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T 11 15 ANTI-SLAVERY UUGLE.
A TRUE CHRISTMAS STORY.
BY MRS. MARY ARTHUR.
It was a cold evening, anil there was Vint little
fire In Mm. Hoffman's stove: o little Frnnti sat
close by it: and tlioueh his thuughts were tar away
yet n slight looling of discomfort, from chilliness,
mingled with hi laheies.
ilia mother's wheel knot on ns it always did
in the winter's long evening with a low humming
Sound, that had till now been very cnceriui ami
pleasant to little Fruntc but inmchow he forgot
to notice it thin night. Poor Frunti ! he scarcely
looked like himself, for his head was bent down,
and hi eyes seemed to be looking straight through
Ihn floor, an (Sxnii nnd intent did hi irase seem.
Olten and often did the mother's eye turn to her
little boy, fur never before hud the joy-sparkling
eve of Frantz been so lonit bent to the ourtli; but
till nt last a deep sigh came from the parted ''!'
Of t rants, si) lost was lie in llioogii'; inn wneu no
quickly lifted his face nnd saw tlie o,uiistiotiiiig
look of his mother, bis pent up thoughts burst out
"Oh. mother, in a week it will bo Christmas
davi cannot I have a Christnim tree J"
The mother's face looked sad, but only for a mo
ment: she knew that the earnest wish nt little
1'ranti was not likelv to ho realized: hut she knew
too, that it was best for her boy to learn to bear
chocrfully any crossing of his desires that might
be, and she spoke inure soothingly and gently than
usual as she sunt i
"And what makes my little Frantz set his heart,
on that now f Ho has neer hud a Christmas tree
"On ! that is it." exclaimed Frantz. I neeer had
one. Ever since I was a bahv. mother, 1 have
heard of the good Christ-child who brings beauti
ful gifts to others. Why doos he not bring them
to met Am 1 worso than all the rest, mother?"
"No no, Frantz :" eo spoke the mother hastily
fur in her heart rose a picture ot the getitieucss,
the self-denying fortitude of her littlo boy in the
midst of troubles; his patience in sickness, his in
dustry in health, his anxious care to help her in
all that his littlo hands could do. "No no 1 ray
Frantz it is not that."
"Well, mother but is there any reason ? Oh!
you do not know 1 have dreamed and dreamed of
a boautitul treo that 1 should havo this Christinas;
it was full of golden fruit and lighted tapers, und
under it were laid gifts for you, dear mother a
new Bible, with largo print, and a purso of money,
eo that you might not have to work so hard, dear
mothor, and warm clothes that would never let
you get cold. And oh 1 as I came along the street
to-day, and saw the windows shining with their
loads of beautiful toys, and gifts of all sorts, and
taw the boys and girls running and tailing how
they would not care for anything else, when the
Christmas-day wa9 once come, and they would
have their loaded tree then, mother, nil the
dreams I have had since I can first remember,
canio buck; all you have told nie of tho good Christ
child and of his love for children; and 1 have lelt, j
mother, us if I was left out, and not loved among!
the rest." I
"Dear Frantz," said tho mother, "it was a sad
sad thought. Do not let it come into your heart
again. Oh 1 the Christ-child is nlways good al
ways loving, even when his love is shown in such
ways that we do not bee it at once. Come closer
to me, Frantz."
Frantz saw in his mother's face a look of such
deep tenderness, that his soul grew full. He touK
hie own little seat and sat close beside her, and
leaned his bead upon her knee, and tho mother
"The Christ-child has given you beautiful gifts
my Frantz : ho has given you life, and a warm,
earnest heart; he has given you a mother whu
loves you dearly; a homo to shelter you; he gives
us the light of the day, and ull the glorious things
it reveals, and the stiller beauty of the night; and
he eives us. more than all, a bono of heaven, and a
knowledge of the path to it. Are not these great
Frantz lilted his face; he did not speak, but his
eyes were full of tears, and his mother knew his
So she went on :
''These are the uifts we most need to m ike us
hapyy ; others may be goudfir us. but the Christ
child knows belter than w do what need. II
it were good for us, he ould gne us all w ished
for; but then we might not make a good use ol
his gifts, or we might grow proud of them, or be
so wrapped up in gilts as to forget the Uiier. Ah !
my Franiz, let us only usk for what is l est for us
tu have, and he will give is ; he loves to give, anu
only refuses what w ill hurt us.
""lluir can we know what is best what to ask
"If it.is not given, think that it is best withheld,
and be patient : if it is given, be thankful and
ue the gilt aright, See, Frantz."
And toe mother arjsc, and took from a closet a
m ill turn of money.
"This," she continued, "is all I have, nnd if any
nf it is snent for tovs or Dlav. I shall not have any
to buy shoes for you nor for me, and by this 1
know that the Christ-child deems it best for me to
he content which is n ore ncccstury, und to give up
the pleasure of buying you beautiful golden (ruit
and colored tapers.
"Could I not do without shoes?" asked Frantz
'I would eo b many errands for the old colder,
that he would mend ray old shoes; und oh 1 if
that would mako it riulit "
"And I should 1 do without shoes?" asked the
Frantz looked down at tho worn-out shoes she
had on. and auaiu his heart was full.
"Oh 1 no. mother: vou must have shoes, but
cih 1 how harnv the bovs must be whose ni'thcrs
have shoes, and can can givo them Christmas
Long did Frantz lio awake that night, and pon
der over all las mothers had fiii'l, and at last a
thought sprang into his mind. It was not wrong
to ask the Christ-child for what we wish, if we
will only patiently bear a withholding. He would
a?k for tho tree. But how 1 Ilis mother had told
him the Christ-child was ready to answer, and
ulwnys near. Frantz would write his heart's wish
in a letter and direct "To the Christ-child."
