II ' ! .
4 . ,
..JURIUS R.ROBINSOX, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
A XX PEAV.'WX, rUIJLISiriXG AGKXf.
- VOL. 12. NO. 17.
SALEM, COLUMBIAN A COUNTY, OHIO, SATUKDAY, DKCHMIJEU 13, 1S5(5.
WHOLE NO. 5S3.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Liberator.
A RECENT TOUR IN OHIO.
DfcAit Friend Garrison : So much has been
written during the past few years in commenda
tioft of the enterprise and prosperity of the color
fed oititent of Cincinnati, as to leave no niche fur
me to occupy other than a hearty endorsement of
toe tributes thus bestowed.
. Ball' magnificent Daguerroinn Saloons are yet
in the ascendent. One of the partners is now
pursuing the business in the Pantheon Buildings,
Henry Boyd's extensive Furniture Factory and
Warehouse is another noticeable establishment.
It occupies buildings on both sides of tlio street.
and furnishes employment to fifty-two hands, col
ored and white, who, with tlio assistance of steam
power, manufacture every description of cabinet
DO. upholstery worn. 011511 is 1110 present posi
tion of the proprietor, who was once a slave in
R. S. Duncanson's Studio contains many produc
tions from his pencil, both portrait and landscape,
.11 .11.. a,, .xiin-. nr o.t;ui. ... :.
..,.. Hi, most recent comDositions. "The Land i
of Beulah " on which be has been engaged for
-eighteen months, is 4 feet by 6, and is so happy
in conception, so admirable in detail and embodi
ment, that the spectator almost imagines himself
actually in the scene it portrays. A plan was in
progress for its exhibition and disposal by shams
it being valued at $1000. The friends of the
artist are anticipating a triumph beyond this, how
ever, in series be ir about commencing, in which
will be blended some of the beauties of the "Gar
den of Eden," presented by him to Charles Avery,
Esq, of Alleghany City.
Two oolorsd men are proprietors of a large coal
yard. 1 wo others hove proved themselves such
excellent coopers, that they have been solicited to
hi, nwn .hnr, nnd n.t,i iim.iim,. .;,i, :
-white fellow-craftsmen, where such an ninovaliuu
a short time since would hve been impossible.
On firm is competing successfully in the busi
ness of pickling and preserving epicurean articles
Colored marketmen and grocers are quite a fca
lure in Cincinnati. '
Jahn I. Gaines, as a business man and a public
lpirited citizen, has long exerted a leading and ac
knowledged influence among his brethren.
'- An association of ladies who conducting a Fair
in aid of tha Attuoks Blues, a colored military
company. A splendid silk presentation banner
pread its ample folds to the gaze of visitors, al
luding to which, one lady patroness, after express
ing to me a degree of satisfaction with the organi
sation and its objects, yet confessed her regret that
tba American flag afforded no protection to the
colored man. In substance, she embodied the
graphic lines ofCampbell : . .
"The white jnan's liberty in types
Standi blaiooed by your stars;. , .
But what's the meaning of your stiipes?
Tbey mean your negroes' scars !"
The fact that a colored soldiery, named in honor
of CrUpus Attucks, (a colored man, bo it remem
bered, and the first martyr in the Revolution,) can
nuw, in 1850, peaceably parade tho streeds of Cin
cinnati, within a stone's throw of the fclavery curs
ed soil of Kentucky, stands out in viv.d and bold
contrast with the trial hour of lioG. From that
ti-ne to 1844, scarcely a year passed that Cincin
nati was not disgraced by mobs against tho color
ed people and their whito friend". "Pusses and
types were thrown into tho river, other property
. seized and destroyed, and persons maltreated, the
wild mob spirit being at times eo general and
strong' as to defy law, aud hold possession of tho
city for several days."
I became acquainted with some prominent color
ed citizens whose process during several of these
outbreaks saved many families from outrage and
These mobs were instigated by Northern men,
who, with "South side views," deemed knowledge
in the head, the love of liberty in the heart, and
weapons in the hands, as a combination of elo
ments altogether too dangerous to be possessed by
colored Americans. But since then, a redeeming
spirit has been risible in this as in other portions
of the States, and its influence has so warmed into
Motion the colored men ard women also, that their
record now is indeed one to be proud of, exhibiting
as it does mechanical ingenuity, artistic skill, busi
ness attainments, moral development and mental
refinement, in a degree not surpassed by any Stat
in the Union, an example to those other Statcy
where coloren citizens are basking in the sun
shine of oqual suffrage and its consequent advan
tages. Anthony Burns' elasticity of spirit, w hen par
ticipating as a freeman and a brother in the Ober
lin Fremont procession, as contrasted with the ex
pression of sadness and despair depicted on his
countenance as the organized mob of Boston mili
tary and officials dragged bim down State street,
en route to slavery, was no less significant than
has boen the change wrought in tho public senti
ment of this nation, as a gratifying result of that
"foolishness of preaching," which for the last
twenty-five years hae characterised the radical anti-slavery
Next to positive measures for the abolition of
slavery, the early iriends of the cause pledged
themselves to "improve the character and condition
of the free people of color, to inform and correct
public opinion in relation to their situation and
right, and obtain from them equal civil and po
litical rights and privileges with the whites." A
persevering application of this method is, at this
crisis in public affairs, imperatively demanded.
See how readily the free, North, ns she is called
proscribes ber colored citizens ! There are but
five New England States whore they can exercise
the elective franchise. Twenty-two thousand, in
the single State of Now Jersey, are not allowed to
tpproaoh the ballot-box, and this prerogative of
citizenship is denied to 52,000 in Pennsylvania.
In Connecticut, the land of Blue Laws and steady
habits, 7000 are yet excluded. New York exacts 1
of colored man the possession of $250 worth
real estate si the condition of voting a right so
freely enjoyed and highly appreciated by every
white citizen, irrespective of the clime that gave
tiim birth. Indiana enacts that no colored man
ball come into or settle within ber borders under
aWj penalties the sums thus collected to be ap
propriated to colonizing him in Africa. Recently,
even colored men were arrosted in Illinois under
her Slock Laws, which render them liable to be
old, or, if fine are extorted, they are plaoed in
the eharky fund for the relief of whit paupers.
