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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, January 10, 1857, Image 2

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THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
THE SLAVE TRADE AMONG THE COLONIES.
L
V. promised some time since to show the part
taken 17 tl.e Colonies, ,,ri..r to the adoption il ilic 1
In the Slave Trade. It will bo seen 1
the position ote...niM,l the State, is not tna-
different tmm what it win a century a live.
'in,, u, 1 : ..r .1 ..,... ..iw
lilVAt-V
Sue tot the Spaniards nnd the Uonne merchants, j
Almonte 01 Charles tho tilth obtained ti lVent
fir the exclusive impor'ntinn or lour thousnud tie-'
into America in 1517, and s;dd it to some)
Oenoese merchants. Thus was iho iret regular ;
commerce in Slave Introduced into America?
The first .lav. trad. ..C fh K,.ii-I. -,.. ....oniwl
on the coast id tloinca In 17ti:t. I,v .Il,.c kin.
hv John lla kit.
Vhd Vk'aa ,lnlittf-it liv Klttnril i.uiillnn.iiri in I. nttrl.it,
lis r.rrio.l tl.ron l,..,l I .... .... ... Ill L..I,
landing them at tho ports oflhclla lo I'lata"'
and Monte Christo. This v..vite was so t.r..Ht.U.lc
kttnr-nvv.,1.
that ll.a Vlai a T....U .. ... I,.. ... ,U A.
B .th these dates, it will he ohscrve.l. was Lch.re
the settlement of tho present L nit. d State. The !
oxact period ol the introduction of Slave, nniniij""
the colonies we do not know, hot twenty-live yei.rsl
nfter the settlement ol I'lymoiuh, blaveiy did ;
in Massuchusetts. This we know, from a
ningular procedure hefore the l.itnclm.ett
Courts. There wh, then, a law in M.isiMiM.nsett ;
agairrt buyinK and selling Slaves. In eseeotion
of this law, (in llilo.) a nero, w ho had l.een :
"fratidulentl.v ivnd injuriously t.iken and hto.l.t
from Ouinoa and sold to .Mr. Williams, of 1'in'at-
aqua, wa, demanded hv the ( general C,uM lha. he ,
in.Kht ho sent back. Slave y , J.J not . ex. I u. (
Massaohusetts, ,.n, althou-h that colony did. in
17S0 formally ahoiHhS.avery.t does not appear,,
..,,1 f!-'iv
' lu,'J j"'" - rv. ....... i
onv I. a.I, as appears irom toe,'
nor and Council, about t&My
.... .1...- . ,,.. i.i
Connecticut,
answers to the I
slaves. There
once in a while, it is saiJ, three or four negroes
came from B.,rbadocs, and were sold t about 110 ,
In'ieSl, Virginia held slaves, hot how many I
we know not. In the statement made by the Gov. is'
this curious remark-true then and true ever since ;
'Our thieving is our undoing; and our Loving
ef blacks hath extremely contributed thereto by
making more tobacco we are too many for that,
and too few lor anvthintr else. "
In Maryland the Slave Trade existed in 1715;
for we find a law that the duties on tho in.porta-
lion of slaves did not extend to those vessels whose i
Owners were resoicuts ot tlie l'rovu.ce.
In South Carolina too rice culture wss Intro-!
duced in 1093, and this may he regarded ns tho
date of the introduction ol negro slavery there.
In UiM we Una tlie Slave l nine una been si ac-
tive in that colony that the slave population alieodii
exceeded the u-ltUcs. In the estimate of the inhab
hunts of Carolina ut that time, the following was
the result :
14 000
10,000
Whites,
Slaves, (Negroes and Indians)
From tho facts stated above, it is very evident
that Virginia and tho Carnlinns were the first
gre.it importers of negroes, and they have remain
ed ever since consistent iu their duieuce of uesro
slavery.
Soon after the nbnve date, however, Khode Is-',t
land, although originally settled by Quakers nmi
began to enter" into the Slavo Trad.
1730. the enumeration uf llhude lalaud gavo this
result :
English Whiles, 15.3C2
Indians, . 0M5
Nogroes, 1,043
At the same time the negroes in Carolina had
increased in seven years from 16,000, ns above, to
28,000, and were greatly more numerous than I he
whites, in consequence of this superiority, they
laid a plan for a general massacre, which was hap
pily discovered in time to prevent it. So negro in
surrections are no new things.
We may omit any further history of tho Ameri
can Slave 'i'.ade except to notice its results. In
the not half century from 1730 the Ameri
ican Slave Trade proceedol with great activity;
especially in the Colonies ot Virginia, south ntul
North Carolina, end Georgia. In the meantime,
even the Nw England Colonics engaged in it, and
New York more than once ha 1 to encou iter u ne
gro insurrection. The following are some statistics
of the result uf the American slave Trade,
Negroes
Free Whites.
New Jersey. (1745,1 5G.707
Rhodo Islind, (1755,) 3r..9
Maryland, (1703.) 98.357
Virginia. (1703. 7(1000
Connecticut, (17C3.) 1-11.000
Massachusetts. (1703.) 235 S10
S.Carolina. (1705.) 40,000
It appears, then, that in 1705 Virginia nnd South
Caroliua containod a great majority of nil the ne
irroe8 in the American Colonics. Georgia ar
North Carolina contained a proportion n early as
great. South Carolina r.ever abandoned the Slave
trade while she could help it.
