NARIUS R.RODWSON, EDITOR.
"NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
A'iV MAnsox, rvnusniNO agent.
VOL. 12. NO. 19.
SALEM, COLUMJUANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DLCLMJJKU 27, lsrxi.
WHOLE NO. 685.
ffl .11 IHl H U-H FT iH IH H 1 iti Pi ,11 J
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
From the Liberator.
NO 'CONVENANT WITH DEATH'
It gives ns hf eh satisfaction to learn that a call
for a STATE DISUNION CONVENTION, signed
by freedom-loving citizens of Worcester, is to bo
speedily put forth, inviting a mass meeting, at "the
4ieart of the Commonwealth,' by delegation or other
wise, of such of the people of Massachusetts as arc
' convinced the attempt to unite Liberty and Sla
very, freo institutions and slave institutions, in one
compact, is a 'wild and guilty fantasy'; that the
time has come for the North to dissolve the bands
which connect her with the South, and which in
volve her in all tho guilt of the slave system; that,
proclaiming her determination not only to perpet
uate liar cruol oppression whero it now exists, but
to extend it without limitation and excluding
from her soil all who demand liberty for the en
slaved, and committing the most flagrant "utriK'
upuu tils, purauiis nuu iimib m isuiiugii. u.ii&cii
in a manner admitting of no redress the South
has taken the initiative step in the work of disun
ion, and rendered it necessary, nn the part of the
North, by every consideration of self-respect, jus
tice, hunituity and personal freedom. From the
beginning, the American Union was o fearful 'eon
ver.ant with death,' and a colossal iniquity, our
fathers sinned in forming it, however much their
conduct may be extenuated; to recK t.i perpetuate
it, in view ot its real onaniotnr aim icgiitmte re-1
suits, is to commit a (ar greater sin; to overthrow
it is the first and highest duty. The reasons which
existed tor the separation ol the colonies trm tno
mother c luntry are as dust in the balance conm'
red with those uhich call for a formal and an ctl'oc
tual nhrogati m of tho blood stained national com
pact. However perverse in spirit, the Charleston
Mercury is correct in its philosophy in declaring,
Vint must e iine four jears hence, had better be
met to day. There is. properly, no Union now. At
all events, it is not a (rue lriiiin. There is nothing
sacred in it. To borrow from Milton, we may a-k.
' Hath God joined hate with love, war with peace,
bitterness and reviling with gentlene.-s and forl-ear-ance?
Call this nut a dud's jui'tini, but i"tiirr a
devil's jiiininij.' " And, again, the same paper
speaks the truth when it says. "The people of the
North and the people of tho South were never one
people, and nothing can ever make them so." They
differ in ideas, institutions, habits, aims "wide as
the polws asunder," in everything, except a common
responsibility lor the existence of slavery. Why
should such attempt to walk together?
The South is especially hostile to popular edu
cation universally, and is for making instruction
strictly subservient to tho interns' of slavery
.Every school and collego in the South,' says the
Richmond Enquirer, 'should teach that slave so
ciety is the natural, rightful, and normal stalo ol
society that no other form of society is, in the
genernl, riht or expedient. No teacher should
be employed in a private family or public school
at the South, who is not ready to teach these doc
trines.' Now. what fellowship hath light with
darkness X . , -
The South, through its journals, is continually
casting its slime upon the North, and especially
upon New England, the glory of the world. Hear
what the Washington Uni"n says of the people
of New England : 'They are the si ives of passion
of prcjudico, of religious tyranny; they are
groaning under a despotism which challenges a
parallell in any other part of the world'! The
Carolina Times says 'It is meet and proper that
the miserable, sin-stricken, nollu'ed and ungodly
population of the North should beg pardon for
their black sins recorded, commute I against (Jod,
their fellow-men. As a generation of vipers, they
ought to be warned to flee (nun the wrath to come.'
All this because they go for free schools, f ee la
bor, free speech, and the non-extension of slavery!
Delightful Union !
'How pleasant 'tis to see
Brethren and friends agteo,
Each in their proper station"movc !'
'Butter,' says Senator Mason of Virginia, 'far
better to stand toward tho Northern States ns we
stand tc tho rest of the world 'Eneinien in
war, in poace friends' than to remain hi.lting
under a common government, enemies under the
guise of peace, or Iriends ut war; better immedi
ate, absolute and eternal seperation,'
The South is constantly threatening to dissolve
the Union, knowing from past experience that she
can thus w hip the North into craven jubniission to
all her nefarious designs; and as her demands
increase, so do her disunion threats, whiuP, biting
full of sound and fury, signify nothing.' except
that she believes they will prove as effectual in the
future as in the past, let her do what she may.
Thus the New Orleans Delta boldly says "We not
only oesire to make territories now free slave ter
ritory iu u Uiob to extend slavery such as Cuba,
Northeastern Mexico, feo. but would re open the
African slave trma.' And it significantly adds
But the North would never consent to this ; they
would dissolve the Union rather than grant it, say
the croaking impractiohles. Gentlemen, you do not
know the North, oracularly as you look when du.
biously shaking yonr heads. It would not oppose
any more bitterly a large demand like this, boldly
niadd, than the smallest one faintly nnd politely
urged. Try it. The same paper, speaking in
the same oracular tone, says 'Tlie acquisition of
Cuba, in defiance of England and .France, would
not split the Uuiun it would strengthen it. The
regeneration (!) of Central America, by Walker, in
alliance with the United States, would lead to
the gradual emancipation of the West Indies from
the infamous free negroism established by the en
emies of American republicanism'! The reli
ance for success in all this highhanded villany is
still upon Northern idolatry of the Union 1 To
bring the North to terms, Mr Kin tt, vt Carolina,
recomends, that at the present session of Congress
Mr, Mason of Virginia or some other distin
guished Southern Senator, should propose a disso
lution of the Uuiun. and a division of tho nation
al nronertv : for nothing more will be needed to
terrify the North into abject subserviency to the
will of the Slave Power 1 In the same vein, the
Kichuioud Whig threatens that the S. uth will
again lurm an alliance with England, 'if tho worst
comes to tlio worst, and we cannot nnd pence, jus
tice, or safety, with our Yankee brethren.' Not
so easy ; for the London Morning Star warns the
South 'not to drevu of annexation to England.