And early in the fair morning Frantz wrote the
letter, und when he mot his mother his face was
once more the gay, bright face of old ; for in his
pocket was the paper which Boemol to him a
warrant of coining joy, nnd in his heart was a
feeling ery like certainty that his wish would ke
f granted. Vet be did not speak of it. It whs
lis first, his glad, darling secret, and it should be
a great surprise to his mother. So he only looked
joyful nnd kissed her, and sue laid her hand on
his head, and said how glad she was to eeo her boy
10 patient and cheerful once more.
Frantz did many little acts of kindness and in
dustry that day, lor in his heart was a lountain of
hope and love: and he wished to help every one.i
But, lively as he was, he did not forget to drop
Lis precious letter in the postoffice.
When the po-tn is'cr oame n look over the let
ters, of course he was much surprised at this one
of Frantz's, with so strange a direction; but in a
moment he saw that it was a child's baud, and be
opened the letter. It ran thus:
"GoodC'iiust-cuiLD I nto a poor little hoy, but
I have a irond mother who tnuzht me many things
about you; she said that you are kind, and love
liula rhil.lmn anil deliuht to Cive them gills, o
that they are not hurtful ones. Now my mother
is kind, too, and would like to give me all 1 wan.t ;
LhI alia ib nonr. sad when I asked Iter for a Chi int
tnti tree, ihe e ul i not give mo one, because .the
I..,,! m.inovitnniitfli til buV BhoeM fuf UHI SO
UUiT UHV UI""J " 1 .
ak fu who are good and rich to give me one.
.in. i . .,.t a. bud hov I am sure mull.cr docs
ot tkiak I am; a i if H i-bst for me not to have
the tree, I wi'Hrj and be patient.aud bear it as
good boy shouid. UH I don't sea what hurt a large
Uible tr warm elotUes could do my mother; so, if
may out have the tree, ohl please give hor those,
and I shall be bapoy. "
Pleased with the iimpl. childish innocence
the letter, the postmaster put u in nis pucei.
Vheu he went home he found a rich lady there
wb bad come to take tea with hu wife ; and at the
tible. when all were assembled, be drew forth the
letter. of lutla KranU, and read it aloud, telling
how it had enme into hi" hands, and laying bow
ami on high was
holdinc out his ha
below was written "For Frautz, because he loved
poor little follow would wonder at never
bis tree, or ever hearing of his loiter
"But ho niRy hear of !t again, " said the rich la-
who bad listened! carefully to every word.
"There is so much goodness of heart in the poor
love for his mother, that it well desorves to
rewarded. He may hear nf it again."
So thn lady remembered the name of the hoy j
indeed, she (inked the gentleman io give her the
letter, which he did, nnd by the aid she sought and
found out where Frantz lived. From some id' the
neighbors she heard how poor they were, nnd how
littlo Krantz helped his mother nil day cheerfully,
and was the best bov in all tho neighborhood, anil
that Mrs. Hoffman had not now even the money
buy shoes, lor that her landlord had raiced her
rent, and she huljio give thn littlo sum laid aside
him. And the lady thought to herself it would
be likely to spoil so good a boy to have a beau
tiful tree, so she had one brought to he,r house,
large and full of leaves it was ; nnd she brought
kinds of beautiful nnd useful things to hang en
and littlo rose-colored tapers tu be placed
iiinunit the branches, nid on tlie table under the
tree were laid two hair of sli. es one pair for the
mother and one pair for Frantz and lliirk blank
ets, and n larno shawl and a purse of money, (for
the lady knew that poor f.rs. 11 -limim must have
many wants id' which she could not know, and
sho wanted hor to supply them by means of the
purse) and, best of nil, there was fargo a Bible.
It Frantz' dream had suddenly turned into re
ality, it could not have been more beautiful.
So day after day went on, and though Frantz
knew not the f.ite of tho letter, he never doubted
that all wouid go well. It was pleasant to see the
sunshiny face with which he greeted every morn
ing as "one day nearer Christmas." And when
last Christmas morning came, bright nnd clear,
there was a leaping, hounding heart in his b snms
nnd a light in his blue eye, that made bis ninths r
sn.ile, though sho scarcely knew where the next
meal was to come from. I'ho w heel kept on its
whirring, nnd Frantz sat with his eyes fixed on the
blue sky, ns if he almost thought bis expected
tree would drop down from it. Suddenly a low
knock war heard nt the door, and a voice asked :
"Is littlo Frantz Hoffman here ?"
Frank almost flew to the door,
"I ant Fran: !' said he.
And the little uiaiden who bad asked for him,
told him to como with her, and his mother must
Soon, very sunn was the littlo party ready, and
uiaiden led I1 em along guv ly to a hadsome
use, w hose door she pushed open, nnd they en
How liirbtly trod Frantz along the wide passage,
his heart whispered aloud to him. At the end
stood a door, just 'njnr, nnd us the girl pushed it
open, n blaze of light streamed uut. Frantz caught
mother's Laud and drew her forward, exclaim
ing "It is my tree my tree I I knew so well it
would Vie ready '"
And sure enough, there stood tli9 shining treo,
l.snrhl. trill, sliiiiitiir t:npsa nnd laden with fruit-
the imago ot the uhtist-child
holdinc out his hand nnd smiling so lovely, nnd
From the Scientific American.
