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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 20, 1856, Image 1

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9
MARWS R.ROBIXSOX, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
ANX FEAR SON, rtJBLISniKO AGEjff:
VOL. 12. NO. 18.
SALEM, COLUMBIAN A COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 185C.
WHOLE NO. 581.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
For the Bugle.
Mb. Editor : Permit mo to tell a little Htory and
append a few remarki.
Quite recently it wa my lot to pass a long eve
ning in an interesting company, mostly females.
The Autobiography of a femaie slave, published
j Redaeld was on hand and was rend by several
-r .1.. .n.t,n turns. A fixed attention was pi-!
wa r
a to the narative, even a versatile pugnacious boy
ould not direot attention with his'maltese pet oat.
AH was dead silence in the audienco except when
the most impulsive one clapped his approbation,
toeilerated "hear 1 hear 1 good t good !" or evinced
the antagonistic mood by "Give mo my knife I
Heat the poker 1" o. The reading was finished
t 12 o'clock. The company retired without com
xaent on the work.
The question proper for us to nk ourselves isF
what have we gained by the perusal of that well
. t . . 1.
written faithful deliniation oi cnaiiensm, uoio
theoretically and practically. No doubt we lelt
tightly at many turns in the story, our commiser
ation and indignation were excited in fit places
W eympatbised duly with the uppieseed, nud
felt, as vhose who deprecate injustice must feel, to
wstd the oppressor. Biblo reasons, logical enact
ment expediency, the preservation of the Union,
the early training and life long Imbils of the slave
holder, singly or jointly constituted no apology
for him. Our intuitions are emited to huve le
gitimate operations and made us at pence with ev
rr thine but woong. We aw and felt that man
is human indepeudant irrespective of his in
cident. Pity it i that positive enormous wrong like sla
vsrv should need recital of cruelly, or nn auction
ale to waken us up to the perception of nn enor
mity of which has no redeeming feature. The diffi
culty 1 thi ; when we think of the subject at nil
w contemplate its special cruellies ; those called
it abuse. Those whose mental and moral vision
are uubleared by silly sophisms, and wicked po
litical axioms well know that nostrums, whether
political or ecclesiastical, though they may seem to
alleviate can never erudicute the evil. The
virus ha diffused itself through tha entire
ystem and nothing short of radical heroic
i.im.ii ..n xtel it. Mild remedies
die of theemulient sedative character may modify
.h. ...,..! wliilft the disease is gaining oil the
vsteiii. t) maoifest itself under new and unanlioi
Bated aspect. A paltering, compromising, pallia
ting policy has been the course for hair a century
and what has it done lor humanity ? Just this.
that it has partially opened some eyes to sue i.iat
w may lift right and lilt left alternately without
forward progress.
We must take nstep higher, get ourselves on a more
letated plain ere we can rationally hope to work
efficiently for the bondman, Calhoun was right.
You guarantee us the right to choose what w e will
make property. We have chosen and we claim
the right to lake the property thus made where we
please. Thi right we deny ; on what grounds?
On the ground that it is wiukod to hold man is
property anywhere , us wicked in South Carolina,
as in Kansas, and we will do nothing directly .
indirectly to sustain you in your position. Wo ac
knowledge your equal right in the teiritories. We
do nor conci dn vour right to take Vour slaves
mt , , .
there simply nod only because wo deny your right
Is them any whore. When a majority of the peo
ple take this high position conscientiously and ad
here to it indelibly chattel slavery will soon be
G.
EXTRACTS FROM REPORT OF THE
COMMISSIONER ON INDIAN AFFAIRS.
THE NEW YORK INDIANS.
"The improvement in the condition of the New
York Indians though gradual, is very perceptible.
Th farms, buildings, crops nnd stock, and the
ubttautinl comforts surrounding the homes of ma
ny of the Oneida. Ouondngs., Tusoarorns, nml
tha Tonawanda, Cattaraugus and Alleghany Sen
oas, evidence in them u uniform advancement.
The relianui of the Alleghany Seuocas upon
their timber and lumber has not made it necessary
for them to turn their attention w holly to agricul
ture and while thi rosourco has furnished iheui
temporary aid, the timber and lumber trade in
which they are engaged may be regretted us a
ninurance 10 tneir permanent improvement.
Churches and region, influences and schools arc
well sustained among these Indiuns, and nil seem
to be impressed with a desire to educate their children."
THE CHIPPEWAS OF MICHIGAN AND WISCONSIN.
