MARIUS R.RODWSOX, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
..!x;v veaksox, rur.LismxG agekt.
VOL. 12. NO. 10.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DIXJLMRER (, 1S50.
WHOLE NO. 5Si.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
LET THE PEOPLE THINK,
tJTlius far in the world's history the people have
slept while the cunning have thought! Thus fur
a few liavemannged all governments and institu
tions for their private interests, and every intercut
of the governing class has been opposed to the
interests of tho governed whose rights and indus
try have been sacrificed to maintain an aristocracy
of money of learning and of fashion. There is
many 'a moneycrat who is for every reform that
docs not touch the injustice by which his money
is obtained There is many a sage in literature
and science who is glad to hear all doctrines agi
tated that do not strike at the conditions under
which his emoluments and honors are derived. It
often happens that the clergyman, physician and
lawyer are found admitting the abstract truthful
ness of the whole reform creed but are certain to
believe in the utter impracticability of every doc
trine that anticipates the third dispensation when
their professions will be dispensed with. The
Jandoorat believes in anti-slavery but swears hor-
T .-.1 nr . .: .
ribly at Land Reform ; and sometimes a poor man
is found believing in Ltnd Reform but despising
the nogro and cursing abolitionism. The devotee
of Fashion is often found enthusiastic for freedom
and woman's rights, but having no idea that ail
tke expense of high style fulls upon both the black
nud the white slave and especially on millions of
women annually crucified at the shrine of Fashion.
In a practical point of view neither Womcns'
Bights nor Anti-Slavery are of the least value
without Land Reform j but theoretically they are
of infinite value in educating the people ia Human
Rights and brenking down the prescriptive spirit
of selfishness. Think of four millions of slaves
added to ten millions of homeless whites, and the
earth all monopolized by the speculating blas
phemers! But for nil that abolition is none the
Is it not strange that the people cannot under
stand how it is they nro robbed of full half
their toil besides being plundered of an indepen
dent estate at the moment of attaining twenty-one
years of age? Take a simple illustration. Sugar
is a shilling a pound at least scventy-bve per
cent higher than it would be were it not for the
Tariff on that article for the protection of fourteen
hundred slavchulding planters in Louisiana. To
sustain these nabobs every poor man at the North
as well as South is compelled as far as this article
is conoercod, to work nearly two days for one
that is to work one day for the aristocrat for every
day he works to supply his family with sugar. So
of every other article on which there is a tariff for
the support of Government. Why is the tariff
maintained J Simply to exempt the property
holders from taxation for the general government.
About fifty millions are annually raised in this
way half of which is paid by the poor who own
no property, and the ballunce by those who own
fifteen billions of wealth ! The property holders
control everything, and thon lay ono half of the
whole burden of the government upon the poor
by taxing his garments, his sugar, to. I This
magnanimous legislation is still more interesting
when it is considered that in the expenditure of
these fifty millions the whole of it is thrown into
the hands of the rich who in every instance get
two dollars in money fur every ono of actual ser
vice which they render the nation in return !
Beautiful isn't it and yet the people stand it 1
Again. Four hundred millions of tho wealth of
Ohio has been taken fr jin tho poor and given to
the rich, and every year a poor man works he
gives the rich man one days' hard toil fur every
day that gives him bread. Thus the hardest
toilers of our State give $40,000,000 annually to
the rich 1 And then upon this half the value
of his labor which he does receive tho tariff levies
plunder seventy-five percent, on sugar!
But more than this. After the poor man has
then reared a son to majority, that son is then
robbed of one thousand dollars the moment he
leaves his fathers' roof. Having a natural right
to a farm without cost, and having the natural
right to take it by only going over the line of the
last settlcr.it would be worth at least one thousand
dollars every cent of which is taken from the un
fortunate son of parental poverty, and given to
the speculator 1 And it is the speculator alone
who keeps up this system for his own selfish pur
Further still. Cross the ocean to free England
and the aristocrats are not satisfied with the laud
exempted from taxation to a great extent by
taxing everything a poor man consumes, but they
extend their plunder through the air and the
waters ; so that those natural provisions for sus
taining life that wing the air and swim the sea
lake and river are placed beyond the reach of a
hungry man and hi famishing family. II a
starving wretch save his life by dining on a wood
cock be is liable to the penitentiary, or upon a
fish he is subject to a fine 1 How completely is
the poor man stripped in the most elightened and
.Christian nations !
But (bis plundor docs not stop here. After
'being stripped of everything which God mads for
all his children, after being taxed to rolieve the
rich from the burden of their own protection, and
after being compelled to work two days for one by
the operation at the system of society founded on
Land Monopoly ,Uie poor man is then compelled to
to pay about twenty-five per cent, more for
bis food and raiment than the rich. The one is
compelled to purchase by the small quantity while
. the other can Lay in a gross supply at wholesale
prices. The unjust system in which we are in
volved mikes every article of goods dearer than
it otherwise would be. The credit system adds
ten per cent, to everything. Land Monopoly
makes poor people, poor people make bad dobts at
the stores, and the merchant must add profit
enough to balance bis losses.
