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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 20, 1856, Image 2

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THE ANTI-SLA VEltY BUGLE.
From the Richmond (Va.) Whig. Sep. 17. 1856.
FOREIGN IMMIGRATION. DEATH TO
SLAVERY.
tVe extract tho pillowing suggestive paragraphs
from tha Raleigh Register, accompanied by t!ie
ouuiraonti thereon ul' the Lynchburg Virginian :
"In the veat 1709, and for several venrs there
after, the South bad forty-seven members of tho
ii... ..r i ...-. .. . .... i. i
mnrj ill Ihnitrusnuuitives, WI11I0 IIIBJ A iriU I10U
only thirty-four. Since thnt iimi the North has,
by means ul foreign accession, been steadily in
creasing its representation, and li lt the Smith in
a minority of more than half a himtlro,) ; ami this
huge majority will increase rniitinunlly. nnd we
will liecoino wanker nnd weaker, year i.ftcr year,
utile is we du something for our safety. Let the
ttlteen Shite Unit can he made of Nebraska, nml
the twelve of Kansas ami the number that run lie
mads of Utnh, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington,
&o., apply for admission into e tic Union n States,
which they will toon do, unless a Htnp is put to
thii immense importation of foreigners, nml nee in
What a beautiful minority we will lie. Then uucht
not the South to do its best to remedy thin groat
and growing evil 7 Certainly; and the only way
Is tu vote (or Millard Inlmire, who will carry out
American principles, and, in some degree, put a
tup tu immigration,"
'"We take the foregoing from the ft ileigh Regis
ter. A mm need only refer tu the Census tunics
tu satisfy himself of its truth, lint for imiuigra
tion, tho Southern States would let only hare
maintained tho prcpnndemi'-e in 'he Union they
held in 179' hut wnu'd h ue added to it, tor those
tables show that in native increase i,f population
tho South hail exceeded the North.
"Should Mr. Buchanan I c elected PresiJent.it
w ill he regarded abroad as n declaration against
the N uive American policy, and an invitation to
foreigners to come among us and paiticipate in
our Giivernment, an ivitation of which they will
not he slow to avail theinseli es As a matter of
' choice and of principle, thev will settle nine to
one, in thi free States and Territories. The im
mense regions lying west and northwest of us will
ere long divido out into States, and -.nek admiss
ion into tho Union. Immigration and Squatte!
Sovereignly will have made them tree States.
Where w ill the South be, when they are thrown j
Into tJie scale Against her? Texas divided into
four or or five State will lurni-h no cooupu poisc .
Cuba would add but another State, Should wo
acquire the whole of Mexico, we have f tie highest
Democratic authority for lj ?lievinj tlmt Squatter
Sovereignty would make it all free. Vher- is the
South to find relief and protection f Nowhere,
but in battleing at the threshold and to the hearth
those powerful Democratic agents of Free-Soilism
Immigration and Squatter Sovereignty. Unless
they can be slifled and subdued, tho South is lost
remedilessly nnd forever. Unless we conquer
them, they will conquer us. Shall we nut tuako
united and manly effort note?"
No man can reflect upon tho subject thus dis
cussed, without being lully nnd completely con
vinced that the radical modification, it not the ab
solute and unconditional repeal, of the naturaliza
tion laws, is demanded by the best nnd bighest in
terests of the South. Strange indeed that men
should wilfully shut their oyes tu the patent and
pressing fact that the Southern section of the Un
ion is fast becoming a hewer uf wood nnd a draw
er of water fur tho North, in consequence of the
burnouse and constantly increasing immigration
which annually (lows to our slimes (rain the effete
aud Anti-Republican Government of the old
world. It is a well-known and undisputed fact
that, itinety-nino out (if every hundred emigrants
from Europe tako up their resilience in the North
ern States, become permanent citizens, nnd thus
add immeasurably to tha political power or that
puriiur. of the Union. Scarcely a single State in
the great Northwest, but has been settled and
built up almost exclusively by emigrants from
abivnil. For several consecutive yeais, the num
ber of foreigners annually reaching this country
amouuted to tivo hundred thousand which is
equivalent to nn nudition in" five members of Con-
cress per year to the North, and an addition of
fifty members in the short space of ten years. Su
long as the North continues to be flooded at this
rate with a foreign population, how is it tu lx em-
pocied that the South can compete with the North
in the race for political power? As remarked in one
of tho quotations above, ''but for immigration, the
Southern States would not only have mainthiiicd
the preponderance in the Union they belli in 1790,
but wuuld have added to it : for the census taoles
show that in native increase of population the
South has exceeded tho North."
From being far in advance of the North in po
litical weight, and importance, wo have, by means
of immigration alone, dwindled down and down,
until we are now completely at the mercy of our
Northern enemies. And yet men here at '.he South
pretending to love of the South and pretending tu
sagacity and statesmanship, resist any and all at
tempts tu remedy the vast and growing evil, which
is daily sheaiing us of our Btrcrgth, and eating
into our yery vitals.
I
I
FRANCES E. WATKINS.
This remarkable woman delivered a lecture on
the condition of the African race in our country,
in tho Odd Follows' Hall, on'Tuesdiiy evening.