"The Chippewa of Lake Superior, who inhabit
reservation in the northern peninsula ol Michi-
.. - . e lir..- J .i..-
fan, tne normern part o. isco. s.u aim ,,,, pur-,
nf Minnnantii hntween IliA St. I.nills Kiver nnd
tha British line, have furnished with a liberal sup
ply of farming implements, carpenter's tools,
household furniture and cooking utensils, and ev
ery Indian having a house and residing in it, has
been (upolied with a cooking-stove and the usual
cooking utensils, a table, bureau, chairs, bedstead,
looking glass, and many smaller articles f ir house
bold use. The effect of this policy is quite per-
cepi.ni. .nana, .i.u.uiateu many to erroc, nnu
lor erecting new House at XiM uiver ana
aeveral other places
"The advancement nf the Menomonecs is con
stant and steady. Although obstacles have been
thrown in the war of these Indians, and the vic
ious nnd unscrupulous have endeavored to thwart
all th efforts made for their improvement, and the
grasping avarice of unprincipled white men, in
seeking to obtain their property in defianco of
justice and right, baa rendered them somewhat
restless and Uneasy i yet notwithstanding nil this
their progress is vary gratifying, and the result
alresdy'attainsd leave no doubt but the Mhiwiihi
nee Indians, in a very lew years, will comtiletely
and perfeotly adopt habit of industry and civili
aation. Indian laborers have been exclusively em
ployed to do tha work nf the tribe. The agent, farm
i, miller, teacher und one blacksmith, are the on
ly white person located at the agency and em
ployed on the reservation. All the work in tlio
fields, a well a in the shops, is done by Indian
hands. A number of the young Menouionees
have become exjert carponters, providing not on
ly the general carpenter shop with hands, but the
different band have carpenter among thorn, who
ara erecting house for the various families, to fa
cilitate which ihe ouunoil has requested that a lot
of carpenter toot oe uirnisnea io eacn nana.
Of the Winnebngoe, formerly to troublesome,
bsve th following account;
In th Southern part of MinnstoU Territory
tlio Winnehagnes have assigned to them, undor
the treaty nf February, 1S55 an excellent tract ol
land for n permanent linino t and audible efiorts
are now being inudn to correct the vicious h.ibitB
of these Indians. Extensivo improvements have
been made for them at their now location. White
labor has heretofore been mainly relied nn, bu
hereafter it is expeeted that the Indians thoin-
selves win iio more oxtensivrly employed in per
forming the work which will be required to be
done. It is designed next season to enlarge nnd
! extend the improvements upon the Winnebago
Reservation. At a late council of the tribe a ode
of laws was ndopted for the protection of their
persons and property, and for tlio punishment of
crimes.
WILD TRIBES OF THE NORTH WEST.
"The Blaekfeet. Flathead, Nez Pcrees, nnd the
other tribes, parties to tiu treaty of the Judith,
residing on or near the headwaters of the Miss
ouri River, have, since the negotiation of that trea
ty in October, lf55, remained at pence, and re
fused nil participation in tho hostilities of the
tribes ot Oregon and Washington Territories
Tlio common huntinir-irroutid provided hv the trea
I ty has produced beneficial results, and the con
i tlicts of war and rapine have given placo nmong
tiiem tu tha exchnngoof horses, cltry nnd other
articles of barbarous commerce. The Blaekfeet,
although absolutely imrbnr uus, are said to be in
telligent una tractable, iitnj ample provision is
made by the treaty for their instruction in the nits
oi civilized lilo.
KANSAS INDIANS.
"The gonornl disorder so long prevailing in
Kansas Territory and the consequent unsettled
auiiu ui civil imairs mere, nave ouen very irijuri
rious to the interosts of ninny of the Indian tribe
in that Territory. Tho Unto of affairs reierred to
with the iiillox of h.wluss men nud speculators in
cident und introductory thereto, has impeded the
surveys and the selections for the homes of tho in
diaus, and olheowise prevented ihe full estihlUh-
meiit and proper efficiency of nil the menus foi'l
civilization and improvement within the scope ol
the several treaties with them. The schools have
not been ns fully attended, nor the school build
ings, agency houses, and oilier improvements ns
rapidly constructed as they might otl'cru ise have
been. Trespasses and depredations of every con
ceivable kind have been committed on the Indi
ans. They have been personally maltreated their
property stolen their timber destroyed, their po
so'sions encroached upon and divers other wrongs
and injuries done tlicin. Notwithstanding nil
which, they have afforded praiseworthy example til
good conduct, under the must trying circumstan
ces. They have at no tine, that I am aware ol
Ktleinpted to redress their own wrongs, but have
patiently submitted to injury, relying on tho good
laith and justice of tho ti iveriiment to indemnity
them. In i lie din and strife between the Ami
Slavery and Pro-Slavery parties with reference to
the condition of the All nan nice there, nud in
which tho lights nod interests id tho red man have
been completely overlooked and disregarded, the
good conduct and patient submission of tint latter
couirusl lavoiinibly'willi tho disorderly and law
less conduct of ninny ot their while brethrtn, who
while they have quarreled about the African, have
united upon the soil of Kaunas in wroiig doing to
ward the Indian."
"In relation to the emic-rated nnd pnrtiallv civ
ilized tribes in Kansas the circumstances under
which they wero transplanted to that country, and
the pledges of this Government thai it should be
to them and then- posterity a permanent home lor
ever the distrust and doubt under which they ns
sented to the sale of n portion of their respective
tracts to the United States for the use nnd occupa
tion of our own population. I bare, in f irmer re
ports, treated lull v, and huvo likewise endeavored
lo impress upon the minds ol all persons, that the
-iniiJl tracts which these tribes have reserved in
Kansas as their permanent homes must be so re
isardi.'d. J hey cannot ngain be removed. Jhuy
must meet their fate upon their prjsent reserva
tions in that leiritory, and s here be outdo a civili
zed people or crushed and blotted out. Their con
dition is critical, simply because 'their rights and
interests seem thus lur to have been entirely lost
sight of and disregarded by their new neigbors.