And so it goes. Let the people think.
L. A. HINE.
In the Methodist Conference at Lynchburg, Va.,
resolutions were adopted favoring an increased
effort for the diffusion of Soriptural knowledge
sjnonjj slafti by oral iustruotion.
From the Autobiography of a Female Slave.
INCIDENTS OF SLAVERY.
INCIDENTS OF SLAVERY. THE SALE.
'mined. After awhile, my mother came up to me,
Holding a wallet la lier hand. The te.ir.iimr,.
The Heroine of this narative was a young and
beautiful slave girl who had the fortune to have a
kind master and who in consequence of her supe
rior physical and intellectual qualities was treated
with unusual consideration for a slave. But the
kind master died and here is an account of the
sale whith followed.
But the "sale-day" came nt last j 1 havo a con
futed idea of it. The ludios left the day before.
Miss Betsy took an affectionate leave of me ; ah,
I did not thon know that it was a final one.
Tho servants were all sold, as I heard one man
sny. at very high niten, though not under the auc
tioneer's hauiiucr. To that my young masters were
A toll, hard-looking man came up to me, very
roughly sie.ed my arm, bade mo open my mouth ;
examined my teeth ; felt of my limbs j made me
run a few yards; ordered me to jump ; and, being
well satisfied with my activity, said to Master Ed-
T"rI?','i 1 Wi" tnka ,,er-" 'u' comprehending
tho full meaning of that brief sentence, I rejoined
the group of children from which I had beeu suin-
stood on her cheeks, and her whole frame was dis
torted with pain. She walked toward mo a few
steps, then stopped, and suddenly shaking her head
exclaimed, "No, no, I can't do it, I can't do it."
I was amazed at her grief, but an indefinable fear
kept tne from rushing to her.
"Here, Kitty," ho said to an old negro woman,
who stood near, "you break it to hei. 1 can't do it.
No, it will drive mo mad. Oh, heaven I that I was
ever born to see this day." Then rocking her
body hack and forward in a transport of aeronv.
she giivo full vent to her feelings in n long, loud,
piteous wail. Oh Gjdl that cry of grief, that
knell of a breaking heart, rang in my ears for mil-
j mug aim puiiuui uays; ji lengtu Aunt Kitty
approached me and, laying her hand on my shoul
der, kindly said :
"Alas poor chile, you mue' place your trus' in
the good God above, you mus' look to Him for
help ; you aro guino to leave your mother, now.
You are to have a now home, a new master, and I
hope new friends. May the Lord be with you."
So saying, she broke suddenly away from mo ; but
I saw that her wrinkled face was wet with tears.
With perhaps au idle, listless air, I recieved
this astounding news ; but a whirlwind was gath
ering iu my breast. What could she mean by
new friends and a now home f Surely I was to
iukij my motucr wuii me i ior moral power
would dure to sever us. Why, I remember that
when master sold the gray mare, the colt went also.
Who could, who would, who dared, separate tho
parent from her offspring? Alas! I had yet to
learn th.tt tho white mau dared do all that his av
arice might suggest; and there was no human trib
unal whero the outcast African could pray for
'right'!" Ah, when I now think of my poor moth
er's form, as it swayed like a willow in the tem
pest of grief ; when I remember her bitter cries,
and see her arms thrown frantiuly toward uie, and
see her earnest oh, how earnest prayer for
ileum or mauncss, men i wonder whero wore
Heaven s thunderbolts , but retributive Justice
will come sooner or later, and Ho who remembers
mercy now will not forget justice then.
"Come along, gal, come along, gather up your
duds, and come with me," said a harsh voice ; and
looking up from my bewildered reverie, I beheld
the man who hail so carefully examined me. I was
too much startled to fully understand the words,
and stood vacantly gazing at him. This strange
manner he construed into disrespect; and, raising
tiit riding-whip, he brought it down with consid
erable fureo upon my back. It was the first lash
1 liad cvor given to me in anger. I smarted be
neath the stripe, and a cry of pain broke from mv
lips. Mother sprang to me, and clasping my quiv
ering form in her arms, cried out ti my young
master, "Oh Master Eidy, have increy on mo, on
my child. I havo crved you faithfully, I nursed
y hi, I grew up with your poor mother, who now
sleeps in the cold ground. I beg you now to save
my child." and the sank down at his lcet, whilst
her 'tears fell fust.
Then my poor old grandfather, who was call
ed the patriarch slave, being the eldest ono of the
I'nco in tho neighborhood, joined us. His gray
head, wrinkled luce, and Lieut toriu, told ol a many
a year oi naru serviiuuc.
"What is it, Massa Ed, what is it Kaisy be tak
in' on so 'bout ? you haint driv tho chile off I No
no ! young massa only playin' trick now ; come
Ivais d int be makiu loot ol yourselt, young mus
si nut guino to seperate you and the chile
These words seemed to reanimate my mother,
and she looked .up at .Master hdward with a crate
lul expression of face, whilst she clasped her arms
tightly around his knees, exclaiming, "Oh, bless
you' young master, bless you forcrer, and forgive
poor Kais for distrusting you, butPompey told mt,
the child was sold away from me, and that
con: in en struck her ;" and here again she sobbed
and caught hold of me convulsively, as if she
toured 1 might bo taken.