We have styled her a rtmarkable woman, as for
beauty of language, distinctness of unui,ciaton,and
clearness of argument, no is not excelled by any
fVunile, or perhaps any male, that has appeared
iu our city in the character ot lecturer lor many
years. She commenced her address by an allusion
tu the different nations of the enrih, their rise, pro
grcss, and decay; the birth, growth, povvor aud ca
pacity and the death of men nnd Statesmen. She
observed our country had suddenly become great,
powerlull and opulent, its press wus free, thought
uncurbed, there wero no stately pnlu es or courtly
thrones tu oppress industry, and the future Appear
ed bright; yjt she likened it tu a heauiiiul woman
who without was passing Ian, while a cancer was
eating into her heart, absorbing her strength, prey
ing 011 her life that cancer was African slavery
bhe lienoUDced the lugitive slave law, und speak
ing of the effort made by political parties to prevent
agitation, observed that you might as readily
expect to quench the fires of llecl.i w itli a drop of
water, the tlames uf Vesuvius with 11 (hike ol snow,
or drive back the waves of the Atlantic with 11 pal
sied hand, as tu stop inquiry in tais bind. She al
luded tu the degrading teioluiicy of slavery, curs
ing both the while und black, and even the soil.
She complained of the law-of the slave States in
regard tu free colore 1 persons, ostrnci-iug and
rendering aliens tip se who may fur h tew brief
months leave the placu "I their nativity tor an ad
joining commonwealth. She was a native ot Bal
timore and there clustered uli ilia reinemhraucvs
and uttaohineuts ol her infantile vears, there re
posed the ashes of her mother, nod though no cost
ly cenotaph or imposing in4rld marked her rest
ing place, the sp it was dear tu bur, yet vho was do
barred ot the piivelego ot visiting 11, by a statute
which disgraces the laud and marks w ith shame
and infamy thvsowho enacted ibt-in.She spoko over
an hour, oud 00 concluding at the dasire ol the
persoiu present. oon.ienie I nidi liver an other leu-
tun on last evening. De.iawae. Ji'eputiUcan.
From the New York Tribune.
STATE TRIALS IN KANSAS.
The State trials in Kansas seem to b drawing
to a close. Of the parties indicted, more than a
hundred in number, much the larger part wero
known as Harvey's men. The circumstances un
der which they were arrested were ns follows -.
On the 11th of September Guy. Geary assumed
office, and issued a proclamation revoking all the
militia orders of bis predecessor, Acting-Governor
Woodson, and commanding all bodies of men
in arms without authority, forthwith to disperse or
to leave tho Territory. The Missouri army, which,
under the lead of Atchison, had invaded the Ter
ritory and destroyed Osawatamie, finding them
elves in great disorder and badly organized, had,
prior to this, retreated out of the Territory and
disbanded for the ui intent, hut with the under
Standing that they would reassemble on the 13th
and then march on to Lawrence ami destroy it
As a forerunner of this invasion, a Ixwiy of Ruffi
ans bad appeared iu the neighborhood of Grass
hopper Fulls, had plundered the tow n, and hud af
terward established themselves at Hickory Point.
Prior to the issue of Geary's proclamation, Lane
hii marched irom Lawrence with body of men
against these marauders but after sums skirmish
ing, finding them strongly posted, he had sent back
(ur reenforcements and a pieco of cannon. Soon
after, howevel, Governor Geary's proclamation
enme to his hands, w hen he rond 5t to his men,
disbanded them nnd announced his intention tu
retire temporarily from tho Territory. Harvey
with his men bad marched meantime from Law
.,:. i
iiermineu to
rence with the cannon, and not finding Lane, de-
... . i. - ...,- .1 1...- i r, ..
i,i7i oiioii 10 muse 1 1 to mutes: menisci! es. iiim
some lighting, hi which one of the llutlians wns
killed and several hounded, a truce was agreed to
inose w no tichl the post, most of whom wero Mis-
. ... .. i . ' . i ., m .
so ir unH. Mliiiu iliiik, to ritiirn Ipoin tlin Imrttort,
As Harvey's men were returning to Lawrence in
. ., " . !
different parlies most , f them were taken prison
ers by tho United Mates dragoons, though Harvey
himself was not ,,f the number.
That very same dav, the reassembled army of
.uissuuriaus. leu. now i,y a Colonel ol Ueneral lieni
had approached within a few miles of Lawrenco,
which, in consequence of the Governor's procluma
tion, was in no adequate state id defense. The
Governor, however, interposed with his dragoons,
and finally persuade I Heid tu retire. Harvey'
men, though, they were residents in i lie Territory
employed in driving .ut invaders Irom abroad,
were treated as criminals, arreslml. examined be
fore Judge Ciito, ii 1 1 1 J committed to prison on n
charge of murder, bail being icluse.i. Keid's men
though they wero Mioxiuriitim, and their leader
himself a member elect of the Missouri Legisla
ture, and though they had assembled in nrtn nnd
marched on Liwrei.ce in defiance ol Geary's proc
lamation, w ere treated nt the time, nnd are spoken
of in Geary's dispatches, as K nisis nrlitia lawful
ly in arms under Woodson's proclamation. Intru
sive voting nml n bogus Legislature are not enough
--Kansas must have also a bogus miiitia: and un
doubtedly it was just us competent tor Missouri
ans to net in the capacity of Kansas militia as in
that of Kansas voters and legislators. It. wns as
those invaders, thus lecognized I y Geary as Kan
sas militia, were, under bis orders, marching out
of the Territory, that the murder of liuU'uiu wns
committed by one of :heir number.
Ol the hundred and more of Harvey's men orig-
many taken, a ntiuiher escapwl. hen the Court
met at Lecomptoii, the eighty eight that remained
were indicted lor murder, llorvev, though per
fectly well known in have been their leader, was
nut only not iinlicleil, but was appointed by Geary
lieutenant in n company ol militia which he raised
lor the local protection of Lawrence.