They may be preserved and civilized, and will be,
if the guaruutei'B and stipulations of their treaties
are faithfully fulllilled ami enforced, and the Fed
eral Government discharges its obligations und
rede.'ius iis pledged faith toward them. As jieaee
anil oruer sieui now to be restored in the lerrito-
ry. it is to be hoped thnt the good citizens thered
will make haste to repair the wrong and injury
which the rod men of Kansas have suffered bv the
acts of their white neighbors, and thut hereafter
they will not only treat tho Indians fairly und
kindly, but that all good citizens will tct ihcir fa
ces against the conduct of any lawless men who
may attempt to trespass npon tlio ri-;ts of or other
wise injure the Indian population there.
w
WILD TRIBES OF WESTERN KANSAS.
t,,i ...:.i. i i ... ., 1
Z I Z TZ
Those bands of Camanches who spend tho Win
ter below the Arkansas, and commit depredations
on the Texas frontier, proceed northwardly in the
opring, in pursuit ol htillalo. iliey nrc well sup
sas, and regard them as a compensation paid them
by the United Suites for tho use of the Santa Fe
road by emigrants. Like the Kiowns, they are
insolent, and treat their agent wiih contempt
"The Cheyeimes, who reside higher up ihe Ar
kansas, of
111
, Uh , qilllIl,i,ie8 t,f r0ues and peltries Re
tmn ... ... I. v
have generally been regarded lib quiet nnd
peaceable Indians. They aro good huii:ers, nnd
ceiilly they havo been charged with being accesso
ry to the murders commuted on the I'latto, near
Fort Kearney. It is said thut the Camanches, Ki
oways and Cheycnnes, who annually ussemble in
the thoroughfares near the borders of New Mexico
hold m bondage many Mexicans and some Auieri
can citizens, and the agent is powerless to free
lliein. jvery year these Indians ure becoming
moro insolent, nnd serious consequences nisy bo
, app,chelljej ulll(;!ls , oIiuie,;t llmj aJe -provide
, be adorned ,. th (tovernmniit. to niiliirns
of
at
'
among them respcot to its authority
"Since the 4 th of March, 18W, fifty-two treaties
With vni'inllia Indian friliod Intvrt Immi anluroil int..
These treaties nav. with but lew excautiona of a "f
specific character, be separated into three classes : i
first, treaties of r,s,... i-,io,tubi ... . i
tie of acquisition, with a view of colonizing the!
inuiuns on reservations; ami third, treaties of ac
quisition, ana providing for tho permanent settle
uient of the individuals ot the tribes, at once or in
the future, on scnnraie tracts of lauds or home
steads, and for the gradual abolition of the tribal
an
character. The quantity of land acquired by theso
treaties, either by the extinguishment of the origi
nal Indian title, or by tlio reacquisition of lands
granted to lndinn tribes by former treaties, is
about 174,000.000 uf acre. Thirty two of these
treaties have been ratified, and twenty are now be
fore the Senate for its consideration and action. In
no former equal period of our history have to many
treaties been made, orsuoh vast accessions 6f land
been obtained. Within the same period the juris
diction of thi office and the operations of its
agent have been extonded over an additional area
of from 400,000 to GUO.OUO square miles of terri
tory, embracing tribes about which before that
time but little was known; nnd by authority of
several act of Congress, thirteen new agencies
and nine sub-agonoie have been established,"
The report close with the following appeal on
hehuirof the Indians and the reservations nill lull
to them t
"To preserve the small reservation ntrondy mnde
and hereafter to be made, by tribe who have
may resolvo to settle down nnd till the land, a-
to preserve to all Indians their annuities, 1 iigain
urgently recommend such penal and other legisla
tion ns may be required to idled these uhect
But aiy measure ol i.rotnclhiti short of this
lull to guard the Indians against the artful schemes
of those bad men, wl.o, under more or less sp
pretenses, desire to obtain either their lands
or their nionev, or both. Upon such protection
depends the question of their future existence,
when stripped nt their property, alms wmibl only
rapidly sink, not permanently elevate nml pre
serve them. Humanity. Christianity, nalkinal
honor, unite in demanding the enactment of such
laws ns will not only protect Co Indians, but,
shall effectually put it nt if tho power of any
public oincer to allow these pour eicattires tube
despoiled of their lands ana annuities by a swarm
of hungry nnd audacious speculator-, attorneys
nud others, their instruments nud coadjutors. And
no officer should, for the wat.t of such legislation
be compelled during bis whole official existence.
either to allow the Indians to be plundered or else
have to devote his whole energies to the mainte
nance of a conllict to sustain their rights against
comliinntions of men whose chief nml first etfirts
are always directed toward obtaining inllirmce with
ihe press and with those supposed to be high in
the confidence of the Escentivo nnd legislative
Department of tlm Government. It is asking too
much of a subordinate officer. It expores him
unnecessary temptation. And it is grossly unjust
to the Indian to thus expose him to such a danger
ni d such a temptation. The security of their
rights should bo madn as little dependent upon the
virtue of a public utliccr ns possible.