Slone is rnther a hard subject about which to
write, but wo intend to deal with it in a liquid
capacity at present. We have received a com
munication from a correspondent in Illinois, in
which ho stated, he "wishes to procure some
silicate of potash," liquid quartz ot sand ns it is
sometimes called. He has endeavored to man
ufacture it, but although he tried a number of ex
periments he failed to pruduce the article. He
states that it is a substance w hich, if it could be
produced cheap, would be the means of making
gravel walls the beBt nnd most durable for bouses.
lo expect the reduction ot such hard grains nsi
those of Quartz sand to a liquid, likj sugar dis
solved in wator, nppears to be something which j
inny iustly be termed "a bard expectation." How-1
ever, tlie thing can be done.and has been done.and
we have a bvttle of the limpid stone lupin! en
sconced not many feet from where we are wrilin.
It was manufactured by the process of Benj.
llardinge, K-oi., formerly of Cincinnati, 0.. but
now nf this city, who has secured patents both at
home and abroad, and who has nctually manufac
tured hogsheads of I he liquid. He has never mim
iitaclured it for sale, noraie wo aware of any in
tention on his part to engage in this particular
business; ho has done it for the purpose of show
ing that quartz can be renderod into liquid at no
very great cost and that g dd and all the precious
metal which rock contains can be extracted from
its matrix : and that this liquid can be employed
as a building material, for the purposes soggested
by our Illinois correspondent (and he is not the
or. ly one whu has written us upon the subject),
and also of manufacturing artificial stono blocks
of great beauty.
White sand is composed of grains of quartz
rocks reduced to small oi ystals by attrition. By
the pro -ess of Mr. Hardingo, quartz rock is first
roasted, then plunged into cold water as is prac
ticed with common ores to render it triable
Then it is pulverized in a mill, from which it is
carried in a finely subdivided state into a peculiar
steam-'ight cauldron, containing caustic lyo. Here
it is acted upon by steam heat, and the chemical
solvent, and dissol'ed into a liquid state, like
crystals of salt in hot water. It may be asked,
"what is the use of being at sucii trouble to re
duce stone to a liquid ; ithat use can ho niado of
this stono liquid ?" It we take common salt and
dissolve it in w.itcr until we obtain a strong brine,
and then nfly it with a brush to a stone wall, the
w-.ter will soon evaporate nnd leave the wall
coated with salt in fine crystals. But as the salt
is soluble in pure water, it will soon he washed
away Irom the wall with rains. If instead of salt,
we dissolve quartz, in the form of sand, or
powder, and apply this liquid to a wall, its water
of solution will also evaporate, und leave a coat of
crystal glass on the wall ; l.ut us it is insoluble in
pure water, it cannot be washed off with rain.
Its usefulness, then, ns a coating for gravel walls,
which re easily penetrated with rains, as sug
gested by our Illinois correspondent, is therefore
apparent. 1 his is one of the intended applica
tions of liquid stono on soluble glass.
But the reduction of quartz to a liquid stnto hy
the process referred to, involves a vast rungo
other applications to tho arts chemical and nio-
chanicul. A pamplet has just been published
the inventor, from which we learn that the process
is intended for special application to reduce gold
quartz to a liquid state, and extract every particle
ol the precious metal from it. I'rof. John L.
Moll' it, lato IT. S, Assnyist, certifies that he has in
vestigated the philosopy of the process, and has
sntistied himself of the practicability of reducing
quartz ruck to a liquid, limpid nnd clear ns pure
spring wnter, by means nf humid heat and simple
solvents, und other chemicil agenls.ata very small
expense; he saw hogsheads of the liquid quartz
it Mr li irditige's premises it was equal tmris of
water and tmne. "In a liquid siuio.it Jclt tu
stand in a cistern, all meluls will fall to the bot
tom, by which menus evry particle of gold or
ther metal may be obtained and mulled in
In another part of the pamplet, it is stated in
reference tu (bis application of the prooese "In
less t.ian one year trom this date, mure tnau ten
millions of gold will be obtained from gold-bearing
quartz, w here a million is now obtained.--
This is certainly a brilliant expectation, and
fully realized, may yet lead to gold becoming
common as coppei and tin now are. But this
no the only bright prospect pointed out to bo
rxhieved by this discovery. Mr. llardinge,
another part of this pamphlet, says: As
illustration of the architectural and ornamental
uses to which my inventions may be turned,
using the liquid rock after separating the gold,
intend, at some suitable locality to erect a model
edifice of moderate size, of materials the mos'
beautiful and durable which imagination can con
ceiveequalling in brilliancy any and all of
precious stones except the diamond, and yet at
cost for material not exceeding that ol brick.
This houne, it is contemplated, will be a lealiza
tion of the famous palaoe in the Orieulal story
"Alladin's Wonderful Lamp." Pillars, capitals,
cornices, architraves, mantels, are to be formed
agate, jasper, aud porphyry, Die tahlo tops are
to be sapphire nod amethyst, embedded la bauds
of opal. The onyx, the garnet, the toyaz, and
ruby are to be common decorations of doors,
chairs, nnd other furniture ; nnd all this produced
by the uso of tho liquid quartz, ns a base or hind
ion nccnt. We renlly hope that such bright ex
pectations will nut be disappointed. We have seen
the liquid stone reduced in a lew minutes, by Mr.
II inlingc, to a plastic state, capable ot being
molded into any form. Fnradny, nnd Marshall
Hall of London, it is stntcd, have endorsed the
usefulness of this discovery j supported by such
authority, it really appears to be one of the grand
est discoveries of the present age.
THE BEDCHAMBER OF AN EMPEROR.