We shall furnish hut two more facts for this his
torical summary. In 1773 there wero 6,000 ne
groes imported into the purt of Charleston alone.
vi :
From the Wet Indies. (20 vessels,) 700
From the N. Colonics, (0 vessels,) 40
From Africa, 133 vessels,) 5,731
In 1783 were imported into Charleston:
From Afiica and tho West Indies,
From St. Augustine,
In the next year, (1784):
From Africa and the West ladies,
From St. Augustine,
Total in 173-4,
In three reportej years we find about thirteen
thousand negro slaves imported into Charleston.
SVe give this on the authority of Holmes' Annals,
A perfectly reliable work.
Wi gather from these facts two quite obvious
conclusions. First: It is plain that the suppres
sion of tho African Slave Trade was a thing abso
lutely necessary to the safety nnd prosperity ol
the Colonies. The cultivation of rice, tobacco.nnd
subsequently of cotton, had introduced vast hordes
rif Africans." Insurrections lull occurred, nnd in
Virginia, Carolina and Georgia, the slaves were
rapidly growing out of all proportion to the whites.
Avarice was fast destroying humanity, nnd the
American Colonies would Imvo been Africanized
in every sense of the word, had not the SUve
Trade been suppressed. Next, wa observe, tht
the slave influence has always flowed from the
same great centres, Virginia nmi the Carnlinns.
Eroin there it has flowed south-west, hapoiiy with
out the power oi increasing its volume by Afri
can additions.
Wa repeat what we at first expressed, that we do
not believe the slave trade can ne revived; nut
will not injure xnd may benefit the public welfare,
to bear iu mind the progress and characteristics
this inhuman traffic.
4 GliO
4,007
O70
lOO.tMiO
4 5H0
5.214
VU.i-uu
1,003
107
4.0C0
1.37J
0,502
From the London Anti-Slavery Advocate.
PROGRESS OF THE ANTI SLAVERY
CAUSE IN ENGLAND.
, Sumner and the events in
powerful stimulants to the
The assault on Mr.
Kansas have oroven
true anti-slavorv conversion of the English people.
Whatever their apathy before, they are now forced
to see not only that a tlaveholding people cannot
1st ft free people, but that a natijn can never be
powerful, happy, and united while ruled bv a
compact oldigarcj of slaveholders, whose policy
is neeessarily bi.stile M fre speech, a free press,
free labor, free education, and all the other essen
tial constituents of a free community. Every
Engliibinan now knows that liberty and slavery
re waging an internee. oe war in the United
States; that the truce between them, which Amer
eu statesman have vainly attempted to maintain
is do longer possible; and thst vre or the other
must suueotnb. Wa have heard of an American
traveller who complained that while in F.nglaad he
bad onW met with one gentleman. When asked
to eipUio, he said that one had never talked to
him about slavery Accepting this definition we
think we may safely promise our future Amen
can viators that thev will look in vain throuicli
the three kingdoms for a single gentleman. In all
the leading reviews, tnagiiinss, and journals
toy Importance, tin snbject bat beoo so lull j and
so ably discussed, that no one of nny nrdii.nry
in-!
I , . ' ignoini.t 1.1 now miitteis slaml in the;
United Suites, ui.d tlmt there 1110 hut thrco .ot.rsesi
1'"ilo.ii.fli.t,u,.ftcoimwii nun i-i.n.rcl thcl
i t-r. r,cu.,d. ,hn slave 's.ie.
""T1 "''"'j r 'l' e tliii'k l" !
',lMtRl the '"" probable nltei i.ntive. thej
''e'
" r 1 uI- vin i.n.nt..I real union amongst thcm-l
tfu. tl... Mhtii,....,! which wtiil ci.nn
!,,e '-! it of slavery nt an curly day ; since it
" '"""'''J (,wfl11 in too very iimuie unugs,
'"" 11 l,ct'" repeatedly nifmiticd hy the slave
grues ll"l(lo,:' themselves in their sober moments, that
,l,c '"'I'0 t tho pcrnmiicncc ol 'their very
"peculiar institution" he in tho guarantee n hn h
the tn "'1,e g"C them to inail.luiii It to - tl
ibf Federal Union eontiiit.ee. Now,
it nut he ,1 .rood ihina lor the uholitiniiiMN to i ll'er
WOI.II,
VI'IZO h.r Hie het CMtlV to phoW llllW t llB TmHrl.t I
Itwcen the north and the south mayeo j
cl" ,,,e ""i',","."'e "f Un. "'
. , . .
J'""."'" !''erties ? In our hun.hlo opinion, to
eMublirh this point erould ho as pret.y a puzzlo as
pw''""d ""ient Schoolmen,
JOHN PHOENIX UPON GEORGE WASHINGTON.
lAUION.
From an oration reputed to have l.een delivered
at Tort Vancouver, W. T. on ll.e I'mirtli ol July,
lf-oO. hy Jul. 11 I'hccuix X, 9 , I)., Sci'ucant Major
M l llcviioint Oiioii Ttiritoiy Light .Moles," we
extract tlie lidloniiig:
Ahh , fr lC in w,,;,h ft vp
iUMWl.uirllt,A , i(,nril,0 , .insl...,
j i.,.,,,,,,,. j,B c ..
u , ' '- " "
c,.ine;wa, pcr.cctly ienorant of the
Mlll.,,l(.s ol the iiiaunn; in tnhirrnt,li tw.v,.f
. 1 , - , " ' ' , ...
"V"' ,t ' A ' ?""V "
uel 11 'fiction match, llceat Ins meals with an
iron fork, never used postage stamps on his let-
" Z J... " ' np'. , V"
jllu,!'i",,".i".n- .'ch a man as this could hardly
bo elecl7 1 ''''" the lulled States ... these
u",c' '"though it must he confessed, n e onus -
:v h:,ve 11 '"'"''"e who proves not much bettter
mlrmc-tl about soch mattei s in gctc.:il.