I looked at my young master's face, and the
ghastly whiteness which overspead it, the tearful
glister of his eye, and the strange tremor of his
figure, struck me with fright. I knew my doom
Young as I was,' my first dread was for my moth
er ; 1 forgot my own perilous situation, aud mourn
ed alone for her. I would have given worlds could
insensibility have been granted her.
"I've got no time to befoolin' longer with these
niggers, come 'long gal. Ann, I believe, you tole
me was tier name, he said, as he turned to Alas
ter Ed ard. Another wild shriek from my moth
er, a deep sigh from grandpap, and I looked a
master Ed, who was sti iking his forehead vchet
mently, and the tours were trickling down his
"Here, Mr. Peterkin, here !" exclaimed Master
Edward, "here is your bill of sale : I will refund
your moncry ; release me from my contract,"
Peterkin cast on him one contemptuous look.
and with a low, chuckling laugh, replied, "No; you
must stand to your bargain. X want that gal ; she
likely, and it will do me good to thrash the dev
il out of her;" turning to me he added, "quit' your
snuffling and snubbing, or I'll give you eomothing-
cry bout ; and, roughly catching me by the
arm, ho hurried me on, despite tne entreaty oi
Muster hd. the cries ol mother, and the leeble
suplication of my grandfather. I dared to cast
one look behiud, and beheld my mother wallow
ing in thodiist. whilst her trantio cries ot "save
mv child, save my child 1" rang with fearful ago
ny in my ears. Master Ed covered his face with
his hands, and old grandfather reverently raised
his to Heaven, as if beseeching mercy. The sight
tins anguish stricken group nllod me with a
new sense of horror, and forgetful of the presence
Peterkin, I burst into tears i but I was quickly
recalled by a fierce aud stinging blow from his
"See here, nigger (this man, raised among ne
groes, used their dialoot), if you dar' to give an-
iiotuer whimper, l u neat tne very mo en yer.
Tliis terrific threat seemed to scare away every
thought tf precaution i and, by a sudden and ag
ile bound, I broke loose from him and darted off to
the sad group, from which I had been so ruthless
lv torn. and. sinkini? down before Master Ed, I
cried out in a wild, despairing tone, oavo me,
good master, savo me kill me, or hide me from
that awful ui'on, he'll kill w ;'' and eieniug bold j
of tho skirt of his coat, I covered my faco with it
to shut out the sight of Peterkin, whoso redeye
balls were glaring with fury upon mo. Oath after
oath escaped his lips, pother saw him rapidly
appproac.hing to reeopture mo. and, with the noble
maternal instinct of self-sacrifice, sprang forward
only to rccieve the heavy blow of his ut.lifted
whip. She reeled, tottered and sank stunnod up-
on mo grounu.
"Thar, take that, you yullof hussy, and cuss
yer nigger hide for daring to raise this rumpus
here," he said, as he rapidity strode past her.
"Gently, Mr. Peterkin," exclaimed Master Ed
ward, "let me speak to hor ; n little encourage
ment is bettor than force."
"This is my encouragement for them," and he
shook his whip.
Unheeding him, Master Edward turned to me,
saying, "Ann, come now, boa good girl, go with
this gcutloman, and be an obedient girl ; he will
give you a kind, nice home ; sometimes he will
let you come and see your nioiher Here is some
money for you to buy a pretty head-handkerchief
; now go with him-" These kind words and
encouraging tones, brought a fresh gush of tears
to my eyes. Taking tho half-dollar which ho of
fered me, and reverently kissing tho skirt of his
coat, I rej oincd Poterk'n one look ot his cold, harsh
face, chilled my resolution ; yet I resolved to go
without another word of complaint. I could not
suppress a groan when I passed tho snot whero mv
'mother lay still iusensiblo from the effect of the
One by ono the servants, old and young, gave
ine a hearty shake of the hand as I passed the
place where they were standing in a row for the
inspection ol buyers.
1 had nerved n.ysclf and now that the parting
trom mother was over, 1 telt that tho bitterness of
death was past, nnd I could mot t anything. Noth
ing now could be a trial yet I was touched when the
servants offered mo little mementoes and keep
sakes. Ono gave a yard of ribbon, nnnther a ha'.f
papor of pins, a third presented a painted cotton
head-tic ; others gave me ginger-cakes, candies, or
small coins. Out of their little they gnvo abund
antly, and small as were the brstowinenls, I well
knew that they had inado sacrifices to give even
so much. I was too deeply affected to make any
other acknowledgement than a nod of tho head ;
for a chunking thickness was gathering in my
throat; and a blinding mist obscured my sight.
I did not see my young mistresses, for they had
left the house, declaring they could do, bear to
witness a speetaclo so revolting to their feelings.
Upon reaching the gate I ohservod a red-painted
wagon, with on awning ot domcstio cotton.