The Lc Nord published the following account
of a visi. made by its correspondent to the bed
room of tlie Kmperor Nicholas at St. Petersburg:
"The person who noted as my guide did not say
whither ho was taking me. lie conducted me
into an arched room of moderate dimensions, and
lighted by a single window looking into a court.
This room was boih a study and a bedroom
lbd'oro the window was plneed a desk, on which
was a tiocket-book half o' en, a lew sheets nf
i nner and soino i.ens.a crumpled-tip handkerchief,
a small statuetto of the l'rince of Wales, in the
dress nf a sailor, and a water-color drawing rep
resenting children. A straw-bottomed chair was
placed on the dusk, which was much the worse for
near, nnd bore many marks of being cut with a
pet koile. Xear Ibis desk was an old sola, covered
rnith green leather, with well-worn cushions. Op
posite, on a console ornamented w ith a mirror, was
a dressing-rase, in leather, tho simplicity of which
showed that its owner did not indulge in any
i( tinemetit of toilet. On the chimney-piece was n
email time piece, in black marble, on w hich stood
a bust of the Cou.it do Heckendoiff. There was
no looking glass on the chimney. Half concealed
by tho time piece was a statuette, in bronze, of
Napo con 1., similar to that in the Tlace Vendome.
Sntne pictures ornamented the walls, representing
military scenes, painted by Horace Vernet, a
French artist. A bust of Marshal Kadetzky stood
on the consolo ; aportiait of tho Urand Duke
Michael, brother of I'aul.wns lmng.half concealed,
in the corner of the wall. In one corner of the
room stood a common soldier's musket ; and on
a pmall table was the helmet of a general, without
a plume, and bearing maiks of long service. Near
the sofa, and parallel with the desk, was an iron
camp-bed. On this bed, which my guide told io
to pri' with my hand, to see how hard it felt, was
a mattress covered with leaiher, and a pillow
stuffed with hay. There was folded upon the bed
an old gray uniform cloak, and nt the loot of it, on
a well-worn carpet, were a pair of morocco leather
slippers. I contemplated w ith surprise this austere
retreat in n remoto comer of one of the most mng
iiificent palaces of Europe. When I bad seen nil.
my guid said, 'This is the study nnd bedroom if
the Kmperor Nicholas. At that Aesk he sat for
nearly thirty years, and in that bed he drew his
last breath. That old clonk, which he a wriys wore
when in this room, belonged to his brother
Alexander. On that carpet he knelt down nnd
prayed morning nnd night, every day of bis reiitn
These slippers, which he wore tu tho last day of
his life, were given him by the Emyress on the day
of his marriage. With that musket he himself
taught his children the manual exercise; and this
helmet he always vrure in the streets of St.
The sourness of the juice of a lemon and the
acidity of vinegar are so well-kuoisn that the mete
mention .f them is sufficient to convey a knowl
edge of the chief qualities of sour: or acids in
their natural state. There are so many acids
that two or three pages of an index to a chemical
book are taken up in enumerating them. Kve-y
fruit contains an acid - nearly all the metals are
capable of forming acids. When coal, wood pa
per, rass, cnarconl, brimstone, phosphorus, and
many other substances are burned, acids are pro
duced. A flint-stone is an acid. - There is an aiid
in our window glass, and in mnnv of the most
costly precious stones. .The air we breathe con
tains an acid. We create nn acid in the lungs by
the act of breathing. By a ery slit'ht change
stignr can be converted into oxalic acid, which is
a strorg poison. Sugar, by another change, is
converted into vinegar. These two illustrations
show that a sweet can be converted into a sour ;
but hen sour fruit becomes sweet it proves al
most to demonstration that a sour can become a
sweet acid. The most powerful acid is that de
rived from burning sulphur it is called sulphuric
acid, and is ono of the most important article of
manufacture. Its ncidity is so great that a tea
spoonful is sufficient to make a paillul of water
quite sour. Ni'rie ncid, obtained from nitre, or
saltpetre, is ot the next importance in the arts, it
is so corrosive that ii has long been distinguished
by the name ol aijua Jorlts, or "strong water
strong, sure enough, for a nodule of iron, lead,
or silver, dissolves in it like sugar placed in wa
ter. From the number of acids which we find in
nature, and the tendency of many artificial sub
stances tu become sour, it is evident that acids
.ind sours are essential to our life and well-being.
Acids assume all forms nnd colors ; some arc
Poinds, some are gaseous, others solid. The acids
i.t fruits, when seperatcd troni tho grosser parti
cles that accompany them, are very beautiful and
cryst illizal'le substances. By the ingenuity of the
chemist the sour ol uripe apples, grapes, tama
rinds, lemons, ic, may be crystallized into benu
ti! nl snow-white bodies, which, however, when
touched by the tongue, at once indicate their ori
gin in their flavor.
Tub Vanilla of Commerce. The vanilla, eo
much prized lor Us delicious flavor, is the product
ot a vino w hich grows to the top of the loftiest
trees. Its leaves somewhat resemble those of the
grape : the (lowers are red and yellow, and when
tiny fall off are succeeded by the pods, which grow
in clusters like our ordinary beans ; green n't first,
they change to yellow, and finally to a dark brown
To be preserved they are gathered when yellow,
and put in heaps for a few days to fcrmetit. They
aro nlterwavd placed in iho sun to dry, flattened
by the baud, and carefully rubbed with coooanut
oil, und then packed in dry plantain leaves, so as
to coiitino their pow erful aromatic odor. The van
ilia bean is the article used to scent snuff, flavor
ico crenms, jellies, etc. The plan', grows in Cen
tral America and other not countries.
From the Transcript.
NORTH CAROLINA DISGRACED.