At the reoeat eleotion in Ohio, one colored citizen,
an Industrie mechsnio and worthy man, possess
ing, too, the requisite proportion of aristocratic,
blood, being ready to verify hi right, was not al
lowed to deposit hi ballot. The satanio press
baa been loud in denunciation of even his attempt
to exercise a freeman' right.
Colored eitisen have just been refused pass
port to foreign countries by the Assistant Secre
tary of State, and vet the precedent had been es
tablished in their favor by the granting of a pass
port, in the year 1834, to Robert Purvis, iu 1830,
to Rv. Peter Williams, and, .o some other more
recently. But American pro-slavery and color
phobia care nothing for precedeat or right; it sub
stitute caprice for the one, ani might for the
Tbe colored citizen of Massachusetts, although
more favored than those of every sitter State, are
yet proscribed by a statute military clause, nnd
their names withheld from the jury mil. lint I
these obstacles to their complete realization ul cit
izenship will soon melt away under liberal legisla
tion ae will also those of greater magnitude in
the States designated, if the friends of humanity
of whatever stripe or party w ill but unite and
manifest that sincerity of purposo, like the ancient
Romans, with whom to proclaim was to insure a
triumph, to invade was to 0. nquer.
The colored Amorican confidently relies upon
the aid of bis friends, but will be over zealous and
progressive himself. His appeal to the communi
ty is not in tlio language of favor seeking, but
"Uive us our rights we ask nothing more.
Boston, Nov., 1850. W. C.
WORDS "AFTER ELECTION"
The Radical Abolitionist has an nrticlo und;r
this bead a part of which we copy :
The Presidential contest is now over and, so
far as the candidates are concerned, thoJfciucstion
is settled. Buchanan is to bo the next President.
But tlio slavery question is not settled. No 1
Neither is the Kansas question. Whatever its
late, lor tne present, may ue, tno Jitimm
2"'.' "l ct".1- Vcr7 probably it will not
he, till the wholo slavery question itself is settled.
And this will not be, till the entire system of
American slavery shall be demolished.
Suppose the subjugation of Kansas, now in pro
cess, should be consummated; and "order" in the
despotic sense of the term established. Wh.it
then ? What will the slaveholders have gained ?
Why, just this. They will havo inaugurated the
first specimen of slave State, a majority of whose
bona fide resident citizens, the chief proprietors
of its wealth, the embodiment of its intelligence,
moral strength, and enterprise, will be most in
tense baters of slavery 1 And right alongside of
Missouri, too, wedging it in, between Kentucky,
Illinois, and Iowa, in all of which abolitionists are
plenty, nnd increasing I setter were it tor the
Slave Power, to let Kansas como in. quietly, ns n
free State, on good, cozy, neighborly terms with
Slavery, and in the habit of making "compro
mises" with her, than compel it to throw off
slavery, and become a free Stato afterwards, in
spito of them, thus establishing a precedent, and
setting'jan example to the friends of liberty in
other slave Mates.
It is raid that Border Ruffianism, aided or
winked at, by the Federal power, would prevent
an independent State of the Union from abolishing
slavery? If so, at the end of four years, if the
North docs its duty, we shall have a National Ad
ministration of an opposite chuiacter. And by
that time the example and precedent of Federal
"consolidation" fur the establishment and support
of slavery in Kansas will have quickened our con
ceptions. In the light of such examples and pre
cedents of Federul power, we shall have learned
how the Federal Government may assist the
frieudB of liberty and law. in a slave State, to put
down slavery and lawless violence The problem
which now perplexes eo many well meaning per
sons, will have been worked out, not on paper
meiely, but upon the soil of a Blave State, re
deemed from vassalage.
The uruolcm, once worked out, in Kansas, en
sures its repetition elsewhere. So, if the fire
caters relish tho experiment -and if they can
coax, wheedle, intimidate.or coerce Mr. Buchanan
and liis Northern sup'portors into it let them go
ahead! The Nebraska bill well nigh proved their
ruin. The enslavement of Kansas would com
plete it. If they think otherwise, let them try it.
One or tiro moro turns of the screw would make
the North an unit, on tho platform of Radical
Abolitionism. Thus much we say to the "untor
rificd (?) Democracy." as they call themselves.
We do not often proffer them advice, but thus
much, giutis, is at their service.
A word, now, to "Republicans." You told us
that, as Oerrit Smith could not bo elected, we
should I080 our votes, unless we gave them to
Fremont. The principlo, then, is, that votes are
lost unless the candidate is elected! Well, Col.
Fremont is not elected. And so, by your own rule,
you too have "thrown away your votes." Y'ou
certainly have, if the rule you laid down for us
was ever worth a sixpence. But do you really
think you have thrown away your votes, because
you did not vote with the majority? And that
you would have saved them by voting for Buchan
an? No. Y'ou believe no such thing. Your own
New York Tribune tells you better. It has now
discovered 'hat "Failure is by no means always a
defeat." It bus discovered that "Policy tuny lie
mortal must be mortal except it he nn embodi
ment of principle, but truth is eternal as find him
self." It tells you that "whether the election (of
t remont) bo secured or not, makes no time retire
with duty" that "Responsibilities are for men
results rest with God." Now just remember this,
four years bence.and don't tell abolitionists, again,
that they will "throw nway their vt tes" when
they vote according to their conscientious convic
tions. Leave this policy to those who vote only
for the spoils of office, and who.consequently.have
no rule for voting but their anticipations of major
ities. And just apply the Tribune's corrected ethics
to your own future voting. To help you here, just
take another testimony from another of your prom
inent Journals, the New York Times. The Times,
after alluding to the mobs against abolitionists in
this city, in 1833, mentions the names of sumo of
the prominent objects of that violence, many of
whom "are still living" and the progress of public
sentiment, sinco that time. The editor then pro
ceeds "What a cheering illustration does this brief re
view afford of the steady and certain advancement
in the popular mind of the great principles of
equality, justice and humanity, w hich underlie the
Republican movement. And simitar evidences of
this progress may be found in a hundred different
directions, by any man who will look back a few
years, and coLtrast his own and his neighbors'
sentiments then and now. The progress of the
cause has kept pace exactly with the advancement
of popular education, and the increased intelli--eeof
the masses with respect to political nucs-
1 and to-day "the stone which the builders
riJU 1 is become the bead of the corner." Oppo
site slavery, whensoever and wheresoever we
have tbe constitutional power and right to give it
expression, is now the sentiment of a vast majority
of the people of tbe Northern States."