"To preserve their property nnd to give them the
blessings of cd ocai ion nnd Christianity, is iodis.
pensablo to their continuing "long in the bind"
which Gi d gave to their fa'bers nud to them.
sincerely hope that our Government will have the
md of all its good citizens, in faithfully executing
its high trust and discharging its obligations, to
the remiinnts of the Indian tribes now left to its
oversight and guardianship, so that they shall he
intelligently and generously protected and cared
for in all that makes life useful and happy."
THE DISUNION PARTY OF THE SOUTH.
The Resources and Preparations of the South.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
It is a notorious fact tha: the Lest cannon, for
field as well as naval use, furnished tu the Gov
ernment, are I rum the foundcies of Virginia, and
that of late the Federal Goveruinei.l's orders to
the Tredc-ar Works ot Richmond for cannon are
larger than the establishment can supply. It is a
well-known tact to every member ol Congress but
liurliiigiiiiie, that a linger number of Ihe recently
ordered naval steamers have been contracted hoin
Virginia, to be built in Virginia ship-yards and
shops, than in any other single .State in the Union,
not excepting New Yol k, Pcnnsy Iviinia, or Massa
chusetts. Besides these private armories, cannon
lounduries, and ship-yards ot Virginia, to say
mulling ol other southern oiates, our tract ui
Blue Ridge country ab ouuds in the beet lead, the
mines ot which are lin iii.-hed Willi shot-towers
and moulds in full Complement, while tho country
is united ever at convenient intervals w ith pouciur-
mills that mauulactui'0 tha'. superior quality w hich
only our Wcateru riflemen und sharp-shooters
deign to use.
The Black Republicans nro ns litlb aware of
the superiority of the Viouih uver iho North i.i
their military resurccs nud establishments us in
any other respects to which we have adverted.
Take Virginia alone, lor intuuee. Lo they know
that she has an iirenul and armory of her own
established in the good old Stale sovereignly era
ot li'Js and li'Ja, Iroui which she can equip
luO.UUO troops nt ten days' ootioe? Do they know
that sho has the nucleus of a standing unity in
her capitel, consisting of n standing public guaru
of a hundred men, in regular pay by the Stale,
and a volunteer force in K climond larger in pro
portion to population than any city in the Union
besides two largo companies of young guards ol
the uge und spirit of those conscripts of France
with which Napolvoii won his best laurels?
Do they know that Virginia has had n .Military
Institute in operation lit Mute I xpensu for eighteen
years, whereat 160 cadets have been mstiucied in
the practical sciences, pyrotechnics nud military
luetics, every year, Iroui which -Kill of iheUowcr oi
Virginia youth have been graduated, the most ul
hom receive their educaiii ii nt State expense,
upon the condition of teaching within tlm Coin
nioiiwealth for two years niter graduation? The
fruit of this system is visible in sub-military
schools in every quarter of tho Siaie, under the in
struction of these Lexington graduates, wi:li an
aggregate of I upils daily instructed in militiuy
drill, of at least 500. Wo havu made no nliusijn
to tho volunteer ii. fanny, cavalry, and ait.lcry
regiments of thu State, superior in iiuu.buis and
miliary drill, we dare sav, to iho volunteer corps
any Slate in the Confederacy.
Besides this personnel and materiel of war, the
Statu pusses between 1110 una lit) field pieces ol
cannon, exclusive nf her quota I ruin the Federal
Government, 1U0 ut leat.t ot which me six-pounders,
carelul preservation in her arutnry nt Kichumiid,
and ready tor use at any monien". Add to this
abundant provision of war iminiiuems, the fruits
it cei tain seizure ul Fortress Monroe, wiih its
llell-stoied arsenals, as well us thu Federal armory
Harper's Ferry, on tho first occurrence of hos
tilities with the North, and her military prepara
tions would be very fur from conic mptihlu. The
skill of her people with the rifle and in horseman
ship is proverbial, and we speak the wor Js o! calm
reflection when wo say. in no spirit of boastluluess,
that if the North should undertake to ir.vado the
South, by throw ing open her ports to freo trade
with foreign nations, and refuse to allow Federal
duties to be collected in her waters, Virginia could
alone drive back their force'.
To make her system of preparation entirely
coniploie. Gov. Wiso lias very properly and pa
triotically ordered the whole miljtia establishments
Virginia to bo thoroughly mgauincd a militia
such as that which defeated tergusun at King,
Aloiintaiii. which drove Cornwaliis back discoin
tit0(j 'r,ul 'J10 lMn river and auilford.wkioh carried
aggrossivij war a thousand miles into Canada,
under Scott, in 1812. an offshoot of w hich in the
ranks nf the Kentucky nud Tennessee regiments.
under Jackson, overthrew the British invaders
New Orleans, aud closed the war of 1S12.
ni
SENATOR WADE ON THE PRESIDENT'S
MESSAGE.
