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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, January 03, 1857, Image 2

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lh citinotion of Slavery? Can any honestly no
cu u, in laboring to this end, of hostility or ill
will to the SouthT Who can fnil to fee that Slavery
ie the fundamental enure of the relative ignorance,
poverty and ineftioiency of the State which cher
rich hf If those who feel thin would frankly tau
it, the chief cause of difference between the North
nd the South would euon past away.
From the Beston Telegraph.
The Montgomery Advertiser suggests a remedy
for the recent trouble! at the South. It ii this:
"For years past Northern emissaries have been
la our midst tampering. with our slaves; we
have too often suffered them to depart unwhipped.
The evil from which our South Carolina friends
are now suffering might have been averted by more
summary treatment uf abolition scoundrels when
aught at their mischief. Simply tarring and
feathering and ejecting an abolitionist is but a
child's remody, and so far from its having the ef
fect tj stop his mischief, it will only case harden
and make him vorso. Hang them when you catch
them in Tour midst tampering with your slaves,
ay we. Your self-preservation, the security of
yourselves and your families, and the perpetuity
of the institution itself, demand that tho lifo of an
abolition emissary should pay the forfeit of his
temerity when caught at hi mishicf in a southern
We say this much upon the supposition that the
blacks of South Carolina are incited by abolition
emissaries, and when the matter comes to he in
vestigated, our life for it, it will so turn out. They
re nw, doubtless, in our midst they are every
where through the South and the entire popula
tion of our section should resolve itself into one
vast vigilance committee and purge itself, as long
s there it a Uinb to lung them to. of every inter
meddling abolitionist caught on southern soil.
Wherever you catch him, there let him find his
grave, and our word for it, these insurrections will
be few and far between. Better to hang two or
three abolitionists, than to be in continual dan
ger of having our throats cut."
The Advertiser's remedy it suggested upon the
upposition (hat the Northern abolitionists have
don the mischief. Thai paper will not of course
contend that if the euiltv parties turn out to be
Southern men. tliev should be more leniently treat
d. They should be hanged, of course. And
perhaps, being traitors as well as emissaries, they
ought to be drawn and quartered in addition.
Now Hon. L. B. Chase, recertly a Member of
Congress from Tennessee, says that for the troub
les in that State the abulitiuiiists are not responsi
tie, but the Buchanan and Fillmuro politicians
are. Lihiuu titedly the same thing is true in all
parts of the South. If the Polks and Bells, and
Fosters and (Gentry's of Tennessee have hern do
ing this mischief lor fifiecn years past, the Wises
and Bayley. and Bococks and Faulknora and
Hunters ut Virginia have been equally guilty, and
e in the Carolinus and Georgia and the South
west. Instead, then, of the paragraphs we see in
the newspapers recommending these Southern pol
iticians to seats in the Cabinet, we ought to see
their name recorded in the proceedings of the
criminal courts. If justice wore done, according
Is the Montgomery Advertiser's plan, we should
ee such paragraphs as tticse :
"Incendiary Caught. We learn that the Vigi
lance Committee at Washington yesterday made a
descent upon a room occupied as a Depot for in
cendiary publications by ono Charles J. Faulkner,
M. C. from Virginia, and captured him with a
great quantity of seditious pamphlets, which he
was eng.iged in franking to various parts of the
Southeru States. L'non examination these pam
phlets were found to contain high-wrought appeals
to Southern men to vote lor uucnanan upon mo
ground that Mr. Fillmore was in league with the
Northern Abolitionists. It is evident that nothing
better calculated to excite sedition could be circu
lated at the South. Not ft few of our slaves are
Die to reaa, ana to iniorra mem not uuiy im mo
North is nbolitionizcd, but half the South nlso,
must excite hopes of freedom in their minds which
will lead to sconces of insurrection and bloodshed.
W rejoice that a stop has teen put to this process
of mischief. Faulker is believed to be in the pay
of Garrison. He will be dealt with in a summary
manner." (Washington Union.
Abolitionism in our Very Midst Startling Events
Summary Vengeance? Our community was
greatly axuited yesterday by tho annour.oement thnt
political meeting wouia oe neiu at mv nio
church, which would be addressed by Henry A,
Wise. The erratic course of Wise has been char
itably attributed by bis friends to insanity, but
Urge numbers of people have for a long time look
d upon him as an enemy of our institutions, who
only sought a good opportunity in order to strike
then a deadly blow. Great curiosity was mani
fested to hear him, anil the church was crowded.
Many of our slaves were present. Wise's speech
was in bis usual vehement style. It was profess
edly in defense of the South, and an attack upon
the North, but the design of it could not be over
looked. When he spoke of the danger of Col.