W ashington CieJ from exposure on the summit
of Mt. A etnon, in tl.e year 17M5. leaving behind
I'iin a name that w ill endure lorcver, if pastcrity
Persist in calling their children nher him to the I
n"e extent that has been lash unable.
" r'ooin, i.y uimm o.uari, oi tins great soi-1
d'er nnd statesman may be seen, very badly eti-f""1''
graved, on the "History of the I nited States ;' but
j as it was taken when tl.e General was in the act
j '"It luoacco, u.e n-ir ci.eeK is oisiennuo out
; "f proportion, nnd the likeness rendered very mi-
i satislactory. I pun the whole General Gdorge
l it asl.tttgton was a very excellent man ; though
I unlam liar with 'Scott's Infantry Tactics,' he was
a tolerohlo officer; though he married a widow, he
was a fond husband ; nnd though he did not know
i the Beechcr family, ho was a sincere Christian.
E ri.UKlDUS UN CX.
A monument has been commenced in the eitv of
ashii.g'on to his memory, which is to I n live
j hundred leet in I. eight ; and it should bo tl.e wishj
.very true l.cai lea American that Ins Mitoes
nnd sen i.-es may not be forgotten bob, re it is coin
Baptists, Inlpleted; in which ease, their rctuen.bianco will
1 probal iy cnuuro torever.
From the Radical Abolitionist.
THE INCENDIARY ABOLITIONISTS!
it
a iSEiv ew of TiiKia Wickedness. A writer
in the New Oilcans I'icaiuiie. in trcatinir of the
dangers arising from the admission of North
ern books into Southern communities, describes
them us havii g been trrOten with a viae of ana,'
iiig children aijainst their parents, and consequent
ly parents! Ufainst (heir children; relering.evidently,
to siares, and their slavoholding "parents."
Well, this is a (oucimiij; appeal, wo cosfes,
the most so we remember to have met with, on
this topic. At tho thought of direful sti iic bj-
tween "parents una children, we are nliuj.it in-
cli.icd to desUt, and leave our 'brethren of the
Sooth" with their "children" to their coveted
"domestic" repose.
But let us look a little more closoly into the
matter. What A condition of things must that be,
in tho South, that could warrant Buch apprehen
sions? What is the relation between "parents
and children" in the slave States? And how are
"children" treated by their "parents?" Do they
boy and sell them like cattle? l)u they forbid
j them education 1 Do they debar them Irom the
1 sanctities of marriase.aod herd them together like
j beasts? Do they drive them, during life, to un-
i p int lat.or, ut too crack ol ll.e whin; Atvl is it
because Northern writers sometimes hint that this
is not exactly Christian-like and proper, that their
hooks vould"ui ray children against their parents.
auu consequently parcois against tueir cuilurcu I
Father Matiiew, tho renowned Apostle of
Temper. nice, died lit Cork on trie 9ih of December
His citrecr bus been remarkable, and his iiilluei.ee
among- his countrymen iu Great Britain nmi
America will long bu felt. Theobald Mail.evv was
born in Tlivniiastuwn, Ireland, Oct. 10, 1700. lie
was Ictt an t.rpli.ir. r.t nn early nge, adopted bv
an nunt and educated in Kilkenny Academy and
at Maynooth. He was ord lined to the oriesthoo'l
at Dublin, having previously-entered upon Lis phi
lai.tbri'i ic laboi s among tho poor. The curse of
whisky, brought, so fearfully to his notice tinning
these wretched people, roused hiin to unwonted
enthusiasm, nnd be determined upon a crusade
l,r:iinst thft demon fif Ali'nt.nl A (l..t-.lSirv thnl
principle of total abstinence, he commenced
series of meetings, nnd soon a rakened the latent
enthusiasm of the Irish nature to his assistance,
meeting witn n success tey .nd the wildest hopes,
lie traveled from town to town through nil the
1-lai.d. His spotless fame preceded him. and his
progress was olio triumphal march. The author
ities unbent their d igr.ily to do him honor, nnd
the people fallowed and crowded around him with
adoratKni, Ho administered tho pledge to thousand-,
at a time; nt Neniigh to twenty thousand in
one day ; ut Galu ay a hundred thousand in two
lays; between Galwny nnd Loiighrca to nearly
i i .. i . i -.i 'i .ii ti.-...
iwo iiijiiuieu uiousaim. ii.ioiicii Jin tins Hercu
lean labor he never amassed a cent for himself,
but was constantly in n st-ite of persona! poverty.
When he began bis good work his brother was the
proprietor id a large distil ery. Ho supported
1 beob. ild until Ins wonderful success had rui.ied
tho distillery, and reduced the owner to bank
ruptcy. To meet the wants of the good Samaritan,
the British Government settled an annuity of 300
upon him, w hich sum was just euthcitnt to pi.
the premium upon an insurance policy held by his
creditors as security for their claims. Tribune,
ol
of
Tho following, from two of the prominent sup
porters ot Fremont in New Yol k, tells its own
story.