The first indictment tried was one against fif
teen persons cliaigml with having been of Lane's
party in the first at tack on Hickory Point. The
Jury returned a verdict uf Not Guilty, but most
of those thus acquitted were immediately rearrest
ed on some new charge. Some time after twenty
one of Harvey's men wore put on trial, all of whom
wero found guilty of manslaughter nnd sentenced
to five years' imprisonment nt hard labor. The
remainder nf the eighty-eight then obtained a
change of venue, end were conveyed to Tecumseh
to bo tried there; but before tho trial came on,
thirty-six of ibcm succeeded in making their es
cape Ten other prisoners also escaped from the
Lecompton jail, a the I5order lviilriars allego by
tho connivance of the United Slates soldiers, in
whose custody they hud been placed, and of whom
the Lecompton Union speaks in the following
terms :
"The majority nf the United States army is com
posed of villainous Abolitionists we ti.ean the
privates and why such men are permitted to
guard Abolition cut-thruate is) a mystery we shall
not attempt tu solve."
It appears by the latest advices that sixteen
more r ree-otate men hhve since been tried tor
murder and acquitted, und that nine others were
then on trial.
Suppose these nine to be acquitted, which is
probable, thero will then remain in prison only the
twenty-one convicted of manslaughter and sonic
six others not yet ried. The discharge of the
whole of them would be quite a natural sequel to
tho removal of Leuompte.
KANSAS ITEMS.
From the Kansas Tribune, Dec. 6.
Cxnrt. tu La-nK(cc. Every house in Law
rence, pnblio and private, is overrun with stran
gers who have recently entered the Territory.
Most of them have come with the v iew of perma
nent settlement, and are searching for claims, and
buying up city property. A greater amount of
capital is now represented iD Lawrence, than has
been at any former period. 1 tie luture of Kan
sas was never su cheering as at present.
The free State prisoners who were remaining at
Tecumseh, had their trial before Judge Cato, last
week, and were all discharged, to the number of
fifteen. They bad been in custody for nearly
three months. Judge Catn's ruling did not smack
so strongly of Border Ruffianism as did that of
Judge Leconiptca few weeks previous.
Measures are being perfected for the organiza
tion of a City Government for Lawrr.nce, by the
people, independent ot the bogus Iiiwb.
Fearful and Unbelieving. We received a let
tcr yesterday, containing ten subscribers for the
Herald ol Freedom. The writer says, "none would
go over six moutlis.as it is our private opinion, pub
licly expressed, that is five months longer than it
can live. wesa, to trie writer, no knows very
little about the people of Kansas if he thinks they
su easily lucked down. A Free Press is one
of our peculiar iiistilutious. and whether this iH j
again destroyed irnot, the Herald of Freedom will;
goon, liu ried presses anil tinned cannun iu nan-
ans have inscribed upon them resuryam.
A post route agent has been spending several
weeks between this place and St. Louis, laboring
to learn tb causes of the abuses, wiib a view-of
correcting the blunders or otherwi-o. in the trans
mission of the mails tu nnd from Kansas. Wheth
er ho has been stp'eessful in tracing out the cause
we are not advised, but the abuses have been meas
uratlv corrected. The muils now urrivo and de
part regularly.
SALEM. OHIO, DECEMBER 20, 185G.
REPUBLICAN CONGRESSMEN AND THE
FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW.
Twelve months ngu the cry of the Republicans
was, "Am more Compromises with Slavery." The
New York Tribune, raised, and lesser lights, with
speakers great and small echoed the cry, and made
the welkin ring. That looked hopeful, at least
it would have looked so, had we not known from
past experience that politicians in a Union attempt
ing to unite the monster antagonisms of Slavery
nnd Freedom can no more nominate candidates,
nnd conduct a canvass to its completion without
Compromise, than they can live w ithout air
breathe. While this cry was upi n their lips, they
were busy weighing'principle with expediency, and
deciding how they could buy success iu one direc
tion by some concession to Slavery in another.
Hence the lute campaign lias been marked by con
cessions and compromises, so enormously incon
sistent as to be almost incredible, especially when
we consider, that they were planned and executed
by the men who have most reputation of all
our politicians for moral firmness and courage.
Who would ha'e thought that Philemon Bliss, and
Edward Wade and Joshua R. Giddings would ever
have voted "to enslave children born on free soil"
in Kansas and to extend the Fugitive Slave Law
over Kansas and Nebraska T How hard tu believe
it even now that the Congressional records force
the unwilling conviction upon us, and their own
attempted justification admits tho charge. They
had Sulemnly subscribed in the Pittsburgh Plat
form to Cassius M. Clay's truthful declaration. that
Congress has no more power tu make u Slave, than
to make a King." And then in their seats Id
Congress the voted to pat it cn record fur the
cursed the Fugitive Siave Law so lustilv in 1851
nnd neoini the So.utorship in part f,r the I.e.irl
are I. . . ...
mess or those very nurses would have voted in
1S56 to extend it over Kansas, as a Compromise
tuition nnd posterity tu read That any children
born of Slave mothers in cithei Kansas or Nebras
ka, up to January lr5.S might Lo forever Slaves.