The Supreme Court of North Carolina has con
tinued the decision of Judge Manly, that members
of the Universalis! Church are incompetent to tes
tily in courts of justice, according to tho laws of
thatStato! By this decision the Universnlists ol
Ninth Carolina are virtually outlaws, as no mem
ber of that religious denomination can collect his
debts, swear to un assault, or testify before the
courts in any case, it his wife or child should be
, be insulted 1 lliiiikol a court relmting to hear
the testimony ot such eminent clergymen as the
Rev. Dr. Ualliiu, Rev. Dr. Chapin, Rev. T. S. King
and hundreds of others; or to have a judge set
aside the evidem of thousands ol our bouored
and esteemed citizens - f the same rnligiuus be
lief us the persons named above, on account of their
thcolouicai opinions, while the oath of a miserable
tcamp or vile loafer is received, because his theo
retic belief (?) squares with the popular creed I
Such facts as the above come upon us now and
then, and reveal that ajiile great progress has been
made in religious toleration in this country, spirit
ual freedo'ji, in its true and broad sous, is not ful
ly secured. This dec'sion of the highest court
a sovereign State of the American Union io the
year lboti, is far more disgrncclul than any ol the
intolerant nets of the Poritans of the seventeenth
century, when ll the facts in the ease are consid
ered. For were Benjamin Franklin or Thomas
Jefferson nuw nlive, aud in North Carolina, aud
witness nn assault, or to be present where a mur
der a-ns committed, tho guilty party would escape
if there were no other witnesses, because those
pntriots nnd statesmen, nn account of their doc
trinal views, could not testify to what transpired
before their own eyes I
The State Temperance Convention will he held
in Culumbus on Wednesday, the 14th of January
next. A large convention is expected.
TRAVELLER AT THE SOURCE OF
BY MRS HEMANS.
In sunset's light o'er Afrio thrown,
A wanderer proudly stood
Beside the welhspring, deep and lono,
Of Egypt's awful flood;
The cradlo of that mighty 1 irth,
So long a hidden thing to tnrth.
The rapture of a conqueror's mood
Hushed burning through his frame,
The depth of that green solitude
Its torrents could not tame,
Though stillness lay, with eve's last smile,
Round those calm fountains of the Nile.
Night crima with stars: across his soul
There swept a sudden change,
E'en at the pilgrim's glorious goal,
A shadow dark and strange,
Breathed from the thought so swift to fall
O'er triumph's hour And is this all f
No more than this! what seemed it now
First by that spring to stand ?
A thousand streams of lovelier flow
Bathed his own mountain land 1
Whence, far o'er waste and ocean track,
Their wild swcot voices call him back.
They called him back to mnnv a glade,
His childhood's haunt of play,
Where brightly through the btechon shade
Their waters glanced away;
They called him, with their sounding waves,
Back to his father's hills and graves.
ilo wept the stars of Afrio's heaven
Beheld his bursting tears,
E'en on that spot whero Tate had given
The meed ot toiling years.
Oh I happiness! how far we flee
Thine own sweet paths in search of thee I
From Goodrich's Recollections.
DRESS AND ADDRESS.
Jefferson was or affected to be very simple in his
taste, dress and manners. He wore pantaloons in
stead of bieecbes, and adopted leather shoe-strings
in place of bucklvs. These and other similar things
were maised by bis ai'miicrs ns siirns of bis demo
cracy a certain coarseness of manners, supposed to
be encouraged by the lenders, passed to the led.
Kudeness und irreverence were nt length deemed
democratic, if not democracy. An anecdote, which
is strictly historical, w ill illustrate this.
About this time there was, in the eastern part of
Connecticut,!! clergyman hy the name of Cleveland,
who was noted for bis w it. One summer day, as
he was riding along, he came to a brook. Here be
paused to let bis horse drink. Just then a stranger
rode into the stream from an opposite direction, and
his horse began to drink also. The animals ap
proached, as is their wont under such circumstances
and thus brought the two men face to face.
"How are you, priest?" said the stranger.
"How are you, democrst?" said the parson.
"How do you know I am a democrat?" said one.
"How do you know I um a priest?" said the
"I know you to be a priest by yonr dross," said
"I know you to be a democrat by your address,"
said the parson.
From the same.
THE BIG AND LITTLE QUEUES.
A very keen observer, then and long afterwards
a Senator of the United States, om-e told me that at
this pcr:nd,' all the barbers in H'asliiugton were
federalists, and he imputed it to the fact, that the
leaders of that, p irty in Congress wore powder and
queues, and of course had theui dressed every day
by the birber. The democrats, on the contrary,
wore short hair, or at least, small ipaene tied up
carelessly w ith a ribbon, and therefore gave little
encouragement to the toiisorial art.
One day, as the narrator told me, while he was
neing shaved by the leading harner oi the city
w ho was, of course, n federalist the hitler sudden'
It ami vehemently burst out mini list the nomina
tion of Madison for the Presidency by the democra
tic party, which had that morning been announced
"Dear nie 1" said the barber, "surely this coun
try is doomed to disgrace and shame. What Presi
dents we miuht have, sir I Just look nt Dagg'-tt of
Connecticut, and Stockton of New Jersey 1 What
queues they haiegot, sir as big as your wrist,
and powdered every day, sir, like real gentlemen
ns they urn. Such men. sir, would confer dignity
unon the Chief Magistracy; but this little Jim
Madison, with a queue no bigger than a pipe-stem!
Sir, it is enough to make a man forswear uis coun
GIVING THE OLD STATES THEIR SHARE
PROCEEDS OF THE PUBLIC
Tho FuMie lands ae the property of all the
States. There has been established at Washing
ton a system of giving them away t the Western
and Southern members ot the Confederacy, which
while tho Northern and Eastern cannot participate
in, is rapidly wasting a common fund.