BiiE.tKiNO Up Tne Cupartsisiiip Our honest
and unliable contemporaries "I the Ti Hume srem
think that the entire assets of he lleimlican party,
which recectlv failed in business, belong exclusive
ly to them. We must demur to this decision. We
became a partner in this concern and contributed
a largo amount of capital to set it going. We la
bored, too, w ith Home considerable ettect; and but
for the treachery and fo'ly of some of our associ
ates in the same cause wa should have established
,t,a l..iui,tod r.n . nrmnnnt fotitinir Anit nl.-iceil
the'head of the concern in its proper position. We
think, therefore, in looking over the assets of the
ate Republican party, that our honest contempo
rary has in id e a mistako in supposing that the
stock in trade belongs to them, and that it consists
f their peculiar anti-slavery ideaa. 1 bat won
lo. Tho capital we con ributed to tho I. nn wns
not anti-slavery nevor will be anti-slavery. The
votes for Fremont numbered nearly one million and
eight hundred thousand: and we venture to say
that of this vast array not one-tenth were nnu
siaveryn. en. in the sense ot our amiable and plulo-
tonliic.il contemporaries ot the Iribiine.
ine ir win remember nerealter not to itp-
propriate political proporty w hich don't beloti '
it, and not seek to monopolize or use thnt which
they have an equal right te claim. AT. Y. Herald.
"Bkeaiino cp o nt Copartnership Our
honest and am'.able contemporaries of Tirr. Tin-
m ns seem to think that the cnliro nsscts of tlie I
Uepopiicnn party, which recently ImlfU in pusi-
ncs, belon exclusively to tlieiu. Herald,
, A ., 1. ,rn,
JlZTZ 0 t
B "'i I , ! t0 Jiw.SS 7 them !
w, J ' j 0 7 r -j'hev don't "belong''
r. Jri-
, '
Tim UsAiru or Mh. Simner. The Boston
Chronicle ol tho Cih ii.nt. contains a utateinei.t di
reet Iron, tho lion. Chas. Sumiur, that in coi.M
(.iciuo of tho urgent reqiieBt ol Lin phji-ieian, he
will not Icavo for a.-h.ii)ton, na he intended.
pi.ysi. ian ttatos that hi nervous liynteiii i
.. .ltf t.. r,.l ll.n irrfltuHt IMllltOlll 1
.. I. , ..,.. l,i
soiely lec.'Vciin.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle.
The Anti-Slavery Bugle. SALEM, OHIO, JANUARY 10, 1857.
ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF OHIO.
iViVf-ic Citizens You have recently found your
selves arrayed against euch other in a costly and
exciiing political contest, in whi-h yon hove
l.clicved tho ftiestioti of tho existence of huni:in
Slavery in our land was deeply involved. No
intelligent, nnd virtuous man, in either of the
political con.hii.ations existing in Ohio, actually
dc.-iics tl.e perpetuation of the system of human
bondage, hut every such person earnestly wishes
to sto a speedy termination of tho woes, and
crimes, of which it is the prolific parent. Now
that the conflict of interests, opinions and passions,
consequent upon the Into election is for the present
ended, we, tho representatives of the Western
Anti Slavery Society, desire to approach you with
suggestions that wa cannot hut hopo w ill be enter
tained, and maturely considered hy every reflect
ing mind.
To the dispassionate observer uninfluenced hy
partisan feelings, it has been most apparent that
the whole of the recont slrogglo has been in respect
to effects, the causts of which Jiavo not been aimed
, b(J oturbed bv any of the contestants. In
- .
su fi,r " H'O existence nnd perpetuity of
Slavery is concerned, .there has been, and can be,
but one party politically, of loyal ciiizcns, nnd
this includes Iho great body of American voters.
The strife betweon you has not been for the over
throw of the most guilty, appalling, nnd powerful
despotism, the world has ever soon, but merely
about the regulation of its details, by those who
all agree, nnd pledge themselves, that it shall be
continued, and supported, nnd who differ only upon
the policy which shall control it.
We invite your co-operation in r.n attempt to
remove 1'ie ullending causo whicu has produced
sin.li vast disturbance in the body politic, whilst
tho amount of misery nnd degradation it inflicts
upon its immediate victims, is utterly indescribable
Wo nk you first to inquire where the siaveholding
p .wer is b cited, nnd of w hat forces it is coin
posed. Taking tho last census tables as our guido,
wo find it probable there ore now fully four
millions of human beings held as chattels in the
United States, nnd claimed as property, by less
than four hundred thousand persons. The common
sense of every individual teaches hiin that those
victims of arbitrary powor aro not retained by the
unassisted force of those who claim them. With
out aid from others, who do not assume to have
a right of property in thorn, it is obviously impos
sible that they should be held in sen Undo. A
part of the power employed is to be found in tho
governments of ll.e slave-owning States. But with
no other assistance than tlnscl.e claimants of the
bodies and souls of their equal fellow beings
would be unable to retain them, and therefore, in
the construction of the Federal Union, they have
cunningly contrived to array tho whole physical,
pecuniary and moral powor, of the people of all
i lie States, through tho provisions of tho Constitu
tion of the United Slates, on the side of tho op
pressor and against ibe slaves. It is in the gov
ernment of the United States then that the real
slaveho'iiling powei is to be found. You nre a
part of it and if there be shame and guilt in
coercing men and women into the condition of
chattels, and upon a level with brutes, you, who
sustain and take part in the operations of that
government, nre voluntary participants in that
guilt. And further, so completely have you been
outwitted aud entangled, no action of yours bow
ever well intended, can ever bring to an end this
system of crime nnd unutterable horror, or relieve
y,iu from your share of its responsibility, whilst
I ,,- . . . , . 1
a I le:l"-v ubiftinsby nn adherence to this confederacy?