Thus stultifying themselves by voting Slavery
into Kansas and Nehrnska for tho present, in
order In koep it out of Kansas in the future 1
Thus foolishly and wickedly do men traffic with
moral principle "deceiving and being deceived,"
when onco they consent to bo partners on equal
terms with niratss mid mon-steiilers In the conduct
f . ... . . . . ,
of a government, preuoidnig tu be for liberty
e, i j
tl f ll.nL l.lll
But of Dunn's bill, and who v;jtcd for it, every
body has heard. Hei ublicans luiVo heard of it
to their infinite vexation and to their ci st loo ; for
in Ohio, we have every reason to believe that nt
least one Republican Congressman lost his election
for bis vote given in favor of that bill, and that in
despite of the cool ju-tificutio" of tho net by the
Republican papers. Hut though everybody has
heard of 'Dunn's Iliil," very few of the llepub
lictius themselves or of their Deuiucratiu opponents
know that the Republican Senators in Congress
voted for the same thing, so fir as the Fugitive
Slave Law is concerned. They do not know that
Male and Seward and Wilson and Wudn. voted
pressly to extend the Fugitive Sh.ve Law over
Kaiisai, We expect that. Republicans will deny
this as they at first denied the vote of their Repre
sentatives on Dunn's Rill. But unhappily i7 is so,
and we have tho record. We gave the fact to our
printers to put beside Dunn's Bill, before thej
but out of pity to the poor Compromising
Republicans we had the weakness tu withdraw it,
and as nobody else printed it, nnd it was no! there-j
fore generally known, they escaped this difficulty,
and the mortification of hiving it pressed upon
their attention by would-be Congressman Woods,
and other Democratic stumpers. But as we see
no very marked evidences of reform in our Repub-
Itcati friends wo shall keep their secret no longer
hut tell the truth as it is, though it bo to their
shame nnd dishonor.
ive leain trom the record or proceedings in the;
Senate, July 2nd, lf"G, that when a pro-slavery
Territorial bill for Kansas was under consider-!
Mr. Collnmer of Vermont, the only Repute
membor of the Committee on Territories in
the Senate, offered an amen lment. in the following,
words, ns nn additional section tu the bill :
"And be it further enacted, That, until tho
people of said Territory shall form n Constitution
and Stato government, and ho admitted into the
Union under the provisions of this net, thero shall
be neither Slavery imr involuntary servitude in
said Territory, otherwise than in punishment of
ctimes whereof the party shall be fully convicted :
1'roiiJed, always, Ti..l any person exeniiinq into
the same from uhom Inbw or seirie is lawfully
e.taxmed pi any Stale, such fuyitice may belaw-
fully reclaimed and conveyed to the pcison claim-
inrj his or her se.vieeor labor as aforesaid."
The yeas nnd nnva were ordered on this amend-:
mem: and being taken resulted :
.... , j, T, ,, . .. ,. ,,
Auiio, .uessis ii 11, 01 iiHff 11 imp&nire, loiia-
mer, Fessen len, F e.to, F -istur, Il ile,
Trumbull, Wade, and Wilsi 11. 10.
Sew ,ird,
NAYS, Messrs
Benjamin. Biggs,
B ivard,- Bull uf Tennessee,
,,. , . . .. .
Bigler, Bright. Bioadl.ead,
,, , r., , , . , .
ItPiilwll (Ttlua I l.i,. IOui.,n I'd,,... .!.... IV
.' ' ' ... .' ' ' '
,.'Y....i-n u. ,-, 1 111111111111.11, 1,1711-1 , Hooter,
Iverson, Johnson, Jones, of Iowa. Mntlory, Mason.
Pratt, Pugh, Reid, Sebastuin, Slidell, Stewart,
Thompson, of Kentucky. Toombs, Toucy,' Wo!ler,
Wright and Yuler. 35.
Thus it will be seen that a Rnpublictif!" from
Vermont, moved to exteed the Fugitive Slave Law
over Kansas, while under territoiial government,
and all the Republican members of the Senate
then present voted for it.
At the time of tho rnssago cf the Fugitive Slave
Law in 1850, Senator Chase, contended that the
Constitutional obligation of returning fugitive
Slaves was not binding on the Territories, am
moved nc amendment limiting the application of
the law to tho States. Win. L. Dayton, the late
Republican candidate for Vice Piesident, 'contend
ed ngninst Mr. Chas (or the extension of the law
in tho Territories. Thus it stood apparently an
.-pen question till tho 2nd of July 1856, when
theso ten Republican members ol the Senate gave
in their adhesion to Mr. Dayton's views and tbost,
of Slaveholders generally, thus by this volunteer
vote throwing the weight of their moral and polit
ical influence on the -idu ol Slave-hunting under
the Fugitive Slave Law of 1860.
Who would have I elicied it that Wado. who
to secure freedom for that Territort ! Who would
have believed it of Wilson who i,( Seward ntd
Halo who so fntlifolly expounded its unconstitu
tionality nnd its infernal injustice? What can
we hope from 11 party whoso purest ami best men
can do no bettor than this. What can w o expect
for freedom under 11 government ainj a Union
which compells the wisest, tlio noblest, die most!
unsullied politicians in ihn nation, to the de"ra-'
d.ition of such sort if 1 1 11. 1 11 mining aid bar-
gaining with the piinti.-al ruffians who are march
ing right on to the conquest of Kansas and tho
subjugation of the nation. So shut up were they
by the result of national compromise, that this
vote to extend the Fugitive Slave Law was tho
only offering thnt these popular Congressmen and
vcnerablo Senators could bring to the altar of
Freedom. The G- dess spurns such un offering
from her misguided votaries j nnd tho Demon of
Shivery exul'.s over the humiliation which their
necessity compells.