During the last fiscal year only y.V-f.HiS acres
of tho Public Domain wcro sold for cash.
But there weie civen away under the questinna
bis designations of "Swamp lands, tu Western
aid Southern States, 0,030,874 acres, and there
were civen away to Rail Road corporations the
enormous quantity of 15,G.S0,H75 acres, mors than
double what was sold tor cash to the actual larm
ini! Dioneers of the whole nation.
To impress upon tho Now Yorkers the necossity
ot prompt action io save iiieir liiiuresi in iius prop
ertv. we will state that during the last four years.
the "swamp land" grants to Western and Southern
States have amounted to 30,10!), 050 acres! and
the gifts to companies of Rail Road speculators to
17 .0; ti "S2 acres.
Of the proceeds of tlia sales of the Public lands
between the eommencemeiit of the last fiscal year
and tho end of the second quarter of the present
fiscal year, (,10th ol Iieceinhcr instant,) there will
on the bi'ter day be in the national treasury
about !11. (lOO.(MH). The share ot Aew lork
this common property of the States, would be
The only way in which tho older members' of
the Confederacy can realize their . interost in thi
slippery joint-tenancy is, by a distribution of the
proceeds ot its cash sa'es. then they will be he
iiindhand. and keep behind-hand, full one half.
Of the use which now York could make ot her
distributive proportion nf eleven millions, it is uot
necessary tu speak. Albany Journal.
Nortu Carolina. The necregate ote cast at
the Piesidenlial election in North Carolina fall:
17, 1"1!) short of that polled at the least gubeniato
rial rieciion. Simultaneous with this, we Und the
Cassville, Georgia, Standard saving that mulct
tudes of emigrants, mostly from North and South
Carolina, crowd tho streets ol that city, b mud lor
the fur West. Another iiem in a southwestern
paper chronicles thoj.assago of a great number of
emiiirants into Arkansas and Texas from North
Carolina and other States. Can there be any con
nection between the decreased vote and ilia migra
A kiss is thus defined in a love-letter written
1GH9, nnd translated from the German: "What
is a kiss ? A kiss is, as it were, a seal, expressing
our sincere attachment a pledge ot future union
a present, which, nt the same time it is given
is taking from us the impression ol nn ivory coral
press crimson balsam for a love-wounded heart
a sweet bite of the lip nn affectionate pinching
of the heart a delicious dish which is eaten wiih
scat let sp- ons a sweetmeat which does out satisfy
our hunger a fruit which we plant and gnther at
the same time the quickset exchange of ques
tions and answers between two lovers the fourth
degree of lovo,"
TUK A N TI-S LA V E HY li VOL
rUllMSIIED EVERT SATURDAY, AT SALEM, OHIO.
TERMS. $1,50 per annum payable in advance
Or, $2,00 at the end of the year.
tT We occasionally send numbers to those who
are not subscribers, hut who are believed to he in
interested in the dissemination of antislavery truth
with the hope that they will either subscribe them
selves, or uso their influence to extend its circulation
among thoit friends.
ay Communication! intended for insertion, to
be addressed to Marius K. Hoiiin.wn, Editor. All
others to Ann Pearsox, Publishing Agent.
TEKM9 OF ADVERTISING.
One Square (16 lines) three weeks, $1,00
" " Each additional insertion, 2
" Six months, 4,00
" " Ono year - . C.00
Two Squares six months, ....... 5,00
" One year, 8,00
One Fourth Column one year, with privilegoof
changing monthly, .... 12,00
Half column, changing monthly, - 20,00
tkg" Cards not exceeding eight lines will be in
sertod one year for 3,00; six months, $2,00.
J.' HUDSON, Printer.
LOC.W, AGENTS FOR THE ANTI-SI. A VERY BCOI.I.
Georgo Roberts, Brighton, Michigan.
Phebo T. Morritt. Ionia, Michigan.
Adrian, Samuel Hayball, Michigan,
Livonia, Harriet Fullct "
Plymouth, Isaac N. Ileddon, "
Ypsilunti, Emcline DeGnrmo, "
" Samuel D, Moore, "
Union City, John D. Zimmerman, Michigan,
McRuy Grove, Tito's Fox, "
Battle Creek, Phebo II. Mcrtitt, "
Bedford, Henry Cornell, "
Farmington, Abram Powels, "
Wolf Creek. Warren Gilbert, "
Ann Arbor, R. Glazier. "
West Unity, J. II. Richardson, Ohio.
Edinburgh, Thomas C. Heighton, Ohio.
Joseph Puckett, Winchester, Indiana,
Wm. Hern, Brighton, Indiana.
G. L. Gale, Northport, Indiana.
Wm. Hopkins, Freomont, "
Elizabeth Morse, Angola, "
Henry Bowman.J dinstown, Barry Co. Mich.
K. Q. TIIOMAS, M. P. J. C. V II1NERY, D. D.
THOMAS & W II IN E R Y,
(successors to D. O.SWAIM,)
Wholesale, Retail anil Prescription Druggists
MAIX-SWEET, SALEM, O.
Keep constantly on h ind nnd tor sale a general as
sortment and cnrelullv selected stock of MhUl
CINES. Drugs, PAINTS, OILS, Dye-stuffs, Vur
nish, Perfumery. Fancy soaps, Brushes, WINDOW
UliASio, lafs, l'liysicmns' Shop furniture,
SURGICAL nSTRLSEMS AND DENTAL STOCK,
Especial care directed to the selection of TEETH
and compounding 1'KESCKlrTlONN.