Fremont's election, of the groat numbers of men
in Richmond and throughout the South who were
Abolitionists in disiruiss. and waiting for an op
portunity to join our enemies, and when be spoke
nf the. military nrenarations which it would bo
necessary to make in order to repel the North and I
maintain our rights, the visages of the negroes
became lighted up with a furious joy, and in the
neighborhood of the door some turbulence began
to be manifested. It soon became clear that the
speaker's purpose was to excite discontent if not
insurrection, by holding out to the slaves a pros
pect of reieaso from their present condition. lie
n Iiawma. nArmtt.rfi tn finish bis speech. An
then organized, and the
orator taken into custody. He immediately be
came very outrageous in his language and conduct
and attempt to knock down those who were placed
td guard him. A series of resolutions were intro
duced and passed by unanimous vote, declaring
his speech nn incendiary one, and placing bim in
k. ,,nt,iiw nf twelve reaoectablo citizens. This,
however, did not satisfy the populace, who clam
ored for his instant execution, and we regret to
ay that as the committee wore proceeding with
him to tho jail, a rush was made, and the fellow
whs taken and hanaed immediately in front of the
Court House. We deeply diplore this event, but
if Lynch law is ever justitiable, it is so in this
case. It turns out that this Wise has for tne last
twentv veara made the nuitation of the slavery
nueition his chief business. By means of it he
hut risen to a seat in Congress and to the Gover
nor' chair. His career is now cut short, and we
hnn his awful 1'a.to will be a warning to nlJ A ho
litionist emissaries. The developments of to-day
ni doubt that the nunishmeut was justly in
flicted. In Wise's house were found copies of
neeimet l.v Saward. Smnner. Wilson. Wade, and
other notorious Abolitionists, with whom be was
unquestionably in league.
We learn further that two men named Bocock
and Hunter have been arrested on suspicion of be
' ing engaged in similar desigBs. Tbey have been
beard to express disapprobation of the hanging
Wise, and there are other suspicious circumstances
in relation to them." Richmond Whig.
It will not be long, if the Montgomery Adver
tiser' advice is followed, before we see such arti
clot as the above. Their publication just now in
our column i only a little premature, Let the
southern incendiaries take warning.
6c vi Mm IIuno. A white man named Taylor
wai hanged at Dover, Tenn.. on Wednesday, on
pre umptive evidence of having been engaged in
seating the slaves to revolt, and a number ot citi
xen started ftom Diver the night previous in pur.
ait of two other white men on wh-tin tutpiciun
rested. Six negraet were hung at Dover.
t)ttaiAaMorCoui!s. The Noiwalk (0..J
RtjUctor Wf that the Assessors' Returns of Huron
osmty show 11 blind, 12 deaf and dumb,( 12 in
uii and 12 idiotic persons in the county. The pa
rent f Ave f these were by relation couiiat before
mama. Three of the five. (2 blind and on idi
tic) wereo afflicted (rum birth, and on (idiotic)
rout infancy. . Th fifth was deaf and dumb for
t. it iirtiiinaJ nrottablv from birth. The
Reflector think it probable that th number of pa
rent related to eaob other it larger, a there
ru bo inforaatiea ehUined m to part of them.
Communications. For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
Dear Fiuind Roiiinson Since my last commu
nication, I have leotured in Sturgir.'.Burr Oak,
Lima and Angola Indiana, at Adrian and at two
other different places in the town of Fairfield,
In Sturgis I held two meetings. The first was
not well notified, and tho evening wa Tory un
pleasant, and consequently the attendance very
small. The second meeting was better attended ;
but this was by no means turgor. Our doctrines
in this village, seemed to be almost wholly un
known, I found much of prejudice against ut; and
only two men who were willing to take any re'
spnnsi'oility in regard to my meetings. There was
a Mr. Buck, a dry goods merchant, and a devoted
friend of humanity, as is also Mrs. Buck. I was
kindly taken to their beautiful home, and made
very happy during my stay. Tho other friend
was the Rev. Mr. Fuller, Congregational Minister.
lloisanoblo whale souled man. Ho is ono of
those rare cases iu which the matt survives the
priest. Ho gave me (us influence, and his best ex
ertions to get mo a hearing. The meetings were
held in tho Baptist Meeting house. A member of
the Baptist church, and editor of a Republican
paper, and withal a very silly fellow, made a
feeble outpouring of bilo upon me in his paper
after my departure. I tried to get our doctrines
a distinctly before the people as possible. I was
heard with candor, and some professed conviction
of their truth.
In Burr Oak, I had two good meetings. In
Lima I had two moetings appointed. The first was
thinly attended, and the second entirely defeated
by a most severe storm.
