcel of American slavery. But I go.
much farther. I hold, that, whaiever might be
lent that instrument, and though it were as destitute,
as it is full, of anti-slavery and abolition powers,
ay, and though our Slates wcro as independent of
each other us are nations, there would still rest
upon the whole uf the American people the high
junction j est obligations to abolish the w hole of American,
; slavery. I am very far from believing with Kos
agrecnient suth and other statesmen, that ono nation has no-
thing to do with the internal affairs of another.
. Nor would they believe if, bad they larger and
apprehensions ofthe humnn brotherhood.
and ot the iiiutual i hl.gnlions ol all its members,
That brotbe: hood is bound to concern itself for all
, portions u( itself; and it is never at liberty to fiban
then, don nny of these portions to whatever bloody snd
j merciless despotisms they may have fallen under,
j 'i ho whole may, and should, leave its parts to their
! respective Governments; but if those Govern-
; mei. is become intolei able nnd their subjects nr
too weak to throw them ofl, then is the w hole re-
quired to i ib Iiiick upon its original right nnd
obligation to take enre ol the parts. If the Gov-
( tusc s. avery is worse than murder, aro the pev
pie of Ohio, when nil other means to that eul have.
Iccn rxhaiisito, Lound to Odircr tbe slaves ot
eminent ol Austria goes to work to murder its
subjects, then are England nnd France and Hi
whole earth hound t.o deliver those ftirrfect, Vra
j the same principle, nud all the more promptly lie-
I The bae nequioicenoe of the North, iacitldin
even the professed anil enrolled nnti-slavery men,
' in the idea, that Ainio-ic.m sbiverv mnsf l, alhin-.
j ed to continue.is no less amazing than humiliating,
I This acquiescence is never moro strikingly iilustra-
; ted thnt when the proposition is made to enlarge
I our national holders. All admit, that Cuba should
belong to us, and nil should be able to see, that
Mexico nrist be miserable until she become a part
ot us. J.ut no sooner is the union proposed
I even though it be an unforced, unhought, und al
; together voluntary uniou than the wholo North
en , is alarmed. She sees in tho proposition but anotU-
tr scheino to extend slavery: ana, instead ot arons-
. innr Lnrvnlf In il.-li, n. tin vl.nln nnii.l,, lvn. It
... ....,v. ...u., 4.w.w V"" " " J ...... il.
sho goes again lo making terms with the handful
of slaveholders; falls upon her knees: and assures
j them, that slavery bloody, devilish slavery shall
nover bo molested in Us present sway, only let it
, . . . ... - ., . ..
oe conte.it wita mat sw av. Aim then there is Unit
be conte.it wita that sway.
1 whining of the North over t
the Missourians to mnko K
I M hat can be more disgustir
the rascally attempt of
ntisas a slave Mate.
gusting than that chitken-
hearted cowardly whining! Oh, my good friend.
j if your Republican party wero only one half w has.
it should be. it would rise tin from its "oh don't"
and detestable attitude, and quickly solve the Kan
secn sas problem by determining to make Missouri her-
ni.t U? U, 111lill!lgllltlUUOllll!ShlUlJl.eil&t
lo its nonsense of indorsing slavery in Missr.uri,
whilst denying its rightfulness in Kansas I Ilia
ail a delusion, that your party is against slavery in
lvansas. jne party, mat acKiiowieages slavery ia
Missouri, may say what it will and do what it will
to the contrary it nevertheless is, in effect, a par.
ty for slavery in Kansas,
i sum, imu your inaugural is a tresn occasion
ior my sauness. it is suen, pecause it serves tn
confirm my fears, tnat the impulses given to tha
cause of liberty by (he Nebraska and Kansas Bill,
nnd by those infamous scenes in Kansas, w hich.
are the natural fruits of thnt Hill, will be entireiy
. misdirected and wasted. That michtv imnulse
n.'.ll ,.aHt.,;..l.. l..A ...:a:..t.,l ...,1 ........ :t- .......
n.11 vrt.rt.lllj il3tllirvli;ill.-vinilU n HD.CU, l r vu 1
, in building up n party of the extremely superficial
j anti-slavery character, nnd of tha very inadequate
oryccis, 01 the l'.cpiiidican party, ivcvertneiess,
your inaugural justillos Hie uilerence, tbnt 7014
contemplate nn higher and no more decisive actioa
-han is proposed by this party.
To my own roiud it U well uih certain, lb si if