Ihey are also agents for tne sale of Dr. Daniels
j'Nmm, AhduminiU,- aioulder ana other JSraces.
Artificial Limb, Frncturo and other Bandages.
sai.em, July I'J. Iftoo.
J. WHINERY D. D. S.,
SOUTH SIDE OF MA IX STREET, SALEM.O.
Continues to give close attention to nil the changes
ind improvements in the practice ot Dentistry and
still operating extensively and satisfactorily in
nil hranohes ol his 1 lotcseion.
His uniform success, even in tho most difficult
iterations, has been such heretofore as to warrant
the assurance that full satisfaction will be given to
thme who may avail themselves ot his services
He has procured the right of Dr. A. 1!. Slayton
t use his preparation of colored Onlla lcicha
when desired as a has fir artificial teeth.
JjyAll operations warranted.')!
Sai.em, June 7, lMC-Gin.
seth B- stitt, rhUndrljiliia. j.iui:fa m. nitons, MnisiliiD
ST1TT & DliO WN,
Ku. 12 South Front Street, Philadelphia,
Messrs. John Farum & Co., Faruham, Kirkham
Sc. Co., Tredi.-k, Stokes & Co., Slado, Pratt & Reed,
iirnum. Lamed nnd Co., James, Kont, Sunteo
Co., BarecrofT, Beaver & Co., Deaf Millignn
Iluey, Raigle & Co., Ludwig. Kneedier &, Co.,
Sparhawk, Dnntoti & Worts; John 11. Brown
Co.; John Ely & Co., Drexel & Co., Rankers
II of Philadelphia; Mvgatt A Brown, Bankers,
Cleveland, O ; II. B. Hurlbut.Esn., Cashier, Cleve-
and Ohio; Thus. M. Howe, Esq., Pittsburgh; Jaj,
IJ. Murray, Esq., Cashier, Pittsburgh; S. Hunt,
q., Cashier, Massilon, Ohio; L. Jtur.vthall. Esq.,
Cashier, Massilon. Ohio; E. Qninby, Jr., Cashier,
Wooster, Ohio; P. S Campbell, Esq., Cashier,
Salem. Ohio; R. W. Tayler.Esq., Cashier, Younirs-
town, Ohio; Ueo. laylor, r.sq.. Cashier, t arren,
Ohio; Jos. G Young, Esq., Cashior, Piqua, Ohio;
K. I). Harrison, r.sq., Cashier, ppnngheld, Ohio.
June 7, ISM.-Om.
III G H-S Tit EET, SALEM OHIO.
MRS. C. L. CHURCH, takes this method
informing her friends, and the public, that she
permanently locatsl on the North side of High-st.,
between the Cantield rend nnd Lundy-st., where
she intends keeping n general assortment nf 150-
I AMC MEDICIN Es, carefully prepared by her
self und warranted treo ot all deleterious sub
stances. Salem, Ohio, April 19. 1H50.
WALTON, ' e. WALTON.
I). WALTON, & SON,
SALEM, COLUMBIANA COUNTY, OHIO;
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF STOVES.
Also, Manufacturer of Tin Ware, Stove Furniture,
Pipe, &c. A great variety of Jnpaned
Ware and Toys.
tSfOW Copper and Brass, aud Old Iron
Rags taken in exchange
Sulom, Sep. 27. 1X50.
GEO. W. MANLY,
V AG U E It li I A N AllTISl
Main Street, Salem, Ohio.
Salem, June 23, 1855.
riCTUKES ON GLASS.
Our friend JAMES BOONE is still takinit
BUOTYPES, ilc, at his old bland, in Johnson
1 Horner s building.
He bus succeeded in doing nway with the
and smutty appearance olten given to them by
. ii ircirii 1 . , ,
vr uperaiora. uiin.iu uuuersiunus nig uumucss
Call and exnmiue his pictures.
may .i, i-uu.
ENOS L. WOODS & CO,
Stcnm Engine Builders,
ALLIANCE, STAKE COUNTY, OHIO
Engines of the best patterns built to order,
very ruasonanie terms.
June 21, 1850.-1 y.
BLANK DEEDS, Mortgages, Judgment
Notes, Executions and Summons for sale
PROSPECTUS FOR 1857.
TH$ SATURDAY EVENING POST.
ESTABLISHED A VO VST 4 Til 1821.
The publishers of this old and firmly establish
ed paper take pleasure in calling the attention of
the public to their programme for the coming;
yenr. aurioited with politics, tho claims of litera-
iro will be more than ever appreciated by the
rending world. We have therefore already mads
atrnngements with the following brilliant liW (
William llowitt (of England,) Alice Cary, T. S.
Arthur, Mrs. Southworth, Augustine Duganne,
Mrs. M. A. Dcnison, the author of "Zillah," kt.
We design commencing, in tho first number in
January next the following original Novelet t
TaUengttta, or the Stjualer's Home. By Will-
am llow itt, nuth.ir ot "liural 1,110 in &ngiana,
"Homes of the Poets," &Q. Afl.
This is a Story of Australian Life, Mr. Hpwitfc :
hnving visited Australia expressly with the oh- "
ject of acquainting himself with the novel and ro-'
mnntio nspects under which nature and society
present themselves in that singular region.
Ihf following Novelets will then be given.
though probably not iu the exact order here men
The Sloruof a Country Girl. By Alice Carr.
An original Novelet, written expressly for the Post.
ZVie Il'7.f Heart. An original Novelet, writ-
ton expressly for the post, by T. S. Arthur.