Our Convention at Angola was a grand meeting,
All its sessions were well attended, and an earnest
hearing was given to tho powerful addresses by
H. C. Wright, Mrs. Sarah Seymour, Mr. Bowman
and others. On Sunday P. M. the body of a child
was brought into the Convention for funeral, and
the speakers were naturally drawn to the subject
of life nnd death. It wns one of the most inter
esting meetings I have ever attended. The speak'
ing throughout wus of the most radical kind. The
Constitution nnd the Union were denounced as.
the engines of tyranny nnd doath ; and multitudes
the peoplo said Amen. The Convention closed
with a social gathering at which we were served
with tho fatted calf ; and thcro was a la mode
New Testament music and dancing. It was
very agreeable nnd happy close of our meeting;
the moral influence cannot fail to be good. I hope
that these social seasons may coino to be generally
connected with our meetings. Angola hns some
the truest and most laborious friends of human
ity with which it hat ever been my lot to become
acquainted. They are sowing the seed from
which they will gather an immortal harvest. Our
meeting in Adrian ,in conscquenco of a severe
storm was thinly attended. It was however a
govd meeting and many heart were strengthed in
the good cause
My first meeting in Fairfield was largely attend
ed and a gocd earnest time we had. The people
seemed wide awake and many were ready for
action. At my second meeting in the south part
of the town, we found on arrival at the place, the
school house dark and locked up. It seems that
two democrats bad determined to keep the house
closed : and bcinc in office, tbey locked up the
house and carried away the key. But the house,
by some means, not known to the public, was
quickly opened and cheerfully lighted, and well
filled; we hadagood'mecting. I appointed a meeting
for the next evening and the people departed. On
arriving at the honse the uext evening we found
dark and locked up, with a great crowd around it
The two demo's were now standing guard at the
door. The poople remonstrated with them. They
were asked if they were willing the majority
should rule? They were told the whole district
were desirous that the house should be opened,
excent themselves. But all in vain, they had the
power and they used it. This was the more in
suiting to the people, from the fact that the dem
ocrats bad used the school house for .democratic
speakers during the recent political canvass,
their pleasure. Mr. donn i. ivnnpp, living near
the schoolbouso, generously opened his commo
dious dwelling and invited us in. The convenience
and comfort of Mr.'Knapp's rooms were greatly
superior to .the school house, as well as more
spacious, so we were greatly the gainers by this
lemocratio demonstration.
The Baptist meeting house has been for a long
time closed against the friends of the Slave. Tb
school bouse has now joined the church, which
no doubt will create great joy in Zion, as it is
first fruit, of long and agonizing prayer for
enlargement of her borders. We bad a glorious
meeting. When I had closed, soma excellent
were made by our host Mr. Knapp, Charles
Mickley and others. There was an excellent feel
ing in the meeting. We had a number
specimens of sharp wit. Some thought as General
Cass had gone to hi political grave, our
friends watching at the school house were "th
mourners that go about the strto's."
There is in the town of Fairfield a little stand'
ing Baptist church, which fur ignorance, super
stition and bigotry, can scarcely find its equal
side tho dark aces. It is however powerless
evil; good and thoughtful men look upon it
p:.ty; the young and thoughtless with mirth
We have some noble workers in this town,
the cause of human progress. May th number
of such be everywhere multiplied.
Yours in tho cause of bumau redemption.
At a moeting of the citizen of Colo.mbii.na and
vieiuitv. convened Dec. 11. i J. 1. Copelund was
- i t n A . . C
chosen I'remuenr, nuu u, . nnmiruug wuu
The following preamblo and resolution were sub
mitted for consideration.
Whereas: The Slavery Propagandists have
trampled in the dust every principle of Christianity
Morality aud virtue ; and violated th constitu
tivn of th United State i, in the fugitive slave
law, in the suppression of the freedom of speech
aud th press, and in endeavoring by fraud rapine
and murder to extend and perpetuate the accursed
institution of Slavery over territory consecrated to
.rRBiL.m ! and Whereas our representatives in
Congress have been making compromise after
compromise in favor of slavery and slave bold
er!. Insrelore,
Resolved i By petition or otherwise that were
.iui nur runrasantatives in Cooerea. to (tand
firm and mak no more enmpromises with Sla
Resolved t That ws request the Governor and
Legislator of Ohio to take measure to protect
very person who trend Uuio iou in on uoa giv
rights be forfeited by
en rights, except tho
Resolved t That we urgo the Governor snd Leg
lature of Ohio to take prompt and efficient meas
ure to proteot the right of our citisent In Kan
sas, should the general government as heretofore
fail to afford such protection.
Reolved i That we will feed the hmyry clothe
the naked and give aid and comfort to the bocd
man on hi road to freedom, the fugitive lave
law to the contrary notwithstanding.
The above resolutions were discustcd at ome
length, when on motion the meeting adjourned
to Wednesday evening the 17th, Inst.
Wednesday Evening, 17.
Meeting convoned pursuant to adjournment.
The president in the chair. Th discussion upon
tho resolutions was resumed, after which they
were adopted with but one or two dissenting voices.
On motion the proceedings of the meeting were
directed to bo forwarded to the Buckey State and
Anti- Bugle.
J. D. COPELAND, President.
J. C. ARMSTRONG, Secretary.
Similar resolutions were passed at meeting con
vened in School district .No. 4 of Fairfield town
ship at which Henry Kridler presided.
We think the signs of the times demand, that
the enemies of slavery should take a firm stand
against not merely the extension, but against nil
compromise with it where it already exists. Latitu
dinal linos, can never change the character of a
moral evil ; and a party which seeks to prevent the
extension of a crime, which it is ever ready to
compromise nnd support where it already ex
ist), can never command respect for much sincer
ity of purpose.