Thus Bensibly discourses the Nw York Times.
Now. iust ask yourselves whether it was wise for
your "platform makers," (including the editor of
the limes J wnetner 11 was wise tor your cauui
datos, your orators and your editors, during the
late canvas, to be at pain to disclaim aflinities
with abolitionists, and the principles and ante
cedents "which underlie tho Republican move
ment?" You gained nothing by it.but lost much.
Your opponents were not conciliated by it. They
could give you no credit for earnestness without
discrediting your disclaimers. Your best friends
were cooled. Those of them who hesitatingly
voted with you, were obliged to do so "under pro
test," and could not exert for you their accustomed
strength. You couldn't throw off tho odium of
abolitionism (those of you who cared anything for
human liberty,) any more than Peter, in the High
Priest' palace, could get rid of bis Gullileau
dialeot. Everybody knew you would have to be
abolitionists, if you meant anything but gammon,
byjrour advocacy of freedom in Kansas, Aboli
tionists gave you a divided and hesitant support,
because you repudiated tbtm, and their principles,
while lookers on, numbering hundreds of tlions-:
anils, were pnzilcd Jo understand what you
mean. Alter all tlio talk nliout "Incalmng and
"restricting" slavery, while letting it alone in the
States, the mass of everyday business men havo
no clear conceptions nor deep convictions of the
practicability of such a thing. Your disclaimers
of abolitionism havo not only been a cold blanket
upon the rising enthusiasm of the country, but a
puzzling riddle to men of cool calculating common
sense, w ho never want to he bored about some un
intelligible round about way of doing a thing
without doing it of stopping.! conflagration with-
out putting any water upon it of preventing the
depredations or a herd or wolves by permitting
them to run at large, interdicted unlv by chalk
lines! No! gentlemen "Republicans." You must
dismiss your hall way policy and temporizing
measures, Jtally, next tnuo
Jtally, next tnuo, for the liberies of
your wholo countiy your undivided country
and for tho overthrow of the slave power nt the
South, ns at tho North. You will then have the
cooperatioiSBjif all the friends of liberty, Northern
and Southern. The anti-slavery sentiment in your
appeals haw been tho clement of their strength.
Your disclaimers and concessions have only intro
From the Anti-Llavery Standard.
A BLACK MAN'S APPRECIATION OF
"hotter to alt In frefilou's hull,
Willi cold, dump Hour ftlxl nuntldrrlnR wall,
Tlinn to bow the neck, or benil tlio kueu,
la lite prouUeit palace of Kluvery."
The Evening Mirror, in its issuo of Nov. 17th,
replying to an interrogatory of the Sunday Courier,
uttered itself as folllows:
"Wo repeat, for the thousandth lime, our sin
cere belief, that, under a humane master, the
negroes of the South are in a better condition,
hody and soul, than their free (to starve) brethren
in the North. The African is an inferior race;
ten thousand years, perha-js, behind tha Saxon in
moral unci intellectual development. J I ere and
there nn exception only proves tho gen
eral rule ; and for ages to come, '.ho whito and
black race cannot live together in the same house,
or in the same community, on terms of equality.
I ho interior raco must be treated us as a minor
and a servant of the superior. This is history, it
is fact ; aud it may also be regarded as prophecy.
And hence the Miror 'goes against abolition,' os it
goes against everything else so utterly imprac
ticable as the social and yiuliti Jul cquulity of
'white folks and niggers.'
"We have an illustration of 'Free niggerism'
before us, in the presence of a venerable coloured
gentleman,' who has the general charge of the
most disagreeable 'offices' about the Mirror build
ing. Old Moses, as tho boys call bim (or 'Mosus
in Egypt,' on account of his intense darkness,
indicating the purity of his Af'riceti blood,) is
now about seventy years of age, and so lanie that
he can scarcely hobblo about. He was formerly
a slave in Virginia; and, as ho now regrets,
purchased his 'liberty' in order to tasto tbe sweets
of coloured Freedom in the cold paradiso of the
.ortli. lie has worked hard lor some thirty years
at all sorts of menial employment ; und yet half a
week's jdekness throws him upon tho charities of
the tenants or the building, whose fires he makes
anil whose sinks ho cleans. We never seo tlio
poor old fellow, with his one leg and a hull', climb
ing up six pair of stairs with a basket of coal 011
his back and a pail of water in his, hand, with out
thinking tint the proper music lor such a tragic
0icra os Moses is performing, would bo tho sad
'0 carry me bnck to OM Vlriniu,'
and near as ho must now be to his 'life's last mile
stone,' we have no doubt but this disillusionized
'freo uigijer' would gladly coinproini.se for a still
shorter term of existence if he could return to the
plantation homo and paternal care of his 'young
massa,' whore he might be Buro of all the decent
comforts of life, until summoned -to follow Christy's
lyric saiut to
'Tbe place where the good niggers go.' "
Moses Leech, the poor but honest old man thus
selected by tho Mirror to ilium into tho unfitness
of the coloured race for freedom, was naturally
indignant nt this uso of his name and his inis-
fortunes. He assured the editor that, in spito of
, his poverty and lameness, he loved his freed. 'in ns
1 he did his life, mid that he would not exchange
I his situation tor that of tlio happiest slavo that
lover wore a chain. He respectfully asked the
I editor t ) contradict the statement (which lie deemed
:a direct impeachment of bis common sense and an
i insult to his manhood.) that ho"woo,ld gladly com-
promise for a still shorter term of existence if he
could return to the plantation l. nuu and cam ol
his 'young massa.'" Mr. Fuller having contempt
uously refused to perform this act of simple
justice, the old man sent a letter to the Sunday
C uZr wh! U we 1 lowei 1 ' 1 1' '.'