Standing near it, and holding the horses, was an
old, worn, scarred, weather-beaten negro man,
who instantly took oil his hat as Mr. Peterkin
"Vt ell, 2ace, you see I ve bought this trench
to day," and he shook his whip over my head,
"Ya I yu! Massa, but she ha' got one gout home
"Yes, has sho, Nace ; but don't yer think the
slut has been cryin' 'bout it!"
"Lor bless us, Massa, but a little of the beech
tree will fetch that sort of truck out of her," and
old Nace showed his broken teeth, as he gave a
"I guess I can take the fool out en her. by the
time I gives her two or three swings at the whip-
Nace shook his head knowingly, nnd gave a low
guttural laugh, by way of approval of hi.' master's
THE MISDEMEANOR—ATTEMPTED PUNISHMENT.
The next day Miss Jane, observing my unusual
thoughtfulnesB, said :
"Come, now, Ann, you aro not quite free. From
the airs that you have put on, one would think you
had been made so."
"What have I done, Miss Jane?" This was
asked in a tone, perhaps not so obsequiously at
she thought it should be. Thereupon she took
liow dare you, Bliss, speak lo vie 111 mat tone t
Take 'hat," and sho dealt me a bluw across the
forehead with a long, limber whalebone, that laid
the flesh open. I was so stunned by it that 1 reel
ed, nnd should have fallen to the floor had I nut
supported myself by the bed-post.
Hon t you dare to scream.
I attempted t bind up my brow with a handker
chief. This sho regarded os affectation.
"Take care, Miss Ann," she often prefixed the
Miss when she was mad, by way of taunting me:
"give yourself none of thoso important airs. I'll
take you down a little."
When Mr. Sumnierville entered, sho began to
"Husband, this nigger-weneh has given mo a
groat deal of impertinence. Father never allowed
ed it; now I want to know if yuu will not protect
me from such insults."
"Certainly, my love, I'll not allow any one, white
or black, to insult you. Ann how daie you ive
your mistress impudence?"
"I did not mean it, Master William." Iliad
thus addressed him ever since his marriage.
I attempted to relate the conversation that had
occurred, wherein Miss Jane thought Iliad been
impudent, when she suddenly sprang up exclaim
ing: "Do you allow a negro to give testimony nguinst
your own wife?"
' "Now, M r. Sumnierville," she was getting angry
with him, "I require you to whip that girl severely;
if you don't do it why " and she ground hor
"I will have her whipped, my dear, but I cannqt
"Why can't you ?" and the lady's eye flashed.
"lteeause I should be injured by it. Gentlemen
do not correct negroes; they hire others to do thut
sort ot business.
"Ah, well, then, litre some one who will do it
"Come with me, Ann," he said to me, as I stood
speechless with tear and mortification.
"Sseeing him again motion me to follow, I forget
ful of the injustice that had been done me, aniL
the honest resentment I Bliould feel forgetful of
everything but the humiliation to which they were
going to subjec mo fell on my knees before Miss
Jane, and besought her to excuse, to furgive me,
and 1 would nevor offend her again.
"Don't dare to ask mercy of me. Y'i u know
that I am too much like father to spare a nigger."
Ah, well I knew it 1 nnd vainly I sued to her.
might lnue known that sho rejoiced too much in
the sport; and had she been in' tho country, would
have asked no higher pleasure than to attend to it
personally. A negro s scream ot agony was om
nia to her ears.
Pgoverned myself as well as I could while I fol
lowed Mr. cummerville through the halts and
winding galleries. Down High ts of slept, through
passages and lobbys we wont, until nt lust we
landed in the cellar. There Mr. Sumnierville sur
rendered mo to the care of a Mr. Monkton, the bar
keeper of the establishment duly appointed aud
fitted for the office of slave-whipping.
llore, said Air. oummerville, "give this girl a
good, genteel whipping: but no cruolty, Monkton,
and here is your fee;" so Buying be handed him a
bolt-dollar, then left the dismal cellar.
I have since read long and learned accounts of
the gloomy, subterranean cells, in wl i di tho cruel
ministers of the Spanish Inquisition performed
their horrible deeds; and I tliiuk this cellar very
nearly resembled them. Thero it was, with its
low, damp, vault like room; its unwholesome air,
earthen floor, covered with broken wine buttles
nnd Oyster cans, the debris of many a wild night',
revel! There stoo l the monster Monkton, with
his fierce, lynx eye, his profuse black beard, and
Irousy brows: a great stalwart mm of a hard face
and manner, funning no bad picture of those wolf
ish inquisitors of cruel, Catholic Spain!
Over this uutcinpting scene a dim, waning lamp,
threw its blue glare, only rendering the plattf more
' Now. girl. I nm to liok vou well. Yon see the
half-dulhr. Well I'm to git the worth of it out of
your hide. Now, what would you think it l.diduV
give Jou a single lick?"
I looked him full in the face, and even by that
equivocal light I had power to discern his horrid
purpose, ami I quickly and proudly replied,
"I should think vou did your duty poorly."