While we disclaim any right to abolish slavery
in the state by direct legislation, we do claim it
is none the less a crime though sanctioned by
State law.
We are inflexibly opposod to slavery as well in
Missouri as in Kansas. Now that slavery Is con
tending for the mastery in the government ; and
that the party which is inaugurated into power for
the next four years, is disposed to surrender every
thing to slavery it behooves the friends of freedom
to plant themselves firmly on the principles of tho
Declaration of Independence, as the immovable
rock, and yield nothing to the accursed institution
We are satisfied that there is ho middle ground
upon which a party can stand and maintain itself
for any length of time Let the people of the
North but once tuko on uncompromising stand
against slavery and it has recieved a death blow.
But, let them continue to give little by little as
must ho the case in every compromise, nnd the
policy continued will eventuully give away every
thing to slavery. And, moroovor the pretext for
giving up a little to slavery will apply with equal
force in favor of giving all.
Let this courso bo adopted, and tho union
with slavery is at once dissolved. Every article
whether of constitution, or statute law will be
come a dead letter, while not an article that is
valuable in the constitution will be lost.
marks of
I hope your correspondent G, has called your at
tention and that of your reader to the "Moral
Lessons" of M. T. Cowdcry. It may be unreason
able to ask you to read and revise the book at
present, and so I will offer a few thoughts corrob
orative of G'a commendation. All 1 have to say
might be comprizod in one brief sentence; namely,
prefer it, as a teacher of morals to any other
book. This may seem extravagant praise. Let
those who think so give the book a careful perusal,
and then decide whether the Author hns not found
the true basis of our social relations, and the gen-
ine test of all the materials for the erection of a
better social edifice than Earth' children have yet
Mr. Cowdery may, or may not, be a classical
scholar; if ho is, he has good sense enough to
know that common people will not be pleased or
edified by a display of it; if he is not, his book is
good evidence that a knowledge of Wants, Rights
and Duties can be obtnincd without that Discipline,
which some argue, cannot be acquired without a
thorough mathematical course, and critical analy
sis of language. His style though quaint, will be
recognized by Thinkers, to be the language in
which their best thoughts are clothed, for their
own contemplation, however they may dress them
up for company. In this "fast" age, it is no small
merit to be willing to write for the use of those
called illiterate, nor need it be feared that the
privileged literati will not be benefited unless their
advantages bavo disqualified them fur the appreci
ation of truth on its own merits.
To call Mr. Cowdory a "Compiler," as G. has
done, is, I think, a misnomer. From whatever
source the facts, or fancies (whichever they are)
were derived, the "Narratives," are evidently from
the same pen.
Ethical writers, like other rystematizers, gener
ally have rules oi action, in conformity with sur
rounding conventionalisms, in which Compromise
is most unprofitably blended; not so Cowdery; he
has nosystotnatio rules, but presents facts and
thoughts in such relation that the reader is com
pelled to regard his own intuitions as the only safe
guide. He will not hesitate to decide that bis own
clear perceptions of right, his highest convic
tions of duty are paramount, and must supersede
all conventionalisms however authoritatively rec
ommended and urged. This is a peculiar excel
lence of the work under review which will lay pos
terity under obligation to this unassuming Author.
G. has misquoted the caption of his questions.
is for "special and varied Review," not "applica
tion," though that is implied. The signification,
no doubt designed to give the reador the habit
recalling past conclusions, and comparing them
with present emotion and impulses. The remark
is true, and none the worse for its brevity, that
tho question require thinking rather than remem
G. wonder thnt one so wisely learned in moral
science thculd huv furnished a book for the cor
rection of error; the prevention aud eradication
of wrong, and yet omitted to make the application
of these righteous principle to the most glaring
wrong tolerated by man Chattelism. We cannot
fail to marvel. The author may think that
universality and equnlity of rights is so self-evi
dent a proposition that all must sea it, and that
the perverse and radically corrupt few, deny
He ought to know thnt it truth it admitted at
abstraction only, except by a comparatively small
class in which, but for this omission, he would
conspicuous. Perhaps be fear to disturb
of tho church dreads acbism; or perchance
he deprecate irritating discussion iu politics.
His cautiousness will not avail, be is too late;
time; th train is several stations on the other
aid vf Let-alone-ism, has dropped some timid,
prudent passenger at Caaiorvatism, and is speed
ing with accelerated velocity ince it wa fired
by southern combustible clement.