Any British statesman that should give ear, forau
instant, to such a suggestion, would be swept out
of nuwer iu a day, in u whirlwind of national in
dignation. We believe thut if it were proposed to
imoort among u a colony of lepers, it would hard.
ly excite more horror and dismay, than an offer to
ineorDorate slavelio'ding communities us an into
irral nart of the Brinish dominions.' So much for
iha cold shoulder in that direotion. Tho South
means nothing by this bluster. Her cowardice is
enual Ito her ruffianism, and both are beyond com
putation. She will give due heed to the warning
given by Mr, Arnold, of lenuassee, in lus piaes
in Congress, a few years go : 'Suppose the Un
ion were dissolved, what bad the South to depend
l All the crowned beads were ugainst her,
A million of slaves wcrs ready to rise and strike
for freedom at the first lap of the drum. Were
they cut loose from the North, whither were they
tn b.olr for viroteotion f 'The more the bouth re
flected, the more clearly must she see that she had
. ar, .nrl vital interest in maintaining the Union.
A.,,1 in coito of her madness, she knows and sees
this to be true; for she bus not forgotten the ingen
ninus confossion mado nn tlio same occasion by
Mr. Undetwood of Kentucky
'The dissolution of the Union, is Ike dissolution
of .SVntry. It bus dccii tlio cnnimnn practice for
Southern men to get up on this floor, and say,
Touch this subject, nnd we will dissolve this Un
ion as n remedy.' Their remedy is the destruc
tion of the tiling which they wished to save, mil
uny sensible ninn could see it. If the Onion were
dissolved into two parts, the slnve would cross tho
linn, and then turn round nnd corse bis master
from the other shore.' Every word of this is true;
therefore let the watchword be sounded from
mountain to valley, throughout the North 'Xo
L'ttion With Slitrchnlders !' The Southern fire-eat
ers are nil dastards, anil they laugh in their sleeve?
to see the Aorth turning pale nt their
nt their empty
,i,...,.rj;..;,,. v . ..,..... .i l, ir......:i ;
tho day has trone bv for that: such threats, in her I
turn, she Imiglis to scorn, nnd is deliberately, but I
surely, making up her mind to do this same work!
effectually, herself, at a p.riod not far distant!,
K. - " : . f 1 ,.r ti U7:.. i
lnf Virginia, hear what he
rn ii npuuimcu ui rue uuurauu in viuv. irt
lima, hear what he said before tho late
lPi.l,.,.ti..l ..ln,.tin -If it ( I t,.Ui n is,,, 1
shall prevail against Democracy, (alius Diabolism
God knows tho question fearfully nn U hut will i
i a a i r i t- i i a c
wo do And, nftor kuiulinff hiv houreri to fevor
heat, he proceeded :-'Do vou ask mo what I will
do? I say to you that-rreserve my nnswer-for
the present !' How sublime this climax ! No '
wonder he was greeted with 'tremendous applause !
r -ii i i i i
for so roaring like a nightingale 1
t, whether the South be gasconading or in
e,lrm,,t t,e N,.rth has a high and silemn duty to
,,er,rin, Sl8 nmst i,hdraw frm a Union winch
and degrade her. which involves her in
ilm,.llsurljle uit -.i, ,ft, CoSt her hundreds
of millions of dollars, which crirplcs her enter
prise and mars her prosperity, which tarnishes her
character in the eyes ot the world, and which
must subject her to tho righteous judgements of
Heaven. It, w as siii'ul in its inception ; it is sin
ful in its continuance ; and it must be denounced
and treated ns inch, by every lover of freedom,
every believer in h "Higher Law,' and evciy one
who :nluro the living (Jod let uiercenarv ofinc-
holders and unscrupulous demagogues, and vile
tones, anil border ruffians, howl as they will.
We know that, ns yet. there is not much paid
openly at the North in favor of this movement ;
hut wo til on know that the sentiment ol disunion
is widulv diffused, and is becoming not only Ti : 1 1 r i
iniiit, but a deeply religious feeling among tl.c
i thoughtful, the virtuous, and the good. It is
spreading like a secret flame, from heart to heart,
and from State to State, nnd will untimely break
out in u mighty conflagration : read the following
adinissiun of the Piovidcuco 1'ost, a border-ruffian
The Pookkss of Disi-xion". "When John
Quiiicy Adams,' says the Boston Post, 'offered a
petition, signed by fifteen abolitionists of Massa
chusetts, for the dissolution of the Union, it ex
cited such indignation that ho was barely saved
from expulsion by Ins venerable ago and past ser
vices. Now these fifteen mad people role Massa
jhusetts, and haife nominated Fremont and elected
a Speaker of tho House w ho is willing to 'let the
Union slide.' And we may add, as indicative of
the increase of this disunion party in our own
State, that, nt tho time to which tho Post first
alludes, scarcely a baker's dozen of respectable
citizens of Providence could bo induced to listen
to the mad disunion, no government, infidel liar
rangues of Wendell Phillips. Now, even on Sun
day, ha fills a hull to overflowing, and leading
men of the party that claim to be evaMed to elect
a Pre-ident, occupy the platform with him.