"And why?" "
"Bocnuso you engaged to do the job, and even
received your pay in advance; therefore, if you
fail to comply with your bargain, jou arc not trust
"Wol, you're rmart enough for a lawyer."
"Well, attend to, your business."
"This is my business."" nod ho hold up a stout
wagon-whip; "como, strip off." '
"That is not a part of the contract."
lcs; bunts the way 1 always whips 'em."
''Yuu were not told to use me so, and I am not
going to remove one article of my clothing."
"Yes, but you shall ;" and he approached nip,
his wild cyo glaring with a lascivious light, and
tho deep passion-spot blazing on bis check
Girl, yuu'vo got to yield tome. I'll have you
now, H its only to show you that I can."
l'drew back a few steps, and, seizing a broken
bottle, waited, with a deadly purpose, to see what
he would do. He camo so near that I almost fan-
cicd bis fetid breath played with its damnable heat
upon my very cheek.
" Y'ou've got to be mine. I'll give you a fine cal-
ico dress' and a prclty pair of 'ear-bobs I"
This was too much for further endurance
What ! must 1 give up the ongol-scalcd honor of
my lifo in traffic for trinkets? Where is the wo-
man tunt would not nave Holly resented sucli an
I. 1 t l.i , l
"I ;.v j ......... ,
just ns his wanton hand was about to l o laid upon
me, I dexterously aimed, and hurled the bottle
directly against hisJeft temple. Willi a low cry
of pain ho fell to the flour, and tho blood oozed
freely Irom the wound
As my first impression was that 1 had slain him,
so was it my first de pcaate impulse to kill 111y.se
vet with a second thought came my better niten-
tion, and, unlocking tho door, 1 turned and left '
the gloomy cell. I mounted the dust-covcrod steps, '
and rapidly threaded silent, spider-festo:uied halls,!
until I regained tho upper courts. How beautiful
seemed tliu lull gush of day-light to me! l!ut the
heavy weight of a supposed crime bowed 1110 to
THE SLAVE TRADE.
The Charleston Utanilurd thus begius a new
and able leader in favor et reopening tliu African
'The Slave Trade and Foutii Catioliva.
We mentioned tho subject of Slavery on Thursday
in connection with the Hemocratij party. We
mention it to-day in connection with the State of
South Carolina. We showed then that the act
restricting the slave trade is a brand upon the in
stitutions of the South ; fliat it strikes our form
of society from tho recognition of an enlight
ened world ; that it paralyzes the eneigics of
those who would I suppoi t it ; that its removal
would restore us to a sphere of prosperity and
progress; that, to the South, is attributable the
triumph of nationalism in tho recent contest ;
that we can give success again ; anil that the re
moval of restrictions, therefore, is as much 0
measure of interest as of duty to the Democratic
party ; and wo would now show that the State ol
South Carolina has a direct and vital interest in
"The position we now occupy is one of abase
ment. Wo cannot hug our institution to our
hearts, and yet concur with the General Govern
ment in declaring the act, by which it has been
brought about, a piracy. If this form of snciet
be right: if in the nature of things there can l e
a union of unequal races ; if from that union there
conies a form of society true to its members, and
strong for the exigencies of perpetual progress,
thero can be no wrong 111 tho natural means to
such formation. It is the assumption ol evil in
Slavery that sustains restrictions on the slave trade.
Without this there could be no solitary word
against it. It would be as logical in thoso who
favor matrimony to object to marriage, and prac
tically, therefore, with whatever ingenuity wo dis
guise tho act, w o abandon the defenso of Slavery
when wo refuse to repudiate restrictions on the slave
trado. And yet to ab.'.iulon the principle, but per
sist in the practice ; to war like outlaws for a po
sition which we cannot claim the right to defend ;
or to become miserable mendicants for tho toler
ation of a vice which we confess to bo offensive to
enlightened sense, is a condition of debasement
which wo cannot disguise, ami wbi?h is inconsist
ent with the attitude and hopes of a magnanimous
"That abasement is not only unbecoming, but it
is gratuitous. We gaiu nofrieuds.fur there are none
to defend those who sill not defend themselves.
Wo avoid no controversy, for it is weakness and
not strength thut invites attack. Wo are in no
helpless condition to depend upon forbearance,
for when wo rcso to the issuo, we swept away the
restrictions of the Missouri Compromise. 15y that
act of intrepidy wo inspired a respect which has
given us succes in tho Presidential contest ; ami
there is reason to believe th.t, if firm and truo to
ourselves, wo can sweep away this other stricture
of federal sentiment about the form of our society,
and stand mora assured than we can ever stund
We boliove the Standard is pcfrcctly correct in
the main point that, if the Slave Power chooses
to demand a reopening of the African Slave Trade,
it will be gratified. It has the arguments all
made to its hand "Popular Sovereignty," ".Mind
your own business," "Slavery is best for the
negro," "Evory community should be left freo to
have slaves or not, as it shall see fit," Jcj., &a.