Should Mr. Cowdcry decid that the lost he ropre
hends in the concrete, tho more general will be
the circulation of his book, and consequently the
more diffused it moral inculcation, h had belter
reconeiPr. Thu thought Longfellow and Tier
pont, They cnn tell him if it added to tho thick
nes of the butter on their bread. No 1 good friend
it duo not satisfy slaveholders and their apologists
to blink the question of chattelism; th time has
coino that silent is placed in the category with
Years ago the writer of this put the question to
Mr. Cowdery. nt a Teacher' Institute "Why tho
slave's wrongs were kept out of view during a
fortnight of sessions?" Tho answer was, "It is
not the proper place." The question is now asked
in no unkind feeling, but iu honest earnestness,
whether books written especially for giving a right
direction to forming intellect should meet man's
highest wants ? nnd urge his most imperative du
ties? He who utter an abstract truth does well; he
who makes tho application docs better; whilo he
who acta it out does best of all. Tho prophot's
story of the pet lamb, aroused the robber king's
indignation. Stones thrown at nothing, waste
muscular strength; nothing more It required a
"Thou art the man" to bring the offender to ro
DearMarius: The Angel of Immortal life hns
visited our home, nnd taken from us tho Spirit ol
our dear little Charles Waldo, aged about five
months. Although our hearts are grief stricken
thus untimely to part with the germ our ideality
intended should devclopo to useful manhood ; et
in consigning his mortal, in its last little cradle,
to the grave, our heart turn to the thought, that
his future unfuldment will bo unmixed with errors
that appertain to our sphere of existence. He
passed from us Deo, 21st, 185G, in the evening.
Our heartfelt grntitudo is tendered to our
kind friends who wcro with us during our eovere
trial hours.
Kansas, Potawotomie Creek, )
Doc. 14. 1856. J
Editor or Bucli Sir: Hoping that ninny
from your part of Ohio intend coming to Kansas
... . I . I , .u .. .J
"P""ii '"j - .
others. I came to Kansas last spring, nnd settled
on rotnwMomlo Creek. Since then I have seen
most of the Eastern portion of the territory. All
of Kansas is good, very good for fainting, produc
ing every thing of this climate in great profusion;
but the Southern portion is the most fertile, and
better timbered nnd watered. The Pntowotoinie
is a largo stream, about 70 miles in length, run
ning through a valley heavily timbered with oak,
walnut, hickory nnd sugar, principally; the soil,
rich, black and loose, from 2, to 7 nnd 8 feet deep.
The settlers here at present, are all freo State men.
Much titnl er is yet waiting settlers, and many
claims once held by pro-slavery men, are now for
sale by the samo, low; sometimes for a mere trine,
A pirt of the valley is settled mostly by Ohionne,
and is called Buckeye valley. I know of no prev
alent disease but the ague, nnd thnt is only troub
losome the first season. The settlers will sell tim
ber to those who take prairie claims, to suit the
circumstances of the purchasers.
As the South hns dropped her shot guns for the
present, to make a desperate effort to emigrate, it
becomes our duty not to throw aside our sharps
rifles, but ledouble our efforts to keep the majority
in Kansas, now that we have it. In this consists
the salvation of this and all the tcritories; for yield
Kansas, the key, nnd we need not be surprised to
hear the drivers lash or the shriek of the slave even
&l)e nti-Slaueri) Bugle.
ly it.
hind up
Last week a lady bearing the name of Brown
11 1 nP mi-vcfr ...natll.l. Kill, An
.... ....
with a letter of introduction, purporting to be
witten by a gentleman of Jackson Mississippi.
Tim Indv stntts. that on the 17tb. ult her hnBbnnd
. killed bv a mob in couseauence of expressing
imiii-cu iu . .uo v
be had previously been threatened nnd ordered
to leave the country. The next morning, immedi-
a.elir aftar the burial of her husband. Mrs. Brown
' . . , . ... u .
was compelled py tne moo to icave iu greav umu
although she assured her persecutors sho was des-
titute of money. Her husband who was a jour-
nevman mechanio was dependant upon his labor
j . .i . i ..,i, .,, , r f,i ,.
had been sick lor several weeaa previous,
friend however privately furnished her with
small sum of money which enabled her to get
far as this place and also with the letter of reco-
uui, f,v
mendntion referred to above. Som if our citizens
were suspicious nil was not right ana examined!
the lady closely. But her statement seemed rea-
.nnal.la and there was no decidedly invalidating
icstimoiij, aim mo guui.o.ucu iu y..joui mo iouer
was addressed collected a sufficient amount
mnnnv lu nurchase a ticket to Philadelnhia. and
. l,rnthRr .vnen.es to Newark Nw .Wsir
v.v...wu in mio niiiiui
some with regard to the truth of her story, never-
thpless some of these doubtinir ones, contributed
where she said her father resided. Her husband
as she alleged wus from the state of New York.
The following statement which came to Salem
in the papers on the same day on whieh Mrs.
to the fund, preferring to give even when there
.,. .. , ,
was ft possibility of imposition, rather than
the possibility of vuttulding from an afflicted
stranger the means of speedily visiting
1 .
Another Diabolical Ot'TACC at tde Souto
the l-ran klin (Indiana) Uopublican of the J'Jlh,
says thai Madam Helen Sasha, wile (if a trench
gentleman lately ret-ident in Juckson, Mississippi,
lias arriveu at rruiiKiin, ner nusuunu Having neen
murdered lor expressing his partiality for lie-
mont, and she being driven awuy Irum her home,
in Jtepuuucan says:
'The history of the trouble of Madam
tUUOS, OHHIltt IB FfMnlcQ l Ut UY 11)0 lAHCr AS
it,. ... . , ...
ws: tey romuvtsu to uucuson, wise., some
years since ; coming from the North as they
tbey discovered they were regarded with some
suspicion, yet they were pemitied to enjoy com
parative peace and freedom from interruption
to tne crisis oi tne past political sn uggle, when
being asked to express his political sentiments,
Sasha avowed bis partiality for Fremont, where
upou commenced numerous indications of dissat-
isfaotion, which continued up to th first of
present month.