The speech of Senator Wude on the proposition
to print lo.OUOcxti.i copi.'s of the Pics.'s Messuge
and accompanying documents, seems to have been
a pointed nnd pungent one. Tho following ab
stract gives the lending features uf hi remarks:
Cin. Gaz.
Mr, Wude said if the debate had been suffered to
drop whero it was left the other day, bo would not
havo uttered a word upon the subject, but since
the Senator from Alabama (Fitzpatrick) had
thought proper to express bis viows upon these
question this morning, he should claim the same
privilege, lit was not disposed to agitate, but
wb.il b never Oummeccod agitation, he oarer j
or
d
shrunk (mm it when commenced by other. lie
had no objection to agitation because he thought it
was likely to throw light upon the subject discuss
e l. and he believe I that light would advance the
i le of i he quo-iion which he ndvocaieJ. There
fore ho did not depreciate dis jusnion.
T!r Seiiutor from Al iliauia bail expressol lib
surprise tinci regret that this sulnect should hav
i
cious for
ns
I
'ill1'"'"" discussed upon this occasion, and considered
"I I ii.: .... : . ..... ,, . .. . .
improper llilli! lo luxe It op. loll u it was
a legitimate and constitutional question, nud was
proper to bo submitted by tho President in hisen
ual ineMiio, then it was especially a proper ques
tion for Congress to consider. The President was
responsible fur tho coiiiiiuncenietit of this agi'a.
lion, if hhiiiui was to be cast upon tiny ono Tor Unit.
Neaily one-half of his nicssau is taken up w iih
the di inMon of slavery.
Mr. Wade proceeded to charge the President
wiih lulling primmim-cd a libel upon a large ma
I....I ..r .1. .. - I . : :
''.y "i iou oeormoi inno, impugning uiu lllri
.1
lives of ono hundred and seventy-five ihousatid
men who cast their votes lor John C. Fi em .nt, in
lbs recent Presidential election. Were t lie v to be
assailed from ihe Executive mansion simply be
cause ihey had seen tit to discharge their duly in a
manner different fioni that which ihe President!
approved? Wua he to shield himsi.il' behind u-h ,1
he calls his constitutional privileges, to .slander,
traduce, nud abuse a large majority of the people
of more than one of tho Suites of the Union.
Ho had charged them with adopting principles
which, if carried out, would lead to u civil war. the
disruption of tho government nnd dissolution of
thallium. That charge eamo wiih an ill grace
from the President, who was the apologist nnd
supporter of those w ho havo committed tliu most
gross and inexcusable outrages m Kansas. He
talked in his Message ns if the election of Mr. Bu
chanan was nil endorsement of his adininistralioii.
Did ha not know the Democralio party did not
dare re nominate him on uccouut of his complicity
with Kansas affairs?
If the avowcl had beffri openly made before the
election' as it was now by the Senator from Vir
ginia, (Mason.) that the South claim the right of
expansion for slavery ns much as for ire protection
where it exist-, the Irecmen of tho North would
have given an almost unanimous verdic against
that party. The election was thus curried by
shrewd and adroit management, by concealing be
fore the election, that which was now avowed. In
some staiss it was c uim-il that Mr. Buchanan wns
the most reliable candidate n; secure the freedom of
Kansas, ami ihey has II igs inscribed "Buchanan,
Hi ackonridge, and Eree Kansas." This was fur
ther proved by Ihe result in Illinois. There the
question was fairly presented in tho two candi
dates for Governor. Ono was the chief engineer
of the Nebraska bill through the House of Repre
sentatives, and again-f him was pitted a man who
opposed that bill inch by inch. The rnrmcr was
overw helmingly defeated. A re nomination of the
present chiel magistrate would have led tu a sim
ilar result.
SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY.
Strict justice lull indemnity for the past
woutaequiie unit lor the next lilty years the lion
slavehol dug States should pay takes In Vt least
double proportion to the Southern States. But the
South is generous , she will not insist on arrears ;
she only asks justice, she only demands security
for thu Into re. This she can only have through di
rect taxation, bearing equally upon sections ns
well as individuals. Such n system would cost,
necessarily, almost nothing coin oared to the pres
et.! mode id' raising revenue. Under it the finan
cial wauls of government would be definitely ascer
tained und adequately met, without disturbing the
relation ol commerce or depressing any one inter
est to the advantage ol another. Under it tho pro
duels and proliis of agriculture would depend up
on climaie .md soil nod industry, and not as ihey
may no now, upon too caprices ot legislation. Ln
der it, agricultural enterprise would look to paral
lels, of latitude, and, not to scales of duties. Un
der it sugar would not force itself beyond its geog
raphy because it was protected, nor would cotton
shrink into a smaller urea because it had no pro
tection, una the planter was compelled to pat
twenty percent, of his crop to the Norther in-
ulacturer, ns a reward for the latiui's disinterested
endeavors to establish home manufactures ! And
under it the virtue of our public men would not
ho exposed to the temptation of a surplus in the
1 1 ('usury, and the corrupting influences of a vat
rxecuiive patronage woiiui also ne unknow n, vt e
expect several disiiiiguishsd Southern Senators
and members tu move in favor of direct taxation
ring Ihe coining session ol CougiesS. If Ih
d
Sooth do not support them in the effort, then w
she bo prepared lor nnv ineasiini of injustice, nud
like the meek and patient camel, should Iio down
at once and take her utmost burden. Acw Orleans
Delta.