Which of you docs it protect in person or properly,
Lnd to what extent ? To secure this protection
you continue loyal subjects of the general govern
mcnt, and thus through it, lend your influenco to
tl.e support and perpetuation of Slavery,
We beseech you then tore-examine the wholo
su! ject ; to inquire what are the advantages you
for themselves, and to aid in extending it to others,
are tho motives which induce intelligent persons
to. outer voluntarily or continue in governmental
associations. Now if you find, as wo nvor you
will upon careful investigation, that you receive no
protection really from the general guvornment.but
if this Union were dissolved and your State organ
! ization left undisturbed, vou would still nossess
i
all tho political advantages you seek or desiro, you
will have no motive to continue your present re la
turns. e solicit you to consider seriously the
I proposition of a withdrawal of Ibe suvcreign Stato
v
to
of Ohio, from confederacy which involves her
citizens in heinous crime, covering them with
guilt and shame, whilst it procures for them no
advantages which an unscrupulous people might
be supposed to aojept as a compensation for the
nicked connivance.
Wo are aware, a majority of you believe you
hnve been and are engaged in political operations,
designed and calculated tu overthrow Slavery, but
in this you are deceived. There is no proposition
susceptible of more complete demonstration, than
'.hat tho slave oligarchy is secure of perpetual
dominion, so long ns a large majority ol the people
continue loyal to the Constitution, as its provisions
were intended to be understood by those who
framed it, and ns they have always been construed
by nit parties since its adoption. This security
iusurcd I.y the invmciblo physical powsr of the
i nation, when united, enabling this oligarchy by
tho forces of the government, to subdue all
I
at einpts of tho enslaved to achieve their own de
liverance and to repel nny assistance which might
he proffered them from abroad. Tho moral in
fluence of the confederacy is such thnt foreign
nations have never even ventured to uttempt
ameliorate the wretched condition of the American
Slave, much less to secure his freedom, by diplo
inacy, though native in their efforts of phihtn-
ibroiiv with less powerful States. And however
,,,. vou de,ire. und dilliecntlv labor, for
the overthrow of Slavery you can never nccom
plish it by efforts confined withiu tho limits of the
Constitution. The form of our government lias
become destructive of the ends it was established
to secure, and believing with our Fiuhcru In ihnir
immortal Dechirotion, that undor euch circum
KIES. stances "it is lb ,,r .1 . 1 . 1.
T of "" W111 10 ,ll,,M
""'"' "rol. that rfcM
' ''''l' f"rU' 8h,l,l nced ,ftb,,r of roo"n
Constitution, lru0il,,n-Our Stato government wiih slight. .mend
that ments will supply nil tlmt wo require. Wo pro
temlly . . J
poso tun to you as a mode of diroct nnd efficient
political action against the existence of Slavery
itself nnd not merely directed against a portion of
its effects. Wo have reason to know that large
numbers of those nctivo in late political move
ments, have never been satisfied with operating
simply against these effects leaving the cause un
disturbed, or rather strengthened and supported
by tho very efl'ccta which grow out of a desire for
its overthrow. W shall cause to be circulated
throughout tho Stato petitions to the Legislature"
asking that body to tako the necessary steps pre
liminary to secoseion. These we hope to see
numerously signed, nnd carefully forwarded at an
early period, by thote into whose charge they may
be given Wo suggest in this what we believe to
he the only peaceful mode by which we can sever
our guilty connection with tho crimoof elavchold
ing, nnd ut the same time employ our political
power to accomplish tho speedy, and complete
overthrow ol tho slave system.' We believe it will
be peaceful, hecuuso in the numbers, intelligence,
physical wealth and moral influence of her pop
ulation, her compact territory, international im
provements, and favorable local silunlion, Ohio
may present such a front to the world that no
power which can have, or pretend to a motive to
assail her, dare venture the attempt. Besides, a
large majority of the people of the non-slavo-uwn-
ing States will sympathise with the movement, nnd
lend their powerful mural influence, and physical
aid if it should ever become necessary, and a
knowledge of this state of public sentiment will
suffice to prevent all attack. We believe it will be
effectual, because by the testimony of slave owoors
themselves, nnd by that of all the facts, bearing
upon the case, the slave-owning communities, so
soon ns the physical power of the North were
withdrawn Irom their aid, wjuld bo compelled to
emancipate, to preserve themselves from an un
equal contest with their present victims. For
withono Ststo possessed of the power and in
fluence of Ohio, for such cause withdrawn from
the Union, all the other free States influenced by
the example, would be sure and quick to imitate,
Wo clai.n your co-operation in this movemont
as the only political action against the system of
Slavery which is possible to us, and which prom
ises its peaceful overthrow, and thcjoiily political
action which does not involve us in the guilt nnd
crime of slaycholding. We know it will bo charac
terised as rebellion or revolution, but we exult in
being the children of rebels, tho offspring of revo
lutionists, in whoso toils end sacrifices for Liberty
wo glory, and w hose worthy deeds, and honest
lame we mean to emulate. Wo know that it is
our right, nnd duty, to assume this position, else
the Declaration of Independence is a self evident
lie. And we know too, that this is tho only remedy
left us and you, to protect ourselves and posterity
against tho continually augmenting folds, with
which the serpent of Slavery is stead'ly encircling
a people, who still esteem themselves to be froo.
The revolution in which we ask your assistance
must come, whether you will aid us or not. We are
already in the midst of it. Already in Kansas its
advent has been heralded with bl jud and oarnage.
If you would protect your own happy homes from
similar devastations, you must assume the aggress
ive now whilst it is still possible to effect the over
throw of Slavery peacefully, ot us su,c!y ns effect
succeeds to cause, you, nnd your children, will be
encompassed by similar desolation and horn.',
within the borders of our own beloved State.