When be wa told lie must not avow uch
mente, or he would be dealt with, be wa
ijisrxiMn to eai on np, nine w not aware
he had transgressed any law, or committed nny
wiong.. A committee of desperadoes repaired to
where he was at work, some two miles in the
country, and gav demonstration ef their deter
mination to make him oenso speaking his senti
ments, or lie should leave the state, lie attemp
ted no tesistance, but a a brave man, told them
that he wns nut going to be gagged or driven.
When he said this, one uf the ptrty attempted to
lay hold of him, whereupon Mont. S. knocked the
officious villain down, and for this demonstration
in sell dolonse, one of the party, whom Madam
Sasha thinks it named Orbray, shot him down.
Now, without exhibiting any compunction for
this fiendish act, they Immediately informed the
wifo of the deceased, now lifeless before her. that
she could havo twenty-four hours to make her exit,
or tho would receive the fate of her hushand. She
took them at their word, and reached this puinton
last Tuesday. She is a lady, eenteel and amiable
in her manners, nod has been unquestionably well
raised. Her father is a farmer of limited means,
living in Montgomery county, New York, to which
she is en route.
Our citizens readily and cheerfully contributed
tho requisite amount to enable her to reach her
parents, where she said she will bo amply cared
for. She loft on the cars Wednesday evening, via
Indinnapjlis, for her futuro home."
fa . , h inhabitants cannot well be for-
iirotten. Aor did thnt terror ubnte. until it wns
We have carefully looked over all the accounts
that have come to our knowledge of alleged Slave
insurrections, nnd In none of them do we find un
doubted evidence that any such as the alleged
plots existed. There may have been special cause
for apprehension, Tho Slaveholders livo in con
tinurl terror. Tboir guilt makes them cowards.
They know thnt revolutionary plots are the in
evitable fruits of Slavery. They know the provo
cation for outbreak which they are continually
affording; but how or where or when it will come,
no mortal man can tell. Their lives are therefore
erowded with apprehended rapine nnd massacres,
of which they are themselves the victims ; and
everything unusual excites their distrust, awnkens
their fears and stimulates them to acts of cruelty
and blood, as they imagine, in their own self-
defence. We well remember n scene that occurred
about the time of the Nat Turner insurrection
The whole South was in a state of alarm and
terrible apprehension. In the neighborhood where
we resided at the time, a cotton planting district
of Alabama, the cry of terror came that the slaves
were in insurrection. Instantly tho strong
men seized their arms and hastened to meet and
avert the danger.while women and children sought
points of safo retreat. Tho watchful terror of
well ascertained that the whole alarm had bien
caused by the boisterous shouts of some boys nt
play, who accompanied their frolk-k with the
amusement of throwing a board flatwise on the
sand. The reports thus produced had been mis
taken by the Slaveholders for tho firing of guns
and their imagination had multiplied the reports
and attributed them to a great compnny of Slaves
in arms against their masters. Of course crest
fallen, the heroes returned next morning to their
homes to meet and comfort their alarmed families
Thus bloodlessly ended on of the Southern in
But not so ordinarily. However unfounded the
alarm, or absurd the fears of the Slaveholders,
they commonly terminate them by sacrificing some
of the slaves to their cruel foars, after extorting
false testimony or false confessions by torture,
Such is the course recently pursued as the accounts
we have published testify. To thui we add the
following from the Kentucky Xcwi. What a record
of cowardly, blood-thlrstiuess.
from the Herald of
Wednesday last, (by telegraph) thnt creut excite'
inent existft in the neighborhood of Volncy nnd
Gordensvills. A negro, belonging to ono uf the
iron works of Tennessee, who knew something
about their plan of liberty, died bv the torture ol
tho lash rathor than tell of bis brethren who had
conversed with him on the sulject of their free'
doni. lie received 750 lashes at the hnnds of
white savages, (too lazy to do their own work)
before he expired. How the people of America
can stand by and see such atrocity committed in
this prutcssed land ot liberty, nnd that, loo, ajiains
a peoilo whose only crime is that of seeking liber
ty, is more than we can understand. Even Ken
tucky how can tho liueriy-loving people of this
State stand it? Will the real producers and work
ing men of Kentucky sutler these man tortures to
goon unrebuked until they themselves tall a prey
to these barbarians, and suffer subjugation by the
lash, and be bun ;ht and sold like the negro whom
. nuw , . ni . . .., f the
crime of being known to possess an independent
spiiit? If the white working men suffer the
Hack working men to be thus treated they
The principle
... . i. a -....
i the sum. The white tyrant that sanctions
huw to enslave black men for the sake of gain
would sanction a law to enslave the whites also for
lh ""P enJ. nd hen " nnd e'sh. "ht. 'K
or whip to death all who dare to
' jm gir
th0 Southern States are too thoughtless of their
own doom. Man has enslaved his fellow-man the
yld over, and in all agcs.withoat regard to color,
when he got the power by Jaw to do so, and will
j0 ,t hero on this pnrt of the globe, and in the
a present age, if he gets the power,
a "At Cadiz, Trigg County, Ky., yesterday," say
as tho Jlerald of Wednesday last, "a free negro was
. " ,, . ,, ,, ,- " . . .,
nntteo," nnd that "a number more are in jail.eome
0f whom will be hung."