I
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN, IN
TWENTY-FOUR HOURS BY THE
WATCH.
WATCH. From the Irish Citizen, (New York.)
RICHMOND, VA., October 22. 1856.
Dear Sin: I assure you that it would ive me
more pleasure limn it c aifi afford my friends in
New Yolk, to go to your city and address ihe
Democracy upon tiie issues uf the pending, und 1
may add. Ibis perilous canvass. But my nllicial
du'ies compel me lo decline speaking any where
which will require a day's absence. Besides, I
am laboring under a severe col l an I cough, w hich .
I .r ihe prevent, would prevent my speaking at all,
and I don't know when my luns will l.o in a state
to nlh.w me to address a largo m is, such ns usual
ly collects in your maiiimoili metropolis of trado.
1 have fought the good light in tho field which
fell lo my part of the nciioii. nnd 1 trust in God
that, by ihe example of the Virginia Democracy,
ever faithful, never defeated, the parties of the
country will be purified, and the country itself
will he saved. Pennsylvania and Indiana hive
omne gloriously into. lino. Will not New York
resume the sceptre of Empire, and tiso it to save,
aminos to destroy? Will she muzzle the nx
that treadeth out the corn ?" Will she be like the
fool in tho mob of Hogarth, who in bis frenzy
forgot thnt be was sawing between himself nud
the post? Will she not see that if ihe "sign"
falls , sne must fall with it ? That if the Union of
these Slates fulls, the fall nf New York will be
the greatest of nil the States? I tall you that
Virginia has armories for more than one hundred
ihoiismnl men in twenty-four hours by tho watch ;
and I It-1 1 yon that she has men enough to take
anus rather than bo subjugated to Black Repub
licanism! I tell you, that if mere forms are du
pended upon to subdue bor, nnd t destroy her
civil nnd re igious rights, her S ato equality and
sovereignty, and her Federal guarantees in the
Union, ihnt she will cut Ixr briilit ten; throtujh
them! I tell you that the first flash of resistance
w ill make an irrcsisuible Revolution, nnd the first
law of Revolution in tu break all bonds which
hind to oppression ! I lell you, thnt whatever be
the result of this election, we must havo p tact in
eurueit or wir iu earnest I
L
I
Y nirs. truly, IleNRr A. Wise.
John Griffin, Esq.
WILLING TO PROCRASTINATE.
It is idle to talk about Northern aggression nnd
insults, without doing anything further; end worse
than idle to tnoak of or argoe in favor of a dio-
l'jtion of th Union, when depend n pen the
I
Not til. or foreign countries, mill non e iiiinii
us than the North. . i- half- our food, all our cl.,ih
'log, and ninety nino hiindreiltln of our shippin,
facilities, not to enumerate a vast variety of othc
iinliipensabiep. In f oil- ye n s, by proper industry
-kill, and perseverance micIi as we recommend
md aluavs have recommended tin' Snub m iy bl
n so sell sn-taioir j a position, that i w ill warrant
her inn spinning any ground a uuijoiity of her pen-
pie may sen fit to a l .pt. By tint tini i. S oiator
Seward will have been chosen tu the Presidency,
by the T iters of the North, or his elee-ion will be
certain in the House i f lipreseut itives, with the
aid of Free Soil votes coining from the Sluhi of
Kansas, Nebraska. Minnesota, and Oregon, nil of'
which will be admitted into the Union in less loan
four ye irs, provided the Union l ists that long.
The Charleston C nn icr a well informed, able,
coiiscn aiivc journal gives the foil, wing as
the m ist prominent subjects that will cugus the
attention of ihe Convention !
1. Agriculture nml its Development.
2. Internal Improvements.
Domestic and Foreign Trade.
Mines, M iinifactiiH s, nnd the Arts.
Social Sylfin and Institutions ol the South,
very good programme, but no belter than
previous ones that eventuated nothing,'
moro tangible than words. words, words
resolutions, resolutions, resolutions buncombe,
biincome, buncome speeches in which the high-!
M'alutiti" largely preponderated. We trust such
! exhibitions will be wholly ignored at Sivannah.
Tho people nf Savannah nro making ample
preparations for the Convention, nrd will no doubt
take rare of tho delegates with genuine Georgia
' hospitality .
A NEW TERRITORY.
-On tho VjiU August
Tiik Gapsen PirilCllASE
snvs tho Mur, a largo
different parts of the
bled ut Tucson; fi.r the purpose of t living the nee,
essary steps to secure the organization of a territo
rial government.
The Committee on resolutions recommended the
circulation ol a menioiial, praying sfor a division of
the territory of Xcw Mexico, and a formation of n
new government. The memorial above referred to
is signed by over 1G') names. It is prop: sd M call
the new territory Arisomi. It recites the follow
ing reiisnns for the measure proposed :
2. They havo neither magistrates, laws, nor
courts under tho govornnient of tho United States.