Hurrah for 'No Union with Slaveholders !'
THE FOREIGN SLAVE TRADE.
The House ol Representatives on the 15tli inst.
had before it tho proposition of Governor Adams
to reopen the Foreign Slavo Trade, hen tho fol
lowing action was had:
Mr. Etlieridge of Tennessee, asked consent to
submit tho follow ing resolution ;
Resolved, That this House of Representatives
regards nil suggestions and propositions of every
kind, by whomsoever made, for a revival of tho
African slave trade, as shocking to the moral sen
timent of tho et lighlened portion of mankind ;
and that any action un the part of Congress con
niving at or localizing that horrid and inhuman
traffic, would justly subject the Government and
citizens of the United Suites 1 1 the reproach mid
execration of nil civiFzed und Christian people
throughout the world.
Mr. Smith, of Virginia objooted to tho reso
lution. Mr. Ethcridgo moved a suspension of the
Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, asked his colleague to
modify his resolution, so as to omit from it his
speech. He w. uld say to his colleague
Loud cries ot "order ' order !
The Speaker. The gentleman from Tennessee
is not in oruer.
Mr, Jones. I sill not be gaggod either by my
colleague or the Speaker. 1 tun as much opposed
to the reopening of the African slave trade as my
colleague, or any other man, put not ior ins reasons
Mr. Orr. of South Carolina, stated tnnt il the
rules should be suspended, and an opportunity
should offer, be would submit the following ns a
substitute for the resolution of tho gentleman from
Resolved. That it is inexpedient to repeal the
laws prohibiting the African slavo trade.
The yea's and nays having been ordered on the
motion to suspend the rules, various inemners.
when their names were called, explained their
votes, ns follows :
Mr. Cobb, of Alabama, statod that he should
vote for the motion to suspend, for tho purposo of
allowing the gentlotnan from South Carolina an
opportunity to offer his proposition.
Mr. Purycar. of North Carolina, roniarknd that
he was as much opposed to the re-opening of
the Alrican tbivo trado n any member of the
House : but, believing that the resolution was
out of place nna ui-timeu, tie biiouiu yute
Mr. Smith, ot t irginia, ueemeu mo revival 01
the slave trado inexpedient, but thought the reso
lution before the House deserved the condemnation
.. ST. J 1 -1
of the body.
Mr. jollicoftcr, ot tennessee, was acoiueuiy op
posed to the reopening of the slave trade, but, as
he did not believe that any good could result from
the resolution, he should vote against the motion
to suspend the rules.
Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, was ulso opposed to
the re-establishment of the slave trade, hut tlto
message cf the Govornor of South Carolina was
not before tho House, aud he should cast bis vote
in the negative.
Mr. Burnett, of Kcntueky.was as much opposed
tJ the roopeuiiig of the African slave trade us any
man ; but, believing that he fully understood the
object of the gentlemxn who proposed tho resolu
tion, he stiouiu vote no.
Mr. Washburn, of Maine, then gave notice
that he shuuld object to any furthor explana
Mr. Barksdalo, of Mississippi, statod, that
whilst be was not in favor of reopening the Afri
can slave trude, und whilst he did not behove that
any gentlemon 011 Ii'ib 8)do of the House was in
favot ol rcviring it, jet he regarded the resvlutiun
of the gentleman from Tennessee us ill-time 1, out
Joud cries of "order!" "order!" here in
tciruptel the member, and rendered bis voice
Mr. Greenwood, of Arkansas, stated that, so far
as he was advised, there was not a gentleman
upon the Democratic side of the House who was
in favor of reopening tho African slave trado,
but ho should vote ugainst a suspension of the
.Messrs. Keitt of South Carolina, Garnett of Vir
ginia, and Kelly of Now York, stated that, had
they been within tho bar of the IIouso when their
names wero called, they would have voted against
the motion to suspend the rules.
L, T " " -'"" ''"
me vote on the motion to suspend the rules was
niiounci-n m ub, j eas nu navs od
1,18 '"""n " suspend me rules having been
. , ,
't,,0.r,,,5e " resolution, and
on Us option ucmamlod tho previous nues-
f . ,n
I..4"' """ ' 1 ?''-" 'I'l''.' '
' V " ' u ii ne ocreu to nave nn expression on
l' '!" "f !"T "l" .r,'"l,t'"'"r' "f
Jf , ' , V ... . " 1 1 ;
it in shop n way a to nmke it utiensivc to his own
.. .... 3 ymiAguuubii.nbiu ma un
""J'1 'J0 ma?V . , , ,
j ie WRYct ruk'd !'" Jo!' "ut "f
, , h,c l'"-:;" 'I'""""'" thrn secomled-yeas
' ' "a8 ' j. "" l''"" "idvrej to be
put yens I..ri, navs S4.
r m . ,. ...
the resolution on tho table; which motion did not
prevail jas 71. nays ll!7.
The question was then state I to be nn the ndop
tion of the resolution, when the yeas and nays
wero dfiirinded and ordered.
Mr. Mill sun, of Virginia, asked to bo excused
The Clerk then proceeded to call the roll, and
up on this question, us upon the motion to suspend
the rules, explanations were made by various mem
bers ns their names were called.