Mcd nnd women of Ohio, we ask you to sign
those petitions, aud give your influenco to obtain
tho Go-cper.ition of others. And Editors friendly
to the causo of freedom, whether agreeing in sen
i timent with us or no, we ask ynu to give a place
in your columns to our petition and addross, that
the poople may have nn opportunity to judge for
themselves iu the premises.
DISUNION PETITION.
Deeply impressed with tho fact that we cannot
indulgo nny reasonable hope of tho emancipation
of the millions of American Slaves, while their
oppressors nre admitted to an equal participation
with non-slaveholders in the administration uf the
national government, the Executiro Committe
the Western Anti-Slavory Society have prepared
petitions asking our State Legislature to take the
necessary preliminary steps firth withdrawal
of Ohio from her present union with the elavo
claiming States. . They also set forth most sub
stantial reasons for tin) adoption of this measure
in the above address prepared by ono of their
number. We ask for this addnss a careful perusal,
and a candid consideration of its facts nnd argu
ments. We append nlso a form uf Petition w hich
iwe hope will be copied and extensively circulated
in every noighborh tod where there is to bo found
a single friend of the measure. When nil the
names that can be procured are attached, send
un to the Senator or Representative uf tho District
in which the petitioners reside with a request for
its presentation, nnd that he will take measures
secure for it a fair hearing and appropriate ref-
ference by the body of which he is a member.
vigorous efforts are made we feel well assured that
numerous signatures may be obtained to the peti
tion nnd much good effected by the discussions
hich its circulation uud presentation will in
evitably arouse.
PETITION
PETITION To the Senate and House of Representatives of
the State of Ohio.
to
Tho Memorial of the undersigned, citizens
County, Ohio, respectfully represents,
That from the nature of the case nnd from all our
past experience, it is manifest that the existing
union between the free and slave States involves
all the supporters of our national government
the support of American Slavery ; that the Union
instead uf securing lo us and our posterity the
blessings of liberty, has been and still is the most
efficient means of crushing out the personal liberty
of ibu citizens of all the States and uf porpot
uating and extending Slavery i and as there is
possibility of amending or altering the Federal
Constitution while the present Union lasts.; Aud
as tl.e advantages which as citizens of Ohio we
can derive from the general government can be
more certainly nnd abundantly secured outsido
the Federal Union, therefore we request that you
will take the necessary preliminary measures for
the withdrawn! uf Ohio from the piosent Union,
and the establishment of a government which
shall be uncompromisingly tho friend and sup
erior t( liberty for all lis Inhabitants,
COLUMBIANA.
On Saturday Inst according to appointment, we
attempted to get to Columbiana for a Dueling,
but by tho interposition not of Divine Providence
but of tho tardy Koilroad train, we failed to ar
rive thcro until nine o'clock in the evening, by
which lime the audienco had assembled, exhaust
ed their patience In waiting and dispersed. Such
a termination of our appointment we deeply re
gret, but wo had no remedy. We regret it the
mote as we learn tlmt tl.e au lionce in the school
houso, the only place that could be procurod
for such a meoting, was very respectablo in num
bers considering tho fact that next door tho Meth
odists had a revival meeting in progress whichliad
been continued for three weeks. But the rumor
of our meeting had evidently provoked t)io pious
brethren to add to their piety at least the sem
blance of good works, as they caused it to be pub
lished that on the same evening there would be an
anti-slavery sermon preached in the Mothodist
house and that certain letters which our friend
John Copcbind had addressed to the leading min
isters would bo reviewed. Could we have got tlicre
theColomhianians would have had the opportunity
ol making a selection of nnti-shtvery sermons.
We are told that the staple of the preaching dur
ing this protracted meeting, which by the way has
not been very successful in making converts, has
been denunciation of infidelity, which probably
means abolitionism, and such we are informed was
its character on this evening. However if any
onti-slnvery truth was old we nre heartily glad of
it and whoever was benefited thereby is probably
indebted to our threatened advent in town
assure our friends they must not calculato on be
ing relieved from our presenco again by railroad
interference, for the next time we shall not wait
for the last train.
On Sunday afternoon and evening we spoke in
a school houso two miles east of the village to in
telligent and apparently Interested audiences. It
was to us a very pleasant occasion and our friends
seemod to think not a profitless one to others. There
nre some faithful nnd truo friends of freedom in
Coliimbinna and its vicinity.
Two dollars were contributed to the society by
four persons aftor tho close 'of the meeting.
-
e
THE CHEROKEES AND SLAVERY.
The civilization nnd Christianity of the Chcro
keo Indians their redemption from Paganism
and Savagcism, is the boast and glory of that great
representative of American Christianity, the Amer
ican Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions,
They claim that their missionary efforts, continued
through near forty years, have wrought this won
dcrous nnd happy revolution. It must bo coneed
ed that these missionaries have done much to
change tho character of this tribe of Indians, nnd
that in the times of trial, persecution nnd robbery
of the Cherokees by the Stato and national Gov
ernments, the missionaries have been their friends
and the fearless though unsuccessful advocates of
th 'ir rights. But at the same time it must bo con
lesscd that from tho pro-slavery and compromising
spirit nnd policy of the Board and of some of its
missionaries, and from the pro-slavery practices of
their civilized neighbors and christian brethren,
they have become adepts in practicing and defend
ing the Patriarchal institution. John Ross, long
their popular chief now called their President,
has been theso many years a large slaveholder, as
have also tnnny of thoir distinguished men nnd
among them tho officers and mombers of their
churches.