3. They aro isolated cut off among savage
tribes villi no legal organization no vote no
representation, and without any of tho privileges
ut citizenship.
4. That although nominally within the county
n( D.ina Ana. in the territory of New Mexico, they
have never bad the benefit id laws or civil olficers.
nor have they any protection of life, liberty or
property.
5. I hat the rnt extent nf territory within the
limits ol New Mexico nnd the natural barrier be
tween the northern and Southern portions of the
same, do, nnd will forever cause adverse interests
nnd prevent n harmonious administration of cither
n ierrttormi or Siuta aovarnmoiib. .:z' - 1
The cstimited population of the new Territory
is iinout lu.tw.
Many of tho emigrants from Texas, this year,
nave stoppeu in tne i'iirciiase. i lie elar asserts
ihnt if iho new Territory were formed, it would
soon fill up w ith u hardy and industrious Amcii
can population.
number of delegates f,-,,,,,
(i.oisdcn lili-ch:,n naacm.
From the South Side (Va.) Democrat. (Buchanan paper.)
ANOTHER PROJECT—NAVAL MILITIA—
HOW TO GET UP STEAM LINES
IN THE SOUTH.
That Congress has tiro p jwer to increase tho nn
vy to mi in lefiiiiic extent, n i one will Jon ; and
that there is an urgent necessity for providing
so mo effective naval reliance, in case of war, will
also be readily nduiitied. Then, what is more
proper und constitutional that lor Congress to con
struct some thirty or liltv steam Ingaies, wiih the
double cnpnciiy of sulerv iug both the purposes
ol commerce am, war, to I.e divided equally be
twcoa the N jrtli mi l the S iiith, an I loaned o'ut to
t'lic-e Stoics from the ports of which it shall be
deemed expedient for them to sail ? Let these ves
sels be constructed by iiuihoriiv of Congress, and
p.. id for exclusively out of tho Federal Treasury,
their lilln and ownership vesting us exclusively
in the i-edernl l ivernuieot Let the pons. North
and Booth. Ironi whicii Ihey ure in sail, be desig
nated in tho bill iinlhi rizing their construction,
let them be V.Mitil to the Slates in which those
pints nr. i situated, a condition annexed to tho loan
requiring their prompt delivery whenever any na
tional exigency might call f ir it. Let iho States
assume their exclusive iiianageinenr, unu officer
and man them Let tho profits resulting from
their traffic, alter thu discharge of aU their run
ning expenses, bo paid into tho Federal Treasury.
Let them bo built .iy contract, un Icr superintend
ence of Government officers, nnd iho condition ()f
their ncceptauce bo their capacity for immediate
conversion into war purposes.
From the Richmond (Va) Enquirer
THE SOUTH RISING IN ITS NATURAL
COMMERCIAL IMPORTANCE.
The pamphlet "letter" of Col. A. Dudley Minn
to tho "Citizen of the SI ivoholding Stales." dated
union, August iz. isou. in ruiation lo a Levia
than Iron Stoiuiship Ferry Linn of vessels of 30,
(100 ions is attracting more and mole intention on
both sides of the Atlantic. Col. Mann passed
through here last Friday, on his way to kiiuxVillo
ami Savannah, and we had a lengthened conver
sation with him upon the sulject of his gig int'u
enierprifio.
It is a rumaikab'o fct the only waters of Wes
tern Europe and the United States, which are per
cell y land locked, nnd which will a linit of the en.
tinnce of vessels diawing thirty feet water, are
Mill'ord Haven nnd tho Chesapeake Hay. Those
p..rts ure seperated b T a space of 3. 1-30 miles.
A lino of steamers running directly between tbrni
would encounter no const, no icebergs, no fogs,
(none such, nt least, ns nre frequent upon the
American Northern coast and tho coast of Ireland
mid Wales.)
The size of the proposed steamers precludes the
possibility of selecting other teniiinnl points than
those designated. They nre to niensure thirty
thousand tons to he, probably, fire-proof and sea--proof
to be from seven hundred to a thousand
feet in length, from eighty to one hundred feet
wide, from sixty to sixty-five foot d'op to carry
thirty thousand bales of cotton, with four thou
sand passengers and with sullieient capacity to
cross tho Atlantic in seven days or less.
The primary object contemplated by Col. Mann
to effect a oompleto revolution in the trade ol
the world. Iio is confident in the belief that the
traffic of Europe with tho far East is through uch
agency as lie is engaged in establishing, to cross
over this continent, and to thus inako all the rail
roads in the Southern Spites earn dividends, nnd
develop resources in their vaiioug connections,
which never entered into tho imagination of any
their projectors.
Tha enterprise of Col. Mann is exclusively
American, and he is anxious to enlist every South-
orn oitizen'in its support, so that each may have
an interest in its eminent success, and enjoy
pleasure in tho little loss th in marvel w hich it is
to aeoomplish. It is not impossible that bv such
oumuunioiition the the travel bctwaan Melbourne
ind London will be performed in le than thirty.