To such straits must inevitably bo reduced all
Conif romisers of Liberty with Slavery. The
Constitution compromised Liberty by surrendering
tho Fugitive Slave. Subsequent supporters of the
Constitution cumnromised further by culminating
iniquities of two Fugitive Slave Laws. Thus
step by step tho nation became more and more
corrupted until "tho party for freeji.ru" the party
that is to regenerate the nation commences its
existence by silently ignoring the existence of
such laws, and then in harmony with this guilty
silence, its most distinguished friends in both
Houses of Congress vote tu extend this consum
mation of legalizi d slave-hunting villainy to the
territory of Kansas, ami all ".oiutily" for Free
dom's sake in that same Territory ! By such folly
and madness is impressively illustrated the wis
dom of the early rallying cry of llopullicnns
"A'o more Compromises with Slavery." Aye,
more; it demonstrates bey ud contradiction the
wisdom of our niotiu "NO UNION WITH
SLAVE HOLDERS "
We invite the audition of our readers to the ar
ticles from Southern papers on our first page 1
their time, temper and characteristic, policy,
Wuitfield Admitted Whitfield, the Birder
Ruffian from Kansas, wa tp'ip'uied to his seat iu
the House of Representatives, ly a unguilty ol
four.
WHY NOT ALTER THE CONSTITUTION ?
1
amendments to this Constitution, or, on the nppli
election, cation of the Leixlnures of two third of the
j screral States.shnW call a Convention for proposing
amendments, which, in either case shall he valid
1 tu a" intents and purposes as part of this Con-
:
-
j
would our friends attempt to relieve tho North
from tho odium and guilt of Constitutional slave
rendition, the proposition must bo made by t (rel
ation, j thirds of both Houses of Congress or by the Legis
lican latures of two-thirds of the States; thst is of
twenty one States, the sixteen free and five of
j
'
'
i
j
I
1
1
I
I
j
Vi'Uj not nlter.iho Constitution? nuke one and
another who admit it to be pro-slavery and yet
object to our proposition for a dissolution of tho
Union. Sure enough, why not ? respond hosts of
others who, aeharacd of their position under the
govermcr.t, pro-slavery as it is, would "do some
thing" tu relieve themselves and help the Slave.
We once asked Senator Chase the same qucstinn,
when he admitted the pro-slavery nf the document.
With something of impationce in his manner, pro
voked by the verdancy which could ask such a
1ucs''""' 1,8 laconically replied. "Because it i, i,n-
oss we." And so it is. We don't seek lor it be
cause it is impracticable. Disunion is a much
shorter remedy nnd more easily secured. Disunion
is possible, because, it am be broiiijht about by the
Northern States, or by any one of them. The Con
stitution cannot bo altered without iho Union of
every Northern State, and the added co-operation
of several of the Southern. Men who t,ilk about
the alteration of the Constitution so as to remove
f""'-"""y. no not know what vote is required
t,l U alteration. F ir their information, we
copy from Art. V. of tho Constituti in, which pre
scribes the method of amendment. It is as fol
lows :
"The Congress, whenever tvn-ihirds of both
Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose
stitution. when ralifal by the Leiislutures of I
three - fourths of the several States, or by Conven-
lions in three-fourths thertoj, as one or the other
mode of ratification may bo proposed by the
Congress.
Such arc the only conditions on which the Con
stitution can bo nltered or amended. For example,
the slave States. This every ine can see is an im-
possibility till these slave States are converted to
abolitionism. But supposing the proposition
made, the Convention called, and the alteration
agreed to by a majority of the Convention, still it
mus' he ratified by the vote of three fourths of the
States. That is, with the present number of
States, twenty-three States must vote for tho meas-
urH to secure its adoption, or in other words, nil
H'O wm-slavcholdinj Slates and seven of the slave
1""'3- 0 ust so, too, in regard to the clause cou-
cerning the foreign slave trade, (which is no longer
tu be considered a dead letter,) and the clauses
c",li:(;,"i"K domestic insurrections and slave rep-
rescntntion. Ir ii manifest to all that before any
such amendments can bo made tu the Cotistitu-
lion, lllfl wlicle 'ortli itiol tiptirlv ti,t..lt 11 1 f llm
yxye vjtt,)s min j,,,t p, ie nhnliiionized. A long
liino tu Li,it L oup ar it it,t I,., t.,,m ma otirt .iiu-
, .. ,. . . , . , ,
solve the L nion, for to do that we have only to
,. v- ., . , . :..
vul,,Vt, 111V il'.IHI . Ill IU IMIinC I.UIIIMIl.-ll;nHL-lll,IM
one of the States, as for example Ohio. Let
lor
step forward and the work is done. Another im
portxnt consideration is, that in this way we can
do it without doing evil to bring about the good
without swearing to support slavery through the
Constitution in order to secure its overthrow. It
is tho prnctic.il, practicable, honest, manly course
Let us adopt it.
WHO ARE THE SLAVEHOLDERS.
j
!
Who are the actual present slaveholders, is be
coming more nnd more manifest 10 all the people of
this nation. The misapprehension that has so
long deluded tho unthinking, North aud South,
that tho littlu handful uf slave claimants 1110 the
slave holders is becoming dissipated und it is now
one of the most obvious truths that this oligarchy is
utterly powerless, except through its alliance w ith
and control of non slave claimants, north nnd
south. Thus is made apparent tho transparency
id the pretence of Uni n savers, whether found
among the demagogues ul the Republican or Dem
ocratic party.
As Sjuth Carolina bullying looses its powor to
terrify, honest northern souls, tho familiarity of
the people of the north tu the i lea of disuoi m, por
tends a real and sorbins danger to the friend!.!
slavery; for the Union is the 1011I or effective sup
port of the system. This tho oligarchs have al
ways know n and have sought tu prevent northern
assault upon it, by their braggart threats, t!-at ihey
would destroy it themselves that they would tum
ble down with their own bauds this Sevastipol of
their defence; mid the silly, befooled north have
trembled nt this childish threat of self destruction.