Mr. Kusiis said he shnulivnt,! against the reso
lution, not because he was in favor of reviving the
slave trade, for he buiieved there was but one
opinion on that subject, but because he looked
upon the resolution as uncalled for, unwarranted,
and tub of sound, signifying nothing.
Mr Florence, of Pennsylvania, amid loud cries
of order, stated there was not enough cheese
upon this "figure-four," beautifully gilded as
the bait on tho trap was, to catch liim ; so he
should vote no.
Mr. Harris, of Illinois, in voting for the resolu
tion, explained that he voted lor all that part of it
which denounced the opening of tho slave trade,
but not that part which denounced the opinions of
Mr. McMullin, of Virginia, asked to be excused.
Messrs. Oliver of Missouri, Smith of Tennessee,
Smith of Virginia, and Wiight of Tennessee,
severally explained, in voting against the resolu
tion, that they were opposed to the revival of the
Mr. Snecd, of Tennessee, remarked, that on
this stump speech ho should voto no.
Mr. Ciidwalader, of Pennsylvania, asked leave
to OKplaitt bis vots, but objection was made.' '.sr''
Tho vote was then announced to be yeas IX-,
Mr. Orr, of South Carolina, asked consent to
offer the following resolution:
Resolve 1, That it is inexpedient, unwise, and
contrary to tho settled policy of tho United States,
to repeal the laws prohibiting tho African slave
Mr. Orr moved a suspension of tho rules which
moiion was agreed to yeas 1 S 1 , nays 10. j
Mr. Orr then submitted his resolution, and
upon its adoption demanded the prr vious question.
lr. Q ill tn an, of Mississippi, hoped that the
gentleman would withdraw the demand for the
previous question, so that he might bo abla to
novo to iiuiend.it. He was understood to say that
he was in favor of the resolution, excepting the
words "contrary to the settled policy of the Gov
ernment." lie did not wish to express an opinion
as to its settled policy.
Mr. Orr thought th it the resolution was in the
best shape in which it could be placed, and he
therefore declined to tvitlidraiv tho demand for the
The previous question was th."n seconded yeas.
yo nays (.i; uini under tne operation lliere.it luc
resolution was adopted yeas lH.'J, n ivs 8.
The Southern Convention recently held at Sa
vniiniih like the Hons ol Repr senta'ives, was not
prcgarcd for tlio adoption ut this measure. The
follow inz is the report of the nraccedinirs of the '
Convention on the subject.
,,,, T r . , . ' , (
Mr. Jones, of Georgia, moved to take up Mr '
(mill ling s resolution relative to the reopening ot '
.1 I I- l t..l. I... I I I-. - .... 1- i
U1U Sllivo lij.lt, (MUCH ua i IH-CIl laiu on loo laillC.
Mr. Spratt editor of the Charleston Standard,
said ho Imped that the motion would prevail, as he
thought the question ot Slavery was the most up-
propr.ato one M .occupy ; the attention of the Con-
vcntion. Ilo advocated tho renewal of the sla
trade; and ho desired to hear the objections statod
by those who lasUicd the consideration of the sub-
Tho'e ivention should not recognise the right
of Congress to impose restrictions upon the slave
trade. They should meet the qnnstion at once.
"Mr. Hunter, of Virginia, said, he thought the
Convention was nut competent to consider the sub-
inct. It was a great moral question. Ihe Souih
- . . . . ." ... . . . . I
, 1 1 ii. .- 11 pi . 1
u e wiioie v,:.r.si.ai. won ,
ot the Governor ot South Carol.na has astounded I
1110 Wlioio a niiu, una, ior one, nc was not picpareu
to etidorso his views on tho subject. It was one
involving tremendous consequent-
and time for
reflection was necessary.
"Mr. Richardson, of Maryland, said he was not
prepared to adveuate commerce in slaves, and he
that that firebrand would not be considered,
"Mr. Gholson, of Va.. said he opposed taking
the subject up. It was useless now to discuss with
tho world this moral question. If tho South do-1
uiaiidcd a revival nf tho slave trade, it would drive
away many now with us und bo regarded as a di-
red attack upon the I niou.
.Mr. UoulUing, ot wenrgiu, unum a uery spruco,
defending the renewal ot the s.v tp-ade.
Slavery was a gift from Goo, and lie was ready
to defend it iu all its hearings. It conferred oqual
blessings 011 both races. It was a greater ennui
to tear nusniinii iroui who in t 11 -una, 10 woi k mo
fields of the South, ihun to purchase a no-j
gro in Africa, and christianize and civilize I11111
Now was the ti ne to docido the quohtiun, and as-1
scrt our rights before the wholo world.
"Messrs. Cropper and Green, of a., endorsed
Mr. Gouhling's viuws.
"Mr.. McLcod, of Texas, pledged his Stato to
the eitrcjnest views urged to-day. Mexico was
falling to pieces by our side, and we must intro-;s,
duec there our pivaliur institution, and counteract
huropean intrigues. Negro labor was necessary
to the development ol that region.
"Tho motion to lake up the resolution was lost
by a vote nf 10 to UH. South Carolina, Texas, and
part of the Tennessee dclcgatos, voting iu the
FEAR IS CRUEL.