But we don't beliovo the Virginia Slavebrocdere
will be ready for Free Trade in negroes for some
We commend the following prncious morsel of
unadulterated democracy to those poor white
laboring men who recently voted for James Bu
chanan, and who are even yet making night
hideous with their outerios and rejoicings over Ins
success. The extract is from an Editorial cf the
New York Day Hook, one of the very few papers
the city of New York that supported Buchanan
for the Presidency. Head the extract, and rcmom
ber, that the Day Jluok is not discussing the ques
tion of what ought to be done with nejroes, but
what provision should be mudo for poor white
people. Porhans some wlw think tho "niggers"
much bettor off who have good masters to take
care of them, will fall in with the uotion : Free
thekn children into
SLAVERY. Let our Legislature pass a law that ro
j whoever will take thc.e parents and take care n:
; them mid their OlT'Sl'KlNI 1, in sickness and it
health clothe them fad thuni, and house them.
ih'tll be IriiaHij entitled to their seniles; and lei
tho same Legislature decree- that whoever re
ceives these parents nnd their CIIII.MIKX, and
obtains their service., Mr-ill tako caro ol tliein
AS LONG AS Til KY LIVE."
From the Ohio State Journal.
SOUTH LAYING OUT THE WORK
The New Orleans Helta, and other firo eating
papers in me South, aro seemingly u I raid lout
"Old Buck" requires sonio strengthening ol
tho backbone to bring him kindly into tho harness
which they are ready to put on him. They dcuiuu 1
the fulfillment of the O-letid letter, the seizure of
Cuba, direct aid to Walker in Central Amciicu,aud
the subsequent annexation of that country to the
Union, Tho letter says :
lie owes his election to the vote nf the South,
and to tho defiant attitude of resistance which
she was beginning to assume. He should bear
the fact well in mind. He will be a traitor, nnd
insensible to every manly feeling of gratitude, if
he forget it.and disregard the obligation it implies.
Then let him live up to the letter and spirit of the
Ostond letter : let him look to our interests in
Cuba, which, by right of geography mid !' polit
ical net ess'ny, should be ours: let l,iui fortify'
Walker tn Nicaragua, and forestall t'panieh and
1' rench designs upon Mexico ; let bun place the
Cent Tehuantepec route beyond tliu hazard of
, neing losi to us, uy securing the grant ot a strip
of territoiy across that Isthmus ; let him do these
things, anil we can laugh to s.-orn tho subtile
P'dicy of Scwiird.the rhotoriral ravii'g of Sumner,
I "ni1 tl,c blatant menaces of their followers.
I The Helta then goes nn to say that tho nnncx-
j ation of Cuba and Central America would lead to
the final absorption of liio West Iridic?, and".vouM
'lead to the gradual emancipation of tho West
- Indies from the inbimous free negroism established
by tho enemies of American Rt riiblicaniftn."
i nc ucltu further congratulates tho Ninth
! the f.vt that John C. (itniati will have a
.l tl i ,,.r . . ,
- v. ......... o.... 'iu.iuii ... .or;
Senate "men equal to the
I resident elect should rory out all tne inr
fillibiistering schemes, which his nullil'ving friend
in' the South are hatching rut for him, he will have
ins Mantis lull. Une thing is certain, they intent
emergency. it tnc
to use Inm to the lullest extent, nnd get all out of
ti 1 111 they can beloro they throw him ovei board, as
inev ilnt 1 lerce in
makn way fjr Dou
tbo Cincinnati Convention, to
as and Wise in the campaign
MASONS OF THE REVOLUTION AND
MASONS OF TO-DAY ON THE
. . T , , ;
I he recent strenuous advocacy of tho re opening ;
of the slave trade by tho Richmond Empire); and
other leading Buchanan papers in irginia,
naturally calls to mind the sentiments of that im-j
mortal patriot of the Old Dominion, Gvorge Mason' I
a member of tho Convention which framed the,',,,,
constitution of the United States.
"This infernal traflic,"f tho slave trade.) he said
"originated in tho avarice of British merchants.
The British government constantly eluded the at
tempts of Virginia to put a stop to it. The present
quesiion concerns not tho importing States alone,
but the whole Union. The evil of having slaves
was experienced during the last year. Had slaves
been treated as they might have been treated by the
enemy, they would have proved dangerous instru
me.it.s in their hands. But their folly dealt by the
slaves as it did by the tories.
"Slavery discourages arts and manufactures.
The poor despise labor when performed by slaves.
They prevent tho emigration of whites, who really
enrich and strengthen a country. They pro.luec
the most pernicious effect on manners. Every
master of slaves is born n petty tyrant. They
bring the judgement of heaven on a country. As
nations cannot Lo rewarded or punished in' the
next world, they must bo in tins, I!y an inevitable
chain of causes and effects, Providcn-'o punishes
Mitional stns by national calamities. IIu lamented
mat sonic 01 our eastern nreinron nan, trom 11 lust
of gain, embarked in this nefarious traliic. As to
the States being in possession of the rigl t to im
port, this was the case with many other rights. now
to be properly given up. He held it essential, in
every point of view, that tho general government
should havo power to prevent the increase ol
Thus spoke George Mason, within the memory
of men now living, and he spoke tho prevailing
sentiment of Virginia. (Jould he, at the present
day, rovisitthat Sta'.e.ho would bo lucky to escape
lynching at the bauds of his own descendants.