Courier, which we uro allow oil to copy 111 adiaucc
of its appearance iu that journal as follows ;
To Editor of the [Sunday] Courier.
Sir In the Evening Mirror of this city, three
(in vh Kiiiop. thft Ail 1 r nr. in eom men tour mi 11 11 nrtic e
, . , ...
r tmnri IttVna nppnuwin to refer lit ittoinnntnt
... ,.,.... . ... ....... . ...........
unjustifiable manner, for the purposes of Ins argu-
ment He represents me as one willing to go
jftCK to Slavery, as a uiau tuorouguiy uissausiiuu
.',,1. l,, n.,1 l.;nl',. ,rlt,.,. .,.,
race, and a deliberate falsifier.
i ' J . . ' ... J
lie aiso aiiuues
to my appearance, my age, and my misfortunes, in
" l ,
o 7 Al 1 1 ,c v" th it Vac! 1
appeal for a hearing to you. To n-pel his culm..-
niJs I ask space in the same journal which evoked
In the first
place, Mr. Fuller asserts that I
. -I i. . i ... e; : . r
would willingly go back to slavery. This,
say it without the least regret, isAi.it!
nevci so expressed myself ; I have never believed
secretly that I was belter at the South than nt the
North. If the feelings of a father were allowed to;
have their way I might n. u a ly wi. fui n Sou t i-
cta home. 7'At;etwo children of mine (doomed
from their birth, and pre doomcd beforo they were
iron, uie.r uirui, noo r, uuU,Cf o,o
Z'lTEZ ""n, .?J
of manhood. There they feel that they are not
what they ought to be and that they never will bo
what they might. There they learn by bitter ex
perience that their free father committed a crime
before God and man when he lent himself to
beget them. There, too, I should ho to console
them, to pallitato my otie great crime by little
tenderness, if my feelings were allowed by my
better judgement to run into action. Rut, no,
sir. I must live free; and to live, I must work
where 1 am ; fur if I had the wish to go from this
spot three miles, I could not find means to do it,
without fasting for days to raise tho passage
money 1 Mi. Fuller, then, has told a lio of mi ;
ho heard from myself often tho contrary of what
he stated : and in spito of all bo meanly Volun
teered to turn my liltlo stock of character into
litorary merchandise for his own benefit, even at
the risk of having its crippled owner shout after
him, as ho now does, "Stop, thiol!" So much fori
his lying; now fur his miuor offenco of waut of
Slare as I was, never felt at liberty to raise u
laugh at the expense of the poor or the maimed.
eeman as Mr. Fuller is, he has done so. What
have my maimed limbs to do with his argument ?
li Half I til II 'J I'UIDi vj f niuvii) iiihud jibaivu) i in
not yet forced me to appear in any court ae acriui
Yt bat has my poverty (which, maim Heaven, lias.
iniil) t d 1 with hh newspaper necessities ? t.lod
willed that I should ),e brought into the world as 1
nm ; ll will. 1 should live in it as 1 do ; 1 111 r.it
islled with Hod ; why is not Mr. Fuller? But
waiving my rights to decent tuition, if any such
rights as ti 110 Christianity always willingly eon
cedes to the poor and unfortunate I might havo
exjected gratitudo, if not breeding from Mr.
Fuller ! Ave, sir, black as I am, if did for me
what did for him, would be grateful! Docs
ho forget I stood between him and the law ?
thas when a Sheriff was at his d ior, I was thero
also, but for n better purpose? that, by saying a
word or remaining mil 1 llercnt even to his interests,
' might hi.vo seen him without the type upon
which he since belied me? Do you, Mr'. Fuller?
or is your memory as treacherous ns your
ity i" scanty r
Mr. Fuller pities my condi'.ion, in his article.
lienevolent man that ho is, ho 'thinks 1 receive
little money for my work and would willingly go
South to recruit my finances. Aye! indeed! so
says Mr. Fuller, feir.ingc that this philanthropist
should himself ho one of those who undervalue
and underpay liee labour! I do work for him
which would earn for mo six shillings a week from
any other of my employers, and how much do you
think ho gives 1110 for it? How much, Mr.
l uilerr two shillings, is it not r les, this man
who no.nroa over , tn iimeli !, irlvos mn tivn
shillings, for sit shilliiurq worth necm-dinn- in the!
low value of Northern labour. If ho were as eeo-!
nnmical of falsehoods as he is of money, I would
not be called upon to confess how poor 1 am or to
toll how great 1
la liar he is. .
lours, very respectfullv.
MOSES LEECH (Coloured).
From the New York Tribune.
THE PIOUS SLAVEHOLDERS.
Wo have moro than (.nee had occasion to ac
knowledge tho fact that tho warmth of slavehold
ing piety is found to glow the more fiercely the
inrii,,.,. sii-,.,11. v.,.. i;.,.i rr ;. i. r. ... ...,.., 1
doctrine, go to Charleston or Savannah. No
u""iu ,u, u 11, j, wu . ,ot, ,ui o'liiiiu
Jylerism, no taint of the right -
ot Andover nor tf tho left hand
delections of New Haven, is to be seen defiling
tho white robes of id.iveliolding Christianity,
beechci'ism is scarcely distinguished thero from
I'lirkei ism. Pure and undefiled religion prevails
alonc-rehgi. 11 puro from morbid philanthropy
and und. 'hied by innovating speculation. Tln-y
hold the faiih as it w as dehvei ed I y their fathers,
and they can away with no tampering with it.