Thirty or forty -colored peoplo, men nnd women,
assembled last Saturday night at the place of the
Into Dr. Alexander, near 1'
uur Mile Run, not far
from Alr-xai-dria. to eat n cmml mi icr. nnd h.ivi
a good time generally. Dispatches were exchang
ed lit onfe between the Departments nt Washing
ton, tlm Mayor of Alexatilria, and 'the lovei in i
of Virginia. 1'atrols siar'.cd not, made a su ldcn
descent, bn ke up tho festivities, captured the
company, and carried them nil' to Alexandria,
whero tfcey were whipped .mil lined neeordit.g to
law asd thus a moat formidable insurrection wan
nil. pod jn the l;ml I
What next 7 Mercury, of the Baltimore ' Sun,
who relltes those facts, states that all i f the party
were young, and only one of them armed arid bis
weapon was a pistol. We shall sleep in peace
now, ll tlio Departments lit Washinglen, tho May,
or ot Alexandria, am! the Governor of
will continue to keep a bright lookout. -
PASSAGE FROM A CONGRESSIONAL
The f dlowing is a passage in n discussion in the
House of Representatives :
Mr. Ciddiugs Mr. Speaker, I nm sorry the gen
tleman' from Mississippi does not understand inn
better, but it is perhaps not strange, for be never
has bad any personal intercourse w ith mo laugh
ter, n r I w ith him. I nm sorrv il is neeessarv.
But I will say to him. nnd for the benefit of the
yon,,Vr members of the House, that no man ever
...in I, nriul nr HHP IT I S" n '
to pray or desire the unnecessary shedding of hu-
mail tico'l. J ho obiects to w hich 1 have i.vcr lie
1 ' .1 , . ... .
voted mysell. have been those of peace and not of
war. These have been my lentinients in time pat,
and they are my sentiments to-day. Rut I will say
to the gentleman that I abhor 1 detest oppression
in nil its forms. I detest wrong; I hato slavery
with nn ineffable, uneonciieralile hatred. God
hates it All good men hate it. The Repul.Foan
party hate it. ( Laughter. Mankind hate it. Rut
I have never uttered any sentiments averse to tho
peace and harmony nnd good of mankind ; and!
when the President, or any other man, says 1 have, '
he says v hat is not true. I
I w ill however, say this, that every human 1 cii,;-!
is endowed by God himself, with the inalienabl'f "I
rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness;'
and when I see a human being deprived of it, 1 I
dope he may regain it at any expense of those who I
oppose him. Now, I usk my friend from Missis-1
sippi, do you believe that ail men are endow ed by !
the Creator will, t!. inalienable rj.,t t 1,,B1'!
ty and 'he pursuit of happiness? Re as frank us I ;
was. .My opinion is, that God has given Ihe gentle-i
man from Mississippi ihe same right to life and lib-j
erty as he has to Franklin Pierce: and I w ould as
soon see the President of the United States robbed
of liberty and the pursuit of happiness, or his wife
sold fri.m his arms, as I would tho humblest man
that ever trod tho fo ittool of God. These uie my
aontiiocuts: and I have been pained to see my Re
publican friends stand here and defend themselves
tor entertaining these sentiments, when they ought
to attsi k those who deny ihciu. What, Sir, shall
Republicans stand here and excuse and justify
themselves for entertaining sentiments for the sup
port ay which our fathers met tiic hosts of lin
tain urttn n hundred battle-fiel 1
n urttn n hundred bn
l"t f.jrViC u-l-filcJt 1,1 life, liberty, and the
'"iis.r.o( io 14114 lUII'tillJM'ill'lI V
ciple, th-. jflicf-
I mJ, - .
rner-ptoup, the basis, the fuunda-
tion of the Republican party.
"!.. 1 ,
On this rock we
build our political church, and neither tl,
of hell -nor the Democratic party shall prevail
against it. It is on these undying tiuthswo base
all our political hopes.
The following is utn ther specimen of question
and answer between, Messrs. Dennett und Gid
dings. Mr. Dennett of Mississippi. I want the member
from Ohio to di-jjw th.) distinction between tho
si i vi holders bringing his slave into subjection by
the lash and the Northern men bringing their
poor people into subjection by starvation,
Mr. Guldings. The gentleman understands that
tho wile of a slave held by the master is liable
to his pollutions, and dare not resist her master's
approaches. He sells her children aye, his ow n
oflspring, born of bis slave for paltry pelf. There
is no such thing in our Northern code.
Mr. Rcnnet, of Mississippi. I would ask the
gentleman from Ohio, if he is not nwaru that inj
a certain ca-u of the separation i.f a chil l from
its mother, by articles of separation, a Northern j
man was the purchaser ut the clnM, tluU not U
Mr. Giddings I know not ( f the particular ease
referred to by ihe gentleman, but hero, in the City:
of- Washington, as told by that old man eloquent,
Mr. J. ti. Adams, tweniv vents ngo, u slave dealer
reeking in iniquity, purchased n mother anil n
child, up in Montgomery County. M l., nnd sepu-j
rated them from the husband ami father and the
)tl,,r ,hMni ,, ilnll,.is-,ed them in that infer-1
. i i . n ...i : i ,:.., i .., i ,..,...... rr I
ll ll I oiii ' b i. il'i i. .no ...U..V. o, in-
,l, n,l t.,,.,.,..ol memw, Tl,nr rl.n
, ,)U't her ,!oJ ,
,,, llvtin tlie pitst, ami looking forward to the
1(,rriJ lr0inw Jilc llonrn , ,,1,1,1, he all ,,cr
,,:,,,,.,. Pnii,llllp, ,,,,,1 u-hen her soul wns
wrought op w ilh frenzy, w hen reason w as dethron
ed, flic took tho lite ot hoi otl.spriug, iilni then sev
ered the thread of her own existence, and rushed
unhidden to tho presence of her God, and there
made her appeal against those who uphold aud
apologize for Slavery.