Liuhthou.it Island. An oriitinal Novelet, by the
author of "My Confession," "Zillah, or the Child
The Quaker's Proteqe. An oricinnl Novelet, by
Mrs. Mary A. Dcnison, author of "Mark, the Sex
ton, "Home pictures, itc.
The liaid nf liuryundy. A Tale of the Swiss
Cantons. An original Novelet, by Augustine
Duganne, anthor of "The lust ol tho -Wilness," ic.
We have also tho promise of a short and. con
densed Novelet, by Mrs. Southworth, to run
through about six or eight numbers of the Post.
In nddition to the above list vt contributions,
we design continuing the usual nmountot for
eign Letters, Original Sketches, Choice Selection
from all sources, Agricultural Article s General
News, Humorous Anecdotes, View if the Pro
duce nnd Stock Markets, the Philadelphia Retail
Markets Bank Note List, Editorials, &o. &ei., our
objoct being to give a Complete Record, as far as
our limits will admit, of the Great World. .
ENGRAVINGS. In the way of Engravings,
we generally present two weekly one of an in-"
structivc, nnd the other of n humorous character.
1 he Postage on tho Post to any part of the Uni
ted States, paid quarterly or yearly in advance, at
the office where it is recieved, is only 20 cents a
It.K.uS (.Caen in advance) Single eopj a
4 copies, ?5.00 a year.
8 " ( one to getter up of Club) 10.00 "
13 " " " " " 15,00 '
20 " ' " " " 20,00 "
Address, always post-paid.
DEACON & PETERSON,
No. 06 South Third Stieet, Philadelphia
BO. SAMPLE NUMBERS sent gratis to any
ine, when requested.
fS TO EDITORS. Editors who give the above
on insertion, or condense the material portions of
it, he notices.nf new contributions and our terms,)
foi heir editorial columiiB. shall bo entitled to an
exchange by sending a marked copy of the paper
containing the advertisement or notice.
Nov. 22, 1850.
The Subscriber hnving purchased the Stock in
Trado of Mr. Samuel Grove, Corner of Main and ..
Elsworth Streets would respectfully invite the at
tention of the citizens of Saleir. and of the sur
rounding country to his stuck of Groceries and ;
provisions. . '
lour, Salt, &t, &r.
NO CHARGE FOR SHOWING GOODS.
All articles sold warranted to be as good as re
commended. My purchases being nil made with cash, I flatter
myself that I can give entiie satisfaction to all who
may favor me with a call.
CASH PAl FOR EGGS.
JBQyRemembcr the Corner, drives old stand.
LYMAN BROOKS, Ayent. ,
I have on hnnd nnd for sale Doctor Wehstere
Invigorating Cordial or Health Bitters n sure rem
edy for Jaundice, Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, &c,
and a great regulator ot the Stomach and rSowels.
Also, Brooks sure remody for Diarrhea und Dysen
tery and Cholera preventativo.
N arratited to Curo in all Cases or the money
will be refunded.
Price 50 cents a bottle.
Sai.fm. Ohio, Aug. 9. IMG.
PITTSBURGH WATER CURE.
This institution for the Curo of the sick, is situ
ated on the Ohio River nnd Ohio and Pa. R. R., 10 '
miles West of tho City nt
. 1IAYSY1LLE STATION.
All kinds of disease successfully treated. For
particulars Address either of the physicians, Box
1304 Pittsburgh, Pa.
S. FREASE, M D.
II. FREASE. M. D.
MRS. C. P. FREASE, M. D.
April 13th, 1856.
SINGER'S SEWING MACHINES.
These celebrated machines are in practical and .
frofituble use iu all parts of the civilized world,
n nil the various trades, nnd in sewing every sort
of fabric, eithor of cloth or leather, they have
been fully tried nnd approved. Sewing machines
of ntlier manulautiirers often fail tu work, but
SINGER'S MACHINES ALWAYS OPERATE ,
PERFECTLY, being strong, durable and complete
in contrivance nnd workmanship. A perfect sew
ing machine kept employed 11 fiords a clear profit of '
$1,01)0 a yenr ; but an impelled one is a cause of
constant vexation and loss. The entire reliabil
ity of our machines is one great reason for their
MACHINES I'OR FAMILY SEWING,
of ft frail and delicate construction, are rocom-
mended by other manufactures. Such machines
are made tu catch the eye, not to perform substan
tial work. The truth is, family sewing machines
ought to be stronger than any other, because tbey
go into loss skilful hands thnu when sold to man
ufacturers, ana are used lur a greater variety 01
work. The machines which have proved best for
all other purposes most be best for family use, and
tbey are Singer's. The speed of our machines has
lately been doubled. No other can compare with
(bem in quantity of wurk.
J8eijr New machines of the latest improved
style will be exchanged on liberal terms for old
sewing dinchines of our own muke, or for oper
ative machines of other manufacturers. Local
agents wanted to sell our machens "tBia
N. B. All persons desiring full information
about sowing machines, can obtain it by applying
for a copy of "I. M. Singer &. Co.'s Gazette,"
paper devoted entirely to the subject. It will b,
sent gratis. I. M, SINGER k CO.
Principal Office, 323 Broadway, New York.
47 Hanover street, Boston.
32 Westminster street, Providence,
274 Broad street, Newark, N. J.
347 Broadway, Albany, N. Y.
Gloversville, New York.
OS Chapel street New Haven.
II Buchanan street, Glasgow, Scotland.
142 Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
1H5 Baltimore street, Baltimore.
8 East Fourth street, Cincinnati.
05 North Fourth street, St. Louis.
fl St. Charles street, New OrleaoB.
20 Hnuphin street. Mobile.