A white man wns hung not long before this for
denouncing this inhumanity to man, and another
becauso his heart was moved witu sym
o I mitliif 1 1 ti'iiriAaa tiia twsifi nluian r r fliA nnism
,ity of no crime but that of a love of liberty.
of This, Fellow-Freemen, is a most horrid stnto
thinus to exist in n free country. The black man
.""robbed of his labor by low, and the white
of his by dread ; and not a press in the whole
south dare proclaim the tact (save The Newport
JVeiesllest some tyrant would say,"Stop my paper."
Both black and white, that labor for a living,
viewed as annnnls of like caliber and low grovel
inn n , til,. ),v lIlA WAnllhv tltlft flttMief AfMTtt thftt
ul the crincinc white man. no reduced ins own
wages and that uf his neighbor by fondling around
the slave master, is least respeo ed. And such
these are used to set on chase alter runanay no
. .i l.hinfl. ll.nm t.t u-.id. f, i n.ttliim.
,, EIUCI, l VltKK .(.bill Wltv . W lllllll,
,hat white men may also be compelled to beg fur
a job, and then, like the negro, gel only enough
her teed and clothe them lor it. un, sweet institution
I 11 f I . 1. 1 .. . . I L.-
oi slavery I vn, sweet uaruarny i oweut -jrutai
.. . I I . ' . .i .
litvana mururi awm vuiui aim uuvenv
Sweet lenrniiii? and sweet icnorancel Oh. sweet
I tritium humanity !
You that dare speak out in Kentucky, let
hear your voice! Speak over your own signatures
like fieemen. or ask lur yourselves a ro)e for tl
gallows! Tho tim has com when we should
know a skulking Tory fiom a patriot of liberty
Hand to know whether w must live by acting th
,d tyrant, or die fur imitating a. ashmton.
lUl I ..1 ir.l, !- fT.,:- 4
a kna. ha. been shot hv the mtitizen. for attemnt.
j . - 1
ine to incite slaves there to insurrection. Another
une, named Martin, was hung in El Dorado
the same cause
Tne Insurrection Excitement. A gentleman
direct Irntn lennessee inlormed the editor of tb
Evansville Journal, on the vth inst., that in th
whole region from Memphis, through Clurksville
the nd Dover on tb Cumberland river, the greatest
alarm existed in regard to the movements of
en-1 negroes. lb jail in all the counties were
not crowded with the arrested blacks, Tb county
teat coort tstemuiea in ts?n county, ana rigiisn'
committees and patrols had been appointed in
each neighborhood and township. Eight negroes
had been hung at Dover, making ninoteen in all.
No overt act had leon committed, but the proof
against them of insurrectionary designs, it wa
said, was conclusive. vi. S. Standard.
Th Keto York Tiibune liaa the following com
ments upon the recent cruelties of the South per
petrated on mere auspicion nnd at tb promptiugt
of guilt nnd terror:
The recent dealings in several Southern State
with slave accused of conspiracy to revolt and
overpower or escnpe from their master have ex
hibited some feature which deserve thoughtful
1. The slaves ore not allowed to learn to read,
and whoever teaches them subjects himself to
punishment : there is no provision even for th
reading of the laws within their hearing; yet
they are held to a rigid accountability for every
violation of those laws those interdicting the as
semblage ol more than a small number of black
persons, for example. No matter though such as
semblage be for religious woiship, or to celebrate)
- I i :' i .. . . ,.1 . . i
n uvumug or lunurai, ins penalty is ine same.
2. Though slave testimony is good for nothing
against white men, it is good enough to hang on
uuutuui. avcu iiiuu);ii it uq wuippuu uui ui a poor,'
frightened creature by whaling him within an inch'
of hit life, it answers every purpose.
3, Though the laws are all made by whit men,
and are as sever and one-sided as possible.yet th
poor slave suspected of conspiracy to revolt is not
allowed even such protection as they proffer him i
but let tho neighboring white loafers once get the
notion in their hends that there is or may be a
plot among the slaves of nny locality to revolt, and
ntoncothcy set to work arresting, overhauling,
questioning, whipping, torturing, hanging, without
tho least regard either fur the sacred rights of
property or the right of the victims to such pro
tection and immunity as the law made by their
masters vouchsafes them. "Law and Order" are
only respected so long ns they operate against
these dumb, fettered chattels: wherever they
are likely to bear in their favor they are coolly
brushed aside.