How aptly these men catch the policy, argu
ments nr.d habits of their neighbors, we learn
from the late message cf President Boss, to the
Legislature of the nation. After referring to the
state of religion, education, civilization, the finat
Ces and crops of the tribe, tho message proceeds
to discuss the i ubjoct of slavery nnd charges the
missionaries of the Board with tampering with
slaves. Mr. Boss tnys :
of
it
to
If
of
of
in
of
''Complaints Lave been made to me by certain
citizsns ngainst persons connected with tho mis
sions of the American Board in regard lo alleged
improper conduct towards their staves. These
complaints I have fe.t it to be due to courtesy and
justice to submit to the missionaries implicated,
some of whom had long labored among Ihe Cher
okees, in order thnt they might not bo dealt with
unheard, nnd no steps taken that would injurious
ly ufi'ict their standing, without c.iusc. So soon
as the acti:m of the mission churches reaches me,
I shall lay it heforo you for your information, nnd
here I take occasion to remark thr.t slavery bein"
recognised by the laws of the na'.ion, is entitled to
protection from agitation nnd disturbance hy citi
zens of the United .States, who have t.o right to
interl'oie with the local affair of the nation.
"Tho existence of slavery among us is sanction
by our own laws, nnd by tho intercourse of tl.e
government of the United Suites, by which protec
tion is guaranteed to the Cherokee- nation for the
enjoyment of nil political ricl.ts nnd wiviieces.
The agitation of that question here can produce
no goou, ana suniervo no purpose but excitement.
Whilo the disturbed condition of affairs in Kai.fss
in which we hve lauds on which some of our citi
zens are residing, attracts attention here as well
us elsewhere, it may not bo improper for us to re
mind ourselves that our true policy is, to mil d our
own business, nnd not travel beyond our oi lim
its to seek difficulties."
The Cherokees seem likely to be taken into the
fraternal embrace of the South Carolina slave-holders.
And no wonder, when their Government
administered so entirely in harmony with the Souih
Carolina administration of our national affairs.
The New York Evening Pust says, in connec
tion with this message:
"We observed that the Revered Thomas Ram
baut. I'crsidcnt of the Cherokee Baptist College,
is now visiting South Carolina to solicit contribu
tions for that institution, and that his mission
warmly commended by the Charleston Mercury,
a prominent organ of the openers uf the African
slave-trade. "it is 4 case." says that journal,
"which fairly appeals to the liberality uf uur cum'
muniiy, which is connected by su many commer
cial ties with the country in which the college
situated.''
We have no doubt that the comme-oial ties be
tween the Cherokee and the South Carolina slave
owuers are worth considering, and that they
would be greatly strengthened by a restoration
the ebony trade. There is a fine market for cheap
negro labor in the fat valleys of the Arkansas,
mid the Indians have their "man uf Ross," who i
disposed to confer this boon upon them, nnd who,
perhaps, veils his purpuse under tho declaration
la parrot-like repetition of White-Uouse instruc
tions) that slavery has a right to be protected from
agitation," &c &o.
I'erliaps some wealthy South Carolinian might
endow in this college a professorship with a viow
of polling the young copper-skins as to the Divine
attributes of slavery, and the evangelizing influen
ces of the middle passage.
Et.Lintr Burnitt, delivered a leoture il Cincin
nati last week un slavery. His plon is to appro
priate the public lands to the purchase uf the
slaves freedom. He suggested that Congress make
provision by law, that whenever any state shoudl
emancipate its slaves, an exact enumeration should
be taken and a certain sum paid to said stato
for equitable distribution. Tina would be no in
fringement of stale rigbte.
APOLOGIZING TO SLAVEHOLDERS.
The Republican members of Congres, have la
teflnided their speeches with a great profusion uf
explanations and apologies to the slave-holder
since the commencement of Ibe session. They
seem bent nn making themselves amiable with the
slaveholders. The occntion of this is the chorae
contained In the President's Message, thai th Re
publican Tarty is In favor of th abolition of sla
vory in the Stales. These apologies and disclaim
ers, these laudation of the union, give cw lifs
and vigor to the slave power. While the most rsd
ical of the politicians of the north thus solemnly
renow on every occasion, their loyalty to slavery
in the States, the slaveholders know their citidel
is securo nnd they can at their leisure prosecute
their aggressive purposes. As a speeimsn of what
we aro condemning, take the following paragraph
from Mr. Hale' late speech on th President'
Message.
I desire to vindicate the Republican party from
the chnrg that 'hey are going to introduce any
thing new that they are going to trespass upua
anybody's rights, or anybody's privileges. They
believe that in the States they have no mor right
to meddle with slavery than they have to meddle
with it in Turkey and Russia. They do nut look
to tho Constitution of the Federal Government t
affect it one way or the other. They leave il where,
the honorable Senator Irom Virginia claimed t
have it. I agree with him entirely, that il is and
ought to be a matter of tho utmost indifierenoe
wild Virginia, or nny slavo State, what any er all
the northorn States think about slavery in th
Statos. They have nothing to do eith it there.
uui wnen you come to the common territory
w hen yon come to the territory that has been nut.
chased by the common blood, then, sir, I say they
!!,..... .;..!. ... i. i r .i .i. .i 'mi i-
cmu, nnu 1 mill lliey will UK
heard, il they remain in this Union, and they will
insist, notwithstanding what has been done in th
is
is
Kansas Nebraska bill, upon going back to the first
principles ot tho Constitution. Let me tell the
honorable Senator he ttill never find any eun of
juxtiee or magnanimity in the men uho take this pi-
smon; l ten you to-riayl may be oensured for it
but l lell you the only confidence oj the Stat
rights of vien of the South is upon men who tak
this gtfiund. I tcl' you thoso men from the north.
orn States who are ready to sell out our interest
and sacrifice us. and, as the honorable Senator
(Mr. Butler) said, sting tho bosom that bore them,
would a great deal rather sell ynu than sell as
when it comes to that, nnd you will so find sat if .
you lean upon them. They are with you to-day,
because it is popular and profitable to be there.