But the time for these threats ta operato is fst
passing away, and this branch of the trade of
Demagogues w ill we hope one day be at an end.
That the political leaders whose trade is union
saving, understand the true stato of the question
is mado continu lly manifest by thoir ow n actsard
declaration. Tho Union saving New York Tri
bune, has unanswerably proved that the southern
slaveliolding portion of tho confederacy, hangs
like an incubus upon the commercial and indus
trial prosperity if the north. That 1 ur union in
aid of slave holdirg, subjects us to the unceasing
pillage of the piratical slave States: That it has,
through the church corrupted the morals of the
north, and is fust bringing her manners down to
the level of her own barbarian standurd; and yet
the Tribune and its friends claim to be the espe
cial champions cf the union which is making all
this mighty evil to our physical nnd moral pros
perity. All tho prominent Republican papers
make, in effect, this same exposure of the evils of
our union, and are in consequence, by implication,
charge I by slave-holding Democrat with being
disuniu lists. Such, they are, juEt su far as they
are anti-slavery. Tltcy nnly escape fium tho charge
by tho grossest moral and logical inconsistency, in
denying this inevitable condition, and u.i'olusbing
ly declaring themsolves the friends of the Union,
beyond all other men.
The Now Yurk Evening Post, in nn article writ
ton just beforo the elocliun, gives its viow of the
influence of the Union in support of slavery, in
the following emphatic latiguago.
It suys :
' It is nut tu be dissembled that there are two
sorts of uioti at the South who talk of disunion:
the knaves w ho du it tu frighten the North, nnd
the madmen wlu du it to prepare the South fur a
separation from ihe free States,
"Both classes, however must fee that these
threats make no impression upon the North. It is
olio uf the most remarkable cirouin-uiices of the
present conte t for the Presidency, that the spirit
of tho people is bo thoroughly roused that they
pay 110 attention to big winds. Wo laugh ut the
knaves, for we kuuw their gamo, and we defy 1S0
madmen, fur we know thuir utter impotence. Lot
the election be uccomplitbtd and the knaves them-
:
selves will help keep the madmen in order. Thsy
know that the safety of thoir plantations, the val
u) nf thoir negroes, and the profitnblo exchange nf
the products of their soil, all depend nn their union
with the free States; nnd if the men w ho are put
forward tu utter these threats make fa single step
towards carrying them practically into effect, (heir
mnstcrs will put forth that power which now so
effectually imposes silence on nil who entortain
liberal opinions nt tho South ami will crush lliein
on the spot. The free States, they know, will nev
er consent thnt the rivers which rise within their
limits, nnj the bnys and harbors through which
these rivers pour themselves into the .sea, shall
pass, in nny part of their course, under a foreign
government. They know, too, that Iho robbery of
our national exchequer and of our navy yards,
w hich such print ns the Richmond Enquirer, nnd
such speakers as Brooks and Butler avow the de
termination lo commit, would make the po.iplo nf
the fiee States start to 'heir feet, nnd tako down
their guns from tho wall. In a contest with tho
free States, they know thnt they nro weaker ihan
the Roman empire, when, corrupted and enerva
ted by the intestine evil of slavery, it fell helpless
under the power of the invaders of tho North.
Thero is not a ylnutntion in nil tho South the mas
ters of which will not grow pale at tho tidings of
such a war a war no longer the idle theme of a
timid harangue, but lowering over them in its ac
tual approach. It. is their own soil that wiil be
the seat of such a war; it is in their waters that
tho war steamers of the free states will carry their
thunders nnd lightnings; it is their towns that will
bo exposed to capture. Of what they can do be
yond their own limits we shall have no fear; their
attention will be occupieJ at homo with watching
that class of their population whom they call their
property. They cannot leave their ill-guarded
homes to carry war into the populous region where
every man
is a freeman, and where every man on
jBsion would be a soldier. What tor-!
, , ,, ., . ,
such an occasion
ror would spread along the southern rivers, wher
ever the arms of the free states should penetrate
what devolution will fall on the plantations how
the workpeople would be dispersed I There is no
owner of slaves nt tho South who does not feel the
uttot madness of provoking such a contest as that
of which Senator Butler speaks w ith such flippan
cy; who wuuld not resort to every device of concili
ation aud postponement to avoid it, and w ho would
not cheerfully purchaso a continuance of iho pence
and prosperity t ey now enjoy under the shelter
of the Union by the saorifico of tho w hole class of
politicians who stand forever on the verge of trea
son, and once in six weeks make a boisterous proc
himation of their intenlion to pass beyond it."
In this forcible statement of the inherent weak
ness of slavcrv and its dependence upon the Union
or continued existence, every intelligent man in
the nation must coincide, unless he be mad with
political ahf1 slai eholditig lanaiicism. Especially
must intelligent ami prominent republicans, who
nave given the attention of clear .muds and arous
ed feelings to the question, bo convinced that the
slave-claimants hold their slaves in security, only
by the constitutional aid of ihe Union. We cannot
think su meanly of their intellectual perceptions
as to believe that they do not see these palpable
facts. Indeed every anti-slavery speech they make
proves that their oyes are open to them, and jet
the exordium and peroration of every such spnech
is adorned with their most brilliant rhetoric in
glorification of that Union. They curso slavery
and then pay their most devuted homage, and
promise their utmost aid to prop up the main pillar
of its support, "the Union as it has been, as it is.
and as they pray God it never may I c." What
then are such men but slave holders, convicted as
such by thoir own anti-slavery professions. Ths
saviours of the Union thereof, whether slave claim
ants in the South, or Deaiocruts, Americans or Re
publicans in the North are the real and political
slaveholders of the nation; as the Now Yivk
Evening Post, in the quotations above has incon
trovertibly shown. Wc therefore cull upon nil who
are to any extent the enemies of shivery to cease
their glorification of the Union, and join hands
lor tho overthrow of this main pillar of am Ameri
can despotism.