The Author of the "Yemarle." Mr. Simms
overcome by tho reception w Inch he has encounter
ed in tho Northern States, nnd particularly by the
wet. blanket which was administered to Ins t.reteii
sioiis in New York, in staving at homo of the au
dience looked for by him; but mora especially by
the lacts submitted ill refutation of his a"gumeuts,
has gone home, leaving behind him the following
statement, which we find addressed to the Chair
man of the Committee of the Young Men's Associ
ation at Albany. liuffalo Kjejircst.
NEW YORK, November 21.
Mv Dear Sir I greatly regret that I am com
pelled to forego my engagements as a l.octurar in
the North, in consequence of the singular odium
which attends my progress as a South Carolinian,
aud the gross abuse which has already assailed
myself aud my performances. These proofs have
satisfied mo that 1 should by no menus "elp yuur 1
institution by appealing bctore it. self-respect
and concientiousnoss, altko, require that I should I
abandon my engagements, 110 matter at what sac-1
riti.ro to myself. 1 write, accordingly, as soon as !
my resolvo is made, in order that you should have
time tu procure a becoming substitute.
With great rospect. I am, Sir,
Very Truly Yours,
W. GILMORE SIMMS.
Slave Lahor on Railroads. Free kbor in the
a -i . . t. r l .. . 1. 1 1 . .
construction 0 railways at ' '' ' 'y " lallj
entire v abandoned. It being found that the lri-h ,
,AJ " .. .:m:.. ,. ., .1, , ..-i, ;,, ;, '
UOI UIUIlJJ HIU W Ulillii ...
nothing will iuduco them to remain during the
Slave- labor has been therefore, iii.ivcisally
n.tonteil. nnd larcro droves of negroes are raised
and kept expressly for that purpose. The current
rates for the hire of able-bodied railway uegroes
$15 per month. If hired by the year they bring
:?1"5 per annum and food nnd clothing ; the long
term being considered more advantageous to the
Since Governor Wife's effort to improve the
value (not conditional,) of slaves, they have en
hanced materially in that particular, the averogo
price of "oarse railway niggers," in droves, be
in? from S 1.000 to 1.200 per head
Largo numbers of slaves are insured in the
northern life offices, many of them in this city,
tho severity with which they ore worked de
pends a goud deal upon the amount tor which they
A. 1 . Lee. Vvit.
REVIVAL OF THE SLAVE TRADE.
The New York Evening Post tells it. readers,
in an article devoted to Mr. John Slblcll (,f Louis
iana, how the slave Trade is to be revived:
"The African slave trade, if it bo ever revived.
must be rcv'ned gradually. Our politicians are too
I shrewd to fhock the public with a sudden repeal
'of the laws against it that, they are aware, would
not l,e ti.irno. lliey will prefer to get nt the result
indirectly, by pneecsive approaches, as thev got nt
the in!r duclioii of shivery into Kansa. Tho eon
veniion with Great Ilrii.-iin. for tho suppression of
tho ttaliu'iii human beings brought from Africa, is
the public, testimony of our government against
the practice us a crinio against humanity. That
as the first step to be got rid ef. Mr. Hidell in
bis n port, therefore, confine 1 himself to tliis pre
liminary Mo?. Ho questioned the pilicy of enter
ing into ni y stipulation of this tort wiih any
orc:gii power, and he was pure that the employ,
nn nt of our squadrons on the African const was
inefficacious. Yet he disclaimed 'the intention r.f
relaxing in any degree the Mringpiiey of o'.r legis
lation mi the subject of the Aliican nlnvo trade.'
Hating got rid of the treaty, the no.vt step will
be to get rid of the Icgixlation which prohibits tho
trade. Various expedients will lo resorted to Tor
this purpose. It will be discovered that certain
of iMir bin s against (he traliic are inoperative j
that others do more harm than good ; thut others)
are of doubtful constitutionality. People will not
entertain the remotest inlctiMon of relaxing the'
stringency nf our legislation ; they will only seek
to conform it to the constitution to prune nway
objectionable nnd inefficient regulations. They
will legislate to prevent the introduction of slavery
into Kansas. In this w ay wo may see the. traffic
revived, and in full activity, by the concurrence!