Iicty is, as a general thing, proportionate to the
of slaves held by the elect brethren. If a
saint in crape be twice a saint 111 lawn, a saint with
a hundred negroes may well take precedence i"
path to heaven tf one that only owns fifty ;
and if a cm. lessor rise to the V'ssrsM.m (d live
the halo that irradiates his brow is
enough to illuminato a wholo church, not to say a
presnytery or a diocese.
Nor must it bo supposed that tho s!aveholding
churches arc jealous only for tho purity of the
faith that hath been committed unto them. They
exeJuio aliiO a pti-iot norvutllanaa ncor. tho lives
nnd conversations of clergymen nnd professors,
and either correct gently lapses from pure moral
ity, or else cut olf tho offending member nnd cast
it from them as was done in the eae of the gross
heresy and immorality of tho Rov. Mr. Roardman,
by which he had shocked tho saints of Jieanfort.
I he crime ol ilaneing hath mot e than oiiei; oxer
d their anxious thoughts, nnd tho offense of
-....i'.. .. ... . 1 : i... . : 1.
pr io.imit pnis is: one mob wcigouiu ucavm
tie to be used
not bcon en-
011 their hearts. 1 tie posture suiiabl
in prayer is another question which
n in,-ii . 1 " 1 a. i. imui imv uiMn eo-
t .elv set at rest vet. Ir. U trim tl.-.f son,,, of the
more material of the discussions to which these
vital matters have iivcn rise have been held in
i-i " "
the .Northern Status. Rut it has been generally
the frontier, where tho Southern brethren tire
in strong force, and greatly influence, if they do
not entirely control, the assembly of the good.
There is plenty of mint, anise and cummin tythed
everywhere, as is well known to all ; but wo think
the more zealous of the exactors of the tenths
, . , .., , - -------- ---- -- -
these herbs will be found among tho Southern
Christian and their South-side brethren farther
. r , .j
bv tho Lutheran Synod of Missouri. It touched a
-111 mn r e 1 nupsi on as :irr r neen Kert .il
matter unless vital than the mode of distributing
the sacramental loaf among the believers
godly were divided iu opinion as to tho
wluthcr it were more orthodox toeiit ir or 1,1 birotU
it. .iave doubts bung over that portion of loo
i.ucjo o .aim line a i.auger 01 scuisiu aim a
.Uvi led .ion, 1 he dispute v. as finally settled in
faver f the knife, on the grmiii 1 that breaking tie
bread was eoiinoo'.ed with tiio Pooi.-h doet'ine ol
ih.t Real Presence; and this, although ic win a 1-!
niittcd that lii't'.'il.ing, nnd not cutting, was the cx-
le set by Christ and the Apostles. We do not
Ives, the precise pertinency of the
l"""",cirt M ,hc allJ
,Uj,e to sec tho question discussed in full in the
new Lutheran organ to lie established in Charles
ton, v. e believe, in place of tho one in Raltimoro,
suspected of heretical tendencies as to the founda
tion doetrino of Southern and Southside Christian
ity. e wish to tie made cognizant ot tho reason
. 1 .1 .1: . . .1.. 1 , 1 .1. 1.
wllv lnt, ul vision hi me io;ii ny tne uugers savors
..ii. tc .1 .. ., . . .
0I tueocarict uoinuu rainer tnaii mat by tne
of .f (j pslalil;sl(!l, .
. , . , . .
'""' to bo said on the subject. Where a Papist is
in the P'isp r in rtirtrp Sefinlnpe niiiur rrivrt v.bn.,
,,. , , ,, ....i
'and we hope this caution will be enforced by the
UlllCl WINf, WU MlOllIll Waril DOUlllCI II VliriSIiaUS
Southern Aid Society
how they undertake to
'"c ?'i.'.V.r !'.Scriptre fir tho Letter
1 1,0 ,,rbt ki;1,:t" u "1C L'e-
thero is that !ioi inturo wln.:h sai'.b. "1 he servant
'that knoweth his lord's will ami (hietb it not, shall
be beaten with
ot: oe.iifii Willi iiiiiov Kit' ni '
who would havo it
taii.peretl with and explained away by any if the
'"'n ; a " ' l" ",0 a"7 and
tlio butliKida prophets. W o remember to have
,e,ird ry. told l.jr a very eminent Baptist Doe-
nf h WB'Ti,,j 0M
Sabbath morning Hogged his negro boy with lib
pas,(irrtl bunds until ho stood in a pool of his
- flood, for not having dono hi, lord"', wil. in
the matter of blacking his boots, and who then
proceeded to the Sanetuury, where he administered
the Urdinance ot the Last supper to Ins buck with
i;r:., v........,....,!...,;. .!..,..'. ..... , c
cuii J iiik utibituiii j u a. .j.i.ih itttib i, n na ul
..-i. iv. , . ,i. i
mum, mcto Litiinciiuuiiitu vu hid luiuiirsio ul Vllill
nt the Soutl whether this irodlv mnn hrnlru
or cut tho elemental bread on thatoceasion, than
it was whether or no the Scriptures should be s
distorted us to debar bim from that preparatory
exercise whereivith ho had fitted himself for the
services of that holy day.
Whilo wo cordially congratulate our Lutherau
brethren of Missouri upon having escaped a scan-
bilous breach in their order, through the uiiaiu
uious adoption of the cutting of the sacramental
bread instead of the breaking thereof, we would
a-ffeetiiirmtely entreat ihotii not to encourage a ,
habit of deviating frum the literal strictness ot tho ;
written Word a habit which hath led to many of j
11IU g! IBVOUH UOICCllOIIS Ol IHO tVUl lllCri! I IIUICII,
,liioh havH caused so much distress lo the South-1
ion, Aud we trust that the Southern Aid j
S iciety will cooperate with our humble zeal for the j
lioty which it was gathered to aid, und see to it
that no damnable heresies be suffered to creep j
into the Southern fold, through any tampering ;
- - c- ' l a
wit1' t,ie received canons of blaveholling faith,
Rut wo f'-.j) that we caii'loave this important mal
ic r in no bettei hands tii in those of tho R ;v. Dr.