Here nfter setting the Republicans right deny
ing their abolitionism, affirming that they hav
nothing more to do with slavery in Carolina, than
with slavery in Turkey or Russia. He tell th
slaveholders they may more safely trust the Re
publicans fur the security of their institution thaa
the members of the other parties. Do you doobt
it? Rend the extract again, especially that part
we hnve printed in italics. If it means any thing
else, pray tell us what it is. No wonder Mr. Hal
expee'ed censure for such a recommendation of
republicanism. Butler, nnd Blown, and Tombs,
could ask nothing more than Mr. Hale pledge,
them, as the fruit of Republicanism. Before th
election, the papers and stumpers of the party coa
tended that the Kpublican party was the only reli
able party for the preservation of the Union, ao4
now Mr. Hal tells us it is the most reliable est
for the perpetual security of th system ia tb
States. These declarations are not widely differ
ent in their significations, for th p-irly ur th
who sustain the Union, of nocessity sustain sla
very. So the slaveholder understand it and .
probably, does Mr. Hale.
The Boston Telegraph is the only Republic,
paper in which we have noticod any rebuk ef '
this apologetic and amiable spirit of the Republi
can Congressmen this winter. The following ie .
the article from the Telegraph lo which we refer I
WHAT TUE REPUBLICAN PASTY MEANS TO CO.
Ever since Congress assembled, it has been th -aim
of the klavehulding members to place the Re
publicans on the dcfensice. And in this purpose
they have but too well succeeded. We have read
the speeches made in the Senate nnd House, and
with a tew exceptions they are nothing but a se
ries of excuses and apologies. Some brazen-faced
slaveholder like Roller ur Mason, ur sums ignorant
doughlucv like Biglcr ur l'ogh, rises and chargo
tho Republicans with being in fa. it uf the disso- -lotion
of the Union, ur with being in favor of abol
ishing shivery in the States. And forthwith there
is a rush of Republicans to the floor, to say that .
this is all a mistake; that it is tl.e Garrisoniaus .
alone who want to dissolve the Union, and th
Gerritt Smith nod Lysandcr Spooner class of aba- -lilioi.ists
who hold that thy Government has th -power
to abolish slavery in tie States. The pur
pose of the slaveho'der is answered; an apology is
procured, or something iu an apologetic tono. and .
the attacks upon the North nre therefore resumed
in still fiercer stylo. Who ever knew them to esas
I'rom their attacks in consequence? Nobody. W
commend to our friends in the Senate and Home
a prudent husbandry of their excuses, until they
are needed. The people do not ask that their Sen
ators and Representatives shall be continually ex
plaining tueir position, j nereis no neea oi ex
planation. The purpose of the Republican party
was set forth, with sufficient pla'nness in th
Philadelphia Platform, and in Colonel Fremont' .
letters, and no mini has any right to add to or
tako from them anything. The platform and th
letters did not pretend le exact uniformity of opin
ion upon minor points, but o,.ly to state the gener
al purpose- of tho purty for the time being. It i
entirely competent, we take it, for Republicans,
during the next four years, to disouss the policy ef
dissolotiun, or the doctrines of Lysander Spooner,
i nd lor as many ut them ns consent to these doe
tines, to adopt them,' It is idle tu auppos that
t ie Republican l'irty uf 1K56 attained th perfec
tion of wisdom on the Anti-Slavery question, or
t mt the Republican Party uf 1800 will do so.
'Ihe contest of 1856 has been fought, upon on is
sue. That issue may be the beet fer I860, or il
mi. y not. Events may bring up other issues. Die
cm sion may bring new light. Let each contest
take care of i'uelt. The purpose uf the Republi
o .r. Purty. is best stated, bv Mr Sumner, in th
formula, "Prostrate Tin Slav Oligarcht."
How to do that, is a mutter of fair discussion, year
by year. Let us have as few apologies a possiblr
f r the past, and no more pledges than ar necessa
ry for the future.
is
of
Meitino at Fairhount. The friend ef free
dom in Fairmuunt will bold a meeting to consider
the requisitions of the cause upon them and oth
ers, on Saturday and Sunday the 17th and 18th
inst. The meetings will be held at Friend Meet
ing House, aud commence on th 17th at OB
clock P. M. M. R Robinson will be preseat
with others to participate in tba discussion.
Tin Ohio Farmer. This excellent Family and
agricultural paper has just commenced a new vol
ume. It is one of the first paper of it elas lav
the country.
Quiet is Missouri. A gentleman who hu jns
arrived from the East, by stage through MjjQuri.
report all quiet in that State. During hU otir
Journey, be licnru no narsu expressions aoou nan-
sas, although be hailed irom Lawrence, a.q regis
tered himself as such at every hotel whute lu stop
ped on the route. Ho says traveler osjacom op
the direct road, through Indepondanc and West
port without danger or violence. Tbi 1 differ
ent state faots which has existed for a yea past,
and gives us still greater cause to hop for lying
tranquillity. In nil thus disturbance in Misaoa
ri tbe people of that State hav been great uffar
nr. .mi mn it will be. while discord prevail.-
(4"nw) llra'daf Freedom.

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