4. A wise old Book says, "Tho wicked flse when
no man pursueth." Those who doubt this can
never have scanned carefully nnd thoughtfully th
history of pretended slave conspiracies and medi
tated insurrections.
- Such paragraps as the following lead to th
doubt expressed above, that really there ha been
no ssrious, special cause of alarm, but that it is to
be attributed to the general ohrouio apprehension
of the Slaveholders:
The Murfrcesboro' Xcws has the following item
on the same subject: On last Thursday evening
there wus some excitement in town, which in
creased alter dark and continued throughout the
next day. It was not caused by a resurrection nor
insurrection of the sUve-i, nor !y any well gi-oud-ed
apprehension of either nt this time but by a
self-constituted sort of Vigilance Committee or
mob, that whipped, as we have been told, nearly
every mule freo negro to be found in town, and
ordered each one to leave the corporation and to
return no more.
Correspondence of the Petersburg Express.
RICHMOND, December 17, 1856.
No little interest exists in our city at pesent.
consequent upon rumors of insurrectionary move
nients.iinu tnu women ana cluldrennre.asyou might
suppose, very much alarmed. There is.'in fact.no
sort of foundation for suuh reports. Yet it has
been deemed expedient, in consideration of intel
ligence from other places, to take such precaution
for nny emergency as will be sufficient to frustrate
an attempt ol the sort. Twenty men have been
added to the night watch, nnd tho various military
companies have received secret instructions as to
their mode of action in the event of difficulty.
Still, no sensible person anticipates it, and, a
above- intimated, the timid are alarmed at tbo weak
inventions of their own minds.
Some families in the western part of the city
weiemuch frightened the other night at a small
assemblage of negroes, who were playing th
banjo for their own amusement An alarm uf fire,
last night, nt a late hour, carried terror to th
minds of ninny ; yet here we are, this pleasant
morning, in big Richmond, all O. IC, and likely
to continue so.
A person who came from New Kent county
yesterday, states that they were then in th act of
imprisoning several negroes, nrrcsted on suspicion
of plotting mischief.
A Tennessee paper says Senator Bell will lose
about $10,000 by the insuirection panic. Four of
his negroes, in his absence, were hung by one of
tho local courts, nnd Bvo mora nl'lerwards by the
mob, vithout judge or jury. Yet there seems to
be little or no evidence tu inculpate them. Here,
people are so frightened that they dare not let th
negroes assemble in church, Sunday nights. Th
penalty lor "meeting lor any purpose," even for a
social party or a prayer meeting, ranges from
fifteen to thirty lashes under tho Virginia law. It
hns been inflicted in several cases un both men
nnd women, in the neighborhood of Alexandria
Soi'Tn Carolina Backing Down. Both Hous
es of the South Carolina Legislature have passed
law modifying the treatment meted out to col
ored seaman who visit the ports of that state. Th
new law allows colored seaman to remain on
board, instead of being confined in the jail as
heretofore. The master of the vessel giving bond
that they shall obey the laws uf the tate. Ia
case the law is violated or the seaman found be
yond his vessel the bouds are forfeitod and tb
act of 1835 resumes its full force.
One of the reasons urged for the change wa
that South Carolina has established her right to
imprison these seaman in defiance of th opposi
tion of Massachusetts and England, th only au
thorities which attempted to question that' right
and having triumphed by the quiet concession of
all the powers of the earth, she could now afford
to be magnanimous, and imprison tbem on ship
board, instead uf in her own jail. Quite a con-'
cession for chivaliy to make. one which some
what improves the chance of th colored seaman
to escape from the threatened enslavement.
A late number of the Richmond Examiner thai
expatiate upon the evils and inconvenience of
knowing how to read and write. It should b
remembered that the writer is eitollirg the bless-
ing of ignorance not for the black slaves, but for
a class of the white men uf Virginia.
The Inquirer says, not one in twenty of th
adult whites oi Virginia can read or write. Th
charge is utterly false. A small portion of Vir
ginians, and other Southerners can neither read or
write. But all are sensible and well informed
all conversant with nfiairs. Fur, very far more in
tellectual, moral and well informed, than European
laborers ever were ur ever possibly can be. Hom
er did not know a letter in the book, and Plato
held that the invention of letters bad diminished
human intellectuality. Reading and writing ar
the means, probably the worst meant of acquiring
knowledge and wisdom, 7 he time employed in
their acquisition is of itself lost, for it prevents
enlargement uf mind from observation and experi
ence. As means of acquiring knowledge, th
European laborer does not find tim to employ
tbem. He is very generally th wore (or know
ing them; first, because tho time he is shut up in
school is so much precious tim lost, in th most
impressible period of life from observation ajd
experience; and, teoondly, if he doe read, it i
only for low stimulation and excitement, and ia
confined to Murrel' murder, Greely' paper and
Dickens' novel.
family of Cromwell, yritabl deotni
Jdtnts of Olivtr, live ia Clay county, Indian,

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