Nehcmi.th Adams, the Rev. I'r. Joel P.uker, and
the other eminent 1 i t ines and piou laymen who
havo undertaken the holy cniic of perpetuating
the blessings of Slavery by hallowing them with
tho sanctions of religion.
From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce, Nov, 24.
THE SALVE TRADE—A REMEDY PROPOSED.
Jude Retts has ruled that its character, as ordina
iiuiiiher riy made up, can afford no evidence justifying the
vo.M.l',s Jotciitinn. The vessel therefore departs
! with the L nited States flag at her peak, nnd a prop
the I er person un board provided with blank panel s,
j the powers of nn attorney, &c, so that, if aii ar
hundicd, rangement can be effected for procuring a cargo of
; ill II J III lllllli IJUL III IIivj IIJ1IIIIIC1 j'l W IU.JU, Kit' in 111"
; tvtive or thirty small vessels legitimately cmplov
on I e"j j t,is trade, 110 insuperable difficulty can be
I nrnsanti.,1. It U nr,r,.,l tb.it A fri.-nn ebi. f r,lora
M'c learn upon inquiry of the United Slates Pep
aihais, inat tne lining out 01 silvers imm
this point continues In fact, this business was
never prosecuted with grtater energy than at pn
cut. The occasional interposition of the legal r
lhoi ities c.tcici.-od i n 111 (ni. M hifiuore vessel
suppression, it is scnioni na. one or inrespeeiiug
cannot he designated at tlio wharves, respecting
which there is evidence that she ciihcr is or has
been concerned in the traffic; and within the last
nine months three alleged slave cases of the char
after referred to have been before our Courts', re
sulting, in one instance, in confiscation, 'i'lint suchi
is the fact, is not surprising, when it is considered
lliiit a vessel must be procured in the United Slates
in order to se:uro the prot.rliun ff tin
which urobilins the riiidit of search, and that Nei
York, a affording the best facilities for lit'ing out
slave ships, with the least liability of detection,
necessarily becomes the ventre of operations. Add
to this the strong appeal which this traffic presents
1 to man s cupidity, and tho ease with which the
law is evaded
That a large illegitimate trade with the coast of
Africa is carried on from this port, is very evident:
for tho number of vessels annually Gttcd out here,
is altogether disproportioned to the amount of Im
ports and exports, ami quite sufficient to do the
whole business of the country in that direction.
iho maimer ot conducting this trade lias under
gone some change within a few month", which it
is well to observe. Parties in Cuba desirous of
.. . . , , , ,
tirtirn oiif n hopr nnvp no ili'tieu'rtf in nr.n.ti,.i,ii
,.( j this c tv. through certain commercial
, houses, to negotiate for the charter of nch n cralt
; ,, ,,,,, i, ,i,.,P, 1 h,,;,:,!, I (.,, nn t l. o.n, vnv,.,r
ahey L.ni0 here with the requisite amount of funds
um( ,-0itdilv effect a charter, with a proviso that the
vessel mav be purchased, if desired, when she nr-j
r'n-n., nt I,,.,- ,1, mmt!.i Th,-,nih il, ,.,.t.,. t ;,. J
, Ktti,j rtI,is, it become the interest i.falli
concerned, even to the sailmaker, caulker, shii-l
.,.'. lt lin,j ji,itcr. to sav 110 moro about the mat-1
,..r than i ne.-essnrv: and. as regards the cur.-., i
negroes, the vessel is sold nt it large profit, and
hor late owners in new-iork aro no longer respon
s.uioioriier proceeuings. tier uag win protect
her from interference by foreign cruisers, und our
own are not so numerous uot they can commonly
ino vossef is then run to Cuba, the
cargo discharged, nod thei voooel l.umoJ. Hu-I
mrinity has l.ceu outraged, but a princely fortuno!
has been acquired.
The question is renewed with still more earnest
ness "Can the fitting out of slavers here bo pre
vented?" There nro officers in the employ of the
m.,.:,.,,,, ', eonn.ietion v.i'.h Ibis si'ii ieet who nr..
8Wcr ,llt jt c.lUi )V R amending tho law relating;
to the .shipment of crews, that vessels engaged in
du; African trade thaH take none but AmeritansA
j Though such a law might seem unjustly oppres-1
' . . .. J . '
. )oug 1 sue 1 11 law ling it soeiii uriiiist y oppres-
1 1 ,. . 1. A
' r ,i, ease afford a soffieie,, io-uiiie.Tno,,
; ... .1 :.. ' . .1
invariably tako foreign crews, mostly Portuguese
men who are not likelv to bo ttouhled with con
scientious temples, and whoso manner of life reti-
oi;,,Prs ,,,, diffi-nlt V, find, whether wanted ns eriin.
iuuis iiiL-ui uuiR-uii u iiiiu, iii-iiici iiiiieu un nil-,
: i,,,, or witnesses. Nor are tbev as likely as oth-1
crs to disclose their participation" in any of these;
I transactions. Americans, and those of other na-j
nooaiui'js cooiu not cusuy uu iouuecu iu engage.
: ..'.n.r , ,.,:.!. r..i. .u..,.....:..r:'
11 i. .1 1 ...
, 'tUch. dcccfv'ers would be liable to tuffer
!.:. ......;.. 1 ,.r r . 1 , r ;.. .,: ....., 1
1' ,. 1 .-. ... , ....,.,,..1 -, il , .1" .... ..