In Covington, Keutucky, a father nnd mother,
shut up in a slave-dungeon and doomed to a S inth
em slivo market, when there was no eye to pity
nnd no arm to save, by mutual agreement, sent
11 III! UO 1.1 111 .11
the souls ot their children to ltcaveu
have them descend to the hell of Slavery, und then
,.,tiriiitti.l suicide, and rushed into t'.c presence of
God, and made their appeal ngiinst those who now
sustain crimes which rise to lloaven and call for
vengeance upoii our guilty bind.
i The following report from a committee on re
hoped j (,., w;l9 unanimously adopted by tlio Michigan
, orelICO nnd ordered tube forwarded to
the 11 eslojan for publication :
jn vjRW 0f ,,e unmitigatc 1 sinfulness of Slavery
nIllj ttn Us appendages, connected with the fearful
Lnj uhiruiing aggressions it is now developing.
llu d ,lm,y apply to what is Irequently dcuoin
cotton jmited ,ie ui,ses of tho system, hut to the thing
, jlsef( Ad the relations it involves. Slavery iB
uot unT (l ,jeuirfttiiin of war against the moral
government of God in restricting, or liiniiing.the
.fU,jeJI8 f !,, government, in tlio enjoyment of
their rights but it attempts to mb its victims of
' themselves, to divest thorn of their pnrsonality.iind
consequently, all tho rights and privileges that are
iced to personality uro stricken down by 0110
.... . .. .... Ccc esiastlea and civil direction, we
deem it appropriate that wo reiterate our unqual
i condemnation of ihistlagrant sir. ugainst Gud,
Ulj wholesale crime against man.
j Oar hostility against Shivery Hons nat primarily
Uju sax made a distinction net ween persons ana
things that U to bo eternally perpetuated : but the
j code of Slavery, at ono fatal slrok, annihilates
, (his divinely ordained distinction, and enumerates
persons and things in the a:ut iv.ioivti, aud b-
jects them to a similar fate.
It is not within the province cf civil government
to destroy tho distinction that Go.! ba made bo
twoen persons ami thiuirs. because civil govern
ment is divinely nuthorued, and Jehovah would
; uot ordain a syslc
m lor the government ut '
jcieuHircs winch iu
its operations w ould annul His
own immutable distinctions, ns the code id Slavery
invariably does. Hence ne infer that civil gov
ernment v. hich was designed by tho Almighty
to protect its subjects in the possession nnd enjoy
tueiif of rights that nre inalienable (becanso find
given nnd essential to personality ) has no author
ity tn nrd-iin, or permit, the relation of master
and Flat e. therefore, strictly speaking, there car
be nn line fur ahxrerij.
Your eomniittno w ould recommend the adoption
of the following resolutions:
Resolved, 1. That wbilo we are uncompro
misingly opposed to the extension of Slavery into
,,w territory, we are couullv opposed to its
istenon in tin v portion of t.ur confederacy, nnd
,ore ore. wn wi 1 not DO saiisiicu w nil anviuin
less thuu its entire abolition.
Resolved, 2. That by reason of tlio qggreive
and defiant attitude of tho Slave power of oor
country, ns Christians nnd philanthrope ts, we
feel called upon, with renewed zeal and energy, to
labor by our prayers our votes nnd by all
christian and laudable efforts, for the deliverance
of our country.
In ft very lively debate in the House nn Mnn
(l.iv. the following passage occurred between Mr.
'Camiibi 11 of Ohio, and Mr. McMullin of Virginia;
j j,r M).Ml,,,in. Iisl. to ask the ger.tle.nan one
. . . TCI.. . --..I.
I one vote in the tree Mates
! Mr. Campbell, of Ohio. I
am not nc iiiaintea
with the law s of the different freo States of the
Union. In some of the slavebohling States,! un-
that free negroes with properly qnaliii-
cntion, have been allowed the right of suffrage,
Mr. Mc.Miiilen. Which ono 1
Mr. Campbell, of Ohio. In tho gentleman's
o.'n State, I understand, a quadroou is allowed
Mr. McMullin. No sit.
Mr. Campbell of Ohio. Then I have been mis-
informed. 1 observe by a recent publication, that
at le ist one precinct in Louisiana was, at the
recent election, carried by negrc votes. I ,
ask the gentleman from Louisiana if that was
not so ? i
Mr. Davidson. It is so. 1 Laughter. j
Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, in the State of Ohio,
a judicial decision upon this subject tntr!e
Deni icnitic judges upvn the supreme bench, it
was held that w henever white blood predominates
in a par'icul ir iniliviaual lie is entiucu to rue
rights of citizenship.
Mr. Taylor. Will tho gentleman allow tno ono
Mr. Campbell, of Ohio. I believe and I have
hfld occasion to look into this sub; ect since the elec
tion that there was one negro vote given iu my
own district ; that is, a vote was cast by a man
who' being more of tho' black than of the white
blood, was not authorized to vote under that decis
ion of our courts.
A Voice. Who did he vote for?
Mr. Cam pbell, of Ohio. I am credibly inform
ed that be voted for my opponent.
Ry way of enlightening my friend from Virgin
ia, who seems to be exercrsca' upon this subject, I
lmr some naners ncrtiiining ttt thff'vote' given by
!,,,n,.1Kti-,tttvairin fii -difilimi .i!-'.li't him rlmMit
.. , ., ,,- . '. ......: ..,,
lllirOlieil 11IU 1IUUIIU ..,,.nrr, . . . . .