I iv. while the g dd of Australia will almost en
in ly be conveyed by it. The line is to be a week
ly on in the first instance ; but Ma M inn think
that such steamships are uliiinrnely to do th en.
ire oiiryi-tf between tho two fiemispherea.'' And
that all other n ivi ; ni. oi, in ihn Atlantic, M iditer-
i inir in, Adriatic, III o k, and North Seas, as far at
American intercourse is oonce.-nod, will be merely
' auxiliary t-i it. It will, before a cnre of year"
elapse Le daily instead of Aeekly. His project,
therefore, ran be tho rival of no other, for nana
can conflict with the interests which it is designed
to advance.
We know of nnibinj so admirably, calculated ta
; cream commercial independence and commercial
gr iinlenr for the Smith ns ih;s Mtoic, while il
i will e. infer ir I "ry on Ihe whole nation," if it DC par
and fected. It will exhibit the South through ft medi-.
urn. thai will csriify, nil m er Ihe earth, to the blcs-
sings which its institutions letow upon itself and
upon nn mo worm o manKUia.
It will require about two year', nfter the keel of
the first steamship is laid before they can all be
afloat. By nevt autumn, if no unforeseen causaj-s
lies arise a Richmond merchant may receive a
nesiige dated nt London nt mid-day, four hourt
before it was stnited, according to American,
1 1 line. In five years, he may probably receive mer.
I chandiso from the same Metropolis, or even from
Paris in ten days after the date of his ordel
JOHN GOTIFRIED VON HERDER AND
RALPH WALDO EMERSON.
A German correspondent in Ncwhuryporr, Ma..,
hns sent us the following translation of Herder'
"Drniion-r ly," w hich he places in juxtaposition
to Emerson's "Iliimblo Bee," for the purpose of
show ing a certain coincidence nf thought between
I both poems, although ho regards tho latter ns fax
. . . . ,., r r, ....
! tho more picturquo oi me two : 1, i . cvtnvV
i ' O.Vc.
HERDER'S DRAGON-FLY.
Flutter, flutter gently by,
Little motley dragon-fly,
On thy four transparent wingtf
Hover, hover o'er thi rill.
And when weary sit thee still
Where the water-lily spring.
Moro than half thy littlo life,
Freo from passion, free from strife,
Underneiuh tli9 v.avo was sweet;
Cool and calm content to dwell,
Shrouded by thy pliant shell,
In a dark and dim retreat.
Now the nymph trnnsfjrm'd may roam,
A sylph in her nerinl home,
IVhere'er the Zephyrs shall invite ;
Love is now thy curious care
Love that dwells in sunny air
liut thy very lov is flight, -
. Heedlst ol thy coming doom, :
O'er thy birth-place and thy tomb,
Flutter, little mortal, still;
Though beside thy gladdest hour
Fate's do-iroying mandate lower,
Length uf life but lengthen ill,
Confide thy offspring to the stream,
That when new summer suns shall gleam.
They, too, may quit their wat'ry cell;
Then die. I see each weary limb
Declines to fly, declines to swim;
Thou lovely, short liv'd sylph, farewell,
EMERSON'S HUMBLE-BEE.
Burly, dozing, humble-bee!
Where thou art is vlime fur mo.
Let them sail for Porto Riquo,
Far-off heats through seas to aoek,
I will follow thee aione,
Thou animated torrid zone!
Zigzag Hieerei', 'desert cheerer,
Lev me chase thy waving lines;
Keep me nearer, me thy hearer.
Singing over shrubs und viuea.
Insect lover ufthe sun,
Joy of thy dominion 1
Sailor of the atmosphere.
Swimmer through the waves of air,
Voyager of light nud noon,
Euijurean of June,
Wait I prithee till I come
Within em-shut of thy hum
All without is martyrdom.
When the South wind in Mny days,
With n net ul shining haze
Silvers the horizon wall,
And with softness tuuening all,
Tints tha human countouanoa
With a color of romance,
And, infusing subtle heats,
Turnsthe sod tu violet,
Thou in sunny solitude,
Rover of the underwoods.
The green silence doth displace
With thy mellnv, breezy bass.
Hot midsummer' potted crone.
Sweet to mo thy drowsy tone,
Tc'ling of counties sunny hours,
Long days and solid banks of flowers,
Of gift of sweetness without bound
In Indian wildernesses found,
Of Syrian peace, immortal leisure,
Firmest cheer, and bird-like pleasure,
Aught unsavory or unclean
H uh my insect never seen,
But violet and bilberry bills.
Maple np and daffodils,
Grass with green flag half mast high,
Succory to tnatcli'tha sky.
Columbine with horn of honey,
Scented fern and agrimony,
Clover, catch-fly, adder's tongue.
And briar-roses, dwelt among;
All beside was unknown watte,-
All wa picture as he past,
Wiser far than human seer,
Yellow-breeeb'd philosophsrt
Seeing only what is fair,
Sipping only what i sweet,
Thou dost mock at fata and oars,
Leave the chaff and tak tha wheat.
When the fierce northwestern blast
Cool tea nnd land so far and fast,
Thou already slumberest deeps
Woe and want thou oanst on Uhsep,-
Want and woe, which tortur as,
Tby sleep wakes, ridicsjoun

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