,. , , - ,w . 1 ,1 . .. r i
1... ..: i...j .r. n'-i...-.':
,MH JICMItl uu 111 it t'littiiiity uitiv tiiti.T, il'.'l 1;
n ln.al t)10 Ward who is reported to bo
., exiensivo shipper o! crews for the African1
,, 1 .,,,,,,!,.,. ., !-,.,. 1,,. ,..,,!,. ,. 1,,,,
'li'C- touch ol tho saint! lit'.;. I ol bu-'iness. It is
1 e prcsctitcil that no difficulty c old arise i.i deter
mining either the n uionality ot a man or the des
tination of a vessel; that the plan now proposed is
eminently practicable, and that its adoption would,
necessarily be followed by a suppression of the
evils so rapidly incr.inglwd so loudly demand-;
:n relI1niv b I
o - - - j
llll) OlillW llt IIUSHICB3 HI ltB.IBllia lllllj UlCllllC,
w ithout forfeiting bis claim to them. Tho Slates
era iii is quite cheerful, liowover, in viow of tho fact
that the movement was uusuccessful, and the pruc
tical vindication of tho doetrinu that tho day has
Oldest Nkoro Y et. We have at last got hold
f . 1 , 1 1 1 .
of a particularly old negro, lhero havo been
,,' c, 1 111 , 1 , 1
countless cases ol tolerably advanced blacks, buti
... J - .1
....... 1 l.. f. - 1
l"c ucio , ioiilh w t- i-oojt nom an i;i.-iiiuii-, 1
:.l ... 1.- f.....l 1 . . 1 . 1 . I
ls "UUJ lu ul- I'11 "nuj uouicotic, iiuu uniMin mc,
list. She ought to bo shown around :
S,.me time ngo I sent too nn account of nn old 1
,,,. i,,. .i;.,,i ;,,
neg. o ma. v ho died in
Charleston nt the ndvui.-!
Sinco then 1 l ave t,.t., :
t'Ctl ll!t( Ot 115 Veal'.i.
.. .,, . i. .i;...i ;.. v....
D.t.ivi.iu.i. ....v,.. ....ii...,!, ..nv, ,,f.un, A UU
quier County, Ya., aged 110. A friend, who
loruioi dy an ol'iicer in the United Slates Ar
ites that when he was stationed at Pas Christian,
iu Louisiana, be ivas in the habit, with his brother
officers, ul' visiting an lucd negress who sold but
termilk. On one occasion the following conversa
ticn took pUce :
"Old woman, how old aro you ?"
"I duniii, Massa."
"How long have you lived about here ?"
'O, lung time, long, time, massa." She then
went on to relato circumstances iu connection with
the ,lUtory of the country, which proved that the
mujt have arrived ul a very advanced ago.
"Well, can't you refer to any cireumstauuos by
which you may come at your age?"
"Well, massa, I'se had nineteen children, nnd
that gal (pointing to an old woman) is tho young
est; and I knuw sho's ninety."
,, -. , .
The old woman was quite active when our in
r . i i i , . .1 , ,
forniant saw her last, and attended to the aula ol
her buttermilk herselt in prutoranco to calling up
on her "gal," whom she represented to be "too
good for nothing."
Cakiivinq Slaves Tiiiioioii Ohio. The Ohio
Statesman is quitu indignant hecauso, while the
Hon. Win. A. Lako, M. 0., of Mississippi, on his
way t j Washington, spent last Sunday thero, with
.three of l.i slaves, several of tho colored people
of Columbus caused a writ of habeas corpus to be
taken out. with tho viow of testing the question
whether a slaveholder, whilu passing through Ohio,
can take his slaves with him, and stop us lung in
como w hen the planter can "call the roll of his
slaves" from the steps nut of liuuker Hill Monu-
- I - -" -
ment -but of tbe Capital cf Ohio, Lmdtr,
LONDON TIMES ON BUCHANAN.
The L m 1 m Times of Nov. 1st say of James
Bucii 111 in :
Mr, Buchanan lias been the most ductile and
lexilde of politciins. lie has been a Federalist
nd is now a Democrat, Pro-Free Trade and Anti
Fi ve Trade, nnd pro and ami almost every thing'
else nhout which parties in America havo warmly
disputed. Ho is not a man of great resolution or
violent counsels, but be possesses a peculiar Tacit
ly of effacing himself nnd yielding implicitly to
the itilluence of th:ia who surround him, often
persons of inferior judgement to his own. He isr
a thorough pneed uVm tgogue and unscrupulous
partizan, nnd though unexceptionable in private
life, has grown gray among all manners of in
trigues and 111 uocuvies. In Ibis country we havo
not forgotten how adroitly he kept alive the quar
rel with Kiijhui'1 which i.or I Clarendon stt'ove' so
earnestly to terminate, not from any wish to in
volve the two countries in war, but because he saw
or fancied ho saw, from the continuance of the
dispute, an electioiieei ing advantage tirhltnself. .
We may anticipate, also, that his accession in
power as the repiefentatiifl of the South, will
raise such a domestic commotion ns w ill fully o
eupy hi time and nltenlion, without leaving him
time to disturb the peace of his M-ighboi s. This
: might well he il Mr. Uuchanan could rule alone
Hat ha will t e as much and probably more than
ordinary I'residents, 11 creature ol Ins Cabinet, and
I ho will bo surrounded by men who have the head
to coneiova and the hand to executo any scheme
that they believe to bo beneficial t tho party in
terests of tho S.;uth. To such persons as are
tho adviser of Mr. Pierce and will be the ad
visers of Mr. Buchanan, foreign war ia immeasur
ably preferable to domestic defeat, nnd the acqui
sition of n new slave State to oppose to the nixt
free territory from tho Northwest that may de
mand admission into the Union, '13 cheap at any
expenditure of blood and treasure.
utiio luiaioi eu 111 iniioitu leooive 10 sun e tn lis ure
. . ' , , -. , ',
.'eating cotcmiioraries, 111 on nb 0 editorial, the
" , . ,. , . , , ,, . . ' ,
rrpnprttl Iniui ol w Ineli r.lfiv lie tr.illtnrpn Irmn tliA
A x Tiir.ii I.w-cnuECTio.N of Slaves in- Tcnnessic.