KENTUCKY.
Abolilionism is getting its roots firmly into the
soil of Kentucky and wero tho friends of freedom
there sustained as they should be by the counte
nance nnd thorough nnti-slavery position of their
neigh born, in the non slave holding states, it woub.
grow nnd thrive with most enenurai:ios rapblity.
The labors nnd example of James G. Birny. in
lH3."5 are neither lost nor forgotten ; tho bold and
manly course of Casius M. Clay, and the fidelity
mud martyr firmness uf John G. Fee. meet with
responding sympathy from many other honest
hearts who rumier also their cooperation and sup
port tu all practical measures of freedom. Not
withstanding ihe survibinco undor which all lov
ers of liberty aro placed in the state, more thnn
400 votes wero cast for Fremont at the late elec
tion. And with many who cist them, tho vote
meant more than was signified intentionally by
many similar votes cast iu Ohio. It meant mnro
than a nioro protest against tho extension of sla
very. ic meant a protost against its existence 111
Kentucky, And even in Kentucky were a few
clear sighted noble men whu would not cast their
vote for Fremont, because of the concessions by
the party. They would nol admit the rightlul
political existence of slavery in the states, and
would not vote with a natiunal party plodgod by
its candidates to let slavery alone in Kentucky.
They believed that the way to abolish slavery, was
to assault it. They were themselves vigorously en
gaged in that assault, and felt themselves entitled
to the aid of tho national government in their la
bors in its behalf. As republicans denied its abil
ity to aid them, and affirmed its determination to
live and rulo in fraternal harmony with slavery
in the states, they refused to give it tho support ol
their votes even though it prumisod to exclude it
from the territories.
The little company of men of whom we speak,
believe that the general government may abol
ish slavery and with a boldness and consistency
w hich evinces their honesty, tbey detrmined to
carry thoir principles to the ballot box or stay away
therefrom. If there be only two or three energet
ic men of this character in the state, they urea
power there; a power that will be folt and make
the despots tremble. That there aro such men in
Kentucky we learn from a communication of 1 ne
of them, published in the Ravenna Reformer, pre
vious tu tho cloutioD. Fiom this it appears that
John G. Fee, is one of these occupying this posi-
thai he doe pot expect tu abolish jl.uoiy by con
cession, ami will not compromise, and that he occu
pied a fill 0 position during the canvass iu conse
quence of the unauthorized use of his name, by
the Philadelphia Convention.
The writer may be mistukon or not, about the
constitutional power of the government to abolish
slavery, but they are abolitionists without conceal-1
mont nnd without compromise. We hnmif them
and the peoplo of tho north should sustain anj
defend them. No concessions rhotild be mad
to slav e holders.
Tho following is a part of the article from tho
Reformer, referred to above i
RADICAL ABOLITIONISTS OF KENTUCKY.
Missns Editors : Your readers 111 donbtlesi
bear with a few words from one on behalf nf a fw
but earnest co-workers, with must of Ibcm, in the
Kigantiu work nf trying tu save our falling nation.
When it is remembered that the ncina lor w hich
we aro aspiring, rosts not upon the election or de
font of either Fremont or Buchanan, but upon the
overthrow and total extirpation of slavery
throughout all the laud, I say, w ben this is remain
bered by those who are laboring for that end; tind
when they see the number su small who will drtrsj
Indenture nil in such nn undertitkiii), iltey feel
rejoiced to hear of one hero and. another there,
w ho aro of like minds with themselves, nnd w ho "
are whetting their swords, not in view of shi
very non-extension but nf the grand enthrone
ment of universal liberty over all,
It is in behalf of a few such ones, that I address
our brethren of tho highly favored free States,
who by their action at tho ballot box in the coming
election, design showing their sympathy for us of
the South, as well as for the people of Kansas
nnd the North.
There aro times and eircumstanoes during
which if men do not speak, their manhood or po
sition will not be truly known. Su with us in
Kentucky, having had no delegation nt Ihe Syra
cuse Convention, nnd having taken no desired
stepx to form a permanent acting organisation
here nt homo ; it bus been nnd is generally sup
posed that thero are no big' rr aims in Kentucky,
than tho Philadelphia Pliitf oni and Republican:
Anti-Slavery, nnd of course all will gu fur Mr.
Fremont, who tire prompted in the least toward
Anti-Slavery. Not quite so friends. There are a
few of us who aie not ready by several steps, to
Respond Amen when Mr. Fremont siivs, am in
flexibly opposed lo interfering tvith Slarery where it
C?'7 "."'A"' ihc sl'kld iit.'"e Ami
1 leel that most of us can give to every man who
asks a reason for our position. AVo have bad our
fingers on the pulse of the great and vital question
we have examined it iu various lights, we have
considered the morits of the Syracuse address
of the nominating Convention, mid then ihn
Pitssbnigh proceedings, the Philadelphia Plat
Im in . but our chief enquiry has been w hat can tie
dono by tho power of the constitution through
Congress, or by the Supreme Court. Iu aid us in
emovnig this monster iniquity. We have nut
bee. 1 trying to find out w h -it Congress cannot du.
or w hat the geneneral Government cannot do in
the case. A point much in vogue throtich the
North among the Republicans, and coppied ver
ba mm by tlio Republicans of KeMuckv and
Virginia.