and help nf Northern members of Congress, who
aree with Mr. Slidell in thinking it justly odious
ou moral grounds and in every way prejudicial to
i Am: SivftnERX Xeiiitor.s Listrniv
,.,!,,-., i v.. ....... v
; - ............. itttr.i i t...o I
i ' 1 . . li- . , i- ,
.v.it'ivi.M.i.iiLU.UlMH I-, '-S. ,1 e i Ml 111 Ml
.. . , ,., ' ...V,,, ,. 1 .1 i l,.l V l.:
- -.- ........ t.i .ncui 01117,
-p ,,,.,,,, ,i, illfriii,.,ml .,,;,. ,.r i... rA
.1,. ..,,, .,, lf t, .... J
The excitement in reference to tho recent re
ports in regard to a prchable servile insurrection
ls probably greater than is justified bv the real
state ol tho case. 1 et it n not astoiushi
line- to re-
I'ecting minds that plots Imve been partly formed
''.v iho negroes, upon investigation, perhaps, of
aboli'i 01 emissaries, irlirn the i-itemvrrate and in-
dtseriet utseussiont lehii h have wtiKed the jiclitieul
eijitea.u now ncarlii ut ih elnxe ate eonsiderrd. Wa
have heard Speakers of both parties use lan-uo
denunciation of the candidates for the IW
ib-ncy of the opposing party, when engaged in the
dirty business of bringing up musty records cal-
.u!:,tei to inspire the 1u,k amo. dissatisfied slaves
;', ,,-,7, r, ., olrn .;,.f tiri vnuU j,
; tV j the event of the success of the most abused
'candidate: and We hare seen eri-wds of neiroes at the
,,-., ';,- ,,,;,,, nv,.,u. ,; :..
albnti'eelii to the efforts of restless demaaoimcs to
)ro,. t)mt tlc prosrnuts wore very f.lir Ior' tl',e elco.
tion of Fremont. Was it not supposed that the ne
groes would take these things home and talk oyer
thorn with other slaves? Of course not; heatei
parti.-iaris think of nothing but how they may
best promote the success of their causo.
Wo know the fact that a lady a few days ago
went into her kitchen and gae some directions to
the negro cook, who impudently replied with a
sncor, "When Fremont's elected you'll have to
sling them pots yourself." Now, was not this ne
gro led to believe that Fremont would be olcetod,
by some alarmist on the stump ? It is a very rea
sonable supposition. The fact is, if this eternal
agitation of tho slavery question does not ceaso,
v;o may expect servile insurrections iu dead earn
est, and at no very remote period either.
Li:crriiE ox "DiTinnsiiED Women." Dr.
John S. Hock, of this city, whose name nnd tal
ents are familiar to the public, litis prernred a leo-
lure mi "Distinguished Women," which ho is ready
ueiiver neioro i.yccuius 1111. 1 oilier feocieties.
ii'lmiraiily written nnd a most entertaininz
production, and is characterized l.y much original
ity of thought and force and beauty of diction. .
combines instruction nnd entertainment, in on
agreeable proaortion. and possesses withal not a
lew truces of effective humor and wit. It cannot
(ail to tako with any di jo"iminating and intelli
gent community. Dr. Buck is an cuy, fluent and
ngroeable speaker, 110 lets than an original think
er. His lecture on the "Races." recieved with
such signal marks of favor all over New England,
aud in several of the Western States and which
was delivered before the last Massachusetts Leg
islature with so much satisfaction isfnvtr&lle
evidence of superior mental nnd oratorical pow
ers ; and shows, full well, that though his skin is
a darker hiio than is worn by a majority of the
community, ho is in no respect ii.l'n'u r. but quite
equal to our popular lecturers generally, lie is
also a most worthy and esteemed ninn and citizen,
many Bustiuiiaus well know. Wo would ear
nestly suggest to committees and others who are
gelling up courses of lectures, to include Dr.
Hock. His "Distinguished Women" will grace
any lecture-room, and edify and ( lease any 011
dii.net! iu Niw Ei gland, Let him I e engaged.-. 1
0 clip a couple d specimen extracts from.
ifsli0 0f the 10th inst.:
The world is becoming enlightened in regard to
fillibustorisin as well as slavcry.and the intelligent
The Unsi'Eakaiu.e Blessings of Slavery and
Fn.LiuLsTLitisM. The New Orleans Delta well
know n us 'the organ of the Disunion, Fil ibuster,
Southern Cuiifedcrxcy clique of the South con
tinues its ravings with a g.anl deal of persistency,
and fairly oiit-llerods Herod 111 its extreme views.
aro beginning to se that the I'unner is a true cit
iUzer, and the latter one of the best lasts eif veil
orydiiized society which ever listed.
And again, it thinks tho merchants of tho North
beginning to perceive that
Slavery is really the strongest element of nation-
aliiy we have ; and that if the I uiou is herealtcr
be preserved as a constitutional confederacy.
,t on irresponsible despotism, it is slavery
.,, . .. . , .
that W ill no lis uomi auu cement.
Novel Proposition A New State froji Mis
sissii'i'i. The American Jlanner, published at
Yazoo City, Mississippi is intensely disgusted with
result of the Presidential contest of that State.
thinks that Americans ought by all means to
rulo America, and ycreeiving that they do not,
tinder tho present order of things, suggests that
several American counties, including Y azoo, Hinds,
Warren, Adams, Tippvh, loahonm, Madison and
Panola, "shall forthw ith secede from the rest of
State and form a separate American Slate, to
ruled by Americans." It further suggests that
Mr. Fillmore "has been so shamefully treated
bis own State he thall bo unanimously elected
Governor." The Runner is enthusiastic iu the
project, and proposes calling a Convention to carry
out. Think of that Governor Fillmore of .Yew
Mississippi. Cincinnati Gautlt,. v
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