lie learned vo.-terdav from a centhman inst
upfioui Cat ksviile, that considerable excitement
exists iu that place ni'.d throughout tho country
adjacent, un account if the discovery of the pre
liminary preparations of nn insurrection among
the slave population, to euine off on the 24th of
December. Quite a number of negroes bad been
arrested nnd confined, aud several had mnile con
fession. Iu the neighborhood of Louisa Furnace,
a plan to blow up a church was discovered and
thwarted. A keg of powder had been placed Un
der tho building ready fur tho match. A large
collection of arms and amunition had also been
discovered and reized. One wiiite man. we learn,
who was caught in tho act of counselling the in
surrection, nad been arrested and imprisoned.-
Among tho negroes arrested and confined are the
supposed ringleaders the genorals and captains
as they tire called, of the movement. Tlio general
opinion prevails in .Montgomery county, as we
iCarn from our informant, that the rvlot is deen Ui.i.
ftnd embraces the slaves throughout a wide extent
of tcrriturTi ranging from Kentucky South and
j West. "
every night, nnd so well assured are the citizens
that there is ground for precaution, that nearly
every housekeeper is prepared with arms for any
omergency. Aiuhcilie Banner, f,'uv. 2'3.
More Ndrtiikkx Aourcssios. The outface
jjolli, Was over
ne jtuej ,is s
'o alluda to
ii-i' ... h
which the North persists in practicing onon the
i-erlooked hv Mr. Rarnwell Rhett when
Rwcet-teinpered catalogue of injuries.
its monopoly ot the Patent Oflices.
1 ii, . . 1, 1, i . 1 . , . : . : ,
I crimps he could Ddt do that sul.tect justice, and
! ?10 """"edit altogether. During the year
i .. tliero were Issued from tbe Patent Otoce'S lo
Arkansas, 1; to gallant little Rhode Itdand. 21; to
South Carolina, 0; to Massachusetts, 300; to Mis
souri."; to Connecticut, 10; to Virginia, 40; to
New York, 5:55. Total to slave States, 186. Total
to Free States, 1.020. Of the dO patents awarded
during the week ending Nov. 4, lb'06, 39 were for
' vulualjl0 '"proven.ents in thor.ee States; 1 for an
mrnrpm, . tn trta titrr,,,, inn in iiis.iu.inhi
an unblushing monopoly tolerated
ton Ci'ironii le.
, T. . . ,r -,
'I'hf.o.' I i.yima, ,W. lboG. Messrs Editors
) 1 returned home from a visit to the Motin;
owns-, miner 1 mm goou 111 seaicii 01 neniin, x
I .1 . 1.1. ...1
;'Julio 111 twiu reauiiigr tllo uuou wnose mm
uuitti inv twiu reauing tllo uuou wnose imir.o
stands at the head ot this lio'e. Mic
siuiids at 1.10 iicau 01 11,1s no'e. cue was III lea
with loathing at the injustice a-id impiety of the
hook, arid asked mu if I thought Mrs. Stowe
con Id 11. 'billy be 11 Christian. To this I could
only !:tiy, "Judge hut, kit J8 1-e judged!'"
(.'jr. J-jitrnul i-f C:iuuieice.
If the the J urn.l of Commerce will only give
Iho name of its pious correspondent, wa will have
iho appendix to tha r.cst edition of the "Shorter
Catechism ' properly corrected. nnd forward a Copy
to Judge Lcc',i Pte-.-ift Tiler,rajh
Iloir to Pj:rcNi Tttr. Potrrn FinsT-IiAT Ad.
villi. The New Orleans Commercial llull'lin, has
... 1 : i:...i ..-1 ..t. ...
geoei .11 loou I'l
- , . , 0 . 1, . .
SIl I1J1 iiueu paragr ,111 s .
t j D .--. -- -
Tho best way to defend the rights of the South
" '"':" " ri..n-ous and exen.M assault upon old
'"'''' "' ''""'"'''' .''-'. i he enemy is sure
to enter at every gap, and to lie concealed in every
brier patch and acre of weeds lie may discover.
To route him, "horse, foot and dragouns,"it is neces-
sary to set tho plow and the spada going, and then
to overwhelm bim with mountains of manure!
Nothing 'ike manners for the rights of the South
and tho expulsion of its enemies. Tbey can't
stand it at all.
Instead it harping perpeltiri'.ly upon abstract
points and hair splitting differences about State
Rights, and spending our time nnd energies in dis
cussions about Southern "resistance" to Northern
"oppression" nnd "power," let us go to work like
senxilile men and dectloo our almost boundless re
soutrc. thereby increasing our power and making
ourselves equals in every respect oj our sarewaer anas
more ;raclieal riral.
ANOTncR DrtriP. Tho Wilmington (X. C.) Jour
nal says "On Friday last a runaway negro camn
was discovered on an Island in Big Swamp, situa
ted between Raldon and Kobeann counties. On
Saturday morning a company of twelve or four
teen started out to hunt them, and after starting
ho negroes from their camp, one of thorn fired nt
Mr. David C. Lewis, wounded him, from the effects
of which he died on Sunday morning. On Friday
a mau named Taylor was shot at twice from tha
earns placo and missed. The negroes had cleared
a place for a garden, bad cows, &a., out in the
swamp; none arrested. Tho swamp is about four
miles wide, and almost impenetrable.
A I'Kojr.i'TFD Rival to the "Time?." A mee(
ing'for thn purpose of establishing a newspaper to
rival the London Times, has been held in England
and a movement started to raise a paid up capital
ot two nod a half millions of dollars for the pur- ;
pose. The project was inaugurated by several
clergymen, w ho take exception to the theological l
character of the Times, nud it is said that fifty
thousand dollars of the stock has already been
subscribed. Newspapers established to oompeta '
with or break down existing journals seldom sue- !
coed, even in living long, to say nothing of a '
ooniplishing tbeir object,
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