I. f., ' . '.ir.i..i. ......'., r.. .i.:.
I senj tl.e papers mim: v-.c... too. . .u
The papers wore road a follows :
dn,i ami fice l'resid,it of the Ui.ilrd SloU o
the second irard jx.l of 'the cihj of J,,mitton,
count; Sutler, lit Vic Mate oj Ohio.
Gr.STl.KHKK : I claim the right of suQ'iago, and
predicate my claim on tho following statement, of
1. My mother, now a resident of this pla?e, nnd
the wilo 11.(3.11. Anderson, (whose name I do
no- and always have bore, from considerations of
a privato character,) is under the decision of the
supreme court of the State of Ohio, a vhie wo
man ; sho being, to the best nf tier knowledge,
seventy-five one hnndreths white, the remainder
ma le up of African and Indian.
2. My father, J unes Shannon, brother of ex
Goteuor Wilson shannon, formerly a resident of
St. Chiiisv illc, Ohio, and afterwards a practicing
lawyer in my native city, Wheeling, Virginia, was,
a Lite man.
3. I have been a bona fide resident of the State 1
of Ohio for twonty-six years last past, und of that
nortion of the city ol Hamil'on, known as
second ward, pay taxes, wurk the public highways
and discharge the various duties required by taw
of other citizens.
I thtreforo claim that, under tho decisions of the
court, I am a white male citizen of the Slato of
Ohio, aud entitled to the right of suffrage.
ALFRED J. ANDERSON.
I believo the foregoing statement of my son,
Allied J. Anderson, is true in every particular.
I am his mother. Sly father was a while man.
and my mother a mulatto ; being nn admixture of
Allien u and Indian.
Alfred is the son nf Jumcs Shannon, a white
man, as he has stated, and acknowledged by Mr.
Shannon to be his son by testimonials which can
be published when required.
MARY T. y, ANDERSON.
Attest: James B. Millikiii.
Slate of Ohio, Butler Cuunty :
Personally nppenred before me, a notary pub
lic within nnd for the county nnd State aforesaid,
duly commissioned and qualified ns such officer.
Alfred J. Anderson nnd .Mary I. Anderson, the
.ihovc-nained persons, who have subscribed the
foregoing affidavits or state:ueuls, unit make onth
and say, that tho matter staled in foregoing state
mcnts tire true nco irding to the best of their knowl
edge and belief.
(Notorial 1 JAS.B.MILLTKIN.
( 6eal. Kutary l'ublic JSutler Co. Ohio,
November, 3, 1800.
Now, Mr, Speaker, it will bo observed that this
voter is a native of Virginia, and a nephew of cx
tl.ivemor Shannon, late of Kansas.
Mr. Giddings. 1 rise to a point or order. 1
call my colleague tn order for attempting to bring
ime'of his constituents into d'sreput j by) showing
his father to be a brother of Governor Shannon.
MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR
Gov. Broome of Florida, in his Auual Message,"
sys the South "should let fanaticism know that
' tw has uiudo her last submission to the tinconsti-
oiial oxactious." Her watchword should bo,
"equality iu the Cuiou or independence out of it,"
Ho recomends several changes in the Constitu-
,: .4' t'l.ti-i.t .1 einmii thit rest, a return to ant:nl
sos.'ions of the Legislature, and urges the rapid
ti'osccution ot 1I10 works ot internal improvement
As to the "Indian hostilities" iu whinh the State
has been engaged during the last twulve mouths,
little hiu bvou accomplished, with tho exception
giving protection to lb" frontier. Tin cost of theso
operations up to the '-Oth of Fel runry r.ext is esti
mated at .J2"i,0fN'l which will bo increased at the
rate of 1 ll,0!"l for every six months that it shall
I o iiecc-sary to keep the existing force in the field.
To meet the debt doe the volunteers, the Governor
recommends that 7 per cent stock shall be ksued
'vdccmaMo nt the option of the State nt nny time
prior to the year lS'ti7, with interest payable semi
anually ut New-Voik. To provide for a previous
ly existing debt of the State of ifl93.8i0, it is re
commended that "a seven per cent stoek bo issued,
n deenieblc at the option of tho State nt nny time
prior to the year 1SG7, and that n fund bo specially
set iisidi to pay tho interest semi-nnnually nt New
Vork. nnd a sinking fund bo provided of not less
than f.i.duO n year, with which to redeem the
nrincij al as it nny be nRced nt or below par."
This la'-t sum of ?1',:,,,0"0 nijy lie put down as the
State debt of Florida the expenses incurred on
accennt of Ineian hostilities being a legitimate
claim upon ihe i lencral ' 1 iverninei.t, which it will
doubtless provide for.
From the New York Post.
WALKER'S REVERSES IN NICARAGUA
weakened forces frun the passengers and the pro
derstand visions whii.h may happen, from lime to time, to
cross the Isthmus in that quarter.
This reduces the tillihimcr chief to precisely the
same condition us that in which he found himself
topically two years ago, when, with his fifty-six Cal
vote, iforiiiu followers,' he landed on the shoves of Nio
nragua. He is now in desperate straits, and we
should not be nirpriscd ut nny timo to see him and
his associates finally expelled from the country
they have so disgracefully plundered. Indeed, at
the last accounts, we hear of him on board a lake
steamer, separated from tho feeble remnant of his
companions at Rivas, w ho were rapidly thinning
out by (list ase and famine.
it is ditl'uulf to imagine how, in such a sitna--under
tion, he can withstand the onset of the Costa Ri
bv lean invndi rs, bin ked as they are by the support of
a majority of the N icaraguans themselves.