Now id all men in this nation, who net nt the
billot box, the imti-slavorv turn if the South
should be the bit tu say that Congress should not
secure justice in the Slave Sta-es, should Pot se
cure lilo libet ty and biippines- ilore They must
suppose that the Const uui ion i not to secute these
or if so that Congress should not'eury it out so fur
as tie Slave States ins corn-eincd. Ii should be
the 101 c 0 111 1 1 11 11 1 question wiih in, 'ami siaierv men
of the South, what powers ol the general (ioiein-
nioht can , be brought to l ea- on this null. .11 de
stroying evil where it. does exist (nut whole it does
not exist.) But tu return to my subject.
Wo nre glad to present before us as standard
bearer, that, triitd nnd noblo man of God Jim. G.
Fco, who holds thu principles ol the Kidical poli
cy not because the party who admen es tha- policy
is a weak minority though ho has had but lit
tle experience in being with majorities, nud I
suppose never hopes to have, unless he shall be so
happy ns to see tho dawning ol the milleniiiui.
It is nut because he thinks it will bo popular in
years tu come. But because he feels that God's
glory demands it, thnt humanity demands it. that
the requirement to love his m-ijlinur as himself
demands it, that a nation beginning to tnkn the
rond to downfall as did ancient Rome and Greece
demands it ; ho takes tSat position because it is
right because it has principles sale In be trusted
for a foundation. He takes it because he desires
to act the part not of the Priest and Luvite. but of
the Samaritan, to millions of pour, robbed, bruised
nnd tortured fellow creatures.
Many doubtless suppose him tu be acting with
the Republican party, seeing that his mime was
appended to their call for the Philadelphia Con '
vention, which was done without his previous
knowledge ,r c insont, and to which ho urta his
disclaimer and sent it to Dr. Bulvol lra Nation-,
al Era. lor publication, but ii never came to light,
a fact at which I was not scrpris -d. F' r a man
who can sit composedly i i his sanctum and f'-nine
rhetoric, to justify letting hi"ry die of itself
seeming to forget that tlio great man' of ul ivery
instead of chips nnd stones, contains fle-h and
tdood. bones nnd sinows with onntal sool, every
one o( which must appear beforo the judgment
sent of Christ I say the 10 in whu can sot quietly
and advocate the scheme ol lotting such a heap
of borr.irs die of itsel'', can very eisi'y let facts,
die, that justice t those concerned would demand
to be made public.
Wo iiiuy organize and nominate a Stato ticket
perhaps not, just as the iud ic iti 'tis seem tu di
rect. II wc cou'd have taken 'iinelyst -p- iu the
beginning of the Summer, nml could have bad a
good lecturer to have laid the claims ol" the Radical
policy before the peoplo, ,ve could have pulled a
respectable vote for Gerrit Smith iu this Statu.
The trulh is, that the Radical policy commend
itself tu the heart of every Southern Anti-Slavery
man, and most at onco when it is laid before
them, sco the consistency and become advocates
of it.
But few have any light nn the subject and none
previous to the publication of ihe Radical Aboil
litionist by Wm. Goodell. What the mass want is
light. Tho mass uf Anti-Slavery men in the South
are Radicals nt heart, nnd yet tho mass of them
have never heard that such a party, as the Radi
cal party, exists and has claims on their service
for its support. And it doubtless seems strange
to many ut the Anti-Mnvery men in the South
who are going to support Fremont. Why all the
powers of general Government are pledged tu pro
tect the man and his family who go (o Kansas
from the blight of Slavery, if Fremont is elected,
and yet ho of tho South'is duly warned that so fur
as the powers of tho general G ivernnient are con
cerned, ho will, be left to tako care of himself a
best he can.
But wo are told we must abolish Slavery here
by our Slate laws. That we must oonless is a very
beautiful theory, but fur a task looks rather Her
culean when we remembet who nro lo begin und
carry it through. Su if Buchanan is elected, poor
Kansas ncoording to the Republican policy, will
have to hoar us company and have to rid herself
of Slavery by her Stale laws. We are told for
our encuurageinnnt that if the shield of the gener
al Government is removed from Sluvciy it w ill die
of itself. Doubtlens some of the Roman Empe
rors when they saw Rome tottering lo her faJl.
caused by the blight of Slavery, hoped that it
would il; of itself. Perhaps Cicero, nnd other
learned scatesmnn of Greece, when they saw
Greece trembling to her overthrow from the same,
cause, hoped that Shivery would die of itself. Do
the mass of this nation w ish to see such nn end,
to slavery. If indeed they see that event aud
witness tho lust death throes of that curse to
mankind, lung bofure that event like Pauls figrre
of tho living body chained to the dead nm.whea.
tho living cries out who shall deliver me from this
body of death so the fuiliug hopes of a once fair
prospect for a glomus nation will cry out. wb.v
shall deliver us from this body of du.uh. Wo leel.
to say that Slavery has no right to tlio, Po right
but to be killed, and tho people of this nation era
recreant tu tho duty they one to Go I, justice. I. Is,
erty and humanity, so long as they refuse to du it.
It is the nations duty tuab di'li Slavery mid ure,
raiso humanity, to drag down t inn's, and en
throne universal liberty uv or all. For this ewi,
we expect to labor until attained, or the naliou ba
in ruins a sacrifice, Iu itk own evil doing. , ,
Youra fur a thorough work,
J. G. H.
Germantown Ky. Oct. 21, 1856.

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