The steamship Tennessee, which arrived in this
port on Sunday, brings nsa version of the recent
events in Nicaragua confirming the opinions cx-pre--e
l in our issue i f S itunlay. Py this intelli
gence we learn that Walker has lost every advan
tage h thorto gained by him, that he has abandon
ed as hopeless the strongholds of bis power nt
Granada nnd Mussavn, nnd been cotnnellea to take
refuge nt Kivas; on the line ot the Transit route.
w here he may hope to reinforce bis exhausted and
Much as tho inistoriunc of his deluded comrades
are to' be deplored, wo have no regrets to express
at his own. lie engaged in a project of a purely
mercenary and speculative character, which he has
executed with a total disregard of the interests of
justice, humanity and freedom. His sole object
1 appears to have been the aggrandisement of him
self and the slavery extending capitalists, nnaer
whose auspices the ondcrtukinir was set nn foot.
Plunder and murder has been the order of the day
ever since the time nf his arrival; the best citizens
of tho Republic wore either stripped of their prop
erty or banished. In the 11110 ent city of Granada,
ten thousand native inhabitants were, in effect,
driven out by bis policy, and reduced to about two
hundred nnd fifty, to make room for as idle and -dangerous
hoi do of loafers ns was ever vomited
forth J'rom the - uneasy' civilization of -the 'South'
of a hotter class, who had been misguided 'i:n'!
immature onthusiasm or the specious promises of:
There probably never has been known nn in
staucti where a marauding expedition has been
l '"ked by so complete
'lf:';nvy- ker nppt
an absence of prudenoe or
pears to luck every requisite
of statesmanship or military capacity. Hy the
atter defect, in repeated eases, nothing but the
i stupidity of his enemies has saved him from utter
destruction; by tho former, he lias incurred the en-
mity of his own countrymen and tie civilized
world. With almost bis entire nrmv, he marched
against Massaya, leaving his magazine of ammu
nition and military stores at" Granada, exposed tn
the enemy, without defence. Pretending to desire '
to conciliate the good-will of free governments, he
restored slavery nn j the slave trade in his own
thus also sundering the Inst bond of friendship
with the native population.
His sole purpose afpears to have been to set up
a piratical, slavchulding despotism of his own in
Central America, with 11 further view of strength
ening it by tho seizure of Mexico, Cuba and the
We-t Indies, and the annexation of the planting
States of our own confederacy nt such time that
they could screw their counigo un to the point of
lor our part, we rejoice that a pilot so rmmnal ,
in conception, nnd so characterized by blunders
and mismanagement in execution, is approaching
so near its overthrow.
ENGLAND WILL OPPOSE. BY FORCE.
REVIVAL OF THE SLAVE
From the London Times.
There is one question which must ;
havo occurred to these advocates of a revived
Slave trade, mid to which wo would invito their
serious attention. Have they made sure of the
concent of Lngland, iu tho event ol their obtain
ing a majority in Congrc-s to repeal tho law of
lfiilUJ Wo have perceived no reference to the
momentous qmstiun in the journals that have yet r
reached us, uud we are not a littlo surprised at
tho omission. Cuu it bo supposed for a moment
that wc should be indifferent to tho matter?
Let 11. t the men of the Smith deceive themselves
on this point. Kngland will never consent to a .
revival of thn Sl,vo trade. Her uhlu rrcnec of it , ,
remains uniuittigatcd and unconquerable; she bus .
pIcdgeJ herself to it suppression by innumerable ,
treaties; she has npp 'sd it by active hostilities for
fifty years, and she will not now abandon a policy .
which has under tho blessings of providence, had ,
ihe effect of extinguishing the traffic in every
quarter excepting the colonics of Spain. We be-
liuvethat trance is cqunily 111 cariiesi in tins mat
ter. Let the men tf Loiuiana and Caroliusv con
sider those things. They may rely upon it, that
in their efforts to revivo the Sb.ve trade, the oppo
sition of the Northern States will not prove their
The South not only holds the North to all the
horrible compromises of the Constitution, out
ikes it an unpardonable act for her citizens t
stand up in defence of their own constitutional
rights. 'The Aholitien party ct tne jMirtn, says
the Columbia Kuiitn l arvtmian, -H comparatively
a small one, but almovt universally are they Free
Soilers. rrai ticulli, we of the koiitn can knoieno
d ist i nrt ion.' In other words, to resist the planting
if slavery in Kansas, by Southern bandits, is ns
great a erimo as to seek the immediate emancipa
tion ol the slaves in n'.l tno Slave otaies, aim a
to be punished accordingly.
The South bates the very name of freedom, and
declares free Society to be a failure. She main
tains that the laboring man, everywhere, should
be enslaved, without regard to his complexion.
'Slavery,' says onothor Carolina j.iurnal, 'is tho
natural und normal condition of .he laboring man,
whither white or black. The great evil of North
ern free society is, that it is burdened with ser
ilo class of ukcii.vmcs ami lsiiorers, wiji' jor
iselfijorfritiiicnl.mA yet clothed
tin me niiriuutes
.....1 ,., ut citizens, .vjasier niiu mtvo i it
relation fin society n necessnri as that of parent
and child, aud thc'Xurthein Stales leill yet huct to f
introduce it Tueir inxoav or FHEe uovbsnjumt
ofjis a j-tLt'stoN
Hliat kind 01 a uuiun is mu t
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